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•OBREOT PREWIPLRB--RUPPORTED BY TRUTH,
Thursday Morning, Jan. 16, ISSI.
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Is our authorized agent in Philadelphia, New
York and Baltimore, to receive advertisements,
and any persons in those cities wishing to adver
ties in our columns, will please call on him. '
sa- Hereafter the " Journal" will be published
on Thursday morning in place of Tuesday as here
tofore. We make this change for the benefit of
ear readers. The present arrangement of the
mails will enable us, by this change, to give later
tows, as we almost invariably receive the impor
tant news in the early part of the week. The
Trough Creek packages will be mailed on Wed
sesday evening, and will convey to our numerous
subscribers in that region the very latest intelli
The Court for this county commenced its ees-
Alen at this place, on Monday last.
We have received the two first numbers of
else " Brant Jornscat.." It is got up in fine style,
end edited with decided ability. We wish it sue-
ea The a CLINTON Taint:NE" has passed into
the hands of Mr. R. W. Rorttnocx. Adam
Greer, Esq., is the retiring editor. We wish Mr.
Bothrock success in his undertaking.
ffir " Tits OPAL," is the name of anew month
ly publication, at the New York State Asylum for
She Insane, in Utica. The matter for the paper
Se mostly furnished by patients of the Institution.
Terms 50 cents per annum, payable in advance.
66-We are informed by one of our subscribers
at East Dame, that no Journals were received at
that Post Office last week. We can only say that
we mailed the Shaver's Creek packages on Wed
today night, containing the Governor's Message,
expecting that our subscribers in that quarter
would get them the following day. The fault is
with the Post Masters, and we hope they will be
Sore careful in future.
tom"' No one can read the exposition of
the financial condition of our Commonwealth
without pleasure—the direct and undeniable con
itequence of the wise and economical example sot
ly Francis B. Shunk."
What does the Foamy/maims mean when it uses
lath language as the above, in reviewing the Gov
ernor's Message ? What part of the policy of the
present Administration was ever recommended or
practised by a democratic Administration for the
last twenty-five years?
Within that time the Whigs have had the ad
ministration of the Government but for two
terms. Prior to the election of Gov. Johnston, a
State debt had been incurred amounting to over
$40,000,000, and no democratic administration
proposed any measure for its liquidation. They
*ere wont to take great credit to themselves, in
deed, for being able to meet the interest on the
debt as it became due, which they did the last
year of their administration, by the aid of a loan
of $50,000; which loan was provided for and paid
daring the first year of the present Whig Admin
istration. This Administration has also recom
mended a scheme, which, being carried into effect,
has actually decreased the State debt some hund
reds of thousands of dollars, and which measures,
if persisted in, will liquidate the State debt in less
than thirty years.
The Pennsylvanian and is party know all this ;
Int they will endeavor to make the people believe,
that, somehow or other, we are indebted to "the
'rise and economical example set by Francis R.
!Munk," or in other .words, to the democratic
party, for our present prosperous condition.
Bargain and Sale.
The Free Boilers and Democrats of old Mas
oachusettst it scents, have finally consummated
their Bargain, The coalition, according to the
Few York Tribune, is a complete and most thor
ough abandonment of principles fur office, of
country for spoils, and of honor for victory. The
segotiations were completed at the Boston State
Home, on Monday night, the GO instant, in can
on., and the terms of the contract for this new
"partition of the Commonwealth of Massachu
setts" are as follows:
" The Democrats are to have the Governor, the
Lieut. Governor, the State Treasurer, five inem
len of the Executive Connell, and the United
States' Senator for the short term. The Free
Sonars take the Senator fur the long term, the
Secretary of State, the Auditor, four Councilors,
and the Sergeant-at-Arms."
According to the above apportionment, the
Democrats in caucus on the Sth instant, agreed to
rapport Charles Sumner, Free Soil, for the long
term of United States' Senator—by GO to 6
about 30 being absent.
The Democrats hare also nominated Robert
Benton', Jr., for the short term in the United
States' Senate. The Free Boilers have acquiesc
ed in the nomination.
The Boston Courier says, the political Price
Current of the day ought to give this arrangement
the moat prominent place among its items. The
principles which have been trucked off at this
tale, may he described as only " from fair to mid.
thing," but so large a lot of the article has sel
dom been carted to market once. As to the pir
ates that made the trade, mei Mgr tfty—latnib
Ord may ft tat
Correspondence of the Huntingdon Journal.
Letter from Harrisburg.
HAnnisuunn, Jan. 14,1851
TEA JOURNAL:—Up to this time the all ab
sorbing topic, among members and out-riders, is
the election of a United States' Senator. No
legislation of any importance, has yet taken place.
On Thursday evening last, the Whigs of the two
Houses met in caucus and nominated Governor
Johnston as their candidate for U. S. Senator.
The Governor, however, declined the nomination,
as will be seen by the published correspondence.
Ou Friday afternoon, the Legislature went in a
body to Philadelphia, for the purpose of attend
ing, on the following day, the dinner given by the
city in honor of the arrival of the steam-ship,
City of Glasgow. This movement on the part of
the members, left the borers without any occupa
tion for a day or two.
On Monday morning the members returned to
Harrisburg, and the boring on the Senator ques
tion commenced in good earnest. The candidates
are all on the ground, in person, electioneering
for themselves. In the afternoon, the Locofocos
met in caucus, and had eight unsuccessful ballots
or a candidate for U. S. Senator.
In the evening the caucus re-assembled and, on
She 12th ballot, nominated Richard Brodhead, of
Northampton county, as their candidate for the
post. There were 67 members in attendance—a
majority of all the members of the General As
sembly. The following is the Tote on the Ath,
9th, 10th, 11th and 12th ballots,
Bth. 9th. 10th. I 1 th. 12th.
17 22 24 28 34
17 16 17 21 24
19 14 13 12 4
7 6 5 5 5
7 7 7
This nomination took everybody by surprise.
Brodhead had not been seriously spoken of as a
candidate. All supposed that either Judge Black
or Judge Woodward would receive the nomina
tion. There is just now quite a stir in political
circles. Those who looked more wise than their
fellows a few hours ago, are quite common men
now. All the snug little private arrangements are
spoiled, and in short, everybody seems to be heat
by this "accidental' nomination of Brodhead.—
Cameron has given up all hope, and the impt;es
sion is that Brodhead will be elected on the first
The Whigs met in caucus last evening, and
after some discussion, determined to make no
nomination for U. S. Senator, for the present.
Under all the circumstances, it was thought ad
visable that the members should remain untram
meled, and free to act, either in or out of caucus,
as circumstances may hereafter determine.
This morning the Cameron men are moving
about briskly, to see if something cannot be done
to prevent the election of Brodhead, and secure
the success of their favorite. The chances look
The hour of 12 o'clock has at length arrived,
and the two Houses have assembled in Conven
tion. On the first ballot RICHARD BRODHEAD
received seventh-five votes, being all the Locofocos
present. The Whigs scattered their votes. And
thus ends the " long agony." Brodhead is con
ceded on all hands to be unfit for the post which
he has secured.
Wx. B. SMITH and SETH B. McCote, rsqrs.,
the Representatives from Huntington and Blair,
are rapidly learning their duties here, and are
very industrious and attentive to business. I pre
dict they will make useful members.
Major RAYMOND, of the Blair County Whig,
has been one of the lucky applicants in the Sen
ate,.as will he seen by the list of officers. The
Major, we learn, received thirteen votes in caucus
out of sixteen. This is quite a flattering vote.
We congratulate the Major on his success.
Gas has been introduced into this borough, and
on last evening, for the first time, the principal
Hotels, Stores, and some private houses, were
The weather is delightful
We give below the letter of Gov. Johnston, to
the Whig caucus, declining being a candidate for
the United States' Senatorship. We think the
Governor's views honorable and patriotic, and are
glad that he has set the example of a statesman
preferring duty to political advancement. Such
men are safe and efficient servants of the people,
and deserve the support of their constituencies.
llAlumni:no, Jan. 9, 1851,
10 o'clock, P. M.
To the lion.. the Whig Members of the General
GENTLEMEN :—Accept my cordial thanks for
the expression of confidence and friendship im
plied in the nomination for the office of United
States' Senator so kindly tendered to me. This
additional evidence of the continued attachment
of political friends is duly appreciated, and will
be most gratefully remembered.
It is my duty to make a prompt and unqualified
declination of the position, which your nomina
tion would assign me.
In 1848, the people of Pennsylvania conferred
upon me for the term of three years, the office of
Governor. Before the election, pledges were
given, and by the acceptance of the office renew
ed, that my entire energies of body and mind,
should be devoted to the faithful performance of
the duties of Chief Magistrate, and that the pro
motion of the interests and welfare of my con
stituents should be alone the object of ambition.
Regarding the obligation of these pledges, I could
not conscientiously abandon my present position.
Under any and all circumstances, my fellow
citizens may rely with confident assurance that to
the extent of my ability, the ditties of the office
which they have bestowed, shall be faithfully dis-
Repeating the expression of heartfelt thankful-
ness for the kindness manifested, and with assur
ancess of sincere regard and esteem for each of
the members of your cancus,
I remain truly, your obedient servant,
VIM. F. JOHNSTON.
STATE TEMTERANCE CONVENTION.—The Ceo.
eral Convention of the State Temperance Socie
ty meets at Ilarrisburg, on Thur,day, the 22nd
instant. It is raid that strenuous efforts will be
made to have the present License laws materially
The subject of a revision of our forms of legal
practice and pleading, will be brought to the at
tention of the Legislature at an early day, and
we sincerely trust the session will not be suffered
to close without the adoption of measures calms
' lated to bring about a speedy and thorough re
form. The working of the new code which has
now been in operation in the State of New York
for two years, has proved in the. highest degree
satisfactory. 13y this code the old forms of action
and pleading aro abolished, and a uniform system
of procedure is established, in all cases, both of
legal and equitable cognizance. The antiquated
forms, technical distinctions and sensless jargon of
the old system, are cleared away, and notu•ith
shmding the natural opposition of those who had
been trained under the old system, the result has
been in a high degree satisfactory. The subject
has attracted much attention in England. At a
lute meeting of the " Law Amendment Society,"
in London, Mr. D. D. Field, one of the commis
sioners by whom the New York code was prepar
ed, and through whose unwearied exertions the
reform was effected, was called upon to address
the meeting in explanation of its provisions. his
remarks were received with great favor, both by
the members of the Society, and by the public
press ; and for his own agency in bringing about
the reform he was much and deservedly compli
mented. The code has since been discussed at
length in the London papers. The Weekly News
publishes the principal parts of it, and styles it a
" master-piece of legal reform." The Times en
dorses it to the fullest extent.—Daily News.
Mr. Collins, proprietor of the Ocean steamship,
has written a letter to the President of the Dau
phin and Susquehanna Coal Company, confirm
ing the result of other experiments, which have
proved that the coal from the Dauphin mines is
better for ocean steam navigation than any other
American coal. The Company hope to have
about 200,000 tons in the market next year. We
understand that Mr. Collins has offered to con
tract with the company, for the use of his line of
Atlantic steamers, at $7 50 per ton, delivered at
the city of New York. This puts our semi-bitu
' minous coal decidedly ahead of any other in the
country.—llarrisbary Daily .Itnevican.
We would remark, in connection with the above,
that there is an excellent and very extensive do
posite of semi-bituminous coal, within about six
teen miles of this place, and that the ground be
tween Huntingdon and the mine is such, that a
railroad may be laid at a very moderate expense,
the grading for the whole length being very light.
Dinner to Capt. Matthews.
The dinner to Captain Matthews, of the steam
er City of Glasgow, which came off at the Chi
nese Saloon, in Philadelphia, was a splendid
entertainment. The Bill of Fare consisted of
five courses, besides a choice selection of wines
from the best stock in the city. More than eight
hundred persons are said to have been present.
Gov. Johnston, and about a hundred and twenty
of the State officers and members of the Legisla
ture were in attendance. Everything went off'
happily and pleasantly.
Boundary Line Settled.
The disputed boundary line between the Staten
of Missouri and lowa has been settled in the Su
promo Court at Washington, by a decision adverse
to the latter. This decision confirms the boun
dary previously established between the two
States, by Commissioners appointed for that pur
pose, and declares that it shall in future be the
true line between the States. It is said also that
this decision of the Supreme Court will elect Mr.
Bowman, Whig, to Congress, from the fourth
District of Missouri, Hon. Willard Y. Hall, dem
ocrat, who holds the certificate of election, being
superseded, he having been elected by votes re
ceived from the territory which, according to this
decision, belongs to the State of lowa.—Ex.
Cir The indefatigable Mr. Asa Whitney is lec
turing in Washington on his project of a Railroad
to the Pacific. His lectures are said to be highly
satisfactory and prove the feasibility of his plan.
An economical Administration, seems to be the
purpose of President Fillmore ; the country will
rejoice, that instead of loans and an increase of
national debt, already sufficiently large, he recom
mends retrenchments, and provisions for the de
'mends upon the treasury out of the current reve
nues. The expenses of government, will neces
sarily increase with the increase of territory and
the expansion of our settlements. To provide fur
them by a resort to loans, and especially to pay
off the debt incurred by the administration of Mr.
Polk, by a repetition of borrowing, would be the
worst conceivable policy. What the country
wants is, a simple economical administration. with I
a husbanding of resources, and a confinement of
the annual expenditures within the receipts, and
such the President is laboring to effect. Congress
should aid him in carrying out so laudable a pur
gEr The Secretary of the Treasury shows that
the Mexican War, with the payments under the
Treaty of Peace, amounts to $217,175,575 89.
"And this," he adds, "does not include many
claims presented and to be presented, arising in
directly from the war; their great variety forbid
ding even an approximation, either as to number
Provision has been made by the Ghillie!' Gov
ernment for the survey of a railroad route from
Valparaiso on the coast, to Santiago, the capitol
of the State, under the direction of Mr. Camp
bell, of New York, one of the engineers of the
Engines of the Pa. Railroad.
The Locomotive engines belonging to the Penn
sylvania railroad company are perhaps some ofthe
handsomest to be found in the country; and to
those fond of looking at beautiful machinery, the
Engine House of the Company is worth a visit.
The company have spared no expense in equip
leg their road with Engines and Cars. The En
gines and Machine Shop are under the manage
ment of Mr. Lee Piney, a gentleman well calcula
ted for the post, a practical machienisty and t wor
TUESDAY, Jan. 7,
SENATE.-The Senate met At 3 o'clock in the af
ternoon, and had five unsuccessful ballots for Spea
ker. Mr. McCaslin received the unanimous Loco
vote. The Whig vote was scattered. On the fifth
ballot McCaslin received 15 votes; Konigmacher,
(Whig) S. The rest were scattering. It required
17 to elect. Failing to effect a choice, the Senate
adjourned after the fifth ballot. In the evening
the Whigs of the Senate met in caucus and agreed
to support Benjamin Matthias of Philadelphia, for
horse —The House mot at 11 o'clock in the
forenoon. All the members present except Mr.
Seouller of Cumberland, and Mr. Church, of the
same county who died since his election. Mr.
Fcgely moved to go into an election for Speaker.
Agreed to, and the vote stood.
John Cessna, of Bedford (Loco) 59
Geo. H. Hart, Phila. (Whig) 37
Mr. Cessna, who was of course declared elect
ed, made a neat speech on taking the chair—the
customary oaths were taken—the usual committees
appointed to inform the Senate and Governor that
the House was organized, &c. A committee of five
was appointed to report upon the expediency of
publishing a daily report of proceedings; another
committee of five was chosen to prepare rules, and
a bill read in place by Mr. Simpson, entitled "Fur
ther supplement to the act authorizing the incorpo
ration of Philadelphia and Reading Railroad Com
pany," which was referred to a select committde
of five. The death of Mr. Church was then an-
flounced, a eulogy upon the deceased pronounced
by Mr. Haldeman, the customary resolutions pas
sed and the House adjourned.
IVED:4ESDAY, Jan. 8.
SENATE.—The Senate met and proceeded with
the balloting for Speaker. On the seventh ballot
the vote stood
Benjamin Matthias, of Phil. (Whig) 16
Maxwell M'Ca.alin (Loco) 12
Mr. Matthias was declared duly elected and was
conducted to the Chair, when he addressed the
Senate in a few neat and pertinent remarks. The
usual oaths were then administered and commit
tees appointed to wait on the Governor and House
to inform the co• ordinate branches of their organ
Mr. Crabh read in his place a bill authorizing
the Philadelphia College of Medicine to borrow
money, which was read a second and third time
and passed finally.
Mr. Buckalew read a bill entitled a further sup
plement to the act to incorporate a company to
build a bridge over the Susquehanna at Danville,
which also passed its several readings. Several
other bills were read, when the Secretary of the
Commonwealth was announced with the annual
message of the Governor, with accompanying doc
uments, which were read. A resolution relative
to the death of Mr. Church, of the House, was then
passed, and the Senate adjourned.
Hoc se.—ln the House, on motion of Mr. Leet,
amended by Mr. Killingcr, a committee of one from
each judicial district was appointed, to consider
the propriety of diminishing the number ofjudicial
districts, of increasing the salaries of the President
Judges, and to apportion the State into Judicial
Districts accordingly. The Ilouse then proceeded
to the election of a Clerk, and on the first ballot
the vote stood
William Jack (Loco)
David Fleming (Whig)
Mr. Jack was of course declared elected. Mr.
Jackson then offered a preamble and resolution
commemorative of the day-Bth of Jan.—which
were adopted and the House adjourned after first
adopting a resolution to adjourn front Friday to
A communication was laid before each house by
the Speakers, inviting the members to the steam
ship celebration in Philadelphia on Saturday.—
The invitation was accepted. The members of
both Houses, including the Governor and Heads
of Departments will no doubt be in attendance.
THURSDAY. Jan. O.
In the Senate nominations were made for Clerk
and assistant Clerk. A resolution was pastel fix
ing on Tuesday neat for the election of a United
States Senator, in place of Dr. Sturgeon.
Hotise.—ln the House Michael D. Kelly, was
elected Sergeant at Arms. C. C. Hemphill and J.
A. Cummings appointed Assistant Clerks. Jacob
Coleman, of "Old Barks," was elected door-keep
er, and Peter Aurand Messenger.
Nominations were made in both branches for U.
S. Senator. Among the names on the Whig side
we notice those of Wm. F. Johnston, A. E. Brown
Townsend Haines, Thaddeus Stevens, James Pol
lock, John Sergeant, and others. The names of
Locos in connection with the office are legion.—
The most prominent are Gen. Cameron, Judge.
Woodward, Dr. Sturgeon, Jeremiah S. Black,
Wilson M'Candless, &c. Messrs. William Strong
and J. Glancy Jones, of Beading, are also on the
FRIDAY, Jan. 10.
SENATE.—On motion, the nominations for can
didates for the United States Senate were re-open
ed, when General W. Larimer, and A. W. Loomis
The annual statement of the Delaware and Hud
son Canal Company was laid before the Senate by
On motion that in order to afford the Senators
an opportunity to accept the invitation to the recep
tion dinner, to be given to Capt. Mathews, of the
"City of Glasgow" steamer, to be given in your
city to morrow—When the Senate adjourns, it ad
journs over to Atonality. Prevailed.
Two messages from the Governor were received.
The Senate then proceeded to the election offi
cers, which resulted as follows:
Clerk—Samuel W. Pearson.
Assistant Clerk—John M. Sullivan.
Transcribing Clerk—ll. I'. McClay, George
Raymond and Isaac 11. MeCauslcy.
Sergeant-at-Arms, William S. Milliner.
Assistants, William P. Brady and Owen Mania.
Doorkeeper, George F. Rheinhart.
Assistants, John R. Rickel and John M. Moore.
Messengers, Andrew Young and Edward D.
A number of appointments by the Governor
were confirmed, when the Senate adjourned over
Rolm or REPRESENTATIVEB.—A bill for the
repeal of certain laws in this State, relative to the
re-capture of fugitive slaves. Also, ono to repeal
the charter of the Philadelphia and Reading Rail
Also, a supplement to three hundred dollars ex
emption act; a supplement to the act incorporating
the Philadelphia Saving Fund Society, and a num
ber of other bills were presented.
Mr. Penniman read a hill to incorporate the City
of Philadelphia, with enlarged boundaries. Re
ferred to the members from the city and county.
On motion the House adjourned.
Senate Standing Committees.
On Monday last, the Speaker of the Senate an
nounced the following as the Standing Committees '
of the Senate
Finance—Messrs. Brook, Crabb, Konigmacher,
M'Caslin, Muldcnberg, Myers and Packer.
Judiciary—Messrs. Walker, Crabb, Guernsey,
M'Murtrie and Muhlenberg.
Corporations—Messrs. Savory, Brooke, Fernon,
Fridley, Frick, Lawrence.
Internal illiprovements—Messrs Packer, Brooke,
Forsyth, Ives, Malone, Stine, Carothers.
Agriculture—Messrs Malone,Bailey, Carothers,
Estates and Escheats—Messrs. Guernsey, Buck
alew, Hugus, M'Murtrie, Sanderson.
Eduention—Messrs. Hasten, Buckalew, Fermi,
' Hoge, Sanderson.
Banks—Messrs. Crabb, Fridley, Ives, Robert
son, Savory, Walker, Shinier.
ExeCutive Nominations— Messrs. Stine, Guern
sey, Hugus, M'Murtrie, Walker.
Private Claims—Messrs. Lawrence, Brooke,
Agriculture—Messrs. Malone, Carothers, Myers
Accounts—Messrs. Forsyth, Haslett, Hoge,
Compare Bills—Messrs. Frick, Bailey, Caro
thers, Sanderson, Jones.
Retrenchment and Reform—Messrs. Myers,
Carson, Cunningham, Fermin, Jones.
Militia—Messrs. M'Caslin, Cunningham, Pack
er, Shinier, Stine.
P 01160115 mid Gratuities—Messrs. Cunningham,
Carson, Hoge, Jones, Shinier.
\'ire and Immortality—Messrs. Curoth... - 2, Car
Election Districts—Messrs. Carson, Haslett,
Hugus, Robertson, Ives.
Public Buildings—Messrs. Konigmacher,Buck-
Mew, Malone, Muldenberg, Fulton.
Bonds and Bridges—Messrs. Konigmaeher,
Buckalew, Malone, Muhlenberg, Fulton.
Library—Messrs. Lawrence, Stine, Savory.
President Fillmore% Message in Eu.
The annual message of President Fillmore is
published at length and largely commented on by
the London papers. The Times devotes to it the
leading article in three successive days.
This paper thus begines its disquisitions
" The lust mistress of an Executive chicfpresen
ted to the world was that of Louis Napoleon, who
only the other day was in lodgings in King street,
St. James', but who now, by the expulsion of an
elected king, presides over the fortunes of France.
The address which this morning occupies so many
of these columns is from Milliard Fillmore, former
ly a:linen draper's shopman, and now, by the death
of his superior, the Federal head of the United
States of America. A century ago, in the days of
Louis XV, and George 11., the wildest imagina
tion could not have foreshadowed two such docu
ments, two such personages, two such trains of
events as have placed them where they are. If it
was then somewhat less improbable that seemlier
of British colonies should win their independence
and form a Federal Union than that the grandson
of a then existing advocate in Corsica should be
.the President of a French Republic, on the other
hand the Message of the American President is on
the whole a greater, a more comprehensive, and
more significant marvel. The Message of the
French President seemed to exhibit hint as healing
the wounds and consoling the griefs of an ancient
and distracted monarchy ; as allaying its tumults
and repairing its resources, and its much occupied
in mending the past as in planning the future.—
The document now before us is eminently prospec
tive and hopeful. It is full of new opportunities,
creative energy, and expanding empire. The days
of Washington, Franklin and Madison are already
ancient in the attests cf a Republic which within
five years has established its now undisputed sway
rom the St. Lawrence to the Rio Grande and
front ocean to ocean, and within three years has
planted a wealthy and populous State on the shores
of the pacific.
The Morning Cronide rates Mr. Fillmore for not
being a free Free Trader, but slips in the following
sentence among its criticisms
" Compared with the ignoble immortality of
President Tyler's addresses, and with the unprin
cipled violence of Mr. Polk, the unassuming and
even corteous language of Mr. Fillmore towards
States which, like Portugal have been embroiled
within the Union, will stamp its author as a politi
cian immeasurably advanced in some respects be
yowl the recent level of American Presidents." •
The Doily News too, though astonished at fin
ding the "exploded humbug" put forth in so sen
sible a paper, does such justice as this to the au-,
thor of the Message
"President Fillmore's message to Congress is
characteristic of the man. It is the composition of
one who has attained the position he holds in his
party and in the State by substantial hard work,
by the confidence he has inspired in his tact, judg
ment, and practical good sense, not by showy dec
lamation. It is temperate in language, perspicuous
in conception and arrangement. From some of its
views we utterly dissent, as narrow and antiquated
but it is at document such as could emanate from
no one but an experienced statesman who sees
clearly within the range of his mental vision, though
that range may be somewhat of the narrowest."
Census of Philadelphia.
The Plailaulelphia papers contain the full returns
of the city, as follows :
Population. Houses. Families,
Old Philadelphia 121,417 16,272 22,178
Northern Liberties 47,223 6,854 6,056
Spring Garden 58,895 9,150 11,501
Kensington 46,776 7,555 9,006
Southwark 88,799 6,451 7,589
Aloyainensing 26,979 4,096 5,269
Suburban I.listriets 68,956 10,824 11,786
409,045 61,202 72,365
The population of 1840 was 258,037—showing
an increase in ten years of 151.008. Philadelphia
is perhaps the sixth city in the world in point of
population, and has nearly as many inhabitants as
St. Petersburg had in 1840, (476,000) which is the
fourth city in Europe in population.
State Treasurer's Report.
The report ofJohn M. Bickel, Esq. State Treas
urer, though brief, we are compelled still farther to
abridge. The means of the Treasury during the
financial year ending the 30th November, wore suf-
Scent to meet all legal demands. The amount of
revenue from all sources was $4,438,131 51; to
which is to be added the balance in the Treasury
on the 30th November; 1849, to wit; $926,207
24, (less $41,032 of depreciated paper,) making
together $5,323,300 75. Thu expendittfres ware
inctudindtlic interest on the public $4,569,073,94 t
having an available balance on the 30th Novem
ber, 1850, of $754,252 81. He says :
With a revenue annually augmenting, as the
property, real and personal, of the Commonwealth
is increasing in value, we have every reason to
look forward to the future with encouraging hope
that Pennsylvania will not only be able, from the
present revenue laws if rigidly and properly enfor
ced; and if no unnecessary appropriation be made;
to pay the interest upon the public debt regularly
as it falls due, but that before many years shall
elapse, the debt itself may be so far diminished
as that the net yield front the public improvement
of the State will pay the interest. This point once
reached, and if the net setting apart certain reve
nues, and pledging it to the payment of the State
debt, commonly called the "Sinking Fund Act,"
shall be continued in force, the people of our State
may then confidently hope to be relieved from the
taxes now necessarily imposed upon them. From
the completion of the railroads and canals of
the State to the present time, Pennsylvania haa
been steadily increasing its population, commer
cial importance and wealth; and whilst we are
taxed to pay for improvements, we should bear in
mind the facilities afforded by theist in the cheap
and safe conveyance of produce and merchandise
to market, and the generally beneficial regulation
of its price and value. These arc among the ad
vantages derived from our internal improvement,
for the construction of which the State debt was
incurred. These advantages, and the general en
linneement of the value of real estate, properly ap
preciated, are snore than adequate to the taxes im
posed. The benefits have been wide-spread and
generally felt by every business interest of the com
munity—the merchant, the farmer and the mane
The amount of relief notes issued by the seve
ral banks of the Commonwealth under the act of
4th May 1841, was $2,220,263, in notes of one,
two and five dollars. Of this amount, there has
been cancelled and destroyed the sum of $2,114,-
101; leaving a balance in circulation of $106,164.
Of this stun, however, $30,000 have been set apart
for cancellation ; thus reducing the actual circula
tion to $76,164 of the original issue. Many of
these notes had become so torn and defaced as to
be illegible. The Legislature, therefore, by the
act of 10th April, 1849, authorized the several
banks which had issued notes under the act of 4th
of May, 1841, to re-issue notes of like denomina
tion with the notes originally issued. The re-is
sue was to be made under the direction of the
State Treasurer, and agreeably to the prescribed
conditions of the act, the amount of notes re-is
' sued was $577,000. The paper of this re-issue,
however, being bad, the State Treasurer caused
a renewal of the re-issue to be made, and of the
renewed re-issue $1,500,000 have been received
at the Treasury, and arrangements made to con
tinue the renewal as necessity may require.
The Treasurer recommends that some better
system be devised for the more economical sad
prompt collection of the revenue and also that
the revenues set apart to the formation of a sink
ing fund should be continued. We quote from
the report again and to the end:
" The following is an estimate of the revenue
and expenditures for the fiscal year ending No
vember 30, 1851 :
Revenue from all sources, $4,353,300 00
Expenditures, 4,270,500 00
To which ndd balance in Treasn•
ry on 30th November, 1850,
Estimated balance in Treasury
30th November, 1851, $837,052 81
" This may be relied upon as nearly accurate,
and it is confidently hoped will be fully realized.
The receipts from the tax on real and personal
estate is estimated higher than usual, for the rea
son that the general increase in the value of prop
erty will be fully realized the present year, as the
Revenue Commissioners will meet iu February
next fur the purpose of adjusting and equalizing
the assessments. Should no disasters occur to
our public works, it is believed the estimates fret:-
that source will be found nearly correct.
" The abatement which has heretofore been al
lowed to counties for prompt payment of their
quota of taxes respectively, as authorized by the
act of 25th April, 1844, is as follows, viz:--
1845 $17,685 89
1846 83,455 74
1847 40,369 57
1848 41,522 11
1849 45,508 45
1850 43,525 06
"The good effects of this law attest the sound
policy of it. But it may be worthy of cousidera
timt whether the premium allowed, being 5 per
cent., night nut safely he reduced to three per
centum, or graduated so as to allow, say four per
cent., when the amount shall exceed $25,000, and
three per cent. on all sums exceeding $25,000.
" On the first of August last, the excess in the
Treasury, after the payment of the interest thou
clue, was $437,046 66. This sutn being so much
greater than was anticipated and wanted at tho
time, induces the suggestions which I have made,
"Our financial condition is encouraging; and
with just and rigid economy in every department
of the government, Pennsylvania can never be tu
default in meeting promptly every obligation )
thus sustaining leer credit and honor."
A Present to Henry Clay.
- --- -
We learn from the National Intelligencer that a
splendid wrought watch, seal, and key, have been
presented to the lion. UM CLAY, by Messrs.
Peckham, Dennis & Co., Manufacturing Jewellers,
of New York. The seal is made of gold, and alter
the design of the beautiful picture entitled "Henry
Clay at Aablantl.'"This picture, it will be remem
bered, represents the distinguished statesman sit
ting beneath a tree, with hat and cane in baud, and
his favorite dog sitting by his side. All of which
is most faithfully carried out by the designers of
this delicate piece of workmantatip. The base of
the seal is formed of a handsome cornelian stone.
The Kev represents a brokeu branch of a trio, and
harmonirce well with tho design.--Ban. American.