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- . "WE GO WEESE DEMOCRATIC PRINCIPLES POCTT THE "WY ;WHEIf THEY CEASE TO LEAD, WE CEASE TO FOLLOW." 1 "
VOLUME IX. EBEXSBURG, T11LRdAY, AUGUST j 1853. XUMBER 40
There ia a strange deformity
Combined with countless graces,
As often in the ladies' names
As in the ladies' faces.
Soine. jjajaea are fit foe every age, .-
Some fit for only youth;
Some passing sweet and beautiful,
Same horribly uncouth,
Some fit for dames of loftiest grades,
Some only fit for scullery maid.
Ann is too plain and common;
And Nancy sounds but ill'r
Vet Anna is endurable, .
And Annie better still.
There is a grace in Charlotte,
In Eleanor a state;
An elegance in Isabel,
A haughtiness in Kate.
-And Sarah is sedate and neat.
And Ellen innocent and sweet.
Matilda has a sickly sound,
Fit for a nurse's trade ;
Sophia is effeminate.
And Esther sage and staid.
Eliabeth's a matchless name,
Fit for a queen to wear
In cajtle, cottage, hut or hall,
A name beyond compare.
And Bess and Bessie follow well,
But Betsy is dstestible.
"Maria ia too forward,
And Gertruds is too gruif ; -Yet,
coupled with a pretty face,
Is pretty name enough.
And Adelaid is fanciful,
- AncT Laura is too fine ;
Aiid Emily is beautiful,
And Mary is divine.
Maud only suit3 & high-born dame,
And Fanny is a baby-name.
Eliza is not very choice,
Jane is too blunt and bold ;
And Marian somewhat sorrowful,
And Lucy proud and cold.
Amelia is too light and gay,
Fit only for a flirt;
And Caroline is vaia and shy,
And Flora smart and pert.
Louisa is too soft and sleek.
Bat Alice, gentle, chaste and meek.
And Harriet is confiding,
And Clara grave and mild ;
And Emma is affectionate.
And Janet arch and wild.
And Patience is expressive,
And Grace is old and rare,
And Hannah warm and dutiful.
And Margaret frank and fair,
And Faith, and Hope, and Charity,
Are heavenly names of sisters three.
Rebecca for a Jewess,
Rose for a country belle,
And Agnes for a blushing bride,
Will suit exceeding well.
And Phoebe for a midwife,
Joanna for a prude,
And Rachel for a gipsy weneb.
Are all extremely good.
And Judith for a scold and churl,
And Susan for a sailor's girl. ;
A LADY'S HANS.
'Tis dimpled, white, and oh ! so soft, -
That little fairy hand !
It lies within my own so warm,
So graceful in its petite form ;
No words I can command
Will tell the magic, mystic spell
Which in that hand doth dwell,
As to my burning lips full oft
That little hand I press, ,
Bestowing love's caress
tlpon the flake of dimpled snow
"Which warm with life and youth doth glow;
My lady's soft white hand.
1 love to mark the blue veins swell
Upon that little hand ;
Each finger tapers round and fair ;
And by that much-loved hand I swearj
While I have wealth or land,
That gentle hand no ill shall know,
No mde touch bid its whiteness glow,
That snowy hand I love so well.
Would it were now in mine,
That I might leave love's sign,
His signet and his sweetest seal,
. On that hand which, through woe and weal,
I'll love my lady's hand !
From the Courier des Etats Unis.
I'OXTIUS PIIATE YS YIELVXE.
Vienne, in Dauphiny, a province of France,
the ancient capital of transalpine Gaul under the
Romans, is situated on the river Rhone. There,
on the left bank of that beautiful stream, is seen
a tomb of an ancient architecture which, accor
ding to tradition, is the tomb of Pontius Pilate
Pilate, under whose government Jesus Christ
suffered. Passu est Fontio Pilato. It was in
Vienne, also that the Wandering Jew revealed
himself in 1777 a most remarkable occurrence,
the spot that contained the ashes of the Judge
of the Righteous, was to be trodden upon by a
descendant of his accuser.
The following chronicle was extracted from
an old Latin manuscript found in a monastery at
It was under the reign of Caligula, . when C.
Marcius was praetor at Vienne, that an old man,
bent with age, yet of tall stature, was seen to
descend from bis litter and enter a house of
modest appearance, near the temple of Mars.
Over.the door of this house was written, in red
letters, the name of F. Albinus. He was an old
acquaintance of Pilate's. After mutual saluta
tions, Albinus observed to him, that many years
had elapsed since their separation. ; "Yes,"
replied Pilate, "many years years of misfor
tune and affliction. Accursed be the day on
which X succeeded Valerius Gratus in the gov
ernment cf Judea! My name js ominous; it
-fcas been fatal to whomsoever has borne it One
of my 'ancestors printed an indelible mark of in
. V xamy on the fair front of imperial Rome, when
the RrTn passed under the Caddiaae Ferculae
'.iif the Samnita war. Another perished by the
hand of the Parthisea in the wax against Ar
mmiu. And I mieerable me !
'Yeu miserable V asked Albinus, "what have
you done to entail miseryon you ? True, the
injustice of Caligula has exiled you to Vienne,
but for what crime ? I have examined your af
fair at the Tabutarium. You are denounced by
Vitellus, prefect of Syria, your enemy, for hav
ing chastened the rebellious Hebrews, who had
slain the most nuble of the Samaritans, and who
afterwards withdrew themselvep on Mount Ga
riziin. You are also accused of acting thus out
of hatred against the Jews."
"No !" replied Pilate. "No! by ail the gods,
Albinua, it is not the injustice af Caesar that af
"What then is the cause or your affliction?"
continued Albinus. "Long have I known you
sensible, just, humane. I see it you are the
victim of Vitellus."
"Say not so, Albinus say not that I am the
victim 6f Vitellus no ; I am the victim of a
higher power! The Romans regard me as an
object of Caesar's disgrace, the Jews as the se
vere Proconsul ; the Christians as the execution
er of their God I"
"Of their God, did you say, Pilate? Impious
wretches ! Adore a God born in a manger, and
put to death ou across!"
'Beware, Albinus, beware !" continued Pilate.
"If their Christ had been born under the purple
he would have been adored. Listen. To your
friendship I will submit the events of my life;
you will afterwards j udge whether I am worthy
of your hospitality."
On my arrival at Jerusalem, 1 took possession
of the Pretorium, and ordered a splendid feast
to be prepared, to which I invited the Tetrarch
of Judea, with the high priests and his officers.
At the appointed hour no guest appeared. This
was an insult offered to my dignity. A few days
afterwards the Tetrarch deigned to pay me a
visit. His deportment was grave and deceitful.
He pretended that his religion forbade him and
his attendants to sit down at the table of the
gentiles, and to offer up libations with them. I
thought it expedient to accept of his excuse;
but Irom that moment I was convinced that the
conquered had declared themselves the enemies
of the conquerors
At that time, Jerusalem was, of all conquered
cities, the most difficult to govern. So turbu
let were the people, that I lived in momentary
dread of an insurrection. To repress it I had
but a single Centurion and a handful of soldiers
I requested a re-inforcement from the Prefect of
Syria, who informed me that he had scarcely
troops sufficient to defend his own province. In
satiate thirst of empire to extend our conquests
beyond the means of defending them !
Among the various rumors which came to my
ears, there was one that attracted my attention.
A young man, it was said, had appeared in Gali
lee, preaching with a noble unction, a new law
in the name of the God that had sent him. At
first, I was apprehensive that his design was to
stir up the people against the Romans; but soon
were my fears dispelled. Jesus of Nazareth
spoke rather as a friend of the Romans than of
One day, in passing by tfaeplaoe of Siloe,
where there was a great concourse of people, I
observed in the midst of the group a young man
leaning against a tree, who was calmly address
ing the multitude. I was told that it was Jesus.
This I could easily have suspected, so great was
the difference between him and those who. were
listening to him. He appeared to be about thir
ty years of age. His golden colored hair and
beard gave to his appearance a celestial aspect.
Never have I seen a sweeter or a" more serene
countenance What a contrast between him
and his hearers, with their blacK beards and
tawny complexions! Unwilling to interrupt him
by my presence,' 1 continued my walk, but sig
nified to my Secretary to join the group and lis
teni My Secretary's nama was Manlius. He was,
the grandson of the chief of theconspiraors who
encamped in Etrusia wailing for Catilina. Man
lius was an ancient inhabitant of Judea, and
well acquainted with the Hebrew language. He
was devoted to me, and ra worthy of my con
fidence. On returning to the Pretorium, I found Man
lius, who related to me the words that Jesushad
pronounced at Siloe. Never have I heard in
the Portico, or read in the works of the Philos
ophers, any thing that can be compared to the
maxims of Jesus. One of the rebellious Jews,
bo numerous in Jerusalem, having asked him if
it was lawful to give tribute to Caesar or not,
Jesus replied: Render unto Ccesar the things which
are Ccesar's and unto God the thinjs that are
It was on account of the wisdom of his say
ings that I granted so much liberty to the Naza
rene ; for it was in my power to have had him
arrested and exiled to Pontus ; but this would
have been contrary to that justice which has
always characterized the Romans. This man
was neither seditious nor rebellious. I extended
to him my protection, unknown, perhaps, to
himself. He was at liberty to act, to speak, to
assemble and address the people, to choose dis
ciples, unrestrained by any pretorian mandate.
Should it ever happen may the Gods avert
tho omen ! should it ever happen, I say, that
the religion of our forefathers be supplanted by
the reli gion of Jesus, it will be to his noble tol
eration that Rome shall owe her premature ob
sequies whilst I, miserable wretch ! 1 shall
have been the instrument of what Christians
call Providence, and we Destiny .
But this unlimited freedom granted to Jesus,
provoked the Jews not the poor, but the rich
and powerful. It was" true, Jesus was severe
on the latter, and this was a political raason, in
my opinion, not to control the libera f of the
Nazarene "Scribes and Pharisees I", would he
Bay to them, "ye are a race of vipers ! you re
semble painted sepulchres." At other times he
would sneer at the proud aims of the Publican,
telling him that the mite of the widow was more
precious in the sight of God.
Tew complaints were daily made at the Tre
torium against the insolence of Jesus. I was
even informed that some misfortune would befall
him that it was not the first time that Jeru
salem had stoned those who called themselves
prophets and that if the Pretorium refused
justice, an appeal would be made to Caesar, of
all that happened. - My conduct was approved
by the Senate, and I was promised a re-inforce-ment
of troops after the termination of the Par
thian war. . - .. -
Being too weak to suppress a sedition, I re
solved upon, adopting a measure that promised
to establish te tranquility of the city, without
subjecting the Pretorium to humiliating coaces-
sions. I wrote to Jesus, requesting an interview
with bim at the Pretorium. He came.
Oh, Albinus ! now that my blood runs cold in
my veins, and that my body is bent down under
the load of years, it is not surprising that Pilate
should sometimes .tremble: but then I was
young in my veins flowed the Spanish mixeT
with Horn an blood, as incapable of fear as it
was of puerile emotions.
When the Nazarene made his appearage, I
was walking in my basilic, and my feet seemed
fastened with an iron hand to the marble pave
ment. He was calm, the Nazarene calm as in
nocence. When he came up to me, he stopped,
and by a single gesture, seemed to say to me,
here am I.
For some time I contemplated with admiration
and awe this extraordinary type of man a type
unknown to our numerous painters who have
given form and figure to all the gods and to all
the heroes. , -
"Jesus," said I to him at last and my tongue
faltered "Jesus of Nazareth, I have granted
you for the last thr"ee years ample freedom of
speech ; nor do I regret it. Your words are
those of a sage. I know not whether you have
read Socrates and Plato ; but this I know, that
there is in your discourses a majestic simplicity
that elevates you far above those great philoso
phers. The emperor is informed of it, and I,,
his humble representative in this country, ara
glad of having allowed you that liberty of which
you are so worthy. However, I must not con
ceal from you that your discourses have raised
up against you powerful and inveterate enemies.
Neither is this surprising. Socrates had his ear
emies, and he fell a victim to their hatred.
Yours are doubly incensed against you on ac4
count of your sayings "; against hie, on account
of the liberty, extended toward, you.. They,
even accused me indirectly of being leagued
with you for the purpose of depriving the He
brews of the little civil power which Rome has
left them. My request I do not say my order
i3 that you be more circumspect for the fu
'ture, eid more tender in rousing the pride of
your enemies, lest they raise against you the
stupid populace, and compel me to employ the
instruments of justice.
The Nazarene calmly replied :
"Prince of the earth, your words proceed not
from true wisdom. Say to the torrent to stop
in the midst of the mountain because it will up
root the trees of the valley ; the torrent will an
swer you, that it obeys the laws of the Creator.
God alone knows whither flows the Waters of the
torrent. Verily, I say unto you, before i the
rose of Sharon blossoms, the blood of the just
will be spilt."
"Your blood shall not be spilt,'.' replied I,
with emotion. "You are more precious in my
estimation, on account of your wisdom, than all
these turbulent and proud Pharisees who abuse
the freedom granted them by the Romans, con
spire against Caesar, and construe our bounty
into fear. Insolent wretches! They are not
aware that the wolf of the Tiber sometimes
clothes himself with the skin of ihe sheep. I
will protect you against them. My pretorium
is open to you as a place of refuge it is a sa
cred asylum." . ....
Jesus carelessly shook his head, and said,
with a graceful and divine smile;
"When the day shall have come, there . will
be no asylum for the Son of Man, neither on
earth nor under the earth. The asylum of the
J us tis there, (pointing to the heavens.) That
which is written in the books of the prophets
must be accomplished.'' ,
'Young man," answered I mildly, "you o
blige me to convert my request into an order.
The safety of the province which has been con
fided to my care requires it. You must observe
more moderation in your discourses. Do not
infringe my orders, you know. May happiness
attend you. Farewell."
"Prince of earth," replied Jesus, "I come not
to bring war into the world, but peace, love and
charity. I was born the same day on which
Caesar Augustus gave peace to the Roman world.
Persecution proceeds not from me. I expect it
from others, and will meet it in obedience to the
will of my Father, who has showu me the way.
Restrain, therefore, your wordly prudence. It
is not in your power to arrest the victim at the
foot of the tabernacle of expiation."
So saying, he disappeared like a bright shad
ow behind the curtains of the basilic. .
Herod the Tetrach who then reigned in Judea,
and who died devoured by vermin, was a weak
and wicked man, chosen by the chiefs of the law
to be the instrument of their hatred. To him
the enemies of Jesus addressed themselves, to
wreak their vengeance on the Nazarene.
Had Herod consulted his own inclination he
would have ordered Jesus immediately to be put
to death ; but though proud of his regal dignity,
yet he was afraid of committing an act that
might diminish his influence with Csesar.
Herod called on me one day at the Pretorium,
and on rising to take leave, after some insignifi
cant conversation, he asked - me what was my
opinion concerning the Nazarene.
I replied, that Jesus appeared tome to be one
of those grave philosophers that great na tions
some times produce ; that his doctrine was by no
means dangerous ; and that the intention of
Rome was to leave him that freedom of speech
which was justified by his actions. Herod smi
led maliciously, and saluting me with ironical
respect, he departed.
The great feast of the Jews was approaching;
and their intention was to avail themselves of
the popular exultation which always manifests
itself at the solemnities of .a passover." ' Jhe' city
was. overflowing with a tumultuous p ypulace,
clamoring for the death of the Nazarene. My
emissaries informed me that the treasure of the
Temple had been eiapoljed in bribing the people.
The danger was pressing. A Roman centurion
had been insulted. .
I wrote to the Prefect of Syria, requesting a
hundred foot soldiers, and the same number of
Cavalry. He declined. I saw myself alone with
a handful of veterans in the midst of a rebellious
city too weak to suppress disorder, and having
no other choice left than to tolerate it.
They had seized upon Jesus ; and the eedi
tious rabble, although they knew they had noth
ing to fear from the Pretorium, believing, on
the faith of their leaders,. that I winked at their
sedition, continued vociferating "Crucify him !
crucify him!" ,
Three powerful parties at that time had com
bined together against Jesus. First the Herodi
ans and Sadducees,- whose seditious conduct
ee.em.ed to have proceeded from a double motive;
y halted the Nazarene, and were impatient T
the Roman yoke. They could never forgive'
n$ for having entered their holy city with ban-
nc-3 tnat bore the image of the Roman emperor;
CtdjLltto'ugh in this instance, I had committed
A-! error, yet the sacrilege did not appear
lea's henious iu their eyes. Another ""erievahce
also rankled in their, bosoms. I had proposed
to employ a part of the treasure of the Temple
in erecting edifices of public utility. My propo
sal was scowled at The Pharisees were the
avowed enemies of Jesus. They cared not for
the Government ; but they bore with bitterness
tfie severe reprimands which the Nazarene had
ftr three years been continually throwing out
against them wherever he went. Too weak and
usilanimqus to act by themselves, they had ea
gerly embraced the quarrel of the Herodians and
Saducees. Besides these three parties, I had to
contend against the reckless and profligate pop
iface always ready to join in a sedition,-and to
profit by the disorder and confusion that result
) Jesus was dragged before the Council of the
Priests and condemned to death. It was (hen
tlat the High Priest, Caiaphas, performed a der
isory act of submission. He sent his prisoner
to me to pronounce his condemnation and secure
Ms execution. I answered him that, as Jesus
was a Galilean, the affair came in Herod's juris
diction, and ordered Jesus to be sent thither.
The wily Tetrarch professed humility, and pro
testing his deference to the lieutenant of Caesar,
he eommitted the fate of the man to my hands.
Soon my place assumed the aspect of a besieged
citadel ; every moment increased the number of
the seditious. Jerusalem was inundated with
crowds from the mountains of Nazareth. All Ju
dea appeared to be pouring into the devoted
. I had taken a wife, a girl fronk among the
Gauls, who pretended to see . into futurity.
Weeping, and throwing herself at my feet, "Bo
ware," said she to me, beware and touch not
that man, for he is holy. Last night I saw him
in a vision, he was walking on the water he
was flying on the wings of the wind. ... He spoke
to the tempests, to the palm trees, to the fisher
of the lake all were obedient to him. Behold !
the torrent of Mount Kedron flows with blood
the statues of Csesar are filled with the filth of
the gemonisee the columns of the Pretorium
have given away, and the sun is veiled in mourn
ing like a vestal in the tomb ! O, Pilate, evil
awaits thee. , If thou wilt not listen to the words
of thy wife, dread the curses of a Roman Senate
dread the frowns of Ceaser !" '
By this time the marble stairs groaned under
the weight of multitude. The Nazarene was
brought back to me. I proceeded to the Hall of
Justice, followed by thy guards, and asked the
people in a severe tone what they demanded?
"The death of the Nazarene," was their reply.
For what crime ?" "He has blasphemed ; he
hasprophesied the ruin of the temple ; he calls
himself the son of God the Messiah the King
of the Jews." "Roman justice," said I, "pun
isles not such offence with death." "Crucify
hin, crucify him!" Shouted forth the relentless
rabble; - . :
Ihe vociferations of the infuriate multitude
shjok the palace to its .foundations. One man
alone appeared calm jii the'tnidst of the tumult.
Ho was like untd the statues of Innocence placed
in the Temple of the Euminides. It was the Na
zarene.' After many fruitless attempts to protect him
from the fury of his merciless prosecutors, I had
tht baseness to adopt a measure, which, at that
moment, appeared td me to' be the only one that
could save his life. I order him to be scourged ;
thn, calling for an ewer, I washed my hands in
th presence of the clamorous multitude, thereby
signifying them my disapprobatioii of the deed.
But in vain. - It was his life that these wretch
es thirsted after. Often, ip. our civil commo
tions, have I witnessed the furious animosity of
the multitude, but nothing could ever be compar
ea to what I beheld in the present instance. It
might have been truly said that, on this occa
sion, all the phantoms of the infernal regions
had assembled at Jerusalem. The crowd ap
peared not to walk ; they were , borne off and
whirled as a vortex, rolling along like living
waves, from the portals of the Pretorium even
unto Mount Zion, with howling screams, shrieks
and vociferations, such as were never heard in
the seditions of Panonia, or in the tumults of the
By degrees tho day darkened like a winter
twilight, such as had been seen at the death of
the great Julius Caesar. It was likewise towards
the Ides of March. I, the contemned governor
of a rebellious province, was leaning against a
column of my basilic contemplating athwart the
dreary gloom, this Theory of Tartarus dragging
to execution the innocent Nazarene. All around
me was desert ; Jerusalem had vomited forth
her indwellers through the funeral gate tht
Gemonia. An air of desolation and sadness en
veloped me. My guards had joined the cavalry,
and the Centurion, to display a shadow of pow
er, was endeavoring to maintain order. I was
left alone, and my breaking heart admonished
me, that what was passing at that moment ap
pertained rather to the history of the gods than
to that of man. Loud clamors were heard pro
ceeding from Golgotha," which borne on the winds
appeared to announce an agony such as never
had been heard by mortal ear. Dark clouds
lowered over the pinnacle of the " temple, and
large ruptures settled over the city and covered
as with a veil. So dreadful "were the signs that
were manifested, both in the heavens and on the
earth, that Dionysius, the Areopsgit, is reported
to have exclaimed, "ither the Author of nature
is suffering, or the universe1 is falling apart."
, Towards the first hour of the night, 1 threw
my mantle around me, and went down into the
city towards the gates of Golgotha. The sacra
fice was consummated. The crowd was return
ing home, still agitated, it is true, but gloomy,
taciturn, and desperate. What the had witness
ed had struck them with terror and remorse. I
also saw my little Roman cohort pass by mourn
fully, the standard bearer having veiled his eagle
in token of grief, and I overheard some of the
soldiers murmuring strange words which I did
not comprehend. Others were recounting pro
gidies almost similar to those which had so of
ten smote the Romans with dismay by the will
of the gods. Sometimes groups of men and
women, would halt ; then looking backwards to
wards Mount Calvary, would remain motionless,
in the expectation of witnessing some new pro-
feturned to the Pretorium, sad and pensive.
On ascendmcr the stairs, the stens of -which were
ftstill stained with the blood of the Nazarene, I
perceived an old man in a supplicant posture,
and behind him several women in tears. He
threw himself at my feet and wept bitterly. It
is paxnf ul to see an old man weep. "Fathr r,"
said I to him" mildly "who areymi and "what
is your request ?" Iam Joseph of Armetha,"
replied he, "and I am come to beg of you upon
my knees, the permission to bury Jesus of Naza
reth." "Your prayer is granted," said I to him,
and, at the same time ordered Manlius to take
some soldiers with him to superintend the inter
ment, lest it might be profaned. A few days
afterwards the sepulchre was found empty.
The disciples of Jesus had risen from the dead,
as he had foretold.
A last duty remained for me to perform. It
was to communicate to Csesar the details of this
deplorable event. I did it the same night that
followed the fatal catastrophe, and had just fin
ished the communication when the day began to
At that moment the sound of clarions playing
the air of Diana struck my ear. Casting my eyes
towards the Cesaren gate, I beheld a troop of
soldiers, and heard at a distance other trumpets
sounding Caesar's march. It was the reinforce
ment that had been promised me two thousand
chosen men who, to hasten their arrival, had
marched all night. "It has then been decreed
by the Fates," cried I, wringing my hands, "that
the great iniquity should be accomplished that
for the purpose of averting the deeds of yester
day, troops should arrive to-day ! Cruel desti
ny, bow thee eportest with the affairs of mor
tals ! Alas ! it was but too true, what the Naz
arene exclaimed when writing on the cross : All
riOJIAACE OF REAL LIFE.
Tlie Sioux Warrior's Race Tor Life.
From the Galena IlL, Advertiser.
During the summer of 18 , soon after the
difficulty with the Winnebago Indians had been
amicably adjusted by a visit of one of their chiefs
to Washington, acoompanied by Gov. Cass, a
Sioux Indian, while out hunting by the mouth of
the Root river, shot and scalped a Winnebago,
which act he attempted to justify, by saying
that the Winnebago had wrapped around his
person the blanket of an,. Indian, who, a ehort
time previous, had murdered his brother. The
Winnebagoes became indignant at the act, and
two thousand of them assembled at Fort Craw
ford, and demanded of Col. Taylor the procure
ment and surrender of the murderer.
The officers of the fort apprehensive that diffi
culties might arise with this factious tribe, if
their demands were not acceded to, concluded
to make an effort to obtain the murderer. Ac
cordingly an officer was despatched to demand
him of the Sioux nation, who immediately gave
him up, and he was brought down the river and
confined at Fort Crawford. Soon after his arri
val at the fort, the Winnebagoec strain assembled
and insisted upon an unconditional surrender of
the prisoner to them, which Col. Taylor refused
to make, but despatched Lieutenant R. and Dr.
Eluise, the surgeon of the garrison, to have a
talk with them upon the subject. At the con
ference, the Winnebagoes talked in a threaten
ing and overbearing manner, and insisted that
nothing would satisfy them but taking the life
of the Sioux in their own way and by themselves.
At length Lieut. R. proposed that the Indian
should have a chance for his life in the follow
ing manner : Two weeks from that time he was
to be led out upon the prairie, and in a line with
him ten paces off, was to be placed upon his
right and left, twelve of the most expert runnel s
of the Winnebago nation, each armed with a
tomahawk and scalping knife.
At the tap of the drum, the Sioux should be
free to start for the home of his tribe ; and the
Winnebagoes free to pursue, capture and scalp
him if they could.
To this proposal the Winnebagoes acceded at
once, and seemed much pleased with the Antici
pation of great sport, as well as an easy con
quest of the prisoner, whose confinement in the
garrison during two weeks they believed would
prostrate whatever running qualities he posses
sed. Their best runners were immediately
brought in, and trained every day in full sight
of the fort. Lieut. R., who had warmly enlist
ed in the cause of the Sioux, determined to have
his Indian in the best possible trim. According
ly Eluise took him in charge, prescribing his
diet, regulating the hours of repose, and direct
ing the rubbing of his body twice a day with
flesh brashes immediately before he went on the
parade ground to perform his morning and even
ing trainings. In fact so carefully was he train
ed and fitted for the race of life and death that
he was timed upon the parade ground the fourth
day before the race, and performed the aston
ishing feat of forty-one miles in two hours, ap
parently without fatigue.
The day at length arrived. Thousands of In
dians. French, Americans and others, had assems
bled to witness the scene. In fact it was regar
ded as a gala day by all except the avenger of
his brother Sioux. Lieut R., on the part of
the prisoner, and the celebrated war-chiefs War-kon-shules-kee
and Pine-Top, on the part of the
Winnebagoes, superintended the arrangement of
the parties on the ground. The point agreed
upon for starting was upon the prairie,' a little
to the North of Prairie du Chien, and a few rods
from the residence then occupied by Judge Lock
wood while the race course ran along Nine Mile
Prarie, stretching to the North and skirting
the shore of the MississippL . The Sioux ap
peared on the ground, accompanied by a guard
of soldiers, who were followed by twenty-four
antagonists, marching in Indian file, naked with
the exception of the Indian bracelet. Their ribs
were painted white, while their breasts were
adorned with a number of hieroglyphical paint
ings. Across the face alternate stripes of black
and white were painted in parallel lines, exten
ding from the chin to the forehead.
The hair was plaited into numerous thongs,
fringed with bells and tasseled with a red or
white feather ; while their moccasins were cord
ed tightly around the hollow of the foot, as well
as around the ancle, with the sinews of the deer;
in the right hand each carried a tomahawk,
while his left grasped the sheath that contained
the scalping knife.
The prisoner was about twenty-three years of
age, a little less than tJ feet in height, of a mus
cular and well proportioned contour, and mani
fested in the easy movement of his body, a wiry
and agile crnmand of his muscular powers. His
countaoance presented a wan and haggard ap
pearance, as he stood upon the ground, owing
ijarilv Co the riarid discipline he had undergone
in training; and partly to his having painted his
face black, witli the figure of a noree snoe u
white upon his forehead, which uenotea mai n
was condemned to die, with the privilege of ma- -
king an effort to save nis life by neetness. a-
round his neck he wore a narrow belt or wam
pum, to which was appended the scalp he had
taken from the Winnebago.
Soon after they had formed in a line, Lieut.
R. came up and look one of the moJco6ins -off
the Indian; and showed the chief that bethought
it contained a thin plate of sttel, and asked if
he objected to it, to which tbey replied that he
might carry as much iron as heplea&ed. Lieut.
R. having noticed at the same tide, that the
countenance of the Indian presented a downcast
and melancholy appearance, and requested Mr.
Eluise to come forward, who, after examining
his pulse, reported that he was much excited, and
that his nerves were in a tremulous condition.,
Lieut. R. immediately took him by the arm
and led him out some distance from the line,
when he asked him through his interpreter if
he was afraid to run ; to which he replied that
he was not afraid to run with any Winnebago on
foot, but he was afraid he could not out run all
the horses that were mounted by armed Indiana.
The lieutenant 6aw at once the cause of hi
alarm, and informed him that thy sbouH not
interfere. He intended to ride the fleetest horse
upon the ground and keep near bim, and as he
was well armed, would see that no hoTseman
approached with hostile intention. At this an
nouncement the countenance of the Indian bright
ened up with a smile ; his whole person seemed
lifted from the ground as he turned to his posi
tion in the lute with a 6talwart stride. The
chiefs and Lieut. R. soon after mounted their
horses and took a position direotly in the rear
of the prisoner. Spectators were removed from
the front, when Lieut. R. gave the fcignal; th
blow had scarcely reached the drum, when the
prisoner darted from his antagonists with a
bound that placed him beyond the reach of the
whirling tomahawk. When the race was under
way, many of his antagonists ran with great
fleetne&s for a mile, when the distance between
them and the Sioux began to widen rapidly,
showing the superior bottom of the latter acqui
red by the discipline of the white man.
At the end of two miles the last of the con
tending Winnebagoes withdrew from the chase ;
there was not an Indian horse upon the ground
that could keep up with him after he had gone
the first half mile. Lieut. R. finding his steed
much fatigued, and the prairie free from ene
mies, reined up. The Indian did not look be
hind or speak as far as he was followed or seen,
but kept his eye steadily fixed upon the white
flags that had been placed at distances of half a
mile apart, in order that he might tun upon &
. It was soon reported by the Winnebagoes that
he had been killed by one of their boys, who had
been secreted by order of War-kon-sbutes-kee.
beneath the bank of the river, near the upper
end of the prairie. This, however, proved not
to be true. The boy had shot a 7innebago.
through mistake, who, like himself, ' had been
treacherously secreted for the purpose of inter-
cepting the Sioux, who a few years ago was
present at a treaty made by Gov. Doty with tit
Sioux nation. He had then but recently acqui
red the rank of chief. He requested GoV.Toty
to inform him where Lieut, R. and Dr. Eluise
were at that time, and was told that both bad
died in Florida. He immediately withdrew
front the convention, painted his face black and
departed to the woods; nor could be be prevail
ed upon to come into the convention until he
bad gone through the usual ceremony cf farting
and mourning for the dead. .
That Whiskey is the key by which many gain
an entrance into our prisons and almshouses.
That Brandy brands the noses of all those
who cannot govern their appetites. "
That Wine causes many to take a winding way
That Punch is the cause of many unfriendly
That Ale causes many ailings, wbiie Beer
brings many to the bier.
That Champaigne is the source of many real
That Gin 6lingshave "slewed" morethan the
6lings of old. '
That the reputation of being fond of cocktails,
is not a feather in any man's cap.
That the money spent for Port supped by port
ly gents would support many a poor family.
How to Choose a "Betty."
Housekeeping is not so full of 6unshine and
rose-colored bliss as many imagine. It is hard
ly possible to get along without pot-wolloptrs
and chamber-maids, and what with their waste,
wages, wittels, and eass says Aunt Sally there
are plaguy drawbacks on domestic peace and
comforts Old peppergrass was the "customer"
for discriminating between the useful and the
careless. Peppergrass sent word to the intelli
gence office that he wanted a good girl for gen
eral housework. About the time he expected
an applicant he laid a broom down in the yard
near the gate. Presently a girl comes to the
gate, opens it, and 6trolls up to the house ; the
broom being immediately in the path, Miss Bet
sey strides over it, the old man was on the watch,
and the first salute the girl got was :
"I don't want you!"
The girl eloped, and suddenly another bullet
beaded Nancy appears ; seeing the old broom ia
the way, she gives it a kick, and waddles up to
. "You won't suit me, that's certain, Miss Mop
sy !" bawls Peppergrass.
She disappeared in a hnrry, and finally a thin!
appears, opened the gate, and coming into the
yard, she carefully closes the gate behind her,
and walks up the broom is Btill in the path,
she picks it up and carries it along to the house,
where she deposits it alongside the wood-ehed.
Before the girl could explain her business there,
Peppergrass bawls eat
'Yes, yes, come in, you'll suit me !"
And she did, for that girl lived with Pepper
grass seven years, and only quit living with him
to go to housekeeping on her own hook, and a
capital wife she made. Peppergrass was right.