Huntingdon journal. (Huntingdon, Pa.) 1843-1859, August 12, 1846, Image 2
THE JOURNAL. HUNTINGDON: Wednesday, August 12, 1846, Whig Candidolc for Canal Commissioner, JAMES Mb POWER, OF MERCER COUNTY‘ ECTVircelate the Documents. _ . The "Journal" will be furnish, ed to subscribers for three months at FIFTY CENTS, in advance. We make this proposition for the accommodation of those who may desire a paper until after the elec tion. Cr Our regular subscribers will confer a favor upon us, by mentioning the above proposition to their neighbors. - - "Repeal I RePeall" THE POSITIONS OF PARTIES. The Locofucos having, by their recent action, shown beyond all cavil or dispute, that as a party they are against Protection and in favor of Free Trade, it now becomes dm duty of all who desire the REPRAL of the present British Free Trade Bill to join in at once with the Whigs to effect that de siiable object. The Whig Senators and Represen tatives in Congress have, with but two single ex ceptions (one voting under instructions) cast their votes against McKay's Bill; thus proving to the world that they are the only National Party upon which the Laborers of the country can depend for protection against the Pauper Labor of Europe. This broad and distinctive fact, says the Daily Chronicle, opens up the future prospects of the Whig party. They are bright and promising.— Mr. Polk and his adherents have fairly entered upon a course of policy—practically entered upon it, which, the more it is tried and understood, the mote general will be the acknowledgement, that the conservative principles of the Whig party are essen tial to the salvation and prosperity of the country. Every step in this practical development, will work u gain to the Whig cause. Every crash that pros perity suffers, will strengthen the cry for Repeal of the infamous measure by which it is caused. Every working man whose labor and wages aro reduced for the benefit of the foreigners, will rise in honest indignation at the men who have thus robbed him, until the masses of the people, with an unanimity equal to that which pervaded the land in 1840, will hurl from power the political gamester. who have betrayed at d ruined them, and re-establish s the Whig Tariff of 1842. The issue is fairly presented, and it is upon the Tariff. McKay's law can only be repealed by a Whig ascendency in the National Councils. And if the Domccracy of Pennsylvania are determined upon a reral, a+ we feel confident they are, it must he done by creating an ascendancy of Whig princi ples and men. In all this the prospects of the Whig party become bright and promising. But to realize them, the old and broad principles of the party must be assumed and sustained. There must be no temporizing, no factitious amalgamations, no sacrifice or position or principle to the hope of tent porary or local aid. The same banner that was triumphantly unfurled in 1844, must be laid to the breeze again. The same principles which were then avowed, must be re-avowed. Then the peo ple will feel that triumph will be safety, honor, and prosperity to the country. COUNTY CONVENTION This body assembles in the Old Court House at 2 o'clock this afternoon. In our next we will be able to give the Ticket which may be put in nom• ination by the Convention. The proper spirit pre. veils among the delegates. The only desire evinced is, for the welfare and success of the S.Vltig party, and the triumph of its conservative principles. Tins evening there is to be a grand rally of the Whigs to ratify the doings of the Convention, and to du such other things as the good of the pa, ly may seem to require. Let all attend. Spirited speeches may be erpec'ed. cCe The Globe is the only Locofoco paper in the Stoic, that we have seen, that has the hardihood to attempt to shift the responsibility of the repeal of the Twill of 1842 from the shoulders of the Loco taco party. Shame upon you, neighbor, you should not so underrate the intelligence of the community in which you are located. We sincerely regret the loan of those Mifflin county proceeding. Could nut some good Loco foes furnish our Mend of the Democrat with a verbatim copy of the missing preamble and reso lutions. 0:1. The Hon. Jas. Pollock has been unanimously renominated for Congress by the Whigs of Union County cc/. Hon. John Blanchard has our thanks for a copy of lion. A. Stewarts speech on the TarilC-- We shallot a future time give our readers a portion of this very able speech. The Christian Chronicle. We have received the first number of a largeand neatly printed leper, with the above title, edited by 0. W. ANDEII.O24 j- published by S. H. CLARK, No. 79, Bock street, Philadelphia. The Chronicle is intended to supply the place of the Baptist Re cord, and to be devoted to the interests of that highly -respectable and rapidly increasing sect ef Chris tians. We commend the Chronicle to the favors. , Lie attention of the members of the Baptist ',emu slim throughout this county. SCOTT & IRVIN. WHIG MEETING IN BLAIR COUNTY, The Whigs of Blair county herd a county Meet ing in Hollidaysburg on the evening of the 29th ultimo, which was numerously attended. GEO. SCHNIU( KER, Esq., of Woodberry, presided. Jose EnoTfrantinx, Esq., from the Committee appointed for the purpose, reported a series of resolutb no, breathing the true Whig spirit, which were unanimously adopted, and from among which we extract the following: Bose/serf, That in Gsx. WINFIELD SCOTT, the people of the United States, have a man eminently qualified for the office of President, and that his services in the field and in the councils, prove hire to be a man of sound head and honest heart, who would do honor to the country, and manage her affairs with wisdom--who would fulfil the dying injunction of the lamented Harrison : wish you to understand the true principles of the Government. I wish them carried out. I ask nothing more." Resolvtd, That 0/e have undiminished confidence in the integrity and ability of Gen. James Irvin, of Centre county ; and that we recommend him to the Whig. of Pennsylvania, as a suitable person to lead the Whig army in the contest for Governor of Pennsylvania in 1847. Resoh4cl, That in JAMES M. Pow En. the people have a man eminently qualified for the office of Canal Commissioner, and that his election to that office would greatly advanto the interests of the Commonwealth. He is pledged to one term, and would not delay the appointments to secure a sec ond nomination. The meeting was addressed by Mena Canon, Esq., of Cambria county, Capt. R. Lowry, Joseph Stufft, and John Tenn Jones, Esq . . of Blair. Mifflin County. The Whigs of Little Mifflin held a.County Mee ting on the 31st ult,, at Lewistown, which we aro informed was a very spirited affair. The lion. bores Coons, of Adams ( ounty, addressed the meeting in his usual argumentative and eloquent style. He held the audience in breathless attention for the space of over an hour, while be recounted the frauds and deceptions practiced upon the pro /le, by the leaders of the locofoco party, during the late Presidential contest. A series of spirited reso lutions speaking in the highest terms of General Score, and in favor of a Protective Tariff and the nepear, of the present British bill, were passed Also the folloning, in relation to the centlidate Of this district: Resolved, That we have undiminished confidence in the honesty, integrity. and sound Political princi ples of our present Representative in Congress, the Hon. John illanchaid, and that we recommend him to the Whigs of this Congressional district for re nomination. co' The Locos of Mtn County have instructed their Conferee to support lien. A. P. Wilson for Congress. The Globe at Its Old Tricks Again. Of all the Locofoco papers we have seen since the passage of M'Kay's bill, the Huntingdon Globe is the only one that attempts to shift the response. bulky of the measure. It recklessly charges insin cerity upon the Whig party ; attributes its passage to Whig influence; and reiterates the assertion that " 'ritzy (the locofocos) AIIE AP goon TArtiry MEN AS THE Winos." To those not already acquainted with the fact this must seem incredible. Let them read the editorials and communications in the Globe of last week, and they will see it there even more strongly than we have stated it. How hypocritical a course for a paper professing fi iendship for the FaritT of 1842. It is but a repe. tition or continuation of the base fraud by which Pennsylvania was sw:lidled out of bet vote in 1844. With these professions on tho part of all the Loco foe° leaders, orators and editors, Pennsylvania was induced to cast her vote for " Polk, Dallas, Texas, Oregon, and the Turd' of 42 !I" The Globe pre sumes FO largely on the credulity and greenness of its readers, as to expect to DECEIVE THEM STILL FURTHER! Let us recur for a moment to the campaign of 1844. The Whigs told the people Mr. Cloy was the father of the American System. TheLocofoco editors pronounced this a " Whig LIE ;" wo told them Mr. Polk was a Free Trade man, opposed to the Tariff of '42. They denounced this as "another hig LIE!" We backed our assertion by his speeches before the people of Tennessee, and by his votes in Congress. They declared these all " Whig FORGERIES," and produced Mr. Polk's letter to Mr. Kane to prove that "Mr. Polk was a Letter Tariff man Man Mr. Clay They claimed the Tariff of 1842 as a Democratic mea sure, as much so as the admission of Texas and the tehole of Oregon ;" and inscribed it upon their banners, and carried them through the streets in open day light! Every denial and exposure of this iniquitous fraud upon the democracy was branded as " infamous Whig falsehoods." Itonest and can did reader, are these things not so? Ydu certainly have not forgotten them ; the shouts for " Polk, DALLAS and the Tariff of '42," have scarcely yet died upon the ears of Pennsylvanians. With these palpable facts storing them in the face, our neighbors of the Globe attempt to deceive their readers still further in a matter so vital to their interests—they beg of the Democrats to stick to their party, with on assurance that the Tariff of 1846 cannot stand—that the very men that voted for it, will, before six months, propose a radical alteration of it. Virtually they say—" 0 dear, de ceived toiling millions, don't take it hard—just be lieve us again; wo are your dear, loving democratic friends, the uniform and steadfast friends of the laboring classes—ever ready to extend to Penn sylvania industry ample protection. Don't listen to those rascally, lying, traitorous British Whigs-- they want to deceive you for your votes—remem ber that we are your real friends, and they your oppressors. Do just vote for us again, for we will lose our power if we lose you." It won't do, neighbor. " A burnt child dreads the fire;" and rest assured you will not be able to deceive the hard-fisted yeomanry of the country again by your heartless professions. Our word for it, all who consider their own interest before the success of a corrupt party, will leave the fold and the trammels of Locofocoism. They cannot but see that by deception and fraud they obtained the power to OPPRESS, and by further slurp and inct.rrrov,they intend to ENSLAVE the laboring ' classes of the North. The Globe and the Tariff. The position of parties on the question of the Tariff, having been rendered Ito plain that " A way faring man, though a Poor.; could not err therein," our neighbors of the Globe and their advisers came to the conclusion that it would be necessary to get up some new deception to prevent a total dismem berment of their party. Accordingly the the Gldbe of last week belabors the Whigs most awfully be. cause Senator Jarnagin, of Tennessee, voted for the British Tariff of 1846, in pursuance of IN STUCTIONS from the LOC OPOC 0 Legisla ture of his State ! ! We also condemn Mr. Jarnagin for his vote, as he had no business to obey instruc tions from Locofocos, contrary to his own convic tions. He has proved recreant to his party and his country ; and could not be elected to the office of constable by the aid of our vote. Dare the editor of the Globe say as much in regard to all the Loco cofoco, who voted for the bill of destruction 1' But this onslaught upon the traitorous Jarnagin and the universal Whig party come. with exceed ing had grace from the Globe editor; for the pro ceedings of the Senate, published in the same paper, show that when the vote was taken on ordering the bill to be engrossed for a third reading—(usually the lead)—the result was a tie—every vote for en grossment being Locofocoa and every Whig voting in the negative except Mr. Jarnagin, who did not vote at all on that question. Mr. Dallas then row and gave his reasons for supporting the bill, and gave his casting vote in the affirmative. Thus the bill was ordered to a third reading; the question afterwards being on its final passage, Mr. Jarnagin obeyed his instructions and voted for the bill, knowing that it would pass; this vote was 28 yeas to 27 nays. Had Mr. Jarnagin not voted there would have been a tie again, and Mr. Dallas again hail the casting vote. The Globe will not venture to say that Mr. Jar_ aegis should have voted against the new Free Trade bill, in violation of the instructions of hie constit uents. 'rho inconsistency of that paper would be too palpable; for it aeeerte at the same time in another column, that Mr. Haywood, of North Car olina, was instructed by the Whig Legislature Of that State. He would not obey the instructions, but RESIGN.; and for this conduct Mr. Haywood is eulogized by the Huntingdon Globe and do. nounced as "an apostate and a deserter" by the Washington Union. The statement of the Globe is false—Mr. Haywood received no such instruc tions, but we take the argument grounded thereon for the present occasion. Whet was so perfectly right in Mr. Haywood, must needs have been equal_ ly right it: Mr Jarnagin. Well then ; had Mr. Jar nagin resigned as did Mr. Haywood, the vote on the final passage would have been the same as on the order for engrossment, when Mr. J. did not vote —27 to 27—a tie. Will the Globe say that Mr. Dallas would not have given the casting vote in the affirmative, and thus passed the bill? The Sub-Treasury Passed. The Sub-Treasury bill passed the Senate finally on the Ist inst., by the following vote : YEAB.—Messrs. Allen, Ashley, Achison, Ather ton, Bagby, Benton, Breese, Bright, Calhoun, Cam eron, Cass, Chalmers, Dickinson, Dix, Fairfield, Hannegan, Houston, Lavis, Niles, Pennybaeker, Rusk, Semple, Sevier, Speight, Sturgeon, Taney, Wescott. Yulco-28. PLtv s.—Messrs. Archer, Barrow, Cilley, Clayton, J. M. Clayton, Corwin, Crittenden, Davis, Dayton, Evans, Green, Huntington, Jarnagin, Johnson of Md., Johnson of Le., Mangum, Miller, Morehead, Pearce, Phelps, Simmons, Upham, Webster, Wood- bridge-24. Well, the Locos have now got their darling Sub- Treasury, but what are they to put into it I They have already squandered all the surplus revenue, and run the country at least FORTY or FIFTY MILLIONS IN Dahl. ! As the National Intelli gencer remarks—"lt is about as wise a step as if a man having a peck of coin to grind should set about building a mill for his own use! THE WAREHOUSE BILL has also passed finally. This bill is inteded for the erection of warehouses at the several ports, for the especial ac commodation of BRITISH importers! who are to have the priviligo of storing their foreign goods in the warehouses for one year without paying the duty on them. WHICH Is rue BRITISH PARTY THE WEST RECEIVING ITS REWARD. The President has vetoed the River and Harbor bill, which made large appropriations for the im• provements of Western i fivers and harbors; and the Land 13ill was killed on Wednesday in the House of Representatives. Tho west went with the south for Free Trade, and the Southern President and southern members are now paying them off by de feating every great Western measure. Some of the Western members now say that if the Tariff was still pending they would vote againt it. Like Brin kerhoff did, we suppose! Out upon such party slaves.—Pa. Intelligence, A GOOD FAT OFFICE REWARD Will be paid for the most plausible lie with which to humbug the people of Pennsylvania, and got their attention turned from the Tariff question be fore the next election. Proposals may be directed to Polk, Dallas or Duchanan,who flatter themselves, front the experience they have had in such work, that they shall be able to give general satisfaction.— Lebanon Courier. " A Working Democrat" who asserted in the lust number of the Globe that Mr. Haywood was instructed by the Whig Legislature of his State to vote for McKay's bill, should send on his proposals at once, and thus end his labors (of seeking office) for the present. He may have some trouble about the plausibility of the thing, but a Alter lie, we yen ture to assort, cannot be told by any Locofoco in the State. By a little additional labor however, he may hatch up something more plausible, and in which he will be less liable to be caught. (0 - • Mr. Cass, U. S. Senator from Michigan, not only voted for McKay's British Tariff bill, but he voted against any and every amendment proposed by the friends of Protection ! This course utterly crushes the General's political prospects in the North, and renders his chances for the Presidency very slim, indeed! So we m.). IMPORTANT From Washington—A Pacific Message Concerning Mexico. Correspondence of the Po. Inquirer. WAsuiscyros, August 5, 1846, I have just been infornied that the President htis sent a mesnge to the Senate, embracing a proposi tion to send a Messenger of Peace to Mexico—de terms, however, to secure California by way of in demnity to the United States. The .novement has creates quite a sensation, and is the theme of all tongues. believed that Mexico Is willing to receive a Commissioner or Minister from this country. Thero is a rumor that a Commissioner from Mex ico has arrived, bringing an offer of his Govern ment that it will receive a Minister, and assent to terms of pea ce. It is also rumored that Mr. Polk has submitted to the Senate, that he will send Mr. Slidell as Min ister to Mexico, if the Senate think proper, and he will ask of Congress an appropriation of three Mil lions of dollars, to purchade some of the Westtrn departments of the Mexican Republic. Tho rumor gains strength that the French Spoli ation Bill will be vetoed. This would indeed be sad, as the passage of the Bill by both Houses, after so severe a struggle, has revived the deferred hopes of thousands. Such an act would be cruel under the circumstances. Mr. Slidell hos returned from Saratoga to Wash ington. Correspondence of the Baltimore American. WASHINGTON, August 7, 1846. The now Cherokee Treaty was laid before the Senate to-day. The particulars has not transpired in full, but it is understood to be an amicable set tlement of all differences between the Eastern and Western Cherokees, and will result in a reconcilia tion of all those who have been so long alieniated. The argument before the Commissioners (Messrs. Armstrong, Paris and Burke) hardly gave promise of so amicable a conclusion of the controversy.— Nor are the panics altogether satisfied, but as the case was submitted in good faith for arbitration, there is no disposition to depart from it. A spirit of compromise appears to have guided the conclu alone arrived at. The Seunter will have the settle ment of some minor questions growing out of the new treaty. About $117,000 will have to be ap propriated at once, to meet the provisions in the Treaty, and ultimately absorb $1,560,000. The Treaty was referred to the Indian Committee to-day. Senate I believe have acted upon the Mex ican Message submitted in confidence by the Presi dent of the United States three days ago. Tho Senate, after long debate, propabty concurred in the following recommendations, concerning which ad vice was asked by the President. The Senate probably recommended -Ist. That a minister, or ministers, be sent to Mexico for the purpose of negotiating a treaty of peace with that country and with power to settle all questions of boundary and of claims. . . 2d. That there be an appropriation to carry the above recommendation into effect; and that $2,000- 000 be appropriated. Congress will be asked, it is said, to make this appropriation, and to that end a secret message will be sent to the House, upon which, as in the case of purchase of Louisiana, the House will be expected to sit with closed doors. This, I believe, is substantially what has been agreed upon by the Senate. I doubt much whether the President has received any proposition from Mexico, or whether any mediation has been offered by England, though I hear it said that England has advised the suspension of hostilities between the two countries in order to clear the way for a pro- position for peace, lief; .- 81. Dallas. The gentleman, whose name heads this article, is receiving the most hearty condemnation from all parts of the Commonwealth for having given his casting polo against the interests of his native State, and in favor of the BRITISH TARIFF BILL of Mr. McKay. We have always believed that when the test came, the Vica President, looking forward as he is, to the Presidential Chair, would prefer his party to his country, and have not therefore been— in the least deceived in regard to his vote. Wo make the following extracts speaking of the passage of the Bill, and the Vote of Mr. Dallas, from the Harrisburg Argus,—heattoforo a leading Locofoco pdpor, and ono that went it strong for "Polk and Dallas" In 1844,—f0r the benefit of our neighbor of the Globe, especially ; as he is the only one in this community who has the brazen faced effron tery, to charge the passage of McKay's Bill to any but the Locofoco Senators, aided by the casting vote of the Vice President. The Argus says: " In our last wo announced, in a brief postscript, the passage through the Senate, by the costing vote of the Vice President, of M'Kay's bill for the des truction of the tariff of 1842. This bill is now the law of the land. Pennsylvania has been, in this instance, both excelvsD AND is ETEATED. The promises which were made in 1844, that her inter ests would be protected, have been most atria ULARLY DISREOARDED ; and it would appear tram the ar rangement of the present bill, that she has been par ticularly selected as the victim to southern absttac lions. The Argus, in an article devoted entirely to Mr. Dallas, again says: " His speech which wo publish to-day, does not in the least palliate the enormity of his offence.-- Notwithstanding his assertion to the contrary, ho had it in his power to protect Pennsylvania from the prostrating effects of the bill for which he vo• ted. It was expected before he was called on to give his vote, that there would be a tie. He had himself prepared his speech in anticipation of that event. We say, therefore, and the vote of the Sen ate proves it, that ho had it in his power to mod ify the bill in favor of Pennsylvania, by telling its friends that he should vote against it, unless such modification was made. Where then was his love of Pennsylvania? Swallowed up in subser viency to Southern dictation. It is folly for the few presses that exhibit more devotion to rowan than to tho redemption of enextisas, or to the maintenance of PRINCIPLES, to laud Mr. Dallas for his vote in favor of the bill.— The mass of the people of Pennsylvania aro not quite so ignorant as these presses seem to presume, as not to know that he had it in his power to pro tect their interests. They know that the power was in his hands. They know that he betrayed their interests. They feel deeply the effects of the offence. They will remember the ofli3nder for all time to come." cO" A Locofuco Tariff mooting came off at Pitts burg last week, of which a rich account is given in the Pittsburg papers, Judge WILKINS presided, but the material of the meeting was of so discordant o nature, that after some beautiful fights between the members of the party," the candles wore blown out and the mooting broke up amid uproar and confusion. Another specimen, wo suppose, of the perfect harmony which pervades the ranks of the Democracy !" A Page tram the Past. FRTENI CLARK Will you permit me to occupy a email apace in your " Journal," while I repeat the lesson which was inscribed upon a page of the peat/ Experience is said to be a good though a severe schoolmaster. if her teactihiga are neglected and forgotten, they might as well have been written on the running stream. Would we, therefore, preserve the wise lessons of the past, we must turn over its leaves and gather, rind keep its truths. One of the greatest misfortunes, of the present day, which attends every effort for good, is that, our people are too willing to believe and disbelieve. In politics, in particular, one party, believes of course what is said by its friends; and disbelieves ihat is said by its foes—they never ihvestigate into the truth of either—but take for granted the firet, is true, the latter, false. But as I do not wish to Mato My cdmihunication too long, I Mast stop ray generalizing, and Comb down to the case in point. I _ During the electioneering campaign of 1844, great efforts were edade it, prove that James K. Polk, was not only a Tariff man but also that ho was in favor of the " Tariff of 1842 ; " and a certain let ter written by him to J. K. Kane, wan pointed to as evidence sufficiently conclusive of the fact. I said then that no elan of one grain of common sense who understood the English language, could sup pose that letter meant any such thing. In order therefore that the pedplo thight be able properly to understand that letter—l prepared the following copy of it, and published it with the annexed re marks, so that every honest man who would inves tigate might not be deceived upon a subject, that I then, and still think, was of the most vital impor tance to the prosperity of our State. That portion of this letter in Roman type, in the "Kane Litter" —and that part in "italic type," Mr. POlk's own explanation of that letter. For the preparation and publication of this letter I was charged with being a " Forger," and " Fur -1 gery," and falsehood and hypocrisy, were heaped upon my herd, by some paltry, time serving knave, who had free use of the editorial columns of the Globe. I was " a forger" because I hod altered Polk's letter. Now I admit that "the fraudulent alteration of a writing to the prejudice of an other's right," is forgery ; if my alteration was prejudicial to right, or truth, I was a forger. If it was not, lie who assailed me was a cool, calculating, unmitigated falsifier, and slanderer. I now desire, friend Clark, that you will give this a place in your paper, and also, the page from [the past," that the citizens of this town and county may be able hereafter, to come to something like the troth, as to which party seeks honestly to lay facts before them, and which endeavors to deceive them with falsehood. I ask the people of this county to read it carefully; then ask themselves which party told them the truth in the contest of 1844. A. W. B. „ cot.tiluntA, Tennessee, June 19,1844. DEAR SIB:-1 have received recently several letters in reference to my opinions on the subject of the tariff, and among others yours of the 30th ult. My opin ions on this subject have been often given to di,. public. They are to be found is my public acts, and in the public discus., sions in which 1 have participated. "the difference between the course of the Whig party and myself is, that whilst they are the advocates of distribution and a pro tective Tar if measures which I CONSI DER RUINOUS to the country and es pecially to the interests of the planting states, I have: s'eadily OPPOSED BOTH. —All who have observed my course, know that 1 have at all times been OPPOSED to the PROTECTIVE TARIFF. 1 was opposed to the Protective Tail: of 1828, and voted against it.— f rooted for the act of 1832 BECAUSE it REDUCED THE T.9RIPP of 1828 to lower rates. That made SOME REDUCTION but NOT AS MUCH ae I desired." I am in favor of a Tariff for revenue, such a one as will yield a sufficient amount to the Treasury to defray the expenses of the Government economically administer.. ed. "I am opposed to the act of 1842 not regarding it to be a revenue tarif but in many of its provisions highly protective and oppressive in its character. lam in favor of the restoration of the comprom ise act of 1833." In adjusting the details of a revenue tariff, I have heretofore sanc tioned such moderate discriminating du• ties, as would produce the amonut of rev enue needed, and at the same time afford reasonable incidental protection to our home industry. lam opposed to a tariff for protection merely, and not for revenue. voted for the act of 1832 PECAUSE it reduced the tariff of 1828 to lower rates. .l voted for the act 2d of March 1833, (the compromise act) which REDUCED the rates of the,act of 1832 to STLL LOW. ER RATES and Innaut naoncirr them down to apoint at ;which no article was after the 30th June, 1842 to be suhject to a duly higher thou 20 PER CENT. This was the law when the Whig Congress came unto power. My own opinion is that wool should be duty free." Atting upan , these general principles, it is well known that 1 gave my support to the policy of Oen. Jackson's administra tion on this subject. I voted against the tariff act of 1828. I voted for the act of 1882, which contained modifications of some of the objectional provisions of the act of 1828. As a member of the Com mittee of Ways and Means of the House of Representatives, I gave my assent to a bill reported by that Committee in Decem ber, 1832, making further modifications of the act of 1828, awl making also discrim• inations in the imposition of the duties which it proposed. That bill did not pass, but was superseded by the bill commonly called the Compromise bill, for which I voted. In my iliigment, it is the duty of the government, to extend, as far as it may be practicable to do so, by its revenue laws and all other means within its power, lair and just protection to all the great inter ests of the whole Union, embracing agri culture, manufactures, and mechanic arts, commerce and navigation. ..1 am op posed to a tariff of Protection. I have I a t all times opposed the protective policy.-- / am in favor of a tarif for revenue and opposed to a tariff for protection. In the present [late] canvass for Governor 1 had avowed my opposition to the tariff act of the late Whig Congress as being highly protective in its character and not design ed as a revenue measure. I had avowed my opinion in my public speeches that the interests of tke country and especially of the producing and exporting states requir ed its repeal and the restoration of the principe Is of ere CoMpromise tarif.act of 1833. 1 arnnot fri favor of the tart! art now in farce passed by the last Congress, [of 1842.1 1 heartly approve the resolu tions upon this subject, passed by the Dem ocratic National Convention, lately as sembled at Baltimore. ..‘ll is the duty of entry bf•anch of the Government to en courage and practise the Moeirikid economy li n conducting our public affairs and that no more revenue ought to be raised tlian is rquired to defray the nessessary expenses of Government." I am with great ieSpeot Dear sir, your ob't. iferiant. JAMES K. POLK. John C. bane, Esq., Philadelphia. TEE EFFECT. The Danville Democrat nye : The effect of the repeal of the Whlg Tdriff of 1842 will have upon thin cohntry and odr town of Danville, may well be regarded with the moat dis astrous foreboding.. How many houses, in our hitherto thriving town, will be tenantless, and how many manufacturing establishments and dwejlinga now contemplated will be abandoned. Already we hear (het the new furnace of the Mobtiffir Iron Com pany, will not be put in blast, and the rolling mill probably stopped, as soon as the contracts for rail road iron have been flifOd, which will not take longer than next Octobei. Wednesday last, when the die • estrous news woe received of the passage of Polka British Tariff Bill, was, indeed, a sad day in the annals of ,Denville. The base Locofoco frauff upon the people has been consummated. Tho Pottsville Emporium, a triedfocd paper, THE TARIFP.—The neWs Which reached us on Wcduesday evening, of the passageM 'ay's of M ay's Tariff bill by the U.S. &Mate, produced an excite ment here bordering on phrenzy. Never have we seen so great feeling and excitenient ad 'invaded all parties. The curses upon *ice President Dal las are loud and deep for voting fdr the ,bill. There is now scarcely a ray of hope to cheer file friends of the Tariff of '42. And in the Pottsville Miner's Journal wil hind the following: SIGNS OF THE TlMES.—Black flags are waving over more than one of the works in our vicin ity, which have been stopped since the reception of, the news of the repeal of the Tariff, and the peo ple are destroying the portraits of the Hon. G. M. DALLAS, once a popular Inn and Tavern sign here about., wherever met with. We are told the phys iognomy of his Excellency, the President, oleo suffers. an.a: We hope our neighbor of the MOW will not for get to give the following extract from the remarks made by Mr. Sevier, U. S. Senator from Arkansas on the presentation of petitions from citizens of Pennsylvania, by Gen. Cameron, in favor of tho Tariff of 1842, as an additional inducement to his readers to stick to the Democratic pasty. Mr. S. said : These petitions are a NEAR JOKE, a sort of FUNERAL DIRGE of these manufacturers, THESE PENSIONERS, at the taking away of the BOUNTY we have allowed them for a few years past. It was all a JOKE, and the Senatbr from Pennsylvania could not but smite when lib presented them. Was there a man who' canto naAu and who DID READ for the last twenty years, WOO sun NOT KNOW THAT JAMES K. POLK WAS A FREE TRADE MAN 1 NOT ONE; and Pennsylvania to-morrow, notwithstanding all theso PETITIONS and ell this FUSS ABOUT THE TARIFF Would vote the DEMOCRATIC TICKET AGAIN. She never would vote for the Whig party under ANT CIRCUMSTANCES. Now this JOKE of the panic maker. had been borne with a great deal of good humor on his side of the chamber, and he hoped it 'would not be carried farther, hut that they would allow the morning hour for other business,and then they might take from 1 o'clock until the adjourn ment to speak about the Tariff to their hearts con tent," Ca' The Pennsylvanian and Keystone, Philadel phai; and the Lancaster Intelligencer, Mr. Buchrie an's mouth-piece, are out in defence of Mr. McKay 'a new Tariff; and some of the smaller fry through the country are fast following suit. They will doubtless all be whipped into the party traces. The Ball in Motion. A meeting of the citizens of Gettysburg, its favor of the repeal of the British Tariff Bill, was held ih that place on Friday evening, the 30th Joly, which was addressed by D. M. %veer, Esqi, A. R. Ste venson, Esq., and the lion. James Cooper. &so lutions were passed, highly complimentary to Sen• ator Cameron, and to the Representbtives from this State who voted against the bill. An association was formed, "to promote the prosperity of Amer ican labor, and secure a home market for American Agricultural products,"—of which the Hon: Junes Cooper was elected President, J. H. McPherson and George Little Vice Presidents, R. 0. Harper Recording Secretary, D. A. Buehler and D. Me- Conaughy Corresponding Secretaries. On Monday the 2d inst. the President nominate to the Senate, Judge Onion, of Pittsburg. to supply the vacancy on the bench of the Supreme C mut, occasioned by the death of the late Judge Baldwin. Mr. Buchanan, for a very good reason, hiving de' dined the proffered hone'. The nomination WO confirmed on Tuesday. .4 That the Tariff of 8842 was repealed, and th Tariff of 1846 was enacted by the Democrats party, ought not to be denied.—Phila. Keystone. Who doubts it, except the editor of tile IrtmClA don Globe "