Carlisle herald. (Carlisle, Pa.) 1845-1881, November 30, 1871, Image 1

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Continued from last Week
DAVID S. WALfiii-cii,
I live in Southampton township ; d am
•a farmer ; I live + mile from Kiehl's ;
am uncle of Mrs. Kiehl by marriage ;
saw Mrs. Kiehl pretty often: when I
passedtho door ; I saw her on Sunday
before she took sick, when I was going
to church; I didn't hear anything else
but what she Was able to do Int work ;
I saw her frequently - ; she appeared to
be able to her work; I saw her again
on Monday ; I was to haul hay for Mr. '
Fleury Myers •;--he is my brother-in-law ;
• I started early in morning, got there;,
very.early ; Kiehl came and helped to
'load hay, and while we were loading the
hay ho toldme his wife had taken sick
in evening ; had been vomiting ; said
the'hogs had got in lot ; she had been
after them, and that had caused it ;-
when - I came back Mrs. Kiehl was sit
ting on back porch reclining on her
hands ; I knew that was not her habit
of sitting, and 1 chlled back • whether
she was sunning herself. I then passed
on home ; I next saw her on Tuesday
about 4 o'clock ; she was sick ; was kind
of thrOwing up ; she complained of
burning in throat and breast ; tallied
to John Kiehl ; I told him iT it were niy
case and my woman, in that 'situation, I
would go for the doctor ; he said she
did not want the doctor; just before that
I asked her whether She wanted a doc
tor ; she said silo could not get along
that way
_much longer ; I told Kiehl ;
ho saidhe just came down, and she said
she did not want a doctor ; I told him I
would go if ho said so; he did not say
that-I should, and then I wont home ;
I. saw her again on Wednesday about
the middle - of - the - day-;- she - was -very_
sick ; I did not see the color of the
vomit ; her mother came, and I did not
go up'; her expression when I saw her
was wild like ; lier eyes were dim and
glaring—about last April I had a con
versation with Mr..K., when I was roll
ing my oats ; John K., was fixing up
fence between my farm and Myers' ; he
came to me and we got into talking ; he
told me there had been a talk about
him ; I asked him if it was um, and he
said not, but he said it was sonic person
down the country ; he said he was three
times' seven, paid his debts, and kept
who he pleased ; he told me his wife was
taken suddenly sick one evening at the
table,"if - thade her throw up, he jumped
up and stired up the applobutter to see
if there might not be a poisonous bug in
it ; he said to me several times, this one
included, that bei' thought his wife would
die suddenly - ; -. 1 -- know Kate Myers; I
silty her and John Kiehl together at a
hay stack ; i did not come out as early
at dinner time a 5 usual ; I returned to
the Mild about 2 o'clock ; I saw Kiehl's
wagon beside the hay stack ; i saw no
ono about, I started my horses, and hol
lowed at my horses, then Kate got up
on the wagon, and he commenced throw
ing hay from the stack to the wagon.
Cross examined by Mr. Miller.
This was on his farm ; I did not see
anything improper, only they were not
at their woik ; after the load was full,
they got on the hay and road closely
together by my field, this was about'
November, 1870 ; this stack was abott
500 yards from Kiehl's house, was second
field above the barn ; I am related to - the
Donors.,; John. „„was , ;, not_ penurious_ or
stingy - with . * ; - hi was auihiltistriois .
saving mail, was not cruel in his nature
I was at Kiehl's house about 4 o'clock
Tuesday ; my wife was there ; Kate
Myers was there ; I was not there when
Dr. Nevin Caine ; Kate asiiisted him in
!miffing in the hay which was nothPag
unusual ; I was on the East side of the
stack ; I don't know that the West side
was SWied; if lie was on that side
cutting 'clown spoiled hay, I could not
have seen him ; I don't know from what
I saw of the stack which eithiof it would
spoil ; I don't know, that I started the
story about poisoning ; I did saythat
wished I was out of this case, might
have said .I would give $5O if I was out
of ; Donors and I talked about lilting
the body after • she died ; I did not
arrange with Donor before Sarah died,
to have her body taken up and have
Kiehl arrested.
Court adjourned at 7,1 o'clock.
Court Ina at 9 o'clock a. m.
Dit W. W• Navin, sworn:
I live in Shippensbm•g ; I am a prac
ticing physician ; I have practiced over
20 years ; I know John Kiehl, the de
fendant; knew his wife ; on Tuesday,
May 9, about noon John Kiehl called on
me ; he said my wife is sick again ; , 'She
has that old palpitation of the heart, you
can hear it beating all through the room
and she had stain vomiting and purg
ing ; she was taken sick on Sunday even
ing •, that she had taken a powder. and
went out to chase pigs out of genial!, or
lot, and come in sick ; ho said the pow
ders that she got were from Dr. Bixler ;
they wore notlike the powders she re
ceived from Dr. Zitzen' but he (Bixler)
said they would have some effect ; I pro
scribedfor her gave her tannic acid ; he
did not ask me to come out to his house;
said he wanted powders; I spoke about
the inipropriety of prescribing without
seeing the patient, 'but did not propose
going out ; don't know that he made
any answer ; he didn't ask mo to go out
to see his wife ; there was nothing said
about my going away or the impossi
bility of my going to see her; I had not
just returned from the country ;_hadn't.
been away for several hours before ; on
Tuesday afternoon about five o'clock
Mehl called at my office and said the wo
men want you to go out to•see his wife ;
I visited Mrs. Kiehl ; got there soon
afterwards ;
went immediately ; I - found
Mrs. Kiehl in bed ; a quick, irritable al
most indhitinet pslso ; the tongue was
coated and swollen ; great-tenderness iu
region of stomach, with a burning sensa
tion in stomach extending tip into her
throat ; her extremities were cold, and
covered with a domain) , perspiration ;
she had a disposition to faint or swoon
when her head was elevated ; she had
violent-vomiting and Purging ; the mat
ter vomited was - a yellowish brown fluid
mixed with Mumma ; I gave lier pills
of Calomel and opium, applied a blister
on the stomach andmustard applications
to the extremities ' • early on Wednes
day morning Mr. Kiehl called at my
house and said that his wife was no hot
ter ; I visited her and found her in al
most the situation she was the evening
previous and renewed the blister and
mustard applications • in the e afternoon
about 3 o'clock Dr. Stewart 'vfisited,. her
in connection with Myself and appeoVing
of my treatment, it was continued with
the addition of small pieces of ice hold
. in month and . 'port wine; on Thursday
we visited her twice ; -she had groat op;
pression of breathing and an intense •
burning in her throat with the 'greatest
possible difficulty fui swallowing any
thing ; there was almost a total suppres
sion of secretion of urine, another symp
torn which attracted my attention was
contraction of pupils ; which were con
tracted to a remarkable degree ; she died,
I understood on Friday morning' about
.3 o'clock ; I last visited Mt's, • Kiehl bo r
tweett'4 and 6 o'clock Thursday after:
noon ;. she throW up any liquid or any
thing- taken Into the stomach ; during
my presence she frequently asked for.
water, and complained, of thirst ; she.
said at ono time she cpal& not see; that .
it was all dark before her oyes,
Cross examined by Mr. Miller.
"Kiehl came for - me Wedmisdak morn
ing before I was up to go arid, see his
wife ; gavelfri. Kiehl 1 graincalomel•
and grain opium In each pill I I think'
1 loft about 6 pills, probably 8, to be
taken .1 every 4 hours; I directed John
as to the time they wore to be taken;
the first time Jolth called I sent out tan
nic acid and opium sent .no calomel at
that timo ; I presume we proscribed froth
6 to 10 grains of ealomel.while I was at
,;tonding her; I treated her for ante,
. .. ... . ... ..- - , .
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A' '
.• _
Igastro enteritis ; Mr. Donor, father of
deceased, visited use about Mrs. Kiehl
on. Monday ; Mr. Donor called about
o'clodk p. m. on Wednesday at my Oleo,
in company with -Mr. Waltriek--the
witness who was on - the stand last even
ing ; ho said he wanted me to go out
to see his daughter, and bring-some per
son with me ; I - .asked him who hie
daughter was, and he' said Mrs,. Kiehl ;
ho said I was alr.right, but I want
another doctor; I asked him why he.
wanted another doctor ; ha said, "did,
you see the powders she had been talc- ,
ing ?" I answered 'tno ;" ho then said
" I wish to God you had. She must
have another doctor right away ;" I
asked him who he wanted ; lie said "it
makes no difference, any person ; I sug
gested my friend, Dr. Stewart ; I think
Dr. Stewart Went out with hint ; Mr.
Donor went down, to toll Dr. Stewart,
Mr. WaltriCk -'reMaining a moment ; I
said "the old gentleman thinks tis
daughter is poisoned ;" he replied " yes;
he does ;" he then said there were some
powders in a box in the cupboard ; when
the women went to look for them they
had disappeared ; Steware,and I visited
her;- I told Stewart of -Doher's auspi
cions, and requested him to examine the
case eardfully in re,gartl to her general,
health previous to the attack, what
medicine she has been taking; and what
effect it had ; his examination was thor
ough, and found she has been suffering
with indigestion for some time, that she
had been taking medicine from Dr.
Zitzer, but the last medicine was froin
Dr. Bixler ; this is what Mrs. Kiehl
"that the powders she got front Bixlor
always Made liar sick at the stomach ; I
kept her' bowels loose ; she had been eat
ing pie on Sunday for breakfast, and at
diver •bread and—coffee and sausage ;
after consultation we concluded the symp
toms she was suffering from were such produced hy irritant or cor
rosive poisons, but_ they might 'be pro
duced by other causes, and all that we
could do was to ,treat the symptoms as
they presented themselves.
Cross examined by ,1!r. Miller.
Mr. Kiehl said when he came to my
house, his wife had taken a powder and
theii went to chase the pigs from the
garden and it made her sick ; Mrs. Kiehl
said nothing about this to. me ; let the
cause be what it may, the disease was
nothing more or less than acute gastritis ;
- at that stage of the disease, I would
have treated her for gastritis ; of I had
been satisfied it had been poison, 1 would
not at that stage have administered an
antidote, there was purging I supposed
from the poison or other cause.
Re in Chi,./'.
A poisonous dose of arsenic adminis
tered would cause death by gastro enter
itis ; I think-the symptoms as manifested
to me arc such as would be attending,
poison by arsenic.
Cross era i ned
This gastritis might come front other
causes than poison, but the symptoms
are peculiar to arsenical poison. -
Pe in Chief. '
When I - arrived at Kiehl's the beating
of Mrs. Kiehl's heart was so feeble I
could scarcely hear it when I applied my
I reside in Shippensburg ; am a prac
ticing physician ; have practiced for 40
years ; I knew -John Kiehl partially;
never saw him but twice ; 1 never saw
her before being called in ; I was called
to visit her on the afternoon of the tenth
of: May . ; I went otit in company with
Nevin Ct found hlrs. .Kiehl ex
tremely ill ; this was Wednesday ; she
was suffering from what I conceived to be
active intlainu.ation of the stomach and
bowels; her prostration was extreme ; I
had an intimation from Dr. Nevin that
Mr. Donor Suspected imison. had been.
administered; I asked her what had
Veen the condition of her health previ:
ous to this attack ; she said it had not
.bcen good ; I asked her when the vomit
ing commenced ; she told mom Sunday
evening ; I asked her whei.e she was
when ebb was attacked ; she replied that
she had gone to the barn to do sonic
work, that she saw the pigs in a lot. con
venient to - the barn, she went into the
lot to turn them oat, and there vomited ;
she said nothing about running after the
pigs ; 1 was anxious to know whether
she had been suffering from indigestion ;
I asked her how her stomach felt after
she ate ; whether it felt heavy and full ;
her reply was that it did ; I asked
whether she' was troubled much with
winff on her stomach ; whether she
rifted much, she said she did ; asffed her
what she cat for breakfast on Saturday
morning ; her reply was sausage and
pie ; I asked her what she ate for din
ner ; she' said meameakes, and some
thing else; asked her what condition
her bowels were generally in prior to
this attack ; her reply was that she
thought ,the powders she. was taking
kept them open ; I asked her how her
stomach felt after she took'those pow•
ders, she replied it felt bad ; I asked her
if she ever had attacks of that kind be
fore, her reply was twice, but not so bad •
she articulated with great difficulty and
effort ; complained of a great deal of
thirst and. burning sensation from her
stomach to her' mouth ; her stomach ro-
tained cold water but a moment; Dr.
Nevin had blistered her stomach the day
before, it produced slight vesication
but uo redness; • endorsed fully the
course of mailagement pursued by Dr.
Nevin, with the suggestion that pellets
of ice be substituted for the cold water;
in-our conference I agreed with Dr.
Nevin filly that it was a well marked case
of active inflammation of the stomach
and bowels, that a..disease.of that kind
would be produced by irritating poisons,
and might be produced by other causes,
such as a very hearty drink of cold wa
ter after the system is heated, or in a
stomach of impared tone by indigestion ;
that our business 'was to treat the dis
ease as we found it.
Cross examined.
I think I said to Dr. Nevin that what
she had eaten on Sunday morning, in
view of the impaired condition of her
stomach, was adequate to produce in
flammation of the stomach and bowel's,
or tho_ symptoms in this case ; 1 may
have said wo had no evidence that it was
riot -a case of poisoning ; didn't say . I
didn't think it was not ; was asked 6 3 i.
Mr. Sadler for the history of the ease—
l:Ole-they a post worteus examination
would disclose anything ; I wrote - that I
didn't din - licit would ; this is the letter
I wrote to Mr. .Sadler. [Latter read to
jury, as follows : 4.-
CAntaux, May 16, 1871.
Dear Sir—As a
_personal favor would_
you please give_ ' by return
mail, your impressions as to the cause
of Mrs. Kiehl's death, who died on, last
Thursday or Friday near your town (she
was the daughter of Mr. Donor—a client
and friend of mine) ? also the circum
stances which gave rise .to your impres
sions? And in case you think it *as
probable that poison 'was'adibiulstered
whether it would develop wilting to
have a post mortein examination made:
If you will give me your views in the,
matter they shall .he confidential in so
far as you may desire, and 'if over possi
ble I shall reciprocate,
ThiB the, lottor.l,Nmlto in. roply to
Kr. Sager
Bnrr'rEnsnutto, May 16; 1871.
W. F. Su)Lan, Mg, "
D4,a1 0 . 6tr :-1n reply to yours I will
statd :that, on Nednesday evening, the
tenth instant, I was ,called upon by Mr.
Doner, and ' reauosted 'to moat . his
daughter, in company 'with her physi
cian, Dr. Nevin. ! On the way to see her,
I. learned . from the:: Doctor ,that the
friends had some suspicions that 'Mrs.
Kiehl, had been poisoned'; that she and
her husband hannt been living pleas- . ..
anti?' ttigether, 'and that he had maul-
Tested great roluctanceand unwillingness
to have a physician,calledi that she had
been violently, attaekedon Sunday-Oven-,
inn, and' thathe"(Nevin),' had not boon
Sum:honed. tis Visit !her .untilltlie :follow
imr Tuesidayr, :evening, finding, her - ex.
tremely ill, suffering 'from' inflammation
of the stomach: When I - saw her, she
was 'almost in - "artioulo .mortiii," and
incipient gangrene. (as a,consequence of
the inflammation) had set in. Itnowing
the suspicions' or her friends, ',made a
rigid examination of her situation, and
propounded- quite a number of pointed
questions. The result of 'toy inquiries
was that ber health had not boon good;
having Suffered for some . time . from in
digestion ; that she bad eaten is pretty
hearty breakfast' and -dinner, of ' food
difficult of digestion, the day on ' which
she had boon attacked, which in . My
opinion was adequate to produce in
flammation of theetomach and ~bewels,
and whilst her disease was such as might
and. would 'ho produced• by irritant
Poisons, it Might also bo by . food; difficult
Of digestion, or even' by a-hearty drink ,
of cold water, when the system is heated.
In my practice it has been frequently
MY lotto meet With just such -cases, the
result of imprudence in caking ; and, in
the above case as it was presented to our
notice, there was nothing to indicate the
administration of poison- As regards.
an autopsy, in my opinion, 'nothing
could be developed but inortifloation of
the stomach. She vomited very fre
quently during Sunday night and Mon.
day, and an analysis of what she then
ejeeled would alone prove the pxistenco of
poison, Wit did really exist. If any - was
administered, it must have been either
arsenic or corrosive sublimate - (bichlorate
of mercury) or of this class, as the brain
and nervous system were not involved.
I saw Mrs. Kiehl again, its company
with Dr. Nevin,. on Thursday morning
and evening, and that night she - died.
That her husband was censurable 'for
the indifference he manifested by his
unwillingness to summon medical aid,
when not only his wife, but his neigh
bors, also, urged it, will be admitted by
all, and that there is a strong feeling
- against him, in-his-immediate neighbor,
hood, evidently produced by the above
cause, in connection with the unicind
trOatinent, which. chiefly leads to the
Yours, very truly,
In chief.
I should think the person who had a
weak toned stomach having on Sunday
morning partaken of heavy food would
have fat oppression the next day ; I CX
amined the tongue ; preternaturally red;
don't think it was swollen ; the face pre
sent44l a pinched, contracted' ciliression
—natural consequence of vomiting ; the
vomit was a brown mucous fluid ; the
burning in the throat was the only indi
cation her case presented to my mind
that I couldn't reconcile with the view
that-the-disease-might-IvvelmempTo= -
dnced by indigestible food or cold water
-this in connection with liar difficulty
in swallowing ;. the administration of
morphine would produce the contraction
of the pupil of the eye ; do not know if
arsenic would produce it ; there was no
.putliness under the eye ; there was noth
ing unnatural about the eye that
I reside in Shippeusburg ; am an un
dertaker and cabinet maker ; I prepared
the wife of Mr. Kiehl for burial i she
was buried at the Lutheran church, at
Centrevilld ; did not use any arsenic to
prepare her body for burial,idier body
was in an excellent state.
CrOR:4 examined by Mr. Graham.
I never used arseniein preparing bodies
for burial.
'Di. : A'. ' , 73: Kieffei.; a:ffirzna
I reside in Carlisle ; have ~been a
practicing physician for 20'years ; I was
employed by Mr. Smith, the coroner of
the county to make a post mertew ex
amination of,Mrs. Sarah E. Kiehl, dp the
twentieth of May, 1871, went to Centre
ville to do it ; the body was identified by
her father, John Dotter ; we first noted
the general appearance of the body ; 1
was assisted by Dr. Liingsrlorf, of Centre
ville, the body was full; the skin was of
a purplish line, very much mottled with
greenish tints hero and there at points ;
the blood vessels immediately under the
skin especially over the chest and arms
were patuirms, fiat and irregular—very
much discolored, the abdomen was some
what distended, but not extensively; the
eyes seemed protuberant ; there was con
siderable purging of animus matter from
the mouth and nose ; this of course we
washed away ; the countenance then
looked.,natnral, except the protrusion of
the eyes ; the lips wore purple with a
deep reddish tint ; there was swelling on
each side of the neck, just below the
ears, with softening indicating rapid de
composition ;e then proceeded to a
regular autopsy ; I made an incision
from the breast bone to the tubes so ffeep
that I reached peritonean sack ; I then
carefully punctured the peritonean sack
with a small knife and a very small quan
tity of offensive gas escaped ; I then
carried two incisions on either side, the
one along the edge of the ribs, the other
along the spine of illium ; the object of
that was to expose the organs as they
wore naturally ; the transverse colon (a
large bowel above the stornaph passing
over it) was distended with gas, turd was
empty ; the external surface of the
omenturc (a web over the bowels,) was
dry, and looked as if it had been pressed
dry by a soft towel ; the transverse
colon also had a very congested appear
ance ; the blood vessels of the stomach
and bowels -were unusually large; the
stomach and bowels were also unusually
dry in theirappearance and; also, very
much congested ; the blood vessels of
the stomach and bowels--were, also, dis--
colored .or a purplish hue 'with ddep red
-and-- yellowish - intervening' - spaces ; thd
general appearance is to be understood
as purplish ; the blood vessels of the
peritoneum were natural ; we then pro.
ceeded to an examination of the chest ;
I removed the sternum with the cartil
ages of the ribs, entire ; the external ap
pearance of the organs of the chest were
healthy ; we now opened tho pericardium
(covering of the heart),; the heart seemed
natural, but on handling, the nmscpar
fibers were flaccid; not soft in the ordinary
acceptation of the word, but destitute
of the muscular (triunes's. The heart was
now removed carefully and put in a clean
vessel ; I inserted my lingers into the
cavities of „the heart and found them
empty did not peifform the hydrostatic
test; I carefully examined the longs,;
they wereNhoalthy, except slightly Con
gested ; the stomach was next „tied at
both extremities and carefully removed
entire, and.pladed clean vessel ;
section of the small bowels' renioved. in
the same. way was placed in it; the
liver was datnral iesize ; free from Or
ganic les9ns,-4mt externally unusually
dark ; the all-ladder seemed natural 4
partially empty and 'Presented - a Soft 'and' ,
shrivelled appearance. Having•. made.
"several' sections, through the lobes of the,
liver, this organ was also removed and,
Placed in a clean vessel; we now pro
ceeded td examine the bowels, and found
marked inflammation, extending along,
their entire course ; inflammation not
uniform but in patches, from 'one-fourth-
Inch square to seven.or eight inches in
surfice. It, consisted of congestion of
the blood yesselii of the internal' and
external coats alilfe, and in color of
a light pink, from that to 'a yellowish
and purplish, gangrenous' hue ; ,, more.
markell, however, on the mucous or
side coat, or lining the bowels wore freer
of. feculeht Matter ;:they were 'empty,
except that they contained a'very• email
quantity of fluid of a darkish, yellowish
color; we carefully .examined the kid-
neys, .pancreas, fed -spleen, and_found
them healthy we. next proceeed to'
cixamine the genital crane trad - the blad-
Adjourned at el p, m., to ;meet at gi
Court mot pursuant' to adjoirtnnient;
Dn. S. B2Nti.l ottn, recalled.
We first' removed the genital organs
and bladder carefully, by first dissecting
the fold bf the fierltoneum. which. covers
the ovary, and then dissecting
. oat the
womb; the broad • ligament,' the vagina;
the bladder and theJntanal urn"
removed thorn .togothov4 ,Tho-
and urinary organs were healthY, eicept
that there was 'n'flaceidity of the Minion
! lar_ fibres of the bladder. I then de
tached the bladder carefully and placed
it in a clean vessel ; -there was an ens
largement, however, of theloft fallopian
tube, it being More than ten times its
-natural diameter, but evidently*, con
genital or natural as there wore no -indi
chtions of disease •about it. We next
proceeded to examine the head, having
carefully removed theeraninm, the mem
branes of the brain were healthy-,the
blood vessels were. slightly turgid, but,
no signs of inflammation ; carefully re,
moving -the • membranes
,the surface of
the brain:looked natural ; we made sev
eral transverse. sections through the
lobes, and finding no evidence of die
ease,:the autopsy closed, The condition
of. the blood. was dark and fluid —a-pe
culiarity in this case besides the dryness
of the. bowels and , peritoneal. folds was
.the.absenee of sraellfrom the cavity of
the abdomen.. The organs reawed were
placed in the hands of the coroner,-
David Smith, osq., and the autopsy cies
ed ; the stomach and sectionof small intes
tines,together With the liver, the heart
and the bladder, were placed in - hands
of coroner . ; I proemcd one self-Sealing
glass jar ; the others mere ordinary cap
jars; there were four in I carefully
washed them myself; Dr:Longsdorf and
I gait them 'in ; covered the jars with
clean white paper, and then placed on
the caps ; I located the seat of diseaSe
which caused'death in the stomach ; the
death was caused by acute gastro enter
itis;, this is a very rare' ditiease, and
seldom occurs as an idiopathic disease,
but - isiti my experience, almost always
by either some acrid, irritant or corro
sive substance; but this case, especi
ally, I did not believe to be idiopathic,
because we had extensive inflammation
of the stomach .and bowels; , the sur
rounding circumstances would not war
rant such a conclusion__. ' we,
said that we believed it haveto hem
induced by some acrid or poisMions sub
stance, and we think so still, for the
folloWing reasons The congestion of
the blood vessels and the inflammation
were confined exclusively to the coats of
the bowels ; and although the bowels
had this gangrenous appearance, they
were not really gangrenous, and though
this WaS - 111110 days after death, they re
tained almost their original consistency
and firmness which could not have been
had there not been some modifying or
preserving agency ; 'besides there was
not the ordinary softening of decompo
sition which would necessarily follow
'death from ordinary inflammation at
that period, as would have beets evinced
by the presence and escape of gas ; by
mean Buell - as
would have , been induced by cold or
food ; 1 would regard arsenic as such an
agent as would preserve the bowies from
gangrene at that stage ; also chloride of
zinc, corrosive sublimate in a poisondes
dose, and there are a number other such'
Cross ciansined.
I account for the gangrenous appear
ance, in the absence of gangrene, partly
as the result of the inflationation
and capillary congestion kept up
by the Capillary congestion a consid
erable while, mainly by the• acrid
secretions from the stomach and bowels
themselves, caused_jiy reflex nervoek
action.; and 010+phi-flyby the excessive'
flow of bile carfs'ellf'hy excessive vomit
ing and the discoloration thus caused by
absorption .; there would be nothing spe
cific in arsenic to cause a flow of bile,
but bile would be elimimnited by repeated
efforts at vomiting ; the disg,orgepient of
the gall bladder—being. partly empty
and shriveled—in the first place indicated
excessive flop of bile ; the °peculiar dis
coloration orthc duodenum and Annette,
and the very green appearance of the
peritoneum about the liver, and the,face
of the liver itself all indicated an ex
cessive flow of bile into the system • I
think the bile in cminection with die"
acrid secretions were what gave those
peculiar discolorations to the stomach
and bowels, that in, the gangrenous yel
low cast; the left fallopian- tube was
enlarged by nature ; I did not regard it
as cau,Qp,l by disease ; I thong - 11'k it was
congeln i tfil ; the fallopian tube at the
extrenikty of the womb is the size of the
bristle of a hog ; it enlarges to the size
of a quill, then contracts and expands
again like. the mouth of a trumpet ; this
tube, like any other organ, has its owe
peculiar anatomical structure ;
it is
lined with mucous membrane and which,
under distension or enlargement by dis
ease, would be changed in its character;
I opened this fallopian tube from end to
end, and finding the mucous membrane
natural I could but believe it was con
genital, and not from disease; it is
proper to say that the stomach sym
pathizes With the derangement of
other organs ; vomiting may be produced
by disarrangement of the other organs ;
the fallopian tubes are very import
ant part of organization. I would call
this a congenital deformity ; I have no
means ,of determining absolutely
whether flaccidity wan ante mortem or
post mortem ; it could not have been so
-flaccid biffore death as we found it, but
-there may have been'such a tendency-3 -
a heart so soft could not have performed
its functions, and death Must necessarily
have ensued at once, and that suddenly,
if it had been soft before death ;
ante mortom flaccidity would have
something to do with palpitation of the
'heart ; it would cause irregular action of
the heitrt ; palpitation of the .heart is
sometimes irregular action,; there . are
not many deaths from palpitation of lbw
- herirt ; therd'arenifirry fiem oig3iiic die
eases of the heart ; palpitatmon does pot
necessarily arino.from organic disease of
the heart; palpitation very often ac:
companies disease of heart ; palpitation
may be a symptom of organic disease in
heart, and it may not ; we didn't open
the stonmach,; we did open some of the
bowels ; time external appearance' of the
stomach watt, the
,same. as external ap
pearance of bowels ; there was no ap.-
pearanco which would justify any one
in. saying unconditionally that arsenical
poison was the cause- of death ;
nothing but the 'apparent gangrenous'
appearance and yet do gangrene there
would indicate that death was caused by
arsenic more than -any other cause ; the'
surroundings—the gangrenous . appear
ance and yet no gangrene . ; the . dryness
of the bowels and.Peritonenni, and the
inflamination being MO, cepfltied en
tirely to coats of bow;,18, were tamehNive
to my mind .that arsenic was present ;
had I not ,ICIIOWII whose, body tve ,tycre
examining,. I would have been driven to
the Conclusion' that
,gasteo. enteritis pro
duced by arsenic had caused death,
-and also 'that the person had lived
a: long time alter , taking
,It ; I, to
'moved the - Benito urinary .
froth lady whO died' febni taking
iirsonic - ; I disSected, allorse which- bad
been • poisoned', with arsenic ;' I don't
know, of, any anthor who, speaks dry
ness of bowels and 'peritoneum;4lley,do
speak of the "gangrenous' appilattaice,
from- death from arsenic; but-I knoW of
no, author Who - Jaya down' distinctions
between gastre enteritis, catised ;by
arsonfeal poised or any other' force as
'would be characteristic. ' The nate
'mai effect '.of long' -COhtinned vomiting''
'would' be to'nbsorb the fluids the;bOdy, ,
provided there is .a, copious discharge ;
purging, would have the same effect, :
the' onlaygement or the fallopian tubes
timid not have beet' caused bY'Obstruct
ive 'menstruation ; it. Is true'-that the
menstrual-fluid is seCroted ; by the
'piqn tube . (mucous membrane Of 'fallo
pian tube) and shoul& aceitlentally.
beetime,elosed i at,hoth extremities Then, :
the, increase, would 'distend it ;' the, fallo
pian tube apparbetlY' retained': iti"
tuna& order ; . 1 1 thruat my thumbl into
the "small' part.?! The ^,weight an
:thority upon,- this.. disputed, questien fs
pretty well: diyM-ed,-,as to whi3ther the
f a llopian tubes secrets the reenstriial
fluid; my own opinion It that Ahoy do;'
at least Part Of it cannot. imagine any
.;other contingency . would ,influ
once tbe secretion of Ildts
,Pave closing
the WWl', if - it were, closed ; at the-ex
tremity. or its connection With the body
Of the womb, the kediration r woad
pass out ;at the other - extremity,
by reverse . action, and . escape
in the folds Of
,the broad ligament;
it would then be necessary for both ends
tote closed In order to account for this
distention - ; if these tubes were closed at
both endsthe.symptoms of distention of
a fallopian .tubei,duringilfe • would be
the result of a disturbed,, physical
PhySiologiial action;; • first—there
would be paingo the region of the fallo
pian tube, possibly--mther places—in the
back, moat likely in the .beek.of the bead,
possibly between the &Ladders, may be
on the top, of the holed 'or 'through the
whole bead; sometimes pain hi the limbs,
most freqiiently'On the one side, or pain
through the• abdomen ; tbis all may be
or may not be osometimes just wider
the ribs ;,others besides the...physical or
physiological, would be 'general impair
ment of health, possibly' impaired diges
timipmay be some distal:lama° of heart
in - form of palpitation; Irregular and
Inboribuslireathing, 'general feeling of
lassitude,' and want of energy, irritability
of the nervons the form of de
pression of spirits, certain fei•mit of hys
teria, constipation of the-bowels, and
that general condition of the , system
which indicates disturbed function; these
might all be or might not ;L .- el this dis
turbnce would produce vomiting—not
very likely to produce purging ; inflam
mation of the bowels and stoinaoluvould
not be produced so long' as the fluid
remained in the' tube ; it would ne
cessarily produce• inflammation when
it got out 'of .the tube ;.'would not
produce inflammation of the throat;
if you have inflammation of-peritoneal'
membrane. the walls of .that membrane
would adhere ; the patient suffers exeru
elating pain in the region of the disease ;
the abdonien becOmes enormously dis
tended, and very sensitive to the touch ;
severe chillinesalellowed-by-correspond
ingly high fever; this continueealonger
or shorter time as case may be ; gan
grene or abscess occurs in the part dis
sensed, and the patient dies of what is
tailed pyetnia ; at this'stage, instead of
having a strong or full pulse, we get •a
quick and threadlike pulse-symptoms
of nervousness, the temperature of body
very high or low—Skin bathed with per
spiration ; I have made 7 or.B post mor
tem examinations since 1 have—been in
practice ; the enlargement of falhipean
tube would interfere with ,conception,
but not with menstruation.
MONDAY'S ricocgEnzmis.
The Court convened on Monday morn
ing at 9 o'clock. „
DR. KIEVFER tetTalled.
The absence of ' gases was an addi
tional reason in addition to absence of
gangrene for my belief that there was
some preservative agency of decomposi
tion. In Order to determine whether
the- fallopian Aube was distended we
must explain first, - its meition, rela
tions and its anatomioal structure : the
broad ligament is llomposed of seven
folds of peritoneum, entering on the sev
eral sides from the body of the womb to
the pelvis.; 'this fallopian tube is from 4
to 4i - incites in length, lies in the upper
margin of this broad ligament, extends
outward directly from 2 to 2} inches,
then turns backwards and hangs over
the ovaryl with its open mouth, making
an angle on itself—almost a right angle;
at the open end of the fallopian it varies
a fimbriate structure ; the longest of the
lingers attaches to the ovary ; now if
there - had been any Considerable disten
sion of the fallopian tube it must have
changed its relations - to the other parts
as well as its own structure, which we
could not have failed to discrii - orin a post
mortem-examination ; the fq4= i7 ln ( "he
•ned with a mucous ma - m
rano, and
the arrangement of that, membrane is
peculiar, being of valvular or laminated
-St:nett:to these valves extending longi
tudinally instead of tranversely ; now
this fallopian tube, still' open from end
to end, being unusually lt ge, presented
this anatomical structd ; besides if
there had been any consi ', !
rabbi .disten•
slim at all recently there mist have beep
some change in the walls of the tube it
self, or discoloration as the case might
be ; it had, therefore, never been dis
turbed ; I might say here it was the
most beautiful exhibition of that organ
I ever saw ; if there had been a rupture
and there had been any discharge i,t
would have been manifest in the petit ,
neal folds ; if there had been any Open
ing it could have been seen by holding it
up to the eye ; we never look for what
never can exist; with the extremity of
the fallopian titbit in the condition we
found it, the walls of the tube mind sur
rounding parts in the condition in-which.
they were it would have been foolisb'to
ave. thought of discovering a hole ; the
flaccid bladder I cannot account for ;.it
is composed of the same cats as the
other viscera, but it is so different to
consistency and feel that I. cannot ac
count for it ; different in consistency from
other organs in the body ; it was so soft
and pliable to the hands under t hat I could
scarcely detect by feel from the other
parts —that is, from the peritoneal mem
ber around it; the gall bladder had a shriy
eled appearance from exhaustion and
not from disease ; the liver, lungs and
kidneys had no appearance of disease; I
made several incisions.
Du. Lotqnsomiy, morn.
I assisted- Dr. Kiel 'Wt. with the post
mortem. 'Practicing physician since
1856. I hoard the hotter part of Dr.
Kieffer's testimony ; I heard description
of post rnortom , exantimmi ; I concur
with Dr. Kieffer as to the results of the
Texaminittion ; I - have copy of .origiVal
notes taken at time, which I know to his
correct ; the notes to' whichl wish to
refer. were taken' 'en the twentieth of
May; • from the original notes math, by
myself and Charles Smith ; the twaittietli
of May with the day' the 'pest mortem
examination 'NW:lll6de ; the notes I wish
to refer to ate not the original itotes ;
think I cannot give a full - detail of past
mortem examination. without reference
to thew notes; I could give some points
of examination ; the origin's! wore taken'
ail light paper, with lead pencil ; Charles
Snail is son of DavidSniith, the coroner,
and one , of the jurors at the , peat men.
tem • I think he is a painter.
in cad: . •
6,ll3reiyed to notes taken ily Mr.
Sinith as we went along ; Dr. Kieffer
and I saw every note he took down ; as
sw went along we told him what. to put
Own ; when engaged in examinatiett, it
was impossible for tto one to make Mites ;
of an hem aftei• examination I Made
copy, and Dr Kieffer and I afterwards
compared them, and found they corres
ponded sufficiently to suit me ; may. ;bet
,have the same words, but they
=ma'am same thing ; I don't tcnOw
hat Lean state result. f post roortopi: it
regular order ' without referring to nines
I can probably givelhofaisfs. After hay-
Ingtho ..body , removed .!from the: grave
pird into shop . orwOoti l lionse of mine,
havhig no other convenient place ;,
10.. - '6lpo ' removed the' lid' of the
coillo, and after taking the. body Oat
we • (I)r.'r Kieffer and I) . niado
examination of the external, appe ar- ance ' the , body ; wo found &minima,
bld :t\vidling under - either oar; 'very .
'much 'discolo'red, • dark,' greeniiih, • gan
grenous appeafanco ; •the blood vessels
over the Alma,. neck .anti, arms dark,,
flat, ribbon-like, not round ;• at, the
edgos, of. veins a ragged apkearane& of
color ; the eyes prominentand foil ; iio
much so that. I' afterward' inquired if 'it'
'Was 'nritural ; some. matter-of
:blood and water , aboutl - the 'Mouth at,
this point 1 stopped taking notes ; Dr.
Ii ufforaLeq ,matio an, incision from the
ateenurri tolLe" pubes, tWo' incisions on
both sides; votie'at.edge of • the ribs, the
other".at , tho,•3lllurn ;4.laid...hack these
ilaps nod exposed, coptonts of the,,abdo ,
men ;, cao!t, glYo successive steps cifl dx
.uminptlon without" referonee' to , fly
'notes 1 - can tell what we did ; exaer
itied external' ;appearance of 'tho atom,
nelf and fonud indications of inflamma
tion ; in color,. from a deep red or pink;
running . out 'into: a gangrenous appear-
anae: ruid . yellowlith lingo ; some points
Orr stomach being yellow without -any
'redness. The inflammation -was greater
in the lower port of stomach ; the omen
turn or covering of bowels dry, more so
than ordinarily ' • the bowels we found
inflamed, in patches df different sizes:/
.some not More than. inch; others extend ,
.ing 6 dr.7 ; inches along course Of bowels
the inflammation of bowels was similar
to that of stomach in appearance ; I
; mean external appearances ; did not ox
the Inside ofstomach ; the inflam
mation of bowels run out into gangre
nous appearance ;'the peritoneum looked
as though it were healthy - and presented
no:indioations of inflammation ; inflam
mation of bowleg did not.extend to any
of the attachments; we dissected out
the kidneys; made a 'section of kidneys,
and they presented a healthy appear
ance we examined the liver ; found it
larger than ordinary ; discolored darker
thanit would be directly after death of
'healthy subject ;- the - gall bladder parti
ally empty, apd pinched Up appearance,
from being partially empty ; we re
moved the stomach, after tieing it at
both ends, find placed it inn vessel we
had.prepared ; took section of- small in
testines after tieing It aboutmid , vay of
their length, and placed that in a vessel,
think with stomach.; we dissected
out the urinary • and, _genital organs;
removed the ovaries, fallopian tube,
broad ligaments and the womb and
bladder ; we examined the womb and
ovaries, and found them healthyexter
tetnally ; the tight fallopian tube
was na , tual size ; the left Was larger
than the right=probably eight or ten
times ; we dissected off. Gip blad
der, and placed it in a vessel
We removed the liver before this and
placed it in a vessel ; we next removed the
sternum and exposed the,cavity of the
chest; we found the Plura congested
slightly ; the lungs of a-healthy appear
ante, the heart empty, the muscular
fibres soft and-flaccid,-not-firm-;-after re-_
moving it and placing our fingers into
orifices or in auricles and ventricles and
finding no evidence of disease, we con
sidered it healthy, except flabby con
dition of the muscular fibre ; we placed
it inn vessel ; we examined the brain by
cutting sections into the mass ; the
blood vessels of covering of brain were a
little turged, not a - great deal more than
usual ; the brain was healthy; we ex
amined by opening the fallopian tube
from end to end, at points of inflamma
tion the gangrenous appearance was
seep on stomach and bowels ; there was
no gangrene ; them was at butt of ear, I
think gangrene ; think decomposition,
had set in there ; I account for gangren
ous appearance, and yet absence of gan
grene from excessive vomiting pouring
out of bile, the muscles of the stomach
pressing upon gall bladder, which would
in a measure account for the emptiness
and shriveled appearance of gall bladder;
the gall, after passing over these
points of inflammation, would be taken
up more or less, on account of
that inflamniatbry action, would 'got
into smaller blood vessels and-produce
the greenish tinge ; that would account
for gangrenous appearance ; the gall
bladder when pressed,. would not empty
into stomach ; the opening is a couple
inches below stomach and gets into
stomach if it gets there at all, by seine
other actidn ; it empties into _intestines
directly - below the stomach ; we ex
amined the mucous coat or intestines at
place we took out the section ; the con
tinued inflammation would produce
gangrenous appearance ; it. was not
gangrene, made effort, to run handle-of
scalpel irough gangrenous matter and
could not do it ; it was as firm as any
other part; it may have been the length
of time the patient had been dead, that
caused the flaccidity of heart; no clot in
the heart; I think that would not be a
short time to effect that change, if it
were post mortem ; never made any
other post mortem examination ; I dis
sected one. or two subjects and from that
form my opinion ; don't know how
long these.subjects had been dead ; don't
remember the condition of heart in those
cases ; the liver, at some pOilitS near the
gall bladder- was very daili and .had
gangrenous appearance ; never told any
one the spots were gangrene ; did
not tell • Mr. Graham ; think the out
side, appearance was gangrene still ;
we Inside several sections • into
the liver ; not disease there ; it looked
larger than natural ; seine% points of
liver was usual color; generally a little
darker than usual ; darker points about
gall bladder ; don't remember whether
liver had its usual solidity or not; filets
was very little smell about the body ;
a very small onantity of gas escaped
, peritonefim was opened ; there
was smile; little mucous fluid in intes - -
tines, yellowiSh, watery substances;
don't know whether there was any Jon
gustion of, blood vessels of external coats ;
didn't examine the internal coat of
stomach ; think decomposition had set
in at carotid gland ; vomiting would be
an exciting cause 'which might enlarge,
the liver, and yet there might not be an
organic, disease, and the .tissues being
! healthy we inferred that if it were un
naturally large, it most,' have been so
I produced ; inflammation of a mucous
coat would cause absurbtion,of bile more
easily; continued for a long time it
would do se ; don't know that it would
Are noticed more ; we tried the parts
whore, there ttFas no appearance of gan
grene with handle oT scalpel ; didn't re
sist more than that whi,ch looked gun-
W. 01101113.
In chief.
Wmfocated the Cli3easo_camsitivloach
in stomach And bowels, ai the disease
gastro enteritis.
Questim by Mr. Muter.
If neither you nor Dr. Kieffer can ac
count for the flaccidity of the heart, how
can you utflertake to say tha:t death was
not from some cause in the heart?
A.flcr making tho post -Morten. we
found indications iiF~ th'b stomach and
bowels sufficient to produce dolith, and
in my opinion it would have 'been :in
possible to ; no disease being de
tected in the wo came to the con
elusion that site died from gastro enteritis'
acid not from.any -supposable• disease of
the heart which we . could not, detect ;
the heart was flabby, wanted conSisteney;
didn't consider the examination of the
heart .thorough. '
In chief: • •
If there loud been disease of the heart
in all probability there 'would have.been
blood there, because if. those initSonlar
fibres would. have -been so weak to
produce deathr,the probabilities are that'
they would have boon so ‘yeak as not to
be able to throw Mit' the blood ; but in
this case, .as thine . was no blood con
tained in the heart, it was tin indication
.that it performed its fithetions.'until
death ; we did tun cut the heart open.
DAVID Salmi, 'Esq., sworh.
• 1,, live in' Carlisle '
' - and 'ainCoroner of
the county ; on the 111111 of May last I
wits,calted on to hold an inquest on. the,
body of. Mrs. Sarah Kiehl, at Cehtreville;,•
on.the morning of the 20th I went Up to
Centreville'; when I itiit there I Wail iu
formed she had boon buried some 4or ti
days'; wo had,-the body taken up r and
held an inquest ;, a post mortem (mann- ,
nation was had by Die. Kieffer and
Longsdorf ; after they were through with
their examination, Dr. , ,Kiefforprotured
some jars, and the parts.taken front the
body. were-put into theso jars ; they were'
closed, up mid handed to me; I took the
jars home th'iny - oflleei . sealed them tip;
and put thew in a case in the oillbat and
they remained there until Monday morn::
ing - ; (this„tres Spturday) ; Rum took
thorn and mit them in this little room in
the' Cciett Reuse—now the lust library,;
I looked tricidoOr and hail•thodtey in my
possession : mita , the. Friday .following ;
on rriday tuorhing,,l .left for l'hiladol
'phia ;,took the, jars N 94111 me and handed
them to Prof. Ritud'rthey were never
out Of My phssesslon until 1-handed them
to Prof. Rand ; they remained sealed all
the, time. ' • ,
Uroett examined by Mr.
I Honied up tho Jo h with . a cement' I
got at Mr: Baxtono stow; the mouth or
the jar had a lid or stopper ; it was a tin
cap under which was a piece of white
paper put there by Drs. Longsdorf.and
Kieffer ;'-I never removed the cap that
'was put on by the Doctors.; .the paper,
was larger than the cap and 'stuck out,
around the edges ; the sealing . wax I
>afterwards used was on top the cement
-and covered the entire cap; 1.-put on
the soaling_wax-onSaturday-ovening-and
, loft in my office until Monday ; I had it
in my possesion all the way going to
Philadelphia; we wont right from the
cars to Dr. Rand's office and delivered
the jars ; Mr. Maglaughlin was with me
:3 jars we got at the store in Centreville
wore taken from the store ; I don't know
whether they were washed ,or not, the
Dr. got them ; I was with the Doctor
when-he got them and was 'with him
from the time he, got them until he took
them to where the body was ; did not
see them washed.
DR. W. LONGBDOnat, re-ealled.
- I was along ,with Dr. Kieffer, at- the
store when herprocuredthejars ; the,Dr.
purchased them, they were brought
down off the shelf, and after examining
them, said they would do, and asked fur
some water, they gave him a bucket or
,pan ; ; be washed them whilst the coroner
was paying the bill; we tookthem down
to my office, and placed the stomach, &c,
as wo got them into the jars ; I think
we had to drain them at my office.
(Correction by Dr. Longsdorf.)
Since giving my evident a and looking
over my notes taken at the time ; I have
the notes taken, " liver of natural size";
I now swear that that was the case.
Gross examined.
I did swear the other way, when trust
ing to memory, but would rather trusty
the notes ; no one called my attention to
this ; I read over ray-notes ; Dr. Kieffer
and I washed all the jars purchased at
the store ; ono of these jars, I think they
had been using for a candy jar ; this
was about half gallon jar ; we washed
with cold water think_the. Dr._use d _a_
rag ; -I am not positive, if he used a rag
it was one they used about the store, vid
put the stomach and liver in the largo
jars, as would be natural ; wo wrenched
out the jars from a pitcher of water that
had been used in the store for drinking;
I think the pitcher would hold about a
gallon ' • I think it was about full of
water, the pan wo used for washing jars
was the store pan.
Court mot at 2 p. in.
Da. B. 11. RAND, at. n., MOM
My residence is Philadelphia, aged 44
years, and profession physician, ate Pro
lessor of Chemistry in Jefferson Medical
College. I received a 1 - votalon — box willi
the lid screwed on, on being opened it Nis
found to contain four jars. -Three of whet
are ordinarily known as specie jars, that is
glass jars with loose fitting japanned tin
lids,,and one small self-sealing jar. The
lids of the specie jars were sealed with plas
ter, one of the specie jars contained the
Istotnaelt and piece of intestines about three
inches long, the second the liver with the
gall bladder attached, the third the lump
' ened heart, and the fourth jar the urinary
bladder, which had been opened and lost
its contents. t examined all-of theab jars, -
and found arsenic in all, except the heart.
I received that box containing jars from
David Smith, coroner and C. E: Maglatigh
lin, esq., District -Attorney. , The organs
were all submitted separately to the action
of pure diluted muriatic acid. The stom
ach and liver were each divided into four
parts, for fear of accident, to any one of the
parts. The test used was Iteinsh's, and
was used in every instance. This is very
simple test and free from fallacy, if prop
erly applied. To distilled water some pure
'miriade acid is added. A strip of bright
copper foil immersed in muriatie acid does
not tarnish but becomes brighter. If now
solution; suspected to contain, arsenic.
whether free from' organic midtePor not,
be - added after the liquid has reached it
bollix point, the copper acquires a steel
gn coating. (Illestri4d with apparatus,
copper immersed iu boiling diluted muri
title acid, into which some suspected solu
tion had been poured.) This coating is S.
compound of arsenic with the copper, this
coaling is also produced by other metals ;
but arsenic is the only one, which, when
heated in a tube at a gentle heat, say of a
spirit lamp, will yield a ring of charac
teristic crystals, which to the naked eye
appears sparkling like diamonds, and which
under the microscope present a character
istic form. The steel gray color of the de
posit on copper, is to the experienced eye
characteristic. These aro the tests used.
Upon treating the stomach I obtained sev
eral deposits, of which these arc specimens,
from'which I obtained sublimates, ono of
which I submit. The mark . on those ob
tained from stomach is two • on those from
liver three; with' a brad awl which cannot
be erased. In pieces-of paper handed to
jury, are pieties of copper foil, coated by
immersion in distilled water end dilute
muriatic acid, a portion of the contents and
stomach being present. The tube contains
a ring of crystals obtained front a piece of
copper euphony treated. I have also speci
obtained from the liver treated in the
same way. (Specimens handed to jury.)
There are 14 different pieces of copper
coated from the liver. These represent the
whole liver, that i they arc taken from
all the four quarters, some being • taken
from each part, but they do not represent
the total amount of arsenic in the liver. I
have also a tube containiobicif , ring of crys
tals, obtained froM a Wee of copper foil
which had been seated as before stated.
Here are deposits from the bladder, and
here a deposit from a piece of intestine.
Those from bladder are tnarked 6, from the
intestines 6. I made a determination of
quantity in the stomach. This was done
by d . estroying-tha organic matter by moons
et pure hydrochloric acid and chlorate of
potassit, precipitating the arsenic by sul
phureted hydrogen, and dissolving the pre % ,
eipitated sulphide of arsenic in cold, weak
anunonia. The aingioniacal soldtion was
evaporated to dryness, in -n light counter
poised glass vessel. The amount of sul
phide at' arsenic obtained wits 2 and seven
-tenths grains, which assuming the sulphide
to be the pinta-sulphide, would he equal to
one and seven-tenths white arsenic. The
quantity in the liver and bladder was not
determined by the balance. Other organs
which usually contain arsenic when it is
.found in the liver, are the spleen, loWer
bowel dud pancreas, three were net submit
ted to me for examinati6n.
Question . by Commoinvettith.—Does the
quantity. of. arsenic found in the stomach
and tissues have any direct relation to the
Objeuted- to by defendant's counsel, on
'the gsound that there are no sudloiont facts
given to justify the witness in giving an
opinion,m9 making an estimate of that
kind, ,•
2. That it is not competent. evidence in'
the ousq.
Objeetions,,,oveiruled, defendant's counsel
except and bill sealed, • , • '
Answer.—lt does not. Arsenio when
taken into the,,,stutnach produces, in the
greet majority
L of Cases, violent vomiting
and pttrging,' by which a large portion of
that swellowoci4s thrown otit•of
A portion is alSo absorbed into the system,
and passes but through the natural elan
riels for absorbed bodies. A man may die
fi'em arsenic, and not a-trace be found in
the body: • , •
•Q`—What inference have yetUrawn from
year examination of the retettins submitted
to you and analyzed, no to the amount of
ersenici'akun by, the person. whose remains
they ate? •
A....-Ananiount - suffieierit Cocoon death
had been triken.' , It in impossible to say,
the quantity, by weight. „I have boon: , a
practicing physician. since 1848. In 'toy
medical careen.l have paid Ad high ,us 40
visite a day. sou patients,•nt my house,
and keep myself posted hi: the medical theta
of the day. 'l'devote most-of my time to
Chemistry. The'• nmalletit" fated dose of
arsenic in considered as tivo'grnios.
noes now contours question before pre.-
~ 1 infer a fatal dose,. bad boon
'taken: It is ' nay ..I:4)iniOn it was' taken
alibrtly before deathOhat le, I' eldiuld say,
within - 5 or 0 days,Oi a .wook-rathoi a
shorter than a longer period. I VUceived a
box 'from' 31613adler. It was a•Wooden
box, about limitable size-en this. (a,box et
. hibited.) ,, On'openiag it it appearod to have
„ .
been scraped out 'end a small quantity in trey on subject; I was not infortried that
white powder slicking between - the bottoni any arsenic had, heen,adminiiitered ; I
and: sides of box in the seams ; as I could began the process as any' other
not detach enough powder to make Ott one visit from - .ls.le,Glaughlirt,_;_wd.he told
:tests satisfactorily, I cut, the box to pieces, me of the supposed administration oftar-:
huiledit up in pure dilute muriatic acid. senicufterl bad fouud its the matter was
and obtained a deposit upon copper foil, offensive. t made me quik alloy
froM which I obtained the sublimate as ex- working some. tittle at H.: 'Never; went
hibited_in_this tube. 'The box is No. 4. 1 to the outside, butwogtto ttl:l6 . aobi` for
submit,BlSo,llllotOgrilpllß—takert - linderlirr - air. flad a case of patiEfckyinkTroM
microscope of sublimates. No. I is a test arsenic,. and Mono found in the
piece, the rest as before described. No. 1 There was no food in_thenternaCh: ,
is a microphotograph ofsublimate, obtained rra. chitty' , . .
from a deptAted solution of known arsenic. ” 'have remains of box., Tl,i6re was
No. 2'14 from stomach. No. 3is from liv- writing on lid, and was to the ',porpiirt
er. No 4is from box. These are meg- that dose was h.toits,pponftil or' half tea.
nifirvl about 40 diamt.t , lam not cor- ..I.oonful, I don't renunnber ".exactly.
tain, but nearly 40 diameters. • I have nay- Think teaspoonful. ft wft's, I thoUght,
see n a case of • arsenical -poiponing, but a strange direction for medicine iint'scifit
,derivemly information from authors into box. It was to be given, I think '.three
what witnesses have said on the stand in times a day. Am not stun.. lii the
oases' other then this. After symptoms amipation of liver made no .analYtical
move fairly set there is n feeling as it determination. of :amount of arsenic)
some one were grasping the throat, violent found. The reason
,that the liver
retching. vomiting, purging- and. Straining is.stich a largo ..organ,.,weigliing. 3 or -4
,vomit. To this there ore exceptional pounds. The quantity of .arsemc found
cases. The person ;cotnplains.of, a violent - in it does not generally'eieced 2 grains,
burning sensation, compared with • having in destroying this immense mass the arse
swallowed a furnace or hot iron, restlessness pic would be likely to lid entirelylosl, of
extreme. The person does not vomit freely objection made to the.largei cfumitl,ty. of
but - strains, purging does not, come extraneous material introdaced._,He
at onecrbut—when—it- - does — 'ComeTrifirffctuiThereibre only-estimate roughly the
id the same straining. In one quantity found in any case. This rough
ease which came to my knowledge in estunate was made on the following aril:
a trial, but in which did not see the pa• If I take a piece of copper foilof quaro
tient during life it wile represented so hay- inches Surface and introdtice it into sus
ing rushed from tale house and rolled in the peet n d solution and tind that it ism ed,
g rass. The thirst is extreme, and the stole- and that after introducing three mo
ach very intolerant of liquids: The eyes pieces, and the last fails to receive a sat
are generally bright, watery and sometimes -isfactory coating, 'I -should eatimato
bloodshot, voice hoarse, countenance con- that the amount of. arsenic in that.
treated, showing evidences of extreme suf
fering; the 'patient finally, becolllos axe
Misted and-sinks, of sometimes' dies sud
denly as in a faint., I speak merely no an
expert; I have not been in court before
to-day since this trial began ; ror .huve I
rend or have read to inc any testimony in
this case. •
Grace examined,
The linage of the crystals wzihrown
upon a collodion plate by Ma'. Minn, a
photographer, in my presence, ns they were
in the tubes I have shown this afternoon.
I- have known over an ounce given where
the patient - recovered ; an ounce is' 480
grains ; the recovery from those large doses
is uncertain. There are many cases re
ported, where. under appropriate treatment
much larger doses than two grains -have
been given and patient recovered. The
two antidotes generally used for arsenic are
the hydrated sesquioxide of iron and mag
nesia. To these twe_added bland drinks,
milk and water, flour and water, i‘ggs bent
up-1 m--wa t er r &a. recei red-this—tux-In
the middle of the day, while I was at-col
lege, it was delivered to me in my eolle; , ,e
office. 1 opened the hex next day in my lab
oratory: where all my,:ohemleals are kept.
I got two Men out of the dissecting ruout to
cut up the material, as it was very offensive
I emptied the material out into clean white
dishes. It was cut up the same day I opened . x. The different parts of the vis
ce •ts V, ere cut up separately, and kept sep
arately..-It remained in the muriatic ccid
three or four days. It stood in laboratot y
.during that time. It was under lock
and key; and no one was its laboratory
but myself. I was present when it was
cut up. I was standing - beside the two
men during the whole operation. It was put
muriatic acid to break down the struc
tare of the animal matter. I got theinuriatle
acid from, Mr. Jacoby, and tested it with
copper slip, and found it altpure. I never
saw arsenic in commercial muriatic acid.
ft is Stated in the books that it is liable to
contamination with arsenic. Then added
muriatic acid and chlorate of potash, little
by little, to burn uporganic matter in chem
ical sense of the word. I tested everything
I used. The chlorate of potash was some
I had put away,: which had been tested by
.31arsh , s les', It wns tested its 1810, and not
since then. I kept up operation.with chlo
rate of potash, until liquid became of a clear
yellow color. Think this Was kept up more
than a day. I noticed the effect but not
the time; can't sayliow much ehlorate of
potash I used. The liquid altogether was
about a quitiq, pCrhaps more, perhaps less.
I heated this then gently, until the smell
of chlorine no longer appeared, and through
one portion the fors passed a slow
stream of sulphurous acid gas, but thefrest
1 slid no so treat. I generated the sub .
phusous acid gas by nesi t on of sulphuricocid
on copper foil by heating it. The sul
phuric acid Was same lv had in office.
It , was chemically, pure acid which I
have used in Marsh's apparatus. I tested
the acid at the last course of lectures—the
winter before. Didn't measure or weigh
amount of sulphuric acid ; I do not think
I used more than ounce ; I used all three
of Marsh's modifications in testing acid.
Sulphureted hydrogen was now passed in
slow stream through the fluid deprived of
its organic acid, the purpose being to pre
cipitate the acid in form of sulphide. The'
sulpltureted hydrogen wet continued from
day to day until precipitation - was com
plete, which was ascertained tiY there being
no further precipitate or passing the gas
through liquid. The precipitate was col
lected on a filter thoroughly washed in
distilled water. The whole operation took
nearly n month. Can't say how many
days the gas was passing through the li
quid it was a good while— .To the best of
my recollection think it was it week,' and
interruptedly. I generated the sulphurcted
hydrogen by action
,of sulphuric acid on
sulphuret of iron. Sulphureted hydrogen
would test itself for arsenic-it would pre
cipitate it. I suppose the four parts
might have measured a quart. Nos. 1 find
2 were mixed together and submitted to
this treatment; they were then treated
wit a cold diluted ammonia. ;"We dissolved
-out. the sulphuret of .arsenic; and' - left the'
sulphur on the filter. The commercial
varieties of agents - used in, testing aro all
liable to Contamination with arsenic. It
is not difficult', to get sulphuric, acid and
zinc—free front arsenic. 4aili - f Superior
copper 0011111i110 110 arsenic. Sulphureted
hydrogen thrown down as a precipitate,
cadmium, bismuth, anthnony, mercury,
etc. ; also tin, after having been thrown
down as /1 precipitate, and cadmium would
have gone into Solution as r know:, The
absence of these metals had been previously ,
determined by the olit e inary test—,
Beinsch test,;, arsenic is' not the only
substance' that would give a deposit on
that coPper, antimony, mercury, plati
num, gold, &c. ; of these only three
are volatile by heart; antimony, - arsenic,
mercury.,--arsenic only gives a sails- .
-factory,. crystaline sublimate; antimony
would not have been sublimated by the
beat used; and copper was perfectly
clear after sublimation ; small 'spirit
lamp used ; stomach was very offensive,
put it at once in vessel with- =vatic
acid, covering it over with glass plates,
after filtering the inal.ter, I found upon
filter, after dry; a number or small, crys
talMe, yellow shot-like , bodies ; these
mug. have' Wow sulphide of arsenic.
because the only. two other colors,,
give tho yollovir are
cadmium, zinc and urtuditru. The ques
tienjies then betweetittin ,and arsenic,
which question is docidod ,by the notion
of its hydrochloric acid, and chlorate of
potassa, which •rendered soluble the
yellow . globules which,- in this ease, could
not have been tin. I had already taken
out some o£ the arsenic in making a pre
liminary test, and did not wish to
weaken it. in making my quantity less.
Reinsch's test was the only ono used to
find the arsonio intim box; Mr. Shearer
called upon mo to ask if would allow
chemist -associated with -ma i ; I had
no personal objection ; I Objectini to
having a' stranger in' the inyestigation
-..-ono unknown to me, because' after
'the Cipoyience in Palmer's case there
was danger That an' interested person'
might, by' apparent. accident, destroy
an important portion of the material
under operation. ',mentioned the names
of gentlemen' with whom I would be
Willing to be associated: Profs. 'Rod-.
gors, Bridges, 'geese ; ' also , stated I
would request the assent of District At
torney before I would give Mine ; my roe
' ollebtion is Mr. Shearer returned.within
ono or two days and stated that ho was
'satisfied to lot thd matter yprnaiu in my
hand. To the hest of my recollootion I had
~'"no communication with Diotrfot Attor
' if
'N11151E442.00 a Year In advance.:
$2.60 If not paid' within the year.,,
quid was much less than- if ,I could in
troduce land Secure a coating ou: two
square feet of surface, and yet . I. could
not, tell the quantity in either case. I
fiud,,bytrial in this :ease,. that of the
liver would fairly coat 80 square inches
Of copper foilthe. operation being
stopped on this specimen' as not being
I think
lady'say - 'that One - grain - Of
arsenic was present in the liver, and
probably more. My estimate At' first
was 2 grains in the whole liver: Tarter
wards made experiments by,contiv
green -surface of copper foil in known
solution. I was led to give Mr. Shearer,
in my report, 3 'grains, but this plan is
liable to so much variation from strength
of solution, time of immersion, presence
or absence of organic matters, that I an
willing only to give a guess and place it
that. I may be entirely ,within beupds
—I fix it at I grain. This estimate is
for the whole liver, and is formed on
probabillifeii: - I - Placed a known-quan - fiTy
of firifeific iiiselntion and immersed in itin
succession slips of copper, keeping them
in until they wore thoroughly coated ;
we then measured amount of . surface
coated ; left them as nearly as I could
tell the same tuna as I had in the analy
sis. Ido not place reliance on it as an
estimate ; I used the corroborating tests
-that are usually employed for the detec
tion of arsenic—Marsh's. , I
.left the
copper foil in - liquid from the liver 'about
13 minutes. Arsenic deposits move
.slowly in presence of organic matter,
'Urchin clear liquid. The results indi
cated that a very-large dose of arfi6nie
had been taken—over ten grains. This
is...not a guess, but based upon well
known facts. - Pent' sulphide of arsenic .
contains 5 parts of arsenic. I might have
calculated the amount as ter-sulphide, ac- ,
cording to best authorities, which would
have given 2 and three-tenths grains as
the amount of arsenic iu the stomach. '
It. is impossible to say how thick in any
case the deposits on copper are., The
standard authorities and latest in dis
covery are Taylor, Worn:ll4 and' Dar
win ; I accept them as Authority.' It is
stated 'in Wormley's book that, accord
, ing to Marsh's tekt, tho .5000 part-q£ a
grain will give' distinct stain the
glass used in the o s :§t was all nest. 'By
Lassaigne's method there can be no pos
sible doubt. I wrote a letter to Mr.
Maglaughlin, telling him - I had found
arsenic. A case in which I was called
Into Court when a man was scraped and
Put into bottles—lie was so putrid, and
a quantity of arsenic found, sufficient
to coat
.two small slips of copper. In
the case referred to,, the '
,rnitted having give the deceased One
ounce of arsenic. $
Cross examined.
It was Fowler's solution I coated
the copper foil with in this case in pres
ence of jury. Fowler's solution is a
medicinal substance.
Court adjourned at 0.308. m., to meet
at 9 o'clock a. m.
Court met at 9 o'clock a. m.
Many DONEn, re-called.
I heard MM. Kiehl say after that
occurred with the coffee, John Kiehl
came on the porch and said' he was •
going to town to buy poison for the rats; .
he said to Sarah, shall I go? she said I
don't care ; then ho Went to' Shippens
burg, said he was going there ;-he didn't
say whether he got it or not when he ,
came-home, nor did we see anything of
it; I think he had a hoe when he came
back ; think that is all I saw him 'have ;
My sister, Mrs. Kiehl, never had any
'children ; Ali-. Kiehl owned the property
he lived on.; don't know how Many acres
dhere wero x ,;, the coffee affair was in
April I left there on the ninth of April,
and this occurred about a week before J
didn't ask him 'when he returned, from
' , Shipponsbuig, whether he had got the
rat poison ; nor did he Say ; this was in
' the forenoon.
SINIOII SNYDnn, sworn: . •
I live near Mount Rock, in this county ;
- conic --- into..Carlislo — ou Sunday; and
went into the jail to see John Kiehl ; I
called him at his cell ; he gave mo no
'answer ; Mr. Henry Waltrick called him ,
and came' to the door;called three
times ; talked to um ; I asked him
.what he tiniught of this ; asked
,him if
he knew what he was in for; he said I
didn't ; then I asked him, again ; said
again he didn't knoW; unless they blamed
him - for poisoning bis woman r.I Said
then to him, did you get poison ; he
said he did ; said he otitin Carlisle, for
the rats LI said no, John, you didn't get
poison — fin:lN •rats,.You got it fur your
wife, didn't - you? he gave me no answer '
and commenced to cry ; I said then to -,
him, (billet you get it fim your' woman ;
he said yes; I said then, prepare yourself
for the day that conies ; I told 'Mr.
Waltrick to come and speak to hiin ; ou
way' going home, I told Mr. Waltrick
what John had : told me ; it was the day
that he was arrested.
' Cross examfacd.
Mr. Waltrick and I weal into Cut,
jail together. .1_ told the gentleman on
the other side what I heard, and' they
took it, down in writing ; Mr., Shearer
called upon' me and asked the what I
knew about the case:. I, refused to 'tell
him. • M r .' Donor sent nie down to pump-
Mr: Kiehl ; Mr. Donee gave Me the
horse to come down ;° I did pot get into
the jail by lying ; I ant john Kield's
cousin ; I don't think" I told the Sheriff
that - I was his brother; I told him when
I went in that 4 was his cousin:; - I dld'id
tellhim that I was his brother 'or his
step-brothel . ; I' did not tell the Deputy'
Sheriff that I-was his brother
_'or step
brother ; I didn't toll Mr. Waltrick that
I was his brother or his - step-brother; no
one was at his cull except Mr. Waltrick
and myself; don't think,l ;saw. any, one
at the railing Mjail ; didn't tell. Sherif f.
wanted to see John on religiOus sub
jects ;- - I' didn't Waltrick that
John was a thief-Onsta,'llar ;. didn't toll
hinithat I lidheed pretty bad once but
that I had reformed .new. Don't think
I told any'end that the Sheriff and Mr.
Waltrick wore at the , door When. 'John
told'. me that, and ..that I didn't 'know
what 'Would do if they would go back
on -me— I didn't loll' Ony''botly ;that ;
didn't toll the Sheriff,' Deputy Sheriff or
Waltrick' or Mr.' Snyder anything
of that kind ; any body that
1 was his'brother. I don't know Sam
uel Skelly ; don't-think-I= related. to'
the-Doziers.:. Liv cl of Plaiitlleld, before
I came down hero. Mr.' Wnitriok and
I wore together nearly the whole day.
ciatcruido ON" Vintn;in racoLl