Huntingdon journal. (Huntingdon, Pa.) 1843-1859, July 03, 1849, Image 2

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    The Opposition to Gen:Tayier.
The Baltimore American with much force
says—""the quiet citizen, who has his own busi
ness to attend to, and who does not appre
hend that the country will be ruined immediate
ly, would be staprised to observe the virulence
and the bitterness with which Gen. TAYLOR'S
administration is attacked by adversaries who do
not' seem capable of viewitg Any thing except
through the medium of party prejudices.
Mr. Jefferson had a similar opposition to en
s w. counter. “The very first acts of the adminis
Hoover% ink. tration, he says in a letter to Gideon Granger
t%OOVER'S SUPERIOR WRITING INK i in tint, ~t he nominations, have avordingly fur-
for sale at this office.
nished something to yelp on, and all our subse
quent acts will furnish them fresh matter be-
TEII3II t cause there is nothing against which human in-
The "NtisTixonox Jena:sm." is published at
genuitv will not be able to find something to
the following rates, via : $1 7 75 a year, if paid
in advance ; $`4,00 if paid during the year, and SOY."
$2,010 if not paid until after the expiration of The Philadelphia Sun remarking upon this,
the year. The above terms to be adhered to in with truth says : There is nothing, indeed c
all cases.
gainst which human ingenuity will not be able
No subscription taken for less than six months,
and no non,r discontinued un til a ll nr , orages to rind something to say, and it would be very
are paid, unless at the option of the publisher. weak for an administration to expect or to en-
deavor to please every one. It has its duties to
V"' The Declaration of Independence will the country to perform, and it will be judged by
be found on fourth page. its own standard of honesty, capacity and fidel-
Conferee Meeting. i ity. The spirit of its acts, the scope and char-
The Conferees of Huntingdon, Blair and Bed-
acter of its policy, its tone and demeanor, will
foul Counties, to select a Senatorial Delegate to give shape and force to the impression it is to
leave finally upon the public mind, as they will
the Whig State Convention in August next,will
meet in Hollidaysburg on IVedunsday, the t Bth
fix the place it is to occupy in history. But the at
of July Mat. tacks of the violent, the complaints of the quer
ulous, the demands of the unreasonable—these
Appointments. may be left to perish by the force of their own
bias. JANE VAN TRIES, to be Postmaster at
Warriorsmark, Huntingdon county.
JAMES THOMPSON, to be Postmaster at Bir
mingham, Huntingdon county.
War. BRIWSTER to be Postmaster at Mount Drum, ex-Post Master of Greensburg, whose
Union, Huntingdon county. j removal excited the sympathy of the entire Lo-
Pam O'Hsoas, to be Postmaster at Newry, cofoco party, was a candidate for an important
Blair county. office before the recent Locotoco Convention of
HENRY JORDAN, to be Postmaster at Sarah
Furnace, Blair county.
Fourth of July. jorted by that body of sympathizers. The Lo-
We are informed that the sone of Temper • cofoco leaders of Westmoreland County by this
ance and Sabbath Schools of this borough, will acthave established a reputation for consummate
celebrate the Fourth of July (to-morrow) hypocrisy that Satan himself might envy.
MeCahan's Grove. Mr. JAcoa CARTER, of
Philadelphia, a gentleman of high reputation WHAT Is DEMOCRACY 7—lt is a long time
for eloquence, will deliver a Temperance Lec- since we have seen ' , Democracy" get a harder
tore on the occasion. The citizens generally knock than the editor of the New York Tri
are invited to join in the celebration. bone gives it in the few following words
"Where is the dupe so shallow, so benighted,
lag" The late Foreign news gives ground for ' so bemuddled, as to fancy there is any Democ
apprehension that the Italians will be tempura- racy at present in South Carolina, where a man
rily crushed in their struggle for freedom, and must own a number of slaves in order to be a
that, too, by the army of professedly Republi- legislator ? or in Virginia, most conservative of
our States, wherein a man owingdirt in six coun-
can France!
ni SLAVE NO FRIENDS TO ItEWARD. " -The cdi- ties, may vote six times in one e.ection, while
tor of the Globe is becoming ashamed of him- he who owns none, is not allowed (as a general
self for attributing the above sentiment to Gen. rule) to vote at all 1 The simpleton who could
Taylor, and in his attempt to screen himself be gulled into supposing such States and their
for so doing, alleges that we first attributed the rulers Democrats, because they have voted for
Jackson, Van Buren, Polk and Cuss, must be
expression to Gen. Taylor. This won't do,
neighbor. We published the Allison letter en- gifted with an amazing fund of ignorance and
tire, and if we had attributed anything not con- credulity
tamed in that letter to Gen. Taylor, we would
very readily have been detected. Next to a
change of measures, we invariably urged the
election of Gen. Taylor on the ground that it
would bring about a change in the office-holders.
We charged the incumbents generally with be
ing corrupt and meddlesome. And we assert
with great confidence that not a single voter in
the land cast his suffrage for Gen. Taylor who
did not do so in the hope and belief that a gen
eral change would be the result of his election
I In answer to our inquiry, why was Mr.
Cunningham removed from the Collector's
office at this place, the Globe good naturedly
replies that " it is a rule with the Canal Board"
to turn out all officers who have served three
years. And the Globe approves this rule !
Yet the editor is whining out his complaints
every week because Gen. Taylor is turning out
office-holders who have been in office for not
less than four, and some as long as TWENTY
rive years ! Has not Gen. Taylor a right to
make rules for the regulation of office holders
as well as the Locofoco Canal Commissioners
THE Rag:atm.—The Prospectus of the
Republic" a new Whig paper published at
Washington, will be found in another column.
The editors are among the most able and vigor
ous writers of the day. and their articles are
in the true National spirit of the Whig party.
We 601 he glad to see a few copies of the Re
pnblic circulated in every township of our
county. If the publisher will send us a speci
men copy or two of the weekly, we will exhibit
to such as may desire to take it and cannot
afford the Daily or Tri-Weekly.
Tan MARKETS.-There hay been no change
in the markets since our last. The late foreign
news reports a elightadvance in Flour and grain.
tr 7" During the past week the weather has
been very warm with occasional showers.—
At the present writing a great change has taken
place, and the a'r is uncomfortably cool in the
MP' The old otlice-holders declare that Gen.
Taylor has grievously deceived them on the
subject of sentorah ! Ha, ha! Previous to
the election they declared with great confidence
that he would deceive the Whigs. How sorry
we feel for the poor devils.
117" Bishop Hughes of New York issued a
circular, designating Sunday last for a general
collection throughout his Diocese for the relief
and support of Pius IX in his present struggle
against the Roman Republic.
MAJ. G. Scovr.—The announcement of the
dangerous illness of Maj. Gen. Winfield Scott,
we are happy to see contradicted. The N. Y.
Etiquriar of yesterday says that not only is he
not ill bat his health has not been so good for
months uast as it is at present.
7 . 3AMILS M. POWIIII, Esq., has authorized
the editors of the Mercer Press to say that he
will not be a eandidatefor re.notnination foe Ca
nal Commissioner.
Locofoco Hyprocrisy.
We learn from the Bedford Gazette, that Mr,
Westmoreland County. Our readers will no
doubt conclude that he was nominated by accla
mation. But such is nut the fact ; he was re-
The Globe, in its zeal to defend and make a
great man out of Geo. Lippard, calls all the edi
tors who have taken exception to this individu
al, " half starved cum" This is courteous
and gentlemanly language, truly. It may be,
so far as we are concerned, that we do not en
joy so many of the luxuries of life, as our neigh
bor, yet we can assure him that we have never
yet lacked the wherewith to satisfy our hunger,
plain and simple though it be.
UPILAP U. S. niroasts.—The Adjutant Gen
eral of this State publishes in the Harrisburg
Telegraph, a table of prices, showing the cost
at which Volunteer companies may obtain dress
and undress uniforms, according to the U. S. Ar
my regulations. He does this because all urn'
Volunteer companies are required to uniform
according to the regulations of the General Gov
ernment; and he states the price of full dress for
a private at $8,75, and the undress at $5,50.
The preparations made, embrace all the divis
ions of land forces.
C7' The Berks and Schuylkill County
Journal says : The Loco-foco papers say Gen
eral Taylor will be doing them a service if he
will turn out of office every mother's son of
them, but growl terribly when it is done. It
aches badly, but they hate to have the tooth
pulled. It must be pulled, boys, so hold your
gence tram California is leading many to the o
pinion that the authority of the United States is
to meet resistance on the part of the Mexicans,
Spanish Americans and Europeans, who have
gathered there in great numbers, and who will
resist the execution of Gen. Smith's proclama
tion, excluding them from the mines, and it is
stated in accounts received via Mexico, up to the
18th May, that owing to the disorder which pre
veiled, Gen. Smith and his troops had taken re
fuge on board American vessels lying in port.
13:7' The Supreme Court of Pennsylvania
have reversed the recent decision of Judge Lew
is, in the case of the widow of William Geigly,
of Lancester, and have decided that a testator
can prescribe credentials to his widow in refer
ence to marriage, in devising real estate to her.
CP" A number of sudden deaths occurred du
ring the kite warm weather by the imprudent
drinking of cold water. Eight persons are re
ported to have died in Philadelphia from this
cause on Friday and Saturday last, and nine in
Boston. Too much caution cannot be observed.
GrOa the induction of the present Coflector
of the Port of Philadelphia, he discovered that
of 200 surbordinate officers of the Customs not
one was a Whig. Of the above 200 he has since
removed 69, and Locofocoism is now in a terri
ble way about this manifestation of "heartless
13:7"Dne hundred thousand dollars have alrea
dy been subscribed towards the erection of a
Cotton Facrory at Ilarrisburg. It will proba
bly be erected during the present eesson.
Progress of the Cholera.
St. Louis June 25.
The weather still continuesvery warm. The
river continues to rise. There is no abatement ,
in the progress of the cholera here. The deaths
average 100 per day. The cholera prevails to
an alarming extent on the Upper Mississippi
-22 passengers on board the steamer Uncle Toby
died with the cholera between this place and
Oque A wka. The cholera is making fearful
strides among the Shawnee and Delaware tribes
of Indians. They are deserting and burning
their villages.
Sr. Loves, June 22.
The excitement produced in this city by the
spread of cholera, is intense. A tremendous
meeting of our citizens wss held last night, for
the purpose of adopting immediate measures to
mitigate the further progress of the cholera a
mong us.
The Hon. Edward Bates presided over the as
Resolutions were passed, calling upon the Ci
ty Councils to appoint, forthwith, Ward Com
mittees, whose duties it shall be to investigate
the conditions of the sick and destitute, and pro
vide medicines, and afford all necessary relief to
those in need.
Sr. Louis, June 27
Yesterday twelve cemeteries reported one
hundred and twenty-one interments, of which
one hundred were from cholera. The total
number of interments for the week ending Sun
day, was seven hundred and sixty-three, of which
five hundred and eighty-nine were from cholera;
under four years of age one hundred and sixty.
It is supposed that many have been buried in
private grounds around the city and vicinity,
whose deaths have never been officially report
ed. The country around St. Louis is very sick
ly; hundreds have died, independent of those re
ported by cemeteries in the city.
RICHMOND, June 27.—The Board of Health
yesterday reported ten new cases and four deaths
by cholera. _ _ _
The weather is wet, the atmosphere very
ipressive, and the cholera fearfully increasing.
. .
It will Se seen, on referring to cemeteries'
sports, that four hundred and tweuty-three in
,rments have taken place during the past sev
aty-two hours. The disease is taking a fright
il hold among the German and Irish population.
In Norfolk end Richmond several 'cases of
Cholera have been reported daily for several
days past. In Camden, N. J. quite a number
of cases have been reported.
In Philadelphia, for a few days pant, the
Cholera has been on the increase. On the 26th
there were 21 cases and 10 deaths; on the 27th
43 cases and 12 deaths; on the 28th 40 eases
and 13 deaths ; on the 20th, 48 cases and 0
In New York on 20th inst., there were 73
cases and 39 deaths; on the 27th 43 cases and
12 deaths ' • on the 29th GO cases and 25 deaths ;
on the 29th 39 cases and 18 deaths.
One case has been reported in Bucks county
The Public Works,
The Harrisburg Keystone, speaking of the
arrearages due to the persons employed on the
public works, makes a clean breast of the sins of
itt political friends in the Canal Board as fol
lows :
"In the first place we have no hesita
tion in attributing the existence of such
a large debt, to the careless and extrav
agant manner in which the public works
have, for sometime back been managed,
and in some cases to direct frauds.—
Had a skilful and economical course
been pursued, in regard to them, the trea
sury would now be in a better condition
by at least two hundred thousand dol
lars. This is in truth, a low estimate."
The people have long been satisfied that the
public works have been used by the locofoco
party, which has had control of them for many
1 years past, as an instrument of corruption.
Circumstances entirely unconnected with the
polities or personal worth of the able Whig can
d,date for Canal Commissioner, alone prevented
them from applying the proper corrective last
fall. If Mr. Longstreth, who has been physi
cally incapable of attending to his duties for
nearly a year past, would now do his long un
represented constituents the tardy justice to re
sign, the next election would introduce into the
Board the requisite elements of thorough and
practical reform.—And as the Keystone has been
so candid in its admission as to the mismanage
ment of the public works, we hope that it will
recommend and insist upon his doing so. The
law says, "it shall be the duty of the Canal
Commissioners to devote their whole time and
attention, by personal examination ' to the gene
ral and especial superintendence and repairs of
the public works." Mr. Longstreth cannot
comply with the law. The people are paying
him a liberal salary for per.tonal services which
he has been unable to render, since September
last. The Canal Board has been for some time
past utterly disorganized and inefficient in con
sequence of his inability to attend its sessions ;
the public works must necessarily be either ne
glected or mismanaged in the absence of the
controlling power exerted by the Board over
Ithe numerous employees; and the State Treasu
ry will ultimately feel the loss in the shape of
increased appropriations and diminished receipts.
By all means Mr. Longstreth ought to resign,
and we hope the Keystone will not throw aside
its censorial robes until this Reform shall have
been accomplished.— T,ncoster Union.
The Locofocos now admit that they have
been 4, ,lisappointed" in Gen. Taylor. No doubt
of it. He first disappointed them when he fought
himself out of the difficulties in which they had
involved him on the Rio Grande. He diasppoin
ted them again when, robbed of his forces, he
whipped Mr. Polk's friend, Santa Anna at Bu
ena Vista. He disappointed them greviousty a
gain when he whipped another of their Gener
als, Cass, in a contest before the people. But
the disappointment most grievous of all is to
find that he don't appoint or re-point them to of
fice. Verily, one party or the other was desti
ned to a disappointment, and happily for the
country it has fallen upon the Locos. If Taylor
had pleased them, the disappointment of the
Whigs would have been sore, indeed!—Chern.
073.. The London Times expresses the appre
hension that all the better class of small farm
ers in Ireland are about emigrating to this coun
try, leaving behind only the impoverished land
owners and the pauper inhabitants of the vari
ous work-houses.
Cl:r It w.ll I, gratifying to know that the Post
Office Department intends to institute a more
thorough and energetic system for the detection
of dishonesty and irregularities occurring in that
important branch of the public service, than has
ever b .en heretofore enforced. Some of the
means adopted by the agents are so ingenious,
that small depredators may hereafter calculate
upon a berth in the State prison, with a consid
erable degree of certainty.
Getting their Due.
The Locos are making themselves so extreme
ly ridiculous by their crocodile tears over eject
ments from office, that we arc beginning to feel
ashamed of them ourselves ; and we dont know
that we shall expose them much in future on
this head, until such times as the humidity shall
have in some degree, passed from their eyes.
As it is the only thing however, that they have
yet to accuse Gen. Taylor of, it is not to be ex
pected that they will cease their moans, until
they get a new tune to play. But that all de
cent people are heartily tired of their present
hobby, is certain, and they frequently meet
with such rebukes as the following, taken from
the Sunday Despatch, an able and indpendent
neutral paper :
"OFF WITH ails ITEAD.” On, DEAR!....The
pOhtiCal papers are making themselves ridicu
lous because removals have been made in vari
ous offices by the incoming administration.—
Some of them parade large cuts of guillotine
and by large headlines such as " off with his
head," " the axe at work," and other startling
announcements, betray a phrenzy of despair
which is only equalled by the distress of a three
year old child when its doll baby is suddenly
taken from it. One would suppose that the
office-holders were born to fill the fat situations
they were lucky enough to wriggle into, and
have a patent right to all the profits. They
seem entirely to forget that many heads were
taken off in order to induct them into the snug
little posts they enjoy, and that they were until
that time most clamerous for the axe to go to
work, and wouh; not be satisfied without sav
age " proscription." We are no particular ad
vocate for the doctrine that "to the victor be-.
longs the spoils," but it makes but little odds
what our opinions are. The pi inciple is a car
, dine! one with both parties. In fact, the out
going party has always been most strenuous in
advocacy of that doctrine. It seems very silly
for its partizans now to give the lie to their
own actions, and whine like whipped clogs be
cause the other dogs have got a chance at the
The Cry of Proscription.
A good sound rap on the knuckles, at a time
when a gentle and encouraging pat upon the
back was expected, is, as a general thing, intol
erable. We commend to the attention of those
papers which have been shedding tears over the
removal of every old office-holder, the follow
ing from the Cleveland Plaindealer, an ultra
Locofoco paper, which says :
"There are crying times in Washington
about these days. The Mao,/ brings the most
sickly accounts of whole departments assem
bling and joining in a general boo-boo at the
fate which has overtaken them. The old man
Ritchie is chief crier. His heart is full (as
well as his pockets) and it overflows like the
inundation of the Nile. He knows no democ
racy but the pap suckers at Washington, and
he thinks by publishing their tribulations the
whole nation wiil be melted to tears."
This is downright ingratitude, and quite sub
dent to make the Union fret for a month to
come; but not content with this blow, the
editor, after a sharp thrust at the Union's mourn
ing for Cave Johnson, goes on to administer the
following modicum of very sensible advice to
all persons concerned :
Now if Father Ritchie supposes the people
care one fig about such kind of troubles at
Washington, he is greatly mistaken. They do
not spend their money, time, and exertions,
simply that a few cormorants can fatten on the
spoils. The great mass of the people care no
thing about office. All they want is a good
government, and these accounts in the would
be government organ of the groans of office
holders, in Washington, are sickening and dis
gusting. Somebody must hold the offices and
discharge the duties, and under a Democratic
Administration we claim this should be done by
Democrats. But when the people have, in a
constitutional way, declared for a change, die
game, submit like Men, and not go out of office
blubbering like a lout."
The character of the Cleveland Plain Dealer,
as a newspaper of the most radical Loeofoco
stamp, is too marked and decided to permit its
political brethren to turn away the chalice it
commendato their lips.
Ton KENTVCKIT TRAGEDY. -The following
account of the rencontre between Mr. Clay and
Cyrus Turner, at Foxtown, Kentucky, differs
materially from other statements :
"The particulars, as we learn them by pas
sengers in the stage, are these:—Mr. Clay,
while making an emancipation speech, was call
ed a "d—d liar" by some one in the crowd.—
He rushed from the stand in the direction of the
voice, and was met by Turner, who snapped
his pistol three times at Clay. Clay's pistol
also snapped twice, when he threw it down,
drew his bowie knife, and at the first blow rip
ped open Turner's abdomen. As Turner was
falling Clay raised his knife to strike again,
when his arm was caught and held, and a dirk
knife plunged in his breast by some one in the
crowd. Turner sent word to Clay afterwards
that he would tell him who stabbed him in case
both recovered—otherwise he would not tell
The Southern mail to-night brings
Mobile papers, containing some addi
tional items of news by the steamer
Clyde. An earthquake had occurred in
the City of Mexico on the 2ltst, which
lasted several minutes—the shock was
very severe, but no serious damage was
done. At t fxala n collection had been
taken up for the relief of the Pope,
which amounted to $2,000.
The State of Jalapa continues in a
very unsettled condition. Revolutions
and counter revolutions are of almost
daily occurrence.
The Indian war rages with increased
violence in Yucatan. Since the capture
of Bacillar, the Indians have risen en
masse. The whites seem paralized at
their formidable appearance.
The cholera is raging with dreadful
The Common Schools. violence at Saltillo,—two hundred and
eighty deaths having taken place in one
MR. EDITOR Can you inform your readers
why the female schools are not opened 1 The j day.
Other accounts say that it was Turner, and
not a third person, who stabbed Clay.
07 A Washington corressondent of the N.
Y. Herald says that of the 900 Clinks in Wash
ington 98 nre from Virginia; all bat seven or
eight are from Eastern Virginia, and it is belie
ved that nine-tenths of them are connected with
the Rithie family! This may explain the daily
assaults of the Union on the subject of remov
male departments have now been in operation Large Arrival of Emigrants—Deaths
for several weeks. I have been assured, by by Cholera.
some of the Directors, that at least one female NEW YORK, June 28.
teacher was employed ; and why is not that The ship Guy Mastering arrived this after
school opened'? Are our daughters to be cheat- noon from Liverpool, with seven hundred and
ed out of a part of the time I Tea months is a seventy-nine emigrant passengers. The G. M.
long school session, no doubt! but the tax has had thirty-five deaths by cholera during the pas
been laid, and the new administration have be- sage, and there are now seven lying sick with
gan the work of improvement let it be faith- , the disease
fully carried out. Let us have alt the schools
open at once. There are plenty of teachers to
be had, who will enter upon the duties without
delay, and they should be employed, rather
than the schools should be any longer closed to
suit the convenience or caprice of any one,—if
not I fear the people will become weary, at
the slow progress of the reformation
[CrHon. Calvin Blythe died in Fairfield Ad.
am. county last week.
Arrival of the Hibernia
The steamer Hibernia arrived at Halifax an
the 27th inst. bringing seven days later news
from Europe. We extract the following ithpor.
tent items.
Od Wednesday an incipient insurrection was
attempted in Paris by about 25 ; 000 of the Mod!,
tain party headed by M. Etrienne Arago, Jr.,
and was suppressed by the troops, whose num
ber amounted to WOO, Several attempts were
made to erect barricades.
In the evening the Assembly declared itself
en parmanance, and passed a decree, declaring,
Paris in a State of seige. On Thursday the a
larm had considerably subsided, and business
which was entirely suspended the day previous,
was generally resumed.
At one time the peril was eminent, and noth
ing but the courage and prudence of the Presi
dent, aided by firmness nod sagacity prevented
the most serious consequences. . . .
Numerous arrests have taken place, including
ssveral members of the Assembly, M. Arago
and Ledru Rollin being among them.
The last accounts report a state or tranquilli
ty, but there was an uneasy feeling afloat that a
renewed attempt would be made to upset the
Government, and that when it comes to the
point, the troops will not prove steady.
From Rome we learn that the French army
commenced the attack on the 30th inst., and that
after a sanguinary engagement, in which the Ro
mans lost 800 men—succeeded in carrying sev
eral important posts.
A series of attacks have since taken place, in
which the victory is variously stated, but in
which the invading army has suffered most.
The French papers publish conflicting reports
of the operations of the army but from accounts
received to the sth inst., it is clear that General
(Minot had not then gained access to the city,
though he had gained a position at the north of
Rome which would enable him to command the !
The latest despatch from Gen. Oudinot is to
the 6th inst., at which time he opened his tren
ches and had regularly besieged the city.
There is no appearance of yielding on the
part of the Romans, but on the contrary, every
thing goes to confirm the belief that they would
make a most determined resistance and fight to
the last.
All the Socialist or Red Republican Journals
at Paris, except the National have been sup
pressed since the disturbance on Wednesday.
The city of Rheims is reported to be in full
insurrection, and to have established a govern
ment of Red Republicans
The cholere has again appeared in England,
and several eases have occurred in Manchester,
and other parts of the country.
At Paris this disease is making the most fright
ful havoc—even more so than in 1837. Upwards
of 11,000 deaths have already occurred, and in
one day there were about 000 cases and 600
deaths reported.
Marshal Bugeand and many other persons of
eminence have fallen before the scourge.
It has broken out anew in Siberia, Vienna and
Presbuag, and is raging most fearfully at Alex
and Cario in Egypt.
Kossuth has arrived it; Perth and has been re
ceived in the capitol as President of the Hun
garian republic.
It would seem that hostilities are still carried
on in the South between the Hungarians and the
scattered remains of the Austrian army, sup
ported by the Russians, but the reports which
reach us are so vague and contradictory, it is
not deemed advisable to submit them by tele
The Russian General has issued a proclama
tion to the Hungarians, the pith of which is, that
if they do not lay down their arms and submit
to their fate with a good grace, they will be
made to feel the consequences of their presump
Every effort is being made to rouse the peo
ple and the Magyar Government has ordered
the clergymen to preach against the Russians.
Important from Mexico.
The present government is growing more un
popular every day, and there is an increasing
desire for the recall of Santa Anna.
A large body of Indians, called Annexioniste,
are mnrching towards Tampico.
Don Augustine has been appointed Consul for
New York.
The inhabitants of Monterey have suffered
terribly from Cholera.
Father Mathew Arrived.
New YORK, June 29
The ship Ashburton, from Liverpool, having
on board the great apostle of Temperance, the
Rev. Theobold Mathew, has been telegraphed
in the offing. Every preparation is being made
to welcome the illustrious stranger.
7The New York and Erie rail road have
contracted in England:or ten thousand tons of
rail road iron. Under the tariff of '42 this iron
would all have been made in Pennsylvania.
From California.
The recent arrival of steamers has furnish:
the editors of bur leading pbblic journals wit:
dozens of letters from the Gold Region. The
stories in most cases are very similar, and yet it
is curious to observe with what avidity every
thing from California is sought for and perused.
One of the latest letters says that the average
price do
llars Of o b ,r oa d r a d y in f g a ora nd : i ‘ n •a g s l h e in p g, is about ,,son.T seven hereis
great scarcity of storage for goods. All the
warehouses are idled [fp, and luege quantities
of merchandize are heaped lip in extensive en
closures uncovered. Many articles ate sold at
the daily auctions which take place, at prices
far below their cost at the place of exportation,
merely to get them out of the way. There are
in California men of all trades and professions,
bat the physicians are most numerous. One
may sit down in any place in San Franclsto,
and he shall see a doctor pass by once a minute
all day long. There are certainly twenty doc
tors to one patient. Mechanics are also nu
merous, but there are scarcely any engaged in
their trades, except a few carpenters, who get
$lO a day for their labor. Agricultere is en
tirely abandoned.
'rhe ordinary occupations are gold-digging,
trading, speculating and gambling. Town lots
in San Francisco are held at $3,000 to $25,000.
Several other townsohave been laid out, as Bon-,
ecia, Stockton, Sacramento city, &c., and the
lots are sold at very high prices. Titles are
but little inquired into. There is no doubt that
they are generally bad.
The populat ion at the mines, Pays another let=
ter, is composed of American emigrants, Tuna ,
way sailors, (from the vessels which have vis
ited and ere in port at present,) Chiliuns, Pe
ruvians, Mexicans, Sandwich Islanders, and
more or less of the natives of all civilized coun
tries upon the globe. In their habits and man
ner of living there is great need of reform to
insure health, comfort and safety to those who
are well disposed already there and to those
that are coming.
A correspondent of the New York Tribune
says :
ig The quantity of gold at the mines, from
what I have seen, I judge inexhaustible for the
next twenty years, by a population of one mil
lion of faithful diggers; but the labor you have
to perform to get it, and the privation you have
to undergo to reach here, and continue to under
go while getting it, do not pay any industrious
or business man in the States half enough for
making the attempt, if successful in accumula
ting as much as any one person has up to the
present time, which is altogether chance, as
you may work for days and weeks adjacent to
those who are getting from one to two ounces
daily, and sink holes ten feet square and four-
teen feet deep through mud, water and rock, and
yet be unable to get enough to pay for your
board, exposed to the burning rays of a hot sun,
and shut out from the air by the mountains by
which you are enveloped."
On the Stanislaus, the Chilenos and Pentanes
outnumber the Americans. The Chilettos are
' most successful. They keep together, and
when they find a rich deposit they assist each
other in digging it; while the Americans,more
avaricious keep their discoveries secret as long
as possible. It is feared that trouble will occur
on the Stanislaus during the summer, when tl.e
Americans become strong.
A correspondent of the New York Commer
cial writes as follows
4 . Dinners at the hotels, I am told, are $2,50.
Board and lodging in boarding houses is $3 a
sin4le day, or $2,50 per day when more than a
week. At hotels it is $lB per week. Washing
is from $6 to $8 per dozen. The stories which,
op to the time of my leaving NeW York, were
told of gold, are vastly more than true. The
half has not been told. While writing, Air.
Rosa, a merehent here, has been showing me
at table several large pieces, as taken from the
mines, the largest weighing 6i lbs. I saw a
man to-day who told ma he arrived from the
mines two days previously, having been there
just one year, and he brings home by the labor
of his own Mines alone, and by mere digging,
upwards of $20,000. Another man, a brother
of Mr. Wetmore here, worked at the mines 50
days, and averaged above $5O per day. Many
reports of wealth dug in a few days may be
false, but that the gold is scattered through a
region of three hundred miles or more is past a
doubt. When the end will be seen, and what
the result, time must determine.
Mouite, June 27
Now a; to the climate (I speak of San Fran
cisco only,) it is decidedly cold and uncomfort
able without a fire. This causes almost univer
sal disappointment to the new corners. To-dry
is the sth, ti o'clock, A. M., thermometer 56
to 60, the sun out clear and pleasant, and no
wind. It is the first time we have seen it so
warm. Every afternoon a strong N. W. wind
blows into the bay, which keeps it rather cool.
Yesterday it was so all day, and the sun not to
be seen. From all I can learn from those who
have been here two years or more, and from
my own short experience, it is safe to say that
all who arrive here, in expectation of the Italian
skies which all books have described as being
here, will be awfully disappointed. Still, all
say that the past few months have been colder
than ever before known here."
The process of digging is described as very
arduous, about equal to canal or grave-digging.
None but hale, hearty, indefatigable men can
stand it. There is much sickness at the placers
produced by the hard work and exposure. A
correspondent of the New York Courier, who
seems to have been disappointed somewhat in
his expectations, writes:
If any suppose that gold can be produced
without labor, and that of the severest kind,
they are, I assure you, very much mistaken—
Why, laying water or gas pipes in the streets
of New York is hot half as toilsome work.—
No man should come to this country with the
expectat'on of making his fortune at the mines
by getting out gold, but such a one as feels fully
able to dig about a half a dozen graves a day,
taking a cold bath every fifteen or twenty min
utes during his work, and whilst in a profuse
persp , ration, and that without injury to the
constitution. It would not be a bad plan to
practice this, for a month or two, on the banks
of some river, before leaving the United States."
COFFEE A DISINFECTANT. -It may be well to
remind people, in these times, that the odor of
roasting coffee is the most powerful disinfecting
agent. Take a red hot shovel with a few kern•
ala of coffee upon it, and it will remove entirely
the most offenrive odor arising from decaying
animal or vegetable matter, or from any other
source; a fact worth knowing where the cholera