Huntingdon journal. (Huntingdon, Pa.) 1843-1859, January 28, 1846, Image 2

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Wednesday, January 28, 1846.
On Saturday last, on motion of William Dorris
Ess., LOON SCOTT, Jr. Esq., was sworn sad sotmit
ted as on Attorney of the raveral Courts of 'this
O.We would solicit the atttention of our read
ers to the isprinnuilication, on the subject of the
Tariff, whinb we publish on the out-side of tallay's
paper is an able article, and will richly repay
the attentisw perusal of those into whose hoods it
allay .falL
G/ The deficit in nor editorial columns ie in
consequence of the editor's absence; the "devil" and
the rest of us have been co busily engaged in the
mechanical department, that we had very little time
40 devuto to the duties of an editor.
l'ho genie will account for several errors which
occurred lint week.
By reference to eur Ilarribburg correspon
dence it will be seen that tho bill for the erection of
..131ritr County" has passed the House. In the
Veneto it has been referred to the Judiciary Com-
Our Court is yet in session, end dirpoeing of
ogees in quick succession, yet with due coosidere-
t3, - "S' Hon. Wx. TAYLOR, member of Congress
front the Ruckbridgo district, Virginia, died a few
daye ago at Washington.
.1 coos WOODMIRD.-We team, with sincere
regret, that thin gentlemen hos been rejected by the
United Staten Senate, for the important post which
President Polk had nominated him, to till a vacancy
on the Supreme Bench of the United States, nee..
...toned by the death of the ;fon. Henry Baldwin.
The President will no doubt immediately nominate
a new man, who it will be it is elmoet impossible to
Clfon. John has been confirmed by
oho U. 8. Senate, as Minister to Mexico.
Marc./ CONYENTIO7.—There was a large
and respectable convention met in Harrisburg, a
few Jays ago, to devise means for the hewer regu
lation of our militia. Col. Snowden presided,
eieted by a large number of Vice Presidenta and
Becretarirc We hope it will have the desired 'f
Toe TANI rr.—Mr. Dix, from the Committee on
Commerce, in the United States Senate, hoe re
ported a bill for the modification of the Tariff of
1842. Thug, it will be seen, that the locofoco
party are determined to lay violent hands upon
this act, which hos brought the country from her
~ , kmforc its panne, to the high
position which sho now occupies. This bill, which
is giving labor to hundred, and thousands of labor
ors and mechanic., is to be. wiped off the statute
books, to give place to an act which will reduce the I
country to beggary and want. Mr. Secretary
Walker's free trade report has had the effect to
call forth this bill. We will ace what the Locofo
co. of Penneylvania will say to this att,upt to de
stroy tho Tariff of 1842, which they pr,ofeseed to
have so much love for during the campaign of 1844-
To et Whigs of this State have nomi.
nated Joseph G. Nlaraliall, at their candidate for
Governor, and G. S. Orth. formerly of Gettysburg.,
in this State, for Lieut. Governor. The Locos
have nominated Gov. Whitcomb for re-election.
r Lxsa Hours. Esq., Attorney for the U.S.
fur the District of Columbia, died a few days ago
et Washington.
jA Washington correspondent of the Balti
more Sun says:—'•Two things are of probable oc
currence; a war by Mexico against 'Foxe., and the
seizure, by England. of Cuba—both in anticipa
tion of a war between the United States and Eng•
land. England will take ponession of Cuba rt
least during the existence of the war, and with the
anent of Spain, in consideration of the large sums
of money due to England by Spain. The propo
',him' lately made in the Senate by Mr. Levy, may
he made a pretext for this."
riProfessor Morse states, through a N. York
(pryer, Mat the Magnetic Telegraph is in full and
~, plete operation from Philadelphia to Newark,
and that the wires on the route have never been cut.
The reason why the news on Bunday was not sent
un ((aura, was because the agent had express or
ders cot to put the wires in operation on that day.
Mr. liagby, in the Senate of the United
States, submitted a resolution to amend the Consti
tution; lot, so as to elect tho l'resident and Vice
resident for the term of six years; both to be inel
ignble forever thereafter.
2(1, Providing thut no member of Congress shall,
,I,77rig the term f , ,r which he is elected, or for four'
Vicar.. thereafter, be eligable to the office of Presi
dent or Vice President.
3d, That no member of Congress shall, during
the term for which he is elected, ho eligable for Gri
ttier of the office. of Secretary of State, of the
Treasury. of War, of the Navy, Attorney Gener
al, or Poet Master General.
Zj John Weever, Register of Wills for the city
and county of Philadelphia, died auddenly, of ape-
Oozy, on Fridoy afternoon, the I Sth
, y,Cfrho New York Evening Mirror Hays, that
there about to be exhibited in that L.ty a very
novel stei wonderful niusical instiurnent, which
:t.•e inventor, Mr. Grant, a native of New England,
- -doe , ,tro Magnetic Piano Forte.' It is
played by Enrigne , ,i,am alone, without the aid of en
gem and sorda,ses, it is nrid, even the greet De
Meyer hinmelf, iu poirg of visor and s• elsonctl.
- -
Pennsylvania Legislature.
Correspondence of tho Huntingdon
HAIIII.I9IIVRO, Jan. 24, 1846.
Dear Captain:—Orr Monday last the two Hou
ses of the General Assembly met in Convention in
the Hall of the 1 - louse. at 12 o'clock, and re-elec
ted Col. James R. Snowden, State Treasurer, for
the ensuing year. There were but three candi•
dates in the field, which corresponds with the num
ber of parties. Mr. Snowden (loco) received 83
votes; Mr. Nerr Middleswarth (wing) 48; Mr. P.
Sherlock, (native) 1. Mr. Snowden has given
pretty general satisfaction as State Troneurer.
The Tariff Resolutions from the Senate (which
I instruct our Senators dec., in Congress to oppose
any attempt to alter or amend The act of August
30, 1842) which were pegged last week unani
mously in that body, being received in the House
on Monday, Mr. Burrell moved to make the same
the order of the day, for the then next Tuesday
three weeks. Mr. Nicholson immediately moved
to amend the motion by taking up the Resolutions
on the next day, which would have been last Tues
day, and in this shape the subject wee debated for
some time with considerable spirit, during which
the cloven foot of the ‘.better tariff" men of 1844,
could be seen "sticking out" of Lecofoco Boots, in
various quarters of the House. It was evident that
a grand maceuvre was to tie played, in order to
draw wool tighter over the eyes of the tariff men of
Pennsylvania, orelse harmony could no longer exist
between the message of President Polk, and its sate
lite from our Governor, and the honest portion of
the party throughout the State who had been de
ceived (I was going to say lied) into ;he belief that
Polk woe as good a tariff man as Clay, or his
friends. But as I said above, although Mr. Burrell,
and Mr. Burnside, and some others who undertake
to lead in these grand somorsets played their parts
so well as to Bertid touching, directly, the object at
which they aimed, to wit• the repeal or modification
of the act of 1842, yet there were others less subtle
or more honest who did riot hesitate to avow their
hope that the "odious" Tariff act of 1842 would
bo repealed ! Amongst these gentlemen was Mr.
Knox a young and ardent democrat from Tioga.
The news from England of the resignation of Sir
Robert Peel and the organization of a new Minis
try under Lord John Russell, friendly, as is antici-
I paled, to the abolition of the "Corn Laws," which
have so long oppressed the poor of that country for
the benefit of the landholders, had just reached
here on Monday, and Mr. Burrell assigned this as
a reason for asking delay upon the Tariff Resolu
tions as moved by him. Now if the reason so as
signed by him means any thing at ell, it is, that
because England goes in for the free admission of
bread stuffs for the present; because her people are
on the verge of starvation, therefore we ought to
abandon our whole system of protective duties and
go in fur "free trade!" This the party leaders in
Pennsylvania dare not avow, but such is unques
tionably their policy, and they hope to effect it by
delay, disaention, or silence, at a time when the
voice of Pennsylvania should be heard at Wash
ington in no uncertain sounds. The result of the
discussion at this time was the kicking of the sub
ject into the middle of next week. It is postponed
until Tuesday next,
The Hollidaysburg speculation of erecting a new, '
county to be called ‘l3lair," so as to make that
place the seat of justice. passed the House of Rep
resentatives on 'Fuesday last, by a pretty large ma
jority (61 to 24) and was gent to the Senate for
concurrence. It pease(' in the House, almost sub
eiletitia, but it is expected, that some one will be
found in the Senate able and willing to state sim
ply its objects and its consequence., which if fairly
done, would he sufficient to defeat its passage.
A Bill has been passed in both Hotses and sign
ed by the Governor, appropriating the sum of $l,-
1 91:,848 08 to pay the two half yearly instalments
lof interest on the funded debt of the Commonwealth
fading due on the Ist of February and the Ist of
August next. The State Treasurer has informed
the Legislature that the amount neceasary to meet
the fiat instalment is already in the Treasury, and
there is little doubt but there will be a sufficiency
by the Is.t of August to meet that also. This is
gra tifyi ng to all concerned, either as creditors or
citizens of the Commonwealth. The remarks of
the State Treasurer in regard to the necessity of
in creas i ng , i n a B road degree, the revenues of the
Commonwealth, so to render the punctual pay•
merit of the interest or: our State debt, certain and
permanent in future, ha we given TISC to a great ms.;
ny schemes of finance, a,' yet principally in th:
I shape of Resolutions of insts uc:ion to the commi-
I tee of Rays and Mean., desisintt therm to inqute
into the expediency of taxing eel tel . !' objects, rch
as Bitumenous and Anthracite Coat, Dogs, end
Boats and Rail Road Cars, in like manner aa,ther
Ipersonal property is now taxed—also to enqvre in -1
I to the propriety of taxing all transfer s ofpublic
stock, dec., &c. None of these measures Pweveri
have as yet been brought legitimately blor. the
House by the appropriate committee. Cns,ldera
ble debate was elided on the subject of taing Coal
I when that matter was about to be refired to ti
' Committee, from which diacussion Lifer that it
I I will not meet with much favor. Ind.'s' it would
seem that the proper mode of arrivin at this arti
cle would be to assess the coal land cording to its
: 4 real cash value, as in other canes, ti'ms you agree!
to tax wheat and potatoes, unflumber or any I
other commodity which is t h e prosict of labor.
Trio EASTERN RESERVOIR:, hilt has passed
the Hough of Representatives, appropriating the
sum of :30,000 to the completin of the Eastern
Reservoir, on the Penn'. Cool. An effort was
made by Mr. Mageelien to porno a similar appro
priation towards the Westernllservoir, hut it was
not agreed to.
rearm:v.—Joint Resolot‘es of instruction to
our Senators, &c. in Conger have been passed in
both House., almost unanihusly, and transmitted
to Washington. desiring th no increase be made
in the rates of postage as tuz fixed by law.
A bill has passed botl Houses authorizing the
Pittsburg Navigation or Fire insurance Company
to reduce its C apital telt. This Company But%
fercdrerioudylllo(oß fires in 'het
city, but having some capital left, the stockholder s
are desirous of taking a fresh start—hence this ap
One of the most important subjects that will
come before the Legislature at its present session, is
the right of way asked for by the Baltimore and
Ohio Railroad Company, through the South West
ern port of tire State to Pittsburg, for which a bill
has already been reported in the Senate, and is now
on second reading. The Board of Trade and mer
chants of Phil's. pretty generally seem to agree
that to grant this privilege would be ruinous to our
State fitnprovemente, as well as injurious to the
prosperity of Philadelphia. The Pitteburgers are
in favor of the project, because it gives them an
other string to their commercial bow—so also are
those who feel an interest in the Cumberland Val
ley Railroad, as well as they who expect to be bear
fited by the construction of a cross-cut from Cham
hamburg to intersect the Bah. and Ohio Road.
Bet those who look coolly, and disinterestedly at
the matter, seem to agree that a continuous road
from Harrisburg to Pittsburg ought to be made by
what as called the "middle route," up the Juniata
river. Bills in relation to all these projects, as well
as the vightof way for the N. Pork and Erie Rail-
I road on our North Eastern boundary, and an ex
tension of the Sunbury and Erie Rail Road Char
ter, aro about being introduced into the Legislature.
I think a charter will be granted for the construc
tion of the middle route, with suitable provisions
for the protection of the State improvements al
ready made.
Mr. APFarland moved a resolution directing the
Committee of Ways and Means to inquire into the
expediency of bringing in a Bill providing for the
tette of the Public Improvements; but the House re-
I fused_ to adopt the Resolution by a vote of 52 to
42. ' . The same gentleman also offered to instruct
the came committee to inquire into the propriety of
giving out the repairs on the public works to the
lowest bidder; but this was also negatived.
A number of private Bills authorising certain
individuals to .11 and convey real estate, and reg
ulating matters purely of a local character have
been acted upon, but no matters of any general in
terest or locally of importance to your renders have
been disposed of, since my last. And allow mu to
`say an conclusion that I believe I have given you
the whole week's proceedings of the pest week as
intelligibly in thin nut shell, as if you had waded
day by day through the regular reports. I have
endeavored to give you the business enulfum in
parvo, leaving out the intermediate details, and
setting down results, the former being only inter
esting whilst the latter are involved in uncertainty.
A military convention met here on Tuesday last
, at the Shakespeare House in Locust street. A
large number of delegates, officers in the militia, &c.
were in attendance, The object was to devise'
means for the better encouragement of Volunteer
Companies and an improvement in the Laws re
lating to the Militia System. Col. James R. Snow
den war appointed President, and a number of Res-
olutions were adopted for the consideration of the
Legislature. But inasmuch as the proceedings are
published in the newspapers here, to which you
will have access, and seeing yod are yourself some ,
thing of a military man, I will leave the matter for
you to examine, and snake ouch remarks no Jou (
deem expedient in the premises.
Since the recruit of snow (about six inches) I
which fell on Tuesday night and Wednesday 1
morning last, the sleighing has been revived here,
and is now very good. The ”Sons ofTemperance"
of Mechanicsburg had a procession yesterday, and
more than one hundred and fifty persons went over I
from here in sleighs. About an equal number
were there also from Carlisle and the town was i
alive with people. Dr. DeWitt of this place de-
livered an address—of course a good one. This'
Order (the Sons of Temperance) is very popular
, in this region, and is spreading daily.
YOUTE, dm,
Grounds of Peace.
The Washington Correspondent of the New
Journal of Commerce, gives the following as the
grou nd of confidence with the President, for an am
icable adjustment of our differences with England :
•'ln the first place, Mr. Polk relied on the pacific
disposition of England, and the aversion of her
government to go to war for a remote and valueless
ter itory, So far, Mr. Polk was right. His error
tars. in losing sight of the fact thut our pretensions
night be urged in such way as to produce a quarrel
rpon the point of honor, es to which England is as
iensative as we are, and has greater reason to bo so.
In the second place, Mr. Polk relies upon an
other offer of arbitration. As a proof of this, I
would remark that there is no mention of that re
sort in his message.
the third and last place, he relies upon a Tr.,
ty Tariff, some reciprocal arrangement that would
give Great Britain an equivalent for the abandon
ment of her claims to Oregon."
Old Times and the Tariff
We sometimes hear the protection of "home in. ,
dustry" denounced as a novelty, that disturbs the
peace of the country: We are too much attached
to the true principle of protecting what belongs to
us, to allow of such an imputation upon the Amer
ican system; and though we do not now mean to
enter upon any discussion of the tariff question, we
will copy a few paragraphs from the Report of tho
eeretary of the Treasury of the United :Stews, for
1. That the promotion of manufactures (that
ot ;r home trade,) is rendered necessary by the
res i r i c ri.ons of foreign natio. on our navigation
and ex teroal connnerce.
2. 'Chat there is an absolute necessity to provide
a home market for the increasing produce of our
furors and plantations.
3. That the Untied States sustains an immense
burden in the charges of importing foreign manu
factures, which amot,ntim; to twenty per cent. upon
fifteen millions of dollars. is not lens than three
millions per annum in pence, nod more in war.
4. That no country, however fertile, has retain
ed its gold and silver, if it has not manufactured.
5. 'Chat by the intervention of women and chil
dren, and machinery, manufactures have been
brought to require a small portion of the labor of
mon, and that these may be obtained from abroad.
6, That a judicions system of measures to en
courage manufactures, will draw capital from for
sign countries, to be employed in the United States,
in working up and consuming our raw materials
and provisions.
7. And lastly, that manufactures will succeed in
the United State., because they have been incessant
ly springing up, and incrcnning her many years,"
Correspondence of the Pa. Thlegrapii.
WASIIIXOTON, Jen. 21, 1946.
On Tuesday, in the Senate no very important
business was transacted. Mr. Mien gave notice
that ho would call up on Friday his resolutions rel.
alive to the non-intervention of European nations
in our affairs, which was laid upon the table a few
days ago.
In the House, the contested e le c tion case fr om
Florida was called up, and lasted the whole day.
There is a disposition to force Mr. Callen from his
seat—and were his case clear ns the limpid moun
tain rill, he would fare hard at the hands of the
large locofoco majority. Reports were read from
both sides of the committee; the one from the min
ority, and signed by one Democrat, at least, shows
conclusively that Mr. Caliell is justly entitled to his
seat; arid that Mr. Brockenbrough is not. A reso
lution was passed allowing Mr. Bruckenbrough the
privilege of laying his awe before the House in
On NVedneaday, Mr. Fairfield's till making an
appropriation of five and a half millions of dollars,
for the increase of the Navy, dec., was called up .
'Fhb; caused a very warm debate and one of interest
to the country. it showed how eensative loins of
our great men are, in regard to national matters,
particularly when their ideas are made to chine se
cretly, with what they suppose to he the popula r
opinion. Mr. Allen as usual took part—and a
prominent part in this debate—managing to intro
duce the Oregon question most beautifully—but
*as called to order—for spreading his wings a little
too wide. He differed widely, from Mr. Hanegan,
with whom he was hand and glove, upon the res.
Ititidhs relative to our title to Oregon. and the im
plied censure upon the President for endeavoring to
compromise wills Great Britain. Calhoun, Clay
ton, Sevier and several other Senators took part in
the debate. 'rho subject was made the order of the
day for Tuesday next.
In the House, after the ordinary morning buai
flees, the election case was resumed.—Several
speeches were Made in support of the 'claims of
both parties. A motion wasmade to postpone the
consideration of the matter, but it failed.
On Thursday, (this morning) in the Senate, a
resolution was offered, asking the War Department
to furnish informatioh relative t'cl the state of Indian
tribes—and that it be printed.
Mr. Benton Objected to printing, On the grolind,
that not half the documents ordered to be printed—
were read by members. Not only trunk makers
had a prescriptive right to lieve thoir trunks with
documents; but dry goods ten in the district, were
overstocked with this kind of wrapping paper; and
even importations were frequently made, to supply
merchants in neighboring cities.—Truly, to the vic
tors belong the spoils. Who pays the printer?
' The Senate then went into executive session, af
ter which it adjourned over to Monday—thus vir
tually choking oft' Mr. Allen's resolution, which he
intended calling up to morrow.
The House, after an animated discussion upon a
resolution relative to the printing and distribution
of Fremonte narrative, Mr. Sava°lle introduced a
resolution, asking of the Clerk of the House infor
mation as to the fact of certain members having I
disposed to booksellers in this city, documents or
dered by Congresa for them. After sotne debate
the matter Wan postponed.
The consideration of the election case wall then
resumed. Mt. Cabell rose and stated, that he was
willing—to ~ave the House all further trouble—to
submit the whole matter to the people of Florida,
and Asked Mr. Brockenbrough to do the same, and i
I thus the tnatter could be adyvetet! satisfactorily to
all parties.
. . . _
Brockenbrough scouted the proposition, and
in a speech of en home length, set forth his claims
to the Feat now occupied by Mr. Celia. After he
had concluded, a motion wag made to adjourn.
eci. The course of the Southern Locofoco mem
bers of Congress in relation to Oregon has been a
serious annoyance to their political brethren. The
The correspondent of the Inquirer says—t• The
Western members of the House still consider them
selves as having got the worst part of the bargain,
relative to Oregon and Texas, and in their blunt
way they do not hosisato to twit their polished
brethren of the South with their breach of faith, in
refusing to help them out with Oregon. It re
minds me of a certain merchant who had a hun
dred dollars owing him in Boston. Being rather
doubtful of the validity of the note, Ito made a bar
gain with a collector, to tho effect that if the latter
could recover the amount, ha should have a half of
it for his trouble.
The collector took the note one tine clear frosty
morning, and by dint of bluatering end coaxing,
made the best terms he could.
Some weeks afterwards the merchant met him in
State street, when the following dialogue took place:
, Ah, my friend, have you had tiara to attend to
that note!'
'Oh! Ah! yes, it's all settled; there was no difli
'Glad to hear it. Well, I,ow did you settle it!'
'0! why, he paid mu my half the note, and I
gave him up the other.'
So the Western men think that their Southern
friends hate served them with regard to Texas and
The norno Centre coun
ty, has been mentioned in setsral Whig papers of
the State for Governor, in a manner highly com
plimentary to him, and shoving the respect in
which he to held by the Whigsgenarally. He has
represented the people of the, Centro district in
Congress with credit to himself and profit to his
constituents. He is known, far and near, as a
warm advocate of the Tarifi; tnd in 1844 wanted'
but a few votes of being nominated as tho Whig
candidate for Governor. As 1, statesman, able—as
a man, popular with the people—where could we
find a more desirable candidate
With Gencial Irvin as the Whig candidate, we
would present to the peep° of the State a gentle
man every way worthy of their suffrages, and one,
too, who could be supportid by every friend of the
Tara whether Whig or Locofoco. If we nomi
nate luin, w e tea olixt
Highly Important from Europe !
Arrival of the Ship Liberty from
Liverpool. Tour days later.
Resignation of the Ministry—Trerntsuilous Excite
ment in England—Further prorogation of Par
liament—Great Political Revolution in Great
Dritain—Ministerial Crisis—Advance in Ameri
can Cotton—State of the Corn Metket, &c.
[From the New York herald.]
The Liberty roiled from Liverpool on the 13th
ult, and brings paper to that date.
The news, which we have thus recoivod, in of
the highest importance—of more consequence than
any we have received in the lent ten years.
It in no more ndr less than the resignation of Sir
Robert Peel. and the organization of a new Cabinet
by Lord John Runnel!.
The - announcement of this Important fact—im
portant to the United Stater, in a commercial point
of view, as well, perchance, in political aspect, threw
the whole English public into a state of the great
est excitement.
Itseffeet wan tremendous.
In addition to this, and ea a necessary conk
qunece, Parliament had been further prorogued, as
the following exhibits
"At the Corset, at Osborne House, Isle of Wight,
the 10th day of December, 1645, present the Queen's
Most Excellent Majeety in Council. It in this day
ordered by her Majesty in Council, that the Parlia
ment which stands prorogued to Tuesday, the 16th
day of December instant, be further prorogued to
Tuesday, the 40th day of December inst.
The corn law question has been the cause of all
The effect that this news will have upon the re
lation. between England and America, cannot but
be of the utmost consequence.
American cotton had improved.
The following statement is mode in the Liver
pool Mercury of the 12th :
The Message of Peace to Arneriect.—An
ry has been earnestly addressed to us from Londoh
as to whether the news touching the expected
opening of the ports really left England by the
Acadia, from our river, 3t noon on the 4th instant.
aur reply to, and we can answer for the fact, it did
00. We have entitled it a measoge of peace, be
cause no cne can doubt the effect of the announce
ment, especially if followed by realization, not only
upon the Oregon question, but all other matters of
discussion between the two nations.
This we know is a mistake. The announcement
of the London Times did not come in the Acadia,
although it was evidently inteded for that steamer.
[From the London Herald, Dec. Is')
nit Robert Peel's Government Is at end. All
the members of the Cabinet yesterday tendered
their resignation, which her Majesty was pleased to
accept. , .
It will be easily befieted that we regret this de
' termination of her Majesty's advisers, but we should
much more regret their unanimous determination
to eacrifice the industry of the country by strip
ping it ofall protection.
The important fact no* annOunced proves how
completely wrong the Times was whon it stated
that the Government had decided upon proposing
to Parliament, as a Cabinet measure, the repeal o!
the corn laws.
Arrival of the Britannia—PacifiO
The long looked for steamer hoe at last arrived.
Intelligence in of the most important character. , -
The President's Message is received on the most pa
cific terms. The London Peace Society have me
morialized Sir R. Feel to settle the Oregon question
by arbitration, rather than war. A commercial Treo
ty has bean signed by the government of Naples and
the United States. Sir Robert l'eel has again been
called to the British Cabinet. behind is still noted
for her outrages and murders. Upon the whole the
news is considered of the most favorable character
to the United States. We received this important
intelligence too bate to give it in detail, but will en.
deavor to do so in our text.
Destructive Firci in Philadelphia.
The Philadelphis papei's bring us accounts of a
very acrioUs conflagration in that city on Sunday
evening. The United States Gazette hes the fol-
lowing particulars:
About hall past 8 o'clock the large otorA of 91t&
era Lewis & Sterling, No. 57 South wharves, wes
discovered to be on Ore.
When the store war burst open, the whole of
the interior wes in flames, and the entire contents
were consumed. Not a book nor a paper were sa
ved, though they may yet be recovered from the
iron safe in which they were deposited.
The store of Messrs. S. Morris Wain & Co., ad,
joining it on the north, was also enveloped in flame.,
' and its contents also were consumed. The books
and papers could not be reached. They were de
posited in a safe, and are perhaps safe.
The flames then spread to the store still further
north, occupied by Mesers. Beneell & Allen, weigh
masters; Messrs. Penrose A: Burton, commission
and shipping merchants; and Robert Burton, ship
ping merchant--and also the store, adjoining occu
pied by Messrs. E. Lincoln and Co., produce and
commission merchants, and by Mesa.. Peel, Ste
& Co., as a sail loft.
On the south of Meure. Lewis and Sterling's
store, the fire crossed and ignited the roof of the
store of Mr. Adam Hinkle, Rope Maker and Ship
Chandler. The roof was burned considerably and
the building drenched with water—hut the damage
is not large and Mr. Hinkle is fully insured.
Messrs. Lewis and Sterling had in their store be
, tweet' 300 and 400 bake of cotton, and about 100
\ bales of wool, and 300 bales of hemp, with other
oods, to the value of about $30,000, upon which
ate is an insurance to corer the loss.
Messrs. Morrie, Wain & Co., had a heavy and
v Liable stock of goods, the loss of which is cot ,
eriyi by insurance.
Masers. E. Lincoln Ac Co., are also insured.
Thtlr books and papers were saved—the fire me n
havisg succeeded in rescuing the Iron safes from
the ( minting Rooms, quantity of Coffee Worst
in tbi• buileingl•weed by Mtvierg. Huller tad Pet,
tem., wra nj , lo u.ared.
Messrs. Penrose and Burton lose about $16.000,
which is fully covered by insurance. l'ilesars.Ben•
sail and Allen, and Mr. Robert Burton, ere also
protected from lou by insurance. Their books and
papers wore eared.
Messrs. l'eel, Stevens tl Co., Met a large and yak
uabie hit of Sails and Sail Clothes—but emcee/idea
In miming a portion of their clock. What is oar
aurneJ is covered by insurance.
ORE CommoT los IA NAovoo.—Under that
head, the Warsaw Signal, ef December 25th, 1845,
publishes the information that follows. It exhibit.'
en interesting state of affairs amongst the mime.
From recent disclosure.' we ttitpect that soma of
the saints will find their way to the itertitentiary
before they reach Oregon.
'lug ea our paper was going to pmae,. ; we r.
ceived intelligence from Nauvoo, that the Lord has
accepted the Temple, and that the long promised
endowment, for which the Sainte have bocci ro long
preparing, to new being received.
This endowment consists in ribropticm of sill en
iMing mnrriegen, and every gccd saint is et liberty
to east away his present wife, and take any other
who may ei:it him better. The consequence is, ali
Nauvoo is in eamMotion, arid the saints are run
ning about, pettedly wild with eciternent
The reason why the Lord concluded to enclose
his saints iti this singular manner, was because
some husbands were willing to go. to Oregon, and
their wives objected, and eke verso; on, they being
mismatched, the Lord concluded to prevent difficul
ty, by giving all willing ones a chance to select new
partners for the expedition.
CrThe widow of Joe Smith prMicanoiaa the let.:
ter puOlialied in tho New York Sun, over her name,
a few weeks since, a hoax. Wo auepocted so
Reported for the — Journal."
U. S. Senate at Huntingdon.
January 22, 1846.
Cornyn, of Teno., Speaker pro tem.,
called the Senate to order, when the min.!
(ties of last session were read. The Bill
fir the reduction of the Tariff being for
debate and NVharton of Pa. entitled tat
the float., that gelitlentan proceeded to de
fend the Taritlof 184'3, in his usual mas
terly manner. Ile argued that a nation
was not iodependent so lung as she con
sumed fabrics of foreign manufacture.—
He animadverted on the report of the
Secretary of the U. S. as a document
which in revolutionary times would lutve
[minded the aothor as a I.Tory." (Called
to order.)
Mr. Jacobs of Florida. Ms Constit
uency were fILW heard for the first time
on a question of such interest. The tar•
iii is a tax arid the fact of its being bene
ficial to the North is prima facia es idtri,
of its being burthensome to the South.—
The manufacturer and consumer, are the
wo classes affected by a Tariff, and how
inferior in number is the (motel" to the
latter yet the one is benefitted at the ex
pense of the other.
Mr. Thompson of Ky. Tire reductioa
of the Tariff must result in free trade.—
Employment is given to the industriout
under the Tariff. Minimum duties have
caused a fall in prices of cotton fabrics.
r. thhiauti of 111., gave at some length
Ids feasting for voting for the Bill which
would not operate ou a seciron but on the
Union. Senators had advocated fees
trade and some high protective duties—
he was for a Middle coarse. 'The Sen
ator front Pa., argued as if iron was alone
protected. fs not :I dtity of lies on iron
which can here he made and sold foi 830
too great a barthen to the consurner ?
hie Tariff is not the cause of our pros
perity. In 1823 there was a high Tariff,
and a revolt was only quelled by the en.
ergo and moral courage of Jaifesott and
in the noble conduct of Clay, in his !Juice
oGriog of the Compromise act.
Mr. Williamson of N. J. There wax
as much party feeling here as in Congress.
Ile was surprised at the &risme froin
ads ocatin,; a reduction of the Tariff tehect
that state was in debt nine millions fur
13ritiali hon. We are deeply interested
i n the 't mill. true mothers in the llie of
their tea and coffee (I believe in the Smalls
they eat mush tSz milk) and all the neces•
sames cf life.
1 he previous quest::;:: demanded,
the tnain question was put, tha
pass, which was NEGATIVED The
Siithe.rn Senators not voting, because
they had not the satne repies2ntriun
the north had.
was then taken tip and the Senator' front
Vt. proceeded to advocate its passage. , —;
Ile remarked that it was not a sectional
but an Amer:can Bill—Ameticans have
the right to make and administer their
own taws, have they the power at pregent?
Bat the other Ohy an attempt With
to intimidate the Executive of the U. S.
by those who have not got rid of their
monarchial notions—shall an American
President he influenced by foreign threats ?
A few years and it will be too late to rem
edy the evil. The gentleman• then pro
ceeded to show that in the heart of art
American city, there was an Iris's quarter
where Americans dare not congregate.
and where they had been murdered in
cold blood, and the stars and stripes
trampled in the duct.
Mr. Campbell of Md., viewed the ques
tion as an American one but denied that
'migrants brought monarchial notions
with them. Foreigners had come here to
defend our soil. They seek protection
front oppression. This Hill is aimed at
particular religious sect, rfir c.
On motion of Williamson of K J. San
('e adjourned.