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WE GO WHERE DEMOCRATIC PRINCIPLES POINT THE WAY J WHEN THEY CEASE TO LEAD, WE CEASE TO FOLLOW."
BY JOHNG. GIVEN.
EBENSBURG, THURSDAY, MAY 3, 1819.
VOL. 5 NO. 20.
Tb following lines are from tha pen of
James R. Lowill, the Boston poet, and pes.
f asses quite as much undeniable truth as elo
ijocnt pootry: '
Hark the rustle of a dress, '
Stiff with lavish cost! iness?
Here comes one whose cheeks would flash
Bat to Lave her garments brush
'Gainst the girl whose fingers thin
Wove the weary broidery in;
And in midnight's chill and murk
Stitched her life into tho work;
Bending backwards from her toil
Lest her tears the silk might soil:
Shaping from her bitter thought
Heart's easo and for-get.me-not,
Satirising her des pair
With the emblems woven there.
From the Boston Olive Branch.
BY MRS. GEORGE W. HOWARD.
Well, Sidney, how do you like your
new home?' asked uncle Nahum, the
evening after his nephew's return from
L , where he had purchased a splen
I am delighted with it,' was the reply,
I never spent a week more pleasantly.
Every moment of my time was employed.'
I dare say you are singled out as a good
match for some silly girl.'
An heiress and a beauty have favorably
struck my eve, uncle, which would you
What do you know of the domestic
virtues of either?'
Why, I dropped into Judge Farley's
one afternoon, and was invited to stop to
tea, when Mrs. Farley took occasion to
say to a lady by her side, that Dclphina
prepared the preserves and made the cake.
As to the other I know but. little, save that
she is the only daughter of Col. I'inley,
who follows no particular business. They
make a great show, I am inclined to think
upon a small income so of course his fair
Ellen must be acquainteu witn every
A man of your wealth, Sidney, has but
little chance of being loved for himself.'
Loved for himself?' said Sidney, glan
cing at a mirror that reflected his tine
No,' continued uncle Nahum,1 with all
your personal attractions you will not be
worshiped so much as your gold. Let
one listen to the conversation of mothers
and daughtors, and they would hear them
planning how they could best win your
Just step in and see, uncle Nahum.'
A lucky hint. I wish to visit the place
and have an antipathy to taverns, 1 will
take board at Col. Finley's, where I may
get introduced to Judge Farley's family.'
But they will know who you are, and
of course, appear to the best advantage.'
You have forgotten that my name is
Leston, not Sutherland, and I shall be
under no obligation to tell them to whom I
Uncle Nahum was skilled in the science
of human nature. With a warm and gen
erous heart, he entered confidingly upon
the stage of action, but he soon learned that
outward show was not always indicative
of inward goodness. Experience taught
him a lesson that made him suspicious of
all, until he was satisfied by actual obser
vation of their worth. Sidney was the
orphan child of his only sister and he had
bequeathed unto him not only . love and
kindness, but an immense fortune. It had
been his object to instil into his mind prin
ciples that would elevate him above the
common herd, and he had the satisfaction
of seeing him all he wished.
A few days, and uncle Nahum was sea
eeated in the parlor of Col. Finley with a
beautiful girl by his side, who smiled
sweetly as he answered her numerous
You said you were from -, You
know then, of course, Sidney Sutherland.'
Very well indeed,, replied uncle Na
hum. Is he engaged?'
I think not.'
He is very wealthy, I have heard.'
immensely so.' .
Uncle Nahum looked at the bright counn
tenance beaming upon him, and he did not
wonder that Sidney was enraptured. He
had a peculiar tact of domesticating him
self wherever he chose, and two days af
ter his arrival at Col. Finley's he was con
sidered as one of their owu family.
"' 'Fine feathers make fine birds,' he so
liloquised, a week subsequent. I dare
say Sidney would not recognize in the
untidy Ellen, the beauty of the ball room.'
She usually wore, when company was
not expected, a tattered dress unfit to be
seen, and kept her hair in papers the whole
day.; If there were callers, they were
kept waiting until she was prepared to see
them. She did not remember the Sabbath.
It was unto her as all other days.
She never attended church. There ,
was always a lack of some apparel; but if
there was a party or ball, she was sure to
be present. If she had not enough to dec
orate her person, she would tax the gener
osity of her friends by borrowing.
There are free mental streams were
many a bright genius has 'breathed at large
ethereal air.' They refresh the thirsting
spirit and raise it above the humbler en
joyments of meaner minds, into that high
er sphere where virtue waves its guardian
banner. In all pertaining to fashion, El
len was well versed; but these incorporeal
pleasures, that will last when the body
has returned to dust, did not shed their
light upon her pathway.
Uncle Nahum had been introduced at
Judge Farley's and called one afternoon
O I am so glad to see you,' said Del
phina. 'The day has been tediously long.
No one has been in, and not even this
beautiful work,' holding forward a book he
detested, has been able to drive away
Uncle Nahum placed inestimable value
upon time, and that person upon whom it
hung heavily, he considered void of that
mental culture that gives employment to
This tediousncss will be interrupted,'
said a maiden aunt, 'when the owner of
yon splendid mansion arrives.'
31 r. Sunderland is a fashionable gentle
man,' returned Delphina with a sly glance,
and will enliven the place. He has a
bachelor uncle, aunt Julia, and there may
be hopes for you. How nice it would be
for us all to live together.'
A fine plan,' thought Uncle Nahum,
with an ironical smile, as he looked at the
prime old maid, dreaming of the joys of
At this moment the door bell rung and
a young girl entered the apartment..
Then you have come at last,' said Del
phina, taking a piece of work that was
held out by the ungloved hand of the trem
bling stranger. 'You promised to bring it
'I could not possibly finish it,' was the
reply, in a voice tremulously sweet, 'I
hope you have not needed it.'
'That is of no consequence to you,
whether I have or not. You should re
gard your promises.'
I do; but I have had but a few mo
ments at. a lite-to Work, during the day,
my mother being so ill that she demanded
nearly all of my attention.'
Then, of, course, you have slighted the
work. I wish you had returned it before
it was spoiled.
Spoiled! O no, do look at it before you
give yourself any uneasiness.'
It is done very well,' said Delphina,
glancing at it as she threw it one side. 4I
cannot trouble myself to settle with you
now,' she continued you can call again.'
The joung girl stopped a " moment,
thoughtfully regarding Delphina, then
with a quivering lip turned away.
Who was that?' asked uncle Nahum.
Where does she live?'
In yonder hut, just by the road that
leads to Sidney Sunderland's splendid
Is she very poor?'
Have you ever visited her?'
Visit the widow Marston's daughter!'
she said with apparent surprise.
Oh, I had forgotten. Of course a lady
of your wealth,, would not condescend to
cheer the humble abode of poverty,' said
uncle Nahum, widi a sarcastic smile, that
did not fail to annoy Delphina.
A heartless coquette,' thought he, not
for the wealth of Crcesus would I have
Sidney wedded to you.'
It was in the quietude of evening, that
Adela. bent over her mother's sick couch
with the last nourishment she had to give.
During the whole of the preceding night
she had toiled incessantly to finish that
piece of work, to gain food to sustain life;
but how little do the rich think of the small
pittance the poor so hardly earn, and how
often it is withheld.
Read, my child, said Mrs. Marston,
'it will brighten the future.'
Adela opened a volume by her side,
and its promises to the widow and father
less chased all sadness from their brows.
The Bible was closed, and with deep pa
thos and fervor, the gentle girl prayed.
She had but just finished when a knock
was heard at the door, and uncle Nahum
entered, whom she recognized as the gen
tleman she had seen at Judge . Farley's.
His errand was soon told. He had come
to relieve their wants, and the gratitude of
both mother and daughter was fully appre
ciated. Charity was a prominent virtue
in the character of uncle Nahum, and his
heart never beat so happily as when his
hand and pursc'could administer to the
suffering. Day after day found him at
the widow Marston's, for whom he had
procured a physician, under whose care
she was slowly recovering her strength.
One morning he called earlier than usual,
when he found Adela teaching two little
girls. They were the children of parents
who were unable to procure them clothes
suitable to attend the village school, and
she freely gave an hour each day for their
Yrou have reason to be proud of such a
daughter,' said uncle Nahum to Mrs.
I have reason,' she replied, 'to thank
God he has spared her unto me. A time
there was when wealth could have shiel
ded her from, the scorn of those who now
rudely pass her by. But it may be she is
better for the change that came upon us.
My husband,' ' continued Mrs. Marston,
was a partner of Judge Farley, and con
sidered in as good circumstances. The
first year of my Adela'3 existance he died,
and the business was so managed that we
were left penniless. Unused as I was to
buffet the storm of life, with a naturallv
strong constitution, I have succeeded in
rearing my only child, to watch my de
clining years, nor has she scarcely eve?
felt the want of bread.'
Uncle Nahum walked thrice across the
floor, then seated himself by Adela, who
had just dismissed her pupils.
Do you never go in the gay world, Ade
la?' he asked.
Its pleasures are not for such as I,' she
replied. 'The rich alone enjoy them; yet
I envy them not. There is sufficient in
the endearments of home, the potent spell
of friendship and the sweeter one of love
the boundless love we owe, to complete
'But would you like to be rich?'
I should like a competence, enough to
enable me to dilTuse comfort among the
suffering. What need of more? At the
close of life, wealth can only purchase a
burial place. Rather give me the hope
that will cheer the desponding bosom, the
faith that will light my djing couch, and
the holiness that will introduce ine to that
band of sinless spirits, that will enjoy the
blessings of a happy eternity.'
Incomparable girl,' said uncle Nahum,
thoughtfully, as lie walked by Sidney's
house. ! know my nephew would like
so muclgoodness, and I must bring about
He stepped into the principle hotel in
the place, and was just taking up a paper,
when Sidney entered. When they were
left to themselves, he gave him an exact
description of the heiress and the beauty.
Well, I can enjoy ther manoeuvring,'
returned Sidney, laughing heartily at the
success his uncle had met with.
In the morning they took a wralk, and
when opposite the window Marston's, as
if suddenly recollecting an engagement, he
begged his nephew to walk on slowly
while he called on a lady, who had by her
goodness, elicited his warmest sympathy.
'May I not accompany you?' asked Sid
ney. 'If you will,' returned uncle Nahum,
'and I am gratified to know that my neph
ew docs not hesitate to enter an abode
where luxury does not preside.'
Adela welcomed uncle Nahum with a
glad smile, and politely received the stran
ger whom he introuduced as his friend.
Uncle Nahum observed the admiring
look of Sidney, as his eye rested upon the
fair girl, who was quietly performing her
daily taks, and he did not hasten his de
parture. During the whole of that day
the unconcealed curiosity of the youth
plainly told one, who knew all the syomp
toms of a dawning affection, that he had
felt the arrow, the blind boy had risked.
At an hour the dreaming spirit best
loves, when the darkening twilight is col
oring the hill tops, Adela sought the soli
tude of her room and gave wing to her
thoughts. There was quietude in their
gentle tone, and under their influence she
humbly petitioned the guidance of Him
whose love had cheered her young exis
tence. Uncle Nahum and Sidney chances at
that hour to pass, and the sweet accents of
humble devotion were distinctly heard.
'It is Adela,' said uncle Nahum.
'She is too pure, too good, too beautiful
for earth, said Sidney, 'I. would I could
transplant a flower so fragrant to yon
mansion,' pointing to his own home, 'but
the fashionable world does not rear one
like her, and I fear you, uncle, would not
wish me to choose a lowly one.
Uncle Nahum appeared not to hear,
consequently did not answer. The rea
son, however, was he wished him to be
unfettered, and determined as set to leave
him in the dark 'concerning his opinion,
though he rejoiced at the expected result.
Meantime, the din of preparation .was
sounding at Judge Farley's. They were
to have a splendid fete to welcome Sid
ney, whcvbad given them an early call
upon, his arrival. One evening, he and
hi3 uncle had dropped into the widow
Marston's, and were seated back by a
window, -when they observed Delphina
Fs-ley approaching. -With very little
ceromony she entered, and without noti
ciT; any one in the room, save Adela, told
her business. . " -,
1 am to have a large party,' she said
'which the owner of yon spledid seat will
grace. . This morning I chanced to see
this embroidered dress, and learning ; that
you were the girl that made it, I have
ccrne to employ you. How long will it
'Two weeks, if my mother remains as
well as now.'
'Two weeks! I must have it in pre
cisely one from this night. Will you not
sacrifice sleep to gratify me?'
I would willingly oblige you, Miss
Firley, but I fear I could not accomplish
it without working nearly every night,
which might be too muchformy strength.'
, 'Well, Adela, girls that work for a living
must sometimes suffer inconvenience.'
Adela's brow burned, and a tear escaped;
but she hastily concealed it, and replied,
I will endeavor to do you work, since you
so biuch desire it.'
What will be your price, Adela?'
'I had five dollars for that,' she return
Five dollars!' said Miss Farley: 'it
cannot be worth more than half that. I
will give you three, and when I am mis
tress of a home I have in view, you shall
have all my work at your own price.'
'Thank you,' returned Adela, I may
need your assistance.
The heartless Delphina arose, and after
telling her she must be sure to have it done
she did not sleep until that time, she
lfft without even looking at Mrs. Marston
or the gentlemen present.
'Who owns the house she spoke of ?'
asked Sidney, drawing Adela to a win
daw. U"I have heard he is a very wealthy gen
t!;rnan, who is particularly attentive to
Miss Farley?' - - "
'Would you not like a situation like that
; "It will not do for such as I to be too
ambitious; and I hope I shall always be
contented with the lowly situation it is my
lot to occupy,'
; 'I would it were mine,' he continued,
land you would become its mistress.'
Adela withdrew the hand he had taken,
and with a look of inquiry, sought her
mother's side. .
'Pardon my early avowal, said Sidney
reproaching them; 'I have witnessed your
sweetness of temper, your self-sacrificing
affection, and I hasten to offer you my
protection. Return, immediately to the
heartless girl the work she has urged upon
you, and you shall not want for the mea
gre sum somany nights of toil would
Honest industry ' said Adela.
,'Is commendable, interrupted Sidney;
'but I would not that one so young in years
should dim the brightness of surpassing
beauty, by attempts to adorn the inferior
charms of one wrhose heart ne'er knew
the heavenborn feeling of charity.
Adela's eye met Sidney's, and with a
blush of conscious rectitude, she replied,
I would not tax the generosity of another,
for what I am able to earn.
You are right,' said uncle Nahum, who
had left the room a few minutes before, but
entered unperceived, and listened to the
last part of the conversation; yet I am
sure you will not refuse to comply with a
request of mine.' 'iV'
I shall always find pleasure in obeying
one who in an hour of greatest need, re
stored comparative health and cheerfulness
to our then desolate home.'
Give me the work then, and I will re
Adela rose mechanically, and placed it
in his hand, when he hastily departed.
Sidney listened day after day, to the low
tones of Adela's voice. Mingling with
thoughts of her, his spirit clasped a dream
of bliss that threw o'er the future a golden
halo of pleasure. Far away o'er its sur
face, he dimly saw a form, a mind like
hers, diffusing peace, and love, and hope;
cheering the sadness of his life, and adding
to its joys. Sidneys thought's soared
far above the grovelling idea that riches,
or other aristocracy than that of mind,
would be a barrier to his hope of winning
the love, ! and gaining the hand of her
whose home was the meanest hut in the
suburbs of L.
The evening of the party came, and the
heart of more than one of the merry guests
beat with the anticipation of conquest.
'Where is Mr. Sutherland!' was asked
and re-asked; but he came not. By the
cheerful wood fire of the widow Marston
he sat, Adela by his side, reading for their
'To-night is the time of Miss Farley's
party,' said Adela, laying aside her book.
'I hope she succeeded in obtaining her
I wonder you are not at Judge Far
ley's, said uncle Nahum, entering, as he
most always did when Sidney was there.
'Miss Delphina has kept half a dozen mil
liners up for the last week, in order to ap
pear beautiful in your eyes.'
. Had you an invitation?' asked Adela,
with a look of astonishment.
'I have deceived you Adela, said Sid
ney, 'much as I abhor deception; but you
must throw a good share of the blame up
on uncle Nahum.'
'Uncle,' repeated Mrs. Marston and
Adela at the same time; 'we have never
heard you call him thus before.'
He wished me to conceal our relation
ship, for a reason he has not yet explain
ed.' He would not assist you in aught evil,
But listen a moment, Adela. I am the
heir of my uncle's immense fortune. He
succeeded in making me believe it hardly
possible for me to be loved for myself, con
sequently I have sought the love of one
who knew not of my wealth, and I have
succeeded. Uncle,' he continued, in gain
ing the consent of Adela, to share my ap
parent humble fortune, and Mrs. Marston
has made us happy by ns-t withholding
hers at a suitable period. AVe only wart
now for your approval.'
'You have it, my boy, replied uncle
Nahum, joyfully, 'and I congratulate you
upon your choice.'
'But why did you not wish us to know
he was your nephew?' asked Mrs. Mars
ton. 'That you might not treat him cordially
for my sake.'
'Why this sadness!' asked Sidney in a
lower tone; 'will you not be happy with
me in yon mansion?'
, 'I should be happy with you any where,
Sidney; but could you bear the censure of
me worm, ana still love on?
'What, my Adela, would be the scorn of
the ignorant, w hen vou were bv mv suta?
I only know how to value mv uncle's gift
since it will administer to your wants!'
Time passed, and there was a rumor
afloat that the widow Marston's daughter
was about to be wedded to a gentleman of
wealth and talent. Sidney called on Miss
Farley, who ridiculed the idea of a poor
sewing girl entering the fashionable world.
'She may have beauty and refinement,
and still be obliged to labor,' returned Sid
ney; 'I think she has both.'
'Do you know her then.'
'Yes, and I expect to be present on her
'I wish I could get an invitation,' said
Delphina; 'it would be such a treat to at
tend an old fashioned wedding.'
The next day to her surprise, she re
ceived a note requesting the honor of her
company the next Wednesday evening.
Supposing it a plan of Sutherland, to se
cure her company she gladly accepted.
Concealing from all save aunt Julia, her
intention, lest it might detract from her
dignity, she not even inquired the name of
the intended bridegroom, which she had
never heard. Sidney refused to tell her,
saying it was an acquaintance of hers, and
he wished to enjoy her surprise, if he could
be so fortunate as to obtain her an invita
tion. Delphina knew that Mrs. Marston
had been in better circumstances, and she
trembled lest Sidney Sutherland should
learn that the father of Adela had been a
partner of her father's. She feared he
might attach some blame to him, and look
more kindly upon those who had suffered
wrong. Yet the thought that Adela Mar
ston was to be the wedded wife of him
whom she hoped yet to call husband, nev
er entered her mind.
Wednesday evening arrived, and Del
phina, after arraying herself with peculiar
care, with the expectation of completing a
conquest of Sidney, ordered the servant to
drive to the widow Marston's, where she
was assisted from the carriage by uncle
Nahum. The lowly cottage was filled
with the redolence of many a wild flower,
'Types of true and holy love."
There were tones in the bright blossoms,
"Sweet thoiights and hallowed sympathies."
'My nephew is tardy,' said uncle Na
hum. Your nephew!' repeated Delphina.
'Yes, Mr. Sidney Sunderland; I wonder
he can so long linger. -
At this moment a splendid carriage stop
ped at the door, and Mr. Sunderland,- ac
companied by a friend, alighted.
Is that the intended bridegroom?' asked
Delphina, looking at Sidney's friend.
Uncle Nahum saw that she was not
aware of Sidney's engagement, and avoid
ed the question by telling her with a sig
nificant nod, that he axpected his nephew
would soon take home a bride.
All things were arranged. The Rev.
Mr. Grantham ; was waiting in anxious
expectation, when Sidney Sutherland led
in the beautiful Adela Marston, who, in a
few short moments, was pronounced his
Dclphina's brow crimsoned, and ero the
guests had departed, all of whom ' were
invited to Sidney's heme, where a splendid
entertainment was preparedhonored by
the first class in L., she was among the
Wrhat focls we have beenr'id
throwing herself upon the sofa, as die
reached heme. 'We shall be made sport
of the whole village.'
'Why what's the matter?' asked aunt
Adclia Marston i3 married to Sidney
Sunderland, and his rich uncle is no other
than uncle Nahum, who has listened to all
'Never mind, Delphina, we will go into
the country a few months, and all will be
The next day they departed. Ere they
returned, the fraud practiced by Judge
Farley upon the widow Marston, had been
brought to light, and but for Mrs Suther
land. Delphina would have been compara
tively a beggar. Her liberality supplied
her with ample funds, while her house
became an asylum for the destitute girl,
upon whom the reverse of fortune, com
bined with the influence of her protectress,
had a beneficial effect. Her character was
entirely changed, and the proud Delphina
learned to love merit rather than geld,
which she proved a few years after, by
unititing her fate to a poor but respectable
mechanic. Uncle Nahum passed his time
pleasantly, amid the domestic felicity of
his nephew's home, Adela was the same
kind and gentle Adela she had b'een in
her lower condition, and her husband
showed by his increased tenderness, that
he knew how to value the prize he had
The Slililia Lew.
Ax Act to revise the militia system and
provide for the training of such only as
shall be uniformed.
Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate
and House of Representatives of the
Ccjjimomccalih of JJcn?isyivania in Gen
eral Assembly met, and it is hereby c
nacted by the authority cf the same. That
it shall be the duty of every free abb bo
died white male person between the ages
of eighteen and forty-five years, who has
resided in this commonwealth for one
month, to provide himself with such uni
form as may be considered a proper uni
form for a volunteer company, which shall
in all cases be a substantial uniform fit for
Section 2. That the persons thus uni
formed shall form themselves into compa
nies of not less than thirty rank and file,
and elect their own officers, make their
own by-laws, regulate, collect and apply
their own fines and forfeitures.
Section 3. That where there are three
or more companies in any brigade, they
shall be formed into battalions and regi
ments, uniting such companies as may be
most suitable from circumstances of locali
ty and grade, and be enlided to elect such
field officers as are allowed to the same
force of troops in the regular army: Pro
vided, That two cavalry companies, where
there are no more that can he connected
with them, shall be a battallion: And)ro
vided, That should there not be three com
panies in any brigade, then and in that
ca.ve the company or companies inthe
said brigade shall elect a brigadier general,
brigade inspector, and major general, as
directed in the twelfth section of this act.
Section 4. That the uniformed militia'
shall meet by companies for training and
discipline not less than twice in each year,
at the discretion of each company, and each
bataiion and regiment shall mpet for train
ing and inspection, not less than once in
each, at such time and jn such ' order as
shall be directed by the brigade inspector
till all the batnlions and regiments shall
have paraded. . - "
Skction 5. That the captain or com
manding officer of each company shall fur
nish a copy of the roll of said company,
under oath or affirmation, to the county
commissioners, at such time a3 the asseess
mcnt of taxes arc returned in each and
every year, designating the township,
ward or borough in which each member
resides, and furnish at the same time a cer
tificate to the commanding officer of the
battalion or regiment to which his compa
ny may be attached, or in case any com
pany be not attached to any battalion or
regiment, then he shall transmit the same
to the adjutant general, certifying -to the
number of members uniformed and belong
ing to his company. -'.
Section 6. That it shall be the duty of
the assessor of each township, wara or
-borough, to furnish a list to the county
commissioners of all persons residing ia
said township ward or borough, between
the ages of. twenty-one and forty five
years, for "which he shall receive as a full
compensation one cent per per3on ::i-Vo-ded,
that ths assessors shall not return cn
their said list any persons who they shall
know to hold ruch certificates ar are rec-
- 'Lrv- - - -' V--