Huntingdon journal. (Huntingdon, Pa.) 1843-1859, November 27, 1851, Image 2

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    THE JOURNAL.
HUNTINGDON, PA,
Thasday Morning, Nov, Z 7, Issl.
J. SENVIZLI. STEWATII'—EIIToz.
TEILNIS OP PILIMICATION:
Tut " Hu:mm:l:ow Joeux AL" is published at
Ika following rates, viz :
If paid in advance, per annum, $1.50
If paid during the year, 1,75
If paid after the expiration of the year, • 2,50
To Clubs of live or more, in advance, • • 1,25 I
'tan above Terms will be adhered to in all cases.
No subscription will be taken fora less period than
six months, and no paper will he discontinued un
til all arrearages are paid, unless at the option, of
the publisher.
V. B. PALMER
Is our authorized agent in Philadelphia, New
York and Baltimore, to receive advertisements,
and any persons in those cities wishing to adver
tise in our columns, will please call on him.
FOR THE PRESIDENCY IN 1852,
WINFIELD SCOTT,
OF NEW JERSEY
FOR VICE PRESIDENT IN 1852,
JAMES C. JONES,
OF TENNESSEE,
(We ask the attention of our readers
to the advertisements of Bricker .S• Den
ney in to-day's paper. These gentlemen
have opened a new store in our town, ask
ing a share of public patronage, and, not
withstanding they are strangers amongst
us, we have no hesitation in saying that
they deserve a liberal share. Do you asks
why? We answer, they advertise.
It is a well established fact that the
man who advertises most sells cheapest,
and our friends in this vicinity will find it
to their advantage, before making pur
chases, to examine the columns of the
Globe and Journal, in order to see who
advertises and who does not.
THE FUGITIVE SLAVE LAW.
The constitution of the Federal Union
contains the following provision:
"No person held to service or labor in I
one State, under the laws thereof, escaping
into another, shall, in consequence Lf any
law or regulation therein, be discharged
from such service or labor, but shall be
delivered up, on claim of the party to
whom such service or labor may be due."
The above clause is the only fundamen- I
tal authority by which a Southern slave-1
holder can come into a. free State and re-1
capture his runaway slave. It will be ob
served that the word slave does not occur
in it; a word, which Mr. Madison did not
want to see in the American Constitution.
Neither does the word, negro, find a place ,
in it, for a reason probably equally as 1
laudable, namely: that it would be incon-;
sistent for a free people recognizing the'
doctrine of human equality, to acknowl- I
edge in
.their written constitution, that!
there was a class of people for whom its
provisions were not intended. But, al
though these words are carefully omitted,'
the servile condition of the persons refer
red to is plainly indicated, while there is
nothing which points out their distinct color
or extraction. The clause thus presents
what lawyers might call a latent ambigui
ty, in consequence of the circumlocutory
character of the language employed, but
which, the history of the country and ju
dicial determination have rendered certain-:
ly pointing to the colored bond-men of the
South as the persons to whom it applies.
We have reed labored arguments, the ob
jeot of which was, to prove that the clause
we have recited did not recognise African
slavery, and that Congress has the right
to abolish it in the States, but they were
so technical and transcendental in their
character and texture that they failed ut
terly to convince our judgment. The right
of the owners, under the constitution, to
recover their fugitives, therefore, and
must be taken, to be, indubitable.
There can be no doubt that Congress
has the power to pass a fugitive slave law
of some kind, and the last Congress saw ,
proper to exercise its power by doing so.
The principal objeotions to the details of
the present law are, that it does not afford
the fugitive a trial by jury, and that the
Commissioner appointed to hear and de
cide such oases, receives a fee of ten dol
lars when the claimant mains out a case
against the alleged slave, and only five
dollars when ho does not. The law is
tightly put up and contains some curious
provisions, but it is to be born in mind
'that it has been declared conatitutional by
some of the most respectable tribunals of
the United States, and can scarcely, there-
Sys, be conside.ry - 1 open to legal attack.
Ihe opponents of the law have also made
use of an argument against it, of celestial
origin, which is always entitled to great
consideration. It is said that the fugitive
slave law is in violation of the laws of God,
that no human legislature has the right to
nullify the decrees of Heaven, and that the
great law which Christ proclaimed on
earth--"do unto others as you would have .
others do unto you"—is of higher obliga
tion than the fugitive slave law and the
federal constitution. This should be so,
and in a perfect state of society where men
would ask nothing but right, would be so;
but the question recurs is it so. The con
stitution is a bargain stipulating for the
preservation anti maintainance of social
and selfish interests, and in relation to the
particular subject upon which it pretends
to speak, it over-rides all other laws, both
of God and man. In our political rela
tions, we can look no higher than the con
stitution, and if any ono is dissatisfied with
it, he has the right to ust, his influence to
obtain its change or modification, submit
to it quietly or move out of the country,
but it is his duty as a good citizen to'ac
quiesce in it, while it continues in force.
Wo are as much opposed to the institution
and spread of slavery and as much in fa
vor of universal liberty, in the abstract,
as any man can be, but at the same time
we aro not insensible to the obligation of
regularly enacted laws. There is not a
Whig in Huntingdon county who would
obstruct the execution of the fugitive slave
law, and we do not believe there are ten,
if left to themselves, who would go to the
trouble to ask its modification.
This law, though orighlally not one of
the compromise measures, finally came to
be considered as one of them. The oth
ers of those measures were the admission
of California into the Union, the settle
ment of the boundary between Now Mexi
co and Texas, the organization of govern
ments for the territories of Utah and New
Mexico and the abolition of the slave
trade in the District of Columbia. These
have all been passed, approved and are of
such a nature as to be no longer open to
discussion, and in point' of fact they are
scarcely ever spoken of. They are finally
disposed of. Whenever the compromise,
therefore, is referred to, as a present po-
Ilitical question, the fugitive slave law on
ly is meant.
We have thus spoken oa this subject
because, from present indications, the fu
gitive slave law, under the name of com
promise, will be forced into the next Pres
idential election, and it is proper that the
people should understand their relation to
it and the constitution before the question
is sprung upon them. We believe there
is fully as much money as patriotism in
the agitation in favor of the law, and that
it would be safer in the hands of the con
stitutional and legal officers, than floating
on the angry sea of political strife; but
still, should it be made a question, we are
satisfied it will produce no difficulty among
the Whigs of this county. If the name
of the man of our choice is inscribed on
the Whig banner, our brethren may ex
!pest a good account from us.
Matter of Partnership.
We give below the section of an act
passed last session of our Legislature, in
relation to partners, which is of great im
portance to all business firms, and of which
probably but little is known. The atten
tion of all business firms, however, is call
ed to its provisions and requirements.
The section will be found on page 52 of
the pamphlet laws of 1851:
SEC. 13 That from and after the tenth
of August next, all persons who aro now
doing business in a partnership capacity,.
in this commonwealth, shall file or cause
to be filed in the office of Prothonotary, in
the county or counties where the said part
nership is carried on, the names and loca
tion of said partnership, with the btyle and,
name of the same ; and as often as any
change of members in said partnership shall
take place, the same shall be certified by
the members of suet' new. partnership as
aforesaid, and in default or neglect of
such partnership s; to do, they shall not
10 permitted in any suits or actions against
the.'► in any court or before any justice of
pe nee, or alderman in this common
weft; di, plead any misdemeanor or omis
sion of the name of any member of the
partnership or the inclusion of the name
of persons not moubers of said partnership.
Six. 1 , 1. That hereafter, where two
or more 'person,: may be desirous of enter
ing into any busin , !ss wiiatever in partner
ship capacity, they .shall, before they en
gage or enter into an; such business as
aforesaid, comply with ur be subject to all
the provisions and restrictions in the next
preceding section of this act.
trY"The Boston , Zion Fever" is about
to break out again. On the Ilth of next
month thereis to he• a poultry convention,
to last four days.
TERRIBLE CA !UNITY IN N. YORK,
NEW YORK, Nov. 20, P. M.—A most
terrible accident occurred about 2 o'cicek,
this afternoon. An alarm of fire was rais
ed among the children in the new Public
School house, on Greenwich Avenue,
which alarmed the inmates to such an ex
tent that a general rush was made from
the building. While a large number were
pressing against the bannisters of the sec
ond and third floors, the same gave way,
precipitating the children to the first floor
below, a distance of some forty feet. Al-
I ready twenty dead bodies have been remo
ved from the place, and it is reported that
at least forty boys have been killed.
The scene is truly heart-rending.—
Mothers appear frantic, in search of their
I children, and the cries of the mangled and
dying, have attracted thousands to the
scene of the sad occurrence.
[ SECOND DESPATCII.I
The melanchoely occurrence of this after
noon, has cast a solemn gloom over our
city. Many homes that but a few hours
since were all sunshine, now present a
heart-rending spectacle. The details of
this painful calamity, as far as we have
been able to gather them are as follows:
At about 2 o'clock, Miss Harrison, a
teacher in the Primary School, No. 26, was
observed, probably from the closeness of
the room, to faint, which startled a num
ber of children by her side, while others
raised the cry of fire. This caused the
greatest alarm, when a general rush was
made for the windows and stairs. The lat
ter being spiral, and running from the first
to the fourth story of the building, the
pressure against the ballustrade was so
great that it gave way, precipitating to the
flagged floor of the play-ground, nearly
one hundred little ones, and presenting a
most awful spectacle.
The scene was terrific and heart rending.
Child after child rushed down the horrible
pit, crushing beneath their weight those
who had preceded them—while others
leaped voluntary down the chasm, min
gling their life-blood with others.
More than seventy children thus rushed
into the jaws of death, and although few
escaped except the maiming for life, some
fifty were instantly killed.
[THIRD DESPATCH.]
The calamity would have been• still
greater, but for the presence of mind of
Mr. M'Nulty, principal of the school, who
was in the fourth story, and who, on hear
ing the cry of fire, immediately placed him
self against the door, declaring that none
of the children she uld leave. In this
manner his class escaped inevitable des
truction.
Since the above was received, it has
been ascertained that besides those killed,
.seventy or eighty are maimed, some of
them for life. Many of the little ones were
so dreadfully disfigured and mangled, as to
be scarcely recognised by their parents.
MISSISSIPPI WITHOUT A GOVERNOII„
The offices of Governor, President of the
Senate, and Speaker of the llouse of Rep
resentatives having become vacant, the
Secretary of the State of Mississippi has
isssued his poroclamittion calling the Sen
ate together on the 24th instant, that a
President thereof may be chosen to mi.;
also the office of Governor until the first
day of January. Mississippi thus presents
the singular spectacle of being without a
Governor till the Senate shall meet on
the 24th, and elect a President. Gov.
GcioN, who succeeded to the office, as
President of the Senate. on the resignation
of Gov. QUITMAN, has so construed the
law as to make his term of office to expire
with the period for which lie was elected
to the Senate, viz: on she 24th of the pre
sent month, and hence the proclamation
referred to above.
TILE IRISH STATE PRISONERS.—ThOre
was an immense assemblage in the lower
saloon of the Chinese Museum, Philadel
phia, on Wednesday evening, called to
gether to take measures in aid of the pro
ject for the liberation of the Irish convict
ed State prisoners in Australia. Gov.
Johnston presided, and many influential
gentlemen acted as Vine Presidents.—
Speeches were made by Gov. Johnston ;
Robert Morris, Esq; Hon Joseph R.
Chandler; Z. Collins, Leo, Esq. of Balti
more; Robert Tyler, Morton Mc3lichael,
and John Cadwalader. An address ur
ging upon the President the propriety of
making the liberation of these prisoners a
subject of negotiation with the British
Government, was adopted.
U"A barrel of pop-corn exploded in
Troy, on Wednesday, tearing away the
handle of a basket and slightly killing two
boys who were sitting on it.
Correspondence of t!, Journal of Commerce,
Life in California
SAN FRANCIF:CO, Oct. 14, 1851
There is one feature of California life,
which, were it known, would doubtless at
tract many married men to come out here,
bringing their wives and children with
them. The wages of a common laboring
man on a farm vary from $6O to $75 per
month and found. For a man and his
wife $l5O per month is freely offered by
those who are disposed to cultivate the
land on a large scale ; and I do not hesi
tate to say, that were five hundred, or even
a thousand men of good strong constitu
tions, to come out here, with their wives
and families, they could find constant and
permanent employment in good and de
sirable locations, that would insure to
them a nett income of one to two thousand
dollars per annum.
There is no spot in the world where la
bor is so high as here, (and living cheap—
say $7 per week for the board of a labor
ing man; washing $3 to $4 per dozen.)—
Why is it that California is not what it
was a year or two ago. It has improved
every way, and is making. rapid strides,
and will soon rise above all the imaginary
evils that the "Tribune," and others at the
East, are constantly charging upon this
infant State.
We have even a rich display of good
ness which, like the leaven of old, is work
ing good to tuis whole people and nation,
A greater regard for the Sabbath is being
manifested. Gambling is diminishing and
becoming unfashionable. We are having
libraries,. reading rooms, &c., to which our
young limn can repair at the close of their
daily labors. In fact the presence of a
multitude of the fair daughters and wives
of our citizens who have come, and are
still flocking to our shores by every steam
er, has proved, and will continue to prove
conclusively that they are indeed the safe
guard, yes, TIIEY are the ones to form and
mould our society; yes Christianize this
people.
LONG SKIRTS,
Chambers' Edinburg Journal makes the
following sensible remarks on the present
fashion of ladies dresses :
"That some reform is wanted all the ,
male part of creation agree. Many of the
ladies too, admit the inconvenience of the
long skirts wnieh have been for some years
in fashion, though they profess to be una
ble to break through the rule. Why
should not some compromise be entered in
to In order to avoid trailing through
mud and dust, it is not necessary to dock
petticoats and frocks by the knee, or to
assume a masculinity in other parts of the
attire. Neither is it necessary to connect
a rational length of skirt with certain un
happy foolish notions about equal privile
ges of the sexes, which seems to be one of
the mistakes made by the Bloomer party
in America. Let there simply be a reduc
tion of the present nuisance, an abbrevia
tion of those trollopiug skirts by which
even a man walking beside the wearer is
not unfrequently defiled. When the hem
of the garment is on the level of the ankle,
which once was the ease, it answers all the
purposes of decorum, and is sufficiontly
' cleanly. A return to that fashion would
do away with all objection. Or if one or
' two incises more be taken off, and the void
' filled by such trousers as are generally
worn by young girls, it might be as well
or better. Such changes might be brought
about with little fracas, like any of the
ordinary changes of fashion.",
WHAT PENNSYLVANIA' HAS DONE ran
COMMON SCHOOLS.—An address lately
delivered by THOMAS 11. BERROWES,I'
Esq., before the Lancaster County Edu
cational Society, exhikits among other
things, the money expended for School
purposes in Pennsylvania, since the estab
lishment of public schools. In the seven- •
teen years that the school system has been
in operation the people of Pennsylvania
have expended over fifteen millions of,
dollars in suppoit of this noble effort, ex
clusive of the largo sums annually paid
to sustain the numerous private academies,,
seminaries and schools, which are also
giving their invaluable aid to the cause
of general education. The number of
schools in the State has icreased from 762
to 920 Q, and the teachers, from 808 to
11,500. The pupils number half a mil
lion, and the annual cost of the system is
now $1,400,000. Few States in the Union
have done more than Pennsylvania to die
pel ignorance and qualify its rising popu
lation for the dutica of citizens required
under its free Constitution.
- "In the city of Boston there aro one
thousand five hundred places where in
toxicating drinks are sold.
LATER FROM THE RIO GRANDE
The steamship Fanny from Brazos San
tiago, with advices from Brownsville and
Matamoros to the 12th inst., brings a con
firmation of the report that Caravajal had
on the 9th inst., after a most persevering
effort to capture the city of Matamoras,
abandoned the siege. His failure is at
tributed to want of military capacity and
indecision, as much as to disappointment
in receiving reinforcements. The Mexi
cans are greatly elated with the result.
After the abandonment of the siege a
feet stampede occurred among the forces
of Caravajal, which was increased by the
report that large Mexican reinforcements
were'at hand. This report proved ground
less, however, and subsequently Caravajal,
took post at Reynosa, where many of his
followers rejoined him.
The Rio Bravo ueswspaper says Capt.
Ford, of the Rangers, has recovered from
his wounds and will immediately rejoin
Caravajal, whose purpose it is to continue
the war.
Tr It is said that Kossuth, having
been consigned to imprisonment for three
years, for disobeying the edicts of the Aus
trian Government, he applied, at the end of
one year, for the use of books. He was
offered the choice of one, provided it was
not of a political character. He asled for
three. The request wail granted, and he
selected the English Grammar, Walker's
Pronouncing Dictionary, and Shakspeare.
By attentive study of these three volumes,
he mastered the English language before
the term of his imprisonment expired.
Ct 7" The steamer Canada left Jersey
City on Wednesday, with fifty-eight pas
sengers, She took $1,295.992 in specie,
which is believed to be the largest amount
ever taken from this country by any one
vessel.
A beautiful commentary this (says the
Courier and Enquirer) upon free trade and
excessive importations, for the benefit of
the pauper labor of Europe, at the expense
of every great interest of our own,
WHAT WORK MAY A GENTLEMAN nol—
In an address before an Agricultural So
ciety, Dr. Tuthill thus touches en this
delicate subject :—The day has already
come in our cities, that if a man stout as
Milo of old, has a load of wood brought to
his door, and he really aches for the
pleasure of handling it, yet must he hire a
man to pitch it into the cellar while he
stands idly by, nor so much as touch a stick
of it, on pain of losing caste. If a stout
and vigorous citizen, whose muscles swell
with, an excess of strength, has a load of
wood lying on the sidewalk, he may as well
hang himself at once as. be foolish enough
to save a dollar and saw it up himself.—
Yet if the man has pitched it in, and the
grate is down so that he shall not be seen,
we arc not sure but he may saw on till
doomsday, and no one esteem him less a
111a71 and a gentleman. If he curry and
tackle his own horse, or lead him to the
stable when he has done with him ho is
unpardonably vulgar. Ho would no soon
er ho caught carrying a trunk the length of
a block to an omnibus, than stealing a body,
from a graveyard; yet he will boast among
his friends of the enormous weight he car
ries in the gymnasium, having paid a fee
of thirty dollars a year for the privilege.
And his friends applaud his gymnastic ex
penditure as wisp and exceedingly judi
cious; for sure, they say, 'hew can a man
live without exercise 1' In short, labour
which promotes the ends of economy is an
abominable thing; that which advertises
their imbecility is a source of pride. These
softhandod gentry may be our sons and
brothers; but we fancy they must at times
feel ashamed of our common father, old
Adam, who farmed it in Paradise.
NEXT STATE FAIR.—The Harrisburg
'Telegraph states that the receipts at the
late State Fair were about $1,500, which
in addition to the annual appropriation
from the State, ($2,000, we believe,) and
the subscriptions by the citizens of Harris
burg, will put the society in possession of
sonic $B,lOO. The Telegraph proposes
I that,
after all the premiums awarded are
paid front the treasury, the residue of the
money be appropriated'to the purchase of
a field in the vicinity of Harrisburg, for
each future annual exhibition of the So
ciety.
Gov. BIGLER'S CABINET.—The Potts
ville Emporium learns from good authori
ty, that there is strong probability of the
selection of R. C. Hale, Esq, of Mifflin
county, as the next Secretary df the Com
monwealth. Andrew H. Reeder, Esq., of
Northampton county, as Attorney Gener
al, and Francis M. Wynkoop, of Schuyl
kill county, as Adjutant General.
On Dancing.
Dr. Fitch, in one of his lectures on the
uses of the lungs, and on the mode of pre
serving health says :
Dancing is the king and queen of in
door exercise. It is suitable for all class
es, all ages, both sexes. It is one of the
most ancient and one of the most salutary.
I do not speak of it as a dissipation, but
as an exhilirating and valuable exercise.
Among the exercises it is second to none.
It is extremely suitable for invalids; and
for consumptives. I have known one of the
worst cases of consumption I ever knew
cured by dancing alone, practised daily
for many months. The cure was perma
nent and complete.
It is deplorable that dancing and
amusements of nearly all kinds should
have fallen under the ban of tfie olergy,
and should be preached against as sinful.
It is doubtful whether the morals of man
kind ure benefitted by forbidding all amuse
ments, and it is most certain the health of
thousands is sacrificed by it. Who are
those that sink earliest into consumption
among ladies? Allow me to say, it is
those who take least exercise, and refrain
from all amusements—who, at school, at
church, at home, are marked as models;
whose lookl; are demure, whose walk is
slow, and whose conversation is always on
serious subjects.
"In a few years death does his work,
and their long prayed for heav'en is soon
obtained. No greater truth was ever st
, tered than that—
"Religion never was designed
To make our pleasures lees."
"Neither in its letter nor spirit does
our happy and blessed religion—the reli
gion of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ,
to whom bo eternal praise and obedience,
—anywhere forbid pure, rational pleasures
and gratification. ‘Use the things of this
world as not abusing them,' is the injunc
tion of the Apostle, and is a complete sum
mary of all the teaching of the Bible upon
this subject."
About eight columns of the last
number of the Boston Liberator aro oc
cupied by a sermon preached by one DAN
IEL FOSTER, designed to show that the
Bible is not an inspired book. Said DAN
IEL characterizes that part of the Bible
relating to the first sin as a "senseless sto
ry," a "manifest absurdity," and concludes
that "the writer or compiler of Genesis,
in this instance, relates a myth of the dim
and distant past, which accorded with the
superstition of his own time." Of the
trial of Abraham's faith, he says "the
Spirit of Christ and unperverted reason
alike revolt from it and stamp it as a lie!"
TEREITO Ey FOZ A NEW STATE.—GOV
ernor Ramsey has concluded a treaty with
the Chippeways, by which we have ac
quired enough territory for another large
State. The whole valley of the Red Riv
er of the North, a tract of country about
three hundred miles from North to South,
and ono hundred and fifty miles from East
to West, has been acquired for an annuity
of ten thousand dollars per year, and which
entirely ceases at the end of twenty years.
The tract is called Pembina.
ar- LATE NEWS FROM CALIFORNIA in
form us that the division of the State is
seriously thought of. The 'inttelligence
from the mining regions is of the most en
couraging character, and the yield of the
precious metal promises to be greater than
over. There seems to be still some diffi
culty with the Mexican inhabitants, who
will not conform to the laws of the State.
The commercial business of San Francisco
with the East, and especially with China,
is rapidly growing, nand shows that that
port will yet be one of the great depots
for the reception of goods from the East.
INTERESTING DECISION.—An Alder •
man iu Pittsburg has• decided, by giving
judgment for plintiff, that railroad com
panies have no right to refuse excursion
tickets from pa ssengers, offered after the
time for which they were issued. ' The
plaintiff paid his fare in money, and then
brought a suit and recovered the price of
ticket costs. Tho plaintiff's counsel argu
ed that the notice "good for two days
only," printed on the face of the
ticket, did not amount to a contract, any
more than the common notice of stage
company and canal tickets, "all baggage
at the risk of the owner," did which has
been decided again and agaill to be of no
virtue.
tr...r Bedford, Fulton and Cambria coun
ties have elected Buchanan delegates to
the 4th of March convention. The elec
tion of Bigler has evidently floored Cu,
in this State