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27 ULESSINGS OF GOVERNMENT, IKE THE DEWS OF HEAVEN, SHOULD BE DISTRIBUTED ALIKE, UPON THE HIGH AND THE LOW, THE RICH AND THE POOR.
KTEW SERIES, 1.
;c Jtmotrut anb j?cnlind,
TS pr.l.lisheil in tliC borough of Ebensburg,
L':ui.lni:i comity! Pa., every Wednesday
ionium, by Clark Wilson, at the folio w
- rate.-. invariably in advance:
Kx copy, three months, 60
)i:! copy, iviontlis, 51 00
,e cojv, olio yenr; " - 2 00
I Tho.-ewLo fail to ray their subscriptions
jntil uftcr the expiration ot six months will
" charged at the rate of $-'.50 per year,
'fin! those nlw fail to pay until after the ex
"liiration of twelve mouths will be charged at
tfee rate of $2.00 per Year.
" Tlie lh-mu-ral awlSatlind when paid for
in advame costs four cents per number:
'fheu not paid in advance six ceuts jer
ainiher vill be charged.
Twelve numbers constitute a quarter;
twinty llve, hix months; and fifty numbers,
I UATKS OF AKVLUTlSIXC.
'4 Fia -eii lines of Durgoise type constitute a
0.f 'I'l-oe, oni? insertion,
Eii 'ii .iiI'M'ijUent insertion,
Otif iiuare. one year,
Xwo t'j ia'res, one insert!.'!,
liu'n suhsc(jui i:t insertion.
Oi.i't""urtli column, three month;
One fourth eojunin, six months.
g ()U j
Onf f i:r:li column, one year.
. Half column, three months,
Jjaif column, six mouths,
' lalf column, one ear,
( W colun.n, three months,
C V'' column, sis months,
)ce column, one year,
1 xevutor's Notice".
. .dministratoi'r: Notice.
Marriage ami Death Notices.
f . .-.
20 00 '
rirrofe.-olotial cards with
paper, per an
; Obituary Notices, over six lines, teu cents
-jSiiecial and business Notices eight cents
tr line A.r firt insertion, and four cents for
icli subsequent insertion.
'Resolutions of Societies, or coiiimunica
f joi'S of a personal caturc nuist be paid for
f 1 advertisements.
No cuts ius rted in advertisements.
-CAii- J OOM WUKti 1UL..S AD OIlltiMlid.
For 2o. GO. 100. E.ad.100
I atetnthKh't. $1 50 SI 75 $2 00
l ighth Sh-et. 1 50 2 CO 2 50
0 Barter Sheet,
2 50 3 00 3 50
1 00 5 00 0 50
CO for $1 50 I 200 for
3 TO for 2 00 500 for
I U h additional hundred.
( l quiu , $2 50 Each ad. q'r.$l 50
iAU trans "h i it work must be paid for on
Every. CLARK WILSON.
Eheihr.r-, June 11, 18C5.
I JOHN D. THOMAS,
Loot and Shoe Maker,
ni'oP oMHiv ctt Vi'i'vmit'DM
i 1 r 1 I f r T-L ;i-hB,LK(;
f te,t rn fl-, T f f t
f na.itely opposite he store of L J.
i :,n :';t .f' ?: d aH WVk ,n, ,,W
tloiie at this establishment will
w M..nv i.nii.iiiii; uii ci any tnop m
lWi.iue!p!)i.i, Pittsburgh or elsewhere in the
coautry. Erench Calf. Common Calf. Mo
rooco and all kinds of Leather constantly on
hasd. All Work warranted to render satis
faction. Novemher 2, 1SG5 ly.
i JAMES P. MURRAY,
'Jt&i'H Street, (ijoaite IIiinthii Jlinhcare
.$'.) euknsbrik;, pa.,
""EEPS constantly on hand a good qual
j FLOUR, CORN MEAL, j
droceries of All Kinds,
I Bool's AXD SriOKS. I
iMuslins. Detains, Calicoes, Hals, S,-c, j
A3 of which he is prepared to sell for cash t
or exchange for approved country jirmluce,
on i.,ir lerms. ov. 50, IS'Jo.ly.
. JCO KNEli (i I IOCE1JY STORl
WOim J. T1I0MA8,
vmcr of Maui ami Franklin Streets,
thTS constantly on hand a geneial as
4 a try Protluce, ttc. together with Spices,
ii!es. Preserved Fruits, Dried Fruits,
I 4.1CC0, Cigars, &c, all of which w ill be
8c. an cheap as the choapest. Call and
txamir.o our stock.
-Nov. 16, 1805. ly.
3. M. Pettengill c Co.
'.vertlsins: Acentti. Pku- v.
i w lotit and 10 Mate street, Boston, I
a r- a. jx
r A bKsmsEi,," and the most influen-
. "-""iiitru n-iiib ior ine "IJem
d largest circulating Newspapers in
tinted States and Canadas. Th
empowered to contract for us at out
he Life and Campaigns of General Me
an, i r sale bv
TO AND FIIOM ENG
LAND, IRELAND AND SCOTLAND
(JAbWAY LINE OF
MONTREAL do. do.
WASHINGTON LINE OF SAILING
Diafts at sight for 1 and upwards, on
National B.iuk and branches. Payable in
all the City's and Towns in England, Ire
laud, Scotland and Wales free of Discount.
R.A. 0. KERR.
May 25, 1SGL AUoona.
JOHN A. BLAIR. Proprietor.
1 HE I'KUrKIfcilUH will spare no pains
to render this Hotel, worthy of a continua
tion ot the liberal snare oi puune patron
age it has heretofore received. His tablo
will always be furnished with the best the
market alibrds; Lis bar with the best of
stable i large, and will be attended,
by an attentive ami obliging hOatler.
Ebenburg Apr.17 1SC1.
HARNESS ! AND SADDLERY
The undersigned keeps constantly on
hand and is still manufacturing all articles
in Lis line such as,
FINE SINGLE & DOUBLE HARNESa
LLIND BRIDLES. RIDING BRIDLES,
CHECK LINES, HALTERS, WHIPS,
which he will dispose of at low prices for
Ilia work is all warranted, and being ex
perienced, he puts the best 'of leather in his
woik. Thankful for past favors, be hopes,
by attention to business to r.v.'rit a continu
ance of the patronage heretofore so liberal
ly extended to him.
Shop above the store of Robert Davis.
Persons wishing otnl aud substantial Har
ness can be accommodated by.
Ebcnsburg Dec, 11, lSGl-tf.
the undersiged having purchased and
taken possession of tlio Ebenburj;
House (form el y ocupicd by Henry Foster.)
will be happy to receive and accommod
ate his eld customers, and all others who
' iM'isc'.i u patronize mm. me.
Proprietor feels assured from the spacious
,I0USK'STABLK (,thcr f-ioilitiis that
Le can offcr at c:l,t as j accommo
c any other in the
of the choisest liquors with which his bar
. . - ry.t.,.., f .j
will be lurnishcd; lus table will be furn
ished with all tit luxuries of the season, and
he intends by his hospitality aud care, to
merit the patronage of all those who stop
Ebensburg April, 17, 18Gl.-tf.
rBlHE undersigned Orailunteof the Calti
Jl more College of Dental Surgery, respect
fully offers his professional services to the
citizens of Ebensburg. lie has spared no
means thoroughly to acquaint himself with
every improvement '.n his art. To many
years of personal experience he has thought
to add the imparted experience of the high
est authorities in Dental Science. He sim
ply asks that an opportuity may be given
tor Ids work to speak its own praise.
. SAMUEL. lu:r.FOUD, IX D. S.
Office in Colonade Row.
Prcf. C. A. Harris ; T. E. Bond, jr. ; W. R.
Handy ; A. A. Blandy, P. II. Austen, of the
Will he at Ebensburg on the fourth
Monday of each month, to stay one week.
ber announces to the public, that he has
repurchased the Ebensburg foundry and is
prepared to lurnish his former customers
and all others with every description of cast
ings usually manufactured at a country es
tablishment. He will alwavs keen on hand
j the best quality of COOKING STOVES,
I'AKLUK MOVES, OFFICE STOVES, &c.
Also PLOWS, of the most approved pat
tern. BLOW POINTS, THRESHING
MACHINES find all other articles connect
ed with the business of a Foundry.
lie invites the patronage of the public
and will sell at the most reasonable prices.
for cash or country produce.
March 20, 18C5-ly.
The Mystery, by Mrs. Wood. The Heir
ess oi iVllefont. By E. Bennett.
William Allair, Cy Mrs. II. Wood. G-l
lege Life, By F. H. Fanor. North Pacific
Exploring Expedition, Dy A. II. Iiarbcrs
ham. For sale bv
The Baltimore Gazette says: From being
one of the cheapest countries in the .world
to live in, taking the late wage's into con
sideration, the United States has become
one of the dearest. Five years ago all
1 articles of nrime ncrmssitv wort within tha
Klid of almost evcry faniily ia t!ie laiiJ .
whilst taxes of every kind were so light
that the burden of them was hardly felt.
What a change has taken place since then !
Now every imaginable thing is taxed to
its utmost capacity. We are taxed on
the food we consume, the fuel that cooks
it, the liquids we drink, the clothes we
wear, the house we live in, the income
that we receive. Wo are taxed on raw
material, and taxed over and over again
on its manufacture and sale. The busi
ness we do, the receipts we give, the cove
nant wc enter into, the car we ride in, the
watch we carry, the chair we sit in, the
window wc look through, the nail that
we drive, the match that we light, even
the very stones of the street and the bricks
of the walk are indirectly taxed. Ever
thing, in short, is taxed, except the 'air
What have wc to show as a compensa
tion for being saddled with all these ex
traordinary burthens 1 The emancipa
tion of the negro and the vindication of a
principle that jet remains open to dispute.
These are the achievements that has cost
us four thousand millions of dollars, the
loss of two hundred and fifty thousand
lives, the greater or less devastation and
impoverishment of thirteen States, and
the creation of a priveileged class of bond
holders, whose exemption from State taxa
tion increases the charges imposed upon
the rest of the community. But the cost
to 'us docs not end here. We have vet toi
take into consideration the utter disorgani
zation of the labor system of the South ;
the contempt which has been cast in high
places upon the organic law of the land,
the total want of itspect that has been
shown for the civil tribunals, the shame
Ices disregard that has been paid to the
clearest rights of individuals and States,
and the persecutions for opinion's eake,
the malign influences exerted upon com
munities by legions of spies and informers,
the sycophantic adulation of every wrong
ful act, every lawless exercise of power by
professional politicians and fanatical par
tisans, and the bold and unblushing ad
vocacy of the centralization of authority
and the crushing out of all opposition, by
assuming that the Administration and the
Government were one.
Make the IIomestkad Attractive.
It need not cost much money to adorn the
place one lives in. Begin by digging out
the briars and thistles of the door-yard.
I'lant a few trees : then add several flow
ering shrubs, perhaps that will answer for
one year. Next year make a gravel walk,
or two, and set a few. flowering plants by
their sides. Your wife and daughters
will sow some flower seeds, if you will
only prepare a border for them. Look at
these improvements some bright morning
next June, and we guarantee you will be
glad you made them. And labors, so re
warding, will lead on to others. The
fencing and buildings will be kept in re
pair. Trees will be set out along the
roadside. Tho houses -will have window
blinds, the rooms papered and painted ;
good furniture will be provided, and books
and papers will notba missing. All these
things will be regulated according to one's
ability. And, as a general rule whatever
our means, it is better to make improve
ments by degrees, from year to year, than
to do them up at once, 'by the job.' lie
assured this is the way to find tho most
happiness in home adorning. And re
member, the influence of such improve
ments does not end with the individual
family. They tell silently but with great
effect, upon society. Kvcry ntighltor and
every passer by feels them, and many are
led by such examples to go and do like
wise. A II.U'CY Ketout. A man was
brought into court on a charge of having
stolen some ducks from a farmer.
"I low do you know they are your
ducks ?" asked the defendant's counsel.
"I should have known them anywhere"
replied the farmer, who proceeded to de
scribe their peculiarities.
"Why," said Hie prisoner's counsel,
those ducks can't be such a rare breed I
have some very much like them
"That's not unlikely, sir," said the
farmer, they are not the only duck3 I've
had t-tolen lately.
"Call the next witness."
1 r is said that several other Southern
journals besides the Kichmond ICraminer
are to be suppressed for "disloyalty."
THURSDAY, MARCH I, 1866.
The Freedntea's Bureau Bill,
Veto Message from President Jolmscu.
Washington-, February 19, 18GG.
To the Senate of the U. States :
1 have- examined "with care the bill
vhich)i initiated in tlio Serrate, and
has boot-passed by the two Houses
of Congress, to ameiidan act enti
tled "An act to establish a liurean
for the relief of freedmen and refu
gees, and for other purposes."
J laving, w ith much regret, come to
the conclusion that it would not be
consistent with the public welfare to
give my approval to the measures,
L return the bill to the Senate with
my objection to its becoming a law.
I might call to mind, in advance of
these objections, that there is no im
mediate necessity for the proposed
measure. lne act to establish a
JJurcau for ihe relief of freedmen
anu refugees, which was Approved
in the month of March last, has not
yet expired. It was thought strin
gent and extensive enough for the
purpose in view. Before it ceases
to have effect, further specimens
may assist to guide us to a wise con
clusion in the policy to be adopted
in time of peace. I have, with
Congress, the stringent desire to se
cure to the freedmen the lull enjoy
ment of their freedom and their
property and their independence
and equality in making contracts for
their labor. But the bill before me
contains provisions which in my
opinion is not warranted by the
Constitution and are not well suited
to accomplish the end in view. The
bill proposes to establish, by author
ity of Congress, military jurisdiction
over all parts of the United States
in wlfich the freedmen most abound,
and it expressly extends ihe existing
temporary jurisdiction of the Frced
men's Bureau with greatly enlarged
powers over those States in which
the ordinary course of judicial pro
ceedings has been interrupted by the
rebellion. The source from which
this military jurisdiction is to enii
nale is none other than the Presi
dent of the United States, acting
through the War Department and
the Commissioner of the Frcedmen's
Bureau. The agents to'earry out
this military jurisdiction are to be
selected either from the army or
from civil life. The country is to
be divided into districts and sub
districts, and the number of salaried
agents to be employed may be equal
to the number of counties or parish
es in all the United States where
freedmen and refugees are to be
found. The subjects over which
this military jurisdiction is to extend
in every part of the United States,
includes protection to all employees,
agents and oflicers of the Bureau
in the exercise of the dubes imposed
upon them by the bill in eleven
States. It is further to extend over
all cases effecting freedmen ami ref
ugees where discriminated against
by the local law, customs or preju
dice, in those eleven States, the bill
subjects every white who may be
charged with depriving a freed man
of any civil rights or immunities be
longing to white persons to impress
ment or fines, or both, without, How
ever defining their civil rights and
immunities which are thus to be se
cured to the freedmen by military
law. This military jurisdiction also
extends to all questions that may
arise respecting contracts. The
agent who is thus to exercise. the of
fice of a military judge, may be a
stranger, entirely ignorant -of the
laws of the place and exposed to the
errors of judgment, to which all men
are liable. The exercise, of power,
over which there is no legal super
vision, by so vasta number of agents
as is conteinphitd by the bill, must
by the very nature of man, be at
tended by acts of caprice, injustice ;
and passion. f.'-'rhe trials having their
origin under tins bill, are to taico
place withotJt the intervention of a
jury, and without any fixed rules of
law or evidence. The rules 011
which offences 'are to be heard and
determined b- ihe numerous agents
under such rules and regulations as
the President, through the War
Department shall prescribe, no pre
vious presentiment is required, nor
indictment charging the commission
of a crime against the laws, but the
trial must proceed on charges and
speeirieatioris. The punishment. wilL
be not what the law declares, but
such only as a court martial may
think proper, and from these arbi
trary tribunals there is no appeal
no writ of error to any of the courts
in which the Constitution of the U.
States vests exclusively the judicial
power of the country, while the ter
ritory and the class of actions and
olfcnces that are made subject to this
! measure arc so extensive. The lull
itself, should it become a law, will
Neave 110 limitation in point 01 time,
j but will form a part of the pcrma-
nent legislation ot the country. 1
; cannot reconcile a system of military
jurisdiction ot this land with the
j words of the Constitution, which
deel nrc tli;t no person sltn.ll lc lie hi
ro answer lor a capital or other in
famous crime unless on a present
ment or indictment of a grand jury,
except in cases arising in the land
or naval forces, or in the militia
when in active service in time of
war -or public danger, and that in
all criminal prosecutions the accused
shall enjoy the right to a speedy
and public trial by an impartial jury
of Ihe State or district wherein the
crime shall have been committed.
The safeguards which the wisdom
and experience of our forefathers
established as securities for the pro
tection of the innocent, the punish
ment of the guilty and the equal ad-
ministration of justice, are to be set
aside, and for the sake of a more
vigorous interposition in behalf of
ju&tice, we are to take tho risk; of
many ac ts of injustice that would of
necessity form an almost countless
number of agents, established in
every parish in the county, in
nearly a third of the States of the
Union, over whose decision there is
to be no supervision or control by
the Federal courts. The power
that would be thus placed in the
hands of the President, in time of
peace, certainly ought never to be
entrusted to ;ny one man. If it be
a.-ked whether the creation ot such
a tribunal within a State is warran
ted as a measure of war, the ques
tion immediately presents itself,
whether we are still engaged in war.
Let us not unnecessarily disturb the
commerce and credit and industry
of the country' by declaring to the
American people, and the world,
that the United States are still in a
condition of civil war. At present
there is no part of our eonntrv in
which the authority of the United
States is disputed, offenses that mav
be committed by individuals, should
not make a forfeiture of the rights
of the same communities. The
country has entered, or is returning
to, a' state of peace and. industry,
and the rebellion is in fact at an end.
The measure, therefore, seems to
be as inconsistent with the actual
condition of the country as it is at
variance with the Constitution of
the United States. If passing from
general coiisideraton, we examine
the bill in detail, it is open to
weighty objections. In times of
war it was eminently proper that
we should provide for those who
were passing suddenly from a con
dition of bondage to a state of free
dom, hut this bill proposes to make
the frcedmen's bureau, established
by the act of 1SG5, as one of many
Tcat and extraordinary military
measures to suppress a formidable
liebellion a permanent branch of the
public administration, with its pow
ers greatly enlarged. I have no
reason to suppose, and I do not un
derstand it to be alleged that the act
of March, 18G5, has proved deficient
for the purpose for which it was
passed, although at that time and
for a considerable period thereafter
the (Jovernment of the United
States remained unacknowledgod in
I most of the States whose inhabi
tants had been involved in the re
bellion. The institution of slavery,
for the military destruction of which,
the Frcedmen's Bureau was rcallcd
into existence as an auxiliary force,
has been already effect ually and fi
nally .abrogated throughout -the
whole country ly" an amendment to
the Constitution of the United
States, ami practically its eradica
tion has received the assent and
concurrence of most of those States
in which at any time it. had existed.
I am not, therefore, able to discern
in the country anything to justify
an apprehension that the powers
and agencies of the Frcedmen's Bu
reau, which was effective for tho
protection of freedmen and refugees,
during the actual coiitinttioii of
hostilities and of African servitude,
will now in time of peace and after
the abolition of slavery, prove in--aduquate
to the same proper end.
If I am correct in these views, there
can be no necessity for the enlarge
ment of the powers of the Frced
men's Bureau, for which provision
is made in the bill.
The third section of the bill au
thorized a general unlimited amount
of support to the destitute and suf
fering refugees and freedmtii and
their wives and children.
Succeeding sections make provi
sions for the rent' or purchase of
landed estates ir freedmen and for
the erection for their benefit of sui
table buildings, for asylums and
schools, the expense. to be defrayed
from the Treasury of fhe whole peo
ple. The Congress of the United
States has never heretofore thought
itself competent to establish any
laws beyond the limits the District
of Columbia, cxce;t for the benefit
of our disabled soldiers and sailors.
It has never founded schools for
any class id' our own people, not
even for the orphans of those who
have fallen in defense of the Union,
but has left their education to tho
much more voiiipeleni and ellieient
control of the states of communities,
of private associations and of indi
viduals. It lias never deemed itself
authorized to expend the public- mo
ney for the rej;t or purchase t i
homes for the thousands, not to.say
millions of the white race who are
honestly toiling from day to day for
their bubsi.-tence. A system for the
support of indigent persons in tho
United State was never coiitempla.-
ted by the authority of the Constitu
tion, nor can any good reason be ad
vanced, why, as a permanent estab
lishment, it L-hould be founded for
one class or color of 011 r people more
than another. Tending the war,
many lvfugees and freedmen re ceiv
ed support from the (.Jovcrmuent,
but it was never intcimcd that they
should henceforth be fed, chdhed,
educated and sheltered by the Uni
ted States. The idea on which the
slaves were assisted to freedom was
that on becoming free, lhey would
be a solf-su-t aining population.
Any legislation that shall imply that
thcv are not expected to attain a
self-sustaining condition, must, have
a (endenery injurious alike to their
character ami presperity. The ap
pointment of an agent for every
county and parish v. iil create an im
mense patronage, and the expense of
the numerous oflicers ami the clerks
to be appelated by the President,
will be great in the beginning, with
a tendency to increase. The appro
priations asked by the freeehmn's
bureau, as now established for the
year eighteen hundred and sixty-six, .
amount te 811,7-b"),0O0. It may
be safely estimated the cost L be in
eurreel under the pending bill will
require double that amount, more
than 'double the entire sum expended ;
in any one year under the adminis
tration of the second Adams. If the
presence of an agent in every parish
and county is to be considered as a
war nie'asuro: opposition, or even
resistance might be provoked, so
that, to give- e licet to their jurisdic
tion, troop; would have to be sfu-