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THE CARLISLE HERALD,
Published overt MunnJoy morning by
WEAKLEY & HADDOCK,.
EDITORS AND PROPRIETORS.
Offio , in . Ithernes Ilall, in rear of the Court House - .
Torme--$2 00 per annum, in advance.
' 'RATES OF ADVERTISINO :
IN 2 oil lig I 4 sql c 1 col
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2 " 1 50 3 00 1 00.3 00 POO 11 00 20 00
3 " 200 4 00 0 00 6 00 11 00 16 00 30 00
4 11 3G0475 5 75 0 75112 50 1800 32 50
5 " 306 5G0050750 14 00 20 18) 30 00
U l . 35011 50 _4%_50_112121115. 50,22 60 37 50
214100. 4OU 750 Bbo 0 50117 50,25 00 49 no
3 . 1, AOO 850 050 10 ficl2o 501:10 on no 00
0 " 750 10 00119 50110 61128 (1014 n On '75 00
1 year. 10 00 15 001'20 00,25 00 1 40 00175 00 100 00
12 lines constiloto 11 wpotrr.
For Executors', and Adolloi,t.ratars' Notices, $1 00
For Audii.ors!.NPtic.'.l, 2 00
Fur Asstgpees' sinillar Notice, - 300
For yer.riy Card+, not e•roodlog six liors., 700
Fur Knuouneenruntl, .05 roots perliar, juniors con
tencted for by t , MC year.
For Buhinessi nod Special Notices, 10 coots per lino.
Doublo column 41.1verthosoents extra.
Notices of )larrtagen and Doaths poblished free.
•A. AM... • .1.3,0 W. B.INeR. , T —. •
ATWOOD, RANCK & CO.,
COMMISSION M EMU ANTS
117130leaalu deal (n•Ft in all kindn or
PICKLED AND SALT FISII
No. 210 North Wharves,
Abor'o Rare ntreat,
W. SCOTT COYLE,.
B• M. COYLE
.1011111 NO AND COMMISSION MERCII NTS,
NO. `_'4 SOUTH HANOVER . 6T.,.C.1 ELISLE.
Thqy have constantly in stock a large
selection of Notions and Fancy Dry
Goods, ladies' and gent's hosiery, gloves,
suspenders, neck tics and bows, white
trimming and ruffling, paper collars and
hote, cap, business, letter, billet,
wrapping paper, envelopes, paper bags,
ti - e - drqgs; fancy soap, huh- oil r
perfume, and an endless variety of knick
All orders will receive pronipt atten.
D R. J. S. ENDER,
Has trinnven him (Niko to Foulk's Coou I . Corn.
of South Hanover mut Pomfret etrtoltn, and opposl
tio• ;wow! Prvsby tenon ehurt.h. 1,0m.69
_AL: • Tolt \ NY Al TAW.
(Milt 0 In South Hanover stroet, oppositr Itontz's tlry
goods store. 10sr70
C: I'. 114ASILICII. WM. B. 'PARKER
IIUMRIC & PARKER,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
Oflice on she, t,iu 3.lariou ti lt, Carltelti. 103e70
J. 11. GRAIL' M
ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS-AT-LAW
No. 11 Routh Hanover street,
11. Graham, late Pre.iitiont Judgc Ulu
Ninth Judicial Distri. t. 1-h:wined iho phictiiic of
law, and no. irinlod with hito his goo, .1. If. Cot
bum, jr. Will prod ion. in tilt- c. Indies irf
Inml, ferry and Juniata.
JAMES M. WEARLEY,
TT 011 E •.1 T-1, All
01 , 1 , 1ri , ,, NO. 22 SOUTH OANOVER STREE'T
ATTOHN AT lAW
unk , No. 7, Rbeem'a Ht.rear of the Court.:Ho
W HOLESA LE AND RETAIL DEALER IN
THY. QUALITY OF
W ESANDLIQ ( 7 (I R ,
No. 41 South Ilanover Street,
JOSEPH MTN ER, JR.;
ATTORNEY AT I,AW AND SURVEYOU
Nlochnnicxtturg, Nt. 011 Ice vn Itallrtml
domm north 01110. Both
Inmitiess promptly :tttriolt,l to.
JOSEPH G.. ; VALE,
ATTu It NEV AT LA W.
VtacticeN in Dauphin and Cumberla
( 0111 It 10%
-- OFFICE—In Voort
I.l:aiding, lu tho of illy r+tablislne
12j Ln7ll y
LAT''LOAN ANL) COLLECTION
OFFICE OF JOSEPH F. CULT El. - k - BRO.
PONTIAC, ILLINOIS. We hove the host of forth.
ties for placing capitol 'on lirst..eloso.lni proem forms
In vt,tlgotiol, and Al...trams furnlnloof irtim
our 11W11 Mlle°. Ten per rent lamest tool ligroi.
payment 'marmot...l. We Mod , c0rr....p0nd...1s in
ev. ry port of thu We.tt, t , hick kin, jokes nn every
Ilty for openly colleenoits.
os 11. O ,' rshom
Peorose,''esq„ it in. .1. C. E. :11n
glauchnit, totil C41'11..1..; ILimilt on Alrle.k., tom.
llorrlsburo. lion. C. P. Culver tool lion. Unroll
ashlntitme: It. C. bleorlM' Stuiirt, Philo
M t n, ChambersPothroy, Nov York -
Air C. HERMAN,
.04-• ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Carlido, PA Ns. fi Rhvon's IL,ll. MOO
JUSTICE Cle THE PEACE,,
Plainfield, Westpoliti.ltoro' township,
Cuntherlitn,l County, Itenn'tt.
All Inthiness,.entrusted to him will receive prornp
ZIT A. LINDSEY,
A T T Olt NEY-Ay-
BUILIWin, IN nr..o or
F. F SADLER,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
. . -
0111 u' next the Good Will
Homo 11.7 r. lOtiettl
WES. B. ITIRONS,
ATTORNEY AND COUNEHILOR AT LAW
°MCI: AND RESIDENCE,"UEEOTII 3110 MEET,
Below iWalnut Street,
Unclassified Ads. ..,
CAMPAIGN cArgs AND
CAPS, CAPES & TORCHES
•Illustiated 'Circular, and _Price
CUNNINGHAM & HILL,,
No. 204 Church Street, ,
, - SHAVINC SALOON
The undersigned having removed his harbor AltRI
Irian Kramer's building to North Hanover streul
betVreen 4.1111 . 0 hotel And 1thI:10131111th & Itupp's ttn
wary eatablishtnent, ctnnounceA that thin roan lin
been greatly unlArged and ,reanalelled,itha lie I
•00m , prapard to Attend to thin wants of nil who inn
patron'so hum jir you wont it dean Nhove, or yot
hair cut antrilfelatod thdlittest Idyl° of tonsorh
art, girolilin a cap. .• •
ATOTT can- obtain Dyd - Stuffs, Porfn
_ll.' Morrell, and Fancy Arlielea, at 'J. B. IlaVer
ntlolex. Phygclano' proecrlptlona carefully cur
pounded et all time
J. B. 11 A VERBTICK;
South. Iptuovlr etruot, Carlisle, Po
N Ew ADVtRTISEMENT, '
Bouquets, Wreaths, Creases, Baskots, Cut Flowers
and other Decorations for Parties, Worldlims,l,4o.
arranged In tho best style of nrt to order.
Ordure by mall promptly C, utE . tended to.. Address,'
• • Carlisle, Pn.
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A. L. &PON&EBB'S COLUMN..
A L, SPONSLER,
Real Elt eta Agent, Scrivener, Conveyancer, Insur
ance. and Claim Agent. Oillco Main Street near
VALIt ABLE iPARDI PRIVATE
BALE —Situated on the Baltimore Turnpike,
five miler Pout.ll7iif'Crifliale, near the village of
Papertown, Cumberland County\ containing. 116
nerea—lately known as the HUTCHISON FARM."
The improvements lire a largo Stone MllllSloll 110000,
11111 k eonvehient out buildituo—lt large Bank Barn,
live Tenant 11°1.re—well of water and Oaten.. Aa
a halt 11,in it Cannel Ile excelled In the county,
having n large apple and peach orchard, together
with pears, cherries, grapes and etrawherries In
abundance, and a good market for the same. The
fine 'oration of the buildings, delightful niece and
plea cant hurroundinga, render it IMO MI the , most
eienirable hounea in the Cumberland valley.
The property 0 111 be (Reposed of upon favorable
trans. Amity to -
MOWN PROPERTY AT PRIVATE
SAM.: —Situated on South l'ltt ,trout, Car•
lige, containing 30 foot in front nod 1101 n depth to
nn ri innrerement , are a
TWO-STORY .13RICK HOUSE,
with a LI NI: had:Alibiing, en:1(3001m; parlor, hall,
dining room and kitchen on the t floor, and four
roomy on fly, rocond, with balcony and garrot—:
in :nth nonoo, !Ink° noon, smoke bowie and other roll.
vu uteri) Out hoihlings nod a good riatern, frog' tree,
and grnpv bun,. Enqnjto of
MIN PROPERTY. FOR SALE.—
AL. Pomfret street, 111101 . 0 Pitt
rfre.t Tlhe lot is 33 feet In front and 210
In deptlN, one of the !mst elegible building lot,in
11.0 1001!.Ilre It
WO-SV . 1 . 1 FRAME DWELLING.
TM terms soul 111.• 1110110 easy. Enquire
:1 ~N"2 110111 Estate Agent.
ITOUSD-70%.TD LOT OF GROUND AT
PIIIIILTE SA L an Wet South
street. Lot 30-by 24111011, 11 WO story brick build.
lug set 20 fact bark front the
,street, 15 by 45 feet
cloptaioing roams on in , b Poor and ma• on the at:
Camenitnt out build Also, hydrant In the yard,
abetolaner of fruit, rollnisting of 'apples; pears,
plum , and t:ltertte... The properly , Is In good ardor
un , t as ill Ile dfv,,,l at op., re asoable terms
Aco)B101)1UUS TWO --STORY.
,),, - 11.1.1 NO ON NORTII PITT
T1;1,1:1 . FOlt_l= A —Containing Ilouldo less
01dortin, lo and t first Iloor,
it , td tin lnl,ivl rib,. I
llit• 0 . 11• 111 vitt and I
11, Nord. Apply 1.11
BRICK RESIDENCE AT PItIVATE
on South lilt street, fluor
Pomfret, n TWO 510111 DOUBLE 111111.'K 110UnE,
out:Onto,: Pnaore, Hell. Dining Room end Kitchen,
on the firAt tloor nod four comfortable roUrlls on the
ee , tool onory. Fruit and flowers in the poll, tu'
row 01if Thu property In In 110111
repnir, Niel will be filepotell of mein the most
renounnble term, Apply to
TWO VALUABLE FAllNlS,witllu
Oro ndloo cfCarllrle. Neves! other honsen
add lonldlnn lots lii Ow borough, awl a hon.° and
lot in Palo low], gill alno be dhipoorol of upo
rankott,ble 0.1..4, by
A I)AIINISTRAiVIIS' NOTICE.
..EA_ Letters til onlinittintrat ion on tine estate
Lent Tre e ,', late or West Pelitislntr‘i' toxvoiilp, d
eiro il, hosebeenl+ , lli'd the Reeled, 01 Olathe
In i.. 1 ounty to It. M. lien dernnu, ',siding in Co
link, and Unmet, Miller. t ridding in Went l'ennsbor
I 0,,, - ..11111, Cumberland roomy, l'n All pernot
In roid .mete will Wenn. , make imtnrdin
payment, and thine baring elitlion se ill prose
them, o'perly, lor redileinent, to
It. M. BEND ERSON,
u liolltlt MILLER,
I iiiie7.ltit Atlnilnintrlttorn.
ESTATE NOTlCE.—Lottors testa.
enentyry on the enntato of Enatintennl Covet, lot
Upper Allon townolnlp, deonowel, hem
toted by the llogisber of eumborland county, le
neenbannbersrenthlieny Inn Now Cumberland borough
I pernnon, lotting Helium agalnyt the maid eentoto tern
ifienl ten pronnennt them, and lieu Indebted to th
to tool, Immollato payment, to
,101 IN 11 COOVER,
.PASTES S. CROWELL.
tIiCUTORS' NOTICE. Letters
tentamontnry on the 'est ete of It. 11. D. Wuntln,
tato of Dickillooll township, deceased, hays been
issued by the not:WA r of Cumberland county, to S.
M. NI ,oils, of Dickinson him nobly, :toil Mrilin R.
Sharps, of Newton tom ;Ishii?. All persons indebted
to mild sot atc "ill picasi make Immediate payment,
and duo, tinting . chains tn' pre.ent then] duly au
to titts.iteil, to the undersigned. 1,1 niatlionent.
S. NI NVOODS,
Sufi. e i, herebygiven that .tho J 0110" ing tr.(
aeeoniitH hale . been liled Joy oftie r.IrTN ,,
~ i :, l h et rr p
day 01 Andled. itch 1, vi 4
" I Thu aecoant of.!. C. Stoll, a...nigher.. of William
1. 1110 10-001.01 of .I!iileidl Eleock, ar,igneo, of
.1.11. IV. Ile-1 , 4k.
The ;0 eloint 'of Matthew 11. Ito3l, needguee of
Tl. • ngediint 01 It. 11 1 11-. on and Samuel (hist,
es el l , uud I , lollr.
The .10101 I,44igitee of doneph
11.411.1.1 ter. .
he . osit of .1. C. Sha k 'o , eligfle.. of ./...neph
7 Th., onl n t lienry assignee rf
IDmrt 11001101 t,
MIMI, 1f../.ntr., I,lllllllilll, of It.
.I'. McClure, a 10naiie.
SCHOOL TAX OF 1872.-'
S. hoot 'lax for the present 3 oar, laft!,) has
hten lerlctl sad /09043rd hy [ha School Directors of
the borot:gli, of Cat liole. and a duplicate thereof
issue.' awl deli, prod to Ilia Treasurer for eollectlon.
The tosahle toptirens of said Sehaol District are
(Itorotoro loathed that the Pre asurer will attend Itt
the County (ourt (Colomissiouers' elllreJ on
\V EllN Eci.DlV nut' THURSDAY, the .
W ENTY•EIO HTLI AND TWENTY-NINTH OF
UtillET or, I, I.llWeen ar(lolli . x of 9 and ft o'clock
of told days, lor the purpoer, of recoltriug nail Du r ex,
tool up to mid dote, Watts may he pAld at the ..thce
of the Tre.,..ort.y. No 111 :glottal Hall" 1.1111,1114 f,
feet :gain of e., On all faxen paid Ott or before
Itlitter dates; at deduction of
FIVE" PRE "CENT
III hr uneh b,r pron,pt payment, end for all taxes
omit. tip, ;moth!, It warrant of duplicato o 11l be
anal, enforelng the roller tont thereof according to
J. W. EBY,
Catlien+, June 17, 1872...
TIIID undersigned having been quali
fied ad eJuntico of the Peace, in how prepared
to attend hi 1111 hotlinere entrusted to him 011 Ice
in Mr. Girl,,', Building, noir the Fannon.' Bank,
in't in rear of rir e tProebyterhin Church. Ruh
-06 Weft street
C%nuHLE, P .
MILITAnY CLOTHING !
GEO. EVANS & OOH
No. - 914 Market Street
ire Companies_& Brass Bands
With 1ELIA111,1 , !1 (100140, at low prides
Samples of gOodA and Photograpic of
Uniforms sent free on appZicialon.
A. quaittity,i;if • • •' • '
SECOND-lIAND 7.61.1AVF, UNIFORMS
Ili gOOd cOnditiob, for'saio very cheap.
POLITICAL 00.4.MP41GN OF. 1872.
GRANT AND WILSON ,
GEAELEY AND BROWN, '
CAPES AND TORCH - EFL
Transparencies and Banners
With Portraits or anyrico for till Parties.
Sink, Bunting and 11111811 Flags of . all sizes U
habit Or made to order. Chinos!, LanNrus of al
sizes and - styles; Paper Balloons, Fire %Yorks, tc
Cantpalgu Clohs fitted out at the Lowest Rate
• - W - M.. F. SOrIEIBLE'S'
40 South Third Street,-Philadolithia.
- SEND FOR CIRCULAR.
41y728tzt . ' • ,
DA.I7iID SMITH, , formerly Justice of
o 'Wade, would announco to tile .numotatio
nroughout. the counts , and-vicinity, that
hie special attention will ho given to tho. collection
and. eottionient of all donne, boOleocconnte,
due not., Ate:, and to wrlting,of,deetle, mortgagde,
innate, ke., and elan to the veiling and renting of
Baal Betatoi Terme moderate. efllco In tho Court'
A. L. SPONS.LBR,
Real Estate Ageut
A. L. SPONSLER,
Roal Estido Agvnt
A I, 81'0:I:SLIM,
We are this week enabled to lay be
fore our readers, in advance of its official
publication, Horace Greeley's response
to the Baltimore Convention. Its tone
may not be relished by thoseto whom it
is addressed, and it will probably be fol
lowed, at-an early day, by a supplemen
tary letter tontatiiing explanations of
the kind which Mr. Greeley is so often
obliged to make. But no doubt can
be— thrown on its authenticity. Its
language will be familiar to the readers
of the. Tribune, and every word will be
recognized as coming directly froth Mr
A. SPONSLEIt, Greeley
Iteal Yxtnte Agent
A. L. SPONSLER,
Real Etanto Agent
A. L. PI'ON'SLER,
IG•aI hmtelte Agent.
W. V. CAN ANACIiII.
Prot hullo tv
• F. A, KE:gEDY,
CantliitiOii Go 9(IS.
Liao 1 VANS k LEEOLI,
THE iv ALTZ OF VON WEBER'4;
13Y . Nona, rznnt
Gayly and gayly rang the gay Manic,
The blithe, glory music of liatp and of born, .;
Tho mad, minty melt, that pet um a dance PK,
Till over the midnight came stealing the morn
Down tho groat hall wentsivnving tho banners,
Waving and waving their red, white and blob,
As tho swoot summer wind surne,blOwing and blow
From tho e;ty's groat gni'dons saloon in Um dew.
Under tho lingo, an tilt( floated and floated,
Under the arches nod arches of flowers,
We two and we two footed and floated •
Into the mystical midnight hours.
And Jost as tho dawn canto stealing and stealing,
Thetirst of the). wild Weber waltzes began;
roan hear tho soft notes now appealing and plead
And I catch tho faint scout of the sandalwood fan
That lay In your hand, your Itantl on my shoulder
At down the great hall, away and away,
All under the flags awl under the arch..
iVe danced and danced till the dawn of the day.
But why should I dream o'er this dreary old lodger,
In this counting room downlit-thle dingy-old street
Of that night or Chat morning, Just there at the
Whole our hearts beat Ili time to our fast 'lying Not?
Mutt IN It thnt brlogn Int that Ncont of enclinot
So fragrant and fresh from out the (tend yearn,
That Just for a moment I'd smear that the Inutile
Of Welter's wild waltzes was etlll In my ears I
What hi it, Indeed, In thrii dnaty, old alley,
Vint bring,no that night or that morning Ind one?
What Ii it, indeedl-1 laugh to conc.', It
4-intud-organ grinding a croaking old tone!
lilt futilely noro or ottfor I caught in tho 11101.1 Ire
hat; Whit,. of Von-Wther's, nod hack It all came,
hat ulglit'or that ihornlrlC, Jura thtreat tho dawn
When I danced the loot donee with, my toot and lost
My first and my last! but who would bclicsc me
down in that dusty old alley to day,
t the talk about cotton, tho markets, the
I should suddenly turn in some moment and say—
That one oratory only had left then lonely
And gray•hearded bachelor. dronmhut of Jures,
Wbrre Om nights nod the mornings, from the dusk
to the downlogn,
Seemed not to the Ini.fc of Webel's wlld hums !
-7147' I . KNOW . ADO UT DEMOO
To an obscure person named James R.
Doolittle, President of the Democratic
National Convention, and John Mor
rissey, John T. Hoffman, Ben. Wood,
'Horatio Seymour, Toni. Fields, Mat
thew T. Brennan, Billy McMullin,
Fitzhugh Lee, Raphrel Semmes, rind
other Democrats :
LIARS AND VILLAINS Saw the
other day a'sukgestion that I would
Probably be the best Democratic can
didate to run against Grant for Presi
dent. I thought that about the most
absurd thing I ever hoard or read. I
the Democratic party were called upon
to decide between Grant and myself, I
know that their regard for what they
must call principle would induce nine
tenths of them to vote against me.
Why? lam a decidoil' enemy to that
party, even in its most respectable as
Point wherever you ploaso to an elec
tion district which you will pronounce
morally rotten—given up in a great part
to debauchery and vice—whose voters
subsist mainly by keeping policy offices,
gambling houses, grog shops and darker
dens of infamy—and that district will
be found giving mlarge majority for that
which ktylos itself the - Domocratic party.
What porportion of the voters at the
Five Points and kindred districts of our
city have usually sympathized and voted
with the Republican and with the Demo
cratic parties respectively?
Canvass almost any township in the
land and distinguish those who take,
from those who fail to take a newspaper,
and you will find that two-thirds of
those Who take, vote Ropublican, while
three-fourths of those who read nothing
but a chance newspaper picked up in a
bar-room vote the Democratic ticket,
and will not be persuaded to touch any
. If there were not a - newspaper nor a
common school in the country, the
Democratic party would be far stronger
than it is. Neither elemeneary instrpc
tion nor knowledge of transpiring events
is necessary to teach the essential arti
.cles of the. Democratic creed r " Love
ruin and hate niggers.". The less ono
learns and knows, the more certain he
is to," vOte'the replier ticket from A. to
To. smoko is a demderatic virtue ; to
chew is that virtue intensified ;'t'o tliihk
rum is that virtue in the superlative.
All do know that there are several hun
dred thousand mulattoe's in this country,-.
•and we presume no one has any serious
doubt that the fathers of at least nine
tenths of them are white Democrats.
And wo hold that" those _Denmerate, if
they will'have yellow children, might
better than otherwise treat the mothers
respectively as wiyes, after the laudable
patterii of that eminent Demociat, Vico
President Richard M. Johnson.
For the last thirty years every Ameri
can slavoholdor on the A frican coast has
accounted himself in politics a Domocrat.
So every ono who chooses \to live by
pugilism, "or gambling, or harlotry, li\ith
nearly every keeper of a tippling liciciso,
is politically a Domoc lit. A. purely
selfish interest attaches the_lowd, _ruf,
fionly, criminal, and clang rous classes to
. - . .
the .Democratic party by the inetinot of
self-preservation, the preservation of
their right to' make gain of others' deg
May it .be'written on my grave that
was never its follower and lived and died
in nothing its debtor..
Mr. Webster was not only a gentl'e•,
man, lllit he bad the elements of moral
greatness; and ho had faults 'as well
He failed only in one respect; and in
this respect•l differ from him—he wanted
to lie President, Mid: I don't. °
We have soon our greatest man, Mr.
Chase, making the same blunder. I
have soon men who had tho disease early,
and died of it at a very pld age. Gen.
Loomis Cass died at about s s2, and up to
the' day of his death , ho wanted to'ho
President., No' ono ever escapes .who,
catches the disease ;`ho lives and dies in ,
the.delusion. Being a reader and an ob
server at an early ago, I saw how it pois
oned andparaimd the Very best,of our
public) men, and have carefully avoided
Wo hold traitors responsible, for the
Work upon Isiah they-Imo 14mi/dated
CARLISLE, -4 ENN'A., THURSDAY. MORNING, AUGUST 8, 1.872
us, and we warn t.em they must abide
the full penalty. The . rebels may-not
flatter themselves that they can enter
upon a war against the Government and
afterward return to quiet and .peaseful
homes. They choose to play the part of
traitors and they must suffer the penalty.
When the rebellious traitors are over-•
whelmed in the field, and scattered like
leaves before an angry wind, it must not 1
he to return to quiet and peaceful homes.
They must find poverty at their firesides,
and privation in the anxious eyes of
mothers and the rags of children.
The riiasses of oar country Men, North"
and South, aro eager to claSp hands
across the bloody chasm which has too
long divided them, forgetting that they
are and must henceforth remain broth-
A thief is a thief—a liar is a liar—a
perjurer is a mmjurer ; and every South
ern traitor, who is morally responsible,
is all three together L. Pray,, do not let
us have any more talk about our " mis-
mxim as taluable in politics as in war.
The Tammany Repuhlicat:. will bog,
bully and implore for arrangem6nts for
prompl local nominations„. Hoar., ex
actly -what they want, and thou—don'
falsehoods with which the ignominious do it !
guided Southern brethren I" There is
one thing which Southern success-cannot
compass, and that is oblivion, in history
and tradition, of the frauds, felonies and
enterprise began. These traitors are
outside the world's respect forever, -
A. Democratic national triumph means
a restoration to power of those who de
serted their seats in Congress, and their
places under the last Democratic Presi
dent, to plunge the country into the Red
Sea of secession and rehellion. Though
you paint an inch thick this com
plexion• gt 3 must conic...at last: The
brain, the heart, the soul of the present
Democratic party is the rebel element at
the South, with its Northern sympathiz
ers. It is rebel at the core 'to-day. It
would come into power with the hate,
the chagrin, the wrath, the mortification
of ten bitter years to impel and guide its
step. It would devote itself to taking off
or reducing tax after tax until the Treas
ury was deprived of the means of paying
interest on the national debt, and would
hail the tidings of national bankruptcy
with unalloyed gladness and unconcealed
exultation. Whatever chastisement may
be deserved by our national sins, we
most hope that this disgrace and humili-
ation will be spared us.
I hold our Government is bound by its
duty of protecting our citizens in their
fundamental rights, to pass and enforce
laws for the extirpation of the execrable
Kuklux conspiracy; Mid' if it has not the
rower to to it, then . 1 say our Gove•n
tnt is no government, but a sham. I,
therefore, on every proper occasion, ad
vocated and justified the Kuklux act. I
hold it especially desirable for the South ;
.and if it doe's not prove strong enough
to effect its, purpose, I hope it Will be
made stronger and stronger.
It is urged by the gomocratio organs
that the law is to bc/ enforced in State
Ad municipal elections. This is done
to make it mom obnoxious, if that be
possible, to their party. But, unfortu
nately this is an error. Tho law apnlies
only to Presidential and Congressional
elections, although wo heartily wish it
could be made to apply to all others
The people of the United States know
General grant—have known all about
him since Donalson and Vicksburg ;
they do not know his slanderers, and do
not care to know them.
Many will -be surprised at the Pres
dent's hearty endorsement of the clv
service reform (in his annual messages)
but ho has been there all along. Tho
President's summing up of the lending
objects of his policy, and especially his
desire to secure a "pui.a and untram-
meled vote, ( ' must appeal cogently tOth'e
judgment and affections of the American
people. He is Abraham Lincoln's lineal
successor; and the l)j)3ar heart beats
"in unrsTA with his administration and
his efforts. , , .
. A good Prftsident would be far more
likely' to obtain a second term through
the unbought credit which a duo enforce
mentsff the Civil 'Service bill, as a law,
would confer on his Administration, than
through' all the manotu'veriug ho could
effectprough power over appointmenti,
heretofore exercised by members of Con
,)yeelievl3 he (Gen. Grant) will
be grateful for , any and all' laws whose
operation will - tend to purify
strengthen his Administration.
The things, however, for which the
Administration ' deserves the highest
credit in connection with the improve
ment in our financial condition, are such
as relate to the carrying out of Grant's
pelicy of honesty - and retrenchment..
When Grant announced his brief and
simple policy for remedying the con
fusion of our financial
began carrying out `practically the pro
-1 gramme he had announced—it was evi
dent we were about to take a long stride
toward the settlement of our troubles.
To say that the expenses of the Govern
ment have been vastly reduced, and that.
the interest has been decreased by
diminution of the debt, is only to give a
hint of the retrenchment that has been
carried out. But those things have told
with immense effect upon' our financial
condition ; and it is to the admirable
policy and action of the Administration
that we owe the improveMent which is
now going en to its conkulemation-
A Democratic paper recently took the
trouble to attempt to show that Grant
nor his policy deserved any credit for the
.brightening financial outfoeffl But Grant
and his policy deserve the 'very highest
credit. Bupposo his polioy had boon of a
different kind from. what it, has been.
Bupposo ho Collected the revenue in the
.negligent Manner of. which we:had 'BO
Much previous experience—supposqt tbe ,
debt had -been • increased as it was in.tho,
Iy,tor part .of Johnson's Administration
—suppose the - wasteful expenditures of
Johnson's time • had been . continued--
suppose we wore experimenting with th,
greenback theory and the repudiation
fraud—does anybody suppose( that our
bonds would .be at or near Par,or that,.
gold would be quoted. at the present
price, or thOt. Our credit would stand
whore it 'deiis ' abroad ? ' .To ask . the
question is to answer It, and to show the
absurdity of the reasoning of the Demo
cratic organ. ,
It is not by the display of-any immense
genius, : or of my gigantic or 'mySterious
"plain!' that -these great r zesults , have
hoen„wrought. R is. be : tho carrying
out of a few-simple principles, tiuslirin
ciples of honesty and ec*my._ There
can ho no more bone - lanaiatural gotiiiis
thau is' found in the pow r to perceive
amitqforce those Inincipl 0.
general Grant has failed to gratify
some_eager aspirations, and has thereby
incurred some intone liatteds. These
do not' and will not fail, and his
istration will prove at least equallivital.
We shall hear lamentation after !amen.
tation over,fis failures from those whose
wish is father to tho thought ;'but the
American people let them pass unheeded.
Their strong arm bore him triumphantly
through the war and into the White
House, and they still uPhold and sustain
him ; they never faiLand never will.
I venture to suggest that General
Grant will be far bettor qualified for
that momentous trust in 1872 than he
was in 1868.
I am not the man you need. Your
party is mostly Free Trade, and I am a
ferocious Protectionist. I might ba
nominated anclj, elected by, ybur help ;
but it would place us all iii a false posi
Nciver do what your enemy wants, is a
Yours, gratefully, -
THE .LATE DEASTI?UOTIVE FE S.
This vicinity has-lately been th ceno
of an unusual sofies of destructiv 4Cros.
Last week we had the extensive one of
the Erie Railway shops, consuming
nearly a million dollars' worth of prop-
killing a bravo fireman and tbroNy-
ing many persons out of work. Tholi
came the burning of the Girls' Protec
tory, in 'Westchester county. Tuesday
brought the great petroleum fire at Hun
ter's Point, destroying thirty thousand
barrels of oil and stripping acres of ten i
tory of the buildings, burning a uumbe
of vessels, involving the loss of
dollars and really threatening such!
swooping conflagration • ati• last year
devastated Chicago. The same night
the fire in Eisnor's slaughter houses, in
Eorty-seventh street, consumed seventy
beeves 'and two hundred sheep, whose
moans mocked the futile attempts to save
their lives. A young child also perished
in the flames. The occuirenceof these
large fires carries its warning. Greater
care is demanded in the coaistruction of
mu buildings to make them less liable
to burn, and far greater caution is re
quired by all using combustible mate
rials. Especially the storage and hand-
ling of coal oil should be 'subjected to
strict municipal . scrutiny, and only
allowed under most stringent regulations,
and in such localities as to obviate the
danger Which ever lurk-s in this combus
tiblo. Only the fact that there was but
slight wind, and that in a : fsvorable
direction, prevented such a catastrophe
as has never yet befallen New York. A
strong easterly . wind would have wafted
the ships on fire, and Which no human
power could extinguish, upoii our East
Rival. shoos.; sotting cnililsl-34-Ing and
that side of the city in flames. Had the
wind been strong from the northwest all
Brooklyn might have been sot ablaze,
with the shipping at her docks:
In view of the extreme_ risk from pe
troleum works and depots it has been
suggested that they shbuld only be toler
ated in•isolated places, surrounded by wa
ter, and so constructed that whorl fire
breaks out-they couldireadily be flooded
or scuttled, so as Zb prevent the spread of
the flames. Thin is a subject which
nearly concerns-the safety of every one's
life and property, and it should receive
prompt attention by the 'public authori
tics. Coal oil in largo quantities is
hardly less dangordus than gunpowder,
audtio less care should ho oxercised by
all who have it in chargo:S—Neio York
THE JAPANESE EMBASSY
the Japanese Junior Prime Minister
Ambassador Extraordinary, with his as
soCiates, some of the, most intelligent am
liberal statesmen of the empire, are tak
ing notes of tho greatness of the Ameri
can metropolis. Their tour, which will
embrace the chief Stales of Europe, is
one of the fruits of tie disposition to
connect their ancient civilization with
the: modern progress of their Western
neighbors and to constitute themselves
ono of the living national powers Of the
time. Philadelphia has entertained the
Embassy in form. Mayor 'llall has
wisely forborne to initiate any such
municipal bahquet itahoir honor as that
which sbme years ago disgusted the tax
payers and fuddled the politicians. The
courtesies which have greeted•the Em
bassy hero have not been ef the formal ,
sort involving ostentatious display, but
have been civil and sincere, tendered, by
our foremost citizens, and expressing to
our trannYaeillc neighbors how sensible
wo aro of the great advantages to accrue
from the cultivation of
relations between the two peoples. Scant
time has been nllowed the Orientals to
become acquainted with the resources of
our city, but enough, wo doubt not, to
. pleasant impression, mud when
they leave us this evening fel* Boston we
.bollevo it will be with the desire to re-
turn and make Now York a longer vie
New York '
A TEXAS colored jury Wore told by the
Judge to retire and "find a verdict."
They went to the jury room. The' slier.
Iff and several others standing outside
hoard the opening and shutting of draW
ors, the slamming Of doors, and other
sounds of unusual commotion. At last
the jury came back into, the court, When
tlio foreman rose and said : "Massa
Judge, we have done looked every whai
in the, draw's • and behind the do', and
can't.flnd no verdict. It warn't in the
room." • ,
A. i'An'Anute.mt is:going ~the rounds
about a girl in Chnster, - Verinont, dying
from tight lacing. An editor, Commei3t
ing on the lad, slue ; Those comets
should be done away with, and' if the
girls can't live yeithout being. squeezed,
wd slg)posd ;mon' could be found who
would Haeriii4 thernselveii. 'As'old as we
aro, Vio Iv:mid rather. devote three hours
a day,..without a cent of pay as a brevet
'corset, than spo those. girls dying 'off in
thnt manner. ;Office ilQlllii almost any
Wee.' That's our sentiments to a letter.
. sax FIIANCISCO . 'imported 5,000,000
:Boutti Boa oranges last year, and re
ceived elm& as many,Morn. from Flow•,•
OrA CalifOrnim .
1-_I33C. ,PAIL lIAMIL_TAN
Well, when yoq_con . 3o to that, the cap
is pitiful.: To think of Baby Harry abdi
nating in favor,of this minute mass of
scarcely animated nature f Harry, all
brightness and quickness and sturdy
strength, all determination and purpose
and eager liking and definite will4and
this little lump of flesh and flannel noth-
ing but (iroates nnd, folds and bulgings,
and rumblings, and a irk: at, that !
But Harry tlio,AigriSnimous knows
not euvyings nor jetdO'nsios.: Ho caresnot
for mown and,
.theprie, , admit : es his little
sister vti,thwlnke4l.ilod enthusiasm, and
shows her off to visitors as if-sho were a
panortuna and ho the oshibitor. " Bat's
hot: , itair," rubbing up tho golden haze
that clouds her he4d. " See her eyes I"
and he pokes his dimpled finger into the
staring, , blinking orbs, under a firm con
viction that it is an ontiro novelty for
babies to have eyes.
They are ctrange creaturls, these ba
bies. You do not expect t em to walk
and talk and turn out their toes and be
generally decorous ; but it does seem as
if 'they might kloe , enough to Ism, their
heads'f Dm droginng, tliarslintillfirs.
They do not. True, I never k'now
baby to jerk its' head oft, but no thanks
to baby. From honorable, even Christ ,
inn motives, from a benevolent desire to
evince your sympathy with the fond pa
rent, you hold out your arms to receive
the proffered infant. For an instant all
goes well, but the next, without warning
or provocation, flop I goes the head back
over your arm with a jerk, as the
vertebral wero resolving theinselVes-into
original and phosphorus. Am
a baby i es so voluminously dressecl
that you can never be sure you have
clutched the real article unless you take
it by the neck, which hardly agrees with
baby, though it is the faverite4node of
hail hog kittens. The . trouble is, there
nothing humah about a baby. It has
no sympathy, no love, no ,hope nor fear.
It sometimes contorts its face into a
grimac'e which partial friends fondly
call a smile,.but it is just as likely to be
followed by a scream as to subside into
sobriety, and it certainly looks as Inueli
like pain as pleasure. No, there is no
good in talking about it. The baby be
ing subject to cold and heat and hunger
and thirst, must be warmed and fed and
sheltered ; but as to being. interesting,
an to comparing it with Harry 1
But the wonder, the marvel, tho mira-
cle (?) Eastern jugglers show you a palm
tree bursting the soil, - branching. to the
heavens, putting forth loaf and bud, and
before your eyes ; but a baby is more
wonderful than the palm tree. For the
change has come, so flue, so subtile, that
your eye can not see it. Even while you
were looking, • even while you wore revil
ing the little atom, it ceased to be an
atom. Imperceptibly, undetected, the
microcosm put off its impersonality
stepped into the ranks of humanity. The
midget has found her,soul. In hec eye
Is recognition, in bur Bmilo emovcs;lou.
How it came about mono can tell ; but
yesterday she was Isolated, and to-day
she is linked with fill the world) Oh,
but now she strikes' out gloriously into
life, and puts her foes to shame ! •No
more aimless lopping heads NI. her, but
a stretching anirsettingin all directions
whlthersoever she would' - rusti—Ley--ro- •
searches Now for parentSwid nurses
who shall be humble and meek in spirit,
and willing 'to follow nature, and not Set
theories founded on their own conceit.
We shall never.cease to havejthe church
broken up with dissensions between old
school and new, the state fuming over
tariff and tax, families tore with inter
nal dissensions, until we bring up chil
dren logically. Wily can a man he logi
cal when 'his parents' were continually
interposing to , make him illogical from
his infancy? A child should be permit
ted to follow out his own conclusions
The adult world agrees that it is not
polite to interrupt. 'Phe learned world
understands that the sequence of thought
is not to be lightly disturbed. Let us .
take our politeness and our philosophy
into the baby world. The little sister is
gaxing.,r steadfastly at the chair. Her
blue eyes are fixed and, bulging. You
will immediately begin to toss her and
coo to her, distract her attention, and
prevent her solution of the problem of
the chair. So her mind loses the power
of fixation, end by-and-by you will have
an unreasonable and unreasoning woman.
on your hands
I, on the contrary, reverence her
maiden meditations, hold my peace, and
simply, and silently watch her. Pres
ently she stretches .out her tiny hand.
:Nattnie is fumbling for the evidence of
touch as well as eight. But she can not
quite reach the chair. She leans for
ward. I obey n,ture and let her clip
toward the chair. She feels it all
with the experimental bands. She ap
plies to it her little toothless experimen
tal Mouth. Of course she drools some
what on the silk cover, but it is far more
important that a child should be brought
up logically than that a phair should be
kept unspotted. She' evinces 'a desire to
investigate the lower part Of the peat.
Thorongliness, a disposition to' go to the
root of the matter, dontinuity of alien
tion, aro traits whici},ctur not be too
highly valued or tq6 fully cultivated,
She leans out and strikes forward with a
force that . shifti her centre of gravity.
.Nature, as if for; the very purpose of
aiding her in the pursuit of knowledge,
has made her utterly without fear. Wo
adults should not dare to look over.a cor-'
responding precipice; but she, with blind
faith in the unseen. holding-back power'
of the universe, flings, herself forwrird.
I do not falsify her faith, but gather her
long' petticoats,' for Shah ease made and
provided, into mcrhand,.and'hold her as
she descends head-first to look' at the legs
and rungs of the chair. Prejudiced_aud
self-conceited adults mak; a. great out ,
ory,..as' if you Wore lotting the, baby
down to'perdition ; but it Is pure logic.
want her to continuo herinvestigationa
So long as they havirinterest for her:
You talk about her 'brains. why,-tier
brains are hiller bend, Ad trirning.her
upside down is not going 'to take them
Mit: , Does not :nature knew as much
about her brains as you andl, and would
she impel her •dOwnward mid keep , her
'fuMbling and stretching and staring if it
was not. a good thing to do? 'Only be
humble and not self-conOeited, and baby'
wiWpresontly give a sign that she 'is
thtei4glewith that branch of the subject
70ady to, cOme right side up with
And up she comes, bright and Betio
flea, to give the lie to all your narrow
brain.—theories, and prepared to' study
the next subject with the attention which
befits s reasonable being.
And she has suddenly blossomed into
bbauty. There bd who think she was
ahvays beautiful. "The baby is splen
did I" says doting partiality, while as
yet uo unprejudiced person can soc„aught
but shapelessness and diseolorationa
head sunk in shoulders, a pudgy, puffy
wab. But the wab has unfolded like a
flower. The stately head rises from the
shapely shoulders, the yellow furzootEls_
into silken hair. The nose asserts it
self, the mouth unfolds and curls into
Cupid's bow, the plump and perfect arm,
the dimpled, dainty baud rise and reach
with matchless grace, or lie folded in
tender repose. She looks and _listens :
what spirit in the erect head, in the
straight and supple neck 1 what bold
out-look in the eagle oyes I what brill
iancy of tint; what purity of texture I
It is a statue of breathing marble, but
nlO yet so line and fair,
n test petal• of the rose so
soft. And all her 'whiteness is suffused
with the bloom of life. She recognizes
the voice that speaks, the face that gazes,
and her Pose breaks into movement.
Leaps a sudden light into the eyes' un
fathomable blue. The tiny rose-bud
face is shining all over with smiles.
Logs and arms, and the whole lithe
little body, are astir and aspring, It is
the far-off hidden heart that as yet has
uttered no word of love, but feels in its
fastnesses the gre . at throb of human
sympathy, and darts oil its swift and
glad response. say, more than that,
the shy little, coy little woman, the
Sleeping Beauty that a score of years
will scarcely waken, breathes oven now
00 the unconscious air, and baby turns
quickly away--from the too- fervid-sum:
shine of your look, and buries her happy
face in nurse's sheltering shoulders.
PEOPLE . who are such fools as to stake
their money on horse races might have
their oyes opened a little by reading such
a fact as this, which is told of Mr Har
per, the owner of Longfellow, and his
white rider, before the race at Long
BraUch. The old' - man observed some
thing mysterious; but said nothing. He
telegraphed to Kentucky for t colored
boy, who had driven Longfellow before,
to be sent immediately to Long Branch.
He arrived ; but not a word was
and the white rider was dressed for the
contest with Harry Bassett. Then the
old man told him that he thought the
colored boy could ride better that day
than he. The
.colored boy was dressed
in a moment, mounted .upon Longfellow,_
aud won the race. And now comes the
conclusion : . The white boy was seen by
Mr. Harper to have a roll of money,
showing that be had been tampered,
Cupar Bsuias.—A. funny joke, and all
the more palatable as its truth can be
vouched for, says an exchange, occurred
at a prominent dburCh in this State.. It
seems that a worthy deacon had been
very industrious in selling a new church
book, costing seventy-live cents. At the
service in question, the minister, just be
fore dismissing the congregation, 'arose
and said :
' All you who have children to baptize
will picas& to present , them next Sab
The deacon, who, by the way, waa
liWe derif, having an eye to selling the
books, and supposing the pastor was re
ferring to them, immediately jumped up
and shouted :
' All you whb havon't,any can get as
many as you want by calling on nib, at
seventy-five cents each.'
.4 UTORPOGRAPHICAL SKETCHOF
NEW Your:, October 6, 1828.
Di. t Sin :—Your very kind letter of
the fifteenth ultimo, was duly received,
and also your argument,in the case of
Ivey vs. Pinson,l have read the pamph.
let with much intefent and pleasure.
in composed tvith maFtorly ability. 01
this theta can be no rpubt ; and without
presuming to give 3.,,n3. opinion on a groat
case still sub juclice, and only argued
before me on one side, I beg leave to ex
press my highest respect fur the
reasoning, and doctrine of tho argument,
and my admiration of the spirit and
eloquence which animate iL My atten
tion was :very anuch fixed on the perusal ;
and if thorobo any lawyer in-this State
who can write a butter argument in any
ybint of view; I have not the honor of his
As Unfit() rest of your letter, concern
ing' my life and studios, I hardly know
(What to say or _do. ' Your linter and
• t,itnent and character and name, have
impressed me so favorably that I fool
every, disposition to oblige you if it be
not too nuieh at my own experts°. My
attainments are of tine ordinary a char
actor, and too far limited, to provoke
curiosity. I havo had nothing more to
aid me in all my life than plain method,
Prudetiee, temperance and steady, perse
vering .diligence. My diligence was
more : romarkablo for being steady and
uniform than for the degree of it, which
never was mmossivo, so as to impair my
health or eyes, or prevent all kinds of
innocent or lively recreation.
I would now 'venture to state briefly,
but very' frankly, and at your special do-,
sire, somewhat of the course and pro-,
gross of my studious life. I know you
can not but smile at times at my simpli
city, but I commit , myself to your in
dulgence and honor. •
I was cc uentod at Yale College,. and
graduated, in 1781. I stood' as wolf as
any in my class; but the test of scholar
ship at that day was' oontomptib le. I
was only a very inferior classical scholar,
and we were 'not' required, and to that
day I had never looked into any . .Grook
book but .the ,Now Testament. My
favorite studies 'wore 9cogrhphy, Ms
tory, Poetry, Bella; Lottrel etc. When
the College was broken up'und dispersed
in July, 1770, by the British, 1 retired to
a cbuntyy village; and finding .Black
stoue's Commentaries, I road the four
voluMes. Parts of the work struckany
taste, and th,o work inspired mi) at ylio'
ago ; of sixteen with awe, and I fondly de
termined to be a lawyer. November,
I'7Bl,- I was placed-by rnifethor with Mr.
(non , called Judge) Bendon; 'who was
then Attornity,.Genorai at Poughkeepsie,
lon tho banks, of the Hudson; and in my
native county of Dutokess, Here I on. long since discovered them to, have boon
tered on law, and was tho, most modest, , slight and hasty productions. I wanted
steady, industrious - studonthat - such - a judicial labors to teach me precision. 1
place ever saw. I read the following dropped the course after one term, and
works : Grotius and Puffendorf, in large soon became considerably involved in
folios, and made copious 'extracts. My business ; but was never fbnd of, uor
felloW-Eitudents, who worn more gay and much distinguished in, the contentions
gallant, thought me very odd and dull of the bar.
in my taste ; but out of five of them four I had commenced in 1.786 to be a zeal
died in middle , life drunkards. I was ous Federalist. I road everything‘on
free from all dissipation, and chaste as
pure, virgin snow. I had never danced,
or played cards, or sported with a gun,
or drank anything buk water. In 1782
Iroad Smollett's HiStory r ef England,
and proculio`d iice. farmer's libuffe, whereT
boarded,, Rapin's brig° folio) and read
it through, and I found during the course
of my last summer among my papers my
MS. abridgement of Rapin's dissertations
on the laws and customs of the Anglo
Saxons. I abridged Hale's History of
the C - - imon Law, and the old books of
Practice, and road parts of Blackstone
again and again. The same year I pro
cured Humo's History of England, and
his profound reflections and admirable
eloquence struck most deeply on my
youthful mind. I extracted the most
admired parts, and made several Volumes
of MS. • I was admitted to the Bar Of
the Supremo Court iii':7artutity, 1785, at
the ago of twenty-one, and then married
"without ono cont of "property ir for
my education exhausted all my kind
father's resources, and left me in debt
$lOO, which it took me two or three
years to discharge. Why did I marry ?
I answer—at the farmer's house where I
boarded, ono of his daughters, a little,
modest, ldvely girl of fourteen, gradually
'caught my attention, and insensibly stole
upon my affections ; and before I thought
of love, or knew what it was, I was most
violently affected. I was twenty-one and
my wife sixteen when we were married ;
and _that "-charming _and lovely girl"
half boon the idol and solace of my life,
and is now with me in my office, uncon
scious that I am writing this concerning
her. We have both had uniform health
and the most perfect and unalloyed do
mestic happiness, and aro both as well
now and in good spirits, as when wo
married. We have three adult children.
My son lives with me, and is twenty-six,
and a lawer of excellent sense and dis
cretion,-and of the purest morals. My
eldest daughter is well married, and lives
the next door to me, and with the inti
macy Of one family. My youngest
daughter is, now of age, and lives with
me, and is my little idol.
I went to house-keeping at Pough
keepsie in 1785, in a small snug cottagy
and there Ilived in charming simpliefty
for oight years. • My practice was just
-about sufficient to redeem me from debt,
and to maintain my wife and establish
ment decently, and to supply, me with
books about as fast as I could
read them. I had neglected, and
almost entirely forgotten, ray scanty
knowledge of the Greek and Reman
classics, and an accident turned my
attention to them try suddenly. At
(now the codiflor for Louisiana), and he
had a pocket Horace, and read some
passages to me .at some office, and
pointed out their beauties, assuming
that I well 'understood Latin. I said
nothi', but was stung with shame and
mortification ; for I had forgotten even
my Greek letters. I purchased immedi
ately Horace and Virgil, a dictionary
and gi arumar r and the Testament, and
formed my resolution promptly and de
cidedly to recover the lost languages.
I s'.l lied in my little cottage, mornings
and d. cheated ono hour to Greek and
another to Latin daily. Isoon increased
it to two for each tongue in the t enty
four hours.- Illy acquaintanc with 't
'i.anguages increased rapidl . After 1
had road Horace and Virgi 1 turned to
Livy for the first time in y. life ; and
after I -had construed the Greek testa
ment, I took up the Iliad, cud I can
hardly describe to this day the enthusi
asm with which I perseveringly read and
studied in the originals, Livy and the
Iliad. It gave me inspiration. I pur
chased a French dictionary and gram
mar, said began French, and gave' an
hour to that langilage daily. lappropri
ated the business part or the day to law,
and read Coke Lyttleton. I made copi
ous notes. I devoted evenings to English
literature in company with my .wife.
Front 1788 te. 1708, I steadily divided the
day into five parts, and alloted thorn to
Greek, Latin, law and business, and'
French and English varied literature. I
„best of the Greek, Latin
and French classics, as- well as the best
'French and English law books at band.
I read Maohiavel and all -the collateral
branches of English history,. such as
Littleton's Henry the -second, Bacon's
floury the seventh, Lord Clarendon on
the Great _Rebellion, etc. hevea sent to
England as early as 1790, for Warbur
ton's Divine Legation and the Lusisd.
My 'library' which started from noth
ing, grew with my groWili, and it has
now attained to upwards of 3,000 vol
umes ; and it is pretty well selected, for
there is scarcely a work, authority or
document, referred to in the three vol
umes of my commentaries, but what has
a place in my own library. Next to my
Wife, my library has boon the source of
my greatest pleasure and devoted attach
The year 1793 was another era in my
life. I removed from Poughkei3psio •to
the city of Now York ,, with which I had
become well acquainted ; and I wanted
to get rid' Orthe..ienciimbrance of a dull
law partner at Poughkeepsip. But;
though I had been in practice nine years,
I had acquired very little property. My
furnituro.and library wore very scanty,
'and I had not $5OO extra in the world. ;
But I owed nothing, and canto to the
pity with a good character and With a
scholar's reputation. My- newspaper
writings and speeches in the• Assembly
had given mo somo notoriety. Ido not
believe any human being over lived with
more pure and perfect domegtio repose
and simplicity' and. happiness than I did
for these nine yours,
I was appointed' Professor of. Law in
Columbia College late in 17011, atuithis
drew mo to •deoper legal researches. 'I
road that year
,in the original Bynker.
shock, Qulnctilian and CiCero's rhetorl-,
old Werke, besidee reports -and digests,
and began the compilation of laW loo
a a' course in 1794-9 to about forty
gentlem of the first 'rank in' tho oity.
They wore very well received, but I `have
NUMi3 c ER 32
politics...l got the Federalist almost by
heart, and became intimate with Hamil-
ton. I entered with ardor in the Federal ' -
politics against prance in 17931 and my
hostility to the French democracy, and
ID French power, beat with strong puls
ation down• to the battle of Waterloo.
Now you have my politics. ' ",
I had excellent health, °Wing to the
love of simple diet, and to all kinds of.
temperance, and never read lato at night.
I rambled daily with my wife over the
hills. Wo were never asunder. In 1795
-we made a voyage through the lakes—
George and Champlain. In 1797 wo ran
over the six Now England States. As I •
was born and nourished in boyish days
among the Highlands east of the Iludifon, ,
I ,have always loved rural and wild '
scenery ; and the sight of mountains,
hills, woods and streams, always on-
chanted me, and does still: This is
owing, in part, to early association, and
is ono secret of my uniform health 'and
cheerfulness. In 1790 I began my offic= -
ial fife. It came upon me entirely unso-
licited and unexpected. In February,
1790, Governor Jay wrote me a letter
stating that the office of Master in Chan
cery was vacant, and wished to know
confidentially whether I would accept.
I wrote a very respectful, but very
laconic, answer. It was that I was con
teutto accept of; the office if appointed.
The same day I received the appoint
ment, and was astonished to learn that
sixteen professed applicants were all
disappointed. This office gave me al
most a monopoly of the business, for
there was but ono other 'Master in Now
York. The office kept me in petty do- ,
tails and out door concerns, but Was
, profitable. In March, 1797, I was ap
pointed Recorder of Now York. This
was done at Albany, and without my
knowledge that the office was oven vd
cant, or expected to be. The first I
heard of it was the appointment an
nounced in the papers. This was very .
gratifying to mei because it was a judi
cial office, and I thought it would relieve
me from the- drudgery of practice, and
give me a way . of displaying what I
' know, and of being useful entirely to my
taste. I pursued my studios with in
' creased application, and enlarged my law
library very much. But I was over
whelmed with office business, for the :-
Governor allowed me to retain the other
office also, and with those joint duties,
and counsel business in the Supremo
Court, I made a groat deal of money that
year. In February, 1798, I was offered
by Governor Jay, and accepted, the office
of youngest Judge of the Supreme Cenrt.
This was the summit of my ambition.
My r object was to retire back to Pough
keepsie, and resume my studies, and
ride the circuits, and inhale the country
air, and enjoy °throb cum digoilate, l'
never dreamed of volunies of reports and
written opinions ; such things were not
then thought of. I retired back to
Poughkeepsie in the spring of 1708, and
in that summer rode over the western
wilderness, and wag delighted. I re
turned home, and began my Greek and
Latin, French, English, and law classics
as formerly, and made wonderful pro
-1 gressin books that year. •
1 1 In 1799 I was obliged to move to Al
bany in order that I might not be too
much from home ; and there I remained
- stationary fetwenty-fod , years.
1 on I. came to the bench there were
no reports . or state precedents. The
opinions from the bench wore delivered
1 ore leans. We bad no- law of our own,
and nobody knew what it was. I first
introduced a thorough examination of
cases, and written opinions. In January,
1799, the second case reported in first
Johnson's Cases, of Ludlow vs. Dale is a
sample of the earliest. The 'Judges ..
when wo that all assumed that foreign
sentences were only good prima facie.
I presented and toad my writteh opinion,
that they weie conclusive, and they all
gave up to me, and so tread it in coni.f
' as it now stands. .This was' the con)-
, mencoment of a new plan, and then was .
laid „the first stone in the subsequently ,
erected temple of our jurisprudence. '
, Between that time and 1804 I rode my
share of circuits, and attended all the
terms, and - was never absent, and was
always ready in every Case by the day.
• I read, in that time, Vette] and Eincri
gon, and completely abridged the latter,
11:1 0 11:d : popious digests of all the new.
En 'ali sports and treatises as they
came out. I made much rise of the
Corpus Juris, and as the Judges (Living
,ston excepted) knew nothing of Froueli
or civil law, I had an immense advantage
over 'them. I could generally put my .
brethren to rout, and carry my point by
my mysterious wand of French and civil
law. The Judges wee Republicans,
and .very kindly disposed to everything
that was Frenchl, and this enabled
me, without exciting any " alarm or
jealousy, to make free .use of
such' authorities, and thereby..enrieh
our commercial law. I gradually ad
finked proper directing influence with ,
rcly brethren, and the volumes in ,Tolnu
on, after I became Judge in 1804, sho'w
it. The first'praotice was for each Judge
to give hie portion of the opinions when
we all agreed, hut/that giadually fell off,
and for the two or three last years be—
fore I left the bench, I gave the most of,
them. I remember that In Bth -John
son All the opinions for one, term. are
"Per Ouriani." The fact is,' I Wrote
them all, and proposed that course to
avoid jealousy . ; and many "'Per Igu)i
am" opinions are inserted for that rah-,
Many of the cases doellibd during, the
sixteen' years I was fa thn goroMe
Court wore labored by me most unmerel
fulli; but it was necessary, under
circumstances,' to Subdue opposition.'
,We had but few American procodentss
our Judges Were7.Demooratio, and my
brother Spencer particularly, of a bold,
vigorous, dogmatic mind,: and (Ivor•
oaring mannbr, . English authorities
did not stand-tory high In those foveridh
times, and this led 4 nie a hundred - times
to OttOMpt, to beat down OPpositicine or
alumna it, lik — oxltursting research' and
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