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lit'''..;TlNG - DON jOrR\AL
BY JAMES CLAIM
VOL. XIII, NO. a
The " HUNTINGDON JOURNAL" will be
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paid during the year, and SILSO if not paid un
til after the expiration of the year. The above
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No subscription taken for less than six months,
lad no paper discontinued until all arrearaaes are
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'once, the Journal will be sent at $1.150 per
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ihall receive the Journal one year for his trouble.
THE subscriber offers for sale a tract
of land situated in Tyrone township,
Blair county, three miles from Tyrone
Forges, containing One hundred and ten
acres, the principal part Limestone Land,
in a high state of cultivation, with wa
ter in all the fields except one;
tain Pump at the barn, and running
water at the house. The improvements
„ are—Two Dwelling Houses, n
I H i; good Bank Barn and Stable, a
• • Cabinet Makers Shop, Wagon
- House, Carriage House, Cider
Mill, and other out-buildings, all sub
stantial and in good repair. Also, a
new Draw Kiln for burning Lime.
There is also on this fai:in an
Orchard of Two Hundeed .9pple "ft 47.4.
Trees nearly all of the very best
The Central Railroad will pass
within three miles of the above property.
JAMES E. STEWART.
Nov. 30, 1817-6 m.
THE GREAT CENTRAL
HAT AND CAP STORE,
Wholesale anti Retail,
No. 284 Market Street, Ninth door above Eighth
Street, South ride,
Comprises ono of the largest and most beautiful as•
eortmert of HATS, CAPS and MUFFS in the
Union. and of the latest and most approved styles,
manufactured under the immediate superintendence
of the Subscriber, i t the best manner, of prime
materials, and will ho sold at the lowest possible
prices for cash.
The assortment embraces a splendid variety of
Silk, Moleskin, Beaver. Brush, Russia, Nutria,
and other Hors of beautiful (torah, and a complete
mock of all kinde of Cloth, (Aimed, Fur and MO
CAPS, of the most desirable patterns, together with
a supply of Malls, Furs. Buffalo Robes, &c.
Country Merchants and others are respectfully
invited to examine the stock, Which they will find
it their advantage to do before purchasing, as it is
his determination, having adopted the cosh system.
to sell for Cosh only. and at the lowest prices.
dec7-6m.] JOHN FAREERA, Jr.
A IMPEL C 1144.7/I.lllrl
Aeitgif number of valuable lives were very
nearly sacrificed in the rush to H. K. Nave
ex no' s WATCH &JE WELRY STORE in
'l'here you will see Gold and Silver Levers of
every style, quality and price. Also, gold fob
chains, guard chains and keys of every description.
Breast Pins and Hager rings in great society ; gold
and silver pencils, silver thimbles, tooth and nail
brushes, steel beads, clasps for bags and purses,
purse silk. spectacles, accordians, gold pens of su
perior quality, pen holders, a Nut assortment of
fancy stationery, motto wafera, fancy boxes, perfu
mery, Diaries for 1848, envelopes, &c. &c.
Call and examine, before tt is too late. Clock
and Watch repairing done as usual, and warranted.
Dealer i►► Teas,
WarehousesWiineenutabove Second and Elev
enth and Chesnut Streets, Philadelphia,
AS constantly in Store, a choich as
sortmentt of Fresh Imported,
GREEN AND BLACK TEAS.
Country Merchants are invited to call at 63
Chesnut, street, and examine his stock, which he
killers at the lowest wholesale prices, for Cash. and
where he attends personally. Id7.6ni,
SADDLE, HARNESS AND TRUNK
lEsp - EG I FULLY returns thanks t his
I) friends and the public for past favour, and
takes this oppoi tunity to inform them that ho
continues at the old stand, one door cast of ar
mont's Tavern, and nearly opposite the Post Of-
Ace, where he is at all times prepared to manufac
ture All kinds of li :mess, Sadd.'er, Trunks, Mat
tresses, Sops, Cushions. etc. etc., at the shortcut
notice and most reasonable prices.
All kinds of hides and ski., and country pro
duce, for which the highest market prices will be
allowed, taken in exchange.
Huntingdfin, Aug. 31, 1847.
Fall Miliiirtery Goods.
Ira= Cht' t,IiILH Dvna,
Importers and Dealers in Silks, Itzbbons
and Millinary Goods, ~Vo. 45 South
Second Street, Philadelphia,
A RE now opening for the Fall 'frade a very
II rich assortment of Mi!Unary Goods, a largo
proportion of which are of their own importation,
via:—Bonnet Wilke, figured and plain.
Bonnet Satins, of all colors and (palace.
Fancy lionliet and Cap Ribbons, a very hand
Silk Velvets, black and colored, of all qualities.
French and American Artificial Flowers.
Fancy Laves, Cop htutro, Lace Trimmings.
Bonnet Crowns, Tips, Buckrams, Willows, B,:c.
They have also received by the late arrivals a
very beaugful assortment of Fancy Feathers, direct
from the manufacturer. in Farm.
Phila. Sept. 7, '47.
SPEECH OP ran. CALHOUN, `He had been informed through reliable
ON THE sUBJECT or THE I source, and one well qualified to know,
NEEXIC.EIN W. 1
that if a loan of forty millions was re
quired, it could not be obtained on bet-
ter terms than 90 per cent. if as good.
[Corrsapondence of the North American and Uni-
fed States Gazatte.] 1 The further you go the greater the on-
WASHINGTON, Jan. 4., 1848 . o I barrassment. What are we to gain ?
The galleries, lobbies, ha lls and aye-
I a treaty from Mexico to give us indem
city in ld eal to a t
nues to the Senate chamber were filled The war an must qu end in ll
defepatenses of its
at an early hour this morning, to hear professed objects. He Insisted that the
Mr. Calhoun's speech. illr. Calhoun j more successfully it was prosecuted, the
took the floor on motion of Mr. Sevier, ' objects avowed would be defeated and
at twenty minutes before one o'clock.— I the effects disavowed would be accom-
He appeared in his ordinary habiliments, 1 plished.
with little to arrest the attention of a , How are you to get an honorable
stranger, other than that brilliant rest- peace I It takes one only to make war,
less eye and the lines of reflection, hut two to make peace. If authority it
which . mark his physiognomy, with the . . _.. _ .
overturned, how can a treaty be made'?
traces of thought and intellect.
He began:—[n offering Senators these You are defeated by your success, for
where would be the nationality of Mex
resolutions, I have been governed by ico, which you profess you are not wil
the reasons which induced me to oppose ling to destroy'? It would be a mere
the war at the outset. In alluding to it, mass of individuals without a govern-
I do not intend to allude to the reasons ; merit.
that governed me then, farther than is I The President proposes to put down
necessary for my purpose. I all the military chieltans in Mexico, and
I opposed the war because it was un-; tn s
i en we are to put up a Republican gov
necessary, mid might have been avoid- , ernment under the auspices and encour
ed, and because the President had no I agement of our army, and this is the
authority to order the troops on territo- government we are to treat with. How
ry occupied by Mexico—because the . was a free and independent government
preamble to the act of May, 1840, was to grow up under the conqueror—a des
false—because it would lend to great
purism or monarchy might, but nothing
and serious evil, and endanger free in- else. He had supposed Republican goy
stitutions. I acquiesced in the war, af- eminent was the spontaneous growth of
ter its recognition, because I could not the people, but, it now appears, that our
arrest it, and limited my support nectar-
I army can manufacture them to order.—
(tingly. I suggested a defensive line at How can you make a free government
the last session, and I now offer these in Mexico. She has been aiming at it
resolutions for the same purpose. I hovel
for twenty years—the condition of her
no personal or political considerations
people do not admit it. The wealth and
to influence me—neither to weaken the; r
telligence are concentrated in the
administration nor to strengthen the op-
such priesthood, and they nre unfavorable to
position—l shall therefore speak lade - , ,
institutions. It could not stand if
pendently, as one who has eo favor to
erected ; it would fall to-morrow. He
ask from the government or the people.
would rather prop the existing govern-
When he suggested a defensive line
went. He protested against building
at the last session, we stood in a better! up any governmeut—the party in pow
position to obtain indemnity, than we ler would fall, and we should becompell
ever had before or will again. We may
ed again and again to reinstate them.
receive indemnity from unoccupied ter-
But the President says, it he fails to
ritory, but none front occupied Cerrito-
establish a government to make a treaty,
ry. He offered the line, because he be-,then we must hold on to the occupation
heved it was the only mode of ending
of the country, and take the full mess
the war and saving blood and treasure, tire of indemnity into our own hands.—
and any other policy would be likely to , Is this not an acknowledgement that we
expose us to the evils, which these Res
must make a conquest of the 'whole
olutions are intended to guard against.
country, unless the factitious govern-
The President took another course—he
ment can be created 1 This is clear.—
was for prosecuting the war vigorously ; If a vigorous prosecution should fail to
to conquer peace and security and in make a treaty, every argument against
demnity for our claims and expenses. falling back, as it is called, would have
The campaign has terminated—it has i double force. After spending sixty
beets as successful ns could could have i millions, the contractors and that large
been expected. Victory has followed ; body of interested persons who had by
after victory and yet what has been ac- ed upon the war, would be adverse to
complishd 1 Have we conquered peace ; return—the cry would be go on until
—have we got a treaty or indemdity '?-- the whole country was absorbed.
No. Not a single object has been effect- , The President talks of taking indent
ed, and our difficulties are greater now pity into his own hands. Why not take
than they were before. What has eau- it now'? We have a better chance be
sed this discomfiture 1 It is not our ar- l'rire the expenditure of sixty millions
my. What then 1 The plan of the inure. What are you to get I Only Mos
campaign was erroneous. We aimed icon population, which will require you
at indemnity in the wrong way—through to keep a standing army of 30,000 men
a treaty, and Mexico refusing to treat, to collect taxes, and then you will not
put it out of our power. We have no- I collect enough to pay the expenses of
thing but the military glory for our loss collection. It will have to come out of
of blood and treasure—perhaps forty ' the pockets of the people of the United
millions or more of money, and six, States.
eight or ten thousand men. All this for ! w e are now tome to the solemn (pies
nothing nt all ! ' tion proposed by the resolutions. The
A defensive line, it has been said, line of policy recommended by the
would have been ns expensive as the President will lead to the blotting out
campaign. The views presented by the of the nationality of Mexico--of assu-
President and his Secretary were all ; ming ten millions of people differing
wrong. He then proceeded to show that , with us in race, and every thing else.—
the geographical condition of the coon- I We must take it as provinces or take it
try would have afforded a large protec- i , into the Union. Shall we do either 1—
tion in itself and instanced how Texas No. It would be inconsistent with the
had been enabled to ma i n t a i n h e r posi- avowed object of the war—every mes
tion, without either extraordinary cost'. sage has disavowed such a purpose, and
or a standing army. The interest, said ' declared that the only object was indem
he, on the money sunk in this war would city, and yet, as events are moving,
have supported his line, and the gallant ', what we have disavowed will probably
men who have lost their lives, would :be accomplished. It would be Et deep
have been sufficient to have held it. impeachment of tit sincerity and intel-
We are now at the beginning of an- ligence of this government, such a pol
other campaign and the same measures icy. We have heard of the glory ac
are proposed. What ought to be dune 1 , quired in this war—he acknowledged it
Shall we go on stlith it I 1 cannot sup- so far as the army me concerned—they
port the recommendations of the Presi- had fought gallantly on every field, and
dent. The cost of the war will he great- commanded the thanks of the nation;
er-70,000 troops in the whole, nod six- but he feared all the glory would be con
ty millions at least, of dollars for the I fined to the army. Our reputation had
experiment. What is the condition of suffered abroad— what we have gained
the money market 1 The famine in Eu- in glory we have suffered in our civil
rope gave us a large market last year and political character, and much as he
for our produce. If specie flowed out valued the army, lie preferred the other.
below, it flowed in above. Nosy,the We have never yet incorportited any
drain is against us both ways, en spo4 but the Caucassian race into our Cow
die must be remitted abroad to meet ernment ; if we take Mexico, it would
our liabilities. Can this go on 1 What be the first instance—for more -than
is the price of the public stocks and half her population is of the Indian and
Treasury notes'?—far below par, and so mixed breeds. The mixture of these
long as they continue so, they must go races by Old Spain had injured the ta
int() the Sub-Treasury, and coin must tempt to combine them, and yet it is
come out and soon you will be drained proposed to bring them in and place them
to the bottom. on an equality with the peopleof the United
A great financial crisis anti perhaps a States. There is no instance .of any col
suspension of specie payments by the ored race, though they constitute a ma
banks are threatened. The difficulty of jority of the human family, among which
the war is in the state of the finances ; , free government was successful. Are
you can't get money, if you do get men. I ter, then, to mingle with these mongrels,
rCORRECT PRINCIPLES-SUPPORTED BY TRUTH,'
HUNTINGDON, PA., TUESDAY, JANUARY 18, 1848.
and to share a common .destiny l He
protested against it
He regarded that it would be a reflec-
tion on the Senate to argue that thein
corporation of Mexico would be hostile'
to . the genius of our institutions—he
who icne — w the constitution need not be
told it. lire would be conquered by
Mexico, for the vast amount of the pat-
ronage would absorb the whole power
of the States
It would transfer the
power from the Legislature to the Exec
utive, and you would put in his posses
sion the poser of conquering you--it
would drive us into anarchy.
He then' went on to show that Eng
land, front her hereditary monarchy,
could stand more patronage than other
governments, and yet she was sabring
Land to recall Low Rome lied failed Co.
maintain her provinces. Shall we com.
mit these . errors, with such experience
So much for bolding . Mexico
as a province,
Now for incorporating Mexico into the
Union. At present you have no need of
armies, to keep your territories in sub-
jiction: With Slexieo, it will be differ
ent, for you must hold her as a province
under the name of n territory. How long
before she Avill become reconciled to our
institutions and to ourselves. Ireland
has been held for 700 years, though of
the same race with her' oppressors . , and T 1 0( 1!'11 . ik VEous .
still she resists. The Mexicnns will ne- : 01 10 k ; A 4 -1-4-i -4 1.1 -1. 1
ver be reconciled toyou, for they belong Predictions for 1848.
to a race the most unforgiving, and one
According to a new Almanac, the year
that will holdout under the least pros
of our Lord, 1848, is to be an eventful
pect. But ought we to incorporate
them any how. Ought we to bring in one. We extract from said Almanac
these Mexican races on an equality 1— the following sagacious predictions,
We suppose all people capable of free which will doubtless be fulfilled :
government, and we hear every day of
extending its blessings over this Conti-
Through the whole course of the
nent, especially over Mexico—it is a
coming year, whenever the moon wanes
great mistake. None but a people in a
the night will grow dark.—On several
occasions, during the year, the sun -viil
high state of intellectual improvement
; rise before certain people discover it,
are capable of free government. Few
, r -ind set before they have finished the
have formed a constitution that has en
day's work.—lt is quite likely that
dared—ours was the result of a combs- day
there is no business doing, many
nation of circumstances, and few nations 'then
will be heard to complain of hard times,
have preserved free government, for i
is harder to keep than to make. but it is equally certain that all who
He then proceeded to show tho anx-
hang themselves will escape starvation. '
ions solicitude that was entertained for—lf bustles and hoops go out of fash-
the preservation of our liberties in early
ion, a church pew will hold more than
days of the Republic—now, it was hard-
three ladies.—lf dandies wear their
ly ever suggested. -He did not beleive beards, there will be less work for the
that the love of liberty had deteriorated barbers, and he who wears mustachioes
—nay, , p
he thou strop ger if ossible will have something to sneeze at.—
There will be many eclipses of virtue,
but he feared a day of retribution would
some visible, others invisible.---Who
come, and when it did, there would be
soever is in love will think his mistress
a serious responsibility somewhere.—
perfect angel, and only find out the
The question is, what are we to dot It a
did not become iiin to propose measures truth of his suspicion by getting mar
ried.—Many delicate ladies, whom no
as he had oppimed the war from the first,
one would suspect, will be kissed with
but he would not hesitate to delare his
out telling their Ma's.—There will be
opinion. more books published than will find
There is not the smallest chance of
purchasers, more rhymes written than
disentangling ourselves from this war,
will find renders, and more bills made
but by taking a defensive line and in
than will find payers.—lf the incum
dcmnity into our own hands. If time
bent of a fat office should die, there will
had been allowed when the first bill was
be rt. dozen feet ready to step into one
passed, he intended to have suggested a
air of shoes.—lf any young lady
remedy. He would have given Gen.
should happen to blush, she will be apt
Taylor all necessary supplies and he
to look red in the face, without the use
would have had a solemn report from
of paint; if she dream of a young man
the proper committee, recommending a
three nights in succession, it will be n
provisional army and givng time to the
sign of something; if she dream of
Mexican people to avow or disavow the
him four times, or have the toothache,
war, and he would have seized open the
, it is ten to one she will be a long time
contigious territory, where the good
in getting either of them out of her
land was and have held it. But we are
head.--Many people will drink more
always acting under some emergency
strong liquor than will be necessary to
and deliberation is not permitted,
keep them sober, and take more mFdi-
He could not now name a line, but we
tine than will be requisite to the enjoy- ,
must withdraw from the central parts of
meta of good health.—Dinners and
Mexico awl cover the country so as to
entertainments will be given to those -
obtain stifficient indemnity—not to hold
who have enough at home ; and the
it per eemently, but until such time ns fl oor will receive much advice grati,,
Mexico would treat. It is the only way r
legal and medical excepted.—The
the country can disentangle itself from
public debts of tho repudiatin states
the war—it is now tied to a dead corpse.
wili hardly be adjusted, and the
He looked to his own country and its lib
fate will very probably attend many pri.
erties and not to Mex ico. If we pursued
vide contracts in this latitude, lie
masterly inactivity and remained quiet,
who marries this year will run a great
we would do more for public liberty
risk, especially if he does it in a hurry.
than all the victories had done or could
—He who steals a match, gives tat- ,
do. This was not the first war he had
tiers occasion to gossip, and will be apt
opposed. When Jackson demanded re
to involve himself and bride in disagree
prisals against France, he rose alone to I
able relations.—There will be a great
denounce it. To him it was a proud sa-
noise all over the comitry when it thun
tisfaction, that standing on the Democra-
, dens, and a tremendous dust will be
tic side of the chamber he had raised
kicked up, occasionally, by conch-hor
his voice against it.. ses.—Many young ladies who hope
Let me say to the administration,
if 1 for it, but little expect it, will be married;
you go on with a vigorous prosecution I
and many who confidently anticipated
of the war, you will sign your death- I
Tat glorious consummation, will be
warrant. What party has been opposed
,doomed to wait another year.
to at public debt'! The Democratic or
Finally, there exists little doubt, this
Bcpublcae. This very campaign will in
will be a " most wonderful" year, sun
moire you in a cost nearly equal to that
passing in interest all that have prece
of the revolution. What party has been
ded.—Politicians will make fools of
opposed to the increase of Executive pa-
themselves ; pettifoggers will make
tronage I What party is opposed to the
paper system? What party is in favor fools of others ; and many women with
pretty faces will make fools of both.—
el free trade? You are now building up j The world still go round as usual, and
a system that must stop its progress.
conic back to the place where it set out,
It is magninituous and honorable to
a man who engages in
acknowledge an error when it is disco'": business.—There will be a great cry
ered, and it would be an net of patriot-
' and little wool, both at the shearing of
ism for the administration to take the
pigs, and the meeting of Congress."
course it would have done, had they the ,
experience they now possess. A SAFE Film—. Locke ,!., Keyes" is
He would sa.y to his friends on the . the name of a firm in Portland, Maine.
other side, (Whigs) that the country de
manded some territory. He understood
very well, how the vote on the act of
May, 1846, had occurred—that vote the
Whigs had given to relieve Taylor, and
,for the war. He knew that it was
reluctantly given, and under solemn pro
test. The people in his opinion; now,
were against any conclusion of this war
that did not bring territory. A defensive
line must be taken at this session, or we
must go on and take Mexico entire--
this it the last and only chance. If be
could be sustained, he would raise a
committee to consult on the best line, ta
king advantage of the presence of sev
eral military officers, who could impart
We may not get peace immediately—
we may be at great expense, but we will
accomplish the great object of disentan
gling us front the war.
This is but a skeleton of the speech,
and is prepared from my rough notes.—
It made a deep impression on both sides
of the .chamber and seemingly, not a
very agreeable one, in the administra
tion benches. After its delivery, Mr.
Calhoun rallied, in a pleasant nay, some
of the Whig Senators, and advised them
to support his project, for they would
elect their President in any seen!.
EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR
WHOLE NO. 625,
Freaks of a Maezican Bull.
In an interesting letter to the Phila•
delphia North American, dated Puebla,
sth August, we find the following hu
morous account of an impromptu " bull
About a week since Generals Scott;
Twiggs and Shields, with an escort of
dragoons, and the 2d and 7th infantry,
made an excursion to the site of the an
cient Aztec city, and I joined it. About
two miles froM Puebla a laughable inci
dent occurred, though it well nigh end•
cd in a tragedy. The infantry were as
cending an easy slope, when two Mexi
cans came along with a powerful bull,
which one of them held by a lalso,over
the horns, while the other urged him'
along with a goad. The animal became
restive ns the soldiers passed, and finally
breaking away from those who held him",
charged the left flank, carrying a soldier
through the ranks on his horns, and"
landing him in the mud on the opposite
side of the road. The two men finally
got hold of the lasso again, when four .
of us civilians came along on horses.—
Then he began to plunge and paw the
ground, and one of the Mexicans who
got in front of the beast to beat him still,
was tossed clear over the bull's back.
The infuriated creature then pitched
into the other, anal throwing him in
about two feet of mud and water, gored
and ditched him for several seconds.—
All the horsemen rode up and succeeded
in driring the animal learn his prey,
when he turned and put after us more
furious than ever. As we had no arms,
and did not choose to hive our horses
ruined, there was some pretty "tall
walking" for a short distance. The an•
imal ran down the column till near the
bend of the 7th regiment, and then
charged again, making a pretty wide
breach in the ranks. After satisfying
himself that the 7th was "no where"
when he was about, he made a rush on
I the 2d. The boys had time to fix their
bayonets, however, and met our friend
so coolly, that after receiving five or six
bayonet wounds, he hauled oft' and gave
lup the battle. Ina few moments I saw
him lassoed by a horseman, and pulled
along towards the city, bleeding pro
fusely and looking quite crest•fallen.—
He had evidently been deceived in his
first charge, and seeing no bayonets,
probably did not reckon on finding any
lon his second splurge. But he can (if
I the butchers have not killed him, which
I strongly suspect) console himself with
the fact that he made more consternation
I among two regiments of U. S. Infantry
than a thousand two legged Mexicans
could have done.
The striking illustration of the brevi:
ty of life which we subjoin, is front Bish
op lichees firewell sermon to his par
ishioners in England, before embarking
"Life bears us on like a stream of n'
mighty river. Our boat first glides gent- -
1y down the narrow channel,' through
the playful murtnurings of the tittle'
brook, and the windings of its &Sit
border. The trees shed their blossoms'
over our young heads; the flowers on the .
brink seem to ofl'cr themselves to our
young hands; we arc happy to hope, and
we grasp eagerly at the beauties around
us—but the stream hurtles us on, and
still our hands are empty.
"Our course in youth and manhood is
along a wider and deeper flood, and amid
objects more striking and magnificent.
We are animated by the moving pic
tures of enjoyment and industry, which
pass before us- , —we are excited by some
short-lived disappointment. But our
energy and our dependence are both in
vain. The stream bears us on, and our
joys and our greifs alike are Jolt behind
us; we may be shipwrecked, but we can
not anchor, our voyage may be hastened
but it cannot be delayed; whether rough
or smooth, the river hastens towards Its
home, till the roaring of the ocean is in'
our eras, the tossing of the waves is be
neath our keel, and the floods are lifted
up around us, and we take our last leave
of earth, and its inhabitants, and of our
future voyag there is no witness but
the Infinite and Eternal !
"And do we still take so much anx
ious thought for the future days, when
the days which have gone by have so
strangely and uniformly deceived usl—
Can we still so set our hearts on the
creatures of God, when we find, by sad
experience, that the Creator only is per
manent? Or shall we not rather lay
aside every weight and every sin, which
does most easily beset us, and ilk of
ourselves henceforth as wafarinc persons
only, who have no abiding inheritance,
but in the hopes of a better world and to
even that world would be worse than
hopeless, if it were not for our Lord Je
sus Christ, and the interest which we
have obtained in Isis mercies.
Kr Counterfeit dimes are in Plentiful
circulation nt Pittsburg.