Huntingdon journal. (Huntingdon, Pa.) 1843-1859, February 28, 1844, Image 1

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Debottll to enteral iintelltgettte, trbertiotttg, Volittco, Attcratttre, Otoratttg, Otrto, Actencto, Ogrtculture, etutitormeitt, *cc., Sic.
•u7aDa. e:Do
erviusium EY
'...L 4 aiocraLoaczic.
The “Joctivat." will be pubhehed every Wed
nesday morning, at $2 00 a year, if ptiid in advance,
and if not paid within six months, $2 50.
No subscription received for a shorter period than
sits months, nor any ptipe . r diecdtitinited till all ar:
?mirages are paid.
• Advertisements not exceeding one sqUare, will bi
inserted three times for $1 00, and for every subse
quent insertion 25 cents. If no definite orders are
given as tothe time an advertisement is to be continu
ed, it will be ititit ill till Ordered out, and charged ac
Rates of Discount in Philadelphia.
Eanks in Philadelphia,
flank of North America - •
of the Northern LibertZei
lank of, Penn Township -
;omthetcialßank of Penn'a.
farmers' & Mechanics' bank - - jar
Kensington bank - par
Schuylkill batik - - - - par
Mechanics' hank • - - - par
Philadelphia bank - par
Southwark bank- - •
‘Vestern hack- - - par
Moyamensing bank . - - - - par
ManufactOrers' and Mechanics' bank par
ank of Pennsylvania - - - par
hank. - - - - 10
ank of the United States - 22
Country Banks;
Bank of Chester co. Westchrster par
Bank of Delaware co. Chester par
Bank of Germantown OermantoWn par
Bank of Montg'ry co. Norristown par
Doylestown bank Doylestown par
Easton Bank Elston par
Farmerebk of Bucks co. Bristol par
Bank of Northumbrrl'd Northumberland par
Honesdale bank Honesdale .. 14
Farmers' bk of Lane: Lancaster 16
tancaiter. bank Lancaster i
ancaster county bank Lancaster /
Batik of Pittsburg Pittsburg t
Merclets' tk Manuf. bk. Pittsburg i
Exchange bank Pittsburg 6
,_ Do. do. branch of HollidaysbUrg 6
Col'a bk lk bridge CO. Columbia i
rranklin bank Washington 16
Monongahela bk of A. Brownsville . 16
Patine& bk of Reading Reading i
Lebanon bank Lebanon 1
Bank of Middletown Middletown 1
Carlisle bank Carlisle 1
Erie bank 3
. ... . __. .
—._. ......._
Bank of Chamliei4bUrg Chambersbfirg 1
Bank of Gettysburg Gettysburg 1
York bank York 1
Harrisburg bank Harrisburg 1
Miners' bk of Pottsville Pottsville 14
Il.tuk of Susquehanna no. Montrose 35
Farmers' & Drovers' Lk Wayneslinrongli 3
Bank of Lewistown lewistown
..... 2
Wyoming bank Wilkesbarre
Northampton bank Allentown no sale
Berk% county bank Reading no sale
West Branch bai.k Williamsport 7
Towanda baik Towanda no sale
Rates of Relief Notes.
14nrtli?rn Liberties, Delaware County, Far
mers' Bank of Burks, Germantown par
All others 2
Illantingdon, Pennsylvania.
MOULD most respectfully inform the
citizens of this county, the public
generally, and his old friends and customers
in particular, that he has leased for a term
of years, that large and commodious building
on the Vest end of the Diamond, to the bo
rough of Huntingdon, formerly kept by An
drew 11. Hirst, which he has opened and
furnished as a Public. House, where every
attention that will minister to the comfort
and convenience of guests will always he
will at all times be abundantly supplied with
the best, to be had in the country.
will be furnished with the best of Liquors,
is the very hest in the borough, and will
always be attended by the most trusty, at
tentive and experienced ostl-rs.
Mr. Couts pledges himself to make every
exertion to render the " Franklin House" a
home to all who may favor hum with a call.
Thankful to his old customers for past favors,
.he respectfully solicits a continuance of their
Boarders, by the year, month, or week,
will be taken on reasonable terms.
Huntingdon, Nov. 8. 1843.
he subscriber is now prepared to furnish
•every description of CHAIRS, from the
plain kitchen to the most splendid and fash
ionable one for the parlor. Also the
n which the feeble and af licted invalid,
though unable to walk even with the aid of
crutches, may with ease move himself from
room to room, through the garden and in
the street, with great rapidity.
Those who are about going to housekeep
ing, will find it to their advantage to give
him a call, whilst the Student and Gentle
man of leisure are sure to Had in his newly
invented Revolving Chair, that comfort
which no other article of the kind is capable
of affording. Country merchants and ship
pers can be supplied with any quantity at
short notice.
No. 113 South Second street, two doors
below Dock, Philadelphia.
May 31, 1843, --.1 yr.
ZPw.. O tM 9 UE34.1.Ci4
C Etriqage Olanufactory
r abs citizens
ilbla of the borough and enmity of Hunting
don, the public generally, and his old friends
and customers in particular. that he still
continues the
Conch iilaking Business
in all its various branches,at his old stand,in
Main street in the borrugh of Huntingdon,
nearly oppo,ite the 'Journal' printing office,
where he has constantly on hand every
description of
Coaches, Carriages,
r :1"4 Buggies, Sleighs
~ac. Dearbarns,
wmch h e ) will sell low for cash or on reason
able terns. _ _
All kinds of wnt in his line made to Or-
Jer, on the shortest notice, in a
And all kinds of repairing done with neat
less and despatch:
Country produee will be taken in exchange
for wet k. .
Any persons wishing to purchase are re
spectfully invited to call rod examine and
judge for thernselVes..
Huntingdon. Nov. 29, 1843.
Cheap for Cash;
The subscriber has just received a large
and well assorted lot of srgars, which he of
fers for sale at the Following prices.
Cuba egars iii boxes Containing 150 each,
$1 25 per boZ.
lialfSpanish in boxes containing ISO each,
50 cents per box:
Half Spanish per thousand. $1 75
Common do. - $1 50 and $1 00
rr•The ahotc prices are so low that the
subscriber can sell for cash only.
Huntingdon, Oct. I I.—tf
110 Vr 4
EGS to inform the inhabttants of Hun
tingdon and its vicinity, that he has
commenced the business of light and heavy
wagon making, and every kind of vehicle re
pairing. Having learnt his trade in England,
he is prepared to furnish either the English
or American style of wagons, and hopes by
diligence and attention to merit a share of
public patronage.
N. a Shop near to Mr. J. Houck's black
smith shop.
Huntingdon, April 19,1843.-Iy.
00 ..r# 303Eft.00
qui KSPEGTFULLY informs the citizens
of Huntingdon; and the public, in gen
eral, that he continues the
Tailoring usiness,
at the shop lately occupied by Wm. Fahs,
now deceased, in Main street; in the bo
rough of Huntingdon, in the brick house
immediately opposite the store of Thomas
Read. where he is hilly prepared and ready
to accommodate all, who may favor him
with a call.
He receives, regularly, from New York,
Scott's „Mew York, Paris and London
and he is dote rinined to employ none hut the
best and most expetienced workmen; and
he guarantees to execute all orders in his
line in the most fashionable and win kman
like manner, or according to the wishes and
orders of customers.
. By strict attention to business, he hopes to
co!ita . m a share c f public patronage.
I Jan. 17, 1844.
Wholesale Dealers in
Foreign & Domestic Dry Goods,
No. 46 North Sec 1 S e ee' ,
- (A few doors South of Arch,)
WOULD respectfully invite the atten
tion of country buyers to their large
assortment of goods suited to the season.
Thry have on hand a large stnck of For
eign end Domestic gor.ds, laid in at lower
prices than they can now be had, and are
prepared to offer inducements to the trade.
We solicit a call from buyers before peer
purchasing elsewhere, as we arc satisfied
that the prices at which we can offer our
goods cannot fail to give satisfaction.
Philad. Jan. 17,1844.-3 m.
Estate of Alexander Templeton,
late of Tyrone tp. Ituntingdon
co., deceased.
NirtmcE is hereby given that letters of
i administration upon the said estate
have been granted to the undersigned. All
pet sons having claims or demands against
the same are requested to make them known
without delay, and all persons indebted to
make immediate payment to
Jan 17, 1844.—pd. Tyrone tp
Job Printing.
In favor of the Tariff Bill reported by the Com
mittee of Ways and Mane. Deliverned in the
Home of Repreaentativee of the United States,
July I 1 th 1842.
Mr. IRVIN rose and addressed the Chair as
Mr. CRAinmAs :—For a person, unaccustomed to
public speaking as I am, to attempt to deliver his
views before persons of talents and eloquence, re
rather more assurance than I am possessed
Of, and, as evidence of the fact, I have hitherto kept
silent during the whole session; but this subject be
ing of vast importance, not only to my own parti
cular district, but also to the State I in part repre
sent, I feel compelled to make some remarks on this
all-important and exciting question. The district'
represent is an agricultural, as well as a manufac
turing district, and although surrounded by moun
tains on all sides, it produces more cereal grains, as
appears from the statistics now published, than
several of the Staten of the Union which are consid
ered as being agricultural; it also produces nearly
One-tenth of all the pig metal and bar iron produ
ced in the United States. This, sir, accounts for
the great interest which is felt in the adjustment of
this question by all parties and all classes; there is
no conflicting interest there between the agricultu
rist and the manufacturer, each considers himself
bencfitted by the prosperity of his neighbor, and
when manufacturers prosper, agriculture also flour
ishes. Mr. Chairman, the proposition now before
the committee is on the amendment offered by the
gentleman from Massachusetts, the chairman of the
Committee on ManufactUres, to substitute the bill,
as reported by the Committee on Manufactures, in
place of the bill reported by the Committee of Ways
and Means. Sir, I prefer the bill from the Com
mittee of Ways and Means, with some amendment.,
for the following reasons :—lst. Because it produces
more revenue, which the Government requires.-
2dly. Because it incidentally protects some of the
great and leading interests of the country better;
and 3dly. It being a revenue bill, will be likely to
find more favor with . tluise Who are opposed to the
protective policy. I have not gone into a thorough
examination of all its details, but, from a comparison
I have made on the articles of hammered, rolled; shect,
hoop, and pig iron, and steel, ao imported under
what is called the high duties of 1831, 1832, and
1833, with about tho same amount imported under
the reduced duties of 1838, 1839, and 1840, I find
in the three first years there were collected and paid
into the Treasury, the following sums, to wit t In
1831, $1,515,516, in 1832, $1,915,947, in 1833,
$1,588,852, making the sum of $5,020,315; and
in the year 1838 the amount received, after allowing
for drawbacks on railroad iron wag $559,264, m
1839, $1,610,996, in 1840, $712,631, making the
sum of $2,882,891, being a difference in three years
of $2,137,424, or an average of $712,441 per year,
fully establishing the fact that an increase of duties
on these articles will increase the revenue. lam
also borne out in this view of the ease by a gentle
man of very high authority, and whose views have
been frequently referred to of late by members of the
free-trade party on this floor, and strongs appeals
I made to have them carried out by the American
Congress—l allude to Sir Robert Peel. In his
speech, on the introduction of ills new tariff as it is
called he makes the following statement, which I
take the liberty of reading to this committee.—
[a:7. Mr. IRVIN here read an extract from the
speech of Sir Robert Peel, which shows that a re
duction of duties is followed by a corresponding re
duction of revenue.]
Now, sir, I trust, after the experience of Sir
Robert Peel, that our anti-tariff friends will not insist
so strongly as they have been doing that the true
way to increase the revenue Was to diminish duties,
but that they will come forward generously and vote
for such duties as will raise the most revenue, which
they have generally said they were Willing to do,—
There is another reason why iron may pay a toler
able high duty without any danger of injuring the
revenue; and that is on account of the difficulty of
smuggling it. Some gentlemen who have spoken
on this subject have expressed great fears on this
account, that if you lay high duties it would en
courage smuggling and thereby destroy revenue ;
but, as regards iron, they need be under no appre
hensions, as it would be rather difficult to hide away
bars of iron or pigs; so that I flatter myself that, on
this account, if no other, there will be a disposition
to put one fair duty. But, sir, although lam more
directly interested, as a citizen of Pennsylvania, in
encouraging the two important articles of iron and
coal, both being great staples of our State, and
through them to ported the agricultural portion of
the people, by furnishing them a home market, at
fair prices, for a groat amount of their surplus pro
duction., yet I have no selfishness on this subject, I
go for protecting the labor of the whole country
wherever it may ho required, whether in the wool
growing States of New York, Vermont, or Ohio,
the cotton and woollen manufacturers of Massachu
setts, the salt makers of Virginia and other States,
the cotten planters of the South, tho sugar raisers in
Louisiana, or the hemp-growers of Kentucky; all
are alike to mc, and the labor of all shall be fairly
protected so far as my vote contributes towards it.
I do not view it as a sectional question at all, but as
the great American ration of taking rare of our
labor in preference to that of foreign countries, and I Their calculation was to make metal at about $lO iat least--are to he operated on, and to give them
as such shall stand by it to the lust. per ton, but, after spending about one hundred thou- the alarm in time; for I solemnly believe that the
Mr. Chairman, notwithstanding the great interest sand dollars, and making a few hundred tons of iron, object is to reduce labor in this country to the eon.
I feel in this question, I had determined, on the lit Was abandoned. Another concem, located in the standard as in foreign countries.
commencement of this debate, not to take any part district, I represent, made calculations of a similar'.
The first fact I would state its regards labor is
in it, or to consume the time of the committee one kind, but, after spending neer h a lf a m illi on o f dot- taken front a report of the board of ordinance ofli
moment, believing that action was what the people tars, they found that the metal cost more than it I tern, s e t a to Europe in 1840, by the Secretary of
wanted, not talking, and that I would be promoting would sell for; and that concern liar also been aban- i w ar i
the interests of my constituents by a silent vote; but Boned. But these calculations and failures are not about the Aker
state that common laborers employed
he Aker fornace, in Sweden, waive from 20
there have been some remarks made within the last I confined to stir particular region, rind lam some-I to 30 cents per dee ; and a team of ties horeeS,
few days by some gentlemen on this floor, which I what astonished that the Southern gentlemen seems' wagon and driter, is obtained at 42 cents per day.
feel called upon to notice, particularly those that ed to place so much reliance on the calculation ex- Now, compere, t h ese wilts the prices pa id i n this
were made by my colleague (Mr. &men) from !Ailed by my colleague; for, if I stn not much
the adjoining district to the one which I represent. mistaken, such estimates are sometimes made in country for labor, owl you will find it is only
third. Instead, therefore, of a ton of pig metal
I extremely regretted those remarks at the time their section of country. I recollect last summer, costing, as it does now, $l5 for the laber, ii ought
they were made, believing they would be taken hold that a member from Georgia stated on this floor that
Only to cost f 5; and a ten of iron, instead of root
of and be used to our disadvantage, on account of a concern had gone into operation in his State,
ing $45 for labor, would mast only $l5; making O
coming from a State that had, at all times and un- which was making iron, and clearing thirty-three I dolo mite , i n th e one of $lO per ton. and in the
der all circumstances, supported the protection of per cent. on their investment; and that he was as-
other of $3O. Now what does this bill propose
our own industry ; and in the tariff of 1824 and tonished that iron in Pennsylvania needed any p
Why, it is this, to lay a duty of $lO per ton on the
1828 were found, with but one single exception , tection. I nettle some inquiry of the gentleman— I pig metal, precisely the difference in labor, and on
voting for those bills. lam not disposed to charge who was part owner—respecting their operations,
bar iron, made in the same way, only $lB, which
my colleague with having exhibited a false state- and was told that it was a furnace producing about
is much less than the difibrence in labor. Now f
meet in regard to the expense of making pig iron, seven tons a week, and sold iron at six setts per
want to know whether it is the lai:oring man or the
knowing it to he so, but I think he might have been pound, and castings nt five, but as yet they had not
manufacturer gets the protection: I think, sir, there
satisfis .1 that his estimates were incorrect, from the realized any profit, but they were assured by their
ier not a laborer in my district that cannot answer
fact that the establishments which he referred to had manager, an experienced man from Pennsylvania,
this qncstion, and answer it correctly. But, sir
all been obliged to slop operations; and when I that lie hail no doubt, they would clear 33 per cent.
there are more cases than this. I hold in any hand
asked him the question, if they had not done so, upon their capital ! Now this was a paper calcu
a book published in Edinburg, in 1839, he Jelenger
instead of answering it fairly, he threw out the main- ! lation. But mark the result. A few days since I
C. Symons, Esq
, who was sent as commissioner of
uation that they had done so for the purpose of in- asked the same gentleman how they were getting
what was called the hand loom inquiry, to the con
fluencing Congress, and that the manufacturers along with their iron works.
The answer was ' tinent, to make examinations and to ascertain farts
throughout the country were all doing the same they have turned out badly, our manager deceived
in relation to manufactures and wages. And I will
thing from the same base motives. This, I think, us, and, after running us in debt very match, wo
now give you some of the facts he ascertained.—
to say the least of it, was not only unkind, but also have given the business up, and the property is now
Ile first commences with wages at home. He says
unjust to those persons immediately interested, and to be sold, and will be sold' very low. So this is that—
also to some in my district who have,from the diffi- the winding up of a thirty-three per cent. concern
culties of the times, ceased operations. Now, sir, in less than a year, and ono that required no pre
ss to his calculation that metal could be made at tection. Now, I presume, the gentleman from
from $lO to $l3 50 per ton, there is no reality in it Georgia, at least, and some of Iris constituents, will
and nit it was correctly remarked by my colleague not put much faith in my colleague's paper esti
from tine Wilksbarreo district, it was a mere paper mates.
calculation, probably made for the purpose of in- Mr. Clittirotan,l have statements which may be
creasing the value of ore and coal lands, and without , relied on, furnished me by persons engaged in ma-
any expectation at the time that it would be mall- I king pig metal, and taken from their books for 1
zed; but, whether this be so or not, I have been Year., which show a very different result in the ex
informed by gentlemen concerned, that no metal Pens,s of manufacture. I have scarcely time to
can lie made at any thing like that price. The refer to them, particularly as my time is short; but
smelting of iron with anthracite coal in this country I will state the result to the committee and will lim
its of :+ oery recent date; the first successful opera- badly publish the statements more fully. They
Lion, I believe was made by Mr. Lyman, at Potts- show the expense to be from $22 to $24 per ton,
vine, in 18.10, and I find in an English work on the and, from acalculation I have made of the expense
iron trade, as late as 1841, the following notice taken of making bar iron from metal at $23 per ton—and,
of it, a part of which, as it contains valuable infer_ which calculation, I have eubmitted to two of my
:untie's, I take the liberty of reading to the commit• colleagues, acquainted with the business, and they
tee. On the 18th day of January, 1840, a dinner have permitted me to refer to them for the correct
was given at Pottsville, Pennsylvania, by W. T.y. ness of it—(to wit: Messrs. K PAM and PLosien)—
man, Esq., on the occasion of his having successfully I I make the cost of a ton of hammered iron to be
introduced the smelting of iron with anthracite coal 1572. and expenses to Baltimore or Philadelphia, at
by the use of the hot blast. There was a number of , least $B, without nay profit to the maker beyond a
talented gentlemen present. and from a speech made replier interest on hie capital. But adroit, for the
at the time I extract the following:— I sake of argument, that the calculation of my eel
s. In two years alone, in 1830 and 1837, the im- 1 kagno was correct, and that, es he says, those alt
portations of iron and steel amounted to upwards of thracite furnaces could make metal to complete with
twenty-four millions of dollars. It is especially the foreign article at 20 per cent, duty, would it be
mortifying to see that, even its Pennsylvania, there good policy, or, rather, would it net bo suicidal pot
has been introduced within the last seven years,
exclusive of hardware and cutlerly, nearly 80,000 Icy for this Congress to adopt a rate of duty that
tons of iron, and that of these there were about must inevitably break down and destroy all the
49,000 tons of railroad iron, costing probably three charcoal furnaces now in operation, and which are
millions and a half of dollars. Nuy, thin very day, producing, from the best estimates that can be mode
in visiting our mines we saw at the thrthest depth of
from 300,000 to 350,000 tons per annum. Ido
these subterranean passages, that the very coal and
iron were brought to the mouth of the mines on rail not believe they will do it. I can scarcely believe
tracts of British iron, manufactured in Britain and that even tine anti-tariff party would do it, as it
sent to us front a distance of 3000 miles. This de- must recoil on theniselves before long, as it will ins
pendence is deplorable. It ought to tense forever;
evitably increase the price of the article to the, cons
and let us hope that, with the new power this day
acquired, we shall rescue ourselves hereafter from sumer. Sir, there is no other interest in this coon
such a costly humiliation. We owe it to ourselves try which requires to be taken care of More than
trot thus to throw away the bounties of Providence the iron interest; for there is none that requires PO
which, in these very materials, has blessed us with a
great an amount of manual labor as it does or is so
profussion wholly known elsewhere. The United
States contains, according to the best estimates not intimately connected with the farming and laboring
less than 80,000 square miles of coal, which is about interest. Why, sir, every ton of liar iron made in
11l times as much PR much as the soul men/rums of j this country has at least $3O worth of the farmer's
all Europe. A single one of these gigantic masses
runs about 900 miles, from Pennsylvania to Ala- Productions in it before it is ready for market, and
Mona, and must itself embrace 50,000 square miles, there is paid for labor of nll kinds, to the miner,the
equal to the whole surface of England proper.-- wood chopper, the collier, the carter, the forgeman,
Confiding ourselves to Pennsylvania atone, out of the blacksmith and others, at least from $4O to $45
54 counties of the State, no less than 30 have coal
or iron in them. Out of 44,000 square miles from p er " i * Now, hrenk down this itikre ' 4, what is
the area of Pennsylvania, there are 10,000 miles of the consequence? Why, the farmer loses a mar
coal and iron, while all Great Britain and Ireland ket for his productions, the laborer and mechanic
have only 2,000; so that Pennsylvania has five aro turned to come other employment, and reduced
times as much coal and iron as the country , to which
1 wages are the order of the tiny. lint sir, the anti
we annually pay eight or ten millions of dollars for
iron. If coal and iron have made Great Britain tariff men say wo linve no notion of breaking you
what she is, if this has given her the power of 40,- down: wo want to see you prosper: hut you must
000,000 of men, and impelled the manufactories produce cheaper; you must produce as cheap ns
which have made us, like rho rest of the world, her
forei g ners • and I was pleased to hear tine ge n tleman
debtors, why should not we, with at least equal • -
advantages make them the instruments of our own from Alabama come out boldly in that way to flay;
independence." it is treating the subject fairly, it is putting it on a There is a peculiarity in the supply of labor 111
Now, sir notwithstanding the furnace which oc- the right ground—no concealment, but meeting the Si
e, i l a lu i cbut
s to
' barge
, 17 . :
casioned this celebration was built by a „ n u m ..; question of reduction of the price of labor openly. Austria, which it is occoesory to dose;neory
:i„ . I oho ? ,
who was anxious to have the experiment made, and Sir, I view the whole question so a contest between to the wander-echaft spasm. By imMentorial usage;
who gave Mr. Lyman the furnace without any the labor of this country and the cheap labor of noepe u i n it t i i c i e li c e an ho o s biain hie freedom told bee d onle h t
charge it was soon discovered that the bushICSS Was foreign countries. They may talk about monopo- ma st er
itinerant probation, al e i l l t i cililan.
following : s e u r n •or e ntie l t:
not profitable, and the furnace has not been doing lies, about the labor of the many for the benefit of I beyond his native country. Ile is furnished on
any business within the last year. Soon after thohis master setting out with a book; in whir li Miens
the few, but construe it as you will, give it what
experiment was made at Pottsville, a company coin- coloring you will, it' tine manufacturer of this coup-
psis ed
i t ,'
n e c o v a rn d
n at i e i t i.
e ' r ti rt s i i is
'noticed operations on tine North Branch, No Branch, and set.- try is to produce an article as cheap as a foreigner '
I ted. not wily by the traUle to Which ho g belithge Y ,
he must hove Mbar as cheap.
oral furnaces were built and put in operation, and,Now, air, I venture in triwns %there there is no employment for hiresbut by
I believe, succeeded in making metal of fair quality , Ito mythat a inn of iron can be produced as cheap the donations of travellers. This part of fhb tyalem
but cost considerably more then was first °Mid- in this country as it can in Sweden, if we have la- I think objectionable."
paled; and I see by a newspaper I received from I boy at the same rate. I have teen paying some at- So do I, Mr. Chairman. and I wond , r what tl o
Danville not long since that the works have been tection to that subject, and I have some facts about
let the la- and
h Ihi wan to sum, eto I
c fro% independent mechanics of this country will
entirely stopped and some four or five hundred per- wages w think of men who hold up a country, as a inodel for
none thrown out of employment. I would not give
boring classes of the country
mace whatthese an know them. I want lus to follow, that senile its young men out into the
them ti-tariff people would make I
much for paper calculations made in advance. I world to learn the occupetioes, and at the same time
have seen some which wore about equal to those I them contend against. Sir, one of the principal sl. i they osest be supported by the charily of etrangrra,
exhibited by my colleague. A company some time jocte I had in view in making a speech was, to have or, in plain language, by begging. And this is
eines) commenced making iron, from bituminous I an opportunity of presenting these facts to my co. I what 19 called this freearadc system, toad that be
coal, about twenty five mites from w here I reside. , stituents,who--a very considerable portion of them 1 eau, i'3witrerbn , l is a freia!raile country, she is
17a3(51451cg 1 - 12 r oa) Zic
Workmen employed on farms making drains,
scouring ditches, and others, who have fixed dailj ,
wages in money, commonly called day laborers:
earn ten shillings per week. This class works from
six in the morning to six at night. and are only paid
for the actual time employed. In Argyllshire the
wages usually paid to men are from Is. ed. to 2s.
per day, and when provisions ore given, ed. less is
paid. In Wigtonshire, average wages of a farm
servant por annum, who lives in his master's house,
is from 10 to 11 (bands stealing; or abut t po in out
money, In England, (he says,) Bs. ed. to 100. 6d.
per week will be, throughout, the average wages of
the great bulk of adult male agricultural laborers of
England. The prices of provisions are as follows,
to wit : best beef, per pound, 611., coarse beef 31d,
bacon 7d., wheaten flour 2d., cheese 7r1., pork er/..
potatoes, 252 pounds, as. 6d. In Belgium agrieul:
tural laborers are paid as follows: with food 12 . 1
cents, and without food 18 cents."
Now for the kind of living!
"The food of the working classes, not only of
Belgium hut of all the countries of the continent,
consists of vegetables. Meat in not the food of the
working classes either of Belgium or any other
country—it is the relish used with food. The hal
l.' eats macaroni—the staple food of the French
and Germans is bread or eabbsge—or the Irish, po.:
Moe, • The workmen employed in the iron works
of thu Minnlt, Le;, ,, , no.l the marbine-making
factories of Seraing. Bruxelles, Ghent, &e., live on
potatoes and vegetables, with a piece of meat among
them, for dinner regularly : coffee of chiecory."
Now, Mr. Chairman, this is the kind of wages
and living the free•trnde•men wish to see introduced
WO this country. CoMe of ebb-Tory ! Why, I
question if my free-trade friend of New York knows
what chiccery is. I have examined two dictiona
ries, and I cannot find the word in either. i pre
sume it is Some kind of herb or weed that is con
sidered good enough for forgcmen. I would ask
my colleague how touch tax he thinks his poor con
stituent. would pay on the articles he enumerated,
if chiecory coffee and meat once a day were intro
duced into the country I His $9 tax on every poor
man would conic out rater small. Sir, it is enough
to make this blood boil in our veins to read these
descriptions, and to think that we have men on this
fluor—yes, sir, men calling themselves Democrats,
the peculiar friends of the poor man, and yet, at the
saute time, doing every thing they can to reduce
the wages of the laboring classes of this country to
correspond with those of foreigners: But, sir, I
trust in God they will not be able to accomplish their
intentions ; nod I sincerely hOpe I may never see
the day that the laborer of this country who in in;
dustrious, shall be reduced to the necessity of eating
meat only once a day and drinking chiceory
But, sir, I am not done yet; I pass on to Switzer
land, that el dared° of the laboring man, that court;
try that has been held up by all tree-trade men On
thi, floor as a model of perfection itself; and what
does this free•tradc writer say of Switzerland
He says—