Carlisle herald. (Carlisle, Pa.) 1845-1881, December 11, 1863, Image 2

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ii`rlday, December 11, 1863.
"\TO. 37 Park Row, New York, and 6
State St. Boston, aro our Agents for the HERALD
those cities, and aro authorized to take Advertise
ments and Subscriptions for us at our lowest rates.
HON. SIMON CAMSRON.—We see some of the
papers are putting forward the name of Mr.
Cameron as candidute for the Vice Presider'
oy. The disoussion may be premature at the
present, yet we shall not be surprised to see
him pressed strongly for a high position
when the proper time arrives. Whatever dif
forence of opinion there may have been at
one time, we think there is to growing assent
among all loyal men, that the policy of Mr.
Cameron, as developed in his administration
of the War Department, demonstrated greet
foresight and a just appreciation of events,
and an efficiency through that unexampled
oriels, which triumphed over difficulties few
men would have known how to grapple with.
FINANCIAL—The temporary loan having
greatly decreased, Mr. Chase is enabled to
draw upon the fifty millions which he is
obliged to have in reserve to redeem it. Ile
is issuing this, but with extreme caution.—
fie has issued about five millions, and has
some ten or fifteen millions now in-the vaults.
It is not probably that more legal tenders
will be asked for. The national bank notes
will supply the wants of the country.
LER.—Gen. Butler, in his first walk at Fort
ress Monroe, was astonished at meeting a
rebel officer looking at a parade of our troops.
It was ben Fitz Hugh Lee. Oa being told
that he enjoyed the liberty of Old Point, Gen
Butler sharply expressed his disapproval of
such a reprehensible courtesy. The nest day
Lee mado a voyage to Fort Llfayette.
114pYr9 Cly rite PRESIDENT.—The President,
we aro told, invariably addresses Messrs.
Seward and Chase-as "Governor," Mr. Blair
as "Judge," the Secretary of the Navy as
"Mr. Welles," and the Secretary of War as
"Stanton." With others he is mote farnilliar,
calling the Commander-in-Chief "henry,"
and the Governor of Pennsylvania "Andy."
LIGA L TENDER NOTES. —The Washington
correspondent of the New York Post writes:
Mr. Chase will not issue any more legal
ndres, excopt - artheitin - d - benring - inter ,
ost. Ho has authority to issue four hundred
millions of this description of legal tenders,
bearing five per cent interest. This will
satisfy all his wants during the next year.
The Secretary has no power to issue notes
except for the national hanks, and enoug
legal tenders (without interest) to replace the
notes which have been destroyed, and it is
asserted here that he will not ask Congress to
give him further authority to issue notes
without interest unless it may ho to a small
amount, in times of dangerous stringency in
the money market. The notes bearing five
per cent, interest and made legal tender will
undoubtedly bo issued in sufficient quantities
to pay the debts of the Government after the
resources from the duties, internal taxatiun,
sod sale of five-twenty bonds are exhausted.
—We noticed the President's carriage the
other day as it rolled up the Avenue, and
thought how people would have started and
talked if attached to it there had been four
or six instead of two horses. Ueneral Wash
ington, wo are told, when driving about the
country, drove four horses, and in going to
the Senate ho used a chariot drawn by six
horses. Ms servants wore liveries of white
cloth, trimmed with scarlet or orange. And
yet there was no inordinate love of dis'
play in the heart of the "Father of his Colin
try." It wits his sense of the dignity of the
office he filled which made him so punctilious
in such matters. And yet public opinion or
sentiment, call it what we may--would not
brook any such departure from the present
usage ; but wo do not quarrel with the popu
lar notion upon this subject. We only note
the fact.— Washington Chronicle.
Harald, long a leading Detnooratic journal of
tho State, and of late, a vigoroui defender of
the peace policy, retracts its errors and comes
squarely out for the war. In an editorial
headed "Our Duty," it acknowledges that
the hews of the late elections shows that the
determination of the pecple is . to fight and
fight to a conclusion. From such a decision
it says, , dtbere can ho uo appeal, and while a
Democrat, we Ethel ever continue to hold the
mirror of the Constitution to the gaze of our
rulers, we for one, are not disposed to close
our ears to the decision, nor refuse to recog
nize and submit to it in the spirit in which it
has been made. • The fiat having thus gone
forth, as one of the people and a faithful and
patriotic journalist, we accept it as our duty
to make editorial tlffort to give it practical ef
fect." It then urges in the warmest terms a
quick and general response to the President's
mill for 300,000 men, assuring volunteers that
the entire body of their brethren, without
distinction of party, will shout "God speed"
to their sword, and honor to the victorious
SoLAn Eompses.—Therc• will be two eolip.
808 neit year, both solar. They will occur
on May sth and Ootober 80th. The former
Will be central and .total in the North Pacific.
The whole eclipse will be visible as a large
but partial one, from San Francisco to Olym•
pla, Washington. territory, but not in any
part of the United States east of Mississippi.
The eclipse of °aloha 90th will be central
and annular in Brazil, and will be wholly in
visible in the United States, cam pt in the
southwest of Texas, where a slight indenta
tion on the sun may be seen soon after sun•
Tun city of Vicksburg has been greatly im
proved under the Federal rule. It has been
gleaned of its aeountulated , garbage and fi lth,
the barriCades of earth have been removed
from the streets, Humorous stores have re
Gently been reopened, and though little busi
ness is yet transacted, it is hoped the embar
go upon trade may soon lie removed, and
then there will bo great activity: _ Many
churches, and schools are again open,and the
Veadeful pursuits of trade and traffic are grad
daily gaining ground.
Decisive news at last from East Tennessee
—news more glorious and infinitely more im
portant than if we had heard of a battle and
victory almost aoywhere else. The Beige' of
Knoxville is at an end. The Rebel effort to
regain East Tennessee is abandoned forever
Longstrcet is in full retreat, toward Virginia,
our cavalry pursuing
The country may breathe freer. We can
hardly realize the tremendous peril we have
escaped. East Tennessee was so long neg
lect'ed that its value even now is only half
understood, yet it is' true beyond question
that the loss of it is absolutely fatal to the
Rebel Confederacy. Our possession of it
makes the military subjugation of all the ter
ritory which still owns the lawless sway of
Jefferson Davis only a question of time.—
Nothing but despair could have driven the
Rebels to abandon their effort, and the con
viction that it can never be recovered will be
equally potent to paralyze their operations
in other quarters
IL does not seem clear whether Longstreet.
is likely to be overtaken, or his retreat seri-
ously interrupted. But that is of less mo
ment. We are satisfied to learn that. Shei
man and Foster arc in pursuit, and will do
what is possible to destroy the Rebel force
which they have Yelped to defeat. Their nr-
rival doubtless determined the raising of the
seige, but the credit of the 'lefense is General
Burnside's alone llis whole campaign has
been a masterpiece, and his final stand at,
Knoxville is what saved us the State and
shortened by many mouths the duration of
the war
—Tile President's Proclatnation is a fit. rec
°gni! ion of this mercy. The country w ill
reverently and gratefully join with him in
—.A - elt , } - (;;k 7rrilmile
lion. E . :C[II'II.ER Coi.t • ex, of Indiana,
was chosen Speaker of Congress on the first
ballot by the decisive vote of 101 to 42 for
Cox, and balance scattering. The ultrti
Peace Copperheads and the less manly Con
servatives don't seem to mix well, although
both agree in embarrassing the Government
in every possible manner. Mr. Colfax is a
thoroughly loyal man ; a most earnest friend
of the Administration, einThercilialTe .— iiTa
parliamentarian, and an editor by profession.
He has just ehtered his fifth term.
The Copperheads hail hit upon a brilliant
plan to defraud the Administration majority
out of the organization of the House. Mi.
Etheridge, the Copperhead Clerk, had re
solved not to call some half a dozen Union
States in the election of Speaker, because of
some technical informality in the certificates
of election; but the House, by the decisive
vote of 94 to 71, instructed him' to do his
duty, and his courage failing, the ph t failed
also, and the organization was effected with
out difficulty.
It is stated that the ('o nit Internal
Revenue has concluded to recommend, in
his report to the Secretary of the Trea•nry,
a large increase in the excise tax on dis
tilled spirits, the present tax being consider
ed übsuripxlow as compared IN ith that levied
by other governments. While in England
it yields twenty per centum and upwards of
the gross internal revenue of that country,
in our own it yields less than ten per centutn.
As it is deemed necessary to increase taxa
lion to make the law meet the expectalions
of Congress, there is no article on which it
can be better levied than on this. There
fore the Co,Oinissioner will ask that the tax
be inereash to fifty or sixty cents. probably
to the latter s o ul,
dianapolis Journal publishes two colueus of
extracts from the Indiana county papers, all
of which show that the entliusism for volun
teering in that State has reached a very high
pitch. The counties are generally paying a
bounty of one hundred dollars in addition to
that offered by the government, and in some
cases increasing the pay of the volunteer ten
dollars a month There will be no draft in
that State.
—Now why should not Cumberland court •
ty, and every other county in Pennsylvania,
take timely counsel, and set about meeting
the President's call in so practical, effective,
and honorable a way, as these Indianians
have shown us ?
ARMY CONTRACTORS predisposed to raps city
and scoundrelism, would subserve their phys
ical comfort and general interests, both in
-This world and the nett, by letting the clam
ple of John K. Steller, late of their fraternity,
have a proper influence upon their conduct.
Stotler, in violation of honesty nisi his sworn
agreement to furnish the army with 100,009
pounds of pure Rio coffee, undertook to make
a fortune at the cost of poisoning the soldiers
by furnishing and adulterated and vile com
pound, which would bear neither the Lest of
human stomachs, or the severer ordeal of a
chemical analysis. The Government, upon the
discovery of the shameful knavery, caused
Stellar to be arrested, and case having been
submitted to the summary arbitrament of a
Court Martial, resulted in the sentence of the
prisoner to five ears' imprieonment at ha
bany New York.
lleirTnenE are a few States in - the West
that allow their soldiers in the field to vote.
Returns are nearly complete from the camps,
and thei result sums up as follows:
States. Union. Copper. Total.
Ohio 41,021 2,293 44,014
lowa 10,791 2,904 19.695
Wisconsin in part 8,851 622 9.473
51irsouri, in part 5,629 296 6,932
- .- -.---
Total. 72,902 0.212 1 79,114
Here is a Union majority of 66,690 in a
vole of 79,144; ur more than ninety-two per
cent in favor of tho old flag and the crush
ing out of the Rebellion. Yet the Demo
crats do all the fighting—of cones°.
changeable woollier you should be careful of
your voice. Bryan's Pulruonic Wafers cure
colds, coughs, sore throats, hoarseness, iSco.
Price 26 cents a box ; Bold by ELLIOTTI3.
Dismal Anticipation of the
A gentleman who was formerly editor of a
"democratic" newspaper in New Jersey, and
a member of the legislature of that state ; but
who was at the South when the rebellion
commenced, and has remained there eves
since, serving for a time in the rebel army,
two weeks since made his way north, going
to New Jersey, while he is said to have had
a private interview with some of the opposi
tion leaders. His account of the condition of'
affairs at the South is said to s have been dis
mal in the extreme ; the rebellion' could not
possibly, he said, hold out another season ;
the people were convinced that the North
could not be beaten, and were losing heart;
dissatisfaction with Jeff Davis was becoming
general, and ho added that the only safety
for the people of the revolted states was in
the overthrow of the despotism which now op
presses them, by the triumph everywhere of
the federal arms. He told his New Jersey
friends, moreover, that they must stop their
cry for peace ; that their own safety, their
personarioterests, demanded now the success
of the government, and it was sheer madness
to seek any other result.
Thti gentleman thus exhibiting tho utter
hopelessness of the rebel cause was a firm be
liever in secession and ability of the South to
maintain its position ; has no sympathy at
all with northern ideas, and his confessions,
therefore. are to be accepted as the result of
profound convictions enforced upon him by
personal observation and experience. —N Y.
A Remarkable Speech at Little
Rock, Ark.
Every mail brings us the cheering intelli
gence that the people of the South, seeing
the lamentable effects of their insane, lolly,
are about returning to their allegiance to .
the old liliion. Nor is thil at all surprising.
They have suffered more than tongue can
tell or pen can write, and are heartily tired
of the iron ride of the effete "Southern Con.
federacy," They have found that the traitors
who misled them, instead of being their pro
tectors and defenders, have deceived and
IlifraYear Omni": - prOper l ty — lins - been'
seised for the use of Jeff. Davis and his
minions, their trade cut off, and their country
laid waste by armed hurtles of the most
worthless of their own people. In view of
all these evils, they find that their only pro
tection consists in clinging to the old Union,
and many of the leading men of the South
have already proclaimed their allegiance to
it and repudiated the government of that
archaraiwr and deinA , Tuue, JOT. Davis.
We recently laid before our readers a por
tion of the able Appeal" of the Hon. Mr.
GNATT, formerly a member of the Rebel
Congress from Arkansas, and we are happy
to find that his "appeal" has already borne
fruit. Mr. W. 11. FISUBACK, a member of
the Convention which voted Arkansas out
of the Union in 18,1, spoke at n. Union
meeting at Little Rock, on the Slut of Sep•
tember. He said:
"I am a native of Virginia, and an old
resident of this State. I have been one of
you. The same direction has been given to
my prejudices. I was taught to believe.
and did believe, that every thing manufac
tured in New England was it ade t o cheat
with; that the religion of the people was
hypocrisy; that their touch was contamina
tion. Fellow-citizens, I have seen New Eng.
land and its people. 1 have been welcomed
at the ous.•s of the rich— an exile,. without
a decent coat to my back, or money in nly
pocket. I have always net the warmest
Switheru hospitality at the houses of th . eir
middle classes; ant, my fellow-citizens, in
one sense of the word, they have in; poor.—
I l o ve walked with awe and condei9ning
conscience through the s.hool houses found
at every corner of the cross road. I saw her
barren hills covered with plenty ; I saw her
sturdy sons—every one of them an educated
man—hasten to shoulder their muskets and
place themselves in the ranks of the defen
ders of their country; and I heard them
make creases Suth, much in the
spirit that a hind elder brother would for
their wild younger brothels; and I discover
ed, as you have, that they are not cowards.
And, lellow-citizeos, New England is a lie
presentative of the North."
The speech was of nearly two hours' d o
ration, andthe speaker concluded by saying
that there was no power on earth or below
it that could destroy this Government, for
twenty millions of people, like those of New
England, have said—this Union must and
shall be preserved,
President's Proclamation.
WASIIINOTON, Dec. 7, 1863
The President has issued a recommendation
to all loyal people to assemble in their various
Places of worship to render thanks to God that
Lhe rebels have retreated from East Tenure
see, under circumstances, which render it im
probable that they can ever again enter that
portion of the Union. This is the first offic
ial information which has been received of
Longstrect's retreat.
The Chief Duty of the Thirty-
Eighth Congress.
If ever a time could be iniagdued when the
National Legislature should put forth all the
powers with which every government i• f
necessity invested notes-try for the preserve
lion ot its ezis;ence, that time is the pi esent
The President has done his duty as the Coin
mender in Chief mid treed all the slaves in
the country actually in rebellion, We.think
ho might have done more and,poluded the
whole slave co.untry iu lids exert Ise of the war
powers ot the Constitution. But we have no
right to doubt his honesty in what he wilh•
held any more than his interpidity and wis
dom in going as far as he did. But what., he
omitted to do, it is in the competency ot Con
gress to complete it has its reserved war
powers. its rightstf self defence and the de
fence of its constituency, as well as the J'resi.
dent Slavery is thedirch.rebel, and it is as
truly arrayed against the nation when lurk
ing in the - Border - Stadec .uutler the disguise
of a simulated loyalty as vvhere it is openly
and boldly in arms. Wherever there is a
slaveltolder, who totshos to Iceep his .slaves, there
is a secret well wisher of Jefferson Davis,
wishing only tt.n opportunity to break forth
info' n open (me. It is the uno , t insensate of
all imaginable follies to keep such an ettemy
in our, borders to watch its op (triunity to
damage, if not do dust roy us Congress can
desire y thfu secret enemy and its open one at
once by a plain a decided exercise of the pow
ero with which the emergency invests it.
Lei It abolhh slavery, everywhere, by solemn
enactments, in the loyal tie well as the re
volted 43 ales, with every liberal allowance of
compensation to all masters not flagrantly
traitorous, and the heaviest bloW that human
iaids can give wilt have been dealt to there
hellion It would take out of the mouths of
our enemies abroad the epigratninatio taunt,
xce had abolished slavery where we
could not Tenth <it, and protected it where we
could." Jt would effectually extinguish all
thoughts of recognition on the part of foreign
Powers. The rebels themselves could have
no bopo of securing an admission to the fami
ly of nations, excepting through the gate of
emancipation. Slavery would be not only
scolohed, as it is now, but killed, never to re
vive again. And with it would die the only
obstacle to a perdetund union —Anti•Stavery
Four able-bodied men came yesterday morn
ing to Captain Wagner, the Marshal of the
Seventh District, and ofered themselves as
volunteers for the armies of the Union. Cap
tain Wagner refused them. It is not his
fault that they were not enlisted ; he is an
officer, and must obey orders, and in this
case he obeyed the orders, of Governor Sey
mour. The men were young, stout, able
bodied, in every way good material for sol
diers- When the rebels in Richmond read
that these volunteers were turned away, they
will rejoice at the steadiness with which the
Governor of New York is trying to help them.
These volunteers who were not permitted
to volunteer happened to have black skins,
and lor that reason they were refused. Is it
not almost time to have done with this absurd
superstition, this fanatical folly ? What does
Governor Seymour, what do the people of
New York gain by refusing to permit color
ed men to fimht for the Union ? They do not
even gain their point, fur these men can go,
and doubtless did go, to the aget.t of Rhode
Island, or of C innectient, or of Massachu
setts, or of Pennsylvania, and enlist. They
will he counted in the quota of any of those
States. The only effect of Governor Sey
mour's denial is to cause this loss to us.
They and their brethren do nut count in our
quota i so many hundred or thousand as
they number, so many hundred ur thousand
weue men sill have to go to the war in their
stead. What a dencted "negro-worshipper
-to use a slang phrase—Must the Gover
nor be, going out of the way to save his pets
trout the hardships of the field and the perils
here are men absolutely told that Lhey
may stay at home it they want to, but that
if they insist on fighting for the Union they
must go to another State. Have we so many
men to spare that we all thus throw aside
.giood material? Is it so easy to fill up our ,
quota. Are we certain to get by yui Mi
te, ring all thet we need?
- It seeing to us that a Governor determined
at the same time to furnish the tr , aips the
government needs and to ilismrb as lit le as
possible the industry of the Siam, would
not only accept the colored citizens; he
would tart her, ovit , avor to raise
outside of (he State as many as he could get
of the troops roluired. 11 Governor Sey
mour were a shre,d and patriotic wan lie
would have before this askei leave of the
President to enlist troops for New York; a•
mong the blacks of 'the rebel States he
would have said to the l'iesident, Sir, those
black men make good soldiers they are
now idle, by reason of the general stoppage
of industry in their local-ties; they will, on
the almost universal testimony of officers
and men who have been with them in battle,
theta as New York troops. By this means
our own men will be kept at bootie iur in
dustry will he but little deranged ; a (trait
will be prevent, d ; and you will get your
We cannot see what objection Mr. Lin
coln oc.. Mr. Stanton cm& rui,e to such a
reasonable and sensible request. They
might, inde4, say that the blacks now with
in Our lines.ore for the most part already in
the service as United States volunteers ; but
to this a very obvious reply would be :
'` Then let us of New York seek out others.
Suffer us to make it known, all along the
lines, that, New York offers a bounty of ten
or twenty dollars, good clothing and regular
pay to every able-bodied colored tuariwho
will run away from the rebels, escape into
our tines alio volunteer. Such an offer
would quickly be known in every negro
cabin in the rebel States ; and the rostil
would he such an v):.odus ol blacks that not
on y we lint other States tni , lit till up their
quotas from this excellent source.
Moreover, this expedient world cut both
ways, for while it would ease the loyal while
men of Our own State, it would so disturb
the industry of the rebels that they would in
a short time be I. ft helpless and stranded.
II Governor Seymour neglects so advan
tageous a means of getting volunteers, he,
and he alone, must be blamed if we have a
draft in this Slat, his friends an I politi
cal supporters are those who have been and
are most clamorous in their opposition to a
draft. Let them urge upon him 063 easy
method avoiding it. One thing we believe
certain ; if he neglects this there are govorti.
ure ‘,l other States shrewd ecough to adopt
it, to their own great home- and gal a
rfalC Evening 1',,51, Nee. 25.
A brigade of our soldiers are empluyed
in burying the bodies of those who were
killed at Chickamauga on the 19th of Sep
tember. In many cases they have found
the heads of our men cut off and stuck upon
poles and stumps.
General Banks telegraphed to the Presi
dent that he holds Brazoe Island, Point Isa•
bel and Brownsville.
Col. \V. S.. Quay has been appointed
chief of transportation and telegraph of the
Pennsylvania militia, in the place of Major
Sees, deceased.
A destructive fire occurred on Wednesday
in the Seventh Avenue, New York. Eleven
buildings were destroyed, entailing a loss of
$lOO,OOO. IWtny families are rendered home
less by this disaster
The California Unic] State Commirteo re
commend Gettysburg as the best place for
bolding Ilse next National Union Convention.
The startling news was received on Thol'll
day morning that Gen. Mead had fallen back
with his army behind the Rapidan, to Brandy
Station. Ile does riot appear to have been
followed or molested by Oen. Lee in the re
treat. At this time nu reasons have given
fur this unexpected rettmgade movement,
which will no doubt send a feeling of disap
pointtnent to every loyal heart.
frlte Secretary Mi War has decided that the
volunteers who *unveil fur nine months are
not entlited to the bounty of twenty ties
do htrs, which they supposed they were en
tilled to under the not of Crngress of July,
17, 1R132
The .e e hej array in the west is stretched a•
long the Little Missouti titiver. It is thoeght„
that Price and Marmaduke meditate an attack
on Little goCk or Port Smith.
Itefugees from Wag& army report that he
has been reinforced by General Joe Johnston
from Mobile.
The New Orleans Era of the 22d instant
says that the rebel General Magruder issued
an order at Mauston, Texas, in October, pro
hibiting the widows of deceased soldiers and
poor people from purchasing wood In the
Quarter-master's department. Magruder re
cently made a speech iu Huston, in which he
made certain dise!osures in connection with
the recent arrests of certain parties and their
transportation for political uffeuces. Accord
ing to Magruder the Stake of Texas swarms
with men disloyal to the confederacy, and
who., are only waiting au opportunity to as
stst in its tlownfall.-
The New.Orleatiii Era of the 2 td ult. puh
lislics a report. reoeived via Vera Cruz, that
the Mexicans have recaptured Puebla The
report is not generally credited.
The Kentucky Legislature will meet to-day.
It is thought that the Rev. Dr Breckinridge,
a thorough going Union moan. will be elected
to the D. S. Senate iu the place of Mr. Pow
The Steamer Macisaellusettsarived at Phila
dolphin on Friday lust, having loft Charleston
bar on Tu , sday.- Oen. (Miami-13 ha. ceased
tiring on Fort Sumpter, and has turned all
his attention .to Fort Johnston and the other
rebel works. Ho also pitches about twenty
shells Into Charleston every day to keep the
rang.• of his guns. The gassachusetts brings
home a buttallion of marines, who have been
recently doing duty on Mortis Island. No
flag now floats on Sumpter. '
Beauregard hal , played a scurvy trick 03
General Gilltnoi•a,' in this wise. For same
time past a hospital flag has been kept flying
by the rebels of l the Moultrie House, and it
has been respected by our gunners. Within
a few days the house has been torn down, nod
the result shows that the hospital flag co•ered
the erection of a new and formidable battery.
On Wednesday some fighting took place at
Watson's Ford, twenty miles from Cumber
land Gap, between a portion of Longstreet's
furoe and the Union troops.
The late fight near Cumberland Gap, was
between Foster's and Longstreet's cavalry,
the latter attempting to cross the Clinch
river. We lost flay men, but captured four
pieces of artillery. In the last assault on
Longotreet lost one thousand in
killed, wounded and missing.
Rear Admiral Farragut, who has been on
leave of absence in the north for some time,
has reported in person to the Navy Depart
meet. lle will probably enter again on ac
tive duty.
On Wednesday last nearly eighty prisoners
escaped from Camp Douglas, at Chicago.
More than twenty of them have since been
The London Times contains n silly an
nouncement thal. the channels at Cronstadt
were being blockaded and intercepted by in
ternal machines. As from the month of Oc
totter to April the channels in question are
frozen up solid, it would hardly be necessary
to put down infernal machines this winter,
and the Ituss . ans are not barbarians enough
to do such a ridiculous act. A more proba•
ble story is that 11f0,000 men are to hold the
country front the Crimea to Galicia, under
General Luders.
A report prevailed in London,'on the 21st.
ult., that Earl Russell, the British Minister
of Fut eign Affairs, would leave the Cat ins!,
and would be succeeded by the Karl of Clar
Tho Three Days' Battlo at Chatta-
E , 10.7,1 Sta Se'rrchlr9 War :
Silt: Uu thy 2:31 ult., aç I 1.n.11) A. NI , Gen
ernl Giant ordered a detil, , nitr.,t
Iti , dge L to (1 veiop the force holding,
it. The I r,,ops
and advaat.•.•,l iu iiue ul hattte 11S i •
at par
he rebt•ls oatrhr,l their lorwation
uml ttivement from thetr picket lilies awl
rifle -010 o.Pti trout the :401101111 ul MISSIOII
Ceet lul(1
thought it was 0 review and drill, so opetily
and deliberately anti to egulmrly woo it done.
As tin: line advancett, preceded by skir
mishers, and at. 6vot o'eloult I'. M. Lt.:ached,
our pickot tines, they opettetl a rattling vol
l'ey layttp the vett.el pickets, Who rettiwied it
and tau 'Ditto their advanced likes f
ptts. 2 er 'hew wenrnirr-strinniv,h-eTsTand
into them, along the centre of the Inte of
2..),00U trfsfp,s, which General Thomas had
so quiefilrdeployed.
Until we opened•fire prisoners assert they
thooght the whole movement was a review
and general drill, and that it was to 6 late to
send to their vamps for reinloreernents, and
that they were overwhelmed by force of twit
ters. It wins a surprise in open daylight.
At 3 I'. M. the norkfrtant advanced posi•
lion of Orchard Knob, and the lines right
and left were in our possession, end arrange
ments were ordered for holding them during
the night. The next day at daylight Gener
al . Ihomay had five thousand net across the
Tennessee, and established on its south bank,
and commenced the construction of a prim
toon bridge about six miles above Chatta
nooga. The rebel steamer Dunbar, repair.
ed at the right inoment, rendered effective
aid in this t rossing, carrying over six thou
s mi 111 e 11.
General Thornad had seized
the extremity of )11ssion Itidge tie:ire:a the
river, and was entrenching liiiff3oll. Geter
al with a brigade, opened commu
nication al.h 111111 On the
south side of tho river. Ski rfauilitog and
cannonading continued all the day on the
left and centre.
General Hooker scaled the slopes of Look
out Creek, drove the rebt is around the point.
captured 3,1100 prisuWers, and 'established
himself high up the mountain side, in full
view of Chatianooga.
This raised the blockade, and now steam
ers were ordered from Biidgeport, to (Thalia
oom,..,a. They had before run ,nly to Kelly's
Ford, whvii(li ten indes of hauling over the
mountain roads, and twice u. ro,s the Tennes
see !quilt pontoon hrid'es, brought, us our
sill plies. All night the point of Mission
Uidge, oil the extreme left. and the side of
Lookout Mountain on the extreme right,
ith the ramp-fires of loyal troops.
'Hui day Lad been one of dense mists and
rains, and much of General Hooker's bat
tles had been fought above the clouds, which
cocci tiled him from our view, but from
which his musketry was heard.
At nightfall the sky cleared, and the full
moon, the traitor's doom, shone upon the
beautiltiT scene umd 1 A, M. 'Twinkling
sparks upon the mountain side showed that
picket Elsirenshing wuti going -oil i then it
A brig , de sent from Chattanooga crossed
the Chattanooga creek . and opened commu
nication with Hooker,
General Grant's hindquarters, during the
atiernoon ot the 211 and the day of the 24th
were in Wood's redouln, except when, in
the course of the day, lie rude along the ad
vanced line, visiting the he.s.dquarters of the
various commanders lit Chattanooga Valley.
At daylight on the nth the stars and
stripes were discoveted Ott the peak of Look
out.. The rebels had evacuated the moun
General Hooker moved to thrseend the
mountain. and, stribing Mission Ridge at
the liossville Gap, to sweep on both sides
and on its summit.
Th, repel irdops were seen, Evi anon as it
Wll4 light enough, streaming by rt•gilrit'lliS
and brig dies along the wirrow summit of
liidge, either eimeentratingim the
right to overwhelm nlivrinan, or 'Earthing
for the railroad to raise the siege
They had evacuated the Valley of Chat
tanoooga ; would they abanc,lon that Chicka
mauga The twenty-pounders nod rifled
Runs of \Vocal's redoubt opened on Mission
Ridge, and .Orchard linob zeta its compli
ments ,to the tridge, which with rifled Par
rots, answered, and the cannnonade thus
commenced, continued all day.
Shot and shell screamed from Orchard
Knob to Mission Ridge, and from Mission
Ridge to Orchard Knob and from Wood's
redoul t over the heads of (lens. Grant and
Thomas and their stairs who were with u s
in this favorable position, where the whole
battle couli be seenvoi iu an amphitheatre.
The headquarters were under lire all Jay
long. Cannonadi g and musketry. were'
heard fr . in General Sherman.
G neral Howard marched the 11th Army
Corps to join him. Thomas sent out skirm
ishers. who drove the rebel pickets and
elfased doom into their entrenchments at the
foot of the Mission Ridge.
General Sherman mole an assent against
Bragg's right, entamched op a high knoll,
tick( to that op which General Sherman lay
fortified. The assault ryas - gallantly made.
They reached the edge of the crest, and
held their ground for, it seemed to me, an
hour. hut‘were bloodily repulsed by the re
A general advance was ordered, and •
strong line of skirmishers followed by a de.
ploy ad line of battle some ten allies in length.
At the signal of the leader (shots from the
headquarters on Orchard Knob) they moved
orderly forward.
The rebel pickets discharged their muskets,
and ran into their rifle pits. Our skirmish.
ere followed on their heels. The line of bat
tle was not far behind, and we saw the gray
rebels swarm out of the ledge line of ride
pits in numbers which surprised us, and over
the base of the hill a few turned and fired
their. pieces ; but the greater number collect.
ed into the many roads which cross obliquely
up its steep face, and went on to the top.
Some regiments pressed on and swarmed up
the steep sides of the river. Here and there
a color was advanced beyond the lines. The
attempt appeared to be most dangerous, but
the advance was supported, and the whole
lino ordered to storm the heights, upon which
not less than forty pieces of a: tillery, and on
one knew how many muskets, stood ready to
slaughter the assailants.
With cheers answering cheers the men
swarmed upwards. They gathered to the
point least dith.tult of ascent, and the line
was broken. Color after color was planted
on the summit, while musket and, cannon
vomited their thunder upon them.
A well.threeted shell from Orchard Knob
exploded a rebel caisson on the summit, and
the gun was seen go loping to the right, its
driver lashing his horses. A part of our sol
diers intercepted them, and the gun was sip•
hired with cheers.
A fierce musketry fight broke out to the
left, where, between Generals Thomas and
811( moan, a mile or two of the ridge was still
occupied by the rebels.
Bragg left the ho use in which he had held
his headquarters, and rode , o the rear as our
troops crowded the hill on either bide of
Gen. Grant proceeded to the summit, and
only then did we know its height. Some of
the captured artillery was put into position,
were sent for to work the puns,
and cikisions were searched fur ammunition
The rebel lug tireastworks were tor❑ to
pieces out cirried to the other side of the
ridge, and used in forming barrocades.
A stron. , hoe or itilantry was formed in
the red. of Baird's line, who was hotly en
gaged in a musketry contest with the rebels
to the lett, and a secure lodgement was soon
The other assault to the right of our cen
tre, gained the summit, and the rebels threw
down then• anus and tied. General Hooker,
coming into a favorable position, Swept the
right of the ridge, and captured many pris
Bragg'B remaining t roops left early in the
_riitOtoind the battle of (.311 mann/iv:a, after
three days of ixotioeuvriog and fighting, was
wun. The strength of the rebellion to the
centre was broken, Burnside relieved from
danger, Lost Tenne,see, Kentucky. and Ten •
nes,ec rescued, Georgia and the tiouthwe , d
threatened in the rear and another victory
added to the chapter of '•Unconditional :Sur
render Grant.''
To-utgitt the estimate of captures is several
thousand prisoners and thirty pieces of ar
tillery. The loss fur so great, a victory is not
Bragg is firing the railroad as he retreats
Latirdo_Palton. Sherman is in hot vursuit.
To day I viewed the battle field, ex
tends for six tulles along Mission Ridge and
for several miles on Lookout Mountains--
Probably not so well directed or so well or.
dried a battle has been tkell , vered daring the
war. But one assault was repulsed ; but that
as:suult, by calling to that point the rebel re
serves, prevented them from repulsing any of
the others.
A tew days eince Gen Bnagg vent to nen.
Grant a• flag of trace, at vising him that it
would be prudent to remove any non comba•
tante who might still be in Chattanooga.
No reply has been vertu.rned, but the ttoni
batants having removed from , ill's vicinity, it
is probable that non combatants can remain
without imprudence. M. C. :tIEIGB,
Quartermaster Oeueral.
- (kotun anb +tout Itlattus
va_We are requested t o state that tLe
Fir±t National Bank of C.Lrlisle bas been des-
ignited as a permanent depository of public
1111 , 11(`, nn,' financial agent of the United
States. This arrangement will he one of
very great convenience to our citizens in their
monetary transactions with the government.
ri.m_Ladies, Mrs. S. A. MUTTON, is
now opening at the sign of the Itig Bonnet,
North Ilanover street Cmlisle, a large and
beautiful assortment of Winter rponoets, flats
and mitli , iery, of the latest sty!es. The le
,lios are partictilar'y re l uestisl to give her a
eLll, as she Is satisfied that 1111 CXMLIIIIII6OII
Vi;11 $/ttiKcy them that the largest and most
splendid assortment e f millinery ar idles can
be obtained at her eS , tiblishment. 31.
tti3 -- Citizens of Carlisle, if you want
oyur Photographs colored in air artistic style
in Oil and Water color, bring them to SiLts
PocI.TON, first door above Shriner's Hotel,
North Hanover st. Album pictures colored
for cents. Also Sign painting and Gild
rig ou glass done in the latest city st y le.
taigl,..Wo are requested to state that the
Children's Aid Society (which was to partici.
pate in the Fair to be held during the holi
days by the Ladies' Mire Society,) will post.
puns their Fair until February; the reason
for this is that the membership of the former
Society has so largely increased, that their
committee deem the not ornmodations of the
hall insufficient for both. The Mite Society
will, however spare no labor or pains to matte
the Fair during the holidays attractive and
veisary exhibition of time honored, literary
and classical society will be held in Itheem's
Hail, on Tuesday, December 22d. The exhi
bitions of this Society were formerly held in
RIM', di ring the commencement week. The
reasons for the change are two told; first the
hurry an it bustle attendant upon the number
of exhibitions occurring at that time; and sec
ondly the fact that a number of the participa
tors in the I3ocii•ty exhibitions were also can
didates for graduation, and the labor and
care consequent upon the preparation of two
speeches in the short period allotted to them
was certain to detract from one and perhaps
both of them. We fed certain that the
change will prove an acceptable one to both
audience and orators.
itc7.We would remind all persons who
intend claiming the benefit of that elan seof
the Conscription Act, which enables aged or
fofirin pareot4, depei.ding on the support of
their children, to elect which of said chiljren
shall be exempt from the op retions of law,
that such election slimild be made beture the
filth of January next. The failtve to make
their election and file their papers with the
Board of Enrolment previous to the last
draft, prevented many persons from having
their suns exempted, who would have been
entitled to exemption. , We hope those who
are interested may either make their election
in time, or ehe not reflect on the Board fur
the consegnences of their own oegl gene e..
residing near Mechanicsburg, in this county,
lost four—all his children—by Diptheria,
last week. They all died within forty-four
hours. Thus, at one fell swoop has death
robbed a household of all its pretty lambs.
`• Insatiate archer I would not one suffice ?"
We sympathize with these bereaved parents
in their sorrow.
son of Mr. Benjamin Haverstick, of Mechan
icsburg, this county, died on Sunday, from
the effects of poison, caused by eating tho
berries of the plant known as the " Deadly
Nightshade." The age of the boy was about
eight years. Persons who may have the
above named plant on their premises, should
destroy it at once. A boy died in Meehan- -
icsburg about a year ago from eating berries
from the same stalk at which young Haver.
stick received those which caused his death.
As this noxious plant, the "Deadly Night
shade," is unknown to thousands of men
and women, not to mention children, soma
one, competent to do so, would perform a
work of mercy by giving an accnrate descrip
tion of it, so that every one could be able to
extirpate it wherever met with.
„past two weeks, a large amount of town pro
perty has changed hands at what will be.
reckoned fair prices. --Those sales which.
have come to our knowledge, are those of
John B. Bratton, Esq., corner ot Pomfret and
South Hanover streets, to Mr. B. R. Jameson,
fur $6,500. That of William M. Beetem,.
Esq., opposite the residence of Judge Ora
hau , ou Hanover street, to Mr. George Win
ters, for $5,000. The old Washington Hotel,
by Mr.Ellinger, ot Baltimore, to William M-
Beetem, for $7;500. That of James
Marshall, Esq., on Bedford street, opposite
the Cumberland Engine House, tc, John 8..
Bratton, lor $2,500. The assignee of
Mr. MtchaetMitinich sill the brick row of
ten houses, built by the latter, at public•
sale, to Mr. E. C. Cromer, fur $1,170. Rev.
Mr. Sterrett sold his brick house on West
-Lonther to-Mr, Lewis Forber, tor-$:4 ) 000-
The brick house, belonging to the h irs of
Mr. Jac ib Faust, sold at public sale to Mr.
J.din N. Armstrong, for $3,001. The heirs
of Mr. Melchor Huffer sold to Dr. Loomis
the brick house oft. West Pomfret street, for
$l,BOO. Vrotn these sales, it will he seen
that real estate in Carlisle is becomir.g more
valuable every year. Buyers will find a very;
desirable property offered for sale in our ad . -
vertisiltg columns to-day.
AcctiyENT.—An Old Woman Drown
ed.—On Monday last, Coroner Small held
an inquest upon the body of an old German
woman, named Slut',DEß, who was found
drowned in the race at II andenon's Mill
nerur this place. It appears that the old lady,
who resided near the mill, went to the race
on Sunday afternoon, about 4 o'clock, for
the purpose of procuring water, and not re
turning, search was instituted lcr her, but
without success, her bucket being found at;
the water's edge, filled. On Monday morn
ing, as the miller was attempting to raise
the flood-gate, he found some difficulty in.
doing so, and, upon examination, discovered
a human leg protruding between the frame
and the gate, and after procuring assistance,
and removing the body, discovered it to be
that of Mrs. Shrader. It is supposed that
she accidentally fell into the race, and being
quite aged, was unable to extricate herself,
and was, of course, drowned.
TUE Ilomp.krs.—We notice that our
store-keepers have already commenced to
diaplay their goods and wares in view of the
approttekinq hoMay season. This is an ex
cellent plan, as it gives those on the look-out
for presents, no oppomunity to see and "think
over the matter" holure deciding. There are
t»any, however, who 11,0 o-,it have the time to.
go out and are in a quandary where to go
fur the purpose of making tbeir holiday pur
chases. The only way to re reh this class,.
and indeed many other classes, is for those
who have anything to sell, to adverti e judi
ciously in newspapers, or by bills or circa,-
hire. And now is the time to do it. We in
vite all such to the columns of the Herald
or to the jobbing department of the estab
lishment, feeling assured that the outlay in
either branch will bring in ample returns,
MR. REASON %Vuy.-Our reader&
may feel incliaed to know our motives for
persistently advocating a preference fur the
" Wheeler .l• Wilson" over all other sewing
machines extant. We will here tell them alt
least one of the "reasons why." The Wheel
er & Wilson is the only machine in existence
that is thoroughly adapted to all kinds of fam
ily setting. Other instruments are found to
work well on certain grades and classes of
mater.als; but this operates with equal ease,
neatness, and precision, on all fabrics, from
the finest cambric to four thicknesses of the
heaviest broadcloath: This seems with a
number of other superior characteristics, renr
ders the Wheeler & Wilson Machine the one
above all others suitable for presenting to eith,
or wife, daughter, skster, sweetheart, or
fiend ; and this accounts for the great pop.
ularity of these machines as Wheeler & lVil.
son warrant their machines. There is no
risk in purdhasin g them. •
THE NEXT DRAFT'—The Boards of
Enrollment of the several districts have pre
pared lists of all those persons who were eu -
rolled previous to the last dmft;and are hav
ing the same printed, fur the purpose of hav
ing them posted up. for public inspection,
In some of the sub-districts the lists have al.
ready been posted, and are being closely ex
amined. The lists embrace the names of all
those enrolled, and give the disposition wade
of those who were drafted in July last. The
names of those not pr.-viously drafted, and
belonging to the first class, will of course go
into the wheel fur the nex drawing.
Any persoa enroll° I may appear before
the Board, prior to the 20th of December,
and claim to-have his name stricken off, if
he can show that he is not liable to ml it .ry
duty on account of alit:maga, nonresidence,
unsuitabletiesl of age, manifest permanent
physical disability.
Any person who may be cognizant of any
one liable to military duty, whose name" does
not appear on the list, can report the fact to