Newspaper Page Text
(From The Preleq
When Rosy rode along the line,
Right well we anew our hero's sign,
'For there we steed like wolves at bay,
And fought the rebels hard tal day. '
Still on they came; still back we drove
In fury low and cloud above;
t now they presWe,i ue two to one—
Our line fell back—the front was gone—
We almost wept to 800 the rout:
"Stand fast I stand fastl and sae It out,"
Our leader shouted. Oh I the 'boa,
.i Itoey rode along the line.
As quickening vengeance draws Its breath
To loop to the embrace of death.
Awhile they paused, then all aflame,
Os, on the hounding rebels came,
"Stand by the flag!" our chieftain cried:
Like rooted oaks our columns bide;
3lutAide on tide the flood o'efiloisofl,
'We broken line fell back the rose
"Hurrah!" irc heard the fermata cry—
Yet stcoil our chi f o not ours to fly;
?hit blazing the tiger la hie eye
As Rosy rode along the line.
Where now within the battlehlast
'Dv ragged standards,tiuttered fast,
ear broke in, and then the drum—
" The ilawkeyes, Buckeyes, Hoosiers come:"
We stood to win, nor thought to stir,
Fetch man en executioner;
fieard o'er the hills to gathering gloom
'The deep gun's last despairing boom—
They ranged our cannons to .the broach
With h mghty purpose, each to each,
,And silent still ee stood for speech,
Till Ltoay rode along the line.
Uprose our gunuora, grim and bare,
'To light the torch of victory there!
flow close the charging foemou surge,
To mock the awful lightniug's verge;
Down to the front our leader darts—
"Alm low 1 aim low t my flinty hearts I"
And soon about the colon; true
Our drummer beats his wild tattoo I
Thou but to Yoe the chieftain's look;
The word ho gvvo—that word we took—
"Ohre thom a bliszard 1" Lord, it shook t
Aa Rory rode along the line.
Back rolled the flood. and In Its track
We drove their qua.lllug legions back:
A■ horse and loot we followed on,
With bloody cost the day was woo I
Then hornewaid nosy took ids course,
Our wounded .1, ummer on 1.1: , horse:
"W e ll done I" said he; • well done, brave men,
/lease God, we'll do as well agaih."
Then marched we in with throe time three,
for Murfreesboro the victory,
Ah I 'twas a sight for Men to see,
When Rosy rode along the line.
AT THE FAIR
"Aren't you going?"
"Going where?" .
"Going to the Fair," laughing at the
chime of words
Jordan settled himself comfortably in
his seat again
"No, Charley, my boy, I'm not going
to the fair. But you are I perceive.--
How you are got up, though. 1 should
never dare to travel in such' brilliant
"Oh bother," and Charley glanced
with au. honest blush on his honest face
at his dandy clothes.
"I say, though, Jordan," be quickly
resumed, "you ought to go."
"Oh, hang the fairs; Charley; I hate
'em. A fellow's always bored to death
to buy a lot of rubbish. I'd rather by
half contribute at the, beginning what 1
can afford. That's my way. The buy
ing is yours. You'll be a young swell
there. I can fancy you beset by sixteen
of those girls at once, with sixteen prop
ositions for you; and you'll think it fine
fun. They'll delude you into buying
anything; dolls, and pin-cushions, and
prayer books. It'll be all the same to
you, and you'll bestow them with the
grace and discretion of a young prince.
I really envy that way of yours, Char.
"A good deal you do," returned Char
"I do, though, really. I'm in Barnes
Charles Duganne looked in surprise a
his companion at this; but Eltory Jor
dan's face was serious. There was no
sarcastic play of his lips, no laughing
twinkle of the eye, of Ahich Charley
Duganne was always somewhat in dread.
1,,d0 really envy you, Charles.
Y 6 Yes
ou come to the pleasant terms as easily
as I do to the disagreeable ones. You
extract the sweet from life, while I am
chewing the bitter cud. Everybody
likes you, everybody smiles upon you;
and all from that "way" of yours; and
its the way of your heart, Charley, so I
can't learn it, and all the time you look
at ma and think I'm such a smart follow
--that I know the world and a heap o
things that you don't. And you think
I look down upon you sometimes and
laugh at you - when you come in with
your fair features, and in a stunning new
suit. Instead of that Charley, I look at
you with genuine admiration. I rejoice
in, your freshness, in your capacity for
enjoyment of all sweet and simple pleas
ures. Don't think I regard you as any
the less man for it. It's the generous
boy's heart. Charley, that's in it all,
and it makes me like the man that owns
it ; AS tor me, Charley, lam a great
hulking fellow, whom nobody cares much
aboui. I never carry sunshine with me.
I never win hearts or Smile. I'm a
gloomy, Burly' wretoh, who perpetually .
gets the wrong, Bide of thicv and 1411 7
dere every stepL=itke.l.4-faax-ley3--ga
',,ynur ways, and don't mistake me any
He turned wit i lAis old laugh to his
, book, a little disconcerted at the earnest
ness lute • which ho had been betrayed.;
but. Charley touched and bewildered out
of his senses,
.sitammered thanks, and
praises, and deprecation in a breath.•:--.
But Eltory Jordan had enough of the
"Go your ways, Charley, go yonrways,"
was all .he said to him now and at last
Charley was wise enough to go. Jordan
beard 'him whiatling, - segreto per eager
dice, is he rau . down the stairs.
"that is his natural comment upon my
way;" J - Ordan smiled, then looked thought=
. ful and a little sad, and then lost . himself
it) I bis book. What do you think roused
• him from it, this cynic, this "gloomy,
RHEEM & WEAKLEY. Editors & Proprietors
sullen, surly follow?:' A child's voice,
crying. He bad been conscious of it a
good whil'e before he felt called upon to
look into the cause. He knew very well
who it was. His landlady's little bay,
Bobby Greene. But the grieved sobs
continued so long be flung down his book
and opened the door.
Bobby suppressed his cries for a few
What's the matter, Bobby ?"
The little figure sitting on the first
stair, disconsolate, burst out afresh at this
sign of interest. Between broken words
and sobs his questioner discovered • that
somebody, some nefarious uncle Dick or
other, had failed to carry out a promise
to take Bobby to the fair. It, was a heart
breaking thing to Bobby. iirvain, Jor
dan moved to pity, took the urchin into
his room, and laid before him treasures
that would at another time made him hi
larious. The boy hushed his crying, in
deed, he seemed to appreciate the effort
made for his amusement, but as Jordan
thought "it was no go." Bobby had set
his mind on the fair The'fair, of which
wonderful stories had fired his youthful
imagination. Jordan looked at thestnall
face, expressing the depth of childish
"So not even this child can be happy
because dawn° hungering after what is
denied," he Mused. "But it is early to
learn the universal lesson, and . a pity."
Ile mused a moment longer, scrawling
over a new thought. Presently he gave
a sigh that was par.ly a laugh.
"Bobby, go and ask your mother to
wa-h off those tears, and tell her Pll take
you to the fair."
The transformation of the melancholy
face into a bevy of smiles was a very
swift one. Bobby ran off shouting with
delight, while Jcit'rdtioro'se to effect some
changes in his toilet. Ills face was not
quite so full of delightful anticipations
as Bobby's. He elevated his eYelo . rows
and shrugged his sboulderwas bethought
of what he was about to inflict upon him
self, fa. ho hated fairs, you know.
And this was a soldier's fair. "Hot
selfish 1" you exclaim. Wait. Ho ac
knowledged that he preferred contribu•
ting what he could afford i and he did. But
he was contribu,ing wore than those
United States bills to the country. Long
ago he gave himself. This is captain
Jordan, of the one hundred and some
thing New York volunteered.' iThis - houie
on a furlough, not of simple ease and re
laxation, but of necessity, waiting for the
right artu to get strength to wield a weap
on. And leaving him hero dressing for
the fair, let the story of the fair run back
ward' for a little in part,
"Soppy, yon must hetp us in the post
office. NVe have counted upon yo - i. 'fell
her it is her duty, M. liarnlyn, to do the
work that lies nearest ; and that it is her
duty, fur nobody is so swift of hand, and
write&tio beautifully as Sophy. Oh, So
phy, how can you refuse f Yes, yes, 1
know you've written heaps of letters, love.
ly letters I know they must be; but now
you refuse at the very last to write the
addresses! You never expected to take
that' place. Why, Sophy, where were
your ears in all our preparations,?"
If Sophy Ilandyn was firm, Ida Joce
lyn was hopeful and persistent. Again
arid again she presented the case in its
most pitiful aspects to Sophy, and at last
departed with the words.
"I shall come in to-morrow night a
gain, and shall expect you to have yield
ed ; you know I ask it as a personal fu.
vor. I should never bavo accepted my
post but for the belief that you would be
Sophy did not reply. She kept on a
cool, steady face, until Ida had departed;
then she went up to her room and "had
If I tell you what she cried about I am
afraid youll think my Sophy a very
empty headed young lady; but have pa
tienco with her and with her story, and
do •not condemn her at first.
Sophy ilamlyn cried those vexed and
bitter tears because—because she had
"nothing to wear." You look about the
pretty rLpm, the curtains, the carpool()
vases. Yoti' note the indioations'of a
luxurious home, and you see Sophy in
her graceful morning attire, and your .lip
curls disdainfully, and you colameat, up l ciii
the weak and wicked exaggerations of
ing at a first glance. Ida Jocelyri l would
tell you that the Hanalyns %ore not rich.
That Mr. Ilarnlyn failed a few years ago,
and has never been fortunate since. "Not
aetually__poor, you know," the gay girl
would go on,. "only the Ilatnlyns care!
keep a' carriage and give parties, and So
pfiy "don't have' so ll much money to spend
as she used to." l '
This was all Ida Jocelyn knew about
it. And this l livas' all anybody knew
about it, but tit l e 111(tel7ns.,tfiemseks.—
When Ida Jocelyn went there, and had
such a t nico time %with • Sophy 'ln ,that.
;‘ liomeiike bouse" tie she %ailed' ii l , ...- h
, s 0
SI4 not perceive that Mrs. Hamlyn looked
' tired and worn. She did not know-how
very, very simple they lived v ;. how rpubbi
they pinched and straightened. . Elbe 811 W
only' the pretty 'rooms jest as she had al-
3= 1 321
ways seen them, looking fresh and bright
—for the years of change were too few
to turn things shabby yet. And since
that time, when Hamlyn went down,
there has been no outward difference in
their surroundings. Why should thert
have been' The house itself wg.a Mr.
Hamlyn's and there were
, no rare pic
tures, no satues of greidvalue to sell.—
So they Hied on amid the same curtains,
and chaireand carpets, but with only a
single serint in the whole house. Mrs.
Harulyn ha turned, and placed, remade,
with her uvt hands, and Sophy's help,
dress afteldress, until now poor Sophy's
wa. drobe arnished nothing further; and
Sophy, siting there alone in her room
after IdaJcelyn's departure, cried vexed
and b tter ars over an the vexation and
bitterness i this constant 'Planning and
pinching cer the want that kept her
from accepng a post which could not
but look sitting to her.
So you tB although &Thy cried be
cause she (.las nothing to wear," it was
not so muc for the one dress lacking
fur the oceion; but for the constant
wear and tir of that poverty which
hides its tlusand cares, its humiliating
annoyaneetits anxieties, its petty de
tails behina smiling., mask. It was fur
the necessi that laid the limits so nar-
rowly that new dress even was itnpos
Bible at Ihi time. It was for all this
that the bi., vexed tear came, though
the one dr3 was the final drop in the
cup that set overflowing.
Poor lit •Sophy! she was but his.
man. Bra little Sophy, too, as you
would say, you knew how she kept re
pinings outf sight, and almost out of
suspicion ;,ho sought herself much
handiwork known before, and showed
a bright facilways to father and n oth
er, and tilt three boys. But it was
hard about'e fair. Oh, if she could
discover act way to make her only silk
dress presetale. It was no use, no
" Ahmo the sighed wearily. " I
am too proulf. suppose, but I can not
go shabby. shouldn't enjoy it. I
should have enso' of unsuitableness.''
She lies thl with her tears, thinking,
thinking on dismal prospect ; while
Ida Jocelythever dreaming of sech
thinking, ur I her brilliant plans. Ah,
Ida Jocelyn, tre are many such homes.
where an out 1 serenity is kept, and
where you nf suspect the many, many
cares th'i hide ; bomb those who have
known Etter s, and who, not from
vanity, It fror the educated taste, keep
up theifair ambiance ? Is there a
more 8 sugestion in life ? But
Sophy 8 a raabow through her tears.
" The Aunt Martha's things I"
And whis suggestion she slips front
the coutnd dashes out of her room
up into r , dark corner of the attic,
where hint long rtiOtten chect.c.'f rel
ics, nearceutury old. The camphor
woo./ halt them intact, and Sophy
drags ou ttle brocade, with glisten
ing eyes. is no great flourishing pat
tern, butsign of star work ; not at all
outlandisphy thinks, and the color
suited lit. hair. Only three days
before tht, but Sophy will undertake
it. Fly 'fingers, over your pretty
work. Floothly ehiuing needle, to
aid in tbd'l t remodelling.
Ida Joe who came the next night,
was radianh e success of her persist
Two nigrter she went into rap
, ea vv over here
get such a lovely
dress—no as, so piquant, and so be
corning? That lace at your throat
is 'ID heir ; and your hair is all
cr la into such pretty puffs,
th led n
the dearred ruse to crown it—
eh, Sophy Yk like a marchioness l."
Sophy hloilike the red rose and
lher success, but she
lit:Basch° that prece
ono bij I o h
it. SoAr told any one of her
heartaches. ; because she yr s toO
proud to [ l 4nfidants of her girl
friends ; seooth o was too - generous
Sheto b usowed
heal into het: work, per.
h s a o p p s h . y Poor wcr 1
e. \ t3 i)oypo h ty
threads tiO4he brilliant gown
youwea a r.t t o o . h nia
turn them all tn, g prom i ses ?
Captain Jortenod patiently .by .
- 01;i1O - Bikhyrefrg lase if on cakes
rtit from un
and ices. Standite twirling his
moustaches and bi
der heavy bigiviit#,L :i 30, ..ii - e spies
Charley budannet tt
I declare, the, ‘
11 .. , - 122 . , a tart
like a 41,Ch01 bey, s ud. . 1
Charley glance l9. ii /
" What, JOrdanlit ;it& ~r r
,• pa, Liow
came you r ' ,
And JorfPut p ct pia -0),..„ r0s to
pobly. 'i '-, L _
" Io oto icsip the- is ur.
chin w biealr:iig it intot f , .
'6 o dyrbad ait"IPPV be ,,
cause , him'
l ' j_6l3. ei's'adirtkation saw't
*'' but its expression tract (big
Vote ,1 • • m ,hrt,
b 7 royniug".":P a l ias " V A
. allaiiiliiin trough th
j u t' Piginue's iriesse bro hex
1 before a witiilow draped *tlaT;
CARLISLE, PA., FRIDAY, JULY 8,1864.
and glimpsing fair f tees within. It was
a charmed spot, as many a bearded loit-
Gay Ida Jocelyn nodded and smiled.
" 1)o you expect another letter, Mr.
Duganne ? The California mail is just
Duganne nodded, and smiled back
again. Gay Ida turned with a mock
business air. " Sophy, see if there is a
letter for Mr. Duganne."
" Allow me to present you to Captain
Jordan, Miss .Jocelyn."
Then, as the Captain expressed it, he
found himself "in for it ;" and with an
indifferent air he went through with the
expectation, which post Mistress Jocelyn
preferred to her assistant, Sophy Ham
" A letter for Captain Jordan ?" The
white missive dropped into his' pocket,
and dropped out of his mind at the same
time. But with an eye for the beau
tiful, ho could not help admiring the
lovely faces that held their -little court
" Isn't she a stunner for beauty ?"
exclaimed Charley enthusiastically*, as
they withdrew for new comers.
" Which do you mean ?"
" The postmistress, Miss Jocelyn."
" She'll 'do very well ;. but who was
that girl with the yellow hair with the
red rose in it ?" •
Miss Hanalyn. She'd suit you, Jor
dan ; let me introduce you."
" You mistake, Charles, boy. I am
admiring her as a fixed star in another
planet. It's altogether too resplendent
to shine in my orbit. She looks like a
duchess—to come down to earth; and I
am not by any means a passable duke."
But there was certainly fate in that
night. When Jordan sat by his fire an
hour later, and thrust his hands into his
pockets in a meditative mood, he came
upon that letter again. Vaguely as his
hand touched it ho drew it forth. "Cap
tain Jordan." It was a firm hand for a
" So that girl with the yellow hair
wrote it. The pretty duchess ! I should
not care to look at her long; her bright
ness would put my eyes out."
Ire opened the letter, and read it
through—strangely enough the same
handwriting was within as without.
"One of hercontributions, eh 1" He set
tled himself ibr an airy epistle, made up
o: „tit occasional
,mat and French'
phrases. He found a curious kind of 14 2 e
ter for such a gay looking duchess. A
straightforward letter, full of simple
strength, purporting to come from a sol
dier's wife. Where had the guy duchess
learned so much of the straightened lives
of such as these?
De discovered his eyes moistening at
the reality of the patient endurance; the
and waiting hope that was presented; and,
itioeiof all at thehrave . sente . uce, "I;ut
though I am very, very lonely ; though
my heart dies within ire at every report
of a fresh battle, yet I would rather have
you there than here, because I know that
there is your duty, there your honor."
There were some tender, prayerful words,
and then the letter ended.-11e folded it
and put it away; but he could not put away
the contents from his mind. It seemed too
real ; as it came from the depths of some
strong, deep womanly heart. And that girl
with the yellow hair wrote it! He found him
self thinking of it the nest week. By and
by his thoughts carried him to see her. He
went again and again, arid in that home at
mosphere, spite of the gay duchess air, he
discovered how it was that this girl with yel
low hair could see so deeply into life. He
saw that she wrote from her own heart—a
heart deep and strong, and womanly and he
roic. He went again and again; and if her
brightness put his eyes out, he gained a clear
er vision wherewith to see. He savi no long
er a gay duchess, but Sophy Ilamlyn, a brave
young philosopher—Sophy Hamlyn, the only
woman in the world to him. "
A fellow officer,'who cache home the other
day, and offered cordial congratulations to
Captain Jordan on his success in' whining
Miss tiamlyn, said wonderingly:
"And where did you find her ? I did not
hink such a woman lived except in' a book
so simple and earnest and charming."
And Captain Jordan answered, smiling:
found her at the fair, whore I am in-
Clued to think henceforth are to be found all
the good things of life."
TIIE SIMPLE SECRET : Twenty clerks
in a store—twenty hands in a printing
office—twenty young nien in ri village.
All want to got along world, and ex
peat to do so. Ono of the clerks wirrise
to boa ,artnor -and make a,fortune.- , -0 .
of theeeompositOrs will oivii 11" newspaper
and become an influential and prosperous
citizen. One of ihe apprentieei3 'will he
come a master builder[l'Ono:of the villa
gers will get a •haudeomelarin,"and live .
like apatriareh.' Out vvhiehls'itestinert
to beeciiiiithic lucitry ? Lucky?
Thre is c noluOk about it. The thing is
alniodt n th e Rule of Th co.
'fsllntewbo will distance bis
coMpetitors is he who mastershitibusinesa,
who preserves bie integrity;-,who lives
cleanly andpurely;wb over gels iti,deht,.
who gains friends by
'put& his money into* tt- savings bank"-=- -
'l7 . ltereprve some tptys to ‘ fortune . that took
,tiliiiktor than thia , old dusty, highway..'
the staunch -mdfilig, the, cominniiity,, Out
men who achiat4aotnothing worth'hayipg,
good fOTtaPielgooo ro4tia .o o' o, i4 kiereq° old
, age, all po ibis road.
[From tho Norristown Itorsld.] .
UNDER THE FLAGS.
GREAT CENTRAL FAIR, JUNE lOrii, IVO4
AllOB my head a thousand banners wave,
And thaw the colors Frosdom loves to wear ;
And men grow stronger, timid women brave,
As bursts of warlike intislc mite the the air
Freedom and Charity het.e, hand In hand,
Do hold their festival In royal state.
For lose of God and love of Fatheland,
* Shall bring the Liberty the netlons wait.
The golden sunshine steeling in, in lost
Amid the splendor,—lost and multiplied;
I watrh Its broken arrows skyward tomod,
And glory in the scene with loyal pride.
ut now, triumphant music breaking forth,
Tho banners anti,. in a storm of cheers!
It is the greeting of ;he free. proud North.
To him who lulls us through these trial-years
To him who leads us—worthy leader, he.
Of Freedom's armies, honest, true end loal;
llls aim, to make and keep his people free—
ills gnerdon, only this—his Country's weal.
feed of the p oudoet nation of the world,
Aye I proudest still, amid her children slain I
Proudest of ail, because her flag, unfurled,
No longer brooks the sight of thrall n 1,014111
tAtil this, our noblest bnikt, car truest pride,
We owe, a) Lonored Chief, Aland to thee;
Thee, under U 01), who ntandoth at thy aide,
Thee, end ,, lion, who mai:oth nil men free.—
tha passes. Deepening voices swell thu shout,
And men that cheer but soldLua. cheer to day
Glad musk on the languid air fiats out,
Fair women smile a welcome on hi. way.
lie psaeos. Hanging dark en either wall,
The rebel standa do not tbo passer's name ;
Upon kin path their evil Fhadows fall.
They frown and tremble In [b.. pied acclaim.
lie passes. 'Neath the flats that Wag I h.. air,
Ills loyal children awed to silence, stand;
Whllo cheorsfid music soften to a prayer
tioD SAVE OUK CUM', OUR FLAG, 0011 VATIZERLAND:
A History of tho Author.s and
Cause . 3 of the Rebellion
The recent death of Mr. Giddings will
add ince:est to his account of the great
strugglZi between Freedom and Slavery,
in which he born fur so many years, a
part so honorable. Commencing with
the beginning of our war of Indepen
dence, he shows the successive steps ta
ken by our Government fur or against
the freedom of the blacks, closing with
the issue of the Proclamation of Eman
cipation in 1863. We cannot better
tabulate the contents of this timely book
than by quoting the Author's Frain :
"The present Rebellion is the first in
the annals of mankind, where a people
have risen iu arms against liberty for the
purpose of establishing a despotism.—
With its remote and proximate causes
the people should be familiar; its authors
and abettors should' be know❑ to the
present and coming generations.
"In the long struggle which preceded,'
actual secession, the writer participated
It was his fortune to enunciate the poli
.ny.of separating the people of the free
Vates and the .Federal power front the
support of Slavery, leaving that institu
tion entirely with the States, where it
had been left by the patriots who framed
the char ter of our Union. Messrs. Ad
ams, Slade, and Gates, then members of
Congress, sustained the policy; others
subsequently united with us ; we were
o;tposel Nut by reason, or arAuincut, nr
justice, but by Ty:l - son:II detraction, tnis-
representation,; irapit, c'
lance, and denunciation
"The contest was earnest any protract
ed. For more than twenty years the uu
thor mingled in scenes of unusral in er
est. The adoption and repeal of the gag•
rules; the trial of the Hon. John Quincy
Adams; the censure of the author b)
the flou , e of Representatives, and its re
versul by the people; the annexation of
Texas ; the memorable defeat of the slave
power in its efforts to establish Slavery
in California ; the undisguised corrup
tion exerted to tax the people of the free
States for the payment of the debts of
Texas; the civil war for extending Sla
very in Kansas ; the defeat of the Exec
utive designs by the peOple, 'and the
foundin:! of free institutions in that ter
ri ory, constitute filmo of the' incidents
in which the authorparticipated.
" Defeated in their designs' cf trans,.
forming, the Government Tete' a'Slave.
holding oligarohy; Brost 'i;,f the slave
States rebelled tigainif the GeVerneient
'which Niici . proteeted 'them, defied by its
authority, and deelui•ed their intention to
establish an independent power, devoted
to it perpottitilwar upon !man' nature
.11 FeW who Mingltid in these - early Con•
aids now remain. Most of thein have
passed to their "rewaild ; and the author,
us he lingers upon the verge of time, pro
sents this volume to the people of the
United States, as an humble ' memoir of
the politietil scenes in .. whieh ho partici•
pated, while it points mitAci - earisee and
'authors of the
J,ffi;rson, Ohio, August 30, 1863
• Amid the conflicts which are here de
"eons ligure, though less so than the pen
of another would represent him. But
,more eminentand picturesque in the Itht
which time hoc oast litpoti hini:isthe at
titude of Jolin QUiody Adams, to whose
oiireer'in COng,ress Mr. Giddings has , de•
voted "mtiiiirfaiges, written with 'the
wariutlV of a personal friendship, tried' in
'the,fii . es, of a fierce' Warfdio against the
Th'!ithest sublime position
in idliioh Mr. Adams was ever placed,
- diiehiiess was his defence of .tho , Migrilies
Qf per Ansittecid;, end belt to that, his do
.fOniie • of - hiinselr.before .the HoUse of
Beprosentatives in" 1811, ..141:. 'cliddiega
:clZheilbes both thole Beerier; 'fiini his
coutiCof 03e letter we shall udako z few
After . t l 3B iptrot 11 0 101 ) - -of AO' famous
loroo of tiii 'lli.' rt
iro haw hie etatemebt
TILE MEN THAT STOOD BY MR. ADAMS.
"An effort was made to get a I meeting,
of Northern members who were willing
to stand by and assist Mr. Adams in
meeting the persecutions and dangers
which surrounded him ; but to these ef
forts most Northern Whigs replied, 'that
it would loci': like a sectional quarrel.'—
But a few members friendly to' Mr. Ad
nuts convened that evening at the room
of the author. Messrs. Slade and Young,
of Vermont; Calhoun, of Massachusetts;
Usury Lawrence and Simonton, el Penn
sylvania; Gates and Chittenano; of New
York ; and t;iddings,t.ff th:id,vere pro;
eat. Besides thete, ltev:''Joslitia Lea
vitt, of Boston, and Theodui - e Weld, of
New Jersey, were also present ; although
they were nut members, they were well
known as, able and advocates ul
freedulwand' friends of Mr. Adams.—
s two gentlemen were appointed a
commitree tb wait on Mr. Adaiii. and in
form him that they arid the members con
vened tendered him any a3sistanee in
" They immediately repaired to the
residence of Mr. Adams, though the hour
was lute. They found him in h.s parlor,
and Without delay stated the object of
their visit. The aged statesman listened
attentively, but fur it time was unable to
reply, laboring under great apparent feel
rig. At, len:th he stated that the voice
ut fiendship was so unusual to his ears,
that he could nut express his gratitude ;
that he would fee, thankful if they would
examine certain points to be I.,und in the
authors of which he gjtv'e them a list, and
have the books placed on his desk at the
hour of meeting the next day, and then
dismissed them, and turned his own
thoughts to a preparation fur the con-
After Marshall, of Kentucky, had
made his attack, the old statesman open
ed his defence by a master stroke of ora
TU E READING OC THE DECLARATION
" ilr Adams was expected to strife
the grounds of his own vindication before
any friend could veuture to speak in his
defence; accordingly. when Marshall
closed, he ruse to address the Ilouse, and
as that geetlernan had charged him with
h gli tress m, and represented him as
seeking to overthrow the Guverntuent. it
was supposed he would now reply _ with
that overwhelming severity fur which he
was distinguished ; but he exhibited nu
such desire. When the Speaker an
Trounced that he was in possession of the
floor, all eyes were, instantly upon him
His appearance was venerable ; he was
dignified in- Lis bearin4. Ile looked
around upon his peers, whosat before him
as judges, with a countenance beaming
with kindness: lie had lung served his
country, had filled the higho t ol.Ece on
earth with hum:: to himself and friend,;
and now, at the age of seventy-five years,
he stood arraigned on a charge of nett
sun to that country to which he had so
long devoted his labors, to that people
whose rights he was seeking to maintain.
" At length, turning to the speaker,
he said : 'lt is no part of my intention
to reply to the gentleman from Kentucky
at this time. I prefer to wait oatil I
learn whether the House will retain these
resolutions fur discussion. I call for the
reading l'its_the first paragraph in the Dec
laration a Ind-Tendence, ' The Clerk at
(cm' sought the 1,...uk containing it, and
17hitti secking,•M.r. Adams iegeated, 'the
fir.it parayrapi: Dad.trutiutt of
" the Clerk then read the in'r hl,v.tory
portion of the Deelararion, and hesiia
tin;tly turned his eyes toward 4 Mr. Ad
a:ns, as if to inquire whether he should
read further. • Head un, rem! on 1 el,scH
to the moire and the hurY,' said the
a_ol patriot; and the Clerk, in a clear
and distinct vii e, read that portion which
declares the natural rig: is of mankind
and asserts that governments aro iustit u
ted to support those rights; trod With pe
culiar emphasis he rdiid the sentence
which declares, ' that whenever any fidiu
_ot government Locum 4 dugract,ve, of
these ends; it is the right (1,4 th,c duly
ol (he people to alter or it awl
re•ur f lunite its pouer in such /arm as (o
them shalt o,opear most to secure
their interest an't hoppieess.'
" Mr. Ad mine then proceeded to state
that our Govt.rnment had become destruc
tive to the hoes unit liberties of aportinit
of dee pcnpi-t That those powers grant
ed to secare, had been prostituted to de
stroy life and liberty : the powers or ,
d tined to the support of freedom bad
been prostituted to the maintenance of
slavery. That the people had the right
to reform these abuses, and bring the
Geverirrnent back to the performairce of
those duties fur which it was instituted.
'They have (said he) the right to ask
Congress in respectful language to do
anything which they ia good faith believe
that body ought to perfOrtn, and it is the
duty of.Cungias to return respectful an•
sWers to suet) petitions, showing the rea•
son why their prayers cannot be grunted."
llere is a specimen ur the trertiendous
inveotive tlftlie " old man eloquent :"
MIL. ADAMS ANNIIIILATEB HARSLIALL
"Mr Adams said ho would speak at
that time only upon, the propriety of re
wining the resolution for dobatei and he
- replied - to - Mr.Witto - Wilh tnerW severity,
saying he• •u t ntlerstood that gentleman;
is at ' he had come to that hall two o:
three years previously with his hands
dripping with human gore; a blotch of
human blood was upon his ,facq . .. 51t:'
Wise appeared incapable of tbrboarance
tinder this allusion to the duel in which
Mr. Cilley, of Maine, fell, in whiort Wise
had uoted'ad second, and he interrupted'
Mr. Adams several timea. But the Isgel
statesman occupied little tinio'in -answer
ing ME %Viso;`•tis he •evidently felt that
:Mr:Alarshalfs iddreSe was wore-impor
tant., He spoke. of . that gentleman with
groat,itiralness., referred to the friendship
which had . existradqsetWeeiv hiinself and
the .anocsterof late
.ChietJtiatice, _declaring' that when
`heard 'el the election of the gentleman
from Kentucky.. be . anticipatedraicineWal
oflhat aneieet '
able fame 'in his Own State Legialatuia*,*
then: beganio array that genii - emcee et-.
TERMS:--$2,00 in Advance, or $2,50 within the year
rors before the audience; said ho had
charged him with 'high treason,' in the
preambld of the resolution, , and in his
speech. 'Now,' said he, 'thank God the
Constitution of the United States has de.
tined high treason, and it is not left for
the gentleman of 'Kentucky, nor fur his
puny mind, to define that clime, which
consists solely in levying war against the
United States or lending aid and comfort
to their enemies. 1 (said he,) have pre
sented a respectful petition from my con
stituents, I have dune so in an orderly
manner, in the regulareourse of business, in
otredience to my sworn duty, and the
gentleman calls this levying war !
Where 1 the father of that young wan I
et.uld fuel no mule anxiety tail his welfare
1. du now; hut if I were his father I
would advise him to return to Kentucky
and take his place in sonic law school,
and cunuueoce tho study of that pruless
ion which he has so lung disgraecd.'
Al r. Jlar.hull now saw that the he was
to receive the full force of the veteran's
severity; and as tt to bid defiance to his
powers. he ruse, and folding his arms
across his breast, looked his opponent
full in the face. This- appeared to cull
forth all the %served powers of that in•
teileet which had attracted the attention
of cit ilized nations. lie appeared to
his audituts to lisu in stature; his elo
(pence became wore bold and his
iiiiretitc tow a terrific. lie ruleri ed to
the fact that Marshail had Lttended
midnight cabal of slavehulders, aid by
the influence of 'that unibition which
u'erleaps itself,' had consented to act us
the prosecutor in endeavoring to pros
trate and des.roy 000 t,f t:c bust friends
Le had on earth. 116, shuwvd Lim an
ingrate, and as he becaine warmed up,
and ruse tri the dignity of his subject,
his lan g uage, and thoughts, , a breathless
silence leigned tli on di the hall in the
vast gallern.s. There was no loud breath
ing, nu rustling of garments ; reporters
lord down their pci.s, slaveholders were
welted to tears. Aivrslinil still retained
his positio!!, '..itandoit.; Corpse;' he ex
hibited no other sign of life than u Iler-
VuLIA trelllur which prorated Ilia system
"At length Mr. A.dani2 euncluded and
resumed his scat, while Marshall re
mained apparently trail:fixed and uneun-
SelueS Willi IL i!!l.l . ll.liittA to Lion the
propriety of I . i:staining his Seat.
`•fruni this inoinent the, friends of 'Air
Adams en ertained b.o - furtlier apprehen
sions. I`.ith his intelligence, experience,
and mental power, hiaisult on
truth, justice, and- human rights, they
were witlaig to trust him Nit.l B le-haul.:d..,
the entire-democratic pdrty aided
by the slave power. Pur such was now
the curtest, and all appeared to feel that
was the ettattipion of the slave
pow,:r, and Chat Adaltl6 lied nut only
demolished his 0 - gni/dent, but had pras
traced his intauettee in Congress."
This pdssage introduces a droll interlude
iu the serious bu,ittess
VIRGINIA AND LIEU GOVERNOR
lie then referred to the fact that the
resolution bad been presented by a gen•
tlentaa flow (.\lr.tilliner); said
that he had lung entertained a high re
spect for that orate, from the confidence
which general Washington had reposed
in ins forty-eight years previously, when
that great wan first appointed bin into
i,ter to the Hague at an age so young
that he was caned •the-boy-nituister.' He
spoke of the early staieanien Lf Virginia
with ad;nnatlon, and elused his reworks
tor the t:ay by y (I',II)taLUII fruit Moore,
saying he had hoped [hat the pre.,eut dele
gation fr.,tu that State wenn! Lave felt
sowething of that
holy ah4mo , thlea ne'or fore•ts
11. 1.1 L clser re UCWis IC u.sva cu wear s
Whoa,,• Watt, ree.“lns heu v.rtuo seta
To show her suanblue has Lsoen there."
Adaien, of COUIbO, was successful in
his clefebec, and the - rosulutious of con
sult) Lit to thu ground, Uuo of his last
pubbe utterances is so uuteworthy that
iru will g ive it in tho language of
litdliug+: • -
In the month of January, 1848, Mr.
Pairrey, of Massachusetts, spoke upon
the l'resid.tit's message, tie was a
young member, but cattle to Congress
with a high redutation an a scholar and
philauthrupist, havinge wane ipated a large
number ut slaves, who descended to hito
by the death of his father, who resided
in the booth. ilia spelt was listened to
with strict ationtiun, and was character
ized by great ability and profound devot
ion to the cause of truth. Mr. Adams
teas an'attensive listener to the whole of
Mr. Palfrey's address, and us that gen
tleman resumed lila seat the venerable
ex-President, with auoutitunande glowing
with ltitelligetleu, - exclaimed ;
God, the scabs broken: DI ASSACLIUSKTTS
• SPEAKB !" apparently realizing the event
of victory wnich hail been obtained in to
half of tree speech."
There was another oocaslon when some
people thought Massachusetts had spuk•
eif,-tc.rough the lipa of another eloquent
orator,--=how fatally they Were mistaken,
Webster himself lived to know. This is
Mr. Coidditig's sketch of him on the 7th
of Mara, 1850.
"In intellcot be may bo said to have
stood at that time without a..rival.
turo had bestowed upon him her richest
gifts. Ile was characterized for estraor
dinary concentration of thought. His
logio l? was iMuipaot, and appeared to bo ir
refutable ; . and, no tpealscr used the En
glish languago more' appropriately. Ho
' had lung steed
-among the.lead'ng states
mon of the 'nation, and his nittid had
been enriched . by Totreiperienoe to which
few men attain. • Ile was literally the
favorite statesinan of Boston; and as. that
city .therigavo ton© to the popular feel
ing of tho State 'ho was said to have a
controllingintinenco in Massachusetts.—
'Probably at - .the period of which we , are
now writing, ho,exerted a greater moral
power throughout the free'States•-than
any other man,' although bisvolitical in
:nuance' had been somewhat Alininished
.by his adrvice in• the Cabinet of Mb Tyl
er,7whiniriedniiphitiat hed 'proven un
oliaratiter , ;;O•iptiairi.. - 7 • ' ••• L. 7,
vacated in the' school of political iz-ziorti* ,
- o,..whiebt taught the separation Oftmeititt;
principle from the duties of tiOliticarfik...
Ho regarded•rnankinCns so gnerant and
depraved, that no political otv.inization
could be sustained upon the basis of -mor
al truth. Ile was ambitious, and pub- ,
Hely aspired to the Presidency. •
"Marshall was exceedingly sensitive to
this rebuke, as the writer bad full ev
idence. Soon. after the scene above de
scribed, lie came across the ball and ad.
dressing Hon. John Campbell, of South
Carolina, who was sitting near the au
-lhor, said; "Campbell, I wish I Vitro
dead:" , f,•O, no," says Campbell, "you
are too sensitive." "I do," said 'Alar.
shall, with an oath ; "I would rather dio
a thousand deaths that again to encoun
ter that old man."
But this Feeling was subsequently ex
pressed in a different language. Mr. Keim,
of Pennsylvania, as a chairman of the
Committee on Military Affairs; in the
previous Congress, made a report to which
Mr. Adams could nut yield assent, and
in speaking upon it, alluded pleasantly
to some literary defects. Kelm was ir
ritated, and in reply assailed the literary
character of Mr. Adams. The aged
members permitted no man worthy of' his
hted to assail him with impunity, and be
replied to Kelm to a very different style
from that in which he had spoken of Mar
shall. lle put on the facethms, and read
ing from une, of tilliridan's Irish iisys,
represented Kelm as a retired Utliauly
officer, and - s;:oo tbund the House c,n
yoked with laughter.
At this time Marshall entered the front
door of the ball, and observing the disor
der, turning to M r. Merri weather,of Geur
gia, who was sitting beside the entrance,
inquired the cause. Mr. Merriweather
answered that Kqin, Vennsylvunia.,
had assailed Mr. nains, and the uld
gel/El.:man was now making a reply
Well, well," said Marshall, "if Keiui
had failed into old Adams' hands, all I
can say is wy God have nterey on his
It was during this day that
Smith, of Virginia, formerly Governor of
that State, interrupting Mr. Adams, said
he wished —to wake a suggestion fur the
['client of Cu; gmaleman 'lrmo Ma-saohtx
setts " Smith Was a man of not'very
elevated character; and Mr. Adams look
ing round upon him with a scowl of con
tempt, rcp;:ed, • "Non tali auxilio."
Smith had forgotten his Latin, arid not
understanding the answer, stood in mute
astonishment, not knowing. whether to
speak or say nothing ; but finally turning
lion C. M., who sat by his side, in
(cured what the expression meant. The
gentleman thus addressed was an incor
rigible punster, and promptly replied.
"lie is very much enraged, ai.d is tell
ing you to ‘ L p, to Small, aston
ished at what. he supposed the profanity
of Mr. Adahps, dropped back into his
seat, and was never known to interrupt
..I.lr. Adams afterwards.
It was said by es• President Adams
that he himself was unable to obtain It
seat in the
,senate or the United States,
in cohsequenoe of Mr. Web›iiiii'a influ
ence in the Legbilature.
Richmond, Va., is one of the oldest -
cities on the continent, havingbeon found.
.ed in 1742, and in 1779 was made the State
capital, at which time it was but a sinalt,,,
village. In Juno, 1861, it was declared
the capital of the kloureclerae-States,"
and 20 , 1 i
tarresque ems eeattedcil'c - ilria3itltn„77
being built on whit arc called "Rioh
mond" and ''Shookoe" hills. Thostreeta
cross each other at right angles and are
lighted with gas. The State Capitol and
other public, buildings aro situated on
Shoekee hill. In the contra' hull cf tho
State Capitol are Hendon's celebrated
statue of Washington, and a marble bust
of Lafayette. On the 22d of February,
953, • Crawford's splendid inonuinent
was inaugurated there, the cost of wbioh
exceeded one hundred thuosiud dollars.
The city contains the State penitentiary,
many charitable institutions, twenty three
churches, three cobe4es, and several his
torical and philosophical societies It is
supplied with water from three large res
ervoirs. The city is at the head of tide
water, and at the lower falls . of the da.x:e;"
Ricer; about one hundred and fifty miles
from its mouth. These falls afford an
(intensive water power, and there' aro,
many extensive factories there, incluling
four cotton, fifty-eight tobacco factories,
flour mills id abundance, rolling ' niilim,
'forges, furnaces, machine shops, &e. Veg.
eels drawing ten feet of water can mond,
to within ono' mile of the (centre of the
city, and those of fifteen feet draft, to
Within four miles. I±l canal has been
built around the falls, and above thebit--
there is navigation for over two hundred
rbile,7. It it the terminus of
, five iwpor
twit roads, runningto Frpdpriekshurg
the Potaalso, to Petersburg,'-to Dpi--11 1 61 ,
Virginia, to Jackson's River
tral Railroad, and
. to York
Meolianiesville LI but foilfriltraliali
miles in a north-easterly' i from
Richmond. Meadow Bridge is four miles
duo north, or nearly so, from the Capital.
Fair Oak Station is hbouteight milos east
of the city.: harrison's.thr - istWerfti.fivo
wiles south east of RiChaiend: 'Fort.
Darling la seven or eight mileseouth tot
the Capital on the James River: 'Mai).
south-eaatof the'centre of thti cuts', 0,1b5, ; ,„
pest, bank .of
,the riier . ea.?:
- other small aubnfb town, one, Wild
east ofsltiahm()!;(1, and;;,on he ,
of the James.
The Ohiokahomiay River fortnodhy.
the junction , of the ,Ilorsopee Branch,
Rooky Branch, North Ron, near raklend
eves Bridge. fiVe mil4e north'of
The . ciTopt 'oink - Abadotay was founded
in 1804; sinno which thuo thn'ttitni nuns
bor of cadiika ootually ndinitted to ita
ilogcs Was 4636,' - -- thiaAlgthbor tilt)
State of•:prow. t?t)plie)d - 650, Pen
nayl afild 424,' ititt,' go„.- ssno, is;
Vonnoiea 176,s3tActil*olitfa‘ , 1*.060.
13000sist Ohio 248, and
„ luta ' #; radii : bored 83 Tho,
A._ 41 1 , . •
4 , ,