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'WE GO WHERE DEMOCRATIC PRINCIPLES POINT THE WAY J WHEN THEY CEASE TO LEAD, WE CEASE TO FOLLOW.'
I3V JOHN G. GIVEN.
EBENSBURG, THURSDAY, MAY 31, 1819.
VOL. 5. NO. 31.
Carry Me Back.
Virginia's woods were clothed in green,
When from my home I turned,
With hope to win undying fame,
My youthful passion burned.
I'm dying now in a foreign land.
Life's cherished dream is o'er;
Oh carry me back to old Virginia,
To old Virginia's shore:
I'm dying, dying all alone,
And not a friend is near;
No brotlier.s voice, no sister's sigh,
Falls on my dying car.
Ob, for a heart that Iove3 mo now,
Ere life's wild dream is o'er,
To carry me back to old Virginia,
To old Virginia's fchore.
It may not bo 'neath Italia's sky
Oh let me gently sleep,
Where spangling Tiber's yellow waves
To ocean's bosom sweep; .
And there in slumbers soft I'll Ho,
And dream forever more,
That you carried me back to old Virginia,
To old Virginia's shore.
IVI "lSCE LLANSUOS"
From the Boston Olive Branch.
A Thrilling Story.
In the fallof 1836, I was travelling
eastward in a stage coach from Pittsburg
over the mountains. My fellow passen
gers were two gentlemen and a lady. The
elderly gentleman's appearance interested
me exceedingly. In years he seemed
about thirty; in air and manner he was
calm, dignified and polished; and the con
tour of his features was singularly intel
lectual. lie conversed freely on general topics,
until the road became more abrupt and
precipitous; but on my directing his at
tention to the great altitude of a precipice,
on the verge of which our coach wheels
were leisurely rolling, there came a mark
ed change over his whole countenance.
The eyes, so lately filled with the light of
a mild intelligence, became wild, restless
aud anxious; the mouth twitched spas
modically; and the forehead was heated
with a cold perspiration. With a sharp
convulsive shudder hp. turnpd bis rrnrp
from the criddv height, and clutchinff rav
arm tightly with both hands, he clung to
me like a drowning man.
'Use this cologne,' said the lady, hand
ing me a bottle with the instinctive good
ness of her sex.
I sprinkled a little on his face and he
soon became s6mewhat more composed,
but it was not until he had entirely travers
ed the mountain and descended to the level
country beneath, that his fine features re
laxed from their perturbed look, and assu
med the placid, quiet dignity I had at first
I owe an apology to the lady,' said he,
with a bland smile and a gentle inclination
of his head to our fair companion, 'and
tome explanation to my fellow travellers;
also; and perhaps I cannot better acquit
myself of the double debt than by recount
ing the cause of my recent agitation.'
It will pain your feelings,' delicately
urged the lady.
On the contrary it will relieve-them,'
was the respectful reply.
Having signified our several desires to
hear more, the traveller thus proceeded.
At the age of 18 1 was light of heart,
light of foot, and I fear (here he smiled)
light of head. A fine property on the
right bank of the Ohio, acknowledged me
as sole owner. I was hastening home to
enjoy it, and delighted to get free from col
lege life. The month was October, the
air bracing, and the mode of conveyance a
stagecoach like this, only more cumbrous.
The othei passengers were few but three
in all an old grey-headed planter of Loui
siana, his daughter a joyous, bewitching
creature about 17 years of age. They
were just returning from France, of which
country the young lady discussed in terms
so eloquent as to absorb my attention. The
father was taciturn, but the daughter was
vivacious by nature; and we soon became
so mutually pleased with each other she
as a talker, I as a listner that it was not
l until a sudden flash of lightning and a
heaw dasb nf
w elicited an exclamation from my
charming companion, that I noticed how
'. ranifiUr v,:u. i i j
j sently there was a low rumbling sound,
. several tremendous peals oi
mui,m accompanied with Hashes of light
ning. 1 he rain descended in torrents, and
an angry wind began to howl and moan
by turns through the forest trees. I look
ed out from the window of our vehicle; the
night was dark as ebony, but the limtnin
revealed the dangers of the road! We
were on the eiLje of a frightful precipice.
I could see at intervals huge jutting rocks
far away down its side, and the sight made
me solicitous for the safety of my fair
companion. I thought of the mere hair
breadths that were between us and eternity; j
a , single little - rock in the track of our
coach wheels, a tiny billet of wood, a stray
root from a tempest torn tree, a restive
horse, or a careless driver; any of these
might hurl us from our sublunary existence
with the speed of thought.
''Tis a perfect tempest,' observed the
lady. IIow I love a sudden storm! There
is something so grand in the mournful
voice of the winds whan let loose among
the hills. I never encountered a night
like this, but Byron's storm in the Juro
immediately occurs to my mind. But are
we on the mountain yet?'
Yes; we have began the descent.'
'It is not said to be dangerous?'
'By no means,' I replied, in as easy a
tone as I could assume.
I only wish it were daylight, that we
might enjoy the mountain scenery. But
Jesu Marie! what's that?' and she cover
ed her eyes from the glare of a sheet of
lightning that illuminated the rugged moun
tain with brilliant intensity. Peal after
peal of crashing thunder instantly succeed
ed; there was an immense volume of rain
coming down at each successive thunder
burst and, with the deep moaning of an
animal, as if in dreadful agony, breaking
upon my ears I found that the coach had
come to a dead halt. Louise, my beauti
ful fellow traveller, became pale as ashes;
she fixed her eyes on mine with a look of
anxious dread, and turning to her father,
hurredly remarked : ' We are on the
mountains!' 'I reckon sol' was the un
With instant activity I put my head
through the window and called to the dri
ver; but the only answer was the heavy
moaning of an agonized animal, borne
past me by the swift wings of the tempest.
I seized the handle of the door and strain
ed at it in vain; it would not yield a jot.
At that instant I felt a cold hand on mine,
and heard Louise's voice faintly articula
ting in my ear the appalling words 'The
coach in being moved backward-?!
God in Heaven! Never shall I forget
the fierce agony with which I tugged at
the coach door and called on the driver in
toneswhich rivalled the force of the blast,
while the dreadful conviction was burning
into my oram mat me coacn was moving
slowly backwards! What followed was.
of such swift occurrence that it seems to
me like a frightful dream.
I rushed against the door with all my
force; but it mocked my utmost efforts.
One side of our vehicle was sensibly go
ing down, down. The moaning of the
agonized animal became deeper; and I
knew from his desperate plunges against
the traces, that it was one of our horses.
Crash upon crash of hoarse thunder roll
ed down the mountain; and vivid flashes
of the lightning played around our devo
ted carriage as if in glee at our misery.
By its light I could see for a moment
the old planter standing erect, with his
hands on his son and daughter, his eyes
raised to heaven, and his lips moving like
those of one in prayer; I could see Louise
turn her ashy cheeks and superb eyes to
wards me as if imploring my protection;
and I could see by the bold glance of the
young boy, flashing defiance at the de
cending carriage, the war of elements, and
the awful danger that awaited him. There
was a heavy roll, a desperate plunge, as if
an animal last throes of dissolution, a harsh
grating in the jar, a sharp, piercing scream
of mortal terror, and I had but time to
clasp Louise firmly around the waist with
one hand, and seize the leather fastenings
attached to the roof with the other, when
we were precipitated over the precipice.
I can distinctly recollect preserving con
sciousness for a few seconds of time, of
how rapidly my breath was being exhaust
ed; but of that tremendous descent I soon
lost all further individual knowledge, by a
t . -i . -r ...
concussion so violent mat l was mstantly
deprived of sense and motion.'
The traveller paused: his features work
ed for a minute or two as they had work
ed when Ave were on the mountain; he
pressed his hands across his forehead as
if in pain, and then resumed his interest
'Un a low couch, m a humble room of
a small country house, I next opened my
eyes in this world of light and shade, of
joy and sorrow, mirthand madness. Gen
tie hands smoothed my pillow, gende feet
glided across my chamber, and a gentle
voice hushed, lor a time, all my question
ings. I was kindly tended by a fairy
young girl about fifteen, who refused for
several days to have any discourse with
me. At length, one morning, finding ray-
sell suthciently recovered to sit up, I in
sisted on learning the result of the acci
xou were discovered, said she, 'on a
ledge of rock 'mid the branches oi a shat
tered tree, clinging to a part of the roof of
your broken coach 'with one hand, and to
the insensible form of a lady with the
And the lady!' I gasped,
girls face with an earnestness that caused
her to draw back and blush.
'She was saved, sir, by the same means
that saved you- the friendly tree.'
'And her father and brother?' I impa
They were both found crushed to
pieces at the bottom of the precipice, a
great way below where my father and Joe
got you and the lady. We buried their
bodies both in one grave close by the clo
ver patch, down in our meadow ground.'
Poor Louise! poor orphan! God pity
you!' I muttered in broken tones, utterly
unconscious that I had a listener.
God pity her, indeed sir!' said the
young girl, with a gush of heartfelt sym
pathy. 'Would you like to see her?' she
Take me to her,' I replied.
I found the orphan bathed in tears, by
the grave of her buried kindred. She re
ceived me with sorrowful sweetness of j
manner. I will not detain :pur attention
by detailing the efforts I made to win her j
from grief; but briefly acquaint you that I
at last accompanied her to her forlorn home
at the sunny south, and that twelve months
after the dreadful occurrence that I have
related, we stood at the altar together as
man and wife. She still lives to bless my
home with her smiles, and my children
with her good precepts; but on the anni
versary of that terrible night she secludes
herself in her room and devotes the hours
of darkness to solitary, prayer.
'As for me,' added the traveller, while
a faint flush tinged his noble brow at the
avowal, 'as for me that accident has redu
ced me to a mere coward at the sight of a
'But the driver?' urged our lady pas
senger, who had attended to the recital of
the story with much attention, 'what be
came of the driver? or did you ever learn
the reason of his deserting his post?'
'His body was found on the.road, with
in a few steps of the spot where the coach
went over. He had been struck by the
same flash of lightning that blinded the
The traveller here fell into a musinff at
titude, as if all further allusion to the sub
ject -would be unpleasant to him. We
shortly alter reached the railroad station,
where 1 parted from the nervous gendemari
with feelings of profound esteem.
Speech of Lot Doolitile.
On the bill for the protection of Hen
Mistur Sneaker: 1 have sotbere in mv
seat and heered the opponents of this
great nashunal measure expectorate again
it, till I'm purty nigh busted with indig
nant commotions ot my lacerated sensi
bilities. Mistur Speaker are it possible
that men can be so infatuated as to vote
ajrin this bill? Mistur Sneaker, allow me
- r ' '
to pictur to your excited and denuded ima
gination some of the heart-rending evils
wnicn arise :rom me want oi purtection
to hen roosts in my vicinity, among my
constituents. Mistur Speaker, we will
suppose it to be the awful and melancholy
hour of midnight all natur am hushed in
deep repose the solemn wind sottly moans
through the waving branches of the trees,
and naught is heered to break the sblem
choly stillness, save an occasional grunt
from the hog pen! I will now carry you
in imagination to that devoted hen house.
Behold its peaceful and hnnnv inmatps
gently declining in balmy slumbers on
ineir elevated and majestic roosts! Look
at the aged and venerable and highly re
spectable rooster, as he keeps his silent
vigils with patience and unmitiratprl watch-
y m. - - r
fulness over those innocent, helpless and
virtuous nens and pullets! Just let your
eyes glance around and behold that digni
fied and matronal hen, who watches with
tender solicitude and parental congratula
tions of those little juvenile chickens,
who crowd around their resnectfnl nrn-
jenitor, and nestle under her circumambient
wings. row, l ask, Mistur Speaker, am
there to be found a wretch so lost and
abandoned, as will enter that peaceful and
happy abode, and tear those interesting
little biddies from their agonized and
heart-broken parents? Mistur Speaker, I
answer in thunder tones, there am! Are
thar anything so mean and sneaking as
such a robbery? No, there are not. You
may search the wide universe from the
natives who repose in solitarv jn-andpnr
and superlative maiestv under thp. shad.
of the tall cedars that grow on the tops of
the Himmaleh mountains in the valley of
r t. i i j , , , J
vi j ustquiai, uown io tne degraded and
Daroarous savages who repose in obscuri
ty in their miserable whrwams on the. rnrl-
of Gibralter in the Gulf of Mexico, and
then you will be so much nuzzled to find
any thing so mean, as you would see the
arm revolve around the sun once in twen
ty-four hours without the aid of a tele
Mistur Speaker, I feel that I have said
enough on this subject to convince the
most oostinate member ol the unapprqgch
able necessity of a law which shall forev
er and weverlastingly put a stop to these
fowl proceedings, and I propose that
every ccayictel offender shall suffer the
penalty of the laws as follows:
For the first offence he shall be obliged
to suck twelve rotten eggs, with no salt
For the second offence, he shall be obli
ged to set on twenty rotten eggs, until he
Mistur Speaher, all I want is for every
member to act on this, subject according
to his conscienciousnes. - Let him dp this
and he will be remembered everlastingly
by a grateful posterity. Mistur Speaker,
I've done. Where's my hat.
The eloquent gentleman, according to
the Boston Post's report, here donned his
seal-cap, and sat down, apparently much
exhausted. r i
- , ,.JLElD0TE OF HOOK.
Lounging by Soho Square in the after
noon, with Terry, the actor, the nostrils
of the promenaders were suddenly saluted
with a concord of sweet odors arising from
a spacious area. They stopped, snuffed
the grateful incense, and peeping down,
perceived through the kitchen window,
preparations for a handsome dinner, evi
dently on the point of being served.
' W hat a least!' said Terry. Jolly dogs!
should like to make one of them.'
'I'll take any bet,' returned Hook, 'that
do call for me here at ten o'clock, and
you will find that I shall be able to give
you a tolerable account of the worthy gen
tleman's champagne and venison.' So
saying, he marched up the steps, gave an
authorative rap with the knocker, and
was quickly lost fo the siffht of his aston
ished companion. As a matter of course
he was immediately ushered by the servant
as an expected guest, into the drawing
room, where a large party had already as
sembled. The apartment beinsr well nijrh
full, no notice was at first taken of his in
trusion, and half a dozen people were
laughing at his bon-mots, before the host
discovered the mistake. Affectinor not to
observ e the visible embarrassment of the
latter, and ingeniously avoiding any op
portunity lor explanation, Hook rattled on
till he had attracted the crreaier part of thp
company in a circle round him and some
considerable time had elapsed ere the old
gentleman was able to catch the attention
of tne agreeable stranger.
'1 beg your pardon, sir,' he said, contri
ving at last to get in a M ord; 'but your
name, sir I did not quite catch it ser
vants are so abominably incorrect and I
am really a little at a loss '
'Don t apologize, I beg,' graciously re
plied Theodore; 'Smith my name is
Smith and, as you jusUy observe, ser
vants are always making some stupid blun
der or another I remember a remarkable
But really, my dear sir,' continued the
host at the termination of the storv illus
trative of the stupidity in servants, 'I think
the mistake on the present occasion docs
not originate in the source you allude to; I
certainly did not anticipate the pleasure of
Mr. Smith's company at dinner to-day.'
'No, I dare say not you said four in
your note, I know, and it is now, I see, a
quarter past five yon are a little fast by
the way; but the fact of the matter is, I
have been detained in the city as I was
about to explain when
Pray,' exclaimed the other as soon as
he could stay the volubity of his guest,
'whom, may I ask you, do you suppose
you are addressing?'
Whom? Why, Mr. Thomson, of
course an old friend of my father. I
have not the pleasure indeed of being per
sonally known to you, but having received
your kind invitation yesterday, on my ar.
rival from Liverpool, Frith street four
o'clock family party come in boots
you see I have taken you at your word.
I am only afraid I have kept you waiting.'
'No, no, not at all. But permit me to
observe, my dear sir, my name is not ex
actly Thomson; it is Jones, and'
Jones!' replied the soi disant Smith, in
admirable assumed consternation; 'Jones
why surely I cannot havj yes, I must
good heaven! I see it all! My dear,
sir, what an unfortunate blunder, wrong
house what must you think of such an
intrusion! I am really at a loss for words
in which to apologize you will permit
me to retire at present, and to-morrow '
'Pray don't think of retiring,' exclaimed
the hospitable old gentleman. 'Your
friend's table must have been cleared long
ago, if, as you say, four was the hour
named, and I'm only too happy to be able
to offer you a seat at mine.' .
Hook, of course, could not hear of such
a thing, could not think of, tresspassing
upon the kindness of a perfect stranger; if
too late for Thomson, there were plenty of
chop houses at hand; the unfortunate part
oi tne business was, he had made an ap
pointment with a gentleman to call at ten
o clock. The good-natured Jones;, how
ever, positively refused to allow so enter
taining a visitor to withdraw dinncrless.
Mrs. Jones joined in solicitations, the
Misses Jones smiled bewitchingly, and at
last Mr. Smith, who soon recovered from
his confusion, was prevailed upon to offer
his arm to one of the ladies, and take his
place at the well-furnished board.
In all probability the family of the Jones
never passed such an evening before.
Hook naturally exerted himself to the ut
most to keep the party in an unceasing
roar ofalaughter, and made good the first
impression. The mirth grew fast and fu
rious, when, by way of a coup de grace
he seated himself at the piano-forte, and
struck off in one of those extemporaneous
effusions which had filled more critical
judges than the Jones' with delight and
astonish ment. Ten o'clock struck, and on
Mr- Terry being announced, his triumph
ant friend wound up the performance with
the explanitory stanzas:
"I am very much pleased with your fare,
Youi cellar's as prime as your cook,
My friend's Mr. Terry; the player,
And I'm Mr. Theodora Hook I"
Mr. Senator Allen, in a speech in the
Senate, not long since, said that he looked
upon the newspapers of this country as the
great book of the people as the great me
dium of communication, withont which
public liberty itself could not subsist.
The multiplicity of newspepers in this
country form a prominen feature of our
social and political system. They are
representative in their . character, as all
such emanation from the business interests
and political sentiments of the people must
of course be.
Yet they possess a reactive influence of
wonderful powers. That power, howev
er, is as yet but rarely recognized in its
nature; it is not organized at all; it is in its
first elements. The time will be when the
first order of intellect, of knowledge, of
refinement, the substantial governing pow
er, in short, which is to give direction to
opinions and taste throughout th'e Repub
lic will be found as in France at the head
of the press.
The power, however, thus indicated and
exercised should not, properly speaking,
be called the power of the press because
the press is a mere instrumentality by
means of which truths and fact and just
references and elevated sentiments are
brought to bear upon the public mind.
The newspaper press is the more efficient
instrumentality, since it can cause a more
immediate, continual and thorough diffu
sion throughout the masses of the people,
of those wholesome influences which are
so potent and so salutary in tlieir opera
tion upon society.
AVhcrc the press is entirely free as in
this country, it must follow that bad prin
ciples as well as good will find diffusion
through it. Any one man start a newspa
per, who has sufficient means and is dis
posed so to apply them just as any one
may invest his capital in the dry goods
business. Hence there must be manv va
rieties of capacity, of fitness and unfitness,
among those who assume the responsible
position of conductors of newapapers
men who by their own election undertake
to form and to express opinions on all sub
jects of public concern.
I he egotism of our American journals,
as a general thing, is perhaps the most se
riotfs drawback upon their usefulness in
the more elevated sphere of iniliiencc. A
newspaper should be an impersonality.
The journal speaks; the editor never. It
is bound to the community by public rela
tions, in which all individualism of persons
is lost. A journal is a unity comprised
indeed of many parts, but its aggregate
character is one. The personal concerns
of an editor, his likes or his dislikes, his
enjoyments and grievances, have nothing
to do with liis function, as a journalist.
1 he public care nothing- lor him as an in
dividual nothing more than for any one
else of equal merit. The fact that he has
a printing press at his disposal gives him
no priveliges of obtrusion, no special claims
ta sympathy in his private griefs.. He
has his duties and his rights as a citizen,
precisely like any other man.
But a newspaper appearing regularly
and constandy before the public, becomes
a seperate entity a distinct existence. It
gives intelligence relative to business and
events; the public are entided to the ut
most accuracy of info rotation. It express
es opinions on great public questions; the
public are entitled to a knowledge of the
pertinent facts. It advocates one side or
the other in a controverted issue of policy;
the public are entitled to the honest exer
cise of its best judgment and to a fair and
courteous demeanor in discussion. These
qualities, or the want of them, give char
acter to a journal and effect its influence.
The newspaper press, in its representa
tive character, merely exhibits 'the age
and body of the time' in its form and pres
sure, without influencing it one way or a-
nother. The representative character,
however, is only the foundation upon
which its higher character arises. It must
be representative, or it canhave no perma
nent existence. It is not a power in the
midst of society, acting independent
but it is a part of the system.
From the Cincinnati Atlas.
We wish to call the reader's attention
to the new, and most extraordinary con
dition of the Mormons. Seven thousand
of them have found a resting place in the
most remarkable spot on the "North Ameri
can continent. Since the children of Is
rael wandered through the Wilderness, or
the Crusaders rushed on Palestine, there
has been nothing so historically singular,
as the emigration and recent settlement of
the Mormons. Thousands of them came
from the Manchester and Shefliclds of
England, to join other thousands congre
gated from Western New York, and New
England boasted decendants of the Pil
grim Fathers together to follow after a
New Jerusalem in the West- Having a
temple amid the churches and schools of
Lake county Ohio, and driven from it
by popular opinion, they built the Nauvoo
of Illinois. It becomes a great town.
Twenty thousand people flock to it. They
are again assaulted by popular persecution;
their prophet murdered their town de
populated, and finally their temple burned!
Does all this persecution to which thev
have been subjected, destroy them? Not
ai an. oeven tnousand are now settled,
in flourishing circumstences, on the Pla
teau summit of the North American conti
nent. Thousands more are about to join
them from Iowa, and thousands more are
coming from Wales. The spectacle is
most singular, and this is owe of the singu
lar episodes of the great drama of this
age. The spot, on which the Mormons
are now settled, is, geographically, one of
the most interesting in the western world.
There is no other iust like it. that we
recollect, on the globe. Look at the map
a litfle east of the creat Salt Lake, and
just south of the Southwest Pass, and
:n : -I. .i a
y ou m sue in me iionnwesi comer oi
aiitomia, me summit. level ot the waters
which flow on the North American conti
nent. It must be six thousand feet, per
haps more, above the level of the Atlan
tic. In this sequestered comer, in a vale
hidden among mountains and lakes, are
the Mormons; and there rise the mighty
rivers, than which no cqntinenLhas great
er. AVithin a stone's throw- almcfst. of
one another, lie the head sprirrgs of the
Sweet Hater and Green Rivers. The
former flows into the Platte river, that into
the Missouri; and lhat into the Mississip
pi; and that into the Gulf of Mexico, and
becomes a part of the Gulf stream, leaving
the shores of distant lands. The latter,
the Green river, flows into the Colorado;
the Colorado into the Gulf of California.
and is mingled with the Pacific. The
one flows more than 2,500 miles: the
other more than 1,500. These flow into
tropical regions. Just north of the same
spot are me head streams ol nake liiver,
which flows into the Columbia, near lat."
45 deg after a course of 1,000 miles.
Just south are the sources of the Rio
Grande, which after winding 1.700 miles-
finds thcGulf of Mexico. It is a remark
able point in the earth's surface where the
.Mormons are; and locked m by moun
toins and lakes, they will probably remain
and constitute a new and peculiar colony.
Gallantry. Irishmen arc proverbial'
for their off-hand gallantry. Yankees, we
believe are eqnal' to any of them. A case
in point: Recently there came to our city
on a visit, a verdant youth direct from,
snow-clad Green-Mountain-dom. His city
connections .are of some importance, and
it was not long ere lie had an invitation to
an upper-ten party. Dressed in his 'Sun-.
day-go-to-meetins,' lie was . ushered into
the parlor at an early hour. Among the
company was a very pretty and quite be
witching Miss,, to whom the- youth 'paid
his special devoirs. She is quite petite
he fully a "six-footer.' When the com
pany was invited from the parlor to par
take of refreshments, the tall youth, wait
ed on the pretty, petite Miss. They took
a posidon back of the table, where the
crowd was large and room scarce. The
youth invited his partner to. step up on a
stair which led out into another apartmeuU
'Oil, no! she' returned, I shotdd be toa
far. above you.'' 'Not at all,' he replied,
casting a significant glance at her; 'nier
area i7e loicer than the angels!
We commend the following recipe to
housekeepers:. To mase potatees very
mealy, take and wash them well just be
fore you wish to use them, and then, with
out drying or wiping, put them in an old
meal bag. Wheeling Times -:
. '- .lew .
13 The more a mux w&rkut hard
( time he will have to crumb''