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having their own way fully comprehended
the nature of the work they are taking in
hand 7 Does the thought ever strike them
that, in their zeal for the poor slave, they
may lose all that has been already gain2d
for him 2• Does it ever to them that,
if they could succeed in dividing the Union
party we might have a Copperhead of the
worst type for our next President? DO they
reflect That a division of the Union party
now, even admitting that GRANT will take
Richmond, might result in a dissolution of
the Union 7—for, if „ the Copperheads should
gain control of the Government, of course
they would make peaco with the Rebels and
acknowledge their Confederacy? Who doubts
These are plain questions. If the distill.
guished gentlemen to whom we allude have
not considered them, the people and the
soldiers have. There will lo no division in
the Union patty, but there may be a fear
ful reckoning of the lofty professions of some
of its would-be leaders.
Friday, June 10, 1864.
S. 111. PETTENOILI. &
NO. 37 Park Row, New. York, and 6
State St. Bbiton, are our Agents for the HERALD
I ti those cities, and are authmized to take Advertise
ments and Subscriptions for us at our lowest rates.
The People's Choice for President,
New Consridavarrs —Counterfeit fifty tient
notes, of the new issue, have been circulated
within a few days. The engraving, seems to
be well, executed, but the face of the notes is
of a:pale color. This may be soon remedied
by those engaged in their manufacture, the
practice being to have the first of the notes
circulated with some defect in them, and that
defect remedied as soon as the newspapers
and counterfeit detectors have noticed it.
WHO OPPOSE HIM ?
It is generally a safe rule to judge a cause
by the character of those who oppose it. This
being, the case we can readily form a correct
conclusion as to the standing of President
Linooln when we view the calibre of his op
ponent's. There are two classes:—
Fast : The Cerperheads. This embraces
several species. There are the malignant.,
bitter traitors. who gloat over Union defeats,
and sea c 1 at Union victories ; who circulate
reports against' Sanitary Fairs, and encour
age suspicions that the money raised fOr them
is misused; who are as fah from patriotic feel
ings, and brave, true principles as treason al
ways is. They would spit upon the flag of
their country and kick its..defenders.= , Then
there are the skededdlers, and shirks, —men
who were not torn to live in such times as
these ; who can see no principle involved in
the war, and ask for nothing but peace—peace
on any terms. There there are the Shoddy
ites and dishonest contractors who are uni
versally Copperheads at heart. For it takes
a man cf some purity and principle to be an
Abolitionist, and we venture to say. there nev
er was a case, where a cheat and a rascal
was areal foe to slavery. The system of hu
man bondage was itself, a grand and-magnifi•
cent fraud, and the hearts of all ccoundrola
naturally turn to its embrace.
These are the principal species of the Cap.
Second,--she Radicals. We mean to say
tut very little in description of these particu
lar Radicals. They would utterly defy class
ideation, and though their number does not
probably exceed a few dozens that number is
too great to describe individually in this ar
ticle. They comprise the very earnest but
mistaken gentlemen formerly on Gen. Fre
mont's staff, and are nearly restricted to that
limit. They are similar to the Copperheads
only in the fact that they are in the habit of
abusing the President instead of the rebels,
an error, however, of their heads and not
of their hearts.
We have not included Mrs. E. Cady Stan
ton in eithei of the above classes. We im
agine her influence ou the campaign will not
be considerable. She committed a fatal error
in failing to call a convention of old women
(of both sexes) to meet also at Cleveland, on
we have explained who are the oppo
of President Lincoln. The Copper
are, and a few radical gentlemen are,
Ira. E. Cady Stanton is. And we feel
iat the reputation of the Copperheads
it prove any
.more attractive to the
tan people next autumn, than it did
Lumn, end that a few votes thrown s
will not count any more seriously in'
tan did those for Bell in 1860.
The Route to Richmond.
route over which GRANT is Mow tray
s not, as has been alleged, the same as
lotion by General 51aCxxi,LAN iu 1862
illy 'does it not lead him through the
<lf the Chiokahominy. lianovertown
- elve miles north of the White
T' on the . anounkoy, and is connected
" 'oh is only sixteen miles
ichmond ' wu,
by good roads e ver hard ground. The
' , CLELLAN waded,
which he finally flounder--4d, are fully
-,./.105 south of General GRANT'S p7 eßent
line Of advanoo on Richmond. So that, wh.." l "
*mir other mishap might befall the Army of
the Potomao, now once again so near the goal
of all its efforts, it runs no risk of being stuok
" From an Important order just issued by the
Provost Marshal General, it appears that any
person norolled may furnish, at any time pre•
vions to a draft, an_ acceptable substitute ;and
further: that such persons may furnish substi
tutes at any• place .otlibr than where they re
side. or are enrolled. This is Important in
many. respects. For instance, a person en
rolled may be absent from his district or place
enrollment. In whatever district or city he
may happen to be he may, if he chooses, hlre
his substitute, take him, before the provost
marshal of the district where he stands ert=
rolled, which fully, exempts him the . ,Bame as
though, ho had not left his district,' - or had
theie furnished hie substitute. - . '
aerlhod income in better than re ti large
Slavery and the Churches.
THE METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH
AMENDMENT TO TRE GENERAL RULE
Oa Tuesday last the General Conferenoe of
the Methodist Episcopal Church, now in sees•
ion at Philadelphia, passed, by a vote of 240
to 8, an amenment to thd "rule" on slavery.
This general Rule has hitherto only forbiden
"the buying and selling of men, women and
children, with the intention to enslave them;"
the-Amendment forbids also the holding of
slaves, and when it is passed by throe-fourths
of the annual Conferences, as it doubtless
will be, slavery will be entirely expelled from
this one of the Christain churches.
The body which has thus declared itself in
favor of universal liberty, as a religious duty
meets once in four years, and consists of dele
gates from fifty annual conferences, repro•
eenting 9,922 churches or societies, and 918,-
650 members, who are found in every free
State, and in most of the border' slave States.
Though eight members voted against the a
mendment, even these did not acknowledge
themselves in favor of slaveholding, except un
der certain - restrictions; the minority report
which they submitted and advocated proposed
only to amend the general rule so as to for
did "the selling of human beings, or the buy
ing or holding them, except for reasons pure
ly humane." With the majority, forbidding
all slaveholding, voted all the delegates from
Missouri and Arkansas, and the greater por
tion of those from Maryland, Delaware, Ken
tucky and West Virginia.
John Wesley denounces slavery as "the
sum of all villanies ;" the Methodits '•Book of
Discipline" declares `•that we are as much as
ever convinced of the great evil of slavery.
We believe that the buying, selling or bold.
jug of human beings, to be used as ohattles,
is contrary to the laws of God and nature,
and inconsistent with the golden rule, and
with that rule in our Discip ine which re
quires all who desire to continue among us
to 'do no harm' and to''avoid all evil of every
kind.' We therefore affectionately admonish
all our preachers and people to keep them
selves pure from this great evil, and to seek
its extirpation by alt lawful and Christian
measures." But the General Conference of
I>;6U declared this passage to be only "ad•
Until the year 1844, the Methodists in the
whole United States were joined in one bt dy.
In that year a division took place, die Meth°
diets of the southern States seceding in a body.
and setting up a separate organization, the
.•Methodist Episcopal Church South." The
cause of this secession was slavery; and the
southern body became from time to time more
and more openly a elaveholding church ; it
ceased to bear witness• against the evils of
slavery ; became next strongly pro slavery ;
and finally the influence of its numerous
ministers and journals was cast, almost, with
out exception, in favor of secession. The
Southern Methodist Church was, in fact, one
of the most powerful agencies in the work
which Yancey properly called "firing the
southern heart, and precipitating the South
into revolution." Calhoun foresaw this, and
expressed his joy at the secession of 1844.
The influence this pro slavery organization
was - able to wield in favor of treason and re•
betlion may be estimated from its numbera.—
It in 1859, 2,1617 - tita'vellitig preach
ers,isq - trers, -- nod 511.601 mem
bers, 21 colleges for young men, 28 colleges
and 27 high schools for yottig women, and'
ten journals—eight of them weekly. In all
of these journals the justice of 'slavery and
the righteousness and necessity of secession
were zealously taught.
The Northern Methodist Church, though
it continued to declare the wickedness of
slavery, still .admitted slaveholders to mem
bership ; until the outbreak of the war a coin
siderable party justified this course, while a
smaller section demanded even greater lati
tude for slaveholders, or at least less int er•
ference vii;li them by the church. Ilut the
last three years have taught many important
lessons to loyal Americans; the events of the
war have shown what few knew before, the
barbarous influences of slave system upon the
masters. They have revealed the horrors of
slavery in every State, and have shown to the
God fearing that wherever it exists it breeds
in the slaveholders selflAness, cruelty, ava•
ripe, contempt for law, hatred of liberty, aver
sion to free workingmen, dislike of free in•
stitutions, and conseqtient readiness to dee
troy the Union, the great safeguard of our
popular liberties. The action of the Metho
dist General Conference shows that these
fruits of elavety have been remarked by the
members of that bmly, and 0 oy have prompt
ly taken measures to expel from their or
ganization the parent of so many vices and
evils. It will require a year to procure the
ratification by the annual conferences of the
amendment jug!, adopted at Philidelphia; but
this ratification is held to be certain.
Thus, after a struggle of many years, one
of the most numerous of our Christian church
es at last purges itself entirely of a wrong
which it has tolerated too long, though it has
at all times continued to hear witness against
it. The action of the General Conference is
a matter for public congratulation ; it is as
important step towards placing all the Chris
Liao churches in America upon right prinei
pies iu this important matter.—N. Y. Evening
THE CHICKAHOMIN Y.
This stream, so noted in the campaign of
McClellan, bus for some time been regarded
as historically connected with that event ; but
it has once more connected itself with the ac
Live operations of the war. The army of
Gee. Grant now rests upon this stream—and
the river itself as well 'as the topography of
the country . about, becomes a matter of great
interest. The Phila. Age gives a very good
idea of them. That paper says: The stream
itself is peculiarily adapted to defensive war.
fare. The river is a small one, and flows
sluggishly. It does not run like other rivers
in a simple bed. It divides itself into a half
dozen streamlets; running into and out of
each other at random. These water courses
occupy a space about seventy yards in width.
Immense trees grow up cut of the water, and
the entire stream is covered by a thick woods.
The luxuriant undergrowth of a Virginia for:
est fills all the available space beneath the
branches. It is a' remarkable instance of a
r&s running, through and 'watering a long
strip of w00t2..4* From each aide of this wood
land, a flat amino: extends for about a half a
--:always overflowed, and
mile. This is nearly
becomes an impassable t ztorass. It is only
when the water in the river le v . 0.7 low that
men can safely walk upon the ground border'.
ing it. Oa the flat surfaces there is not a
solitary tree. They are bare, and anything
Moving upon them can easily be discerned.—
From the borders of these plains, .huge bills,
in some crises , two and three ' hundred. feet
Idgb, abruptly rise. They are covered with
thick-woods, 'and are so steep that avagons
,connot:be hauled diteetly up their face. The
few roadsgo down them diagonally to the
bridges, tioroas the swamp and river. On
Wedeln's, ~on the southern bank, the Confed•
crate army will'found posted. .Their pickets
will be found in the swamp along the border
of the stream . . -
.This Chiokaltominy Valley, one: : of the
strongest ilk/W . B4(M, is the outer detainee Of
Richmond, from the tope of the hills on the
one side, across the swamp to the hill tops on
the other side, the distance; varies from tv mile
to a mile and a half. The ordinary 12 poun
der rifled Napoleon gun, which is the princi
pal cannon used in both armies, can just a
bout throw a shell from one hill•top to the
other. From the Broderioksburg Railroad,
crossing down to New Bridge, a.distance of
eight mike on its southern border.
Arrival of the Pennsylvania Re-
On Monday last the Reserves arrived in
Harrisburg, where they will'be mustered out
of the service. They met with a grand re
ception from the authorities and citizens of
Harrisburg. In speaking of their arrival the
Telegraph says :
When the train which carried tte Reserves
approached the city, and while it was on the
immense bridge which spans the broad bosom
of the Susquehanna, another great crowd had
assumed at the foot of Mulberry street, and
as the train left the bridge at that looality the
enthusiasm of the people broke forth in the
wildest and most tumultuous cheering. Such
a scene we never before witnessed. For a
momentlit was feared that hundreds would be
mangled beneath' the wheels of the cars. The
rush all along Mulberry street was tremend
ous and as the trAti passed over that portion
of the road and reached the depot, the crowd
increased until the avenue was filled with an
excited, enthusiastic and even tumultuous
mass .of human beings. While all this was
going on as the train passed to the depot, the
bells of the city were rung and from every
street, avenue and alley crowds of people
hurried to the depot. At that point the ex
citament was increased with the disembarka
tion of the Reserves.
As soon as the train stopped the troops be
gan with great order to disembark. But there
was no time offered 1'../r the display of much
discipline ; and the men were at once con
veyed to the Soldiery' Retreat, where a sub
stantial collation awaited them, prepared un.
der the auspices of tho military authorities.
Before and after the men had finished their
collation, warm greetings took place between
old friends and companions in arms. These
were eloquent and impressive. We saw strong
men grasping each others' hands while big
tears g istened on their brown cheeks—we no
ticed other solutions, full of that rough sin
cority which distinguishes the true soldier—
wh'le others again were perfectly uncontroll
able, literally wild with the joy at finding
themselves once more among their friends.
The following is a correct list of tile vari
ous. regiments, although not exactly in the
order in which they appeared its the process
Ist Pennsylvania Rifles—Colonel McDonald
commanding-101 men and 6 officers.
Ist Pennsylvania Reserve In fain ry —Colo
nel Swart commanding-112 officers and
21 Pennsyl:unia Reserve Infantry—Lieut.
CulouelDana oommanding-125 ufficers
6th Peausylvani4 Reserve Infantry—Ma
jor Smith cotnmautiing —2OO °dicers nod
61.11 Pennaylrania Reverve Infantry—Major
W 11. 11. Gore commanding-12U 01lieere
711 Pennsylvania Reserve Infantry—Cap.
Lain King coalman ding —53 othoers and
10th Peiinnylvania Infantry —Lieutenant Col
onel Dixon commanding-30 °flit:era and
11th Pennsylvania Reserve In fan try —Ca
lonel S. M. JacUou cow Lthuldiag —1 . 83 otE
acre and' men.
12th Pennsylvania Reserve Infantry—Lieu
tenant Colonel Gustin cumtnandlog —l9B
officers tind men.
I company of Ist Pennsylvania Reserve Ar
tillery —Captain Cooper commanding.
In connection with the above wo publish
the letter of Corporal Samuel Elliott, of com•
pony A. 7th Reserves, which regiment was
captured almost ontire in the battle at the
Wilderness, on the sth of May.
Proceedings of the Union National C,nventton.
—Rules for the Government of the Conven•
lion —Reports of Committees.—Lincoln's
Nomination Unanzmous.—lmmense Enthusi
asm.-7 he Vote for Vice President.—Ap
pointment of a National Edecutive Commit
lee'—Adjournment of the Convention.—The
BALTIMORE, June 8
On the Resembling cf the convention this
morning, and after prayer, the President
caused the call of the convention, issued by
the National Executive comoaittt e. to be real.
The call specified that each State represented
in Congress should be entitled to delegates in
The committee on the order of business re
ported and recommended that a National
Union Committee should be appointed to con
sist of one member from each State, Territory
and District represented is this convention.
The roll should be called and the delega
tion from each and such States, Territories
and Districts, shall name a person to act as a
member of said committee.
Rule I upon all subjects before the Con
vention, the States shall be called in the fol.
Maine, New Hampshire. Vermont, Meese
chusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut., New
York. New Jersey, Pennsylvania. Del' ware,
Maryland. Missouri, Kentucky, Ohio Indiana,
Illinois. Michigan. Wisconsin, lowa, Minne
sota, California, Oregon West Virginia. Kan
sas, and that other States and territories de
clared by lie oonventlon entitled to repre
sentation in the same shall be called in the
order in which they are - added.
Rule 2. Four votes shall be cast by the
delegates at large of. each State, and each
Congressional district shall be entitled to
their votes. Toe votes of each delegation
shall be reported by its chairman.
Rule 3 The report of the committee on
credentials shall be disposed of before the re
port of the committee on platform and reso
lutions is note t upon, and the report of the
committee on platform and resolutions shall
be disposed of before the convention proceeds
to ballot for President and Vice President.
Rule 4. That when it shall be determined
br this convention what States and Territor
ies are entitled to representation in this con.
vention, together with the number of votes to
which they_may be entitled, a majority of-all
the votes so determined shall be requisite to
nominate candidates for President and - Vioe
Rule 8. No member shall speak more than
o Lles , the same question. nor longer than hve
minnia without the unanimous consent of the
Rule 9. The rules of theßovse of Repro.
sentatiiee shall continue to be the rules of
this convention so far as they are applicable
and not inoonsistent with the foregoing rules.
Hon. P King. Chairman of the Commit tee
on Credentials, presented the report of the
committee as follows:
1. That the delegations 'from the 'States of
Maine, New Hampshire, Massachueetts, Coo.
nectiout, Vermont' Rhode Island. New York,
New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, :Miry.
land, Ohio, Kentucky' Indiana, Illinois, lowa,
Minnesota, Oregon, California, Ravens, and
Wept Virginia wore all regular, and are' ad.
milted to seats with all the rights and privi.,
loges of members, except one district of Penn,
sylvan's, which had elected four instead of
'two inembers. The committee admitted the
two who received the largest number of votes
•as delegates, and the other, two as alternates.
Rule 2 That there being' two delegations.
from the State of Missouri claiming seats, the
committee recommend that those Eityling
themselva the Union Radical, delegation be
awarded the seats. [Applause and cheering.)
Ru'e 8 That the delegated from, Virginia,
Tennessee, Lotiisisna and Arkansas be ad.
milted to all the privileges of the floor, ex.
°opt that of voting
Rule 4. That the delegations from the Ter•
ritories and the District of Columbia be ad.
mitted to seats and all the privileges except
lEfarbf - Voting.
Rule 6. That the persons presenting them•
selves as delegates from the State of South
Carolina are not entitled to the rights of del.
Agates oil the floor.
Mr. King stated that the report was near
ly unanimous, and although he did not agree
with the whole report, he would take occa
sion to suggest to the convention his views
on the Missouri question.
He would therefore recommend that all
the delegates from Missouri be admitted to
the floor, and that when they are able to'
agree on a vote that they shall iointly cast
the vote the'State is entitled to, and when
they can agree that the vote of the State be
not cast. Ho accompanied his suggestion
with the remark that he was unwilling to
exclude brethren from the floor. This was
no time for the friends of the Union to quar
rel or dispute on minor subjects. Ile did
not wish to establish a precedent, for the
present time sanctioned action that no fu
ture time he hoped would sanction nor affect
the vote if the statement of the proposition
ADMISSION OF THE RADICALS
The amendment of Preston King Was
voted down and the question was taken on
a motion to admit to seats with the right to
vote, the Radical Union delegates from Mil;
sours, and to exclUde altogether the set of
delegates calling themselves 'the uncondi
tional Union delegates. This motion was
decided, ayes 440; nays 4—the latter being
three from Pennsylvania and one from Ken
tucky. [Loud applause.]
On motion of Mr. Lane, of Kansas:the
question of the admision of the Tennessee
delegates was decided first and by itself.
The vote on the admission of the dele
gates from Tennessee, with the full right of
voting, was decided in the affirmative, yeas
310, nays 151.
Several States afterwards changed their
votes, making the affirmative voto much larg
The delegates from Arkansas and Louisiana
were then admitted, with the right to vote, by
n vote of 31)7 yeas and 167 nays.
Three thle.gates from the Territories of Ne
braska, Colt.rado and Nevada wets then ad
witted on the same terms by a viva voce vote
REPORT OP tile COMMITTEE ON RESOLUTIONS
lion. Henry J. lleymond of New York,
presented the report of the committee on res
olutions. The mention of Mr. Lilicoln'snarne
in ihe resolutions and the expressions of rip
proval of his note were received with loud
cheers. The resolutijcs were unanimously a
NOMINATION OF MIL _LINCOLN
Mr Cameron, of Pennsylvania, moved that
this convention nominate for President of the
United States. Abraham Lincoln, [Loud and
long continued applause,] and for Vice Presi
dent, Hannibal Hamlin Mr. Cameron after
ward modified his motion, simply nominating
Mr. Raymond of New York, urged the con
vention to do no act which would look as if
the nomination of Mr. Lincoln was rib-bed
through the o invention. Ile moved that the
State be called and the candidates be notnina.
ted in that way. The States were then called
and the chairman of the delegation of each
State in succession arose and stated that the
entire vote of his State (naming it) was cast
for AbralAam Lincoln: As each State was
thus announced, the wildest enthusirsm pre
vailed. and the whole theatre rang with cheers
The only exception was in the case of Mis
souri, which cast her 22 votes at first for
Gee. Grant, but she afterwards changed it to
22 votes for Lincoln. Mr. Linceln thus re
ceived the unanimous vote of all the delegates,
519 in all.
When the result was announced, all the delo
gates and the entire audience rose to their feet,
and waved hats and handkerchiefs for many
minutes, the baud, meanwhile, playing the
Daniel S. Dickinson, of New York, Andrew
Johnson, of Tennessee ; Hanibal Hamlin, and
Gov. Rousseau, of Kentucky, wo:e nominated
for Vico President.
lion. Lyman Tremont, of New York made
an eloquent speech in favor of the momina
Lion of Mr Dickinson, and claimed to speak
in behalf of the war Democrats, of New York,
who he said would roll up an enormous ma
jurity for the nominees of the convention
Only one ballot was taken for Vice Presi
dent. Mr. Dickinson and Mr. Hamlin each
received a large vote, but the votes given to
them were afterwards, and before the an
neuncement of the result, changed in favor
of Mr. Johnson.
The final result was announced-497 for
Johnson, 13 for Dickinson, and 9 for Hamlin.
Onmotion of Mr. Tremaine, the nominai
tion of Mr. Johnson was made unanimous.
The National Executive Committee fur
the next lour years were then selected, one
from each delegation.
A committee of one from each State was
then selected to inform Messrs. Lincoln and
Johnso.i of their nomination.
Votes of thahlts were then passed to the
President of the convention, and the body
adjourned sine die.
The resolutions endorsed and approved c.f
all the acts and public measures of Mr. Lin
coln, especially the emancipation proclam a
mation, and the arming of negroes, and de
clare that all the me: sures that have been
adopted by the Administration were required
by the exigencies of the nation.
They endorse the Monroe doctrine. They
take the ground that negro troops are euti'
tied to the same protection as white soldiers,
and that a»y violations of their rights as
soldiers shourd be met by prompt. retaliation.
They express the conviction that slavery, as
the cause of the war, ought to b 1• now t.tterly
ext rpated, and that the Constitution ought
to be amended by a provision to that effect.
Second Battle of 'Cold harbor—A eharp and
Bloody Conflict—Our Los Over 4,000—A
Geherul Assault on Lee a Works —The Whole
Line Advanced and the New Position field—
litany Rebel Wo Ice Taken—Capture orßot
Special Dispatch to the N Y Tribune,
WAsulucrobt, Monday, June 6,186 L
"C. A. P." writes:
HEADQUARTERS ARMY, COLD HARBOR,
Friday, June 8-9 p. m.
This, the 80th day of the campaign, has
witnessed still another general engagement,
nearer to Richmond than any other, and
seatoely less bitiody than any other. It. is the
second battle of Cold Harbor, the first being
that of day befOre yesterday. Obr loss is be
tween 4.000 and 6,900, distributed among the
corps as follows: 18th Corps, say 2,000; 2d
Corps; 1,400: oth Corps, 1,000; 6th and 9th
Corps, say 600 to_l,ooo.
general assault was ordered to be made
at 4i a. m., and was made promptly at the
The relativo:portitions of the corps hegin•
fling atthelcift . l . weie.in this order : 2d Corps,
Hancock ; 6th ; Corps: Wright; 18th Corps.
Smith; 6th Corps, Warren; 9th Corps, Burn-
Warren aud . Burnaide did not participate in
the assault: Wave as. was the attack,
severe as has been, the lose, the . reeuli Is In
decisive. Generallyi , the line has been materi
ally advanced. Everywhere we hold chiller to
the Rebel line. Baldy Smith carried and re
tains a distinct, well-intrenched position, and
other corps are in posession of detached works
and various positions more or less important,
from which they drove the enemy,
Hancock charged with Barlow's and Gib
bon's divisions, holding Birney In reserve in
the works from which he moved and protect
ing his left front. Barlow carried everything
before him, capturing guns, prisoners, and
colors ; but whether unsupported by corres•
pending success on his right, or whether he
finally met more than any one division could
withstand, at length he was forced to rain
guish nearly all these trophies. Intrencibing
some distance in advance of his original posi•
tion, and resting his left on a swamp perpen
dicular to the Chiokahominy, he has all day
maintained a brisk sharp-shooting.
The affair was splendidly covered by several
batteries, The charge and the withdrawal
occupied two or three hours. One battle flag
and 200 prisoners were brought off. Gibbon's
charge on Barlow's right began with a des
perate rush, and was met with a resistance so
stern, inflicting loss so severs, that, having
within the hour carried one line, he, too, en
trenched, and has fought the remainder of the
day with artillery and sharpshooters.
Yesterday, Hancock, assuming a portion of
Wright's front, caused Neill's division to be
taken from the left to the right of the 6th
Corps, leaving Russell on the left, and Rick
etts in the center. The whole division charg
ed,• excepting Russell's 2d and 3d Brigades.
Neill and Ricketts gained nearly - half a mile,
Russell less, owing to his coming upon open
ground swept by musketry. Besides. it would
not do to advance beyond Gibbon, who con
nected with his lat.
During the afternoon, when I visited the
6th Corps, which had already constructed
admirable works, an incautious head exposed
never so briefly above any point of the para.
pet, drew, in every instance, a shower of bul
lets from the Rebel line, not two hundred
Devitt's division having been moved to the
right of the 18th Corps, Martindale's became
the center, and Brook's the left. The IBth
probably achieved the most decisive success
of the day, gaining more ground, sod holding
it with great tenacity and loss. It should be
stated, how'ver, that five times as many
straggled from it as did from all other corps
combined, I account for the paradox by the
assumption that. the officers did their entire
duty. and this view is confirmed by the great
fatality among them.
After the morning assault and the almost
simultaneous desistance from the same, the
whole line set to wrenching, while the heavy
guns never ceased to play, nor the skirmish
lines their hot fu ill tde, till sunset.. But there
has been no line of battle firing The post
lion remained uuchanged, t xcept that Birliey's
division, was withdrawn from the left and s..int
to occupy the space bet wren Smith and War
ten, giving to the army a cou.tecte I line of
WE miles. It is mainly partilltl with the
Chicititham:ny, although coutu+ing'y zigza.t
in particular direction, and events through
aliertuve fields and woodland. I judge the
ground to he on the average higher than the
enemy's, and to that extent we have the better
The prisoners Inken are from the most
diverse commends ; from all the corps of Lee's
army proper, from Breckiuridge, I!,nd from
three divisiotis of Beeuregerd, showing that
the enemy has used everything he can corn
Thirty two pounders, probably brought from
the'defenses of Richmond, opened upon us at
daybreak, and dropped shell for the rear, not
only of troopeTturt of the - ditfei•ent - fieddrffitt- -
ters, of the trains and the hospitals ; indeed,
every corps headquarters has been under
warm fire front morning to night. I suspect
our artillery has been more troublesome to
the Rebels. We have certainly had more
pieces in position, and in better position, rind*
they have been served with diligence and
One instance in illustration C .pt. Stevens,
sth Me , di-ielosed to the Rebels at daylight
two guns of his battery on the Gaines's Mill
road at Wright's lett. well covered by earth
works, and within 2000 yards of their line.
From there be has thrown grape and canister
at their troops, exoepting when either of two
batteries nearly opposite would open upon
him; when lie would turn his attention and his
guns to shelling them to silence. So close are
these guns to enemy, that a cap lifted over
the parapet upon a ramrod is instantaneously
perforated, while a minis goes jeering by.
Imagine it—men work all day, and never
once stand upright. Load the pieces upon
their hands and knees, extending the returners
out of the embrasures, while others ply
shovels to replace the earth knocked away by
hostile projectiles. Here, where the bushes
have been allowed to stand in the embank
meat, if you will rise up cautiously and peer
through, you shall see the shoveled earth as
it is thrown up and falls upon their lino 200
yards away. You roust be wary, and you
must promptly drop on your knees when you
see a puff of smoke, for they suspect some
one is looking through that clumb of bushes.
You will have sufficient time to drop down
into safety, for the smoke will puff out white
- and distinct a quarter of a minute before the
sound of the discharge reaches you, or the
ball whizzes by or thuds in the thrown•up
dirt. Better take of your hat, far it can be
seen more distinctly than your naked head.
and don't betray any nervousness should the
ball, which will surely come, shower dirt upon
your head, else those old artillerymen will
laugh at you. Now, if you want to get to the
rear, stoop low a d double quick it till you
get under cover of the woods It's only eight
or ten rods. Oh, there isn't any d•nger.
They won't hurt you—more than a hundred
men have run across there to day. Every
one has been - fired at, and only three have
been struck. You seta they only got a good
aim. They'll shoot over you, or behind you,
or ahead of you. Those two guns alone would
stop thd advance of a brigade.
Since I began this letter the enemy have
attacked Borten , and been repulsed. Sheri
dan is reported to hold Bottom's Bridge, on
the Chickahotniny. Title may induce the
enemy to abandon his present position to
night and cross that clas-io stream.
Cul. Jas. McMahon, 164th New York Cor•
boron Legion, is supposed to he ,a,-• prisoner,
badly wounded. In the charge lie was in ad
vanes of hie regithent, mounted the para
pet simultaneously with the color bearer, had
taken the colors in his own hands, hod rant
reed the staff into the earth, and was shout
lug to his men, only a few of whom were
near. when ho was Been to clap his hand to
his side, to walk ba k a few steps, and then
to sink upon the ground. - La the neoompany•
ing list of casualties will be seen Col. Fred'k
Wend, 98th New York, killed. Wounded
quite severely last night, ho could not be pre
vailed upon to leave the fiield. This morn
ing in the charge he fell.
FROM GENERAL GRANT
Official BulletinDispatchesfrom Secretary
Stanton —Fight near Staunton, Va.—Our
Forces Victorious—Rebel Gen. Jones killed
—Later from Gen. Sherman.
Washington, June 8.
To Major-General Dix, Now York : .
A dispatch from Gen. Grant, dated yes
terday afternoon at 3 05 p. m., reports that
all has been very 'quiet to-day.
Wash,. June. 8.-1.25 p. m.--To Major
General Dix, N. Y.—A dispatch from Mr.
Dana, at Gen. Grant's headquarters, dated
8.30 p. m. yesterday, announces a victory by
Gen. Hunter over the rebels beyond Staun•
ton, and the rebel Gon. Janes was killed on
the hattle-field. The dispatch is as follows;
The Richmond Examiner of to-day spcalca
of the defeat of Gen. W. E. Jones by Gen.
Hunter, 12 milesi beyond Staunton.
"Gen. Jones was killed on the field- and
his successor retired to Waynesboro, and
now holds the mountain between Charlotte•
ville and Staunton.
" The paper further states that no hospi•
tale o\ stores were captured by Hunter-
. 4t ,
"Another dispatch announces that our
forces occupy Staunton..
EDWARD M. STANTON,
Secretary of War.
Washington; June 8-3 P. M.—Gen Dix,
New York.—Gen. Hunter's victory and oc
cupation of Staunton is confirmed by the
following dispatch just received from Gen.
" All quiet on my lines.
" Rich ropnd Papers of June 7th give in
telligence df a fight at Mt. Crawford, between
Gen. Hunter and Gen. Jones, in which Hun
ter was victorious, and Jones, rebel com
mander was killed.
" Staunton was afterwards occupied by
the Union forces. The fight was on Sun
A dispatch from Oen. Sherman, dated at
Ackworth, yesterday evening, 3.30 r. m.,
" I have been to Altoona pass, and find it
admirable for our purposes. It is the gate
through the last or most eastern spur of the
" It now becomes as useful to us as it was
to the enemy, being easily defended from
either direction. The muds hence from
Ackworth into Georgia are large and good
and the coontry open.
Details of the po-ition of our troops and
contemplated movements are given, but are
not needed for public information:
The dispatch further states that the enemy
is not in cur immediate front, but his signals
are seen on Last Mountain arid Kenesaw.
Dispaches from Gen. Canby, dated June
3d, have been received, which report satis
factory progress in the organization of his
EDWARD M. STANTON.
Secretary of War
The President yesterday sent a cointnuni
cation to Congress covering a recommenda
tion fr,in the Secretary of War and Provost
Marshal General, that the $3OO exemption
clause of the enrolment law be repealed.
The bill to amend the law being under con
sideration, an amendment was ad. pted re
quiring that under future drafts 50 per cent.
additional shall be drawn. It was Maher
moved that the President be hereafter al
lowed to call for troops to serve fur not more
tbn one year. The %hole subject is still
Letter from the South Wes t
DELIALL, 8 BLUFF 3, ARTS.,
May 23 1861,
Ed Herald—Believing that a communica
tion giving a bidet epitome of affairs and how
the cause of the Union is progressing out in
these pmts. begging intrusion upon the col
umns of Jour well conducted journal, might
prove of interest to many of your readers. I
shall endeavor to give j ou some idea how
filing are progressing in the southwest.
This place where I am now stopping, is sit
mated about 176 [Mies, up While Rtver, and
the chiet depot of all army stores in Arkabsas
Being 357 miles from Memphis, by water
from hero the army stores are transported to
Little Bock by rail, distant 60 miles, Little
Rock, though situated on the Arkansas, 300
miles up. is only to be reached by this route
as the Arkansas is unnavigable most of the
year.. But tor the last three months, several
gunboats and about 25 transports have been
up that river, sonic as la? as Little Rock ; but
011v - hay - a - been - costly exTeditinns to - the - gov ,
erutnent. Three transports and one gunboat
has-been wrecked on the innumerable snags
that Arkansas river is famous for; arid now
no more gunboats go up, and it is dangerous
for. any transport, to attempt to go up the
Arkansas alone, as bands of guerrillas infest
the banks ; and aided by the shallowness of
the river could easily capture and destroy any
craft not well artited that dared to run the
ganutl t, Gunboat 87 now stationed here, and
the oniy nue in t Let that has set been up to
Little Luck, was up t lie Ark 111S1/8 river on some
hve or six expedition.. Gunboat 10 was up
as tar as Pine' Blulfs, but was suaggel
on her return and now lies a wreck on
the Arkansas. You doubtless have heard
all the particulars concerning the Red
river disasters. From the latest reliable
accounts, Gen-Banks was still lying at Al
exaudria, La., on Red river, Maj Gen. Steel,
alter having beaten the enemy in every en
gagernent, and tit last finally driven him out
of Camden, on the ‘Vashita, was compell
ed by the disaster to and retreat of Gen.
Banks at Grand Ecore, LA., to return to Lit
tle Rock as part of the rebel totes under Dick
Taylor, after causing Banks to retreat, made
for Little Rock, intending to reach there and
capture it before Gen. Steel getting wind of
this new movement of the rebels mounted
most of his men burning his train and all
superfluous stores, struck for Little Rock and
came tip with the rebs on the banks of the-
Saline, where after a holy contested battle,
he defeated them. They, the rebs managed
to eaiitue the empty supply train and all us
escort, consisting of 151)0 men about ,35 miles
from Pine Baia', the 77th, Ohio Infantry was
among the number. In the tight at Saline
several negro regiments were engaged, who
displayed unwonted bravery and courage;
they Degrees not taking any prisoners
as the rebels hoisted the black flag, when they
saw their ebony combatants, and the colored
soldiers cut it down five times and have shown
the rebel, both in discipline and fighting, that
they are a foe not to be despised, though their
complexion is somewhat darker than the
chivalrous sons of the "Sunny' South. From
Saturday's Union (Little Ituck;) 1 learn that
the rebels, under Gen. Smith, have been mak•
iug Wins desperate attempts to get across the
Arkansas above Little Rock with the intention
of making a raid upon and capturing this
point. (Darall's Blull,) and the immense a
mount of army stores, stored here But they
will be sadly mistaken if they attempt that..
With the aid of two gunboats, and some 30110
troops. whose numbers are constantly aug.
mewed by fre,h arrivals of troops, both' Infan
try, artillery and cavalry, we shall he able
to hold this place against all odds. Three to
four transports loaded with army stores,
horses and soldiers arrive hero daily, and this
morning t wd.dompanies of the 3d, U. S. Reg.
Cavalry arrived here front St. Louis, ou trans
ports Arago and Empire City. Only one
missing. I uelieve since they hilt your place,
most of the troops that arrive he e, are from
the Islotthwest, atid yesterday au lowa com
pany of cavalry, just. treat, Irma the verdant
soil who never ['More dune auy fighting, save
with the wild beasts aruuml their paternal
homes, went out. and captured some
8 guerrillas and recaptured Li tit our men,
with lOU mules that were captured from us
iu the uturuiag by the same party. A citizen
who a few days ago, got a pass to go up in
the country, aceorinug to the story of our men
wan had. been captured, had Informed his
thieving brethreu of, uud showed them how
to capture our mules, only_tivo miles from
here. He was among the captured robs, and
will no doubt etijay the pleasant occupation of
puling hemp dawn is a few days. As soon as
Maj.' Hen. Steele gets sullietent reiuturee
mauls, he will again deal sume telling blows
to the rebels, and soon free this once beautiful
State of the accursed upoolders of Secession.
By the results of as election held in February,
Arkansas will, when she becomes free from
the rebels, be a Free State. immense quan
tities of cotton are still stored on the plantar
Lions south of the Arkansas river; about 2000
rebels are still prowling about mostly guer
rinse, but whose numbers aro beingeonstant.
ly diminished by capture by our forces sent
from hereand Jaoksouport. ,Niue months ago
this place contained only a few hospitals tents,
and but few 'beats artived, here and they had
to come under the charge of a gunboat: Now
boats ply regularly between here, and Memphis
Helena, and St, Louis, all neonessaries of life
command high prices here, audit oust 25 ate.
to purchase .a or Memphis -paper
About 4600 refugees. are settled here, work.
log for Uncle .Sam. .Hundreds of huts
cover this Bluff now wherososroo a yearagolkot
one was to be seen. Labor of all kinds com
mands high prices here. A newspaper called
the "Arkansas Traveller" is published by
one of the soldier boys.
Hoping this mny prove worth otaccepianse
at your hand and that universal peace may a
gain reigu 'over ,our beloved country Is the
sincere wish of a KEYSTONE BOY.
'HOW COMMP.TAT/ON EXEMPTS FROM TMS
DRAFT.—Provost Marshal General Fry, in
answer to the inquiry as to the length of
time to which the payment of commutation
money exempts from liability to service, re
plies that the language of the law is plain.
The law says : " If any drafted person shall
hereafter pay money for the procuration if
a substitute, under the provisions of the act
to which this is an amendment, such pay
ment of money shall operate only to relieve
such persons from draft in filling that quota."
If it should be necessary to make •several
drawings of names in order to fill " tbat
quota"—that is to say the quota already as
signed the parson paying commutation
money will be exempt on account of such
payment from all the drawings to fill "that
quota" made subsequent to the one in which.
he paid the commutation.
Eaton antr OF,ountg nlatttrs.
FESTIVAL OF THE MIDDLESEX UNION
AID SOCIETY.—We have read with pleasure
the notice of the above Festival, to take place
at the County Barn, to morrow, the llth inst.
The object of this festival is a benevolent
one. The Ladies of this Society have been
engaged for several years in behalf of our
sick and wounded soldiers ; and the proceed*
of this festival will be devoted to the same
laudable object. At this critical period of
our history, when thousands of our noble
patriots languish in hospitals, or lie in their
blood upon the battle field, far from home
and friends, the Ladies of this Society, true to
the noble sympathies of women, have appoin.
ted this fes•ival for the purpose of seeding
That all who may be pleased to favor them
with their presence, may receive full compen
sation for their contributions to this nobler
cause, the Ladies will prepare a sumptuous
dOper,.at which the most fastidious appitite
will be satisfied Who would not give 60 ots.
for such a dinner, especially when he knows
that it will be appropriated to the poor soldier
who bled for his country 1 Besides the din•
ner, ice cream, and strawberries and cream,
Szc , will be prepared. We would speak its
behalf of this laudable enterprise; and we.
will assure all that if they visit this festival
they will not depart hungry, disappointed,
or conscience stricken.
Several Addresses will be delivered on the
occasion ; and excellent music will regale the
ear, whilst there will be much to fascinate
the eye, and gratify the taste.
DEATH OF MIL. HAvEttsTicx.—Our
community was shocked on Wednesday
morning last, to hear of the very sudden
death of Mr. S. W. Haverstick t one of the
most prominent and_bighly respected citi
zens of our town. Mr. 11. arose very early
on Wednesday morning, attending market,.
as was his custom. After having made his
purchases he returned to his place of busi•
ness, complaining to his son of a slight in
disposition. Dr. Mahon was summoned,.
who instantly detecting the alarming symp
toms, accompanied him into the house, when
Mr. El. sat down on a lounge remarking the
chilliness lie felt. Almost immediately
thereafter while the Dr. had stepped hur
riedly to the door to call for assistance, Mr..
flaverstick fell gently over upon the luunge
and in an instant had expired.
We canna remember so sudden and severer
a blow, both to the devoted family of the
deceased and our entire community, who
loved and esteemed him as father and citi
zen. II is equable temper and genial dispo
sition will be sorely missed by those of us
who knew him so well as a kindhearted and,
We have not the presumption to intrude
upon .tbe holy grief of the bereaved family.
The oldest son, Mr. Joseph Haverstick hav
ing just finished his term of service in the
Penna. Reserves, arrived here on Monday
last but departed again on TUesday afternoon
to be mustered out with his regiment whence
he was summoned home by this saddest of
all messengers. Lieut. J. W. Haverstick,
U. S. Marine Corps, is the second son, ase
he also is at home.
These are the circumstances surrounding
the almost tragic death of the respected citi
zen devoted patriot and unassuming chris
tian gentleman, SAIRTv.t.. W. HATEABTICK.
TABLEAUX VI VANTS.—The Ladies'
Mite Society of Carlisle will give three exhi •
bilious in Rheem's Hall, commencing on
Tuesday evening, and continuing on Wed
nesday and Thursday evenings. The enter•
tainments will consist of Tableaux repro
senting many pictures of clatisieel, historical
and mirthful studies. Good music will bib
interspersed with the performances-
Each evening, after the Tableaux, a straw.
berry and ice cream festival will buf °pentad,.
and these delicacies dispensed by the accom
plished ladies who control the association..
The proceeds of the exhibitions and fes
tivals will be devoted to the Christian Clam--
mission and the sailors in the service of the.
Republic. We takeit that aside from. the
enjoyment sure to be obtained by a visit, to
these entertainments, the cause in itself will
induce every friend of the country and lie
defenders to attend. .
CAPT. HUTCHISON. —ln the daily,
papers of Monday last we find the following
"Copt. A. Bnyd Hotehieon,_,A. I.
Third Brigade, First Division, Sixth Corps,.
wounded in the breast."
Almost all of our readers will remembets
Capt. Hutchison, who during the politica)
campaign last fall addressed the Union , men
of this county from the stump, on a number
of occasions, and spoke so nobly and fear
lessly for the Union enuse. He joined the
army of the Republic at the outbreak of the
slave•bolder's, rebellion; and is aa since that
time been with his regiment in every en•
gagement of the army of the Potomac. We
remember him as a brave, true hearted
champion of the right,;e.erready with voice
or sword to battle against the enemies of big
'Country, and are grieved beyond expression
to hear of his, being stricken down by
traitor hand. Our earnest . hope is that his
wound will prove an inconsiderable, one,
and that ore long he will .again be at his