Newspaper Page Text
BY JAMES CLA'
VOL. XII, NO. 88.
The' HUNTINGDON JOURNAL" will be
puplished hereafter at the following rates, viz
$2.75 a year, if paid in advance; $2.00 if
paid daring the year, and $2.50 if not paid un
til after the expiration of the year. The above
terms to be adhered to in all cases.
No subscription taken for less than six months,
and no paper discontinued until all arrearages are
paid, unless at the option cf the publisher.
co' To Clubs of six, or more, who pay in ad
vance, the Journal will be sent at $1,89 per
eipy for one year ; and any ono who will send us
that number of manes accompanied with the money
shell receive the Journal one year far his trouble.
Notice of General Election.
PURSUANT to an act of the General
Assembly of the Commonwealth of
Pennsylvania, entitled An act relating
to the elections of this Commonwealth,"
approved the second day of July, A. D.,
1839, 1, JOHN ARMITAGE, High Sher
iff of the county of Huntingdon, in the
State of Pennsylvania, do hereby make
known and give notice to the electors
of thy county aforesaid, that a
will be held in the said county of Hunt
ingdon, on the SECOND TUESDAY
(and 12th day) of October, 1847, at
which time State and County officers,
as follows, will be elected, to wit :
,One person for Governor of the Com
monwealth of Pennsylvania/
One person for Canal Commissioner
of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
One person for State Senator, to- re
present the Counties of Huntingdon,
Bedford, and Blair, in the Senate of
One person to fill the office of mem
ber of the House of Representatives, to
represent the county of Huntingdon, in
the House of Representatives of Penn
One person for the office of Sheriff
for Huntingdon county.
One person for the office_of County
Treasurer for Huntingdon county.
One person for the office of County
Commissioner for Huntingdon county.
One person for the office of , County
Auditor for said county.
In pursuance of said act, I also here
by make known and give notice, that
the places of holding the aforesaid gen
eral election in the several election dis
tricts within the said county of Hunt
ingdon, are as follows ,
to wit :
let district, composed of Henderson township,
and also a part of Porter township, and all that
part of Walker township not in the 15th district,
at the Court House in the borough of Huntingdon.
2nd district, composed of Dublin township, at
the house of Matthew 'l'aylor, in said township,
3d district, composed of so much of Warriors
mark township, as is not included in the 19th dis-
Wet, at the school house adjoining the town of
4th district, composed of the township of Hope
well, at the house of Henry Zimmerman, near En
trekin's new mill, in said township.
sth district, composed of the township of Barren,
at the house of James Livingston, (f:innerly John
Harper,) in the town of Saulsbury, in said town
6th district, composed of the township of Shir
ley, at the house of David Fraker, in Shirleysburg.
7th district, composed of Porter and part of
Walker townships, and so much of West town
ship as is included in the following boundaries, to
wit: Beginning at the south-west corner of Tobias
Caufman'e farm on the bank of Little Juniata riv
er, at the lower end of Jackson's narrows, thence
in a northeasterly direction to the most southerly
port of the farm owned by Michael Maguire, thence
north 40 degrees west to the top of Tussey's moun
tain to intersect the line or Franklin township,
thence along said line to Little Juniata river, thence
down the same to the place of beginning. at :he
public school house, opposite the German Reform
ed Church, in the borough of Alexandria.
Bth district, composed of the township of Frank
lin, et the house of Jacob Matters, now occupied
by George W. Menem, in said township.
9th district, composed of Tell township, at the
Union school house, near the Union Meeting
house, in said township.
10th district, composed of Springfield township,
at the school house near Hugh Madden's, in said
1 lth district, composed of Union township, at
the school house near Ezekiel Corbin s, in said
... 12th district, composed of Brady township, at
5 mill of James Lane, in said township.
13th district, composed of Morris township, at
the house now occupied by A broils%
. keep,) late Alex. Lowry, Jr., in :he villago of W
terstreet, in said township.
14th district, composed of that part of Wont
township not included in the 7th district, at the
public school house on the farm now owned by
Miles Lewis, (formerly owned by James Ennis,)
in said township.
15th district, composed of that part of Walker
township lying south west of a line commencing
opposite David Corbin's haus', at the Uniontown
ship line, thence in a straight line, including said
Corbin's house, to the corner of Porter township,
on the Huntingdon and Woodcock valley road, at
the house of Jacob Magahy, in said township.
15th district, composed of the township of Tod,
at tha house now occupied by J. Henderson, in
17th 41:Atriet, composed of that part of West
township on the south-east side of Warrior ridge,
beginning at the line of Wcst and Henderson town
ships, at the foot of said ridge, to the line of Barree
township, thence by the division line of Soiree
and West townships to the summit of Stone moun
tain, to intersect the line of Henderson and West
townships, thence by said line to the place of be
ginning, at the house now occupied by Benjamin
Corbin, on Murray's Run.
18th district, composed of Cromwell township,
at the house now occupied by David Etnire, in Or
19th district, composed of the borough of Du
mingham, with the several tracts of land near to
and attached to the same, now owned and occupi
ed by Thomas M. Owens, John K. McCohan. An
drew Robeson, John Gensimer and William Gen
simer, situate in the township of Warrioramark, at
the public school house in said borough.
With district, composed of the township of Cass,
at the public school house In Casmillo, in said
21st district, composed of the township of Jack
son, at the bout* of Robert Barr, now occupied by
John Hirst, at McAleagy's Fort, in said township.
22d district, composed of the township of Clay,
at the house of Joshua Shore, at the Throe Springs,
in said township.
23d district, composed of the township of Penn,
at the school house on the farm of Jacob Drum
bough, in said township.
I also make known and give notice,
as in and by the 13th section of the
aforesaid act I am directed, " that every'
person, excepting justices of the peace
who shall hold any office or appointment
of profit or trust under the government
of the United States, or of this State, or
of any city or incorporated district, whe
ther a commissioned officer or agent,
who is or shall be employed under the
legislative, executive or judiciary de
partment of this State, or of the United
States, or any city or incorporated dis
trict, and also, that every member of
and of the State Legislature,
and of the select or common council of
I any city, commissioners of any incor
porated district, is by law incapable of
holding or exercising at the same time,
the office or appointment of judge, in
, Spector or clerk of any election of this
Commonwealth, and that no inspector,
judge, or other officer of any such elec
tion, shall be eligible to any office to be
then voted for.
Also, that in the 4th section of the act
of Assembly, entitled "An act relating
to executions and for other purposes,"
approved April 16th, 1840, it is enacted
that the aforesaid 13th section "shall
not be so construed as to prevent any
militia officer or borough officer from
serving as judge, inspector or clerk, of
any general or special election in this
Pursuant to the provisions contained
in the 67th section of the act aforesaid,
the judges of the aforesaid districts
shall respectively take charge of the cer
tificate or return of the election of their
respective districts, and produce them
at a meeting of one judge from each dis
trict, at the Court House in the borough
of Huntingdon, on the third day after
the day of election, being for the present
year on FRIDAY, the 15th of October
next, then and there to do and perform
the duties required by law of said judg
es. Also, that where a judge by sick
ness or unavoidable accident, is unable
to attend said meeting of judges,
the certificate of return aforesaid shall
be taken charge of by one of the inspec
tors or clerks of the election of said dis
trict, and shall do and perform the duties
required of said judge unable to attend.
Also, that in the 61st section of said
act it is enacted that "every general
and special election shall be opened be
tween the hours of eight and ten in the
forenoon, and shall continue without in
terruption or adjournment until seven
o'clock in the evening, when the polls
shall be closed."
Given under my hand at Huntingdon,
the 10th day of September, 1817, and
of the Independence of the United
States the seventy-first.
JOHN ARMITAGE, She 4.
[GOD SAVE THE COMMONWEALTH.
/THE undersigned, - auditor appointed
1 by the Court of Common Pleas of
Huntingdon county, to apportion and
distribute the proceeds of the Sh eriff's
Sale of the Real Estate of Ch ristian
Colds, of the borough of Huntingdon,
to and among those entitled to receive
the same, hereby gives notice, that he
will attend to the duties of his said ap
pointment on Friday the Ist day of Oc
tober next, at 10 o'clock A. M., at the
Register's Office in said county, when
and where all persons interested are re
quested to attend and present their
claims. JOHN REED,
Estate of slbsalom Plowman, late of Bra ,
dy township, deceased.
MOTICE is hereby given that Letters Testa
mentary upon the last Will and Testament
of said deceased, have been granted to the under
signed.—All persona indebted to said Estate are
requested to make payment immediately ; and all
claims and demands against the same to he pre
sented, duly authenticated for settlement, to
Aug. 31,-60 Executrix.
HUNTINGDON, PA., TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 21, 1847.
TWO GREAT BATTLES!
The glorious News Fully Confirmed!
OFFICIAL DESPATCHES RECEIVED.
Mexican Loss Five Thousand.---Our Loss less
than One Thousand.
[From Correspondence of the North American.]
" BALTIMORE, Sept. 14.
The Poney Express, twenty-four hours
in advance of the mail, has arrived here
this evening, bringing the New Orleans
Picayune of the Bth inst.
Tile steamer Mary Kingsland arrived
on the 7th with later dates from Vera
Cruz. She brings accounts of the two
victorious battles of Contreras and Char
busco, so called from the field works of
the enemy. The proposition for an ar
mistice was made by Gen. Scott, sup..
posed to have been at the instance of
the British embassy. The report here
tofore given, that the city of Mexico was
at our mercy, seems to be unfounded,
and should pence not follow from the
negotiations now pending, another bat
tle must ensue.
A letter from Mr. Kendall, dated Ta
cubazo, Aug. 22d, says the Archbish
op's palace of this place is now occupied
by Gen. Scott and a portion of the army. l
After defeating the enemy in two of the
hardest fought battles of the war, on
the 14th inst. a reconnoisance made by
Col. Duncan, having satisfied Gen.
Scott that a road for artillery could be
cut from Chalcoa to San Augustine.
Gen. Worth's division moved in that di
rection on the 15th, followed by Gener
als Quitman, Pillow and Twiggs. By '
this move a new line of operations was
taken on the southern and western sides
of the city of Mexico, and the strong
works of Person and Mexicalsingo, on
which Santa Anna had bestowed such
immense labo'r, were completely turned.
On the 15th of August, Gen. Worth
marched as far as the Hacienda of San
Gregoria, when a halt was ordered by
'Gen. Scott, as Gen. Twiggs had met a
large force of the enemy at Chaleoa.
Gen. Twiggs promptly ordered the heav
iest guns to be unlimbered, and after a
few discharges, the enemy were dis
persed with a loss of six killed.
On the 17th Gen. Worth resumed his
march over a terrible bad road, but by
8 o'clock in the morning he was in sight
of the dome and spires of the capital,
without any opposition except that
rocks had been rolled into the road and
ditches dug, evidently showing that
Gen. Scott had stolen a march on Santa•
Anna. On reaching this point, howev
er, a scattering fire was opened by a
force stationed in an advantageous posi
tion, which was soon silenced by Col.
Smith's light battalion of the 2d artille•
ry, under Major Galt. Another attack
was shortly after made, but again the
enemy's pickets were driven in without
At 7 o'clock on the 18th, Gen. Scott
arrived at San Augustine, and at 10
o'clock Gen. Worth was in full march
for the city of Mexico by the main road.
Majors Smith and Turnbull, Capt. Ma
son and other Engineer officers were
sent in advance supported by Captain
Blake's squadron of dragoons,' to recon
noitre, when a battery was opened on
them, and the first ball from an eighteen
pounder, killed - Capt. Thornton of the
2d dragoons, besides seriously wound
ing a guide.
Col. Garland's brigade was ordered
to occupy a position in plain sight of the
enemy's batteries at San Antonio, whilst
Col. Stark's brigade and Duncan's bat
tery took their station in the rear close
by. A party was then sent out to re
connoitre to ascertain the practicability
of finding a road by which the village
of San Angel could be reached, and the
strong hold of San Antonio thus turned;
this party had a skirmish with the ene
my, killing five or six and taking as ma
prisoners without loosing a man.
favorable, and it was ascertained that a
road could be made. - The Mexicans
were plainly seen in force near Bronte
ras, and at a council held that night, it
was determined to attack them in the
morning. While this reconnoisance
was going on, Gen. Worth, had estab
lished himself at the hacienda of Buve
ra, from the windows of which countless
numbers of .the enemy could be seen at
work upon the batteries of San Antonio.
About noon they opened upon the haci
enda with both round shot and shell.—
Nearly every shot took effect but did no
damage, except to the buildings. Late
in the evening they were silent during
the night. Had the fire been kept up,
the hacienda might have been torn to
pieces, and the entire command compell
ed to retire.
At 8 o'clock on the morning of the
19th the batteries again opened on Gen.
Worth's position. So hot was the fire
that the troops were compelled to gain
shelter behind the buildings, but did not
[CORRECT PRINCIPLES-SUPPORTED By TRUTH.)
give up their position. About 9 o'clock
the divisions of Twiggs and Pillow were
ordered to march in the direction of
13ronteras, and by 1 o'clock in the after
noon were in plain sight of the enemy's
batteries and within range of the heavier
guns. The brigade of Colonel P. T.
Smith was ordered to advance directly
towards the enemy's works, whilst that
of Colonel Riley moved towards a small
village at the right and thus cut offrein.
forcements which might be sent to Va
lencia from the city. An incessant fire
was opened on Colonel -Smith's com
mand and soon the Rifles were engaged
with the pickets of the enemy, driving
them in. The twelve pounder battery
of Capt. Magruder and the mountain
howitzer batteries now commanded by
Lieut. Callender of the Ordnance depart
ment was pressed forward and opened
on the enemy, but were so much expos
ed to a fire from heavier guns, that they
were soon silenced. Lieut. Johnson and
Callender were seriously wounded.
At 3 o'clock Gen. Cadwallader was
ordered out to support Col. Riley—hea
vy reinforcements having been seen on
their way out from the city, whilst Gen.
Pierce was sent to sustain Gen. Smith.
The firing from the enemy's batteries
was incessant. About 4 o'clock Gen.
Scqtt 'arrived, and seeing the immense
strength of the Mexicans, at once order.
ed Gen. Shields' brigade to support Ri
ley and Cadwallader and prevent if pos.
sible, a junction of the forces coming out
of the city, with those of Valencia, but
few of the movements of our troops
could be seen, but every motion of the
enemy was visible. The order of bat
tle of Valencia was most imposing. His
infantry was seen drawn up to support
the batteries, whilst long lines of the
enemy's cavalry were stationed in the
rear as if awaiting the shock of the bat
Two separate charges of the latter
were distinctly seen to be repulsed by
col. Riley. Until night had fairly closed
in, the firing from the enemy's batteries
had not slackened; it had been a contin
uous roar for nearly six hours.
Gen. Scott retired to San Augustine
about 8 o'clock in the midst of a hard
rain, and Gen. Twiggs and Pillow came
in about 11 o'clock completely exhaus
ted, not anticipating the great strength
of the works of the enemy.
It was thought that the batteries could
be taken at a dash, and that the troops
would be comfortably quartered at San
.Angel for the night; instead of this a
large portion of them were compelled
to bivouac, without olankets, in the midst
of a pittiless storm.
On the morning of the 20th, General
Worth was ordered to move a part of
his division (Garlands's brigade) to aid
in the attack on Valencia, for to force
this position was deemed indispensable.
At 7 o'clock, a few discharges of can
non were heard, and the rattling of mus
ketry, and some even said that "in the
distance horses of the enemy could be
seen flying towards the city, yet few
dreamed that the batteries had been
stormed and carried, yet it was so."—
Gen. Scott, accompanied by Gen. Worth,
started for the scene of action, when
they were met by Capt. Mason, with
the joyful intelligence that Valencia
hail been completely routed after a ter
The attack upon his works was plan
ned by General Smith, and resulted in
the capture of 15 pieces of artillery
and some 1500 prisoners, among them
Gen's Blanco, Garcia, Mendoza and the
notorious-Sales. He also captured all
the ammunition and camp furniture, and
the road over which those who escaped
fled, was strewed with muskets. No
less than 700 of the enemy, among them
many officers, were Jeft dead upon the
field, whilst the number of wounded
was far greater.
The works of Bronteras were com
pletely in the power of the American
General Scott at once ordered Gen
eral Worth to fall back on San Antonia
to turn and capture that work and then
push on towards the Capital by the main
road, whilst the main body of the army
moved on towards San Angel and Coho
Gen. Twiggs had rcarcely moved a
half a mile beyond the latter village,
when a rattling (ire of musketry announ
ced that it was actively engaged with
the outposts of the enemy, and the
heavy booming of cannon now gave to
ken that the noted '2d Division bad fallen
on another strong work.
A few minute; more and a tremen•
dons firing from the right made it evi
dent that Gen. Worth's division was
also actively engaged—he had QM'
pletely turned the strong works of San
Antonia, but while doing so the enemy
had abandoned the place, with a loss of
3 heavy guns and had fallen back on a
second and stronger line of works.
It was now 1 o'clock, P. M., and
about the commencement of the battles,
and such a rattling of fire arms has sel
dom or never been heard on the conti•
nent of America, accompanied with
such booming of artillery; and this
was continued over two hours, when
the enemy was completely routed from
every point, and until those who were
not killed or taken prisoners were on
full flight for the city.
The strength of the enemy at this
battle is known to have been at least 15,
and I may say 20,000, all fresh troops,
and in a position of uncommon strength.
Opposed to them were about 6000 Amer
icans, jaded and broken down by march
es and counter-marches, and incessant
toil at Charbusco.
The Mexicans say that Santa Anna
commanded in person but retired early.
The young men of the Capital from
whom so much was expected, nearly all
fled without firing a gun.
The loss on our side has fallen most
heavily upon the South Carolina and
New York Volunteers, the 6th Infantry
and Smith's battalion and the batteries
of Capts. Magruder and Taylor. The
South Carolina was nearly cut to pieces.
Thirteen Mexican generals killed and
More ammunition captured than Gen.
Scott has used since he has been in the
country. . _
Appended to the above is the Armi
stice agreed upon, whilst the Commis
sioners of the two Governments shall
be engaged in negotiating on terms of
peace. Neither army is to be reinfor
ced or build new defences during the
Armistice, nor go beyond their present
lines. In short the two armies are in
no way to interfere with each other
without forty-eight hours notice.
WASHINGTON, Sept. 14.
Despatches for the government have
this moment been received. The intel
ligence heretofore received is fully con
On the 20th ult. the American forces,
consisting of 7000 men, met the enemy
at Charbuses, three or four miles from
the Capital. The Mexicans were 32,-
000 strong, and posted behind an im
mense battery of heavy artillery. After
two hours bloody conflict our gallant
troops swept everything before them,
mainly at the point of the bayonet.
ThC American loss was less than a
thousand, while that of the Mixicans is
estimated at five thousand, and amongst
the killed are many distinguished men,
both Generals and civilians.
The armistice was agreed upon, and
five commissioners appointed on the
Mexican side, at the head of whom was
Herrera. The commissioners had two
meetings, and were to hold a third on
Monday, the 30th.
Valencia escaped with two compan
ions to Faluca, and has since pronounced
against Santa Anna and peace.
PETERSBURG, Sept. 14
A letter is published in the Picayune,
dated Buena Vista, Aug. 16th, which
states that Col. Payne, of the North
Carolina regiment, has become unpopu
lar with his men, which had caused va•
rious symptoms of insubordination, at
one time breaking out into open revolt,
which was only quelled after shooting
two of the persons engaged in it. Stones
had been thrown at his tent, and his
The Standard says—" TOE 111),NEST
"will never elevate to an important office
"any man who has taken advantage of
"this [the Bankrupt] law to pay debts
"justly due." Now by this showing—
James K. Polk is not honest ;
Francis R. Shunk is not honest ; and
The Democracy of Blair county is not
For James K. Polk has appointed to
an important office—no less than that of
Secretary of the Treasury of the United
,States—a man who has taken benefit of
the Bankrupt law ;
Francis R. Shunk has appointed to
important offices in Blair county, no less
than two men, who have availed them
selves of its provisions;
And the "Democratic party" has nom
inated and suPported for important coun
ty offices one, and another, who were
Thus has our neighbor impaled his
friends on the horn himself erected; and
we leave him to wriggle himself out of
the dilemma, and his friends off the
horn, as best he can —merely remarking
that "persons who live in glass houses
should not throw stones."—Holltdays
GEL TAYLOR.--The New Orleans
Bee says:— , We have now no doubt
but that Gen. Taylor will carry out his
previous intention of resigning the corn
mitad„and will return to the United
States in November, if not sooner."
EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR
WHOLE NO. 608.
The Bankrupt La-a;
The. Locofocos take great panic to
style Gen. Irvin the father of the Bank
rupt Law. That law originated in the
Senate,.tind in the proceedings of that
body as reported in Congressional Globe,
Ist Session 27th Congress, page 245,
we find Mr. Polk's Secretary of the
Treasury, R. J. Walker, reported to have
made the following speech in its favor :
Mr. WALKER replied to Mr. Buchan
an's arguments, contending for the prin
ciples of the bill and its details. He
pointed to the bankrupt law of Pennsyl
vania, the great complaint against which
was, that it was compulsory and partial
in its bearings; and that was the reason
why it had been repealed. He denied
that the passage of this bill could have
a tendency to expand credit; but, on the
contrary, would have a reverse action.
He thanked the Senator for the sympa
thy he had expressed for unfortunate
debtors, but he would rather have had
his vote than his sympathy ; and he
should have respected that sympathy
much more if the Senator had not made
the powerful speech against them. If
this law was not passed, the thousands
of unfortunate dobtors in this country
would either have to wear the chains of
the slave, or become exiles from their
native land. The argument that the
law could not be executed was an argu
ment against the Constitution of the
United States. There was no difficulty
whatever in the execution of the law—
all the details were left to commission
erli, and as to the testimony of witnesses
1 at a distance, depositions could be taken.
As to the law of 1800, on the repeal of
which so much stress was laid, the
principal cause of objection against it
was that it was a compulsory law. As
to the Philadelphia law of 1812, it con
ferred privilege on the citizens of ,Phila
delphia in the discharge of their obliga
tions which was denied to the citizens
of the interior of the State, arid this
privilege was considered so odious as to
lead to the repeal of the law. Instead
of being a stimulus to excessive specu
lation be contended that its operation
would be precisely the reverse. In sta
ting the unequal operation of State
laws, which relased debtors in some
States while they who were equally
honest and equally unfortunate, remain
ed bound in others, the strongest argu
ment was adduced in favor of the pas
sage of a general bankrupt law, uniform
in its operation. No man could doubt
that Congress has the pottier to grant
the relief so loudly called for, and the
States had not the power.
On the day that the above speech was
delivered, the bill passed the Senate—
Yeas 26, nays 23—four Locos, Messrs.
Mouton, Walker, Williams, and Young,
voting for the bill, anti four Whigs
against it, so that had it not been for
Locofoco votes, Gcn. Irvin would not
have had the opportunity of voting on
the bill at all. Mr. Walker after thus
speaking and voting for the bill cancel
led a very large amount of indebtedness
by its provisions. Before the Locos
are done settling with the peoplefor Mr.
Walker's delinquencies, and for Mr.
Polk's appointing such a man to man
age the finances of the United States,
we feel pretty confident that their cry
I against Mr. Patton will be shown to be
HENRY CLAY AND SILAS
A gentleman who has just arrived in
this city from the White Sulphur
Springs, Virginia, informs us that him,
self and a number of other gentlemen
were in Mr. Clay's room a few minutes,
after he had heard of the death of tho.
lamented Governor Wright, Mr. Clay
was deeply affected, and paid a touch-.
ingly beautiful impromptu tribute to the
honored dead, by alluding to his gener
ous nature, uncompromising integrity,
accomplished powers in debate, and his
eminent public services, Though po
litically opposed, these distinguished
statesmen, in their frequent and unri
valled discussions of great national
questions in the Senate of the United'
States, ever maintained townrd each•
other the highest respect anti the warm
est feelings of attachment. Honorable
alike to the living and the dead is the
incident here related, and we have pleas
ure in giving it to our readers.—,A^at..
Tho story of the woman living
with ten husbands, in New Hampshire,
without molestation, is explained in the
following way :—The woman's name is
Husband, and she has nine children ; of
course she lives with ten Husbands, and
it is proper and right she should.