Newspaper Page Text
Friday, May 20, 1864.
61. AI. PICTI 4 ILIVOII.Is dito CO.,
V-0. 37 Park Row, Nov York, and 6
State St. Boston, are our Agents for tilic iiman
in thozo alarm, and are authorleod to take Advertise-
Dlentn and Subscriptions for us at our lowoct rater.
The People's Cbuice for President.
In the midst of such exciting news as is
eaoki day coming from the armies beloro
Richmond and elsewhere, it is not expected
that the people should feel the same interest
in the approaching political campaign ass
they would in more quiet times ; but the
election of a suitable man fur Pre*lent is
of such great importance that we shou`,,l nut
oven allow the gratifying reports of Granir
victories to deter us frim a proper considera•
Lion of this subject. However desirable such
an evela, may be, it is scarcely credible, even
though Lee's army should be defeated and
driven out of Virginia, that the Rebellion
shall be entirely crushed and , the intricate
questions arising out of this war settled be•
fore the election or even the inst ,Ilation of
the next President. Had Abraham Lincoln
aryaar or two still to serve the probabilities
of Lee's defeat result'ng in the complete
overthrow of the Rebellion would be great;
but though driven to the extremities of des
pair the Rebel leaders will . prsavere in their
mad etrurt to establish a slave oligarchy 1.1
least until they see what rre the pull icol
tenets of the next President of the United
States. When ‘Voodward was running fir
Governor of Pennsylvania it was asserted
by some of the leading Southern journals
that his election would be a great viet e riy
for the South. If the election of such a
man tae goernor of a shied.] Ise cer •
sidered-as• a great- vi c torrity-thr • reb - e tsr lyatr
much greater would they consider the ic
tory if a man of similar principles should lie
elected President of t'ne .off,-.1 F "l'fft•
voters of this Rept,eblic have ne yr Leen
called upon to do a wore importout act than
the selection of their next President. Oil
this as much depends our fi ul tr umpli (IVu r
treason and Rebellion as on our brave E.,0:-
diera now on the lin:tie-field. Should a
"Peace mall" be elevated to the -Presidency,
SeUilie - rn Coined racy would doubtless
be recognized_ or sAtch_tnensurOs ..te.gen
should ultimately lead to its independence.
All the blood that Ilan been tilletl in this
three years war would have been shed id
vain. The gallant soldiers who have fouglit
so nobly and'so well would retire to 6: e;r
homes sad and dispirited since the dangers
and trials which they have encountered have
but added to the sufferiogs of
Bankrupt and dishonored the Nnribern half
of the c nee great American Iteptiidle won 1
Stibil be covere l a ith as mar y petty despot
isms as now dot the plains of
Who is to be the next Pres . ; lent? The ed
itor of one of the leading journals of New
York who boasts of having notninatA stars'
successful candidate for th t Presidency fc,r
twenty five or thirty years la3s it down us a
certain fact that if Grant succeeds in defeat
ing Lee he will be run without opposition.--
Should this hero c f the West prove to be
the greatest general of the war and of the
present age, as indications now seem to
point, he, engaged iti the holy rause of free
dom, will recive anal certainly deserve
homage of every lover of liberty. Were his
successful career as a military commander
now to end we should still honor him fur the
good that he has dune. - And should he suu
cede in crushing the hitherto victorious ar
my of Lee, thus paving the way for a spee
dy and permanent peace, we shall ever re
vere hiS name as one of tire greaten benc•
factors of the human race. But because he
has rendered such noble service is there suf.
Jacient reason for making him, a military
chieftain, the supreme civil nia..:istrate of
.the United States? Because he is such a
great commander, Is it therefore certain that
Ile is a, great statesman Indeed while there
have leen a few great generals who were al
so great statesmen, as Caesar, and Bona
parte, and Jackson, yet as a rule those who
have devoted their lives to military affairs
have but little knowledge in rtgatd to the
method of conducting a civil govet
The country will not soots forget its inist,ka
in the election of General Taylor. But
even though Grant should make a good
President, before we elevate him to that po
aition we should ask ourselves whether he
may not be of greater service to us in his
present military capacity. From every in•
dieation it is more than probable that as
soon as we have finished up the r. bele we
+shall pay Borne attention to Maxatnillian and
hie cohorts iu Mexico. Certnin it is that the
success of republicanism on this couti.,ent
requires that Mexieo should be rid of her
Monarchy at the very earliest possible mo•
meat. In such an enterprise where the
combined forces of France and Austria must
be met, how much greater need will
there be for General Grant on active duty
at the bead of the army leading his soldiers
on to victory, than directing the national
affairs at Washington which many other men
could do far better ? We believe also that
General Grant is a pure patriot, and as
such, knowing that the country will suffer a
loss by electing - him - President, lie - will not
except the ninnthation. He has said before
',hand that When the war is over and his ser
vices axe no io»ger.needed; his highest am
bition is to be elected 'mayor of Galena
whose streets end pavements he desires to
improve. There are other seeiningly . _patri•
ode citizentrwho, whiletherhave , no desire
to eliminate' General Grant • far. the Presi
dency, are using every effert'-to thrust some
candidate Upodithe 'people whom they can
: effort is the recent
movement to nominate General Fremont.—
While we have every confidence in this he:.
,ro's patriotism and ability we certainly think
that at this particular time the goad of the
whole country requires that another equally
as able and far More - .pc pular malt • should
"brought•beforis thi voter's. of the Repub.
noun party. The people demand' the re
nomination of Lincoln, and should those to
whom the matter is intrusted misrepresent
the popular voice and nominate General
Fremont the so-called democracy will stand
a good chance of electing their candidate.
And fa,p l mure probable will such a result he
if the Republican party runs two candidates
us did the Democrats at the last Presider'•
tial eleetion. Rime is it is true an objecton
to the same man filling the Presidential
chair for more than one term, but at such a
time as this when the safety of the country
requires thole-election of Abraham Lincoln,
this object on must vani h into nought. A
change in the Adruinistrati n would ;it this
time be fraught with the most evil couso
quences. However well acquainted with the
machinery of government any man may be,
who is just installed into the °thee of Presi
dent, dDIEIe time must elapse before he con
become ftimilimiz , d with its workings. The
Secessionists were aware of this fast, and
therelore took occasion to rebel during the
taransitiun of one Administration to another.
The abjection bete alluded to that the fre
quent cha.i . _:e of the chief magistrate woul
tend to weaken the military arm of the gut.
ern met was st:ongly urged in the convention
that (rained Cie Constitution ; and it was only
after repeated discussion that the President's
term the 11.1,63 nixed at fur years. And
while we consider this to be an appropriate
term of oilice, we can btu admit that the
government would escape many dangers it
the election for Piesidect cattle loss often.—
oiging the re-election of Lincoln 'we do
nut propose to extol either hie statesman
ship or his elevotod character as a man.—
Whatever be hits qualities of mind and heart
an intelligent people have not failed to oh
rte them. That he hits done his duty no
lily and well none who desire the restoratim,
of the Union can deny. No better evideyce
of his disposiiiou and power t.) crush the
Rebellion is lie. deil than the hatred whip It
is butted toaard , him by s, ces,ionists and se
cession syrnjtatntzors. Let us then with one
voice ; r,c lam; Abraham Lincoln as onr .
eamfidate- eAllin7C; si d when the ;r7o . s
are counted find he Is 11.g;t111 losud to be the
choice of tbe people, the already dishear
tened rebels will throw down their arms and
SLR! lur pelleo
A REBEL PLEA
The I.llowing paShVig occurs in a reci•+,l
publKhed in the Ilichmund Enquirer
upon the subject. of the Fort Pillow,,,pai
.il - eer., , 3.3ere to pot agnr
ri mi to tho s Wu . .), tinder the law of war, Mr
should expect the whiles to be shot and do.
negroe3 :1) be sold. A negroe at $3,000
kit) a! a dLie to tie .11,1."
If there was any evidence needed to prove
the hal I-111 vheoi slavery breeds and en
courages,...tbe tone of the Southern presal
would furnish, it. Tb • butchety of Fort
Pillow has been proved beyond a doubt, at d
it is not -more certain that the war exists
an that lodp!ess prisJncrs, Men, wunnrn
and children, were indiscriminately massa•
crrii when the fort (ell. .Ilarder is talked a
bout as flippantly by the rebel editor ae
Ihrnlgh it OILS a holid iv amusement, and 1,0
strunger.arKumetit cart be found by him to
combat the evideuc• s of the butchery at the
('it than the fact that colored men are cod
fly as property, and that while it is all well
enough to shoot „bite prisoners of war, ne•
grues are too valuable, sic chattels, to be thus
summarily dealt ! In all our reading
of history we It not recolleet to have (ver
encountered such reasoning as this. The
putting of a garrison to the sword is 110 new
thing ; but the victors always excuse the act
by I leading rt.-venire, retaliation or military
necessity; in the Fort Polo case the slave
party can find uo stionger argument against
the iiroltabil:tics of the massacre than the
fact that negroes are worth $5,000 a piece,
and cons , „iluently too valuable to be 'nor
tiered. And tilt:: is chivalry ! and upon such
a record as this the slave patty go before the
world in this nineteen:li ce• fury n d task fr r
sympathy and encouragement in their at
tempt to roll back the humanitarian current
of the age, and to establish upon the conti
nent of America a government based upon
principles that the King of Dahomey or an
Alger ore cruiser would be ashamed to open
ly advocate. 11 hen murder is looked upon
as a virtue ; when robbery is considered
commendable ; when treason is dr emed
merit, and when the c tikes world is pre
pared to renonnee all the b e.ni g, resulting
Irmo religion, edneAkiun and g-meral prog
ress, and relapse into the bat barisur of the
dark ages, we nl•ty hook to W. 30 the So_pthern
rebels receiving the counteu.a.c.it of an en
lightened world, and nut until then. '•We
shall expect the whites to be shot and the
negroes to be sold. A negro at $5,000 is
ton valuable to be shot ! ' Think of it, de
luded democrat, who have all your political
hero led by the nose by the Southern
party, and whose principles have been
turned on a senseless prejudice. Fall into
the hands of your whiloin Southern friends,
as a soldier of the Union and the champion
of the stars and stripes, and a dog's death is
your fate ; but "a negro at $5,000 is too val
uable to be shot I" Who is the "nigger
Since the above was written the report of
the sub-committee on the conduct of the
war, in respect to this terrible carnage has
been made public. The details are sit:Wil
ing, too horrible tor oelief,,were it not for
the conclusive chai.reter of the evidence.--
The massacre of at Bartholomew, the butch•
eries at_St. -Domingo,-the wildest stoties - dr
Sepry cruelty, the bloodiest traditions of
border warfare aruoug savages,. have all
found a full parallel in this latest title of
horror. We have no heart to discuss it fur
ther, nor need we attempt to dilate on the
slaughter which is so graphically portrayed
in the report-of the sub-committee which of
ficially investigated the bloody work.
BROWN'S BRONGRIAI. TROCRES Wear and
give strength co the voice of SINGERS, and are
indispensable to Pointe Spa/marts.
- 4 1 recommend their use to Public Speak—
Rev. B. 11. CI;ArIN
"They have suited my (MO exactly, reliev
jog my throat and clearing my voice so that,
1 courd Mpg with ; ease." T. DIJOLIAIRMIC.
'Chorister French Parish Church, Montreal.
Sold by all Dealers In aledlebne at geo cents
From the, New York Tribune of „Tuesday
we clip the following succinct statement of the
present pliaition of the con:ending armies in
It is necessary td . .. w eerreet the misstatemeat
hitherto credited witlkein question, Which rep
resented the movement of Lee on Thursday
night as a retreat from the line of the Po and
eu abandonment of Spottsylvania, Court
house 'rho official dispatches since received
do not thr,rti the means of detecting this error,
nor indicate 'll4l, position assumed by Gen.
Grant subsequently to Thursday. But from
other sources it way be gathered that on both
sides a material change took place during
Fiitlay and tiaturday in the general direction
of the lines held by both armies The move
tutnt of Lee was not a retreat to the south •of
the Po, but it was nevertheless a compulsory
abaudunineut of chosen ground in (wave
quence ot list/cook's inroad upon his lines,
and also, we inter, from the necessity of con
trading thew. We adhere to the opinion of
yesterday that the change is an evidence of
weakness, and that the front of Lee's new
position is considerably narrower than that
which he held during the battle of Thursday
l tot. It appears probable, moreover, that
Lee will speedily he forced to indicate the lies
of his retreat, and that the option of selecting
the direct road to Iltielunund wilt nor lie lett
to him II Lich longer, supposing him to desire
it. Geu. Grant has succeeded in compelling
him to withdraw his right. Wilig a certain dis
tanue—so much seems to be clear—and if it
be possible to collect a clear cotton of sit tht
titian out ut the extremely tanned topography
et caul:tutting bulletins, we may place the two
armies still between the Ny tied the I'u, with
Gen. Grant's headquarters on the Spottsylva
nue and Fredericksb.urg turnpike nut fur from.
the Ny. The two lines have so swung round
by the steady pressure enforced upon the
enemy's right that , they.are nearly parallel to
the turnpike tilting so touch of its course • as
lies in a N. N. easterly duet:Nun. Not any
part of Lee's force is south of the Pu. tier h is
he twee forced to surrender his control 01
either of the roads lesuing south of the Court
House. Fronting north-east of the angle, his
Bee ptutec.s the important junction of road
south of Sputisylvaitia. while on our side the .
corps have been so redistributed
,t hat Han
cock Ims•tliti right, Burnside and Wright the
center, and "amen the left.
There was rt. - . fighting of consequence from
Thursday night to,, Sunday morning at 74,
The time was occupied in the toilsome match
es necessary for the establishmeu• of the dif
fereui corp in their new positions, in con
:drooling-and repairing reads, iu throwing up
new.. intrencliments, iu clearing away the
wreck of the last battle,
forward, and in the hundred different prep
orations ilidtTensitbla to the Steady and sue
coveful oar tinuatice of this tremendous s rug.
gle. We de not consider the delay v.ffiory
favorable to the enemy, but, so far ag it rimy
inure to their benefit, it is one of those ad
vintages inset., trab:e from the attitude of de.
frier, end cite which no amount of eagFrness
or energy on the part of 0 cemniatider who
his assumed the t..flenaive can deny to iris
adversary. Dut in the present condition of
Lee - 8 army this not edenting storm beats more
heavily an hint than on its, for it immensely
enhances the difficult of keeping up ' is sup
plies Rondo winch aro difficult fur our ar•
tillery ate more dillicult for cis trains, and
he hue now to Iran port every ounce of fool
over out lees then SO miles from the nearest
railway station, Every day prevents him
with a more impractioable problem, while on
our bide the abundance of resources i. mote
LIIILLI COMpelellt to overcome the obstructions
even of Virginia roads. And it is aptly Bog
gested that a Genet al who has been used to
handling erect armies amid the hotel olds and
swamps of the Mississippi Valley will nut long
be hampered by tho sponge of Virginia soil
There is no cause fur impatience—there is
rather cause for constant admiration of the
num:vetted steadiness with which the cam
paign advances. It is but a fortnight to day
since the first st op toward the Rapid .n was
taken, yet not iu the three years ut its ears
trace has the Rebellion iceled wider ouch
irremediable disasters us i❑ this fortnight
have befallen it. That there is loud fighting
yet to do no one doubts, nor cares to doubt
What we cherish as an unalterable conviction
its that we hive all Army nod a General cepa
ble mid zealous to do tt, Up to this point we
view the progress nod the promise of the cam
paign with uumiaed satisfaction and gratitude.
—There is news ft sin Gen. Butler down to
yes erday. The siege of Fort Dining. goes
on Nleadi'y, and with daily successes. An
other line of exterior defenses, on Proctor's
Creek, bast been carried, al a magazine=
we presume, a service magazine— wit:, explodt d
oil the 14,1 i 4 sortie on the day following
had been repulsed b, Beekman e brigade, and
a ,tie.ind elLort ant he t velur; tit the came day,
had a similar re-ult. Thu death of J E. 13
Stuart is confirmed
laeneral Sheridan's Success
The exploits of General Sl,lBllll )4N, so (Oily
reported la,t week. cooatuute cue of (ben:Jost
brilit nt episodes of the war, and hate
llicied ithiatinse Damage upon l il ze a anti) ,
The desii action of his supplies will le
severely telt, as lie is clearly on short
allowance and cannot replace tho e desire} ed
811E1111 , AZ; 8 defeat of the Ilebel cavalry under
STUART will also do much to cripple Lae
STUART hiloBB.llf, the Lest of Lkr, 8 cavalry
officers, is r ported to have been killed. Al
togetherlTBticatnaN's raid Wild II most 8110.
tiessful.4le, and will dishearten Lee almost as
much ns his disastrous fight on Thursday.
Major General Piftwir 11 SLIERIDAN is a
graduate of Koss Point, and a citizen of Perry
county, Ohio. lie distinguished himself' as a
cavalry leader at Stone giver, Tullahoma,
Chiehamauga.and Mission Aldo. -ilia" is
tho ROB of 1111 Iri,huisti, ant) was born pn an
American ship: end under the American flag,
while his parents were emigrating trout Ire
land to this country. no Is about thirty two
years old and unmarried."
Bauivrt's Ji3soNortiet, TILOPLIELI i . for Coughs,
Colds, and Irritated Throats,are , now offered
with the fullest confidence in their efficacy,
They have been thoroughly tested, andmain
tain the good reputation they have justly
acquired. As there' are imitations, be sure
to ottrAtri the genuine ; For sale at Elliott's
Falsehood is often rooked by truth, kit
idle soon outgtowsh.er gradlo and diitiards
her , aurae.
IMPORTANT FROM GEN'S. GRANT, BUTLER,
SHERMAN, AND SIGEL
IIEADQUA RTERS, PUILAUeLPU tA, May 14,
6 p. m.—The following despatch is from the
Secretary of War
To Alajor General Cadwalader : WASHING
TON, May, 14, 4 p. m.—Despatches from
General Grant, dated yesterday evening, at
6 o'clock have reached this Department. •
The advance ut IIaTICOCIE yesterday de
veloped that the enemy had fallen back four
miles, where they remained in position.
There was no engagement yesterday. We
,have no account ul any General officers be
ing in the battle of the pteceding day.
Colonel Carroll was severely ami tolvd.
A despatch has just been received from
General Sherman, dated near itesace, May
14. It states that, by
,the Ittrik movement
en Pesaci, Johnston has been forced to
evacuate Dalton, and our forces were in his
roar and fl atilt. The weather was fine, and
the troops in floe order, all working well as
fast as possible.
Nu intelligence has been received from
General Butletl. Guerrillas haveroken
the telegraph lines between
burg and old Jamestown. This is to be be
lieved the reason why no report. has been
received trues him.
Despatches from General Ste!' report
him to be at Woodstock. The rumor that
he had broken the railroad between Lynch-
burg and Clutqottsville is nut trim.
Our wounded are coming in From Belle
Plain us tiisr - as the transporto can bring
thew E. M. STANTON.
WASLIVSIQTON, M ;ty 14.—Despatehes dated
Ileadquart.ets Army of the Potomac, May
13, 1:1 in., have been received. General
Meade has issued the 'following congratula
tor Ss to his troops
redquarters -lolly of the Polomac, May
13, 862.—Soldiers :—The moment has ar
rive. 'when yew commanding General feels
autheri,ed to address you in terms of eon
gratula on. •
lu eight days and nights, almost with
. r Iturniission„ in rain and refashion, you
have been gat /4911 y fighting a desperate toe
iu po,itions naturally strong, and rendered
deubly so by intretichmunts.
11/II haVeColllpldled 111111 to sh.uidon his
fortitications on the lispiffian, to retire and
attempt to stop ) our ouward progrest , uud
now he lies nb,ludunud the hht nllrouehrrl
pomltion 80 tertneiously held, suffering e I.Kin
ill Ill!, of eighteen guns, tweilty-tutu
and eight thousand prisoners, it.cluding tut;
Your heroic deeds and noblu endurancu
of faliguo and prival ions ,‘ ill ever bo mein
oralde. Let us return thanks to “od for
thu mercy rhos NIIoWII ua , and ask uartieally
)or its coutinu, lion.
Solthei:,! your war]: is not yet over. Th.,
orereoino Thu courage and )uu
havu dispisyud rundors our
Gullet - A c , oitpl,iit your luiure utloiis will
result in bliCeu.S.
11'1)110 au nwurn tho loss ul niany gallant
COllll ildg•N let is rein,intn•i• the ennin . twist
Ilutlu bull,•red elpt,tl it nut grog . ler 1,155,5.
Wu dliall a.n , u tecei..e ruititureviltuuts,
Us. uct. Let tlel autt•rilonu
to continue vix,olutisly the v%tul; du null be
gun, 11,1111 tinder God'e 'deeming in a ...bort
nine thy otj.et oh our NIIII Lu ocenna
(.4t-u. G. Mt:Aim,
WILL/A11.4, A..A. G.
(Apt,' oved), U. S. GitAsr,
the Armies of the Untied Statue.
DESPATCII4OI /I[oBl, GENERAL BUTLER
WAR D 11TM \V A 811 ING roN. May 11.
—l/liijer-Giiiiri Dti:— toltovi mg tele
grams have just leacltcd this dcpai
Iron) Geneeal Butler. No oilier special re
ports hive Mien received since my' despatch
ut ibis alteitiouti.
E. M. SrnArToN.
lIALF May 14-8 u. m. —To
lion. E. M. Stanton alo still bel.,ru
'het baot, ul the ehethy's nut;:s at Drury
Bluff, Fort DArling.
The enviily are stin hero ih,force.
Gctteral 11,10: movement,
with a liortion of his corps and a tirig.olo of
the eighteenth curls, assaulted and took
the enemy's works on the right at dusk last
evening. it was gallantly dune.
Thu tools I.ellavcd finely. We held mit'
lines doling the :tight and shall move [llia
(Signed) ' B. F. BUTLER.
May 11; 10 o'clock a. tn.—To But. E•
M. :—!looms: Smith caPrin•d the
uncut) 'a flint line on Hie right, this morning
at 8 o'clock. The lung was nuiall.
Thu enctuy have n•Ured Into Itrce squalo
rotiouhts, hpou which we aic now lniugiug
our arcillery to boor with efru.q.
WASIIINGCON, 31:14 15-12.80 u. in.—Ma
juelle, til Cadwaluder :-111 a desp.och
this moment r.euived from Admiral Lee,
he repitris to the S,eretary ul the Navy
that Iliu Richmond pap,ra of yi•eterday men
tion the death of Gen. J. E. B Stuart. ;int
ill battle. HO doubt, happened in the
battle with General Sheridan.
RETREAT OF LEE. AND GRANT'S I'llatlUlT
WASIIING CON, Id lay 15— 8.50 a. An
official despatch Irian Ihu twttle held at
Sputtsy Ivauia, yesterday morning states,
that during thu previous night (Ft iday) a
inueenient was ['Lido by thu Fifth and Sixth
Corps to unr lett, and an attack was 10 hart,
been tuadu at daylight, but nu sound ut bat
tle, had butt heard Irulo that ipiartur.
This manoeuvre it is said. it successful,
would place Our forces in Lee's roar, and
cuoipul hiW tu rutluat towaids
O CatiliOn nor any sound of batik.) was
heard yesterday at Bulk, Plain or Freder
icksburg, which ahlbrds ground fur the itn
prussion tiLiCtuti Had retreated during Fit
day flight, and hrl'urti thu advance ut thu
Filth and Sixth Corps.
All our wounded that had reached Belle
Mtn yesterday tiVlalitig liAve torived here.
Thu surgical report, brow the headquarters
of the itrtny stag's th,tt the condition of the
supplies ha satisfactory, and that the wound
ed lire doing well. Thu Illedtc.il Diruetor
at Belle Yl.tin. reports that cveri thing at
that point iy diviisPiet“ry. Ihe Safg.hea , ar.
ranctuetits have never been au c e mpl e te
now. General Sheridan's command had
reached the loft hank of Turkey Island at
titre° o'clock; year iirilay afternoon, and have
formed a junction with the forces of Gun.
FROM THE FRONT
WAsumcroN, Mhy 1 5-11 jil night. —Major
Genera! Cadwolader :--Dospatellev from
General Grant have been received by this
Department down - to seven o'clock this
morning. There has been no engagement
sur the laid two days.
_Despatches from General Stie'rmiltriliarif
to eight o'clock last night state that his
forces hn7l boon , actively engaged during
the day with athrantago to our side, but no
Nothing has hoot) hoard of General But
ler's operations since his telegrams of last
night, heretofore published.
E. 51. STANTON.
FROM GENERAL SHERIDAN.
DIAPATOU FRO)! TILE HEORNTARY OF WAR.
WASHINGTON. May Id— M idnight.—Najor
General Cadwalader, Philadelphia : A n
official dispatch. front Gen. Sheridan, dated
at Bottom Bridge', vla Fortress- Monroe,
May 18; states that on the 9th Inst., he
marched mound the enenty'S right flank,
and on the evening of that day reached, the
North Anna river, without Bulimia oppeal-
During that night ho•destroyed -the ene
my's depot at Beaver Dam, three. large
trams of, cars,, two Hnu lueotdotives, two
hundred thousand pounds of bacon and
other stores, amounting in all to a million
and a ball of rations. ,
Also the telegraph and railroad track for
about ten miles, erns acing several cul
verts, and recaptured three hundred and
seventy-eight of our men, including two col
onels one tu.ijur and several tither °Ulcers.
tin the wet uing et the loth he resumed
'operations, crossing the South Anna ai
limed Squirrel eriUge, and went into croup
about dad light.
Thu 11th he captured Ashland Station;
at that point he destroyed a locomotive, a
tram of cars, an engine house and two or
three Gov ertimelit ouildings, contain hag a
large auluunt oi stores.
lie ulsu destro . ,Led•six miles ul railroad,
enihruenig suiqUiljterts, two trestle bridges,
and LUC telegraph wires.
At about i o cluck a. iii. of the Ilth ho
renewed the advance on Richmond.
Ile lutind the lelnd Stuart with hia cav
alry concentrated at Yellow Tavern, and
immediately attacked him.
Alter au obstinate contest he gained
„pussedsion of the Brut:tile turnpike, cap
turing two pieues of artillery, and driving
the enemy a forces hack tuwaids Ashland
sad across the north tick of Use Chicka
hominy, a distance ul lour mites.
AL the soma Lino a putty charged down
the &out: Road, and captured the first line
of the ebetny's worts around lin:I/woad.
During the night he marched the %%hole
(Willa command het w,-en the first and second
lines of the eneni)'s notkei on the blutra
overlooking the time of the Virginia U. ii
trad railsuad, and then ou Mill:11,1111(13Vilk3
turnpike, titles deinutistraiitig againat the
wink:, and (lading then/ very bliong, he gave
up the intenhou ul assaulting, and deter
mined to recruzs the Cluckabounny at
It had been partially destroyed by the
enemy but was repaired 11l about three
hours, under a heavy artillery the Iron.' a
Gen ritt made the crossing, attacked
the enemy and drove loin all hatidauniely,
the puisuit continuing as far us (-tidies'
Thu enemy observing the recrossing of
tha Gfilekitliumiuy eitaiu out troto lea secuud
Ituu of wums.
A biigatto ut infantry and a largo number
ol disinutinted eavalr) attacked Lin cllViolul/
ul Cieuersls liregg'anti Wilson, but Liner a
Se Vela CUIAUSG, ‘l , elo repulsed and driven
Grogg, and Wilson's division, aftpr col
lectiog too v‘ounklod, rociussed the Unielo
holuilQ on llw ,lit 01 Illc 12th. Tllu
corps ow:moot:AI ut Waltiut Liluvo uud
clot.:1:, a. la., of tliu 13311, thu
11111cli aud ullf lute cUCJlllp
cd 11011.0111 1.11 Idj,o,
/1U CUIIIIII 41.1 1.111 lilts TIIC loss
of innscs 11 111 1151 O.Ct ctl vita 111111111,./.
All [l,, en.; 1,1 vuglit pl,
.11,/iIL Lulll. C taus uI 11101'1ully Il uuutic.l, .I.lld
11..11 lI tS ~ Cll Cued lur 11/ Ills hilts /IOOSOS
of Ills Coo 1111) . VOL, IYul,utletl 11111 Ilot ex•
lussos last over 3,..)0.
/ inu t0,t41 Midges 01' . 61 . URI
(.)1,1Ck.i1,..11111), alit! /pt Iret Liu- tlo Ilt idges,
11115 six') Icel., elltl the I.llllodll Ili 111,4 Cs fur
a/ 1.,118 1116/.11105 SUllii/ Of 1.1/U
15 sle 5551.1..) ,
rr..l,s. is given to Ihu ihirlBl , lll Cow -
tILLtiLLIL ULL cg g, 11, Llouia awl .11,1.1 at
111111 ailll D Lab, tjul,.. GichLg,
Do. I no, Ullap.ll.lll, LI /1.1
1.011.1c0d .~trlvl.rl illy.
LiL) N. u,.-11. diop.lll4l/ ELI'S lIIuIIIC 111
1'0001V0..1 110111 Ad 111 1I al 1.00, Ile I Vimits Lu
LOU 6ce1L.1.11) vl that.
papws j untct Wt . ) I.
.J 12.111 the
uL LictLeLLLI J. E. Al. 6Lwat I.—bILLA 11l MU
tio doubt happened hi thu hattlo
WILL L. 211,71.11 Jl,:iiti.to.
NVitstliNtrru.4, play 10. p. have ro
uttitud. tu(otut.t.ttuu trutu ittu Artuy up tu
111., Jalwday. 1 ht, 111,11e.11t/118
Ulu I cl.rch hill u.cu tuutul b . ) uLA out.utug
Juices, and outt. e. 141,1 pl ul,a 01) wane
:•1.1.11k1 Ju , well IiCIV ull 11.1 l) \ur 111
.11/../ I I V,I, II LII,J) . Art: IJUL rapidly
The umlltu tebel [rams h.tvc gull° Suuth
ttest Im the ul L)llC.Allg, ai,,l It
is Dui ek,l,6ld,led implob,“,i) unit tou
D. 1,1/.11,11 that 11,1 p. (11.111 U
it et,arg, t.m flida) an,/ btiCel , 4-1 -
c.,ptin me; a till,oattcs) 'tutu
Ma, a evii,i,iciablu nutiauur ul
HEAD QUAICTLItS AsIlY OF l'u - roxtue,
t'ett) 10, I6ul p. w. - 1 hI coon)*
are retieolug. u.te,,,s !ilk:Rots' III•
VIIIIon ol the becoel Cops ale DOW lid
valieed I.4e)olid the Lobel the ul w t ,rt,u.
Stdde tigittieg Is gull,g tei hue', 11hIch Is
Seppub,ll to uu the to.' gu.uU of the ',Joel
addiess of Genet al Meade kf IdeD
scud you Is 1/ow Uoug Lead Delon) the
iill Hey and Bailukv'a OlLiblee of Ole See-
UuITS Llert., the 1)110.1 Mat Wad., the
wlgwul elialsgu upuu the lireD Iluu Of the
Inoistm,orks. Thu chow,' was
wade at tee minutes of four to the 11.10111111 g.
Thu beeps leeelltell the 1)01 Mei lifuVe
the enewy Iron thou Leto u the) Were
ilea! our uer f trsuuce. Tile)) etelletelleed
the desperate tightleg, %%tech lusted lur
B. F. BUTLER
E. M. SrANTON
The bight presented at the lirst line of
the a.ticiii)'s ooiks this Mulellig is sue 01
the llluSt hoiriule ever watt ,sod. liuth
our own wen and those ut Mu Walley afe
plied together in bellie places, almost kneu
deep. Thu dead aru being buried this
tnorning As last as possible.
In the charge yesterday liirnuy's Di% ision
lost nine liundiad GOlOllOl Garroll's
Brigade Illatelially assisted General Blakey
iu Ihu charge.
Wu have taken thirty-nine guns and thir
ty stand.of colors. These guns mete to
gether captured by the truups ut Genurtilti
Bailey and Bail,' .1%
General thritey's division will not num
ber over tweniv.flve hundred wen out of
seven thousand, the Uumbur of Ills original
//ALF PAIIT Two p. 113.,-Tl,loro is but
little tolug gull% Ott tu•(lB.y.
The towto) are built 1.11111 , g back. In con
veNaiimi with retro' plitieours tu•clay they
unite itt baying their lrueps have lc/tight,
hairier itt these,bat‘ltin thati ever before,
but that Houk' all the tight 'a out of thew.
0111,1'S again allege that they eau hold their
wound tot' ton (1.1)8 y et.
LI the tOtotlitiote tier army keeps op its
/flora e nod spirits to the highest pitch.
Our army to-day largely outnumbers the
tabula, and nen. trOITS CUIIIIIICI/CUli arriving
this lotirot»g. There-can -be no rl37lSUnabit)
lilillbt of ati early ssuccuss. Thu rubel array
of Virghtia is doomed !
The roade are in terrible condition today,
from tliu excessivu,rtiiiis of the last thirty
six But we must go ON !
MORE •FIGIITING ON BATULIDAY.
E. M. STANTON
WASHINGTON. M4y 10-3110(1,1y,6 p.
None of the Nortern press have received
repurts front the army to day, hut we have
au account from persons coining up to.day;
of the. battle on Saturday afternoon, be
tween Hancock and Warren and Lee's rear
guard on the south side of the Fin river; in
%%Welt, it Ia alleged, we captured several
thousand more prisoners.
The rebel baggage trains moved out on
Friday, on the road lefullitg to' Charlottes
ville, which indicates that it is the Inten
.oliitite rebels to retreat to Litichtibrg:
From a courter , t4o kilt a point near Spint
sylvania lust night at' seven o'clack; we
learn. that Grant opebed. upon the enemy
again, at about six o'clock p. m., and had
Burled a large hires on the rebels.,
The cannonading and musketry reports
L. M Jl' zneo etury of War
VEXIE:\ FS or' .SATUIWA'A
I\VLLL LI, ltbithL BATTrat
fABLN BY BANCut;B,
were loud and long continued. We will
have to await our own courier for details of
It is estimated by those who are the most
apt to know, 'that when our army crossed
the Rapidan flut rebels had an army of one
hundred and ten thousand effective men,
andlhat they since lost in killed wounded
and captured, with stragglers, over fifty
thousand men, and that the enemy has
still left sixty thousand men, but they are
suffering fur want of rations and forage.
Operations Temporarily Suspended.
WASITINfiTON, May 10.
Major General Cadwahp'er :
lYe have dispatches from General Grant
nt Ba. to. this morning. Ile states that of
fensive opetittions have been necessarily
suspended until the roads become passable
and that the army Is in the hest of spirits
and tins the fullest confidence of success.
The two armies are now concentrated on
the main rod from Fredericksburg to Rich
The operations of General Sherman yes
terday. and" two days hard fighting forced
Johnson to evacuate Resaca at 12 o'clock
last night. General Sherman's forces are
in vignrons porsnit.
No dispatches have been received from
Gen. Boller to•dap. At the latest report
die was still operating against Fort Darling.
E nwin M. STANTON.
General .e..a :,
WAstliN FIN , lay 14 —lO N. 1,1 .
Disiitche, doed ha elquarters Army of the
POI OM PLO, M.ty 111. 12 rit, hove teen received.
The Associated Pi coo messenger Lritip the
11 ACQUA [ITEMS ARMY OF THE POTOMAC,
May 13, Mit
SOLDIEIIti : —The moment hav arrived when
your commanding general feels authorized to
address you in terms of congratulation Far
eight days arid nights almost without inter
tai-tsion, in r.in and 8 urtahino you have . teen
gdiafitly fighting a desperate foe in positions
naturally strong and rendered doubly so by
entrenchments. You have compelled him to
Abandon his fortifications on the Ripidan, re
Lire tool attempt. to Stop your on word progress,
and now lie has abandoned his last entrench
ed position NO lenaciiiusly held, suffering a
loss, in till, of eighteen guns, twenty two
colors. :inti eight thousand prisunerJ. includ
ing two general offirers. Your heroic deeds
att.l endm arms of fatigue and privation will
ever he flit' mornlate.
L t ui re,lll'll 111,101(8 10 GA fur the mercy
thin earoenily for 11.6 coutiu
rs! Your work is not yet over. The
0 eu, toust be pursued, sod, it . pus tole,
The «Jurago and for' it ado you have dkplay
el I ren ler.; your cornmaroll..l2; general conk
d •nt that your etl9rt9 will be crowned with
111i'tle we mourn Ilte•10-8 of many gallant
i`t)titewle , , lei us recitetilher the enetny taus(
huge fro rod equoei, it 111 t greater, lueses.
It e rec.eve reinfurcyffients which
1,0 11,1 me, then, to co/16110e vigor
misty the work well begun. Under God'a
ble. , itig, in a short 'line, thu object of our
labor will be accomplished
(Stgile.l) Gli,'o G. MEADE,
Wlif..tkiits, A. 1 G.
The Battle of Thursday
Army ot thr l'etorn.ic has achieved the
vica,ry - tit the Wal . .Mer SUMO of the
B , ,,,•ct•st fightivg ever recorded in history
l'ho tortt!e , Iyesterd ty is acknowledged to
b.. tl he.ivit t of alt, latiring from daylight
11 af er tilark, and renewed about 9 o'clock
and continned till neqrly 3 A. !4., both
patties tairring the hight contending tor the
m lute of title pi , s ft oin which
our moo had di iveu the enemy in the worn-
rebels fell back ear'yihis morning. and
bkil 'welting is now going on—our troops are
following then: through the woods.
1 The see,- presented is entirely beyond de•
script i.o.t The de t , l and dying are in the
brea•i sot Ics on each cideda piles three and
• f• or de, p, uu n many of them pierced in dlf
f n tit purrs 1/1 the body.
itenemy had retoovid n large portion of
dead art t wounded .luring the night trout
s ,: mo po l ljons of the line... hut ihere were pits
wo to 1,5 , ew ;I .1 not reach : in these places
they !ay a.: thick its our
It w:1,4 Pnvney's division of the 21 corps
th t et... Ned the position, and In doing so
lOW 700 we::
Every regiment in the division distinguish
an I !woe bore a greater pS.rt thou
the 11:11 New Volk.
Cato l's brigade aided this division in
the tiro! as usual performed their shore
1 , 91 , 11 111.11 koi galldntry.
Colonel C.rr..11 was wounded a second time,
Mist s t ill w a s n o .buiy. 811.110 of the rebel culls
;1 , 10. , are now being brought in, which could
not ben re 1111,.. IMP.?
The numner of gums CaplUred is thirty• nine
color- , have been (shell, but the captors
still tt.titin them an trophies.
Colonel Carroll's brig rile took a number of
prisoners and a stand of colors this m ruing
front a regiment, which they surprised iu tit
; pike of wood.
Thr 'Wounded of Penney'ramie—Gov.
Corlin ',oohing In Them—Rebal Pri
soners Under Black lineurt
Special lltspoteh to The N. Y. Tribune
ASIIINGTuN. 'May 15 18134
Gov. Curtin and still arrived to day horn
F ederickehtirg, and Belle Plain, having spent,
several days among the wounded lie speaks
in the highest !crams of the arrangements inn de
by the Medical Department, r , very ihr ag pos
sible henig done under the orders of Acting
Surgeon General 13. trues to care forme wound.
ed nod to bring them on here. Fifteen hued
red arrived to day.
A Swell of Rebel prisoners guarded by
negro soldier's were bent today to Point Look
Capt. Packard of a Maine Regiment died
to Joy of Cu.iiinhia Hooplial from woundo iu
head. Residence and regiment unknown.
Secretary ~:tanton and G l en. Dez —linfir from
Bolef—Tbe Panuelle lentlro , Hl Cat— Rebels
el flock and Are Repu%sed
Wu, sted - Ile Re tres in flood Urchr
in to Prot/re6sing Ftnely.
11'413. DEPARTAIEpIr. W4HUINGTON,
TUebtiny, May , 17, 1864 u p.
Maj.• Gen. Dix : Pisinitches trutu General
Duller. just received, report the sueoesi vi
ins expedition unuer Gen. Katui, to QUL the
Dativilio road and destroy the iron bridge a
cross the Apputnattok.
On Monday wonting the inertly in force,
under cover of a thick fog, wade an attack
upon Smith's line, and forced it back in con•
tusion, and with considerable loss.
I.4it as soon as_the tog jilted-Oen. 'Smith re•
established his lines, artobe enemy was driv
en haek to his original lines:
At the saute time qte enemy made an at.
tank flout Peterehurg vu Butler's fortie s
guarding the oar, bpi. were handsomely re
The troops hiving hero on incessant duty
for live d.t) 8, three of which, were in a rain
storm. Gen. Butler retired leisurely within
his own lutes.
We hold the railroad between Petersburg
PlltlODelli state that Ikagg and Davis were
present on the field.
thspatelies from Gen. Sigel received this
evening reptirt that on Sunday he fought the
forces of Echols and Imboden, under,Breck
iuridge, at Newmarket. " -
The enemy's forties wore superior in num
her, mid he gioduully withdrew from, the
battle field and recrossed the Shenandoah,
havirg lost ti , e pieces of artillery, about 600
killed -and wounded, and 60 i risouers - , but
•britigiug off all his train and all the wounded
amt. - could-be transported frotuAbe battle
He states that in consequence of the long
WA9IIINOION, May 14 - 9 P
line apd the trains that. bad to be guarded
he could not bring:more , than six regiments - '
into the tight beside the artillery and cavalry
and that the enemy bad about. 7,000 infantry
beside other arms; that his reirogade move
ment to Strasburg was effected in perfect or
der without any loss of material or men.
lie gives no list of casualties, but Lieut.
Col. Lincoln, of the 34th Massachusetts, is
reported to be wounded and captured.
No report of any operations by the Army
of the Potomac has been received today.
A dispatch from Gen. Sherman reports his
advance upon Johnson AS progressing to his
satisfaction. His supplies are abundant, and
our animals are improving on the grass and
grain•6elds, which now afford good pasture.
EDWIN M. STANTON,
Secretary of War.
Lee has :Vol Retreated—He 18 Awaiting an "It
tact—Oar Rations in Full Supply—Early
Special Dispatch to The N. Y. Tribune.
VinsitisoTtitt, Tuesday, May 17, 1864.
The tollowing from Gen. Grey has just been ro
EADQUARTERS ARMY OF THE POTOMAO,
Nsmt SROTTSYLVANIA COURT HOUSE. Va.,
Tuesday 'Merning, May 17, 1864.
A I rumors of the retreat of Lee's army to.
ward Richmood are unfounded in fact.
The still holds his line north west of
ptlt ISy Ntlitilk Court , House, s adie in appa.
rent readiness to accept battle whenever
Grant feels disposed to renew the attack.
The recent he ivy rains, which have render
ed rho roads until for the passage of artillery,
have precluded the possibility of aggressive
movements. by Grant for the last two days.
The next advance will not be delayed be
yond the (mom/mice of the present. rain
No doubt luuger exists as to the death of
Jeb .Stood in the fight at Ashland, where his
000 thy %vitro tottilly routed.
'file lull supply of ratious is kept up, and
no delqy of an adonnee need be apprehended on
• 1r is reported on good authority that Col.
Sarnuel Sprague Carroll, who was twine
Wounded in the recent, battles, Will shortly re•
oeice a Brigadier's star, a long delayed but
eminently incurred recognition of Iris chill and
gallantry on a hundred battle
Sonar or Sprague of Rhode island and Got.
Smith, of Vermont. are here attending to the
ibleretilei of the troops of their respective
Luc information gives the assurance that
Bieckinrotgo's and the other Rebel forces had
not, as wan supposed, joined Lee, but they
are kept bu , y gliardirig the only means of
emu ni tin i on lel t open to supply Lee's army.
Secretary Stanton to Gen. Dix —ll 7- C1 Later
Jews—Sherman After Johnson.
WASH I NOTON, TUCSday, Miy 17
Maj.-Gen. D i x Wo have no official into]:
ligetice-of any - military operations dillCOly
last. iilspoch. The Richmond papers of Sat.
urilay ante that. Stee'e ha l surrendered
at Camden wiili nine thousand men to Price,
This is known to he untrue. Gen. Steele,
vittli eihule command, withdrew some two
re,eks ace Itom Camden, and is now at Little
Rock, having ilefeaied Kirby Smith ou tho
w.iy to iSa' ism River, as, heretofore rioted.
Gen. Sherman was in close pursuit of John
et ou, having eap;ureti one thousand prisoners
and eight yieees of artillery at Resacta.
EDWIN M, STANTON,
Secretary of War.
The Reported Calling Out-of 400,000
The alleged proclamation of the President
calling for lour hundred thousand men was
nut received nt this agency. We have no
knowledge or belier.iu its authenticity.
Stgued, D. H. CRAIG.
Wastmoron May 18.
Ifdj -Gen Cadwallader, Pkiladelphia :
I hive just seen a copy of the spurious
proulartniliou referred to in your telegram.--,
is a base and treasonable forgery
(Signed) EDWIN M STANTON,
SeCretary of War.
Wasnisoros, May 18 —A paper purport
ing to be 0 proclamation of the President,
Countersigne , l by the Secretary or State, and
beating d Lte the ITtli day of MaY, is report
ed to this Ur part meth. as having appeared in
the Now V. rk World of Hilo date. The pa
per is an absolute forgery. No proclamation
of this I.)inl or any oilier has been made op
proposed t o he tnade by the President; or is
sued or proput•tett to be issued by the State
Depottment or any Department of this Oov,
(Stgued) WILLIANI El. SEWARD,
Secretary pf Statp
Letter for the Eferald
FoicruEss MoNRON May 13, 1864.
Ma Euvrtia : —Dear Str: —White Billing iq
my tent uloue this evening. I thought I would
drop you a few lines to inform you, among
the in ti y or our friends that we base left at
home,•how we are getting along, since most
at the h ,ye in this Ilaitery are from Cumber•
hind County. I must say we ire getting along
splendelly. Our guard duty is very hard at
present, fur a great many of our boys bare
gone to the field to give the Rebs ri few of pur
mineral pills and. I think they are the boys
to do it ; for when it comes to lighting, they,
like the Irislimaus' horse, are always there.—
One full Regiment of Infantry volunteered
(heir set vice trmn this place to go to the field,
and two hundred more to go into a siege
train, while we have euou eh yet left to hold
the tors, with our present. Commander, for we
think him one among the best in our army.—
lie is the tuati who can bring the Robs down
to the dots. They all bate to see him or bear
his name mentioned. When the Chaplain was
preaching iu Petersburg -he said: "If the
Lord he for us, who can be against us," when
an old negro got up and said ;" why, General
Butler and a whole veld . full of Yankees ;”
and I think the Robe believe it themselves,
for every one I talked to, of late says they are
played out, and I hope they are, so that we
can juju the loved ones at home, and say all
is well Yours iteepeolful!y,
B. F. SAWYER,
Battery C. Bd,
For the CarINN Elerahl,
About the Nines.
Dear Brother :—On my return from the
Pacific site of the mountains, I fine among
other letters one from a gentlemen in Cum
berland County, stating that a number of
young men in company with himself pro
posed sturtinir for the Mines sometimes in
Mardi, the present month, and making. en
quiries as to the chances fur success.. The
letter referred to was written three months
ago and 1 regret that my absence has pre
vented an earlier reply. 1 will now answer
it in the edemas of the herald, hoping the
information given inny be tif service to
others, though perhaps not to my friends
who addressed me, as they probably started
before the draft commenced.
':The mines" is a lottery in which there are
c , uriparatively few prizes. Occasionally a
lucky fellow makes u strike, takes out his pile
and is off With it .within a few mouths or
years . , from the time of his arral. And
greenhorns are just as' likely to do this as
old and experienced miners.
I have seen leen who did ret'kno4s'i the
difference between mica and gold.dust , if
mixed with black sand,' sink a hole at a
Venture in some unlikely place and take out
fortunes at the rate of hundreds a day. no
richest diggings in the stinking water „minee
--=those in summit Distrietwere—discovered
by some Illinois boys, who during the first.
week of their I nbare afforded great amusement
tp the old miners by 0)44.. ignorance in select
ing such unpromising grounti t hut'thousands- ,
of dollars lay quietly under their feet arid they
are taking.out the money.' The selling 'mice*
of some of these claims vary from SIQ no
to $5O 000.
The quarts lodes are :beginning to attract,