Carlisle herald. (Carlisle, Pa.) 1845-1881, January 29, 1864, Image 2
a* *raid CARLISLE, PA. Friday, January 29, 1864. 13. M. PETTEINGILI. & CO., 'IVO. 37 Park Bow, New York, and 6 kat° Stilt:l,lton, nro our Agents for the llEnaLn In those °Rion, and are authorised to take Aktvortise ments and Subscriptions for us at our lowest`ratos. THE LEGISLATIMIL—There i$ Still a dead look in the Senate, the Opposition refusing to entertain business of any kind. Major White does not return, and until ho does, or until ho resigns and another election is held, the Senate can do nothing. The Democrats even refuse to allow a State Treasurer to be elect ed. If Harry White does not return in a few days a now election will be had, and both branches of the Legislature will adjourn in the meantime. If the Senate refuses to ad journ, the Governor will do the thing for them. The laws of the State provide that a State Treasurer shall be elected by the Leg• islature on the third Monday of January.— The revolutionary friends of Jeff. Davis is our State Senate refused, on Monday, to go into convention to carry out the pro visions of the law. Those follows would no doubt delight to overturn our government and throw the State into anarchy. Any body that has ever had an idea that they were ono whit better than the traitors who aro in arms against the government, will be likely to have his opinion changed by their recent conduct. Gen. Gantt's remarks apply to such fellows exact ly. Ism. Con g ress is busy maturing important legislation. The Senate has passed Senator Wilson's enrollment bill. The 'commutation for drafted men is fixed at $4OO. The House has yet to act on it. On Monday, in the House, Mr. Smith of Kentucky, offered the following patriotic pre amble and resolution, which wore adopted by a Tote of 111 yeas to 16 nays, Ancona, of Berks, - Miller of Dauphin, and Stiles, of Lehigh,-in this State, being among- the mis-• erable minority : Whereas, a most desperate, wicked, and bloody rebellion exists iu this the jurisdiction of the United States and the safety and secu rity of personal and national liberty depend upon its absolute and utter extinction ; there fore, Resolved, That it is the political, civil, mor al, and sacred duty of the people to meet it fight it, and forever destroy it, thereby °stab liahing perfect and unalterable liberty. RUSSIA :AND THE UNITED STATES.--.ln the diplomatic correspondence between Russia and the United States, just published, Mr. Seward, in writing to Charge'd Affaires, Bay ard Taylor, says : "She has our friendship in every ease, in preference to any other Euro pean Power, simply because she always wish es us well, and leaves us to conduct our own affairs as we think best." Mr Taylor, in writing to Mr. Seward, Jan. 21, 1863, says : "I have just returned from an interview with Prince Gortsohakoff. 'Tell Mr. Seward,' said he 'that the policy of Ressia in regard to the United States is flied, and will not be changed by any other nation." THE RE-ENLISTMENT OF VETERANS —The New York Times says that one of the most hopeful, signs of the war is the almost unanimous re enlistment of the veterans of the service We may any it is the literal salvation of our armies, and that it is worth more to us than would be en important victory. Viewed in all its aspects, it is the wisest, most swness ful and strongest feature whioh has been de veloped in the conduct of the war. Not a lone in view of the numbers of men which it will continue in the service, but in the cheer ing moral effect it is having on the country ; in the rapid promotion of enlistments of fresh volunteers; in the reward and steadfast faith it engenders in the minds of the people, and in the depressing effect it must have on the minds of the struggling rebels, who are watch• ing with intense eagerness every development of the military situation that brings either hope or discouragement." Tu SMALL Pox.—The opinion has ob tained among some medical authorities that the plague of Athens, so graphically de scribed by Thucydides, was identical with small-pox. But the first appearance of this _terribly destructive disease is usually as signed to the year 569. At this time the Abyssinian army was laying siege to Mecca, when it broke out in the camps, and made such fearful havoc that the siege was raised. The conquests of Mohammed, which soon followed, hastened greatly its spread through: out the world, and it has now for more than a thousand years - prevailed in Europe.— With it went consternation. and death. Nei, ther the prescriptions of medical knowl edge nor the devices of superstition seemed to retard its progress or lessen itsfatality. The ENROLLMENT ACT.—The Senate has amended the bill amending the enrollment act, by raising the rate of commutation from $BOO to $4OO. An amendment offered by Mr. Wil son to reduce the time of enlistments from three to two years was rejected. The bill, as it passed the Senate, now provides that a drafted man wta pi:ye the commutation is ex empt until every other man as his district is drafted, whereupon his name is p4aoed upon the enrollment list, and he is again liable to draft. Both classes ore consolidated, and all exemptions of the only eon of a widow, father of,motherlees children, &0., and stricken out. The bill in this shape is accepted to the /louse Military Committee, and will doubtless be come a law pretty lulu& as herewith given. The commutation ie :increased to $400,2, Those who pay it to be exempt, from tho pres ent draft, but liable to be - Celled upon in the next. In other , words, they are in the con dition of a reverse. Drafted men may, - If they prefer, be transferred to the navy, such transferd being credited to their respective lo cantles. Alterations are made in the details of the old act ; for conducting the draft, and atterneys or agents are xeetrioted to the' fee of Ave dollars for preparing the necessary -exemptien,papers. The bill has not yet been, perfected by the Senate, but it will probably pose' that . body with r the above prominent tea &tnree. r ' • ' interepted in thp Boot oodAilhOo btniiicieint,'*ill promo, 'notice' ill° ndiYertitiotnent. of treisie:' Cu e 1 Pliiladelj)his, Jo 4nother column. An Appeal to the Young Portion of the Denioeratie Party. Writers generally when' speaking of the rebellion, address themselves more particu larly to the aged and practical portion of their countrymen. Arguments, based on the Constitution and law's are advanced, and learned opinions expressed on both, as i they had been violated by those who aro maintaining them at the point of the bayo net. All this is well enough in a legal point of view, tending to establish the fact of Constitutional rights, but as a general thing it is not required. The people of the United States are not ignorant, but a large portion are governed by the opinions of others, and that opinion is predicated on party. Thus binding themselve's to the few, the many are not unfrequently misled. Perhaps in the history of our country there is no more striking illustration of this fact than that which the present affords.— Hence we should appeal to the young and the theoretical, rather than to the old and practical, to throw aside party and party in fluence during this great struggle for the maintenance of the Union. The term democracy in this struggle has been most strangely perverted. It has allied itself to treason and the subjugation of a portion of the human race to the curse of the chain and the lash. It has been told to the young men as being universal in its practical illustration of whet constitutes a free Government; it has been the text for the poor man to look upon the rich one as his inveterate foe, and held out to the igno rant the idea of its being the only party un der which they could expect office and its emoluments. This latter fact is fully shown by a refer ence to almost every appointment made un der a Democratic Administration. What has been the result of such Democratic measures? What sort of fruit grows out of the Administration of James Buchanan ? That of treason, which like the apples of the Dead Sea, will turn out—ashes 1 Democracy—that is, "such Democracy which gave birth to. Copperheadis - n--is the basis and cause of this rebellion. It has told the young men of our country that the Administration in its attempts to put down the rebellion has violated the Constitution. The old and the thinking men know better. Let the young man who stands on the thres hold of treason pause and reflect before he takes the initiatory step. But let us see how and in what manner he Union, in its attempts to maintain its v ality and perpetuate its axistonce, has vio laced the Constitution. In all cases of re bellion, many of them sudden, the most ac tive measures have to be restored to, for the purpose of suppressing them. How is it in this instance ? Let us see. The Coustitution belongs to the people; the people made it, and it is the formation of as perfect a Government as the world and revolutions ever produced. That Government is a Union of States, and these all belong to the people. They are its sov ereign rulers. It is theirs. No one State can set up a claim distinct and separate from the general whole, States are depen dent on the will and action of the general Government, forming a link in the great chain that encircles them all. "The Con stitution and the laws of the United States, made in pursnin rice thereof, shall be the su premo law of the land, anything in the Con stitution or laws of -any State to the contra ry notwithstanding." To those young men who have pinned their faith to the so-called Democracy which aims at the heart's blood of our nation, we again repeat—pause, reflect I Democracy—that is, true Democracy— true to the spirit which evoked it, and the country which claims it—is one of those stern practical dogmatical points in the gov ernment of the world, to which there can be no objection. But when it resolves itself into a faction and arrays itself against a popular Government, it ceases to ho De mocracy—,it is TREASON The Democracy which was born under the Buchanan Administration, has resolved it self into a conspiracy against one of the most popular Governments the world ever produced, and those mistaken men who have enlisted under its banner, as being one of loyalty, should at once and forever break their connection with it. Let them imitate the example of those young men who, lis tening to the plausible (treasonable) argu ments of Aaron Burr, and who followed him down the Mississippi river, full of youthful aspiration which his ingenious sophistry in spired—who immediately on making the dis• covery that his purpose was to create a rev_ olution South to upset the Government, forsook his banner, and loft the traitor to his fate. Andrew Jackson was one of those young men. Read his history, and theu de cide between loyalty and treason The idea so universally promulgated by traitors South, and reiterated by their sym• pathizers North—that the Constitution and the laws have been violated—has met with response only from those who cared more for party and factions than they did for the Union. Such men are traitors of , the deep est, darkest and most dastardly character. The pseudo-Democracy talks of oppress ion and the subjugation ,of States favorable to the cause of slavery. This is mere slang. As no one Stute since the organization of this Government has been oppressed, down trodden, overtaxed, and kept in fear and dread by a standing_ arteyoiorher _citizens shot down hi the open streets' by Govern ment Soldiery, aiid her righls in the coun cils of the country contested, nophase in the Constitution has been violated by the AdMinistration p all its - ante since the States in rebellion eve called forth the 13X eroio of its power. They rebelled not only ,againatlae-Conetitution, but against its inildueetKPThey - rebelled 'not .only, against the laws, but their operations in mairittiid/ ing in perfect harmony -nearly 80,000,000 of people. ,They rebelled _because they ,could not make slaveryparamemit to all other in stitution in'. the Ina/ This rebellion there fore was intended to effect a 'tiept;xittioti„liy force of 'arms,,and establishing, a' . concede "racy whOse basis ahoald be slavery ; slaver:y unlimited both' at hothe and abroad. Who are the-rnen then who cry out the "tonsti lution as it was," and for Why ? - The Con stitution is now as it was, mid will be until the country goes out With that of all others, and that:,will" be When , time is , no more.— Anything that is calculated to destroy the Unionpredicated,..tan a false construction of that document Will be speedily put down by the peopla, and if slaveri , stands in the way, or impedes the ,operations °tour Govern ment under that Constitution, it must also give way. The very spirit of liberty is in volved in the sustaining the one and putting down the other. Who, then, in this war has violated the Constitution But he has suspended the writ of habeas corpus. Have you a copy of the 'Constiu tion about you? If-you have, refer to sec tion IX., clause 2, and read : " The privi lege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended unless in cases of rebellion or invasion the public safety may require it." These are plain, simple facts. We more particularly give them here for the benefit of our young men, who we regret to say have in many instances been led into error by the insidious language of Copperheads. Listen to what the immortal Washington said. His words were prophetic ; they come up from the quiet tomb at Mount Vernon to check traitors in their mad career : WORDS OF WASUINGTON The very idea of the power and the right of the people to establish government, pre supposes the duty of every individual to obey the established government. All obstructions to the execution of the laws; all combinations, under whatever plan Bible character, with the real design to di rect, control, counteract or awe the regular deliberation and action of the constituted authorities,are destructive to those fundemen• tal principles, and of fatal tendency. They serve to organize faction, to give it an arti ficial and extraordinary force, to put in the place or the delegated will of the nation the will of a party, often a small but artful and enterprising minority of the community; and, according to the alternate triumphs of different parties, to make the public admin istration the mirror of the ill-concerted and incongruous projects of faction, rather than the organ of consistent and wholesome plans, digested by common counsels, and modified by mutual intt rests. However combinations or associations of the above descriptions may now and then answer popular ends, they are likely, in the course of time and things, to become potent engines, by which cunning, ambitious, and unprincipled men will be enabled to subvert the power of the people and to usurp for themselves the reins of government ; de stroying, afterwards the very engines which have lifted them to unjust dominion. Young men, young Democrats, misled as you are—pause—reflect. Whilst you see and enjoy the superior felicity which an ad heFenco to the Union will continue to main tain, remember that if one link in the gold en chain which has bound these States to gether for eighty-eight years is broken, it can only be riv:ted together by blood—blood shed in keeping the chain intact—for the preser vation of every link and far every State by which it is encircled. WHO ARE: EXEMPT FROM TILE DRAFT.- The following important information relative to the diseases which will exempt persons from the_new draft kgiveo. the order will soon be promulgated by 43 War Depart ment, and is in course of printing. The following diseases and infirmities are those which disqualify for military service, and for which only drafted men are to be " rejected as physically or mentally unfit for the aer vice:" Manifest mental imbecility ; insan• ity, including periodical aboration ; epilepsy, attested by an affidavit of a physician who has attended him within six months pro ceding examination ; paralysis or chores ; organic diseases of internal organs ; devel oped tuberculosis; cancer ; aneurism of the large arteries ; inveterate disease of the skin ; permanent physical disability ; scrofula or secondary syphilis ; chronic rheumatism does . not exempt unless manifested by change of physical structure; loss of eye sight or cat arac ; disease of the eye ; greatly impaire vis ion ; loss of nose ; decided deafness proved by evidence; chronic ottorrinea incurable disease or deformity of either jaw, impeding mastification or speech auchylosis of the lower jaw ; caries of the bones of the face; loss of substance of cheek; dumbness proved by satisfactory evidence loss or total or par tial, of tongue; confirmed stammering; loss of front teeth a; well as molars ; tumors or wounds of the neck; excessive deformity of the chest ; caries of the spine, ribs or stern um attended with ulceration ; hernia ; fistula in any, if extensive ; old and ulcerated in ternal (not external) hremorrhodis con firmed venereal disease; total or partial loss of generative organs ; stone'in the bladder; confirmed or ,malignant sarcoeeln with at tendant diseases; loss of band or foot; wounds causing lameness; -loss of right thumb; loss of-two fingers, or power in them, of the same hand ; also first and second pha langes of the fingers of the same hand; loss of great toe; club feet and deformity of the feet; varicose veins on inferior extremities. and chronic ulcers. AN ANCIENT THAVELEIL-A. few days ago the Harden Express Company carried . over the New York and New Haven Railroad, the ancient printing press at which Benjamin Franklin worked in Boston in 1721. The Hon, Robert a Winthrop, late speaker of the House.of Representatives, presented the press to the MassaChusette Benevolent Me chanic Society there, du behalf of a gentle man of this city. The old press was built in 1741, and was thus one hundred and fifty three years old, when it took this, probably its - last, journey. --It made-a-trip-to-Newport, R. 1., during the Revolution, where it was for a time buried iu a garden to keep it 'from the British soldiery, but was discovered, dug up and worked for a time: It bears the marks of hard usage and old age. , Sik of the Mauoh Chunk rioters were tried and reoived their sentence in the Court at Manch ehuniiastyreek.'—lfugh Gallagher, Daniel CamPb(ll, Hugh Cull and John MoEud der were 4110 mentenoed to pay ti find of $5OO 00, and, undergo solitary confnarnent, at hard labor, the Eastern Penitentiary for '1 year and 0 months.. ' baniel Kelloy was . eentanced to' pay a fine of $100," and,9 months the Penitentiary ; .onWedrieeddy morning Sheriff Blair took Chain to PhiladelPhia And dtfood them' to their' now "A Conservative Kentucky Chap." Garrett Davis, United States' Senator from Kentucky, 'is a political mongrel. It • Is said, that riaturezenerally produces an interme diate type•,of animated creation .. between creatures of . distinct classes. Thus, .the quadruped, the fish, and the reptile, arecorn bincd in the crocodile. The beast and the lowest order of mankind struggle for mastery in the chimpanzee. Garrett Davis belongs to that anotnalots political class which com prehends in its small limits the rapid Seems' sionist, the conditional Union man and the unconditional Copperhead. He professes to be a warm devotee of the Union. and he does all that is in his power to prevent the triumph of the Union cause. He pretends to be actuated by an unconquerable hostili ty to secession, and yet he does everything that he can to give moral aid and comfort to the rebellion. He is in favor of sustain ing the Government of the United States, but he requires flint the Government shall adopt those measures which cannot sustain it against the rebels. In fact, Garrett Davis is a political Janus, and he looks in opposite direction for the influences which are to shut up his temple upon the return of peace. Mr. Davis presents resolutions to the United States Senate which w; uld find imrnens_i favor at Richmond, and then he declares that his hopes and feelings are all enlisted upon the side of the Government at Wash ington. He is in favor of the "Constitution as it is," and yet offers a resolution that the people should revolt against the officers e lected under that Constitution, and utterly' overthrow its most sacred pro. isions. He is opposed to the Southern rebellion, or, as he calls it, "revolt," by which the slavehold ing leaders of the Southern people have taken fhe Government into their own hands; and yet he proposes that the people of th North shall also "revolt," and take the Gov ernment into their own hands. Mr. Davis is, in fact, opposed to that which he favors, and, favors that which he opposes. He is the Bully Bottom of the Senate. Against slavery lie roars "gently as a sucking dove;" but against all measures to put down slavery, the cause of all our troubles, he coos like a lion. He is a Democrat who advocates the baronial feudalism of a landed aristocracy, living upon vast estates and lording it over a population of serfs, whom they own body and soul, and who are only to be allowed to live in the condition of bondmen. He is a Democrat who hates the farmer, mechanic, merchant and laboring-man, the "greasy mudsills" of the social fabric, and he be lieves-that no man can be - a Democrat Who does not own niggers. Some misfortune put Mr. Davis in a posi tion which secured his election to the United Slates Senate: - --a station in which ho per forms the duty of a spar towed at the stern of a ship, to deaden the headway and.r,:duce the speed. The duty of Mr. Davis is to sup port the Union and to assist in.the overthrow of the rebllion. His policy would be, if ho could possibly suet' t o insure the annexa tion Of Kentucky to the Southern Confedera cy. Between Garrett Davis and Jeff. Davis there is little. difference, except that one operates for the lAt_iuteresel . imf the rebels on the banks of thO Potomac. and the other on the James. This is the man who on the fifth of Jan nary last presented to the United States Sen ate a a series of resolutions advocating a re bellion within the loyal States, and :stuffed ahem with slanders-of-the officers of Govern ment, of the army and of the troops. The most malignant rebel could not have ut tered anything more atrociously false and shamefully treasonable. The right of a Senator to discuss the measures of a Gov ernment cannot be touched by any action that can be had upon this :subject by the United States Senate. The right of discus sion and criticism may have the effect to amend, strengthen and preserve our institu tions. But no one can have authority, un der the pretenee of an examination of the measures of a Government, to counsel re sistance to it, and to use his office for the purpose of inculcating treason and incit ing to civil war. This question is the on ly one that is legitimately before the Senate, and however frothy declamation may rave about the " right of speech," it is certain that no representative of the people, however high his functions, has authority to counsel the overthrow of, those institutions which he ;has solemnly sworn to support. Booms FOR TUI CAUP FIRES. --James nod path, Boston announces a series of ten cent Books for the Camp Fires, of a much higher Dines than the dime publications now in the .market. They will contain from 90 to 124 pages ; now typo, good paper—"neatly bound in greenbacks." No 1 is—"Oa Picket Duty and othorTales," by Miss L. M. Alcoa, whose Hospital Sketches has been one of the most popular books of the season. No. 2is "Clo telle, a Tale of. the South," with five illustra- lions. No. 3 is—"TIM Vendetta" one of Bal zoo's best tales, translated for the publisher.— No. 4 is—Gulliver's Travels in Lilliput. No. .6 is Victor lingo's eloquent description of the Battle of Waterloo. :I.ch number is compleie in itself and Unabridged. Ten cents sent to the publisher will secure a rpoeimon copy, postage paid, to any home or camp address —or fifty ciente for the list above an nounced. No 1 is out, and the five will all be published before the close of February. Ad• dross, Jas. liodpath, publisher, 'Boston. • Theretire threeeirounistancee in reb el history, the eaistepoe of which all accounts from eeoessia confirm; theme talo the rapid do crease in the resources of the Confederacy, the i tenser he - Oily of •the leaders of there • hellion to their own government, and the growing Union sentiment .of the people. All those circumstances can ho made, at no dis • taut day, to oontributo to the entire suppress• ion of,the rebellion; but we must have mil• dierdituenffioient number to aggravate ,the rebel destitution, fomout the unpopularity of Davie and his. minione . and enoourage the spread of Union sentiment among the people of the Confederaoy. , • Zit?" The nuinber, of ',common .sohools in Peinsyl4ania, not Including Philadelphia, ie . • 12,161. T 1.% whole attendance of pupils, , in. oludinglhat oity, is 793,463, and the total 'oost.nf the system,. $2,888,199.: There were last year 717.105 s male tea : hers aed,7B9 more female teaoheros than the year previous, ow •ing to the,war. • • Emancipation' n Tennessee-Slavery Dead—The true Policy of Recon struction, Etc. An esteemed friend' from' Washington sends us the following article clipped froth the Igemphis (Tennessee) Bulletin. In a note 'accompanying the article he says : " The views Contained in the article aro so sound and gratifying to the northern read er, that I think it would serve a good pur pose to republish it in the Herald. The best antidote to the . ravings of the Volun teer about the nigger will be the publication of such articles as this. The truth is bound to find its way into the public mind, and if we have faith and patience we shall yet see the heavy mists of prejudice vanish, reveal ing a clear political sky even, in our 15th congressinal District. Your article on the "Retrogressives," in last Hertzld was capital, and gratified our friends here," Now hear the Bulletin. The following extract from a late private letter wilt fully explain itself, and as it sug gests questions of engrossing public inter est, we submit: -it to our readers, being un willing to discuss topics of such pressing moment in a private manner, only: IfitowssviLLE, TENN., Dec. 20, 18G3. To James B. Binyham, Esq. A few of the subscribers to the old 13nr,r,rris yet remain here, and as in the days of secession fanaticism and frenzy, we wrre wont to await the utterances of that staunch Union champion, so now, in these days of darkness and of doubt, we await with interest the tri weekly arrival of our favorite, hoping to glean therefrom the clear path of ditty in the present emergency of affairs. Of course, you understand we do not [near, that there is ambiguity in refer ence to our duty as Union men to uphold the Government. On that point we have been too well instructed from both the old and new lium.E•rts to have a doubt. But what we mean is this : You know we have been, and are now, slaveholders; but we love the Union above all price, and stand prepared to do all which ought to be required of good citiz3ns, and Christian men, to get Tennesse back into the Union as a State. We there fore write to ask. your views, either publicly or privately, on the following points : Ist. Is it or is it not true that slavery, as an institution, is deAd in Tennessee? 2d. Do you believe that Tennessee can even get back into the Union as a slave State ? 3d. Are you in favor of the policy of eman cipation as the proper remedy for our State under existi ng circumstances ? Your answer to the forgoing questions, in whatever manlier shall seen] beet to you, will tend not a little to enlighten many true Union men in this section as to their present duty, and to none will it prove more gratify ing than to your personal and political friends, who have the honor to subscribe them se lees TRUE UNION MEN. The subject of slavery has always excited the worst and most malignant passiohs Of the' human heart. Nevertheless, in the re marks which we shall offer on the topics presented, we hope to do so with such a con• siderate regard for the rights of all, as shall give no just cause of offence to any right inde d Tennessean. I. Slavery, as " an institution," exists le gally in Ten nessee, but practically it is dead. The President's proclamation did not apply to our State, and so far as that is concerned, the status of " the institution" is not affec ted. But other causes, not less potent, have been in operation. The utter absence of all civil court, by whlich the rights of the mas ter could be enforced, and the arming of the negro, have been the efficient means by which the "institution" has been brought to its death in Tennessee. It is just as" dead" in Tennessee as if the rebels had volunta- fily emancipated every negro before leaving thei - r.homes. - Slareryis a creature of loeitl law, and when once the protection, aid and assistance which the law affords is withdrawn, it no locger practically exists ; for the slave owner is shut up to the enforcement of his own rights, which, front the nature of the " institution," it is impossible for him to maintain. It was necessary that the " itution - should be recognized in the Con stitution in several places—it was necessa ry that Congress should pass a fugitive slave law—it was necessary that every Southern State should ingraft the " institution" into their Constitutions, and it was necessary that every city and county should make police or municipal regulations for the protection and enforcement of the master's right of prop erty in man, before the " institution" could have a legal and practical existence in the Southern States. When JEFF. DAVIS and the leaders of the rebellion threw aside the protection which the Federal Constitution and laws afforded, and in order to put the " institution" on a mare permanent footing, appealed to the sword, he and they struck the shackles off of every slave which should be found in the territory conquered by the national arms. They were warned of the folly of their course at the time. In the old Bulletin, the writer of this article devoted considerable time to show that the Federal Constitution was the only national law or compact known to civilization, which recog nized property in man ; and that Southern men, in attempting to throw At instrument aside, by an appeal to the sword, would lose the very object the possession of which they professed most of all to desire. But fanati cism and madness ruled the hour; the ap peal was defiantly made to force, and the re sult has been tho death of the " institution" in Tennessee. H. We are not prepared to say that Ten nessee can never get back into the Union as a slave State. Wo live in a fast age—in an age when the Almighty Iluler of Nations is making His power and His providence felt in a peculiar and most *significant manner. This is nowhere more strikingly exhibited than in the " institution" of slavery itself.— Its friends went to war against the best and freest Government in the world—against a Goiernment in which the people themselves ate the sovereigns—for the purpose of sus; taining and perpetuating the "institution,', and after two years of tail and struggles, be hold the result I Hundreds of thousands are already free, by the conquest of the ter ritory in which the "institution" existed; and the longer - the - "struggle is protracted, the more cerOn is the destruetion of the "institution" accomplished. - If the Federal armiAbadJmon successful at Bull Run—if JOHNSON and BEAunpomto had been defeat ed at that early period of the ,war—the Uliion!Might ,have been restored, and the " institution" partially, if not entirely saved. But new lights have burst upon the Mind of the nation since,Atral,it 'is "tow' apparent to the most casual observer, that the more pro tracted the struggle for the " institution," the more certain its- destruction. Whether the Federal Congress would permit Tennessee to come back into the Union as a slave State, " when the war is over," we cannot pretend to say, but all the signs of the times go to con •firm the belief that it would not. But as loyal citizens of Tennessee, we do no firo pose to wait till the war is over, before the application for re-admission is made. It should be made at once. We intend to use whatever influence we can command to have the issue made with the least possible delay; and, desiring success in the application, above all things, we are equally determined to make it in such a manner only as we be lieve will insure success. Wo are decidedly of the opinion that none of the States in the insurrectionary districts will be readmitted into the Union, during the progress of the war ; "as slave States." What might be done afterwards, with slavery in the Consti tution, we do not pretend to know or inter est ourselves to inquire. We regard it as the true policy of the people of Tennessee to close in with the overtures of the Presi dent—to take the oath which he has pro posed—to form a new State Constitution, without the " institution ;" and, thus apply ing, we feel an abiding confidence that Ten nessee may be again in the Union by the ides of April. 111. By birth, education and continuous residence, we have been identified with the institution of slavery. Though compari tively young, we have lived long enough to see that it confers no benefit either upon the State or the great mass -of the people among whom it exists. We believe there is no por tion of the soil of Tennessee in which the white man cannot labor quite as healthily and far more successfully than the slave.— There is no reason, therefore, why our so I may not become the abode of a hardy, in d ustrious and frugal class of white laborers —emigrants, it may be, from Europe—un der whose superior management our desert places:may be made to teem with the rich products which make great,-free anftwealtliy communities. The " institution" having been practically destroyed by its pretended friends, and "emancipation" having , been thus inaugurated, we believe it to be the true policy of all Tennesseans, not only "to favor" it, but to use all legitimate means to eradicate slavery from our State Constitution at the earliest possible moment. But, without exhausting our subject, we have exhausted our space for the present /MI Stato Agricultural .Society At the annual election held at Harrisburg, January 19,1864, the following officers were elected :—. President. THOMAS P. KNOX Vice President:, Ist nismitcr Wm. H. M'Crea, 24 " Frederick A Shower, - - 3d " Chas. K. Engle, 4th " J. E. 'Mitchell, .sth " Abrain Cornell, Gth "William H. Holstein, 7th " Isaac W. Van Leer, Bth " Tobias Barto, 9th " C. B. Herr, 10th " John 11. Cowden, 11th " John B. Bock, 12th " Daniel G. Dreisbach, 13th " George D. Jackson, 14th " Amos E. Kapp, 15th 4' Christian Eberly, pith Daniel 0. Gehr, 17-th- 't Thaddeus-Banks ; - - 18th " B. Morris Ellis, 19th " James Milos. 20th " Michael C. Trout, 21st " John S. Goo, 22d " John Murdock, Jr. 23d Wm. Bissol, 24th " Jo'shus Wright. Additional Members of the Executive CO 7111771 i William Colder, B. G. Peters, J. R. Eby, James Young John 11 , Zeigler. Corresponding Seeretary, A.. Boyd Hamilton. Chemist and ()eulogist, S. S. Haldeman. Librarian, John Curwen, M. D. The time of holding the next annual fair was fixed on the 27, 28, 29 and 30th days of September next. The place has not yet been selected ; the Secretary, A. B. Lougaker, Esq , however, was authorized to invite and receive proposals from any localities, or county Ag• ricultural Societies that might be desirous of securing the next fair and make report thereon at the stated mooting in March next. The members present manifested a deep in terest in the proceedings of the Society, and spoke most encouragingly of its usefulness, its present, prospects and continued success. PRESIDENT LINCOLN AND TILE NEXT PRESI DENCY. —Wherever any action has been taken by Union men on the next Presidency, the preference is expressed for Abraham Lincoln. No other names seems to suggest itself, in competition with ono who has so deep a hold on the hearts of the loyal people. Mr. Lincoln is the very embodiment of the loyal cause, a n d therefore stands out above all other names, just as Henry Clay was the embodiment of a great party in his palmy days, and could at any time command its support. Mr. Lincoln embodies peculiar elements of popularity. No ono can sincerely question-his honesty ; few will now question his great ability. Coming from the ranks of the people he still has his sympathies with them, while his strong com mon sense and his atlinirable talents put him on an equality with the giant intellects of this or any other country. The people feel proud of him as their fellow-citizen and as their President, and they care about no party_ machinery coming between him and them.— Party leaders and politioiaus may "go through the motions" of conferring a nomination upon him, but for all practical purposes he is nomi.; noted already by the people ; and what is better, the Copperheads oven admit that he cannot be defeated. We hear of Democrats every day in this State, who supported Wood ward at the last election, whO.leolitre that they will give their vote at the next election to honest and patriotdo Abraham Linoolu.— The number of this kind in this vicinity is not a feW, and everywhere, where loyarspirit prevails,•are Such nurnhers -increasing. It shows wisdom in the people that this is so.— America has,had no nobler matt, on'truer pa• triot Sinn the , days of. Washington ; indeed, future ages will place the names of these two groat wen side by side; and award theta equal honor. It is seldom that an age furnishes more than Otto such man. • • Gen. Gantt at Harrisburg. On Thursday, the 14th inst., GEN: Germ; the great Arkansas ox-Rebel General, deliv ered a very interesting address to the Union people of Harrisburg. We have not room for' the entire speech, but give the following sum mation of the many ideas and arguments he' advanced in favor of undonditional emancipa tion, as the very beet means to secure unques-- tionable victory, and enduring peace. The fol lowing is from the Telegraph. . The House Of Representatives was orowded: on Thursday evening with an intelligent au dience, to hear the speech of Brig. Gon. Gantt,. of Arkansas, late of the rebel army, and who was lately pardoned by a special proclamation of the President, after having taken the oath of allegiance. The remarks of Brig. Gen. Gantt were principally confined to, first, the' unprovoked injustice of rebellion; and sec ond, the folly of attempting to destroy the' purest and most beneficent Government on. the face of the earth. Ile showed that the re bellion was the result of a desire for power on the part of the politicians of the South , — that the wrongs alleged to have been done to. slavery, were made the pretest to assail the. Government and destroy the Union—and that the scheme of secession was as old as slavery itself, as the upholders of that institution. never freely and honestly recognized the pow er of the Federal Government. He claimed that it was the aggressi in of the slave power which induced the people of the South to re sort. It was not for that which slavery had' lost, but that which its upholders could not achieve in the Union, which roused them to revolt for the overthrow of the Government. The Government had faithfully discharged all its obligations to that institution. Every law in its favor had been conscientiously enforced —every compromise in its behalf was tenaci ously maintained—but even while this was the - course of the Government, the slavelioNcra - could not shut their eyes to'the fact that the progress and prosperity of the free must eventually overshadow the slave States—and • hence the rebellion was o revolt not urged by a real wrong, but an outbreak to overthrow the good and glory which traitors had no hops of ever emulating or equalling. This made the rebellion unprovoked—devilish—wicked, and bloody. And now its folly was seen in its failure. No effort of any of the States could ever succeed in destroying the Ameri can Union. A dozen churches might as well. attempt to destroy the religion of God, as a.. dozen States essay the destruction of the American Government. The principles of freedom, which front the basis of this Gov ernment, are as 'eternal as time itself. They might - be unproved for the better security of the happiness and peace of the people, but. they never could be changed for the worse.— This opinion is fast taking hold of the people of the South. They have felt the evil of re bellion—they are now discovering its unpro voked atrocity and injustice, while the folly of the attempt to deStimy a Government like I ours wag impressing upon the minds of the - people, from the highest to the lowest. In. alluding to the action of the Democracy, and , . their efforts to compromise with the rebels, Geu. Gantt said the day had gone by for that --the rebels would compromise with the moot_ rabid Abolifidiilsl - rallierlaidir - eliter . on a set tlement with the Democracy. And why ? Be cause the Democracy had deceived the South. The rebellion would not have been pr .cipitated when it was had not the Democratic leaders - promised to aid the traitors in their revolu ti..nary efforts. And what was the aid sent ? Let the blue uniforms and bright bayonets of the Federal soldiers, now conquering as they march into the South, answer for the aid which the Democracy promised to send. The same loaders had also confidentially assure the South that the business and currency of North would become a wreck. But what were the facts-?• Instead of ' , confusion, General Gantt said he found order and prosperity all . over the North, the sure indications that the Government has a hold upon the people which • nothing could shake. General Gantt made • statements of facts and figures, which we can not repeat in this sketch, but which had a most telling effect upon his audience. His re marks were listened to throughout with great attention, and were frequently also interrupt— ed with the most enthusiastic applause. Lot the State Recruit. Mr. - Broomall - of Pennsylvania, has itifro. - duced in the House a resolution urging the government, in the interests of the citizens of the free States, to enlist as many soldiers a- Enong the freedmen of the South as could bo obtained, and to encourage desertions from the rebel lines by offering the same pay and bounties to such as enter our ranks as are DOW' receiving by white soldiers. We believe that recruiting in the South• would be far more efficient if certain districts were assigned to the free States in which they. might recruit among the population to fill up• their own quotas. There would be a division of labor in such an arrangement, by whicht the ground would bo more thoroughly cov— ered ; the State bounties would form au ad ditonal inducement to draw volunteers from within the rebel lines ; and as each State would send agents to canvass the district as signed, and to make public the inducements offered to recruits, the work would be done in a shorter time, and we believe far more thor oughly than it can be done by agents of the general government. Nor do we know of any reason why south ern white men should not bo enlisted by State agents, and receive free State—bounties, as well as blacks. Suppose the. State of New York should offer three hundred dollars boon- ty, with full pay and comfortable clothing, to all, white or black, within a certain distract— say, including the whole State of North Car olina—who should make their way to our lines and enlist ; and suppose agents of the State were stationed at different points, with instructions to publish this offer far and wide in the interior ; there is reason to believe that we should ,:be able to enlist, in thirty days, enough men to fill our quoto, and every man thus gained by us would be a loss to the en. emy. At present there is no encouragement of fered to southern whites to enlist under the Union flag. At Vicksburg, we have hoard, some were refused who offered themselves Now here is•any bounty offered thorn. The easiest way to amend this, and to draw this class to us, to to let the free States which have still to Jill their quota labor among thorn by means of recruiting agents. Let it once ba knomn that not only is a southern private as. cured of 'a free pardon if ho comes to our lines, but of three hundred dollars in green. backs—equal to three thousand dollars in rob• el currency—and many of thorn will pre-nut ty bo found fighting under the Union N. Y. Evening Post. THE ByACK FEVER.— This singulat diAgaaN is still raging in Carbondale. The follow. ing bereavement, in a 'single family is relak ed by the Hotieslale Herald: "A child of Mr. John Hamilton died on Saturday last ; the same night three more' were taken ill—all of whom died on Sunday.' The funeril was ittteiTi/e - d - on Tuesday, ring which another was seized with the fever and died immediately. On: the sarne even ing the baby was taken, and died the same night: Yesterday morning the mother died; leaving at last accounts, only ono child, then' sick, and the father, living, out of a family': of nine." ise.The Governor of Wisconsin, in hie recent inaugural, shows the debt" of that State to be $1,774,000; of which a portion was incurred in building the State House, and the remainder in raising soldiers. The amount due from the national government is sufficient to liquidate the whole State debt., Wisconsin has suppplied to the Union thirty , four infantry regiments, twelve batteries of light artillery, three of heavy, three pouts of cavalry, and one company of sharp r .'' shooters. Nearly one-half of the whialis,. - nutfiber-19,963—have been lost by death"' • d - . fliticharge And disability. '