Huntingdon journal. (Huntingdon, Pa.) 1843-1859, August 31, 1847, Image 1

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    111J)TI)GDO) JOUW\AL.
VOL XII, NO. 85.
puplirhed hereafter at the following rates, viz:
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ADVERTIISEMiNTS not exceeding one square.
will be inserted three times for $ t 00, and for every
subsequent insertion 25 cents. If no deffinite or
ders are given as to the time an advertisement is
to be continued, it will he kept in till ordered out
anti charged accordingly.
Given up to Sadness.
Vt'inds of the summer twilight hour !
Where' Came your tone's mysterious power?
Ye bear no griefs o'er which to pine,
Nor yet a heart to melt as mine ;
Yet oh sweet winds that breathe your tone
Like sighs o'er some heart broken one—
Ye whispering zephyrs wandering free
That mourn so sweetly—mourn for me !
And you. ye waves with munners sweet,
Soft sighing as ye kiss my feet,
How like to mine your troubled breast,
That heaves and sighs and knows no rest ?
I list your melancholy swell,
That with my sad heart spits so well—
Oh murmuring water., wild and free,
That sigh so sweetly—sigh for me !
And you ye gentle dews that fall,
As twilight drops her dusky pall—
Ye trembling dew gems—tears of even
•That seek to bring a halm from Heaven,
Bay—weep ye for the sad orre'ssake
Who bears ■ heart that's fit to break!
Then dews of twilight—falling free
That weep so softly—weep for me!
Emigration to California.
A letter dated 24th March last at low
er Puebla, states that the writer arrived
at the first settlement in California on
the 14th of October, after a very long
and tiresome journey. Very soon after
their arrival in California; hearing of
the revolutionrand that the American
colors were raised, these emigrants en
listed as vohinteers in a regiment form
ed under Col. Fremont, with the prom
ise of twenty-five . dollars per month—
sergeants thirty-five. He speaks favor
ably of the country over which he has
- passed, and says that if he were now
back in Missouri with his family, and
with his present knowledge of the coun
try, he would not hesitate to move there.
—The charms of the country must be
very great to counterbalance the diffi
culties which the emigrants encounter
in getting there, and of which he gives
some account in the letter. He went
out with Moran and Boon, who changed
their mind on the route, and went to
Oregon. Gov. Boggs reached Califor
nia about the same time Quivvy did, af
ter,much difficulty, having lost his cat
tle. A party of emigrants who went
out, or started, with Col. Russell, suffer
ed almost incredible hardships in the
mountain, last winter, having been pre
vented from crossing them by the snow.
This company was composed of twen
ty-three wagons,
and left Indian Creek on
the 13th day of May, 1846. About the
24th of February 'last, five women and
two men arrived at Capt. Johnson's, the
first house of the California settlements,
entirely naked, and their feet frost bit.
ten. They stated that their company
had arrived at Trukey's Luke, on the
east side of the mountains, and found
the snow so deep that they could not
travel.—Fearing starvation, sixteen of
the strongest (eleven males and five fe
males) agreed to start for the settlement
on foot. After wandering about a num
ber of days, bewildered, their provision
gave out. Long hunger made it neces
sary to cast lots who should be sacrific
ed to make food for the rest, but at this
time the weaker began to die, which ren
dered the taking of life unbecessary.
As they died, the company went into 1
camp and made meat of the dead bodies
of their companions. Nine of the men
died, and seven were eaten. One of the
men was carried to Johnson's on the
back of an Indian.
Froin this statement it would seem
that the women endured the hardships
better than the men, as none of them
died. The company left behind num
bered sixty souls. ten of them men, the
others women and children. They were
in camp about one hundred miles from
Johnson's. Revolting as it may seem,
it is stated that one of the women was
obliged to eat part of the dead bodies of
her father and brother, and another saw
her husband's heart cooked. It ought
to be a very fine country to justify an
exposure to such sufferings and hor tors.
—St. Louis Rep. of July 20th.
Mr. Frampton's Xntroduction to a
Royal Tiger.
When I was a young shaver, having
lived in the world some twenty years or
so, I was engaged as a sort of supernu
merary clerk in the house of Wilson and
Brown at Calcutta ; and having no one
else who could be so easily spared, they
determined to despatch me on a business
negotiation to one of the native princes,
about eight hundred miles up the coun
try. I travelled with a party of the
dragoons, commanded by a Capt.
Blingsby, a man about five years older
than myself, and as good a fellow as ever
lived. Well, some how or other he took
a great fancy to me, and nothing would
do but that I should accompany him in
all his r porting expeditions—for I should
tell you that he was a thorough sports
' man—and I believe, entertained some
strange notion that he should be able to
make one of me. One unfortunate mor
ning, he came into my tent, and woke
me out of a sound sleep which I had
fallen into,
after being kept awake half
the night by the most diabolical howls
and screams that ever were heard out of
Bedlam, expecting every minute to see
some of their performers step in to sup,
not with, but upon me.
44 Conte, Frampton, wake up, man,"
cried Slingsby, " hete's glorious news."
44 What is it 1" said I—" have they
found another limber of ule among the
baggage 1"
"Ale nonsense," was the reply. "A
shikkaree (native hunter) has just come
into camp to say, that a young bullock
was carried off yesterday, and is lying
half eaten in the jungle about a mile
from this place ; so at last, my boy, I
shall have the pleasure of introducing
you to a real live tiger."
"Thank ye," said I, "you're very
kind, but if at all inconvenient to you
this morning, you can put it off; another
day will do quite as well for me—l'm
not in the least hurry.
It was of no use, however ; all I got
for my pains was a poke in the Fibs, and
an injunction to lose no time' in getting
. . . . .
Be - fore we had done breakfast, the
great man of the neighborhood, Rajah
somebody or other, made his appearance
on his elephant attended by a train of
tawnies, who were .to undertake the
agreeable duty of beating. Not being
considered fit to take care of myself—a
melancholy fact of which I was too con
scious—it was decreed that Slingsby
and 1 should occupy the same howdah.
Accordingly at the time appointed, we
mounted our elephant 1 and having a
formidable array of guns handed up to
us, we started.
AS my companion, and indeed every
one else concerned in the matter, evi
dently considered it completely as a
party of the utmost pleasure, and seem
ed to be prepared to enjoy themselves,
I endeavored to persuade myself that I
did so too ; and, consoled by the reflec
tion that, if the tiger had positively eaten
half a bullock yesterday afternoon, it
could never be worth his while to scale
our elephant, and run the risk of being
shot, for the sake of devouring me, I
felt rather bold than otherwise. After
proceeding for some distance through
the jungle, and rousing, us it appeared
to me, every beast that had come out of
Noah's Ark, except a tiger, our elephant,
i who had hitherto conducted himself in a
very quiet and gentlemanly manner,
suddenly raised his trunk, and trumpet
ed several times,—a sure sign, as the
mahout informed us, that a tiger was
somewhat close at hand.
"Now, Frampton," cried my compan
ion, cocking his double-barrel, "look
out !"
" For squalls," returned I, finishing
the sentence for him. " Pray, is there
any particular part they like to be shot
in I—whereabouts shall I aim 1"
" Wherever you can," replied Slings
bly, "be ready, there lie is, by Jupite;,"
and as he spoke, the long grass about a
hundred yards in front of us was gently
agitated, and I caught a glimpse of what
appeared a yellow black streak moving
swiftly away in an opposite direction—
" Tally ho!" shouted Slingsby, saluting
the tiger with both barrels. An angry
roar proved that the shot had taken
effect, and in another moment, a large
tiger, lashing his side with his tail, and
his eyes glaring with rage, came bound
mg towards us.
• " Now what's to be done V' exclaimed
1—" if you had but let him alone, he
was going away as quietly as possible.'•'.
Slingsby's reply was a smile, and sei
zing another gun he fired again. On
receiving this shot this tiger stopped for
a moment, and then, with a tremendous
bound, sprang towards us, alighting at
the foot of a small tree not a yard from
the elephant's head.
"That lust shot crippled him," said
my companion, "or we should have had
the pleasure of his nearer acquaintance
—now for the coup de grace, fire away!"
and as he spoke he leaned forward to
take deliberate aim, when suddenly the
front of the howdah gave way, and to
my horror, Slingsby was precipitated
over the elephant's head, into, as it
seemed to me, the very jaws of the tiger.
A fierce growl, and a suppressed cry of
agony, proved that the monster had sei
zed his prey, and I had completely given
my friend up for lost, when the elephant,
although greatly alarmed, being urged
on by the mahout, took a step forward
and twisting his trunk round the top of '
the young tree, bent it down across the
loins of the tiger, thus forcing the tor
tured animal to quit his hold, and afford
ing Slingsby an opportunity of crawling
beyond the reach of its teeth and claws.
Forgetting my own fears in the immi
nence of my friend's danger, I only
waited till I could get a shot at the tiger
without running the risk of hurting
Slingsby, and then fired both barrels at
its head, and was lucky enough to wound
it mortally. The other sportsmen com
ing up at this moment, the brute recei
ved his quietus, but poor Slingsby's arm
was broken where the tiger had seized
it with his teeth, and his chest was se
verely lacerated by its claws, nor did he
entirely recover the shock for many
months. And this was my first intro
duction to a royal tiger, Sir. I saw
many of them afterwards, during the
time 1 spent in India, but I can't say I
ever had much liking for their society—
! umph !"
When we east our eyes upwards, and
view those brilliant orbs, those silent
monitors and emblems of eternity, that
have, through countless ages, retained
their original position with respect to
our globe and to each other, and thence
called fixed stars, we are lost in the con
templation of the immensity of the cre
ative power.
Educated, as we are, with an ambition
that t would scale high heaven," and in
tellects almost superhuman, and with
powers that compel the very elements
to become subservient to the purposes ,
of man ; yet, the Great Being has reser
ved to himself alone the knowledge of
these orbs, and placed them at such dis
as incitements to that restless
spirit of inquiry so inherent in man's
nature, and by such investigations to
lead him to himself, for "an undevout
astronomer is mad."
Hence, we find that the earliest rec
ords of time speak of them, and effort,
have, in all ages, been mace to acquire
a knowledge of their proper' en, objects,
and distances. What advances may have '
been made by the Cita:deans, the flu,
doos, and other Eastern tiatioas, in tea
king these disceverics, we have but few
reliable accounts ; bat tutve,s and ether
erections, used fur astronetnical purpo
ses, are still extant to test their desire
for information. The improvements in
astronomical instruments, especially the
telescope ; the vast advances in mathe
matics; the reasoning by analogy, and
an improved mode of education, have
enabled us in modern days to approxi
mate as near the truth as the difficulty
of the subject will admit.
All planets which belong to our sys
tem, their distances, magnitudes, mo
tions, and relative densities have been
accurately calculated ; but of the Fixed
Stars, one only has, as yet, been ascer
tained. The orbit of the earth on the
line on which it moves in its revolution
round the sun is 190 millions of miles
in diameter, taking this as a point, it is
inferred by the best astronomical calcu
lations that the distance of Sirius, sup
posed to be the nearest fixed star to the
earth, cannot be less than '20,000,000,-
000,000 of miles, and, as the best method
of forming an idea of its diameter, is, to
compare it with some other moving
body by which it may be measured, we
take light as a means. So light moves
at the rate of 20,000 miles in a minute,
and would take three years for its pas-
I sage from the nearest fixed star to the
! earth, nor should we see any object were
it to be suddenly placed in the heavens
at an equal distance, until the expiration
of that time, or, until it touched the re
tina of the eye ; and, by a parity of rea
soiling, should the same object be struck
from existence, the moment the sight
reached us, we should continue to see it
until the expiration of the same time,
viz : three years.
ry-One of the best replies ever made A cannon ball, moving at the rate of
to a challenge was that made by ilkes
twenty miles a minute, would take
when he was challenged by Horn Tooke.
! 1 800000 years in traversing the same
"Sir, I do not think it my business to ,
cut the throat of every desperado that' di ,
sta nce' -
may be tired of his life; but as lamat I Sound, which moves at the rate of 13
present high sheriff of London, it may miles a minute, or 1142 feet in a second,
happen that I may shortly have an op- would be 2,700,000 years in passing
portunity of attending you in my official from the star to the earth. So that,
capacity, in which case 1 will answer were it possible, the inhabitants of the
for it, that you shall have no grounds tol earth could see the light, hear the sound,
complain of my endeavors to serve you." ' and receive the cannon ball discharged
at the distance above stated, it would
take three years to see the light, 1,800,-
000 years to receive the ball and 2,700,
000 years to hear the discharge. With
a knowledge of these phenomena we
cannot be surprised at the schoolmaster,
who, upon receiviug• any new scholar,
placed him at once to the study of astron
omy ; and did the pupil evince an apathy
or indifference to the subject, he imme
diately dismissed him, justly reasoning
that the mind that could not embrace so
sublitne.a study, was incapable of appre
ciating o'r attaining eminence in any.
Such, indeed, is its sublimity, that it
is astonishing one mind can be found so
grovelling, as not only to treat, but to
look, with indifference upon the nightly
orbs that revolve above his head, those
lamps that light us to the Hiatt: of the
Eternal, and point to us the path to that
celestial spot which throws into dim
distance the whole collected light of the
millions upon millions of suns that are
but the penumbra of its Glory.—Satur
day Gleaner.
A SNAKE STORL—The Leesburg, Va.,
Chronicle relates the following:
"Mr. Shaffer, a worthy citizen of
Leesburg, was last week severely bitten
on the hand by a copper-head snake.—
The local inflammatory sym, urns were
almost instantaneous; but Air. S. fortu
nately had a companion with him who
was conversant with the usual remedies.
The first of these used was the rattle
snake weed, which he chewed and ap
plied to the wound. The second was a
poison, applied according to custom, un
der the conviction that one poison will
neutralize another, viz: Whiskey.—
Though Mr. S. is a perfectly temperate
man, totally unaccustomed to the use of
this article, he drank a quart of it with
out experiencing any intoxicating ef
fects. Mr. S. was then placed under
the care of Dr. Cross, and we are pleas
ed to add has been entirely exempt from
all general inflammatory symptoms."
PR OVOKI NG.-A .weary traveller was
made very angry a few days since by a
wag on one of the Champlain canal pack
ets. He reached a station a moment af
ter the packet started ; whereupon, with
valise in hand, he chased the boat half
a mile, the thermometer at 96. As he
neared the boat, the wag inquired of him
" If he wished to get a-board?" " To be
sure I do," was the reply. " Well, then,
just stop where you are and take one off
the fence."
ted that in Ceylon elephants are employ
ed in ploughing rice fields, and in pre
paring new grounds for cultivation of
coffee, pepper, &c. One of these ani
mals well trained, it is said, will do the
work of twenty oxen; consequently,
more labor is performed in a given time,
and the period is hastened for putting in
the crops.' The price of an elephant in
Ceylon varies from $5O to $75.
Ila•A dentist was lately making a
speech, in one of the interior counties,
when a wag in the crowd interrupted
him with " What do you ask for pulling
a tooth, doctor 1"
"1 will pull your tooth for a shilling,
and your nose for half the money," re
plied the speaker.
AN EDITOR IN A BAD Box.—The editor
of the Pine Knot established his paper
in a town without inhabitants, and has
continued to publish it without subscri
bers or readers. He is sans every thing,
conducting of a public journal. But
what will not Yankee perseverance ac
complish !—The following is from his
last number :
"This is our 4th number, and as yet
we have not received the first exchange
paper from any quarter. We are get
ting, like an old maid of our acquain
tance, Miss Silvia •Sowbery, to have a
very poor opinion of the mails ; and for
the same reason, doubtless, that 'they
never come where we are.'"
Wonders of Creation.
The Fixed Stare.
BE ACTIVE.—The body was made for
use. Every part of it is made for activ
ity. But any thing mode for use, will
suffer injury to lie still. The human
body, especially, if suffered to remain
inactive, becomes useless. Activity
strengthens the parts. If you would have
more strength, you must use what you
have, and it will increase. The right
use of your members, also, must be learn
ed by practice. Much practice is neces
sary, for instance, to train the lingers 1
to the various lISCP in which they are to
be employed, so as, (to use a homely
phrase,) to make them handy. The bo
dy, likewise, needs good exercise, to
_ keep it in a healthy state. The various
HINTS TO FARMERS.--Corn meal should parr sof its machinery have a great work
never be griii.nd very fine. It injures to do, every day, in turning your food
the richness of it. into blood, and send it a great many
Turnips of small size have double the thousand times, in a vast number of lit
nutricious matter that large ones have. tle streams, to every part of the body.
Rats and other vermin are kept away But this machinery will not work, if the
from grain by sprinkling of garlic when body is all the time inactive. It requires
packing the .sheaves. motion, to g ive it power. There is noth-
Sweet olive oil is a certain cure for ing, theref ore, so bad for it as laziness.
the.bite of a rattle-snake. Apply it ex- It is like a dead calm to the windmill,
tcrnally and internally. which step all its machinery.
Zeiferson's Souse, Death, Grave and
On the summit that command this en
chanting view, the mansion was built
by Jefferson when he had wealth to lav
ish on his cultivated tastes. The house
is a hundred feet long, and of peculiar
form and proportions—you enter a wide
lofty hall that teas once adorned with
the works of art which he had selected
with a master's skill in the high plaCes
of earth : then you pass on to the spa
cious dining-room with polished inlaid
floor—then to his library and study, and
parlors—ascend this flight of stairs, not
wide enough for more than one to walk
up at a time, and you find the chamber
where he died on the 4th of July, 1828.
The bed was in a recess, the ends of
which sustained two cross pieces, and
on these was thrown the mattrass on
which he laid himself to die ! It was
the gloomiest place, that dead room—
that I was ever in : there was the stran
gest gathering of thoughts, crowding on
each other, and each claiming to be the
•e emotlon for the hour and spot. I
' , t of liberty and revolutions; of
y: of philos.
it, and infidelity, and
tool of a mighty man
c fetters of flesh, and
Lirnan greatness and gior
nd re
r:isLiiig away from them into the dark
ness of an untried future, into the pres
ence of the Infinite, in whom the wis
dom of men and of angels is lost as a
drop that falls on the ocean : before
whom the soul of the unholy shrinks
away and finds the rags of human glory
and the fig leaves of philosophy to be no
covering when the eye of the Holy One
searches the spirit; such thoughts as
these pressed on me as 1 stood in the
chamber whence the soul of Jefferson
fled, to judgment. The mansion, now
owned by Captain Levy, is falling into
decay : it was sold and all the furniture,
for his creditors, Jefferson having died
insolvent : and almost the only relic left
of the man whose name is identified with
his country's history, as a devoted pat
riot, and a distinguished President, is a
bust of Voltaire, which stands here as a
sort of tutelar divinity of this deserted
and dilapidated house.
As you descend the mountain, you
, pass an enclosure without a gate, that
contains the grave of Jefferson ; and a
more neglected, wretched burial-place
you will seek in vain. If Campbell's
" , last man" had been buried here, he
I could not have been less cared for.
The wife of Jefferson, " torn from him
by death" ten years after their early
marriage, lies here.
A granite obelisk, battered much by
democratic pilgrims, but without name
or epitaph, is doubtless the monument
of Jefferson. It was here placed by
his executor, and the panne! on which
was to be inscribed the epitaph which
he wrote for himself, has never been in
serted in the stone. 1 was told that it
is lying with iron gates designed for the
enclosure, on the banks of the river
where they were landed, and that no
man has troubled himself to see that they
ever reached their destination. *
I mention these facts that those who
would honor the memory of the Apos
tle of Democracy may stir themselves
to pay respect to his ashes, and those
who do not respect his name and his
principles, may see how both are esteem
ed in the region of his home and his
i tomb.
" By a late Virginia paper it appears that the epi.
taph was inscribed on a marble tablet which is pre.
served in the solitary Manton._
Here lies Buried
Author of the Declaration of inde
pendence, of the State of Virginia, for
Religious Freedom, And Father of
the University of Virginia.
WHOLE NO. 605.
117- The New York Evening Post
says, that during the late visit of the
President at that city, while he was at
the Institution for the Blind, one of the
pupils recited a " Welcome to the Pres
ident," in twelve stanzas, of which the
Post remembers only the following :
The name of Andrew Jackson
Will ne'er forgotten be,
The loved. the Mat, thy kindled star,
l'hat cone on Tennessee,
Hark ! one united burst of joy,
By heart and tongue is woke,
One chorus rends the listening air,
Hurrah ! for James K. Polk !
We are authorized to say, says the
Springfield Gazette, that the following
elegant stanza supplies one of the mis
sing numbers :
Hurrah ! for that most brilliant stroke,
Great Santa Anna's " PASS,"
Which filled our enemies with joy,
And proved Jim Polk an-uncommon
ly smart man!
Looic.—ln my youth, I too, entertain
ed some illusions, but I soon recovered
from them. The great orators that • rule
the assemblies by the brilliancy of their
eloquence, are, in general, men of the
most mediocre political talents. They
should not be opposed in their own way ;
for they have always more noisy words
at command than you have. Their elo
quence should be opposed by a serious lo
gical argument.—Their strength lies in
vagueness. They should be brought
back to the reality of facts. Practical
arguments destroy such men. In the
councils there were men possessed of
much more eloquence than 1 I al
ways defeated them by this simple argu-
ment, "two and two make foul:
loco correspondent of the Baltimore
Sun, in speaking of the difficay be.
tween Gen. Scott and Mr. Trist, thus
compliments the hero of Cerro Gordo:
"Gen. Scott may insist a little on
PursiermLo : but Gen. Scott is a very
great captain—it is our modest opinion
that he has not now, as a vigorous and
scientific general, his equal in the world
—and justice requires us to acknowledge
that all the hopes and prospects of
peace, as far as they were truly founded
on fact, were the result of his valor and
the great and skillful management which
he exhibited in his intercourse with the
clergy and people.
SMOKED MUTTON.—The editor of the
Tennessee Farmer declares his prefer
ence for the voine over the bovine of the
swinish race.—He says on his know
ledge of physiology, which none will
dispute, that a pound of lean, tender
mutton can be procured for half the cost
of the same quantity of fat pork ; and that
it is infinitely healthier, in summer, es
pecially ; and that those who feed on it
become more muscular, and can do more
work on it,with more ease to themselves.
He knows of nothing more delicious than
smoked mutton hams.
fir A Massachusetts volunteer, wri
ting to his friends in Newberryport,
gives the following illustration of the
horrors of war :
One of the most horrible sights I
ever saw, was when we passed through
the dead men's road, as it is called where
the train was cut off last spring just be
fore the battle of Buena Vista. There
were men's bones, rotten carcasses of
men, cattle and horses, strewed thickly
around, with here and there an arm,
skull, &c., with nothing to protect them
but the deadly stench arising from
SmicEs.—Smiles are paradoxical things.
Let any one call to his recollection half
n-dozen of the most stupid people whom
he knows, and he will find that it is a
constant smile which completes the in
sipidity of their faces. Let him number
up the most intellectual and powerful
minded among his acquaintance, and he
will admit that it is the smile that indi
cates the liner faculties of the soul.
SIGNS AND FIRMS.—Wait. 4• Ketchum is
the appropriate name of a firm in New
York, which makes patent medicines on
a large
Coll er Settle have a tailoring estab
lishment in Meadville. We presume
they give short credits.
Xcal 4. Pray is a business flint at
Portland, Maine. it is superfluous to
add that they belong to orthodox church•
Luke Sharp is in the retail business
at Cincinnati. As might be expected
from the name, he is always wide awake
whenever money is to be made,—Cia's
advertiser. •
Come dwell with me as the
shark said when.he swallowed the sailor.
(J" Never let the grass grow under
your feet ! ' as the man said when the
bailiffs were pursuing him.