The Columbia spy and Lancaster and York County record. (Columbia, Pa.) 184?-1848, July 17, 1847, Image 2
THE SPY & COLITAIBIAN. SATURDAY MORNING, JULY 17, 1847 AGENCIES V. B. PALMER, North West corner of Third and Chestnut streets, Philadelphia, Tribune Buildings, (opposite City MHO N. York. South East corner of Baltimore and Culvert streets, Baltimore, arid No. Le State street, Boston. JACOB M. WESTIIAEFFER, Lancaster city. WILLIAM A. PIERCE, Travelling Agent. TO PRINTERS Type, Press and materials for Sale. A first rate Iron Imperial Press, three to five hundred weight of Brevier, such as this paper is is printed on, nearly as good as new ; brass rules, leads, chases, stands, cases, black trough, &e , &c., for sale cheap. Address, Post paid, EDITOR COLUMBIA SPY, Columbia, Pa. DAILY PAPER IN READING.--Mr. J. Lawrence Getz, of the Reading Gazette, has commenced the publication of a daily in Reading, Pa. The number before us presents a neat appearance. It is pub lished at ten cents a week, or two cents for single copies. It is an enterprise worthy of support, and we wish the enterprising publisher the success he merits. =2 We strolled up to the Basin on Wednesday, and were agreeably surprised to find business still so brisk in that neighborhood. The general dullness complained of elsewhere, and which is the more sensibly felt from the recent extraordinary activity, has not yet extended to this place. We suppose, however, that we must take our turn with the rest, for a time at least. Hearing the busy rat-tat of mechanics' tools, we Crossed over to FRALEY'S BOAT YARD, where we found a staunch-looking Section Boat in progress, which promises to be one of 'cm, when completed. A new and substantial bridge has been thrown over the canal, where the rickety old affair stood when we were there last. At SIMPSON'S BOAT Ynan we also found a Section Boat nearly completed. We believe these are the only boats of the kind that have been built here this season; and we are grati fied to be able to say, on the opinion of better judges than ourself, that they will compare favora ble with any that have been built elsewhere. " WALNUT FaoNr."—We observe that our enter prising friend, Mr. Philip Schreiner, has completed the repairs of the property recently purchased by him on Front street, and the building now presents a handsome appearance. A row of four shops has been fitted up with tasteful fronts, one of which Mr. S. occupies for his Jewelry Store. 12:7 - Speaking of Front street,—whoever passes along the vicinity of Capt. Pretsman's clothing store, will be struck with the alteration that has been made—in the store—not in the Ca pta in—he presents the same front as of yore. But the store has been clothed in a new architectural dress, which adds to the beauty of Front street, and speaks favorably of the thrift and enterprise of the Captain. = PROGRESSING RAPIDLY.—The large brick building which is being erected on the north-west corner of Front and Locust street, by Peter Haldeman, is progressing rapidly to completion. The appearance of that part of the town will be vastly benefitted by this improvement. =ZZZ! .I.7.PeRTANT TELXGRAPIIIC bIrROVEMF.NT.—Mr. J. D. Reid, the indefatigableSuperintendant of the At lantic and Ohio Telegraphic Company has invented an improvement in telegraphing which will prove to be a great importance. It is known to all who have business transactions, through the agency of the Magnetic Telegraph, that when the air is sur charged with electricity, it has been impossible to work the instruments, and that the magnets have been seriously deranged and often destroyed by the lightning. These occurrences have directed the attention of Mr. Reid to some remedy. He has succeeded by means of a lightning rod, which is connected with the magnet in such a way as to carry off the superabundance of electricity. It worked well during the storm of last Tuesday.— Mr. Reid is about to secure a patent for the im provement. DREADFUL ACCIDENT.—We learn from the Lan caster Intelligencer that. on Thursday last a most distressing casualty happened to Mr. H. G. Guetter, of Bethlehem, in this state, as he was proceeding in his carriage, with his wife and daughter, on the road towards Litiz. By some means the horse taking fright, the carriage was overturned, and the unfor tunate inmates bruised and mangled in a most shocking manner. Mr. Guetter died on Friday evening, from the wounds received. His daughter is still living at Mr. Kauffinan's hotel, it being im possible to remove her on account of the severity of her injuries. His remains were taken to Beth lehem on Saturday morning ; his wife, who was the least injured of the three, accompanied them. GOT HIS FOOT IN IT. —As some boys were bathing in the Miami Canal, under the Twelfth at. bridge recently, one of them got his foot into a nest of silver and other kinds of watches. Several of them had been valuable, and one contained a diamond, though most of them had been stripped of their cases. One boy got twenty-one watches, another eighteen, and none less than a watch apiece. The canal has not been wholly drawn off thr about a year, on this level, and the watches must have been dropped in within that time. =:=22 A LoNG.\VIDNDED ORATION.—Abby Folsom preached a Fourth of July Oration, of two days' length, from liar chamber window in Boston—com. mencing on Sunday and getting throu g h on Mon day night. The Mail says "she preached enough during the two days from her window, to wear out the lungs of a lion, and make an elephant hoarse. Her physical powers arc tremendous, and her love of the freedom of speech stronger than death." CAP, THE CALCULATOR.—This prodigy is a negro, and one of the greatest wonders of the age. Ile can calculate with case, and without the use of a slate, any amount of numbers. He knows scarcely anything else; seems almost destitute of every Ac uity of mind; divides and adds numbers, from one to a million, apparently without an effort. lie has been erhibited at Cincinnati lately. MAGNETIC BALLOON.—The Philadelphia Sun pub lishes a well twitten communication, entitled, "Brief account of some novel experiments upon Gravita tion, and also a narrative of two Voyages into empty space, by Orrin Lindsay." This Mr. Lindsay pro fesses to have discovered a. means of ascending into the air, to any desired height, by intercepting or destroying the attraction of gravitation. Ile says "Without following step by step, the course and order of my experiments, suffice it at present to say: that I found well prepared steel, a..er being super ficially amalgamated with quicksilver, and then strongly magnetized, to possess the quality of an impervious screen, to the influence of gravitation. In preparing steel for this purpose, the difficulty consists in combining it properly with the quick silver ; the true mode of accomplishing which I do nut intend to reveal until I shall have properly secu red my rights as an inventor, in England and France, as Wallas in my native country, the United States. He constructed a box, one foot square, covered with steel plate thus prepared, which he found to possess buoyancy enough to overcome the atmospheric pressure. This carried up anythieg which it would contain. The first relevant experiment which I made worth while here to relate, was by confining a young bull terrier dog, weighing about fifteen pounds, in the square box before mentioned, attaching a twine to the box, and allowing it to ascend in the air. The dog did not seem to relish this compulsory mode of making him contribute to the cause of science; but up he went, box, twine and all, near two hun. dred feet high, to the length of the twine. I pulled him down and let him ascend slowly for several times. I had all along kept a tight string upon the box, so as to moderate the velocity of ascent; but, wishing to observe the velocity which it might at-. lain, unimpeded, I gave it at last a slack twine. Starting slowly at first, it gradually !increased its rate of ascent (on the same principle as the ascent of a vertical ash pole, sunk deep in the water and then let go,) until it carne to the length of the string, of which I kept hold, by which time, it had aqui- ,I red such momentum as to snap the twine. It con- I tinued to ascend with still accelerated velocity, its course modified a little by the winds, until it finally entered a. fleecy cloud, and was forever lost to my sight." Delighted with the success of this experiment, the inventor set to work to devise the kind of ma chine, upon this principle, in which he might ven ture to make an aerial voyage, and to assist him in earring his plan into execution, lie employed Mr. Abner Josslin, a skilful philosophical instrument maker of Cincinnati. The machine was censtrue cd, and on the 15th of Febuary, Mr. Orrin Lind say cut loose from the earth near Neches and " went up" until he attained an altitude of five miles. " The day was fine, with very few clouds and little air stirring below, but I preceived that I had got into an invisible current, bearing me at the rate of near five miles an hour towards the north-east.— The prospect was grand, beyond my power to delin eate. The deep blue sky, as far above me as ever, still bent over me its hemispherical vault, like an enormous soap bubble. The surface of the earth seemed hollowed out into a corresponding hernia. phrc, in form like the sky, turned bottom side up. The whole country, with its rivers, lakes, fields, fo rests, towns, &c. lay spread out before me, like an • immense concave map. The scenery seemed to rise in the distance, appearing less endless distinct, more and more blue, until in my horizon, it shaded off all around, imperceptibly, into the murky,sinoky blue of the lower sky. I ventured to ascend still higher, and the higher I went, the colder it became, at the rate of about one degree Fain-. for every 352 feet. I could all along, approximate closely to my height, by observing the volume occupied by a small portion ofair, confined by mercury, in a grad uated glass tube, called an air gunge: it being well understood, that at the height of 3,1 miles, the air has half its normal density or twice its volume at the level of the sea ; at 7 miles high, one-fourth the density, or 4 times the volume, and so in the same ratio. Indeed if the whole atmosphere were of the uniform density which it has at the level of the sea, it would only extend to the height of 26,056,1 feet, almost equal to five miles. The higher I as cended the deeper became the blue of the sky, until, at my greatest altitude, it became almost black ; from which it may be inferred, that the blue tint elite sky is solely due to the earth's atmos phere; and had the earth no atmosphere, the sky would appear black." After exploring the upper regions to his own satisfaction, he prepared fur a descent, which was done by opening one or more of the valves tinder the balloon so as to allow the attraction of the earth a chance to exercise its power. Upon descending below the clouds he found himself in a moderate current of air, moving to the south, some ten miles north-cast of Natclics. lie says :—"By judiciously opening an attraction in a direction of lake Con 6ordia, I soon had the satisfaction of ending the balloon moving, despite the wind, in the direction of the Devil's Punch-bowls, at the rate of about 15 miles an hour. Moderating my gait, in due time I caused the balloon to subside gently, and safely, into the big Punch-Bowl; landing at 3 P. M., not ten feet from where I had started five hours before, to the great joy of Josslin, who, losing sight of me in the clouds, had given me up for lost." A second voyage was made on the last day of February, with two persons in the balloon—Lind say, and Josslin, the instrument maker,—which was attended with like results, only this time they made the circuit of the moon, and were up six days. The story is told with all the seriousness of sober truth, yet we must confess that such an alti tude attained by such means, must be owing in a great measure to the influence of the moon, or per haps tho moon story. LE= Srumous Nores.—We saw yesterday two one dollar notes of the Merchants' Bank of Baltimore which had been altered to tens, and so ingeniously was it done as to require close scrutiny to detect the fraud. The notes of the denomination of one and two dollars issued by the Bank are in the form of certificates of deposite, and all those of a higher denomination arc In the usual form of hank notes. A recollection of this fact will be sufficient to detect the imposition. From the circumstance of two notes of this false character being offered at the Bank yesterday it is interred that a number arc in circulation;—Ball, American. POLICE AFFAIRS. Before Justice Spear. Jacob Maurer was arrested on complaint of Jos. Lundy, charged with abandoning his wifo and children in March last, and enticing Mary Lundy to abscond with him. She was only 15 years of age, and is a niece of complainant. Defendant took the girl in the night when the parents were from home visiting some sick friend. It appeared that Meurer and the girl have been living together in Pittsburg, she assuming the character of a house keeper. All parties resided in Bart township, Lancaster county, and the girl's parents are respec table people, as appeared by the testimony. The justice committed Mourcr, and will hand him over to Judge Lewis for a further hearing. George Taylor, on complaint made by a number of citizens, was convicted of vagrancy and sen tenced to twenty days' imprisonment at hard labor. Martin Stoner, a boat captain, arrested for maliciously breaking and injuring Capt. William Powers boat. Parties settled by defendant pay. ing damages. Elizabeth Nailer, charged by Mary Markly with maliciously breaking the windows of her house by throwing stones. She stated that her residence was in Westmoreland county—that she came to Columbia with some boatmen, and was an inmate in the family of Mr. Daniel Miller in the day time. After examining a number of witnesses, she was committed as a disorderly vagrant, and sentenced to 30 days' imprisonment at hard labor. Whilst on her way to Lancaster, she made a violent assault on the constable, but nix kum roux. Mary Winebrenner, assaulting and threatening Cornelia Davis. Held to bail to keep the peace. Adam Kline, obtaining goods under false pre tences, with a fraudulent intention, from A. B. Landis, a merchant in Washington, to the amount of .8E27.76. Defendant paid part of the money, and further proceedings were suspended for the present. John Jolting, attempting to defraud A. Solver out of $lB, by using artful devices to avoid payment, he being fully able to pay. After a hearing defendant paid the amount and was discharged. CANAL TOLLS.—The subjoined statement of tolls received on the public works up to the Ist inst., shows a handsome increase over last year for the month of June, being $11,774 06, and a total in crease up to July Ist, of 85270,261 8.9., STATEMENT of the amount of Tolls received on the lines of Canal and Railroads of the Common- wealth, as per reports of the several Collectors, for the fiscal year commencing the 30th of Nor. 1846, to the Ist day of July, 1847. OFFICES. For Total since June, 30th Nov., 1847. 1846. Easton, 19,624 16 55,567 89 New Hope, 999 05 3,489 44 Bristol, 3,110 21 10,575 11 Philadelphia, 29,552 39 180,311 18 Paoli, 1,209 93 8,668 12 Pa rk esburg, 2,366 95 21,359 61 Lancaster, 4,436 87 42,295 95 Columbia, 33,097 64 137,569 73 Portsmouth, 1,670 34 5,273 15 Harrisburg, 2,507 07 12,100 30 _ Newport., 774 63 3,375 47 Lewistown, 1,858 79 11,568 14 Huntingdon, 1,812 68 9,319 97 Ilollidaysburg, 20,216 10 74,225 41 Johnstown, 27,240 11 89,850 03 Blairsville, 2,199 94 7,222 56 Freeport, 843 36 2,164 3S Pittsburg, . 25,849 60 78,422 09 Dunnshurg, 3,400 85 10,368 92 Williamsport, 1,514 63 5,712 40 Northumberland, 5,2-17 97 23,749 68 Berwick, 16,560 30 34,307 83 Liverpool, 1,575 58 5,814 16 Schuylkill Viaduct, 52 13 189 18 Pourtsmouth Outlet Lock, 216 03 1,180 15 Swataru Aqueduct Bridge, 53 10 259 24 Duncan's Island Bridge, 257 82 1,716 25 i Total, $9.09,327 79 836,688 95 Same period, 1946, 166,553 73 5 66,427 13 841,77.1 OG 270,261 82 Increase in 1847, A FE3III.E SA I LOR.—A girl of about twenty years of age, named Julia Bickford, was examined at the Police Court, this forenoon, on the charge of being a vagrant, and, at her own request, was sent to the House of Correction for three months. This girl had been three or four voyages to sea in male attire, as a common sailor. According to her own statement, she first went a voyage with her uncle, in her proper character and attire, and, liking the excitement of a sea-faring life, on her return pur chased mule attire, and shipped for a voyage to Calcutta, which voyage she performed without her sex being suspected. Since that time, she has been to the West Indies and to ports in the Southern States. She came to this city recently, and donned her female attire, but having no home, being dis_ carded by her relatives for her misconduct, she wished to be sent to the House of Correction. Iler looks are not masculine, other than her lime is em browned from exposure, and her hands and arms are tough and hard as though they bad frequently been dipped in a tar-bucket.—Boston Journal, 81k. =2= THE LETHEON.—The Vera Cruz Eagle of the 23d ult., says •• We had the pleasure•of enjoying an invitation to be present on the occasion of an am putation of two legs, above the knee, on Saturday last, where that great asssistant in surgical cases, the Letheon, was used. The subjects were two men who had been conveyed to the hospital of San Francisco, and the success was a triumph over physical pain. Dr. Barton administered the Lethe. on, and Dr. Porter and a young physician (whose name we are sorry we do not recollect) were the operators. In one case the limb was removed in five minutes and a half from the commeneemnt of the inhala tion to the close of the amputation. In the other a few seconds over that time. Both declared that they had felt nothing during the operation. One of them rather playfully observed, on recovering consciousness, and perceiving that it was done, "that is the way you do it, is it?" This Is surely a wonderful agent, and may be regarded as the most invalua: lc discovery in relieving suffering humani ty, that has yet been revealed." The Telegraphic wires were put up through Steubenville on the 29th ult., and the line is going ahead to completion to Cincinnati, to be completed, as is hoped, in the course of thirty or forty days.--- Mr. O'Reilly erects the line from Pittsburgh to Columbus, and from Columbus to Cincinnati. It will be extended by himself and others to Louisville. At Louisville a line will be formed to St. Louis. FROM SANTA FE. ANOTHER BATTLE.—The St. Louis Republican of July 7 contains Santa Fe news of the 27th May. Major gdmundson, when about 150 miles south. east of Santa Fe, with a force of 70 men, met somo 400 Mexicans and Indians. A batte ensued, and the Americans were com pelled to retreat with the loss of two killed and three wounded, besides losing all the horses bejonging to the party. The cause of this disaster was that the attack was made in an unfavorable position . for our troops. Major E. was compelled to leave one wounded American on the battle field to the mercy of the Mexican opponents, and his fate is not known. Another goveinment train has been attacked by the Indians, and one hundred and fifty head of cat tle taken. This train was commanded by Capt. Bell. Col. W. I-I. Russell, bearer of despatches from Col Fremont, at California, has reached St. Louis. ANOTHER LETTER FROM GEN. TAYLOR.—The Troy Daily Post publishes the following letter from Gen. Taylor, addressed to a citizen of Lansingburg. There is no room to doubt its genuineness, the edi. tor of the Post having seen the original. It con firms the genuineness of the "Signal" letter: HEADQUARTERS, ARMY OF OCCUPATION, Camp near Monterey, May 29, 1847. Dear Sir—lt is with much pleasure that I ac knowledged the receipt of your most interesting letter of the Ist inst., and to which I desire to reply in terms more expressive of my thanks to you for your kind consideration for myself, and yet more so of my high appreciation of the upright and pat riotic sentiments which are the principal tenor of your letter; but I am burdened with official duties, and at this moment with many letters from distant sources, which require attention, and will necessa ril oblige me to reply tu you in a few lines. The Presidential office presents no inducements to me to seek its honor or resposibilities ; the tran quillity of private life, on the contrary, is the great object of my aspiration on the conclusion of the war—but I am riot insensible to the persuasion that my services are yet due to the country, as the coun try shall see fit to command them; if still as a sol dier, I am satisfied; if in higher and more respon sible duties, I desire not to oppose the manifest wish of the people, but I will not he the candidate of any party or clique, and should the Nation at large seek to place me in the chair of the Chief Magis tracy, the good of all parties and National good would he my great and absorbing aim. Sentiments such as these have been the burden of my replies to all who have addressed me on this subject, expressing the assurance that by the spon taneous and unanimous voice of the people alone, and from no agency of my own can I be withdrawn from the cherished hopes of private retirement and trarmility when peace shall return. Please accept, with this, my brief reply, the warm appreciaton and high consideration of Yours, most sincerely, Z. TraLcia, Maj. Gen. U. S. Army: GEN. PILLOW—MORE GENEKALSIER.—The New Orleans Picayune is assured by a gentleman who came passenger in the New Orleans, and one who had done good service to his country, that Gen. Pillow, who left Vera Cruz with a large force to join Gea. Scott, selected the middle of the day for marching a part of the toad, which is the dread of even old soldiers. The sand between Vera Graz and San Juan is over ankle deep, and the rays of the sun in mid-day arc terrific. The result of this experiment upon raw recruits was the death of six men, who were sun struck, and the disabling of near a hundred and filly more. At San Juan so many of the troops were used up that it was pro posed to send them back to Santa Fe, and establish a hospital there. After cnnsultation, and there was adequate force to protect such a hospital, it was de cided to send the men back to Vera Cruz. The Vera Cruz Eagle of the 23d ult. says that some thirty of them had then reached there. In this encounter with the sun the poor soldiers had less chance than even Haskell's command at Cero Gordo enjoyed. LITTLE Plimosornms.—llaying and harvesting will soon be ready for the scythe and the cradle, and in a cloudy morning it is a matter of impor tance to the farmer to know whether it will be sun shine or showers in the afternoon. If the ants have cleared their holes out nicely and piled the dirt up high, it seldom fails to bring a good day for the farmer, even if it should be cloudy till 10 or 11 o'clock in the forenoon. Spider-webs will be very numerous about the tops of the grass and grain some cloudy mornings, and fifty years' observation has shown the writer of this that these little weath cr-guessers seldom fail in their prediction of a fair day. NARROW ESCAPE. --A few days since Mr. Cyrus Munson, of Manchester, Vt., having removed a pump from a barnyard well for the purpose of re pairing it, placed a flour barrel in the mouth of the well, bottom up, to secure it against accidents. Soon after his little son, some three years old, climbed upon the barrel and there commenced playing, speech making, &c., when the bottom falling in, down went the poor fellow through the barrel and to the bottom of the well, seine sixteen fect, with three feet water ut the bottom. A man working in the barn near at hand, hearing a cry and missing the child, made search, and found the little fellow clinging to the stones at the bottom of the well, and thus keeping his head above water. He was im mediately rescued, and happily without injury, save a good ducking in the cold water, and a terrible fright from such an unceremonious termination of his sport, upon the barrel head.— Trod Post. At a recent meeting of the Farmer's Club, in New York, the secretary read from the Belgian Horticulturist, that an onion found in the hand of an Egyptian female mummy, which had been en tombed more than two thousand years, on being planted in a garden, vegetated with great strength.' It. did not vary at all in appearance or quality from a modern onion. So it would appear that in Egypt, two thousand years ago, (as in America at the pres ent time,) onions were onions. It is said if chestnuts arc roasted and ground with the coffee beans, in the proportion acme part chestnuts to six of coffee, that an exceeding fine flavor, iike Mocha, is imparted. BATHING IN Mexico.7--The following is an extract from a letter from the'camt; of the Massachusetts volunteers, published in' the Boston Transcript: "You would be charmed with our encampment, on account of the bathing, if nothing else. All the Matamoros females, high a.al low, bathe at least once each day—generally in the evening, soon after sunset—and as the current is too strong for their delicate limbs to contend against in the river, they resort to the lakes in the vicinity of the city, our lake being especially favored by them. Some of them are splendid swimmers, and I have seen one of them out-swim at least eight of our officers. The Mexican men and women bathe all together and it is laughable to see the women take hold of a love-sick swain and duck him till he is nearly dead. I should consider that a perfect cure for the most obstinate caw imaginable." One scarcely wonders that the writer of the let. ter was " charmed with their encampment." That must have been a rare thing to see eight officers of the Massachusetts volunteers swimming after one Mexican woman. TEE MESMERIZER AND PRE EXPRESS MAN.-A few years ago, before the railroad companies between Albany and Buffalo, d provided the long and com fortable and Wells' Express, the messenger of the latter rode in the passenger cars, "just like any body," and of course encountered all sorts of char acters. One of the firm, whose love of waggery is well known, happened to be going to Buffalo, and was seated quietly in the car when his attention was directed to the conversation of two individuals opposite. One of these was, as it appeared, a travel. ling mesmerizer—a regular "professor" of the "science." He was dilating upon its rapid develop ment—the wonderful phenomena it exhibited—its astonishing eur , tive power for disease—the extra. ordinary discoveries developed through its agency. Finally, he got upon his own superiority as a " pro fessor,"— a congenial theme—and here he was at home. After narrating a vat iety of experiments— some of them astounding, of course—he spoke of the following with a gusto that was irressistible. Said he: " Last week I was going through one of the streets of this very city, (Rochester,) and saw "a man just ahead to whom I was anxious to speak. He walked too fast fur me to overtake him without running, so I just straightened out my arm, con centrated my will, made a pass at him—thus--and he stopped quicker than lightning." " Wit wh.wh-why mister, y-y-you don't call that m-m-m.'uch of a tr-i-'elc, do yon?" " Yes, sir, I rather flatter myself sir, that it was a pretty strong demonstration." " W-w-w-well it don't b.h-g-in with wh-wh-wh what I once did." " Then you are familiar with the science, sir, I presume." " S.s.s-some." " Might I enquire what was the case you spoke of?" " Oh, c-e-c-cer-certainly. Y-y-you see, I li-h-ha 'appened to be up here to B-Batavia once, in tho winter. G-g-going down to the ears I saw a m. a 'n on t.t-t-top of a building, shoveling off snow ; pr-'etty soon his f f foot slipped and d-d-d-'own he came; wh-wh-wh 'en he had got about half way down, I just made a p p pass at him, and it st-'op ped him quicker than powder. I c-c-c.'ame. off with-o-out thinking a-a-nything more about it. If you arr go-o-oing to Batavia, I wish y-y-you would justl-let him down, for I pr.pr-presume hems li-li-h -anging there yet!" AN INFANT MURDERED) DY A FURTU:VE-TELLER.— The Williams county (Ohio,) Northwestern states that the greatest excitement prevails in that coun ty, caused by the wanton murder of a child, under the following circumstances : On Sunday morning lust a child of Mr. Scamp, a farmer of Jefferson township, and was scarcely five years of age, was seen going away from the house with a young man, (D. Heckerthorn) eighteen years old. A little brother of the child came back, and said that his brother, calling him by name, "had gone to the big woods with Uncle Dan." After sonic time, the parents feeling uneasy, began to look for him. The neighbors gathered in to assist in the search, which was continued until some time in Wednesday, without avail, when Heckerthorn, who had been arrested on suspicion, confessed that he had poisoned the child and hid the body. He soon found the spot. The body had been thurst head foremost into a hole cut in the side of a hol low tree. A Coroner's inquest was culled, at which Heckerthorn confessed that last week a fortune tel ler, Andrew Tyler, hired him at fifty cents per day and his expenses, to accompany him on his travel., li and to begin, he must poison this child and hide the body the Sunday following. They would then leave Williams county for a short time, and on their return Scamp would give him something handsome to find his lost child by his magic art. Tyler gave the child some poison in a stick of' can dy on Sunday, when he induced it to go to the woods. In a few minutes the child's face began to grow black, and in fifteen minutes it died. The physicians discovered below the right ear a fracture in the scull ; the neck was dislocated, and it was very evident that the poor little innocent had receiv ed a severe blow on the back of the head with a club. The jury found that the child had come to its death by theyiolent hands of Heckerthorn and Tyler, whd, with one Levi Davis, were committed to jail to await their almost certain doom. It was with extreme difficulty that the crowd could be re. strained from laying violent hands on the old " for tune teller," and tearing him into pieces. Hecker thorn stated that Tyler said he had previously dis. posed of several children in the same way. No less a number of steerage immigrant passen gers than 84,218 arrived at New York during the first six months of the present year, and of these 74,428 have been landed since the Ist of April, giv ing a montly average since the latter date of nearly 25,000. DETROIT AND MILWAUKEE TkLEartaril.—We un derstand that the Telegraph is going forward with an earnestness that insures its rapid completion. The Agent, yesterday, ordered the necessary wire, (132,. 300 lbs.) registers, batteries, glass cups, insulations, &c. for the line from Detroit to Milwaukee. We also understand that the poles, for the whole line, will be under contract by the 20th of this month.— Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 3d. DIAMETER OF TILE STARS.—Great diversity of opinion now exists among astronomers as to the ' diameter of the stars. Jr, says M. itrago, we should take for their discs such as they appear to the naked eye, certain stars would be 90e0 leagues in , diameter—equal to 27,000 times greater diameter than the sun; and at the most moderato calculation would be 1700 millions. Herschel's last calcula lion was that Arcturus had a diameter of near ly four millions of leagues, twelve millions °facile& If the apparent diameter of two seconds and shall; assigned by Herschel to the Goat, was real, the mass of that star must be more than fourteen mil lions times greater than that of our sun. But there is no certainty in this, nor anything to question that our sun is a star. The sublime idoa in the Holy Scriptures that the Creator had made all with num ber, weight and measure, Is followed by Plato, who called it the geometry of the heavens. Halley, the friend of Newton, believed that all stare were ofthe same magnitude—that of our sun; and that dif ference of distance only caused the apparent dif ference of size. The number of stars visible by means of a teleseve of twenty feet of focal dis tance may be more than five hundred millions. It is affirmed by M. _A-:ago that there are certainly stars in the firmament whose diltancs from the earth is 344 and even 900 times greater than that of the stars visible to the naked eye. See what a conclusion this leads to! It is admitted that light, with the velocity of 77,000 leagues a second, takes three years to reach us from the nearest star. And there are stars 344, and even 900 times more re mote ! Then there are stars whose light does not reach as until after two thousand seven hundred years—an infinity in distance as it is in numbers. = VALUABLE FOR HOT CIAMATES.-A gentleman in Brooklyn has discovered a plan by which the tem_ perature inside of a dwelling may be reduced twenty or thirty degrees below that of the outside. He proposes to construct barracks upon this plan for the U.S. Army at Vera Cruz; and by having the soldiers live in a temperature below that in which the yellow fever and other tropical diseases become contagious, lie hopes to save hundreds of valuable lives. From his successful experiments, made du. ing the warmest day this season, we are favorably impressed with its utility. The invention can be applied to new dwellings at a very small expense. This is another aid to proper ventilation. We are happy to see attention paid to such important subjects. The inventor is Mr. Thomas G. Boone, and his method is simple and equally applicable to vessels as well as buildings.—Sci. American. - ANOTIITER RAILROAD IN NEW JERSEY.—WO learn With great pleasure that a Railroad for the vicinity of New Brunswick to Easton (Penn.,) is now in con templation. It is thought that a grade of less than twenty feet to the mile can be obtained through the richest part of the State of New Jersey, opening at the same time a direct communication with the coal region of Pennsylvania. This subject is now in the hands of capitalist, who appear determined to prosecute it with vigor. They have the best wishes of the public for the speedy accomplishment of this great work.—N. Y. Express. THE Tr.csocitru.—The Telegraph, says the Na tional of Monday, has been completed up to this date, seventy miles from Mobile, this way—and beyond Mobile twenty miles. Also, twenty-eight miles from Now Orleans to the Rigolets. If wire can be procured, the line between here and Mobile will be in operation by the Ist of August.—Delto. ID" A most singular fish was caught yesterday at one of the wharves. It was nearly five feet in length and two and a half feet broad; the mouth, one foot from corner to corner, with two rows of small sharp teeth. Under the belly were two claws shaped something like the human hand. On the back part of the head were several horns. None of the large number of persons who saw it, knew of what species or by what name it was called, and but two or three persons ever before saw a fish of the kind. Whatever may be its name it is the ugli est looking customer we ever saw, and should we come in contact with such a monster while in the act of bathing, we should paddle for the shore as quick as possible. It could swallow a good sized boy without much inconvenience.—Bristol (R. I.) Phenix. =2 0J Mr. Pour travelled through four States on the .sth as follows :—Maine, New Hampshire, and passing down the sound was bounded on either side by two others, viz: New York and Connecticut. =1 NEW CLUSTER OF STARS. —The Cincinnati Herald states that Professor Mitchell has discovered a new cluster of stars, o.le thousand in number, to which he Ime given the name of Becchoide. Their ap pearance is singular. They are of a blue tinge, and emit an unsteady light. They seem to revolve in a spiral orbit.. BOW EL Commairrrs occur more frequently during the summer months than at any other period, be cause at this season of the year, the system being debilitated, digestion is not sufficiently active to dispose of the food before it becomes putrified; hence a peculiar acid is generated in the stomach, which is the cause of those horrid diseases called dysen, tery, cholera morbus, inflamation of the bowels, &c. Wright's Indian Vegetable Pills are a natu ral remedy, and therefore are a certain cure for all kinds of bowel complaints; because they cleanse the stomach and bowels from those putrid humors which are the cause of the above distressing cow. plaints. They also aid and improve digestion and purify the blood, consequently, as they remove the cause of every disease, it is absolutely impossible for them to fail in making a perfect cure of dysen. tery, cholera morbus, inflamation of the bowels, &o. Beware of Counterfeits of all kinds !, Some are coated with sugar; others are made to resemble in outward appearance the original medicine. Tho safest course is, to purchase from the regular agents only, one or more of whom may be found in every village and town in the State. rrTho genuine for sato by FRY & SPANG LER, who are the only authorized Agents for Co lumbia. Also, by agents advertised in another column Principal Office. 169 Race Street Philads.