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lIIJ NI IN G MI',H -- ; :.•.- 0U R -;'.Q:A:L
.ffilittf ILeiMporWr—Detlotrix to Central kitteltiarn re, Ntltierttotirg, Voif tiro, Attcratarr, Oloratitg, Arta„ ,t:ric (To, agriculture, 3 m locum , t, t s., kt.
THEODORE H, CREMER,,
The “Jeouxei." will be published ovary Wed
nesday morning, at $2 00 a year, if paid in aikan ce,-
and if not paid within aix months, $2 20.
, No subscription received for a shorter period than
x months, nor any paper discontinued till all ar
rearages are paid.
Advertisements not exceeding one square, will be
inserted throe times for $1 00, and for every subse
quent insertion 25 cents. If no definite orders are
given as to the time an advertisement is to be continu
ad, it will be kept in till ordered out, and charged ac-
Tv nu - chasers-I- Giurrinitee.
`!suit undersigned agent of the Patteaee,
of the Stove, The Queen of the H'est,"
nnierstanding that the owl.. is, Or those
c‘kticerned far them, of other and different
p +tent Cooking S..ov es, have threat, net to
bring suit against All who purchase And use
any if .• Gump; PATKNT Cootitly , rrovE
—The Queen of the West." Now •hi s iti
to inform all and every person wh sit: l
purchase and ore Said Stove that he
dunauify thein from all rostsor damage ram
any and all suits, brou,;ht by tiler t en
tees, or their agents. L.r an} mirnigint of
their patent, - lle gives this a ttry so to
pets ins need not be under any tears hecause
they have, while consulting their own int, r•
osta and convenience, secured the supei iur
advantages of this Queen" nut only it tin:
West, but of the Anat.
"QUEEN ®r THE WEST"
C 8 QD DZ. t;j 3 &Oa 0.)"4^ es. 9
Nur :sale by I. 6 ItAlfl US & SUN, Alux-
1111(46, Iluntingdnn county,
cheap lor cast► or country
produce at the
T.►e "Qteen of the \Veal" itt ia►-
prevement on Ilatlu►wny'; celebrated
Ilut Air Store. There bas never yet op
Reared any plan of A Cooking Stove that
paweavits the advantages that this one
kits. A much legit quantity of fuel is re
goired for any amount of cooking Isr ba
king by thiA ouve than by any other.
Perviinv are requested to call and see
before they purchase eketallere.
July 3, 1844.
I. GRAFIIJN A. SON,
tiIpEiPPIC . UFULLY inform the citizens
...LWof fiunting.lon enmity, and the public.
gen e red ly l.ll a t they etit.tinue to cart• on
Cnpprr, 'Fin and She'd-iron Business,
in all its brmiches, iati Alexandria. %%Iwo;
they In :tamfActure and conAautly keep on
)sand every descliption of Watic
New and Splendid Wood Stoves
22, 24, 26, 28 ;old 30 , inches tong
101 IHATO 11 S7'o 'ES,
Mew Cooking Stones of nil kinds. a n d
Also four sizes of Coal Stoves,
ALSO STOVE-PIPE, ANA hTOvlO FININNY.ID
All kinds ..f castings d me, fur Forges,
4114 Threslting-machines. Also WAG
ON BoXF.S, MILL GI/DC:EONS, AND NOLLONii
WARN; all of which is done in a workman
Al4n, Copper, Dye, Wash, Fuller, !'re•
serving, and Tea Kt:PleS, far both,
wbolemaie and rend,
Persons favoring this establishment with
their custt m may depend on having their
orders executed with fidelity and de:patch.
Old met3l, copper, brans and Pewter to
kin in exchange. Also wheat, rye, corn
And oats taken at market wice.
Alexandria, July 3. 1844.
NOTIC —lite subscriber respectfolly
itequests all persons indebted to him fur
work done at the old establishment, pre
vious to the lot nt November List, to call and
kettle their accounts without delay.
Jute 3, 1844.
A good FOUNDER, to t,ke charge of one
or two Furnaces, situate d five miles apat I,
to a healthy and pleasant part of Ohio. lie
how come well recommended.
Apply to A. Byxt.F.N. Pittsburg►,
4 7 -Kitt:ming Free 1 1 "ress and .11olliclays
borg Register please copy to amount of ttne
dollar awl filly cents each, and charge and
/woe papers to adrcrtiser.
Farm For Sate.
The Serhscribers offer fur sale a wellira
proved farm, contahang
with allowance, about 126 acres cleared and
antler gnc.d fence. improvements are
a large and. convenient two story house,
hank barn, and other out buildiogs, with se
veral gond swine, of water ronecnieiit ; an
orchard of choice Emit. 'I here are also
a quantity of peith and plural) treys. Said
farm is situ sled in 11emierson township,
Huntingdon county, Pa., 3 in fe,,a, th e
Warm Springs, 7 miles front Ituntingdon,
and 6 miles from the Pennsylvania Canal.
Persons wishing further infirmation con
cerning the almyr property call obtain it by
calling an S. It. Hogg.. residing nil the pre
mises, or from James Boggs, at Mill Creek.
N. B. The. subscribers are desirous of
going west—persons would do will to call
and see for t Yrs.
SAMUEL IL &'1 IMES 30CCS.
June 4 134.5.
:31:1%27 l 5" CM? a EP ea. ....*Cr.t ce;t 3 Cit) F. 13 0.c.!
' T ;ivqr y ! Awelry . 1. r Jewelry !'I
► ni..ltiT received, astock
c.lO tit the most nitwit&
. C 4 dent J'ewelry 117 , ... ever \\ ' , 't
rAO came up the l'ilce."./11
4 :• 1 ',:).,... „ cou.istinga GOLD P:,
-.., A , 'i, TENT LEVEHS, Ladles 4_,___ , ~.., G O LD
'ARKS, f ull jewelled,
SILVER PATENT ERvt: IC s, eolible and single
casecl,titLvEtt ANCHOR LEV ERS,PII jr'cueled,
double and single eased ENGLISH W ATCH ES,
,Pw'tation Levers, QUARTIKR HMI FRENCH
WATCHES, &C. &c. Also
Gold Fob Chains, and Seals,
of the most fashionable plate' us. Gold
Pencils, Spectacles, Guard Chains, Ken's,
Breacelets sett with topaz, M ecla lions , Fit“
ger Riags, Ear Wimp, Breast Pins, sett with
topaz. arnethist, &c. &c. Mineature Cases,
Silk ntaces, Coral Beads, Pocket Pas ks,
Musical Macs Mathematical Instrnint ts,
Silver Spectacles, Table Spoons, 'lea and
Salt Spoons, Sutrar Tong , ,LoWetitis Patrent
Silver Pencils, Razor:, at the finest
HENRY CLAY pciikaives, a superiur iirti •
cle, Steel Peels, Spy Classes, Hair Brushes.
Tooth Brushes, Platina Points, &e..Ecc. All
the above articles will be sold cheaper :halt
_ . ..... .
Chick and Watch repairing done as usual,
very cheap for cash.
A large assortment of eight day nod thir
ty hour Clocks will be •old very cheap.
All watches sold will be witi•ranted for our
Year, and it written guarratilee given. that
it not found equal to warranty it will (during
that period):he put in (ink r w ithout expense,
or if injured, may he exchangt.d for any
ether watch of equal value. The warranty
s considered void, should the watch, with
which it is given, be put into the hands of
another watch makt r.
Huntingdon, April 10, 1844.
rll v. subscrther would respectfully inform
the cit z.lta of liantingdott and th e adjoin
ing counties, that he still condom s to car
ry on business at the Hot kdale Foundry, on
Clover Creek, two miles from NVilharns
burg, where he is prepared to txt rote all
orders in his line, of the best materials and
wotkomnship, and with promptness and de
lie will keep constantly on hand stores of
eserydescription, such as
Cooking, Ten Plate,
lt ,, TanY, and WooD
LIVINGSTON PLOUGHS, Anvils.
etammers, Hollow Ware, and. every kind of
castings necessary for forges, mills or ma
chinery of any descriptiini ; wagon boxes of
all descriptions, &e., which can be had on
as gond terms as they can be had at any
other foundry in the county or state.
Remember the Rockdale Foundry.
Old metal taken in exchange fm any
Mr. K. has recently parchased the
pa tell right of a co. , kiug store for limiting
don comity—the stove will be set up by hint
and warranted to the purchaser to be as good
as any in the State—orders furnislta.
Inly 17.. 1844.—tf%
COME THIS Ili AY!
Carriage Matra. fuel ory
frxr l' respectfully inform, the citizens
at.) of the borough and county ot Hunting
don, the public genvraliv, and his ();(i friends
and custumers in particular. that he stilt
Coach Mating Business
in all its various brans ht s,at his old stand,in
M tin street in the bort ugh of llunti ttgrinn
nearly oprtsite the 'Journal' printing iffice
where he has constantly nit hand evcry
desc Holm of
which he will sell low fit c iii, t t tu t t non
All kinas of wink in his line made tone
ler, 111 the shortest notice, in
Wint KM A M 45N Elt
And all Lanus ut repairing dune nith a i , a u
less ann cicspalel,
- - .
Country produce will be taken in exchange
for w ork.
Anypersons wishing to purchase are re
spectfully invited to call c u d clitartiiiie and
udge for themselves.
Huntingdon N0v.24, 1841
Mstate of Zilizaboth Shaw, late of
Morris lownsliip deers. 41.
4 1791.0 l'lOE is hereby given, that Letters
testamentary en the• last will and tes
tament of said.deceased have been grunted
to the subscribers. All persons therefor,
indebted to the estate of said dere:lad; are
reque steel to make immediate payment, and
all - baying claims to present them duly au
thenticated for settlement. to
304 N KELLER. Ex'r.•
April 30, 1645.—• 6t Morris tr.
ANte the subscribers, hereby caution all
persons againat purchasing, Or in ail , way
taking a note given by us to George Smith,
Hellthfl,loll towuhhip, Huntingdon county,
dated on nr about the 19th day of February
last, for three hundred •intl Rfty-five . dolltirs,
payable in blooms, in Huntingdon, one hun
dred days after •rate—the said Jnagnimt
note having been obtained ft•s m as by fraud
and without consideration, and will there
fore not be paid, and the law wilt WA ccm
pet us to pay it
To chann the languid hours of aolittole
lie oft invitee her Wale Is'luau's lore."
THE FLIGHT OF TIME
Yr..l. 0. PkIICIFLI.
Faithfully flow, thou falling river,
Eike n dream that dies away ;
Down the ocean gliding over,
Keep thy eaten, unrolled way r
Tuuo with such a silent 11101i011.
Floats along on wings of air,
The eternity's dark ocean,
Burying all its treasures there.
Roses ;doom and then they wither
Cheeks are bright, then fade and dio;
Shapes of light are wafted hither, ,
Then like vision. hurry by ;
Quick tu , clouds at even driven-
O'er the many-colored west ;
Years arelearing us to Heaven,
Herne of happinesa and rest.
TILE LITTLE PIGGIES.
The dear little piggies how hnppy aro they;
They're frisking and frolicking all the long day ;
Xew they sloop in the pen, now they caper with.
All tha while their mammy goes grunting about.
They prick up their ears whati,they hoar a strung,
And run like the dickens when chased: by the boys;
But when out of danger they turn round nod look
With their pretty block eyes just as wise 1.13 u book.
When lento coulee forward to giro them their
How pretty they scent while they're getting their
They look quite enchanting a little way off,
But the dirty young saampo stick their tact in the
Oh! see the two spottiee eat out of their Nita t
How funny they wiggle their delicate tails!
That black chap I'll catch, if I can by the heel;
Tiu whistle, and horns! don't it tukohitu to squeal.
Oh! the dear little piggies, how happy ore they
8o cunning, so lovely, so lively and gay ;
1%9: friah with the freedom of fairies cud elves,
But they quickly grow up am! make hogs of them
For Me Hunlingrlan Journal.
PkTr. Caudle's Curtain Lectures.
Mrs. Caudle has been at the "Benevolent Society."
During the warm weather, when the people sleep
with their windows hoisted, they generally hear all
that goes on without, but at the same time forget
that those who arc loafing about the streets can also
hear everything that is said within. The following
lecture was over-heard, in this way, by • small par
ty of bachelors, some evenings since, end we give
it verbdtim fur the edification of your trailers.
" A pretty business truly for a wife, who has nine
moan children, to Ito gadding about from after din
ner till dark, ac if she hadn't a home to go to.—
What I no wasn't gudd.ng about. Yots were
attending the Benevolent Society, were you? Oh
yes, a pretty place f...r people to spend their after
noons making p;it-cu Alone, and rag babies. Yolk's
are getting very benevolent ell -at once. I guess
they would show their benevolence to betteradvan
toga if they would spend ono or two afternoons in
the week, at borne, and try to mend the shirts and
stockings, and keep the children froru crying their
eyes out. What did you stay. They were asleep
all afternoon. Now Airs. Caudle, you had better
call tato a liar at once, I say they did cry, and only
seven of them slept o wink. Hadn't I to leave my
work and carry -Sarah Eliza ovet to Aire. &litmus'
to got some milk to stop her squalling? And thee
before I got seated again, hadn't I to waddle off to
[ chow Augustus the pigs, or else he would have cue d
' himself into fats, .d wouldn't George Weald ngtot
moo roused the whole town with his bowiing, if f
hadn't got little Jenks to come in and play horse
with. him! Now, Mrs. Caudle, I toll you once for
all that wo will have to make a change in our do
mestic arrangements, and that very coon, for I can't
and won't eland it any longer, and if you ere go
ing to play this game every dny Mille week, leaving
ate at home to mind the children, why just say so
at mice. Them are the pants at the head of the
bed, and you can step into theta in the morning
and then we'll see who'll attend to the work, and
support tho faintly. What era you laughing at
You can't play ball, Mrs. Caudle do you mean to
insinuate that I don't do any thing else but play
hall? Don't you know that I have only been at
the alloy twice4thie week 1 What? this is only
-Monday, well support° it is, musn't a body take
some °acacia° occasionally I Dig in the garden
did you say 1 Mrs. Caudle, you aro a little too pro
voking. It is well you have such a meek and
obliging humbaud, or you would have boon the
death of him long ago. Do you think I play ball
all the time? No, I thought you didn't. 1 loaf
about the earner's the balance of toy time, do I I
Now Afro. Ciudleyou had bettor not expos° your
ignorance and ill nature together. Don't you know/
that it is out duty aud privilege as citizens to mist
and diacuos matters of publie importance so as to
!wow what is going on in the political world :--to
learn what evils threaten us, eo as to prepare to
tweet them; to discover when affairs will likely take
a fortunate turn, eo us to be ready to reap the ad
vantage of them. Boller slay at home and attend
toy work—do you say? Well Mrs. Caudle, as
you outgoing to wear the breeches hereafter, we'll
coo how you will menage. Wheels that you sayi
--your frock's al the head if the Led too—well
what if Uhl Dli yoU think because you are to
wear my clothes that l'ai going to wear yours?
Have'nt I another suit besides I I bare rit, why '
Havlit Whew are my plush pantaloons?' What? .
you got a pair tf ottoman corers out of them!
And my figured velvet vest? Ilfadepinctssfiions out of
WI And my Hue straight coat! Cut it up to
From the fact that Mrs. Caudle uttered. a sharp
cry at each answer; wo conclndod that Mr. Unudh,
accompanied his questions with a slight qit" about
her ears. The noise awakened Sarah Merit, Geo.
Washington„tauaus and the rest of the little in-
nocents who bawled.awst. lustily and, is this inter
minion &winless ended' the lecture, we retired,
inwardly rejoicing that we were blamed with single
Huntingdon, July 31, I sn.
From the I , Vailsingion Union
Theory 'of Stomas.
A stormy eubjeet enough!—but every phoneme
admits of its proper solution. The winds of
heaven, capricious as they appear to no, may be
graepod by the hand of the philosopher, and redu
eerho fixed and unnamable lows. Tempests may
bo at least comprehended by the wisdom, if not
controlled by the larint, of mom The only thing
is, to discover the scientific word of invocation—the ,
proper sesame to open the cave of -Cetus. Who
shell approach its secrets! Who shall ascertain the
proper toads of analyzing. the facts, and thus invert- I
tigating the lows of meteorology! Many years ago,
the eelobreted Vulney visited our extenerve country
—not more to midi:rebook our people and their in- ,
stitutiohe, than, as a wag said at the time, "to see
how the wind blow in America." The great effort ,
in our "city of magnificent distances," of many a
quidnunc, is to diecover how the wind blows from
day to day! Wo have rumors enough, indeed; but
not as many facts as reports. Our government has
as few mysteries about it ao any ether upon the lace i
of the earth; but speculation frequently outrun.' I
and sometimes mistakes, ~its course, and many a
man is yet ate loss to know how the mind blows.
Professor Espy has long been studying the mys
teries of the clouds; and perhaps no man with an
much suceow an himself. ifie ~F iret Report on ,
Meteorology" is on our table. It contains a suet
amount of well digested fasts, obtained from hie
trumeroue correspondents, extending over an area
much wider than the United States. In fact, he is
now able to trace the progress of storms one-ninth
round the globe; and from the uniformity which is
already. known, topmemil in many et theitherreourna
attending storms, we doubt not that, in a few years
meteorology will in, placed among the exact scien
ces. The system whioh Professor Espy has adop
,ml, eeems to tie acknowledged on all hands as the
only one calculated to bring out this happy result.
It was the passion for some time to laugh, at least
at one of the deductions from the theory; that of
forming cloud'', and bringing down rain artificially
in time of drought; but that time seems now to
have partially passed.
The French Academy (and there is no higher
authority) have declared that Mr. Espy has tri
umphed over all objections, and rallied all opinions
to hie own." And they enumerate among his opin
ions, that rain may be produced in calm weather in
?into of drought, and "great storm. may be preven
ted." Those, however, who heard Professor Espy
deliver a course of lectures on this subject, as we
have had the pleasure of doing, need ma areiriorily
to satisfy them of the groat truths which his thesry
demonstrates; he builds his system on well known
physical laws, which all admit.
Now, Mace experiments hove been made again
atnitageitt, and always with entire and triumphant
success, as the certificate. accompanying Professor
Espy's circular prove, we conclude by requesting
all our correspondents to copy the following extracts
from the "report," and from the circular to tho
friends of science; and wo ientrcat tho farmers to.
follow the instructions.
From the Philadelphia Ledger.
Frofessor Espy's first report on meteorology hoe
been laid on our table. itixinsistschielly of charts,
exhibiting, by various symbols, the winds and bar
ometric fluctuations, and changes of temperature,
which accompany atoms as they pass from the
western to the eastern part of the United States; for
it appears that all storms in the United States travel
towards the oast. We extract from. the report the
let. The ruin end chow atorrns, and even the
moderate tains end deem, travel front the went to
wards the east in the United SIM., during the
months of January, February, and March,, which,
aro the only months yet inlestigetv3.
"2d. The storm. aro accompanied with a de
pression of the barometer near the central lino of
o3d. This central line of minimum pressure fs
generally of glee length from north to south, and
moves sideforeanost towards the east.
..4th. ie eometitnee nearly straight, hut
generally curved, end moat frequently with W con
vex side towards the east.
"sth. The velocity of this line is such, that it
trovelts from the Mississippi to the Connecticut rid
er in about twenty four boom, and from the Con
necticut to St. John, Newfoundland, in nearly the
same time, or about thirty six miles an hour.
utith.r When the barometer falls suddenly in the
western part of New Ilnulatnl, it rises at the same
time in the valley of the Mississippi, and also at ISt.
7th, }n veal storms, the wind, for several hen.
tired miles on both ethics of the line of minimum
preoeure-, blovro. towards that lion directly or oh
r•eth. The fume of the winch irt in , proportion to
the suddenness and greuhtres of the barometric de
"9th. In all great and sudden depressions of the
Barometer, there is much rein or erovet.anth in. ell
sudden great ruins or snows, there is•a great tfuctu•
ution of the barometer.
“10th. Many storms arc of great and unknown
length from the north to the moth, reaching beyond
our observers on the Gulf of Mexico and on the
northorn•lakeo, while their east and west diameter
is comparatively small. The storms therefore
move side foremost.
11th. Most storms commence in the Tar West,'
beyond our most western observers; but some con:
mence in the United' States.
..12th. When a storm commences in the United
States, the line of minimum messuredoes not corns
from the Tar West,' but commences with the storm,
and travels with it towards the Liast.
019th. There is generally a lull of wind at the
line of iniuhnum.pressure, and sometimes e calm.
..14th. When the wind changes t the west, the
barometer generally begins to rise.
"15th. There is generally but little wind near
the litre of maximum pressure, and on each old° of
that line the winds are irregular., but toad outwards
front that lino.
"16th. The fluctuations of the barometer are
_generally greater in the northern than in the south
ern parte of tho United Stated.
"hii4s. The fluctuations of the barometer urn
generally greater in the eastern than in the western
parts of the United States.
"18th. In the northern parts or thaArnated States,
the wind, in great storms, generally arts in from the
Inorth of cast, and terminatea from the north of
"19th. In the southern parts of tho United States
the wind generally sets in fr tho south of east ,
and terminates from the south of West.
020th. During the passage of atom., the wind
generally ehangee from the eaetward to the westward
by the south, espechdly iu the southern parts of the
A.ecompaying this report is a circular to the
friends of science, on the subject of artificial mine,
containing many cortifiestee of gentlemen of high
standing, in various ports of the country, that ruins
of groat extent were actually produced before their
eyes, precisely as predicted by Professor Espy. The
clouds were seen by them to form in a clear sky;
right over the fire, and pour down a flood of rain,
which increased in magnitude at least twenty-eight
Hiles of the ' , lace of beginning, whilst it rained
none to the west. Several of those reins took place
in Pennsylvania, last summer, and some of them
in Indiana, two sununere ago. All occurred is WC-
Creme dry, warm weather.
We are at liberty, to publish, also, a wrixten.state
meld of Judge Caitlin, of the Supreme Celia of thi
United Statue. After mentioning a number of
stoma which have occurred from time to time in
Tennessee, exhibiting phenomena which he and
Judge M. W. Brown think can only be accounted
for by an upinoving current in the middle of them,
and thus conform. to Espy'a theosy, he Bare: "he
to the producing of rain by en upward current from
heat, it is co (MUM* to illustrate the theory, that
few will understand the philosophy of it but thoei
who have been accustomed to it by large fires in
the forest. I have often even it prolueel before
was acquainted with Eepy's theory, and once since,
mostilistinetly, in tire Cumberland mountain., when
it rained on and near the Are, and on neither side.
I travelled through the fire dtiring the rein, end was
on both sidee while it was raining. The rain was
eat and light, and the Morning fair north and south
of the lire. Being on horreback and alone, I had,
and took time to examine the plienoinenon, in' ref
erence to Espy'. theory—and I view this theory of
storms as established, and that of producing rain as
dodge Brown says: "that on he northern border
of a violent tornado, which passed through 'Ten;
ueseee, there wise. a violent storm of hail and rain,
with a strong N. Rr, wind driving obliquely into
the tornado. On the south side, the wind blow
strongly front the south wittront rain or Mit.
aAting with the had felt a great quantity of the
green leaves of trees, and in many instances branch•
es or limb.' which were covered with a thick layer
or coating of ice, Much thicker than in the heaviest
sleet. Thie vein of hail was about a mile from the
path of the tornado, on the north side."
PlAsser Eery conchrdes hit tirctikt With the
“INSTRUCTIONS TO ODSBRVERS.
"In my Philosophy of Storms, from I•age 492 to
518 are detailed many other facts of u similar nature,
altgoin'g to' sheer that rams may bo produced in
time of drought. It remains now to try the princi
ple on a large scale, to see whether it may not be
used economically to benefit mankind,
"From the investigations which I bare been able
tomato on this subject, end on the Nature of rains
generally, it follows certainly that all rains traol
eastward from the place of beginning; and that
rains and snows in the w int*: rye of great length
from north and south, and contparatively narrow
from cast to West, and of eou/se tra , /elsidS take
, moot. Several other conclusiens aro rendered high
ly probable by these investigations, but cctt ably B
made certain by future experiments.'
..Let umber' of timber Ito the amount of forty
sues for v cry to env wifes he prepared and firer}
\ff - Z../ - aacolice) 1:7(31)0 4:ICD a 3
I simultaneously every seven days in the summer, on
the wont !of the United ormili or
...on hundred miles long from north to south, their
the following reaulta seem highly probable, lint not
certain unit! tfie' . expiniineut is made. A ruin of
great length north and south will wine:lmre near or
on the line of firm this rain' will travel eastward.
it will not break up until it readies far into the At
lantie oceamit will' rain•only a short time in any
one place; it wilinM rain nein Ontlpthe next
enth day; it will rain enough and not too much in
any one place; it will not be attended with violent
wind, neither on land nor on Cite Atleratie ocean,
there will be no hail or tornadoes at the time of the
general rain. nnr intermediate; there wiltrlte no dr P
tructive floods, nor will the watvrA cri•i becottiO v:114
low; there will lie no more uppreoilvo heats nor in
jnrious•coldo; the farmers and mariners Wilt always
know before the rains when they wild' cxinmenee
and when they wilitorminate; ail eft idea& 4ison,,,
originating from floods and sutimegiciii dininghts,
will cease; the proceeds of agriculture will he greatly
increased, and the health and happiness of the cit
liens will be meal promoted. The* PmeY, are tho
probable—not certain—remiille of the plaid protios
ed; a plan which could be retried into operation for
o MIT which would not amount to lief a cent tx
year to curb individual in the T7iiited States; a Om
which, if successful, would benefit in a'high deprive
not merely the Isndsinatt, but every mariner that
plies the Aduatic. If thiA scheme . should ap
pear tuo•gigentie to commence with,, lottge trial be
first made along the Alleglieny snOunteinia; and let
forty acres of four ton-acre lots be fired every nearer
dap' through the mummer in cash of the counties of
McKean, Clearfield, Clunbria, andi %Memel, in
Pennsylvania; Allegheny in Marylank and /Tardy,
Pendleton, Math, Allegheny, and Montgomery, in
Virginia. The ten-veto lota shotild be, as nearly so '
CCllVervient, front one batonr miles apart in the farm.
of a is t ine; sadist the up-moving column of sir
which shall be frirrirc:r oker them may have a whir,
base, and thus ratiY , ascend to a corisiderntla'height
before it may be loaned nut of the pm - veridical!ar by
any wind which may exist at that time. •
4 , l'he summer rains at present' ore local, end of
eery limited extent; and though they travel to
wards the east like Ito Winter storms, they arc not
' extensive enough to comer the iihoVecatintry
hence, portions of the country are HMO tn. ha par=
cited with drought and hot weithei:
4 , May it not be possible that this . irregularity is
in part produced by the irregular burriing of fel
lowa and prairies, thus producing partial and
ul'a'rrai interrupting the wide akthntled anti gen
eral rains which w oda elilerwine tulio Place, as they
do in winter
, . .
aThere is at present, and will be for many yeaii
to coins,. a vast amount df timber cut down and
burnt ciery autinner, in the western parte of tho
United' StaieS—enough; perhaps, to' produce the
wide-estonded and uninterrupted rains so' much de
sired without any expense. the goVernment
of the United' States care be reduced to' carry into
effect the above plan, earnestly reeciennend to all
persona who have fellows or other large Masses of
conab,istibles to Lan; Weave them till the first very
dry spell in the summer, and, to inter airifultaiieous•
laction, lot alt west of wept longitude 87 degrees set
fed to their materials only en a ThinadaY--those
west of 00 degrees in the niodting of fen o'clock
and thuso east of 00 degrees at six o'cloAt in the
Sioning;• errata alt east of o'7 degrees eel fire to'
their materials only on Friday—those west of 77
dcgreei at tens in the minning, ohd those east of 77
degree. at cis o'ClOck ia the afternoon ; and in no'
cone lot any fellows be burnt unless there has at
least a week gaoled without rain.
I hope this request will ze complied with, not
only because all are interested in the probable reaul,t
i _but because it will be tifteadta drith 8o cipense;
and the best titne Of binning lain very dry Weather:
It in not at all probable that all will be ready to
ben on the F.'r,,t dry .pith, or even on the second or
third, Mid thus, on every Thursday and Friday du
ring the season on which there may be a drought ,
Materials enough may be burnt to produce a gener
urine time after ellen gemcel rains, partial
rains cannot take place, both because of the scarcity
of vapor left in the nir, and because any Op-moving
columns of nirWhiCh may be fOrMed will not rise
very Lich before they enter into tire stratum contain-
Mg Much of the calorie of elasticity given out by
the condensed vapor of tho previous rain, in whit
the up-moving columns cannot swim ; and it is on- .
ly after the !osier air becomes charged with vapor,'
and the tipper air becomes cooled by radiation, that
another, general rain can he produced; and it ir
not probable that either Of these can be effected
less than about amen duv s.
I hops that all editoni of newspapers, through:
out tho United t3tateli,ho think there is the kllbt
plausibil ty in the plan here propOse t l,
this letter, or at least enough Of it to let all who
but a materittle to burn know how 10 net in concert.
riCsire all who horn !has inetarials, to
watch the phenomena, aufsl send a th4sciiPtien of
the whole to the.Stirgioi Gonelarm Office, Wabh
inst.. . •
"A Mimi of information xritl' flits lr t'ecitnaula
ted, which will lead to rooditications in the Plan for
JAMES P. ESPY.
. , . . .
" M. Dobrezhoffer, in hie uccoOni Of tile Abi
pliOncs of Paraguay, vol. 3, page MO, no, a :.1 my
self have mecti clotirls and lightening reduced
frein the smoke over the tall gfays and htilruahes on
fire, ea it is flying off liken whirlwind ; on dirk the
I.ndians On not to blame for setting fire to the plaice'
it otdbr to prudnce rain, thcy &Ewing learned that
the thicker entolso tunic into chinas which pout
Janutiry 1, 1845.
'Nee First llPport an Meteorology to the Stirgeori
General United Statekianny, t the Author.