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(seasuct ißericiircie—orrrogiltD BY Tiirri.]
HUNTINGDON, ifAi f, 184 g.
HOOVER'S SUPERIOR WRITING INK
Air sale at this office.
'the "gUNTINIIPON JOURNAL," is published at
the following rates, viz : $1,75 a year, if paid
is advance ; $2,00 if paid during the year, and
02,50 if not paid until after the expiration of
the year. The above terms to be adhered to in
No subscription taken for lens than six months,
and no paper discontinued until all arrearages
are paid, unless at the option of the publisher.
1:17* JACOB SNYDER, well and favorably known
to this community, it will be seen, has commen
ced business as a Merchant T'ailor. We be
speak for him re patronage commensurate with
his well known• meriti al a workman, and his
uniform upright chartecter as a citizen.
1121 fr J. & W. Six•tov have just received a
large and . spfenditi alsortment of Spring anti
Summer goods, which they are selling very
cheap. Call in and see them.
13r Levi lifEsvannox-- , .the 66 iloss—is
town" again with a new stock of boots and
Shoes, of all sites, and therefore ready and
willing to accommodate all who may favor him
kith a call.
Dom`' Wa. ut...s.ow, Saddle and Harness ma
ker, has opened a new establishment and desires
a share of public custom. Mr• G. is a good
mechanic and we believe a very worthy man.
Give hint a trial.
Satisfactory abstracts of the Revenue and
Militia Laws will be found in another column.
We invite attention to them.
Q 7" On our fourth page will be found a
Temperance Discussion" by Rev. JAMES
NOVHSE. We publish this at the request of a
highly respected subscriber, and not because
we concur in all the positions assumed by the
author. According to promise, we will publish
another number of this discussion in our next.
COL. 'FREMONT'S trmuts.—On our first page
will be found extracts from the letters of Col.
Fremont, detailing the sufferings and misfor
tunes of himself and his party, in their efforts
to cross the Rocky Mountains. These letters
will be read with melancholy interest.
The Daily News.
This excellent newspaper, and spirited advo
cate of Whig principles, has been again consid
erably enlarged and improved. It is sent to
subscribers daily at $5 per annum. To clubs
diX copies will be sent for $27, or twelve for
$5O. The News contains the latest intelli
ge ice from all quarters, and is in every respect as
desirable as the larger Dailys, which costs $8
per annum. We should like to see a club for
the Daily News of 8 or 12 copies made up in
02 The " Republican Standard" is the title
of a spirited Whig paper just started at Ber
wick, Columbia county, Pa. by S. E. KITCHEN,
Itsq. We Wish the editor abundant success in
o:7' An old and respected friend requests us
to exchange with the Weekly News" printed
at Shippensburg, Cumberland county, Pa. Of
course we will do so, and glad to get so spirited
a weekly as the News appears to be.
A Strange Admission.
We clip the following from the Globe of last
6• Tile A PPROCRIATIONS.-We leant from
Harrisburg that the appropriations made to pay
the debts on the public works will prove to be
entirely inadequate on some of the divisions.—
On Upper Juniata Division it is said the appro
priation will fall short about thirty thousand
dollars. The laborers and others will have to
"wait a little longer." A heavy responsibili
ty rests somewhere.
According to the Globe, therefore, under
Locofoco rule, with great professions of
love for the Laboring classes constantly on their
lips, they have allowed the debts on the Upper
Division of the Juniata to pile up to the enor
mous sum of SIXTY THOUSAND DOLLARS!
And this, too, in the face of the fact, that every
w:nter large appropriations have been made to
pay these debt.. If the statement of the Globe
be true, what has been done with the money ?
The officers on the Canal always appear to be
doing well ; how conies it that the Laborer.,
have to as trait t" And who is to get the thirty
thousand appropriation in the last bill, that the
Laborers are now told by the Locotbco organ
of this county, that they "will have to WAIT
A LITTLE LONGER 1" Who are now to he
preferred to the poor Laborers who earn their
money by the sweat of their brow l What
claims are more just than those of the men who
earn their daily bread by their daily labor 1"
We tell the Laboring men that an appropriation
of THIRTY THOUSAND DOLLARS hag
been made, and if their claims are not paid—if
they are still asked to wait a little longer," it
may truly be said, at a /eau responsibility
rests somewhere." That responsibility is not
with the Legielatnre or the Governor.
Ora brare Woitss--The Columbia Spy, in
speaking of the business done upon our State
works, says :
„ Since the opening of our canals, the in
crease of business on the State railroad has
hien so great that many of the most powerful
e iginea have been making two trips a day, and,
in fact, we heard of one engineer, more ambi
tious than the rest, who attempted to run three
—but his engine " broke down" on the " third
heat." We.notice t'. ree tine engines belonging
to the Reading, railroad company have been em
ployed, the better to forward business."
Free Schools--a good Movement.
The School Directors of this borough have
resolved to keep the Public Schools open ten
ilionelts in a year, and have levied a tax which
will enable them to carry out their resolution.
This is a highly creditable movement, and one
which cannot tail td be warmly applauded by
the enlightened spirit df the age. The benefits
Which must floW tom?nunity front petpetual
FR. SCHOCIA, so far outweigh the considera-
Ceti of the /Paltry sum required to defray the
expense, that we are surprised that a similar
resolution was not long since adopted. tinder
this system the child of the poorest man among
us, will have the same opportunity of gaining
knowledge, with the child of the most wealthy.
All will grow up on one glorious common level,
in perfect harmony with the spirit of our free
institutions. Ignorance, and its attendants=
Idleness, Vice and Crime—will recede before
the glorious march of Intelligence, Industry,
Enterprize, Morality and Religion. We hope
therefore that this resolution may not only be
persevered in for all time to come, but that, in
stead of ten months, FREE Scnoots with suita
ble vacations, may adorn the borough of Hun
tingdon from the beginning to the close of each
Jesse M,LLsn, late Secretary of the Common
wealth, who has acquired the title of the "Joe
Miller" of Pennsylvania Locofocoism—the
Prophet and file leader of that party, is out in
his paper—the Harrisburg Keystone—in oppo
sition to the Law abolishing Militia Trainings
This is so perfectly characteristic—so strictly
in accordance with the exploded, antiquated no
tions of this anti-Tariff, anti-enterprize, anti-
Magnetic Telegraph, a individual liability"
and hard-money demagogue, that we are not in
the least surprised at it. We merely mention
the fact, to let the People know what they are
to expect, should Jesse and his party be again
invested with power. The abolition of the an
nual farce of mustering the citizens of Pennsyl
vania, subject to military duty, with corn
stalks and broom handles on their shoulders,
was demanded by the People as with one voice.
And if Jesse does not get another office until
he rides in on the promise of replacing on the
statute-books the repealed Militia Law, and re
storing the old farcical Militia Trainings, why,
then, we can rejoice that the anti-Pennsylvania
doctrines of Jesse Miller will never again
cramp the energies and outrage and disgrace
the intelligence of our good old Commonwealth.
Post Office Insolence.
In nine cases out of ten, when papers " not
lifted" by those to whom they are sent, are re
turned to us by Postmasters, the Law is not
complied with by these officers. The law re
quires Post-masters, when returning to publish
ers papers not lifted, to state the reasons why
they are not lifted. When this is not done, the
publisher can hold the Postmaster for the sub
scription. But this is not all. In many in
stances, papers are not only not returned to us
according to law, but insolent remarks, in lieu
of the legal notice, are sent us. Here is a ease
in point. We received a No. of our paper from
the Postmaster at Traynesburg, 111sSlin county,
Pa., the other day, sent to a subscriber at that
office, who has been taking it for the last fear
years, endorsed " KEEP THIS PAPER AT HOME,"
and other insolent remarks, not very intelligible,
scribbled over the paper.
Doubtless the ill-bred ninny who did this,
cons idered it very smart ; but if the depart
ment at Washington does its duty, he will not
have the opportunity of repeating his insolence,
a week from this time, in an official capacity.
Although there are honorable exceptions, a
large majority of the Locofoco Postmasters of
this country, have heretofore considered it a part
of their duty to act as the vigilant agents for
Locofoco newspapers, and to do all in their
power against the circulation of Whig papers.
This they appear to have considered part of
their official duty. We have felt their opera
tions against us, seriously, and we hope that
the " guillotine" may soon relieve us from
their ruinous operations. We therefore call
upon Postmaster COLLAMER and his efficient
Assistant, Col. WARREN, to sharpen up the"
knife of their decapitating machine, and let us
feel its purifying effects in this portion of Penn
sylvania, commencing with the Postmaster at
Waynesburg, Mi f flin manly, Pa.
THE Cons Tar PRESS.-A city cotemporary,
Neal's Saturday Gazette, has the following just
remarks, which we commend to the attention
Take your county paper by all means, and
do not allow the Gazette to interfere with it.—
There are none of you who are not able to sub
scribe two dollars for a local journal and two
dollars for a good city weekly, nor do we see
how you can do without either. The one gives
you county and State intelligence ; the other
general news and literature. It is a mistake
for you to neglect your local editors, for those
who live in great cities. Of course, the Philo-
delphiu weeklies, with their immense editions,
can afford to publish larger papers for the same
money; but this is not everything, as you
would find if the local journal in your vicinity
shou,d hare to stop. We want no subscribers
at the expense of the country papers. But if
the fathers wish to bring up their children right,
and afford them both pleasure and instruction at
little cost, they will take the Gazette for them
selves and family, in addition to the local paper.
Mr. Ely Moore, Marshall of New York, who
travelled the country last tall making speeches
for Cass, is said to be a defaulter to the govern
ment for the sum of TWENTY THOUSAND
DOLLARS ! This amount would defray his
travelling expenses handsomely.
REMORSD RESIGNATION.—The Pitt,,turg A
merican notices a rumor that Attorney General
Darragh will tender his resignation during the
present month, and says such a course was
purposed about the first of March last, but was
delayed until the end of the March term of the
Court of Quarter Sessions, which generally
continues through the greater part of April.
CCP" Hon. JAMES COOPER has our thanks for a
copy of the Patent office Report.
Canal Comtultstoner--Our duty.
Though the time for selecting the Whig Canal
Commissioner,says the Miner's Journal,is some
what distant, a portion of the Whig Press are
suggesting the names of their respective friends
whom they consider suitable, for that office. It
is proper that the merits of every candidate for
nomination should be cooly discussed; and in
thus early commencing the work, we are con
vinced that the Whig party will be Out in the
coming election in their strength. H. IVi.
ler, Esq., a member of the Legislature, is high
ly spoken of as a candidate for nomination. Mr.
Fuller is a genileman of excellent character
for honesty end Integrity, of fine talents, well
acquainted with the Public Works and deservedly
Popillar among the people. His selection would
be hailed with pleasure by the friends of our
public works of this State. The Whigs should
not, in consequence of their great overwhel
ming victory last fall, presume that the great
battle has been fought and won,' and the de
sired ends accomplished ; but should go to work
when the proper time shall come, and endeavor
to gain a victory as complete as the memorable
ones last fall. It is true, we have elected our
President and Governor, but the people must
stand up and uphold them, or the measures for
Which We have strOggind, year titter year, will
stand a slim Chance of being enacted. Ift elert
the Administration, and in all probability it
will desert you. The friends of Whig mea
sures and reform, at the next election, Will have
an opportunity of showing their attachment to
measures, upon whose enactment the prosperity
of the country depends. It is not for this alone
the people should stand by the party. We see
the locofocos moved by an evil spirit, attacking
the Administration in the most virulent manner,
and flinging their malign darts in every direc
tion around the White House, for the sole pur
pose of intimidating its incumbent. But they
will be mistaken. They have men to deal with
=men who " asks no favors, and thrink from
no responsibilities," and whose conduct in more
trying scenes points them out as men iu whose
hands the government is safe. The Locofocos,
however, driven to desperation by their recent
shameful defeat, will leave nothing undone
which will tend to make the Administration un
popular in the minds of those who are simple
enough to believe the ;Varies they set afloat.
Therefore, to uphold the present Administra
tion,—to ensure the enactment of sound mea
sures, it becomes the people to stand by it, and
show their attachment whenever an opportuni
ty is given, and all will be right.
Locofoco abuse of Gen. Taylor.
The Locofoco papers, notwithstanding their
foul-mouthed abuse of Gen. Taylor during last
fall's campaign, are now storming and ranting
by the column against the old hero, because a
few Locofoco party-serving Postmasters have
been turned out of office. But it is not the re
movals themselves that the Locofoco papers
would complain of—oh, no, they arc glad to see
democrats removed—but it is Gen. Taylor's
violation of his pledges and professions that ex
cites their virtuous indignation I Why do they
not know that this is the same style of abuse
which was showered upon THOMAS JEFFER
SON by his opponents / And how did Mr.
Jefferson meet it ? He told them that those
who construed his previous declarations in favor
of "political tolerance" B:c., into assurances
that " the tenure of office was to be undisturb
ed," were vastly mistaken. If his hands were
to be thus tied by pretended pledges, it would
leave him standing at the head of government
with none but his political enemies in place un
der him ! When the people put him in power,
Mr. Jefferson argued, they declared by that act
that the " monopoly of office" should cease, and
that his friends were entitled to their share in
the direction of public affairs. And how, said
Mr. Jefferson, can my friends secure office ex
cept by remoralo of my enemies and the ene
mies of my opinions 1 Few die, none resign.
Therefore removals become absolutely necessa
ry. This was the reasoning of Thomas Jeffer
son, whose opinions the locofocos profess to re
gard so highly. Gen. Jackson's "no party"
professions were far stronger than any ever
uttered by Gen. Taylor. Yet did he allow any
but his political friend, to hold office under
him ? And is Gen. Taylor nn imbecile or do-
lard ; that he should reward his enemies.--the
miscreants who have basely slandeted and villi
fied his character—and treat with contempt his
friends f Locofocoism only shows itsown igno
ble, dastardly spirit, when it thus stands like a
whining mendicant, begging for office from the
war worn soldier whose patriotic services, il
lustrious as they are, it has only requited with
slander and calumny. The Presidential cam
paign of 1818 has shown Gen. Taylor a fact
which the honest old soldier was unwilling to
believe at its beginning—i. e. that he has "en
emies to punish." Let Locofocoism howl.—
The people have decreed a change of the men
and measures of the country, unit their will
Gen. Taylor is prepared to carry out.
Master and Apprentice.
In the Court of Quarter Sessions of Lancas
ter county an interesting case was recently de
cided, involving the rights and duties of master
and apprentice. The case was that of the Com- ;
monwealth vs. Hemperly. It appeared that
the defendant seas a house carpenter by trade,
and ordered his apprentice to saw and split
wood, for household uses, in no way connected
with the "art, trade, or mystery" which the
young man was bound to learn, and the master
to teach. The apprentice objected to out the
wood because the axe was out of order. The
master undertook to enforce his authority by
beating the boy with a stick—the boy resisted,
and afterwards indicted the master for assault
Judge Lewis, charged the jury—l. That a
master who takes an apprentice, for the purpose
of instructing him in any particular art or trade,
has no right to withdraw the time and attention
of the apprentice from the proper business
which the one is to teach, and the other to learn
and that the highly respectable condition of an
APPRENTICE cannot be degraded to the level of
a MENIAL or mere FAMILY szaysmr. 2. That
a master house carpenter has no right to direct
his apprentice to rut and split fire wood, when
such cutting and splitting of fire-wood has no
connection with the " art, trade or mystery of
a house carpenter." 3. That the master has
nevertheless a legal authority over his appren
, tice, and is not liable to an indictment in a Cries
linal Court for every mistalost exercise of that
I authority. To sustain such a proceeding, there
must be such proof of cruelty, or impropriety
Southern Meeting in Accomac. on the part of the master, as shall satisfy the
The Norfolk Argus contains the proceedings ' jury that he acted in bad faith, and nought the
of a Democratic anti-proviso meeting held at gratification of his own bad passions, and not
the court house of Accomac, on the 20th ult.
The resolutions strongly second Mr. Calhoun's the establishment of his supposed rights, or the
Southern address, but go still further. The benefit of the apprentice.
North is threatened with moral resistance in all Where there is no such bad faith on the part
its forms, and finally with force of arms if it of the master, and he diverts the attention ot
persists in making "free soil encroachments
his apprentice from the ccart or trade" intended
upon the constitution." Henry A. Wise, Judge
Bayly and Dr. Mallory were the principal ors- to be learned and taught, and uses his authority
tors.' —[Baltinsors Sun. to enforce his commands, tinder an honest claim
There is not a paper printed in Accomac county of right, the remedy is by application to an al
nor very many readers, for the very sufficient derman or justice, and from thence to the Res
reason that there are but few there who can 'lions, under the Act of Assembly of 29th of
fAcn —R fus W.
h P as ort i e n r , , en i t a e tr d i ! o er n t rn ., On li: y fi v i rc a m nd ed thtt statute ta eo k t e t a :7 the
read. We should think it just about in the right edrto L r r o vs f a the l‘ Scie n ti fi c u
latitude and longitude for just such a meeting as a flying machine, which according to his demon- plaints for "misusZ Jim!, or evil ?rea a ress e ri ,
is described in the above Paragraph. Men so atrations will traverse the air at the rate of one except where the master's conduct shows that
sunk in ignorance as to be but one remove above hundrederctr,:sitlesnr7
otrl7illife7ht it 2st i a n "e of
he knowingly prostituted his authority as mu
ter to accomplish other thane master's purposes.
the beasts that perish, are the very men to va- same time a ' gainst the most violent sto n ;m e I . n T t ho e '
por about a resort to arms as a means of exten- ' skeptical, yet as the most learned in the eastern al'. Did you present your account to the eli
ding over other regions, the "institution" cities cannot say why it will not operate, we ex- fondant 1" inquired a lawyer of his client. "1
r this o n s o a v n e l v c r o a n nc v ae o n c w e
h a e d re v
, d g id i ,Jo to uf d h m ot e lo t r o ." ' o
t ' o A ti n , d e whet I , s i tt A ea r g h '
which all intelligent men know is the chief
cause of their ignorance and inferiority.— Porter says he . can go ii three and a half days did you do then 1" 4 , Why, then I came to
Ga :ate. from New York city. "' you.
Simon Drum's Removal,
Simon Drum, who has been only fifty years
Post Master at Greensburg, Westmoreland
county, Pa., it seems has been suspended in
office, and because he happened to have a eon in
the Mexican War, who died fightitig the enemy,
the locofoco press misses an awful howl over
the removal of the father. " Gen. Taylor,"
says the Pennsylvanian, " is responsible for
these outrages—=for these crimes against public
opinion and the Nation's !senor." The Editor
of The Harrisburg Intelligencer, in allailittg ti
his removal, shows that Simon Drum himself
was the first to commit such " crimes against
the Nation's honor," and eloquently remake—
' " Prior to the nomination of the Philadelphia
Convention, the entire Locofoco press in advance,
were reviling HENRY CLAY. Had he received
that nomination, their abuse would have gradu
ally increased in intensity until it attained the
infamy of the foulest language of the inhabitants
of the Five Points of New York. Yet Henry
111 Clay lost a gallant son in Mexico, who volun
teered to fight his country's battles, and died in
one of the bloodiest and most glorious of them. '
Did the heroism of young Clay ever preterit
one Locofoco from denouncing end libelling his
father? Did Gen. Taylor's services in two
wars—:-his brilliant victories—universal
ness to officers and men—his hoary hairs, and
Mani honore- , —keep , this same &Mon Drum and
his friend's from o pposing and denotitteing his
son's old commander 1
A brother of Gov. Johnston—Richard—vol
unteered for the war with Mexico, and after
fighting in five battles, fell in the sixth—sword
in hand—at Moline del Rey. This fact never
prevented one Locofoco from opposing and slan
dering Gov. Johnston. It never prevented the
Locofocos of Westmoreland, with whom Mr.
Drum has been and is identified, from pursuing
Gov. Johnston with calumnies more atrocious
than the ordinary mendacity of the party lead
ers could invent, and the ordinary credulity of
party prejudice and ignorance could swallow.
When Locofoco editors appeal to popular sym
pathies because a father lost a son its :Mexico,
the blood of young Clay rises from the ground
against the revilers and persecutors of his
Father; and, remembering Molino del Rey,
never, without a Miming bluish of shame, should
they make such an appeal iii behalf of a West-
[From the Hollidaysburg Register.] i
Within the past week the good people of our
town have been thrown into a great commotion
by the very successful exhibitions of the phe
nomena of this truly wonderful and mysterious
science. What shall we say 1 We have seen
with our eyes and heard with our ears, what is
past believing upon any other authority than
like demonstrations, and things even so wonder
ful as to stagger confidence in one's senses ! We
have seen most respectable citizens of our own
borough—men who are entirely above collusion
or cheat—put under an influence, and made stran
gers to themselves, absolutely denying their',
own identity, and claiming, with all gravity and
earnestness, I. be somebody else! We have
seen individuals devouring ravrpotutoes with a
relish, declaring they were well flavored and
fine peaches! We have seen men made so drunk
as to stagger, by looking at another drinking
cold water—to one it was a " sherry cobbler"
to another "ale"! We have seen the tobacco
chewer and smoker but at enmity with the vile
weed for a day or two, or three at the will of
the operator, and his appetite for it then return!
We have seen stout and able bodied men placed
in a standing position against the wall, and una
ble to step away from it, though exerting them
to do so ! We have seen the memory
of particular transactions blotted out in a mo
, mist, and restored again as suddenly, at the will
of the operator! We have seen a man under
the influence of magnetism deny all knowledge
I of his most intimate and familiar friend, stand
ing before him and coversing with him, and in a
moment after recognize him, unconscious that
he liscl but a moment before treated him so cav
alierly ! We have seen one piffling away in
the most graceful style at a pencil case, ima
gining it a first rate " Principle," and we have
, sects another clench his fists and place himself
' in an attitude of defence and make a ‘• pass" at
a supposed enemy! We have seen one suppose
himself Henry Clay and anothel Gen. Taylor,
, filling the characters in much better style than
they could fill them in their natural unmagneti
zed state ! We have seen the father transform
. ed (in Isis own imagination,) into another man,
shaking his daughter affably and defferentially
i by the hand, declaring her to be the daughter of
an acquie.ntance! and we have seen the same
individual upon the dismission of the audience
go off as Mr. C—, to the " Exchange," in-
I stead of home to the bosom of his family ! (To
have gone home to the bosom of the family of
Mr. C— would have Seen an amusing ad-
venture!) And we have seen the gentleman of
no trade imagining himself a tailor, nimbly go-
I ing through the motions of plying the needle
j &c., a painter by trade, industriously going
through the motions of the boot maker! We
have seen but enough of what we have
seen of this wonderful magnetism—mysterious
poweiLl . . _
—What we have related is no fancy sketch,
but stern reality. The subjects of these dem.
onstrations were, as we have said before, our
own citizens, and men with whom there could
be no collusion. But to realize the power of
Animal Magnetism you must see it exhibited as
Mr. Spencer exhibits it. Wonder of wonders—
mystery of mysteries, is Animal Magnetism;
and Prince of operators is Mr. Spencer ! We
think we may now venture the assertion that
there are but few sceptics as to the existence of
the power, amongst us—all, or nearly all have
been forced to believe.
—But not so, as it regards the utility and pro
priety of practising the art, mystery or science.
Upon this point there is a wide difference of
opinion—some holding it to be fearfully danger
ous, mischievous and wrong; and others regard
it as a power conferred on man by his Creator,
for some wise and benificent purpose; and that
its practice and demonstration will lead to dis
coveries of the highest importance to man. To
this latter view of the case, for our part, we
strongly incline ; and it would be no matter of
surprise to us, to see some Newton or Franklin
starting sip and unravelling the whole mystery
of Animal Magnetism. Is it a more subtile
thing; or more wondrous and incomprehensible
in its phenomena, than were electricity or at
traction of gravitation previous to the discove
ries of Newton and Franklin ? Is it a particle
more like assuming the power of Omnipotence,
than bottling up the thunder bolts of Heaven;
annihilating space, as it were, by the electric
telegraph; or commanding the rains to descend
as by the theory of the storm King, Espy?
Rebellion in Canada!
From the North Anteriran
signious . RIOTS.
MONTREAL, April 26.
The Governor came down to the Legislative
Chamber yesterday and gave the MVO assent
to the bill fob indemnifying losses sustained Bo
ring the rebellion. On leaving the Parliament
House he was pelted by a mobmottly Orange
men—and forced tai retire to his residence in the
country. Last night while the Assembly was
engaged on the judiciary bill, ;mid shouts gave
evidence that a rlot was fomenting outside, and
before a moment elapsed a number of stones
were thrown through the w:n.lows.' The mem;
bees rushed behir.d the Speaker's rnair while
stones continued to be thrown incessantly.
The benches were proinpfly deserted, as well
as the strangers' galleries, and members were
seen flying up stairs to the library. The only
member visible was Mr. Stevenson, who had
placed himself on one of the benches between
the windows, and eyed the havoc with the spirit
of one determined not to flinch. The stones
for some time were thrown only from the front
part of the building, but in a few minuree They
were thrown from the rear, and in about 5 min
utes there was not left an unbroken light in the
whole range. A slight cessation occurring,
several members entered the house from the
lobby; but the rioters recommenced the attack
from all sides, the house was again cleafed—
not one solitary member left—missiles still coin
tinning to enter through the shattered windows..
At last a er) Was raised frOln' the libiary esid
of the building, They . conic." I.'hoe who
had taken refuge there then rushed along the
centre of the hall, and disappeared behind the
Speaker's chair—the lobby at that end being
crowded with members and clerks. Immedi
ately after about a dozen persons entered the
Assembly Hall, armed with sticks. One walk
ed up to Mr. Stevens, and seated himself in the
Speaker's chair. Another looked around the
Hall, and muttered something about dissolving
Parliament. Others commenced destroying all
before them, including chandeliers suspended
from the ceiling, glass globes, and other lights.
One of them visited the front row of members'
benches on both sides of the house, striking all
papers to the floor with sticks.
After him, another, more determined on de
struction, tore the benches up, throwing some
into the centre of the floor and jumping upon
or breaking them.
Having destroyed as much as they could, they
left the Assembly Hall. A few soon returned,
but some of the triehibers hailing entered from
the rear ot the Speaker's chair, the rioters con
tented themselves with overturning the benches
and but for the exertions of Guan and Rob
ison, the former of whom ejected a fellow in •
blanket coat, about to demolish the Clerk's ta
ble, they would not have left a single piece of
furniture. One fellow had arrived with the rod
of office of tha Sergeant -at-arms, and went stri
king at every article in rear of the Speaker.
He was obliged to seek escape, as the house had
been fired at the McGill Street end, and the
building was in flames. A cry was got up to
save the library.
Sir Allen McNabb used every excition to ef
fect this, but all seemed bent on making their
escape from the fire. Sir Allen McNabb and
Mr. Badgley went to the library and attempted
to save a few "volumes, but were unable to get
them out, and to save their lives were compelled
to descend by means of a ladder.
The Parliament house and others are totally
Many arrests have been made this morning.
Sir George Moffit has been arrested charged
with high treason. To-day all is quiet.
Further riots at Montreal.
MONTANA!, April 27-9 P. M.
Last night the tory mob assembled again in
great force, and burned the house and stable of
Lafantaine, the liberal leader in the Provincial
Parliament—smashed the windows of the house
of Dr. Nelson, another prominent liberalist,
and Inspector Gen. Hincks, as well as the hou
ses of other gentlemen. Manyacts of violence
were committed at the great mass meeting of
the tories at the Champ de Mars, at 2 o'clock
AN ACT C - IZE - A - 1 7 1N - G -- A SINKING f*riD
The following is an abstract of the Redcoat'
Law, passed by the late Legislature :
Sec. 1. The Secretary of the Commonwealth,.
Auditor General and State Treasurer for time
being to form a board of Commissioners to'
purchase the State debt.
Sec. 2. That all revenue derived from the'
following sources, to wit: the taxes on collat.
erel inheritances, and the per tentage assessed'
upolis any bank or railroad, or coat mining, or
improvement company, charter, all taxes on
distilleries at breweries; Oh billiard rooms ;
bowling saloons and ten pin alleis, new
counties, on theatrical, circus and menagerie ex
hibitions, and on eating houses, beer houses and•
restaurants, and all such revenues as the legisla
ture' may rom time to tithe set apart for the
purposes mentioned in this act, shall, so soon
as the same shall be received at the Treasury,
be paid direr 61 the said Cohnitlesidttere, who
shall forthwith proceed to purchase the debts
of the Commonwealth, on the tiring and fclt thd'
purposes set }drift' rh she' that' sectidh of this'
Sec. 3. That file said bmntissioners shali t
be authorized to' receive the interest due and .
payable on the debt, so as aforesaid purchasett
and held by them, which interest shall be like- -
wise applied to t he purchase of said debt, so'
that the same shall form a constantly accumu
lating ftlnd, for the extinguishment of the pub
SEC. 4. ecctMfilisifiliers tS?eport to the Gov
ernoT en /be Mat Monday of Sept. 1851, and
every third year thereafter.
Sec. 5. To make full report to the Legiela
tare in 1852, and every third year thereafter.
Sec. 8. Balance of money in their bands to'
be invested for the purchase of the State debt.
Sac. 7. Authorisid to receive donations to
Sac. 8. To keep full minutes of the procee--
Sisc. 9. Pledges the faith of the State for the
permanency of these appropriations.
SEC. 10 to 16 has relation to collateral
Sac. 17. Stuck brdkets to pay 60 per cent.
addit'onal on licenses, and exchange brokers
100 per cent.
Sac. 18. Extends the laws in relation to
stock and exchange brokers to real estate and
Sic. 9. EYery keeper of a billiard room,
bowling saloon or ten pin alley in any city, or
the county of Philedelphia, to pay $lOO, and in
every Whet county, $3O per annum, under pen
alties of from $lOO to $3OO, or imprisonment
Sac. 20. Beer, Ale, and Eating Houses to
pay as follows—to be arranged in 8 classes.—
The licenses to be taken out on Ist of July
next, and on the first day of April in every year
lit class, Was of $20,000 per an. to pay $2OO
2d do do 16,000 do do 126
3d do do 10,000 do do 75
4th do do 5,000 do do 30
sth do do 3,000 do do 20
6th do do 9,000 do do 12
7th do do 1,000 do do 10
Eth do do 500 do ,do 5
No' hing in this act is to conflict w ith the pres• .
ent law for licensing taverns in Phil's, passed
April 1819, nor to affect ~ fame sole" boarding
house keepers, whose receipts do not amount
to over $2OOO.
SEC. 23. The classification to be made by the
Sac. 24. The license for a Theatre or Circus
in Philadelphia city or county ssoo—in Alle
gheny county $2OO-41 any other county $BO.
Sec. 25. Venders of merchandise, all manu
facturers, venders, agents or other persons, (ex
cept regular apothecaries, for the sale of simple
medicines, the prescriptions of physicians) en
gaged in the manufacture and sale of nostrums,
medical compounds, &c., or hawkers or pedlars
of the same to be classed as follows: Venders
of $2OO per annum, to be 4th class, and pay $5
—ovrr $2OO and under $5OO, 3d class, and to
pay $lO. Over $5OO and under $lOOO, 2nd
class, to pay $3O, over $lOOO and under $2OOO,
to he Ist class, and pay $5O; sales over $2OOO,
to pay 3 per cent. Penalty from $lOO to $5OO.
The laws in relation to wholesale and retail
dealers in merchandize, continue as heretofore.
SEC. 29. The state Treasurer to give 5 per
cent discount on all monies paid before the first
of May 1851, for patents on land now warrant
Sec. 50. Every netv county to pay $5OO.
Sec. 31. The appraisers of mercantile taxes,
to return all breweries and distilleries of every
kind, and their product in gallons.
SEC. :12. The same shall be divided into 10
classes, sales of $lOO,OOO to pay $lOO. Of
$75,000 to pay $75. Of $50,000, $5O. Of $30,-
000, $4O. Of $20,000, $3O. Of $15,000,
$25. Of 10,000, $2O. Of 5000, $12,50. Of
2000, $B. tinder $2,000, $5, except Philadel
phia, where the lowest shall be $5O. •
The sword of honor made under direction of
the Virginia Legislature for presentation, on
behalf of the State, to Gen. Taylor, was deliv
ered on Tuesday last. The Virginia deputation
having been introduced to the President by Mr.
Preston, Mr. Daniel, on their behalf delivered
an eloquent address, to which the President re
plied as follows:
GENTLEMEN receive, with emotions of
profound respect and gratitnde, the sword voted
by the Legislature of the State of Virginia,
which you hare been deputed to present in he:
It need hardly be said that this token of ap
probation and of confidence bears with it On
sual interest and value. It is from the State at
my extraction and nativity—a Statedistisiguish
ed through the American annals for the abili
ties, the valor and the patriotism of her child
ren, and which yields to none in devotion to the
cause of constitutional liberty. This offering
of her representatives will be cherished with
jealous care and handed down as a precious in
heritance to my children.
You allude to the services which have had
the good fortune to elicit the approval of my
countrymen. The recent campaign. in Mexico,
so far an military combinations and actions of
commanders are concerned, have now become
matters of history; but no history can fitly re
cord the sufferings, the privations, the coinage,
and the constancy of the common soldiers. To
the steadiness and discipline of the rank and file
ably led as they were by the platoon and regi
mental officers, our success must he mainly as
cribed. Without such officers and men, co in
spiration, no good fortune, could have averted
disgrace from our arm..
I bee through you to convey to the able and
distinguished Governor of Virginia, to the Le
gislature, and to the people of the State over
which he worthily presides, my most sincere
and heartfelt acknowledgments for the high hon
or I have this tray received, and allow me to
present to you, gentlemen, my thanks for the
very handsome manner in which you have die
charged the trust confided to you.
The weapon is said to be superb, and on its
blade is the following inscription:
Presentedby VIRGINIA to her distinguislt,l
son, Maj. Gen. ZACHARY TAILOR, for his ~,
lontry and good conduct at the battles of
Alto, newt de la Palma, Monterey, and 8. , -