Huntingdon journal. (Huntingdon, Pa.) 1843-1859, December 17, 1850, Image 2
THE JOURNAL. 1.10/tRECT PRINCIPLES--ISUPPORTED BY TRUTII, HUNTINGDON, PA. Tuesday Morning, Dec. 17, 1840. TERMS OF PUBLICATION: Tern " HUNTINGTON JOURNAL" it published at the following rates, viz: If paid in advance, per annum, $1,74 If paid during the year, ' 2,00 If paid after the expiration of the year, • • 2,50 To Clubs of fire or more, in advance, • • • 1,30 Tnx above Terms will he adhered to in all cases. No subscription will be taken for a less period than nix months, and no paper will be discontinued un til all arrearages are paid, unless at the option of the publisher. Cir Want of help, indisposition of the editor, £c., has delayed the issue of our paper, and is our excuse for all deficiencies. eirThanks to lion. S. Cstvue, fur public documents. eirrhanksgiving day was generally observed by our citizens. All places of business were clos ed, and public worship attended to in the Church- Marble Works. Mr. R. G. STEWART has removed his Marble Works to the brick building in the rear of the residence of Hon. James Gwin, near Johnston's Hotel. The Marble used at this establishment is of the best quality, and the workmanship very superior. We commend the establishment to pub lic favor. The Poor House. The Commissioners to select a site for a Coun ty Poor House, re-assembled ire this place on Sat urday last. After a protracted sitting, extending into the night, the farm belonging to WILLIAM B. LIAR, in Shirley township, and adjoining Shir leysbnrg, was agreed upon. This farm contains, we are informed two hundred acres, with good improvements thereon. The land is represented to be of excellent quality, and in a high state of ettltivation. The price to be paid for this farm is $8,500. Tho crop in the ground goes with the farm. The location of this property is by no means central, but in the struggle between the different farms proposed, we suppose the Com missioners did the best they could. eir'We are requested hl• the President of the Board, to state that a general meeting of the Com missiouers will he held 'in this town on the 30th New Apogee Postage. Tie New York Tribune, a high-toned and hon orable paper, looks upon this subject in the true tight, and speaks upon it in a manner which enti ties it to the thanks of its country cotemporarics. The Tribune says : One cent per printed sheet, weighing not more than two ounces when mailed, is probably a very fair general rate ; but there should be a muchlow sr rate for Country Newspapers—that is, for all periodicals conveyed less than forty miles. We think teu cents per annum as the postage of a Weekly, twenty of a Semi-Weekly, thirty for a Tri-Weekly, and sixty for a Daily—to be paid for a full year in advance—would be . fair rates for all journals conveyed not more than forty miles from their respective places of publication. We be lieve such rates would be most advantageous, yet but justly so, to the Country Press, which is now unduly crowded by the city journals. The Week ly Tribune, for instance, now pays seventy-eight cents in Michigan, Illinois, Wisconsin, lowa, &c., while the journals printed in the very countries were taken, pay fifty-two; this is too little differ ence : but to reduce ours to fifty-two and leave the focal journals subject to the soma rate, would ag gravate the injustice. Ore cent per copy, paya ble gnarterl• in advance, for every newspaper sent more than forty miles, and ten cents per year, payable annually it s advance, for every Weekly transmitted less than forty miles, with correspond ing raps for papers printed oftener than once a week, would be just shout right. The above is a merited rebuke to the Postmas ter General for his illiberality to the Counts• Press. In his report the interests of the City pa pets are alone cared for. lie wants the papers which circulate principally in the county in which they are printed, to pay the same postage for be ing carried ono mile, as he would charge his city favorites for one thousand or more miles. Now, flor one part, we cannot see what any of our coun try cotemporaries are putting Mr. Postmaster Hall and his report about. We cure nothing about his being a Whig. We go with all our force against every public man, no matter which party he be longs to, who goes against us. If this is not done, what use is there in holding Editorial Conven tions? To meet in solemn conclave, as a frater nity, and resolve to "play Ned" with every poli tician who will not go for doing justice to the Country Press, in the matter of postage, then ad tonrn and go home and puff every prominent mon, belonging to our respective parties, no smatter what course he takes on the subject, only vendors ws ridiculous. Nothing can he aeconaplished in thin way. We must stand up for our rights. The suggestions of the Tribune, if adopted, would sat isfy no, and we think them the best that have been made public. They have equity on their side, cud if supported by the Country Press gen erally, might be adapted. What say you breth 11111i ifirSAETALN'A MAGAZINE, for January, has Sven furnished us by IL W. Smith, of the Hunt ingdon Book Store. It is a suberb number. The *mints possess groat literary excellence, and the engravings with which it is adorned, are truely "The Mother's Pet," is worth the price of one copy. This Magazine can be got at Smith's at twenty-five cents per copy or $2 50 per year, free of postage. tre - Gonir's and Gsauau's bLactazirma for January have been received. They both fully euatain their 131/73 rejuitittiona. Godey says lie gannet be equalled, and Graham, very confident. Iy merle that he' stands .at the bead of American liagasinee. We cannot decide between them, lust would Teens/intend every family to take one e the other. Ternm the same - $3 per annum hr a 2ugle Congress. Congress is not expected to do much until after the Hollithtys. The President's message has been referred to the appropriate committees, without de bate, except a speech from Mr. Giddings, to which very properly, no one made any reply. On the 12th inst., Mr. iI.SAIIPTON, of Pittsburg, gave notice of his intention to introduce a bill.gran ting a portion of the public lands to Pennsylvania to aid in constructing the Pennsylvania Railroad, the Pittsburg end' Connelsville road, and the Ohio and Pennsylvania road. The bill proposes to grant 3,000,000 of acres to the State, to be distributed among the above named roads asfullows.:--2,0041,- 000 to the Pennsylvania road ; 500,000 to the Pitts burg and Conuellsville rout?, and 500,000 to the Ohio and Pennsylvania road. The Governor, or persons to be by hint appointed, is to select, with the approbation of the Secretary of the yerior, the lands to be granted, out of any lands sulject to private entry now or hereafter to be surveyed, and to expose the same to sale, applying the proceeds, after deducting expenses of selection and sale, to the payment of stock to be subscribed by the Gov ernor, on behalf of the State, to the several roads named, and all dividends arising on said stock are to be paid over to the State Treasurer for appro priation to the Common School Fund of Pennsyl- Fires in Hollidaysburg.. Some time since, letters were sent to several of the Citizens of Hollidaysburg, informing them that their houses would be burnt. By the last Holli daysburg papers we learn that attempts have been made, to carry out these horrible threats. The Register of Wednesday last soya: "On Monday evening last, between 9 and 10 o'clock, the citizens of our town were thrown into commotion by the cry of Fire! originating from the discovery of an attempt to. fire a Stable in Strawberry alley, belonging to Mr. Henry Learner. •Pe was- sninlned however, before any injury was done. But between 11 and , 12 o'clock the alarm ing cry was again sent nth and soon the same Sta ble was enveloped in flames beyond the control of human effbrt. The mow contained a considerable quantity of hay and straw, and a strong breeze lim ned the flames, which were soon communicated to two Stables on the oppositeside of the alley,which afforded additional food for the devastating ele ment. At this stage of the fire it presented nmost fearful prospect. The wind blew burning embers like flakes of snow to the roofs of the adjacent buildings, which, however, by a kind Providence, and the exertions of the people, were prevented from taking fire. The three Stables burned were the property of Mr. Learner. A Wood house, ad joining one of the Stables, belonging to Mr. Rob ert Lytle was also burned. The loss we have heard estimated at about $7OO. The fire was undoubtedly the work of an incen diary." Drowned. EUIVAIM But., fur many years a resident of this county and generally known, fell into the lock in froNt of the collector's office on Saturday eve ning last, and before assistance could be rendered him, the breath of life had departed ! One account states that he left his shop, adjoining the collec tor's office, for the purpose of crossing to the store on the opposite side of the canal, and in conse qttence of the darkness missed his footing; anoth has it that the wind blew his hat off, and he fell in in his effort to recover it. The body was recov ered in a short time, and an inquest held on it by Coroner Davis, which returned a verdict of death by accidental drowning. The deceased was prob ably about 50 years of age, a shoemaker by trade laud a most excellent workman.--Leuistown Gaz. The Tariff. The Lancaster Union says: Notwithstanding the able manner in which the President has poin ted out the evils which exist in the present tariff —notwithstanding the startling fact that the coun try is running into debt under theexistingsystem, the greatest opposition will be manifested by the opponents of home industry, to the admirable sug gestions contained in the message upon the sub ject of a change in the tariff. Pennsylvania has not been true to herself and to her own interest, and if her manufactures continue to suffer—if her workshops are closed and her fires extinguished, she must blame herself. The lesson will be a bit ter one, and she is likely from present appearances to enjoy it. If it had not been for the votes of her Lccofoco representatives last session, the tariff would have been so modified, ere this, as to have affioded a proper remuneration to the operatives. " :"'We had intended to call on Col. M'- autt.c, of the Juniata Sentinel, about Christmas time, to marshal the editorial forces hereabouts, and march to Huntingdon and Hollidaysburg on the railroad, then and there to make our brethren fight out their disputes at once in a regular pitch ed battle—or else treat to turkey and oysters; hut as the spirit of rebellion against the editorial con vention's resolution has been softened down,,we'll have to defer oar visit to some more fitting oppor 'tunity.',—Leuistown Gazette. We plead not guilty to the chitrge contained in the above, bat would nevertheless be well pleased to Iplve a visit from a the editorial forces" of Lewistiw•n and Milllintown. 'We will gladlystand our share of the " treat" too, for we have no doubt something warm would taste good to our brethren of the above mentioned places this cold inclement weather " Hope you won't burst your trowscrs, Cob"— Globe. We're down! Wo acknowledge our inability to compete with the classic beauty, to say nothing of the inimitable wit of the above sentence: tlEr, MeCAar, who recently opened an oyster Sa loon in the basement of the Elephant Store, gave an oyster supper a short time since, to which he ' politely invited us. We could not attend on the interesting occasion, but learn from those who did, that the oysters served up were large and de licious, and everything else in good taste and style. McCan gets his oysters in the shell, and hence can furnish them to his customers entirely fresh. We couunend his establishment to public favor., 'urThe "Daily San" is one °Me very best newspopers published in Philadelphia. We arc pleased to leant that it is in such a flourishing condition. All such noble fellows ns WALLACE, the editor, should prosper. The 5.04 is sent to at $1 pej mum, doily. California a Whig State ! At the first election in California the vote was very small and the result Locofocoish. Immedi ately the cry rung through the State that Califbr- Dia was Locofoco to the core. The boast seems to have been premature, however.—A letter dated San Francisco, Oct. 31, 1850, published in the Philadelphia Nardi American of Tuesday, holds the following decided language in reference to the pol itics of the new State : "There need be no apprehension whether Cali fornia will be a Whig State—for she is ono already. There is a majority in the Legislature of nine on joint ballot, which will secure us a United States Senator. This result has been brought about by the persevering efforts of James M. Crane, the ed itor of the California Courier, who, it is now gen erally conceded, will be the person selected by the Whigs to till Col. Fremont's place. The Whigs of the Atlantic States . havo reason to feel proud of Mr. Crane for his gallant efforts in securing this superb Whig triumph against such odds. This event has struck the Locofocos with consternation. Well have they been paid off." BUSINESS BEFORE Comonees.—Among the lin portant topics before Congress arc the following:— • The reduction of the postage to two cent(-pre paid--on all letters, and the tree transmission of 1 1 newspapers. The construction of a railroad to the Pacific, on Whitney's plan. The opening of a good wagon road to Califor nia. The sale of the mineral lands of California. The establishment of a mint in California. The establishment of n mint in New York. The signing of the Nicaragua treaty now before Ile Senate. Report of the Secretary of war. The report of Hon. C. M. CONRAD, Secretary of War, is also a comparatively brief document, being a plain perspicuous and continuous statement almost a narrative of affairs appertaining to the ar my and the military defence of the country, with few figures and no intricate tables. It will be read with equal facility and interest.. The aggregate strength of the army, as at pres ent established by law, is 12,326 officers and men. It is estimated that the number of men actually in Service and fit fur duty, from deaths, discharges, desertions, sickness, and other casualties, falls short of the legal organization on au average of front 30 to 40 per cent.; so that the above number would represent an effective force of only from 7,400 to 8,700 men. Of the whole number 7,796 are sta tioned in or are under orders for Texas, New Mex ico, California, and Oregon; leaving only 4,520 in all the rest of the States and Territories. The Secretary urges the necessity of employing a cavalry fa,e to curb the mounted Indians of Texas and New Mexico; and suggests the adop tion of some system, dictated equally by policy and humanity, for reclaiming the whole unfortunate race, by inducing them to abandon their wander ing and predatory life, to live in villages, and re sort to agricultural pursuits for subsistence. The statement of the enormous cost of transporting pork and flour for the use of the troops in Now Mexico affords a strong evidence of the benefit which therepnblic would derive, in a mere peen ' Mary light, from restoring peace and security to the herdsman and husbandman of a territory, "a large portion of which is susceptible of producing crops of grain, and nearly all of which is well adapted to grazing." Report of the Secretary of the Navy. The report of WILLIAM A. GRAHAM, Secretary of the Navy, is of considerable length, and is elmr acterized by clearness and ability. We take from the North American the lidlowing abstract of its main features: The report gives an account of the opperntions of the six different spnadrous into which the ships in commission arc devided. It is remarked that occasional instances of Brit ish interference with vessels hearing our Nag on the African coast have occurred, hut that in each ease explanations and apologies have been made to our officers on that station, and the reports there of transmitted to the government. The Secretary says that our flag has been re spected on every sea, and that the interests of commerce have been secure andel-its protection.— The Navy consists of 7 ships of the line, 1 recce, 12 frigates, 21 sloops of war, 4 brigs, 2 schooners, 5 steam frigates 3 steamers of the first class 6 steam ers of less than first class, and 5 store ships. The ships in commission arc l razes, 6 frigates 15 sloops of war, 4 brigs, 2 schooners (coast survey,)2 steam frigates, 1 steamer of the first class, 21ess than first class, 3 ships of the lino as receiving ships 1 steam er do., and 1 sloop do. Four ships of the line and a frigates are on the stocks in process of construc tion, the work suspended. Besides these, there pre the mail steamships on the Now York and Liverpool and New York and emigres lines, liable to naval duty in case of necessity. The Secretary notices the improvements going on in the Navy Yards in Philadelphia and other places ; states that he has invited proposals for the constructoin of a dry dock in the Pack ; says that the stores on hand in the various yards amount to $2,600,000 in value; and discusses the ques tions of reducing the number of yards, which he declines recommending at present, and depending on private contracts for the construction of ships. Tho existing person of the Navy embraces 68 captains, 97 commanders, 327 lieutenants, 68 our ;Notts, 37 passed assistant surgeons, 43 assist. it surgeons, 64 pursuers, 24 chaplains, 12 professors of mathematics; I I masters in the lieu of promo tion, 464 passed and other midshipmen, and 7,500 petty officers, seamen, landsmen, boys, etc. The Secetury says that this system of officers is unslispe ly and di.pmportioned, there being n great vispari ty between the head and the subordinate parts, and he recommends a reduction in the three higher grades. The report discusses a variety of other questions respecting the organization soul distribu tion of the service, all of which are worthy of at tention, but can only be properly appreciated by a reference to the Report. TRAVEL Rl' THE PENNSYLVANIA RAILROAD.- The Pittsburg American of Saturday afternoon says:—Six coaches started this morning with 54 passengers to Hollidaysh o every stage having its full compliment. This was the first day the six lines advertised by W. Morehead, Esq., the active agent of the enterprising company, started on this route. Hon. Wst. H. BIMELL.—It is certainly a re markable fact, which wo find stated in the Illinois State Register, that the lion. Wm. H. Bissell, now representing the first Congressional district of Illinois, being a candidete in the same district at the election lately held foritepresentatives to the next Congress, was elected without oppositoin co reining every vote, to the number of twelve thou sand nine hundred and fOrty'ollo ! From the Hollidaysburg Register. United States ,lienator. MR. Joaet:-Tne election of U. States Sena tor, by the next Legislature of Pennsylvania, is being somewhat discussed, in several lending pa pers belonging to the two great parties in the State. As the Democratic press points with HOMO degree of certainty to man upon whom the De mocracy will in all probability unite as the candi date for the U. S. Senate, the Whigs should he casting about among the many "good and true men" in their party, fur a candidate to whom: 'the full and unanimous Whig vote should be given fur U. States Senator. Several distinguished Whigs have already' been named, the brilliancy of whose talents and qulifl cations would reflect credit and honor on the State and Nation ; stud the election of any one of whom would be a proud triumph for the Whigs ofPenu sylvania. To the many names 'greedy suggested, in connection with the election of U. States Sena tor, we woold respectively commend to the con sideration of the Whig party, our able member of Congress, the Hon. SAMUEL CALVIN. Mr. Calvin is emphatically the architect of his name and time. Starting in life, without any of the aids of fortune or influential fronds, he has by M- I domitahle energy and proper direction of talents of a high ostler, placed himself in a commanding posi tion as a Member of the Bar and as a bold and able advocate of Whig principles and measures.-- Mr. Calvins' honesty of purpose, extensive attain ments as a scholar and lawyer, and thorough coin prehension and correct appreciation of the inter ests of the people, render him eminently qualified for the discharge of the important duties devolv ing on a member of the U. States Senate. Although a new member of the present Congres s Mr. Calvin's conduct during die lust session in relation to the great question of protection to do mestic industry, has gathered around hint a host of warm and admiring friends in Pennsylvania, and his able speech in favor of some modification of the Tariff of 1846, distinguished him as a Penn- sylvanian, Inning at heart the welfare and pros perity of his native State. Foreign News. The stetnner America arrived at Haliffix on Wednesday morning with one week's later lICWA from Europe. The Anti-Popery feeling in Eng land is growing stronger, and measures are about to be introduced into Parliament to deprive the Catholic clergy of their titles by making it a penal offence to hold them. The established Church in England appears to be too stt ong for the Pope, and the feeling excited against the latter may lead to measures which will undo much of the work which else liberality of the British Parliament in recent years has effected in favor of the Catholic portion of the population of Great Britain. The i»telli genre from Germany has the same aspect, threat ening the peace of Europe, but in spite of the King of Prussia's course, the whole difficulty, it seems to be expected, will end only in threatening move ments, and Europe will not be plunged into a war at present from tltis cause. Vic condition of things however is , somewpitt critical; and further hostali ties between dig Prussian and Bavarian troops, which have occurred, may so foment the war spir it already rife in Prussia that it trill he difficult to allay it without a decided appeal to arms. The, German question grows more complicated and' more interesting each day. Its soltttiou concerns all Europe. Growlers. Somebody, we don't know who, says there is a class of men in every community who go about with vinegar films, growling because somebody feels above them, or because they are not appreci ated us they should be, and who have a constant quarrel with their destiny. These men, usually, have made a very grave mistake in the estimate of their abilities, or are unmitigated asses. In either case, they are unfortunate. Wherever this fault finding with one's condition or position oc curs, there is always a want of self-respect. If people despise you, do not tell of it all over town. Ifyuu are smart, show it. Do something, and keels doing. If you are aright down clever fellow, wash the wormwood off your face, and show your good still by your deeds. Then, it people feel above you, go straight off and feel above them. If they turn up their noses because you are a mechanic or a farmer, or a shop boy, turn yours up a, notch highef..; gap; swell when they puss you in ,the streeOn'enTv ourself, and if this does not "fetch them?' cum:lade very good-naturedly that they are unworthy your acquaintance, andpity them fbr missing such a capital chance to get into good so ciety. Soaity never estimates a man at what he im agines himself to be. lie must show himself to be possessed of self-respect, independence, energy to will and to do, and a good sound heart. These qualities and possessions will "put him through." WllO blames a man for feeling above those who are mean enough to go around, like babies, telling how people abuse them, and whinning because so ciety will not take theist by the collar and drag them into decency. ear Tura LAUGE GLASS EDIFICE: erecting in 'London for the World's Fair, is fast progressing towards completion. Two thousand mon are em ployed upon it. Its length will lie 2000 feet, and its breadth 408 feet, covering 20 acres of ground, mid being of a height sufficient to embrace under its roof some of the high forest trees of Hyde Park. The structure is carried on in traverse sections of 24 feet each, east and west, extending across the width of the building north and south. Commen cing at each extremity, and working towards the centre, -two parties of 130 men. respectively, add two sections of 24 feet per day, tLns advancing 96 feet per day across the entire breadth. A Goon Ret.r..—TheEdltor of the Pottstown Ledgerfliinks that every subscriber to a paper should make it an unfailing rule . to pay his clues regularly once a year. They arc then paid without being felt, but when they'are left to accumulate for years, they amount to a once that is not so willing ly paid. The . Ledger man expresses our views exactly. Pneeina.Ncr's MEtoimiri Sourn.—'flie Charles ton News, commenting upon the President's mes sage, says that Mr. FIL,LMORN is singularly eva sive and cautions in relation tpthe slavery c055,- tine, and proceeds to lecture him for delending'the compromin meit,ure, Truths Eloquently Expressed. THE WI OF Ab.99ACItUSETT9.—HOII. Ed ward Everett, 6,390 'likable to attend the Mits sachusetts Whig State Convention at Worcester, on Tuesday week, write; a letter to the Cony.- ' lion full of good advice. We give an extract The almost certain erect of organizing a third party—mainly resting on one idea—is to endan ger many great interests, for the doubtful pros pects to promote one, certain to lead to arrange ments which, whatever their momentary advan tage, can scarcely be justified on general princi ples. Where the third party is in its nature geo graphical and sectional, it strikes of course at the principles of the Union. Whatever reason may have seemed to exist two years ago for a separate organization, must be admitted at the present time to have lost much of its force. Of the terri tory supposed to be in danger, California, by far the largest and most important part, is already brought into the family of the States, under a con stitution framed by herself, and excluding slavery. Now Mexico has framed n similar constitution.— She has not yet been admitted, but she is sure to come in when she is found to have the requisite population. The fact just mentioned, with others bearing on this point, nake it as certain en any future event can be, that she will come in as a free State t the same remark may be made of the intervening region between New Mexico and Calitbrnia. It is principally settled from the New England and Middle States, and from Great Bri tain, and as a practical question, no one will, I think, suppose that there is the slightest danger that the inhabitants of Utah will be a elaveholding population. VERY CIVIL AND VERY SIONIFICANT.-It is stated by correspondents at Washington that the reply of President Fillmore and of Mr. Webster to Governor Seabrook's demand, why so many U. S. troops were concentrated at Fort Moultrie, has been received, and creates a sensation. The Pre sident replies, in substance, that this is a question which the Governor or Legislature of South Caro iina has no right to put—that by the Constitution he is Commander-in -Chief, and hiss a eonstitu. tional right to dispose of the U. S. forces in bar racks, when he considers it best for the public in terests. As he is not responsible to State authori ty for his action, he respeetrifily declines answer-. big the inquiry. This is It very proper reply, though State pride may receive a shock by it.— The State should not, however, make impertinent inquiries.--Ledger. BLAIR THE ANTI-PAPAL MOVEMENT IN ENGLAND iS the main subject of comment in the English pa pers. London had added to its already numerous pronuncimitentos, during the week ending Nov. 30th, by a great outburst at Guildhall. Scotland is also stirring. Resolutions, denouncing the Pope ns the man of sin, were passed in the General As sembly in the Scottish capital with acclamation. It has been announced officially that her Majesty receives with great satisfaction all addresses pre sented to her against the late bull of the Pope.— Mr. Hume, a liberal member of Parliament, ridi cules the idea of the clergy of the Church of Eng land pretending to be alarmed at the proceedings of the Catholics, and declares that the Church has much more to fear front the Anti-State Church Societies, whom this movement will strengthen; than front the Pope's ball.—Ledytr. Awful Calamity. THREE PERSONS DURNT.-WO learn that on last Saturday night a house occupied by an old :•gentleman, his wife and daughter, by the name of Dick, in Carlisle, was destroyed by fire, and the three perished in the flames. The fire broke out about midnight, aml had made such progress when first discovered that all effort was in vain. After the fire was extinguished the remains of the three bodies were found iunoung the ruins, bat soborri bly burnt—to a perfect cinder—as to render them undistinguishable. The fluidly were universally esteemed and respected, and their awful fate has thrown a deep gloom over the entire community. The daughter was a young lady of about twenty years of age.—Shippensbarg News. INCENDIARY 6ENTENCED.-The Court of Quar ter Sessions at Harrisburg, refused a new trial to young Milligan, who was convicted of burning the bridge over the Susgnebauna, at Clark's Ferry.— Ile was then sentenced to three years hard labor in the County Prison, being the extent of the law. FIRES IN llsoLustown, Md.—The large stone grist mill, situated at the eastern end of Ile gerstown, was, with two thousand bushels of wheat and 4 or 5000 bushels of otrol, entirely consumed by fireottlfriday night last. The fire originated in the upper story by the friction of the elevators. The mill was the; property of Mr. Ilass, and cost $20,000. 'rho 'lurch says that the owners of the mill are insured in Philadelphia for $2OOO, and Mr. Ell &clop who carried it on, is insured in. the Leitersburg M. 1. Company fur $5OOO. It is said his loss is about $4OOO. Purchase of Mount Vernon. There is manifest propriety in the project for the purchase of Mount Vernon by the Government, and we are pleased to see it recommended in the truly able report of the Secretary of the Interior in connexion with the catablishment of an agricultu ral bureau. In the event of the estlffilishment of such a bureau, which we trust to size speedily ac complished, a model farin in the vicinity of the me tropolis, under the direction of the bureau, would prove an auxiliary in illustrating the best modes of culture ; and should such a view meet the fa vorable consideration of Congress, Mr. Stuart sug gests that Mount Venton, whose soil was once till ed by the hands, and is now 'consecrated by the dust, 01' the Father of his . . Cduntry, and which should properly belong to the nation, might, with great propriety, become under its auspices, u mod el limn to illustrate the progress of that pursuit to which he wits so much 'devoted. Whatever may be the action of Congress, we ore sure the heart of the whole American people will respond affirm atively to this suggestion. It would ensure pro tection and permanence to the many relies which are now objects of so much interest, and would ad *nimbly comport with the regard pc all entertain for whatever is associated with the memory of Washington.--4)arly News. A ship-huildor wits once asked what he thought of Mr. Whitefield. " Think !" lie replied ; tell you, sir, every Sunday that I go to my parish church, I, emt build a ship from stein to stern, un der the sermon; but were It o save my soul, un der Mr. W., I could not buy a single plunk." Wages In Ireland. We copy the following form tho London Tittles : . At the petty sessions, lately held at Kan turk, Ireland, an Irish farmer, Green by name,. was summoned by one of his laborers for the sum of one shilling and sixpence, which, we might suppose, represented a day's work. It appeared, however, that it was claimed for three week's work. done at the rate of one penny per diem during harvest time-.for eighteen days, eighteen pence. There was no dispute about the fact of the labor having been performed, the farmer's reluctance be ing grounded on the exorbitant character of the demand. Mr. Green declared that he should never have thought of engaging a statvpling like the complainant Walsh at that money, when he could get the best men in the country for as little. ien:mid bring a witness to prove that the wages really cove nanted for were one halfpenny per week: it was purely a commercial question; he had made a bargain, as he averred, in accordance with the state of the labor market in that lo cality, taking into consideration the capaci ties of Walsh; he considered that a bargain• was a bargain, and ought to be kept; final-Iy r he tendered three half pence as the amount of the legitimate claim.—Astonnded by such an offer, the magistrates demanded of Walsh what he had obtained in the way of food from his employer. They received for an swer as follows:—"Whilst I was with him I was obliged to be up in the morning about 4 o'clook, to let the cows out of :he sleeping field, and remain herding them until the oth er men would come to their work, and used then to be obliged to work with them all day, and get nothing for my support but a bit of dry Indian gruel. They used to give milk to the pigs and calves befcre my face, but would not give me a drop." Under these circumstances, the magistrates gave orders for the payment of the more exorbi tant sum of one penny per day, not, however,. without renewed objections on the part of Mr. Green, who stoutly maintained thejus tice and the sacredness of his bargain. This conduct of the Irish farmer affords a clue, if we do not greatly mistake, to the hor rible social condition of Ireland. GROWTH OF THE UNITED STATES.—The I census returns already received from seven. teen states of the Union, show an increase of population since 1840, of 3,130,898, which, added to the aggregate population ten years ago, of 17,093,353, would alone, make now 20,224,251. Estimating the increase in oth er states by the same ratio, the aggregate population of the nation in June last, may be put down at not less than 24,000,000. or an increase of nearly seven millions in the last ten years. In some of the states the increase has been very rapid, in others quite inconsiderable.— In Maine they have 612,000, being an In crease in ten years of 110,207, or over twenty per cent, Massachusetts has 1,000,000, be ing an increase of 220 , 172, also upwards of twenty per cent. Cannecticut has 386,000, or an advance" of 65,985, also upwards of twenty per cent. Pennsylvania has 2,300 1 - 000 showing an increase of 575,96'1, .or over thirty-three . per cent. Ohio has 2,200,000 showing an increase of 670,73 g, or over for ty per cent. Wisconsin has 350,000; she had but 30,000 ten years ago. The District of Columbia, on the other hand, has gained but 7,000. She has now 50,000, or less than twelve per cent. increase; North Carolina has 800,000, being an in crease of 46,581, or only about six per cent. ' South Carolina has only 638,099, being an increase of only 41,701—less that eight . per cent. We have returns from only one other soutern state, that is Georgia , , the population of which is now 1,000,000, showing an in crease of 308,608„ or about forty-five per cent. The ratio of increase in the whole Union, estimated from the returns received of seven teen states, is about thirty per cent. That of Georgia is fifteen per cent ahead of the avei-- age. that of South Carolina is twenty-two, and North Carolina twenty-tout per cent. be low the average. In the notthern state. heard from, the rate of increase is uniformly over twenty per 'cont.—New York Evening Post. THE BOUNTY LAND LAW--We learn from the Pension Office, says the National Intel ligencer, that in answer to various inquiries relative to the Bounty Land Act of September 28, 1859, decisions have been made as fel lows : 1. That where the service has been ren dered by a substitute, he is the person en titled to the benefit, and not his employer.- 2. That the widow of a soldier who has ren dered the service requireby law is entitled to bounty land, provided she was a widow at the passage of the law, although she may have been married several times; or although her marriage to the officer or soldier may have taken place after he left the, service; but if not a widow when the law passed, the benefit of the act insures to the minor shil dren of the deceased soldier. 3. That no person who has received or is entitled .to bounty land under a prior law is entitled to the benefit of the act of the 28th of Septem ber, 1850. 4. That no soldier is entitled "to inure than one warrant under this act, id though he may have served several terms; hut, where a soldier has served several terrns, ho will receive a warrant for the greatest quantity of land to which the several terms consolidated will entitle him. 5. In all ca. Ises where any portion of the marine corps in ' the several wars referred to in the act of - the 28th of September, 1850, i were embodied with the army in the field, and performed service as a portion of the line of the army, the marines who so served. if they served this time required by law, and were honorably discharged, are entitled to land. No setunpn, nor any other person belonging to the navy proper, is entitled to land. And no teams ter or artificer is entitled to land. Poisons who were engaged in the removal of thu Cherokees from Georgia in 1836, or in remo ving Indians at any time, are not entitlecl to land. D•111rs. Partington gives it as her pri vate opinion that "Pearce's Bill" is the moat popular man in all Texas. She has just been reading the papers and finds that he ,has beaten his opponent by an- overwhelm ing majority. "I t is not to be wondered, at, however,'.' philosopltiiees the. old lady "as ,GeneratSentiment, one of the most hi,en tial men in the state, WB5 enlisted Wpi be t half.