Newspaper Page Text
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Andrew J. Rhey, Editor.
Thursday, April 31, 1853.
For Canal Commissioner,
THOMAS II. FORSYTH,'
of Philadelphia County.
' For Auditor General, " ;
of Mifflin County.
For Surveyor General,
of Crawford County.
- Death of Vies President Xing'. LOCAL AND EDITORIAL ITEMS.
We announce with the deepest regret the de'i f"The "colored waiters" of New York, are
gcease of Hon. "Vm. It. Kixa, Vice President off about striking for higher wages. So also are
the United States, which sad event took place Ithe horse shoers, seamstresses, barbers, coal
on his plantation at Pine Hills, near Catawba, Ihoisters and pus&ers. ;
Alabama," on Monday evening last. His; deathS jgThe old gentlemen who spent a fortune
came not unexpected both to himself &nd thein endeavoring to hatch colts from horse-ches-Nation
and the entire American people withoutnutg is now cultivating' the egg plant, with a
distinction of party, mourn tor liis loss as alview of raising chicken..? from them
great - national beieavement. Col. - King was a
man of many private and public virtues-of pure
and upright character and eminently national
and patriotic in his feelings. The news of his
Tho Sentinel Office was removed on Monday
lastLto the new frame office on Centre street.
near the Court House, one door south of the of-
Jgg? Blank Deeds, Summons, Executions,. &c.
for sale at this office.
Attention is directed to a number of new ad
Tcrtisements Dissolution of firm of Hutchinson
and Webster Notice to stockholders of Ebens
burg and Susquehanna Plank Road, Notice
concerning the estate of Cornelius McDonald, de
ceased, Card of Dr. Yeagley who has located
in Jefferson, for the practice of medicine.
Ebensburg and Susquehanna Plank Road.
We are sorry to observe any difficulty or dis
agi cement among the President and Directors of
the above road. That the road ought to and
will be a remunerating one, and of great benefit
' to Ebensburg and the northern part of the coun
ty, is not doubted, and the urgent necessity for
its early completion, is an admitted and well es
tablished fact. Why then should difficulties and
obstacles be thrown in the way to retard its com
pletion? The road is not intended to be an en
tirely selfish project, and as it is utterly impos
sible that it should go through every manV
farm or pass immediately by his house, the
for which the soil and t).A climate nrp
pU.U .vc ...v ... e, . aboth faTorable 1I(J g -wJ dried fig
we nave nareiy time to nonce iw . more ex
tended notice will be given in our next paper.
See of G. M. Eeed, Esq. Do n6t neglect tc Houses for the . old and new Portage.- To the
"crab in" and see us, we will be much pleased
with a visit from our patron3 and friends.
uJBSyA- correspondent' of. the Apalachicola,
Florida Advertiser, advocate's the planting of
vineyards in thai State for the production of
Adjournment of the Legislature.
The Legislature adjourned on Tuesday, at 12
Ho'clock. A sufficient Appropriation passed both
latter. S513.090, notwithstanding the formida
ble opposition it encountered. The principle
opponent of this appropriation, from the com
mencement of his work of opposition to its close,
seems to have had ever in mind the following
'This work requires long time, dissembling looks,
Commixt with undermining actions,
Watching advantages to execute.
Our foes are mighty, and their number great,
It therefore follows that our stratagems.
Must branch forth into manifold deceits. . j
Endless devices, bottomless conclusions.
An Irishman, whose name we could not learn,
had one of his hauds crushed on Tuesday, at
itie Half-way house, A. P. E. It., by the wheels
lof a car passing over it. He was intoxicated
at the time. The arm was amputated above the
wrist, by Drs. Kern and Keily, and is doing well
Mr. Hugh McGuire, of Jeflferson on yesterday
fell off the scaffolding attached to his new house
disjointing his wrist and inflicting a large gasl
raisins, can all be produced in abundance there.
SfA Washington despatch says: "Hobt.
J. Walker, Esq., has refused the French Mis
sion. He is a i confirmed invalid, and' cannot
undertake any office. Ilis ailing is the gout.'' "
-JByA marriage took place in Williamsburg,"
last week, with the following peculiarities the
groom measured six feet four, and tha bride
four feet six. If this is not the long and short
of matrimony," we don't know what is, that's
JGST'A new "corruption" on the part of the
New York Aldermen has just leaked out. Among
the items in a bill they have recently sent in to
the Comptroller, was $2,126 for the public re
ception of Thomas Fkaxcis Meagher.- The
"swindle" is suggested in the fact that Meagher
never received aay corporation reception at all.
JCST'The Baltimore Sun says that William
13. Messes, the conductor who had charge of
the train at the time of the; accident on the
Pennsylvania Central Railroad, near Newton
Hamilton, was tried in Lwistown last week for
manslaughter. The jury rettrned a verdict of
"not guilty," but that he pay the costs. : ' j
JGSg-MiKE Walsh, memberof Congress elect,!
jggyA late Paris letter says : "Tho Ameri
cans cannot helo noticing and admiring the ra
Speech of Mr. Emerson, in the Massachusetts I The tax ia the premium which tt,
1-egisiature, on the $50,000 Voted to the Con- for his iusurance of life and BlhUBl
vent Sufferers. the citizen h,a Kf. F.rperty. V;'
. tiiruuen rpmi...
n;,liti7 -arUK whJli flip Pfonoli flc wot ca I CUlZen I0SCS 1X13 life throntrh "4
r j . " " " v v . r - .. o- vtiiidB,.-. .
Thirty-six hours after the despatch was handed I the House of . Representatives on the 8th! give it back to him but w gn Krnment
w ttumuiu, ma nYiue vessels leit ioe roaus ( ."--", iur J,el.Ial assignrneiii me n;ii re-j uo ii n coma. Cpon the destruction f
of Toulon. Should they be ordered as secretly ; bating to the tuffereis l.y n mob at Charlestown" I Perty ff te citizen, his policy of iasurf
and as promptly to Ha ti or Cuba, they would -a up. The bill provides fur the ap-: g,O,,0d ' r.f0Ternment bas il n ts pol'
Af.: v.,. :t,;..t...t . : at.oue for tbe weakness and remissnc. ";cr "
d.ii uv iuvu uijuuouuiuciun;; it, tuuiu ue i i. iui; uuicuiur, ri iuiti' cotnuuss-i who execute the laws and wield "
known at Washington that, they, had even left ' ioners, with power to adjudicate on all claims, of puotection. The assured looVa l.1."0
the French coast."
JCS&fGen. Scott has purchased a handsome
house in Twelfth street, near Fifth Avenue, N.
Y., for 20,000, and designs taking up his per-;
manent residence in it. The house is a new one
having been built last fall by Charles Partridge I
Esq. The Whig Yjung Men's General Commit
tee have appointed five of their numoer to wait
upon Gen. Scott to ascertain when he can m ike
it convenient to meet the'eurmuittee. ,
Destructive Fire at Pittsburg. About
half-past 12 o'clock on Thursday morning a fire
broke out in the casting room of Messrs. J.
Schoonmaker &. Co. 's White Lead Factory, on
Rebecca street, First Ward, Allegheny. The
building was completely gutted. Tho flames
communic'ated to Mr. Hamilton Stewart's Check
Manufactory, but were extinguished without
much injury to the Wilding. All the goods had
been removed at the first alarm. Mr. Stewart's
loss will not exceed one hundred' dollars, on
which there was no insurance. We . understiinl
that the White Lead factory wai insured fur
$.3000. A large number of workmen are tem
porarily thrown out of employment.
j "by any imliviJual or association, for actual loss aIld sa3's (witli truth) I was Uxcd f r '
of T-r-.-K ,-ty !,y the acts of the iuvW at Cl.-.rles-! f Tm! , Mch ycuron,, .
I II II 1 1 ' f Zt.4lTm .... ".1 -
v. . -- u x mi. t:
is seriouslv indisnoseil
' .T J' r.l ..r,. 7r.:.7I TT..Bthat his fnerxls are doubtful of his
, , . THE CEMENT.
. The. Canal Commissioners savs the Pitts-bur"
Union have made a manly and forcible reflv to
the resolution of inquiry, passed by the House
of Representatives-, calling upon the Roard for
information concerning bids proposing to furnish
cement for the Portage Road. It seems that
tive Bedford, was considerably injured by his! " w u .i., every disappointed contractor now makes his
iiocomouvB coming ia coaisiou vni miuuier uua -...u wjr w a ui n. appeal to the Legislature, and a reat part of
tne graae near 1'iane sso. -Zf on :uonaay. neamacu ueoiiitated, a lew days ago
was tnrown against tne levers wnen tne engines
come together. . His injuries are not serious. .
Mr. Emcr.-roa; of Great Rai rinton, iu be
half ol the comitHttre, addressed the House as
Mr. Speaker. The SDecial committefi to whifli
was rtlerreu an order of inquiry into theexpe-
uiency oi luemniiyitig tne sunerers in tiie des
truction of the Ursuhne Convent, by a mob, on
the night of August 11, lbZi, have reported a
bill to ldemnity any and :v!l associations and in
dividuals for actual loss occasioned by this law
less act. The report of the committee is in the
hauus of the members of the. Legislature, and it
doubtless will oe expected that th committee
will submit to the House the views they have ta
ken of this all-important question, and the
grounds upon which they justify their favorable
report in behalf of the petitioners. All will
agree with me that it is a subject worthy of our
gravest consideration, iuvoiving, as we believe
it does, the honor of the t'ommouwealth, and
the value and sacredne.-s of the dearest princi
ples ot governmental policy upon which our free
institutions are based, uul by which they are
fostered and sustained. The application is made
to the people of Massachusetts, in their sover
eign capacity. An appeal is made to thejus
I tice ana good faith of the body politic. The
J citizen who is wronged, and t:ie citizen who suf
' fers, comes humbly, yet confidently, to the great
i louuiaiu oi justice ana iw, umi demands that
protection tor his property which is guaranteed
to him by the letter and spirit of the compact
into which he entered when (Jod gave him citi
zenship m a Commonwealth. He "claims kin
dred here" w ith the relations we all bear to the
mutual obligations of the government and the
governed, and trusts he will "find that claim al
lowed." 1 may premise in the outset that the
history of the transaction upon which this claim
j to protect.
gatiou of government has been fui'y rJ W"
by the Legislature by enactments upon ti1
ute Book, made since the destruction of V
line Convent. By au act of 1&9 rsa
property of the value of fifty dollars Uj
shall be destroyed by a riotous or tZ'
assemblage, the city or town within wit
nify the owner thereof. Now Mr w1
this was the duty and obligation VtLeW
it was equally tta
can pass her no retroactive"
laws are atrainct th ,::. , ,
of the cotistit..t; K.,r. i . aDa Jetier
i i , V 1 lue eirnal rules of rV' .
uud obligation kaoir no present, know no t
know no future; they stand before n, bi JS
u a7, at nome and abroad, pnst rreVt
and reaching fm : K.1' Prestnt,
. . o ".n hjc eiernai
10 me ciuzen woe to th
jgQrThe Board of Directors of the Susque-
opinions and wishes of each and every stockhol-glianua 1lank Ro,ad met 0Q Ion'iay and decided
, , , , . w i . . Hupon adotding the eastern route for the distance
personally we nave
der should be consulted,
no interest in either of the contemplated routes,
and in that respect the selection of either would
be satisfactory to us, but we entertain the opin
ion, that the true interests of this, as well as ev
ery other similar improvement, should be tc
consult the resident stockholders, those most in
timately interested, and thus discharge a duty
of doing the greatest good to the greatest num
ber. This would be just and nothing more or
less than right, and when an expression is had
from those who are directly interested, no one
could consistently complain. In such a decision
all should acquiesce.
Let the directors then consult the wishes and
respective interests of the resident stockholders,
and allow them to select the route which their
majority should deem best and most advisable.
thus'relieving the Directors of the responsibility
of selection." This would be in accordance with
the spirit of the age, and would give the privi
lege of selection where it rightfully belongs, and
as there has been, and is considerable feeling ex
hibited in the matter, such a course would relieve
the Directors, (who may entertain different opin
ions) from any insinuations that they have acted
from selfish or interested motives. We hopt
1 L . .... ,
ur we general good tnat euch a course wil
meet with approbation.
of three miles aud a half north of town. ThisSwith
route commences in the centre of Ebensburg,
and runs north through Wm. Pryce's farm. The
President of the road, Geo. J. Rodgers, Esq.,
has resigned, and John Williams, Esq., has been
elected President pro tern.
Fetter has the peculiar faculty of daguerreo-
typing a face in better style than any artist that
has yet visited this village. He has exhibited
to us various specimens, which are undoubted
ly the most life-like and perfect resemblance?
to the originals that we have ever seen. Call
upon him at his rooms in the Academy and have
your "counterfeit presentment" taken; you may
not have so excellent j an opportunity for some
years." He cannot be excelled. '
JC3T"Mrs. Perry a young, bloomer,' has
i! T . l! T "II 1 . . ...
ctopcu iioiu jiousou, .uais., wimievins vjjoush. i mucn time is consumed in the-e t nonirios nn.l
When her husband found she'was determined to ! that creat expense is incurr.-.l in r.u;,ur.
o, he gave her one hundred dollars to start .that end in smoke. The Canal Boari sheuld not
r ' be held responsible for this waste of monov.
CQL.T110MAS F. Meagher. -i-This eloquent ! We -are pleased with their reply, ofVbich we
gentleman has been lecturing in New Orleans have only space for the concluding remarks.
with unbounded applause. He las been invited i copied from the Keystone :
1 -i liilinili'il t f'-. ri i i l.i .i tliA 1
r '"win v. 1IUU:C. M illl .
totV' 1 i mliku.l 1 - .1 . M
the Sesstou is occupied nth invesfgations of of tllilt burah scLIf gljeJ ;l -trange g)are up
frivolous charges. It is to be rearret (el that bo on Bunker Hill and tho encampment nt Cux.
1...,.'.. T .. . t
,Jo" oe tuai oi imieieen ciKiiijnng seasons
has gathered about these ruined walls, but the
who.e civm'zed world, Catholic aud Protestant,
liar; learned that historv bv heart, and. to fli
5uliereis at least, the shame of that eventful
iiii-ht ha-, made a record which has corroded and
is coirodiii's like a cuuker. The facts of the
by the Governor and Legislature of Louisiana,
to proceed to Baton Rouge. ' .
case have been briefly stated by the committee
in ineir report: and with the leave of the House
Fully recognizing the rifjit, ns it is the duty 1 will read a short extract, embodying all inipor
of tbe representatives of the people, to institute tunt particulars. The gentleman here quoied
the most searching enouirv into official acts of from the report.! 1 shall 1ierp bo it br tho
JjtsArtnur spring was sentenced to death every public ofheer, the implicated members of objections plausible enough, I allow, but un
on Saturday, by Judge Kelley. t The unhappy : ,ne Board, whilst repealing with indignation the fouuded and unphilosophical, "Thi matter has
man made another speech, in w'ikh he pc"rsit- fbriSe fe-ruptiou . invite the strictest scrutiny been fully discussed in lour several Legislatures
p,1 in .,rn tl, m,,0, r t, t u i luto a11 Pceedings. They do not . affect and upon the most considerate attention, the
ed m charging the murder of Mf3. Lynch and to be free from errors of judgment, and are ; Commonwealth has rejected the claim." Now,
Mrs. Shaw upon his son. His time in ; this ready at all times to meet any investigation, i Mr. Speaker, i have the honor to bean bumble
world is short. j. j whether it emanates from a high sense of public j member of a profession that recognizes the bin-
, uui), or irom motives oi personal hostility, ong- i ding authority of precedents. "Stare decitis"
inating in disappointed expectations of a necu- is a rule of m.it t,.t fnvi.n;,.o - K..tn..i
BLAIR COUNTY AFFAIRS.
8S On the assembling of the extra session
of the Legislature of New York, on Thursday
last, the most disgraceful scenes, were enacted
by its members. Several were arrested and
carried out by the Sergeant-at-Arms.
ot convenience. The Judge is bound by thelaw
Visit of the Mary landers. .
The members of the Maryland Legislature
; ana ine autnonUes of the city of Baltimore,
Tisited Harrisburg, by invitation, on Saturday
last, and together with the Governor and Head.-
of Departments, Senate and Assembly of this
otate, assembled in the Hall of the' House ol
Representatives, where they were welcomed in
an eloquent and feeling address by Gov. Bigler.
which was responded to by Mr. Ely, Speaker ot
the Maryland Senate. A sumptuous dinner
was given the ' guests at the : "Pennsylvania
Hall," and a number of gentlemen responded to
complimentary toasts. The crowd of stran -crs
was very great. The Hall of the Houe waJ
decorated with the flags of the States of Penn
sylvania and Maryland entwined, and also the
f? :1 era riAtma V. ii n
--6 v lunarenn. Kegiment in thi
Mexican war. The greatest good feeling pre
vailed, and at 7 o'clock in the evening the ex
cursionists left in the cars for Baltimore, de
lighted with the pleasures of the trip. The re
turn trip was one continued scene of unrestrict
The Standard in noticing a handsome new
sign that Gardiner, Lloyd & I Co.. have "hunr
out," goes on to say that the newspaper is the
proper place to hang out signs, and that if mer
chants expect to sell goods they must advertise.
So say we; and while we are gratified that the
painters are patronized, we can at the same time
suggest the propriety of every man, who has
anything to sell, advertising, because people
will read the "sign" in print, who would never
see it if stuck up on the side of a house.
jney inrow tnemseives on the indulgence of as he hnds it written. Were the Legislature
the House for trave'iug somewhatut of the usual .were the citizen, in his capacity of self-govem-course
in replying to the resolution. The charge j ment, thus bouud, there would be annd of
of corruption was publicly mmle in a r lace where all pro-'ress. all imnri-iv.mnt tl.- T;M,r
. - . - - - I x O " " . - - ....J, -v- V Vi
CGL.A survey of a route to California, from l. na? 110 opportunity to reply, and they con-! the present would become merged iu the cold
diucicu ii uui- iu uifir uwi c iinieicrs. chip t.i iiani i1.m-.k,ii , t ,a nod .i.o
the South Pass across the different ranges of
the House, and due to the people of IVimsy'va-
mountains to the Pacific slope of the continent, nia, to place upon record the motives which
is said by the St. Louis Republican to be under
taken by parties independent of all governmen
tal connection. It will be in the hands of civil
engineers of undoubted merit and capacity, ac
companied by a geologist, who will institute a
thorough examination of the country.
. . cently as.-umod the editorial
. b Dadeville Banner.
duced an accusation of the gravest character
that can be brought against a public agent.
1 have the honor to be.
l'our ob t serv't,
Wm. T. Morrison, Pres't.
Reynolds, of the American House, has sold hislprecarious daily. . Wednesday evening of last
hack, together with the match greys and harness-jjweek it was feared that he would not be able to
Go it Strong. S. M. Strong, Esq., hns re-
iian.igement of the
He closes his editorial ad-
dress to his patrons as follows:
to the Swiss Bell Ringers, for four hundred dol
lars. v ould not object to a visit from the Ring
ers to Ebensburg. A cotillion party was giv
en by Lytle at the Mountain House, last eve
ning. Vhat with removing, adjusting press,!
and various other duties at home, our attend-l
ance was prevented ; otherwise we should have
been present not for the purpose of "tripping the
light fantastic toe," but to assist our friend of
the Standard in "wading through" the 1
u o r
"We will nirli' s.iv that irt i-.
leave the city, but on Friday morning he had ; Fierce, Douglas and Richmond JJnoiuPer school
rallied and it tvus hoped he miirht be able on ! of politics. e cert'iiulv prefer ti new I)mtr-
i i - - -
racy to the ancient rule, the jack-plane aud bro-
iSaturday, to go up the river to his plantation.
g2XA Jay or two since, Arthur Spring, Jr.,
paid a visit to his wretched father in his cell at
Moyameusing prison. The son offered to shake
the hand of his father, and expressed a desire to
be reconciled with him. The parent charged
his offspring with having committed the crime
1. I - s.i ........ . . .
of the table. A man namwl Mf!nnn .I.I.X B1CBM liao Iamep; naa beeQ convicted.
reratthePenna. and Ohio warehouse had ,;:JTlie W argued with the father upon the impos-
leg broke on Thursday last. He is dnW woll Bsibilit of his havinS done it when every mo-
A man whose name is unknown, had his
t,Pittsburg papers, by the present mail ar
rangment, reach here the evening of the day on
which they are printed. A good arrangement.
The Philadelphia mail 'ought to leave that city
for the west on the cars at 8 o'clock in the morJ
nine, ami wa .nui.i n, . I
' - """ vuvu xeceive eastern papers
1A t-T- 1 ....
o ciock tne next morning, instead of
o ciock m the evening. We wonder such an ar
rangement is not made. Perhaps the mail doesH1"0nd3.before departing.
leave I'hUa. m tbe morning, if so, it certainly is
ueuuuea at tne fountain House or at some oth
er point until the night train comes along. Who
wm enlighten us on this subject?
!eg smashed between the bumpers of two cars.
a - -
a at the nead ot l'lane No. 9. last wppV Th
limb was amputated. A carman, name un
uuu, iinuiiis icg oroKen at l'lane jso. o, on
Friday last. Johnston McKee is as '"snug as
a bug in a rug" m the Dauphin county prison.
Later from Havana and Mexico.
New york, April 17. The steamship Black
Warrior, with Havana dates to the 12thinst.,ar
fived this afternoon.
On the Oth, forty-five political prisoners,
charged with insurrectionarv nttcmnta
- - flV..
imentof his time was accounted for during the
evening upon which the murder was committed.
shipped for Cadiz, thereto await the decision off Knox present Pr
:heOueen. Amninr tl.m 5lvu0i present 1 1
!-, - . -v. 1 1 j ii r- ..ill, v ere
iceiiLiv eouuemueu io ueatn. out renrievpd nt
tbe garotte. There was a number among themlcounty-
it nigh standing, mcluding Couut Pasas, Dulces
Joaquini Fovtun and others.
" ftl'il ntlAllTA.1 rt '. At- - . . .... .
viv. .i.iur.cu ioxeceie me visits oi their
The elder Spring insisted doggedly upon his own
fcinnocence, and upon the guilt of the 6on, and
the parties finally separated without the slight
est manifestation of forgiveness or reconcilia
tion on the part of the wretched culprit.
B3L,New Jcdicial District. An act ha3
passed the Legislature erecting a new judicial
district, to be composed of the counties of Clear
field, Centre and Elk. ,- The act annexes Mercer
county to the district composed of Venango,
Clarion and Jefferson counties. Hon. J. C.
esideut Judge of this district,
will hereafter preside in the Courts of Mercer
gau to the knee-breeches and the cocked hat,
caloric and steam pressure, to ox carts and
causeways; and veritably do we believe "Yan
kee Doodle" to be the best tune to fight by,
work by, dance by, march b, and die by, ( if "it
needs be) that ever vibrated upon the ttmpanum
of the American ear. Do you take? Then set
us down for a Democrat of the State Rights and
Nutmegs grow spontaneously iu the mountains
of the new State, longer and more tapering in
shape than the nutmeg9 of commerce, and su
perior iu their pungent flavor.
-A tree of Sierras, which rises to the
height of four hundred feet, and is of immense
diameter, exudes a juice that when crystalized,
takes the niine of piue sugar ; it is almost as
white as the best refined loaf sugar, and has a de
licious aromatic taste.
-Six different veins of silver have recently
been discovered near St. John's, in Monterey
The salary of the imiyor of Sacramento
is 1,000; recorder 4,tX0; marshal .jiJ.OOO:
On Monday the Pennsylvania R. R. changed
.ue nour . lor tne departure of the passenger
xuuurg na Philadelphia. The
cars leave Pittsburg for the east at 9 o'clock ir,
the morning, and 9 in the evening, arriving at
Jefferson at 2 o'clock P. M. and 2 A. M; atthe
Summit at 3 o'clock P. M. and 3 A r tk
cars leave Philadelphia for the west at 8 o'clock
in the morning, and 10 in the evening, arrivin
at the Summit at 10 o'clock P. M. and 1 o'clock
I. W lf -TflFofCrtr a "I t 1- 4 w i a.
- ' x v nwn -i. ai. ana z o -
clock P, M. Mr. Hamilton will run two hacks
per day from Ebensburg to Jefferson. Win
A private letter gives the following additional
names of the prisoners : Luis Edwnnln PhrUtn
i landed proprietor; Juan Gonzales Alvarez ii
wealthy planter ; Joaquin Miranda, a la wverpd-
ucated in Connecticut ; Signor Pinto, also a law
yer; Gassie, a doctor of laws; and Francisco
aiaez, who was at the
ES2kThey have a new title out west, which for
originality, and the force of the character it in-
aicates, entirely eclipses the old pig-tail quirl,
ksq. A man s , name with the new title
stands thus: -; "Obadiah Comstock, P. B."; and
and P. B. signifies Perfect JirirJr Fr
Vie would suggest an amendment to the above,
by substituting S. P. for P. B. thus : "J. Lazy-
mi v-1 .
ine English mail 6teamer Avon arrived
Havana on the lOthfrom Vera Cruz.
Gen. Santa Anna arrived there on the Isf nn,i
a3 receiveu wun mucn enthus .ism On
3ndhe issued a proclamation to the. r,ir.r.i
T,t : i.ri:i , t.v..
ji.iv.ii, in wuicu jic maites ma
head of t?ii nvtrJ.ifi.
'"&"Sbones, S. P.. the S. P. sinifvin?? Pumu
- G - o - J.
Next Congress. The last five
iit.ltPS- ID tllPir PniKrwucinnnl olontSm. T-rt-
J - -WVL.Q.kJ.VUU4 VILVllVJiS, Ull I V v
entire delegation of Democrats.
cr . " m
huh iceii l oi ion i sps z i k iro . , t 1 . -i nur
npnmic.fn,fi,n r .. r . . l'UU3 juo memoers uavo oeen elected iu-j
- - --b - v.w. wi uia ueioveii
country . He started for the capital on the nth1
Some excitement has been occasioned at Ha
vana, by the detectiou of a conspiracy amon- the
prisoners confined in the city prison. They had
procured arms, and intended to rise upon their
ivcepcrs. ine ringleader was .a' o-ormor.
C vi , - . - - --- fev. ujuu, nuu
ioi uiei iy occupiea the position of Cashier
ioe lorracr puce at 7 o'clock A. M. and 1 oclockimtTc an"ie nouse nnd faaJ been imprisoned for
r.,-M. connecting with the cars. Passen-er JCm ? !?? fli?df Lis lyevs. A Ger-
E.urg or Holliday6urg the same evening. Thercg Martin Galleano, the late secretary of the Cap-
iieuwrjJiisB ami accommodJti'?n in Hamilton,
and he boud be patronized.-' , ..
n . -
lain ucnerai, nas oecn mairied to Miss si.u
the daughter of au American long a jCEidcut of,
tlx: Idaua." . ' ' ' - - k
Democrats, 50 Whigs and 8 : Abolitionists. . If
the remaining 77 to be elected should preserve
the same political faith as those of the List rep
resentation, the whole number will stand 154
Democrats, 77 Whigs, and 8 Abolitionists. '
JK2XIn the California Legislature there 'are
eleven . natives of Pennsylvania, seven being
membeis of the Senate, and four of 1 the1 House
of Representatives; in' addition to which the
Governor and Secretary of State are natives .of
Pennsylvania, and the Superintendent of public j
instruction, though not bofn here, "was late a res-1
i-lcut of this State. -T V- " J ' !
all other officers ;2,000.
The ranch of John Montgomery, in Penn
Vally Nevada, produced $15,000 last year, in
agricultural products. From six acres of land
he raised 4,000 worth of cabbage ; from half
an acre, 2,000 worth of tomatoes ; 1000 worth
of melons were also grown, aud also $2,000 worth
of barley. In addition, cucumbers, squashes,
carrots, beets, &c, were produced sufficient for
home consumption. - -
ureal preparations-are neing made in
San I rancisco for the erection of brick build
ine preiiininary-survey of the Uenicia
and Maryville railroad has been completed.
The general character of the route is exceeding
ly favorable to the proposed enterprise, the high
est grade upon any point being but 13 and 2
10th feet to the mile. .The whole length of the
road will be 85 miles. -
Atriegrb Bluff, a short distance below Grey
Lagle city, several 1 tunnels now being run into
the hill are paying from 100 to 500 per day
to the claim.
On the. ls.t of January 31 vessels arrived
in the harbor of San Francisco. During the
twenty-four hours of the 11th, there were 20 ar
rivals.. On the 2d day of March there. .were 80
vesssels and steamers of all descriptions loading
and discharging at their wharves, of which 17
were ships, (lour clippers) 11 barks, 10 brigs,
13scho6ners, Hi sloops and 18 steamers, of which
two were war steamers.
Gold is found on the tops of the California hills
as wirir as m - tne river bottoms and val
leys, v V "..,,,
vatism, with its tenacious love for the stereo
type of fixed opinions, would find "lious iu the
way" of all political and social advancement.
1 care not what decision past Legislatures may
have made; their votes upon this subject are
upon record either for their honor or their
shame. Let us, governed by our duty as good
citizens and the oath we took when we came to
gether, calmly view a past transaction in the ! this offer
light of the present, and render a righteous ver
dict thereon. Thank heaven here is no nartv
question: we are free from the iron rule of the
caucus; the petty prejudices of the mere politi
cian for once may fade away in the sunlight of a
great truth for once we are a jury without fear
or favor; we are to decide a question between
the citizens and the commonwealth, and we rep-
i resent both. The I rsuline community aud all
citizens who suffered by the destruction of the
Convent have a natural and legitimate claim up
on the body politic for full indemnification.
Were I competent to the task I would not take
up the time of the House in discussing these
fundamental maxims of natural right and polit
ical obligations which lie at the very foundation
of our free institutions of government. It will
be sufficient for my purpose to remark that all
these maxims and principles were fully recog
nized by our father, and have been incorporated
into every State and constitution ; nowhere more
emphatically than in the constitution of Massa
chusetts. It is concise fy and beautifully ex
pressed in the preamble : I
lhe end of the institution, maintenance and
administration of government, is to secure the
cxi-tence of the body politic; to protect it; and
to furnish the individuals who compose it with
the power of enjoying with safety and tranquili
ty their natural rights and the blessings of life.'
The following paragraph makes it the duy of
the people, in framing a constitution of govern
ment, so to provide that every man may at all
times find his security in the laws:
"The body politic is formed by a voluntary as
sociation of individuals ; it is a social compact,
by which tho whole people covenants with e ich
citizen, and each citizen with the whole people,
that all shall be governed by certain laws for the
common good. It is the duty of the people,
therefore, iu framing a constitution of govern
ment, to provide for an equitable mode of ma
king laws, as well as for an impartial interpre
tation, and a faithful execution of them; that ev
ery man may, at all times, find his security in
This most valuable right is specified in the very
nrst article ot the constitution ; the right of en
joying and defending their lives and liberties.
ana aiso of acquiring, possessing and protecting
"All men are born free and equal, and have
certain natural, essential and inalienable rights;
among which may be reckoned the right of en
joying and defending their lives and liberties;
that of acquiring, possessing and protecting
property; in fine that of seeking and obtaining
their safety and happiness."
As if the value of this right and obligation of
gove -nmcnt to vindicate it could not be too fre
quently inculcated, we have a full repetition of
them in Articles X. and XI. The subject has a
right to demand of the law3 full guaranty for
complete protection in life, liberty and proper
ty ; of those who execute the laws, the highest
diligence in the vindication of this right; and
when the laws are inadequate, or those who ex
ecute and adamiister the laws are remiss, then
he has a natural right to seek the fountain of
the laws the legislature for redress, and an ob
ligation rests upon government to furnish it to
him. The right to tax the citizen is corelative
to the right of protection. It presupposes that
the property is taxed because it is protected.
Tho contract is a binding one. and is founded
upon the consideration of mutual .obligation. I August Session,
tramples upon them. These petitions come h
tlfiCJUSl' thl lunr r.f 1 Sill A . .. U
V i. V " uo,:s n01 throw its,
around them ; because an txpott facto law is un
constitutional; because they have, by virtue c
this statute, no claim agaiust the town of Cbnr'esl
town. They appeal to the commonwealth. TL,.e
is pregnant meaning in the word "comtaoii
wealth," the style of nomenclature we so e-r'r
adopted for our beloved State. It speaks J u
early history it tells the well known Btorv cf
early sufferings, deprivation and poveny-;.
speaks of a common interest, a common nn,,"
a common uestiny it speaks of common sacri
fices und mutual sympathy it is an index aal
epitome of the record of the Mayflower te
"Covenant of Plymouth" it speaks of the em
barkation of a common caue, for freedonuf r.
ligious faith, for freedom of political opinioo."
and the contribution of a common purse to tin
general wants of the community. These t,eti.
tious appeal to the commonwealth, and iLpt
make that appeal emphatic by the grounds iiv'.
oa which it is based. Allow me, Mr. Speaitr,
to suggest a few additioual reasons why '
should listen to the prayer of these petitioner!,
and while I make no appeal to the prejudices
of any denomination of religious opinion, I tn;.
I shall avoid any conflict with the PiecoLceivtJ
opinion, I will not say prejudices, of any mem-
uer upon the floor of the House. I would jjn.
ply and plainly state a few reasons why Massi
chusetts should be jnst, if the claims of Jut&e
require argument and reason. This was an in
stitution tor the relief of want, sickness and suf
fering, and the education of females, whose p
rents preferred the system adopted by that or
der, involving no Incompatibility with the per
formance of every social obligation.
Massachusetts acknowledges no partiei&r
sect of religious opinion. The freedom of early
training, opinion and worship, public and pri
vate, is secured by the Constitution, anJ protec
ted by the laws. The destruction of the Con
vent was, to a greater or less extent, induced lr
an excited though unfounded prejudice agn!ri:-t
a religious sect. The early history vf cur
fathers is stained by their persecutions of tins
who differed from them in points of faith. TLen
is an inconsistency in their history which tlaJr
most earnest apologists cannot explain or de
fend ; and this act of persecution, if unattme l,
win stamp the history of our State with mtu.cr-
auce of the most cruel and unjust cbancte:.
This act of destruction, nerformed in the ui i.t
populous district of the Commonwealth, audi"
the presence of a police and community fa.!
able to prevent it, is a reproach to our IawsanJ
those who administer the laws. We offer a boaie
and protection to the oppressed of all lands, a:l
of every shade of religious belief; and the good
faith of the State, aud the integrity of our insti
tutions, is at hazard when we refuse to make
of protection available to those who
happen to differ from a majority of our pecp
V e oppose standing armies as prejudicial to tbe
right of freemen; we profess to believe that the
best protection of the State is found ia the Lws
and those of our choice who administer them.
We are bound then, to give to the citizen as
good guaranty of protection as if a batalion of
armed men protected each dwelling. Oun i
said to be "a government of laws and not tf
men" it is said that we have a right to requira
of those who execute laws the exact and consuut
observance of them. It is conceded and fu'.lr
proved that the Magistrates of Charlestowu
abandoned their duty, and made no serious at
tempt to prevent the destruction of the Convent.
Independent of all these considerations, drawn
from the spirit of our Constitution and laws, it
would be a praiseworthy and magnanimous act
on the part of the Legislature to make this repa
ration. 1 remarked in the outset that the honur
of the Commonwealth was involved in this issue.
I believe a great principle is here involved, the
developemeut of which will adhere new lustre to
the history of our State. The days of persecu
tion have passed. Intolerance has finally dis
covered that the blood of the victim cries tv
heaven from the ground. The burning fagot at
Smithfield did "light up a flame iu Lngland"
which never will be extinguished ; and the unre
dressed wrong of the night of the 11th of Au
gust, 1834, has given a mighty impulse to th
propagandism of the Roman church. I would
not appcal to the prejudices of either Romanists
or Protestants, but I will confidently assert that
the reasons by which many justify their opposi
tion to this indemnification are the very reasons
why they should urge the earliest possible repa
ration. Let no religious sect gain the prestige
of martyrdom at the expense of the universn!
toleration of religious opinion. Refuse this in
demnity, and yo-i give a factious power to the
sufferers; you give them a vantage ground;
you enlist in their behalf the sympathy for fuf
fering. I have said that the honor of our be
loved State was involved in this issue. I speak
not rashly. Massachusetts has a rich historj
she is rich in the records of the past she n
rich in the elements of greatness. She cannot
afford to sacrifice one jewel from her crown.
Johnston M'Ke'e "alias 'Black Hawk.'
The Perry Freeman, printed at BloomfielJ
dated Thursday last, gives the following in re'
gard to the disposition of M'Kee : t
"Officers Dennett and Seed, of the Philadel
phia Police, arrested Johnston M'Kee, ahal
"Black Hawk," at Hollidaysburg, on Thursday
last, charged with putting into circulation spa"
rimiD monpv on th fiirRrd Bank : and on the fol
lowing day delivered him up to the Court then
in Session at Cloomfield. Failing to give ball m
the sum of $1,000, the Court seut him to w
Dloomfield Jail to awi.it his trial. Dut the J"
not being considered perfectly secure lor his ac
teutionr application was- made to the Legis.atur
to pass an act requiring th Sheriff of Perry coaa
... -.i,.. f nno nf tha .Tii.Wq of the Cuuri
of this county, to remove prisoners from lij
Dloomfield Jail to the Dauphin Prison fr
keeping. The Legislature promptly passed tea
aft ronnlpp.l which was signed bv the flove
nor ; and, upon order of Judge stroop, "v"" .
M'Kee, alias Black Hawk, was taken to
iv.,,i.;r, onnntv Prison on Tuesday last f
Sheriff Huggius, where he will doubtless retnurt
until brought back here for trial at tl r.f