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" 7E GO WHESE DEMOCBATIC PHIKCIPLES POIET THE, "WAY Jr WHEN THEY CEASE TO LEAD, WE CEASE TO FOLLOW."
' TER 31 S...
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From the Milford Herald.
Cam ii town Raec-Conrse.
Conic, cow, boys, and let us sing
Do dah, do dab,
About our leaders, Tierce and King
Oh;! .do dah day, '
They're the fastest horses on the course-
Do dah, do dah,
And they are bound to win the purse
Oh ! do-dah, da,
We're bound to run all night,
We're bound to run all day ;
We're bound to sing for Tierce and King
Until Election day.
ew-IIampshire's nag he can't be beat
Do dah, do da,
He's the best old horse on. a four years' heat,
Oh ! do dah da.
With gallant King iipou his back
Do dah, do dah,
lie's bound to clear the Federal track
Oh ! Do dah da,
We're bound to run all night, &c.
We cot well whipped in forty eight
Do dah, do dah,
"Cut fifty-two will bring it straight
U 3 Oh! Do dah da,
Old 'hasty' Scott, with his 'plate of soup'
Do dah, do da,
Will not find us a willing dupe
Oh ! Do dah da,
We're bound to run all night,- &c
Then, Coonics, now bring on your Scott,
Do dah, do dah,
We're Democrats, and falter net
Oh ! Do dah d l.
For Tierce and King will win the day
Do dah, do dah.
And 'Fuss and Feathers must clear the way,
Oh ! Do dah da.
We're bound to run all night, &c.
Letter from General Pierce.
. The Rochester Daily Advertiser of Aug, SOlh,
publishes tho following letter from Franklin
Tierce, the Democratic nominee for the Tresi
dency, in regard to the religious and property
qualification tests of New Hampshire. The let
ter was furnished to the Advertiser by Mr.
Warren, to whom it was addressed :
Coxcorp, N. II. July 15, 1852.
My Dear Sir, It is impossible that a charge
should embrace a more direct attack upon truth
than that with - which tbe Whig' papers have
tpetned with relation to my sentiments upon the
religious test contained in our State Constitu
tion, which was . adopted in 1792, ' and never
amended since. The charge is contradicted by
every word and act of my life having reference
to the question, in any form directly or collate
rally. ' ' '
I advocated the call of the Convention for .the
amendment of the onstitution, which assem
bled in November, 1850, and the most promi
nent object in my own mind was to strike out
the unjust and odious provisions commonly call
ed the religious and property qualification, tests
from our fundamental law. In haste, . ,
. Your most obedient servant,
(Signed) . FRANK. TIERCE, ,
John l Warren, Esq.,, Coopcrstown, New
BgL-A physician took a student to see a pa
tient who was confined to his ted :
"Sir," said the physician to the sick man,
'you have been imprudent, you have eaten oys
ters." . . i - - v ' -'
The patient admitted that he had. Return
ing home the student- asked the doctor how ho
had discovered: the man had been eating oys
ters! . -' : i - ' ' - ; ,.
"Why, replied the doctor, . saw the shells
fender the bed."; v ! 'V. - t . . . .
. 4. few days after the student, was sent to vis
it the same patient, ; He soon returned, howev
r, saying that he had been .kicked out of ; the
house for telling the patient that ho had been
imprudent he had eaten horseflesh., . . s ",
"Horseflesh, you. young, fool ! what do you
fcean!'! cried the doctor. n '., , ; , f
"Because, sir, .1 saw a saddle, and .pair, of
stirrups under the Bed." TheI)octor gave him
fca 'sheepskin.'' " ' ' " .' ?.
i Sam was courting" "Miss" Poily:;GilImore;; --but
Dever called ; in a - perfect 'state of sobriety!
Oae night he proposed,' but the lady refused on:
ta ground of his drinking habits, although wil-:
ling to take the vow if - he -took the pledged
"VilL" gfly8 Sam, agreed give mc but a gill more
tod i'll take the pledge !"
GBi. SHIELDS' SPEECH.
We give below tlie speech of General Shields,
delivered at the Democratic Mass Meeting in
Tlttbburg, on Friday night, September 3d.
, Fellow-Citizexs I am truly sorry to say
that I am in no fit condition to make you a
speech. Weary and exhausted I have arrived in
your city, and my being here to-night is the re
sult of accident. I have accompanied ray gal
lant friend Gen. Houston, in the capacity of an
assistant, or aid-de-camp, to use a military
phrase ; and I trust that, after having listened
to his excellency address, you will not expect
one from me.
You have heard to-iiight, one of the most dis
tinguished Democrats in the land. II is life has
been a romance its wonders have never been
excelled even in fable. From the forest to the
ocean from the valley to the mountain-in eve
ry position and every situation his life has been
one of action tnd vscfulnes.'-. Frcm early strug
gles for ofiice in his native State up to his noble
efforts for the disenthralment of a nation, he has
been a consistent patriot, and an honorable man.
His name is identified with virtue, freedom and
independence ; and the history of his campaigns
in Texa3 shows the actions of a brave and gal
lant man. You have heard him epeak, and I
have only to repeat after him the words of truth
which he has uttered. Where I disposed to
make you a speech, I could no better do it than
by humbly and feebly repeating and endorsing
I know both distinguished men, who stand be
fore the people of this nation at the present time,
as candidates for the Peesidency. I know Gen.
Scott well ; I have fought under him, and I will
not use denunciation against him. He is a brave
man, and his gallant deeds form a portion of the
history of his country. I know Gen. Tierce al
so, i fought by his side ; and he is a gallant
as any other of the brave spirits who fought
and won on thc.ficlds of Mexico. Gen. Scott, as
my friend Houston remarked, has been all his
life a soldier, living in camps, and accustomed
to the rudo array of war. Gen. Tierce is emi
nent as a civilian, in addition to being a brave
soldier. And yet, when he returns to las native
land, and when, in a just appreciation of his.
worth and excellence, his fellow-countrymen se
lect him as their candidate for an honorable of
fice, he is charged with being false to his duty,
and his name is coupled with with the foul epi
thet of coward. For my own part, viewing this
matter in its proper light, and knowing as I do
how well he fought in Mexico, I feel that this is
cruel and ungenerous injustice There is some
thing ungerous in such an act, and no upright
and honorable man should lend his countenance
to the support of so foul a wrong. They who
fight for their country, (more especially those
who, like Franklin Tierce, have fought so well)
should receive tho respect and just judgment of
their fellow-citizens ; they should be at least
free from calumny. There is no man in this
vase assemblage before me (unless he bo himself
a coward), who has been in Mexico, but will say
with me that General Franklin Fierce is noth
ing else than a brave and honorable man. Gen
Scott himself, although his interests are opposed
to those of Tierce, would not, and, I am assured,
does not, approve of such conduct ; and he
would not wish to owe his election to the false
charges which arc brought against one of his
own generals. General Tierce did all his. work
in Mexico with a fervor and earnestness which
did him honor. He rushed through the battle
field until his strength failed him, and exhausted
nature, unableiurtber..to sustain him in his toils
and anxieties, caused' hiitf to1 fall as many
brave men have done before him.
But enough of this unjust and cruel falsity.
It is of that kind of ingenouos calumny which
will recoil upon its authors, and will re-act with
terrible force opon that party which endorses it.
I feel deeply upon this subject ; for, like Gen.
Tierce, am myself a citizen soldier. I know
well the difficulties we had to encounter in Mcx
co ; the misunderstanding and conflicts with the
regular branch of the army, and many other
unpleasant circumstances. All our troubles,
notwithstanding, might be cheerfully disregard
ed and forgotten ; and we might,-ag citizens an 1
as soldiers, have feltViat the just appreciation
of our services was a sufficient reward. .'But,
what must be the feelings of men who have the
consciousness within them that they have at!east
endeavored to do their duty when tho voice of
calumny assails them' on their return to their
native land ? Surely such conduct is : in the
highest degree reprehensible. " ' - J'
I have nothing against Gen. Scott If he has
failings, do not think it my province to expose
theni. ,! But I am a Democrat and on the truth
of the principles. I . profess 1 oppose him as a
Democrat. There is one thing, however, which
maybe urged against Gen. Scott, which has
been ' noticed before, : this evening I allude to
his peculiar and exclusive military character.
Here is a man, nearly seventy years ' old, who
has been all hislife a ;soldier--'ari(f nothing else.'
Now'feHowcitlzcns, I earnestlyask you wheth
er, in view of this fact, (it is an incontrovcrtibly
one,) a mm of this discription can with safety
be put at the head of a Democratic government?
I feci confident and I know you will bear me
out in the declaration that he cannot, be eo.en"
trusted. . - I have served in the armies myself,
and well do I know the despotism which is essen
tial to discipline ; for it is not an army unless
subordination and blind obedience be strictly
and uncompromisingly enforced. And it is na
tural that it should be so. On the one hand we
have arbitrary command ; on. the other, implicit
obedience. You cannot make a. Democratic
Tresident of a man who has no other recommen
dation then military glory. Washington and
Jackson were eminent both as civilians and war
riors. They were soldiers in time of danger ;
and it is a poor argument indeed, that would in
sist upon the elevation of a military chieftain to
the Tresidential chair the highest civil office
in the land simply on the ground of his having
rendered the state good service in the field.
Some other qualifications are needed, in addi
tion to the merits of military renown.
We all remember the glorious career of Gen
eral Taylor, that houest and simple-minded old
soldier, with all the qualities that brighten and
adorn the military character. He had all the
virtues of a warrior, without any of his vanity.
Well, General Taylor was nominated as the Whig
candidate for the Tresidency and what was the
result ? New York, and Teunsylvania, the old
Keystone State, aided in electing him, and he
was by their assistance placed at the helm of
state. He is now dead, and I trust his spirit is
engaged in better cause than the one he support
ed in Mexico or Washington. I saw the gallant
sinipie-hearted old man in Mexico ; . his very )
name was a terror to the enemy ; and he posses
sed the esteem and confidence of every one to
whom he was known. I saw him again, in Wash
ington, surrounded by theEwings, Claytons, and
Crawfords of his administration.- lie was not
the same man. He was in the Lands of the Thi
listincs a mere plaything, which might be used
for the amusement of the grown-up children
about the capitol. He .was an instrument in
the hands of selfish politicians and designing
men, who used him for the advancement of their
own sordid ends. Totally unacquainted with
either the men who surrounded him or the mea
sures which he was expected to countenance, he
was bewildered at his situation. It was not his
trade, and he doubtless deeply felt the grave
mistake that had been made in placing him in
the position he occupied. If it had been beseig
ing cities, storming batteries, or marching un
falteringly to the cannon's mouth, how differ
ently would he Lave acted. Then he would have
been at home, and knowing his duty, performed
it with energy and skill.
But. why is it necessary for me to speak of
these things ? You all know and feel tho truth
of what I have said. And now, judging from
the past, I ask you the question will it be
different should General Scott be elevated to the
Tresidency ? I think no good reason can be ad
vanced, showing that a different result would
follow such a course. My opinion of Gen. Scott
has always been freely expressed. He is a brave j
man ; and I know that I appreciate his excellence
more, and am a better friend of his, than many
who are loud in their professions of attachment
and gupport those Nebuchadnezzars who feed
on the garbage of the land, they live in.
I have before spoken of the inconsistency
charged upon tho Democratic party by our oppo-nents,-'in
declaiming against the military spirit
characterizing the Whig party. For some reason
or other; the name of Andrew Jackson is'invari
edly Uscd in this connection. Instead of stating
(as was really the case;). that he LadleftLis pur
suits a civilian to go to' New Orleans afif flog
the British; they would have everybody think
that he was nothing but a soldier that he had
no reputation as a legislatoi : or indeed in any
of the pursuits of a civilian. Gen'. Houston has
this evening shown to you the utter shallowness
of this fallacy, and nothing remains for me but
to endorse what he has said. ' ' '"'
What a change has come over them now !
Thoy will have nothing but a downright general.
A man like Andrew Jackson would not suit them
in these days of availability ; reputation in any
thing but military affairs goes fornaught. Those
who have gained a name on the battle-field- are
the only ones who are considered fitted for the
chair of state. They have an inherent, esteem
and attachment towards chieftains they love
them for their own sakes. - And this, by the
way, is rather paradoxical. We! all "know how
the Whigs abused the authors of the Mexican
war. 1 But mark their inconsistency. They then
abused the war they now take to their bosoms
the warriors ; but you may rest assured there
is an object in it, and that object is the war-cry
of the Whig party availibility. J ' ' ' ' '
You have, most of you at least, seen tho re
cent life of General Scott, got up for "general
circulation" so says the title:pagc. I mean
the one which bears so striking a resemblance to
a book of nursery rhymes. As a man who pro
fesses to know something of the history of Gen
eral Scott, I pronounce this pictorial lifo a gross
caricature. ' You "may read it over, and over
again, and know no more of his biography than
when you first sat down to its perusal. It is,
however, written in the full belief that it will
suit tho intelligence of some portion of the
American people. Why, Mrs. Trolloppe never
published such an overwhelming libel on Amer
ica as does this Life of Geu. Scott," written by
his own supporters. It is a fit companion for
Mother Hubbard, and other juvenile romances.
, The chief .principle of the Whig .party if I
may be allowed to invest it with the name of
principle- is availibility. What pretensions can
iey possibly have to any settled, policy 2 . Thejt.
have never originated any great national
measure.", save tho Bankrupt Law, which
may, indeed, be with truth denominated
essentially Whig. After they get into pow
er, their -policy is wholly of a negative nature;
and the best than can be said of Mr. Fillmore's
administration is, that it has done no harm.
It has allowed (because it could not well be pre
vented) the National Legislature to act without
interference aud this is as much as wc ought
to expect frcm a Whig administration. .
A few words more, and I will conclude. My
campaign in Mexico has not improved the pow
ej of my lungs ; and I must be brief.
I have known "Genejal Ficrco for years. I
was acquainted with him before he went to Mex
ico, and from my knowledge of his character, I
unhesitatingly give it as my opinion, that not
one of the many distinguised gentlemen, whose
names were presented to the National Demo
cratic Convention not evea excepting my gal
lant friend, Gen. Houston -was better calcula
ted to carry out the policy of, our : party, and
lead us on to victory, than General Franklin
Tierce, of New Hampshire. He never cast a
vote that was not in favor of human rights, of
liberty, of economy, and of the rights of con
science. All his deeds were imbued with that
high patriotic feeling which is his birthright and
inheritance. He is endowed with eminent qual
ities, both public and private, which will make
him an ornament to the high station he is desti
ned to fill ; and he will nobly bear the bright
houorors prepared for him. In relation to the
' slanders which daily issue ffoin the presses and
the public men of our opponents those who
make a trade of defamation, I would simply say
'and who in this vast assemblage will not bear
lj?e Out ift the assertion f ) that they ar unjust,
wicked, and malicious calumnies.
I have never, in all my life, seen an audience
which gave me greater feelings of delight than
the one I am now addressing. I do not mean by
this, your vast numbers but the courteousness
of your deportment, and the kind attention with
which you have listened to the few remarks I
have made. And here, fellow Democrats of
Pennsylvania, let me say that upon you devolves
much of the labor of this campaign. If you
are true to your party faith ; if you desire the
perpetuity of Democratic principles throughout
the land, and more especially in your own noble
Keystone State, let mo earnestly entreat you to
do good service in the cause. If we succeed
and when I see this multitude before me, I have
no fears for the result we will cease to be in
our present minority,
I mean by this that we
will nnt. onlv have a Democratic Congress, but
likewise a Democratic Executive ; and not only
for one term, for I- sincerely believe ' that the
election of Franklin Tierce will be the harbin
ger of half a century of successive Democratic
administrations. And wc will have, too, a con
tinuation of that policy under which our coun
try has prospered in day3 gone by, and which
will add to our present and future high destiny.
What Napoleon was to France, the Democratic
party now is to this country it is -its destiny,
and the hope tit humanity is centred m it. -
How different the policy of the Whig party.
Its principles arc changed e'-en as a man casts
aside his worn-out : garments. Its members
have at : first opposed, and 'finally accepted,
every measure of importance which Las come
before the country. Its opinions and action up
on a National Bank, Tariff, &e., are sufficient
indicatiouj ' of the truth of this Assertion; and
the policy of Tresident Tolk, that unassuming
and patriotic Tennessean, which settled so sat
isfactorily the Oregon difficulty, is now acqui
esced in by all parties. Suppose that Gen. Scntt
had been placed in Mr." Tolk's stead, in the a
bove controversy, do you think that he would
have so triumphantly and honorably vindicated
the rights of the nation? Or, suppose Mr.
Tolk had been placed in Gen. Scott's position,
as Commander-in-Chief of the Army, would he
have achieved the brilliant victories which have
"iven so bright a lustre to the American name?
No, fellow citizens, Scott is and has been in his
proper place, and Tolk was in his. Tolk would
have been as good a Geueral as Scott a Tresi
dent ; but each was in his proper position, and
did honor to himself and to his country. Keep
in view, fellow Democrats, the importance of
the coming election. Consider that your votes
may gain or lose the election of our candidates.
But, come what will, let -Pennsylvania bo as
true to her principles as her sons were gallant
in Mexico, and Whiggery and Galphlnism wi'.l (
be numbered with the things that were. , . ,
At the conclusion of his remarks, Gen.
Shields sat down, much exhausted. Ho was
frequently interrupted by hearty cheers, and
the utmost quiet and attention were manifested
Officers wlio Support Gen. Pierce.
. All tho whig reflections on Geu. Tierce's val
or, Lis talents, his popularity in the army, and
indeed every charge against him should be effec
tually silenced by the fact that nearly all the of
ficers of the U. S. Army in the Mexican war are
his ardent supporters. The fact that not one
officer in the army in any of our wars has opeu-
I lyadvocatedGen. Scott is equally significant of
the relative positions of the two Generals, with
that branch of the public service. The follow
ing is alist of some of the officers who support
Gen. John E. Wool, of New York.
Gen. Wm. O. Butler, of Kentucky.
Gen Robert Tutterson, of Tennsylvania.
Gen. Jno. A. Quitman, of Mississippi.
Gen. Gideon J. Tillow, of Tennessee.
Gen James Shields, of Illinois. .
Gen. Joseph Lane, of Indiana.
Gen. Thomas Marshall, of Kentucky.
Gen. Caleb Cusbing, of Massachusetts.
Gen. Sterling Trice, of Missouri.
Col. F. M. Wynkoop, of Teunsylvania.
CoL W. U. Bissel, of Illinois.
Col. Ferris Foreman, of Illinois.
Col. J. T. Weatherford, of Illinois.
Col. J. II. Lane of Indiana.
Col. J- T. Drake of Indiana.
CoL G. W. Morgan, of Ohio.
Col. Jefferson Davis, of MississippL
Col. J. W. Jackson, of Georgia.
Col. J. R. Coffee, of Alabama.
Col. Maxcey Grieg, of South Carolina.
Col. George Wood, of Texas.
Col. Jno. C. Hays, of Texas (now of Cala.)
Col. John W. Tibbats, of Kentucky.
CoL Reuben Davis, of Mississippi.
Col. John S. Roane, of Arkansas.
CoL T. II. Seymour, of Connecticut.
CoL Wm. Trousdale, of Tennessee.
. Col. R. E. Temple, of New York.
Col. Wade Bunret, of New York.
Col. R. J. Farquharson, of Tennessee.
CoL E. G. Butler of Louisiana.
Lt. Col. Black, of Teunsylvania.
Lt. Col. J. W. Geary, Tennsylvania.
LL CoL J. B. Weller, of Ohio.
Lt. Col. S.'IY Anderson, of Tennessee.
Lt. CoL M. L. Bonham of Georgia.
Lt. CoL W. B. Randolph, of Virginia.
Lt. Col. J. Clemens, of Alabama.
Lt. Col. W. A. Richardson,- of niinois.
Lt. Col. G. W. Hughes, of Maryland.
Lt. Col. W. A. Gorman, of Indiana.
Lt CoL G. A. Caldwell, of Indiana.
Lt. CoL R. Hadden of Indiana.
Lt. Col. J. H. Savage, of Tennessee.
Maj. Wm. Brindle, of Tennsylvania.
Maj. F. L. Bowman, of Tennsylvania
Maj. Solan Borland, of Arkansas.
Maj. John Forsyth, of Georgia.
Maj. . II. Gladden, of South Carolina.
Maj. Wm. T Daniel,- of Missouri.
Maj. T. L. Harris, of niinois.
Maj. J. S. Gittings, of Ohio.
Maj. Wm. II. Tolk, of Tennessee.
Maj. R. B. Alexander, of Tennessee.
Maj. C. If. Trail, of Illinois.
Maj. J. C. Breckenridge, of Kentucky.
Maj. M. Hoagland, of Ohio.
Cteu. Pierce at Home.
We find in the Richmond Ei'juircr of Saturday
last, a letter from William F. Ritchie, its editor,
written from Concord, N. II., from which we
make the following extract, going still further
to show the high estimate in which Gen. Tierce
is held by his friends and neighbors at homo.
The letter says :
"The Democrats here are in the fullest Fpirits.
They are still rejoicing over the great und en
thusiastic mass meeting at'IIillaboro', tweut3--five
miles from this place, on - Thursday last.
At least twenty thousand persons were present
forming the largest popular gathering ever as
sembled in New England- rTLe friends and
neighbors of Frank Tierce turned out glorioutly
to testify their love and respect for the man and
the statesman. As to the enthusiasm, . I refer
the Whig papers to Messrs. James Lyons of
Richmond, and Wm. S. Reed of Lynchburg, who,
I learn, were at the Ilillsboro' gathering and at
the touching "Ninth Regiment" dinner here on
Friday, and who were delighted with General
Tierce, and astonished at the enthusiasm , mani
fested by his friends. General Tierce, to my
great regret, is absent at Rye Beach with . his
family. I am truly soxry that my engagements
will prevent me from awaiting his return. The
high encomiums I hear of him, from his neigh
bors, enhance my desire to make bis acquain
tance. I to day eDjoyed the hospitality of a
Whig family, and it was most pleasing to hear
them, ladies and all, speak in the most affec
tionate terms of "Frank Tierce." They refer
to him as pure as he is modest, able, clear-hea-deJ,
and in every way fitted to bo Tresident of
our great confederacy.
The charge of "abolition" sentiments iu him,
is openly laughed at as most false and absurd
and the New Boston calumny and the slander
of ."tilieve-gammon" Robinson have not a parti
cle tf basis on which to EtancL This afternoon
I strolled over this handsome and flourishing
town, with its neatly painted houses, its broad
streets, lined with beautiful elms and Rock (su
gar) Maples its plain, but neat an I solid gran
ite' State House and TenLtcntiary and birgo
and commodious free schools. I passed the
neat house of Mrs. Williams, where Gen. Tierce
boards. It overlooks the Merrimac, whoso water-power
turns so many thousands of epindles
at Franklin, Manchester, Nashua, Lawrence and
Lowell. On a building next to the State House
which also holds tho office of that excellent
Democratic organ,. JW a- 'iriot I ew painted on
a 6ign the simple words, "Franklin Tierce's of
fice." Next March his "office" will be removed
to the White House by the command of the peo
ple1; '"I have been treated most kindly by Mr. N.
T. Hill, (brother of one of the editors of the
Patriot,) Mr. Butterficld, senior cditor of that
paper, and by Mr. Geo. M. West of Richmond,
who is ou a visit with his family, to this, his
native place and who, although a Yhig, means
to vote for Geaeral Tierce, of; whom he speaks
most rapturously. Tho peopledicre'I find plain
intelligent, kind and hospitable indeed, very
much like our own Virginians." '
Further Particular of tlie Mortality a
mongtheXew York Troop on the lsth
in 11 M One lluiKlrrtl Deaths lie port ed
Desertion of the OlUers. cc.
Our telegraphic despatches of a week or so
back furniehes some particulars of the mortality
among the New York Troops upon the Isthmus.
From the Tanama Herald of the 17th Vc derive
the following details :
On the 5th of July, eight companies of the
4th Regiment of United States Infantry under
the command of Lieut Colonel Bonneville, left
New York en route for California via tho Isth
mus. These companies consisted each of about
one hundred men and officers, with an unusual
large number of women and children.
The U. S. Mail Steamship Company, at the
request of the heads of the War Department,
Congress having made no appropriation for the
transportation of the troops, agreed to convey
ihe troops over for $120,000, and wait the ac
tion of Congress for their pay. '
Tho troops embarked under the contract and
reached Navy Bay in good health and without
the loss of a eingle man ! Before leaving the
etcamer Falcon, at Navy Bay, four rfup jrovLt.
ions were prepared for each soldier ly the officers
of the Steamer, and these rations wcreerved out
for their sustenance on the Isthmus.
On their way over the Isthmus the hardships
and troubles of these poor soldiers commenced.
Deserted, as we believe, by every commissioned
officer, and left alone in command of the non
commissioned officers, it is no wonder they gave
way to eveiy species of indulgence. The rations
which had been prepared on the steamer at Na
vy Bay were either thrown or gives way, or
sold for liquor by those who were too lazy or
too feeble to carry them on the road Coming,
as those men did, from a temperate to a torrid
zone, their systems, unless properly cared for,
were susceptible of contracting any disease
Without officers, and consequently without dis
cipline, they were their own ignorant guidep,
reckless of consequences, sleeping in the open
air on the damp ground, drinking noxious and
poisonous Jiquors, and going without food ex
cepting fruit, it is no wonder thvt something
like the cholera broke out among them. On the
road over the Isthmus some died by the road
side, some in the rudo huts of the natives, with
out medicine or medical attention. One soldier
and his wife died on the road leaving four or five
little children, the oldest not over four or five
years of age, the youngest a nursing babe. The
women was loft in a native hut, but in a dying
condition. The mortality on the Isthmus was
not great, but the seeds were sown which ripen
ed their deadly fruit iu Tanama.
The acknowledged mortality was fearful in tho
extreme. One hundred arc said to have died
out of the seven hundred enlisted in New York!
Only one of the commissioned officers died.
While seven per cent, of the poor soldiers lbt
their lives only one per cent, among the offi
cers laid their bones in this place.
The officers and their wives cumo over in tho
usual time, on mules, in good health and condi
tion. Even the regimental quartermaster, Capt
Grant, could not tarry to attend to his duty, but
must come through and await tho arrival of the
troops on this side ! Many of these troops came
in three days or more utter leaving Cruces, wet
and almost furnished, having had nothing to cat
for twenty-four hours, but probably plenty t
drink. It may be said it was their own fault ;
S'j it was still, had the officers remained ut .
their posts, they could have kept them in order
and prevented their running into 6uch excesses,
but this the sequel will show, they had no de
tire to do.
WLeu a Chinese lady is blessed with im in"
crease in her family, from the moment of her
accouchment tho unhappy husband is put to Wl
also, and there detained for forty days, aud du
ring this delightful penance ho is subjected to
all the rigorous treatment of his better half.
Should medicine be administered to her, hemusj
partake of it also; and ho is strictly confined to '
the same diet that she is obliged to ' un- 1
dcrgo, which consists, on an average, I believe,
of about a thimbleful of crem of rice, admin
istered every three hours, to say nothing of the
pill at bed time to prevent iudigcbtion.
XccVs Residence at Siain,
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