Huntingdon journal. (Huntingdon, Pa.) 1843-1859, August 07, 1844, Image 1

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That Same Old Tune.
AIR— Vine is Companic.
Come join in a shout for the man we love best,
Hurrah for the Farmer of Ashland !
The friend of the People—tho man of the West—
Hurrah for the Farmer of Ashland!
We'll give them a touch of that same old tune,
We'll give them a sight of that same old coon ;
They'll ace him again by the light of the moon ;
Hurrah for the Farmer of Ashland!
He's trusty as steel to his word and friend,
Hurrah for the Farmer of Ashland !
Tho' they tried to subdue him, ho never would bend,
Hurrah for the Farmer of Ashland!
We'll give them a touch, &c.
They toll me that Polk is anise little man,
I tnrah for the Farmer of Ashland !
Jones give him a dressing the last time he ran—.
Hurrah for the Farmer of Ashland!
We'll give them a touch, &c.
Here's a health to our statesman, our champion and
Hurrah for the Farmer of Ashland !
He fought from the first, and he'll fight to the end
Hurrah for the Farmer of Ashland!
We'll give thorn a touch, &c.
Come join in the chorus as loud as you eon,
Hurrah for the Farmer of Ashland !
And when'er they hear it they'll tremble for Van—
Hurrah for the Farmer of. Ashland!
We'll give them a touch, &c.
Advance Whigs.
AlR—Boatman's dance,
Come Whigs prepare to enter tire chase,
We can bent any man of the Loco race,
We beat them in forty, we can beat them more,
And use up their party in forty-four.
Advance Whigs advance,
Your country's cause advance,'
And never rest a day, 'till Henry Clay
Heigh°, to the polls we'll go,
And vote for the Western Statesman 0.
Heigho,to the polls we'll go,
And vote for the Western Statesman 0.
In forty we sang them out of time,
And whipt them with that same old coon,
For Henry Clay the good and true,
We've nought but voting now to do.
Advance Whigs, &c.
There's James K. Polk to freemen callous,
May go along with two-faced Dallas,
With - MARKLE we'll make Pennsylvany,
As gold a state for Clay as any.
Advance Whigs, &c.
The will of the peoph? will soon he told,
And Matty will remain at Lindenwold,
We'll show tho Locos very soon,
They cannot kill that same Old coon.
Advance Whigs, &c.
Another Ball of the Pope against
the Bible Societies of the 'Uni
ted States.
Circular Letter from His Holiness the Pope—
To all Patriarchs, Primates, Archbishops and
Venerable Brothers, health and greeting Apos
tolical—Amongst the many attempts which the en
emies of Catholicism, under whatever denomina
tion they may appear, are daily making in our age,
to seduce the truly faithful, and deprive them of
the holy instructions of the faith (les saints etzseig
71emens de la foi) the elrorts of those Bible socie
ties are conspicuous, which, originally established
in England, and propagated throughout the uni
verse, labor every where to disseminate the books
of the Holy Scriptures, translated into the vulgar
tongue ; consign them to the private interpretation
of each, alike amongst Christians and amongst in
fidels; continue what St. Jerome formerly com
plained of—pretending to popularize the holy pa
gee, and render them intelligible, without the aid
of any interpreter, to persona of every condition,
to the most loquacious woihan,74o the light-headed
old man (viellard dilerant), to the worldly cavalier
(verbeux sophiste), to all, in short, and even by an
absurdity as great as unheard of, to the most hard
ened infidels.
You aro but too well aware, my reverned breth
ren, to what the drafts of these societies tend. You
know what is revealed in the Holy Scriptures, and
what is the advice of St. Peter the Prince of the
After having quoted the Epistles of St. Paul—
they contented, says he, many things bard to be
understood, which they that are unlearned and un
stable wrest, as they du also the other Scriptures,
unto their own destruction. Then you know what
he adds: Ye, therefore, beloved, seeing you know
these things, beware lest ye also, being led away
with the error of the wicked, full from your own
steadfastness. 2d Peter, c. iii. v. 18, 17.
You see what was even in the earliest times of
the Church, the appropriate artifices of heretics;
and how discarding divine tradition and Catholic
enlightenment, they already strove to either mate
rially interpolate the sacred text or to corrupt inter
pretation. You are also aware with what caution
and wisdom tho words of the Lind ought to be
translated into another tongue, and yet nothing is
more common than to see these versions multiplied,
to admit, either through imprudence or malice, the
grave errors of so many interpreters—errors which
dissemble too frequently, by their multiplicity and
variety, to the misery of souls. So fax as these
societies are concerned, it matters little whether
those who read the holy books, translated into vul
gar language, fall into this nr that error.—They
only care audaciously to stimulate all to a private
interpretation of the divine oracles to inspire con
tempt for divine traditions, which the Catholic
Church preserves upon the authority of the holy
fathers—in a word, to cause them to reject even the
authority of the Church herself. This is the rea
son why the Bible societies care not to calumniate
her (the Church) and the august 'throne of St.
Peter, as if she had wished fur ages to deprive the
faithful of the knowledge of the holy books, When
the most forcible evidence will prove the immemo
rial and particular care which the Sovereign Pon
tiffs even down to the mos: :nodern times, and in
conjunction with their Catholic pastors, have taken
to ground the people in the Word of God, whether
written or delivered by tradition.
In the it is known that by the decrees
of the Holy Council of Trent, bishops are enjoined
to see that the Holy Scriptures and Divine Laws
be more frequently taught in their dioceses. It is
known that, even exceeding the proscriptions of
the Council of Trent (1215), the Council of
Trent recommends that there should be in the se
veral Cathedral Churches and collegintes of the
towns and cantons a stipend provided for a Doctor
of Divinity, and none should be appointed to that
office, but a man fully competent to teach and ex
pound the Holy Scripture, It is known how fre
quently, in the provincial counciliwhich followed
this prebendary, founded upon the decree of the
Council of Trent, was mentioned, and how often
the instructions which the canon entrusted with
this office should deliver to the clergy and people,
were taken into consideration.
The BUM disposition (to instruct in the Word
of God) was especially observable in the Council of
Rome in the year 1725, to which our predecessor,l
Benedict. XIII., of happy memory, summoned not
only all the Prelates of the Romish Church, but
even a great number of Archbishops, Bishops, and
other ordinaries immediately subject to the Holy
See. The same desire animated th 6 Roman Pon
tiff of whom we have been speaking, in the various
edicts which he issued and addreseed to all the
Bishops of Italy and the neighboring islands. In
short, you yourselves my venerable brethren, who
are in the habit of forwarding to the Holy See, at
stated intervals, everything calculated to interest re
ligion--you know, by the repeated answers which
our Congregational Council has returned hitherto
yourselves or your predecessors, how much the
Holy Romish Church rejoices, in concert with the
Bishops, when they have in their dioceses theologi
ans who acquit themselves with honor of their duly
in expounding the Holy Books, and that she ne
glects no opportunity of encouraging and support
ing them.
But, to return to Bibles translated into the vul
gar tongue; it is long sineelpastors found them
selves necessitated to turn their attention particu
larly to the versions current at secret conventieles,
and which heretics labored, at great expense, to dis
Hence the warning and decrees of our predeces
sor Innocent 111., of happy memory, on the sub
ject of lay societies and meetings of women who
had assembled themselves in the diocese of Metz
for objects of piety and the study of the Holy
Scriptures. Hence the prohibitions which subse
quently appeared in France and Spain, during the
sixteenth century, with respect to the vulgar Bible
(relalivemea aux Bibles vulguires.) It became
necessary• subsequently to take even greater precau
tions, when the pretended Reformers, Luther and
Calvin, daring, by a multiplicity and incredible va
riety of , errors, to attack the immutable doctrine of
the Faith, omitted nothing in order to seduce the
faithful by their false interpretations and transla
tions into the vernacular tongue, which the then
novel invention of printing contributed more rapid
ly to propagate and multiply. Whence it was ge
nerally laid down in the regulations dictated by the
Fathers, adopted by the Council of Trent, and op
proved by our predecessor Pius VII., of happy
memory, and which (regulations) are prefixed to
the list of prohibited books, that the reading of the
Holy Bible translated into the•vulgar tongue, should
not be permitted except to those ro whom it might
he deemed necessary to confirm in the faith, and
piety.—Subsequently, when heretics stiqiersistd
in their- frauds, it becarnomecessary for Benedict
XIV. to superadd the injunction that no versions
whatever• should be suffered to be read but those
which should be approved of by the Holy See, ac
companied by notes derived front the writing of the
Holy Fathers, or other learned and Catholic au
thors. Notwithstanding this, name new sectarians
of the school of Janscnius, after the example of the
Lutherans and Calvanists, feared not to blame
these justifiable precautions of the Apostolical See,
as if the reading of the Holy books had been at all
times, and for all the faithful, useful, and so indis
pensible that no authority could assail it.
But we find this audacious assertion of the sect
L.- 3 =Q Q 22E23-1:1.C!,.
of Jansenius withered by the most rigorous cen
sures in the solemn sentence which was pronoun-
. 1
cod against their doctrine, with the assent of the
whole Catholic universe, by two sovereign pontiffs
of modern times, Clement XI., in his uningenitus
constitution of the year 1713, and Pius VI., in his
constitution auclorent /Nei, of the year 1704.
Consequently, even before the establishment of
Bible societies was thought of the decrees•of the
Church, which we have quoted, were intended to
guard the faithful against the frauds of heretics,
who cloak themselves under the specious Mutest
that it is necessary to propagate and render com
mon the study of the Holy books. Since then our
predecessor, Pius VII., of glorious memory, obser
ving the machinations of these societies to
under his pontificate, did not cease to oppose their
efforts, at one time through the medium of the epos
tolical nuncios, at another by letters and decrees,
emanating from the several congregations of car
dinals of the Holy Church, and at another by the
two pontifidal letters addressed to the Bishop of
Gnesen end the Archbishop of Mohilif. After
him, another of our holy predecessors, Leo XII.,
reproved the operations of the Bible societies, by
his circulars addressed to all the Catholic pastors
in the universe, under (ISt° May 5, 1824. Shortly
afterwards, our immediate predecessor, Pius VIII.,
of happy memory, confirmed their condemnation
by his circular letter of May 24, 1829. We, in
short, who succeed them, notwithstanding our
great unwortkiness, have not ceased to be solicitous
on this subject, and have especially studied to
bring to the recollection of the faithful the seve
ral rules which have been successively laid down
with regard to the vulgar versions of the holy
We have a good cause, however, to rejoice, ven
erable brethren, inasmuch as supported by your pie
ty, and confirmed by the letters of our several pre
decessors, which we have referred to, you have never
neglected to caution the flock, which has been en
trusted to you against the insiduous manceuvres of
the Bible societies. '1 his solicitude of the Bish
ops, seconding with on much zeal the solicitude of
our Holy See, has been blessed by the Lord. Al
ready several imprudent Catholics who had gone
over to these societies, enlightened at last as to
their objects, have separated themselves from them
foiever, and the remainder of the faithful, i tilt :cry
few exceptions, have escaped from the contagion by
which they were threatened.
The partisans of the Bible societies little doubt
ed in their pride but that they could at least bring
over the unfaithful to the profession of Christianity
by means of the sacred hooks translated into the
vernacular tongue—moreover they took care to dis
seminate them by innumerable copies, and to dig
tribute them everywhere, even amongst those who
wanted them not, at the hands of their missiona
ries, or, rather, their emissaries. But the men tvho
Strove to propagate the Christian faith, independ
ently of the rules established by Jesus Christ him.
self, have only succeeded in increasing the difficul
ties of the Catholic priest, who, clothed with the
mission of the Italy See, goes amongst the unfaith
ful and spares no fatigue in order to conquer new
children for the Church, either by prqaching the di
vine word or by administering the sacraments—al
ways prepared, at all events, to shed his blond for
the salvation of souls end the testimony of the
faith. Amongst the sectarians of whom we sire
speaking deceived in their hopes, and in despair at
the immense sums which the publication of their
Bibles costs them, without producing any fruit,
some have been found, who, givingemother (Ewe
' lion to their manccuvres, have betaken themselves
to the corruption of Minds, not only in Italy, but
even in our own capital. Indeed, inanysprecise ,
vices and documents teach us that avast nusiber
of members of sects in New York, in America, at
one of their meetings, held on the 4th of June last
I year, have formed a new association, which will
I take the name of the Christian League (Foederis
Christkuti,) a lessee composed of individuals of
every nation, end which is to lie further increased
in numbers by other auxiliary societies, sit having
I the same object, viz: to propagate amongst Bal
i inns, and especially Romans, the principles of
Christian liberty," or, rather. an insane indifference
Ito all religion. These, indeed, confess that the Ro-
man institutions, as well as Italian, had in by-gone i Finally, as it is the part of a good Shepherd not
times so much influence that nothing great was only to protect and feed the sheep which follow
done in the world but had its origin in our August him, but also to seek and bring home to the fold
city. Not that they ascribe the fact to the Pontill- those which wander front it, it becomes an undivi
cal See, which was then founded by the disposition ded obligation on your part and on ours to use all
of God himself, but verily to some remains of the our' endeavors to the ends that whoever may have
Roman poWer, subsequently usurped, as they say, allowed himself 'to be seduced by sectarians and
to our predecessors who succeed to that powet. I propagators of evil books, may admit under the in-
This is why, determined to afford to all people dunce of Divine Grace, the heinousness of his
liberty of conscienee" (or rather, it should be fault, and striverto expiate it by the atoning works
- said liberty to err,) from which according to their of a salutary repentance.
theory, must flow as from an inexhaustible source, We are hound_not to exclude from oar sacerclu
public prosperity and political liberty, they think tat solicitude the Seducers of our erring brethren,
they should before all things win over thl inhabi- nor even the chief - masters of impiety, whose sal
tants of Rome and Italy, in order to avail them- ration wo should seek by every possible means, al
selves after of their example and aid in regard to though their iniquity be far greater.
other countries. Moreover, venerable brothers, we recommend the
They hope to obtain this result easily by favor of utmosnvatcliftifitels over the insidious measures
the Italians scattered over the world. They flatter and attempts of the Christian League, to those who,
themselves that on returning in large numbers to I raised to the dignity of your order, are called to
their country, and bearing with them, whether the govern the Italian churches, or the countries which
exultation of novelty, corruption of manners, of I Italians frequent most commonly, especially the
the excitement of want, they would hardly heal- frontiers and ports whence travellersenter Italy. As
tate to alliliate themselves to the League, and at I these are the points on which the sectarians have
least second it through venality. This society fixed to commence the realization of their projects,
strains every nerve to introduce amongst them, by I it is highly necessary that the Bishops of those
means of individuals collected from all parts, cor- places sheutd mutually assist each other, zealously
rapt and vulgar Bibles, and to scatter them secretly
amongst the faithful. At the same time their in
tention is to disseminate worse books still, or tracts
designed to withdraw from the minds of their rea
ders all respect for the Church and thely Sec.
These books and tracts have been composed its
Italian front other languages, with the aid of Bal
kan] themselves, and amongst these books should be
particularly cited "The History of the Morino
lion," by Merle d'Aubigne, end 'Calendar of the
Reformatitn in Italy," ("Poste. do la Reforme en
Italie") by Jean Cric: As for the character of
these works, it is sufficient to know that, according
to the records of the society of which we are Speak
ing, the commission entrusted with the choice of
books foe publication cannot count upon more than
one indivlclual belonging to one and the same reli
gious belief.
Scared . , were we made aware of these facts. but
we were profoundly grieved on reflecting upon the
danger which threatened not only remote countries,
but the very centre of unity itself, and we have
been anxious to defend religion against the like ma
incuvree. Although there be no reason to appre
hend the destruction of St. Peter's See at any time,
in which the Lord our God has placed the immo
vable foundation of his Church, yet we aro bound
to maintain its authority. The holy duties of our
apostolic ministry reminds us of the awful account
which the Sovereign Prince of Shepherds will
exact of us for the growing tares which an enemy's
hand may have sown in the Lord's field during our
sleep, and. fur the sheep which are entrusted to Its,
if any perish through our fault.
Wherefore, having consulted seine of the Cardi
nal Holy Homish Church, after having duly exam
ined with them everything, and listened to their ad
vice, we have decided, venerable brothers, on ad
dressing yen this letter, by which we again con
demn the Bible societies, reproved long ago by our
predecessors, and by virtue of the supreme author
ity of our apostleship, wo reprove Ivy Canoe, and
condemn the aforesaid society called the Christian
League, formed laid year at New York , it togeth
er wills swery other society associated with it, or
which niay become so.
Let all know then the enormity of the sin against
God and his Church which they ore guilty of who
dare to associate themselves with any of these so
cieties, or .;bei them in any way. Moreover, we
confirm and renew the decrees recited above, deliv
ered in former times by apostolic authority against
the publication, distribution, reading, and possesion
of books of the Holy Scriptures translated into the
vulgar tongue. With reference to the works of
whatsoever writer, we call to mind the observance
of the general rules and decrees of our predeces
sors, to ho found prefixed to the index of prohibi
ted books; and wo invite the fiiithful to be upon
their guard, not only against the books named in
the index, but also against those proscribed in the
general proscriptions,
As for yourselves, my venerable brethren, called
as you 000, to divide our solicitude, we recommend
you earnestly in the Lord, to announce and pro
, claim, in convenient time end place, to the people
I confided in your care, these Apostolic orders, and to
labor carefully to seperate the faithful sheep from
the contagion of the Christian League; front those
who have become its auxiliaries no less than those
who belong to other Bible Societies, and from all
I who have any communication with then. You
are consequently, enjoined to remove from the
hands of the faithful alike the Bibles in vulgar
tongue, which may have been printed contrary to
Ike decrees above mentioned Of the Sovereign
. Pontiffs, and every hook proscribed and condemn
ed, and to see that they leans, through your minion
nition and authority, what pasturages stre salutary
and what prenicious and mortal.
Be more careful every day to see, my venerable
that the Divine Word be preached not.
only by yourselves, but also by the various other
pastors and competent ecclesiastics in each diocese.
Watch attentively over those who are appointed to
expound the Holy Scriptures, to see that they ac
quit themselves faithfully, according to the capacity
of their hearers, and that, they dare not, under any
pretest whatever, interpret or explain the holy pa
ges contrary to the tradition of the Holy Fathers,
and to the service of the Catholic Church.
and faithfully, in order, with the aid of God, to
discover and prevent their machinations.
Let us not doubt but your exertions, added to
our own, will be secended by the civil authorities,
and especially by the most influential sovereigns of
Italy, no less by reason of their favcnable regard for
the Catholic religion than that they plainly perceive
how much it comers them to frustrate these secta
rian combinations. Indeed, it is most evident from
past experience, that there are no means more cer
tain of rendering people disobedient to their princes
than rendering them indifferent to religion, under
the mask of religious liberty. The members of
the Chri4tian League do not conceal this fact from
themselves, although they declare that they ere far
from wishing to excite disorder; but they, notwith
standing, avow that, once liberty of interpretation
obtained, and with it what they term liberty of con
science amongst Italians, these last will naturally
soon acquire political liberty.
But, above all, venerable brothers, let us elevate
our hands to heaven, and commit to God with all
humility and the fervor of which we are suscepti
ble, our cause, the cause of the whole flock of Jesus
Christ and of his Church. Let us,nt the same time,
recur to the intercession of St. Peter, the Prince of
Apostles, as also to that of the other Saints, espe
cially to the Blessed Virgin Mary, to whom it has
been given to destroy all the heresies of the uni
We conclude with giving you with our whole
heart, and as a pledge of our most ardent charity,
the Apostolic blessing; to you all, our venerable
brethren, and to the faithful, alike ecclesiastic and
lay, committed to your jurisdiction.
Given at Rome from the Basilic of St. Peter, on
the Bth of Mny, in the year 1844, and the four
teenth of our Pontificate.
(Signed) GREGORY XVI., S. P.
Mr• Polk and National Past Days,
We make the following extract from the Jour
nal of Congress in 1932, for the especial benefit of
those Democrats, who seem all at once to have
been seized with a "holy horror" at the alleged impi
ous and and irreligous character of Hxsar CLAY,
and whoare daily engaged in concocting and promul
gating the darkest and most malignant libels upon his
moral reputation. We do not intend to attempt any
serious refutation of these hypocritical slanders,
made in the bitterness of reckless political animos
ity, and originating in most instances with persons
of abandoued profligacy and open licentious infi
delity. The abuse of Mr. CLAY is the result of a
studied and systematic effort at wilful detraction
and defamation of character, which recognises nei
ther honor or truth as its guide, and looks to partisan
SUCCCss as its only Mtn. For this purpose no calum
ny is so groan or vindictive, no charge so false and
ungrounded, but that it meets with a welcorne re
ception in the columns of the Locofoco presses:
and any effort made to meet them would only bring
ridicule upon the attempt.
Irony CLAr is as infinitely the superior of
Mr. POLK in all that contributes to the character
of an honorable and h igh-minded man, as he is de
rated in nobleness of soul above the most malig
nant of his writers. And further, it can be said of
the former, what cannot be affirmed by the friends
of the latter, thnt Mr. Cray has always, its all his
acts as a public functionary, evinced a deep-seated
regard for the Institutions of religion and the feel
iegs of its friends. As n case in point, and by a sin
gular coincidence exhibiting the joint action of both
our candidates in opposition to that of Air. Amu,
we present the following extracts front the journals
of our National /legislature—cello...ging the action
of the two Houses upon the afflicting dispensation
of Providence then resting upon the country, in the
prevalence of that awful scourge, known as the
Asiatic Cholera:
U. S. SENATE-JUNE 23,1832.
The following resolution, offered by 01r. CLAY,
was taken up for consideration :
Resolved, By the Senate and House of Repre
sentatives of the United States of America, in Con
gress assembled, That a joint committee of both
Houses wait on tho President of the United States,
and request that ho recommend a day, to be desig
nated by him, of public humiliation, prayer and
fasting, to be observed by the people of the United
States, with religious solemnity, and with fervent
supplications to Almighty God, that He will be
graciously pleased to continue His blessings upon
our Country, nod that he will avert from it the
Asiatic scourge which has reached our borders—or
if, in the dispensations of His Providence, we are
not to be exempted from (lie calamity, that, through
His bountiful ;mercy, its severity may be mitigated,
and its dUralibn shortened.
Mr. Tazewell, of Virginia, having called for the
years and nays. Mr. CLAY rose and supported the
resolution in a speech of &Mirk beauty and unaffee.
ted eloquence, which ought even now to cause a
tinge of liuTtllng shigEo to reach the face of the
most utifeelirienf hitt calumniators. We give the
closing paravaptiasfersonal to himself:
"A single wmd,_Mr. President, (said Mr. Clay)
as to myself. I Ins not a protestor of religion. I
regret that] am not. I wish that I was, and I trust
I shall be. Hut I have, and always have had, a
profound respect for Christianity, the religion of
my fathers, and for its rites, its usuages, and its ob
servances. Among these, that which is proposed in
the resolution before you, has always commended
the respect of the good and devout. And I hope
it will obtain the concurrence of the Sanate."
Mr. CLAY was followed by THEODORE FRE
LINGHUYBEN, who having referred to a prece-
N.Zi , ..7 * DaCEDaCIS. , 5, •. -7s '3(7l)Q 41d2,23.
dent in the adoption of a similar resolution during
the last war, remarked:
"If in time of war, it was the duty of the peo
ple to ark the special protection of God, and to sup
plicate the interposition of Lis mercy, how much
more incumbent was it in reference to a scourge
which had in its progress swept many millions of
human beings into eternity, which went abroad on
the earth ns the agent and minister of God, to do
his errand, and to come and go at his bidding, and
over which human power had no influence. No
occasion could be so fit and appropriate for humilia
tion at this. lie hoped that no constitutional ob
jection would be interposed to check this resolution,.
which was nothing more than a recommendation.
It was our duty, devoutly, and in the conviction of
our entire dependence on God, to ask for the inter
ference of his mercy; and he hoped that the present
resolution would pass, us did the resolution of 1814."
The yeas and nays were then taken as follows :
YEAS.—Messrs. Dell, Chambers, CLAY,Clay
ton, Dallas, Dickerson, Dudley, Ewing, Poet, FRE
JAMMED:4EN, Grundy, Hendricks, Holmes,
Johnston, Kane, Knight, Marcy, Nandian, Pren
tiss, Robbins, Robinson, Ruggles, Seymour, Silsbee,
Sprague, Tipton, Tomlinson, Waggaman, Webster
iiIAYS.--Messrs. Benton, Drown, Ellis, Rayne,
Hill, King, Mangum, Miller, Smith, Tazewell,
Troup, Tyler, White.-13.
The same Resolution subsequently came up for
consideration in the House of Representatives, and
after some debate was adopted by a vote of 99 to
62— JAMES K. POLK, of Tennessee, voting in
the NEGATIVE! (See National Intelligencer,
July 7, 1832.)
These proceedings require no further comment
at our hands. Vut, reader, when you hear JAMES
K. POLK held up as the paragon of moral excell
ence, and iitTfitY CLAY defamed as possessing the
darkest character of the age, be pleased to rement•
ber this. Sentinel:
From the Boston Mercantile Journal
The following is an interesting extract from a
letter received in this city, dated on board U. S.
ship Saratoga, Island of St. Thomas, coast of Af
rica, May 21
At Accra, we took on board a missionary, the
Rev. Mr. Bushnell, late of Lane Seminary, in Cin
cinnati. He is bound for the mouth office Cahoon,
it large river near the mouth of the equinoctial line .
He is an excellent man, but his life has already
been jeoparded by nn attack of fever, yet he has
been dealt with more mercifully than two of his co
adjutors and friends in the same holy work, whose
bodies are now interred at Cape Palmas.
For ten days and more we were beset by such
calms and squalls, such rains and awful lightning
and thunder, that the captain had almost resolved
to turn back. But at last wo are here, anchored
some three miles of the shore, and about twenty-five
miles only from the fatuous line, the Equator—and
yet, fur from being burned up under a continua l
sun, and exhausted by droughts, we are enjoying
better than usual health for the coast, The loveli
est island that lever saw lies before us—'tis the
Very picture that I have imagined of the happy
land, where Paul and Virginia once loved to stroll
hand in hand. Indeed, the description is almost
Here are the large cocoa-nut groves, which, as
one of us said tke other day, if exhibited at home,
would draw thousands of daily visitorseven if they
hod a dollar ticket to buy. Here are prairies of
rich grass, six or eight feet high. Here aro woods
of the coffee plant, and forests green throughout
the year—beautiful little hillocks, where you wish
you could put a cottage, end from its windows see
the whole ocean; and there are high mountains
away back whose tops are grey with clouds, and
Fides look black with the immensity of vegetation.—
When I at last got ashore, I wandered along the
beaches for miles, and loaded myself with shells,
which in variety and beauty exceeded all the places
I have been in.
I have now a very sad, a horrible thing to relate—
on accident which happened about two hours ago.
'rho captain's gig was just rounding to by our quar
ter, when the coxswain, by straining upon the til
ler too hard, broke it, and fell overboard. At the
cry of man overboard,' I jumped on deck, and
saw him rise and swim toward the ship. In a few
seconds more ho suddenly disapp eared under
water—the fins and tail of a huge shark were then
raised above, and splashing for a few moments only ,
left the surface again clear! I saw nothing but a
crimson stain of blood, and a hat tloating at a short
distance. riot a cry was uttered, it was so sudden.
Again the splashing of the shark occurred, another
was seen to seize his bat, two boats reached the
spot, but too late.—scores offish were leaping about
for the torn pieces of the pow. sailor: The captain
and natty others were all spectators of the whole
dreadful scene, and yet we could render no assiii
FRET, Tn...s itt von Pout.--It should
constantly be_hore in mind that all the Nullifiers.
Disunionists and Anti-Tariff men, are in favor of
Polk and Dallas. "Straws show which way the
wind blows." If these fellows get into power once,
friends of protection,youvriLlid good bye to your
true honored and.revererr inciplee. Texas will
be tacked to the Union, bringing with her eight
or ten Anti-Tariff Senators. and with a Locofoco
majority in the House, the Tariff will not stand an,
hour. Remember these thing..
The locofocos say the lower the price of any
commodity, the better it is for the country. Well
we have reduced locofocoisin down three-fifths be
low par, and now their ugly mouths are open from
ear to ear propo,ing the rrir th. rant
CIS,/ Banat,