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'WE GO WHERE DEMOCRATIC PRINCIPLES POINT THE WAY J WHEN THEY CEASE TO LEAD, WE CEASE TO FOLLOW.1
BV JOHN -G. GIVEN
E B ENS BUR G, THURSDAY, AUG UST 2, 1819.
VQL,. 5. NO. 43.
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1 IL V vOO xNNSKV' xxX
"Jesus of Nazarclh PasselhBy."
BY MRU. L II. SIOOURXKY.
WATCUSRiwho wakost by tho bed of piin,
While the stars weep on in their midnight train,
Stifling tho tear for thy. loved, one's sa He.
Holding thy breath lest his sleep should break!
Iathy loneliest hour there's a helper nigh
"Jesus of Nsiareth passeth by." . .
Stravr! afar from thy native land.
Whom no one takes with a brother's band,
Tabic and hearthstones are glowing free,
CasomenU are sparkling, but not for thee;
There is one who can tell of a home on high
Jesui of Nazareth passeth by."
Sad o.ne, m secret bending low,
A dart in thy breast that tho world may not
Wrestling the favor of God to win,
'Ufi seal of pardoa for days of sin;
i'riias on, press on, with thy prayerful cry
"Joius of Nazareth passeth by."
Mourner! who sittist in the churchyard lone,
Scanning the lines on that marble stone,
Plucking the weeds from thy children's bed,
Planting tho myrtle and rose instead;
Look up from the tomb with thy tearful eye
"Jesus of Nazareth passeth by." '
Fading o.xk, with the hectic streak '
- In thy vein of fire and thy wasted cheek,
Fear'st thou the ehade of ths darkened vale,
Kcsk to the Guide who can never fail;
lie hath trod it himself, ho will hoar thy sigh
"Jesus of Nazareth passeth by.
MIS OE It.Zi A N H OUS
"G01XG TO THE DOGS."
BY T. S. ARTHUR.
'I received your bill to-day, Mr. Leon
ard,' said a' customer,, as he entered the
shop of a master mechanic.
4 We are sending out all our accounts
this season,' returned the mechanic, bow
, ! want to pay you.'
Very well, Mr. Baker, we're-always
glad to get money.'
But you must throw oft" something.
Let mcseej" and the customer drew out a
bill 'twenty-seven dollars and forty-six
cents. Twenty-live will do. -There re
ceipt the bill and I'll pay you.'
, But Leonard shook his head.
I can't deduct a cent from that bill, Mr.
Baker. Every - article is charged at our
Oh, yes, you can. Just make it twenty-five
dollars, even money. Here it is.'
And Baker counted out the cash.
'I am sorry, Mr. Baker, but I cannot
afford to deduct anything. If you'd just
owed rac twenty -five dollars,;- your bill
would have - been just that amount. I
would not have added a cent beyond what
is my due, nor can I take anything less
than my due.'
Then you won't deduct the odd money?'
I cannot, indeed.' ' '
Very well.' The manner of the cus
tomer changed. "He -was evidently offen
ded. 4The bill is too -high, by just the
.sum I asked to have stricken off. But no
matter I can pay it.'
Then you mean to insinuate,' said the
mechanic, - who- was an independent . sort
of a man, 'that I am cheating you out of
two dollars and forty-six cents?
--I didn't say so.'
But it is plain you think : so, or. you
would not have ; asked an. abatement. If
you considered my charges,' just, , you
5 would not dispute them.' '
'Oh, never, mind, never mind! . we'll
not waste words about it. - Here's, your
moneys said Baker; and he ' added. another
- five dollar bill to - the" sura he v. had .laid
down. The -mechanic receipted the ac-
count and the change, - both of - .-which . his
customer ; thrust into his pocket, with t a
petulant - air, and then turned -away and
- left the shop without another, word.
It's the last bill he ever has against me,'
muttered Baker to himself, as he walked
away. If. that's, his; manner of . treating
1 ..customers, he'll soon go .to. the dogs. He
I was downright insulting, and no gentleman
will stand that ,-from -another, much Jess
- from a vulgar.mechanic 4Mean, tp.insin-
-uate!' , Humph! ;.Yesl: did meantq in
V sinuate.', a And Mr., Baker .involuntarily
; . quickened his pace.; He'll, loseone good
n customer,' !Jie.coaiinued to.himself. 4I've
I - - paid him a great ideal of money, but; it's
? -. ; the last dollar of i rauie he ever handles.'
I Baker, was asiigood as hia word... He
' i -withdrew his custom from the offending
I - mechanic and gave it to. another.
I v - 4I've g0t .one of your old customers.
Leonard,- Isaid a friend in the same , busi
ness to the-meehanic,-sorne six or eight
montha after. 1
'Ah I who is it?'
Leonard shrugged bis shoulder.
How came you to loose him?
I'll tell you how you can keep him.'
Weil, how?' ; ;
If your bill amounts to fliirty dollars,"
make it thirty-three and a few odd cents
by increasing some of the items. He will
want this surplus knocked off, which you
can afford to do; then he will pay'it-and
think you are justhe nfalfoThiiift'
You lost him tllenJaeriSuseyouVouldn't
abate aav thing from atruelml?' ,
Thank you. But suppose my bill
should be twenty-six, or seven, or eight;
what then? I could'nt knock "off the odd
dollars for the purpose of making an even
'Not in that case you must add on until
you get above thirty.'
'And fall back to that?'
'Yes. It will be knocking off the odd
dollars, which he will think clear gain.'
That would not be honest.'
Hardly. But you must do it or loose
his custom some day or other.'
I shall have to accommodate him, I
suppose. , If he will be cheated, it can't be
On the very first bill that Baker paid to
his new tradesman he obtained an abate
ment of one dollar and ninety cents, odd
money, but actually paid three dollars
more than was justly due. Still, he was
very well satisfied, imagining that he had
made a saving of one dollar and ninety
cents. The not overscrupulous trades
man laughed in his sleeve and kept his
Having withdrawn his support from
Leonard, it was the candid opinion of Mr.
Baker that he was 'joins: to the dogs,' as
he expressed it, about as fast as a man
could go. He often passed the shop but
rarely saw a customer.
No wonder,' he would say to himself.
A man like him can't expect and don't de
In the eyes of Baker, the very grass
seemed to grow upon the pavement before
the door of the declining tradesman. Dust
settled thickly in his window, and the old
sign turned grayer in the bleeching air.
Going to the dogs, and no wonder,'
Baker would say to himself, as he went by.
He appeared to take a strange interest in
watching the gradual decay of the mechan
ic's fortunes. One day a mercantile '
friend said to him
'Do you, know anything , about this
Why?' asked Baker. '
Because he wants to make a pretty
large bill with me.' '
Yes, on the usual credit of six months.'
'Don't sell him. Why, .the man is go
ing to the dogs, at rail-road speed.'"
Yes. I'm looking every day to sec
him close up. ile miffht have done well,
for he understood his business. But he is
so unaccomodating, and I might sayi insul
ting to his customers,' that . he drives the
best ones away. I used to make large
bills with him, but hav'nt dealt at his shop
now for some time. . "
Ah! I was not aware of that. I'm jrlad
I spoke to jou, for I shouldn't like to loose
six or seven hundred dollars.'
Six or seven hundred! Is it possible
that he wants to buy so recklessly? Take
my advice, and don't think of trusting
I certainly shall not.'
. I Wherx Leonard ordered the goods, the
merchant declined selling, except for cash.
As. you please,' returned the mechanic,
indifferently, and went elsewhere and
made his purchase. ;
It so happened that Mr. Leonard had a
very pretty and very interestiugdaughter,
on whose. education, the.mechanic had be
stowed great pains; and it also , happened
that Baker had a son who, in most things,
was a -chip of the old blockl' Particu
larly was he like his father in his great
love, of money;, and scarcely had he reach
ed his majority ere he began to look about
him with careful eyes to a good matrimo
nial arrangement, 6y which plenty of
money could be secured.
A Adelaide . Leonard, on account of her
beauty and .accomplishments was much
carressed, and mingled freely in society.
Young Baker had met her frequently i and
could. not help being strucK with her beau
ty and. grace. " ':
There is a chance for you,' said a
friend to him one evening.
In Miss Leonard?'
'Yes.'- ;. . ; .
; fShe is a charming ; girl,' replied the
young man. 4I wonder if her father is
worth any thing?' ' "
.People say so.'
Indeed! ; r
. Yes. They. say that the old fellow has
laid up something quite handsome; and, as
Adelaide is his only child, she . will of
course get it all.' . : .
I was not aware of that.'
'It is all so, I believe.'
After thi-j, young Baker v-pls exceeding-
Iy attentive to Miss Leonard, and made a
perceptible . inroad upon her heart. lie
even went so far as to visit pretty regu
larly at the house, and meditating an
avowal of his attachment, when his father
said to him one day -
What young lady was that I saw with
you on the street yesterday afternoon?'
Her name istLeonard?'
The daughter of . that old Leonard in
Mr. Baker looked grave, and shook his
head. ; f
D6 you know anything about her?'
asked the son.
' : Nothing about her, but I know her
father is going to the dogs
a man went.'
as fast as ever
I thought he was
Oh, no! I've been looking to see his
shop shut up, or to hear of his being sold
out by the sheriff, every day, for these two
jNIiss Leonard is a lovely girl.'
She's the daughter of a poor, vulgar
mechanic. If you see anything solo vely
in that, Henry, you have a strange taste.'
. There is no gainsaying Adelaide's per
sonal attractions,' replied the son, 4but if
her father is in the condition you allege,
that settle's the matter as far as she and I
are concerned. I am glad you introduced
the subject, for I might have committed
myself, and when too late, discovered my
And a sad error it would have been,
Henry. In any future matter of this kind
I hope you will be perfectly frank with
me. I have a much more accurate knowl
edge of the condition and standing of peo
ple than you can possibly have.'
The son promises to do as his father
wished. From that time the visits to Miss
Leonard are abated, and his. attentions to
her, when they met in society, become
coldly formal. The sweet young girl,
whose feeling had really, been interested,
felt the change, and for atime, was unhap
py; but in a few months she recovered
herself, and was again as bright and happy
Time went steadily on, sweeping down
one and setting up another, and still old
Leonard didn't go to the dogs, much to the
surprise of Baker, who could not imagine
how the mechanic kept his head above
-water, having drove away his best custom
ers, as he must long since have done, if
all were treated as he had been. But he
was satisfied of one thing, at least, and
that was, that the mechanic must he mis
erably poor, as he in fact, deserved to be,
according to his idea of the matter.
One day, about a year after this timely
caution to his son in regard to Miss Leon
ard, Baker happened to pass along a street
where he had not been for some ; months.
Just opposite a large, new and beautiful
house,. to which the painters were giving
their last touches, he met a friend. As
they passed, Baker said
That's an elegant house. It has been
built since I was in this neighborhood.
Yes, it is a very fine house, and I sup
pose ii didn't cost less than ten thousand
'No, I should think not. "WTho Ouilt it?
Do you know?' -
'Yes. . It was built by Leonard.'
By whom?' Baker looked surprised.
'By. old Leonard. You know, him-'
'Impossible! He's not able to build a
houSe like that.' "
4Oh, yes he is, and a half dozen more
like it, if necessary. '
Certainly. Why, he's '"worth at least
seventy thousand dollars.
'You must be in error.'
'No. His 'daughter is to be married
next month . to an excellent y oung man,
and this house has been built, and is to be
handsomely furnished, as a marriage pres-
Incredible! I thought "he was going,
or had gone, to the dogs long ago.
Lponard!' The friend could not help
laughing aloud. ; ; IIe go to the dogs!
He's the last one to go to the dogs. Oh,
no! ' There isn't a man in his'trade ; who
does so good a business, as little show, as
he makes. Good work, good prices, and
punctuality, are the cardinal virtues of his
establishment, and ;make all substantial.
How in the world could you have taken
such a notion!' , "
Jl dont kno w but such has been my im
pression for a long time,' replied Baker,
who felt exceedingly cut down on account
of the mistake he Had made, and particu- j
larly so in view of the elegant house and
seventy thousand dollars which . might
have all belonged to his son, in time, if he
had not fallen into such an egregious error
about old Leonard. .
Most persons are apt to make mistakes
of .this kind and imagine that because 6f
some slight offence they have withdrawn
their custom from a man, that he must ne
cessarily be going to the dogs. Probsbly
in the matter of stopping subscriptions to
newspapers and periodicals, people are
more prone to fall into this error than any
thing else. A man gets offended about
something perhaps, through some error
of the clerk, his bill is sent to him after it
has been paid; or, through the neglect of a
carrier, or the purloining propensities .of
news-vending lads, his paper fails a few
jimes, and in high indignation he orders a
discontinuance. After that he infirmly
convinced that the paper must go down;
and if he happens to meet with a few
months, afterward by accident will very
likely say ; .
Why, is this tiling alive yet? I thought
it had stopped long ago.'
So the world moves on. People are
prone to think that .what they smile on
lives; and what they frown upon is blight
ed, .and must die.
From the FJaj of the Union.
A Yankee in Mexico.
BY THE OLD UN.
Some time before the war witli Mexi
co. broke out, a certain Yankee who rc
joiced in the name of Seth Strong, who
hailed from far down east, and who had
been successively schoolmaster, singing
master, hogreeve, horse trader, log chop
per, tin pedler, and fireman on a railroad,
found himself in New Orleans without re
sources. He was something of a military
genius, having once beem 'leaftenant' in a
volunteer rifle company who wore green
hunting shifts, and had a semi-annual drill,
and while in the Cresent City was always
a spectator of the Sunday parades in the
Place d'Armes. Therefore it was not
surprising, that finding his funds at the
last extremity, he marched up to a milita
ry rendezvous and presented himself to
the recruiting officer as a candidate for the
honor of serving his country. The next
day he was parading the city in the 'gen
eral clothing' furnished by our universal
uncle and in his glazed cap, blue rounda
bout and pants, and ankle-jacks, doubtless
thought himself the object of general at
tention. He wos put through the manual
and drill in the most approved fashion,
and was soon perfect in his facings and
wheelings. In the course of a few months
he was marching with his regiment to
Corpus Chrisii, chuck full of spirits with
a prospect of a fight before him. In the
first battles he bore himself as bravely as
those w ho wore the epaulet, and wanted
only that distinction to be honorably men
tioned at Washington.
After crossing the Rio Grande he was
appointed seargent and of course rosea
foot taller from a consciousness oTf his
blushing honors. At the little town of Do
lores, where the army halted for a while,
he was assigned the charge of a depot of
powder, that was stored in one ot the best
houses in the plaza, with a command of
j about a dozen men, and ordered to main
tain his post until relieved. One day he
obtained leave of absence to go a shooting
after snipe, which were abundant in the
environs, but loosing his way remained
out all night, and did not get back till a late
hour next day, when he returned in fear
and trembling, anticipating a reprimand or
an arrest. On' gaining his quarters, his
astonishment was great at finding no tra
ces of the American troops. The stars
and stripes had disappeared, and in their
place the Mexican tri-color - was waving
from a staff in the centre of the plaza.
He barricaded his door, however, ate his
supper, smoked a cigar and then turned in.
The next morning he was awakened early
by tremendous hubbub in the square in
front of his post, drums were beating, fifes
squeaking,r and cries of E1 Yankee! El
Yankee!' rising above all the other din.
Sergeant Strong, after reconnoitrcing
the force outside, which, with the excep
tion of a wooden-legged solddier, was
composed entirely of civilians, headed by
the alcade, opened his door, and presenting
himself, sword in hand, demanded to know
what they wanted, in very execrable Span
ish. Thereupon, he was formally summon
to surrender, by the alcalde.
Look a here, stranger,' said the ser
geant, 'when you bring me an order from
General Taylorf-or Major Bliss, t surren
der perhaps I shall obey, and perhaps I
shan't. General Taylor never surrenders,
and I don't sec why . Seargent Stron
Perhaps we will focre you to surren
der. We are many, and you are few,'
said the Mexicans.
You are a poor miserable set of bean
eating varmints,' retorted the Yankee, as
he retired, slaming the door in their faces.
All that day he remained in close quarters,
while the town was in a ferment, and the
alcalde issued a pronunciamento against
the obstinate North. American . barbarian.
A copy of the pronunciamento was flung
into an open window of the depot, but the
Yankee only laughed at it, and twisted it
up to light his cigar with. ' .
, The next day, however, matters looked
more serious. A Company of Mexican
soldadoSy headed by a fierce mustachioed
Don Whiskerando, on a mustang, entered
the town, and after a brief conference of
the officers with the authorites", inarched
to attack' the strong-hold of the sergeant.
The latter was up and dressed, and the
doors and windows of his house were
wide open. As the hostile force approach
ed, he was seen sittirigon the edge of a
barrel with the head out, smoking his in
variable cigar. -
'Dog of a Yankee,' shouted the Mexi
can captain, after bringing his men into
line, 'instantly surrender at discretion, or
be cut in pieces.'
Not as you knows on,' answered Seth
stoutly. 4I guess I wasn't born in the
woods to be skeert at an owl. Just look
a here here's twenty barrels of powder
fust-rate article 'tis too, cost Uncle Sam
a heap of money. Now, if you dares so
much as wink at me, and point one of
your shootin' irons at this individual, I'll
drop my cigar right into this barrel, and
blow you all to kingdom come in half a
The Mexican officer, turned as pale as
his chocolate complexion would permit,
struck his ' spurs into his mustang, and
rode off at full speed, followed by his val
iant soldiery, all running for their lives.
Seth Strong gave three cheers for the
Flag of our Union,' and remained master
of the field. The troops having marched
off to join the Mexican army, he had the
audacity to make a requisition on the al
calde for provisions, as he was entirely
out, threatening, in case of his refusal, to
blow up the town. The provisions were
duly forthcoming, but the sergeant wouldn't
taste a morsel until the alcalde had set the
example, as he was a little afraid of being
In this way, he held out for a week or
two, when, learning that a strong corps of
the enemy were approaching, he evacuated
his post early one fine morning. But, ac
cording to his own account, he 4gin 'em
somethin' to . remember him by;' for he
laid a train of powder as he went along,
for upwards of two -miles; 'and,' said he,
when I got on the top of a litde hill,
where i could have a good look-out, I jest
teched her off with a laco-foco and, O!
scissors and Jerusalem, there was a little of
the tallest kind of an earthquake that ever
was manufactured. The steeple of that
'ere cathedral shook like it had a tech of
ager, and the little house where I'd been
livin' for a fortnight sailed right up like a
rocket. I reckon there was nigh onto a
cord of human bein's asce,ndin' and de
scendin' in that atmosphere and I thought
I see the old alcalde ahead of all the oth
ers, makin' a bee line for the sun and
moon with a horizontal shirt-tail.'
' The Sergeant's report to Gen. Taylor
ran as follows:
'I) ere Ginral: I have the honor to re
port that I held on to that 'ere powder
magazine down to Dolores, till I couldn't
hold on " to it no longer. I successfully
resisted the alcalde and inhabitants, and a
company of miserable sojers that they
fetched agin me. But findin' the enemy
was concentratin' his entire force, and my
strength bein' small, I deemed it prudent
to retire, which I did in good order, not
bein' encumbered with baggage. I des
troyed the stores I left behind, and with
'em, as I believe, a large number of the
enemy, as I Judge from seein' of 'em in
the air at an elevation of about 90 fjret, as
nigh as I could judge. Ginral, I aint
much of a schollard and this ere report
ain't, a very tall one but the report I
made down to Dolores was a snorter, now
I tell you. I wish you could a heard it.
Sargt, Co. Reg't. U. S. A.
We have not sen Sergeant Strong's
name in any history of the war, but if his
story be true, fie certainly made more noise
than any man in Mexico.
Tlic Aegroe's Traycr.
A man named Riley wras recently hung
at Jackson, Tenn., when a large, fat wo
man, fell on her knees under the gallows
and delivered the following prayer:
'Oh! massa God, let this poor bruder,
who has no soul to save, whether thou art
willing or not, save him from the torments
of hell, and, oy golly, bressed massa God,
if you do dis, 1 tank you a tousand times,
and ask you no more favors, now nor ever
Hon. Hamilton Merritt is now at Wash
ington, endeavoring to negotiate with the
American Statesmen, for passing a bill to
meet the Canada act of last session, so as
to secure the free passage of agricultural
produce, without duty, from Canada to. the
United States, und from the United States
to Canada. . .
tsTThere are only three ways to get
out of a ecrapc write out, back out, but
the bctt way is to keep out.
' American Cities '
The growth of American cities is un
parelled in the history of the world. Al
ready half a million are embraced within
the suburbs of New York, and more than
half that number within thosCof Philadel
phia. New Orleans contains about one
hundred and fifty, Boeton one hundred and
thirty, and Baltimore one hundred and five"
The above paragraph, which wc clip
from one of our exchanges, no doubt ori
ginated in Gotham, as it bears unmistaka
ble marks of its parentage. According to
the censusf 1840, Philadelphia had. a
population of 258,832, and New , York
312,231; yet according to the above calcu
lation, almost ten years after this census.
New York has a population of half a mil
lion, and Philadelphia about half that num
ber, i. e. 250,000: so that in the - period
named, Philadelphia would have increased
backwards some 8,000, while New York
would have grown to 500,000 inhabitants.
This is one of the mysteries' of New
York log:c and arithmetic. Prom: 1830
to 1840, the increase of population was
70,135. Add this to "the population of
1840, as a fair ratio of increase up to this
time, and the present population would be
358,907. AorA American.
I Would, if I possessed the most valu
able things in the world, and was about to
will them away; the following would be
my plan of distribution:
I would will to the world truth and
friendship, w hich are very scarce.'
I would give an additional portion of
truth to lawyers, traders and merchants.
I would give to physicians skill and
I would give to printers their pay.
To young women good sense, modes! y,
large waists, and natural teeth.
To young sprouts or dandies, common
sense, little cash and hard labor.
To old maids, good temper, smooth fa
ces, litde talk, and. good husbands.
To old bachelors, love for virtue, chil
dren and wives.
Examining an Attorney.
The following racy examination of a
candidate for admission to the bar, is taken
from the Western Law Journal, and will
be called a good hit:
Examiner Do you smoke, sir?
Candidate I .do, sir.
Ex. Have you a spare cigar?
Can. Yes, sir, (extending a short six.)
Ex. Now, sir, what is the first daty
of the lawyer?
Can. To collect fees.
Ex. Right! WThat is the second?
Can. To increase the number of his
Ex. When does yourpositiou towards
your client change?
Can. When making a bill of costs.
Ex. Explain. -
Can. We then occupy the antagonist
position, I assume the character of the
plaintiff, and he becomes defendent.
. Ex. A suit decided, how do you stand
with the lawyer conducting the other bill?
Can. Cheek by jowl.
Ex. Enough, sir; you promise to be
an ornament to your profession, and I wish
you success. Now, are you aware of
the duty you owe me'
Ex. Describe the duty.
Can. It is to invite you to drink.
Ex, But suppose I decline?
Can. Scratching his head There
is no instance of t ie kind en record in the
books; I cannot answer that ques ion.
Ex. Yoa are right and the confidence
with which you make the assertion shows
that you have read the law attentively;
let's take the drink, and I will sign the
IXFLUEXCi: OF THE IMAGINATION. III
reference to the cholera, as well as other
diseases, there is great truth in the old ad
age, 'conceit can kill, conceit can cure,' as
the following facts will show: A curious
experiment says the London Medica)
Times, was recently tried in Russia with
some murders. They were placed, with
out knowing it, in four beds where four
persons had died of the cholera. They
did not take tkc disease. They were,
then told they were to'sleep in beds where
some persons had died of malignant chol
era; but the beds were, in fact, new, and
had not been used at all- V Nevertheless,
three of them died of the disease within
four hours. -f
The government of the United State?
has officially recognized the independence
of .the Republic of Hungary. This will
rejoice every American heart, and leave
but the remaining wish that Hungary may
successfully maintain her independence.
CF'Our old grandmother used to say to
our old grandfather, It's useless quarrel
ing, my dear, for you know we must make
it up again.'.