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•OLRECT PRINCIPLES-SCPPORTED lIT TIZUTIT,
Lay Morning, March 6, Pi-51
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V. B. PALMER
Is oat authorized agent in Philadelphia, New
York and Baltimore, to receive advertisements,
and any persons in those cities wishing to. adver-
Cas in our columns, will please call on him.
We see it announced that a new institution of
philanthropy has recently been established in the
city of New York called the " Assylum for Friend
less Boys." It is designed for the cure and edu
cation of dissolute and vagrant boys. We beg
to suggest to the philanthropists of this place the
necessity and propriety of asking this institution
to establish a branch in our Borough. From the
scenes of rowdyism and profanity exihited on our
streets nearly every night, there must he a large
number of friendless boys in our midst; boys with
out fathers or mothers, masters, guardians or
homes. Seriously, this is becoming an intolera
ble evil, and must he reformed. We fear some
parents are in danger of the curse that fell on the
bead of old Eli, whose sons made themselves vile,
and he restrained them not.
For the World% Fair.
We happened the other day to see the Rev. Mr.
Mills fixing up, to send by Thos. Read, Esq. to
the World's Fair, what will he a singular curiosi
ty there, namely, an old Ballot Box.
Mr. Mille said he wanted to show the nobility
of the old world how we made Kings in this coun
try. The idea is a good ono—for of all the pro
ductions of genius and of art which will crowd
the crystal palace, we doubt if there will be ex
hibited another piece of mechanism so simple in
its construction and so powerful in its operation
as this American Ballot Box.
Jno. Geo. Miles, Esq.
In several of our exchanges we have noticed
the name which stands at the head of this article,
prominently and frequently used in connection
with the Supt.;lne Bench of Pennsylvania. A
Whig State o:invention will meet in the city of
Lancaster on the 24th of June next, to nominate
five persons as candidates for Judges of the Su
preme Court, to be voted for in October next. In
making these nominations, the Convention will,
u a matter of justice and policy, distribute the
several candidates to the different sections of the
State—one to the east, one to the west, one to the
south, one to the north and one to the centre. If
this be the policy of the Convention—if this course
be adopted, as we trust it will be, we know of no
man in the central portion of the State so likely
to receive the nomination, as we know of no one
so well qualified and so well deserving of the hon
or, as our fellow townsman, Jno. GEO. MILES,
Esq. The law is said to be a jealous science,
admitting no rivals in the affections of its votaries,
but it has had no cause to be jealous of Mr. Miles,
for he has devoted, undividedly, diligently and
faithfully, the last quarter of a century to the
study and practice of the law. To a mind natu
rally healthy and strong he has added the benefits
of sound education, extensive reading, and severe
and constant discipline. By patient attention and
untiring industry, by a long, extensive and varied
practice in the several County Courts, as well as
in the Supreme Court, Mr. Miles has made him
self master of the law, and placed himself at the
bead of an honorable and learned profession. En
joying a reputation as unspotted as the Ermine
which he would wear. his elevation to a seat on
the Supreme Bench would confer as much honor
and dignity on the place as on the person—on the
Judgship as on the Judge. More than this we
need not, and less than this we could not say.—
We do not know that Mr. Miles would accept of
the nomination—we think he would rather not be
a candidate, but this we know and declare, had
we a voice in the Convention, men like him, not
seeking the office, would get one vote in prefer
ence to any man who was pushing himself, direct-
ly or indirectly, on the attention of the members'
of that Convention.
brimx.t.—The Constitutional Convention ban
passed a section fur the new Constitution, author
ising every voter of good character to practice
'Messrs. Clapp & Son, of Pittsfield, Mass.,
have just completed a superb carriage to be ex
hibited at the World's Fair. It is said to be one
of the most costly vehicles ever constructed in this
country, being worth $2,000.
t er The joint resolution which passed the Sen
ate requesting the President to direct a national
vessel to bring Kossuth and his companions to
FLIGIIT 01 FIMITIVES.—Tho Boston Patlifind
sr of the 27th says, that quite a number of fugi
tive slaves who have lived there since their escape
from bondage, have, within a few days, fled from
Cot.. BENTON.—Mr. John C. Rives, in his re
ply to the rumor that himself and F. P. Blair are
about to start a Benton paper, says : "While the
correspondent of the Express assumes to tell the
public I was making preparations to support Col.
Benton, I bad it from his own lips that ho would
Pot be a candidate for the Presidency,
W The Senate NI to eesertain sad nettle pri•
4 sen law! eleinte in California has
Correspondence of the Iluntingdon Journal.
Letter from Harrisburg.
Hanarentmo, March 3, 1,51
DsAn COL.—Letter writers have a sad life; at
times their difficulties are only equalled by those
of the Israelites, when required to make brick
without straw. A letter must be made every
week, or every day, and no straw to work with ;
I must, therefore, beg the indulgence of yourself
and readers, if occasionally they find my letters
uninteresting and common-place.
On Tuesday of last week I found all the mem
bers of both Houses were rejoicing in the liberali
ty of the great Central Rail Road Company ; each
had received a free ticket to ride on that road dur
ing the session. Their friends in the country will,
I doubt not, consider this very kind of the Com
pany, but here, in this business place, such invest
ments are deemed a good speculation. The Com
pany has no desire to bribe the members—of course
not ! they know better ; they only desire to be on
good terms with the. Legislators, so that in the
event they do want any Legislative aid, they will
not be ashamed to ask. I see that there are some
movements made to compel Raid Road Compa
nies, to make cow-pits and fence their reads; or
else, the Companies to be liable for injuries to
cattle, &c. Some are unjust enough to say, that
this fact was the immediate cause of the free tick
ets. I cannot say how it is ; and I leave it to each
man to infer what he believes to be the truth.
The discussion in the Senate in relation to the
taxation of passengers, &c., on the York and
Cumberland Rail Road has been kept up, but nut
yet finally disposed of.
A long and interesting discussion has been had
in the Senate upon the subject of taxing church
property. Some contending zealously for the
taxation of all churches, grave-yards and church
property; some for exempting the church edifice,
and thp burial ground, but for taxing all other
property belonging to churches ; and some for ex
expting all their property. It is impossible now
to say what may be the finale of the movement.
It strikes me that all the property belonging to
church corporations except the church and grounds,
ought to pay tax. Look at the Trinity Church of
New York, as an illustration; that corporation
owns a very large amount of real estate in that
city, valued at many millions of dollars, with the
rents arising from which they are yearly making
other purchases, and, (if all Melt property Is ex
empt,) they are thus taking property out of the
general fund, never to get back, and thereby in
crease the hurthens upon other property. Let this
principle get a fast foot hold in our State, and its
results will finally be unequal, unfair, and oppres
Petitions have been presented to the Senate
and House, asking for the passage of a law, au
thorising the Governor to commute the punish
ment of Alexander Hutchison, now under sentence
of death in Blair county, to imprisonment for life
What will he the result it will be hard to say.
An act was passed and approved by the Gover
nor on Thursday of last week, creating a separate
school district of the Borough of Huntingdon,.
As I have all the while predicted, the Tariff
Resolutions have been pushed off, from day today,
by these " Tariff of '42" democrats, until nothing
can be done in season to affect the present Con
Nothing has excited more ridicule among the
candid and intelligent of both parties here than
the course pursued by some of the Westmoreland
county democracy, under the lead of that wonder
ful man, H. P. Laird. At a county meeting of
return judges, this same Mr. Laird being Presi
dent, among other equally silly resolutions offered
by this wise man Laird, is found the following:
"Resolved, That we consider the project of
Gov. Johnston's Secretary, to establish a college
of silk-gloved farmers, at an expense of $74,000
' a year to the State when the people are weighed
down with taxation, as a project only worthy of
federalism—got up for the purpose of giving offi
ces and places to drones who know nothing al
This is intended as a dcadener to the recom
mendation of the Superintendent to establish a
farming school, where every scholar is compelled
to work on the film a part of his time every day.
Where the hands and the head are both to he
taught. Where our farmers can send their sons,
and furnish them with an education, without the
danger of their getting into habits of idleness, as
is too often the case in our colleges. Where they
will learn, that to work on the farm is an honora
ble employment, and not, by example, be filled
with the notion that the hard labor of a farmer is
This is the project Mr. Laird denounces. Now
I want the farmers of Pennsylvania to know who
this 11. P. Laird is. Ile is a fourth rate county
lawyer; and his only motive must be to excite
the prejudices of the farmer, so that their sons
may he kept in ignorance. He has missed his
mark. Every candid man will see that it is an
implied insult to every farmer in the State. Has
the Franklin Institute made silk-gloved mechan
ics? That is an institution solely to foster and
encourage our mechanics—and has it not given
Pennsylvania mechanics a proud name in all
lands. Shall not farmers have an institution to
do the same for them? For the Agricultural
School would be truly a school ; and the pupils
would learn not only books, but men and things.—
And it goes further: it proposes to educate the
sons of farmers for the very purpose of making
teachers to our Common Schools. This will give
as teachers in our schools who value labor for the
manly dignity it confers, and the stem virtue it
fosters, instead of lazy drones, who know but lit
tle, and cannot teach the pupil even that. Mr.
Laird has burnt his fingers. I trust our country
papers will expose this Locofoco trick to cheat
Our economical Soions have voted themselves
a ride to Washington. No business was done on
ERRATA.—In my last, where / speak of Seim
tor Packer's remarks, you make me say, " a point
of divergaini ;" I wrote it " a point of divergence."
Again—you make me say " the ladies aro stirring;"
I wrote it "striving:.
sr Ineffectual attempts were made to take tip
the Senate bills for relief of indigent insane, and
to r7 , 1t4 the offlet of Lieottivint 11Antral.
The Tariff of tie.
The folly of the system which looks to send
ing the cotton in search of the spindle, or the
food in search of the anvil—that system so warm
ly advocated by Mr. Secretary Wataatt—is well
exposed by oar Democratic reviewer in the fol
"What a strange absurdity it is to see silk going
from China and France, cotton from the southern
United States, wool from Australia, coffee and su
gar from Brazil, wheat from New York, Michi
gun, Odessa, and Poland, hemp and flax from
St. Petersburg, pork and lard from Ohio and
nois, concentrating in Lancashire, to be returned in
goods to the localities from whence they came !
Such a state of things never could have been
brought about but for the geographical position of
England giving her the control of the ocean."
Most absurd and most destructive is it of the''
interests of the famers and planters of the world,
who are compelled to exhaust their land in order
that Britain may continue to be "the workshop
of the world." That the system has been tints
far maintained, and that Britain has thus far been
enabled so heavily to tax those farmers and plan
ters for the support of her ships and looms, fleets
and armies, peers and paupers, is due to the Let
that they have never fully awakened to its extreme
absurdity. Now, howevet, that our Democratic
free-trade friends have undertaken the task of
explaining it, we cannot doubt it will soon be
perfectly understood, although so diametrically
opposed to the doctrine of the late Secretary.
Our readers can scarcely fail to recollect the,
brilliant anticipations of Mr. WALKER in regard
to the growth of the foreign market for our pro
ducts. But few years were to be needed before our
foreign trade should reach nine hndred millions
of dollars, and thereafter it might grow to an ex
tent that could scarcely be estimated. It remains
to be seen how he will relish the following repu
diation of all such anticipations by one of his
most faithful followers
"It is now eery apparent, from the general princi
ples evolved in these tables, that England cannot
continue to increase her demands for food and raw ma
terials brought from a distance, and compete wills
those countries which have all these things within
themselves, and with which the amount of freight
Our power to produce food and raw materials
is almost unlimited, says Mr. WALKER. "Eng
land cannot increase her demand for food and
raw materials," says his disciple. What is the
remedy I Make a market on the land for the
products of the land, by bringing the spindle and
the anvil to the food and raw materiels. The pol
icy of 1846 is, however, dosing the market, by
closing the furnaces and mills. How shall that
he remedied 1 Let the disciple answir, and say
if it can be done by any means but that of effi
cient and complete protection, as the true and on
ly means of freeing the planters and farmers from
the tyranny of the English monopoly, and thus
enabling ourselves to establish perfect freedom
We have looked with much anxiety for Mr.
Wautrit's acceptance of Mr. CAREY'S challenge
to a discussion of the mode by which freedom of
trade could be reached. That anxiety has been
greatly increased i ja the perusal of this article of
our Democratic - antemporary, because it luts
convinced us that nothing but full and free dis
cussion is needed to bring the members of the
league to a perception of the fact that the only
mode by which they can accomplish the object
of their association is by a return to the good old
Democratic doctrine of protection to the Ameri
can farmers and planters against the monopoly of
Britain, which compels them to seek a market
abroad, and to pay all the cost of getting there.
UNCLE SAM'S Goys.—A statement of the num
ber of muskets, &c., belonging to the United
States, has been communicated to Congress by
the Executive:—Whole number of muskets At
for service, of every description, 511,239; num
ber unserviceable, 8,818. Whole number of rifles
of every kind, 61,891 ; number unserviceable
8,166. Whole number of pistols, 25,3;4; num
ber unserviceable 1,915. The materials on band
will serve to complete 26,390 muskets and 4,200
The World's Fair.
Our lawyer Representative at Harrisburg, Mr.
Bonham, announces in his report against Protec
tion to the American manufacturer, that he oppo
ses the manufacturing interest for the purpose of
securing greater prosperity to our Farmers. Our
lawyer friend of the Farmers wants to secure them
"the world's great market." as the bombastic phra
seology of the free trader has it. When we saw
this announcement by Mr. Bonham, we felt promp
test to examine the commercial circulars brought
by the lust steamer, and in that of the great Lon
don house, the Messrs. Baring & Brothers, under
the date of January 17, 1851, we find the following
" The Corn markets have ruled very dull
throughout the week, and English Wheat which,
owing to the long prevalence of mild weather,
comes in very indifferent condition, is full one shil
ling lower. Foreign is verb difficult of sale, owing
to the large supplies of Flour, and for cargoes of
Black Sea Wileut, arrived on the coast, 33s 6d a
33s have been accepted; Flour nominally the same.
Indian Corn dull at 30s fur Gulatz, and 28c for
Here is the latest report of supplies and prices
in "the world's great market," which many of our
Farmers have lately so folishly made their depen
dence! What do our Farmers think of it? le it
good policy to break down our home market, af
forded by our manufacturing interest, that Eng
land may be filled to overflowing with our Flour
and be enabled to put down prices at her own
pleasure ? It is a simple question—let our Farmer
friends answer for themselves. Why it is said that
Massachusetts purchases annually fur the con
sumption of her citizens employed in manufactures
more flour than we over exported in any one year ex
cept the famine year of 1846 ! Farmers ! which is
the best market, the American or the Englishl—
fir A verdict of $1,500 was obtained in the
last Dauphin Courts by a man who had fallen into
an area-way which had been left open in front of
the house of Mr. George Beatty, and broke hie
Movements in favor of Gen. Scott.
There seems to he a very general feeling among
the Whigs in various parts of the Union to press
the nomination of Oen. SCOTT for the Presidency
in 1852. A mass meeting of the friends of the ve
teran Chief, in Berke, is to assemble in the Court
House this afternoon, which will no doubt be large
ly attended by the Whigs 'of this county, a ma
jority of whom are belleved•'to favor his claims for
this important post.
necent meetings in favor of the Old Hero have
been held in Bedford and Clarion counties in this
State. The Bedford meeting recommend Gen.
Soots., for President, and Gov. Ws. F. JOHN
STON, for Vice President—a capital ticket. The
Clarion Register says that the Whigs of that coun
ty are almost unanimously for Scott..
The Lackawanna Journal, published at Carbon
dale, Lucerne county, Pa., has hoisted at the head
of its columns the names of Gen. Scorr for Pres
ident, and Gov. Toeless Duo ws of Florida, fur
Meetings have also been held in Maine, Massa
chusetts, various parts of New York, and in other
eastern States, favorable to the Conqueror of Mex
ico. In the South his claims are advocated with
equal fervor. These and other demonstrations
"to numerous to notice," indicate that the GENER
AL will walk over the course as triumphantly and
successfully as did the Hero of Buena Vista in the
late Presidential contest.—Berks and Schuylkill
Journal, Feb. 22.
The Stanly and Inge Duel,
The circumstance which led to the meeting
was a passage in the debate on the river and har
bor bill; in the house on Thursday last, when,
Mr.. Inge asked when did the gentleman from
North Carolina (Mr. Stanly) ever perceive any
thing like injustice in the American Congress?—
If we of the South wait to be warned by him, we
will sleep until the assault has been commenced,
and the spoliation of the South consumated.
Mr. Stanly said he did not know what he had
done to incur the gentleman's displeasure.
Mr Inge—l merely stated facts, end drew my
Mr. Stanly—The gentlemen has little eense,
and less character, if he says that I am not a friend
of the South.
Mr. Inge—l say the remark is ungentlemanly
and unjust, and comes from a blackguard.
Mr. Stanly said he would show the House and
the country that he (Mr. I.) is a blackguard.
The Chair—Personalities are not in order. •
Mr. Steely—No, sir, they are not. Let my con
duct and my votes show whether lam not a bet
ter friend to the South than the noisy traitor who
seeks his applause at the grog-shops at home by
eternally sounding panics, whether there is dan
ger or not. I beg pardon for answering the gen
tleman from Alabama. lie cast the first stone,
and I will always treat remarks from that quarter
in the manner they deserve.
The National intelligencer, in relation to the
settlement, is authorized to state that they met
each other with pistols, and, "after an exchange
of shots between the parties, the friend of Mr.
Stanly advanced to the opposite party, and ex
pressed a desire that the mutter should be termi
nated, and, in order to arrive at an amicable set
tlement, stated that the remarks made by Mr.
Stanly in reference to Mr. Inge, were made by
Mr. Stanly in reply to what he considered a gross
personality on the part of Mr. Inge in his first re
marks. And as the friends of Mr. Inge stated
those remarks to have been political, and, as such,
should not have a personal bearing, Mr. Steely
withdrew his remarks. And the above having
been submitted to the principals, and by them
accepted, the difficulty between them was announ
ced as honorably and amicably settled."
In the Rouse of Representatives in Congress,
Mr. Stevens made an attempt on Tuesday, to
amend the Civil and Diplomatic Appropriation
bill to increase the duties on certain imported ar
ticles, and that after the 15th of April next, the
duties shall he levied agreeably to the average
value which simular articles bore in the principal
cities on the seaboard, on the first of December
1846, when the act 131'46 went into effect.
The amendment was decided to ho out of order.
Mr. Grinnell proposes! the home valuation, and
appraisement at large.
This was also decided out of order.
Mr. Grinnell subsequently offered a further
modification of the present Tariff, and this too was
decided out of order.
The majority in the House of Representatives
are evidently opposed to any change in the present
ruinous Tariff, and the people can curry out their
wishes on the subject, only by a change of the men
sent to represent them.
The General Assembly of Rhode Island ad
journed last Saturday, after a session of five
A new apportionment of the representation in
the House of Representatives was passed, by which
the number of the House is increased from sixty
nine to seventy-two, the full limit of the constitu
A long debate was held in the House upon the
fugitive slave law, and a resolution was introduced
directing the Attorney'General to appear for any
person arrested under the act and darned as a
slave. The resolution was rejected by a decided
Resolutions condemnatory of the fugitive slave
law were laid upon the table by a decided vote.
No declaratory resolutions were passed upon
any subject. The practice of passing resolutions
by State Legislature has become so frequent that
they lose nearly all their force, especiuly when
they are directed to matters exclusively of national
concern, and in which the State Legislatures, as
such have no authority.—Prow. Jour.
'The lowa Legislature have passed a law
for the removal of all free negroes who may here
after settle in that State. Those already there are
allowed to remain, but not to acquire any addi
tional real estate.
gir Mt. Vernon, the residence of Gan. Wash
ington, in Virginia, was so named after the Eng
lish Admiral Vernon, a brave officer, who first
brought Washington to the notice of the English
Cabinet, and which led tobis getting his fist tom-
The Cheap Postage hitt.
The bill from the House of Representatives
providing• fur n reduction of the rates of postage..
has been so materially altered in the Senate, with
regard to the rates of postage on letters and news
papers, that we have prepared a statement of the
suhstance of those provisions as they now stand
in the bill as amended by the Senate. With re
gard to letter postage, the Senate- bill provides,
that from and after June 30, 1651, in lieu of the
rates of postage now established by law, there
shall be charged the following rates, to wit: For
every single letter in manuscript, or paper of any
kind upon which information shall he asked. &c.,
conveyed in the mail, for any distance between
places within the United States not exceeding 3,-
000 miles, three tents, when the postage shall
have been prepaid; and for any distance exceed
ing 3,000 miles, double these rates; for every such
single letter, when conveyed wholly or in part by
sea, and to or from a foreign country, for any dis
tance over 2,500 miles, twenty cents; and for any
distance tinder 2,500 miles, ten cents. A single
letter is one not exceeding half an ounce; double
and treble letters pay double and treble these
The rates of postage on newspapers may be sta
ted thus: AU newspapers, not exceeding three
ounces in weight, sent to actual subscribers from
the office of publication, altall he charged as fol
lows: Weekly papers, width* the county where
published, free; for nny distance not exceeding
fifty miles out of the county where published, five
cents per quarter; exceeding fifty and not more
than three hundred miles, ten cents per quarter;
over three hundred and not exceeding one thou
sand suites, fifteen cents per quarter; over one
thousand and not exceeding two thousand miles,
twenty cents per quarter; over two thousand and
not exceeding four thousand, twenty-five cents
per quarter; and for any greater distance, thirty
cents per quarter; semi-weekly papers to pay
double, tri-weekly treble, and papers issued oftener
than tri-weekly, five times these rates.
For any other book, paper, magazine. &c., not
exceeding one ounce in weight, there shall be paid
for a distance not exceeding 500 miles, one cent.
Over 500 and not exceeding 1,500 miles, 2 cents.
1,500 " " 2;500 " 2 "
" 2,500 " 3,500 " 3 "
" 3,500 " " 4,500 " 5
For each additional ounce or fraction the rates
are proportionably increased.—Republic.
Gen. Jackson Repudiated.
The Carlisle Herald hits our Democratic friends
in the Legislature some hard hits. In the pro
ceedings on WASHINGTON'S birth-day, Mr. BON
HAM, Democrat, moved-that five thousand copies
of the Farewell Address of WASHINGTON and
JACKSON be printed. This was carried (although
Wasnittorom ought to stand alone,) but Mr.
SKINNER, Democrat, carried it still farther by Mo
ving to have Gen. JACKSON'S Proclamation to
South Carolina added in the same book. This
too was carried by the Democratic majority. To
do full justice to Gen. JACKSON, Mr. BIGILAM
(Whig) then moved to have Gcn. JACKSON'S let
ter to Dr. COLEMAN on the subject of the Tariff
also put in the book. This was voted down by 55
nays to 35 years, the nays being all Democrats,
and Mr. BONHAM being among them ! Why was
Gen. JACKSON thus repudiated.? Simply because
his letter contains sentiments on the subject of the
tariff, which are totally at variance with their pres
ent views, and which, when contrasted with their
present position, will show how they have deser
ted the principles of those whom they regard as
the founders of their party, and how utterly ground
less are their vastly hypocritical eulogies upon
themselves for their devotion to principle. Gcn.
JACKSON, in this letter, says:
"I will ask, what is the real situation ofour ag
riculturists? Where has the American farmer a
market for his surplus products? Except fur cot
ton, he loss neither a foreign nor a home market.
Does not this clearly prove where there is no mar
ket either at home or abroad, that there is. too
much labor employed in agriculture, and that the
channels for labor should be multiplied 2 Com
mon sense points out at once the remedy. Draw
from agriculture this superabundant labor, employ
it in mechanism and manufactures, thereby crea
ting a home market r your breadstuff's, and dis
tributing labor to tlOPinost profitable account, and
benefits to the country will revolt. Take from ag
ricultural in the United States six hundred thou-,
sand men, women and children, and you will at
once give a home market for more breadstulfs than
all Europe now furnishes us. In shcrt, sir, we
hare been too long subject to the British merchants.—
It is time we should become a little more Ameri
canized, and instead of feeding the paupers of
England, feed our own; or else, in a short time.
by continuing our present policy, we shall be ren
dered paupers ourselves."
This says the Herald, is clear, sensible and un
doubtedly true. Mr. BONHAM, and the locofoco
leader.d, therefore, the locofoco party, do not
wish to take from agriculture, and thereby give a
home market for more broadstuffs than Al Europe
now furnishes us. He and they desire that we
should all become farmers—the necessary result
of which would be that more will be raised than
we can consume and sell—for, as Gen. JACKSON
says, except for cotton, we have neither a foreign
nor a home market—and the prices will diminish
and the country will become impoverished. The
vote the locofocos gave is a direct repudiation of
Gen. JACKSON'S doctrine, and shows that while
they are willing to use his name and memory as a
means of &nig, strength as a party, they have
deserted the principles which governed him, and
have placed themselves in the ranks of those whose
measures cannot fail, if carried into effect, to de
stroy our people, and expose us at once to the ridi
cule and pity of the world."
The body of3ames C. Harrington, a man of
respectable connexions, but who has for some time
been a slave to intemperance, was found in Law's
church, between Cantcrberry and Milford, (Del.)
on Saturday last. It is supposed he entered the
gallery of the church the previous evening, through
an outer door, to obtain shelter from the weather,
and being intoxicated, fell head foremost to the
floor below. The whole of the floor was smeared
with blood, elbowing that the full did not kill him
instantly, as ho must have crawled about the
church previous to his death. Hie hat and a jug
of whiskey were found io the
litten•sttllg to Itian3.
The following bill has lamed the blouse of Rep.
resentlitives, and al, in Co/limitless of tl e Whole
in the Senate. It will undoubtedly I•eren.e a law,
in which ease the heroin volunteers from PC111471.
sonic will be nosier obligation to Capt. 'William.
of the Cameron Guards, for his attention to their
interests in seeuring the ramps of this just Law.
The mutter is left to the Auditor General for set.
dement, in whose discrimination and sense aka!-
' lice, all parties have confidence. Captain Will
iams informs us that the volunteers may rely epee
the fair consideration of the matter by Gen. Par
viance, though his position places him as st gnat
dian of the interests of the State. Tho matter
may safely he trusted in his hands. It is stiptmeed
that the Treasury will finally be repaid by the Fed.
eral Government fur the call made in this ease.
AN ACT to provide for the payment of the Brod
and second regiments of rennsylvenia volun—
teers, who nerved in the late war smith Mexico.
SECTION I. Be it enacted, Sc., That it shell 1*
the duty elfin, Auditor General of this Commono.
wealth and he is hereby authorized and empower.
ed to nettle the claim of each and every commis►
slimed, non-commissioned and staff officer null
private, who volunteered his services to the Presto
dent of the United States, upon the requisition of
the General Government, through the late Cover ,
nor of this State, and who served in the first and
second regiments of Pennsylvania volunteers da
ring the lute war with Mexico, of which full evl
deuce must be furnished in such manner as may ho
directed by the said Auditor General, whereupon
that officer shall grant to each and every such
commissioned, non-commissioned officer unit pri
vate, their widow or heirs as the case may he, a
certificate of the amount or unionists found to be
justly due under the sixty-third sections of the mil
itia law of this Commonwealth, passed April' sec
end one thousand eight hundred and twenty-two,
specifying therein the time of service of such com
missioned officer or private, and the company and
regiment in which lie served, and the State Trees
steer is hereby authorized and required to pay the
amount of such certificate to the holder thereof
out of any moneys in the treasury not otherwise
appropriated, the whole not to exceed the sum of
thirty thousand dollars—the time to be allowed for
shall not embrace the period said troops wore La
the service of the United States.
An American Turk.
The Ohio Observer publishes some extracts
from a letter written by S. H. Sabin, formerly
from Wisconsin, but now in C'aliibrnia. On his
way he visited the City of the Great Salt Lake.—•
He was there on Sunday and went to meeting.—
"Several of them," he says, "spoke; hot neither
of them said any thing in relation to another world
or a future state of existence. It all related to
limns and farming, buying and selling horses,
mules, oxen, cows, &c. sear the close of Divine
service, Mr. Young rose and said, "Gentleman, I
see a great many strange faces before me to-day-
I suppose they are emigrants to California. It
has been reported that I have twenty-six wives.—
I know not but that some of you will write back
to the States such words. But whether you do or
no, I have twenty-six wives, and am able to sup
port them. Write it back as soon as you please.
I care not for the States with all their power.—
Write it back that Brigham Young, the presiding
elder of the Latter Day Saints, has twenty-six
wives. I care not."—Satuluskian.
The Charleston Mercury has the following, in
reference to the late election for the South Caro
lina State Convention:
The Convention consists of 167 members—.
equal to both houses of the Legislature. Of these
we think wo are quite safe in saying 127 are, dis
tinctly anti unalterably, fur secession and with
drawal of the State of South Carolina alone from
the Union ; or, in other words, they are men who
as en old friend from the country mid to us yes
terday—"have tnade up there militia that the Fed
oral Government is a cursed bad bargain, which
it is high time to get rid of." These men go for
secession by the State alone, because there can bo
no other seccession than by the States as individ
ual sovereignties, and because the withdrawal from
the Union will thus, in every stage of the act, be
under the sanction of the supreme authority, aunt
give to secession the same basis and support of the
sovereign trill expressed in the sante form as the
act by which South Carolina entered the Union.
A minority of the Convention, consisting of we
think, less than forty, arc opposed to the speedy
action of the State by herself. But we are certain
there are not ten members who will not unhesi
tatingly affirm bath of the following propositions:
—l. That the State, as one of a confederacy of
sovereigns, has the clear right to secede; and, 2,
that the action anti position of the Federal Gov
ernment afford ample justification fur the exercise
of that right.
Both Houses of Congress were busily engaged
on the 28th ult., on the details of various appro
priation bills, all of which, not already passed, will
probably receive final action to-day. The Senate
had made much progress on the Civil and Diplo
matic Bill; and the other House bad, during the
morning sitting finished the Army Bill, leaving
only the Navy appropriation bill to be acted on,
which received some consideration during the
evening session. We do not yet despair of the
Muer and harbor 13111, the passage of which is the
more urgently demanded from the long intermit•
mica' of appropriations fur those objects, and the
greatly increased and daily growing internal com
merce of the conntizv_____
LOUISVILLE, Feb. 26.
A terrible tornado nearly destroyed the town of
Fayetteville, Tennessee, on the 12th. Several
lives were lost and many seriously injured. The
wind blew a perfect hurricane, amidst which could
be heard the screams of women and children,—
The noise of Ming houses and crumbling walls
were mingled with peals of thunder. Rain fell In
torrents, and impenetrable darkness prevailed.
POTATO T I LADE.—About 100,000 bushels of
potatoes have been purchased in this market up
to the present time, and transported by railroad
to Boston. The price paid a few weeks shies
was 30 cents a bushel, and is now SO cote oe
asere.--Moat i p,lier (Vt,) Pah-int.