Carlisle herald. (Carlisle, Pa.) 1845-1881, March 25, 1865, Image 2

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    T— • - The4Freshet in the Susquehanna.
kr) - g .or .he flood in thellZsßqi u s e p h ur a ß ti o n , a Il i f a ctr u e n h pr i e B c , e_
dentd. It exceeds by thirty inches in heigth
the memorable and destructive freshet of
1864. Thousands of timber logs, with mil
lions of feet of sawed lumber, have already
passed this point.
Intelligence from the north and west of
us indicates the most frightful destruction of
private pod public property on the many
streamymptying into the Susquehanna.—
Bridges 'have been swept away and torn do
pieces, and,,,from the character of the ruins
floating by Harrisburg it is fair to infer that
many dwelling houses, barns, cikc.. have been
swept from the shores.
At 7 o,clock this morning it was ascertain
ed that the bridges at Northumberland, Dun
can's Island, and part of the Penn , ylvania
Railroad bridge, above this city, had been
carried away, while, as I write, a bridge
said to be from the Juniata, is being borne
with fearful violence down the stream. _
The Cumberland Valley Railroad Bridge,
which is tlso s,al by the Northern Central
is in Mimic, ut dunger, several spans at the
en:torn end being submergod to Om del th of
twit feet. It is scarcely p oss ibl e , as the wa
ter is steadily rising, that the submerged por
don can resist the force of the flood for many
Friday, Itlarch 24, 1865.
XT('). 37 Park Row, New York, and 6
State Bt. Boston , are our Agents for the HERALD
qu AO uiLiod, and are authorized to take Advertise
ente and Subset-lotions for us at our lowout rates.
delusion belongs strictly to the Northern
prephets; it is that the South cannot be con
quered. The Southern people don't believe
that; but it is a theory got up by Northern
men for their own benefit. A people can't
be conquered? Where is there a country
on earth which has not been conquered?
What was the conquest of England by Wil
liam the Norman? A whole people reduced
to slavery by one disciplined army. What
was the conquest of Scotland by England?
Of Ireland ?. Of .Gaul conquered by the
Romans? .Of Romans conquerod by Goths?
Of Burgundieenquered by the Front]) ? Of
France buiktip an consolidated by porpetu
rd internal wars? Every tionntry has been
conquered, and conquest has been one of the
great instruments of civilization. Tito South
can bo not only conquered, but it can be
ground into powder, if that he necessary.
But the rebels have no idea of dying in the
last ditch. Look at Tennessee, Louisiana,
Arkansas and Georgia.—Louiseille, .Journal.
nica,,Gov. Cannon, of Delaware, died, last
week, from an attack of typhoid fever. He
WAS an ardent friend of the Union, and had
done much in that little State for the
cause. His death was to be deplored..
Used in another column, are highly recom
mended for public speakers and others, for
the• relief of colds and to clear the voice.
Their efficacy is strongly attested by con
gressman, clergymen and singers, who use
them. Among the certificates to their merits
we observe letters from Henry Ward Beecher,
N. P% Willis, E. H. Chapin, and others of
TIIIC TAX BILL.—The fuiioWing will be
found to contain some of the most impor
tant features of the supplemental tax bill
ea finally passed by both Houses:
The income tax is as follows: On all in
comes exceeding• six hundred
per cent is levied and collected; on all in
comes Over live thousand dollars, ten per
cent is levied; incomes from the purchase
and sale of real estate within the year is add
ed, and deducted where there is a loss.
The tax on cigars originally named at sixty
cents per pound was finally fixed at. a specific
tax of ten dollars per thousand, without re
gard to quality or price.
On all tobacco manufactured from the leaf
40c per pound is the rate agreed on. Smok
ing tobacco is fixed at 35t 'per pound: and
on tobacco manufactured from stems, &e,
per pound.
On and after July, 1803. there is to he levi
ed and collected a tax of ten per cent. on
all State bank circulation, and from the first
of next May savings ranks lire tolie taxed
one half or one per cent on their depo-its.
On petroleum the (Mix named by the Ways
and Means Comm itte was -ix cents per gallon
but it became adaw at the rate or one dollar
per barrel, with no drawback allowed when
On the ;11th s-ction of the old internal
revenue law; an increased tax of twenty per
cent, is levied on every article in the long
schedule of manufactures therein
At time conclusion of the amendatory bill
a proviAion is made for the appointment of
cornmim:sioners to sit during recess to s examino
the subject of taxation:
Justice Chase is after a class of men who
maintain respectablepositions, and who have
yet been among the bitterest of the nation's
enemies. The Chief Justice lies ordered
that hereafter all 'medicine,- attorneys at the
bar of the United
, ,it Supreme Court
shall take an oath that tne‘ have never borne
arms against, or rendered aid 111' ciimMrt to
theenemies of the t" nited Slate , Gove rn to , e ,i
This oath will strikehar lul unr..fthesecret
Riders of treason in the leo der States, while
others, who live in Statet remote from the ,
rebellion, will he compelled to str.iin their
consciences severely thus to alYl.lll*.
ttiS„,. The National la v, hosr
conservatism is well known, hits the follow
ing complimentary notice of our new Minis
ter to Spain, Hon. John P. Hale:
44 We are glad to annum.° that the 'posi
tion of Minister to Spain, which at an early
day of Mr. Lincoln's first term was given
to Carl Schurz, Esq, has been tendered to
gentleman of character and ability. Mr.
Halo, as Pater Senatas, as a pioneer of the
ideas of the party now in power, and as candi
date of that party for the Presidency at a
period when its policy had no strong hold
upon American statesmen or the American
people, could scarcely fail at this titne to
receive other than a highly honored position.
But it is in Mr. Hale's social position rather
than his political course—in his high profess
ional abilities nod parliamentary experience
and in his thorough knowledge of men and
things—that we base the belief that this coun
try will be carefully and reputably represent
ed by him at Madrid."
ceeds to the British mission at Washington,
is known from his connection with the Special
Mission of Lord Ashburton, twenty odd
years ago. Ile is the brother of the late Lord
Elgin, Governor General of the Call mins,
and the late General Bruce, Governor of the
Prince of Wales. In personal amiability,
the new Minister, we believe, is not excelled
even by Lord Lyons. And ho comes here
with the assurance of Lord Russell—empha
sized as thatassurance is in the London Times
—that he will receive from the President of
the United States and from the Secretary of
State the same official courtesy extended to,
and freely acknowledged by his predecessor.
tention of the public is called to a practice
which prevails to some extent amongst the
manufacturers and others, of charging their
,goods at a stated value and afterwards adding
the Internal Revenue tax as a separate item
to the account of the purchaser.
• This practice is objectionable for many
reasons. -It makes a direct tax of what was
intended to be an indirect one. It puts upon
theconsumer, by adistinct charge, that which
the law imposes upon the manufacturer. The
consumer is not the party charged by law
with the payment of the tax. If a 'MUM
facturcr wishes to make his purchasers pay
it, he must add the duty to the price of the
thing sold. A party purchasing can only be
compelled to pay the price of the article pur
chased, and any attempt recover a bill
upon which the tax Web charged to the con
sumer us a separate item-Would fail - to the
extent of the tax charged. Such account
might, perhaps, be avoided altogether, on
the ground - of the method adopted having
the effect of defrauding the Government of
its.a4 valorem tax upon the whole amount of
saki. The Government is entitled to its five
per cent. on the one hundred cents, while 'a
return of sales made upon the basis of nine
ty-five cents to the seller and five cents tax
charged to the consumer would realize upon
sales to amount'of $5OO only 23.75 tax in
stead of $25.
Parties interested will Lind it much the
safer course to comply strictly with the law.
Wariufacturers should charge sufficient for
their goods to them necessary profit with
Government tax included,.
A Tirtn3 ROTIBtRY.—A few nights since
3fr. Thomas Bursono farmer living in Rich
land township, near Cambridge, Ohio, was
Fisited by two men, who got admission to
the house on pretence of bringing news from
Mr. Burson's son, who is in the army, and
then - tbreirtorted - to - hitn,g - him -- if - 110 - 4147,ribt
give them $1,500 wfrich they said ho had.
He gave them $l4O, all he had, and they
coolly walked off.
There have beon no trains passing through
Harrisburg-e front Pittsburg or Philadelphia,
fur the last Vel ve hollre. The lower part of
the city is completely submerged, and much
Rut - 10ring has been inflected np‘m the poor
'families living in that part of the suburbs.
At Middletown, Dauphin county, and the
villages along the slime clear to Columbia,
in Laneaster county, the destruction of pri
vate property and the suffering among indi
viduals is immense. The fires in several
furnaces have been quenched, and, of course,
the furnaces will chill.
Thousands of ,dollars, worth or lumber,
usually stocked at Marietta, Columbia, and
Middletown, was swept away: The bank in
front of the city has beett lined all day with
thousands of people, watching the progress
of the flood. Families are being removed
from the sweets inlhe lower section of the
city, which was not aprroached by the Wa
ters of the great flood of 181 1 1 , but which arc
now considered in imminent danger of being
rflowed. Our city water works arecom
pletely submerged, and all the pumps stop
It is conceded on ali hands, Mil. , by oor
oldest inhabitants and oxperlenved river men
that this is the most immense flood that has
taken place in the Smimichanna ttithin the
memory o[ man.
The New Postal Law
The new act relating to the postal law pro
vides that all dotnestio letk , rs, except. letler::
fratil:ed and duly c4•rtiliotl litter,
, uidier and in 1110 sir ire 111 . tllll
IThited Static, wlii4 11 tire Ilopositt , tl for wail
ing in any postotlico of the Unite I ti , 'ttitr , s,
o n which tit, 1,,1itg.0 in Illtliahl.,11:11l he nont
by ()1 1
: 1111 , 1 all
forinailing atal p,11,1 only in part, :shall he for
warded to their destination, kith
the , inpaid rate, to he coileeted on deli \ ery.
The provi.,ions of the act for the rcliel of
punting-ter , tih t lime hy
farces nr Rebel approved
in April. IM,{, are extended to cases of 1,,y.
,‘,111):t•tors. ti hero liv 111,,
sence of urine(' forces a l'ae , .t 1416414 i,de,troy
ed, and the po , tmaster 10-es the fixtures and
furniture, ur p‘ , .:tage stamp., I.r st a mpod
vclop.'s: pn.l the e:LNI , S where such lo;ses art.!
oeen,ionecl by arm,' forces other than thusc
of the till-called Confetlerate Slates.
l'oitnuonter General i 4, authorized to
allow, fur tile publication in -newspapers of
the list of mm-delivered letters at any post
office, compensation at a rate not to exceed
two cents for each letter s" advertiserl, and
is also mit li"rmed to 1 . :111 , 1 the 1111111 , to bl•
n . 4111,01'1,1 II1.1W.•1.11 tlnl 1:1111 , 1 14111
1111 . N' 1 , 11't'111:11 port or parts, or between the
ports of the t:tlited States touching at a
frei!..;lL wort by ste all e,;,i
.;11111win , and ‘a\--
ing therol , r, it in Ann•rn•:in \
:i!!! not t.x(.t•F'dinL; 1 . '111,1 Stmh , -.
thy -,•3
,v-t,•rli fr,..1,11v..ry j: to In 0,t;11)
li,hoti 111 \ 1.1• y ..111:111.III 11..i.n1,-
ti,,n of lifts thou-aid ‘vithin the delivery of
th, ullir,. tiwreof, and at ,o,•hotlwr
the Po,tina,ter General, in his judgnn•nt,
shall direct, provided that the pr.: payment
ou drop letters in all places where tree de
livery is not e,tablislied rhall be one rent
on 1 v.
.fierpons depositing otweene books, pampb
let,, fir. , in nulib-, to be punished by line
and Unpri-uninont.
Our Great Generals—The Views of
tho "Edinburgh Review."
An article in the last Edinburg/4 Review,
apparently from a military authority, pays
at length the 'proper tribute of respect front
the candid critics of Europe to our military
operations during the last two years. The
usual picture presented by the correspondence
and editorials of the London Timed of our
great. struggle, has been of wide and aimless
enterprises by the Federals," where thou
sands were butchered without purpose, and
no military genius or comprehensive plan
ever threw any light on the ghastly so ne of
slaughter. The Confederates alone showed
strategical ability and heroic daring, and the
only military leaders which the conte'st had
brought forth, worthy of appearing nn the
page of lostory, were Stonewall Jackson
and Gen. Lee. The whole conntsed mass Of
movements tuns pronounced "not war but
bushwhacking. on it large scale."
Says the reviewer, with a candor which
must insure admiration flour every reader :
"The surprise of the river-passage near
Bragg's centre by Smith, and the matiocuver
ihg by which the Confederate lines were
forced by Grant, a month later, at the battle
of Chattanooga, are, as tactical achievements,
far fitter to be classed %shit the best teats of
Napo'eon and Wellington, than any advan
tage won by a European General since the
days of those giants of war,"
The campaign of Grant against Richmcnd
is defended, as a campaign conceived on
grand and comprehensive plain, embracing
three or four converging movements on Rich
mond, and W Ilia was partially unsuceess
ful in its original purpose, from the want of
proper co-operation by Generals Butler and
Nor is Sherman's genius forgotten by tire
Scottish critic. It is his ingedious and not,
impropable supposition that Sherman's first
invasion of Northern Alabama, which result
ed in a failure, suggested the striking idea
of carrying a moveable column over the cot
ton States,_ and even through the Atlantic
States to Virginia. 1t is these tnarches which
Will stamp Sherman as ono of the great cap
tains —for as the reviewer well says, "a dis
tant march from a base was supposed, during
the INl,Glellan period, to bean impossibility."
There arc two other names also which his
tor,l will yet place high in military annals--
Thomasiind Sheridan —both of men that have
manifested the highest quality of the Gene
mil and soldier, the power of wresting vic
tory from defeat amid the most adverse cir
cumstances: As the reviewer sums ups "If
a General's perfect adaptation of given means
to a required, end if careful fore thought in
design, with ajust mixture of audacity and
caution in - execution, may fairly challenge
our admiration, Sherman's campaign in 1864,
and those of Grant and Lee - in the prece
ding year, seem to be worthy to be classed_
with the nighest achievementi which the an
nals of modern warfare record."
Itet- A singular case has come to light
Boston.• A staff officer in the United Statet
service stole $14,000 in Gfeverntrient bonds
and forwarded thorn to his mother at South
Boston for safe keeping. A daughter-in-law
of the mother clisermereltheinoney!and-stole
it. Officers of the law stepped in, and tho
money was found at last in the clothing of
the daughter-in-law. '
Captured Flag Presentaton.
Brief . Speech of Gov. Morton
The President's Views Concerning the Attempt
of the Rebels to Arm Slaves.
WASTIINGTON, March 17.—A rebel flag,
captured at Fort Anderson by the 140th In
diana volui teers, was today presented to
Governor Morton, of that State, in front of
the National Hotel. A large crowd of people
was in attendance.
Governor Morton made a brief speech, in
the course of which he congratulated his
auditors on the speedy end of the rebellion,
and concluded by introducing President Lin
coln, whose purity and patriotism, he said,
were confessed by all, even amongst the most
violent agitators. [Applause.] His admin
istration will be recognized as the most im
portant epoch of history. It struck the death
blow to slavery, [applause], and built up the
republic with a power it. never Wore possess
ed. If he had done nothing morn than to
put his name to the emancipation proclama
tion, that act alone would have made his
name immortal. [Applause.]
The President. addressed the a , semblage
substantially as follows:
IFELLOW CITIZENS: It will be but a few
words that I shall undertake to say. I was
born in Kentucky, raised in Indiana, and
live in Illinois, [laughter], and I am now
here, where it is my duty to be, to care equal
ly for the good people of all the States, I
sin glad to see an Indiana regiment, on this
day, able to present this captured flag to the
Governor of the Ste to of 1 rid lane. [Applause.]
I sin not disposed, in saying this, to make a
distinction between States, for all have done
equally well. [Applause.]
There are but few views or aspects of this
great war upon which I have not written or
said something whereby my oiVil views might
be made known. There is one—Um recent
attempt of our erring brethren," as they
are sometimes crlled, [laughter] to employ
the negro to fight for them. I have neither
written nor made n speech upon that subject,.
becausetl at was their business, and not mine,
and if they had a wish upon the subject; I
had not the power to introduce it or make it
effective. The great question with them wits,
whether the negro, being put into the army,
will fight for diem? Ido not know, and
therefore cannot decide. [Laughter.] They
ought to know better than we, anti do know.
I have in 'My lifefiffilreiirdMiany a „ rguments
why the negro ought to be a slave, but if the,
tight for these 1% lie would keep them in shi-
VPry, it will be a better argunn•nt than any
I have yet heard. [Laughter and apphm,ed
Ile who will light lon Unit ought to be a slave.
They have concluded to take one out, of
four of the slaves and put him in the army,
and diet one out of four who will light to
keep tinoth e re inelevery ought to be a slave
liiin,udr, Ili less be IA killed in a fight. [Ap
\\*him I have i , fmn said that all 'non ought
to he free, yet I allow tho,o colored
person: to bi,lave , who want to be, and next
to them, thioe white n en wino argue in favor
of inaking other people ~laves. [Applanso.]
I 1(111 111 1 . 11), 01' or giving an ,;pportunity to
snot whirr turn to try it in for theimelves.
[Applam.e.] I will say ono thing with rognr.;
to the 11:(1.::1,•11111; :'1111:11:y11(.110 tight for them
OW I do know. I know that he cunn,ot light
;Lint stay ;it ilowv And utakcbread too; [laugh
ter :111(1 11 11.111 , (.: 1111:111 , :OW is alumni as in:-
n-; the, (011,r tei thew. I dmi't carp
which they do. iller•eNved applause..] I Hut
tallo.r in f.,vor.4,t' having tht•tri try tht.til a.
of di as. [Applalr-e.] 111,y hick ~tio vote of
(loing• timt, :111,11 wi,h I c ,, 111 , 1 send tny vote
o‘t•r the N\ ...11 that I night t.nt.t it in fa
-I,r of allowing the l'.(•gt,) to tight. [.lp
plan,...] lint they citittua tight and w.,1.1;
elwniv's re-.III'COS
Th . Cy will stand out ns fI4 lIH can,
and it' th,t t w g -r o will light for them, they
noHt allow him to light. They have dra‘‘n
upon their last branch of re,ourees—
plause]—and we can now see the bottom.
[Applause.] I am
. ..;lad to see the end so near
. hand. [A pplau,..]
1 lin ve >uid 11”Ny more than I intended to,
and will therefore, bid you good-bye.
l're,i.lent then retired, while the crowd
below saluted him with Jowl and hearty
cheers, the hand at the same time playing
a lively tune.
\ error I . (.rton then •It pilpd forw:lrd
11:1' , . :111 , 1 ill
fn a I h.' IWIT' ( , 1 .11 , 1i4 , 11h1
111, hal, ;1.1,1 21%.,
ni. , 11 11;04.. Th.• 14,
11 . :triy
1,i11% cdII, nrld
(;. , vi.lttl , rulttlt
the Imll , l ,trim: lip •'
The Army - -Annual Report of the
Secretary of War.
The annual report of Secretary Stanton,
dated March I , t, has just appeared. Mr.
Stanton says that "the military events of
the year have been officially published by
the Department from time to time as they
occurred, and tow fully known in every
brand' of this govern Ment and throughout
the civilized world. They constitute a series
of successful marches, sieges and battles, at
testing the enduramic and courage of the
United States, and the gallantry and milita.
ry skill of their commanders, unrivaled in
the history of nations."
The report presents a brief sketch of the
military establishment, omitting the exact
strength of the fore's now under arms. The
following are the principal facts set forth:
Twenty ono depots are established in the
principal States for collecting and forward
ing to regiments, volunteers, substitutes and
drafted men. The Veteran Reserve corps
have been of much service in guarding the
depots, and escorting detachments to their
regiments. There fire also six special depots
for recruits enlisted in rebel States, hy agents
from loyal States.
Boards of examination have been kept up
to inquire into causes of absence from duty
end alleged offences by officers. The effect
has been to diminish the number or cases
published and referred to the boards to three
hundred and sixty-four for eleven months;
whereas, before their organization, from
one hundred or two hundred were reported
monthly for absence without leave, alone.
The status of chaplains seems to be mis
understood: il.orom the wording of the act
of April 9, 1861, section 1, it is thought by
some chaplains that a new rank between the
grades of major and captain is intended for
them. This is supposed to be an error grow
ing out of the use of the term “surgeon" in
the act, instead of "medical Alcor." The
former assimilated rank of chaplains, in ref
erence to allowance of quarters and pay pro
per, was "captain," and such should now be
their rank.
Over two hundred flags captured from the
rebels have been received, properly labelled,
anti deposited for safe keeping.
Medals of honor have been awarded in
numerous instances to privates and non-com
missioned officers for gallant services. The
plan of awarding gold and silver medals to
officers instead of brevets to a certain extent,
is coinmerided to notice: - It--should -not
supersede the conferring of brevet, especial
ly where such rank might be exercised in
high commands.
The supplies produced during the past fis
cal year include 1,650 pieces of ordnance, 2,-
861 artillery - carriages and caissons; 802,625
small arms, 794,055 sets of accoutrettMatti
end harness, 1,674,244 projectiles Tor cannon,
12,740,146 pounds of bullets and lead, 8,409,-
400 pounds of gunpowder, 169,490,029 car
tridges for small arms. These are complete
articles, in addition to the large quantities
of the same kind of supplies partially made
up at the arsenals.
The ordnance supplies. furnished to the
military service during the fiscal year in
clude 1,141 pieces of ordnance, 1,806 artil
lery carriages end caissons, 459,010 small
arms, 502,044 sets of accoutrements and har
ness, 1,914,753 projectiles for, cannon, 7,624,-
685 pounds of bullets and lead, 164,549 rounds
of artillery • ammunition, 152,067 Sets.! of
horse equipments, 112,087,553 cartridges for
finuo Larrns,_7,643,o4.l.4munds of-gtinpo wder,
These supplies were in 'addition. to large
quantities of parts provided for repairs in the
The capacity ofethe arsenals for the .man-
tifacture of munitions of war has been in
creased during the year, and that increase is
still going on, so fur as the means appropri
ated will -admit. Supplies manufactured at
the arsenals are of better quality andiess cost
than similar articles obtained by contract or
The national urinary at Springfield, Massa
causetts, can turn outl three hundred thou
'sand of the best quality of rifled muskets an
Possession has been taken of Rock Island,
Illinois, in pursuance of an act of Congress,
and the requisite buildings for un arsenal
there aro in progress.
There is on hand a stock of three-quarters
of a million of first-class rifle small arms,
exclusive of the arms in the hands of the
troops, since increased to a million and a
The introduction of breech-loading arms
forsthe military service generally is recom
The selection of a site for a general depos
itory of gunpowder, and the erection of suit
able magazines thereon, is recommended.
In that connection, the construction of a gov
ernment powder mill of sufficient capacity
to make standard and proof powder and gun
cotton, is also reconn»ended.
The procurement of a suit:Lido ground for
the prow and oslx•rimrntal "firing of ordi
nallCO and small arms is urgently advised as
a most e,sonttal want of the military ser
During the year, twenty-seven cadets
completed the course of studies and practice
in the _Military Academyi t and were com
missioned in the army. The smallness of
this number grows out of the resignations
which occurred in this class in the beginning
of the rebellion. The classes at this time
have the usual strength corresponding to
to Congressional representation.
Cot. D. C. McCallum has been placed as
a military dil:echir in charge of the military
railroads. lie has organized an efficient
construction corps, provided rolling stock
for which it was necessary to make ohorous
demands upon t.hc manufacture of loyal
States. Already a thousand miles of rhil
road have j,er.n operated by this Department,
in connection with the movements of the ar
The teletrrnph has continued to be a most
efficient nl'l,l valuable aid to military opera
tions. :Six thousand five hundred miles of
military telegraph have been in operation,
of which three thousand miles have been
constructed during the year. About one
thousand persons have been employed in this
There are 100 military hospitals, with a
capacity of 120,721 boils.
The enrolment lists, NovemborlSt,
tainod 2,781,2t1t nun,.
Enrolltnent fuel draft expenses lid, year
aimunited to :51,016,728.
Over 13'i30) eteran soldiers reenlisted
for three Ne:ll'sl. in the fall ol 1 113. Deser
ters and stragglers Imd year numbered 39,-
392. Tu.! VeLt!nlll reserve corps numbers
76.1 offieerA and 28,738 men.
The supply of animals has been at the rate
of about five hundred per day, which is also
the average rate of their destruction. The
cavalry of the Army of the Potomac wits
twice remounted during t he firsteight months
or the present year. Thp production of t he
country seems to he tilde to hear the i 11111)11) , P
draw upon Its 1101',CS and 1111110 A. 111111 the
stock, judging from the current prices, gives
no sign of exhaustion or diminution.
Senator Pooto's .Addross to tho Peo
pie of Tennessee.
from the New Y k Tribune.]
Wl' have n.epi 4.1 a pHju=tpub
51 . 11,10 , 1' 1 - 1 , 111 111. , ,, ill 1.11 , 1,1,..1 C1)11-
g1'0,4 tit iiii.lllll,ill,l, ,iiritainirir2,-
4,f 1(, qui :4 11 L, nlt Imneo.
1111(1 Slthsoylvlltf rom the
tow [lint
is the sub
. t:
\kith retnittding his con_
stitnents that wlienthey Sea( hi h La the Cion
grivs at Richmond they wore tarn liar with
his former '•devotion to the Puderal Union
and his "zealoni and unlamding oppo,ition
to everything in the shape of Mali/JO i:11/1.
They 1:now that lie reftt , ed -all connection
with theperilouqschemeof seces,ion in 18.51,'
and that, in IHOO, he hud as little in com
mon with the heated sece:sfon leaders as
anv other piddle man in the South ; that he
had earnestly opp,ied all theincipient steps
which had 1,1 to the fearful state of thing,
the n exiting; that he, had oi,,,dy denoon,•-
ed the conduct and motives 4,1' 1 ,.. i1r 1y :i ll the
111 , 1 d that!,it,nl r.kv,r Talk a4, 1 11,, , ,0.d
rrojo.i. " , •or•ritp2; Iwo tno war
till :',/1,1,1, :1111 R
1:111V , ' , ut 111.. ( 1 11 1 a
wan; r,•;-dom and tro, , mor a l ,•4:or ago
the tturhl Id.ton
tio•ir !hal body, and
acoord.itli, with a pre-
Vl , ll-ly 11.4'1't•t•ii 011.111 11111011 g tlic111) ha-[cured
to tilt. City of Moll1;4olliery, Irani,' a 11,'W
Coll , titUtioll Of Go \ I . : I'lllllollf, and taken all
the needful steps for the brlm4ing on of a
Nvithout tilt , inimPdiate
of AVlliell fll , • y Well know' their ,eliemo of (lis
tltiltal would ttirli out, to be Ititogethcr
In the ridad Congresi: )Ir. lormte claims to
hate id ways olltdu •.a firm and Imyieltlim.;
oppo,ition to thoshamfol idlorts of Mr. I)avi6
and his servitor; to undermine the public
liberties and establish It despotism on their
ruins.'' 'At length (three months ago) it be
came, evident tr , rrerrl7rlßn of discernment"
With whom \l r. Foote held intercourse,
"that unless an early and an honorable peace
could be speedily effected the South would
bo inevitably ruined.,' Ntr Foote then, af
ter freely consulting with the best and wisest
men he 'net, resolved to introduce his well
known peace resolutions in the rebel Con
gress. His resolutions being rejected by
that body, he deemed it necessary to make
another "somewhat unusual experiment" to
bring about peace.
Seeing that - the Confederate GOVOrIIMPTIt,
in all its department., was most rapidly
losing the public confidence and becoming
positively odious," and that U•the Confeder
ate financial system was clearly in a state
bordering upon collapse," Mr. Foote set out
front Richmond about Deceniber 20, in com
pany with his wife, who had apassport from
the Richmond authorities empowering her
to return to their residence in Nashville. On
reaching the Potomac, in Westmoreland
county, ho addressed a letter to Thomas S.
Bocock, Speaker of the rebel House of Rep
resentatives, dated December' 24, stating
that he intended to visit the city of Wash
ington "for the purpose of ascertaining
whether or not it is practicable to obtain for
the people of the Confederate States an ear
ly and an honorable peace," and that this
mission was "cordially sanctioned by some
of the wisest and most-virtuous men now up
holding the Confederate cause." In a post
script to this letter Mr. Foote made known
his resignation in Congress. Mr. Foote did
not succeed in crossing the Potomac, but
was arrested and carried to Fredericksburg,
where he remained in military custody for
1P!toly a week, When he was liberated on a
writ of habeas corpus. at once proceed
ed to Richmond, and"e there made his last
harangue "in that mobbish assemblage
known as the Congress of the Confederate
States," "before a large and evidently ap
proving audience." After that be at once re
sumed his original scheme of seeking access
to the Washington authorities. This time
he succeeded in reaching the headquarters
of General Aevan, at Lovettsville. There
one of the stall' of General-Sheridan—caned
on him, and received from him a letter to
Secretary Seward, dated January 80, 1865.
In this letter Mr. Foote, after having again
referred to his former opposition to secession
movements, proceeds to say:
"I have now the honor to say, for myself
and for a large number of the most weighty
and influential statesman that the South con
lains,and as I htive good reason to believe,
'in'ttethdance with the wishes also of a vary
large majority of the sovereign people of the
Southern States whether in or out el The
Confederate armies, that we, tho"Cellserva-,
Lives of the South are ready and anxious to,
outer once more into fraternal union with
our fellow citizens of the North ; that we
are resolved, if an opportunity of 'doing so ,
honorably shall be afforded us, to withdraw
at once -from all political connection with
the Government now located in the city of
Richmond, and to place ourselves and all we
hold dear once Moro under the protection of
-The-flag pf our fathers. -
"No one knows better than I do that no
Boat pacification as that which I now' pro
peso can ever' come frorn•Mr. Davis. His
oiiicinl posAtion and his devotion tolds own
selfish schemes of individual agaradisement
alike forbid it. But let President Lincoln
issue a formal' proclamation, addresed to the
people of the Confederate States, offering to
them .complete amnesty for the past, and a
full restoration of the constitutional rights
which they formerly enjoyed, and they will
immediately hold Conventions in all' of - the
said States and vote themselves back into the
Federal Union calling home their troops at
once, and leaving Mr. Davis to enjoy, as he
pay be able to do, the despotism which he
has established, together with such foreign
protection for himself and his ignoble pro
jects as it shall be in his power to secure."
Mr. Foote thought that Kentucky, Mary
land, Virginia, Tennessee, North Carolina,
and Arkansas would be sure to follow the
example of Maryland and Missouri and abol
ish slavery, and, therefore, it would be safe
to leave slavery where the Federal Constitu
tion left it ; but if circumstances should ex
ist which would render such a plan impossi
ble, he was prepared to say in behalf of those
whom he represented that they will agree to
such a change of the Federal Constitution as
will secure the entire extinction of slavery
on the Ist day of January, DUO, and which
will provide also for the freedom of all per
sons of African blood who shall be born af
ter the lst clay of January, 1890.
Mr. Foote also declared that ho stood
ready : ,
"To make such further revelations, both
as t,,facts and persons as will leave no doubt
upon the minds of President Lincoln and his
constitutional advisers that ample facilities
exist for the bringing about, in the short
period of forty days such a counter-rev
olution as is above referred to. All that I
desire is, to receivo assurance that the infor
mation which I deem it proper, for reasons
alike of prudence and of honor, to hold for
the present in reserve, if imparted will con
duce to the restoration of peace and the re
establishment of the Federal Union, in a
manner and upon terms consistent with the
pees, nt honor and future safety of the South,
and I will at once proceed to make full dis
Mr. Seward acknowledged the receipt of
this communication, and stated that any fur
' titer communication which M r. Foote might
think it proper to impart to the Government
might be communicated in the same man
ner as the first. Major General - Sheridan
was directed either to pass Mr. Foote buck
within the insurgent lines, if he so chose, or
to send him to Major General Dix, who
would be instrlucted to allow hint to pass be
yond the jurisdiction of the United Slates.
Mr. Foote chose the latter course. Froni
New Turk he addressed a second letter to
Mr. Seward, dated February 6, 1865, reiter
ating his former sentiments and statements,
and especially emphasizing his readiness to
establish the fact by testimony- of the most
trustworthy “character, that a large major
ity of the more enlightened citizens of the
South have at last come to the conclusion, in
which I confess that I do for one most fully
concur, that should they be ever so success
ful in the prosecution of the war now in pro
gress, they would find themselves at the end
of it an enslaved and wretched people, and
that Southern independence, at one time so
thoughtlesdy coveted and so zealously striven
for, would he, it' attained, precisely the most
deplorable calamity which could possibly lie- I
fall them."
\I r. Foote (lid not wait for a reply to this
communication, but at once engaged a pas
cage to Li veryatl. On board the stemmhip
he was informed that his second communi
cation had been placed in the hands of fres
iMmt Line Flu for con-nleration, hut havirg
nn spec in! reason lii suppmtiug that. it had
been more favorably receivtal than the for
na•r, lie ,et sail. On board the mail steamer
he wrt , te an ,, ther letter to l'u.sid, , n t Lin
urging a (:f the 1.0,011:tion
L'ongres=. it 11"::::11ingtifil 1 . 4
,ry he ttet.tHtitttliwntl antend
meta, mid c_xpro.,,itigib:: 1,e11:•I that tb:: :ql
- 4 the dm•trille woultl be
a Ill.:311, ree.lnciletnent.
111 :‘I C. r111)t , entreats hie
countrytttcn, ' ,, hatoVer rune be (ha action
Lincoln upon the propt.bltions
, Itbolittud to him," lu /o,' nn hill." in retUrn
ing to the rf the
Trade Permit's -Suspended
W ASH I NGTON , March 16.—The following
important order relative to trade permits has
seen issued by Lieut. Gen. Grant:
II zAtnettn A RMIKs Or TO/ thlirou STAT 14,
C.ll' Vol>, , Va., Thirrik 11111. 1 tK,
Spe,•ial Orders .\"o. •N.-1. The operations
on all Treasury Trade Permits, and all other
trade permits, and licenses to trade, by whom
! soever granted, within the State of Virginia,
elcept portion known as the Eastern
of North llarolitut and
1111 , 1 the Sllll.l',
5 ,, ,1t11 Carolina, and that portion tit . the State
G••org.a mum diiw.lj bordering on the
Atlanta., int haling th•• citj, of Si.
are hereby =ur-pen.ted until further orders
.kil contracts and ag roOliltql Iliad • limier
or by \ 111.'11' of any tr.ide permit or been.
within any of -aid States or part , of State.,
during the oxi:tence of this order, will hi'.
deemed void, and the sO hivor or stICII COll
- IS or ti.4roenionts will ne seized by Ih •
military authorities for the benefit of the
Government, whether the stuns is at the tine
of such contracts or agreements within their
reach or at any time thereafter comes with
in their roach, either by the operations of
war or the cots of the cont raet putties or
their agend•. The delivery of all goods con
tracted for and not delivered heron.: the pub
lication this order is prohibited.
Supplies of all kinds are prohibited from
passing into any of said States or parts of
States, except such as are absolutely neces
sary for the wants of those living within the
lines of actual military occupation, and un
der no circumstances will military com
manders allow them to pass beyond the lines
they actually hold.
By cow mund of Lieutenant General Grant:
T. S. BOWERS, Assist't Adj't Genl.
He Writes to Gen. Grant—A Brief
tory of his March—What he Armin
plished at Colundda, Cheraw and Fay
etteville— E
. 01 y- Eight Cannon Cap•
rural— real Destruction of Arsena
liru'lroads, Gunpowder and other • Wa r
,lliderd— General Kilpat rick Whip s
Thursday, March 16 —0:30 p. m.
To Major-Gen. Dix, Nero York: The fol
lowing dispatch has been received this even
ing at this Department:
CITY POINT, Thnrsday, March 16, '65.
lien. C. A. Dana, Asst.-Secretary of War:
I am just in receipt of a letter from General
Sherman, 12th, from Fayetteville. He de
scribes his army in fine health and spirits,
having met with no serious opposition. Har
dee keeps in his front at a respectful distance.
At Columbia he destroyed immense arsenals
and railroad establishments and 43 cannon.
At Cheraw he found much machinery and
war material, including 25 cannon and. 3,600
barrels of gunpowder. In Fayetteville he
found 20 pieces of artillery and much other
material. lie says nothing about Kilpatrick's
defeat by Hampton; but the officer who
brought this letter says that before daylight '
on the 10thlHampton got two brigades in
the rear of Kilpatricks headquarters, and
surprised and captured all the stall but two
I,iilpatrick escaped, formed his mon, , and
drove the enemy with great loss, recapturing
all that he had lost. Hampton lost eighty
six—left deed on the field.
(Signed) U. S. GRANT, Lieut.-Gen.
The Great Panic Conjirined— General
Sheridan Still at Work—Only One
Newspaper Published Yesterday-r-Ent
ployees, Printers, Reporters; Clerks,
Doing Military Duty.
WASHINGTON, Thursday, March 16,'66.
7b Ma'.-Gen. Dix: A dispatch from Gen.
Grant's headquarters reports that The Daily
Dispatch is the only paper issued to-day in
Richmond. It says: "The Dispatch is-pub
lished this morning on half a sliest only, be
catise of tho fact , that all the employees,
printers, repOrteri, and clorksoire - members
of military, organizations, and were milled
out yesterday morning by the Governor, to
perform special service-for a' short time.
- "Put for the Icindricsi, of a. few_ friends,_
who the eiompt from Service, and - who vol
unteered- their aid,, the, half-loaf presented
would of necessity lowd boon withbield,-
a few days at farthest, our forces will return
to their posts, when we hope to resume and
continue uninterruptedly, our full sized
There is no other news of moment' from
any quarter
C. A. DANA, Asst.'See. of War.
His Operations to the 15th Inst.—The James
River Canal Destroyed to Gooehland.—
fteen Miles of the Virginia Central An
nihilated.—Enormous amount of Proper
ty "Confiscated."—A. Slight Brush with
the Enemy.
WASHINGTON, Friday, March 17-3 p. m
Major-Gen. Sheridan reports on the 16th
instant, from the bridge of the Richmond
and Fredericksburg Railroad across the
South Anna River, that, having destroyed
the James River Canal as far to the east as
Goochlnnd, he marched up to the Virginia
Central Railroad at Tollsvillo and destroyed
it clown to Beaver Dam station, totally de
stroying 15 miles of the road„, Gen. Custer
was then sent to Ashland, and Gen. Davin
to the South Anna bridges, all of which have
been destroyed. Gen. Sheridan says the a
mount of property destroyed in his march
is enormous . The enemy attempted to pre
vent the burning of the Central Railroad
bridge over the South Anna,... but the sth
United States Cavalry charged up to the
bridge, and about thirty meltdashedacross
on foot, driving off the enemy and capturing
three pieces of artillery—twenty-pounder
C. A. DANA, Assistant Secretary of War
The Naval Academy
WASHINGTON, March 10.—The Naval
Academy will not be restored from Newport
to Annapolis without further action by the
next Congress, the appropriation for that
purpose having fail led by the loss of the Civil
Appropriation bill, owing to the Winter
Davis amendment on another subject.
A LETTEIt from Jeff 1. avis has been found
among Gen. Early's papers, replying to a
jaltition from soldiers of Early's 'command,
.e.questing-hitn to stop the war, ns they had
fought four years and mane nothing by it.
This is one of the most striking of the many
evidences of the breaking up of the forces of
the rebellion.
FIFTEEN LADIES graduated from the Med
ical College for Women in New York, lust
week, the first class of graduates from the
instituiion. The young ladies bore them
selves handsomely—were dressed in the Flor
ence Nightingale style—black silk dress with
white gimp braiding, close fitting jackets,
white cord round their waists, with long
pendant tassels, and rosettes on their bosoms.
The crowd was very great. The Lady Presi
dent, :NI rs. Greenough, presided. Bishop
Cox conducted the deem io na exercises. Rev.
Mr. Boole, Henry Ward Beecherand Horace
Greeley made addresses. The affair was a
great success.
gohm nth Conti Matters.
from the ht, April 1805. Apply to - PETER
F. _Hoe, Carlisle Pa-3t.
with u gout/ eductitior and it good moral char
:icier, will lie taken at fits office to learn the
Printing business. None other need apply(
Sunup', ExrumTtoN.—j. C. Stock
will give Ilk 1 st entertainment in Indepen
dence Hall, near the Carlisle reservoir, on
Tuesday evening the2Bthim:t. Mr. J. A.
.McKeehan will enliven the exercises With
Admission 13 cent; fur adults and 10 cts.
fin' children.*
iStir•The attention of Milliners and
Merchants is invited to adv. of Brooks
Rosen helm, No .131 Market St., Philadia.
in this issue.
Load, Zinc, &c., &c., Read
adv. in this i ii of MessrA Ziegler & Smith,
Wholesale Dealers in Drugs, Paints &c.,
137 N. 3rd., St., Phihurn.
WAT.—In our advertking columns to-day
will be r,,,ma th unnnunceutenl of Mt . :351'5.
Ne‘vborn A: Co., of Ncw York, feu• the sale
of an immenhe :dock of Jewelry. &c., on the
novel plan of (hie Dollar for each article.
This is a n , •w firm, and the fact that it is
ambitious to build up a goal name, makes it
probable that customers will be liberally
dealt with. It will cost but twenty-five cents
to try the experiment any way.
NEW Goons.—A. IV. Bentz's new ad
vertisement will be found in another col
Mr. Bentz is as prompt to reduce his
prices in an equal ratio with those of the
great cities as he was to advance them. Our
citizens know his establishment well, and
we need do no more than tell them that his
new invoices include everything seasonable
and fashionable, at the very lowest rates.
ed to learn that our friend A. BRADY
SHARPE, Esq., has resumed the practice
of IHW. Mr. S. relinquished a lucrative
practice to enter the service of the Gov
ernment at the commencement of the war,
and served faithfully in the capacity of a
private soldier, as well as that of au officer,
until ill health forced him to return to civil
life. Ile is a gentleman of fine ability aufl
extensive legal attainments, and we are cosiL
fident that ho will soon take a prominent
position at our Bar. His office is in South
Hanover Street, in the room lately occupied
as the Post Office.
The council elect held its first meeting on
Tuesday evening and organized by the elec
tion of J. W. I.'. Gillelen, Esq., as President,
acid James M. Masonheimer Secretary. The
following budget of nominations—the result
of a caucus of the democratic majority, held
the evening previous—Were then voted in :
Borough Treasurer—David Corn man.
High ConStable—Emanuel Swartz.
Clerk if Market—A. S. Lyne.
Collector of Borough and Bounty Taxes
Andrew Kerr.
Lamplighter and night Policeman for was
Ward—A. F. Meek.
Lamplighter, &c., foi' West Ward—Levi
Street Commissioner—Patrick Madden.
Street licgulator.9—Geo. S. Beetem, Jesse
D. Rhineheurt, John Heck.
The salary of thb high constable is increas
ed to $4OO per annum. The President an
nounced the following corn mittees :
Ordinances—S. D. Hillman, Geo. Wetzel,
A. K. Eheem.
Finance—John Hive, A. B. Zeigler, G. B
Streets—Goo. Wetzel, C. U. Hoffer, Rob't
Lamps—C. U. Hoffer
ternoon last two members of the permanent
company at Carlisle Barracks, named respect
ively Dotson and Dana, - con'cluding that they
would take French leave of the service, hired
n horse and buggy from Mr. Hilton, repre
senting to him:that they would:return in a
short time, and at once decamped, for Perry
County. On Saturday' morning Corporal
CroWly with' ono men 'lves 'despatched in
purstiit. The Corporal, learning of thb route
they bad taken, pushed on vigorously after
El 10==1
them, and came up with them at Petersburg,
Perry County, where he found them bargain
ing for the sale of the horse and buggy, the top
of the latter having been torn off and thrown
into a ravine, that they might move in light
marching order.
The recreants were returned to the post,
whore they are now engaged in the sculptur
ing business—the superintendent of the work
having kindly provided against the danger
of i t heir airy forms being blown away by the
March winds, by providing their ankles with
heavy metallic jewels.
the result of tho Borough Election hold last
Friday. The copperheads, have of course,
elected their ticket in the East Ward, which
this year comprises a majority of the town
council. This gives them the control of all
the appointments.
In the Weit Ward we elect four members
ofcouncil, tax collector, election °dicers, &c.
E. W. W. W. Total.
Chief Burgess,
John Campbell,* 198
Simon W. Early, 92
Assistant Burgess,
W. J. Cameron,* 199
Francis Eckles, 91
Wm. Noaker,*
Jason W. Eby,
A. K. Sheafer,*
S. D. Hampton,
Town Council,
J. W. Gillelon,*
George Wetzel,*
A. B. Zeigler,*
C. U. Hoffer,*
G. B. Hoffman,*
John Martin,
G. I'. Myers,
0. Delaney,
J. Zug, jr.,
F. Gardner,
G. S Beetem,*
John P. Rhoads,*
Jacob Thudium,*
J. J. Zitzer,*
R. Black,
A. K. Rheem,
John Hays,
S. D. Hillman,
Andrew Keri.,) ,-
1t. , 1). Cameron,
I). S. Croft,*
J. I'osthlewaite,
John Roberts,* 193
James (lallio, 88
Win. McMillen,* 142
A. lthinehart, 191
School Directors,
E. Uornman, 3y.-1 297
Newshain, 2 . y.f. 283
R. 'Wood ward, 326
Justice of the Pearl,
A. Delluir,*
S. Keepers,
Tar Collectnr,
.1. Godyear,* 208
J. Fagan, 91
J. Boutz,*
IL 11.
A. Martin,* 224
C. S. Doane,* 142
2. A. Waggoner, 171
Democrats marl:Qd thus
TION.--The result of the charter election
hell in Meelninicsburg last week, was a
complete - Union triumph ; onr friends Ora
ing every Qllicer en the ticket, by an average
majority of 74 in a poll of 168.
Mechanicsburg stands firm and true to the
faith, and the election furnishes a shining
illustration of the fact, that wherever a com
munity can he found in which like that of
Mechanicsburg, a high moral tone pervades
the people ; the places of business evidenc
ing energy, enterprizo and thrift ; the po
litical sentiment will he found to be unmis
takably on the side of freedom and good
government. Thegin-mill is made to stand
aside for the school house, and the gambling
house makes way for• the National Bank.—
Oh that we had more such towns in Cum
berland County? Below we give the ticket
William Eekels
Town Council,
F. A. Marshall,
S. G. Bowman,
D. Neiswanger,
11. Thonao.,
Alexander Huber,
B. C. Painter
John \Vebbert
1 ssessor,
Andrew Shefert,
Tax Collector,
John Quinkel.
School Directors,
John C. Dunlap,
Andrew Singiser.
D. J. Carmany
John Eberly,
John Coovor.
David Lcng
- -avinexed article we clip form
the U. S. Railroad and Mining Journal,
edited by Thos. S. Fernon, Esq., who is also
the President of the South MoUntain Iron
Company. The article contains much in
formation of local interest and we give it,
entire :
A Prodigious Hematite Ore Dcposite in the
South Mountain, in the Cumberland Val
ley, about to be Developed on a Large Scale
—lts Proximity to the Harrisburg Fur
naces and to the Susquehanna Ore Market.
Annexed is a copy of a bill passed at the
present session of the Legislature, and ap
proved by Gov. Curtin eleven days ago:
A Supplement to An Act to incorporate
the South Mountain Iron Company, appro
ved April 23, 1864.
SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the Senate, and
House of Representatives of the Common
wealth of Pennsylvania in General Assem
bly met,.and it is hereby enacted by the au
thority of the smite: That the provisions of
an act to encourage the manufacture of iron
with coke or mineral coal, and for other pur
poses, passed 16th June, 1886, and the sup
plement thereto for manufacturing iron with
charcoal, as recited and applied in an act en
titled "An Act to incorporate the South
Mountain Iron Cowpony," approved the 28d.
April, 1864, shall not hereafter be taken or
construed to apply to the South Mountain '
Iron, Company ; .but in lieu thereof the said
South Mountain Iron Company are hereby
.authorized and empowered to grant, bargain
and sell land belon*ing to, said company, in
such quantity and tor such consideration as
Uldy be , agteed upon between the. directors
of said company.and the purchaser or pur-':-
chasers thereof, and to divide the proceeds
of or sales among thostookholders,
or ro-invest the same -in other lends, or in
the enlargement, of their. works.
Section 2.4 That it shall' bo laiftful. for the
directors of said company to transport .and
vend the products of their lands, Itirnaces,
and Works, and to r demise and to let to any
poison or persons, upon such terms as may
he agreed upon, the right to cut and take s
way timber and to mine and carry away troa'
oro from the lands of said company. Also
to construct, upon such route as may be
deemed most expedient and advantageous, a
railroad with branches and sidings appro
priate thereto, to intersect and connect with
the Cumberland Valley Railroad, or with
any other railroad now constructed or which
may hereafter be constructed in Cumberland
county, with authority to operate or lease
said railroad, and to borrow money secured
by mortgage therbon, * *
Section 3. That it shall be lawful for the
directors of said company, or a majority of
them, to adopt a common seal for the use of
the corporation ; and the certificatesof stock,
and other official acts, shall be authenticated
by affixing the same ; also to enact such by
laws as may be necessary for conducting the
affairs of the corporation, which by-laws
shall not be inconsistent with the constitu
tion and laws of this Commonwealth.
Section 4. That the present directors of the-
South Mountain Iron Company shall con
tinue in office until the next annual election,
or until their successors are chosen ; and any
portion of the capital stack of the South
Mountain Iron Company not already appro
priated and absorbed in the purchase and ac
quisition of lands, buildings, antrhaorks, may
be taken and used to build the,Pailroad au
thorized by this act, and to erect furnaces and
otherwise improve their estate, and enlarge
the capacity of their works; and tho stock
holders of said company shall be individually
liable for all debts due mechanics, workmen
and laborers employed by said company.
Section 6. That the Legislature reserves
the right to amend or repeal this act, in such
way, however, as to do no injustice to the
stockholders of the South Mountain Iron
Approved February 28, 1865.
'Phis brief, compact and comprehensive.
bill gives the South Mountain Iron Com
pany a charter which covers everything
within the probable scope of a corporation
having for its object the sale of ore from the
'mine, and the manufacture and manipula
tion of charcoal and anthracite iron.
The estate of the South Mountain Iron.
Company ccmprises about 20;000.acres, con
sisting of ore lands, limestone and wood
lands, and farms under 'cultivation. These
lands aro about 14 miles southward from
Carlisle, and about 20 miles west from Har
risburg. There are, and long have been in
operation on the property, a charcoal fur
nace, and also a filrge whence blooms of rare
excellence of quality have been sent to mar
ket and sold for the highest pi ice. But the
area or acres was too large and tho ore beds
are too vast for development under individ
ual ownership, ou a scale corresponding with
the commercial advantages and metalic
wealth of a locality so favored and endowed
by nature. And hence the South Mountain
Iron Company has been organized upon it,
so that as ociatod capital may work it in a
way to increase its capacity for production
and for profit; a matter of easy practical ac
complishment, inasmuch as Harrisburg is a
hungry market for iron ore, and a place of
fast-growing consequence in the Susquehanna
iron trade; and it is-a fact of paramount
consideration, that the South Mountain Iron
Company's ore beds are the foreshadowed
sources of future ore supply to the furnaces
of * Harrisburg and its neighborhood, because
the ore is of tile description of hematites de
sired and preferred. The South Mountain
Iron Company's ore will undoubtedly com
mand a market in and around Harrisburg.
With about fourteen miles of railroad con
structed from their ore beds to the Cumber
land Valley Railroad at Carlisle—a railroad
whirls can be built at small cost, the South
165 363
145 237
142 341
170 261
144 854
190 280
143 348
172 257
Mountain Iron Company willenjoy, under
facilities which willdcfy competition, direct,
short and convenient access to a market al
ready impatient for as many tons of their
unrivaled hematite ores as there are tons of
magnetic ore curried over the North Leb
anon Railroad, which is the outlet for the
magnetic ore, of the Cornwall hills.
Li ltitid the North Lebanon Railroad car
ried from the Cornwall hills 196,357 tons of
magnetic ore. And on the same quantity of
their lure and rich licinatitt , ore, the South
Mountain Iron Company will realize a pro
fit of at least SIUU,OOO in a year, Which is
equal to ten per cent on four millions of dol
The South Mountain Iron Company, on
their 20,000 acres of ore and limestone and
wood and farm lands, have a furnace and
bloomery in operation. They also hare a re
served capital of one million of dollars, which
they are authorized to use us described in
section four, to develops their splendid es
tate. The railroad needed to put their ors
banks in communication with tho railroa4
system of theSusquebanna and intersecting
valleys, will cost about two hundred thou
sand dollars. And so convincing aro the
proofs that it can be made a profitable road,
that it will be built by or for the South
Mountain Iron Company as negotiation may
determine. An invitation for proposals to
build and operate 14 miles of road from Car
lisle to the South Mountain Iron Company's
ore banks and ferruginous limestone quar
ries, would soon elicit propositions from re
sponsible contractors and operators, for the
.North Lebanon Railroad, which is an ore
road, in 1864 paid thirteen per cent, and did
not exhaust its dividend fund.
In the use of the reserve fund of one mil
lion of dollars, the company will doubtless
be governed by a policy founded on an ap
preciation of their interest in the premiso
and in the prospect. Their means are am
ple ; their opportunity could not be impro
ved ; and their market is bigger and broad
er and deeper than their plans for mining
ore, smelting pig, forging blooms, and
manipulating their own iron into merchan
table shapes.
As their ore is in quantity to be measured
by millions of tons, the 'company can limit
itself mainly to ore supply, to a market al-
ways et command ; or it can build new fur-
paces, now forges and new mills, and thus
become a manufacturing establishment of
the rank of the groat iron works which dis
tinguish Pennsylvania among the States.
In either case financial success is assured,
for resources so near market and so easily
made available, will be turned to profitable
account, by the South Mountain Iron Com-
NASUVILLE, TENN., March 9, 1865
At a meeting of Company "D," Capt. T.
A. Swartz commanding, held March 9th, a
committee was appointed to draft resolutions
of respect upon the death of GEORGE GROVE;
a member of this Company, when thefollow
ing preamble and resolutions ware. unani
mously adopted:
WHEREAS, It has pleased an unwise Prov
idence, in His Divine goodness, to repso o
front our midst Quint° follow - member and
companion in arms, GEORGE GROVE; there
Resolved, 'hat itis with feelings pf sincere
sorrow and regret that we hear of the early
decease of ono of our number, who but so
lately was' among us full of life -and enjoy-
- Resolved, That wo tender to the parents
and relatives of the deceased our heartfelt
sympathy and condolence in
.this their-hour
of affliction in the loss so far from: home of
ono so dear.
Resolved, That in the death; of PAPROA
Gnoyn, this Company has lost ono of its best
and most faithful members, and tho.cotintry
one of its. oungest and most devoted defetid.
ere, who though not Wing arriVeqAtog
Tribute of Respect.