Huntingdon journal. (Huntingdon, Pa.) 1843-1859, May 19, 1847, Image 2

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Huntingdon, Wednesday, May 10, 1047
THOMAS E. FRANKLIN, Lancaster city.
JOHN C. KUNKEL, of Dauphin county.
WM. M. WATTS, Cumberland.
JOHN P. WETHERILL, Philadelphia city.
TimmAy M‘GuATH, Philada. county.
ROBERT M. BARD Franklin.
Taos. M. T. M , KENNAy, Washington.
ANDREW J. OGLE, Somerset.
HARMAR DENNY ' Allegheny.
JOSEPH H. KUHNS, Westmoreland.
G. J. BALL, Erie.
H. D. MAXWELL, Northampton.
J. B. SALISBURY, Susquehanna.
ELHANAN , S4ITH, Wyoming.
HENRY S. EVANS, Chester.
ROBERT T. POTTS, Montgomery.
[0 - On our first page will be found a
full description of the Battle of Sierra
Gordo. It will be found very interesting.
Da- Attention is invited to the busi
ness card of SAMUEL MILLIKEN, Peters
burg, Pa. Mr. M. is known to be an en
terprising and fair dealer, and farmers
and others will doubtless find it to their
advantage to give him a call.
ID- Gen's Scott and Taylor are ex
pected to meet and take a " hasty plate
of Soup" together in the Halls of the
Montez umas.
na- Jos. W. PATTON, the Reform can
didate for Canal Commissioner, spent an
evening in our town last week. He was
in fine health and spirits. Mr. known
along the Juniata, and wherever the Peo
ple know him, he is highly appreciated.
There appears but little doubt of his elec
tion in October.
We observe that some of the Locofoco I
papers throughout the State, pretend to
believe that great enthusiasm prevails
for Shunk in the " Juniata region of
country." 11 e can tell these papers
that if they honestly entertain any no
tions of this kind, they have been as vil
lainously deceived as were those who
voted for Jas. K. Polk under the belief
that lie was the friend of the Tariff of
1842. Aside from the unbounded popu
larity of Gen. JAMES IRVIN in this
region, which will sweep everything be
fore it in October next, Mr. Shunk and
his Administration is obnoxious to more
than a majority of the Democrats. So
manifest had this fact became, that when
the leaders discovered that Shunk would
again be the candidate of the party, they
made a bold effort to whip in the refrac
tory, and bring back the deserters to the
support of Shunk and Miller. With this
view, the Locofoco Conferees of this
Senatorial district, in March last, pass
ed the following resolution, rebuking
those of their party who were pledged
to and crying out for " One Term:"
" Resolved, That we have no faith in
the POLITICAL HONESTY of the few
croakers who profess to belong to the
Democratic party, that arc crying for
ONE TERM. If these CROAKERS be prop
erly sifted, they will be found to be the
men who held office under David R. Porter
for two terms, and their objection to Mr.
Shunk is that he would not permit them
to hold for four terms !"
The Globe of this place refused to pub
lish the above resolution, because the
party in this county had, in August last,
pledged themselves to ONE TERM ; and
a large portion of the rank and file were
known to be honestly in favor of carry
ing out the Principle. And this is known
to be still the determination of a large
portion of them. The honest voters are
not slaves, to cringe beneath the lash of
the whippers-in of Party. Shunk and
his adviser—Jesse Miler, are very ob
jectionable to many of those who for
merly voted with the Locofocos, and
they will not support them again, the
threats of the leaders and Executive or•
guns to the contrary notwithstanding.
THE reaurr or 1846.
" How the Manufacturer and Farmer fare under
the new Tariff, every body knows. The fact that
they are more prosperous than under the old Tariff
ie notorious." • • • • •
"Alas for the Tariff of '42. It is faat becom
ing an " obsolete idea." The Tariff of '46 is work
ing so gloriously for the great Agricultural and other
interests, rind as s revenue measure, that the feder
alists will ere long begin to deny that they ever were
in favor of the " restoration " of the odious law of
The above paragraphs we have extract
ed from an article that is going the
rounds of the Locofoco papers of this
State. These extracts, as well as the
whole article, are characteristic of that
party. Every man, woman and child in
the country, who reads the newspapers
of the day, knows that the high prices
of grain is owing to the famine in Eu
rope, and that it is starvation among the
Irish and Scotch, and not the Tariff of
184.6, that is, as the Locofoco editors
say, "working gloriously for the ..dgricul
tural and other interests." It is equally
manifest that the great demand for Iron
in Europe, is the cause of the prosperity
of Manufacturers in this country, and
that by reason of that demand, they have
not yet felt the competition of the foreign
manufacturers. But it is not probable
that either of these causes will always
The same article from which we quote,
endeavors to show, by the return of the
Custom House at New York alone, that
the revenue under this Tariff is larger
than that of 1842. Be it so. The im
portation is much greater, and if it con
tinues so, it is certain that the country
will be overstocked with foreign goods,
wares and merchandize, to the prejudice
of the operatives of the United States.
The tariff of 1842 becoming an " obso
lete idea," and the Federalists denying
that they ever were in favor of its resto
ration ! If by Federalists is meant Jas.
Buchanan and the editors of the same
stripe in Pennsylvania then there is truth
in the prediction. We remember, and
we presume the readers of the Globe and
similar prints will remember, that these
"Federalists" took a stand for the 'odious
Tariff of '42,' when the British Tariff of
'46 was under discussion in Congress,
and after the British Tariff was passed,
they raised a feeble cry of Repeal! But
now it is becoming an "obsolete idea"
with them. They-were for the Tariff of
'42 during the Presidential campaign of
1844—claimed it as a Democratic meas
ure, and inscribed it in glowing letters
and figures upon their banners and trans
parencies, and placed it under the special
guardianship of Mr. Polk and his party.
But " alas for the Tariff of '42. It is fast
becoming an obsolete idea" with the
federalists, and they have ceased to claim
it as a Democratic measure, and deny
that they were ever in favor of the resto
ration of it.
'The Whigs are still in favor of the
Tariff of 1842—a Tariff for Protection,
and for the Repeal of the British Thrill'
of 1846. The Whigs, like Generals
Scott and Taylor, are gaining victories
in every battle, and as soon as they get
Santa Anna and the Mexicans routed
abroad, and his friend and patron, Mr.
Polk, and his adherents, at home, you
may expect to see the AMERICAN TAR
[D. CAPT. CALDWELL'S fine company
of volunteers passed this place on Thurs
day evening last. We are informed that
the citizens of Williamsburg, Blair coun
ty, served up a dinner for them on Fri
day, to which about three hundred per
sons sat down. The company contains
89 men. They left Hollidaysburg, for
Pittsburg, on Saturday last.
I D - Since the editorial connection of
Col. Seth Salisbury, with the Harrisburg-
Argus, the columns of that paper teem
with the most fulsome adulation of Gov.
Slunk. It has even got below all its
Locofoco cotemporaries—and devotes
whole columns to puffing Jesse Miller.
Or There was a general illumination
in the city of Now York on Friday even
ing before last in honor of Generals Tay
lor and Scott's victories, and next day
the flags were hung at half mast, and
the bells tolled, for the gallant dead who
fell at Buena Vista and Vera Cruz.
The Carbon County Gazette, here
tofore a neutral paper, has hoisted the
Whig Banner. The editor says :
"Henceforth the Carbon County Gazette,
hoists the Whig Banner, and we are wil
ling to stand or fall with the cause we
have espoused." The ball is rolling.
Ca- Who was that scamp of a Whig
in Centre County, that called the Irish
people " vagabonds?" Can our neighbor
of the Globe tell 1
Affairs in Mexico.
The Pa. Inquirer says:—"Deep anx
iety will soon be felt fbr further intelli
gence from our Arthy. At the last
dates General Scott was pushing on
towards the Capital, determined to make
the most of the victory at Cerro Gordo,
and anxious to reach the City of Mexico
before Santa Anna should be able to
rally his forces and make any farther
resistance. The Mexican authorities
were preparing to fortify and defend the
city—all was excitement, and the lea
ding journalists were zealous in their
appeals to the people. A distinguished
engineer has been requested to submit
a plan for the fortification of the Capital,
and several of the prominent members
of Congress had counselled a Guerilla
warfare, & one of posts. The Monitor in
an article before us, advises that instead
of confining themselves in defenceless ci
ties to be murdered by the enemy's
cannon, they should guard the many
natural passes and strong defences affor
ded by the country, and carry on a
fierce partizan warfare. It alludes to
Vera Cruz, and argues that delicate
woman and innocent children should not
be subject to such cruel scenes, suffer
' ings and death, as they were exposed in
that city. All these movements and ex
pressions of opinion render us anxious
to hear as to the further progress of our
troops. The Mexicans may rally at
Perote—and even at Jalapa—and if de
feated at both points, a desperate effort
may be made at the Capital, to drive
back and overcome our Army. General
Scott's force, when he shall arrive be
fore the city, unless joined by General
Taylor, which is not probable—will not
exceed 10,000 men—a mere handful,
when compared with the 250,000 souls
by which the city is inhabited, to say
nothing of the population of the sur
rounding country. Should the Mexi
cans struggle with any thing like the
spirit that breathes through their pro
clamations, the slaughter at the Capital
will indeed be appalling.
Cultivation of Flowers,
The following remarks—so appropri-• 1
ate to the season—are taken from that
excellent Weekly, the Erie Gazette.—
They evidently eminate from a well
stored mind, a highly cultivated taste,
and a pure heart :
"We are fast approximating the midst
of the season of flowers, With already
here and there one ripened into maturity
and beauty, they will soon burst forth in
countless myriads, displaying their rain
bow tints and freshened bloom to the ad
miration of all passers by. Many and
attractive are the trophies of art 5 but no
product of the painter's easel, or sculp
tor's chisel, is half so inviting as the
1 gorgeous coloring of the dew-cupped
tulip or full-blown rose. He who can
not enjoy these rich fruits of the gar
dener's care, must possess a soul dead
to every beautiful conception, and blind
to the numerous and diversified charms
i of vast creation.
An we love to gaze upon and drink in
the delightful, heaven•born fragrance of
flowers, so we are gratified to see a taste
evinced for their cultivation, by whom
soever displayed. Especially is it be
coming in woman. There is in man a
comparative roughness—an absence of
nice and delicate feeling—which meas
ureably unfits him for a work requiring
careful handling, tender culture, and un
ceasing watchfulness; but woman's na
ture is instinctively alive to all the soft
emotions, and beauteous conceptions,
blended with the tiny plant budding into
bloom. If any of our lady readers have
not yet imbibed a passion for this species
of employment, let them set about it at
once. It will afford them healthful exer•
vise, refine and elevate their thoughts,
and open to their vision a world of nat
ural charms. Moreover, by the law of
association, it may render them more
susceptible to those gentle influences
which bind heart to heart, and gild the
pathway to the grave. Seldom is it that
the vestal flame, as it burns and glows
in the female bosom, is not responded to
with brightened ardor by him who may
have been the instrument of its creation ;
and this flame the love of flowers may
purify and strengthen. If for no other
motive, ladies should cultivate this taste
t , To comfort man, to whisper hope,
Whene'er his faith is dint
For whom cereth for the Flower.,
Will much more care for him !”
OF CERRO Goano.—The N. 0. Picayune
contains a list which presents the fol
lowing aggregate loss :
Regulars-14 officers wounded, 39 of
the rank and file killed, wounded 196,
Volunteers-1 officer killed, and 7
wounded ; 3 of the rank and file killed
—and 48 wounded, Total 397.
A letter from the Aid-de-Camp of Gem
Shields, published in the Delta, states
his recovery to be almost certain. The
ball entered the right breast about two
inches below the nipple, and passing
through the right lobe of the lungs with
out inflicting any mortal injury.
The New Orleans Delta, a neutral
paper, says :—" The spirit of Lundy's
Lane, of Bridgewater, and of Queens
town, pervades the general orders of the
gallant Scott, issued the day before the
battle of "Cerro Gordo."
The calm determination—heroic re
solve, firm purpose, and judicious fore
sight, displayed in this document, must
excite the warmest applause and highest
admiration of every American. In Scott's
vocabulary there is no such word as
"fail." He never permits a doubt to
cross the high purpose he has in view,—
There is no looking back—no return.—
" The enemy's whole line—entrench
ments and batteries will be attacked in
front, and at the same time turned."—
And then lie in not satisfied with a bare
victory 1 He will not stop his onward
course, and quietly repose on his laurels
until he is reinforced. But lie pushes
on, not even resting from the fatigues
and wounds of battle nor awaiting the
slow approach of baggage wagons, but
with the determination to reap the ben
' efit as well as the honors of a victory, he
pushes forward his columns upon the
heels of the fugitive enemies, and stays
not the pursuit until there is not one to
follow. Glory, then, to Winfield Scott!
and forever silent be the ribald tongue
or pen that would link his name with
aught that is not glorious in action, in
vincible in courage, and unfailing in
source and wisdom."
"WHEREAS WAR ExisTs."—This phrase
constitutes the talisman which has
wrought a wonderful change in the whole
character of our Government. Under
their influence the Chief Magistrate of
the most popular Government on earth
suddenly becomes possessed of the un
limited power of oriental despotism.—
Under this commission he conquers a
kingdom,frames laws for its government,
establishes a system of revenue with a
Treasury of his own, and all this as
Commander-in-Chief of the Army of the
United States. The government organ
defends this last assumption of power
as a well established right growing out
of a state of war—the right to levy con
tributions upon the enemy.
But it seems carrying this principle
pretty far, when a ship arrives at Vera
Cruz with a cargo, the property of
AMERICAN CITIZENS to levy a duty of forty
or fifty per cent. on it, at the point of the
bayonet, on the ground of its being a con
tribution from an enemy Z We think our
merchants will be very likely to protest
against such treatment, and to try the
question whether we have any constitu
tional rights left or not. Unless our own
citizens are to be considered enemies (!) !
it is difficult to perceive how this Mex
ican system of revenue can be maintain
ed as a military contribution. Its true
character lies in the assumption of sov
reign power by JAMES K. PoLx. "I am ,
the State." We recommend this as a be
coming motto for his organ, the Wash•
ington " Union."—Boston Daily Adver
BD- The Yankee Doodle says:—"The
$500,000 bill for the relief of Ireland,
was strangled in the House of Represen
tatives—but the " three million bill " to
pay Santa Anna and the Mexicans for
butchering American volunteers was
passed." These were the doings of
democrats. Wonder what the Irish think
of the Dimmicrats?
5a - COL. CLAY'S REMAINS.—Messrs.
Jouelt and Douglass, the committee ap
pointed to convey the body of the gal.
lant Lt. Col. Henry Clay, who fell on the
bloody field of Buena Vista, to his native
State, arrived at New Orleans on the 3d,
from Lexington, Ky,, and were to depart
on their solemn mission on the Tele
graph, which expected to start for the
Brazos on the 4th.
HONOli• TO THE BHAVE.—In the Senate
of Louisiana, on the Ist instant, Mr.
Porter offered a series of resolutions in
honor of Gen. Scott, joined to the reso
lutions previously offered in that body
by Mr. Nicholas, relative to Gen. Taylor,
I with the exception of the one express
ing a preference for Gen. T. as the next
President of the United States. Mr.
Nicholas moved to insert the resolution
dropped by Mr. Porter, but his motion
was rejected, and the resolutions as
offered by Mr. P. were adopted. One of
them authorises the Governor " to pro.
cure a sword, to be presented to Major
General Winfield Scott, on behalf of the
people of that State as a testimony of
the high estimation in which they hold
his military services, but especially for
those displayed at the capture of Vera
Cruz and the battle of Cerro Gordo."
Has our neighbor of the Globe
had any recent communications with "a
gentleman from the neighborhood of
Bellefonte 1"
Relief for Ireland and Scotland.
The U. S. Gazette says We are
permitted to publish the subjoined letter
from atneral Irvin, relative to the con
tributions of Centre county, in aid of the
sufferers in Ireland. It is a liberal gift
that has been made, and we may remark
that it is principally owing to the exer
tions of General Irvin, and his own lib
erality, that such effective relief has
been sent from Centre county.
The following is the letter :
BELLEFONTE, May 5, 1847.
Messrs. Carlisle & Gaskell :
Gentlemen :—The citizens of Centre
county loaded a boat, called the George
Crane, with flour and wheat for the suf
ferers of Ireland and Scotland, and she
left the B. Eagle on Wednesday last.-
1 directed the captain and owner to stop
at your wharf, and you would attend to
the business. When the boat arrives,
we wish you to dispose of the wheat for
the best price you can get, and after set
tling the balance of freight, apply the
balance to the purchase of corn meal,
and have it marked, "Donations of citi
zens of Centre county, to Ireland and
Scotland." You will apprise Mr. Cuth
bert, who, I believe, is the agent, of the
arrival of the boat, and request him to
pay attention to the forwarding. You
will have one fourth of the corn meal
marked for Scotland, the balance for
Ireland. The owner of the George
Crane wishes you to engage as much
loading for his boat as you can ; he will
be down first of next week.
There is 325 barrels of flour, and 315
bushels of wheat.
Your attention will much oblige,
Yours, &e.,
On behalf of the Committee,
Mr. Callioun's Political Position
The following letter from Mr. Cal•
houn, written to C. N. Webb, Esq., Edi•
tor of the Roanoke, N. C,, Republican,
will be red with interest.
hour Him., 20th March, 184,7
Dear sir :--I received with your letter
the paper you were so kind to send roe.
I see that notwithstanding your kind
feeling towards me, you have greatly
misjudged me, in thinking I ever joined
the "fallen fortune" of Mr. Van Buren,
The truth is, that I have not been able,
with my principles and policy, to act
with either party, except occasionally,
for the last seventeen years.
I differ from both on several impor
tant questions, and, among others, the
proscriptive policy of turning opponents
out of office indiscriminately, and be ,
stowing their places, as rewards for
partisan services, on the least meritori ,
ous of the respective parties, and agree
with each in some particulars. Mine
has been an independent course, through ,
out ; and hence I have been compelled to
separate from the party in power, during
the long period mentioned.
I have never separated front the weak
to join the strong, but from the strong to
join the weak. I seek no office, and de
sire none, and only continue to represent
the State in the Senate, because it is
unwilling that I should decline. I would
not accept the Presidency, but from the
people, and then from a sense of duty
Nothing grin induce rile to Sacrifice
my independence, not even to retain the
favor of my native State. If I, in 1837,
supported Mr. Van Buren, it was be
cause he was forced to sustain the mea
sures I had supported against hint and
Gen. Jackson, and because the Whigs
took ground against them,
and not be
cause I joined hint or his fallen fortunes.
I had no motive to do either, while I had
strong ones to support the measures
which 1 approved. It would have been
highly censurable in me to turn against
them, because he had been forced to
support them.
With great respect, I am,
C. N. Webb, Esq:
tr - r It is rumored that Jesse Aliller,
Mr. Shank's Secretary of State, intends
soon making a trip to this section of the
State, to see if he cannot whip into the
support of Shunk the "one term" dem
ocrats ! Well, we have no objections to
his trying his hand at this business. It
may not prove very profitable—that's all.
SOMERSET COUNTY.—An enthusiastic
Whig meeting of the Whigs of Somer•
set took place on Monday week. The
" frosty sons of thunder rallied togeth
er in the majesty of their strength and
opened the campaign with spirit and en
thusiasm, Resolutions responsive to
the nomination of IRVIN and PATTON
were adopted, and old " ROUGH AND
READY " nominated for the Presidency.
C* - The \Vashington Union has an
article under the caption of " Santa
Anna in Mexico." The Administration
should blush to look at that caption.—
How came "Santa anna in Nexico l"
Louisville Journal.
He was Polk'd there.
D- 4, Pleasant View," is the English
interpretation of Buena Vista--it being
a Spanish name. The result of the re•
cent elections fortns the " Buena Vista "
of Whiggery !
The following are the orders issued
by Gen. Scott the day previous to the
battle of Sierro Gordo :
Plan del Rio, .aril 17, 1847,
The enemy's whole line of entrench
ments and batteries will be attacked in
front, and at the same time turned, early
in the day to-morrow—probably before
10 o'clock A. M.
The second (Twiggs's) division of
regulars is already advanced within easy
turning distance towards the enemy's
left. That division has instructions to
move forward before daylight to morrow,
and take tip position across the National
Road in the enemy's rear, so as to cut
oft a retreat towards Jalapa. It may be
reinforced to day, if unexpectedly at
tacked in force, by regiments—one or
two—taken from Shield's brigade of vol
unteers. If not, the two volunteer reg
iments will march for that purpose at
daylight to-morrow morning, under Brig.
Gen. Shields, who will report to Brig.
Gen. Twiggs on getting up with him, or
the Gencral-in , Chief, if lie be in the ad
'the remaining regiment of that vol
unteer brigade will receive instructions
in the course of this day.
'the first division of regulars (Gen.
Worth's) will follow the movement
against the enemy's left at sunrise to
morrow morning.
As already arranged, Brig. Gen. Pil
low's brigade will march at 6 o'clock to
morrow morning along the route he has
carefully reconnoitered, and stand ready
as soon as he hears the report of arms
on our right, or sooner if curcumstances
should favor him, to pierce the enemy's
line of batteries at such point—the
nearer the river the better—as he may
select. Once in the rear of that line, he
will turn to the right or left, or both, &
attack the batteries in reverse, or, if
abandoned, lie will pursue the enemy
with vigor until further orders.
Wall's field battery and the cavalry
will be held in reserve on the National
Road, a little out of view and range of
the enemy's batteries. They will take
up that position at 9 o'clock in the inor
The enemy's batteries being carried
or abandoned, all our divisions and corps
will pursue with vigor.
This pursuit may be continued many
miles until stopped by darkness or for
tified positions towards Jalapa. Conse
quently, the body of the army will not
return to this encampment ; but be fob ,
lowed to-morrow afternoon, or early the
next morning, by the baggage trains of
the several corps. For this purpose the
feebler officers and men of each corps
will be left to guard its camp and effects,
and to load up the latter in the wagons
of the corps, . _ _
A commander of the present encamp
ment will be designated in the course of
this day.
As soon as it shall be known that the
enemy's works have been carried, or that
the general pursuit has been commenced,
one wagon for each regiment and one for
the cavalry will follow the movement, to
receive, under the directions of medical
officers, the wounded and disabled, who
will be brought back to this place for
treatment in general hospital.
The Surgeon General will organize
this important service and designate
that hospital, ris well as the medical oflib
cers to be left at it.
Every man who marches ont to attack
or pursue the enemy will take the usual
allowance of ammunition, and subsist ,
ence for at least two-days.
By command of Maj. Gen. Scott :
H. L. SCOTT, A. A. A. General.
Sickness at Vera Cruz.
The Vera Cruz Eagle of a late date ;
says—" We were told last evening, that
there were between a thousand and
twelve hundred sick soldiers in the hos
pital at this place, but that the deaths
were comparatively few. Many of these
men are completely prostrated, worn
down with disease, and the nature of
the climate is such as to make a change
absolutely necessary to bring them up
again. To enable them effectually to
recover, discharges are given in every
case where the certificate of the phy
sician to that effect is given. Several
hundreds have already been sent home,
and we notice too, many of the volun
teer officers are retiring from service be
cause of ill health."
TROPHIES OF THE WAR. - --Tile number
of cannon captured by our forCes in Mex
ico exceeds 500, most of them very heavy
pieces. There were captured at Resaca
de la Palma, 8; at Matainoras, say 20;
at Monterey, about 50; at Vera Cruz,
town and castle, 400 ; at Alvarado, 60.
Total, 538: If stacked together, they
would make quite a pyramid.
la- The Whig Executive Committee
of Philadelphia have resolved to use all
efforts to have the Hon. John Sergeant
of Pennsylvania, nominated as the Whig
candidate for the Vice Presidency.
Lieut. Hunter has been sentenced
to be reprimanded and dismissed from
the Gulf Squadron, for taking Alvarado',
Or rather for not waiting until Com'.
Perry had the honor of taking it !