The mountain sentinel. (Ebensburg, Pa.) 1844-1853, June 09, 1853, Image 2

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

Andrew J. Rhey, Editor.
Thursday, June O, 18S3
For Canal Commissioner,
of Philadelphia County. -
For Auditor General,
of Mifflin County
For Surveyor General,
' of Crawford County.
"The Rational Worth "West Branch."
In another column of this paper will be found
a communication in reference to the North-West
Branch of the Pennsylvania Railroad, which we
take from the columns of the Philadelphia North
American. We ask for it, a careful perusal by
the citizens of Cambria county, as well as those
residing upon the line as suggested and direct
the attention of capitalists to the advantages this
, route to the West possesses over any other. If
constructed, this road would pass through a sec
tion of country as rich in mineral wealth as any
portion of our state, covered with pine, hemlock,
cherry and poplar of the best quality, all, or the
greater portion of which, would find a market
bv this "Rational Northwest Branch." This
road would immediately develop the almost in
exhaustible sources of wealth with which the
country though which it is intended to pass
abounds, and be the true means of connecting
by the Bhortest and most practicable route the
eastern and western markets. The local trade
which would inevitably be thrown upon it to seek
a market, would be. of more importance than
that of any other read within the limits of this
Commonwealth, while from its position and loca
tion it would command the immense trade and
travel of the lakes and the mighty Northwest.
Too long, though the agency of the New York
canals and railroads, . has this important trade
been directed from Philadelphia, its proper mar
ket, to enrich the merchants and manufactures
of the Empire city, and for Philadelphia to con
trol it this route must eventually be adopted and
a road constructed that will place the dealers of
that city within less than a days travel of the
Lake trade. To Philadelphians it is not, nor
cannot be a question of money in its construc
tion, but one of interest, and they better their
condition by an active co-operation in its favor.
This is the route, the most feasible and only nat
ural one, and we look for early action and the
adoption of such measures as will give us a com
plete air-line western transit
Proceedings of Court.
Before Hon. Geokge Tatlor, President Judge
and Associates Roberts-and Klskead; commen
cing on Monday-,' June 6th:
Commonwealth vs. Daniel A. Skelly. Indict
ment for assault and battery; Patrick O'Neill,
Pros. District Attorney enters nolle prsoequi on
payment of coBts by Defendant. Hutchinson,
Fenlon and Heyer for Com.; Wingard for Dft.
Commonwealth vs. Lewis Newhouse, Anthony
Swyres and Charles Shoenberger. Indictment
for cutting timber ; John Figart, Pros. Settled
by article of agreement; and District Attorney,
on leave, enters a nolle prosequi. Hutchinson
for Com.; Wingard and Blair for Dfts.
Commonwealth vs. Patrick Reiley. Surety
f the Peace, on oath of Bernard Sheridan ; De
fendant and surety bound in the sum of $100
for the good behavior of deft, for six months.
Hutchinson for Com.; Fenlon and Heyer for Dft.
Commonwealth vs. Otto Beiter, Benedict Clan
der, Gabriel Bender and Joshua Kemp. Indict
ment for forcible entry and detainer; Andrew
and John Ager, Pros'rs. Verdict not guilty;
but that defendants pay the costs of prosecu
tion. Hutchinson, Fenlon and Heyer for Com.;
Albright, Kemp and Coffey for Dfts.
Commonwealth vs. Elisha M. Lucket. In
dictment for keeping a tippling house ; Rees J.
Lloyd, Pros, District Attorney enters nolle
prosequi ou payment of costs by Dft. Hutchin
son for Com.; T. L. Heyer for Dft.
Commonwealth vs. John P. Parrish and An
thony Molar, Indictment for assault and bat
tery ; Peter Zeiger, Pros. Settled by parties,
and nolle prosequi entered by District Attorney,
on payment of costs by defendants. Hutchin
son, Fenlon and Heyer for Com. ; Albright, Ma
gellan and Foster for Dfts.
Commonwealth vs. Patrick O'Conner. In
dictment for eeduction. Wilson. Pros.
Settled, and nolle prosequi entered by leave of
Court. Hutchinson and Miles for Com.; Mage
Lan, Wingard, Webster, Fenlon and Heyer for
Commonwealth vs. Andrew Greenwood. In
dictment for obtaining goods on false pretences;
Robert Lytle, Pros. Settled by parties, and
District Attorney, on leave, enters nolle prosquL
Hutchinson and Webster for Com.; Wingard for
Bft. - ,
Commonwealth ts. Daniel A. Skelly, Alexan
der Skelly, Philip Skelly, James Connelly, and
W. F. Wilson et al. Indictment for riot. Set
tled per agreement, and District Attorney en
ter a nolle prosequi on payment of costs by De
fendants. Hutchinson, Fenlon and Heyer for
Com.; Wingard for Dfts. .
Commonwealth vs. Thomas Deveraux. In the
Oyer and Terminer at March Sessions, 1853.
Indictment for rape; Margaret Roberts, Pros.
8lh March, 1833, defendant being arraigned
pleads "not guilty ;" District Attorney similiter
tt issue, and jury empannelled and sworn. 12th
March, 1853, the jury, after having been out
since Tuesday night (9th inst.) came into Court
and, declaring their inability to agree, were dis
charged. 7th June, 1853, 'new jury called and
worn. Hutchinson, Albright, White and Cof
fey for Com.; Magehan, Foster, Fenlon and Hey
er for Dft. J
The attendance at court on Monday and Tues
day forenoon was not as large as usual. When
the case of Deveraux commenced on Tuesday
afternoon the court room was full, and contin
ued so during the progress of the trial. A good
deal of interest is manifested by our citizens in
the final result of this suit. Much difficulty was
experienced in selecting jurymen who had not
formed or expressed an opinion in reference t
the guilt or innocence of the prisoner, and be'
fore the panel was complete sixty-eight men
half cf them lalts de circumstantibus, were sworn
and examined. , The evidence closed yesterday
'Afternoon, when the jury was addressed by Al"
'bright for Com., and Mes. Heyer and Magehan
for Defence. Gen. Foster spoke on behalf of
. the prisoner this morning and was followed
by Judge White for the Com. The Charge of
tha Court was then delivered.
gcyAiEX. C. Mullen, Esq., has our thanks
for the report of the Proceedings of Court, pub
Hshed this week. '- .
.ggf Messrs. Glass & Hutchixson, Jr., "broke
ground" on the Northern Plank Road, on Mon
day, near the property of E. Shoemaker, . Esq
and intend emolovinir a sufficient number of
hands to complete the work, by the 1st of De
cember. BgOur thanks are due John Oakpord, Esq.,
Chief Clerk of the P. O. Department, for a Table
of Postages to Foreign countries.
8,The death warrant of James Shirley, of
Blair county, was read to the prisoner on Friday.
The time fixed is Friday, 12th of August.
Col. Thomas C. M'Dowell delivered an eloquent
address at Hollidaysburg, on Saturday, upon the
occasion of laying the corner stone of the new
Lutheran Church of that place. -
8TRArGH, of the Standard, informs us that
he has had exceedingly bad luck in his fishing
arrangements this season. Tote yourself this
way, aqd we will warrant you a "good time,"
and learn you how to cach the speckled beau
figyF. B. Streeter, Esq., of Susquehannah
county, has - been appointed Solicitor of the
Treasury of the United States..
John S. M'Calmont, Esq., of Clarion county,
has been appointed by Gov. Bigler, President
Judge of the eighteenth judicial district, compo
sed of the counties of Mercer, Venango, Clarion
and Jefferson. He takes the place of Judge
Knox, recently appointed to the Supreme
Jf&W. D. Latshaw, Esq., who, we believe,
formerly resided in Johnstown, this county, is
now editing the Wabash Valley Republican, at
Paris, Illinois.
j5SyEvery Member of Congress from Virgin
ia, recently elected, is a Democrat. The Star of
the Old Dominion never sets. Does Scott still
lead that column !
fi& Col.-James Ross Snowpes, of Pittsburgh,
has been appointed to the Directorship of the
Philadelphia Mint, vice Judge Petti t, deceased.
Mr. Snowden was connected with the Mint dur"
ing the administration of Mr. Pole, and is well
known to the citizens of Philadelphia.
We perceive by our exchanges that the
fly is committing fearful ravages on the wheat
in most of the great wheat growing counties of
the State. It is also stated that where guano
has been used there is ho appearance of the fly ;
a fact worthy the attention of the agricultural
t "Ground Hog Glory" and "Slumgullion
Bar" are the names of two towns in Califor
Fanny Fern delicately styles
a certain
in cherry
complaint from which children suffer
time, "a pain under the apron."
BQL. Those "alarming pantaloon patterns,"
of which we forewarned the public, a few weeks
ago, have come out in all their hideousness. If ;
the human continuations were as long and as ;
thick as pine trees of a century's growth, the
present style would be quite appropriate and
highly ornamental. But as things are, it can. j
not be commended. The observant eve of Punch 1
has discovered that it takes two men to display
one pattern.
The outside pressure against Benjamin
Parke, recently appointed Postmaster at Harris, i
burg, Pa., was so great that he was
Friday last, and a Mr. Brandt appointed.
charges against Mr. Parke were altogether po-
litical. It was pretty clearly established thathe
was in the habit of voting the whig ticket for
the last few yeats, a practice, certainly, which
no sound Democrat would indulge in, especially
if he wished to aspire to places of honor and
profit in the gift of the administration.
B$gU Fetter is Btill engaged in picturing the
faces of the fairest portion of humanity, as well
as those of tbe "lords of creation," at his rooms
in the Academy Building. He does take as per.
feet and life-like a Daguerreotype as any artist
we have ever met with, and if you desire
lasting personation of your form and face divine,
call upon him at his studio and you can have it
taken by one who will please you to your satis
JGylf we recollect aright, our contempora
ries of the Standard, Echo, and Cambrian, have
each been presented with a cane during the last
month. To the former, a present of a fishing-
cane was given, of which the editor speaks most
rapturously, and to the latter hickory canes,
said to have been cut at the Hermitage, Tennes
see, of the value and excellence of which' our
Johnstown friends are loud in praise. As luck
would have it, a friend from Philadelphia, J. II.
Egner, Esq., squatted himself down in our
town on Saturday last, armed and equipped as
the law directs for a fishing excursion. He was
provided with a neat and well varnished cane
fishing-rod, which "struck us," not on the pate,
but as being admirably adapted for the use
or abuse of a disciple of that "fisher as
was a fisher," Izaak Walton. And he did insist
upon a trouting excursion with us, to which we
readily agreed to. Taking with us a scant sup
ply of Holland, an article which our eastern
friend pronounced giniwine, and of course he
ought to know, being a dealer and vender of tbe
pure Schnapps, as well as other choice and pal
atable liquors, we did go trouting. And, hark
ye, of the Standard, of piscatorial propensity
we caught 348 of tbe finest, largest, best eating
trout that ever wagged a tail ; crocks were with
us an "obsolete idea," as we were compelled,
from the quantity of fish we had, to obtain
buckets to carry them home. And that said
cane rod, with which our friend Jake drew forth
such large specimens of the finny tribe from the
angry waters, was presented to us to be treasu
red as a lasting memento of the heroes of the
348, which we intend to hold in lasting remem
brance. May the generous giver long wave.
jggyWe have sent-to -us a communication
from Jefferson, with theteqviest that we would
publish it. It refers to the pleasure experien
ced by the occupants of Jefferson House, in lis
tening to the -concord of sweet sounds proceed
ing from the throats of a number of canaries,
red-birds, &c, which the proprietor and his
ch:ef assistant Alick have suspended in cages
from the windows. . There can be no doubt but
that these songsters are an attractive feature of
that excellent Hotel, but, as we have invariably
refused to publish any communications unac
companied by the author's, name, we are obli
ged to retain it for future consideration.
BQyA good one was told us last evening con
cerning one of our county constables, lie had
started on Tuesday, with attachments for sever
al witnesses who resided near Jefferson, and
succeeded, after great difficulty in finding them,
in persuading a gentleman who resides in that
neighborhood to bring the witnesses to Court.
The carriage, containing its precious freight,
proceeded upon its "winding way" on the Plank
Road towards this place, but in passing through
a strip of woods, one mile west of town, one of
the witnesses, a slick, active young - fellow, who
was seated upon the back seat of tho carriage,
very politely jumped through the carriage win
dow and in the darkness of the night escaped.
eluding the vigilance of his pursuers. Our run
stable was therefore much put out, but says he
will have the offender before the court to-day,
at the risk of bullets.
J5gyA party of Gipsies visited our town on
Friday last, who, if heir story was correct.
were born in England and descended from some
of the nomadic tribes of Egypt or Arabia. Sev
eral citizens of the town had their fortunes teld
by this roving band, and in return presented
them with their surplus old clo'. With how
much truth they informed them of future good
or evil we are unable to say.
Kay" John Harris, who was arrested in Colom
bia, Pa., about two weeks ago, on the charge of
an assault and battery, with intent to kill, on
the person of a German, of Johnstown, was
brought to town on Thursday last, with a neat
pair of iron bracelets on his wrists, and lodged
in jail. His trial will likely take place this
TIT 1 . . . .. .
ne nave omitted to advertise tnat on
and after this date, James D. Hamilton, Esq
will run two daily lines of Hacks from Jefferson
to Ebensburg, leaving the former place upon the
arrival of the Estern and Western trains, and the
latter between 7 and 8 o'clock, and 11 and "12
o'clock in the morning. When necessary-he
will run an extra at any hour for the aecom.
modation of passengers.
Bgk. The impression is strong at Washing
ton that we will have another Mexican war,
growing out of the military occupation by
Mexico oi tne Aiesilla valley.
tga.The steamship Canada arrived at Halifax
on Monday, -wltti il.iteti frocj Liverpool to the
28th May. Louis Napoleon threatens a war
with Russia. The French fleet has been or
dered to the .Dardanelles. The Emperor of
Russia has sent his ultimatum to the Turkish
Government, and the 20th of May was fixed for
a hoal reply. The Emperor of China has re-
quested aid from the American, French and Eng-
,,8U vessels of war in the Eastern waters, and
tQey have undertaken to protect Nankin and
Shanghae against the attacks of the rebels.
Death of Judge Pettit.
We notice with sincere regret, the death of the
Hon. Thomas M. Pettit. The sad event took
P!ace nt DIS late residence
in Philadelphia, on
At the time of his
.uuuuav evening. ,uav ou.
decease. Judre Pettit was Director of the ITni-
ted States Mint in this citv, to which place- he
was recently appointed by President Pierce. He
!some Jars since, was President Judge of the
V'?11 , ! tbe Citf ft-nd ?T0Uc Vf w
torney for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.
He was i gentleman of fine talents, unsullied
character, and a prominent member of the Dem
ocratic party. He was grandson of Chief Jus
tice McKean, and enjoyed the esteem and res
pect of all who had the pleasure of his acquain
tance. He possessed many noble qualities, and
in all ther'elations of life, public or private', he
discharged the puties which devolved upon hint,
honorably, faithfully, with ability and judg
ment. As a friend he was true, as a husband
be was tender, and as a father be was kind and
affectionate.' He was a widower at the time of
his decease, his wife having died some years
ago. As a member of the Bar he occupied a
prominent rank, while in his judicial capacity
be was sound and impartial. The duties of the
office of District Attorney were discharged by
him with credit and fidelity, and he enjoyed in
an eminent degree the confidence of his political
brethren, and of his fellow-citizens generally.
He bad but just entered upon tbe responsible
office of Director ottbe Mint, when he was seiz
ed with an illness, which speedily terminated in
his death. We tender our heartfelt condolence
to his bereaved family and sorrowful ' friends.
Phila. Inquirer,
The Coming Thousands. -
It is stated that nine thousand emigrant ar
rived at New York during two days of the pre
sent week,. , The movement on the other side
of the Atlantic was, at the last dates, as active
as ever.- The Limerick Reporter says that it
is really incredible to imagine the immense exo
dus that is in progress. Over one hundred and
fifty adventurers were despatched in a single
tra:n from that town, and another party of one
hundred started the same day from Ennis. The
Sligo Champion says : .
"Crowds of well-dressed, respectable looking
people, left this port last week for Liverpool,
from whence they purpose sailing for America ;
and although the drain from this locality.- is in
cessant, we have not yet heard of a want of
hands te carry on the work usual at this season
of the year."
Thirty families recently left Nenagh on the
same day, and one hundred and sixty-seven
pauper females were also despatched from the
JNaas Union, and destined to Quebec. By far
the larger portion of the Irish emigrants direct
their footsteps to the United States, but some to
Canada, and others to Australia.
S&" A lucky chap at Washington, one who
has tried the prescription, says "a woman is the
best manceuverer after alL Take three pounds
or petticoats, tour smiles, two tear drops, with
gammon at discretion ; stir briskly and apply
wnue warm to tne tmnd side or a secretary, and
you have a never failing prescription for getting
art ffii
The Rational Northwest Branch of the Pennsyl
vania Railroad.
Certainly this is the age of progress. Tbe
world has changed much from the "era of Noah
to that of Napoleon," and much even from the
era of Napoleon Lion to thit of Napoleon Ou-rang-Outang.
The dominion of man over na
ture comes as tbe inevitable growth of things.
The vision of the seer, afar off and incredible, so
hidden in the apparently impossible, comes at
last to be of the dull catalogue of common
events ; and the poet says that "Philosophy has
even clipped the angels' wings." Like the pitch
of the cataract, on rush the destinies of the
world, and the miracles of yesterday are the re
al things of to-day, and the story of to-day will
be a mouldy tradition on the ear of to-morrow.
By what wonderful power is man thus, like a
demigod, subduing the earth to himself? By
what miraculous force does he bring the brute
elements of nature to be the patient ministers
of his needs, the docile slaves of his wants, and
the wonders of time and space to yield their se
crets and pass away as the fables of his child
hood? The real wonder-worker is science; the
divine force is the intellect of man. The rail
road bar, the locomotive, the telegraph wire have
metamorphosed the world, and destroyed time
and space; and man's imprisonment within the
thick incrustations of the actual seems about to
be followed by an emancipation as perfect as his
dream of the ideal. The story of Orpheus is no
longer a fable, but a bald and familiar fact. He
does certainly play, and his enchantment of na
ture is a perpetual miracle; but his musical in
struments are the strings of the telegraph and
tbe whistle of the locomotive. The trees and
rocks do certainly dance, but it is in a waltzbythe
way side of "the train at sixty miles an hour.
The beasts do certainly come and follow to his
pipings; but the horses and pigs in the cars are
on the way to maiket, hurried by the steam dra
In the van of this onward rush, Young Amer
ica advance ! Although a youth, the groping
of thy gigantic hand is towards the sceptre of
tbe Planet. Thou knowest but one command
"all aboard;" hast but one watch-word
"clear the track." In the meantime, on vener
able trees by the way-side, sit mournful ravens,
who croak disasters, and, with ill-boding warn
ings, shout to the army of Progress "beware"
"caverns yawn" "dangers ahead" "awful
climax approaching" "giant insolvent snow
statues falling Young America, stand from un
der!" Newspaper editors are always either
prophets or sons of prophets; and so they ought
to be. For who can know so much as the man
who is always reading and making newspapers?
Some of this brotherhood seem to imagine them
selves tbe sole occupants of the light-houses of
the Universe, and take especial pains to be al
ways pointng out the breakers, and insisting
upon the necessity of everybody's being wreck
ed. Recently, their vaticinations have been
expended on the problem of a quickly-coming
and absolute bankruptcy of the whole United
States, and this to be achieved through the in
strumentality of the Railroad mania. Never
mind the prophets, Young America ! for there
have been Rapps, Smiths, and Mohammeds, as
well as Ezekiels and Daniels. Go ahead ! Ad
vance with your industrial army ! In this war
fare no blood is spilled no precious life dies
out. With powder and pick, the railroad sol
dier attacks the rock and mountain ; the abyss
u closed ; the hills shake hands, and the towers
of granite, 'ribbed and ancient as the sun,' with
the ceaseless cannonading of the drill, fall to
Atoms. Peacefully and sublimely the opera
tions of this army proceed. The forests and
mountains dissolve, and the traveller makes the
transit of continent as in a dream. Sorrowful
raven on the tree bough ! mournful prophet of
quickly arriving ruin ! tbe Railroad mania is di
vine. No phantom, alluring the world to treach
erous quicksands and sudden death ; no bewil
der ng hies tempting men to wander into the
deserts and perish, but a genial wave of the ever
advancing sea of life and progress, a welling up
from the deep fountain of the powers of the
world. The "United States man" is represen
ted by his work. Unlike all races that have
preceded him, he works in uses alone. He cre
ates neither monuments of beauty, nor memori
als of folly; neither statues, nor pyramids, nor
obelisks, nor temples of art, but in the sublime
world of uses and ends, works and lives, works
and lives. All bail ! divine rage of railroad ma
king, for what bringest thou ? Progress, re
generation, and physical salvation for man. If
the venei able kings of Egypt would insist upon
wasting millions of dollars piling rock upon rock
into pyramids.
let the sands of the desert cover 3
them. They are monutneuts of folly an J super
stition, the mania of an insane race This laud
of wisdoms, and birthplace of civilizations and
philosophies, stands under condemnation of folly.
If Egypt, then, the land of wisdom, has consu
med millions of dollars in precious days of la
bor, building mountains of rocks over the dust of
stupid kings, shall not young America spend a
few thousands for her forest-felling, snake-killing
armies, who are making smooth the rugged
places, and the wilderness to blossom as the
rose T it Kings win nave tneir uust repose un
der mountains that generations have died to
build, shall not the Yankee make his cow-paths
straight, and smooth the track to market for his
chickens and pigs? No pyramids and temples,
no subterranean palaces for the dead, to be co
vered with 6and by the revengeful centuries, do
we want ; but tunnels and bridges for the living
to pass, that nature S great plan or uses oe ser
ved and the ends or creation iumnea. L.ei tue
"magician's wand," the railroad bar, bring the
Atlantic and Pacific face to face, and let the
bearded forester and "Yankee Slick" shake
bands and have a small "swap" of corn and no
tions. And this brings us to the point young
America, and particularly young Pennsylvania,
and especially young Western Pennsylvania.
The next inevitable thing for the genius . of the
hour to accomplish, is to construct a direct line
of railroad from the Allegheny mountains to tne
city of Cleveland, leaving the mountain at the
. . w . ,
western end ot tne Aiiegneny tunnei. it may
be said it is already done by the Pittsburg route
or bv northern lines. Thisisnotis what is wanted
as a world road. Why should the vast nest,
with her eve fixed on the Atlantic, pass there by
a circuitous route through Pittsburg ? Let us
to the end; let us circulate quickly in tbe char
med circle of ends and uses, 6ay the wheat bag
and ham the merchant and traveller. Not all
night at Pittsburg and a day longer: we want
"through in a single day," as the bills have it.
"Clear the track I
For six thousand years the human race have
been trying to get over the Allegheny mountain,
comfortably and profitably, and when the loco
motive emerges from the western end of the
"Allegheny Tunnel" man can shout, "I have
found it," Where next? Straight to the city
of Cleveland, and then the vast West and the
belt of the globe. The south-western deflection
of the line, from this mountain to Pittsburg, was
necessary as a world road for the South-west.
Another leg of the Central Railroad of Pennsyl
vania is required for the West direct, and North
west. The lake region, witn its immeasurable
? J a
resources ana woriu-wiae commercial connex
ions, must have a straight and unbroken rail
road bond with the Atlantic ocean and the cities
of the Atlantic valley. Already tbe Pennsylva
nia Central railroad has made the valley of the
Mississippi tributary to the east, by its connex
ion with Pittsburg. It now becomes the mani
fest destiny of both the east and the west to make
. - . . . 11? 1 . T I 1 11
a straight ana connected ua ooiweea irniiaaei
nhia and the city of Cleveland, which, seems,
like Delphi of old, to have become tho umbilicus
orbis terrarum. The present crossing of the two
new railroads of Pennsylvania is the one neces-
sitatod by the nature of thin-o. A crest line of
the summit of the Allegheny mountain has be.n
ruu norta-east to south-west of this point, near
ly one hundred milts long, in the different sur
veys, and the crossing of tbe "Sugar Iluii G ip"
has been discovered by absolute mathematics to
be the lowest and most desirable crossing. All
the liucs rnu for years fjr the purpose of rj-os.,-ing
this .great natural barrier e:tc:i the east
and west, without inclined p'anes, have crossed
at this gap, as a certain venerable tree called
the "old wh'.t J o ik,"' vvuhii3 iaauniraV.i ben
old wu'.t j o is, wunit3 iua,an:?rr.'j:o.
cues, can testuv. !' cousuiuu ins u:8"i-.,.':t
maps of th?sc surveys, this can ensi'y be seen.
The laws of gravitation ami mathematics, then,
predestine and foreor Juia th!3 lobe the crossing
place of the great througbfare of tbe continent.
Let the west then look to this point; especially,
oh queenly city of Cleveland, look to the "Sugar
Run Gap" as your sunrise and golden-orient of
hopes. This is your pass, this the great "world
pass" of the Alleghenies. Look to it, then, that
you get this road, the Allegheny Mountain and
Cleveland Railroad, at once under way. Let no
time be lost. A certain writer says the "geog
raphy and rivers of a country write its history."
This is an obsolete formula now. The railroads
of a country will decide and write its history,
for the railroad is itself ocean, river and lake,
and better than either or all; for, whilst man
holds the railroad in the hollow of his hand, it
is God who holds the water3 of the earth in
The next question is the practicaVility of the
project. Any one taking a map of Pennsylva
nia and Ohio, will see that an air line from Phil
adelphia to Cleveland will pass the Allegheny
Tunnel in Cambria county, Pa., and taking the
elevated table land between the head waters of
the Allegheny and Susquehannah rivers, and
holding a direct line to the city of Cleveland,
will pass a region in which there are no moun
tain chains to climb, or large valley of drainage
to pass. The southwest deflection descends at
once from the mountain heights to the valley of
the Conemaugh, then crossing a number of)
summits, gets into the valley of the Mononabe
la. This will show the folly of the recent sug
gestions to leave the main line at some point
west of the mountain, as at Johnstown or Blairs
ville, or even still more absurd, of leaving the
Pennsylvania road at Latrobe or Pittsburg.
That is, traverse two sides of a triangle, plung
ing into vast valleys of drainage, of large rivers
out of tbe course altogether, when one side of the
same triangle will carry the line over an eleva
ted region, uncut by a single valley of any depth,
or unobstructed by a single mountain.
The long talked of Sunbury and Erie seems
still to crawl. Nature and science do not seem
here to say "Go ahead." A doubtful project at,
first, emothered and half born, it still struggles
with adverse currents and uncertain forces. Let
the advocates of this line reflect upon these facts,
and say, why this eternal drag f Many rai2road
projects, conceived long since this one, have been
in operation for some time, whilst clouds and
shadows rest upon it yet. Why? The nature
of things condemns the project. There is no
conspiracy of the earth genii to bring it about,
as one of the inevitables. Painfully, like a wound
ed snake, it "drags its slow length along." Pri
vate enterprise, private speculation and interest,
supply the gas and "tin thunder." Ruthless
speculators! oppose not gravitation and mathe
matics. The rational transit of the Allegheny
chain will soon be achieved, and science and
wisdom, after long struggles, will pass this for
midable barrier with the locomotive, without
Will tbe human race endorse a project so in
sane as a tortuous and troublesome line, almost
parallel witu tno one it nas with such immense
difficulty achieved, having only the disadvantage
of greater length, the most impassable points of
the whole Allegheny lines to overcome, to strike
the worst point on the whole Lake range? Sure
ly not. Let private enterprise go into this mea
sure; the universe cannot adopt it. The "ra
tional Northwest branch" leaves the Pennsylva
nia road where it has consummated its sublimest
triumph the perforation of the Allegheny
mountain by a tunnel. This magnificent road
at this point has achieved its most difficult un
dertaking, having climbed the eastern escarp
ment of this mountain, by a series of heroic ef
forts unprecedented in the annals of railroad ma
king. Almost by the fabled labors ot the Titans
almost by the masonry of the Cyclops, have its
mountain spurs been cleaved, it3 chasms filled.
The rational North-west takes this splendid
achievement as a gift of the supernals, flings its
hat on high, 6houting "Lxcelsior, and strikes
a bee-line for Cleveland and the Pacific Ocean.
This is no dream or fable, out one of the abso
lutes of God; what the ages have conspired to
bring about, what mathematics, gravitation, and
the eternal geographical necessity of things make
inevitable. It caunot be said to be a paper pro
ject, for fragments of the line Lave been made
with the instruments on the surface, found
feasible. These experimental lines have b?en
in the most diihcult part of the regiou to u-j tra
versed, and found much better than the Pitts
burg line. Philadelphia and Cleveland, an! es
pecially j'oung, growing, progressive, and richly
blessed Western Pennsylvania, look at this pro
ject immediately. There is life in it, health in
it, wealth in it. Say the word, and the level
and transit will soon ting the song of joy of the
rational Northwest Branch of the Pennsylvania
Central Railroad.
In the next chapter on this subject there will be
a small sprinkling of arithmetic.
Coal Bcrxek.
The New Post-Office Stamps.
The New York Herald says :
We understand that Mr. Nesbit has a large
number of the new stumped envelopes for the
Post-Orfioe Department now ready for delivery.
Mr. N-. several mouths ago, expended a large
amount of mouey in erecting a commodious place,
with steam-power, for the exclusive purpose of
manufacturing these envelopes. Some one hun
dred and fifty males and females were immedi
ately employed to prosecute the work. The
white and buff paper is of superior quality, and
made expressly for this purpose, with water
lines having the letters P. O. D. U. S., being the
initials of the Post-Office Department of the Uni
ted States, which are as easily distinguished as
if they were printed in ink. The sheets of pa
per are cut into envelope size, by a cutting ma
chine run by steam. They are then embossed
with the likeness of General Washington ; then
stamped, on steam presses, with the various de
nominations of postages ; then pass through the
process of self-sealing, and finally are carefully
examined, counted, aud packed in large cases
ready for shipment.
The operatives are. principally females, ana
the contractor has spared neither pains nor ex
pense in getting up this article in handsome
style. Mr. Nesbit has adopted stringent rules
for guarding the factory the same as at the U.
S. Miut. This is done to prevent xorgeries or
abstraction of tbe envelopes, and under no cir
cumstances are strangers admitted unless accom-
nn;nl hv himself or a trusty employee. The
factory is also euarded at night by watchmen
When the contract was first given out, they were
to be ready by the first of June, and the con
tractor has already a vast quantity ready for
delivery at Washington, when ordered by the
Postmaster General. These envelopes must
eventually take the place of the stamps now
used for the prepayment of letters, as they are
far more convenient, and cost the purchaser
about the same.
A Model Whig Senator,
, ,. . . '
The comphmentary notices received by
15arnes, of the Bedford district, from the Vhig
papers who fought so manfully for his electioa
are really rich and racy. If all they say ef him
is true, (and we have no reason to doubt their
words) Mr. Barnes must be a model Whig Sea
ator one who does up his busines openly, acd
without fear.
The Fulton Republican, in commenting on a.
article published in the Waterford Dispatch, both
whig papers, goes on to say :
"Barnes was guilty of taking bribes in numsr-
I ous instances during the last session of the Le.
gislature ! And in order that it may not be
supposed that the charge is lightly made, or
without the fullest proof, the Despatch gives
Thomas Carson of Franklin county, the late able
and worthy Speaker of the Senate, for authority.
From the confident tone of the article in the Da
patdh we have no doubt that it was published
with the entire approval of Mr. Carson, himself;
for he is not the man to wink at rascality in any
shape, much less at the villainy with which Bar
nes is charged. Mr. Carson, both before and after
the adjournment of the Legislature, has denoun
ced the character and conduct of Barnes In most
unmeasured terms, and would have presented
articles of impeachment against him, had the
facts crnie t hU knowledge earlier in the
sessson. From other authority as high as Mr.
Carson, we have it that Barnes utterly refuse !
to attend to the affairs of his costituents, but
was always ready to attend to any business ia
which Philadelphians were interested, for pay,
and boasted of the snug sums of money Lc inaJo
by the operation.
He was always ready for a trade, and never
had sense enough to keep his own secrets, to
that before the session closed be was kuown at
the same time to be the most corrupt man, ani
considerably the greatest ass that has found
the way to Harris burg for a long whilo.
From the article in the Dsspatch it appears
that he is an exceedingly low priced rascal.
Not content with selling his vote on important
bills for money, he is said to have speculated
considerably, at Philadelphia, in dry goods, j--.w-elry,
wines, brandy, and everything in short thit
he could get.
He is known throughout bis district to be a
very considerable fool ; but he was hardly sup
posed to be so totaly devoid of common senso
aud common honesty as his conduct during tha
last session of the legislature has proven him
He should endeavor to escape the exposure an l
punishment that awaits him, by resigning hi
BPflt Til tlO RAnolA Frtli CTi BH.A na 1- 1 wAQAn.u
himself at the bar of the next Senate will he be
impeached and expelled. Let him, then, rest
content with what he has already achieved, nn l
resign. It is the only wise and safe course left
him. If he does uot, his experience may prov
this : That it is much pnfer, although not quits
so glorious, to "cabbage" a garment occasional
ly from a neighbor, than to barter his vote, an.l
the rights of his constituents in the rennsv!van:!
What a prccocius pink of whiggery this Mr.
Hamilton Barnes must he. We know, of course,
that both parties are liable to have black shcop
within their fold, but we believe there is no in
stance on record where such charges Te rxit
male against a Democratic Senator. It npp'.irn
the more strange, too, when we remember wht
extraordinary exertions were used by the iuj!r
of Bedford and Somerset 4 elect Bames, .r.i
how pnre a patriot he ws then, compare 1 t
what be rates nt now. Well, although the world
as a generrl thing, may condemn him, we think;
there is one commendeble trait in bis character
he shows his hand openly and above board an!
lets his constituents know that honor and horn-sty
form no part of his creed. Bern Sijnlanl.
Two Murderers Arrested.
Bsrov, June 3. Letters received in this citr
from Montevideo, report that tbe captain, both
mates, steward an l twr, passengers of the Rein
deer, bound to Valparaiso from 15.-st'jij, were
murdered by the crew.
The attack was s $ul leu and Uiixpected
that but little resistance could Ve made. Tls"
crew, shortly aftt-r the Coui!iiixirii of the
terrible deel, seuttlel the vessel oi" Cpe Anto
nio. The vessel was afterwards discovered aban
doned. Her cargo being thrown cverbiarl. h ?
was rowel into Montevideo.
The Reindeer had on board alarre nnrxtnt of
bullion, which the tn-irdorers ""rira I fofrw
leaving the ship, and place 1 in a bo it, in which
they arrived at Montevideo.
Oj their arrival, one of tiie murderers seeing
the Reindeer lying in the harbor, when he had
supposed she h id sunk, was seized with a pan
ic au l confessed the dreadful crime.
The affair created a great sensation. The
murderers wcru arrested and will be sent to Ea
land for trial.
The Fishsries British Preparations.
Bostox, June 1. We have received St. John
(N. B-) papers of the 30th tilt. They continue
to be filled with articles relative to the fishery
question. The Morning Xevs states that II. M.
vessel of war Ketch had recently arrived, and
would be stationed in the Bay of Fundy. The
screw steamer Ph'tsaix was fitting out in Eng
land, and would be stationed near St. Johu. H.
M. steamers Basilisk and Devastation are to bo
stationed off Newfoundland. Four small ves
sels are to be fitted out to be commxnded by
Lieutenant of the Navy and manned by 25 mea
each, from the flag shin Cumberland, and other
small vessels are to be fitted out at Halifax, ad
of which the Xews thinks, "will effectually rut
a stop to the encroachments of American inftcx-
erel men frjrn the British waters."
A Pictcre. He sat before ft lo
table, and his pale fingers clutched with convul
sive energy the handle of a knife. His brow
were kuit and his lips were iigutiy compresses.
while the wild and- -uneettlcjl expression oi
eyes seemed to" indicate the desperate purpose
that was fishing through his excited brain.
Suddenly he held the glittering steel to the light
he felt of its keen edge and tapering point, then,
with startling energy, he raised the fatal krw
on high and plunged it in the breast of a -
roast goose. The gravy ran out in torrents, au
the half-famished young gentleman left behind
him as the only monument of his prowess,
amid of bones.
5-Mr. Jones. That is a fine horse your
leading, Patrick. He carries his head well-
Pat. That's thrue. An its a grand than M
carries behind him. , t
Jones. Behind him ! Don't everything
carries a tail, carry it behind ?
Dat. No, your, honor.
Jones. No ? what don't.
Tat. A cint, sure, carries ita thail on
side, and its head oa 'tother.