Newspaper Page Text
I'HE SPY COLT: \IBIAN.
SA.TURDA. MeeNING, SEPT. 18, 1847.
V. B. PALatra, North West corner of Thlrd and
Chestnut streets, Philadelphia,
Tribune Buildings, (opposite City Hall,) N. York.
South East corner of Baltimore and Culvert streets,
1\0.12 State street, Bo.ston.
JACOB WLSTHAEFFE:R., Lancaster city
WILLIAM A. PIFSCE, Travelling. Ap,.ent.
liOnVe understand that the line of telegraph be
tureen York and Baltimore is already under con
tract, and will be completed at an early day.
CO'nLats LADY'S Boox.—We have received the
October number of this sterling mnrame. The
embelishments ore fine as usual. It contairs
twelve extra psges of letter prc ss, with the com
mencement of a new novel by Miss Leslie, entitled
"Amelia, or a Young Lady's Vicissitudes." This
novel will be given extra, and not in , ,2rfcr.. with
the usual variety of the book.
DEDIC.\TIO\.—Ti • r nett• 17resbyterian C?.nrell in
IVrightsville, will be ci . edi.m.ed to ti.e scn icc of
nod, on Sunday, the lid of October nee:. Tl.e
citizens of Cu:amnia and surrourulmg country am
invited to pl..ticipute in the f.cnice.......0n that day.
A number of the clergy icon) Marent denontina•
lions will be present to assi,t in the exercises.
Tile LATE BATri.e..—Ali accounts agree in the
statement that the city of Mexico is at the mercy
of Gem Scott. it IN stated that tho armistice did
not incct the general approval of the arix,y; but
Gen. Scott no doubt had good reasons for acting as
he did. Tic number of killed and v.ounded is
said to be about 3,000 'Mexicans and 1111.)
Nco.aris 1),66- Adv,rti •I r of 13t11
the fulk,Aing news in :1,1v1;;ee ;-,r;
and pony express('s
by Clai, ounce.—.& fricurl of ours be.
rntr; put in the elLurvoyant state I niglito-cerDun
rd that the armistice was viebttcd on the part or 06 ,
Mexican,, and that Gen. Scott was constrained to
tike the chi) by assault, enrich blued being stmt.—
N'Ve st the nor ',tit'. in chit voyance upon the It uth of
this %is ion. 11 it twris out to be a mere 4tt,ion of
tire night; ttt..n tt.t c'..rtrvoyance be v.f.ttrrn ernea
TAYLOR MASS MRrTING.—We SC(' by the rope:v
that a mass meeting of the friendv of (l n. Taylor
iv to be held at 11.,rrUurg, on nett Friday, the
lost., and wc hale been requested to state tint the
fare on the railroad and can it will be zr.dared caw
half the usual price, that all disposed to attend
may do so at a small mtpeme. There ss ill he a
fine turn-nut from tide !dace, n e understand.
l`r.strx DLSIIDSJ.—This g• has fur.
rdshed us n tIL n set ..f arithmetical ruler, V. inch
we have examined to some extent. The examplLs
given la Addition eon he readily performed s‘;th
great rapidity by the rule, but on%rtun itely the
solution drpandi up in certain cdntingenci_s which
abstract from its value. In thr nr,t exatrylc. if the
last figure of the first row had Leon Iff,te,d , d 4.
the first figure in the amtr'•r •could base bc..n ;
instead of 3, so that the mud•. or getting the first
figure is not rellible, alth mgh it in ty be deduced
subsequently. Nor will I'm rule snsiser ibr smal,
numbers, or 5. , ^ 1 1, any pair of wi.,sh fmm a sum
less than 9. It we add LT>, 1 . ..!3, the•
amount should be 14 .1, hut tiny nev. rill, to ,tars it
13S 1, as etarly tt rn lie foil., • .1, for tio dues.
lion is givi a nor ca.,, m is haul 0: the
pairs is less that. 9.
;c too: II
Thu rule :1r
quires more att`•,tion C.:An most car,
'rho moor ititer:2,t 1,
gcniou., short, a. I cart el. L.
correct theory. , v(01:,1 !,c more r, rr:n• II .
bcred ii tho thcory a Cle 1.7 iris had n•_tn rtvh,
Tlll9, lta:^cv.•, CH- 1 , , Iroor ly i
be u,uler.stan , l: ;110.11.11 , AL - , p; and ye:
vary it alum rates of lotcto,ts arc to 1,,
calcul3t. \V' ob , cr”c a courrc rlcrrccr
negkct to mc: - .11,T1 V../1 lt i. t.) he done a 6 , :I C. r
arc co days accounted for, but the acute le,rner
perceive that tai, aa,mnl pl Ice (~s it in hi fie!
munt ha flied v.,th (1, to betag o•tt t to rust(: as t
At a St,l, (1 of Suqrinc . o.inna Connci'.
No. 31, 0. U.. 1 )1 , , 1 ..I , ir 11.01, on ‘Vednr. ,
giuy..t. , :cpt. Idl7. Ti.• G.lLnvrofi preamble rc
rcs6l.3 lions wrrc tin initn , m , iy udu,r•_d:—
NVittat:As, .1 . 1:0`.11, V. P. 1,11, an Ann:l.:can and n
Alechanic, caller o; wles Pri,or,s tho 1 . 0 , 11;•C
of this ord,r, rot:,;:.:Ld fr o m , „
has sealed it:: d:wo:ion to his ccuntry,
and as now a ret , :lco'. Thercforr,
Resolurd, That S Council, Ne. 31, (4 -
the Order of United American Alee!ian,cc, fully
appreciate the vairintic sera:ecs of Al.r.
NVCI:3:1; and whilJ the:: pin acuh the whole people
in arelcomav, lihn to :he home of his b0,M00,1, t:lev
%mull expres-i C..• hope Ihst he in ty be spceddy
restored to health and enabled io resume file former
fleas/seri, 'Eat a cc,- , y rf [hc , r resolntion, signed
by the C. and R. S., he pre,nterl In Mr. Welsh, and
that they be pull.slictl rn ti.c Columbia Spy, and in
the newspapers of Lanraslos C,ty.
JEREMIAH M. S k.MPLE, C.
E. F. lIuNT, R. S.
Columbia, Sem. L... 01,1"
OLDEST CUE ft'7ll,—ln 11 , 1,;haln,M-14q., they hare
the oldest inhahitabic r.,u rcii in Ncrta Arncrica.
There aro the ruins of one in. Jamestown, (Va.)
(which it older than this, but this is the 01d.,, non
occupied in the countr:. It was built one hurnlrtO
arid sixty years ago, and in at is sonic of the timber
of the church built by the first settlers in G 33 or G.
.7t as perfectly sound, and almost as hard as iron.
A DARK CLU:SE.—The Constitutional Convert
of 'lllinois have adopted, by a large majority, the
following amendment to the Constitution of that
State:—"The Legislature shall pass laws with ad.
equate penalties, preventing the intermarriage of
wilites and blacks, and no colored person shall over,
under any pretest, hold any office of profit or honor
In chi. State."
THE CITY OF MEXICO.
The following graphic description of the city of
Mexico is from Brantz Meyer's book on "Mexico
is it was and as it ie." It will be found peculiarly I
interesting at the present time:
It was the middle of November, but there was al
May mildness in the atmosphere. The shy was of '
that deep ultra-marine blue peculiar to elevntcd
regions.. As I ranged my eye down the street from ,
' my balcony, the town was alive with a teeming
population; the windows of the hoe.scs stood open;
fair woman strolled homewetd from mess; old
monks shuffled along i.a =ivied robes; the i
Moller urged along his ass with its peripatetic stall
, hung around wills eoriaus meats; freshly-leaved
flowers and tro , :, in the court-yards, of which I
' caught glinues through the open portals; and in I
the, bales' iies lounged the early risers, enjoying, a
urger aflcr tl it cup of chocolate. It was alitcly
a'::a beautiful scene, worthy of the pencil of that
tna: ter.painter of cities, CL..nnaletti, who would
have delight' i 1 in the remarkable transparency- and
purity of the atmosphere, through witinh the dis
i tam hills, some is miles off, seemed but a bar.
I rier at the end of the street.
The plan of the city of Mexicois procisrly that
of a chcel:er-hoard, with a great v.irlety of sip ires.
Straight ,tracts cross each otbrr at rte lit angles,
and at regular inturval>. The house, are painted
\Nan guy colors - I.glit blue, fawn and green, it
ape reed v ith a pure white, that remains long tins
stained in the dry atmosphele.
The slew of all these from the elevated tower of
the cathedral (to which I soon lepaired after my
null, al in the capital) presents a mass of domes,
steeple 6, and flat.rouled dwellings, frequently coy
cred,lihe hanging-garden with flowers and foliage.
Beyond the gates (s , laid! you would scaled:: d u el:
bounded a po,tebition of 200,1100) tie sat,t plain
stretcliLs r llt nn c‘cry , ide to tlic mount.tinF, tra
2rt,Cii in ...time phiccq by long lines of aqueducts
syc i-Ing to tho city rro:n t!, anti ill of ices
it'i lakcq, ru'tivatit e, Red tLauti:4l grate', until
lute ec-ttitit t - is r , f fr' OIL ~ cg,
ni g ht in b, hold these tiny vessels shlin like float.
rests against the I.lus shy, uncovered at this
ing gardens In the TI tyn in the morning, laden to
..,.sun by a single cloud.
the water's edtte ith the emits fl ower, and vef,ee.
Below is the great square of the Pi rza—a large
tattles, that Ithiethe shier that bears liens.
panic] area—fronted on the north by the cathedral,
WI the cast by the Na the south of which, a tional Palac (the residence
old houses in this neighborhood, rising out cf the
of the President) to e
gain, is cans:, the nluggis'i waters, and the dark multitude
of the better classes iii fanciful dresses, remind one
the museum), and a stone edifice recently built in
ot 1 cnice.
tantahul sti le for a market. The corner-storm of t
.outing the cars.', and leading to the plain
this alter I anise,' in Iresico, and before S
I lift, the budding, vas nearly completed. Until so Lich adjoins the Chen:imp:is, or former floating
that n ow, t h e and vcaot ,td e , , and gardens, is the Pasco do la Vega, a public drive
most of the cocoon Aries of the table, had been. sold fro quented by the bcou monde, both in coach and
ot horscliaclt, during the season nir.ent. Scarcely ;
no that spot in shambles and booths built of bans.
boos and reeds, sheltered trorn the rain and sun by an a Itern ,,,, n passes, • at that period of the year,
that the observer will not find the canal covered
thatched roofs. In the south-western corner of the
ith gay host - loads of Indians, passing homeward
square, the Pariah, an unsightly building (crested,
I since the resolution) greatly tears the front marlet. dancing, singing ond laughing, strum
elrect of the PI ,7./. I: is a tutanlislonent, a n d e'r""'"'" %nlii % ,, r ,11 .' ~11 . ,-,P -imonesvr,
imonesvr, as it affords a large revenue t o the iinfu i r i. press Ido not know the origin or the CI: 10:11
p dity, and as th e gr e a t h fzaar where , very urtiele wearing the forgetful flower. tint it in both a heal
requisite for the dress of Me xicann, rude or h nfale, trice and more pan-lie oblisimt than that resorted
may be purchasr.d at reasonable prices. On the to by many folks in other lands, rifler a day of toil.
pavement which runs round, sit nitrithers of coach- Taming: once more westward, oe again reach the
an d great square. The departure of the Pmsithant
men, 0 hese stands are in the mighoorlinod,
crowds ot n teneri with lc:Wpm:L(lC .hiss. ; from the palace has attracted a crowd. The ad-
Not the least cnriou , , howe'r , the Joining marhet, ever filled with people, pours forth
thodc ss,tb %slue') the side-wa!'is are gear ra lly its trut l iltudes in the First, there is the
torong , il are a b of ,; (fiesang , lad'," or let. 'quador, or water carrier, with his twn cat then
ter-witters, whits.. post in always on the c•-rhstene • lat.--saiet suspended by a leather Is It I.lllolla
of tar :nu tern -efi.t of the I'd rim]. liogo mg ni imind :IT, head and resting on 1 , 1 , back, and
ink is p 1 feed beside m, a board r, •ts ef-., ti f f a tar nth, sii , dcrula 1 from the ii of his head in
knees, a pile of dud relit colored itapir fliost o f rwint of I in., presersir.g the equilibrium. Nett
Lich is thoer rut V dmilme d there is tl-e Indian with a huge reap of ch'visa).
o‘cr and adorned a ICit pen and nut ernoin , )to-) i s and torl.eyn, nr a crate of earthenware, or a pan
placed on it, and no'll stool before him sits some vier of oranges, borne on his bark like the .qua.
4 a „„d or t.ni!„, rt - 3 .' S 1717. ft a woman, V. isb p. as, nr ducl. , t, or
pen: mo nil a pen-w., Cie rerf., 'huts in be.: fl li fi o.n the lakes; another with pfitstsrn; ann.
emmeg p' eulogy. lit,.n [avert lot tr-ite, and f titer dri.es :float; a poor nt noted ass, I oleo v. ith
rat ore la M.AICa us It.t rlr rv.y n) I rz • di ` i.c ' "d onion': and all the members of this
lose Dna ^ drips crov, d arc crynrg tliC ir N% arc , and mercium
a "diet tratimf" for a onc n II; n neoi ang leper tI r at the tap of tau ir yothes. It is it ilable.
a rot dio : and an full of daggers Amid the throng treads on 55 and, with step ins.
lerdousy, love. and :mi , :cfr , `-`• th= , jcol i c, th e gum niy tc;arifsli woman; b; her side
nCr crt i,i state of nuad, a friar, and hurl by a maple of priests in their
done f f sfai ;inn , with heads and gtacclul bihek do:Liss end shovel hits. In the
cc nth., c , ids!
(loves, fsr the ridicels 1 ,
shailw of a pillar of the portals sneal.s thisera-
Lie Irislsillg wretch, wrapped in his tattered Llano
West se I pri
le Peri , n, on I 'ill arre,nd the southern
Plaza, or those etinn:
t— lepero, porter, beggar, thief, an the occasion
It word] are nio thieetly onnu f , t:-Ii by the c o:lcdrai and he takes ads antage of tie latter ens
ployinf Tit, in this moment of excite:nerd, to case
an d N i l: en - el ! r a t ,ee, 11 arch , portals, surd.
n unstypielous stringer ot handkerchief. A
Ifr In the areadei These :ire filed n
iiedlsr-. emus., old clr,lhrs,
toys, tinkle of a hell nt the door of the cathedral
and a roll of drums calling; nut the guard of
curios), oonor at the palace gate, gist %yarning or a change
quianuw.s. vr - r n er aria daubs.
so of seine. slowly issues a gayly-painted coach
ith glans windows on all sides, drawn by spotted
11 , re the I int revolution, or loom limitability of it
mules; a Iffiest in his vestment. sots within—a
W one, continftal di-rmnion lie lii;ots or
b.oid of boys walking on each std", cha tinting a
idlers. Alfee - c stairs, in same of the arc
11)4111; and in a moment, a Beath-hhs stillness pea
gambliag•lmane., an ‘nriimrls: in the P flits Royal,
sa-les the whole square. Prom the tradesman, sell-
Wil'o wrier tha terse bare preseutccl does no' ' of
ing ills tapes under tl.e portales to the thief in has
course, %is, in in taste or splendor.
1 dirty blanket, the whole eroa.it is uncovered and
O . fp , ~ ate to the seuthern end or the fat's) is fro
kneeling ; the host is planing to the house of some
Cfsa Muni( ipal, or town Ilan, in the louer story
tut Lm js, . E.,,hiiinge
flier - . dying Catholic! The carriage is turning a coiner,
and the square is alive again—the tradesman to
sell, the lepero to steal, and the lesson of death is
anti v.e,torn ~I 1
'nte cathedral occupies a space of 500 feet by
421 fr,ot. 'lnc main altar is not erected azainst
the wall, hut near the centre of tire edifice, beneath
the dome. From extending around the choir
probably two hundred feet, there is a rail between
four and flee feet legh, and of proportionate thick
ness, composed of gold, silver and small alloy of,
brass. This is surmounted with silver statuts for
candles. In front of the altar is the choir, itself a
church, built of dark woods of the rarest antique
carving. The altar (placed upon a marble plat
form, elevating it from the floor of the building,
and covered with gold and silver ornaments, candle.
dlcsticks and crusses,) is of wrought and polished
silver; and the whole is surmounted by a small
temple, in which rests the figure, of the Virgin of
Remedios, who enjoys the exclusive right of three
petticoats—one embroidered with pearls, another
with emeralds, and a third with diamonds—the
I Cu , of which, I am credibly informed, is not less
than thiec millions of dollars: This, you will re.
collect, is only one part of one church in Mexico,
and that one said not to be the richest!
Fuming from thc cathedral door to the south.
eastern portion of the city, you reach the outskirts,
crossing in your way the canals from the lake. I
hare rarely seen such miserable suburbs; they are
filled with hovels built with sun-dried bricks, often
wurr. with the weather to the shape of holes in the
mud, while on their earthen floors crawl, cook, live
and multiply, the wretched looking population of
leperos. Tbis word, I believe, is not pure Spanish,
but is derit•ed originally, it is said, from the Castil
ian lepra, or leper; and although they do not suffer
from that loathsome malady, they are quite as dis.
Blacken a man in the sun; let his hair grow long
and tangled, or become filled with vermin; let him
plod about the streets in all kinds of dirt for years,
and never know the use of brush or towel or water
even, except in storms; let him put on a pair ofleath•
er breeches at twenty, and wear them until forty
without change or ablution; and, over all, place
a torn and blackened hat, and tattered blanket be.
grimed with abominations; let him have wild eyes
and shining teeth, and features pinched by famine
into sharpness; breasts bared ar.cl browned, and (it
females) with two or three miniatures of the same
species tottering after her, and another certainly
strapped to her back; combine all these in your
imagination, and ycu have a receipt for a Mexican
There on the canal=, around the markets and
pulquc shop, Cie Indians aml thece mii-erable out.
casts hang all day long ; feeding on the frag,:nents,
quarrelling, drinking, ste ding, and lying drunk
about the piorment , , with their children crying
with hunger around them. At night they slink off
to those subtirl,i, and 'nil themselves up on the
damp floors of their lairs, to sleep oil' the effects of
liquor, and In awake to another day of misery and
crime. Is It wonderfid, in a city with an immense
proportion of its inhabitants oisuch a class,—hope
less in the prcLeht and future,—that there arc mur
derers and robber,?
In the Indian popul.tion N‘hiel: pours into the
capital from the laLes, I mast say that there is ap.
1)11-n10s-1r:ore m.orth and character. You see them
a',ott. in tt it boats on tl:c canah+,and pass.
I• g end repas.,hlg is their canoes, plying bete:nen
It e v ai.d and Tczcoco. It is a beatitiinl
Turning westward from the square, we reached
the Alameda, a very short walk through the Calle
Plateros, a street filled with the shops of gold
smiths, watchmakers, French hair-dressers, French
cooks, French millincis, French carers and gild
ere, and French print-sellers; and we pass on our
way the rich convent of the Professa, or ex-Jesuits,
and the more splendid one of the blue-robcd monks
of St. Francis. The Alameda is a beautHul grove
of forest trees, planted on about ten acres of soft
,and lunurant soil. The wood, which is trailed
end pro , rtteci by gates closed every evening as the
bells toll for oration, Is intersected with walks and
surrounded by a carriage road. Fountains fling
,up their waters where the paths cross each other,
!and the ground benesth the full-grown t ree i s
filled with flowers and shubbery. The great
centre fountain is surmounted by a gilded figure of
Liberty, and gilded lions spout forth the water at
its feet. This, and the other smaller jet., in plea
santer and more secluded nooks, are circled with
atone seats. It is the fashion to come here in car.
riages and on horseback every evening, (except
during Lent.) and to drive round and round the
enclosure. on the soft roads in the dense shade,
until the vesper bell—or. to draw up in a line on
the side of one of the highways while the cava.
hers pass up and down in review, or prattle away I
half an hour at the coach-window of some renown
But there can be nothing more delightful than a
walk here during the early morning. There is a
freshness then in the air, a quiet ;.ad peacefulness,
that are found at no other time of the day. The
student comes with his book; the priest from his
early mass; the nurse with her baby; the senti
mental miss, to sigh for her lover, (and perhaps to
see him); the dyspeptic, to earn an appetite for
his breakfast; the monk, the lounger, and even
the laborer, stop for a moment beneath the refresh
ing shades, to take breath for the coming day. It
is almost Druidcal in the solemn stillness of its
groves, placed in the midst of a population of two
hundred thousand. Even the birds seem to have
been assured—scared from the plains, they arc
here in a sanctuary, and no p ofane hand dares
touch them. They have consequently planted, as
if by consent of each other, distinct colonies in
digcrcnt parts of the wood; the owl, sitting on her
branch, in one place; the doves, making lure the
business of their lives, in another; the mocking.
birds makin a third spat a perfect choir ; and in
numerable sparrows and wrens, like so many Puul
Prrs, chattering and pane: ing about with an intim
vivc pertness through the dominions of all the rest.
Directly West of the Alameda, and on the same
street is the Pasco Nuevo, another delightful drive
of a mile in length, bordered with paths and trees,
and divided by fountains adorned with statuary and
sculpture. Passing out of the western gate of the
Alameda, the fashionables every evening take a
turn or two along this Mire. On festivals it is
crowded. All the equipages of tire city must be
there, and It is the node for every person of con.
sidcration, or who desires consideration, to possess
an equipage. It is not thought " exactly proper"
fm a lady ever to walk, except to mass—or, some.
times, when she gees , hopping. The coach, there
fore, on ell gala days, is sure to appear on the
Pasco v.ith itd fa': e, ily.ssed in the French
style as for a dinner parry or a ball. When I first ,
arrived in Me.rico, it was rare to see a bonnet on
such occasions; hut that or, k ward appendage of
fashionable costume was becoming gradually in
vogue before I left. Fur an hour or more it is the
ca-tom to pass up and down the sides of the Pasco,
nodding and smiling at the cavaliers, who shore a;
their horsemanship along the centre of the road.
here the utmost Inviry and style arc exhibited in
the equipiTient of c irriage and aniinals. Gold con
' tmidery, silver plating, and every ornament that
can add splendor to harness and livery are brooght
forth. To such an extent is the taste for these ex
: hildtions carried, that one of dm millionaries of
.lesico appears occasionally at the Pasco on a
saddle which (without counting the value of the
rest, of his capai isun) co , t the sum of live thou
s and dollars. It vais the chefd4ct:rre of an hell.
t` , l Gereel addl , r who made it, and retired from
trade to his tickled father Ind:'
On approaching this charming drive, the whole
plans of the valley of Mexico is at once revealed to
you, without passing, a dirty suburb. On your
right, is the cypress covered and castle crowned
hill of Chapu'tepee, formerly the site, it is alleged,
of nun of Montezuma's palaces; before you and
behind stretch two immense aqueducts—the one
cooling from the bills, time other from a grc - Iler dis
tanet‘, near Taenba3 a, and screening that village
an it leans against the first slopes of the wee tern
mountains. On your left arc the volcanoes, on
whose summits the last rosy rays of sunset arc
lei-Lag. The gay throng disperse, as the moon
rises from behind the mount sins, pouring a flood
of clear light, bright as the day in other lands, over
the tranquil landscape. The moonlight of Mexico
is marvelou.l) beautiful. That city, you TCIIICITI
hem, is 7,500 feet above the sea, and nearly tisat
number of tier closer to tisc stars than we are; the
annosphcre, tollsequLlitly, is more rardied, and the
light comes, an it were, pure and pellucid from
heaven ;•3 au seem able to touch the stars, so bril.
liantly near do they stand out relieved against the
back ground of an intensely blue shy. Strolling
isn such nights in Mexico, when I saw the sharp
lines of tower and ti :n pie come boldly out with
lape l and even color, almost. as bright, yet softer
than noonday, I has a often been temptcd to say
that the moriolight you gct at home (much as it is
the theme of ports and losers) is but secoud•h•mnd
' stuff compared with that of Mexico. And so with
I the• climates. Between time seashore at Vera Cruz
and the volcanoes, whose eternal snows hang over
' Mexico, you have every climate in the world. In
time valley there is a pc7pr that spring. For six
month-, in the year (the winter months an they arc
' called ) rain never falls; during the other six months
show ems occur almost daily. It is novel hot—
never cry cool—and you may wear your cloak or
y our summer dress the whole year, according to
:cum of your nersm3: s 2. stern. One irle of
the street is always too warm at noon. Cold and
sleeting as it is here in January, the roses are
alre idy blooming fee. lily in tl.e gradens of Mexico.
Nor is there perceptible change of foliage on the
forest trees; the new leaves push oil' the old ones
with a " gentle force," and the regeneration of the
seasons is effected without the process of fading . .
wilting. withering and dying, which makes with us
the melancholy days of autumn," the saddest of the
SINGULAR FACT IS NATURAL HlSTORT.—Botween
four and five months ago, Mr. Robert Ricd, baron
officer of the Honorable M. Stewart, Curable, Scot.
land, having two hivesof been, the one pretty strong,
and the other weak, took it in his head to make an •
experiment with the as cakes!, as it wan not worth
hilltng. He shut up the mouth of the " skep,'
covering it with sir .w, and afterwards covering the
entire hive with earth, in the same manner as n int
of potatoes. The strong hive, during the winter,
took for their sustenance upwards of ten pounds of
sugar. On the 13th current the covered hive was
dug up, in presence of Messrs. John Stewart, wri
ter, John Mitchell, gardener, and others, when,
wonderful to behold, the formerly weak hive was
found in a strong and healthy state. The skep"
was lifted of the board, and there was not above a
dozen dead bees in the lot; and it was truly pleas
ing to see them, when aroused from their dormant
state, flapping their wings and buzzing about, after
being shut up from light and air for four months and
thrteen days. About two hours after being opened.
they were out in swarms busily gathering war.
From the Bt. LOlll5 Rove
THRILLING JOURNAL. •
Copy of a Journal kept by a Suffering Emigrant,
on the California Mountains, from October 31st,
1846, to March Ist, 1847.
TRUCKEY'S LAKE, l'4oc. 20, 1846
Came to this place on the 31st of last month;
went into the Pass, the snow so deep we were un
able to find the road, and when within three miles
from the summit, timed back to this shanty, on
Truckcy's Lake Stanton came up the day after
we arrived here; we again took our teams and
wagons and made another unsuccessful attempt to
cross, in company v. ith Stanton; we returned to
the shanty, it continued to snow all the time. We
now have killed most part of our cattle, having to
remain here till next spring, and live on lean beef,
without bread or salt. It snowed during the space
of eight days, with little interini , sion, after our
arrival, though now clear and pleai ant, freezing at
nights; the snow nearly gone from the valleys.
Nov. 21—Fine morning, wind N. W.; twenty
two of our company about starting to cross the
mountains this day, including Stanton and his
Nov.2:2— Frozc hard laqt night; fine and clear
today; no account from tho , c on the mountains
Nov. 23—Same weather, wind west ; the expedi
tian across the mountains rcturned,after an unsuc.
Nov. 23—Cloudy; looks like the eve of a snow
storm; our mountaineers are to make another trial
to morrow, if fair; froze hard last night.
Nov. 26—Began to snow last evening; now rains
or sects; the party do not start to-day.
Nov. 29—Still snowing; now about three feet
deep; wind west; Lined my last oxen to-day; gave
another yoke to Foster; wood hard to be got.
Nov. 39—Snowin,T fast ; looks as likely to con
tinue as when it commenced; no living thing, with-
out wings, can get - about.
Dec. I—Still snowing ; wind west ; snow about
sip or sic and a half feet deep ; very difficult to get
wood, and we are comple.tely housed up; our cattle
all lulled but two or three, and there, with the
horses and Stanton's ,nuke, all supposed to be lost
in the snow; uo sores of finding them alive.
lice.3—Ceases snowing; cloudy all day; warm
enough to thaw.
Pao s—Beautiful sunshine, thawing a little;
looks delightful after the lung storm; snow seven
or eight feet deep.
Dec. 6—The morning fine and clear; Stanton
and Graves manufacturing snow.shoes for another
mountain scrabble; no account of mules.
Dee. S—fine weather; f•oze hard last night;
wind southwest; hard work to find wood sullicient
to keep us worm, or cook our beef.
Dee. 9—Commenced snow ing about 11 o'clock;
wind northwest ; took in Spitzer yesterday, so
w. all that he cannot rise without help, caused by
stai ration. Sumo have a scant supply of beer;
St nit on trying to get some for Itimselfand Indians;
not likely to get much.
Dec. 10—Snowed fast all night, with heavy
squalls of Lund; continues to snow; now about
sewn feet in depth.
Dec. 11—Snows faster than any previous dry;
Stanton and Graves, with several others, making
preparations to cro.s the mountains on snow.shoeb;
snowci f it Ceet.ou the level.
Der. 16—Fair and pleasant; froze hard last
nuzltt; the company started on snow•shoes to crone
the mountains; wind santhenst.
Dee. 17--Pleasant ;IVin. Murphy returned from
the mountain party last evening; 13t is Vi lliams
died night berttre la,t; MzItOTI and Noah started
for Donner,' eight days ago; not returned yet;
thin!: they arc in the sni..tv.
DLL. 19.--Snowed la>t night, thawing. today ;
wind northwe,l, a hide singular for a thaw•.
Dec.i2O—Clear and pleasant; Mrs. Reed here;
no account from Milton yet; Charlcs rturger Oct
out for Donners' ; turned Inch, unable to proceed;
tough time ,. , but not discouraged ; our htvei arc in
Dee. 2,l—Milton got hack last night from Don.
nern camp; cad neon; Jacob Danner,Samuel Shoe
maker, Rinehart and Smith are dead ; the rent of
them in a low situation; snowed all night, with a
strong south-we>t wind.
Doe.'23—Clear today; Milton took some of his
meat array; all well at their camp Began this
day In recd the "Thirty Days' Prayer:" Almighty
God grant the request of tutwoyhy sinners
Dec. ‘23—Beg in to snow yesterd ty; snowed all
night, and shown yrd, rapidly; extremely difficult
to rind wood; offered our prayers to God this,
Chrutmas, morning; the prospect is appalling, but
we trust in Dim.
Dze. 3)—rmc, clear morning, ; froze hard last
night; Charles Berger died last evening, about 10
Der. 31—Last of the scar; may we, with the
help of God, spend the coming year better than we
have the p -b we propose to do, if tt i= the
will of the Almighty to dtdr,:r us from our present
dreadful sttuatton; Amen. orninz fair, but clouds;
wind east-by-south ; looks like another snort• storm ;
snow storms arc dreadful to us; the snow at pr es.
cat is. cry deep.
Jan. 1, I,l7—We pray the God of mercy to de
liver us from our present ealainity, if it be Ilis
holy will. Commenced snowing loot night, and
snows a little yet; provisions getting very scant ;
dug up a hide from under the snow-yesterday ; have
not commenced on it vet.
Jan. 3—Fair during the day; freezing at tA;gl.t.;
Mrs. Reed talks of crossing the mountain with her
JPII. 3—Fine morning, looks like spring: Mrs,
Reed and Virginia, Milton, Elliott and Eliza. Wil.
hams ,carted a short time ago, with the hope of
crossing the mountains; left the children hero; it
was difficult for Mrs. Reed to part with thorn.
Jan. G—Eliza came back from the mountains
yesterday evening, not being able to proceed; the
others kept ahead.
Jan. S—Very cold this morning; Mrs. Recd and
the others came back, could not find the way on
the other side of the mountains, they have nothing
but hides to live on.
Jan. 10-13egan to Enna- last night; still contin
yes; wind *.vest-north-west.
Jan. 13—Sacivring fast; Fnow higher than the
shanty; it must be thirteen feet deep; cannot get
wood this morning; it is a dreadful sight for us to
Jan. 14—Cleared off yesterday; the sun !think),
brilliantly renovates our spirits; praise be to the
Jan. 15—Clear day again; wind northwest;
Mrs. Murphy blind; Lanthron not able to get wood ;
has but one axe between him and Kiesburg; it
looks like another storm; t.specting some account
from Sutter's soon.
Jan. 17—Eliza Williams came here this morn.
ing; Lanthron crazy last night; provisions scarce;
hides our main subsiatence ; may the Almighty
scud us help.
Jan. 21—Fine morning; John Battise and Mr.
Denton came this morning, with Eliza ; she will
not cat hides; Mrs. sent her back to lire or
dic o❑ them
Jan. 2:2.—Bcgan to snow after sunrise; likely to
continue; wind north
Jan. 23-13Iew hard and snowed all night; the
most severe storm we have experienced this winter;
Jan. 26—Cleared op yesterday; to-day fine end
pleasant ; wind south; in hopes we arc done with
snow storms; those who went to Sutter's not yet
returned, provisions getting scant; people growing
weak ; living on small allowance of hides.
Jun. 27—Commenced snowing yesterday; still
continues to-day. Lewis, ;Sutter's Indian) died
three days ago; food growing scarcer; don't have
fire enough to cook our hides.
Jan. 30—Fair and pleasant; wind west; thawing
in the sun; John and Edward Breen went to
Graves' this morning ; the seized on Mrs.
—'s goods until they would be paid ; they also
took the hides which herself and family subsisted
upon. She regained two pieces only, the balance
they have taken. You may judge from this what
our fare is in camp; there is nothing to be had by
hunting, yet perhaps there soon will be.
Feb. 3—Snowed hard until 13 o'clock last night;
many uneasy for fear we shall all perish with hun
ger; we have but little meat left, and only three
hide ; Mrs. Reed has nothing but one hide, nod that
is on Graves' house; Milton lives there, and likely
will keep that ; Eddy's child died last night.
Feb.s—lt snowed faster last night and today
than it has dune this winter before; still continues
without intermission; wind southwest ; Murphy's
folk.; and Kicsburt say they cannot cat hides; I
wish we had enough of them ; Mrs. Eddy is very
Feb. 7—Celse3 to snow ut List; to-day it in
quite pleasant; McCutcheon's child died on the 2d
of this month.
Feb. S—Fine, clear morning; Spitzer died last
night; we tall bury him in the snow. Mrs Eddy
died on the night of the 7th.
Feb. 9—Mr. Pike's child ell but dead. Milton is
at .Murphy's, not able to get out of bed: Kiesburg
never gets up; says he is not able ; Mrs. Eddy and
child were buried to-day; wind southeast.
Feb. 10—Beautiful morning; thawing in the sun,
Milton Elliott died last night at Murphy's shanty ;
Mrs. Reed went there this morning to.sec after his
accts. .1. Denton trying to borrow meatfor Graves;
had none to give; they had nothing but hides; all
are entirely out of meat but a little we have-, our
hides are nearly all eaten up, but with God's help,
Spring will soon smile upon us.
Feb. 13 Morning cloudy until 9 o'clock, them
cleared off' warm. Mrs. relused to give Mrs.
any hides. Put Sutter's pack hides on her
shanty and would not let her have them.
Feb. 16 Commenced to rain last evening, and
turned to snow during tic night, and continued
until morning; weather change,ible, sunshine, then
light shower, of bail, and wind at times. We all
feel very unwell; the snow is not getting much less
Feb. 19 Froze hard 1.14 night. Seven men ar
rived from California ye9terday evening with provi.
hlollq, hot left the greater part on the way. Today
it is clear and warm for this region ; some of the
men have gone to Donners` camp; they will start
back on Monday.
Feb. 22. Tate Californians started this morning,
twenty•four in number, some in a very weak state
Mrs. Kiesburg started with them, and left Kiesburg
hers; unable to go. Buried Pike's child this morn•
ing in the snow ; it cited tw•o days ago.
Feb. 23 Frozo hard la,t. night; today pleasant
rind thawy ; has the appearance of spring, all but
the deep snow ; wind south southeast. Shot a dog
today, and dressed his flesh.
Feb.2s To-day Mrs. Murphy says the wolves
arc about to dig up the dead bodies around her
shanty, and the nights are ton cold to watch them,
but we hear them how 1.
Feb 2G—Hungry times in camp; plenty of hides,
but the folks Mill not cat them ; we eat them with
tolerably good appetite, thanks be to the Almighty
God. Mrs. Murphy said here, yesterday, that she
thought she would continence on Milton and cat
him ; I do not think she has done so yet; it is die
tres,ing,. Thn t)onners told the California folks,
fmr days ago, that they would commence on the
dead people, if they did ni.t r , ueteed that day or the
nest is, fihdiog thLir cattle, then ten or twelve feet
under the snow, and did not know the spot, or near
it; they have done it ere this.
Feb. 23 One solitary Indian passed by yester
day; came fi om the Like; had a heavy pack on his
back ; gave me live or tic roots resembling onions
in shape; tasted some, like a sweet potato, full of
tough little fibres.
March 1 Ten men arrived this morning from
Bear Valley, with provisions. We arc to start in
two or three days, and cache our goods hero They
say the snow will remain until June.
The above mentioned ten men started for the
valley with seventeen of the sufferers ; they travel_
led fifteen miles, and a severe snow storm came on -
they left fourteen of the emigrants, the writer of
the above journal and his family, and succeeded in
getting in but three children. Lieut. 'Woodworth
immediately wont to their assistance, but before he
reached them they had eaten three of their number,
who had died from hunger and fatigue; the remain-
der Lieutenant Woodworth's party brought in. On
the 27th of April, 1847, the last member of that
party was brought to Capt. Suiter's Fort. It is
utterly impossible to give any descriptions of the
sufTerings of the compa:ty. Your readers can form
some idea of them by perusing the above diary.
Yours, &c., •
Gr.oricr. McKtrsrav, JR
Fort Sacramento, April 28th, 1847,