Huntingdon journal. (Huntingdon, Pa.) 1843-1859, June 19, 1851, Image 1
VOLUME XVI. From Tuckerman's Poems, just Published, The Modern Hero. "They also servo who only stand and wait." The lance is rusting on the wall, No laurel crowns are wove, And every nightly strain is hushed In castle, camp, and grove. No manly breast now fronts the spear, No strong arm waves the brand, To vindicate the rightful cause, Or stay oppressions hand. The minstrel's pilgrimage has ceased, Chivalric days are o'er, And fiery steeds bear noblemen To Palestine no more. What battle field with courage now Shall ardent minds inspire? Upon what shrine can youth devote Its wild yet hallowed fire? Must the bold heart ignobly pine Far from heroic strife, And win no trophies to adorn This cold and fleeting life? Is there no guerdon for the brave? No warfare for the free? No wrong for valor to redress? For men no victory? Shall high and earnest purpose die, And souls of might grow tame? Glory no more be warmed to life By love's ennobling flame? Forbid it every pulse that leaps At Beauty's kindling smile, Forbid it all the glowing dreams That youthful hearts beguile! By the clear spell that morning weaves, By noontide's stirring glare, By the vast sea, the mighty woods, And midnight's solemn air; By nature's deep and constant tones, Tears that are born of song, And thrills that eloquence awakes In every human throng; By childhood's hopefulness serene, And woman's cherished name, Let not heroic spirits yield Their heritage of time! It may no more be won in arms, And knighthood's loyal toil, Nor flourish, like Alarengo's grain, Upon a blood-stained soil. It will not lire in warrior's tales, Or lay of troubadour, Nor shall the scarf of Itolye-lore Become its emblem more. But in the quietude of thought— The soul's divine retreat, Does Valor now her garlands twine, And rear her proudest scat. They who most bravely can endure Most earnestly pursue, And 'mid Opinion's tyrant bands Unto themselves be true! Rejoice in Beauty more than grin Guard well the dreams of youth, And with devoted firmness lire Crusaders for the Truth! The freedom of the mitsd maintain, Its sacredness revere, And cling to Honor's open path, As planets to their sphere; Who own no gaze hut that of Faith, And with undaunted brow, Turn from the worshippers of gold— These are the heroes now! In lonely watchfulness they stand Upon Time's hoary steep, And Glory's flickering beacon lights, For coming ages keep. Thus bravely like heroic men, A consecrated band; Life is to them a battle field, Their hearts a Holy Land. Bon. Abbot Lawrence. Home's Greely thus speaks of the American Minister, in ono of his letters from England: "I cannot close without a word of acknowledgement to our Ambassador, Hon. Abbott Lawrence, for the interest he has taken, and the labor he has cheerfully performed, in order that our country should be creditably represented in this exhibi tion. For many months the entire correspon dence, &c., fell on his shoulders; and I doubt whether the Pair will have cost him less than five thousand dollars when it closed. That he has exerted himself in every way in behalf of his countrymen attending the Exhibition, is no more than all who knew him anticipated; and his con venient location, his wide acquaintance and mark ed popularity hero, have enabled him to do a great deal. Every American voice is loud in his praise. Liberty of the Cudgel. Bowman, of the Bedford Gazette, has blacken ed the character of a citizen of Bedford, Gen. Complier, and he, in return, has blackened Bow man's hide. On the 29th tilt., ho knocked Bow man down and caned hint. The stick was a hick or& ono, the emblem of Locofocoism. Sir 'lf you doubt whether you should kiss a girl, give her the benefit of the doubt, awl 'go in.' Thai's T.ssr. .• O 5 Ain Ittgbtllt _ Only One, and He was a Pirate I A writer in the April number of Blackwood's Magazine in speaking of maratime matters, says: " The Americans have only produced one naval hero, and he was a pirate—Paul Jones." The writer appears to be serious, and, we dare say, believes the nonsense which he utters ; for if there is any thing that "the British public" are badly posted up in, it is the history of the battles which have been fought between the United States and Great Britain. Not one Englishman in a thou sand has ever heard of the battle of New Orleans, although the victory obtained there by General Jackson, entailed upon British valor and British discipline one of the most disgraceful defeats known to civilised warfare. "Lundy's Lane," " Fort Erie," and " Plattsburg," are also places which the memory of John Bull will very seldom plead guilty to. Of our naval victories he is still more obtuse. The only commodore he seems to have any knowledge of is, as we said before, Paul Jones—while the only sea fight which figures con spicuously in his history of the war of 1812, is that which took place between the Chesapeake and the Shannon. To this battle British historians have devoted not only whole chapters, but whole books, while the victory of Perry, on Lake Erie, is boiled down to a paragraph. These facts prove two things. In the first place, the importance which they attach to the conquest of the Chesa peake, shows that the capture of an American frigate was a rarity; while the cowardly manner, with which they refer to the victories of Perry and McDonough, shows that they were more afraid of truth than they were of an enemy, and that it is wiser for Great Britain to pocket a disgrace than to refer to it. To teach a writer to condense, we know of no better study than John Bull's history of "Amer ican Naval Battles." The loss of a fleet is there summed up with fewer words than he once record ed the conquest of a French fishing boat; while the sinking of a frigate in twenty Minutes is so much of a trifle that it is only retferred to in a note. The writer to which we have already refrered, says that " the Americans have only produced one naval hero, and he was a pirate—Paul Jones."— Let us see how this statement tallies with the truth. The oar broke out in June, 1812. In July, the Essex, Cant. Porter, was attacked by the British ship Alert. The first broadside from the Essex frightened the British cress to the hold, and in eight minutes her flag was struck. On the 19th of August, the frigate Constitution, Capt. hull, in thirty eight minutes conquered the British frigate Guerriere, Capt. nacres. The loss to the English in killed and wounded nas 114. The Americans were only injured to the extent of 14. On the 18th of October, Capt. Jones, its the sloop-of-war Wasp, captured the Frolic in forty flve miutes. In the action, the Americans had to contend against a much superior force. The re sult of the battle was SO killed on the Frolic, and only 8 on the Wasp. On the 25th of October, the frigate United States, Capt. Decatur, encountered and captured the finest frigate in the British navy, the Macedo• nian, in little over halt an hour. English killed, 104. Americans 11. On the 12th of December, the frigate Essex, Captain Porter, took the ship Nocton, of 10 guns, in about live minutes. With the Nocton ho also took $55,000 in specie. Capt. Porter afterwards cruised in the Pacific, where his prizes averaged about two a day. His last act was to fight two British frigates of equal size, for nearly half a day. On the 29th of December, the Constitution,' Captain Bainbridge, captured the British frigate lava. The combat continued more than three hours, at the expiration of which time she was so knocked to prices that yon could look through her like a piece of gauze. 'rho English lost in this battle 161. The Americans 34. So much, for the year 1812. On the 23d of February, 1813, the United States ship Hornet, Capt. Lawrence, encountered the British ship Peacock. In less than fifteen min utes the Peacock struck her colors, displaying at the same time a signal of distress. The norna, in less than a quarter of an hour having not only conquered the Peacock, but nearly sunk her. In July, 1813, the American brig Argus captured he British brig Pelican. A day or two afterwards the American ship Enterprise, Lieut. Burrows, took the British brig Boxer, Captain Blythe.— These vessels were of the same class, and show ed in a most conclusive manner, the superiority of American gunnery over that of any other power. In August of this year, the American privateer Decatur, mounting seven guns, and manned with one hundred and three men, fell in with the Brit ish schooner Dominica, of sixteen guns and eighty-three men. For two hours the two ships continued manoeuvring and tiring, the Decatur seeking to board her antagonist, and she to escape. At length the former was placed in such a posi tion that a part of her crew passed, upon the bowsprit, into the stern of the latter. The firing on both sides from cannon and musketry, was now terrible. In a short time the two ships came in contact, broadside to broadside; and then the re mainder of the Decatur's crew rushed upon her enemy's deck. Fire arms were thrown aside, and the men fought hand to hand, using cutlasses and' throwing shot. Nearly all the officers of the Do minica being killed, her flag was hauled down by the conquerors. Of her crew of eighty-three, 60 were killed or wounded ; of that of the Decatur hut nineteen. The next day, the latter captured a merchantman, laden with a valuable cargo,' HUNTINGDON, PA., THURSDAY, JUNE 19, 1851. and conducted both prizes into the harbor of Charleston. In December, 1814, the United States frigate Constitution, Capt. Stewart, fought two British frigates at once, and, what is more, whipped them. They were the Levant and Cyane. This naval battle is one of the most glorious on record. So much for ships—let us now come to squadrons. On the 10th of September, 1813, the American squadron on Lake Erie, under commodore Perry, fought a British squadron under Capt. Barclay.— The battle commenced a little after noon. At 4 o'clock Perry transmitted the following laconic epistle to Gen. Harrison "We have met the ene my and they are ours— two ships, two brigs, ono schooner and a sloop." On the Gth of September, 1814, the British squadron, commanded by Corn. Downie, appear ed off the harbor of Plattsburgh, where that of the United States, commanded by Commodore McDonough, lay at anchor, prepared for battle. The former, consisting of sixteen vessels, carried one hundred and two guns, and was manned with eight hundred and fifty men. The battle com menced about 9 o'clock. In two boars and a half the British were " a whipped community;" every vessel in the squadron having " backed down" or run away. Thus concluded the last war, and a most bril liant conclusion it was ; and yet with these facts, as well known to history as the location of the pyramids, we find English writers with polished pens, so little posted up in these unpleasant mat ters, that they actually believe that Uncle Sam " has only raised one naval hero, and he was a pi rate. Isn't it laughable I—well, it is. Gas from Wood. An eminent chemist of Munich has recently,, discovered a method of obtaining gas from the fi bres of plants, especially of wood, which may be made use of for practical purposes with great economy and advantage. The Railroad Depot at Munich has been for seine time successfully light ed with this gas. So much confidence was felt by the discoverer in its practicability, that in connec tion wills four other scientific men, ho undertook to prepare the apparatus at the depot at his own expense. The first attempt met with many obsta cles, but the final result confirmed the hopes of the projectors. It is stated by competent judges, who have inspected the operation, that no doubt remains in their minds of its speedy introduction to general use. The apparatus at Munich provided with only a single retort, but of such dimensions as adapt it Ito the largest gas establishment, and enable it to deliver a much larger quantity than is seceded at the depot. It contains a hundred weight of split wood, and renders in an hour at least 350 cubic feet of gas in the gasometer. In an hour and a half, or two hours, one lot of wood is used np. producing from 650 to 700 cubic feet, according to the quality of the wood. The retort Ls heated with turf at the expense of about 10 kreutzers nn hour, but if two or three retorts were used with the same furnace, the expense of fuel for each would be materially diminished. The charcoal made in the retort is about 20 per cent. of the weight of the wood; this is raked out while yet hot, sued placed in close covered tin boxes to cool in the open air. The coal, which is at present from fir wood, is thoroughly burned, and being more compact than pit coal, is in demand among the dealers. The gas is cgrulneted from the re tort through the tar vessel, the condenser and the refiner into the gasometer. The establishment obtains from 5 to 7 per cent. of tar of the best quali ty. The amount of light rendered by this gas, according to an official measurement by the Di rectors of the Railroad, equals 15i wax candles from one burned, consuming four and a half feet in an hour. This is greater tissue the power of the Augsburg coal gas, which equals from 11 to 13 wax candles, (five to the pound.) In Munich, those who have compared this gas with common coal gas, give it a decided preference for that vi cinity. The most prominent advantage is else fa cility with which it is produced. While a retort gives at most 180 cubic feet of coal gas in an hour, it will give 360 feet of wood gas. Only half the number of retorts, accordingly, would be re quired for lighting a city. The quantity of gas, moreover, delivered by wood in comparison with the cost, is of importance. A hundred weight of coal, as it is prepared at Augsburg and Munich, gives only 500 feet of gas, in the most favorable eases, and costs 1 florin and 6 krentaers, when wood is G florins a cord. The advantage is no less on the side of the wood-gets in respect to the secondary products, coke and tar. The wood gas is not so objectionable in a sanitary point of view as the coal gas, either in its preparation or its use. It has no unpleasant smell; even in its crude state it contains no ammoniac nor sulpleuretted hydro gen, nor carburretted sulphur; nor in burning does it produce a trace of sulphuric acid. When the discoverer announced his project of obtaining gas from wood, every engineer and chemist de clared it impossible, since all previous attempts 'had produced only gas of a very inferior quality. They accordingly came to the conclusion that the fibers of wood aro incapable of generating gas. But this idea is effectually set aside by the Mu nich experiment. In an economical point of view, this discovery is considered of great im portance in Germany. It has already attracted the attention of practical men, and the manner in which we find it spoken of by intelligent judges, shows that it may be welcomed ae one of the boni flcent contributions of science in the nineteenth century to the uses of life. WAn old Edition of Morse's Geography says, "Mbany has four hundred dwelling houses, with two thousand four hundred inhabitants all stend. lag with their gable ends to the street." The Blood and Respiration. BY A. C. CASTLE, M. D. THE process of digestion having been complet ed so far as regards the mastication of the food, its conversion into chyme, and then into the milky fluid chyle, which I have shown has been sucked up by the absorbents called the 'amen's, and con veyed by their vessels through the thoracic duct into the left jugular vein, and thence into the heart. The beautiful mechanism of the digestive or gans, the apparent simplicity of their structure, and their animal-chemical laboratory for the as similation of the food with the animal system, would naturally suggest to the mind and to our reason, the ease attending the formation and com pletion of a healthy system. That every individ ual possesses the means and the power to partake of a proper food, may be laid down as an axiom ; but that the digestive organs and their functions are nt our commands, our wills or our pleasure, for preparing, forming, find converting this food into a well-constituted blood for perpetuating the animal system, practical experience has amply proved to be a fallacy, and the old axiom now, as it ever did, retains all its force—" What is one man's meat is another man's poison." Mlton makes Michael say to Adam— " The rule Not too meat; by temperance taught, In what thou eat's and drink'st; seeking from thence Due nourishment, not gluttonous delight, Till many years over thy bead return : So may'st thou live, till, like ripe fruit, thou drop Into thy mother's lap, or be with case Gathered, not harshly pluck'd for death mature. This is old age." • • • • • Temperance, as sung by the poet, may not im mediately produce wholesome blood; but it has the recommendation that it certainly does not render it obnoxious to the animal system. Pru dence, therefore, dictates "The rule Not too much" as being more likely than "gluttonous delight" to enable the digestive functions to prepare the basis fora wholesome constituted blood. The impor tance of parity in the blood can in no way be over estimated; the blood being the material from which the reveal tissues or structures, and multitudinous organs of the whole animal system, as it were, is created. From the germ of existence, through all the phases of unimal life, the blood is the me dium for removing all the softer structures of in fancy and youth, and by the same blood purified, as we shall hereafter show, are they severally re placed with denser material for the more energet ic faculties to act upon, in accordance with the peculiarities and the wants of the animal creation, each in their kind, whether it be in the delicate structure and beautiful outline of female beauty, in youth or at the maturity of womanhood, or in the well-knitted frame and body of vigorous and dignified man, made after God's own image, as compared with the massiveness of the mastodon or the elephant; down to the gentle and timid limbs of the fawn or the gazelle. By the vitality of the blood, animal heat is en gendered, stud the functions at' organic life are maintained, and their healthful action preserved, and by any derangement of which the whole or part of the animal system is compromised, and may suffer disease and death. A knowledge, therefore, of the nature of the blood, its design, and the laws which govern and regulate the circulation of this vital fluid through out the system, cannot be otherwise than interes ting to the philosopher, from that of the beg-in structed Christnin mind—we had almost said—to the rudest barbarian. 'rho heart—the bead of the apparatus by which the circulation of the blood is carried throvit mil lions of tubes to every nook and corner of the body—is a hollow muscular body, of a cone-like figure; its largest portion, or base, lies upwards, and obliquely front the left to the right, under the fifth and sixth ribs, on the left side of the breast; the apex of the heart, its inferior portion, rests upon the midriff, or diaphragm, the frill-like muscular floor of the cavity of the abdomen.— The heart is surrounded by the lobes of the lungs, all of which are protected by numerous chelosing but elastic ribs of bone. In order to render this interesting subject, concise and comprehensible to the general reader, the heart may be represented as containing four compartments—one upper and one lower compartment on its right side, and two corresponding ones on its left side. As we have already shown, the nutritious milky chyle is absor bed from the digestive canal, and conveyed into the thoracic duct, and thence into the lett jugular vein. The veins collect and convey to the heart the purple or carbonized blood, known as the venous blood. This blood is poisonous to the animal sys tem, if admitted into the arterial circulation; the phenomena of which will be explained in their order. In addition to the office of returning the impure venous blood of the system to its groat or ' gan, the heart, the veins possess peculiar powers in common with the lymphatic system of absorbents, viz.; the power of absorbing gases and fluids, when placed in contact with the various parts of the system. They will absorb every substance in the body that is useless to the animal economy, such as bone, as seen in the absorbtion of the roots of the milk teeth in children; superfluous fat, tum ours, collections of matter (pus) in abscesses, the fluids collected in dropsical affections, which are all absorbed by their powers, and carried out of the system through the medium of the excretory powers of other organs. Tints is the venous blood vitiated and rendered useless, obnoxious and poi- Bottom, and in this condition it is collected into two large veins, (the ascending and descending erns• cam,) and emptied into the right auricle, or upper comptu • nnent of the heart. (9°\, 0111/ 4e/ Itor 'Mato Young Men. An old experienced man says if you expect to be a merchant, (being now only a clerk, with live hundred dollars a year,) get married. Choose a partner who is willing to live according to your income—one whose mother has taught her to work, wash, mend stockings, make pies and cake, and knows how to put an apple in a dumpling. Aim not that she be handsome, but one whom you can love above all others in the world. You will then live happier and cheaper than you now do, pitying board, washing and mending, besides every now and then having a piece lost. Your washerwoman is very poor, and can't make • good the loss you sustain. In choosing a wife, let her be of a family not vain of their name or connections, but remarka ble for their simplicity of manners and integrity of life. Never fix your eyes ou a celebrated beams. She is apt to be too proud of her pretty face, and afraid of soiling her delicate hands. The woman who washes her own slyer spoons, china cups and platters, and performs other light services in the family, is always the most healthy, the most hap py anti the most contented; for thus her mind is occupied, and site gains the approbation of her husband and of her own conscience. The wo man who leaves her family fine or five hours ev ery day, running from shop to shop, and making calls, is always unhappy, for conscience says, "you have sown the wind, and shall reap the whirlwind. Beauty is very desirable in the choice of a wife. You will be proud of your handsome wife when you introduce her to a friend, but by all means find out, if you can, whether she is vain of her • beauty. If you find she is daily washing her al ready pretty face with milk of roses and patent cosmetics—that she is daily pouring Cologne wa ter and Macassar oil on her already glossy hair— if this is the case, it is rather an alarming symp tom. A handsome woman never looks so pretty as when she don't know it. I dare say souse of the young lassies will laugh at a man near four- I score, talking about pretty faces; hut you may just tell them that I was once as young as any of them, and that in the pleasure of memory I live my life over again. Good nature is another necessary virtue in a wife. This, though, is not so very essential, as a man must be a consumnte blockhead, indeed, if he can't lead (not drive) a woman by fair words. A good manager is another indispensable qualifi cation. After marriage, if a woman does not pride herself on her knowledge of family affairs and laying out money to the best advantage, let her be ever so sweet tempered, gracefully made or elegantly accomplished, she is no wife for a man of business.- When people are harnessed in the yoke matrimonial, they must draw together. It is a man's duty to give to his with; it is the wife's duty to use it with the most scrupulous economy. Good Breeding. TIIE following anecdote is related by Mr. Walker, in his amusing and instructive publica tion. "The Original," as afffirding a fine instance of the value of good breeding, or politeness, even in circumstances where it could not be expected to produce any personal advantage s— " An Englishman, making the grand tour tow ands the middle of the last century, when travellers were more objects of attention than at present, on arriving at Turin sauntered out to see the place.— Ile happened to meet a regiment of infantry re turning from the parade, and, taking it position to see it pass, a young Captain, evidently desirous to make a disiplay before the stranger, in crossing cne of the numerous water-courses, with which the city is intersected, missed his footing, and in trying to save himself lost his hat. The exhibition was truly unfortunate—the spectators laughed and looked at the Englishman, expecting him to laugh too. On the contrary, he not only retained his, composure, hut promptly advanced to where the hat had rolled, and, taking it up, presented it with nu air of unaffected kindness to its owner.— The officer received it with a blush of surprise and gratitude, and hurried to rejoin his company.'. There was a murmur of surprise, and the stranger passed ou. Though the scene - of a moment, and without a word spoken, it touched every heart— not with admiration for a mere dispiny of polite ness, but with a warmer feeling for a proof of that true charity 'which never faileth.' On the regi ment being dismissed, the Captain, who was a young man of consideration, in glowing terms re lated the circumstance to his Colonel. The Colo nel immediately mentioned it to the General in command; and when the Englishman returned to Isis hotel, he found an Aid-de-Camp waiting to re quest his company to dinner at headquarters. Its the evening, he was carried to court—at that time, as Lord Chesterfield tolls us, the most brilliant court in Europe—and was received with particu lar attention. Of eourse, during his stay at Turin, he was invited everywhere; and on his departure l i ho was loaded with letters of introduction to the different States of Italy. Thus a private gentle man of moderate means, by a graceful impulse of Christain feeling, Was enabled to travel through a foreign country, then of the highest interest for its society, as well ns for the charms it still pos sesses, wills more real distinction anti advantage than can ever be derived from the mere einem- ' stance of birth and fortune, even the most spelt did." CrMother don't you wish you had the tree of evil in your garden?" "Why, Josh, you ser pent, what do you mean?" "As money's the root of all evil, if we had the tree, could'ut we get all the precious stuff?" NUMBER 24. An Interesting Incident, The following exceedingly interesting incident we copy from the Greenville (S. C.) Patriot: The other day, in conversation with Miss Dix, the Philanthropist, dining her visit to Greenvale, a I-fly said to her, "Are you not afraid to travel all over the country alone, and hint you not encoun tered dangers and been in perilous situations?" " I am naturally timid," said Miss Dix, "and dif fident, like all my sex ; but in order to carry out my purposes, I know that it is necessary to make sacrifices and encounter dangers. It is true„ I have been, in my travels through the different States, in perilous situations. I will mention one which occurred in the State of Michigan. I had hired a carriage and driver to convey me some distance through an uninhabited portion of the country. In starting, I discovered that the driver, a young lad, had a pair of pistols with him. In quiring what he was doing with arms, he said he carried them to protect us, as he had heard that roberies had been committed on our road. I said to him, give me the pistols—l will take care of them. He did so reluctantly. In pursuing our journey through a dismal looking forest, a man' rushed into the road, caught the horse by the bri dle, and demanded my purse. I said to him, with as much self-possession as I could command, Are you not ashamed to rob a woman 7 I have but little money, and that I want to defray my ex penses in visiting prisons and poor houses, and oc casionally in giving to objects of charity. If you have been unfortunate, are in distress, and in want of money, I will give you some." While thus speaking to him, I discovered his countenance , changing, and he became deathly pale.' "My God," lie exclaimed, " that . voice !" and immedi ately told me that he had been in the Philadelphia penitentiary, and had heard me lecturing some of the prisoners in en adjoining cell, and that be now recognized my voice. He then desired me to pass on, he expressed deep sorrow at the out rage he had committed. But I drew out my purse, and said to him, I will give you something to support you until you can get into honest employ ment.' He declined at first taking any thing, un til I insisted on his doing so, for fear he might be tempted to rob some one else before he could get an honest employment. Had not Miss Dix taken possession of the pistols, in all probability they would have been used by her driver, and perhaps both of them:murdered. " Thnt voice" was more powerful in subduing the heart of a robber than the sight of a brace of pistols. The Lord's Prayer. Blessed be Him, who gave it as a perpetual fountain of life to the world ; and blessed be the mother who teaches her children to lisp it with their first accents. How many millions have sat beside its "still waters" in their childhood, and from the inspiration of its pure waves, been ena bled to overcome the temptations which have be set their path in after years. How much sin, how mach crime, how much moral desolation has it saved to the world ; and how much piety, how much purity, how much verdure has it begotten 1 As the kind mother gathered her little ones about her knees on that evening, to hear them say their prayers before retiring to rest, our eyes filled with tears from our childish recollections of one, who has been with the angels of God for twenty years, and whose holy precepts will be forever engraven upon the tablet of our heart. We hope the reader will not think no egotisti cal, for we speak the experience of millions, as well as our own—the prayers which she taught us has beamed in our lmrizon, a cloud by day and a pillar of fire by night ; and we should have been saved many a bitter sigh if we had followed it more fitithfully. Blessed be the mother, we re peat, who teaches it to her child.—Chadbourne. How to be Miserable. Sit at the window and look over the way at your neighbor's excellent mansion, which he has recently bought and paid for, and sigh out: "Oh! that 1 were a rich man." Get nngry with your neighbor, and think you have not got a friend in the world. Shed a tear or two; taken walk in the burial ground, contin ually saying to yourself, "when shall I be buried here?" Sign n note for your friend, and never forget your kindness, and every hour in the day whisper to yourself; "I wonder if be will pay the notel" Think everybody means to cheat yon. Closely examine every bill you take, doubt its being gen ! nine, till you put the owner to a great deal of trouble. Believe every dime passed to you is but a sixpence crossed, and express your doubts about getting rid of it if you take it. Never accommodate if you can possibly help it. Never visit the sick and afflicted, and never give a farthing to the poor. Grind the fitccs and hearts of the poor and un fortunate. Men's Theories and ftesires. Pull to pieces u man's theory of things, and you will find it based upon facts collected at the sug gestion of his desires. A fiery passion consumes all evidences opposed to Its gratification, and, fusing together those that serve its purpose, cast theta into weapons by which to achieve its end. There is no deed so vicious bat what the actor makes for himself on excuse to justify; and, if the deed is often repeated, such excuse becomes a creed.—Ssencer. Ifir The Georgia Union Convention, on the 3rd inst., unanimously nominated the Hon. How ell Cobh for Governor of Georgia. The Conven tion also re-affirmed the resolution. of the Con• veution of December last.