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11. S. GOVERNMENT.
Vico President—IIANNIIIAL HARILTN,
Secretary of State—Wm. 11. &Armen,
Secretary of Interior—J:lo. P. USHER,
Secretary Of Treasury—WM. P. YEASENDEN,
Secretary Of War—EDWIN M. STANTeN,
Secretary of Navy—GreeeN WELLEs,
Post Master General--•Menraoxen? Built,
Attorney General—EDW ken BATES,
UltlefJUstlee of the United S etas—Roam II TANEY
Governor—ANDßEW G. CURTIN,
Secretary of State—ELF •Suren,
Surveyor General—James e.
Auditor Goneral—ls.tac SLENKER,
Attorney General—Wit. 31. MEREDITH.
Adjutant Oanerol—A L. Russet',
State Treasurer—HENßY D. Boone.
ChlefJustie of the Supremo Court—OEO. W. WOOD
President Judge = „llon. James H. Graham.
Associate Judges—lion. Michael Cocklin, Hen
District A ttornoy—J. W. D. (11Helen.
'nark and Recorder—Ephrahn Cornman,
Register—Geo IV. North.
High Sheriff—J, Thompson Ilippey.
County Treasurer—floury S. Ritter.
County Commissioners—Michael Kest, John M.
Coy, Mitchell McClellan,
Superintendent of Poor House—Henry Snyder.
Physician to Jail—Dr. W. IV. Dale.
Physician to Poor House—Dr. W. IV. Dale.
Chief Burgos—Andrew B. Ziegler
Assistant 13unes,— tobert Allison.
Town Council—East Ward—.l. D. Tihinobeart.
Joshua 1' .1. W. D. Ulllelen. (icon:" Wei 7,1,
West Ward—bleo. L Murray. Thos. I.a.ton, A. Cath
cart, Jn0.13. Jo, U. it ('resident, of
Council, A. Cathcart. W. kn:ilby.
High Constable Samuel Sloe Ward Constable,
Assugsor- flit [shall. As.t stunt Assessors, dno
111 all, (leo S. llootetn.
T. Colloottir—Alfred Ithmalleart, IV, rd Donee
tore—best Ward, Chas. A. Smith. West Wnrd,
Cornertn, Street Cointni.Sloller, tVnrb•y li. tl,rllbr.vs
Justices of the Peace—.t. L. Srinsier, David tquith
A brill, Dehelf. )1i •hael 111couth.
Lniup Ugh tern—,'li, IS. Nle..k, James Spangler.
First :Presbyterian Church, , :ort west angle of Con-
Ire Square. teen, way I'. St jug
every Sunday Morning at 11 o'clock', A. 31., and 7
o'clock I'. 31.
&mud Presbyterian ('hunch, corner of South Han
over and Pomfret streats Rev. Jahn U 11l iss. Pastor
Fiervlees commence at II o'clock, A. \I., and 7 o'e.ock
St../ohn'g Churah, (I'rot Episo , pallm , rtlienst U111.71v
of Centre Slitsare. 11yv..1 (1 ;It•re. (Cm-tor. Service
At II o'cloel: A. 11., a.i.l i; o'elock. P 11.
English Lutheran Clitireh, lietlferd, between ?lain
and ',tither streets- .I', a
iev Pstor. Ser
vices at 11 o'clock A. NI., and c'clock I'. NI.
Berman Reformi.d Church. I.7lther. l'etw.e.l Ilan
over and Pitt Streets. Grp. Sim lie.ili'll4s. Pact.,
Servi, , at II o'elorl, A. NI.. 31141 I, .../4144, I N 1 1 N.
7lotll9dlst (hest 1.1..trz0l c-rner of )11in
and Vitt Streets. Rev. Thom., IL ,11.1 - 1,.k.
Services at 11 o'clock A. 111.. and 7 o'clock l'
Methodist E. Church Ise,ond char,_,..) Ne. S.
Bowman, Pastor. Eervicto,t, Emory )1 E. Chur v ch al 1.
o'clock k )1., and :11., P. NI.
Church orchid Soo r th tI I,t corn,. nf West plrcet
and Chapel Allot. Ncv. B. h, Panto sore,
at 11 a, in.. and 7 n tn.
t. Patrick's Catholic Church, P.onft et near Eastst.
Roy Pastor. evrry utile, Sal,
bath. at 10 o'clock. Vespe, at :i P. M.
German Litt.huran Church, corner of l'onlfret. and
Bedford stre..lF. Rev C. vast.. pr. ,er, ni
frA-WhOrl changes in Iho aro neoessary
proper persons are reque.l,,l wall) us.
DICKINSON (20 I
Rev. Herman M. Johnson, I). 11., loreAd and p ro
fosgor of Moral Svloneo.,
NVIIII rn C. Wilstm, A. M., Prnfest.nr of ;fat ural
Science 3!•ct Cura for,. cha Museum.
Rev. 'Milian/ I, Boswell, A
1/reek and 00,111:. 1,. ii gauges.
Samuel D. llilltnan, A. 31., Prof/ cur of 3lath moat
John K. Stayin in, A. 51., Professor of tho Latin and
lion Janus il. Grilncn, LL. I) . Professor of Law.
Rev. floury C. Chealon. A. it . Prlncip.il of the
John Hood, Assistant in the ilraniniar School.
BOARD OF SCIIU )L DIBECToRP,
Cornman, .Innte...latuilton, II Saxton
It. C. Woodwalti, t' P Hon. rich
Seet'y, , J. W. Eby, 'ln:Aso:el...lobo Sihlr. \lo , sent4or
Meet on the Ist .Hondas ,1 each Alontli at J o'clock A
Al., at Education Hall.
CVRLISLE Dios IT IlkNE.—l're.ilen t. Ik. M. !tender.
son. W. NI. Beetein Cash J I'. Ilas,ler .ind C. 11. Diehl,
Tellers, W. M. Pfdder. Clerk, Jo, Unaeroon.l Mes
senger. Directors, It. M. IleilderNon, President It C.
Woodward, Ski lon Woodburn, Ni..ses li, irker. John
Zug, W. W. Dale, John D. Liorgas, Juieph J. Logan,
Jno. Stuart, jr. "
„Rost. NATIIN 01, Biolt.—Prosidant, Samuel Hepburn
Co.hter. Jos. C. holler, Teller, Moor C. Brindle, Mes
senger, Jesse Brown. Wm. !Coe, John Du nlap, Bided
Woods, John O. Dunk p, Dome Brenneman, John . S.
Sterrett, Snail. Ilepburn, Directors.
CUMBERLAND VALLEY ItkILEOAI)(:.)III.kNr.--President,
Frederick iVatts: Seeretare and Treasure,. Etimiztl
M. Biddle: Superintendent, U. N. Lull. Passenge,
trains three them, a day. Carlisle A eremite° ation,
Eastward, leaves Carlisle 5 A. M , ',Jiving at Car
lisle 5.20 P. M. Through trains Eastward, 10.10 A, M.
and 2.42, P. 21. Westward at 1e.27, A. M., and 2.55 I'.
CARLISLE OAB AND IV It Ell CoMpl:ql".—President, Len,
uel Todd; Treasurer, A. L. u n' ler ; c noel intunueut
eorge Wise: Dirertors, F. Watts, Wm. M. Beetem,
E. M. lllddlo, Henry Saxton, I;. C. Woodward, J. N.
Patton, F. Umlaut. and 1). 8, Croft.
Cumberland Star Ledge No, 197, A. V. M. meets at
Marlnn Hall nu the 'led and 4th Tuesdays 01 every
S. John's Lodge No. 200 A. Y. M. :Meets 32 Thurs
day of each month, at Marton Iln 11.
Carlisle Lodge No. 9t I. 0 of 0.1. Meets Monthly
evening, at 'l rout's
The Union Fire Company was erganizod In 1780.
Rouse 111 Louthur between Pitt and Ilan,iver.
The °umberlaud Fire Cumpeey was instituted Feh
18, 1808. !Comm lu Bat!ford, betweeu Muhl and Pour
The Good Will Fire Company was instituted in
March, 1855. !louse in Pomfret, ticar lintiover.
The Empire If.nok an.] I,ller Company was institu
tad in LEM. llouea in I I t. near Mein.
RATES OF PUS rAGE
Postage on all letter,. of one half ounce weight or
under, .3 cants pre paid.
Postage on the 11 CUALD within the County. free.
Within the State 13 cents per annum. To any part.
pf the United Stabile, 20 coots Postage on all Iran
alert Vapors, 2 cents per ouuce. Advertleod letters to
be charged with cost of advertising.
Good Dark Calico Just Received
GREENFIELD & SHEAFEI?' 8,
East Main Street, south Side
Good Dark Prints,
ttra, II -
Olmor Extra, do.,
pleached Nuetins at 20. 25, 30, 35, and 40 rents.
Unbleached, from 20 to 40 rents.
Summer Pants stuffs, at last year's prlctis, having
purchased our stock of Summer Pants stuffs last Fall
ive ran and w 11 801 l them from 10 to 15 cents a yard
olteaper than any house In town. Renieteher the place.
GREENFIELD s 811EAFER,
Opposite U. 8. Ritter's.
AGIT THE PARIS MANTILLA EM
POILITINI, No. 920 Chostnut St., Philadelphia.
MANTILLAS and ,CLOAKS. ,
AIso,SPRING and SUAIXIBIt' G ARMS:WEI; ofeiur
own anufacturo, of tho Latest Styles and In great
J. W. PROCTOR & Co.,
The Paris fllantillaEmporiumi
920 CHESTNUT Street
United. 6tates,.6 percent 10.-40 Loan.
To-aro- preparedr to furnish - the - 10-40
11 United .States' Loan authorized. by the act a
March 3d, 113114 , either Registered or Coupon ..11ontb, as
parties may prof,• in denomination, of $OO, $lOO, VOO,-
$l,OOO, $5,000 1 and 410,000.• . •
.The interehi. on the s6ll,and $100; Rends is payable
annually and other denominations semi-annually
in coin. The Bon dir4lll beat'date March let, 1804 and
are redeemable at the pleasure of the Government af
ter 10 years and' payable' 40 years 1 rem date in coin
interest at 5, perount per annum.
CarlisleXienosit BanicVApril 25th,1804, . -
CHOICE•SEOA.ItS A TOBACCO,
"WE FIGHT THIS BATTLE
Mr. Stephens Responds to the Chi
Inc; ipli:u• (;4•livral -
th.• chie,t, ; "
•;;Itia-r if 'Stop vi
r,1,01 ico- 1'ro,a1,11( ro , n,,n(nql .•t-
M., Professor of the
itt•tit,•—tt, 8-1( . rhi t t htittlt ttf th,
rt•lttti pttttlitalt• -h.. \\ • \vitttl litti.tt- Art. t ritt•r
ill th , 1111. torr•rati..n, ,$f
111 , N.l'lll,l'll 1 /t ;11141 111, t•pi%
11, 1 , it11,11.1,,1 11:1 t'llt••.11I'V.2,,I110111
Smith. thr• t. t
;111 , 1 111.• re C:111 Jo, l)t) ditiirully
t 1 nLL it if 111, 1 cal X rih v, ill only (.4.n.ent
t,. let the rebels own way. T11 , .V
:UPI they are
t 4. meet tilt• :tic party \ I•ry gladly
tho Id' arnii-ti,t.,
and a NatiOnal
I'hey might not oLjeet to the latter, pro
vided it \vas primarily agreed that the
inate ak-olute sot - ereigiit . v ot• ti n Statto,'
kith full power to scccdt• front the
whenever ally of them (looses, is solemnly
agreed upn. 'Nei United States Con,titu
lion, Mr. Stephens thinks, provided for this
right of aocr,.i n ; and, he naively remarks,
"all our present trouble,, sprang front a
p from Ihi , principal—fronn a violation
of this essential law or our political organi
zation." Aml this is the same Alexander 11.
Stephens who denounced secesiiin in
when all around him were Cr 117.3". with an
eloquence, truthfulness, and Mower, unsur
pas,ed in any speech delivered, at the North
or South upon that subject “flow have the
mighty fallen ! How are t rung laid low!"
The platform of the Chicago Cnvention,
)I r. Steven,. thinks, "presents a ray of light"
—the first ray of light he ha , seen from the
North since the war iwgall—,o much or a
Pay, that, in the splendor, \lr. S. becomes
Miltonie, and repeats that. celebrated apos
t roi die of the great poet to • Heavenly Light,"
which was written when he was stone blind
us blind actually as Mr. Stephens now is, po
litically, in reference to the opinions and sen
timents of the citizens of the loyal States.
But he lir, iceedh to discuss the consequences
of the ratification of the Chicago platform,
by the election of the Chicago candidates, in
a very liberal and patronizing ll' :tinier. He
imagines that the preliminary negotiations
would he "between the two c.»Vederacics .'"
But the South having magnanimously agreed
to meet the V allandighains and Longs in
that convention, he proceeds to show how
the convention world amount to nothing
Lt the first instance, the delegates lire to
have no power but to meet, to talk, and to re
commend. What they agree upon should
then be submitted to the Stittes which should
vote upon the plan. All the States which
ratified it, would of course be bound by the
agreement and all the States which object
ed to tie settlement, would not be bound
either collectively or singly. We should
then have the Union restored, except as to
such States as did not agree to r , storation,
which Would be, of course, by their non-a
greement, free to set up for themselves us
Single nations, or united in as many confed
eracies as they determined upon among t hem
selVes. By this.plan";' we might have, in
stead of a united nation, an aggregate of
States called the United States ; a confeder
acy of sugar States ; a confederacy of cotton
States etq , etc.;_ 'with_ one-or two - indepe&
dent empires, such as the kingdom of , South
earolina,,,or_the principality of- Texas.
`The. loyal citizens of the 'United 'states,
thus have i anauthoritatiye • pronunciamqMo
frOM the South', as to hoW its Aending
Mans sea by the "ray of light" which beams
from the chicagoPlatform. fiy that pcintil,
lation Mr. Stephen's secs—
. First, That a recognitiom of the nb6oluto
right of a State to secede froth the Union
RHEEM & WEAKLEY; Editors & Proprietors.
[From the Nov York Tribune.]
We fight It out!" Hogs loud and elan r
Along the banks of Tames;
It rings in trench and riflo-pit,
And by the camp-fires flames;
The sentinel on lonely post,
As slow be stein his mond,
The seaman on the reeling mast,
O'er surging billows bound.
no raiders tierce, the chonang troop,
The reckless, daring sr nit,
Each—one and all—repeat the cry :
"Brave hays, we'll tight it out! "
"We fight it outl" is still the shout,
Down Sherman's blazing flue;
It echoes o'er Atlanta's wail,
%Viten, bright our baronets shine;
It Is the cry at Petersburg,
Whore stands unflinching tiraut;
And Weldon Road repeats it
Where lianrock's standards flaunt.
Shenandoah's bright green Talley
Returns that gallant cheer,
Where Sheridan's fierce troopers
ash forth iu 11,t. career;
They shake their sabres o'er their heads,
They peal the warlike shout :
"No eunpromise with' traitors!
light this battle out!"
Bravo Parragut, in Mobile Bar,
From all his war-worn Al
Ropmis it with his shouting crows,
And from his cannon lip,
Their hearts a re lcdd, their arms are stout
Their ;potteries shake the shorn,
They'll fittht ['his trait cons conflict out,
Till treason is no more.
'• Two hundred thousand (adored braves
Says l.ineoln, •' msr,•h with me?
On bastion'd tort, on battle-11,dd,
They straggle to he free:
Where lives the craven coward
Who'd yield those mon again,
These valiant Union s"liliers,
To bondage and the chain "
Clikagon erieq: This War mast sttip;
Let us east down the ste e l,
Ylohl up the 11111(1.)h:1i up the fLiti
Then prostrate let us kneel.
In 5:5111 our s:rakure,
In rein 1.1 ,, 0l is spilt,
i., 31 the Wit.
ut ;.,1111.4nt, rninn mon
Vour a ti,,iii , i 1111•11 II
Th, and the .zlen
One effort nt anll I;nd it ..111 i n.“-n
0 s i c 4#
lit ' el
whenever it desires to, with cause or with
out cause, is to be the foundation of the ar
mistice, and the only terms upon which a
convention. will be allowed.
S'econd, The convention is to be no con
vention, but a political debating society.
Third, The plan of the "convention," if
one can bo agreed upon, is to be worthless
for a restoration of the Union unless it is
unanimously agreed to.
In other words, it may be said that Mr.
Stephens proposes that it shall be agreed that
the rebels Were right in stealing the forts,
-arsenals, mints, ships, arms and munitions
of war of the United States ; that they were
right in firing upon the Nationalfiag at Fort
Sumter ; that Major Anderson committed a
grievous fault in resisting tho rebel bombard
ment; that the war has been wrong from
the hegining ; that the United States Gov-
eminent ought to have knocked under a
once; and that the continuance of the effor
o restore the Union by force of arms, is a
tool outrage upon the rights and 'privileges
of the innocent population of the South, who
have endeavored to destrOy it by force of
arms. Grant this much ; and, it being
clearly agreed that the Confederacy was
right from the time of firing on "the Star of
the West down to the latest guerrilla mur
'tiers," it also follows that it is the duty of
the United Sink; to assume and.pay the
debt of the nmell-outraged Confederacy, and
make good in damages, and by reparation,
all ills losses suffered by individual rebels
during- the War. Whca all this is satisfac
torily settled, wi May play at armistice and
a creation or hostilities ; give up all the ter
ritory conquered by our armies ; abandon
ill the harb;q.s raptured and closed up by
; yi4)ll up ..\lissouri, Maryland,
I',t Rentticky and Tennessee,
nd, trailing the proud flag which has been
.'pt flying by the bravery and the blood of
rir soldiers and sailor, , , withdraw fromthe
eonos ()four triumph:,
After that we arc to play at, convention,
nil sond a sot it poworloss nohodios to moot
n cotHoltation wi!h othor nobodies ; and,
t'tor much tall., quarreling and delay, a-
lotion, of tilt. imp)lout body being agreed
upon, we -Mllllll,ll pl:ty at ratification. The
:—“lth ha \ twzr already Leon ju,titied in SOCC.3-
Sl , ll. will refs to ratify the plan of the eon
vent There will be a
up or the Government, univer , al anarchy,
niel a C1 ', 11 , 1160111 , f things which will lend to
warlarm and make thin, once the
0 , -1 happy and pi , i-ipermi , nation in the
th, in ‘vi, teheil„n,afe and 14iser-
lide I 111 NVi o r l4 I
:\nrl :di i, to the I , gititriate conse
qu,rl(•.•: electiml ~0 (;t•eral
;an and ef the ratiticatipn of the Chicago
Flat rni. In all that has been written in
the Union to•N‘ -ptiwrs about the naischicv
.al- eonsennences of the adoption of the ar
!...,tice and e.-•.ttien tsf hostilikies 'plan,
Owl, ha. hcen nothing so thoroughly, de
lon-Intik c of the Neickedne-s. lolly and
erninnal ,trot•ts t.fthut set,ith• n> these COM -
11,111- 111i..11 it, ttlotL c , ollll. the second
tho trait , .N WIIOM it is
HE WAS NOT THERE
h:Lith• (,t• Rich muinlain Wits fought:
in \Ve-tern he Ro.4ccrans. and re
sultcd in a gh,rhah , vit•tf•ry. was
the conilliaffiltw or that (h , parthaent and WAS
have arrested the Hight the discomfited
but n , ,t I 14Pre.
Ti n• 'fluff cu. fnught by
undt.r 11rdel'S Bout (iellerill
Sh.llo, he dirc4 . 6(lll 4 , f Gil McClellan,
1.1111311,(1 till tin. tli . Sumo and
it 'night Intl., hcrn sin:cos:4'lll had
tt,itt•rat-in-Chit•r t•xantin,,l the ground
111111 pr , parations, but—he
its not there.
Th 4. I,l4R•kade of the Potonute by the reb-
els occasioned great fIllim . V:111C0 to the gov
ernment, and added materially to the na
tional debt by enhancing the price of subsis
tance, It might have been raised, and pre
parations were concerted for that purpose
several times between the army and navy,
and the fleet was ready, as also were the
troops, except .McClellan —lie leas 7101 Mere.
The city of Norfolk, with all its im
mense naval facilities, was a desirable point
for us, and several efforts were made to get
McClellan to take it, although in vain. At
length President Lincoln in person got up
an expedition and headed it, by which Nor
folk ocus capttlrett N601..111 OW knowledge of
McClellan—for //c ic.ts toil there.
The battle of \V Whom burg was fought by
our army, under disastrous circumstances,
in consequence of one ignorance of the ground
and the rebel works, and having no com
mander-in-Chief. Each division fought on
its own hook, and there was no plan of bat
tle. McClellan should have been in com
mand but—he was izot thcre.
So it was at Seven Pines, Fair Oaks,
Gains' Mills, Savage Station, White Oak
Swamp, Malvern Hill, and the :Aeon was
that as McClellan was occupied with politi
cal intrigues when ho should have been
busy with military duties—he was not there.
A CROAKER WE:SWERED.-4. cop
perhead stepped into a isiness house of our
acquaintance, a few da3 since, to receive
pay for a load of curlr, ,
' hen the following
Merchant—" One dollar and fifteen cents
is a I ig price for corn, Bill."
Copperhead—" Yes but you know thego
green backs are not . worth anything."
Merchant--" I believe they•pay debts con
tracted four or five years ago."
Copperhead—" 0 d— n it Charlie, I can't
pay you now," and butternut walked off, hold
ing on to the trash with a death-lik o grip.—
Dr. Brockinridge's rojection of the
terms of Peace prepared for the country by
the conspirators at Chicago, brought clown
the house in 'his last speech in Cincinnati.
Ho said : "My excellent friend speaks of
the South as 'his erring -bretheriW- But I
do.not pormit, men *a be my Southern broth,
rim who hayo tried their very host to cutlily
throat. (Applatise.)- 1 have a brays young
son, twenty-one years of ago, 'who has .beou
fighting, from the beginning of 'this War,
our side. lie was captured, and they, listy,e
him now' finder the tirci 'of - the 'batteries
at. Charleston. would cheerfully go,
there and take his platio.but as. God is, ruy
judge, Y would not.agree to bring. him' home,
by making peace on thelormstlfese men Pro,
pose.' (Great applatios.) :"•
I ho scholule of LLn reso-
gARLISLE, PA.„ FRID , OCTOBER 28, 1864.
OFF.IAL EXPOSITION BY JUDGE
ADVOCATE G kNE RAC lIOLT.
'e are unable to give the pet! report.
Judg4rolt on tho 'Western Conspiracy, ho
We give its substance below, and ask fur it
Thiektciet association first developed itself
inithekiVest in 1802, about the period of the
first conscription of troops, which it aimed
,06 to- i o 4 b a :r .:o u
c a l r e i , d , ,
il v resist. es s
i O u r )
, g ly i Originally
inspiration certain localities as the " Mutual Protection
Society," the " Cirtle of lionor," or the
"Oircle" or " Knights of the Mighty Host,"
aiilklittere widely as the "Knights of the
'i. r ttir,ltiiiii:rebellion, being little other than an
teiltitnArin among the disloyal and disaffected
6;:tNorth, of the association of the latter
imvwhich had existed for somo years at
: 'Ole:ST.lth, and from which it derived all the
iioi6f,P,ttures of its organization.
;:t,i - 4411•1 - iiig the summer and fell of ll'ilit3 the
pier, both et the North and South. under
4.Tftei;ips,ttne modifications, as well as a change
of Mum , . In consequence of a partial ex
posure. Which had lawn made' of the signs
and se'rfet, forms of the 't Knights of the
Golden'i Circle,'' Sterling Price had instils
' ti!, d as its successor in Missouri a secret, po
laical twochition, \ditch he called thei• Corps
de Belgique" or "Southern League;' his
principal coadjutor ;wing ('h'url's L. Hunt,
of St. Louis:then Belgian Con mi at that
city, but, whose c.r,purbep was S.ll l, :rqu , ntly
revoked by the Pri-dilent on account of hi;
disloyal; practiewi. The special objectie"of
the Cioriis de Belgique appear: I, IPIVO 11 , (`O
to unite the rebel sympathizers of l ik.on ri,
with li . .view to their taking up arm , and
joinind,Prica upon his proposed grand invit
ision of-that fliitate, and as to their recruiting
for histriny in the interim ,
Meanwhile, al-o, there had bt , ll I (I , t il ut0.,1
at the North, in the autumn of Isit.f, iy
sundry disloyal 1nT , ,11 , , 1 , 1*,!1111/,11t aniiihg
whom - . ..r.reVa Ilandighant ;old I'. C. Wrie,ll 1,
of New :York, a :41 order, intended 1., Is:
general throughout the country, and aiming
at an extended intheiniki and power. and
at mere positive reknit , than it. plied, ~,,, r,
and which was terwed, Ho.i 11;is sin., Lees
widely known is (11. t u..\. K., or - Orb
. '':;~ . .
upon [ll- l o uvre-- (pl . lII` 1.1,11. r, li:tt it \\
fullthb , ,.- by Valland,L , :iiatu irLr, hi• hill
ishrnent. and iiiii,ni. , ii•qiiiiii,iiiiii iii, iiiii.ii.H.
with 1):,‘ i, - . :Ind ,01,..r pr , ,iti:iwill irzlw.r,. 1.1
is, indf:• - 4, tip. 1, , 1.1-t ,If tl, , .01..1 , q• In 11,.;:,:,;‘
and eke.(l),Trs, th.(t its - r;1;1.1.1 - ~11;I.• dir ~1
fl'oli 13 -7 . - iIF, bitn,ll: and .1;i1-: : . \ nil l'iN
wan, fiirtnerlr vtta,.ll,•d t(... Ow o , ll:limind I.(
the reb ilAvEKedi,„ anti..a _ . .i r wiL_ .i.L'Atillkisat
Nvitues.i.. Ilil. i-i, 1 ,,, ,;1111. , :171 Wili Sr 11,-,..,:iriTt"
referre , 1,,...t.:) , ,, Iw-itit - c;3- that Da, i, i, a
mem lit- r f•rder
Upon the iii , titntion a the In
ganization. it repre , ented t hat tb.• l'or[e
clime. a Seuthern ,eetien m . the (i.
and that the ne‘v mime :1,1.,1.1-
ed Mr the univr, bath itt luo North awl
The secret an•l eh:inn-tor of th,
dor htn inq hc, , nu 131,11 N 1111
authorities, rt her Mtaliticat ions in the ritual
and forms were intrduced, and it:11111W' NV:I. ,
finillny chat gel 1 ) that a (he U. S. L.. or
"Order of the sn,o, HO'
"Knights of tho ordor of the St,ll, Lib
erty.' Those lat tor , •haino- ropre-ont,l
to have been air-t in-tituted, aod tlo• titual
compiled, in the z , ltate of Imliana in :My
last, but the »els- 11,11110 IVti, at once goneral
ly adopted throughout the West., th,ugh in
some localities the association is still hotter
knownasthe" Orderof merioan Knights. -
It is to be added that in the State of New
York, and other parts of the North, the se
cret political associations, liLlOWn ;ts the
" Minute ifnard," would sit to
be a bhmeh the 0. A. K., haeint sulodan
tinily the stunt. objects, to be accomplished,
however, by nn -tuts, expressly suited to the
localities in which it is established. For, as
the Chief Secretary of this association, Dr.
R. F. Stevens, stated in June last to a relia
ble witness, whose testimony has been fur
nished, " those who represent the .11cClellan
intereal are compelled to preach a vigorous
prosecution of the war, in order to secure
the popular sentiment and allure voters,"
Tho strength and significance of this or
' gnnization lie in its military Character. Thu
lecret constitution of the Supreme Council
provides that the Supreme commander shall
be commander-in-chief of all the military
PP :es belonging to the order in the various
States when called in to actual zervice ; and
further, that the Grand Commanders "shrill
be commanders-in-chitf of the inilitai,y
forces of their respective sloes:, Subordi
nate to the Grand Commander in the State
are the "Mayor Uenerals," ouch of whom
commands his separate district and army. In
Indiana the Major Generals tire four in
number. In Illinois, where the organization
of the Order is considered Most perfect, the
.members in each CZmg,rnssional District com
pose a brigade" which is commanded by a
hArigadier general." The members of
each county constitttte regiment," with a
" Wand" in command, and those of each
township form a " company." A Somewhat
'similar system prevails in Indiana, where
also each company is divided into "squads,"
leach with its arrangement intend
-10 to facilitate - the guerrilla mode of warfare
,In ease of t general outbreak or local disor
1 The ‘, McClellan Minute Guard," as ap
pears from .a circular issued by th,2Chief
Secretary in New York in March last, is or
ganized upon a military basis similar to that
df the 'order - proper. lt is composed of corn
-1 iianies, one fur each election distt•let, -ten of
which constitute a " brigade," with a " briL
adier general" at its head, The whole is
hiked under the authority of it " command
rlin-chief."- A. strict obedience on the part
of mornberi . to the orders of their superiors is
enjoined. ' . . •
The greater.part 9f the Chief .and, Suitor-
Pilate ()facers pi' the order and itS , ,branohcsi .
,4s well as the principal minnberS thereq, nre
known to the government, and, ! , whero..hot,
already. arrested,' may regard: themselves aS.
'ander'a constant .military surveillance SO
ebb:plate has: boon the exposure of 'this so.
LI'S ORIGIN, HISTORY, NAMES ETC
, 1 I , v rf , ion,.l :4,11
cret league that, however frequently the con
spirators may change its name, forms, pass
words, and signals, its true purposds and op
erations cannot longer be concealed from the
It is to be remarked that the Supreme
Council of the Order, which annually meets
on February 22d, convened this year at
New York city, and a special meeting wa
then appointed to be held at Chicago, July
1, or just prior to the day then fixed for the
convention of the Democratic party. This
convention having been postponed to August
29, the special meeting of the Supreme Coun
cil was also postponed to August 27, at the
same place, and was duly convened accord
ingly. It will be remembered that a lead
ing member of the convention, in the course
of a speech made before that body, alluded
approvingly to the "session of the Sons of
Liberty at Chicago at the same time, as that of
n organization in harmony with the senti
ments •and pn,je(.ts of the convention.
ITS EXTENT AND NUMBERS
The "Temple" or "Lodges" ot• the order
}re numerously scattered through the States
Tndiana, Illinois, Ohio, Missouri, and
Kentucky. They are also officially report
ed as establiAnal, to a le,s extent, in Michi
gan and the other 'Western Slates, a, well as
in New York, and also Pentr , ylrattia, New
Rhoda I-land, Connecticut,
New Jersey, - Maryland, Delaware, and Ten
t)4,ll,l, the Grand Commander or
Indiana, in :in address to the members of
that State in Velum:try ln-t, claims that nt
ni•xt. nnnunl mooting (if thri Suprinip
(in li'i•lirintry, 18 , 15,)
tli tiri4 awl mlc trw , tuitional oi
:4 - anization the Democratic and Com-ervativo
men 1 , 1 the country have ever attempted."
prof isiou made iu the Com-titution o f th,.
Council for it repre, , entath,n from thf ,
that the wide,t ex•-
ton.,ion of the order i. contemplated.
'rho aetual 11 , 1"Iber,s• ,or the order have, it
believed, never been officially roportod,
and varin‘4, thon.6.r. , Itcettrat.•ly Ilso n
1,1111, I. VllllOll , 1,,r) mak !,
t;i tcliirli ;iri•
corl , i.lnratay I.xag - g..m.:tt...1. It ha ,
to tlm Suprollit•
F , .l,yuary IHt , 111:11 tlto nwfLrr
111..1.. t. I Print St11),I)00 to
LI I,.1}1)0 I.tit l'allawlI:2,11,i111. in lii =lu 1111
-ttilirli.•r at ton, ()hi,. it :i t
nottel that tl - P• otrlrT, or it,
prot al)ly much it 0.1,
d.ll 11., nitheventhan all!:,
mild ;HI tirgei.ropurtion r 1 ~ t •
i" ! ;,thiy Are represepl.•.l
lu be meilitt..r-. I I
1 , 1 Itt I).! l'- , ../1/1 . 1 the un.b•r lit- nut I),,it -
z. , zol)lt a I.l: , whert u t ./ply ollicer• ui
(11A.Lf ,1‘ I.llly, but.also.2..c.ol , iderable 1 / 11, 1 - 1 ( ,1* of
' C.."1":•41:S" whip he ,111...poned.te
appreciate lihist readily its aims and purpos
e,. It is fully ilium that a- lately as in
July ';tit ,•v , ral of these ruffian- writ
(I..gree by Dr. kaltit , , in
TII I; .1 It \I F: D PO It: I.
M111',..11 1;t:i, Lhr (lair(' armed for., o;
the order, capable of being mobilized for
elf-clive Sil \ ice, wit , ret)resented to be
non no II lit detaik, however, upon which
thb. -ttilet.fent was lased are
t—tiin,my, an4l it i, not known
how far 1111111 ' 0er may be ea:nrgora(ed. It
hy mean, of a tax levied upon it, mem
ber-, 11., acs utnulated con , iderable fund , for
purelm,e of arm, and annminition, and
that the-, live been pr.oeured in large quaff
titie, for its use. Tie witne-, Claytn,
on the trial of D o dd, e , timated that tu'- thirel.s
the order are rural-lied with ;trios.
There remains further to be noticed, in
this - •onnection, the testiniony of Clayton
upon the trial of 1b , 11.1, to the effect that
trios were to be furnished the order from
N:l , Sall, N. I'., by way of Canada ; that to
deist the expens e , of these limns or their
transportation, it formal a,se.,iitent was levied
upon the lodges, but that the transportation
into Canada Nvas actually to be furnished by
the Confi.derate authorities.
ITS ItITC.U., oATus, AND i:s;rEici,ut F.)Rms
The ritual of the order, as well as its se
cret signs, passwords, &c., has been tulle
made known to the military authorities. In
August last one hundred and twelve copies
of the ritual of the U.:\. K., were seized in
the office of lion. D. W. Voorhees,'l4. C'.,
at Terra Haute, and a large notnber of ritu
of the U. S, L., together with copies
of the constitutions of the councils, &c„ al
ready referred to, were found in the building
at Indianapolis, occupied by Maid, the
Grand Commander of Indiana, as had been
indicated by the Government witness and
detective, Stidger. Copies were also discov
ered at Louisville, at the residence of Dr.
Kalfus, concealed within the mattress of 'his
bed, where, also, Stidger had ascertained
that they were kept.
Each degree had its commander or head,
the Fourth, or "Grand" is tho highest in a
State ; the Fifth or " Supreme,'' the highest
in the United States ; but to the first or
lower degree only do the great majority of
The oath which is administered upon the
ntroduction of a member into any _degree is
is especially impressing in its language. It
prescribes as a penalty for a violation of the
obligation assumed "a shameful death ;"
and further that the body of the pe'ison guil
ty of such violation shall be divided into
four parts and cast out at the four "gates"
of the temple. Not only, as has been said,
does it enjoin a blind obedience to the or
ders of the superiors of the order, it is re. ,
quire(' to be hail of iiaramount obligatio n to
any oath which' may be admipisterCd to,A,
member in a court of justice or elsowliere.'
Members are also instructed that their
oath of Member Ship is to ho hold paramount
to an-oath of allegiance,ror any other oath
. which may impose obligations' inconsistent
with those which aro assumed upon entering
'the order. Thus, if a member, when in
danger, or for'the purpose of faailiating
somo traitorous design, has taken theoath of
allegiance to the 'United,.intosi ho is held at
liherty , to violate it on the,:iir,st beeasion,
obligation to the'Order being deemed,suPeri, •
or to any considerationiofAittY or loyalty
prompted by , suclvO4h.' . ., -
The sign&, , Aitals;'ilassivbrds; 4 - c.,•of the;'
order are Bet forth at length in the •testimo-11
TERMS:--$2,00 in Advance,• or $2,50 within the year
1, :be, mg Sad leis lo rit, and Harbor
ing and I'rotrr•lin,/ Dem'ric s. —Early in it::
hi,tory the order m...iiiyed to undermine :inch
portions of the army n; were exposed to its
insidious approaches. Agents Were Sera by
the K. G. C, into the camps to introduce the
order among the soldiers, and those who be
came members were instructed to induce as
many of their coniparions as possible to de
sert, and for this purpose the latter were fiir
nished by the order with 111011Vy Andciti
zens' clothing, Through the schemes of the
order in Indiana, whole companies were
broken up ; n large detachment of a battery
company, for instance, deserting on one oc
casion to the enemy, with two of its guns,
and the camps were imbued with a spirit of
discontent and dissatisfaction with the ser.
Soldiers, upon deserting, where assured of
immunity of punishment, and protection on
the part of the order, and were instructed to
bring with them their arms, and, if mount
ed, their horses. Details sent to arrest them.
by the military authorities were in several
cases forcibly resisted, and, whore not un
usally strong in numbers, were driven hack
by large bodies of men, subsequently gener
ally ascot tained to be members of the order.
Where arrests were effected, our troops wore
openly attacked and tired 'upon on their re
3. Diseou . raging Enlistments 'and Resist
ing the Praft: ---4tls especially inculcated by
the order to:oppose the reinforcement of our
aftnie4 either by 'volunteers or dri.:•L' .1 men.
In 1802 the Knights of the Golden Circle or
ganized generally to resist the draft in ti:.
Western States, and were strong enough in
certain localities tc4greatly embarrass _the
Where members of the order.were forced
into the army by the draft, they were 'in- :
structed, in ease they woro prevented 'fTom
presently escaping, and , where.ohliged nto -.go .
to the field, to' use their arms in battle a
,fellow Soldiers. rather thati - tho
enemy, or; ifpossible,,todesert tq the enemy,
,hy whom, through the signs ofl thte order,
they, would. be recognized and received, its
friends. It is to be 'added that whenever. a
is member .Volunteered in the army he 'Wes°
fit "once expelled from the Order. '
ny, but need only be briefly alluded to. It is
a most significant fact, as showing the inti
mate relations between the Northern and
Southern sections of the secret conspiracy,
that a member from a Northerh State is en
abled to pass without risk through the South
by the use of the signs of recognition which
have been established throughout the order,
end by means of which members from dis
tant points, though meeting as strangers,
are at once made known to each other as
Besides the sign of recognition there are
signs of warning and danger, for use by
night as well as by day ; as, for instance,
signs to warn members of the approach of
United States officials seeking tomake arrests.
The order has also established what are
called battle signals, by moans of which, as
it is asserted, a member serving in the army
may communicate with the enemy in the
field, and thus escape personal harm in case
of attook or capture. The most recent of
these signals represented to hay been nd4t
d hy the order, is a live pointed eopper star,
worn tinder the coat, which is lobe disclosed
upon meeting an enemy, who will thus ree-
ognize in the wearer a sympathizer and an
ally. A. similar star of G.1111£1.11 silver, hung
in a frame, is said to be displayed by mem
bers or their families in private houses in _lndi
ana for the purpose of insuring protection to
their property in vase Of a raid .1 . (Oiler at
,Lint it is that in many dwellings in
that State, a portrait of John Morgan is ex
hibited for a ;Hid tar purpose.
ITS 11 'WI"! EN PRINCIN.Es
The '•l) , rlrtrali,ut ro . f l'ri
merteos Ivith the folli)%ving
—All men areendowed by the (:iiiititor with
certain right, equal a., far as there-is equal
ity in the calamity for the appreciation, en
joymt-rit are those right;." And
subiiiiquently there is added: " In the DlN'int ,
economy no individual of the humain race
nutst b.• perinittial iineurnber the earth, to
mar its aspect; of tran-iciatilent beauty, nor
to im the progre,i; (if the. physical or iil
- 111;t11, Ileilllol' 111 nor the
rite.. to which he belong , . llence, it people,
upon Nlll:lt , lOt u pilin , they cony Lc r.IIIIII, in
WID , III ?With
or HIP lii ' Wily within thelli nor the
lion, of divine and beautiful naturo around
them can impel to s irtttous action and pro
gress onward suit upward, .should be subject
ed to ju-t and humane :servitude and tutelage
to the until they shall be able
to appro,..a:., OD; noiit, and advantages of
r ru (12,4, t, , not; is ad , itql that
htr al I , IStat,s , (l , -
, rr . igilty, With it, iluce,-tlry rimit, the limn
,Metrim d,k Qt,,ton --adietritte
iu 1J. ,,, •11111td: t11:11 irt our federative w
part i• Hein the Bch ilr, 'would com
pel the Geattral (; , veratitttitt, liken Juitaro -, se
f 'hart ri " 11 olwror it
fait h le.“ or int•Mett t State ,lat)tild command
it Li.> do
v;ii:al, after r chin that 11.11.
: 4 tat ,, 4, 1112 , T are
d(• , iL7liate,l 'Thu [ ' Titled
111,1 . 1,1 . .,,,,• rignty, be.
Call,' that i, uu attributn Nvith
poopli.. in their SOVeral and
~ r gailizativils., arc undoweil and
thi; i:A addt.d. as a corollary. "It
e , mpatible I%titil the 111,401 . y. and nature of
our ,y,tetn of government that Federal au
thority should coerce by arms a sovOreign
The declaration of prineiplos, however
does not stop he but proceeds oIIL. Ste}
further, as fell o ws:
" \Vbenever the clio ,, en officers or dele
gate, shall fail or refuse to admini,t,r the
coo , , , ronoolt in strict accordance with the
letter of the :icceptcd Constitution, it is the
inherent right and the solemn and impera
tive duty of the people to irsis, the function
aries, and, if need be, to e.rpe/ thrin by firm
of 111 . 111 S! Such rcsistance is not revolution,
but is solely the assertion of right—the exer
cise of all the noble attrihutes which impart
honor and dignity to manhood."
ITS SPEcIFIC Pl'illSisES AND OPERATIONS
3, Circulation of Disloyal and Treimni7-
ble Publications--The order especially in .
Missouri,, has secretly circulated throughout
the Country a great quantity of treasotugde
publications, as a means extending its own
power and influence, as well as of giving en
couragement to the disloyal and inciting
them to treason.,
4. Communicating with, and giving intelli
genceto, the enemy.--Smith, grand•secretary
of the order in Missouri, safe, in his confes
sion. spies, maq carriers, and emis
saries have been carefully protected by this
order ever since I have been a member." It
is shown in the testimony to be customary
in the rebel service to employ members of
the order as spies, under the guise of sol
diers furnished with furloughs to visit their
homes within our lines. On coming with
in the territory occupied by our forces, they
are harbored and supplied with information
by the order. Another class of spisp claim
to he deserters from the enemy, and at once
seek an opportunity to take the oath of alle
giance, which, howeVer, though voluntarily
liken, they claim to be administered whilet
they are under a species of - duress, and, there
fore, not to be binding. 'Upon swearing al ,
legiance to the Government, the pretended
deserter engages, with the assistance of the
order, in collecting contraband goods or pro
curing intelli4-ence to be conveyed to the
enemy, or in some other treasonable enter.
The system of espionage kept up by the or ,
der, for the purpose of obhuning informa. ,
tion of the movements of our own force;
&c., to be imparted to the enemy, seems to
have been as perfect as it was secret. Tho
Grand Secretary of the order in Missouri
states, in his confession : "One of the espe
cial objects of this order was to place mein
bors in'steamboats, f2rryboats, telegraph' of
flees, express offices, department beadgua,r.
tors, provost marshal's office, and, in fact;-iii
every position where they could do valua
5. Aiding the riirwy,hy ^recruiting for
them, or as.,istiPg them to recruit within orlr
haq al:,o been extensively ear
ri,d on by members of the order, particular
ly in Kentucky and Missouri. It is esti
milt,(l that two thousand men were sent
South. from Louisville alone, during a few
weeks in April and May, lt- , f; 1.
Tlm same facilities whieb were afforded to
recruits for the Southern army were also
furni,hed by the Order to persons desiring
prooeod boyond our lines for any illiegal
purpo , e. lit the Louisville was generally
pretrred as a point of departure, and, on the
„,\lL , si.ssippi river, a particular steamer, the
Graham, was seleete4 as the safest convey
6, Furnishing Arms, Ant
this, tor., the Order, and
especially its I male members and allies. has
b e en seditiously enLt . iiged. The rebel women
of Louisville and Kentucky are represented
hat in 4 rendered the most valuable aid to
the ri.iiithern artily, by transporting very
large quald it ~t* perm-si-n caps, powder s
eimecaled upoll their persons, to some
e.eivenient L ealitt near the lines, whence
hey ectild be r e adily r uy (1 to those for
wID•m th,y y, ere intended.
7. ./ y Raids
it i> ekur that the
ord,r h. s girt - ii ni 1, ti,qh dirt ctly and indi
ro,dly, th,_. r:hehi, and to
gu I%h, inpalcing in
cur,i,nsint,) States, yet because,
011 till' .110 hand, f the eon:Atka upon.
it action exen•i,ed by our military Ru
th,: iti,-, mi the other hand, of the gen
eral pup,•••• , . of oar arroio- in the field over
those of the enemy, their allies at the North
hare never thus thr been aiyie to ettrry.-out
their grand plan of a general armed rising of
the order, and its co-operation °llan extend
ed a•? 11, with the Southern foree.q.
S. G"rern,zent I'roperty.—
llnve 410 thnita that large quantities of
Coo ernmont property have been burned or
0 1 hen\ i.c ‘l , ,troye.l. by the agency of the or
dor in ditnrent local it At Louisville, in
the ca , •• of the steamer Taylor, and on the
ppi river, steanter , belonging to the
("nit d states have been burned at the
wharves. and generally when loaded with
store.. Short:' before the ar
rc-t or Bowles, the senior of the major
,general. of the order in I ndiana, be had been
cl:g:Igod in the preparation of “Greek Fire,"
which ma.; to be found herr iceable in the de
struction of public property.
t. Destructien priente Properly and
Persecution of Union 31en.—It is reported
by Gen. Carrington that the full develop. ,
meat of the order in Indiann was followed
by -a state of terrorism . ' among the Union
residents of -liortions of Brown, Morgan,
dol nson, Rush, Clay, Sullivan, Bartholo
;new, Hendricks, and other counties" in
that State ; that from some localities they
,were driven away altogether; that in others
their barns, hay, and wheat ricks, were burn
ed and that many persons under the gener
al imeeurity of life and property sold their
eifects at a sacrifice and removed to other
this connection the outbreak of the
miners in the coal districts of eastern Penn
sylvania, ill the autumn of last year, may be
appropriately referred to. It was fully shown
in the testimony adduced, upon the trialS of
these insurgents, who were guility of the de.
struction of property and numerous acts of
violence, as welt as murder, that they were
generally members of a secret treasonable as
soci a t ion, similar in all respects to the K.
C., at the meetings of which they had been
incited to the commission of the crime for
which they were tried and convicted.
10. Assassination and Murder.—After
what has been disclosed in regard to thi4
famous league of traitors and ruffians, it will
not be a matter of surprise to learn that the
cold-blooded assassination of Union citizens
and soldiers has been included in their devi
lish scheme of operations: Green B. 'Stith
states in his confession that '.qhe secret as
sassination of tinitedStates °Encore, soldiers,
and Government employees, has been die
cussed in the councilS of the order and rec-
. At a meeting of the Grand CourtCß of In
diana at Indianapolis on Juno 14th last; tho
murder of one Collin, a Governmant detectiyo,
who, as it was supposed, had betraytalthe
der, was deliberately discussed' 'and
determined upon . . This. fact is Stated •hy
Stidger in his report to General Carrington
of Juno 17th last, and is more fully set forth
in his testimony upon the Arial of Dodd, Ho
desposes that at the Ane , tMg in quOstion,
Dodd himself volunteered to go to Hamilton,
Ghim.where Coffin was expected to be found,
And there " dispose of the latter," ' He adds
that prior to the, meeting, he himself con
voyedfrom Judge Bullitt, at Louisville,lo
Bowles and Dodd; at - indiananolis„ . special ,
instruotions to. Idtve Collin “put ont,of Jim
.way"—nnurdered"-7-"Att: all Itazarke.
11. Establishrne4,of a ,Nortkivester74,9on
federacy.—ln etnielmilng•thisreviOlty .of some
of the principal specille,purposesp4the order, -:
it remains - only to rtimarktipOnii ilArtilo;nk
sign- of many.of its leading -kaeiiilicisv. the
aeeomplishinent 3Vhhic they itre,reprosent-
'o4 as having, deeply at heart. • Hating. Now - -
-England, and jealowS of -her in 134040 And