Huntingdon journal. (Huntingdon, Pa.) 1843-1859, January 25, 1848, Image 2

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    amount of the change is this, that the
foreigner brings his iron into our mar
ket, and the Treasury loses three-fifths
of the former duty. On such a state of
things this model of a Secretary eongra
tulates Pennsylvania, and eludes to the
result of the late elections as speaking
her approval of his financiering !
will tell you one way in which he I .
lowers duties. He takes off one-half
11tintins'tlon, Tuesday,o l ,Mary 25 1848.
the duty on brandy and puts it upon tea
and coffee He relieves the rich man's
1):".r e are again under obligations
brandy and burdens with a heavy hand !
m il, to Hells. John Blanchard and A. Stew
the tea and coffee of "the toiling
lions." And for this he got the votes of art for favors from Washington. Also,
Pennsylvania! He takes nearly one-Ito D. Blair and A. King, Esqr's, for nu
half of the duty off of lints and fifty and ' merous favors from Harrisburg.
thirty per cent. off of clothes and shoes.
What for I To increase revenue. How
will this inereaserevenue I By increas
ing imports. He says he has redu-1
ced the duties one-third, so that now he
must import one hundred and fifty mil- 1
lions worth of goods to get the same
revenue that one hundred millions gave !
under the tariff 0f'1842, and he must
send fifty millions of dollars to pay for
them. So the foreigner sells us fifty
millions to displace fifty millions now
made at home, without paying our Treas
ury 'one cent more revenue—foreigners
have all the benefit and Americans bear
all the loss. That is the beatitiful pol
icy of our model President and his mod
el Secretary; and a pretty pair of models
they are !—[A laugh] But, there is a
shadow over them ! Old Rough and
Ready is coming to correct all this anti-
American policy and see justice done to
the American people. Under this pre
cious doctrine of Mr. Walker we must
import six millions more of foreign iron
to get the duties we did, and leave so
ranch of our own iron under the ground.
Why must we take so much more of
British iron while England will not take
any more of our cotton
Once more : this Secretary tells us
that the uniform effect of a high tariff is
to oppress labor, and that of low tariffs is
to favor it. It will soon, lie says, become
an axiomatic truth "that ALL TARIFFS are
a TAX upon LABOR." A tax on foreign
goods a tax on our own labor ! Indeed !
I will adopt the maxim, but with an
amendment. I move to insert the word
"foreign." All tariffs are a tax on for
eign labor. So they are, when foreign
labor comes in competition with our own.
But, to encourage the latter, Mr. Wal
.lter takes the duty off of foreign labor
and puts it on our own. The reduction
inures to the benefit of the foreigner,
and the Treasury loses the revenue.
He says that low duties are always
followed bypublic prosperity ; and he
very modestly says it was the effect of
his report of 7845, which was published
for the use of Parliament, that produced
the repeal of the British corn laws. Sir,
the corn laws are not repealed ; they
never were repealed. They were tempo
rarily suspended, it is true; and in a very
few weeks they will pgnin go into ef
fect. The Secretary says it is suscep
tible of mathematical demonstration
that, in all countries, this and every !
'other, the public prosperity is advanced
by low duties. I deny it. I say the ve
ry reverse is the result of the whole ex
perience of this country, and I will pro
ceed to prove it by the secretary's own
official reports.
[Here the Chairman's hammer fell,
and Mr. S. resumed his seat.]
ARREST OF GEN SCOTT.—The arrest of
Gen. Scott, by the Government, will ex
cite very general astonishment. There
should be the most overwhelming tes
timony against the Commander of our
army, whose career front Vera Cruz to
Mexico, displays a succession of the most
brilliant victories that were ever achiev
ed, to justify, or even excuse, his Gov
ernment for putting himitunder arrest !
We will not, however, prejudge the
question, farther than to say, that in de
tailing Caleb Cushing span that Court,
it is palpable that the Administration
has dirty work in hand. There is a
base motive at the bottom of every move
ment in which Caleb Cushing is to be
employed. But the Administration, in
opening this fire upon Gen. Scott's
"rear," as his reward for planting our
Flag upon- the "Halls of the Montezu
mos," will need to be "thrice armed,"
or it must he prepared to encounter a
storm of popular indignation that will
"grind them to powder."—./llbany Eve.
following resolution has passed both
Houses of the General Assembly cf Ten
nessee. In the Senate it passed by a
strict party vote. In the House one
whig, the representative from Knox, vo
ted against, and one Democrat, the Rep
resentative from Claiborne, for it.
Resolved by the General .Isseembly• of
the State of Tennessee.—That the people
of Tennessee, by their Representatives,
do hereby reccommend to their fellow
citizens of the Union,
TAYLOR, as a candidate for the Presiden
cy at the next election, in whose ability,
impartially, patriotism and devotion to
the Constitution, confidence can be safe
ly deposited by the people.
"If the Whigs had their way, if they
could carry whatever appropriations
they pleased, the people's money would
flow like water."—X. Y. Globe.
V- The President has had his way
in the Mexican war, and the consequence
baa been that blood has " flowed like
water," and money has flawed like
Wood. —told/tine Journal.
fl On our first page will be found an
able speech by Hon. A. STEWART, the
champion of American Industry, in re
ply to the President's Message, and Sir
Robert Walker's Treasury Report. The
gross misstatements and attempts nt de
ception of the latter document, are held
up in a manner that will not be very
pleasing to its author. Every paper in
Pennsylvania should publish, and every
citizen of the State should attentively
read this speech.
Huntingdon--•The Railroad,
The first survey for the Pa. Railroad,
passed through this borough in Wash
ington street, third from the Canal. It
is now rendered pretty certain that the
location will be in Allegheny street, be
ing the first street from the Canal. This
location, it must be apparent to all, will
be decidedly the best for the interests
of this town. It will bring the two great
improvements into close proximity, and
thus afford an equal opportunity to bu
siness men, for the entire extent of the
town, to secure the advantages to be de
rived from the road. And it will thus,
too, enhance the value and stimulate
the business of every portion of the
town. A large quantity of goods will
be transshipped here during the whole
season, and when, as is often the case,
the navigation of the canal between this
and Hollidaysburg is impeded by low
water, the trade of the entire west will
be transshipped ai this point. Hunting
don is therefore looking up, and bids
fair to be the most important point
on the Juniata. Will not all her citi
cent lend their aid to secure the advan
tages that are now placed within her
grasp 1
We understand that the Pa. Rail
road letting which was expected to take
place in this borough in March, has been
postponed until May next.
Manufacturing Capital.
In giving a list of the counties that
have nominated Gen. Taylor for the 1
Presidency, the Pa. Intelligencer puts
down Huntingdon among the number!—
A week or two since a County Conven
tion, representing the entire party of the
county, unanimously declared General
SCOTT to be their first choice for the
Presidency. This fact we considered
conclusive on the subject, until we recei
ved information from Harrisburg of our
mistake! If our friends at the Capitol
had informed us sooner who old Hun
tingdon preferred as a Presidential can
didate, it would have saved us the mor
tification of making the awkward blun
der we did ! Why was the information
withheld I
ID- What have our Whig friends of
Dauphin who participated in the Taylor
meeting been doing, that they are ap
plauded by the Locoloco papers of Har
risburg 1 Meetings to advocate and de
fend Whig principles have heretofore in
variably called forth the abuse of those.
We neglected to mention last week
that our Senator, Mr. KING, had intro
duced a bill into the Senate to incorpo
rate the Huntingdon and Broad Top
Railroad and Coal Company. The bill
will doubtless pass the Senate, but from
the Locofoco complexion of the House,
we are inclined to doubt whether this
bill will be allowed to go again before
the Governor at the coming session.
Cc:r The Legislature of Kentucky has
passed a resolution recommending Gen.
Taylor for the Presidency.
ID - Samuel Singer has been appoint
ed Recorder of Dauphin county, in the
place of R. F. Black, dec'd.
CANAL BOARD.—We learn from the
Pa. Intelligencer that Mr. Longstreth
took his seat hat week, as a member of
the Board of Canal Commissioners.—
Mr, Burns was elected President, and
Thos. L. Wilson re-elected Clerk.
ID- Hon. Henry Clay made a speech
before the Colonization Society of Wash
ington last week. He was received by
meeting with great enthusiasm.
Approaching CrisiS,
It ap p ears from the Philadelphia Led-
ger, that a crisis in money matters is
evidently approaching with the Govern
ment. The Mexican war is causing
heavy drains,, and the banks and mer
chants are contracting to meet the con
sequences. The Sub-Treasury, at New
York, has been nearly exhausted, and
the Secretaty of the Treasury has invi
ted to Washington several cashiers
from Philadelphia and New York--for
what purpose is not stated. It is evident,
from the condition Of the Treasury, that
the Government will soon want money.
and it is true, that some capitalists and
bank-officers have suddenly gone to
Washington. A few days will probably
determine what these movements are all
"Conquering a Peace."
Maj. Gaines, who returned from a
year's captivity in Mexico, a few weeks
ago, said if there was any man in Mex
ico favorable to peace with the United
States he had not seen him. Col. Jeffer
son Davis, in a speech in favor of the
Ten Regiment bill in the Senate, on the
sth instant, said, "1 hazard the asser
tion that there is more hostility against
us in Mexico now than there was at the
beginning of the war. Mexico is not
conquered." Where is the contest to
end, or when will our rulers become ac
quainted with the people they are deal
ing with 1 A peace can never be secu
red by Mr. Polk; and the evils of war
will have to be endured until his suc
cessor takes the rein of government.
The National Intelligencer says :
" We repeat what we have already said
—that it is highly expedient that Con
gress provide, if in their power, to meet
the immediate demands on the Treasury
for supporting the Army already in the
field, before they make provision for an
other ; and we may be allowed to add,
that it appears to us the height of ab
surdity to authorize a vast additional
expenditure of pnblic money before pro
viding the ways and means to defray
expenses already incurred, the creditors
for . which will soon be, if they are not
now, thundering at the doors of the
Q - A decision was made by the Su
preme Court of the United States, on
Thursday of last week, in the case of
Mrs. Gaines, wife of Gen. Gaines, which
gives her the right, as heir, to four
fifths of the immense estate left by her
father, David Clark, ut his death'. It is
said her share will be worth some thirty
millions of dollars. The decision so
affected her that she burst into a flood
1 1 of tears, and was borne from the Court
i room by her friends.
Mr. Bancroft's order to Commodore
Conner to allow Santa Anna, "•to pass
freely," was, of course obeyed by that
gallant officer ; who, however, in his
despatch, August 16th, to the Secretary,
notifying the landing of the President's
protege, let fail an expression by which
it may be judged that obedience to such
an order was not particularly agreeable
to his feelings and officer-liko sense of
honor. "I could easily have boarded
the Arab," says Commodore Conner,
" but 1 deemed it most proper not to do
so, allowing it to appear as if he enter
ed without my concurrence." The Com
modore was, plainly enough, ashamed
of the duty imposed upon him, and took
the most delicate way of showing the
world, as well as of informing the Sec
retary, that he washed his hands of it.—
North .dmerican.
The New York Legislature, on motion
of Mr. MYERS, a Barn-burner from St.
Lawrence County, has adopted a resolu
tion by a rote of 107 yeas to 5 nays,
reiterating the sentiments of the Wilmot
Proviso, and declaring that one of the
fundamental conditions, to the admis
sion of territory into the Union hereof-
ter should be the prohibition of Slavery
in its bounds. The Senate has concur
red, 26 to 1. This is "cold coffee" for
Messrs. BUCHANAN, DALLAS, CAss and
other Northern dough-faces.
ried to a son of Mr. Clay. Thus the
children of Mr. Clay and Col. Benton be
come sister and brother-in-law. Mr.
Clay was at the weddiug, as was also
ID- The Richmond Star says :—,‘Folks Mr. Buchanan, but no other member of
who don't like the way newspapers arc the cabinet.
edited, ought to ask leave to put in a
specimen of the right sort. Every man The Lancaster Examiner esti
mates the value of flour, wheat, corn and
that thinks it easy to edit a paper ex
oats, exported from that county during ,
actly right, and to universal acceptance,
the past year, at two millions of dollars.
ought to try it. May be he would suc
ceed, and if so he would be better anti- Brown's celebrated paintings of Gen.
tied to a reward than the discoverer of Taylor, were placed in the Capitol on
perpetual motion." ' last Wednesday.
The Administration and Gen. Scott. TUE PRESIDENCY.
The Daily News of Friday last says: I DAUPHIN COUNTY.—An extra from the
—We have at last, what, we presume, i office of the Pa. Intelligencer informs us
can be depended upon as authentic intel- I that a large and enthusiastic meeting of
ligence, with regard to the designs of the the Whigs of Dauphin county, friendly
Adminstration towards Gen. Scott. The to the election of Gen. Taylor to the
many reports in ciculation for some days I Presidency, was held ,in Harrisburg, on
past, have not been entirely groundless. Monday evening, 16th inst. JOHN C.
The National Intelligences of yesterday KUNKLE, Esq., presided, assisted by a
states, and it never makes any uncoil- i number of Vice Presidents. Wm. P.
sidered statements, that Gen. Towson, COULTER, Esq. reported a series of spir-
Paymaster General, did set out on Mon-1 ited resolutions, nominating old Rough
day night for Mexico, where he is, in and Ready, and speaking in terms of
conjunction with Gen.Cushing and Gen. deserved praise of his brilliant military
Butler, of the volenteer forces, to form a I services, which were adopted by aCcla-
Court of Inquiry ordered by the Presi- mation. The names of those who par
dent of the United States on Gen. Scott. ticipated in this demonstration aro all
A very singular Court, by the way, to familiar to us, and we are happy to add
sit in judgment on the General-in-Chief i that they arc all Whigs of the true
of the army. I stamp.
It seems to be generally understood
that the Court is to sit at Perote. What SCOTT MEETING.
next will this Administration do l—
[Correspondence of the Dully Newel
Will the people see this high-handed HARRISBURG, Jun. 19, 1848.
outrage committed upon General Scott, Close upon the heels of Monday even
ing's Taylor demonstration, there was
without evincing their utter nbhorenco held lust evening a meeting in favor of
of the motives that actuate the President the Hero of Lundy's Lane. Upon en
and his advisers ? We hope not. tering the Court House, the eye was ar
rested by numberless placards posted
ID.- The last Lehigh Bulletin annori- upon the walls, and bearing the signifi
cess the death of Hon. JOHN W. HORN- cant inscription—" LET JAMES K.
BECK, the distinguished \Vhig member IPOLK RECALL GEN. SCOTT IF HE
of Congress, from the district composed
ro r o ec in ec l i v in as nebvoeuntina: well filled as on the
of Bucks and Lehigh counties. He died the meeting was ' far more spirited.—
on Sunday evening 16th inst., at his That veteran Whig, NER MIDDLESWARTH
residence near Allentown. lof Union county, presided, assisted by
Senators Williamson, of Chester, Levis,
of Butler, Boas, of Lehigh, and a large
number o other ,Vice Presidents.
The meeting was ably and eloquently
addressed by James Fox, Esq., of Dan ,
phin ; Hon. Wm. F. Johnston, of Arm
strong t Gideon J. Ball, Esq., of Erie ;
David Blair, Esq., of Huntingdon, and
Thomas Nicholson, Esq., of Beaver.
The Hon. Alex. Ramsey of Harris
burg reported a preamble and series of
resolutions, from among which we clip
the following:
Resolved, That we have full confidence
that a National Convention, composed
of delegates elected by Congressional
districts and immediately responsible
for their action to those who elect them,
will not nominate a candidate for the
Presidency or Vice Presidency who
does not fully and openly subscribe to
the recognized principles and measures
of the Whig party, and who will not
freely declare, in advance, that He will
acquiesce in the decision of that Con
vention and join in the support of its
The Washington Advertiser says
Col Benton, it is said, will prefer char
ges of impeachment against the Presi
dent, if Col. Fremont is not acquitted by
the Court Martial.
KrThe Hon. B. Johnson has been ap
pointed by the Governer of Georgia to
represent that State in the Senate of the
United States, in the place of Mr. Col
quitt, resigned.
Ity-As the Globe and other Locofoco
papers have been speaking so highly of
the speech delivered by the Hon. R.
Johnston, bit the subject of the war, we
suppose they will be villing to assent to
the truth of the following closing para
graph of that speech :
The President hereafter, when in re
tirement of private life, and reviewing
the scenes of these bloody conflicts,
however it may be now, will take no joy
in the remembrance of our triumphs.
The voice of conscience will tell him that
all the blood of the battle was his shed
ding. The tale of its glory to him, will
be lost amidst theagonizing cries of the
widows and orphans it has made. Sit,
I repeat it, I afledge no improper motive
to the Executive, but as I believe that I
•am now addressing you, do I believe that
upon the President rests the blood and
expenses of the war, and upon him, there
fore, 1 charge them.
[D -The Whigs of Ohio, in State Con
vention, have nominated SEABURY FORD,
as their candidate for Governor. The
Convention also passed resolutions
against the war, and sustaining Mr. Cor
win. There was no expression on the
subject of the Presidency.
fg:TTlie Washington correspondent of
the Baltimore American thus speaks of
the decision of Mr. Sergeant in the Pea
Patch case :
It was delivered in the Senate Com
mittee Room on Pensions, in presence of
of the counsel, Messrs. Clayton and
Dayton, of the Senate, and other dis
tinguished persons. The Opinion was
I very long & very elaborately drawn, con
taining many things of historical inter
eat to the States of Maryland, Deleware,
I Pennsylvania and New Jersey, and a
mass of information, legal and historical,
which will make the opinion valuable as
I a state paper. It was decided that the
' Pea Patch Island originally belonged to
the State of Delaware, and not to New
Jersey, and that the property in this it
land was now vested in the United States
under a transfer made by the State of
Deleware in 1813. In the Opinion many
interesting reminiscences were stated,
collected with the boundaries of Mary
! land, and of the contests between Wil
-1 Liam Penn and Lord Baltimore under
! the original grant of territory front the
j Duke of York
0A letter from Washington to the
Clipper says :—The daughter of Col.
Benton (Sarah) was on Monday, mar
ried to Mr. Jacob, of Louisville. They
left in the afternoon cars, en route west
ward. The sister of Mr. Jacob was mar
Resolved! That whilst we declare our
determination to support the candidates
nominated by such Convention, and to
use every fair and honorable means to
secure their triumphant election, we
have at the same time no hesitation hi
be our first choice as the next candidate
of the • Whig party for the Presidency,
and in expressing the opinion that with
him for our candidnte, Pennsylvania can
and will be redeemed at the next Presi
dential election.
port of Mr. Banks, the State Treasurer,
exhibits a flattering picture of the finan
ces of Pennsylvania. He estimates the
receipts of the present fiscal year, as fol
lows :
Recepts from all sources, $3,921,900 00
Balance in the Treasury
on the let of Decetn
ber, 1847, exclusive of
the unavailable depos
it in the United States
Bank, . . . 680,890 85
Total amount, . 4,602,790 85
Estimated expenditures, 3,576,390 00
Estimated balance in the
Treasury on the lst of
1,026,400 85
December, 1848,
The total funded debt of the Common
wealth is $39,220,325. "Relief" notes
in circulation, $881,664. Outstanding
interest certificates, $353,956. Domes
tic creditors' scrip, $96,095. The Trea
surer is decidedly in favor of the imme
diate withdrawal of all the outstanding
"Relief" issues. It is hoped the legis
lature will second him.
" A Bull Blooded Whig."
The Washington correspondent of
the Pittsburg Gazette, relates the follow
ing incident:
"General," said one of Taylor's offi
cers, now in public life, "tell me if you
are a Whig or a Democrat. Some say
you. arc the one, and some the other,
which is trne 1" The response was
characteristic enough. "As an officer
of the army in the public service, I am
neither. But when the lineation is plump
ly put to me, as now, I am a full blooded
Whig, and one quarter over."
Irl-From the recent report of the Su
perintendent of Common Schools says
the Lancaster Examiner, we learn that
there were 2,391 scholars in attendance
at the Common Schools of forks county
last year, and that the tax levied to sup
port the Schools was $9,533. In Lan
caster county for the same period
-14,644 scholars attended school ands3o,-
858 of school tax was levied. There is
as little similarity between these coun
ties in the matter of education as there
is in pulitcs.
[By Express for Ilia tollimore Stn.]
PrmiSanae, Jan. 20.
The overland poesy express for the
"Sun," has just' arrived, bringing New
Orleans papers of the 14th, and Mobile
papers of the 15th instant,. From the
Picayune of the 14th I extract the fol
lowing highly important intelligence
from the seat of war.
There were several arrinalif . i►r the
river below New Orleans on the 131 h in
stant, from Vera Cruz, the latitsr of
which was the steatnshipVirginia, 4hick
brought dates from that place ►o ►he 4th
instant. She also touched at TalrppiCo.
on her route.
The most important intelligence siier
brings is an indefinite, but eurreel ru
mor of the progress of secret negotia-:
t ions between Mr. Trist and the Mexi%•
can Government, which promise an ear
ly peace. Such intelligence is constant
ly afloat, but this seems to be founded
on something more tangible than any of
its predecessors. The restoration of
peace would cause ten times more re
joicing among the Americans in Mexico,
who arc suffering from home-sickness,
than it would to the natives of the soil.
Dispatches were received at Vera Cruz
in the course of the 31st ult, by a courier,
from Mr. Boyle, the British charged af
fairs at Queretaro. They were imme
diately dispatChed for NeW Orleans by
the British brig of war Daring. Not
ing positive concerning the tenor of the
dispatches was ' known, though it was
the opinion Of some at Vera Cruz that
they were offers of negotiation for - peace
being forwarded to our government
through the intercession of the British
Minister. So great was the haste in dis
patching them, that although the Vir
ginia was to sail in a few days, the Dar
ing was immediately ordered to set sail.
Colonel Dixon H. Miles, with a force
of 1,500 men, left Vera ruz on the 20
inst., for the capital. Gen. Marshall
was at Jalapa waiting the arrival of Col.
Miles there.
On the 20th ult., John Reynolds, of
company D, Bth Infantry, was hung at
Vera Cruz for murdering a Mexican wo
There was a report mentioned in 'the
Mexican papers that Gen. Santa Anna
had embarked at Acapulco for the port
of San Blas.
A letter from Queretaro states, that
the Government was doing all in its
power to get the Congress together. It
was to assemble in the middle ofbnuary.
Advices from Mazatlan had 'been re
ceived to the
.30th ult. The guerillas
under Mijares, had made an attack upon
the Camp, but were completely routed.
Mijares, and many other Mexicans were
An engagement with the guerillas had
also taken place further north, and the
Americans were also victorious.
On the night of the 21st, an expedition
was sent to Chalula to apprehend some
Mexican officers,
when a skirmish took
place. Three Mexicans were and
three wounded.. A number of Anierican
prisoners, who. had bean taken 1 . 3 k. the
Mexicans at various times,
.bave: been
sent by Jyunsea to.the Mexican Gover
nor of Puebla. Jyunsea.:askeil .an .ex
change of Col. Pavor for them„ .. and. and.,
that was not admissible an equal. Tim
ber of Mexicans,—also stating that if
Col. Childs would not accept either 'offer,
' to receive them as voluntarily restored..
Col. Childs answered. that he could
not comply with either proposition—that
the Mexicans were already indghted to
our army for a !Atte number of prison
ers liberated. He returns his thanks to
the Governor for the prisoners thus vol
untarily liberated, as well as for the
kind treatment they had received whilst
in captivity, and assured him. that he
would take pleasure in emulating his
kindness towards any Mexicans who
might be taken prisoners by hint. .
leans Delta of a late date, tells a sad
story of the condition of the Mississippi
Volunteers, who had for several weeks
been kept below the city in a very ex
posed condition. The editor says : "We
learned yesterday, for the first time, and
we were then rather astonished at the
information, that companies A and B of
this Battalion have been, for about six
weeks past, encamped in a swamp at the
rear of the Barracks, and that company
C has been there sinco the 17th ult. As
migt be anticipated, sickness and death
are rife among them. There are now,
we are informed, over seventy of them
in the Hospital ; five men were reported
dead there yesterday morning . . The cap
of company A reported yesterday
that, of his wohle command, not twemy
men were fit for duty: The preveard
sickness is pleurisy. '
A DUMB MAN'S WiT.—it a recent
examination of the mutes of the Ohio
Asylum at Columbus the following ques
tion was proposed to a deaf and dumb
teacher in the institution :
"Would it be wrong for a white man
to marry a black wife?"
The mute replied by writing—
"l do not know that it would boa sin .
Who wants one?"
The questioner sloped.
[0:- It is estimated that one in eirery
twenty-two of the population of New
York city is arrested in the course•bf a
year, for the perpetration of some kind
of crime.