Huntingdon journal. (Huntingdon, Pa.) 1843-1859, August 28, 1851, Image 2

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Thursday Morning, Aug. 28, 1851,
Tele " HUNTINGDON J01:11NAL" is published at
the following rates, viz :
If paid in advance, per annum, *LAO
If paid during the year, 1,15
If paid after the expiration of the year, • 2,30
To Clubs of five or more, in advance, • • 1,25
THZ above Terms will he adhered to in all cases.
No subscription will be taken fur a less period than
six months, and no paper will he discontinued un
til all arrearages are paid, unless nt the option of
the publisher.
Is our authorized agent in Philadelphia, New
York and Baltimore, to receive advertisenients,
and any persons in those cities wishing to adver
tise in our columns, will please call on him.
- 1
WM. M. MEREDITH of Philadelphia,
RICH. COULTER of Wesmorelnud.
JOSHUA W. COMLY of Montour.
(lEORGE CHAMBERS of Franklifi:
WILLIAM JESSUP of Susquelnuitint
FREE , ' DENT Jul11;E,
Associate Judges,
HENRY BREWSTER, Shirleysburg.
Register & Recorder,
MATH. F. CAMPBELL, Henderson
JOHN MARKS, Hunthigdtin,
ROBERT STITT, Huntingdon.
JOHN REED, Huntingdon.
Directors of the Poor,
JAMES CLARK; Birmingham.
JAMES SAXTON, Huntingdon,
The Whigs of the Borough of Hunting
don and vicinity are requested td meet at
the Court House on Saturday evening
next (80th Aug.) at half past 7 o'clock,
for the purpose of organizing a Johnston
Club, and attending to such other matters
as the interest of the party may require.
We shall be pleased to see a full atten
dance of our friends.
Broadtop Railroad.
We call the attention of our readers to
the proceedings of the tiroadtop Railroad
meeting, to be found on the first page.—
The people along the line have manifested
their confidence in the project by a hand
some subscription to the capital stock, both
in money and coal lands. The 13roadtop
mountain is filled with an inexhaustible
supply of bituminous and semi-bituminous
coal, which has only to be tapped by a
rail road, to enhance the value of the real
estate of Huntingdon county one million
of dollars. The whole county is therefore
interested in its success. The owners of
the land are willing to throw in their coal
lands to the company as stock at reasona
ble rates. An organized perseverance
must succeed in making the road, and if
capitalists could but see the great veins of
coal in that mountain and the possibility
of getting at them, they would rush to in
test their capital in that quarter.
A Mechanic in Baltimore has invent
ed a mode of inserting window glass with
out using putt•. The mode of doing it
is not stated;
The low Prices of Flour and Wheat.
Flour is selling in Philadelphia and
New York at $3 75 per barrel, and very
dull sale at that; wheat is selling at 80
and 801 cents for red, and prime Penn
sylvania wheat is selling at 90 cents per
bushel. Sixty five cents is the outside
that the wheat of Huntingdon county would
net after paying the expenses of Sending
to market, and if a large quantity were to
he offered at a time, it would not here com
mand more than 62/ cents per bushel, and
the great probability is, that it will still
be lower. Our best white wheat would
be worth here a little over 70 cents.
The farmers will necessarily inquire for
the reasons and causes of these ruinous
prices. They were told at and after the
passage of the Tariff of 1846, that it was
a great agricultural triumph, intended
principally for the benefit of that great
of the community. They were told,
when prices were so high during the famine
in Ireland, that those prices were caused
bythe Tariff of 1846, and we are afraid that
too many were foolish enough to believe
it. It is well enough here to remark that
the wheat growers of the Union had noth
ing to do with the passage of this act.—
They were called upon to give it their sup
port, because it was alleged that it would
enhance the price of grain, but the great
movers in the project and the persons for
whose benefit it was done, were the great
cotton growers of the South,—men, beside
whose estate, that of the richest farmer of
Huntingdon county sinks into insignificance.
These great landed aristocrats, with hun
dreds and thousands of slaves to do their
work,—men, who would not condescend to
speak to a Pennsylvania farmer, are the
persons protected and encouraged by the
Tariff of 1846. The consequence was,
that as soon as the cotton mills began to
break down under the operation of this
Tariff, that raw cotton ran up to thirteen
cents per pound. If the consequence of
the enrichment of the great cotton plan
ters, was to scatter "benefits and blessings"
upon their communities and nation, the in
equality of protecting them alone, would
be tolerable; but the result is to enhance
the price of slaves and cotton plantations,
while the money thus made is not spent in
the improvement of the country or educa
tion of the people. The present Tariff
then operates as a protection to the breed
ing and rearing of slaves, and the enrich
ment of great landed nabobs, while it is
breaking down every other interest in the
country. When the country was told that
it would benefit the farmers, the farmers
of cotton were the persons meant and the
present prices of grain proves it.
The one half of the furnaces and forges
in Pennsylvania, which were in operation
at the time of the passage of the act of
1846, have since stopped. A large mem
ber of the cotton and woollen factories in
the east arid elhewhere have been compell
ed to quit running. A great many manu
facturing establishments of other kinds
have broken up during the same period.
The result is, that we now buy abroad the
products which these establishments for
merly made, and send off specie to pay for
them. We do not make enough in the
United States to pay fur what we buy, and
it requires no great knowledge of arithma
tic to show, that this will break a country
as well as an individual. Since the first
of January last we have sent to foreign
countries for this purpose thirty millions
of dohltrs in specie. There is no demand
for wheat or other grain in England, and
other European countries, which raise near
about as much as supplies their popula
tion, and we have a surplus for Which
there is no market. Money is now loaned
in Baltimore, Philadelphia, Now York and
Boston at twelve and fifteen per cent. A
great many heavy failures have taken place
in those cities, and the like are daily oc
curring. If a farmer sends his wheat to
these places for sale, the commission mer
chant may break with the proceeds in his
hands. The city merchants are running
in debt to English manufacturers for goods,
and trusting them to country merchants,
who retail them to people who hare noth
ing to pay with but wheat and corn. The
wheat and corn are not worth the expenses
of raising them, and the farmer being un
able to pay the storekeeper, breaks him
up, the storekeeper for the same reason
breaks the city merchant, who iu his turn
breaks the foreign manufacturer.
The Tariff of 1846 has destroyed a lu
crative iron manufacture, silenced millions
of cotton and woollen spindles, and almost
depopulated our coal mines. These sources
of wealth but a short time since enriched
us greatly. These aro now gone and there
is nothing left us but wheat, at sixty-five
cents per bushel, and no demand for it
even at that price,
The present ruinous prices of agricul
tural products have been brought about
by an over-production of them, caused, in
a great measure, by an under-protection
from our manufacturing and mineral re
sources. Establish a fah• protective Tariff,
which will light up our forges and furnaces,
open up our coal-beds, start the woollen
and cotton spindle, and it is impossible
then that a money crisis can ever happen.
This is the only way which will insure to
the farmer regular and remunerative pri
ces, and make the person with whom he
deals able to be trusted. The farmer is
too much in the habit of looking upon the
nian who buys his grain, as a pirate whose
occupation should be broken down; when
it is really his interest to help build up
sound business men, who will not only buy
his grain but pay for it. Lot the peo
ple of Pennsylvania render to the cotton
growers the things which are the cotton
growers; but at the same time redder to
the iron makers, the cotton and woollen
spinners, the coal diggers and wheat grow
ers, the things that are theirs.
Stop the Robbers.
We call attention to the article on the
first page of our paper, showing when and
by whom the state debt was contracted:—
It will be seen that the great debt, under
which the people of Pennsylvania are
groaning, was contracted by looofoco Gov
ernors. Joseph Ritner never created a
dollar of state debt. Under Gov. John
stens administration $400,000 was created
to avoid the inclined plane this side of !
Philadelphia, but as an offset to that, he has
paid $1350,000 of the old debt. Let the
Whigs rule the destiny of the state for
the future and the great debt will van
ish and the thieving and plundering will
cease on the canal. Every man who pays
taxes, is interested in the administration
of Gov. Johnston. Examine the article
referred to carefully and hand to your
neighbor. The country democraCy only
wish to he informed of the thievery of their
officers, to abandon them at once. They
have no interest in paying taxes to eerie
Canal Commisioners and supervisors.
Unwarrantable Assumptions,
The Locofoeo editors of Pennsylvania,
not only assume, but boldly declare that
Gov. Johnston is an abolitionist, and that
he is attempting to sap the foundation
walls of the federal Union. Their State
central committee perpetrate the same
unblushing falsehood.
We intend to speak of such silly clutrges
only in the lofty language of contempt,
believing that the unscrupulous liars, who
utter and publish them, are so far down
that ladder, the foot of which is planted in
hell, that the angel of truth would never
venture to approach them. It will be
about as easy to defeat Gov. Johnston by
such foolish slanders, as it would be to put
out the aurora borealis with a watering
can, or jerk the magnet from the north
have good news for you. From all parts
of the State we have tidings that our
friends:are reveling in the anticipation of
victory. All that is necessary is a full
turn out at the election—and if the Whigs
come in their strength, we will drive the
locofocos out of the canal with the pre
cipitancy with which "Milton's devils were .
kicked by Omnipotence over the battle
ments of Heaven." Great things are to be
done, and we earnestly request your atten
dance at the polls on the second Tuesday
of October.
llY" Why is Col. Bigler the Tariff can
didate for Governor? Because he voted
for the Tariff of 1842 in the State. Senate.
Why is he the Free Trade candidate
for Governor ? Because he now denoun
ces the Tariff of 1842 as unjust, oppres
sive, and the Protective policy as a hum
Why is he the Wilmot Proviso can&
date for Governor ? Because he voted fo:
the Wilmot Proviso in the State Senate.
Why is he the National candidate for
Governor g Because he now denounces
the Wilmot Proviso as a treasonable hum
Why is he the Ant-kidnapping candi
date for Governor? Because lie voted for
the Anti -kidnapping act of 1847, in the
Stitt° Sendte.
Why is he the Kidnapping candidate
for Governor ? Because he now denoun
ces the Anti-kidnapping act of 1847 as
the great barrier to the perpetuity of the
Wo think that a wan with such a 'load
of poles' ought to come in—for a sound
Since our last notice on this subject,
the Spanish General, Lemery, has been
sent against the insurgents in the moun
tains of Coscorro, from Principe, with four
hundred picked men; but they were de
feated by the patriot force there encamped
and about fifty of them were killed. The
rest of the Spaniards retreated to Principe
in disorder.
The government had scarcely recovered
from this shock when it was informed of
the serious fact, that a number Of sympa
thizers under Gen. Lopez had landed at
Playitas, a few miles west of Honda Bay,
at four o'clock in the niorning of the 13th
inst. Before sunrise; Lopez was on his
march to Las Poses, a town a few miles
distant from the coast where he 'immediate
ly commenced intrenchinghituself. Troops
were sent from Havana, in the steamer
Pizarro and by railway under command of
Gen. Enna (who is next in command to the
Captain General of Cuba.) On the fol
lowing morning Gen. Enna came up with
the liberators, or pirates, as the Spanish
government call them, under Gen. Lopez,
and had an engagement with them ; in
which some of his men were killed and
some wounded. Gen. Enna had his horse
shot from under him, and Col. Radal and
seven officers, and about seventy eight men
were , killed. The Spanish commander
considered it useless to proceed any further
against the liberators, without artillery.
It appears however that part of the liber
ators under Lopez were driven to the
mountains: and that a detachment of about
50 men were sent to take the fort at Ciiha
nos, who were taken in foni launches, by
the steamer Habenero and taken to Ha
vana, where they were all murdered in the
most brutal manner by the Spanish au
thorities. They were brought out in pla
toons of ten at a thee and shot. After
they were thus slaughtered, they were
stript of their clothing and dragged
through the streets by the umb. Forty
of these were Americans. An account of
tli . c 17th jest, states that 140 Americans
were shot at Honda Bay. It is also re
ported that Gen. Enna is taken prisoner,
and that the communication of his army
with Havana has been cut off by Lopez,
and that another battle has been fought in
which six hundred of the Spaniards were
killed. The force of Lopez is increasing
by accessions from the natives of the Is -
We hare also hitelligenee that the Uni-
:ed States mail steamer, Falcon, was fired
into by the SptiniSh steamer, 1-Tabenero,
and boarded. Our government will in
quire into this affair if the facts are as sta-
We believe the movement is gradually
progressing toward success, and that a
period will shortly be put to Spanish rule
in Cuba. They have our best wishes for
their final success.
Since. writing the above we learn
that Gee. Lopez has had two engagements
in which the Spaniards lost eight officers
and three hundred private SoldierS. The
Patriots were victorious in both engage
ments. It is also stated that Col. Crit
tenden of Kentucky was one of the party
of patriots who were executed at Havana.
The most intone exeitem ent pre
vails at New Orleans. Two steamers are
reported to have sailed from that city filled
with men and supplies for den. Lopez.—
The interference of the United S'tatbs
Marshall was of no avail.
Our Prospectii
A Philadelphia correspondent of the
“.National Whig" speaks as follows:
66Political matters seem to attract some
attention in Philadelphia. It is now oon
oeded on all sides that as far as the city and
county are concerned, that the Whig tick
et will receive an overwhelming majority,
larger than that given for Old Zack in
1848. Thousands of honest American
Democrats openly avow their determina
tion to vote against their, and for Whig
candidates, and thus purify the Democratic
party by the only means left in their hands
—a Waterloo defeat.
Gov. Johnston, it appears, is a great
favorite among the working people of Phil
adelphia. This I know to be the ease in
the District of Spring Garden, where his
majority will not fall short of 1000, and
if he makes a few more stump-speeches in
that district, I verily believe that he will
' carry It by 1500.
Honest John Strohm will also run Well
in Philadelphia, as he is known to possess
the right character to snake a sound Canal
Conimisioner, and the mass of the people
being governed by honest motives, cannot
fail to sustain such men as William F.
Johnston and John &ohm.
Hollidaysburg Standard and Moon
We were very sorry to find that the
editor of the Standard has gone crazy.—
He has been associating so much with Mrs.
Partington and George Mundy, and has
paid so little attention to the requirements
of truth during, at least, his editorial life,
that facts only enter his head to be trans
formed into fantasies and chimeras. Ho
ping, however, that when this shall come to
hand, he may be enjoying a lucid interval,
we will inform him, that the substance of
our charge, of which he complains,—that
Col. Bigler said that when he voted for
the jail closing act of 1847, "he did not
know what he was doing"—may be found
in the Col's. Spread Eagle and Philadel
phia speeches. He has used snore words
to express the seine thing, than we did;
but nevertheless it is the same thing.
One of the opposition candidates
for Associate Judge was a participant in a
political transaction several years ago,
which we will hereafter notice.
Locofoco Ticket,
The following is the Ticket placed in
nomination by the late Locofoco Conven
tion of this county :
Associate Judges.—Thomas F. Stewart,
West ; Samuel WVitty; Shirley.
Assembly.—Dr. John Metz, Brady.
Prothonotary.—E. Stewart, Jackson.
Register and Recorder.—Joseph F.
Harvey, Franklin.
Commissioners.—John Cemmill, Porter,
3 years ; Joseph Cornelius, Cromwell, '2
Treasurer.—Jacob Miller, Huntingdon.
Directors of the Poor. David Barriek,
Barre° ; John Long, Shirley; David Bur
kett, Cromwell.
Auditor.—James Bell, Warriorsmark.
Coroner.—John Murray; Huntingdon.
Official Facts to be Remembered.
The Locofocos are, we know, very much
displeased ht us for exposing their extrava
gance when in office. We will give them
additional cause of offence. In 1840, the
expenses of the government for the ma
ehinary of officers, were as follws :
Expenses of Senate, (including
printing,) $72,327 74
Do. of House, 124,144 54
Governor's Department, 15,298 82
Judiciary 107,663 00
Auditor General's " 7,321 98
Treasury 6,119 00
Land 11,035 79
Miscellaneous expenses, 12,054 52
TOTAL, $355,965 39
nis was under exclusiimlij Locofnco
In the year beginning December tat
1848, and ending Nov. 80th, 1849, being
the first of Gov. Johnston's administra-
Co.'s warehouse. He made a speech in
ion, the expenses of Government were as favor of Gen. Scott, and declared that it
was his intention to vote for Gov. J0hn
523,936 64 ston and the whole Whig ticket. Capt.
58,882 97
25,203 52 Porter has always, until the present time,
11,080 79 acted with the Opposition. He is the son
94,966 04
7 ,454 oo of the late Judge Porter, a well-known
5,609 63 and influential citizen of Pittsburg, and
6,370 40 ,
3,900 44 commanded " the Irish Greens" during
the Mexican war.
Expenses of Senate,
Do. House,
1)o. Public printing,
Governor's Department,
Judiciary 4,
Auditor General's "
Land .i
Miscellaneous expenses,
in one year than in 1840; when the Loco
focos had control of all branches of the
government. As soon as the Whig par
ty began to gain strength, they cut down
the expenses, until now they are over
LARS less than they formerly were!—
The Locofocos held on to the stealings as
long as they could—squandered the peo
ple's money as long as they dared, and
now have the hardihood to ask the peo
ple again to trust them with power ! The
people see in their FORTY MILLION
debt the legacy of Locofoco administra
tions. Do they want any more such leg
acies ? If they do, lot them elect Wm.
Bigler Governor, and a Locofoco Legis
lature. If not, let them elect Wm. F.
Johnston Governor, John Strohm Canal
Commissioner, and a Whig Legislature !
Daily .47,0t-it:att.
Wisi. Bigler and James Bucbau-
James Buchanan is the favorite of the
Southern Secessionists for the Presidency.
William Bigler is James Buchanan's can
didate for the office of Governor of Penn
sylvania. Mr. Bigler's election would be
taken as proof of Mr. Buchanan's strength,
and would•be hailed with delight by those
double-dyed scoundrels who have been plot
ting Treason to our government. Are
Pennsylvanians ready to join hands with
these villains? If so, let them elect Wm.
Bigler, and thereby endorse James Bu
The Bloomers In Lynn, walk with
canes. Tho gentlemen have nothing loft
them but top boots.
Deception—Locoroco Capital.
Who does not remember the game play
ed by the Locofocos in the campaign of
1844, remarks the Harrisburg Telegraph,
when Polk was declared " as good a Tar
iff man as Henry Clay." Who does not
recollect that in order to cheat the people
into that belief, on every flag and pole
raised by the locos all over the State,
" The Tariff of 1842" stood out in large
letters, and who does not recollect their
favorite song of that campaign, with the
following chorus :
" Oh poor Harry Cloy.,
What makes you look so blue?
Wo will have Polk and Dallas
But no sooner did they get " Polk and
Dallas," into office than they commenced
an assault upon " the Tariff of '42," and
never ceased until they repealed it, and
enacted the British Tariff of 1846, which
gave up the capital and enterprise, and
the laboring man's interest in this coun
try to the capital, enterprise and paupar
labor of Europe. How can a party with
such bold terachery upon its front, with
the deserted furnaces, iron works and
manufactories of the -State staring them
in the face, dare now to hold up their
heads, with the belief that the people
have forgotten them, and attempt another
Curiosities Wanted.
Wanted a "modern democrat" who has
voted that ticket for ten years, and has
never been in favor of a PROTECTIVE
Wanted a "modern democrat" who vo
ted that ticket for the above period, and
never was in favor of the destribution of
the sales of the Public Lands.
Wanted a , c modern democrat" Legisla
tor who has served two years in the leg
islature, and has never voted for a Bank
Wanted a , c modern democrat" who has
held the same set of principles for two
consecutive years.
Wanted a "modern democrat" who has
been a member of that party for fifteen
years, and has not been on all sides of all
The highest price will be paid for these
curiosities at the counter of that Bank
whose charter was obtained without the
aid of Locofoco votes, in notes of its own
Capt. Robert Porter.
This gentleman attended a meeting of
the friends of Gen. Scott in Pittsburg, held
. _
on the eveningof the 20th, in .Covode &
$237;105 83
son, in a recent oration before one the
literary Societies of Hamilton College,
made the following statement of the num
ber of persons attached to the various re
ligious denominations in the United States:
Of Catholics, 1,231,300
Of Methodists, 1,215,069
Of Presbyterians, 594,083
Of Universalists, 325,000
Of Episcopalians, 67,550
Of Unitarians, 38,000
Of Baptists, 1,215,629
Of Friends or (pullers, 50,000
The Paciffic Rail road appears to
be started with energy. The St. Louis
press says that the first division, consist
ing of 33 sections, has been let out, with
a gauge of 5i feet, and laborers will be
placed forthwith upon the road.
THE ISSUE.—Governor Johnston and
the Reduction of the State Debt against
Mr-Vote-for-himself Bigler and the In
crease of the State debt. No one ought
+o be deceived; This is the true issue.
J UWE REED and Waltar Brooke fought
a duel at Vicksburg, on the Bth inst.
No body hurt, and the fools are not all
dead yet.
trr The new Constitution of Virginia,
which will undoubtedly be adopted, re
quires nothing of the voter except that he
be a white male, over twenty-one, resident
in the State for two years, and in the coun
ty of city where he offers to vote, for one
year. It is thought that this will more
than double the number of voters in