Huntingdon journal. (Huntingdon, Pa.) 1843-1859, August 27, 1850, Image 1

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

    ilf(Cf-'/t/nlb"
BY JAS. CLARK.
CHOICE POETRY.
SUMMER.
Glorious summer! bright and fair,
Are thy gohien treasures;
Gifts thou bringcst rich and rare,
In overflowing measures.
Sparkling sunlight o'er the sea,
Harvest waving on the lea,
Mellow fruit on bush and tree,
Those are but thy treasures.
Now the wild bee's voice is heard,
From the forest ringing;
Now the happy evening bird
Merrily is singing.
Gardens with their gorgeous flowers,
Blushing moons and moonlit bowers,
Evening's soft and witching hours
Fondly thou art bringing.
Sweet thou glidest as a stream
When it sparkles brightest,
Or a youthful poet's dream
When the heart is lightest.
All the hours for bliss were made;
But when twilight's gentle shade
Softly steals o'er bill and glade,
Then thy joys are brightest.
Then are heard, in tones of glee,
Youthful voices greeting;
Then beneath elm "trysting tree"
hands and lips are meeting.
Then the tints for youth and love,
Through the fragrant glen to rove,
Smiling still the moon above
On their bliss so fleeting.
Youth and love delight to go
Hand in hand with Summer,
Whore the limpid waters How,
With the softest murmur.
None on earth so well agree,
When the heart is young and free,
As those happy spirits three,
Youth and Love and Summer.
MISCELLANEOUS
MY WIFE'S GOLD RING.
Or, Lavater and the Poor Widow.
It was a practice with Lavater (an eminent cler
gyman, born in Zurich, Switzerland, in 1741), to
read every morning ono or more chapters of the
Bible, and to select from them one particular pas
sage for frequent and special meditation during the
day. One morning after reading the filth and sixth
chapters of Matthew, he exclaimed,—"What a
treasure of morality! how difficult to make choice
of any particular portion of it !" After a few mo
ments' consideration, he throw himself upon his
knees, and prayed for Divine guidance.
When he joined his wife at dinner, she asked
him what passage of scripture he had chosen for
the day.
"Give to him that asketh thee; and from him
that would borrow of thee, tarn not away," was
the reply. •
"And how is this to ho understood?" inquired
his wife.
"'Give to hint that asked' thee; and from him
that would borrow of thee, tam not away,'—these,"
rejoined Lavater, "are the words of Him to whom
all and everything belong that I possess. lam
the steward, not the proprietor. The proprietor
desires me to give to him who asks of me; and
not to refuse him who would borrow of me; or in
other words, if I have two costs, I must give one
to him who has stone, and if I have food, I must
share with him Who is an hungered and in want;
this I must do without being asked; how much
more, then, when asked."
"This," continues Lavater, in his diary, "ap
peared to me so evidently and incontrovertibly to
he the meaning of the verse in question, that I
spoke with more than usual warmth; my wife
made no further reply, than that she would well
consider these things.
"I had scarcely left the dining-room, when an
aged widow desired to speak to me, and she was
shown into my study.
'Forgive me, dear sir,' she said, 'excuse the lib
erty I am about to take; I ant truly ashamed, but
my rent is due to-morrow, and I am short six dol
lars; I have been confined to my bed with sick
ness, and my poor girl is nearly starving; every
penny that I could save I have laid aside to meet
this demand, but six dollars are yet wanting, and
to-morrow is term day.' Here she opened a par
cel, which she held in her hand, and said, 'This is
a hook with a silver clasp which my lute husband
,gave me the day we were married. It is all I can
spare of the few articles I possess, and sore it is to
part with it. lam aware that it is not enough,
nor do I see how I could ever repay—but, dear
sir, if you can, do assist me.'
"'I am very sorry, my good woman, that I can
not help you,' I said; and putting my hand into
my pocket I accidentally felt mypurse, which con
tained about two dollars; these, I said to myself,
cannot extricate her from her difficulty, she re
quires six ; besides, if oven they could, I have need
of this money for some other purpose. Turning
to the widow, I said, 'Have you no friend, no re
lation, who could give you this trifle?'"
"No, there is no one ! I am ashamed to go front
house to house. I would rather work day and
night. My excuse fur being here is, that people
speak so much of your goodness. If, however,
you cannot assist me, you will at least forgive my
intrusion; and God, who has never yet forsaken,
will not surely tom away from me in my sixtieth
year."
"At this moment the door of my apartment open-
ed, and my wife entered. I was ashamed and
vexed. Gladly would I have sent her away; for
conscience whispered, 'Give to him that asketh of
thee; and from him that would borrow of thee,
turn not thou away.' She come up to me and
said, with much sweetness, 'This is a good old
woman; she has certainly been ill of late; assist
her if you can.
"Shame and compassion struggled in my dark
ened soul. have but two dollars,' I whispered,
'and she requires six; give her a trifle in the
hand and let her go.'
"Laying her head on my arm and smiling, my
wife said aloud, what conscience had whispered
before, 'Give to him that asked' thee ; and from
him that would borrow of thee, turn not away.'
"I blushed, and replied, with some little vexa
tion: 'Would you give your ring for the purpose?'
"With pleasure," promptly answered my wife,
pulling off her ring.
"The good old widow was either too simple or
too modest to notice what was going on, and was
preparing to retire, when my wife called to her to
wait in the lobby. When we were left alone, I
asked my wife, 'Are you really in earnest about
the ring?'
"Certainly, how can you doubt it?' she said.—
'Do you think that I would trifle with charity ?
Remember what you said to me only half a year
ago. Oh, my dear husband, lot us not make a
show of the gospel; you are in general so kind, so
sympathizing, how is it that you final it so dieult
to assist this poor woman? why did you not, with
out hesitation, give her what you had in your
pocket? and did you not know that the quarter
will be paid to us in less than eight days?' She
then added with much feeling: 'Take no thought
for your life, what ye shall cat, or what ye shall
drink; nor yet for your body, what ye shall put
on. Behold the fowls of the air; they sow not,
neither do they reap nor gather into barns; yet
your heavenly Father feedeth them.'
"I kissed my with, while tears ran down my
cheeks. 'Thanks, a thousand thanks, for this hu
miliation!' I turned to the desk, took from it the
six dollars, and opened the door to call the poor
widow. All darkened around me at the thought
that I had been so forgetful of the omniscience of
God as to say to her, 'I cannot help you.' Oh,
thou false tongue! thou false heart! If thou,
Lord, shouldst mark iniquities, oh Lord, who shall
stand ! 'Hero is what you need,' I said, address
ing the widow.
"At first sho seemed not to understand what I
meant, and thought I was offering a small contri
bution, for which she thanked me, and pressedmy
hand; but when she perceived that I hud given
her the whole sum, she could scarcely find words
to express her feelings. She cried: 'Dear sir, I
cannot repay; all I possess is this poor book, and
it is old.'
"Keep your book,' said I, 'and the money, too,
and thank God, and not me, for verily I deserve
no thanks, after having so long resisted your en
treaties; go in peace, and forgive an erring bro
ther.'
"I returned to my wifo with downcast looks;
but she smiled and said, 'Do not take it so much
to heart, my friend; you yielded at my first sug
gestion; but promise me that so long as I wear a
gold ring on my finger, and you know that I pos
sus several besides, you will never allow yourself
to say to any person, 'I cannot help yon.' She
kissed me and I left the apartment.
"When I found myself alone, I sat down and "
wrote this account in my diary, in order to hum-
We my deceitful heart—this heart which no longer"
ago than yesterday, dictated the words : 'Of all the
characters in the world, there is none I would
more avoid than the hypocrite;' yet to preach the
whole moral law, and fulfil only the easy part of it
is hypocrisy. Merciful Father, how long must I "
wait, and reflect, and struggle, ere I shall be able
to rely on the perfect sincerity of my profession.
"I read over once more the chapter which I had
read in the morning with so little benefit, and felt
ashamed, and convinced that there is no peace,
except where principle and practice are in perfect!"
accordance. How peacefully and happy I ought
have ended this day, had I acted up conscientious
ly to the blessed doctrines I profess! Dear Sa
viour, scud thy Holy Spirit into this benighted"
heart! cleanse it fromsecret sin! and teach me to
employ that which thou host committed to my
charge to thy glory, a brother's welfare, and my
own salvation!"
Remember this, Boys.
Will the young mon, whose evenings are now
spent on the store boxes and other places of idle
resort, or in idleness even at home, read and reflect
upon the following?
" I learned Grammer," said Wm. Cobbet,
"when I was a private soldier on six pence a day.
The edge of my guard bed was my scat to study
in: my knapsack was my book case, and a board,
lying in my lap, my writing table. I had no mon
ey to purchase candles or oil; in winter it was
rarely that I could get any light but that of the
fire, and only my turn even of that. To buy a
pen or sheet of paper, I was compelled to forego
a portion of food though in a state of starvation.
I had no moment of time that I could call my
own and I had to read and write amid the talking , I
laughing, singing, whistling and brawling of at
least halls scores of the most thoughtless of men,'
and that too in hours of freedom from control.—
And I say if I, under circumstances like those,
could encounter and overcome the task, can there
be, in the world a youth who can find excuse for
nonperformance.
'lf you wish to have enemies, just rise in
the world. Nobody throws eats at a balloon till it
leaves the ground. Talk as you may, men will
destroy what they cannot imitate.
HUNTINGDON, PA., TUESDAY, AUGUST 27, 1850,
THE WIFE OF KOSSIJTII.
Here is a tale of female heroism and suffering
that would move the heart of any human being,
however hardened, except that of a "perfidious
Austrian."
At the time when all was lost to the Hungari
ans, and each had to seek his own safety in flight,
Governor Kossuth and his lady, who had accom
panied her husband throughout the war, thought
it best to separate, in order that ono of them, if
possible, might save their lives, for the sake of
their children, who bad been left under the pro
tection of their grandmother. The Governor de
termined to remain with his bravo officers, still
with him, and to share their fate. Madam K. in
formed her husband and a female friend, the wife
of an officer, where she would endeavor to seek
safety; and as every moment was precious, this
delicate lady quickly clothed herself as a beggar,
her husband gave her the signet ring, and the seal
of the government of Hungary, that these might
be a passport for her, in the event of meeting with
those who were friendly to their cause. Without
any clothes except those on her back, she com
menced her sad and fatiguing journey on foot.—
She travelled long, experiencing all kinds of hard
ships, privations and dangers. When stopped by
the Austrian or Russian guards, she feigned ex
treme old age, and said she was in search of a lit
tle grandson who had got lost in the war, so she
was allowed to pass, little knowing the value of
the prize they had in their bloody hands I
Thus she continued on, until ahe reached an ex
tensive pasture country, uninhabited, except by
herdsmen almost as void of intellect as the herds
they guarded. Here she sought and found a rest
ing place. These poor serfs =del= a fresh bed
of their straw, covered her with their cleanest
sheep-skins, and fed her with their brown bread;
and here she remained three months, during which
time the winter cold came on, and having but lit
tle covering, you may easily conceive how intense
ly she must have suffered. Gov. Kossuth had sent
for his children, that ho might take leave of them,
and give them his lasting blessing; they were
brought to bin by Isis mother, and again taken to
their home. The Austrian executioner (Hayman)
hail long since commenced his bloody work.—
Kossuth, and those with him, fled towards the
Turkish frontier, to the fortress of Widden.
We cannot enumerate all the sufferings, losses
and anguish, experienced by these unfortunate
men during their flight; most of them, however,
reached Widden. They were no sooner there than
their first thoughts were for Madam Kossuth, and
her friend, the wife of the officer to whom she bad
communicated the place of her intended conceal
ment, determining to seek and find her, if she was
still alive. She set out on her weary journey, hab
ited in a similar guise as that of Madam Kossuth
—as a beggar—and thus she passed the soldiers
and guards of the enemy, until she reached the
hiding place of her friend, who had been the com
panion of her youth stud happier days; and now
they were to encounter new dangers.
The herdsmen built a little cart, and gave them
a horse, as Madam Kossuth, worn out by anxiety,
privations and sufferings, was no longer able to
walk; the roads had now become almost impassi
ble, narrow and slippery, on the sides of the moun
tains; ono false step would have plunged them
down into an almost bottomless abyss; but with
the gallows in the rear, and their husbands before
them, hope gave them courage and onward they
went. We know not what length of time they oc
cupied in their journey, but as it was in winter,
and they had often to conceal themselves in clefts
of rocks and overhanging mountains, front the
scouts of the enemy,it must have been a long and
dreary one, and, when discovered, they passed for
beggars, and asked for bread from their blood
thirsty foes.
They ultimately reached the town of Belgrade,
where they expected to meet their husbands, and
a termination of their sufferings. Imagine, then,
their feelings of disappointment, when they learn
ed that not a Hungarian was there—an had been
removed to Shutnla. What was now to be done?
They were worn out and could proceed no further.
Hope even had forsaken them. No Inuiband to
embrace, no friends to welcome them. They de
cided to throw themselves upon the humanity of
the Sardinian consul; they knocked at Isis door,
which was opened by the consul himself. Two
beggar women stood before him, the pictures of
misery and woo. Ile asked them what they want- I
ed. They answered, "food and shelter." He re
quested them to come in. Then the officer's lady
introduced hint to Madam Kossuth, wife of the
President of Hungary. He could not believe it
until ahe took from her bosom the signet ring and
seal of the Government of Hungary. What fol
lowed can easily be conjectured. They were re
ceived and treated according to their rank, by the
kind-hearted consul; and after they were suffi
ciently rested, he made known the case to the
Prince of Servia, who sent to them his carriage
and four, with an escort to take them to Blunala.
The weather was terribly cold, and the roads as
bad as they could be; but they ultimately arrived'
in safety.
CALIFORMA Gom—The whole amount of Cal
ifornia Gold received for coinage at the Mint in
Philadelphia, up to the lot of August, is set down
in the report of the Treasurer at 518,350,000. A
pretty round sum—though we fear if the Tariff' of
1846 is not speedily repealed, the whole will in a
very short time find its way to England to pay the
balance of trade against us by excessive importa
tions.
BEAUTIFUL SEIiTLMENT.—II has been beauti
fully said of Washington, that "God caused him to
be childless, in order that the nation might call
him Father."
Aristocracy of Patent Democracy.
WASUINGTON, JUNE, 1850.
Every pleasant Wednesday afternoon, we have
music at the capitol grounds, without money or
price. Almost every body in town expects to at
tend. Facing the eastern front of the Capitol, is
a wide carriage way for Foreign Ministers, Ain-
bassadors, Charge do Affaires, Consuls, and those
of our own countrymen who take pleasure in sep
arating from the "vulgar crowd," by the distinc
tion of livened servants, drivers, outsiders and'.
splendid equipages. - This class is confined princi
pally to the "moneyed men" and women, whose
only letters of recommendation to refined and ed
ucated circles, aro too often the hard dimes and
dollars in their purses—while such humble Re
publicans as Zachary Taylor, Dan Webster, Hen
ry Clay and Tom Corwin, and men of that stamp
are content and proud to be seen mingling with
the people on foot.
I had not been long seated when a livened and
bespangled driver—covered with a profusion of
gold lace—reined up his dashing steeds with an
open barouche, to the footof the steps, in full view
of at least a thoasund spectators. Every body said
it was the British Minister; and "see Sir Henry"
was modestly ejaculated by the wondering crowd
below. Now who do you think it was? Why,
simply SIR JOUNAPCLERNAND, Representativent
Congress from Illinois! I could not help thinking
that one of two things must be true—either Sir',
John's constituents are like the subjects of the
British Queen and Sir Henry Bulwer, or else they
have been most abominably SOLD?
And lo! while I was yet thinking of the hypoc
risy and aristocracy of this degenerate Democrat,
behold another equipage appears. It is less due
cling than the first. As it approaches, the tatter
ed linings, rusty, rickety wheels, and dusky, dirty
driver, bespeak it for a would-be establishment of
the royal order, sadly out of joint. But the dis
play, the grand aristocratic flourish, is all there.—
, The driver is motioned by the occupant to perform
a doable circle on the open plaza, and to rein up
in front of the astonished crowd IN STYLE! But
it was no go. The tricks and shallow pretensions
of Long John Wentworth (it was he) are as tit
miliar to the people of Washington now as they
were when he smuggled home, under his frank,
reams of public paper for his business in Chicago
—to say not a word of the number of dozens of
linen similarly treated, which legitimately belong
ed to the washer-woman of the District of Colum
bia. Here was John in all his glory, determined
to make a display to the last, but too pentagons to
hire a , fifty cent carriage, and willing to go for
twenty-fire, provided the flourish was performed,
and the circle cut.
Such are two of the Representatives in Congress
from Illinois. Lowe AT Meat Look at them
when they go in and come out before the people!
Look at them with their splendid equipages—with
servants and outriders in livery—after the royal
order of kingly ambassadors ! Look at them, as
they pace, with measured tread, Pennsylvania av
enue,—with their French fitting coats and boots,
their silken cravats, curled hair, and consequen
tial, lordly airs ! Heavens ! how they swell to
bursting! Do they put on all this among you?—
God forbid! They pack up their finery, leave it
in keeping at the French drapers, don their wool
en, homespun toggery, and go mousing about am
ong their constituents, the most roaring, rampant
Democrats in existence. Hero they are aristo
crats,—at home wolves in domestic sleep's cloth
ing. They are a living lie upon Democracy—a'
disgrace to the State—and a dishonor to their con
stituents. I attack no particular man on account
of his dress. But when men at home who claim
to be the exclusive, devoted friends of the hard
fisted, sun-burnt millions, come hero and ape the
pensioned Minister of the British Crown, they de
serve to bo held up to the reproach and contempt
of all mankind.
A Gentleman in Church
MIS' DE KNOWN BY TUE roLLowiNG 3IARKS
1. Conies in good season, so as neither to inter
rupt the pastor nor congregation by a late arrival.
3. Does not stop upon the steps or its the porti
co, either to gape at the ladies, salute friends, or
display his colloquial powers.
3. Opens and shuts the doors gently, and walks
deliberately up the aisle or gallery stairs, and gets
to his scat as quietly, and by making as few peo
ple move as possible.
4. Takes his seat in the back part of the pew,
or steps out into the aisle whets any one wishes to
pass in, and never thinks of such a thing as ma
king people crowd past him while keeping his place
in the pew.
5. Is attentive to strangers, and gives up his
scat to such, seeking another for himself.
G. Never thinks of defiling the house of God
with tobacco spit, or annoying those who sit near
him by chewing the nauseous weed.
7. Never, unless in case of illness, gets up and
goes out iu time of service. But if necessity com
pels him to do so, goes out so quietly that his very
manner is an apology for the act.
B. Does not engage in conversation before the
commencement of service.
9. Does not whisper, or laugh, or oat fruit iu
the house of Goa.
10. Dues not rush out of church, like a tramp
ing horse the moment the benediction is pronoun
ced, but retires slowly and quietly.
11. Does all ho can by precept and example to
promote decorum in others.
Cir Yankee Sullivan, the notorious prize fight
er whom Tom Byer bruised so badly a few mouths
ago, has mot an untimely end at Sacramento city,
California. Sullivan, it is stated, struck a man a
blow with his fist, and was shot dead with a pistol
by the person assailed.
aournaii.
LIFE IN CALIFORNIA.
The following description of life and trade in
California, is an extract from aletter recently pub
lished in the Hampshire Gazette, written by an
emigrant from West Hampton, in this State, to
his brother-in-law, residing in that place. As
there appears to be no doubt of its authenticity,
or of the accuracy of its details, it will serve to
give a distinct insight into the course of Bib oldie
adventures in that country, and some idea of the
dangers and hardships which they encounter:
PLEASANT VALLEY, May 30. 1850.
Dear Brother :—I arrived at San Francisco on
the 9th of September, after having sailed 23,700
miles in 168 days. I remained there but two days
and took passage to Sacramento City, which is
now called 104 miles from S. F. Wo were de
tained thorn until the Ist of OCtober, waiting fur
the ship to discharge her cargo, so that we could
get out our provisions; ono of the company being
left in San Francisco to attend to it.
At Sacremento, I had an offer to work at hay
ing fur $lO per day and found, which I then thought
was great wages. I worked five days on the burn
ing prairie, and quit—one of the company having
died upon the ground, and another afterwards.—
There were eleven of us haying, nearly all of !
whom came on the ship with me, and being so
long at sea could not stand a burning California!
sun. I was willing to quit, though I engaged for
ten days. I received for the five days, fifty Mexi
can dollars, and felt quite rich. We then bought
two yoke of oxen and a wagon, put our provisions
and mining tools on board, and started for "Red
ding's Diggings, 240 miles up the Sacramento.—
Two slays after starting, I was taken with the chills
and fever, and it lasted 12 days, every other day.
lAfter travelling within 12 miles of the diggings,
we learned by the hundreds who wore returning,
that nothing could be done at those mines, there
being no water to wash with. We crossed the
Sacramento by fording, and came back on this
river. When we had our tents pitched and every
thing ready for operation, the rainy season set in
in good earnest, and wo could not work.
We stayed there, or rather I stayed, about three
weeks, and then bid the company good bye, with
two out of five sick, and started for the lower coun
try, wishing California all sorts of bad wishes. I
had paid my portion, $ll5, into the company, and
I left it, taking one pan, two pails and a shovel.—
I travelled down the river some 40 miles and had
au offer from a trader of $5 per day and found, to
go to Sacramento City in a whale boat and bring
up a load of goods. Being rather short of funds,
and pork and hour each 1,25 per pottud, I embraced
the opportunity. I made two trips for him, which
took over twenty days. I then made him en of
fer for his boat, and finally bought it for ssoo—
in Boston about $75. I then went to
freighting on my own hook, and paid for the boat
the first trip, (8 days) lacking only $2O. I fol
lowed this until March, and having something
ahead in the world, I concluded I had worked hard
enought to quit and do something a little easier.
I then bought two boat loads, about 8,000 pounds
of various articles, and established a trailing post
where I now am, which is about 100 miles north
of Sacramento City. I have been buying and
selling, and have now on hand which will bring
$lO,OOO, though if you could be taken up and set
down in my store, you would judge it to be worth
$2OO or $3OO. Pork I sell at 75 cts. per lb., flour
40 cts., sideratus $3,00, pickles, 3,50 for quart jars,
cheese 2,00 per lb., butter 2,00, bar soap 1,00,
brown sugar 80 cts., coffee 80, dried peaches and
apples 1,25 per lb., potatoes 1,00, per lb., and
everything iu proportion. Onions, I sold my last
to-day for 2,00 per lb,, molasses 7,00 per gallon,
vinegar the same. These are California prices.—
The transportation from Sacriunento City here
costs me $35 for 100 lbs.
Though your papers are filled with all kinds of
"California News," you have never been here can
form no idea of California life. It will prove the
last resting place of tens of thousands, as the
graves everywhere by the road-sides already tes
tify. How they dare leave their homes in New
England to come to this Golgotha, I do not see;
especially young men, and men not accustomed
to hardships. If I had not an iron constitution I
should have been in my grave long ago. More
than twenty that I know of, who came on the ship
with me are dead, and how may more I know not.
I have slept on the ground ever since I left Sacra
mento city, with my blankets, sometimes waking
up half buried in water, and I have been n week
at a time with my blankets wringing wet, and im
possible to dry them, and this in the winter. Still
my health is as yet perfectly good.
I have, besides my business in trading, a claim
157 yards long on this rich branch, in connection
with five others, We have a race nine feet wide
at the bottom, and in some places eight feet deep
all ready to turn the water front the bed of the ri
ver, as soon as the water gets sufficiently low,
which will be I hope, in two or three weeks. 1
have some beautiful specimens of virgin gold, just
as it was thrown from the volcano. I have ono
piece which weighs $47,75, besides numerous
smaller ones. The largest piece I have seen,
which was found at the head of my race, weighed
$l2O.
Gold is found in all sizes and all shapes, and
there is no cud to it; still it is very hard to get.—
To have a right idea of gold digging in California
you must arm yourself with a crow bar, a pick,
one of your milk pans, and an iron spoon, and go
to the roughest rockiest place you can find iu West
hampton and sink a hole, say four or six feet square
to the bed rock, (grunite)—dont's stop short,—and
if by scraping the rock faithfully you find none,
try another hole and so on. But in the first place
pay 75 cents per lb. each for pork and flour enough
VOL. XV.---NO. 34.
to last you for a week or two, take two blankets,
' and select a place where the rattle snakes, lizzards
and scorpions will hold a general concert with you,
or a council of war over you, both day and night.
This country is alive with all of these reptiles. I
have killed plenty of rattle-snakes, and scorpions.
Lizzards are harmless its frogs. In sinking the
hole as mentioned above, you may find from ono
to five hundred dollars in dust.
The Whale's Strength.
The most dreadful display of the whale's strength
end prowess yet authentically recorded, was that
made on the American whale ship Essex, Captain
Pollard, which sailed front Nantucket for the Pa
cific Ocean itt August 1849. Late in the fall of
the same year, when in latitude forty of the South
Pacific, a school of sperm whales were discovered
mid three boats were manned and sent in pursuit.
The mate's boat was struck by one of them, and
he was obliged to return to the ship in order to re
pair the damage.
IVitile he was engaged in that work, a sperm
whale jedged to be eighty-three feet long broke
water twenty rods from the ship on her weather
how. lie was going at the rate of about three
knots an hour, and the ship at nearly the same
rate, when he struck the how of the vessel just
forward of her chains.
At the shock produced by the collision of two
such mighty masses of matter in motion, the ship
shook like a leaf. The seemingly malicious whale
dived and passed under the ship, grazing her keel,
and then appeared at about the distance of a ship's
length, lashing the sea with fins and tail, as if
suffering the most horrible agony. Ile was evi
dently hurt by the collision, and blindly frantic
with instinctive rage.
In a few minutes he seemed to recover himself,
and started with great speed across the vessel's
course to the windward. Meanwhile the hands
on board discovered the ship to be gradually set
tling down at the bows, and the pumps were to be
rigged. While the crew were working at them,
one of the men cried out "God, have mercy! ho
comes again."
The whale had turned at about forty rods from
the ship, and was making for her with double its
former speed, his pathway white with foam. Rush
ing ahead, he struck her again at the bow, and the
tremendous blow stove her in. The whale dived
under again, and disappeared, and the ship foun
dered in five minutes from the first collision. But
1 five souls out of the twenty were saved.
Benefit of Bathing.
The quantity of heat, perspiration or moisture
continually passing from the body is very great.—
Frequent exposure of the naked body to the air,
change of clothing, and bathing, arc necessary to
health. No person can be considered cleanly
without their observance.
"It may shock the feelings of a young lady,"
says Mrs. Farrar, in her Young Ladies' Friend,
"to be told that the large quantity of matter whirls
is continually passing off through the skin, has ass
individual odor, more or less disagreeable in dif
ferent persons. Now earls person is so accustom
ed to his own atmosphere, that he is no judge of
his odor; but, since most persons can recollect
some of their friends who affect them disagreeably
this way, all should hear in mind the possibility of
so offending others; and, though none of us can
change the nature of the atmosphere, which we are
always creating around us, we can prevent its be
musing a nuisance by the accumulation of excre
ted matter on the skin or in the clothing; we can,
by washing every part of the skin once in twenty
tints. hours, be sure of sending ollfresh exhalation..
flow to Cure a Cold.
Of all means of killing colds, fasting is themost
effectual. Let whoever has a cold, eat nothing
whatever for two days, and his cold will be gone,
provided he is not confined in bed—because, by
taking no carbon into the system by food, but con
suming that surplus whirls caused his disease, by
removing the cause. And this plan of fasting will
be found more effectual if ho adds copious water
drinking to protracted fasting. By the time a per
son is able to be about, but sullbrim however se
verely from cold, has tasted ono entire day and
night, he will begin to experience a relief, a light
ness, a freedom from pain, and a cleaniess of mind
in delightful contrast with that mental stupor and
physical pain caused by colds. And how infinite
ly better is this method of breaking up colds and
freeing the system of disease, than medicines, es
,
pecially than violent poisons.
Superstitions regarding Friday.
It is strange, tint Friday is regarded, in all coun
tries, as a peculiar day. in England it is gener
ally considered unlucky; and many people will
nut commence any undertaking on that day : and
most sailors believe that the vessel is sure to be
wrecked that sails on Friday. If u marriage takes
place on that day, the old wives shake their heads
and predict all kinks of misfortunes to the bride
and bridegroom; nay, they oven go so the as to
pity the children who are so unlucky •as to be born
on Friday. In Germanny, on the contrary, Fri
day is considered a lucky day for weddings, com
mencing new undertakings, or other memorable
events; and the reason of this superstition is said
to be the ancient belief; that the witches and nor
, corers held their weekly meerings on this day;
and of course, while they were amusing them
,elves with dancing, and riding on broomsticks
around the Blocksbcrg, they could have no time to
work any evil.
Cherish a love for justice, truth, self-control,
benevolence. Be governed b.l them in all things.
Swerve not front the right. thr any present advan
tage. In all rireuus•tances show thy,ult a luau in
unflinching rectitude.