Huntingdon journal. (Huntingdon, Pa.) 1843-1859, December 14, 1847, Image 1
_it r 0, 4 JOURNAti, thr JAMES CLARK VOL, XII, NO. 50. TERMS The" HUNTINGDON JOURNAL" will ha pnnli•hed hereafter at the frilloa•ing rater, via $1.75 a year. if paid in advance; 152.00 if paid during the year. and *2.50 if no; paid un til after the expiration of the year. The above tonna to he nillierrif In. in all enseni. , Pin stascription take. for I. than six monthp, Ynd no piper discontinued 'Mill all sr...ages a re paid. link.. at the option of the publisher. (o''l'o Clubs of six, or more, aho pay in ad. Yang, the Journal will he sent at . 5 . r3..150 per fopy for one year; and env one who will sehti us Plat number of names accompanied It the unotrey 'Orli receive the .1 our. I one year for Itip ir0,1).10, POETICAL, Oh Think Nut Less I Love Thee. BY NV. D. GALLAGHER Oh, thick not less 1 love thee, That our paths are parted now— Fur stars that burn above theb, Aro not truer than my vow. As the towline° ill the blossom, As the ninon unto the night, Our love is to my bosom— Its sweetness and its light. Oh. think not less I love thee, Thu thy Mind I thui resign-- /a the heav'n that bends above thee, I will claim live .yri us mine. Through the v.:ion of Life's morning Ever flitted one like niee-- And thoi. Life's large othoning, Slntlt hence !lint vision MISCELLANEOUS, THE NEW CONQUEST O MEXICE, BY GEORGE W. KENDALL It is difficult to account for the fact that we are here, here in the great cap., ital of Mexico—not the 22,000 paper Men of the Union, but what is left of The 10,000 real men by whom the work of subjugation has been accomplished.' The whole seems like a dream, even to those who have taken part in the hard conflicts—yet here in Mexico we are, and masters. After a succession of bat tles, each one of which may be counted a forlorn hope—after a succession of victories, each one of which was obtain ed over an immensely superior force— after formidable works ; each one of which seemed impregnable, haVe been stormed and successfully carried—here, amid the HAS of the Montezumas," the numerically insignificant band of Anglo-Saxons has found a partial rest ' from its toils and its dangers, a breath- ! ing place after• its innumerable trials and perils. Nor the chronicle of ancient wars, nor the prowess of modern achieve- ! meats, furnish a parallel to the second! conquest of Mexico, while the lustre which hung around the name of Curies and his hardy adventurers, , burnished by the glowing description of Prescott, becomes dimmed by the deeds of these latter days. You in the United States cannot be' made to feel and appreciate all that stern and unflinching courage has effect ed in the beautiful valley of Mexico, since our little army first entered it— words are inadequate to give even a faint picture of the brilliant succession of events which have ended in the sub jection of thii proud capitol. The deeds of Cortes, brave and vigorous as they ' were, must suffer by a comparison. The , hardy and adventurous Spaniard, sur rounded by his hosts of Tiascalun and other allies, brought agencies then deem ed supernatural to the work, had all the engines and appliances of modern war at his disposal, and fought against an enemy superstitous and awe-stricken, and provided only with the ruder int*. meats of battle. Grant that they were brave—but their bravery was of a piece with that of the Hindoo widow, who fearlessly and unresistingly chmints her own death song on the grave of her life less husband. The followers of the Az tec monarchs of Montezuma and of Gautemozin, offered themselves as sac tifices to their idols. The mass, when all hopes of victory had vanishe-1, still continued to fight, it is true ; but in their • onslaughts upon the iron ranks of the Christians they were but fulfilling their Own destiny, and rushing upon a doom that was inevitable. The altars of their gods demanded yearly and even daily , sacrifices long before the advent of the strangers—die demands were now in creased, yet the victims were ever ready. True, a follower of the cross occasion ally fell, borne down by some avalanche of pagan warriors ; but for every drop of Christian blood a river would flow, and well did Cortes know that in the end he must conquer. His calculations were based upon mathematics, and in the problem of life and death he foresaw that the result would be in his favor.— Science, severe discipline, strange an imals bestrode by powerful man, invul nerable armor, all the appliances which snake war terrible, love of gold, and blind religious real—these, all these, were pitted against undisciplined, un mailed, and comparatively unarmed masses—and the results of such encoun ters were known even before the eyes of the shrewd and calculating Castilian rested upon the rich valleys of Anahuac. But widely different was it when, a short two months since, the second con querors first came in sight of the doznes and turrets of Mexico. In some res pects the cases they haVe been parallel: The Anglo'-Saxbils were cut off l'rein all succor and SuPpOrt frOm hein'e; and had naught but their own stout hearts and strong arMstb depend upoh ; but they had not coats of mail and fire-arms, in the days of the first conquerors so ter rible, with which to oppose cotton shirts and bows and arrows. On the contrary, they had to contend with a proud and I implacable enemy, an enemy provided With the same means of attack and re sistance as theinselves i strongly fortified; immensely superior in numbers, pre tending to the highest advancement of civilization, chivalry and valor, fighting for home and fireside, and insolent in his fancied strength and security.— Breastwork and barricade were to be as . - sailed from causeway and open field; and auxiliaries the Americans had none as was the case with the early Spaiiiardi The Yankee invaders found the valley, bristling With bayonets, against which bayonets were to be opposed ; at every avenue they found heavy cannon in po sition to check their advance, and at disadvantageous points only could,t they plant their guns for the attack: They had before them a city of two hundred thousand inhabitants—n City in which every house was a fortress ; they had a population incited against them by a thousand and one idle tales and calum nies—by stories of brutalities and ex cesses they were said to have commit ted, and which they were, advancing to repeat; a population which had learned the sieges of Saguntum and Saragossa by heart; and in their exceeding pride of valor doubtless thought they Were to rival, if not excel, the deeds enacted by the defenders of those valiant cities. With the least reverse it was under stood that the Americans were to be massacred—the brutal murder of our wounded men at El Molino proves the savage intention—and thus our army had nothing but victory or death" be fore it: The result as every one knows ) was victory—Victory Meat coinplete— the entire prostration of an enettiy all powerful in numbers and position, if not in prowess. The evidence is that we are here, and Santa Anna's proud army is scattered and destroyed ; yet still all appears like a dream. The long roll may sound for an hour, and scarce 7000 able bodied men will flock to the alarm call; yet they are toasters of the Republic.— The puige that records the history of this campaign will be deemed a doubtful 0110 in after times; it will be difficult to credit that a handful of men, number ing only 10,000, with not thirty pieces of artillery, all told, discomfited and drove 30,000 men protected by all the subtleties of engineering ; nod with three times their number of heaVy guns ; yet the proofs of Holy Writ are not stron ger. The result of the two campaigns against Mexico—that of the early Span iards and the Yankees—has been the same—the subjugation and occupation of the capitol : and it now remains to be seen how the world will compare the two achievements: Scott's Views of War, If war be the natural state of savage tribes, peace is the first want of every civilized community. War no doubt is;' under any circumstances, a great calitin- ' ity ; yet submission to outrage would often be a greater calamity. Of the two parties to any war, one ut least, must be in the wrong—not unfrequently, both. An error in such an issue is, on the part of chief magistrates, ministers of state;', and legislators having a voice in the question, a crime of the greatest magni tude. The slaying of an individual by an individual is, in comparative guilt, but a drop of blood. Hence the highest moral obligation to treat national differ ences with temper, justice and fairness; always to see that the cause of war is not only just, but sufficient ; to be sure that we do not covet our neighbor's lands 'nor anything that is his ;' that we are as ready to give as to demand explana tion, apology ; or Indemnity ; in short we should especially remember, 'All things whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do ye even so to them.' This divine precept is of universal obligation: it is as applicable to rulers; in their transactions with other nations; as to private individuals in their daily inter course with each other. Power is in trusted by the Author of peace and lover of concord,' to do good and to avoid evil. Such, clearly, is the' resealed will of God. WINFIELD SCOTT: Washington, April 26, 1844: FINGDON, PA., TUESDAY, DECEMBER 14 TIUW TOM CORWIN, THE WAGON BOY. Many good anecdotes are going the rounds of the netvspapers• ' illustratiie of the ready Wit, and broad humor, that characterize this favorite son of Ohio ; but among them all, we do not remem ber to have seen in print the following, which was related to us, a few years since, by a communicative old gentle man; who was our fellow passenger for a day, while Purneying acrbss the I Buekeye State. At the time when Corwin and Shan non Were first arrayed as rival candidates for the Guberbdtbrial Chair of the State; it happened that the foriner gentleman took passage in a stage coach, from some one of the river towns, for the interior. The only companions of his journey were a smart genteelly dressed woman, accompanied by a young child; to which she seemed deirotedly attached, but which, nevertheless, gave her some trouble. Tom, ever ready in the hour of trial, whether at making speeches, cracking jokes, or tending babies, kind ly volunteered his services in keeping the youngster Ouiet; and the parties soon became sociable: It Was not !bog; thereldre, before the lady, feeling the dignity slid pride Of her station; deter , tinned to make herself known to the stranger, by informing him that she was no less a personage than the wife of the Governor. Corwin was not a little surprised at this announcement, but expressed his gratification in terms of clue reverence at having so distin guished a personage as his companion du voyage, and made seine allusion to the probable results of the coming eon= test, still preserving his incognito: " 0," said the lady; "he'll never be elected: why lie's nothing but a wagon', boy. You don't suppose that the peo ple of this great State will ever conde scend to vote for him. A wagoner for Governor—O, it's so funny," and the lady leaned back and laughed till the baby, kvhb had just got tiWoke again and screamed like road. This changed the Conversation; mid the day passed off pleasantly and agree. ably. At the tavern where the stage stopped to dinner, Corwin was all atten tion and politeness; assisting the lady to alight, helping her at the table to the choicest cuts, from the various dishes, chucking the " young governor" under the chin ; &c: After dinner the journey *as resuined; and at evening the part ties arrived at a Wade Whdre they inns} part; Corwin intending to pass by pri vate conveyance, to the next town; While his lady companitin Was expecting to wiry at the hotel. As the stage drove up to the door, it occurred to the waggish candidate that it was not right to go away without ma king himself known at the end of his journey ; Mere espeiiially at his totilpan , ion had done so at the outset; so taking the child in one arm, and handing the lady to the ground in the politest than , tier possible, he led the way to the par lor, followed by her ladyship; there re lieving himself of his tender charge by plat:in t ! it upon the sofa; he introduced hithself in these laconic words : "Mad am, I am that wagon boy to whom you so gracefully alluded this morning. My name is Tom Corwin. I have, as you see, laid your darling little one on the flat of his back ; and you must not be surprised if I should serge his father the same way at the next election." Corwin was too polite to occasion the lady any embarrassment by stopping to heir ttn apology, and an hour afterwards he was haranguing the incorruptible freemen of tl., and exerting all the might of his eloquence for the fulfilment of the prophecy just before trade, to lay Wilson Shannon flat on his back. How well he succeeded has become a matter of history with which all our readers are doubtless familiar.—Chris elan Citizen. _ TurkA LAW CASE FOR THE Cukteut.—A Turk with three wives, brought with hint front Turkey, and three several classes of children, died lately in New York, without a will. Each of the three strives has applied to the Surrogate for letters of administration. This case is a puzzler to the Judge of Probate. He thinks he cannot grant letters to all the wives, and that the one first married has the preference. By the law of Turkey, where the marriages were celebrated, all the wires a man may have, no mat , ter stow inatty, are held equal having the same right of prriperty. The fear is, and so the counsel for the ladies rep , resent the law 4 that the granting of let ters to either wife, and the exclusion of the others, would in effect declare the excluded ones concubines, and make their children illegitimate. The Surro gate hat taken the ettsó under adirise ; ment: A good temper, a good library, good health, a good wife, and a good newspa per, are five choke blessings. [CORRECT PRINCIPLES-SUPPORTED BY TRUTH.] the Boston papCra df Friday; contain the following : . . There WAS great excitement iti State street on Friday last, arising from the discovery thrt forgeries to the amount of about $65,000 had been discoVered: It appears that Mr; S: F: of Conntird, one of the ltirgest railroad con tractors in the country, has had trans actions in a business way, with George Miller, who has for several years been a very bold and large operative in State street, and who resides ih Welthain. Mr: B. has, from time to time, given Miller Incites payable to him ; from which genuine notes; it is supposed, he has manufactured over $50,000, as very nearly that =bunt has been pronoun= ced by Mr. lik , lkndp base fdrgeries.— These notes have been taken by differ ent individuals, and by them discounted at different Banks in Boston; and Vicin ity ; and therefore it is Supposed that the Banks generally will not lose, as the notes discounted have the endorsement of the original purchasers. We learn th a tit all the notes which hate been signed by Mr. Belknap, were Written by the clerk of Miller, and were Made payable tit the Sufiblk atik; ton ; and it has been the practice of Miller to send to the Suffolk Bank ev ery day to obtain the notification of notes falling due. By this means he has been enabled to take up the forged paper, and substituting " a few more of the same sort." We learn that the clerk of Mr. Miller it an honest man ; and, although he has written the notes, he hitt itet•er seen Mr. Belknap sign one ; it having been Mr. business to get the signature to the notes; by.etill , ing in person. There were notifications for notes to the atliouht df $lO,OOO fall ing due twday, - only 432500 beitig gen uine. Miller; we belieire; hat Mit beet! seen in State street for the last week, and as he had dettision to be frequently ih mit, York, where he has had large operation, his absence was thought no thing hf; until the notifications (lir notes cane tb Mn iielkflap; 'nab& inbrb nu: inerously than his adcouhts WoUld jug; tify. The last that was known of Miller was that he left New York some days since for Philadelphia, since which no thing has been heard from him. He has left 'behind him a very interesting fam ily. l§ short de slattire, ttitti Haler a florid cothplbillin ' is rbund favored,, thoves quick, and has rather a sharp voice. He owned the large hotel at Waltham, known as the Massasoit House, and has dipped into all sorts of business. It is probable that he has a large por. tion of his plunder with him, and his arrest would, no doubt, be roundly paid for. TIMt LOST.—There is time enough lost and wasted in the pursuit of what men call pleasure, which, if properly appropriated, would place theft' lb tt high state of cultivation: time can be found to lounge and talk nonsense ; but, alas ! hoW many think " they can't spare time" to attend to the noblest and best part of their nature ; that which alone elevates and causes them to feel the di; viuity within. [l3' A stranger pUssing thrbugh Mit of the mountain toivns of New England, inquired, " What can you raise here I" The answer was, " Our land is rough and poor ; we can raise but little pro- duce—and so we build school houstis find elturchOs, and false melt." " SLEIGHING AND GREEN CORN. " —Por the benefit of our contemporaries who ere copying a paragraph stating that "there was green corn selling recently in the streets of Chicago at, the same time sleighs were drib:ten by;" the Would state that wo &Ways go to the corn fields here to get roasting ears in sleighs —Chicagb Jburdal: :r7' LOVE OF LIFE.—HOO , tenaciously man clings to life! Though few and fleeting are his years, he forms schemes, and makes engagements, just as he would if life were immortal. The older a person grows, the more strongly does he grasp at the shade*. A man climb ing a tall tree takes a firmer hold When near the top : so does the aged inditi& ual cling stronger to life the nearer he approaches its termination. He is nev er ready to die; until he feels he can no longer remain. He then makes a virtue of necessity efid expires. " Why don't you limit yourself '(" said a physician to an intemperate per son ; " set down a stake that you will go so far and no farther." "So I do," Said the toper, "but I set it so far oW that I always get drunk be fore I get to it." SUBLIME.—Death is but a moment-: eternity its successor. GREAT FORGERY, 1847. RESPONSE TO MR. CLAY. Speech of Ron. R• T. Conrad, A great meeting was held in Phila delphia on Monday evening last, at Which resolutions responsive to those Oftred by Mr: Clay and adopted at the Lexington meeting, were adopted by acclamation: In reply to the call of the Meeting, ROBERT T. CONRAD, after presenting the resolutions; remarked that he was not surprised at the magni tude and character of the Vast assem blage before him. He had served too many campaigns with the Whig's of the Gibralter to doubt that; in response to the trumpet-Voice of HENRY CLAY, every than on the roll would be ready. And he wits glad t'd know that the Same spirit manifested herb, perVaded our land like light—our land, he meant ; not the bar ren deserts of Mexico, whose sands the nets of Mr. Polk were reddening with blood—but our own glorious land. The nation was with us—right was with us; and the spirit that animated the people at this crisis would lead to deeds which should be rtineinliered and honored when the tehipbrary excitements df the hour had subsided into history. The purport of the resolutions he was about to oiler was to urge upon Congress to demand of his Imperial Secrecy, the objects of the present war. When lie made a satisfactory reply to that de mand, the speaker would be ready to square the circle—to square any circle —except the circle in which locofocoism reveilles: The plot of, the administra tion conittienced With the antiekation of Texas; And it was bring evirried tin to the silbjugatiotl and annexation of the tiliole Of . the extension of sla very, the dissdlution of the Union, and the destruction Of our beloved Country. But if Mr. Polk Could not give d stitis , faettiry ails*er to thli demand as to the objects of the war; still less could he reply to the inquiry, " What are to be the profits of the war 1" It had been said that Mr. Polk was a feeble-man— but *hat of that 1 Villitrorths some destroyed the lo had all heard of the idiot who had fired a magnificent temple. It would be bad enough to se , ' the constitution trampled under the heels of a Napoleon—but it was too much that it had come to be spurned by a Polk. Does the war prom ise profit to us in honor 1 If so, and if Our htjli a is concerned in its ProieCti: Lion, let it be carried on at any and all sacrifice. Rather let our whole country become a desert and a scene of wide ' sweeping desolation, than that honor should be lost. But what honor was to be reaped from abject Mexico 1 It was the lion and the hare—the giant and the dwarf. What honor Was ib be gained fiith that 1 We haVe drained the cop of triumph to the dregs—what more do we want 1 How much of the blood Of cowards and slaves Will constitute na tional hohdr i Are we to expect profit From conquest 1 We want no more land. The American people do not wish tb pass over the paradise of their own country to perish in the deserts of Mexico: We have lend enough for twenty tiines our population. We can derive no profit from territorial acquisition. Do we want their people 1 Is it fit that sudh as they should govern the soils of our fathers 1 Are our privileges so cheap that they are to be forced upon the blacks and barbarians of Mexico at the point of the bayohet 1 But there is one profit which the adinihistration hopes from this war; it is the extension of slaLery, effected by the blood and treasure df the North. You are to drive the slatres to the lash ; and when the blood spouts out beneath the master's whip, it will cry aloud like Abel's for justice against you. The spirit of the dying slave will bear an accusation td HeaVen against you, and rue, for participation in this infamous sehetne. Are you willing to share in itl The alternative presented by Mr. Polk is, practically, dissolution of the Union or the extension of slaVery. We Will have neither. We shall stand by our principles, and never give up our cduii try or its cause. There are other sources of profit involved in this war. Among these is a national debt. This already exists, and is beginning to press upon the nation, Which it may eventually crush. Through the influence of a na tional debt; England is now in convul sions and spasms, and her very exist ence threatened. tt'e some time ago used to hear a good deal of Young Hickory—a phrase which seems latteily to have gone into disue tude. This Young Hickory has already created a larger national debt than Old Hickory ever discharged. The next profit of the war will be direct taxation; then a standing army ; next a military regime—an aristocracy of bondholders and a serfhood of farmers and laborers government monarchical and Euro- EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR WITOLt NO. 620, perm in all its practical results—oppres sion, misery, ruin, Such has been the fate of all nations under similar eircum: stances—such will be the fate of ours, unless it is arrested by the strong arm: At what price was all this to be pur chased 1 Blood enough had already been,spilled to float our whole navy— bodies enough had been slain to raise a pyramid overtopping Cheops. Fifty thousand lives had already been sacri ficed. Was not that enough 1 Clouds had heretofore been around us, but we might now rejoice that they were ORS, ' ing away. We had clung in despair to the shattered constitution through a dreary night, but joy cometh with the morning. We had heard again that Voice 'So toVed by the American people s and we dared to hope once more. In or out of power his mighty mind was wrapped about his country ; sad shame upon any American who would falter or despond, while the life-blood flowed in the heart and brain of HENRY CLAY. [From the Puebla Flag of Freirdom.] CITY OP PUEBLA. The City of Puebla is fast getting td be quite a lively place again ; it begins to look old-fashioned, that is, as it loOk ed before the army left ; new faces are daily to be seen, and places that were almost deserted a few weeks ago, has now become resorts for the better class es of the citizens—where then ne one; whether American or Mexican, dared to go, except the numerous Mexican sol- 1 diery, largely intermixed with guriller as and bad men of all descriptions, you can now see smiling and apparently con tented fades ; the business man, whO had dloSed his shop, for fear of being bobbed by his oWn countrymen, comes out in the evening; after tile fatigues Of the day's ldbdr, tb take his evening driVe, ride or walk, as best suits his con venience, without the fear of finding, orb his return, his doors broken open, his house emptied, and himself reduced to the necessity of commencing life aneiii On an evening-ride around the beautiful passeo, you obserVe the doltifbriatli. Car; tinges of the fibre °Went, dash aking; as they carry their inmates to enjoy the evening breeze among the fragrance of the half-neglected and therefore gro-i tesque shrubbery, under the beautiful blue of a tropic sky ; and although the number of visiters at this lima tre quented place is ,not tit lfirge tik it for merly was; yet there ere enough to give 1 life and animation to the scene. The la dies, too—and there are many of thern in this place who are truly beautiful— turn out as they were wont to do; and tre seen in their daily ivalkis and rides flourishing their fans in the graceful style peculiar to the Castilian ; in short, the whole bearing of the inhabitants of this city, whether a majority of theta! are hostile to the Americans or not, ap pear to feel a degree of safety under American protection, which was un known to them, while those that were ready "to cause the rights of this na tion to be respected," remained among them; delighted *ith theme es, terri fying others and driving a' - gTeat num ber of those, who love order and iron-, quility, from their comfortable homes." Hon. Jon REED, Lieutenant Gov ernor of Massachusetts, in communica4 ting his acceptance of te Whig nomv nation, observes: " Southern men and Northern mein who would acquire more Slave territo: ry, may be assured that although mod eration and forbearance (With few ex- Ceptions) have marked the course of the friends of peace, and those opposed to the further extension of Slave territory, that a deep feeling pervades the minds of the people, and that it is their fixed purpbse that There shall be no farther extension of Slave territory. this pur pose Comes from a higher source than the Wilmot Proviso. It comes spout,- neously from the honest hearts of mil lions of Freemen, and their second so ber thoughts say Amen.", , A .111aNIFEsr DESTINY Max.—When Eindry stopped at Panama, on his return to the United States last Spring, he encountered an American at that place half-seas over, with whom Le got into an interesting consersation. Why don't you re - turn t 6 your coun try I" asked Lieut. Emory. " Return to my country Neter !" " Why 1" " Because I am a Manifest Destiny Man; and my country will be along Leis, long before I die !" [l:7- A letter writer wishes to know what more precious offering can be laid upon a man's heart, than the first love of a pure, earnest and affeationate girl, with an undivided interest in eight cor ner lots and fourteen three story hott9,:st We know of nothing hill' so touching, or, in other words, anything that moat people would sooner "tonehi '