Huntingdon journal. (Huntingdon, Pa.) 1843-1859, September 16, 1852, Image 1

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THB "HUNTINGDON JOURNAL" is published at
the following rates, viz
If paid in advance, per annum, $1,50
If paid during the year, 1,75
If paid after the expiration of the year,• 2,50
To Clubs of five or more, in advance, • • 1,25
THE above Terms will be adhered to in all cases.
No subscription will be taken fora less period than
six months, and no paper will be discontinued un
til all arrearages are paid, unless at the option of
the publisher.
" Who leads the Column Z" Who but ho,
Whose name is linked with Victory!
Who but the Hero who has won
An hundred battles—losing none !
Who but the Chieftain of two wars,
Triumphant with the stripes and stars !
Who, wounded, scorned the bitter pain,
And bleeding, charged the foe again!
" Who leads the Column?" Ask of these
Who nobly sect their country's foes
At Chippewa and Lundy's Lane,
Nor met their country's foes in vain.
Go where Niagara's roar has vied
With Battle's dark ensanguined tide,
From San Utica's castled walls
To Montezuma's princely halls,
At Cerro Gordo's bristling pass,
Or glorious charge at Contreras,
At Cherubusco's awful fray,
antpultepec, or at Del Rey.
Or whereso'cr our flag bath won,
And ask, "Who foremost led the van?"
" Who leads the Column 2" Tis not be
Who fears to meet the enemy;
Fur many a daring bold advance,
Against the theman's quivering lance,
And many a blood-red-battle-field
Where deep-mouthed cannon loudly pealed,
And many a stealthy ambuscade,
With foemen of the forest glade,
Attest how brave that heart must be
That ever leads to Victory !
" Who leads the Column'?" Is it he,
Proud Champion of our Liberty,
Who nobly deems, what'cr betide,
War us his duty, Peace his pride
Bears by a Nation's proud acclaim
The Great Pacificator's name,
Who first in War the Victory gains,
And welcomes dove-eyed Peace again.
" SCOTT leads the Column !" Hark ! that roar
Re-echoing back from shore to shore,
Those wild buzzes that rend the skies,
Are but a nation's warm replies.
" SCOTT leads the column !" Is there one
That will not now his armor don,
And charge amid the battle's van 7
SCOTT leads ! Hurrah ! On ! Freemen, on !
ganiftg eirdr.
Self Education.
Learning that is acquired at schools is
but the beginning of our education. It is
the theory without the practice of the re
quirements and duties of life. It is after
leaving school that we are to commence
the most important part of education—self
education—the applying of what others
have taught us—the carrying out what
others have begun for us, to our own self
It is then, in reality, that true educa
tion begins, for whatever a man learns him
self, ho always knows better than that
which he learns from others. Not that we
should disregard the help or advice of oth
ers, for it becomes us to use all the aids
and facilities we can command. But we
should set ourselves at work upon our
selves, to be independent.
When we were young our food was pro
vided for us; but even then we ate and di
gested it for ourselves; now we must not
only do this, but we must earn it also—
acquire it ourselves, and so in understand
ing and knowledge, become men.
try- Accustom a child as soon as ho can
speak to narrate his little experience, his
chapter of accidents, his griefs, his fears,
his hopes; to communicate what he has no
ticed in the world without, and what he
feels struggling in the world within. Anx
ious to have something to narrrte, he will
be induced to give attention to objects
around him, and what is passing in the
sphere of his instructions, and to observe
and note events will become one of his first
pleasures. This is the ground-work of a
thoughtful character.
ing her child to pray, is an object at once
the most sublime and tender that the im
agination can conceive of. Elevated above
earthly things, she seems like one of those
guardian angelic, the champions of our
earthly pilgrimage, through whose minis
trations we are inclined to do good and
horn from evil.
Education of the Heart.
It is the vice of the age to substitute
learning for wisdom; to educate the head
and forget there is a more important edu
cation necessary for the heart. The rea
son is cultivated at an age when nature
does not furnish the elements necessary to
a successful cultivation of it; and the child
is solicited to reflection when it is only ca
pable of sensation and emotion. In infan
cy the attention and the memory are only
excited strongly by the senses, and move
the heart: and the father may instil more
solid and available instructions in an hour
spent in the fields, where wisdom and
goodness are exemplified, seen and felt, than
in a month spent in the study, where they
are expounded in a. stereotyped aphorism.
No physician doubts that precocious
children, fifty cases to one, are much the
worse for the discipline they have under
gone. The mind seems to have been strain
ed, and the foundation for insanity is laid.
When the studies of mature years are stuff
ed into the head of a child, and people do
not reflect on the anatomical fact, that the
brain of an infant is'not the brain of a
man; that the one is confirmed, and can
bear exertions; and the other is growing,
and needs repose; that to force the atten
tion to abstract facts; t. load the memory
with chronological and historical or scien
tific detail; in short, to expect a child's
brain to bear with impunity the exertions
&a man's, is as irrational as it would be
to hazard the same sort of experiment on
its muscles.
The first eight or ten years of life should
be devoted to the education of the heart,
to the formation of principles, rather than
to the acquirement of what is usually term
ed knowledge. Nature herself points out
this course, for the emotions are the live
liest and most easily moulded; being as yet
unalloyed by passion. It is from this
source the mass of men are hereafter to
show their sum of happiness or misery.—
The actions of the immense majority are all
under circumstances determined much more
by feeling than reflection; in truth, life pre
sents a happiness that we should feel
rightly; very few instances occur where it
is necessary that we should think profound
ly. Up to the seventh year of life, very
great changes are going on in structure of
the brain, and demand, therefore, the ut
most attention, not to interrupt them by
improper or over excitement. Just that
degree of exercise should be given to the
brain at this period that is necessary to its
health; and the best is moral instruction
exemplified by objects which strike the
It is perhaps necessary to add that at
this period of life special attention should
be given by both parents and teachers to
the physical developement of the child.—
Pure air and exercise arc indispensable;)
and, wherever they are withheld, the con
sequences will he certain to extend them
selves over the whole future life. The
seeds of protracted and hopeless sufferings
in innumerable instances, been sown
iu the constitution of the child; simply
through ignorance of this great fundamen
tal physical law. '
and the time has come
when the united voices of those innocent
victims should ascend, "trumpet tongued,"
to the ears of every parent and every teach
er in the land. Give us fresh air and
wholesome exercise; leave our expanding
energies to be developed in accordance
with the laws of our being, and full scope
for the elastic and bounding impulses of
our young blood.— Quarterly Review.
Progress in Democracy,
A great deal has been lately said, es
pecially by Young America, of the pro
gressive character of Democracy. Our
opponents are fairly entitled to their claim
of Progress. But then, they should not
insist in the same breath, that they belong
to the OLD school of American Democracy.
Nothing can be more different than the
Democracy of the early days of the Re
public and that of the present hour.—
Bank, Tariff, &c., were once Awarnaly sup
ported by the Democratic party. Now
they are denounced as the distinguishing
features of Federalism. The progress of
the Democrutia party from their ancient
creed, and their claims still to be the gen
uine old American Democracy finds a fair
illustration in the following anecdote.
'I say, Squire,' said an individual who
was indulging in the luxury of whittling s
pine stick in front of a tavern, 'this here's•
my grandfather's jack-knife.'
'No, not your grandfather's, is it?'
'Yes, it's grandfather's knife sartin,'
'What an old knife it must be! how have
you kept it so long?'
'Why, there's been four new blades and
six new handles-put to it since grandfath
er's time; but it's the same old jack-knife
for all that?'
Senator Dawson, of Georgia, comes
out manfully for Gen. Scott.
It,'Slander is the revenge of a coward.
A Testimony of A Neighbor about
Franklin Pierce.
"The Independent Democrat" is printed
at the town of Concord, where General
Pierce resides. The editor, Mr. Fogg, is
intimately acquainted with him, having for
some time been an inmate of the boarding
house with the nominee of the Democracy.
The public services of Gen. Pierce, both
civil and military, and his public character,
are becoming known; but little or nothing
is known with regard to his qualifications,
the tone and scope of his mind, and his pri
vate sentiments and feelings. Mr. Fogg
has given some information of the points,
which he derived from long acquaintance
with Pierce. We give an extract from
"the Independent Democrat," and desire
the reader to mark the weak points in the
character of Pierce. They are infinitely
worse than any alleged weaks points in the
character of Scott—such as egotism, and
fondness of dress and display:
"We do not think him a great man or a
great statesman. We do not think him a
fit man to trust with the destinies, of this
great nation. We do not think him capa
ble of grasping the great idea of Democra
cy, and of administering the government
in obedience to the doctrines and principles
of the fathers of our Republic. We be
lieve, nay, we know him to be a partizan,
at once unscrupulous, intolerant and ambi
tious. With very respectable impulse, he
knows not what it is to take or pursue any
course because it is right and commends
itself to the approval of an enlightened
Gen. Scott and his old Soldiers.--An
A gentleman from a neighboring county,
related to us an incident a few days ago,
which goes far to show the warmth of grat
itude and affection still entertained for
their old commander by the old soldiers
who served under Gen. Scott in the war of
1813. "One of these gallant old sold
iers," said our informant, "resides in our
county. He is and has been a prominent
and active Democrat all his life, and
has six sons, all arrived at ma tore age,
and all Democrats but one."—When
the news of Gen. Scott's nomination was
received it was communicated to the
old gentleman by his Whig son, who,
knowing his admiration of the eneral,
was eager to inform him of it.
Before anouncing it, be inquired of the
old man—" Father, who do you think the
Whig Convention has nominated for Presi
"Why, Mr. Fillmore, I suppose"—was
the reply.
"No"—said the son.
"Well then, Mr. Webster"
"No," was the answer again.
"Have they nominated Gen. SCOOT , "
inquired the old man, waking up with ani
"Yes! they have nominated your old com
mander," replied the son; when the old
soldier leaping from his chair, his eye kind
ling with the wonted fire of his youth, and
striking his hands together exclaimed:
"Then 1 will vote for lam! and every
one of you six boys must do so too! ! I
never voted for a Whig in my life, but I
will vote for Gen. Scott. I have fought
by his side in the thickest of the battle,
and I will not now desert him.
The Canvass in Tennessee.
A letter in the New York Tribune from
Shelbyville, dated July '2sth, says : The
drift of public feeling in Tennessee is not
well known abroad. The State is safe for
Scott. The disaffection is small, and it
has done more good than harm; it has rous
ed Luke-warm Whigs and put them to work.
There are twenty Democrats in this State
who will vote for Scott, to one Whig for
Pierce. Don't put Tennessee down again
on your doubtful list. Kentucky and
Tennessee will go for Scott by larger ma
jorities than they cast for Taylor or Har
rison. With the exception of Gentry and
Williams, the few Whigs who go against
the Whig ticket, are persons of no influ
ence. Brownlow will do us more good
than harm. You may proclaim that 'all
is well in Tennessee.'
Gen. Scott at the West.
The intensity of the enthusiasm with
which the nomination of Gen. Scott is re
ceived at the West, observes the Albany
Journal, is without a parallel, it is every
where hailed with delight. Iu Ohio, Mich
igan, Wisconsin, Indiana and Illinois, the
news excited the most lively animation,
eclipsing even the enthusiasm of 1840.
Ours is a grateful people. They cannot
forget the services of those who have per
iled their lives for their country. General
Scott is destiimd to receive the reward of
his patriotic heroism.
Ll'r It is not study alone that produces
a writer—it iv intensity : itr the mind, as in
the ehinthey, to make the fire burn hot and
quick, you must narrow the drauglit.i,
Refreshing their Memories
The Pennsylvanian has been charging
Gen. Scott with cowardice, with embezzle
ment of money and dishonest and dishoir
orable conduct.
The Daily News refreshes its memory
with the subjoined article from its own col
umns. The reader will be delighted to find
in ti the warmest praises of the Hero, and
denunciation of his calumniators. For ex
FIELD SCOTT! and forever silent be the
ribald tongue or pen that would link his
name with aught. that is not glorious in
action, invincible in courage, and unfailing
in resources and wisdom!"
From Me Pennsylvanian,lay 10,1847,
GENERAL SCOTT.—Those who read the
general eiders of General Scott, disposing
his forces before the fearful battle of Cerro
Gordo, will be struck with the powerful
truth of the subjoined remarks of the New
Orleans Delta. We question whether his
tory records an instance in which similar
confidence, coolness and attention to de
tails, prig': to a conflict, have been follow
ed by equal success, and a more rigid and
literal fulfilment of all the minutia of the
commander's design:
it of Lundy's Lane, of Bridgewater, and of
Queenstown, pervade the general orders of
the gallant soldier issued the day before
the battle of Cerro Gordo.' The calm de
termination heroic resalve, firm purpose,
and judicious foresight displayed in this
document, must excite the warmest ap
plause and highest admiration of every
American. In Scott's vocabulary there
is no such word as "fail." He never per
wits a doubt to cross the high purpose he
has in view. There is no looking back, no
return. "The enemy's whole line of en
trenchments and batteries will be attack
ed in front and at the same time turned."
And then he is not satisfied with a bare
victory! He will not stop his onward
course and quietly repose on his laurels
until he is reinforced. But he pushes on,
not even resting from the fatigues and
wounds of battle, nor awaiting the slow
approach of baggage wages, but with the
determination to reap the benefit as well
as the isonors, lie pushes forward his col
umns, upon the heels of the fugitive ene
mies, and stays not the pursuit until there
is not one left to follow. Glory, then, to
Winfield Scott! and forever silent be the
ribald tongue or pen that would link his
name with aught that is not glorious in tic
don invincible in courage, and unfailing
l in resources and wisdom.
Reform Should Begin at Home.
"This is pleasant !" exclaimed the young
husband, taking his scat cosily in the rock
ing chair, as the things were removed.--
The fire glowed in the grate, revealing a
pretty and neatly furnished sitting-room
with all the appliances of comfort. The
fatiguing business of the day was over, and
he sat enjoying what be had all day been
anticipating, the delights of his own fireside.
His pretty wife, Esther, took her work and
sat down by the table.
"It is pleasant to have a house of one's
own," he said again, taking a satisfactory
survey of his little quarters. The cold
rain beat against the windows, and he re-'
ally thought ho felt grateful for all his.
present comforts.
"Now if we orgy had a piano," exclaim
the wife.
"Give me the music of your sweet voice
before all the pianos in creation," he de
clared complimentarily, despite. a certain
secret disappointment, that his wife's
thankfulness did not happily chime with his
Well, but we want one for our friends,"
said Esther.
"Let our friends come and see us, and
not to hear a piano," exclaimed the hus
"But, George, everybody bas a piano,
now-a-days—we don't go anywhere with-
OM seeing a piano," persisted his wife.
"And yet I don't know what we want
one for—you will have no time to play one,
and I don't want to hear it."
"Why, they are so fashionable—l think
our room looks nearly naked without one."
"I think it looks just right"
"I thinks it looks very naked—we want
a piano, shockingly," protested Esther,
The husband rooked violently.
"Your lamp smokes soy dea;,!" he said,
after a long pause.
"When are you going_ to get an astral
lamp I have told you a dozen times how
much we needed ono," said Esther, pet
"Those are very pretty lamps—l never
can see by an Astral lamp," said the hus
band. "Those lamps - are the prettiest of
the kind I ever saw—they were bought in
"But, George, I do not think•our room
si. complete without an astral lamp," said
Esther, sharply, “they aro so fashionable !
Why, the Morgans, and Millers, and Thor
ners all have them; I am sure we might
"We ought to if we take pattern by oth
er people's expenses, and I don't see any
reason for that."
The husband moved uneasily in his chair.
"We want to live as well as others live,"
said Esther.
"We want to live within our means,
Esther," exclaimed George.
am sure we can afford it as well as
the Morgans and Millers, and many others
I might mention—we do not wish to appear
George's cheek crimsoned.
"Mean! I am not mean!" he exclaimed,
"Then we do not wish to appear so,"
said the wife. "To complete this room,
and make it look like other people'• we
want a piano and an astral lamp.'
"We want—we .want!" muttered the
husband, "there is no satisfying a woman's
wants, do what you may," and he abrupt
ly left the room.
How many husbands are in a similar
dilemma' How many houses and hus
bands are rendered uncomfortable by the
constant dissatisfaction of a wife with
present comforts and present provisions!—
How many bright prospects for business
have ended in bankruptcy and ruin, in or
der to satisfy this secret hankering after
fashionable necessities! Could the real
cause of many a failure be made known it
would be found to result from useless ex
penditures at home- - •expenses to answer
the demands of fashion, and "what will
people think."
"My wife has made my fortunes," said
a gentleman of great possessions, "by her
thrift, prudence and cheerfulness, when I
was just beginning."
"Aat mine has lost my fortune," ans
wered his companion, "by useless extrava
gance and repining when I was doing
What a world does this open to the in
fluence which a wife possesses over the fu
ture prosperity of her family! Let the
wife know her influence, and try to use it
wisely and well:
Be satisfied to commence on a small
scale. It is too common for young house
keepers to begin where their mothers ehd
' ed. But all that is necessary to work
skilfully and adorn your house with all
that will render it comfortable. Do not
look at richer homes, and covet their cost
ly furniture. If secret dissatisfaction itr
ready to spring up, go a step farther and
visit the homes of the poor and suffering;
behold dark, cheerless apartments, Men&
cient clothing, an absence of all the com
forts and refinements of social life, then re
turn toi our own with a joyful spirit.—
You will' then* be prepared to meet your
husband with a grateful heart, and be
ready to appreciate the toil and self-denial
which he has endured in the business world
to surround you with the delights of home;
(then you will be ready to co-operate
cheerfully with hiin in so arranging your
expenses, that his mind will not be con
stantly harrassed with fears, lest family
expenditures may encroach upon public
payments. Be independent; a young
house-keeper never needed greater moral
courage than she now does to resist the
.arrogance of fashion. Do not let A's and
B's decide what you must have, neither
let them hold the strings of your purse.--
You know best what you cam and ought to
afford; then decide, with strict integrity,
according to your means. Let not the
censure or the approval of thei world ever
,tempt you to buy what you hardly think
you clan afford. It matters little what
people think, provided you are true to
yourself and your family.
What queer things come in sleep.
We dreamed the ether night that we went
to Egypt in a canal boat, that we were re
calved with open arms by the statue of
Memnon, who, in compliment of our ariral,
played a fantasia on a Chinese gong.—'
Shortly after this, we were invited to dine
with Scsostris, and such a dinner! She
took down the great Oasis with a single
swallow, and concluded the entertainment
by picking her teeth with the sharp end of
a pyramid. Whets we' left an army of
=mules were throwing back somersets
over the Nile, an entertainment that Cleo
patria accompanied with 'Oh, Susanna,'
while Mark Antony was sweating like a.
nigger under oath in a Virginia breakdown.
We crane home on skates, and awoke 'an
hour too late for breakfast.'
ar A correspondent of the Knicker
bocker for August says:— "By the by,
speaking of the various forms in whith grief
is manifested, reminds me of something I
heard a day or two ago. A servant girl•
was talking of the loss her sister had re
cently sustained, in the death of a devotbd.
husband. , Poor Mary said she, 'though
George has been dead near six months, yet
she grits her teeth (!) even now whenever
she thinks of him.
Advantages of Classified Schools,
The early organization of classified Cot.:
mon Schools, will confer upon any conahn
city some important advantages which
are generally overlooked. It seems to be
taken for granted, by many towns and dis
tricts of the State, which are delaying the
thorough and proper re-organization of
their public schools, that lost time can be
made good by an energetic movement and
a liberal expenditure of money, at some
future convenient period. Not so. A
great sensation may be suddenly made,
and notoriety very soon acquired, but sol
id advantages are of much slower growth.
Other things being equal, those towns and
cities of the State that are first in the field,
with really good schools, have au immense
advantage over others, which they may
hold as long as they please. Lost time is
never made good any where ; and whether
in the quiet student's life, the pursuits of
ordinary business, or the great interests of
the public, the contrary is impossible—ab
surd. Rewards belong to effort, to patien..
toil, to sacrifice and to unwearied faithful
ness, anywhere and everywhere. But Ite
advantages—let us enumerate theni.
First : The older pupils will recieve some
benefits, which would otherwise bo lost to
them and to the community.
Second : The younger pupils may have
the benefit of a systematic course of in
struction through the entire period of their
l i school training. This is a matter of the
first importance. Eccentricities, omissions
and irregularities during early life, can ne
ver entirely be made good by any subse
quent labor or expense. •
Third': The sooner the strong and salu
tary influences of the good order, the thor ,
ough discipline and the resptctful demean
or of the school room, can be felt upon the
large mass of the children of a town or ci
ty, the sooner will the streets be free, by
night and by day, from disturbances and
Fourth : When a school system, worthy
of the name, is actually put into operation;
its arrangements and influenses, more or
less, affect the habits and domestic ar
rangements of the whole community. The
sooner and mor&perfeetly these are made
to harmonize with the new order of things,
the greater will be the success of the sys
Fifth : The public schools of dur coon
try are to furnish the laborers, the mechan
ios, the business men, the citizens, of eve
ry community. The sooner these grow u !
intelligent and upright, the more trill,
prosperous and happy will be that oomum
nity, independent of all outward advanta.
Sikth : The sooner a solid reputation Cot
proper elementary training is acquired for
any town or city, the sooner will the very
best class of citizens choose it for a home
—for a place of residence for themselves,
and all their relatives and friends.
TO Apprentice Boss.
Be faithful boys. A good faithful ap-'
Prentice will always make an honest and
industrious man. The correct habits of
youth are not lost in man. Associate with
no persons' who are addicted to bad habit,.
Spend your leisure hours in some profita
ble pursuit.
lio not go to any place of amusement
whore the mind is not really benefited.—
Do not stand at the corners of streets, or
lounge in shops of bad repute. Always
have a useful book to take up or a good
Read the lives of such men as Franklin,
Doddridge; Locke, Newton, John
son, Adams, Washington, &c., men who
have been useful in life, and left behind
them characters worthy of imitation.
Break not the Sabbath. Always attend
church . ; never let your seat be vacant, ex
cept you are sick, or away from home. Be
kind to your associates. Cultivate benev
olent feelings. If you see distress or sor
row, do all that in you lies to alleviate It.
When friend or companion is confined
by sickness, make it a' point td call on him
and bestow all little favors possible upon
him. If yon cultivate kind feelings, you
will seldom quarrel with another. It is al
ways better to suffer wrong than to do
wrong. We should never hear of mobs,
or public outbreaks if men would cultivate
the kind feelings - of the heath.
Finally, wake the Bible your study.
Live by its precepts. In all your trials
and disappointments, here you will find
peace and consolation. You will be sus
tained in life'and supported in death.
SIIARP.—"My love," said an amiable
spouse to her husband, "dont sell that'
horse, I like him, and I want to keep him."
"Re's my horse,.and sell' him," re-'
pliOd the loving lord ; didn't I buy him 1"
"It was my otbney, that bought him,"'
retorted the aristocratic lady.
"Yes, madam," said the husband and'
Our money bought one, or you never'
would have had me."
tErThe greatest learning is to be teen'
in the greatest stinplieity.