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COMO? fRINCIPLW...4UPPORTZD ET TRUTH.]
iluvrrlGDoN, TUESDAY, JAN. 29 1850
The "MINT tma nos JOURNAL" is published at
the following rates, viz : $1,75 a year, if paid
to advance $9...,00 if paid during the year, and
if not paid until after the expiration of
the The above terms to be adhered to in
No subscription taken for leis than six months,
and no papsr discontinued until all arrearages
are paid, unless at the option of the publisher.
Mreol. CORN YN will please accept our thanks
for numerous highly prized raVors.
Hon S. CALvIN will also accept our thanks
for Cavort tram Washington.
President's Message relative to Cal-
On our first page will be found the Message
of President TAYLOR, Covering the replies to
the resolutions offered in the House of Represen
tatives by Mr. VRRABLF, on the last of Decem.
her. Like every other paper (says the Daily
Sun) emenating from the present executive it is
simple, manly, concise and to use an expression
which has become parliamentary, faces the
tousle." The President uses his words to make
himself plainly understood, not to involve and
mystify his measures. This message is a mile
stone in the annals of our country-it forms an
era from whence we may date the commence
ment of moderate measures and subdued feelings
en the hitherto great vexed Territorial Ques
tion. It must exercise an important influence,
and have a wholesome effect upon the entire
country. If the Washington Union did not un
derstand the President's position NMI his an
nual message, there can nose Le no mistake. for
the special message, in as it were, a paraphrase
of the mode of policy adverted io in the preVi-
Gus and more elaborate communication. Gen.
TAYLOR offers no speculations and indulges in
sin hypothetical schemes, but recommends a di
re:t and safe mode of settling the geographi
cal controversy" which fanaticism, both from
the North and South, has sprung upon ds.
This admirable message coveis the enfire
ground of controversy, and places air rtgiS be
fore the peace of the Union, to protect fThm
those convulsions, which experience has slaithi
es will attend any form of legislation upon those
delicate and peculiar" subjects which must be
left to the people themselves to settle and quiet.
There is not a patriot in the country, who will
not feel relief at the noble disposition which the
President has made of this matter; there is not
and individual, whatever be his party associa
tions, who will not in his heart feel that the
“Palinurus" now at the helm of State, is a vig
ilant awl trusty pilot, who will never sleep at
his post. The whole subject is one of the gra
vest importance, and this message shows how
easily we may avoid all impending difficulties.
InrHoll. Jon.v Roan, died at his residence in
Carlisle, on the evening of the 19th inst., of
typhus fever. The deceased was at one time
Judge of the district composed of Cumberland, I
Perry and Juniata. He stood high as a Judge,
a Lawyer and a citizen, and his death will be
generally lamented by those who enjoyed the
pleasure of his acquaintance.
WAIIRtNGTON'S FAREWELL ArionEss.---Mr.
Clay offered a resolution in the U. S. Senate on
Thursday last, to purchase the original manu
script of Washington's Farewell Address, which
lifter some captious objections to it, was finally
passed. It will doubtless be concurred in by
the House and this valuable relic be thus se
cured to our National Library at Washington.
The manuscript is to be cold on the 12th Feb
ruary next, at the Merchant's Exchange, in
Philadelphia, as a part of the effects of the late
David C. Claypoole; and the proposition that
it should be purchased by Congress, will meet
the hearty approval of the people.
PROPERTY EXEMPT ramtt
The public attention, and Legislative action, is
now being directed to the expediency of repeal
ing all laws which give to religibus, charitable
and other societies, art exeMptiOn from the pay
ment of taxes. The amount exempt by special
enactments, in the city and county of Philadel
phia, in over eight millions of dollar s.
JUDICIAL A I,OINTMENT.-Gov. Johnson has
Appointed IVrn. B. McClure, Esq., as President
Judge of Allegheny County, in place of Judge
Patton, whose term expired on the 25th
Mr. McClure is a lawyer of high reputation,
and an able and zealous Whig.
QT NE, & Mli.r.nn are prepared to furnish
VALINTINES of every description, new watches,
Jewelry &c., at their old stand. Call in and
O GoDEy's LADIES BOOK, for February, is
before us, and is truly a capital number. As
usual, it is embclished with rare engravings,
and among them the portrait of GOOEY himself.
We are pleased to learn that this periodical is
increasing in circulation everywhere.
Appointment by the Governor&
Gor. Johnston has appointed A. L. Resent,
Esq., of Bedford county, Secretary of the Com
monwealth, in the place of the Hon. T. Haines,
resigned. Mr. Russell was formerly the Dep
uty Secretary of the Commonwealth. Mr.
Haines was recently appointed Register of the
United States Treasury, which was the cause of
Ties UNION .-The Nashville (Tenn.) True
Whig is active in its denunciations of the dis
unionists in Congress. A writer in that paper
of the lit inst.,deciaret that there is not in Ten
nessee one man in a thousand who favor; disu.
rionionny al.are. Of tinder any possible eircum
James Johnston, Esq.
The Carlisle Herald says : a Mr. Brawley,
the defeated locofoco candidate for Speaker of
the Senate, it seems imagines that, it would be
some consolation to his wounded feelings if Mr.
Johnston's appointMent as Consul to Glasgow
is rejected by the Senate , --and perhaps it might
to a man of his small spiteful spliit. He has,
therefore, as we learn from Harrisburg, Busied
himself in procuring signatures ea a remon
strance against Mr. Johnston's Confirmation.
Brawley's defeat was the sMe moving cause of
the circulation of this remonstrance. It was
signed by some of his friends but several mem
bers of his party not only refused to sign, but
have friendly feelings towards Mr. Johnston.
Every Whig rnembr of both Houses, together
with severa•f clemot.raes, hale signed a memotial
in ravel' of the confirmation'.
Lieut. James Johnston not only served in the
Mexican war himself, but lost two brothers
who distinguished themselves in the battles
with the Mexicans. Yet he has to be removed
from fhe office of State Librarian, which he held
the last year, td make room fora Icirofoch who
never rendered any further service to the coun
try than to hold a fat office. Such is the consis
tency of locofocoism. It preaches one thing
while it practices another.
THE DEMOCRATIC it EMBER§ or THE LEGIS
LATURE AND DANIIS.-The l'en,yfransan says,
'6We re:set to see some of the Democrats at
Harrisburg, lending themselves in aid of Banks.
'We thought. if there wits any onething in which
the Democratic party of this State was unani
mous, it was in opriesition to the increase of
Banks or Bank capital."
Does not the Pennsylvanian know ant the
'Democratic' doctrine is to preach against banks
in general, and for members to favor the crea
tion cif them among their own ctinsfitsieney
During election campaigns the Locofoco press,
and Locofoco candidates, snake n great outcry
against banks. bank-rags. &c., &c., but no soon
er does the Legislature assemble, than these
very batik-hating Democrats are the first to
move in favor of creating new Banks, and re
chartering old ones! And the editor of the
Pennsylvania ..is well aware that it has always
been so, natw•ithstanding tits affected surprise
that the Democratic members this winter are
" , lending themselves in aid of Banks."
The State Printing.
The Harrisburg Union says 'the triennial
farce of letting the State Printirg came oft in
the Hall of the House of Representatives yes
terday. There *ere twenty-two bidders for
this work. The English printing was let to
TnEo: Pees & Co., at seven cents and six
mills psi thousand ems, for composition, and
seven cdttiel and Six mills per token fOr prees
work; and the small remnant of German print:.
ing that is now left, Was let to Puna' , Mince,'
at nineteen cents and eight mills per thodsand
ems for composition, and nineteen cents and
eight mills per token for press work. The bills
were taken at twenty-two cents and eight mills
per page of 1200 ems, including the press work
on two hundred copies. This allotment will
certainly surprise the practical printers of the
We confess ourselves surprised. How can
the work be doneat these prices ' It would re
joice us to see ddr friends of tne Telegraph
elected to do the State ptinfirg at prices
that would pay them for their trouble. But we
regret to see them get the job at such prices as
the above. They must inevitably lose by the
FATAL ACCIDENT ON THE RAILROAD.-A la
borer was killed by the falling in of earth, on
Mr. Murray's section, below this place a few
miles, lett sleek;
A resolution was introduced in the House
by Mr. Killinger, Of Lebanon, a few days since,
instructing the Committee on Banks, to inquire
into the expediency of establishing a system of
Free Nanking.= --This resolution Was sprung
upon the Hotise Ctiddenly, and a vote was taken
just as suddenly. There was no time for eith
er consultation or debate, and to this may be
attributed the small vote on the affirmative.
The question was not understood.
The princirrai objection the Lcicofdcos urge
against the present system of Banking is the in
security of the note-holder.—To 'remedy this,
they have for years bedn clamoring fcir the indi
vidual liability plinciple. in several cases this
has been granted. But when one Of the Banks,
in whose charter this princiPle was incorpora
ted, failed, no money could be sound with which
to redeem the notes, and the note-holders lost
every cent of it. The is the practical working
of the individual liability principle.
'hen it is proposed now to establish a sys
tem which gives perfect tecito it y to the note
hUlder, they ate found to oppose it with all their
might. In tither States, in which this system
has been tried, it workS admirably. A bank re
cently failed in Buffalo, which had been incor
porated under this Free Banking System, but
tho notes still rdmalned at par, and the only
difference was they were redeemed at Albany,
the capitol of the State, instead of Butfald. The
note-holder did not lose a cent. Yet the Loco
locos are the friends of the note-holders. Vile
hypocrisy !—Pa. Intelligencer
Appointments by Canal Commissioners.
Conecrors.—Stewart Pearce, Columbia; S.
S. Bigler. Harrisburg; George Smith, Beech
Haven ; Stephen Wilson, Northumberland; Al.
lisonDuosburg ; C. D. Eldred, Wil
liamsport ; ' d. Thomas, Liverpool; S. Law s
Newport; D. W. INlcCormiek, Lewistown; A.
Harrison, Huntingdtin; A. A: Douglass,
Hollidaysburg; E. Zeigler, Duncan's Island
Bridge; J. Shoemaker, Juniata Aqueduct ; A.
Stewart, Swatara Bri!ige.
super'iniqurlent : 4 S..C9mpbell, Portage
Sup'ervisors.--J. M. Solliday, DelasVare Di
vision; Benj. Saylor, North Branch; Thos.
Bennet, West Branch; H. D. Rodearmel, Sus
quehannah ; J. M'Laughlin, Eastern; J. S.
Miller, Juniata; J. P. Anderson, Upper Juni
Cargo laspactor.—G.N. Smith, Johnstown.
Waighneaoters.—M. H. Horn, Easton ; Rob•
oft Williams, Hollidaysburg; J. 6. Chesney,
Insults to the Executive.
But the Democrats 'oust, should and will
compel the Administration to formally admit
that its removals were made on political grounds,
or to sustain charges against the removed by
This is the language of the Pennsylvanian
upon the resolutions of Mr. BeadbttY, of Me.,
to summon the Executive before the Senate by
a statement of reasons for the removals he has
made. The writer is very positive as to what
4, the Democrats must, shohld enti will" do,
and, a leaky vessel as he is, he gives us the
time and plitee of the decree. HO sags, in his
letter from Washington :
" Our friends of the Senate have held anoth
er catictis pince that one to which I referred in
a recent fetter. At the last they appointed a
comblittee emisistin,g of Messrs . Davis, Brad
bury, Yulee, Bright' and Butlee, to draw up res
olutions laying down p platforni upon which the
party in the Senate shall act this winter, with
reference to the Administration. Its particu
lar duty will be to report what will be done
concerning 13radbury's resolution, Which, be
yond all doubt will be passed."
This is very cool, certainly; and' the expec
tation, no doubt, is that President Taylor will
consent to be insulted by a resoilition origina
ting in a caucus, and instituted tO try hitt. If
the Executive has clone anything impeachable
in making (he appointments he has Made, the
power to try him rests with the Senate. Let
the thing be done decently and constitutionally.
All that is necessary is that the charges should
be mate pro ferma-that Senators should be put
upon special oath or affirmation-Land that the
Chief Justice should be called upon to preside.
If two:thirds, should concur with ilr: Bradbu
ry and the caucus, the EitecutiOe may be im
peached. We trust that the President will an.
swer this resolution', if if should be adopted by
the Senate, in a manner due both to the body
with whom it originated, and with a due re
gard to the rights and dignity of the Executive
office. We hope still more, for the credit of
the Senate, that the resolution will not be adopt
The Constitution confers special and it/depen
dent you erS Upon the Executive, and among
these is the power of appointment. There is
no limitaticin to the exercise of this right, ex
cept such as is due to a respect for public spin
ion and to the rights of individuals. The Pres
ident is free to appoint whom he Will; as the
Senate is free to reject such appointments, if
coming within its jurisdiction of advice and
consent." We do not mean en much as to
question the propYiety of a call for speCitic in
dividual charges, Where they have been pub
licly made, as we do the abstrdct fight Of the
Executive to make theseappointnlents upon fa
litical or any other grounds.
This is dot a riot question. it was discuss
ed in the ConVention which framed the Consti
tution, and has been debated many times since.
We lidieVe, however, the opinion has usually
been against the right to call the President to
account for his exercise of the appointing ptivi
We would be among the lasi persond to de. ,
fend the Executive in an abuse of power, eith
er in himself or by any infringement upori r Le
gislative right. The country has already suf
fered so much from Executive usuriraiidn, and
as mush too, from the abuse of power in regard
to appointments, that we had rather err upon
the side of the Senate than upon that of the
President ; but when we see a move of this
sort made upon political grounds merely, and
with a View of embarrassing The President, and
originating also with a party who originated the
whole system of Proscription, and have exer
cised it from first to last most unsparingly, we
feel bound to speak of it as it deserves to be
spoken of, and that with unmeasured edndem
nation.—Lancaster V. 141.071.
DEMOCRACY IN 01110. -The late Locofoco
State Convention at Columbus went its length
against all bunks and in favor of Iliad Money
exclusively, in favor of a new Constitution,
Elamettead Exemption, " a more liberal sys
tem of diSposing of the public lands," which is
explained to mean selling them "in limited
quantities at a price to cover the cost of sur
veying," &c., and Opposed in principle to Sla
very, so that " they tvitl at all times feel it to
be their duty to use all power, clearly given by
the terms of the National compact, to prevent
its increase, to mitigate and finally to eradicate
the evil." But resolutions in favor of the Wil
mot Proviso were vo'.ed down—Yeas 94, Nays
174 ; and a resdlution approving of Senator Al
len's vote in favdr of the proviso was stricken
out, by 172 votes to 90. Such is the " Democ
racy" to which Senator Chase has annexed him
self, vbhile Messrs. Giddings, hoot apd compa
ny play steadily into his hands: A resolution
approving generally Senator Allen's course,
with no reference to Slavery, and "deploring
his absence front the Senate"—that is, the elec
tion of Chase in his stearlwas paSsed by ac
clamation. The proceedings affecting Slavery
were very tempestuous, and the Convention
adjourned in a hubbub.
STumeEu', PnovriET.-- , A woilld be
prophet, ddven South, said lately, in one of his
sermons, that, he was sent to redeem the world
and all things therein. Whereupon a native
pulled out twit five dollar bill's of a broken bank,
and asked him to fotk over the specie far them.
07" The Presbyterian church at San Fran.
cisco, (California) pays its pastor a salary of
$lO,OOO per annum. A clown in one of the
Theatres at the same place receives a salary of
MELANCHOLY Dust.-The N. 0. Picayune
learns from a passenger from Red River, that an
affair of honor took place at Shreveport on or
about the 20th ult., between the lion. D. Hester
formerly a representative from Caddo parish,
and Dr. Green of Stiteveport, In Which both
parties were killed.
Q 9 One of the courts of Alabama has been
trying to solve for the last fortnight, the birth
and parentage of a little darkey, who has fallen
heir to quite an estate. Like Mango Park,
they are endeavoring to discover the source
of the Niger," but whether they will succeed is
A great deal of time of the Senate was taken
up last week in the discussion of the proposed
amendment to the Constitution, by which the
election of Judges is to be made by the people.
In order to put off the evil day," and by de
laying, kill the amendment, Mr. Mctssms, the
Democratic Senator from Greene, offered a string
of resolutions, on Monday week, fefeiring to
the Judiciary committee, and Instructing that
committee to change its terms (a change which
is equivalent to killing it) and to inquire into
the propriety of making half a dozen other al
terations in the Constitution, so as to provide
Inc biennial, instead of annual sessions of the
Legislature—for the election of a Lieutenant
Governor, and other matte]. which agitated his
mighty mind. This effort to shabb off the
amendment was opposed by Mr. Dansiz, who,
although he opposed the election of Judges last
year, intimated that he might vote for it now,
and was at all events determinded to show the
amendment fair play. On the 23d. the resolu
tions were taken up in the Senate with the fol
Mr. King's amendment to Mr. M'Caslin's res.
Infion was lost—iund then Mr. McCaslin's res.
oiutions were lost—and then the question re.
solving itself upon the original amendment to
flue Constitution, other amendments were offer.
ed by Messrs. King and Drum, and finally - a res•
olution, by Mr. King, that the consideration of
flue whole be postponed, which was lost.
Other amendments were offered by Messrs.
King, Drum and Conyngham, which were all
The original bill, or amendment to the con
stiution, as passed last session, then passed d
second reading by ayes 28 to nays 3. It is now
beyond the reach of amendments.
In the S'enate on the 19th, Mr. Walket te
ported that the proposition to divide the State
into one hundred seperate representative dis
tricts is unconstitutional, and asked to be dis
charged from the further consideration of the
subjecf: Postponed, and Ordered to be printed.
Mr. Forsyth offered the following resolution:
Resolved, That the Committee on Finance be
requested to examine the present laws imposing
taxes upon real and personal property in this
Comainnweatth; and if expedient, report a re•
vision of the same, in such a manner as will
remedy the cause of complaint.
The resolution was adopted, with the amend
ment offered by Mr. Lawrence, as follows: And
also to inquire into the expediency of changing
the present mode of collecting taxes in the State
so as to cOnfdrm to the system 110 w adopted in
the State of Ohici.
Mr. Konnigmacher offered the following res
olution, which was adopted :
Resolved, That the Committee on Finance
be instructed to inquire into the expediency of
repealing all laws exempting certain poperiy
Senate then went into Corisideraticht of bill al
lowing compensation fo Auditor General and
State Treasurer as Commissioners of the inter
nal improvement fund, which was finally passed.
. _ _
In the House Mr. Allison offered the follow
ing tesolation, Which WAS adopted :
Resoteedi that the Committee of Ways and
Weans be requested to inquire into the expedt
ency of repealing so much of the act creating a
Sinking Fund, as relates to the taxing of bow
Mr. Acker offered a similaf resolution, rela
tive to pistol galleries, panoramas, exhiLtions,
On the 21st, the two houses, in convention,
proceeded to elect a State Treasurer. There
was but one ballot. The vote stood—Bickel
74--Gideon J. Ball, Whig, 50.
On the 22d, the two Houses held a joint ses•
sion for the purpose of awarding the public
printing to the lowest bidder. Mr. Fenn re
received the English printing, and Mr. Weber
the German printing.
In the House, Mr. Conyngharn offered the
following resolution, which was adopted :
Relayed, That the Canal Commissioners be
request,' to furnish to this House, as soon as in
their power so to do, a list of all the lots, tracts
and pieces of land belonging to this Common
wealth, situated upon the lines of canals and
railroads, which are not now used for any ne
cessary purpose connected with said Public
Anti-Laud Itlo nopoly.
The following petition was handed to us by a
respectable and intelligent farmer df coun
ty, and we insert it for the purpose of making
his 'views generally known, and givingthe people
generally an opportunity to discuss the idea ad
To the Senate and House of Representatives,
!II General Aysenillp met
We, your memorialists, citizens cf Hunting
don county, would beg leave to suggest to your
honorable body the propriety of passing a law,
or, if the present constitution will :Mt admit you
to do so, we would usk your honorable body to
amend the same so as to accomplish the end,
and submit it to the people for ratification, viz :
To abolish the landed monopoly of Pennsyl
vania and reduce the actual amount owned to
about two hundred acres; and to establish a
homestead of about fifty acres, with home
hold property and farming Utensils, or what
your honorable body may in your wisdom think
best: Your memorialists do not Wish your lion
oruble body to think that they contemplate the
I idea of your giving any class of citizens property
or taking froth any ; only to amend the COnsti
tutton, so that in a tieribd of twenty years, to
carry out that purpose. Your memorialists con
sider the landed monopoly, as it ebists in Penn
sylvania, unjust and unholy, hating nd founda
tion to stand upon but the assumption of arbi
trary power, growing out of the barbarous usa
ges of antiquity, and is inimical and detrimen
tal to our free and enlightened institutions.—
Your memorialists disclaim the idea of dictating
to your honorable body, but will here take the
liberty of stating their Views of the law to be
passed to effect the purpose, hoping that your
honorable body, in your enlightened wisdom,
will dispose of it to the best interests of your
cOristitifents, by passing the law so that it would
take effect in twenty yeats, that no man could
hold more than two hundred acres. Your me
morialists do not think it would injure the sale
of real property, and each man in that time
could dispose of his surplus, and by so doing
would hold all that he could have a natural right
A house belonging to the Hon. Daniel Web-
ster, in Marshfield, Mass., was destroyed by fire
on the 3d inst Loss $l2OO ; no insurance.
Nothing of general importance has yet trans•
pired in Congress. The Slavery question is
about being fairly opened up in the Senate.
Gen. Cass, occupied the Senate for two days du
ring the past week, in the delivery of a speech
on the Wilmot Proviso. This speech is said to
possess twednfortunate characteristics—great
length and great dullness. The General re-af
firms the doctrine of his Nicholson Letter, and
announces his determination to resign his seat
in the Senate, should fhe Wilmot Pr.:Arlo come
before th'at body for action. In the House the
President's Califoynia Message has been under
discussion. On Thursday last both Houses ad
journed over till Monday. The following let
ter to the "Daily NeWs" expfains the finalities
which actuate the opposifiiin in Congress.
WASHINGTON, 21st. San., 1856.
There probably never was a tine in the peace
able history of the cciuntry, when its prospects
depended more upon the action of Congress than
at the present, or when the prospects of any fa
vorable action was more distant. Eight weeks
have been consumed, and still the HouSe is not
organized. Faction has- rioted with a 'liege
rein, and unscrupulous and bitter have been the
assaults of the opposition. It became evident
soon after the election of Gen. Taylor, that the
party which had been so long in power, anti
which had grown so corrupt, would not resign
without a struggle, nor rest until its strecgth
should be exhausted. Its leaders knew Gen.
Taylor to be on honest man, and hence they
felt that honest weapons could not be success
fully directed against him. No sooner did he
come into power than the Locofoco party began
to form coalitions at the south with pro-slavery
men, and at ;he north with anti-slavery men,
representing, first in one section that General
Taylor was opposed to southern institutions,
and in the other that he would support them to
the last. Nor did they stop here. Tl.e Union
gone out that " whatever face the future might
wear, the administration of Gen. Taylor must
be opposed td its bitter end." In other words,
the meaning of the Union was, that the govern
ment belonged to the Locofoco party, and that
it must be recovered, without regard to the
means employed. It is upon this declared prin
ciple that the opposition have acted since the
assembfing of Congress. They mean to bring
the government into contempt by the course
which they have pursued, and by embarrassing
the prosperity of the country, make the admin
istration so odious that the people will discard
it. They have no other object in view. All
the great measures contended for by the people
must wait the interests of a few leaders. Ap
propriations necessary to carry on the govern
ment must be withheld. The debt incurred by
the administration of Mr. Polk must be made to
hang like On incubus around the neck of Gen.
Taylor and the. Whig party. If these unworthy
plans of the opposition did not exist, Congress
would haVe been organized within two hours af
ter it assembled, and the public business would
haVe proceeded harmoniously in its natural
The opposition do not stop here, however.
They, have commenced a systematic attack upon
the President in both houses of Congress. They
refuse to confirm appointments. They call for
the reasons of temovals in the face of dishones
ty and incapacity on the part of their friends.
They refuse a single committee favorable to the
Administration. They neglect all recommenda
tions from executive sources in relation to the
condition and requitenients of the country.
They sow the seeds of sectional discord and say
-.—Behold the works of the Administration!
The people may inquire in vain whether con
gress will pass any tariff laWs, any river or har
bor bill, or settle the vexed question of slavery
and boundary. It is upon the excitement which
the agitatioh of these questions produce, that the
localeco party exists. The administratior. would
settle them all in a week if it had the poWer.
Gen. Taylor has no' pUrposes to accomplish by
erptivacatidrti He Is not obliged to say that
"circumstances" prevent him from doing this
or that. He is ready to sign a tariff bill, or a
river and harbor bill, the moment they are pass
ed and if the plan ofa government excluding Sla
very from California is ready, he will sign
that. Whatever Congress may do, or whatever
it may refuse to do, Gen. Taylor will stand by
the Constitution, and uphold it to the full extent
of the powers conferred tiptin
For thc Journal,
Mn. CLARK :-A Stare Convention was held
in Huntingdon, on the evening of the 15th inst.,
—at least I took it to be a State Convention—
as the Commonwealth was never more fully
represented. All the mud-bosses, lock-tenders,
timber agents—all were out from Donelly's
Dam to the Mifflin county line. The Canal
Commissioner that is to be, was called to the
chair. The House fairly organized, on motion,
the gentleman who figured so conspicuously in
the last Convention for the powers that be, was
ananimciusly elected a delegate Lathe Harris
burg Convention. After which a lock-tender
strew from his breeches pocket a resolution ap- ,
pointing i committee to prepare resolittions for
the meeting, and also to elect Conferees: This
seemed to some present rather a strong niece to
come from the canal. It was remarked by a
delegate that if they intended to do up all the
business of the Convention in that way, there
Was Douse in remaining, and a motion was made
and seconded to adj.., The President, how
ever, sitting in judgment in his own case, was
determined not to give it up so,” and hence
refused to put s.tch a question until the verdict
was made knoWn. The chairman on the com
mittee also made an appeal to the suppliant
homes, &e 4; who sustained him with one ac
cord. The committee, accordingly, in compli
ance with the lock-tender's resolution, reported
that the president of the meeting be the next
rondtdate for Canal Commissioner ! And that
the chairman of the committee be recommended
for Senatorial Delegate to the Harrisburg Con
vention. Alter this tremendous outpouring of
the popular will, the Convention adjourned sine
By giving the above description of the late
State Convention, in Huntingdon, a place in
your columns, you will oblige a patron who
happened to be a
A LOOKER ON
HUNGARIAN REFUGEES.—A meeting of the
citizens of New Orleans was held on the fah
inst., Ihr the purpose of welcoming the linnga
rian Refugees who have recently landed there,
and also to devise measures for their assistence.
A special committee of ten from each munici
pality was appointed td collect funds for the lat
Tae U. S. ARMY IN CALIVORNIA•—WC
learn says the Express, from a person who has
been for the last three years connected with
the detachment of the U. S. Army in California,
that soldiers for some time past have been en
tirely contented, and that desertion has ceased.
Every effort has been made to render them
comfortable, and they have but little induce
ment to envy the condition of the miners.
V"' Among the Post offices established last
week, is one named .4 Ko4.iierh," in Cherokee
A highly interesting convention of the friends
of Education, assembled at Harrisburg, on the
16th inst., and continued in session for two days.
It was a body distinguished for the character
and intelligence of its members. Most of the
counties were represented.
Several measures were commended to the
attention of the Legislature and people. The
establishment of an education department, with
a State Superintendent of Common Schools,
Was strongly enforced upon the Legislature. The
formation of County Associations of Teachers,-
Directors and Others; for the purpose of produ
cing association of effort in improving the mod.
of teaching, of comparing ideas respecting the
beat and most ecohomical manner of carrying
out a general system of Education, was also rec
ommended to tiie several counties' of the Corn.
The Hon. James M. Pinter, of Norfhatripicin'
county, presided over the Convention, and its
deliberations were closed with a very able and'
eloquent address in favor of Education, in which'
he returned thanks for the honot cohferVece
upon him. Able addresses were made during'
the Conventioh by Hon: Joel B. Sutherland,.
Judge Kelly, Etiok, Ctirinhighen and various'
other gentlemen. Ex-Governor Porter, Mesas..
Haines, Burrows and Miller, present or former
Superintendents of Common Schools, iwere
present in the Convention.
The Harrisburg Union says; that vatioue
committees were appointed to report upon the
different sdhjeets to'be brabght to the consid
eration of the convention; and after the report.-
were made, and a full discuisicin had upon the
different topics, the Convention adopted reports
and revolutions, embracitig the folloiving pto•
posed changes in our School' system :
Ist. That a department of education be es
tablished, the head of which shall devote himself'
exclusively to the important subject, visiting
the various School districts occasionally, by
way of stimulating those in charge of them to'
greater exertions in the cause of education.
2(1. That a State Common School Journal be
established, as a means of communication be
tween the department and the schools, school'
directors and teachers.
3d. That two Normal schools be establisher}
' for the preparation of Teachers to impart knowl
edge to the youths of the Coinmonvrealth, in
the most improved manner.
4th. That it be recommended to the various
school distric's to form associations of direct
ors and teachers, for the purpose of meeting
and consulting in regard to the best means of
imparting instruction and advancing the cause
sth. That it be recommended to the differ
ent districts to appoint County Superintend
nth. That a uniformity of school books be
recommended in the different counties.
These were the principal recommendations
of the Convention, and we trust they will re•
ceive the favorable consideration of the Legie
!attire at an early day.
it Was acknowledged by every one in the
Convention, that our school system was not
foriot to that of any other State in the Union,
and alI that was wanted was to give it efficacy,
and carry it but according to the design of its
founders, with such improvements as were sug
gested by the experience of the age.
The Mormon Delegate.
The editor of fhe Cleveland Herald, gives
from personal acquaintance the following ac
count of Mr. Babbitt, the Mormon delegate to
Congress from Deseret "We were boys to
gether, and in addition to poverty, young Bab
bitt had to struggle under the degradation of an
intemperate lathe!, Naturally bright, intelli•
gent and active ; when approaching manhood he
entered into the Mormon excitement, at the
time Kirtland was the Promised Land, acid
Rigdon the poptilar advocate of the Divine mis
sion of the Prciphet Strath. His early advanta
ges had only been those of this then new cofin
try, but then in order to defend Mormonistn, so
unpopular with all other creeds, study, investi
gation, reflection, and argument were necessary.
The young convert soon became a zealous talk
er, next an exhorter, and then a popular preach
er of the doctrines of the Golden Bible. He
united his fortunes with the persecuted Mor
mons, and became eminent with theta for his
real, his talents and sound judgment. When
driven from Xauvoo, Mrs Babbitt "stuck hi■
stake" with his people in the Great Basin ; and
now claims a seat in Congress as a delegate from
Year COUNTY COAL.-D. V. Friedeman, of
Columbia, Pa., and Mr: IL Longenecker, of
Lancaster, have discotered and opened different
veins of anthracite and bituminous coal, about
font miles from the bciroUgh of York, which, it
is said, promise an abundant yield:
137* At the recent election in Wisconsin, the
people decided by a small majority, to allow of
universal suffrage, without distinction of color.
Difficuliy has occurred in the george
town (D. C.) College, and sixty students
have withdrawt, in consequence of an
obnoxious profesSor being retained.
Council Diertetwrv..—There is a serious
difficulty existing in the Fifth Presbyterian
church, Pittsburgh. It has heretofore belonged
to the new school, but on Wednesday last, after
great confusion and disorder, decided by a vote
of 88 to 31, to go over to the old school of the
Ohio Presbytery, the ladies and gentlemen who
were commurticants all toting. It is said to be
a singular fact that a large majority of the vo
ters were ladies
SOUTHERN CONVENTION.-The Florida Sen
tinel, one of the beet papers in that State, comes
out strongly against the Southern Convention
which is proposed to be holden in Nashville,
Tenn., in June next, and to which Mississippi
and South Carolina have already chosen dele
D:7" The Philadelphia Inquirer says that
since January Ist.. 1810, there have been de
posited at the mint in thiladelphia, $6,000,000
of Culifonnia gold. In the year 1847, there was
510 deposits of gold for coinage ; in the month
of December ISIS, there was 545 deposits.
TOBACCO TRADE. -The Cincinnati Gazette
says that the value of the chewing tobacco sold
in that market, amounts to more than a half mil
lion of dollar. annually. A vast extent of coun
try is supplied from that city. _ _