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CORRBOT PRESCIPLISSUPPORTRD BY TRUTH.]
Tuesday Morning, May 28, 1850.
The ..liinirixonon JOURNAL" is publishedat
Ma following rates, viz : $1,73 a year, if paid
In advance ; $2,90 if paid storing the year, and
*2 1 50 if not paid until after the expiration of
tha year. The above terms to be adhered to in
No subscription taken for less than six months,
and no paper discontinued until all arrearages
are paid, unless ut the option of the publisher.
On account of the difficulties heretofore ex
perienced in collecting pay for publishing Audi
tor's Notiess, we have determined to insert none
hereafter unless paid in advance, or the pay
ment is assumed by some responsible person.
Our charge is $ 1,25
0:3 ,- Hod. S. CALVIN will please accept our
thanks for a copy of his able and well-timed re
marks on the correspondence of the British min ,
inter, Sir Henry L. Bulwer, on the subject of
the Tariff'. Mr. Calvin has reviewed this cor
respondence in the true spirit, and forcibly pro.
claimed the sentiments of his district in relation
to it. We shall publish this speech in our next.
IX r The weather, very fortunately, is getting
warm, ar.d H. & J. Armca give the citizens a
timely hint, in our columns, to sere coot.—
They propose to aid all who call on them, in do
ing so, by furnishing them with Ica CREAM.—
TI,) , have a well arranged establishment, with
• legant Saloon for the Ladies, and they de
mo ye encouragement.
The man who never subscribes for a paper,
but always borrows his neighbor's the moment
it comes to hand, is a mean fellow, and should
be treated as such. We therefore advise sub
ecribers never to lend their paper to those who
are abundantly able to subscribe. It is unjust
to the publisher—a sort of petty larceny of his
labor—which honest people should frown down.
The man who is able to take a paper, and de
pends entirely on his neighbor's, would
at least he is mean enough to do so.
The Cars are Coming!
We are unable to state what day the Cars will
arrive in Huntingdon, but from the best infor
mation we can• receive, our citizens nay expect
to hear the "snort" of the Steam Horse, before
they are ore week older.
DZATII.—Mr. WILLIAM RICTNOLDS, of
Hollidayaburg, extensively known as a landlord,
died suddenly on Saturday last, of A ppoplexy, at
the Exchange Hotel, kept by his son.
The Cuban Expedition.
There is nu longer any doubt that the attempt
is to be made—if it has not already been com
menced—to wrest the Island of Cuba from the
Spanish authorities. The first of the expedition
has already sailed, numbering some four or five
thousand men, most of whom, as well as officers
in commend, were engaged in the Mexican war.
With this force, at the head of which is General
Narciso Lopez, it is proposed to effect a landing,
immediately after which, an equal if not a larger
force, now in rapid course of organization, will
be despatched to their aid. It is said that 10,000
men have already been enlisted, and that the ad
vance portion have 100 pieces of artillery. The
second expedition, it is said, is to be under the
command of Gen. Quitman. The whole affair
has bean conducted with great secrecy, and with
more careful calculation and preparation than
the last. But notwithstanding this secrecy, the
Spanish authorities have taken alarm, and are
prepared to give the invaders a stout resistance,
so that the Island, if it is to be conquered, can
be so only after a most desperate conflict, for
the Spanish troops are for the most part well
disciplined and brave.
The adventurers calculate largely upon aid
from the inhabitants of Cuba, to whom, as well
an to the army, Gen. Lopez has issued addresses
declaring his purposes to be to liberate the Isl
and, and inviting their co-operation. He appeals
to the soldiers as their former General, and in
vites them to join his standard. We learn also,
from a reliable source, that the schism which has
heretofore existed between a portion of the pa
triots of Cuba and Gen.. Lopez, in consequence
of objections to Gen. Lopez's plan, has been
healed, Gen. L. having convinced them of the
entire feasibility of the plan he proposes, and
that the Coniejo Ciebano, which is composed of
a large number of the most wealthy and distin
guished portion of the creole Cuban population,
is now moving with energy in order to raise and
organize an additional force of 1,000 men, to co
operate with General Lopez. For this purpose
1,000 stand of arms of different descriptions have
been purchased, and are now in possession of
the agents of the Consejo Cuba., which body
has delegated Sr. Pedro de Aguero to make all
necessary al rangements in this country to pro
mote their designs.
In accordance with our treaty stipulations,
the President has directed a natal force to pro
ceed to Cuba, end prevent any band of men, or
ganized in the United States, from landing.
0:7 - Since the above was in type we have re
ceived news of the landing of Gen. Lopez and
his forces, in Cuba, which will be found in
QT “Cottage" Post Office, in this county,
has been discontinued.
CG'"The name of the Post Office at Baileyville,
Centre county, is changed to “Stover's Place."
Ol:r The Locofoco Convention of this State,
to nominate candidates for Canal Commissioner
and other officers, at the next election, is to as
semble at Williamsport to-morrow.
The Locofoco Legislature of MO.
It is a source of no little mortification and re
gret to be compelled to confess that the past ses
sion has been one of no great credit either to
the State, or any political party.—Huntiogdon
Globe, May 21.
The history of the Legislature of 1850 will be
a blot upon the fair character of Pennsylvania,
and our only consolation is in the hope, that a
similar body of BANK-BOUGHT TRAITORS
may never again be assembled as a Legislative
body.—Carlisle Volunteer, May 23.
An honest confession is said to be good for
the soul; and we hope our friends of the Globe
and Volunteer feel easier and breathe freer after
the above candid announcements. From the con.
tre to the circumference of our good old Com
monwealth, the honest men and presses of all
parties justly unite in condemning the last Lnco
Foco Legislature as the most corrupt that ever
disgraced this or any other State. It stands
unparalleled. in the history of Pennsylvania Le
gislation. Under the lead of such vile and no
torious political prostitutes as Packer and Porter,
the larger and more unscrupulous portion of the
Locofoco members went all lengths in their
"bitter end" opposition to our patriotic Gover
nor, and exhibited a REVOLUTIONARY spir
it so outrageous and treasonable in its design and
tendency, that it should, and doubtless will, con
sign its authors to an immortality of infamy.—
In their desperation, these "bitter enders" reek
' toasty violated their official oaths, trampled upon
the Constitution, and shook the very Temple of
Freedom to its centre, in their high-handed and
infamous attempts to subserve the paltry inter
ests of party, and add to their own self-aggran
dizement, by DISFRANCHISING a very large
portion of the Tax Payers of the Commonwealth.
They basely belied their professions, sacrificed
their political principles, and violated all their
solemn pledges to the people who elected them !
Unable to withstand the powerful influence of
money, they all of a sudden change front on the
Bank question, and, (in the emphatic langnage
of a Locofoco cotemporary,) "become the warm
and strong friends and advocates of CORPORA
TIONS, and create a host of worthless BANKS
to rob and ruin the People !" Certainly no par
ty can. Tong sustain itself against such recurring
examples of baseness and corruption. For years
past, the Locofoco leaders have gulled the peo
ple with the cry of "anti-Bank" and "no char
tered monopolies ;" but the hypocrites, tempted
by the love of gain, in their reckless boldness
have at last thrown of the mask, and stand un
disguised in their true characters before the peo•
ple theyhave so wickedly deceived and betrayed.
These Locofocos sold themselves, "body and
breeches" to the Bank agents, and, in the lan
gunge of our Locofoco friend of the Carlisle Vol
unteer, "were always ready to listen to any
corrupt proposition that it was found necessary
to maze!" With this beautiful specimen of
Locofoco consistency, explodes the "anti-Bank"
humbug! For the honor of our ancient Com
monwealth, we hope that such a body of political
knaves and "BANK-BOUGHT TRAITORS"
may never again desecrate the Halls of Legis
For the benefit of our Locofoco readers, we
re-publish the following extracts from the Car
lisle Volunteer, an ultra Locofoco paper, in re
gard to the doings of its own party, in the last
Legislature. The editor is a skilful artist, and
presents a perfect daguerreotype likeness of this
thing called Locofocoism. Look at it :
~W e do think there was more TREACHERY
of Democratic members in the last Legislature
than was ever exhibited in any previous one.—
Men who were elected because they professed
to hold to-certain political principles, basely and
treacherously abandoned their professions," &c.
and "assisted in PASSING MANY INFAMOUS
MEASURES." "The several BANKS apply
ing for re-charter found these 'fishy Democrats'
always ready to /wen to any CORRUPT PRO
POSITIONS that it was found necessary to
make! Several insolvent BANKS thus obtain
ed charters, that they might continue to rob the
people. The applicants for SPECIAL PRIVI
LEGES, too, found a sufficient number of DEM
OCRATS ready and willing to join in passing
such measures as they desired. The Reading
Railroad Company could even farce through the
Legislature an act by which said company could
REPUDIATE ITS DEBTS—amounting to
millions—and thus put at defiance its deceived
and ruined creditors." "Other measures, all
equally INFAMOUS in character, and FOR
WHICH DEMOCRATS VOTED, might be
Such, reader, is Locofocoism in 1850 ! How
do you like it 1 Deposit your answer in the
ballot box, on the 2d Tuesday of October next.
liaising of Salaries.
The Harrisburg Telegraph calls attention to
the fact that the late Legislature became very
liberal with the people's money after they voted
themselves three dollars a day for the whole
session. They raised the salaries of the Canal
Commissioners from three to FOU R DOLLARS
per day, and those of all the Heads of Depart
ments. But the Governor, being a Whig, was
deemed unworthy of the liberality extended to
others, and was therefore left with the salary as
it was cut down by the reform bill.
Among the many outrages committed on the
People by the late Locofoco Legislature, this one
of raising the salaries of the Canal Commission
ers, is among the most flagrant: It is well known
that these officers are not engaged with the pat.-
lie business more than one-fourth of their time,
and therefore were well paid by getting three
dollars per day for the whole year. But the
Locofocos want money for their electioneering
fund, and so they vote it to their office holders,
and then levy contributions on them for the ex
tra amount of public money thus given them.
The Juniata Sentinel gives the particulars of
a distressing slieide in Miffiintown, on Tuesday
of last week. The sash act was committed by
Mr. Abram Getz, and is supposed to have been
caused by pecuniary difficulties. He attached a
short rope to a steeple about four or five feet
from the floor, and there, in a sitting posture,
hung himself. He was a young man in the
prime of life, and leaves a wife and young child
to mourn his loss.
Da — See new advertisements.
Whither We are Tending.
lion Alfred Kelly, President of the Cleve
land, Columbus and Cincinnati Railroad, who
went to England early in April has succeeded in
purchasing 5,000 tons of rails, sufficient to iron
that road. The iron will be sent forward at once
via Quebec. No previous arrangement has been
made on equally favorable terms. Mr. Kelly
has also negotiated at a goodprice the Bonds of
his Company to an amount sufficient to pay for
the above iron."
Were this an isolated case, it might pass
without comment; but when we consider that
these five thousand tons of British Rails arebut
a part of five hundred thousand recently procur
ed already purchased or about to be contracted
for we bespeak for the subject a thoughtful at
At this moment, while our chief staples for
export are bringing good prices—Cotton an un
usually high one—and our Country is in full pos
session of all the elements of prosperity, we are
rushing swiftly, madly into debt to Europe. Na
tional stocks, State stocks, Railroad bonds and
other forms of indebtedness, are weekly sent
across the Atlantic in reams, to purchase the
products of British and Continental industry.—
In the full enjoyment of Peace, Health, plente
ous Harvests and all that should make a nation
thrifty and independent—a wise, frugal and far.
seeing Public Economy alone excepted—we are
running in debt at the rate of no leas than Fifty
Millions per annum. At least one-third of our
Iron-Works are now closed, and most of the res
idue working feebly and dubiously—while we
are buying Iron of Great Britian by the five
thousand tons at a dash, and giving our notes for
it. Foreign Silks come in upon us by the Twen
ty Millions' worth, but our own infant Silk fac
tories are fast dying out. British Cotton and
Woolen Fabrics are flooding the whole land in
unparalleled profusion, while American facto,'
les are shutting up, or beginning to work short
time. And the fools not being all dead, the
Union tells the people that this slacking work
is nothing but a trick of the manufacturers to
drive Congress into an increase of the Tariff!
All these fabrics we are so giddily running in
debt for might easily be made here without di
minishing in the least the efficiency of our undis
turbed employments. With a Tariff that would
set every factory, forge and foundry in full oper
ation, there would be not less but more Agricul
tural production than there now is. Every mill
or forge started would be an added market for
Fruits, Vegetables, Dairy Products, &c., and
would set hands at work to supply them. The
land now meagerly employing ten men in wheat
growing would profitably occupy one hundred
in gardening. With a Tariff which would ensure
the production on our own soil of the Fifty Mill
ions' worth of products that we are this year
running in debt for we should produce all beside
that we now shall. The Labor now crouches
and crowds in our cities and villages, o r rambles
idly and wishfully over our broad lands in quest
of work or game, that would set all the wheels
and trip-hammers going that are now rusting
unused. Moral evil crowds on the heels of phy
r sleet want and uncertainty of subsistence. If
Great Britain would make our Iron and Cloth for
nothing, it would be unwise to accept the offer.
A Nation needs to do as well as to receive, and
the varied Education of its Physical is essential
to the full development of its Intellectual and
How long can this running in debt go on 1—
Suppose our Foreign creditors would never want
the principle we owe them, is there not some
limit to our National ability to pay interest 1—
How are we ever to pay Twenty or Thirty
Millions of Interest per annum if we cannot now
pay for what we are annually consuming?
We lay no blame on the buyers of Iron and
Cloth, individual or corporate; the laws of
trade tell them to 'buy in the cheapest market,'
and no company will justify its oflkers in paying
fifty dollars per ton for American Rails when
British can be had for forty. So long as our
ports are open, the British will rule the market.
But we are nevertheless confident that it would
be far better for the Railroads themselves if the
Tariff were made strictly Protective. The dif
ference in the cost of Iron would hardly be felt,
while the difference in transportation and trav
el could hardly fail to be. One factory or foun
dry at work in this country makes more business
for our Railroads than ten suchin Europe, though
their products were all consumed here. Bear
witness Massachusetts and Virginia!
The time must come—we do not say when—
that the fabric of what now seems Prosperity
must tumble into ruin. It is not built on a rock
but a treacherous quicksand, which any moment
may set afloat. A tumble in Cotton, a panic in
Stocks, a political commotion in England, a gen
eral convulsion on the continent, a run on the
banks of the Sacramento which shall compel
them to stop disgorging—any of these or a doz
en other casualties may bring the whole cob
house about our business men's ears. And a
good many who see this and mean to step out
just in season, will find themselves a moment
too late.—.N. Y. Tribune.
Congress.---The Slavery Question.
We have but little news from Washington
worth retailing. The Census Bill has at length
been passed finally. Mr. Clay's Compromise
plan is still under diseussion'in the Senate.
We agree with the Redding Journal that this
Compromise is extremely one-cided. The ad
vantages are for the most part with the South.
The only concessions made to the North are the
admission of California, and the abolition of the
Slave Trade in the District—both of which we
may justly claim as rights. On the other hand
we are required to recognize and pay for the
piratical claim of Texas to a territory over
which, as we think, she has no right; to turn
slave-catchers for the South and to submit to the
probable, almost certain formation of two or
three additional Slave States out of the territory
wrested from Mexico. Of the two we conceive
the President's plan to be the more favorable
to the North, as it admits California without
concesaions of any kind.
U The Whigs of Ohio have nominated Wu.
JOHNSTON, of Cincinnati, as their candidate for
Governor. Like our own Johnston, he will
take the stump.
IMPORTANT NEWS FROM CUBA.
successful Landing of the Expeditionists !
THE FIRST BATTLE
Victory by the InTasionists.
By the arrival at New York, yesterday after
noon, of the Ohio from Havana, we have recei
ved the following important intelligence, for
which our correspondent is mainly indebted to
the New York Tribune and Sun. By this arri
val we are in receipt of the important news of
the successful landing of the Cuban Expedition
and the commencement of a general Revolution
throughout the Island of Cuba! A battle has
been fought resulting, in victory over the Span
ish troops !
Gen. Lopez landed at Cardenas, about 00
miles from Havana, on the 17th inst., with about
500 men, and took possession of the town. The
garrison consisted of one company of about 60
men, who made but a slight resistance. They
were driven into a church, and after losing three
men killed, they surrendered.
Cardenas is a small sea port on the northern
coast of Cuba about 120 miles east of Havana,
and 60 from Matanzue. It does not contain
more than 5 or 6000 inhabitants.
The general landed in the steamer Creole,
which left New Orleans on the 7th inst.
Several other vessels left New Orleans previ
ous to the Creole, containing in all 12 or 12 hun
dred men, but where they are to land is not
On the 16th news was received that a large
body was collected on "Woman's" Island, near
The Genera ofMarrines, with several vessels
andabout 3000 men, startedimmediately fos that
Just before the Ohio left the Spanish steamer
Pazaro came in with 105 prisoners. It was said
that they were mostly Germans and Irish.
The report was that they were to be shot that
day at 12 o'clock, or at least one out of every
ten ; the balance to be confined in the dungeons
of Moro Castle.
The force on the Creole, with which Gen.
Lopez effected the landing, is but a small part of
It was reported that Lopez had broken up the
Railroad to Cardenas in several places.
It is known that some ten or twelve vessels
have left New Orleans and different parts of the
Gulf, probably to land simultaneously at differ
Tne greatest excitement existed in Havana,
amounting to a panic. The city was under mar
tial law, and several thousand militia had been
enrolled, and arms were being given them.
The resident foreigners were called upon to
enrol. There were 1500 troops at Matanzas,
and 800 were despatched from Havana at 1
o'clock, A. M., of the 20th, to reinforce them
and march against Lopez.
It was rumored that the force under Lopez
had increased to- 2000, and that he was already
half way to Matanzas.
The merchants and bankers in Havana are re
moving their money, &c., to the Fort for safety.
The Ohio, Georgia, and Falcon were compelled
to anchor at the entrance of the harbor. Cap.
Soitesca protested through the American Conn
sul, to the Captain General, and demanded a safe
anchorage, but was refused, and told he might
go to sea as soon as he pleased. None of the
passengers were permitted to go on shore except
those having passports. No communication
was allowed between the passengers, not even
between the officers, until a permit was obtain
ed from the Captain General.
General Appropriation Bill.
The General Appropriation Bill, passed by the
State Legislature, makes the following appro.
Salaries of the Governor, Secretary,
Dep. Sec., A uil. Gen., Sur. Gen.,
Att. Gen., Adj. Gen., Treasurer,
Librarian, Clerk hire in the State
Departments, &c. $20,357 10
Contingent expenses of Executive
and State DeP's. including the de
partment of Common Schools,
Contingent ex. of Auditor's, Treas
urer's and Sur. General's offices, 3,330 00
Ex. of Legislature, including pay of
members, clerks, &c., & to meet
deficiency of last year's approp.
Public Printing and Binding,
Publishing and distributing State
Laws and Journals,
Public grounds-and buildings,
The State Library,
Borough of Harrisburg for supplying
public buildings with water, 1,816 00
Miscellaneous objects, including the
publication of proposed amend
ment to the Constitution, relative
to the election of Judges,
Pensions and Gratuities,
House of Refuge, 6,000 00
Penn's. Institute for the Blind, 0,000 00
do do Deaf and Dumb, 15,767 85
Eastern & Western Penitentiaries,
salaries of officers, &c.,
Expenses of the Judiciary, arrears
of salaries, &c.,
Interest on certificates to domestic
Payment of guarantees to Railroad
and Navigation companies,
Payment of int. on State debt due
in Aug. and Feb. next, 2,000,000 00
Repairs, improvements and motive
power on the State works,
Salaries of collectors, weighmast
Salaries of Canal Commiss'rs. and
Payment of debts for repairs on the
Repairs of damages to public works
which may occur by flood or fire, 30,000 00
Repair of farm & road bridges over
State canals and railroads, &c.,
Completion of West. Reservoir, and
survey of a route to avoid Inclin
ed planes of the Allegheny and
Portage Railroad, 46,500 00
Completion of North Branch canal, 250,000 00
Repair of schute of Shamokin dam, 2,000 00
Completion of Pennsylvania State
Damages awarded by Canal Com
Other awards for pensions, dama
A correspondent of the N. Y. Tribune, who
has been for some time collecting statistics of
the present state of the Iron business through.
out Pennsylvania, has ascertained that of six
hundred Furnaces in this State, two handtedand
seventy five are now in the hands of the Sheriff,
and of three hundred and twenty Iron Forges one
hundred and six are likewise in the Sheriff's
hands. A great Iron-roaster the Sheriff would
seem to be. Now is it possible that tools are
ouch fools that anybody believes all these fail
ures and stoppage' are contrived by the Iron
men in order to raise a clamor for the revision
of the Tariff
For the Hnntingdon Journal,
Me. Chem, :—lt has been some time since
our last communication appeared on the subject
of American Aristocracy; but we hope the mat
ter has not entirely escaped the memory of your
numerous readers. Our attention was occupied
with other etibjects of a different nature, and
perhaps of nearly us much importance.
At the close of our last article, we believe,
we said, what we hail then written might suffice
for the present on the affirmative of the question.
What we have thus far said, has been to show,
from the concurrent tendency of circumstances
transpiring every day, the existence of what we
thought might very appropriately be termed
American. Aristorraey. For this is the only
name we could think of, by which it could easi
ly be distinguished, as that which is generally
denominated Aristocracy in this country, has
never been shawl, ro have any other origin than
that which lies in the shadowy mists of corrup
tion existing in the perverted fancies and distort
ed minds of those whose intellects, from infancy,
have taken a wrong bias, through the influence
of whims of deating mothers, and stern decrees
of bigoted fathers. No connection or similarity
can be traced between Aristocracy, taken in its
original and proper sense, and that, as it exists
among us. And as the latter exists without any
tangible nr even perceptible basis, and without
the least foundation in the nature of things, be
cause it is inconsistent with itself, it is therefore
hard to define it, or give it an appropriate name.
We have titled it what we have, because noth
ing else more suitable suggested itself to our
mind. It is formless, and therefore soulless,
and without any definite existence. It is the de
velopement of the most consummate pusillanim
ity, or little-mindedness, that has ever been
practically exhibited since the days of Peter the
Hermit. It is emphatically° Aid goneris. We
promised to examine the subject also negative
ly, and we shall endeavor to do so.
The name, Aristocracy, was first applied to
those governments whose legislative and exact,
tive powers were exclusively vested in a cer
tain number of individuals, who, from their po
sition, and the nature of the interests to lie
controlled, as well as from the manner of their
acquiring and assuming the reins of government.
were denominated the nobility. This class of
persons were not dependent on the popular will
for their positions, nor amenable to it for the
abuse of their power, because the rights and ti
tles to their respective positions were all iuher•
itcd. All other prerogatives, privileges and
distinctions were ancestral legacies, withoutbe
ing influenced the least by any incidental or col
lateral circumstances. No deference is awarded
to the opinion, wish, interest or welfare of the
subject to be controlled by the laws of such gov
ernments; no reference had to character and
ability to legislate and rule; and no regard giv
en to the consequences attending such barbarous
and tyrannical assumption of power and the nat
ural rights and privileges of fellow-beings.—
There was a marked distinction between the ru
ler and the ruled, and no apparent connection of
interests, except so far as was necessary to sub
serve the purposes of the former. The most
prominent, arid we might say, the indispensably
necessary element in an aristocratic system of
government, is hereditary affluence; without
which, we think, it woad have been difficult to
conceive, form and establish such a system.
Such is the nature and character, in few words,
of a government of Aristocracy, and to such on.
ly can that appellation be applied. Now it must
he apparent, that if what we have above alluded
to be the fact—if the term Aristocracy can be
applied only to such governments or institutions
involving such principles as we have indicated,
there cannot possibly exist any Aristocratic in.
stitutions among us. No institution, of any na
ture, established for the most benevolent and
humane purpose, with the most powerful con
centration of wealth. aided by the mightiest and
loftiest geniuses the literary woild has ever pre
duced—no system of principles, however pure in
themselves, however exalted, howe-er grand,
can possibly, in this country, rear itself an he
reditary affluence or distinction, or ensure itself,
on that account, the least degree of durability.
For the wealthiest man in our land, if he will
but cast a single glance back into the past, or
even look around him, cannot but see many of
his friends and relations who have been, or still
are, very much poverty-stricken, and without a
title of any description, evenof the lowest order.
And, moreover, the principles on which our gov
ernment is established are of such a nature, that
no Aristocratic institution, of any kind, can find
the least protection under the supervision of its
laws. We all exist on one grand, glorious prin
ciple of Equality. Every man has an Equal
Right. Our government acknowledges no he
reditary tttles—no hereditary distinctions—no
hereditary wealth. Among us, a beggar by birth
may become the greatest Statesman of his age,
and by the power and force of his eloquence
may wield the popular will at pleasure. He may
ascend Fame's topmost pinracle and stand where
angels almost "fear to tread." He may sit in
the chair of State, or turn the wheels of.govern
ment, whilst those who olive spurned him from
their presence because he was poor, friendless,
and born in obscurity, dare not regard them
selves half his equals in point of excellence and
moral worth. He may, by a single glance of
his piercing eye, and the thundering tones of his
thrilling eloquence, strike terror to the faction
ist, and quell the rising mob. He may, by the
irresistible power of his logic, and the convin
cing force of his similies, infuse panic in the in
surrectionist, and cause the dietillionist to stand
in ewe. He may acquire all the indomitable
energy of Hannibal, and like him, traverse the
rugged Alps, and thunder at the gates of Rome.
Who was Heiser CLAY, before he tasked the
powers of his mind I A poor, obscure, friend
less boy, inhabiting the western wilds of Vir
ginia—despised by the rich, and ridiculed by the
thoughtless anti the gay. None to direct him,
or mark the course of his future pursuit. He
conceived the plan of his success in the retired
solitudes of his own mind, and developed it by
the persevering energy and strength of his own
intellect, and is now regarded by every true pa
triot and lover of liberty, as the great champion
of American Freedom—American Rights—and
Such is the nature of the principles of our gov
ernment, and such the privileges guaranteed to
every man, be he a Dives, or be he a Lazarus.
Many of those who now stand most prominent
in the literary world, who have been the means
of blessing our nation, and the entire civilized
portion of mankind, and diffusing light in dark
recesses of benighted barbarism, by their labors
and researches in the arts and sciences, are those
who existed many days on the cold charities of
an unfeeling world, and exposed themselves to
the chilling wind and piercing cold of a winter's
day. But although it may be acknowledged by
all that Aristocracy cannot and does not exist
among us, in its primitive sense, yet there are
many who will still allege that many of its fea
ture, 'are here, that there is something in its
nature and tendency equally as had and injurious
in effect. Well, this we do not pretend to deny.
There is something among us of a very blighting
and withering tendeney,and often produces very
painful consequences. There is a course or con
duct adopted by many, even in this town, which,
in the light they look at it, is of an ennobling
and elevating nature. But, in the light of rea
son, it will all vanish as the “morning cloud and
early dew" before the rays of the sun.
conduct is practised only by those who have nut
sense enough to distinguish right from wrong.—
It is almost universally the case, that whn you
converse with those who consider themselves
"the Aristocracy," you will discover that they
do not possess real good common sense. They
want judgment, and ate influenced altogether by
some leading passion of their distorted minds.— . .
Anil yet when you near them talk, they always
give you to understand and would make you be
lieve, that they are the salt of the earth and fat of
the land ; that what they do is the result of ma
ture judgment, and the only thing to elevate so-.
ciety and hi-ss mankind. And in forming such
opinion of their own judgment of things, they
most always despke the mechanic, and all those
who labor with their hands, and support them
selves and their families by hard work. And
they are never seen walking the streets with
mechanics, nor standing talking to them long,
nor are their daughters permitted to walk with
tnechaniee, because they would thereby be de-'
graded, or they themselves might smelt them.—
But this will do for this time, PLEBS.
iluntinidan, May 185.0.
New School Law.
The bill regulating Common Scheo ar itY
passed the House of Representatives previous to>
its adjournment, repeats the 256, 26th, 27tb, ,
20th and 29th sections of the act' of 1840, reli- •
tive to public schools, and re-enacts the Gth aria
ith sections of the act of• 1838, relative to the•'
same subject. The board of Directors of any'
School District have the power, if they see fit,.
to allot the collection of school taxes to the low
tes and best bidder, under such terms as they
may regulate and prescribe t Provided, that se
curity shall in no case be taken in a sum less
than double the amount of taxes asseesed in said
district. The cotnpensation to a collector is not
to exceed five per cent. on the amount of money
collected and paid over by such collector on his
duplicates. The School Directors of every dis
trict in the State shall annually, on or before the •
first Monday in May, and by the vote of not less
than four members of the Board, levy such an
amount of tax on their district as shall, together
with such additional sums as the district may re
ceive out of the State Treasury, and from other
sources, be sufficient to keep the schools open
according to the terms of this act, and shall es
tablish a sufficient number of schools to educate
every itplividual of the age of five years and up
wards, residing in the district. The School Di
rectors are to determine the length of time du
ring which the schools shall be kept itioperation.
Provided, that in no district shall they be kept
open less than three months, and that the amount
of tax levied shall not exceed five mills on each
dollar of valuation for any one year. This law
shall continue in force during the next current
school year, ending on the first Monday in June
1851 ; after which no change shall be made, un
less requested by a majority of the taxable in
habitants of any district voting on the question.
Mrs. Osgood's Last Poem.
The gifted poetess, Mrs. Frances S. Osgood,
died in New York on Sunday night a week, in •
her 40th year. All the readers of our popular
literary magazines are familiar with her beauti
ful poetry;and while deeply regretting her de
cease, will read with melancholy feelings the
following lines, which were penned about a week.
before her death, and addressed to "a young girt
who came one evening to amuse her by making
paperiflowers, and teaching her to make them."'
We find them in the Boston Transcript :
You've woven roses round my way,
And gladdened all my being;'
How much I thank you none can say
Save only the All-seeing.
May He who gave this lovely gift,
This love of lovely doings,
Be with you wheresoe'er you go,
In ev'ry hope's pursuings.
I'm going thro' the Eternal gates
Ere June's sweet roses blow
Death's lovely angel leads me there—
And it is sweet to go.
The Iron Business.
The Pittsburgh American states that
of the 121 live furnances—that is, those
recently in blast, or capable, from loca
tion and resources for stock, again blow
ing —situated in the counties of Mercer,
Vettango, Clarion, Armstrong, Indiana,
Cambria, Westmorland and Fayette,.
which compromise the Iron regions of
Western Pennsylvanian, but 59 are now
in blast, producing 47,200 tons per an
num. The whole number of furnaces
make, when in operation, 97,600. This
shows a net loss in the industrial pro
ducts of the country of 50,000 tons an
nually. That this cannot be attributed
to their being no demand, is shown by
the fact that, in the years when the pro
duction is greatest, the prices were high
er. In this view, then, the actual loss
may be stated in money thus :
97,900 tons, at an average of $3O per
4.7,200 tons, at its present average,
4322 per ton, 1,034,400•
We have an amount of loss to these
counties of $1,893, 609
Sad as this picture is, a still sadder
one is in prospect. Of these 59 furna
ces stated to be in operation, the Amer
icans tells us that about two-thirds are
making their last blast, and that in the
year 1851 but 20 of them, probably not
so many, will be at work. It is useless,
to view of such things, for the oracles
of free trade to tell us that Pennsylvania
has her interests sufficiently protected
by the present Tariff. It is easy when.
such pictures as the above are presented
for Locofocos to cry out that the Whigs
are endeavoring to get up another panic,
but it is not so easy to make the people
of Pennsylvania believe they are pros
perous whet, desolation stalks rampart
in their midst.
FARMER'S CONVENTJON.-This Agricultural
Society of Philadelphia, with a view to founding
a State Agricultural Society, has issued a circu
lar reccommending a Farmers' Convention to
be held at Harrisburg on the third Tuesday of
January next. The proposal will, we doubt not
be responded to from e very quarter of the Stale.