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11. S. GOVERNMENT
Vice President—HANNlßAL ['AAIUN,
Secretary of 861.41—Wm. 11. SERAno,
-Secretary of Interlor—Jrro. P. BRUER,
Secretary of Treasury—Wm. P. FERSENDEN,
ZiocroLnry of War—EDWIN M. STANTo&,
,SeeruLary of Navy—Gnu:oN WELLES,
Post Mader Generni—MONTGOMERY BLAIR,
Attorney tioneral—EDWAßD BATES,
Chief Justice of the United &tittle—Roan B TANEY'
Governor—ANDßElV G. Co Wrier.
Secretary of State—Hu Sum,
Surveyor Getteettl—lAttße e . .IIAIIR,
Auditor Genend—lSAAC SLENKER,
Attorney Geuerai— Wm. M. M nEnrrn.
Adjutant General—A L. RussELl.,
State Treasurer—Hermit D. MOORE,
ChlofJUEtic of the Supreme Court—GEO. W. Wenn
i'resldent Judge—lion. 3arnee ii, Ornham.
, Armorlate Judges—lion. Michael Conklin, Den
Dintriet Attorney—J. W. D. (Melon.
Clark and Itecorder-I , ,phraim Common,
Register—Geo W. North.
lligh SherllT—J. Thompaon Rippey,
County Treasurer—Coney S. Ritter.
County Ocunninnioners—Michael Kant, John 31
Coy, 311tehe11 31r.
- Suporlntentinnt of Poor Bonne—lTenry Snyder.
Phydrion to Jolt —Dr. W,'W: Dole.
Plunk:lan to Poor Itouse—Dr. W. W. Dale.
(thief Tturgass— Andrew U. Ziegler.
Assistant Borgess-sitobert Allison.
T ow , Council—Eagt, Ward—J. D. elthintiheast,
Joshua P. ltisier, .1. W. D. tilllelan, lleorge Wetzel,
West Ward—neo. I. Murray, 'l6O. Paxton, A. Cath
cart, Jno. h. Psrker, .1 no. D. Gorgas : President, or
Conneil, A. Contrast, Clerk. Joa. W. tignhy.
Lligh Constable Samuel Sipe. Ward Constable,
Assessor--. John Qutshail. Assistant Assetsors,Jno.
Mull, (leo. S. Beetem.
Auditor—itobart D. Cameron.
Tax Collector—Alfred Ithinoheart, Ward Collor
tors—East Ward, Chas. A. Smith. \Vogt V T en
Cornman, Street CommiKsioner. Worley 11. Matthew,:
Justices of Item 1.. Sponsler, David 611 W h
A hrm. Debut'', 911.• ha el Holcomb.
J.,amp LiglAtqwt , t;has. 11. Mock., :lames Spangler.
First Presbyterian Church, Northwest angle of Con
tra Square. Rev. Conway P. Wing Pastor.—.Sera re
every Sunday lorning at 11 o'clock, A. M., and 7
o'clock I'. M.
Second Presbyterian Church, earner of South Ilan•
over and ['claret streets. Bev. John C Bliss. Pasior
Services comulence at 11 o'clock, A. NI., and 7 We.cork
St. John's Church, 1 Prot Episcopal) northea , t
of Centre Square. Itey, Per% Ices
at 11 o'clo , k A. M., aA d "'dock, P M.
English huthvran Church, Ledford, le•tween )lain
and Louther streets. It, I. •.11, Fry, Svr
Tice: , at 11 o'clock A. )1.. and 0., c'clook I'. )l.
Borman itt•torlll,l 1.11 11 r, Ir. 1..•111.11. - 1. I A , p,l Iran
OVor 41111 fill hareetS. l.tn . , 11101 . 1
Servlc, lit 11 o'vl,wk A. M., Awl 1' M.
.Nlothodlst Eh (first et r,;.:) corner of )111n
e d l'itt ltr,•ete. Thom. 11. Shed., I:, 1'n.41,,r.
Serylves at A. M.. and 7 o'clovk P. NI.
E l'ltur. h (so.onti It,. S. I,
Itnwinnn, Pastor. :.ervlveslu Emory P . Church at 1.
o'elock. A. M , and
Ch 81.1101 1 5,.t earner of West street
:trt Chapel Rev 11. Bork, l'aqo . r , ervoos
,ft Ila, to., nod 7 p
rnt. Patrick's Cationli , Chi orrin.`Foonfrint near East st
Hey Pastor. Servir in every other r'at,
bath. at Al o'clo, k. A . .. Flier.; ;it P. \I.
German Lutheran Chun It.ettriter Pottifret and
Iletltor.lmtrottts. 11ey itz“, l'astor. t , ort it•tts at
11 o'clitrtt V. H.
1$0,). AV hon. oh 4, qrc in the nhurn :1 re 11PC . ..1 ry thi
proper porsous nre roque,ted to notify ha.
Rev. Herman M.Johnson, D. 1)., Presld •nl and Pro.
lessor of Moral Science.
William C. Wilson, A. M., Professor of Natural
Science and Curator or the Mu , eum.
Rev. William I. Roswell, A M., Professor of the
Creek and Ilerman Languages.
So inuel D. I.l.lllinau, A. M., l'rofe coy of if a Chemat
John K. Staym In, A. M., Profoloior of the Latin and
[fon. Jamul; 51. Urn ham , LL. , Profeßsor of Law.
Itev. Henry C. Chertuu, A. ki , Prlnelpal of the
Grammar 7. 4 ch001.
Julia[loud, AsgiAlAnt In the Grammar School.
BOARD OF SCHOOL DIRECTORS
James <lawulltnu. Priiiiideut, 11. Saxton, P Quigley,
E. Commit ii, C. P II um °rich, IL. C. Woodward, Jason
W. Eby, Treasurer, John Sph‘r, MeiristinLier. Meet on
thu let Monitair of eadh Month at tl o'clock A. M., at
DVALIELL DEPOSIT DASlC.^PrOsident, D. M. Hender
son, W. M. lantern Cash. J. I'. Hassler and C. B. Mahler
'tellers, W. M. tiler. Clerk, Jno. Underwood Mes
senger. Directors, it. M. Henderson, President, It. C.
Woodward, Sidles Woodburn, Moses Bricker, John
Nag, W. W. Dale, John D. Uorgas, Joseph J. Logan,
Jun. Stuart, jr,
FIRST NArmat TltYlt.—President. Samuel Ilepb urn
Cashier. Jos. C. Holler, Teller, Abner C. Brindle, Mes
senger, Jesse Brown. Win. Nor, John Dunlap, itich . d
Woods, John C. Dunlop, ,saac Brenneman, John 5.
bterrett, Hepburn, Directors.
Counsittmin Vatt.sv Rau -Roan CumrANT.—President,
Frederick Watts Secrutar v and Treasurer, Edward
M. Biddle: Superintendent, U. N. Lull. Passengu,
trains three times • day. Carlisle Accomtnu!ation,
Eastward, leaves Carlisle 5 55 A. M., arriving at Car.
lisle 5.20 P. M. Through trains Eastward, 10.10 A, M.
wad 2.42, I'. M. Westward at 0.27, A. M., and 2.55 P.
CARLISLE GIS AND WATER COMPANY. President, Lem
uel Todd; Treasurer, A. L. Sponider; Superintundent
deorge Wise: Directory, le. Watts, Win. M. Ileatinu,
N. M. Biddle, henry Saxton. It. C. Woodward, J. W.
Patton, F. ilardner and D. 5, Croft.
Cumberland St.st Ledge No. 107, A. Y. M. meote at
Marlon liall op Ulu 2.1 and 4th Tuesdays of every
S. John's Lodge Nn. 290 A. Y. M. 9foots 9d Tburs
day of oath moth, at Marion Hail.
Carnal, ' bodge No. 91. I. 0. of 0. F. Moots Monday
evening, at Trout's building.
The Union Fire Company was organized In 1780.
House In Louther. between Pittand lianover,
The Cumberland Fire Company was Instituted Feb
18, 1809. Home In Dadford, between Alain mutt Yom
The flood Will Fire Company woo Inatltuted In
March, 1855. House in Poinfret, ;war Hanover.
The Cmplre Hook and Ladder Company was tuatltu
tad in 1859. House in I'M, near Main.
RATES OF POSTAGE
Postage on all letters of one half ounce `weight or
under, 8 canto pre paid.
Postage on the HERALD within the County; free.
Within the State 13 cents per annum. To auy part
of the United States, 26 cents Postage on all trnn•
Molt papers. 2 cents per ounce. -Advertised letters to
he charged with coat of advertising. ,
Good Dark Calico Just Received
GREERIIIELD & SIIEAFER' S,
East Main Street., South Side.
211 Door, 2d Door, ad Door.
Good Dark Prints, . . 18%
super Extra, de., 25
alleadhed Aluslles at 20. 25, 30, 35, and 40 cents.-
, 'Unbleached, from 20 to 40 routs.
Summer Pants stuffs, at last year's prices, having
purchased our stook of Summer Pants stuffs lost Fall
we can and wilt sell them from 10 to 16 cents a yard
cheaper than any house G In town. Remember the place.
"Opposite EL B.ltitter's.
T THE PARIS' MANTILLA EM
PORIUM., No. 020 Chestnut .St., Philadelphia.
MANTILLAS and CLOAKS.
Also SPRING and SUM.MER GARMENTS, of our
of the Latest Styles and in groat
J. W. PROCTOR & Co., ,
The Paris Mantillti Emporium,
920 CHESTNUT Street.
United §ates 5 percent 10-40' Loan.
Vtre are prepared to furnish, the 10-40
. 'United - States Irsaii authorized - by the act of
Mare 3d, 1804 either Registered or Coupon Bonds, as
parties nay prefer in denomi,nations of $5O", $lOO, 000,
$l,OOO, 0,000, and $lO,OOO. • ' •
The interest on the $6O, and $lOO, Bends is liaiable
annually andel' other denominations semiannually
in coin. Thellonds will heir date March Ist, 1804 and
are redeeniable at the , pleasufe of tho Government af
ter 10 years and payable 40 yeara from date in coin
with interest at 6 portent per annum.
W. M. BEETEM,VashIet.
Carlisle Deposit Dank, April 25th; 1884,
RFIEEM & WEAKLEY, Editors & Proprietors
On the Chicago Surrender.
What4-11Olet the white Beg when our triutiipb to
What I crouch before Treason 1 make Freedom a lie?
What spike all our guns when tho foe is at bay
And the rags of his black banner dropping away ?
Tear down the strong name that our nation his won
And striko her bravo bird from his home In tho sun ?
Hose coward who shrinks from the lift of the sword;
llo's a traitor who mocks at the sacrifice poured,
Nameless and homeless the doom that should blast
The knave who stands idly till peril Is past,
But he who submits when tho thunders have burst
And victory dawns, is of cowards the worst I
Is the old spirit dead? Are we broken and weak,
That cravens Fo shamelessly lift tLe white cheek
To court the ewilt Insult, nor blush at the blow,
The tools of the Treason and friends of the foe l
Sool Anarchy smiles at the Peaco which they ask,
And the oyos of Plsunlon flash out through the
Give thanks, ye brave boys, who by vale and by crag
Bear onward, unfaltering, our noble old flag,
Strong arms of the Union, he;oes living and dead,
For the blood of your valor is uselessly shod!
No soldier's green laurel is promised you here,
lint the a bite rag of "sympathy" so tly shall cheer
And you, yo war martyrs, who preach from your
How captives ore nursed by the masters of slaves.
Or, living, still linger In shadows of Death,—
Puff out the starved muscle, recall the faint breath,
And shout, till those cowards rejoice at the cry:
"Dy the hands of the Union we fought for we dial"
By the Allod of our Fathere 1 this slime we roust
But it grows too aebflping for freemen to bear,
And Washington, Jackson, will turn in their graves
When the Union shall rest on two races of slaves.
Ur, spurning the spirit which bound it of yore,
A nd sundered, exist us a nation no morn I
Bar en, , TnYLort,
'HMI OF HON. WILLIAM H
The: follolving address hp llon. Win. 11.
Seward deli \ I.rl at Auburn, Y., on the
evening of the tird init., able and
thorough di,en,,lon of the great pl'llll . ll/1 4 ,
110.1 1 1\ 1 1 4 11 ill the 121'1,1 . 1111 211141 ;W421/141
Le 1'4 4 2111 all. Iti re,poi-e to the 4'llll 41 r 2111
1111111 4 11 4 , throng of his fellow cilium=. -
Secretary Seward :
M 1" DEAIt FILIEN ,t) that I lil,i•
see you comewarching to thetinte
al air', 1111 , 1 , T 111 e fold.. of the old national
flag. I thank you for this ho-pitable and
jaktriotie welcome. It prov, that. though
you deal rig,,n)ll,ly kith your public ,er
vants, exactiug reasn- , for their policy, en
ergy iti their comluct cf affair.. and explttrt
tams for failure, and 411,11110;111011( . 11tS , 111
their administration. yet you are neverthe-
less just, because you ttilli igly allow them
to rejclice With you when you have success
es, victories And triumphs to celebrate. The
news that brings us together is authentic.
This victory collies in the right connection.
It falls in with the echoes of t h e capture of
Forts Gaines and Morgan, which I under
stand to be the particulars of Farragut's glo
rious naval battle, in the Bay of Mobile —a
battle equalled by nit other in American his
tory but the naval nehievements of the same
veteran Admiral New Orleans. at Port Hud
son and all these have no parallel in naval
warrare but the battles uf• the Nile and Tra
falgar. (a voice—•'l wish we were all Far
raguts.") 'Well my friend, I know the Ad
miral well, and 1 confess that we all can't he
Farraguts. Indeed, very few of us can. liy
the way, every body admired Farragurs he
roism in climbing the topmast to the direct
the battle. But there was another 'Tart ic
ular" of that contest that no less forcibly
illustrated his heroic character. t•Admiral,"
said one of his officers, the night before the
battle, "won't you eontuit to give Jack a
glass of grog in the morning—not enough to
make him drunk, but. just enough to make
bins tight cheerfully." 'Well," replied the
Admiral, “I have been to sea considerable,
and have seen a battle or two, litit I never
found that I wanted ruin to enable me to do
my duty. i will order two cups of good cof
fee to each man at two o'clock, and at eight
o'clock I will pipe all hands to breakfast in
Mobile Bay." And he did give Jack the (tor
fee, and then he went up to the masthead and
did it. The victory at Atlanta conies at the
right place. The rebellious district is in the
shape of an egg. It presents equal resist
ance on its whole surface. But if you .ould
break the shell at:either of the two lids
-Richmond and Atlanta—the whole must
crumble to pieces. While Sherman, Adm.
Grant has been striking the big end, 4aule,
under Grant, has been striking just asll hard
blows upon the lesser end. The whole shell
will nO‘v be easily crushed, for it has grown
brittle with the exhaustion of vitality with
in. This glorious victory comes in good
time for another reason. Just now we are
calling upon you for three hundred thousand
more volunteers, if you will—drafted men,
if we must—to end the war. You were get-
ting a little tired of long delays and disait
pointed expectations. In Indiana a portion
of the people, instigated by rebel plotters, at
the Clifton House, in Canada were import
ing British revolvers, in boxes, which pass
ed the Custom House as stationery under
pretence of arming to defend themselves, but
really to resist the draft, and bring the gov
ernment down to ruin, through a subordi
nate and auxiliary civil war. True, no arms
have been imported hero ; yet delegates went
out from among you, and sat down in coun
cil at Chicago with those Indiana conspira
tors, and agreed with them not only that im
portation of arms should be defended in the
election canvass, but also to demand the ces
sation of the war, upon the ground that suc
cess in restoring the Union is unattainable.
Already under the influence of the cheering
news from Atlanta all this discontent and
this despondendy have disappeared. Ike
shall have nte draft, because the army is be
ing reinforced at the rate of five to tea thou
sand men per day by volunteers. May I not
add that this victory at Atlanta conies 'in
good time, es the victory in Mobile Bay
does, to vindicate the wisdom and the energy
of the war administration. "Farragut'm fleet
did not make itself, nor did he make it. It
Was prepaied by the Secretary of the Navy,.
and he that shall record the history of this
war truthfully and impartially will write
. that since the days of Carnot no_intin has or
ganiied War with ability equal to that, of
Stanton. , But auspicious as the occasion is,
it has. nevertheless failed- to bring out some
whom we might have expected , bore. Why
aro they not here to rejoice in the victories
that will thrill the hearts of the lovers of
fpedom throughout the world ? Alas ! that it
must be confessed, it is party spirit that holds
them aloof. All of them are partistins. Some
are republicans, who cannot rejoice in the
national victories, because this war, for the
life of the nation, is not in all respects con
ducted according to their own peculiar radi
cal ideas and theories. They want guaran
tees for swift and universal, and complete e
mancipation or they do not want fire nation
sated. Others stay away because they want
to be assured that in coming out of the revo
lutionary storm the ship of State will be I
found exactly in the sense condition as when I
the tempest assailed, or they do not want the
ship saved at all, as if anybody could give
such guarantees in the name of a people of
thirty millions. Others aredemocrats. They
received from their fathers the axiom that
only democrats could save the country, and
they must save it by democratic formulas
and combinations which:the progress of the
age has forever 'exploded. They cannot
come up to celebrate achievements which
condemn their narrow and hereditary bigo
try. Others of both the republican antidem
ocratic parties are willing that the nation
shall be saved, provided jt is done by some
one of theirchosen and idolized chiefs, which
chief they mutually denounce and revile.
They cannot honor Grant, and Sherman, and
Farragut, and Porter, because by Such horn
age they fear that Fremont and McClellan's
time may he eclipsed. Nevertheless there
:u•e enough here of the right sort, enough of
men who once were republicans, but who,
taking that word in a partisan sense, are re
publicans no loner, and men who once were
democrats, but aim, takint; that word in its
narrow application, are 10n g ,,,
all of whom are now Union men, because
they found nut at the begining of this tre
mendous civil war, or at some period in its
progress, that no man, no party; no formula,
no creed, eouldsave the Union, but thatonly
the people could save it, and they could save
it only by ccm.ing to• become partisan.: and
beemning patriots and Union mn. Yes,
nn Crivn , l4. \Own till, war shall he ended in
he reslor;ilion of the Union no man then
livine; will evolt in the recollection that aur
in..4. ‘,lltilltl,lll. , Ii W,1 , 1 .1 12111 1 1 1 as 1 - 1011 , 111 or
:11,11-el , 11 1,1,111,11c:1N Cur a deemerat,
but overt• Wall in 111 VI:11111 to }MVO 11, 1 1 1 11
111I'llIE:11t1111creel 11111 1011,11 , 141. 1 11-
:11 ( . 111 , /11 nom By Why:4l[lllld party spirit,
e-pecialFy this juncture, divide the Amor
ir,tn in.o1,l , ••1 Ate! who should I, 11 1111 1 111111 1 1 1
Or the executive administration, allude to it
oz such as ocua,:nut a, this. The answer is
it hand 'l'h, our country
commands (list athilllii,tMlion to surrender
its 1/ 11 W1 1 1' , to t h e people. /Bid the people to
de-ignniv agent:: toas,una, and exercise them
v,ers. You receive the executive
government in a condition s - nry different and
highly improved. AN'e found it practically
expelled from the whole country south of the
Delaware, the Ohio and the Missouri, with
Cln:' most of the army and navy betrayed or
tiller, into the hands of the insurgents, and
a 1111\11 and troft4onahle confederacy, with the
indirect but effective co-operation of foreign
Powers, establishing itself on the Gulf of
Mexico. Ws cheerfully give the govern
ment back to you, with large and conquer
ing armies and a triumphant navy, with the
hateful confederacy falling into pieces, and
the rebellious States, one after another, re
turning to their allegiance.
Regarding myself now, therefore, not as
a secretary, but simply as one of the people,
I like you, am called by ay vote to deter
mine into whose hands the precious trust
shall now be confided. We might wish to
avoid, or at least to postpone, that duty un
til the present fearful crisis is passed. But
it cannot and it ought not to be avoided or
adjourned. It is a constitutional trial, and
the nation must go through it, deliberately
and bravloy. 1 shall theretofore cheerfully
submit for your considaration the course
which I have concluded to adopt, and the
reasons for it. Fir., , 1 beg you to remember
that the present is no common or customary
Presidential election. It occurs in the midst
of civil war, arising out of a disputed suc
cession to the executive power. Disputed
successions are the most frequent cruises of
civil wars, not only in republics, but even in
monarchies. A dispute about the succession
of the President periodically begets an abor
tive or a rid revolution in each one of the
Spanish and American republics. So the
disputed session of the Spanish throne begot
that meliorable thirty years war which con
vulsed all Europe. A dispute whether Ju
arez was the lawful President brought on the
present civil war, with the consequence of
French intervention in Mexico. A dispute
whether this present King of Denmark, who
succeeded to the throne last winter, is lawful
heir to the (Riches of Schleswig and holstein,
brought about the civil war in that country,
which, through German intervention, has
just now ended with the dismemberment of
the Danish Kingdom. It is remarkable, al
so, that civil wars, produced by disputed
successions, invariably begin with resistance
by sonic one or more of the States or prov
inces which constitute the kingdom, empire,
or republic which is disturbed. It was so
with the United States of mexico. It was
so in the United States of Columbia, and
the same was the ease in the United States
of Venezuela. Now, it is certain that in
180 we elected Abraham Lircoln, lawfully
and constitutionally, ''to be President of the
whole of the United States of America.—
Seven of the States immediately thereon
rushed into disunion, and, summoning eight
more to their alliance, they,set up a revolu
tionary government. They levied war a
gainst us to effect a separation and establish
a distinct sovereignty and independence.—
Wo accept the war in defe - fico of the Union.
The only grievance of the insurgents was
that their choice of John C. Breckinridge
for President was constitutionally overruled
in the election of Lincoln. They rejected
Lincoln and sot up a usurper. Tho execu
tive power of the United States is now,
therefore,by force practically suspended be
tween that usurper, Jefferson Pavis, and tho
.constitutional President, Abraham Lincoln.
The - war.is waged by the usurprer expel
that constitutional, President' from thecapi--
tal, which, in serail - sort , is constantly held 'in
siege, andle,conquA the States' 'which loyal
ty adhere to him. The wff- , 4 maintained
on our side to stippress-the ueurr, and to
bring the insurgent States back under the
CARLISLE, PA., FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 1864.
authoritS; of the constitutional President.—
The war is at its crisis. It is clear, there
fore, that we are fighting to make Abraham
Lincoln President of the whole United
States, under the election of 1860, to contin
ue until the 4th of March, 1865. In vot
ing for a President of the United States,
can we wisely or Safely vote out the identi
cal person whom with force and arms we are
lighting into the Presidency ? You justly
say no. It would be nothing less than to
give up the uery object of the war at the
ballot box. The moral strength which makes
our loyal position impregnable would pre--is
front us, and when the moral strength has
passed away in material forces are no longer
effective, or even available. By such a pro
ceeding we shall have agreed with the ene
my and given him the victory. But in that
agreement the constitution and the Union
will have perished, because when it shall
have once been proved that a majority can
by force or circumvention defeat the full ac
cession of a constitutionally chosen Presi
dent, no President thereafter, though elected
by ever so large a majority, can hop() to ex
ecutive powers unopposed throughout the
whole country. One of two things must fol
low the fatal 'Cirror. Either a contest be
tween your newly elected compromise Pres
ident, and the same usurper in which the
usurper must prevail, or else a combinatil*
between them through which the usurper or
his successor, subverting your constitution
and substituting his own, Will become pres
ident, king or emperor of the United States
without foreign aid if he ear, with foreign
intervention, if necessary. That's so.) To
be sure it is so ; nothing is more certain than
that either the United States and their con
stitutional President, or the so eallt , d Con
federate States and their usurping President,
must rule within the limits of the republic.
I therefore regard the pending Presidential
election as involving the question whether
hereafter we Shall have a constitution and a
country left us. flow shall, we vote, then to
save the country from this fearful danger?
(Vote Lincoln in again.) You have hit it
ex:wily my friend. Remits? role bin - rolii in
egnia, and illhe hint in al the, soot, tinies—
t f we do this the rebellion will perish, an d
leave no root. If we do kiiherwi.w. w ,. b u y e
onlc tear alternatives of acquiesetnee in a
perpetual u-mrpiition, or of entering, all
lons suer •s?ion ~r civil and social war,
on these grounds, entirely irrespective of
platform and candidate, I consider the !tee
ommendations tif the Conventme at Chicago
as at tending to subvert the republic. It will
seem a hard thing when I imply that a par
ty, like the democratic party. can either
meditate or blindly adopt measures to over
throw the republic. All experience, howev
er, shows that it is by the malice or the mad
ness of great parties that free States have
been brought down to destruction. You of
ten hear alarms that a party in power is sub
verting the State, and it sometimes happens
so. But nine times out of ter it is a party out
of power that in its impatience or its ambit
ion overthrows a republic. The democratic
party, of course leaving the loyal Union
democrats, opposed the election of Abraham
Lincoln in 1860. In doing so they divided
and organized into three columns. One a
treasonable rnlumn, Of Slate rights disunion
democ . rats under 13reckinridge. A second,
a loyal Northern column, under Douglas.—
The third, a concilatory flying column, un
der John Bell, who has since joined the in
surgents. We therefore invite the two loy
al columns to-combine with' the republican
party to Oppose the disunion democratic col
umn. They declined. Co the eve of the elec
tion in 18601 told the followers of Douglas and
of Bell that when the election should have
closed, they had inadvertently favored dis
union and rebellinn. • They presisted, and
the attempted revolution came. Disunion
them presented itself, in the practical form
of preventing Abraham Lincoln from as
suming the executive authority. Thus the
democratic party produced that calamity,
to Southern democrats acting from design,
the Northern dennierats passive through in
advertance. The disputed session still re
mains unadjusted. A new election has curve
on. For a time the Northern denmerats,
With notable exception, gave at more or less
liberal support to the government against
the democratic insurgents of the South. But
the same democratic forces which figured in
the election of 18G0 now appear in the polit
ical field, with positions and policy uncharged
since that time, as I think, except for the
worse. The Southern dennierticy is still in
arms under the usurper at Richnnind. The
Douglas and Bell columns, consolidated, are
found at Chicago, and all three of the par
ties are compromising, the rejection of the
Constitutional President, of the United States.
They agree not only in this attempt, but they
assign the same reasons for it, namely, that
Abraham Lincoln is a tyrant.
They agree, also, that the real usurper at
Richmond is blameless and pure; at least the
Richmond Democracy affirm it, and the
Chicago Democracy do not gainsay it. To
me, therefore, the Democracy at Richmond I
and Democracy at, Chicago, like Caesar and
Pompey, seem to retain all their original
family resemblance. They are very much
alike—especially Pompey. But it is not in
mere externals that their simularity lies.—
They talk very much alike, as I have already
shown you. When you consider that among
the Democrats at Chicago the Indiana Dem
ocrats were presented, who have imported
arms to resist the national authority and de
feat the national laws, and that all the Dem
ocrats there assembled agreed to justisy that
proceeding, I think you will agree with me
that the Richmond Democrats and the Chi
cago Democrats have lately come to act very
much alike. I shall now go further and
prove to you that they not only have a coin
mon policy, and a common way of defend
ing'it, but they have even adapted that pol
icy in concert with each other. You know
that when the Chicago Convention was ap
proaching in July last George Sanders,
Clement C. Clay, and J. P. Holcomb ap
peared at the Clifton house, on the Canada
bank of the Niagara river, fully invested
WithiluS conildOnce and aciPiainted with the
purposes-of Jefferson - Davis and hie Coifed=
orates at Richmond: You know, also-that'
- Chicago Democratyre . sortodlher6 in eonsid-.
- erable numbers to confer with'these
ries of - Jefforsoki Davis.
_Rem is tho fruit of
that conference, and no one can ckpiy, the
authenticity of my'Oidenee.,- , lt is .extract-'
ed:from the London Timei,:thp coninolior
gall of all the enemies of the United States.
The New York correspondent of the Lon
don Times, writing from Niagara Falls, un
der date of August 8, says :
"Clifton House has become a centre of ne
gotiations between the Northern friends of
peace and Southern agents, which propose a
withdrawal of differences from the arbitra
ment of the sword." The correspondent
then go to explain that "an effort is to be
made to nominate a candidate for the Presi
dency on the ground of an armistice and a
Convention of the States, and to thwart by
all possible means the efforts of Mr. Lincoln
for re-election. ,
Mark now, that on the Bth of August,
1864, Northern Democrats and Richmond
agent agree upon three things to be done at
Namley : I. The withdrawlof the differ
ences between the Government and the in
surgents from the arbitrament of the sword.
2. A nomination for President of the United
States on a platform of an armistice and ul
timately a Convention of the States. 3. To
thwart by all possible means the re-election
of Abraham Lincoln.
Such a confelence, held in a neutral coun
try, between professedly loyal citizens of the
United States and the agents of the Rich
mond traitors in arms, has a very suspicious
look. But let that pass. Political elections
must be free, and therefore they justly excuse
many exteltvagance. We have now seen
what the agents of Piunpoy and Caesar °
agreed at Niagara that Pompey should do at
Chicago. here is what he actually did
Rem,teed, That this Convention does ex
plicitly declare, as the sense of the Ameri
can people. that, after four years of failure
to restore the Union by the experiment of
war, during which under the pretence of a
military necessity of war power higher than
the Constitution, the Constitution itself has
been disregarded in every part, and public
liberty itnd private righ t alike trodden down,
and the material prosperity of the country
essentially impaired, justice, humanity, lib
erty, and the public ‘velrar.. a.m.ind that
immediate efforts be made for a cessation of
hostilities. with a view to an ultimate eon
vention of all the States, or other petweable
meats, to the end that at the earlie,t
cal moment peace may be rmtored .the
basis of the Federal Union of the States.
The Denioeraea at Chicago did there just
what had le'' n agreed upon by the Richmond
agents al Niagara, y, the h p h ced
for an ahand,nment of the milrlary d , :l - eace
of the Union against theinsn,wents, evil/, cr
,•iew h, rin o,nrentiwt and
the de er,l If the election of A brahaut Liar.ln.
That is to say, they proposed to eject
Abraham Lit coin frorn the Presidential
c hair at Washington on the .11.11 of March
mist, and at the same time leave the usurper,
Davis, unassailed, secure and unmolested, in
his seat at Richt:tend, with it to all Ul
timate convention of States, which that
usurper's Constitution will allow no one of
thei insurgent States to enter. What now,
if thereto no Convention at all, or if the
Convention fall to agree on a submission to
the Federal authority ? Jotrerson Davis then
remains in authority, his Confederacy es
tablished, and the Union, with all its glories,
is gone form er. Nay, more, if such a thing
could happen as that the Chicago candidate,
nominated upon such 2111 agreement, should
be elected President of the United States on
the first Tuesday of November next, who
can vouch for the safety of the country 3-
g:6ml. the rebels during the interval which
must elapse before the new Administration
can Clirliititlitimially come into power'. It
seem , : to nn• that such 1111 election would tend
equally to demoralize the Union and to in
vite the insurgents to renew their efforts for
It ramains for me now only to give you
the proof that, although the way in which
the Chicago Democracy did what had been
agreed upon in their behalf at Niagara was
not altogether satisfiwtory, yet, what they
actually did was accepted a, a full exception
of the previous compact :
Sr. CATnERINES, C. W., Sept. 1, 1864.
To Ilon. 1). Witt, Halifax—
Platform and Presidential nominee fin'sat
isfaeiory. Vice President and speeches sat
isfactory. Tell Phihnore not to oppose.
GEO. N. SANDERS.
D Wier is a Richmond , accompliee at Hal
ifax, and Phihnore is understood to be the
conductor of the insurgent organ in London.
Here then we have a nomination and a
platform which were made by treaty formally
contracted at Richmond, and the democratic
opposition at Chicago, signed, sealed, attested,
and delivered in the presence of the London
Times, and already ratified at Richmond.—
(" By Heaven, we've got 'em.") Got them I
To be sure you've got them, my friends.—
They say I am always too sanguine of the
success of national candidates and of the
national arms. But it seems to me that the
veriest croaker in all our loyal camp will
take new courage and become heroic when he
sees that the last hope of the rebellion hangs
upon the ratification of this abominable and
and detestable contact by the American peo
ple. Yes; you have got them; but how did
you get them? Not by any skill or art of
the administration, or even through the sa
gacity or activity of the loyal people, but
through the cunning of the conspirators
overreaching itself, and thus working out
their own defeat and confusion. They do
say that the father of evil always indulges
his i chosen disciples with such an excess Of
sublety as to render their ultimate 'ruin and
punishment inevitable. And what a time
is this to proclaim such a policy, conceived
in treachery and brought forth with shame
less efirentery A cessation of hostilities on
the heel of decisive naval and land battles;
at the very moment , that the rebellion, with
out a single fort in its possession on the coast,
or on either of the groat rivers or lakes, is
crumbling to the earth, and at the same time
-a dozen now ships of war are going to tem
plet() the investment by sea, and three
hundred thousand volunteers aro rushing to
the lines to complete the work of restoration
and pacification There is a maxim which
'thoughtful teachers always carefully incul
cate: it is that inconstancy is imbeoility v and
that perseverance is necessary to insure suc
cess. This maxim was eet forth in the form
of a copy in the writing-book when I Was
young---,! • Terseveraneeftlevays conquers."—
Even infantile beginners encountered thein.
etruetiOn in. the form, of ittibbla iri Webster's
spelling-heok. :The story was, that Idiot
using soft words dad tufts of gr4ss,
,the farmer tried what,pirtne: therowas .in.
Atones, and by . peristence in that application ,
brought.tbe rude boy, Who Wag atef►lirig.
TERMS:--$2,00 in Advance, or $2,50 within the year.
apples, down from the tree, and made him
ask the farmer's pardon. Our Chicago teach
ers tell us that just as the rude boy is coming
down we must lay dowrilhe stones and re
sort again to the up of grass, with the con
sequence, of course, that the farmer must beg
pardon of the trespasser. But what makes
this Chicago policy more contemptible and
even ridiculous, is that it is nothing different
from the policy with which the same parties
now contracting actually ushered in disunion
in 1861, in the closing, hours of the Admin
istration of James Buchanan. Yes, my dear
friends, when we of this Administration
came into our places, in March 1861, we found
there existing just the system which is now
recommended at Chicago, namely :—First,
treasonable confederacy, in arms against the
federal authority. Second, a truce between
the government of the United States and the
rebels—a veritable armistice, -which was so
constructed that while the national ports and
forts were thoroughly invested along the sea
coast and rivers by the insurgents, they could
neither be reinforced nor supplied even with
food by the government. Third, a languid
debate, with a view to an ultimate National
Convention which the rebels haughtily des
pised and contemptuously rejected. What
were the alternatives left us? Either to sur
render ourscl yes and the government at dis
cretion, or to summon the people to arms,
terminate the armistice, adjourn the demur
zi I;g'' debate, and • reP,issess" ourselves
of the national ports and forts. And now,
has all the treasure that hits been spent, and
all the precious blood that has been poured
forth, gone for nothing else but to secure an
ignominious retreat and return, at the end
of four years, to the hopeless imbecility and
rapid progress of national dis-olutien which
existed when Abraham Lincoln took into
his hands the reins of government.. Every
iine of you know that but for that accession
of Abrahrm Lincoln just at that time the
_Union would in less than three months have
Wien into absolute and irretrievable ruin.
I will not dwell I,lngon the complaints which
misguided, but not intentionally perverse,
}nen bring against the administration of
Abraham Lincoln. They c emplain o f m in_
tary arrests of spies lurking traitors in
the loyal States, as if the government could
justify itself fur waiting without proven
five measures, for tours States to be invaded
or to be carried off into seecession. They
complain that when we call fur vidunteers
we present the alternative of IL draft, tis if
when the ship is scuttled the captain ought
to leave the sleeping passengers to go to the
bottom without calling arpon them to take
their turn at the pump. They are Dot L. , +11-
LOIII. with plotting sedition in secret places,
but they go up and down the public streets
.uttering their treason, vainly seeking to pro
voke arrest in order that the y may oomplain
of a denial of the liberty of speeeb. The
impunity they everywhere enjoy under the
protection of constitutional debate shows at
ono and the same time that their complaints
are groundless, and that the Union in the
element of Mond stability is stronger than
they know. The chief complaint agitin'd the
President is that he will not toieept paw,' en
the baids of the integrity of the linden, with
out having also the abandonment of slavery.
\V hen and where have the insurgents uttered
hint peace on the basis of the integrity of the
Union? Nobody ha , offered it. The rebels
never will offer it. Nobody on their behalf
can offer it. They are pledged and deter
mined to rule this republic or ruin it. I told
you here a year ago that practically slavery
n" longer .1110S11 ,, II — Illat it \VIII;
ling tinder the operation of the war. That
assertion has been coutirmed. The Union
inn in all the ;lave States that we have de
livered are even more anxious than we are
to alailish slavery. Witness Western Vir
ginia, Maryland, Missouri, Louisiana, Ton-
nesec and Arkansas. Jefferson Davis tells
you in effect the same thing. lie says that it
is not slavery, but independence and sover
eignty for which he is contending. There
is good reason for this. A hundred dollars
in gold is only a year's purchase of the labor
of the working man in every part of the
Unite I States. At less than hall' that price
you could buy all the slaves in the country.
Nevertheless, our opponents want a distinct
exposition of the President's views on the
ultimate solution of the slavery question.—
Why do they want it 1 For the statue reason
that the Pharisees and Sadducees wanted an
authoritative' resolution of the questions of
casuistry which arose in their day. One of
those sects believed in a kingdom to come,
and the other altogether denied the resurrec
tion of the dead. Nevertheless, they walk
ed together in loving accord in search of
instruction concerning the spirit world.—
Muster," said they, " there was a man of
our nation who married a wife and died,
leaving six brothers. These brothers suc
cessively married the widow woman, and af
terwards died. And last of all the woman
died also. In the resurrection, which of the
seven shall have this woman to his wife ? "
Now, what was it to them whether ono or
all should have the Woman to wife in heaven ?
It could be nothing to the Sadducees in any
case. What was it to any human being on
this side of the grave ? What was it to any
human being in heaven except the woman
and her seven husbands? Absolutely noth
ing. Yet they would have an Answer. And
they received one. The answer was that,
while in this mortal state, men and women
- shall never cease to marry and to die, there
will be in the resurrection neither death nor
marrying or giving in marriage. Although
altogether unauthorized to speak for the Pre
sident upon hypothetical questions I think I
can give an answer upon the subject of sla
very at the present day—an answer which
will be explicit, and I hope not altogether
unsatisfactory. While the rebels continue
to wage war against the government of-the
United States the military measures affecting
slavery, which have been , adopted from ne
cessity, to bring the - war to aspeedy and suc
cessful end, will be. continued, except so fur
.as practical experience shalt show that they'
can bomodifled adVantageously, with a view
to the same end. 'When the insurgonts shall
have disbanded their 'armies and laid. sloWtt
their arms the war will instantly cease, and
all the war measures then:existing, including
Mose• which affect slavery, will cease also; and
all the nAral, ocononticalnad political ques
tions, as 'dial questions. Afi'Vciing s4ivery as
Others:which .9.14111 then ho existing between
and Otates and Ogi'iolpral gov
ernment, wb,ether Choy 001.
war began, or whether they grew out of it,
will, by force of the constitution, pass over
to the arbitrament of courts of law, and to
the councils of legislation. lam not unso
phisticated enough to expect that conspira
tors, while yet unsubdued and exercising en
unresisted despotism in the insurrectionary
States, will either sue for or even accept an
amnesty based on the surrender of the power
they have so recklessly usurped. Neverthe
less, I know that if any such conspirator
should tender his submission upon such terms,
he will at once receive a candid hearing, and
an answer prompted purely by a desire for
peace, with the maintenance of the Union.
On the other hand, I do expect propositions
of peace, with a restoration of the Union, to
come not from the Confederates in authority,
nor through 'them, but from citizens and
States under and behind them. And I ex
pect such propositions from citizens to come
over the Confederates in power just so fast as
those citizens and States shall be delivered by
the federal arms from the usurpation by
which they are now oppressed. ' All the
world knows that, so far as I am concerned,
and I believe so far as the President is con
cerned, all such applications will receive just
such an answer as it becomes a great, mag
nanimous and humane people to grant to
brethren who have come back from their
wanderings to seek a shelter in the common
ark of our national security, and happiness.
The sun is setting. So surely as it shall rise
again, so surely do I think that the great
events we have now celebrated prelim the end
of our national troubles, and the restoration
of the national authority, with peace, pros
perity and freedom throughout the whole
land, from the lakes to the gulf, and from
ocean to ocean. And so I bid you good
night, and nnty God have you, with our
whole co nary, always in His holy and pa
Admiral Dahlgren's Defense of His
Admiral Dahlgren has written a letter
containing a feeling tribute to his son, Col.
Ulric Dahlgren, who was killed before Rich
mond, while advancing on that place to lib
erate the prisoners there confined. Ile says:
"I have patiently and sorrowfully await
ed the hour when I .should be able to vindi
cate fully meinory of my gallat4 son,
Colonel Ithalgren, and lay bare to the world
the, atrocious itoposture of those alto, not con
tent with alm;ing and defacing the remains
of the noble have knowingly and per
sistently endeavored to blemish his spotless
name by a forged lie.
That hour has at last come. I have be
fore nu• a photographic copy of the document
which the inhuman traitor; at,...Richmond
pretend was found 'upon the body of my sOn.
after he hail been basely assassinated by their
cavalry at midnight, and who, on the pre
tr•vt, that. this paper disclosed an intent to
take the lives of the arch rebel and his coun
sellors, and to destroy Richmond, have not
hesitated to conunit and commend the most
shocking barbarities on the remains of the
young patriot, and to exult like dastardb over
his sail fate.
can now affirm that thb, document is a
forgery—A barefaced, atrocious forgery—so
1)01,111)1c that the wickedness of the act is
only equaled by the recklessness with which
it hits been perpetrated and adhered to, for
the miserable caitiff; did not confine them
selves to tire general terms of a mere allega
tion, but published the paper in all the pre
cision of mt photographic far Sitnite, as if not
to leave a doubt for cavil.
"I felt from the first just as if I knew the
fact that my son never wrote that. paper ;
that it was a forgery ; but I refrained from
giving utterance to that faith until I had
seen a sample of the infamous counterfeit,
and, having seen it. could say, that u awry
fiendish lie 'lover was invented.
"It is well known the cruel usage prac
tised on the Union soldiers who were impri
soned at Richmond had become a theme at
the North, and that their release from slow
and horrid death was the object of the expe
dition. My son had just returned from a
visit to me, us Charleston, when he heard
of the project. Every one was aware that
he was in no condition to take the field just
then, for he had lost a leg by a wound re
ceived in a charge through Hagerstown,
pending the battle of Gettysburg, and the
consequent illness nearly cost him his life.
The vigor of his frame had carried him
through the crisis, but the wound was not
perfectly healed ; he was still weak and
could only move on crutches.
"No sooner was he apprised of what was
contemplated, than he sought to join the en
terprise. The remembranceof comrades pin
ing in loathsome dungeons—of men with
whom he had ridden side by side amid the
deadly conflict—and a strong conviction of
their sufferings animating every pulse of, his
gallant heart, he felt that duty called him
there, and the reluctant consent of the au
thorities was at last yielded to his earnest en
After reviewing the career of his brave
boy, the gallant Admiral concludes his In
Memoriam in the following touching man-
"The last letter ho over wrote was to my-
Self. It was from the camp, just before put
ting foot in stirrup • and about to sot out on
the last of a brilliant and eventful career.
He directed that it should only be given to
'me in the event of his not returning. He
speaks of the enterprise as 'glorious, and that
he would be ashamed to show his face again
if be failed to go in it.' Ho expressed himself
as fully sensible of the danger, and conclud
es thus : "If we do not return., there is no
better place to' give up the ghost.
"Such was the brave and generous spirit
whose light has been• so early quenched for- .
over. 'Ant of itself might have Baked to
site the vengeance I even" of 'traitors: The
shocking cruelty which has been exhibited to
his inanimate body, and the perpetration of
a forgery . to justify it, will inn the end recoil
(MOM infamous ruffians.
- "To the gallant young Soldier . it ha been'
as nothing. He had passed away to. his final.
acemmt,„leaving : a name_holfirldelfin-far -be
yond tho rcach of the chivalry. There .are
those left, however,, whose pride end . Oea
our°. i t hate' vindicate hinfair lanavand
he will bo remembered es a young putriotiof
spotless life and purest purpose -honest,-true
anil g cucie, latiiul.to every obligation, un
selfish:and generous to a fault; an..undaunt,.
ed, soldier of the ljuiony who never struck. a;
blow except at . an armed enemy; but . care
fully.'nd kindly respected. , the claims of de;
fenceless' Wornen aild'olldrett ; 'sic acioni=
plished gentleman; a Shied!) Cliklethui,
faithful. cat:trade, who, not .recovered troth
the almost fatal illifesiconsequentan losing
a limb in battle, wait
forth to hrave every
hardship in the lope of aiding iii the relea'se.
Of our captive soldiers froth
merciless enemy, Who, for this, treated his
dead body with savage ferocity, and hesitate
ed not to fdrge his name.
"Peaeeto his ashes wherever they rest: the
laurels on the young and' faht bra* Of Ulric .
Dahlgren will never fade while there are .
true men and women in the hind to keep
"Jut). A. Denottstr;- -
"Rear Admiral, corthinniding U, B. South'
Atlantic Blockading 8(pladron:"
A Roxdarttiq S,toiy-7-APOva43.rallii
The Doiro4 Free Prase tells thetoliovihrild
"At the first battle of Bull Run there was
a soldier by the name of Wilson; Who,'like'
many others on that memorable occasion,'
straggled away from his command. After
walking, or rather rurfning for several
he becarde very -much fatigued, and, after
taking good precautions that there were no
rebels either within' sound' or sight, he lay
down to steep b'y the side of tifenee, and slept
sweetly and soundly duping the night. Lite
in the morning,- when the sun was near
noon, he woke to find himself in a strange
land, and perhaps among the bitterest ens:,
mies of the country. But the demand of
hunger soon silenced the voice of prudenCe'
and caution. Seeing a mansion on the hill:
in the distance, surroundrd by parks and'
meadows, orchards and evergreen's,
fountains, and natural stream's of clear run
ning water; in fact, everything to shOvithat'
it was one of the first-class old Virginia plan'-.
tations, the hoine of courtly elegance and'
refinement, Our soldier, tired, with a weary
step and a fainting, famishing heart, knOcked
at the door of the mansion. He was cordi
ally received, for the old Virginia planter
was faithful among the faithful few. lit
remained long enough to recruit his wasted'
energies and get information as to the most
direct route to Washington. But the name
of the young soldier was not forgotten by the
planter, nor his manly temperament. The'
soldier re-enlisted, and at the second battle
of Bull Run was severely though not dal
gerously wounded. He was taken to the
hospital at Washington. His old Virginia
friend learned of his illness. He sent to the
hospital and obtained an order for permission'
to take him in his own home. He was re
moved, when through the kindness of the ,
plauter and the attentions of his daughter
the yoUng man gradually recovered. A ten=
der regard sereng up between the young
dy and the young soldier, and, to cut very'
short the turn the story in such cases made
and provided usually takes, they were betroth
ed. The soldier returned to his Northern::
home on furlough. While here he learned.'
of the sudden and severe indisposition:Of bet
who was soon to t3ceme his.bride. He LIS--;
toned to her side, and buried her corpse.—
The old man, before many weeks had elapsed ;
told the young matt that he Intended to
make him his heir; that he had no children
left, and no relatives, except those who were
its rebellion, and that he should now share'
with him his estates, He at once gave - him'
a decd to a considerable property in Chicago.
The young man, a few week since, visited
that rn,dern miracle and Babylon combined,
and found that hie little Chicago fortune
would realize the handsome stun of $200,000,
being off !red $60,00i fur a single block to'
which he had fallen heir. But thiS is not
all of the strange and eventful story. The
old man has but recently died, leaving all his
fortune to this young Union soldier, which'
is now known to be over 5300,030.
" This 'over true tale,' we know will sound
like fiction ; but had not the facts come to
us well substantiated, we should not have
given Thom publicity.
A letter from Cairo of the 14th of May
c,l Ves the following account of the departure
from that city of the caravan which annually
carries to Mecca the carpet intended to coy- -
er the tomb of the Prophet :
At. eight in the morning of the 12th the
Viceroy, attended by all the his chief func
tionaries, repai rild to Kat. 41-Moidan , whence'
the procession was to start. At a signal given
by his Highness, the citodel fired a salute'
and the caravan began to march. All the'
streets through which it was to poss were .
strewn with palm branches, the houses deco
ratedwith rich carpets, and flags and stream
ers of all kinds. The crowd was immense.•
The procession was headed by a numerous
band of musicians, followed by the trade cor
porations, represented by their schieks in
green or red•turbans, each carrying the ban
ner distinctive of his profession.
Next came a number of athletes, naked to'
the waist, and abundantly annotated with
oil; then a host of jugglers, some of whom
executed all sorts of feats with swords and
pikes, while others brandished snakes about
their heads, pretending to eat thhnr. Next
came two regiments of infantry and . two
squadrons of cavalry. After a shoil inter
val, a number of camels followed, lodating
the litter of the commandaneof the caravan
and the coffer containing the tobney to pay,
the expenses of the johrney. Behind these'
advanced anpther camel carrying a anion, or
Mussulman friar, well known to every rest=
dent in Cairo, who always acaompanted the
caravan naked to the waist and with no coy-'
ering on his head except his long plank hair:
In this seat he every year takes this, long
journey across the Desert without change'
of costume. . .
After him came a number of camels, bear'-:
ing water and provisions; then a multitude'
of schieks, repeating Verses from the Koran;
an'd' scattering copies of them to be scram
bled for by the crowd. Nest followed the'.
Prefect of Police, Hossein Paella, with en
two chiefs of the =Aran on each side of
him; preceding the dromednry which- bore
the holy carpet,' made of . 00erp *.alvat, , al
most covered with test's ,the Koran "2"
broidered in gold , and silver. It was sup
ported at the four corners by staves with gilt
pike bonds ; while the which . vm in
the s hape , of a dome, wee ,surmounted by A
gold crescent. TheAromedary was gorge
ously' caparisoned, being almost covered ,with'.
rich India snnwls, and bearing a plume of os
trich feathers on his head.
^ Nothing cowld exeeed the !mak-by LW
crowd , to* kiss or even tweet tho carpet, The
:procession , was ,olosed by. camels
,loaded, with, •
presents for Mecca. The* eawaletttle;
'was two' hours in passing,- loft the city by the.
13W-el-Naar gate and proeoded V0,11%01[614 ,
where an escort of one hundred s nc~ibaz-
Ottcs and twenty Bedouin chief were
to escort', it to' Meech' ,
.to 'liassowrili, and. thence in' the direetiefirbf
Suez tde ‘Birlsotel - liagge;' , ;)r-
whero"itWilVromain two attys:o,9,o,;,
'tot thc pilgi•inAs:• who may wish to join
And then resume the'mareln ,The journey
froth Ilessewah to Mecca is- usually made
'thirty days. •
Heir to a: Fortitine.