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i ' . IT
OF GOVERNMENT,' Llk THE DEWS OP-HEAVEN, SHOULD tiE DISTRIBUTED ALIKE, UPON THE HIGH AND THE LOW, THE RICH AD THE TOOK
lNfW SERIES, 2; 25. : - EBENSBtjRG, PX.y THURSDAY, DECJMBER 1 3, 1866.
fit gtmotnt anb' Stitiiiul, .
.... - . . i : ' l. .rrtAw
I puUUaliea in iue uoruugu ui iiucuuui6,
airubria county, Ta.', every Thursday.
- TI IkfCwurrv o f f Vl a fill AW .
y rtc. lavanaoiy in uiuto .
tae copy, three montb. 50
tue copy, six mouths, . l OU
One coi.y, one year, i . - . v
tsJ .hn fAil to pay their aubacriptions
.ntil after the expiration of six months will
. A.r.P,! at the rate of 42.50 per year.
,nd those who fail to pay until after the ex-
ration of twelve mouins wju oe tuargeu ai,
derate of $3.00 per year.
Th? Democrat and Sentinel when paid for
: advance casts four cents per number;
ii,t:n not paid in advance six cents per
u:nber will be charged.
Twclvu numbers constitute a quarter;
eut --five, aix mouth; and fifty numbers,
KATES OF ADTEETISINO.
P.fcen lines of Burgoipe type constitute a
S'j'Mre. one inseriinn,
;;h s-ibsejutnt insertion,
-,(! uare. oue year,
.-. 'i.ros, oue insertion,
,;h subse'jv.ect itrerlion,
fvirth column, three months,
i fourth colmun. Fix months,
,. f.vjrili column, one nr.
i.i column, three months,
t 'f column, mx months,
V c ilumn. one jear.
.(.jinn?, three months,
.Miuinn, six months,
., e ' 'ne year.
p q0 I
12 00 I
20 00 !
: .-r"s Xorioe.
i ir's Notice,
; ( and iJeath Notice,
?Nfo.vonal card with paper, per
itutry Notice. ov-T six lines, ten cents
1 i.itcuue wuu a view to me grauua
nnd V'tfiness Notiers c;t cents I restoration of the States in which the iu-
i.i.o f r first insertion, and four cents for
r. .'ihi.--iu.!nt i'mertion.
P. Satioiu of S cietic3. nr communica
"of a pwrsoual caturo must bo paid for
V' cats inserted in advtfl;tments.
V - $1 50 1 200 fr $S CO
;r 2 03 500 fc-r 5 00
.- al iiLiorial hunilreil, CO
- ,,-: t- 5,0 1 P.A-'ift.L o'r.il T0
KA tranfioTit work must va1 lor on
vrrv. V.'. II. M ENT.UK.
L:.pas'ouru. Jun 14. 1805.
l-rssr.i.L & ooonTTFF,
;').F 1.11 l!r" T.F.US ir. TO13ACC0S.
v.i'iAR-. VIP'.".-, fee. Srr., No. 13
ri'n. Third street, above Market. 1't.iUuel-
i.a. V. .Var.e 21. 18f,6.-lv.
. J-.e.-'s'iarc. Cimbria cr. Pa.,
I!"; T.e::)bcr. T.'e highest prie-s.
Ctih. nii ! f- r rnF.UV.Y, roi'LAlt, APll
) i.:: i.u.vrsKR.
i'.'c..tb'.i"z. X' k :a';'i.
.IOMN" P. I.INTON,
T r.NKY AT LAW, Johnrtown, l'a.
iT:,1 in 1iiil'iing on corner of Main and
f-treet. opposite Mansion Hou:e.
I l!oer. l"nii.i:i:e cn Franklia street.
.V:;r!.nvti. yov. If,. 1805..
- 0NF.Y AT LAW, Johnstown, To.
L '.U; in the Lxirhaujie buihlius. en the
""..'rof Clinton .'ld I.?iri";t streets up
':"s. Will attend to all busiuess connect
with his profess'on.
iV. 0, 18G3.-tf.
Lime for Sale.
IF, undersigned is prepared to ship Lime
from Lil'y Station, or Xo. 4, on tha renn
vani Iiailro.vl to Kbensburg, Johnstown,
nv other voiui. on the Penna. R. R., cr
i i i TTf Ttr rv
J'me2v,-tf llcnilock, Cambria co.. Pa.
STATUS UNION HOTEL.
Vi3 IIOTEL is pleasantly situated on the
uth side of Market street, a few doors
'e Sixth street. Its central locality
es it particularly desirable to persons
'tiag the city on business or pleasure.
T. II. B. SANDERS. Proprietor.
'-.'.? 21, iSt;c.-iv.
i HAT AND CAP STORE.
V-OT.Zr. TURNER. JLiin street Johnstown,
fa.. iValcr in HATS nrd CAPS, P.OOTS
r-1 S.TOFS nn,l nPA'TI.P'.fMW VITI.'V.
fHNG GOODS, such as Drawers. Shirts,
;r, Handkerchiefs, Iscckties, Stockings,
v, Umbrellas, :c., keeps constantly on
a general ass3rtment, and his prices
' as low as the lowest.
Tohnswn, June 21, 18.-Iy.
a v'l I UDl.SK,
f ii &rren. Join.f,i.
Camttri'i Cr Pa .
A. ROW A CO., Proprietors.
'is iiUoat. Having been refitted
"rmtty turnishen. is mw rpetl ror t
r'"- am entertainment of gnests. The
rs by Icng experience in hotel keep- i repudiated h" pretended debts and oblija
L fc '. COnfi'"'?nt they can tisfy a di's- tions created for the revolutionary pur-
-e r Lar is supplied with the choict
i ofli.-n -M
of bijUors and wines.
.VI ' "n,? t v tt- 1 j T,V."" ' 1
n ta o, Job Work d -ne at turs hr-
PrGSidGllt'S HCSSO-ffG. i :
- . , . , . O !.
TRRANQtTI- STATK OF THE COUNTUY.
Fellow-citizens of the gentile and Jlousc of
' JltpresetUatives : ., ,
,i, After a brief, interval the. Congress of
the United States resumes its annual leg
islative labors. An all-wise and merciful
Providence has abated the pestilence
wbieh visited our shores, leaving its cala
mitous traces upon some portions of our
country. Peace, order, tranquility, and
civil authority have been formally declared
to exist throughout the whole United
States. In all of the States civil authori
ty has" superseded the coercion of arms,
and the people, by their voluntary action,
are maintaining their "-overnments in full
activity and complete operation. The
enforcement of the laws is no longer "ob
structed in any State by combinations too
J powerful to be suppressed by the ordinary
course of judicial proceedings and the
animosities engendered bv the war" are
rapidly yielding to the beneficent influen-
kindly effects of unrestricted social and
commercial intercourse. An entire rcsto-
ration of fraternal feeling must be the car-
nest wish of evcrv patriotic heart ;' and
! we will have accomplished our grandest
! rational achievement when, fbrirettinET the
I sad events of the p:ist, and' remembering
! or;Iy their instructive le-sons, we resume
our onward career as u free, prosperous.
i and united people.
! KKSTOn.VTION OI" TIIK STATES SOI.TH.
J Iii my message of the 4th of December,
1 ISGo, Congress was informed of I lie meas
I i ures which had been instituted bv the
i "I. . .i , ,
J sucrection occurred, to their relations with
j llie General Government. Provisional
i Governors had been appointed, conven
tions called, Governors elected, Iegisla-
turcs assen.bied, ind Senators and Repre
sentatives chosen to the Congress of the
j United States. Courts had been opened
i for t!:e tnforcement of laws fonr In nuev
! ance. The blockade had been removed,
1 citom houes re-establi-hed, and the
....... i . . . ,
"'lenini revenue laws pin in lorce, in order
; that the pecp'.o might contribute to the
; national ir.come. Postal operaiious had
j Ijeen renewed, and ell'oi ts were Li ing made
I to restore them to their former condition
j of efficiency. The States themselves had
been i?ked to take part ir. the high func-
tion of amending the Constitution, and of
, thus sanctioning the extinction of African
slavery as one of t lie legitimate results of
our internecine Mruccjo.
what inn KK;rrivr. accomplished.
j Having progressed thus far, the Uxccu
I tivc Depart ment found that it had accom
j plishi.il nearly all that was within the
I scope of its constitutional authority. One
i thing, however, yet remained to be done
j before the work of restoration could be
j completed, and that was the admission to
i Congress of loyal Senators and Represen
' tatives from the States whose people had
! rebelled against the lawful authority of the
; General Government. This question de
j volved upon the respective Houses, which,
j by the Constitution, are made the judges
of the elections, returns, and qualifications
' of their own members; and its considera
I tion at once engaging the attention of
EFFORTS TO PERFECT RESTORATION.
In the meantime, the Executive De
partment no other plan having been pro
posed by Congress continued its efforts
to perfect, as lar as was practicable, the
restoration of the proper relations between
the citizens of the respective Slates, the
States and the Federal Government, ex
tending, from time to time, as the public
interests teemed to require, the judicial,
revenue, and postal systems of the coun
try. With the advice and consent of the
Senate, the necessary officers were ap
pointed, and appropriations made by
Congress for the payment of their salaries.
The proposition to amend the Federal
Constitution, so as to prevent the exis
tence of slavery within the United States
or any place subject to their jurisdiction,
was ratified by the requisite number of
oiaies ; anu on me iota nay ot leeeni
ber, ISCo, it was officially declared to
have become valid as a part of the Con
stitution of the United States. All of the
States in which the insurrection had
existed promptly amended their Constitu
tions so as to make them conform to the
great change thus effected in the organic
i law oi iii(5 lanu ; aeciarca nun ana voia
all ordinances and laws of secession :
. . . . .r-.m r.f I, n inciirrntim, . un,l , r- r, . 1 I
- i r -.u .1 c
,n gooJ f:llth to the enactment of rneas-
urcs for the protection and amelioration
I inc uuiiuuiuu ui me wiuicu late. VOII-
grrs, however, yet hesitated to admit any
l',ese State3 t(i representation t and it
I was not until .toward the -close; of -the
eigrua montu oi me session that 'an. ex
ception wxis made in favor-of Tennessee,
by iha ; admissions of her 'Senators and
Keprtsentatives.': . '. v . n i :, "
" ' ' ' X PROFOUND HEGRET. ! ' a '
I deem it a , subject of profound regret
that Congress has thus far failed to admit
to seats loyal Senators and Representatives
fiom other States whose inhabitants, with
those of Tennessee, had engaged in the.,
rebellion. Ten States more than one-i
.1. l. a. I n . - ...
fourth of the whole number
out. representation ; ihe seats of fifty mem-,
bers in the House of Represent utives and
of twenty members in the Senate are yet
vncnted not by their own counsel, riot by
a failure of election, but by the refusal of.
Congress to accept their credentials.
Their' admission, it is bplieved, would
have accomplished ' much towards' -the
renewal nnd strpn.vthpmnT nf nnr rolaMrma
as one- people-; and removed erio cause' 1 thirds, rxpel a member. " When a Sena
for discontent' on the part of the' inlinbi- tor ot- ftrpresentativfe presents'his. ccrfifj
tants f ' those Sfntes. It would have' i cate''.or election.'' he' mav "at . once ''lie
t lie preat principle cnuncia-f
laratlon of" 'Atmriftn Tno.'
ted in the Dec I
, that no people ought to benr the"1 credentials may be, re.fei-fed,for investiga
t' taxation and et be; denied the' tiori to the '.appropriate ' committee. If
rijrlit of representation
It would have
leen in consonance; with the exnress ' pro-
Tisions f the Constitution, that 'eacli '
State shall have at lea'-t one Represent a-'
tive," and "that no State, without its "f
j consent, shall be deprived of its equal
sut.rago m the Senate." These provisions
were intended to secure to every State,
and to the people cf every State, the right
of representation in each Hmi-e of Con
gress ; and so importaut was it deemed by
the framers cf the Constitution that the
equality of the States in the Senate should
he preserved, that not even by an amend
ment of the Constitution can any State,
without its consent, be denied n voice in
that branch of the National Legislature.
It is true,
rue, it has been assumed that the
7- r .l ..v, -.--v -''
: ot the State was terminated bv
existence ot the State was terminated by
the rebellions acts, of their inhabitants,
and that the insurrection having been bjd-piv.-scd,
they were thenceforward to be
c juddered merely as conquered territories.
The Legislative, Executive, and Judical
Departments of the Gove: nuiont have
however, with great distinctness and uni
form consistency, refused to sanction an
assumption incompatible with the nature
of our republican system and wnli ii:,-.
professed objects of the war. Throughout
the ivcen; legislation of Congress, the
undeniable f.ct malvCS itself apparent,
ihut tlie?-e ton political communities are
nothing less than States of this Union.
At the very ommenrement of the rebel
lion, each House declared, with a unanim
ity us remarkable as it was significant,
that ihe war w.a-s not "waged, upon our
part, in any spirit of oppression, nor for
any purpose of compic-i or subugation,
nor purpose of overthrowing or interfering
with the right or established, institutions
of those States, but to defend and maintain
the supremacy of the Constitution and all
laws made in pursuance thereof, and
to preserve the Union with a 1 the dig
nity, equality, and rights of the several
States-unimpaired ; and that as soon as
these objects were accomplished the
war ought to cease." In some instances j
Senators were permitted to continue their
legislative functions, while in other in
stances Representatives were elected and
admitted to seats after their States had
formally declared their right to withdraw
from the Union, and were endeavoring to
maintain that right by force of arms. AU
of the States whose people were in insur
rection, as States, were included in the
apportionment of the direct tax of twenty
millions of dollars annually laid upon the
United States by the act approved oth
Angus; 18(51. Congress by the act of
March 4th, 18G2, and by the apportion
ment of representation thereunder, also
reconixed their presence as States in the
Union ; and they have, for judicial pur
poses been divided into districts, as States
alono can be divided. The same re
cognition appears in the recent legislation
in reference to Tennessee, which evidently
.rests upon the fact that-the functions of
the State were not destroyed by the
rebellion,, but merely as; -ended ; and that
principle is of course applicable to those
Slates which, like Tennessee, attempted to
renounce their places in the Union.
ACTION OF IliE EXECUTIVE.
The action of tho Executive Department
of the Government upon this subject has
b?en equally definite and unihrm, and the
purpose of the war was specifically stated
in the proclamntion issued by my predeces
sor on the 22d day of September,
It w then solemnly proclaimed and
declared that "hereafter, as herctoforp
irciKucu mm niro. .t9 uercioiore, j
the war will be prosecuted for the object
restoring the constitutional
the United States and
each pf the States and the people thereof,
in which Spates that relation is or may be
suspended or disturbed."
The recognition of the States by the
Judicial Department of the Government
has also been clear and conclusive in 'all
prWjedings affecting them as States, bad
in the. Supreme, ' Circuit and District
SOUTHERN CONGRESSMEN. - , .
In the admission of Senators and Rep-
i resentatives from any and ali of the States,
there can be ik just, ground of apprehen
sion that persons who are disloyal will be
clothed with the power of , legislation ; for
this qould not happen when the. Constitu
tion and the laws are enforced by a viglant
and faithful Cougrefcs. .. lach House is
made."tiie "judge of the elections, returns,
nml'Vpialification' of ils'own members,"
nndTnaj. "with the' concurrence bf' two-
adtjittr'd or rejected'; or,1 should .there, be
annuestioh "as i"o . liis 'tliibitltv'" ' his
admitted to a seat, .' it '.roust, b ' upon
evidence satisfactory to the 'House. of
which be thus becomes si, member, that
he possesses the requisite constitutional
and Ioj.il qualifications. If refused 'ad-
miseion as a member tor want ot due
j allegiance to the Government, and returned
to his constituents, they are admonished
that none but persons loyal to the United
States will be allowed a . voice in the
legislative councils of the nation, and the
political -power and moral influence of
Congress are thus effectively exerted in
the interest ot" loyalty to the Government
and fidelity to the Union Upon this
question po vitally affecting the restoration
of the Union and the permanency of our
present form of government, my con-
1 t - A.- i i ! .1
WergcWB no cliane : but, on the contrurv,
! .i . L" , - , '-
I iiieii tiirreeiness nas ueen connrmea iy
letieclion and time. II the admission ot
loyal mem Iters to seats in the respective
Houses of Congress was wise and expe-
I dient a j'car ago, it is no less wise and
I expedient now. If this anomalous con-
dition i.iij;ht now it, in the exact (on
i dition of these States ;,t the present time.
it is l.-.wful to exclude
serration, I i) ) not see
them from fpre
tbat tb.e question
. w i!i be chaugoti by l!.e el'ilux of time.
i Ten yer.rs hence, if these States remain
j as they are, .tho right of representation
j will b no stronger the right of exclusion
I will be no weaker.
' ii EOONSTR VCTTOX.
The Constitution of t!;e United States
makes it the duty of the President to re
commend to the consideration of Congress
"such measures as he shall judge neces
sary or expedient." I know of no meas
ure more imperatively demanded by every
consideration of national interest, sound
policy, and equal justice, than the admis
sion of loyal members from the now un
represented States. This would consum
mate the work of restoration, and exert a
most salutary influence in the re-establishment,
of peace, harmony and fraternal
feeling. It would tend greatly to renew
the confidence of the American people in
the vigor and stability of their institutions,
It would bind us more closely together as
a nation, and enable us . to show to the
world the inherent recuperative power of
a Government founded upon the principles
of liberty, justice and intelligence. Our
increased strength and enhanced prosperi
ty would irrcfragably demonstrate the
fallacy of the arguments against free in
stitutions drawn from our recent national
disorders by the enemies of republican
government. The admission of loyal
members from tho States now excluded
from Congress, by allaying doubt and ap
prehension, would turn capital, now
awaiting an opportunity for investment,
into the channels of trade and industry.
It would alleviate the present condition
of those States, and by inducing emigra
tion, aid in the settlement of fertile regions
now uncultivated, and lead to an increased
production of those staples which have
added so greatly to the wealth of the na
tion and the commerce of the world. I
New fields of enterprise would be opened
to our progiessive people, and soon the
devastations of war would be repaired,
and all traces of our domestic differences
effaced from the minds of our country
men. AfIISSION OF I.OYAE SOUTHERNERS.
In our efforts to preserve "the unity of j
Government which constitutes us one
people," by restoring the States to the
condition which they held prior to the re
bellion, we should be cautious, lest, having
oellion, wesnoutd te cauMous, lest, h;
resetted our nation from perils of tl.
j of practically , res
ened disintegration, we resort to consoli
dation, and in the end absolute despotism
as a remedy for the recurrence of similar
troubles. The war having terminated,
and with it all occasion for the exercise
of powers of doubtful. constitutionality,
we should hasten to bring legislation with
in the boundaries prescribed by the Con
stitution, and , to the uncient landmarks
established by our fathers for the guidance
of . succeeding generations. "The Con-' j
stitution which at any time exists, untiH
changed by an explicit and authentic act !
of Jhe whole people, is i sacredly obligatory!
upon all" "If, in the opinion pf the peo-'-J,
pie, the distribution or modification of the.!
constitutional powere.be, in any particu-i
lar,- wrong, let it be corrected - by an i
amendment in the way in which the Con- f
Stitution desipnate.s. . l'.nf W llior.- ! .. i
stitution designates. , liut let there be no
change by usurpation, for it is the custo -
mary .weapon which free governments are
destroyed." Washington Fpolie ..these
words to his countrymen when, followed
by their love 'and gratitude, he Voluntarily
'retired from tho. rurps of rmKtio ItfS ' ' "Tn
keep i.i rdl thipgs VitLin the pale of our f Pf of tic Secivtary . cf . Ww
constitutional powers, and 'cherish' the J.1:1'?. valuablo tnJ important infurma
Federal Union as the only rock of safety i ;'P it,:I?fi:.A'nfe to xh cperatiora of hi
were prescribed by Jerlersua i rules of j L,'tment during the past year. Few
action tonde.-.r to id. : "pmm.rrn.o, volunteers uo?v' remaxn in the rervice, and
true principles of their Constitution'.' and
promote a. union of sentiment and act Ton ij
equally auspicious to their happiness and
satfcty.". Jackson held that tho action
of the General Government should always
be strictly ton lined to the sphere of its
appropriate duties, and justly and forcibly
urged that our Government is not to be
maintained nor our Union preserved "by
invasions, of the rights and powers of (he
several States. In thus attempting to
make our General Government strong, we
make it weak. ' Its true strength consists
in leaving individuals ahd States as much
as possible to themselves ; and making:
itself felt, not in its power, but in its be
neficence : not in its control, but iu Its
protection ; not in binding the States more
closely to the centre, but leaving each to
movtunfbs;ructed in its proper rrxistitu
tidnal orbit." These are the teachings ot
men whose deeds and services have made
them illristrious, and who, not long since
withdrawn from scenes of life, have Lf: to
their country the rich legacy of their ex
ample, their wisdom and their-patricilsm.
Drawing fresh inspiration from their les
sons, let us emulate them in loveof country
and respect fur the Constitution and the
A WORD OF C ACT fOX.
The report of tho Secretary of the
Treasury aflbrdsTnueh information respec
ting the revenue and commerce of the
country. II is views upon the currency,
and with reference to a proper adjustm.ert
of our revenue system, internal as well a3
impost, are commended to the careful con
sideration of Congress. In my last annual
message i expressed, my general views
upon these subjects. I need now only
call attention to the necessity of carrying
into every department of the Government
a system of rigid accountability, thorough
retrenchment and wise economy. With
no exceptional nor unusual expenditures,
the oppressive burden? of taxations can be
lessened by such a modification of our
rovenue laws as will be consistent with
the public faith and the legitimate and
necessary wawts of the Government,
THE NATIONAL UECT.
The report presents a much more satis
factory condition of our finances than one
year ago the most sanguine could have
anticipated. During the fiscal year ending
tho 30th June, 18Go, the last year of the
war, the public debt was increased 941,
902,337, and on the 3 let of October, lSGo,
it amounted to 2,740,854, 7o0. On tho
31st day of October, 18GG, it had been
reduced to i?2,55 1,310,000, the diminu
tion, during a period of fourteen months,
commencing September 1, I8G0, and
ending October 31, 18GG, having been
2uG,27t,oG5. In the last annual report
on the state of the finances, it was esti
mated that during the .three quarters of
the fiscal year ending the 30th June last,
the debt would be increased $112,194,947.
During that period, however, it was re
duced S31,l9o,ob7, ihe receipts of the
year having been ?8D,90o,90j more, and
i the expenditures Ss3o0.529,23A less than
the. estimates Nothing could more clearly
indicate than these ?alemeui ihe pv'pni
and availability of the nation. I resources,
and the rapidity and safety with which,
under our form of Government, great
military and naval e-!.ddis!.ii;er.ts can be
disbanded, and expenses reduced from a
war to 1 ;.i,ee footing.
RECEIITS Iok IHE FISCAL YEAR.
During the fiscal year endu.g the L"0th
of June, 18GG, the receipts were S.oS,-
-vO.- r" "k i" 1 it. 1 ."i--.. mm -
Uo,uo, ana iiieexpenaiiuj-esooC.ioti,-
940, leaving an available sutplus t.f
.,- 1, co- it '" estimated inat t:..-
receipts fur the fiscal vear endirg the 30th,'
of June, 18G7,' will" be- 475,C01,SSC,
and that the expenditures 'will reach tho
sum of $316,418,078; leaving in the
Treasury a surplus of 5?lo8,633,30S.
For the fiscal your ending Jur.e 30, 186S,
it is estimnted that the receipts will amourt
to 43G,OUO,O0O, and that the expendi
tures will Joe 390,?49J41eho4ing an
excess of Sfl.7?2.anQ
Government. These '-estimated receipt,
may be diminished bV h reduction of excise
and import duties ; but after all necessarv
reductions shall have been made,' the
revenue of the present and of the? following
vears will doubtless be sufficient, to-cover
all Intimate charges unon -1 be Treasury,
and leave a large annual surplus to hi.
applied to the pavment of the principal of
.i.i . .
i the debt.
j reason why taxes may not-be rednced
the country advances n iKtilnfion''a
i ueru t:m now to DC no "OOU
wealth, and yet the debt be extinguished
within the r.ext qua: ter of a centnry.
' .' '.SECRETARY STANTONS I'.ErCI.T.'
t are .tV?c?'3 ns efl
j they can jo replaced by regular troops.
The army has becn'prumptly ppld, care
j fully provided vriifi medical treatment.
v.-tn si.e.ercd ana sntsited, r.n'! is to be
furnished with brvech-lasing Email arms
The military strength of the nation hat
bcei; unii-pai;ed by the discharge of vol
unteers," the disposition of unserviceable cr
perishable stores, and the retrenchment of
expenditure. SciTlc'.tiu' war material to
meet any emergency has ben retained,
and from the disba.: !ed voIunte-"s : tand-"
i.,g ready to respond to the national cr.P,
large armies cmi be rapidly omnaized,
equipped and concentrated. Furtificatiors
on the eoaet and frontier have' received
arc being prepared fir more powerful
armaments; lake surveys and harbor t.vA
river improvcirents are in course of ener
getic prcctukn. Preparations' hat a
been mr.de for the payment of the addi
tional bounties authorized during ihe
recent ?e?ion of Congress, under such
regulations a w:!l protect the Govern
ment from fraud, and secure to the hon
orably d'.seli.irr'Hl poldier the well-rain. d
reward of ins faithfulness and gal.'artry.
.Mere thaJi si thousand maimed soldier-,
have received artificial limbs or other
surgical apparatus; and fort3-one national
cemeteries, containing the remains cf
101,52(5 Union soldiers, have id ready been
established. The total estimates of mili
tary appropriations is .i'25,20o,CC9.
SECKCTAKY WELT.KS OX THE NAVY.
It n stated in the report of the Secretary
of the Navy that the naval force at this
time consists of two hundred and seventy
eight vessels, armed with two thousand
three hundred and fifty-c:ght guns. Of
these, one hundred and fifteen vessels,
carrying one -thousand and twenty-nine
guns, are in commission, distribuied'chiel
ly amen; seven squadrons. The number
of men in the service is thirteen thou.-ar.d
six hundred. Great activity and vigiinr.ee
have liecn di?phrycd by all the squadron,
and their movements have been judiciously
and efficiently arranged in such manlier h'
vrotilil best promote American commerce,
and iotect the rights and interests of our'
countrymen abroad. The vessels em
ployed are undergoing repairp, or are hud
up until their services may be required.
THE LUAGCE ISLAND IUUX-CiJVl) NAVV
Most of tho iron-clad fleet is at League
Island, in ue vicinity cf Philadelphia, a
place which, until decisive iirtion should
be taken by Congress, was selected bv the
Secretary of the Navy, as the most eligi
ble location for that class of vesIs. It
is important that a suitable public station
should bo provided for the iron-clad fleet.
It is intended that these vessels shall be in
proper condition for any emergency, anJ
it is desirable that the bill accepting I x;ngue
Island for naval purposes, which passed
the House ot Representatives at its last
session, should receive final action at an
early period, in order that there may
be a suitable public station for this clan .
of vessels, as well as a n.-v.-y yard of
area snllicient for the wants of tho service,
or. the Delaware river. The naval
pefision ftii.d i:notUils to cil,7c.0,
000 havh.g been increased $!,7J0.0G0,
diiring the year. The expenditures of ih;
Dei -.ariment f-.r the fiscal year ending
?0th Jcnc'hjLSt were $ -13.32 1,20 and the
estimates for the coming year amount le
C23,2"'S.43C. Attention is in ircd to tho
'.'.id:t'..v of our sc:u : and the i:.HH.rt
ance of legislative meastsn s fi r i,e:r
rolief :.- d improvement. The snrestioii
nl U-!;a!f of this
111-.11 vu.r i-ijf
"ai ii. .-t,v r c.'
t , the hivo.v !
ton of ( ' i ;:n-