Newspaper Page Text
t - N -
11 t . G
RY JAMES CLARK
VOL, XII, NO, 42,
The " HUNTINGDON JOURNAL" will bo
pupli,hed hereafter ai the following rates, viz
511.75 a year, if paid in advance; $2.00 if
paid during the year, and $2.50 if not paid un
til after the expiration of the year. The above
terms to be adhered to in all cnees.
No subscription taken for less than six months,
paper discontinued until all arrearages are
paid. unless at the option of the publisher.
To Clubs of six, or more, who pay in ad
vance, the Journal will be sent at *1.50 per
copy for one year; and any one who will send us
that number of names accompanied with the money
shall receive the Journal one year for his trouble.
CORRESPON DEN CE.
(For the Huntingdon Journal.]
VIM NO7STIZ WEST.
DIXON, 111. Sep. 20, 1547,
MR. EDITOR :-Our predilections for
that corner of the earth, where the light
first broke on our visions, are hard to
shuffle off; and no matter where we may
spend our days that spot, with us, is
still the " land of every land the pride."
The memories of childhood's sunny
hours centre there ; the ashes of fathers
and friends slumber there. For these
reasons, I cherish a strong attachment
to the green hills and gentle mountain
slopes of Old Huntingdon ; the babbling
brooks that roll down their sides, and
the beautiful Juniata, whose flashing
Waters cave their buses. Nevertheless,
the world-wide renown of the Missis
sippi Valley has induced me to enrol
myself among its enterprising citizens.,
To encourage other youths "to fortune
and fame unknown" to hie hither to woo
both, I now venture to describe its phys
ical character and natural advantages.
The fertility of the West has long been
celebrated in prose and song. But the
garden spot of it all, till of late years,
seems to have escaped the notice of the
emigrant. The valley of Rock River,
is that overlooked paradise. The and
in its basin—forming an area of coun
try varying from thirty to fifty miles in
breadth, and stretching through the
North Western part of Illinois far up
into Wisconsin—will bear comparison
with any other portion of the western
continent in their adaptation to agricul
ture pursuits. The most superficial ob
server cannot fail to notice their unusu
al richness, which without manure will
yield lux orient harvests to the husband
man for at least a generation. The soil
is from two to three feet in depth,
free from all those annoying encum
brances, rocks, stones and stumps, that
wear out a race of men in their remo
val. Consequently, in its subjection'
there is no grubbing—no felling of giant
oaks—no log rolling; in a word, there •
Is required no expenditure of sweat and
muscle prior to the introduction of the
mellowing plough. Nature has spared
the setter of these broad prairies all this
toil. Three words express the sum of
his toils—to fence, till, and reap. The
scarcity of timber renders the first of
the most concern. This indeed is a
slight offset to the manifold advantages
alluded to ; but the late improvement in'
the art of fencing will soon surmount
this difficulty. Moreover, in a very'
few years timber for farming purposes
can be produced from the prairie by
planting and securing the young saplings
from fire. Flow much more easy and
vastly less expensive, thus to rear tint
ber, than to remove a dense forest
Fifteen years, at the farthest, is an am- ,
ply sufficient time in which to accom
plish the former, with but little labor
and care ; the latter demands a lifetime
of sedulous toil, danger and inconveni
ences. The emigrant who brings with
him his farming utensils—cattle and
horses, can launch immediately into far
ming on an extensive scale; and soon
treasure up the rewards of his labor.--
en lands heavily timbered this is wind- ,
ly impossible. Years must elapse ere
he can make ever a respectable opening
in the premitive woods. Besides neces-
sity obliges him to lay out his first earn
ings to increase the area of his cleared
land. Who then is so dull as not to per
ceive, that, in the end, it is far better
to battle with the want of timber, for a
few years, than to be burdened
labor producing abundantel We can
in this region make motley enough by
our crops to purehase arid transport
lumber to put a quarter section of land
under enclosure, and in a high state of
cultivation, before the most skilful and
persevering farmer can accomplish the
same, in a densely timbered country.—
Where then is this wonderful bug-bear
of a lack of timber 'I It vanishes like
mist before the sun in the mind of the
thinking and reasoning man.
Our prairies are equally free from
Marshy flats and precipitous hills, un
fit for cultivation. Their surface is
gently undulating, and when involved
in their lovely carpets of verdure they
are scarcely less enchanting than the
rolling billows of the deep green sea ;
on these expansive sheets of verdure
the lowing kine in thousands, unheededlel of wheat on the wharfs of either of
grow fit for the slaughter-house. They' the great eastern cities, than to place
as their name imports, are the finest there the same article froth the produc
meadows in the world ; so that until tire valleys of Huntingdon county. Is
densely populated the farmer need not t here tiny subster.tial reason why our
occupy his fields with tame grass, either hind should not then become worth from
to furnish hay, or to stimulate the soil ; : 4 330 to $5O per acre, which now can be
for its natural fatness is in no danger of .bwined for $1.25 1 It requires no elab
being exhausted for a long period.— "rate demonstrations to prove this in-
Springs of the purest and sweetest of contestibly. Any common sense man
water abound, which conveying into must admit it. Ev ery thing in and
rivulets and creeks, in their supertine • around this section of the Union proves
courses irrigate much of the country, • that it is destined to outstrip every other
furnishin g , frequently, excellent water in wealth and population before it half
power's f or mills and machinery, and at a century elapses. Its growth in each
last are lost amid the bright waters of luring the last six years have been al-
Rock river, This stream has but few most unrivalled: The census of 151.0
superiors west of the Alleghenies in shoWed the population of this State to
beauty of its scenery; though nut to - - be 460,000. It is rib* rated at 650,000:
mantic and grand. On its banks the ln 1850 it cannot come much short of a
sportsman in autumn may sate his pro- million. What will it be in 1870, when
pensities in killing wild fowls, geese, , her public improvements shall be in sue. ,
and ducks that halt here awhile when cessful operation—when thousands of
migrating to southern waters. These operatives shall ply their machinery ;
are some of the inducements that beck- when hosts of skilful miners shall heave
on the emigrant, either from the Atlan- from the bosom of the earth the now
tic slope of this continent, or from the known and yet undeserved mineral ;
old world to come and make his Ironic and when in all probability Whitney's
in this lovely valley. There is room • rail road shall belt the snow enshroud
still. Come ye men of stalewart limn •ed Rocky mountains, on whirls the pro
and partake of nature's bounties—here darts of far off India and Chinn may be
she empties almost gratuitensly the carried to the brink of lake Alichigua.
horn of plenty. Here she needs no coax- This, to sonic, i,iay seem groutull,ss
ing as in New England. In my next, I speculatior, lint the man of sober
shall discourse of the natural adventa- tion will find in it nothing improbable
ges of this region for manufacture and or fitheirui. The tepidity and progress
commerce. A SUCKER. •of the West to greatness and power has
[For the Huntingdon Journal.] been more astonishing. Let then the
• man of moral means, whose soul aspires
THE NORTH WEST. to a more elevated sphere turn his eye
DIXON, 111. Sept. 27, 1817. to this poor man's " promised land."
MR. EDITOR :—Every range of coon- A SUCKER.
try has its peculiar natural advantages,
prominent among which are its internal [From the Louisville Examiner.]
resource and proximity to market.— DUELLING.
Northern Illinois has received from na- Tun Death of George C. Dromgoole,
turn a goodly quantity of the former, of Va,, occasioned deep regret among
nor has it been denied the latter, There I large circle of friends.
is an abundance of coal within its limits. I We knew him in other days. He was
The distinguished geologist, Lyell, af- no ordinary man. His mind was min
firms that Illinois has more coal than saltily clear and strong, and, had no ad-
England and Wales. We have there- verse circumstances occurred, he would
fore no deficiency of fuel to apprehend, have been an ornament to society, and
so long as we possess such vast fields of an honor to the nation.
coal beneath our fertile soil, to keep us But it was in private life he charmed.
warm in winter, and melt our lead ore, So simple, so kind, so true! We never
The lead mines thmselves are a price- knew a more generous man ; he was
less mineral treasure to this State ; the wholly disinterested, and knew how to
working of which in coming times, must sacrifice self with a grace which won
create a home market for its agriculture him the love of friends, and the respect
products, similar to that caused by the of acquaintances.
manufacturing of iron in central Penn- In an evil hour he was tempted, acting
Sylvania. What fountains of wealth will upon false notions of honor, to peril his
here burst forth when enterprise and life and the life of another, His antag
science have given them outlets ! As miist fell. From that hour lie stias nti
our mineral resources are developed, altered man; he knew no peace; and to
factories of all sorts must, in the natu- drown the bitter thought that he was a
ral order of events, spring up and con- murderer, he sullied his soul still deep
sumo a large portion 'of our surplus er in crime by drinking to excess! And
breadstuff - . m early life he was taken front us, a de-
No spot in the entire valley of the ; based and self-blighted man !
" fathers of waters" is more happily sit- I Yet how like him was the last act of
tutted geographically to command good his life. This little paragraph below,
market than Illinois. The waters of the j inserted in newspapers without cotti-
Mississippi wash it on the west, while merit, and glanced at by the reader, pos
numerous tributaries traversing its ter- sibly without thought, tells, at once, the
ritory susceptible of being navigated by rectitude of his intentions, and his own
steamboats contribute to swell that ma- estimation of the depth of his crime:
jestic stream. On its North Western "George C. Dromgoole, in his will,
corner the waves of the great Northern gave all his property to the children of
lakes break. By the first path our grain the individal who fell by his hand in a
can reach Orleans, the great commer- duel."
cinl market of the South: By the sec- It has fallen to our lot i iii (lays when
and rout( it can find a market on the we thought duelling no sin, if we could
Atlantic sea-board. At present New be said to have thought about it at all, to
York, the best grain market in Americo, ; meet with many, to know well some,
is open to us. Nay more, the broad At- 1 who had killed their men. We never
'antic itself is in communication with , knew one who lived in peace after the
our territory since the completion of the murder ; we know only two who survive,
Well and canal aroundNing, , ra Falls.— aid they arc sots.
A vessel stored with Illinois grain at The first time we were called upon to
Chicago has recently borne her cargo witness a duel was in Augusta, Georgia,
across its wide waters to feed the star- in 1829. We were just entering
ring millions of Great Britain. Hence, hood. The parties were from our
our produce can even be shipped in our state. We knew them both well. They
own harbours for exportation, without were stationed at their places, and at
the trouble and expense of exchanging the word fire, the elder of the two, a
it from canal boats or rail cars to ships man of promise and place, fell dead.—
in eastern markets. At no distant day We saw hini—saw his brother whogazed
Chicago will be connected to Philadel- wildly into his pale face, just now so
phia and Baltimore. Cleveland on lake full of life—saw friends as they hut.-
Erie will shortly be joined to Pittsburg riedly took up body, and bore him
by a rail road, and thus the gate trill be onward to his home. And we saw after
open to those markets. All that remains . wards the gray-haired father, as he
to be accomplished in this State to yen- heat over that body, hot tears falling
der the means of transporting produce down his cheeks, fall as one struck with
to places of consumption, all that could the palsy, for his prop, the boy of his
be desired, is to finish the rail roads and hopes, was taken away, and there was
canals already under construction, and no longer happiness for !din on earth !
remove obstructions to st ito boats from But the survivor ! Business relations
our rivers. That both will be speedily brought us together; we were his atter
achieted there can Le no reasonable ney ; and we had to see him nt his home,
doubt: The canal uniting the head of and our house. In company, we saw no
Steamboat navigation on the Illinois change in him; he was light-hearted,
river 'with Chicago will be in operation almost frolicksome in his gayety. fle
next spring.. Numerous rail roads pen- never spoke of the murder by an un
etrating this charming, region hove been , tittered, but well understood compact ;
jeered and will ere long stretch across (and how terribly did this describe the
these prairies. Ten years will affect deed !) none ever referred to it: Soon
miracles l'or Northern Illinois. Enter- • after we found that he was fast becom
prize and competition in trade will ren- , ing a drunkard ; and sence three years
der the cost of merehandize and produce had passed since the duel, ere he was
so much before the expiration of that stricken down early in'attlueld ; and
limited period, that the expense of de- , laid near his te.t..gonist in the earth.
livering a barrel of our flour or a bush- But his death E Wo were. ?iiment at
[CORRECT PRINCIPLES-SUPPORTED By TRUTH.]
HUNTINGDON, PA., TUESDAY, OCTOBER 19, 1847,
it, and never may we witness such an- I.llyspecial and Extraordinary Express mill, causing four of them to explode,
rithet ' That subject—so long kept i for the Philadelphia Ledger.] . by which 300 Americans are said to be
sealed up by himself—so long untouch- i Most Im por t an t from Meati:o! blown up, including Gem Worth, who,
ed by family or friend—the murder of i BATTLE AT THE MILL-EL-REV— . according to the account, had not been
his school companion and neighbor, was I MEXICAN ACCOUNTS-CAPTURE seen or heard of the next day at Tacit
at last broken by himself. "I could I OF THE CAPITAL—REPORTED baYn." .
not help it," said he, as his eyes glared' DEATHS OF GENERALS WORTH The next accounts we haVe from the
upon us, and his breathing became pain- ! SMITH. ANn PILLOW-RETREAT Capital; come in n letter to the. Arco Iris,
ful from its quick and audible action.-1 OF MEXICANS To GUADALOUPE. ! dated the 10th inst. The following is
We knew to what he referred and en-an extract from it :
deavored to direct his thoughts into BALTIMORE, Oct. 2., 9 o'clock, P.m.
The Mexican Government has taken
other channels. in vain. "1 could The steamer James L. Day arrived at $300,000, which were being sent by ti
not help it ; could I help it'!" And all New Orleans on the 25th ult. with the commercial house to the camp of the
this Ulla, in a duelling sense, true. He most important intelligence yet received enemy.
from the seat of war.
had every excuse a man could have to . Gen. Smith has expired;- add by the
fight; butt t‘'hen so assured, lie exclaim- I From the Picayune of the 26th, recei- die h tse d s li p you ii,i II see t hat t i i6 A .,
ed wildly, "It will not do—l murdered tied by, poney express, in advance of the kilns have mutilated and cruelly assns.
him—l see him now—l have seen him mail, we extract the following particu- sinated the enfortunate Irish who were
as he lay dead on the field, ever since I lags: taken at the battle of Churnbusco.
slew him. My God ! My God !" And I The Arco Iris had received letters from . It appears that the death of Gen. Pil-
Muttering these, an d lik e sentences, the city of Mexico under date of the 9th lotv is uncertain.
*ith a shriek such as I never heard trier- ' stating that o' the 7th the MeXican Coin- On the 12th of September, at 5 o'clock
tal utter, he died ! , !nisqieners declared that the propositions in the morning, the hells awoke us by
Imide by Mr. Trist were inadmissible, Another instance. A young Scotch- , the announcement of alarm that the bat
man came to Charleston, S. C. in Council of Generals, who decided , and set- . teries of San Antonia, Abaci, and the
tied there. He gave offence to a noted that notice should be given immediately corresponding battery of the enemy had
duellist, and was challenged ; fought ,to Gem Scott that the armistice was at of ene I a fire upon each other. We saw
and killed him. He removed afterwards . illi end, and appointed tie 9th fur the a multitude of bombs discharged bv the
to New Orleans; was engaged in sue- recommencement. of hostilities. enemy, the greater number of which
cessful business, and was regarded the On the fith of September Gen. Scott burst in the air long before they reach
merriest fellow about. His intimate addressed a letter to Santa Anna from ed our trenches. At the same:ibur the
friends thought the murder had made Tacubaya, accusing hint of having vio- firing commenced at Clumultepee, on fh ,
no impression upon him ; not one of Ins lated several articles of the armistice, right side of which, and in the moult.
relatives believed he cured anything ' one of which was that of not thawing tstins came the attack. At a short di,
about it. I the American Army to obtainsupplies trine° front the enemy are stationed 0.,
In 1831 or '35, he was encraged inn from the city of Mexico. Gen.' Scott forces of cavalry and infantry, who arc
demanded an explanation and reparation Wzttelling the enemy.
large cotton speculation: News of a
rise in price reached New Orleans, soon
and concluded as follows . t . "lr these arc We opened at half after six, from the
after he had shipped a large number of
not given, I formally notify you that if battery of the Gasipa of Belep, or it may
bales to New York. If he - could sell, or
I do not receive the most complete sat- be from that starting front the cod of
make some particular arrangement, he isfaction on all these points before 12 Basco Nuevo, which is situated in the
could realize a fortune. But it was no-
o'clock to-morrow, 1 shall consider the angle formed by the causWav learn t .
cessary to go to New-York. Ile
,jump- armistice as terminated from that hour." , the village of La Piedas and Tar. . ..
ed on board a steamer, went to Mont- I To this letter Gen. Santa Anna replies ! This brings us, says the Picayli. , ,
gomery, Alabama, and pushed rapidly at considerable length, and with great the 12th, but at what hour of the nay
on by land for Washington city: Over% severity. He accuses Gen. Scott of the letter was closed we are not inform
excitetnent brought on fever, and he having violated the terms of the armi- ed. Of, the eventful denouement we
was obliged to stop in the interior of stice iii. refusing to allow flour froM the have only a brief account; being stiff'.
South Carolina. mills in the vicinity to be brought into cient to assure us that our arths have
. .fifteen years, or more, had elapsed ' the city, and says the American wagons achieved a brilliant triumph, and that
since he had . killed his man. For the were driven out of the city on account our army is revelling in the balls of the
I first time, he lay on a bed of sickness: of the objectionable conduct of the ofli- Montezumns.
t. He had fever, and delirium with it.— , The only reliable account we have of
cora accompanying them.
I And in that delirium, with terrible an- Santa Anna also charges Gen. Scott the last struggle before the Capital is
finish and maniac fury, he spoke of this with having sacked the Mexican towns in a letter addressed to Mr. Dimond, our
I decd of death ! It made those of us
in the vicinity of the Capital, and rob- . collector at Vera Cruz, from Orizaba, as
bed and desecrated the Churches, steal- follows : ORIZABA, Sep.t 19, 1817."
1 who heard him shudder as we listened !
Was his laughter all along forced I Had
ing and destroying articles held sacred I I have the honor to inform you that
his merriment been liP - doeP ; of the in- by every Mexican. He concludes as .an express arrived here this Mottling
- tellect, and not, of the heart I He grew follows , I from the city of Mexico, which brings .
better and his physician thought him "I flatter myself that your Excellency intelligence that Gen. Scott Was in the
convalescent. Now and then he would I will be edntinced on calm reflection of city of Mexico. That on the 13th, the
start in his sleep, exclaim, "Take him I the weight of my reasons ; but if by this• American troops took Chapultepee and
off me; don't tie him to me;" but the i fortune you should seek only a pretext the Citadel and went into the city that
fever had abated, end we all thought he for depriving the first city of the Amer- ' night. . . ,
would soda be well: He did grow bet- ican continent of an opportunity to fret' . Gen. Bravo was killed and kitta'
ter but watching his Opportunity, he the unarmed population of the horrors Anna was wounded in the arm, and has
went to a chest of drawers, as if for of war, there will be left me no other retired with the remainder of his troops,
sonic clothing, stealthily took frotn it a means of salvation but to repel force liv which have suffered much, to Guada
razor and drew it rapidly across his force with the decision and energy which loupe. Your friend, &c.
throat !It was a dreadful gash he made I my high obligations impose neon me." A letter front a credible source con
and would have been fatal had not one On the Bth of September, Gen. Scott firms all that is said in the above, and
who was near struck his elbow, as he attacked the Mill Del Rey or King' s only disagrees with it in stating that
was making the attempt upon his life. iltill, in the immediate Vicinity of Chop: the city was carried by assault on the
Poor man! He knew and had known ultepec. According to the Diario del 14th.
no peace, since the day he killed his op- Gobierno, and the Boletin published at • The Sun of Anahuac has it that on
ponent. When he thought his end near, ' A tlisco, our army was repulsed after a the 13th the heights and works of Chnp
he made the confession. "He felt," lie' severe conflict, in which we lost about ultepec Were curried; on the 11th and
said, "as if he was a murderer, though 100 in killed and from GOO to '7OO woun- . 15th the city was bombarded, and that
no one charged him with the crime." I sled,, and fell back upon Titenbaym The in part of our army entered it on the
And our belief is, that no man who account given by the Reletin represents morning, of the 16th—the balance re
kills another ever feels otherwise'? The the battle to have been the most bloody maining at Chapultepee:
mark of Cain is upon him, and he sees and severely contested of the whole , In re;ard to the American loss, the
it if no other eye does.
• , war. This, however', is a Mexican r t e. Picayune says
count, and concludes as follows : " As to cur loss before our army en
tered the city, we have nothing surliest-
AN AWKWARD MISTAKEi—A correspon ,
're. We fear this new victory has not
dent of the Herald of Religous Liberty, At 10 o'clock; the enemy commenced
tells a story about an inscription on tire a retrogade movement, and, by two e - -
cetti achieved without great loss of
foredo of a church recently built, which clock in the afternoon Ire withdrew 11 .'
was intended to be as follows:— ,, fly forces from Tacubayn, abandoning th, lire *"
house shall be culled the house of two points he had occupied, and blowing The Nlexican aCcontits Chow that ac
prayer. T ' up the house of Mate, thought some say hostilities commenced on the Bth,
continued with more or less
• and were •
~o insure accuracy, the stone-cutter it was set on fire by a bomb . , fired from .
activ u •
W,, ' I , ferred to the verse of s , ::ripture in Chapulteptc. It is believed that Gens.
of theit c y
ity ntil our army took possession
which these words occur. The work- Twigos and Pierce directede the attack, .
man however, unfortunately transcribed I and that they put in motion about 8000
A passenger in the James L. Day in
the whole of it, as follows: "My house men. It is certain that the fire was more forms us that it is reported among the
. Alexicans at Vera Cruz that we lost
he called the house of prayer; but intense and brisk than at Churubusco.
you hare made it a den o . f Melva 1700 men in killed and wounded, but he
when It is impossible to ascertein the loss .
no authentic source.
the error was discovered ; an attempt on either side. Our does not amount to
could trace it t
was made to rectify it by filling up the 100 killed and 250 wounded. There are
A , neth
S ' er it nger estimates General
prints of the obnoxious letters with red a few missing, nearly all not killed or , cott slos, at from one quarter to one,
putty. This remedy however; proved I wounded retiringto Chapultepec, The third of his army.
worse rhino the mischief; for at
.it dis- enemy, according to the confession of I To Curie Hams.—Honse - o:ives are teen- '
titmice which made the fir s t p ant of t h e an Irishman who crone over to us in the orally proud of the excellency of their
inscrption illegible, stood o u t i n bl us hi ng evening, carried of 4.00 dead and 600 dishes, and feel a laudable pride in bee
lines the otninous sentence—" You have lor 700 wounded. We have to lament ing them praised. Good ham i, a most
made it a den of theives!" Filially, the the loss of Gen. Leon, since dead ; that excellent article when properly cured,
scandal was revoked by turning the in- of COI. Baideras, of the valiant Cols.. though rarely seen in that perfection of'
scribed face inward anti lettering the Hubris and Gelati, and of the determi- which it is susceptible. Such of our
new outer surface according to the first I ned . Capt. Mateos of Puebla: readers us may be desirous cf preparing
inscription. A Mexican letter announces that Ri- it for themselves, nosy be benelitted by
[Et It is a mean device to seek the ley and his legioli of St. Patrick, seven- the following recipe: - inpumber, were ordered by the Court Take three gallons pure, clean water, •
affection of another by villifying his
lartral to be hung. The sentence was four pounds or salt—one half coarse,.
friends, and seeking to alienate him 2
from them. It is enerallas unsuccess ,
approved by Gen. Scott, and on the Bth the other half fine— oneturd a half pounds
fel as it is mean. g If we disbelieve the
of September the whole legion were of brown sugar, and one pint best Ha
accuser, and detect the artifice, it can
hung in presence of the army, as also vanna molasses. To the above ingredi
oply, as it ought, inspire disgust. If we eats, add two tied a half ounces, sultpe
the following letter from tie, ~eats,
a half ounce of pearlash. Mix
believe him, we find small prepossession
towards one who has dissipated a Cher-Jalapa to the Arco Iris, without vouch- and boil, carefully freeing the liquor of
ished illusion. I ing for its correctness: the scum as it rises, and when cold, p:,t
" When Gen. Harez abandoned the it in your meat. Ham cured iii this .
ri- I alWays thought I was the child I Mill Del Rey, a bomb discharged front Way is excellent, and maybe kept sweet
of destiny," as time loafer said when he , Chapultepec, tell among the ammunition for a much longer
r period, it is said thaw
was committed for a vagrant. • wagons of the enemy in the yard of the when prepared in any other manner
EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR
WHOLE O. 612,