Carlisle herald. (Carlisle, Pa.) 1845-1881, November 20, 1863, Image 2

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    ghq eraid
Friday,Nov. 20, 1863.
NO. 37 Park Row, New York, and 6
State St. Boston, are our Agents for the Manta
in those cities, and aro authorized to take Advertise
ments and Subscriptions for us at our lowest rates.
TEE NEXT CONORESS.—The first session
of the new Congress will commence two
weeks from next Monday. The Senate will
have a very large Republican majority.—
The Rouse. according to the latest accounts,
adding the Maryland members just elected,
and conceding the entire Kentucky delega
tion to the opposition, will stand : Adrninis
traticn members, 97; opposition, 87.
tta.. It is thought by many peasons that
Justices Woodward and Lowrie are Knights
of the Golden Circle. The fact that they hold
similar views on constitutional matters with
the notorious Huber ani his treasonable or
ganization, affords good ground for believing
that they belong to the fraternity.
M.Mr. Judge Woodward should resign
biz seat on the Supreme Bench. Ile has so
identified himself with the Copperhead ene
mies of the Government that it will be al
most impossible for him to give an impar
tial decision. Men who wear the ermine
should be above suspicion.
ILLINOIS ELEcTioN.—lteturns Irom twen
ty-eight counties in Illinois s'ow, at the un
important town and county elections held
on the 3d inst., a Union gain of more than
15,000. There are about 100 counties in
the State, and it the vote is in the,above ra
tio, it will show a Union gain of from 55,000
to 60,000.
The more wo get of election returns
the better they look. Massachusetts reelects
Governor Andrews by neatly fifty thousand
majority. Illinois shows a Union gain front
last year, in forty five counties, of more than
twenty two thousand; Wisconsin in thirty
counties, a gain of eight thousand three hun
dred and thirty-one from 186 ; Missouri looks
well, and it is not beyond hope that the Ita
dicals may have a majority after all ; Minne
sota gives the Union ticket about len thous
and majority. In Maryland the Union ma.
jority will be about thirty three thousand ma
stir The aggregate amount of the public
debt of the Unit. 1 States, up to September,
1863, is set ilown by a careful (etiolate at ;;;1,
228,832,771 This includes the old public
debt, the 7 3-10 bonds; the 5 2n bonds ; tem
porary loans; U. S. Treasury Notes, (Green
backs); fractional currency, and, in fact, all
certificates of indebtedness The annual in
lerest upon this debt is $16.835,610 or an
average rate of 3 81 per cent. on the entire
The entire public debt of Jeff. Davis's bogus
Confederacy is, according to Rebel news
papers, about one thousand millions of dollars.
Dgeisiox of Judges Woodward
and Lowrie against the constitutionality of
the draft law, affords conclusive proof that
in the event of their election they would have
done all they could to embarrass awl thwart
the efforts of the National Government to
suppress the Rebellion. Woodward, as Gov
ernor, would not only have refused troops to
carry on the war, but th - ;re ii good reason
to believe that his desi t zns were to recall
those already in the field, and thus aid the
Rebels to recover their lost ground and dic
tate the terms of peace from the Capitol at
Washington. As it is, the course of these
defeated worthies looks very much as if they
desired to incite the Copperheads to rebel
lion, with a view to aid the secessionists.
men recently returned from the Southwest,
where be has enjoyed unusual facilities for
procuring information from within the Rebel
lines, estimates the aggregate if the military
force which the Jell. Davis Government can
bring into action at about 190,000 men on
this side of the Mississippi, and 20,000 on
the other side. They are all the men the
rebellion can muster, although the Conscrip
tion law is sweeping every man who can
shoulder a musket, including convalescents
on guard and nurse duty at the hospitals,
whose places are supplied, in some instances,
by cripples. Starvation stares civilian and
soldier so closely in the lac! that our infor
mant thinks the war can hardly be continued
by the Rebels for four months longer, even
if not a musket more should be levelled at
correspondent of the New Yurd !braid says
t. Mr. Slidell cannot be •ery busy now, or
be summoned very frequently to the Tuiler
ies for ho spends a very considerable portion
of tlijitime in the court yard of the Grand
Hotel. He looks a little blue and melancholy
since his bosom friends, Mason and Gwin,
hove gone to England.
The Grand Hotel is an amusing place to
look in at occasionally. It is the headquar
ters of the secessionists, many of whom have
rooms there in the fourth story, and econo.
mice by going out for their meals at cheap
restaurants. There are a number of North
erners there; but the lines are very closely
drawn, and there is no association between
the two. In fact, some of the Southern la•
dies, as they sweep by Northerners, scorn
fully gather in their skirts, as though they
feared to be contaminated by touching even
the hem of a Nor:herner's garment.
Saturday week the coal dealers in Philadel
phia met and resolved to pr. se upon the im
mediate attention of the State authorities the
urgent necessity of a speedy military assis
tance in the mining districts. A committee
was appointed .to wait upon Gov. CURTIN,
and represent to him the real condition of
affairs in the coal districts. Subsequently a
committee waited upon Major General, Cad
waluder, who promised to send p force of
soldiers into the disturbed districts. The
late troubles at Mauch Chunk, it is feared
by the trade, are but the beginning of worse
ones. The conscription is now IA:
forced there, and, it is stated, meets with
much opposition.
Last Eftort of the COppherheads to
Aid Jeff. Davis '
The Supreme Court of Pennsylvania de
cided at Pittsburgh, on , Monday week, by a
bare majority, that the law of Congress, fOr .
enforcing a draft to recruit the Federal ar
mies, is unconslitunal. Lowrie, Woodward,
and Thompson agreed as to the unconstitu
tionality of the rtiw, while Judges Siroug
and Reed dissented.
It appears that last July bills in equity
were filed in Philadelphia by Messrs. Smith,
Kneedler and Nicholls, three drafted men
of that city, who claimed a release on the
ground of the unconstitutionality of the law.
The question before the Court was raised
by a motion to grant a preliminary injunc
tion to restrain the Provost Marshal from
compelling the plaintiffs to comply with the
provisions of the Act. Messrs. Lowrie, Wood-
ward and Thompson, Copperhead Judges
deciding in favor of granting the injunction
and the two former have written out thei,
"opinions" on the case. They declare the
draft law of Congress to be unconstitutional,
upon the ground that the militia is a State
organization, controlled by the laws of the
State, and is nut subject to the laws of Con
gress. The theory of these judges is,' that
the power of a State is absolute, and the
power of tie General Government subordi
nate; that the Federal Government, even
for self-preservation, has no right to draft a
citizen of any State into the army, or corn
pel a person so drafted to perform military
duty, any law of Congress to the contrary
otwithstandingl To show that we do no
mistake their position, we give the sum mar
of Judge Woodward's argument in his ow,
laugtmge, reduced to four principal points,
le holds :
lst. That the power of Congress to raise
nd support armies, does not include the pow
r to draft the militia 01 the States.
2d. That the power of Congress to enll
forth the inilaia cannot be exercised iu Ihe
forms of this enactment.
:id. That a citizen of Pennsylvania cannot
be subjected to the rules and articles of war
until he is in actual military service.
4th. That he is not placed in such actual
service. when his name has been drawn front
a wheel, and ten days' notice thereof has
been served upon him.
In other words, Judge IVoodward says, in
effect: Although there may he a Rebellion;
although the National capital may be met:-
aced, and the General Governrnent itself
perilled, yet, until each particular State a
grees upon calling out its militia forces, the
Nation is constitutionally powerless to de
fend itsell I And this man was but recent] •
a candidate for Governor of Pennsylvania,
and his colleague a candidate for another
term on the Supreme Beuch, and both come
within a few thousands of votes of I,tl elec
tion! What an escape!
It is refreshing to turn from' this most
pernicious and unpatiiutie decision of the
recently defeated Copperhead Judges, to the
counter opinion of Justice Strong, in which
Justice It .ad, his Union colleague, concurs.
We regret that have only room this week
for a single extract, but shall give the entire
document a place in uur next issue. Judge
Strong says :
It is sail this act of Congress is a viola.
Lion of the Constitution, because it makes a
drafted man punishable as a deserter before
he is mustered into service. The contrary
was declared by Chief.l ustice Marshall, when
delivering the judgment of the Supreme
Court of the United Stutr-s in Hou - stoir rs
Moore, What ton. Under .he act of 1795,
the draft, d men were not declared to be sub
ject to military law until mustered into ser
vice. This is the act of which Judge Story
speaks in his commentaries. But in the
opinion of .1 udge Marshall, Congress might
have declared them in service from the time
of the (haft, precisely what this act of Con
gress does. Judge Marshall's opinion, of
course, explodes this objection.
The argument most pressed, in support of
the alleged unconstitutionality of the act of
Congress is that it interferes with the re
served ri,thts of the States over their own
militia. It is said the draft takes it portion
of those who owe militia service to the States,
and thus diminishes the power of the States
to protect themselves. The Sates, it is claim
ed, retain the principal power over the mili
tia, and therefore the power given to Con
gress to raise aria ins must be so construed,
as not to destroy or impair that power of the
States. If, say the complainants, Congress
may dr ,ft into their armies, ant compel the
service o a portion e f the StaM militia they,
may take the whole, and thus the entire pow
er of the States over them may be annulled,
for want of any subject upon which it can
act. 1 have stated the argument quite as
strongly as it was presented. It is more
plausible than sound. It assumes the very
matter which is the question in debate. It
ignores the fact, that Congress has also pow
er over those who constitute the militia.
The militia of the States is also that of the
general government. It is the whole able
bodied population capable of bearing arms,
whether organized or not. Over it certain
powers are given to Congress, and others are
reser ed to the States. Besides the power
of calling it forth, fi r certain defineduses,
Congress may provide for its organization,
arming and discipline,. as well as for gov
ern lig such portion as nifty "be i.nployed in
its service. It is the material and only ma
terial contempla-ed by the Constitution, out
of which the armies of the Federal Govern
ment are to be raised. Whether gathered
by ccercion, or enlistments, they are equally
taken out of those who form a part of the
militia of the States. Taking a given num
ber by draft no more conflicts with the re
served power of,the States than does taking
the same number of men in pursuance of
their own contract. No citizen can deprive
a State of her rights without her consent.—
None could, therefore,' voluntarily enlist, if
taking a !Minia, man into military service in
the army of the United States is i
,tt conflict
with any State rights over the militia. Those
rights,' whatever they may be, it is obvious
cannot be effected by the mode of taking,—
Lt is clear that the States hold their power
over their militia, subordinate to, the 'porter
of Congress toqaise armies out of the popu
lation that constitutes it. Were it not so
the -delegation of the power to Congress
would have been an empty gift. Armies can
he.raised from no other source,
—The conclusion arrived at by Judges
Strong and tined is, that the Draft Law is
-nonfunctional, that the corn plainants are put
entitled to the injunction for which they ask,
rand that it should be denied.
In a few weeks hence Judge Agnew will
take his seat on the bench in place of Judge
Lowrie, when it is to be presumed he will
not fail to concur with his Union colleagues.
The decision of the Copperhead majority
will then .he reversed.
ceLyeaterday was a great day at Gettya
burg. Thousand° upon tlieueatids were there
A Base Lie!
A copperhead journal in WSWling over the
result of the Maryland election, Bays "Gen.
SCHENCK sent his eoldiers, with bayonets
•fixed, to preventlreemen from. voting." It
is unnecessary to denounce this as a base
falsehood, such only as a copperhead' could
conceive, and it is equally unnecessary to
point to the vote of certain counties of that
State, where almost the entire; vote was polled
for the secession candidates, scarcely any be
ing given for either conditional, or uueon•
ditional Union candidates.
zErNew Jersey is the only free State
that has gone this year for the Copperheads,
and their majority even there is 'reduced
some ten thousand, while the Union men
gain several members the Legislature.—
By next tall, the Union men will be able to
wheel he r r into the loyal line. New Jersey
has always been devoted to the slave inter
ests. She has been ruled by a few aristo
cratic families, such as the Wall's, the
Stockton's, &c., whose sympathies have been
with the aristocratic slaveholders and nabobs
of the South. The State, too, had a not very
enviable reputation in the days of the Ite:“
volution. The Tory progenitors of those
same Copperheads were so troublesome to
Washington that he was compelled to ad
minister a severe rebuke tp them. It does
seem that " blood will tell." •
Goy. CURTIN Al' 110 MR. —Our friends, in
other parts of the State, are sometimes at a
loss to understand how it comes that GeV.
Cuttin, who is admitted to be personally pope
lar at home, was beaten iu this county 844
votes at the recent election, although 'he car
ried it in 1860 by 341. The reason is obvious,
and is at once creditable both to Gov. Curtin
and his friends. The townships which gave
majorities for him in 1860, have 1582 soldiers
under arms, while those which went against
him have sent but 463, although they poll
more than half the Democratic vote of the
country. Our ranks are decimated at home
only because they are so full in the field, and
we point with pride and triumph to the record
'• lye should have blushed ileatol. house 11.. d
stood iiereue and flourished in a civil war."
Central l'reas.
THE. Iscome TAX.—The question of the
comb tax comes up in a new phase
Commissoner Lewis, of New York, decides
that section ninety-two of the tax law pro-
Jes no means for the coil •ction of the tax
n cases where income is derived from "pro
essional services, from speculations, or in
any oth,r manner than from fixed.invest
ments. Section nineteen, however, contains
a general provision which is held applicable
to the income tax, with the exception that
but five per cent. penalty shall be imposed
fur non-payment, instead of the ten per cent.
demanded by some of the collectors under
the terms of section ninety-two. Persons
who have deferred the payment of their in-
come tax beyond the ten days' grace allowed
after due notification are therefore liable to
an additional payment of five per cent., and
under this ruling of the Ct mmigsioner may
refuse to pay any larger sum.
43J' Gen. Boyle, the Adjutant General of,
(he State of KentucicC, has issued an order
prohibiting the distillation of corn and other
grain in that State. Also, that all bogs in
the State, will be taken for the use of the
Government at $3 75 per cental gross. This
18 done in anticipation of the completion of
the Militiiry railway into Tent eSS'ee through
Cumberland Gap, when all the food which
can be spared from Kentucky will be needed
to feed Grant's forces. The Government is
now curing pork at Knoxville, Tenn., for
this object.
Q' `"Provost:llarshal General Fry has
officially stated that of persons drafted those
who pay the $3OO .iominutation are precise
ly on the sumo footing as those who furnish
substitues, and are exonerated from military
service for three year:. As some of the
Copperheads have been getting up imagin
ary rascals who desired to fleece drafted
men by inducing them to pay $350 to be
exonerated, this statement of lien. Fry will
put all such matters at rest.
riarlt is staled in the papers that Gov.
Curt in has appointed James L. Reynolds,
Esq., of Lancaster, Quartermaster General
of Pennsylvania, made vacant by the death
of Gen. Hale. Mr. Rey...olds was formerly
an influential Democrat, but valuing his
conntry above party, has ably supported the
Administration against the Rebels. lie is
a brother of the lamented Gen. Reynolds,
killed while bravely leading his column at
The Union men in the South are almost
unanimous in favor of abolishing slavey in
their respective State, as the most effectual
way of I utting au end to the Rebellion and
the war. Urgent propositions have been made
to our government by residents of Louisiana,
Texas, Arkansas, Mississippi, Virginia. North
Carolina, Tennessee and Georgia, to re-or
vtlize those &ales on a free State basis
Slavery is certainly &touted, though the Cup
perhesda in the North are to blind too see it.
Int--Gov. Curtin visited Philadelphia on
iVetinesday, and delivered au address at the
Union League Room in that oily. In regard
to his future course he said that ho would
continue to apply himself vigorously to the
strengthening of the hands of the General
Government that the rebellion may be crushed.
He would be sparing nal / titer of mon nor mon
ey, end would not cease in his work until the
rebels submit to tho authority of the Govern•
COMPLIMENTARY —The copperheads not un
frequently have to take some severe culTs
from their southern " frionds'.." Of course
it produces the same ofFeet up n them that
similar treatment duos upon the spaniel, ren•
dering them more complacent and obsequious
to their masters than ever.
lu a late number of the Richmond Examin•
er the editor in an article on the Pennsylvania
election says; "The Democratic party in that
state (Pennsylvania) was never proof against,
Do the copperheads, who use that organ
ization for the purpose—the sole one, as we
peroeive—of aiding their southern "friends,"
recognize the portrait? Or will they ask for
another pitting ?,
Missouri Elections
have been elected U. S Senators from Mis
souri, eleoiion of the former,• partim
lary, is exceedingly gratifying to the friends
of freedom, for be was the first to set the ball
in motion'in that direction in Missouri. HEN
DERSON, the former democratic Senator, is an
unconditional Union man, and will give n to all measures calculated to
crush the rebellion.
London limes, in a late review of the condi
tion of affairs in Europe, says that a "single
spark would kindle a conflagration from the
‘ , Pyrenees to the Caucasus, from the Medit
erreneati to the Arctic Sea. It is scarcely
possible to imagine how we could stand
apart and plume ourselves on our immunity
between• two worlds in flames. Yet who
shall say how deep we should descend into
the struggle once begun--how long we
should be involved, and with what changes
we should finally emerge."
being rapidly depleted of her population,—
The principal cauie is the discovery of rich
mines of silver ,and gold outside the limits
of the State. The Nevada Standard sa •s:
There,has Leen, for the past two years, a
perfect exodus to Nevada Territory from all
parts of Califon's.. Probably not less than
30,000 people, are now residents of this Ter
ritoryrwho earn. here from California. Th e
discovery of rich 'nines in Idaho Territory
has attracted thousand.' to that locality.
A woman visited the President's man
sion last week, cut off a full half yard from
the curtain of one of the windows in the
Green Ro s orn, and made her exit before being
discovered. Such things have been frequent
ly done lately, as is supposed by a eel of cu
riwity hunters.
A SINGUL kit PACT.—Take a single wafer ;
put it upon your tongue, allow it 10 melt
gradually away. and your sore throat, hoarse
ness, cough, and cold will disappear. lle
careful that the wafer used be Bryan's Pulmo
nic Wafer-25 cents a box. Elliott's sell it.
They are really a great medicine.
wiler, of York 'county, Pa., was arrested on
Wednesday last, by Deputy United Slates
Marshal Schuyler, on the charge of attempt
ing to evade the income tax. It is alleged
that he divided his property among his club
dren, so that it should nut come within Le
provisions of the law. The case bids fair to
be inttresting i , as it is the first one of the
kind breught the notice the Unite
States authorities in Phila.
From the Army of the Potomac.
WAsuilwroN, Nov. 14 —The information re
ceived from the Army of the Potomac to-bight
is that the enemy are extending their already
formidable works on the Rapidan.
The work on the railroad is being rapid'y
pushed forward, but transporiatioo does nut
extend west of the Warrenton Junction.
G u n Meade, accompanied by A, , sistant. Ad
jutant General S. Williams, is now on a visa
to Washington.
Cannonading Heard.
WASIIMSTON 4 Nov, 15 —The train which
reached hen: at ld u clock to night. from the
:krill). of the Potomac) brought information of
cannonading being heard in the vicinity of
Stevensburg this morn lig commencing at 8 o'-
clock and ciatinuing for about an hour.. The
firing was tenewuM between 11 Mid 12 o'clock,
rut was heard at Ideation, twenty miles di'
(ant, as the train panned that point. The
fnctir were T 1 arlinwir - 6111.7"671f "the
firing, but it was supposed that Kilpatrick,
who has his camp at Stevensburg. had en
gaged a reconnoitring tote; of the enemy.—
Elsewhere all was-quiet when the train, at 10
o'clock, left the army
Although it rained incessantly Ihrdughout
last night, the ground had not been rendered
unfit for military operatione.
_Strge e f C'heirle.siOn ire front Reh r
Sources.—Our Mirrtee open on I•'ur( Moultrie
FORTHES3 Jlouuue, Nov 17•
The flag of truce 'btu itiler New York ne
rived here this evening, bringing 333 Uniut
soldiers from Itichin,ind.
The Sowhern papers contain the following
The Richmond T.'»quircr of the 1611), pub
Belies the following ‘lispateli :
CHARLES FON, NOV. 14.--The enemy's tire
On Fort Sumpter continued steadoy. Battery
Gregg op. tied tire this of ernoon, on James
Island and Fort Moultrie Fort Lunar and
Battery Simpkins replied.
The fireing is about the same to day From
Thursday morning till sundown on Saturday,
fifteen and twenty three mortar shells
sod rifle shuts wore fired at Sumter. The ene-
my's shots have teased to be of any injury to
the Com There has been no firing to day ou
Sullivan's or Jone's 14land. Our batteries
continue to keep up a slow tire on Fort Gregg
and the mortar battery.
A large warehouse, next to the custom hour •
WILS destroyed by fire last night The loss is
liesvy, consisting of cotton atm [ling and a part
of the cargo of the steamer Advance, belong
tug to the state of North Carolina.
Hooker Agai#,Reported Attacked.—Gen. Sher
InaniVkis 'a Jaattion with Grant's Riyh
NEW YORK, N :.vember 17
A Chattanooga letter of the 13th mentions
that a rumor was then prevailing that Hook
er had just been attacked.
Con espondence Cincinnati Commercial.]
CHATTANOOGA, Nov. 11.--There his aspen
no fighting since our Seizure of Lookout
Valley, two weeks ago. Booker's position is
ebusidered impregnable Communication by
the river, between Brown's Ferry, two miles
below, and Bridgeport is uninterrupted and
secure. IVagons pass daily by the river road.
Supplies for mon and animals are accumulat
ing steadily. The dead point of dagger is
past. The army is sanguine, and the future
is bright. The enemy holds Lookout yet, and
throws shell occasionally in both directions.
Nearly all fall short None have been in•
jured in the city, and but 0131/ killed and one
wounded in Lookout Valley. Bragg main
tains a bold front near the ch y. There is no
diminution of forces apparent.
The Chattanooga Rebel of November 11', ad
[nits that Bragg cannot take Chattanooga
without greater loss than the South can sue
taiu. The Savannah Republican says the
same, and urges the
. reitriorcoment of Lee
from bore, to'defeat Wheu Grant could
easily bo whipped.
The Rebel-claims Knoavillo certain, and
hopes that will repulse Bragg, and prevent
further retreat on Georgia
The correspondent of the Rebel, from the
front of ohattanonga,..on Nov. 2. says
Had Jenkine'attacked Hooker, in suffic.
lent force, the day after the Federate got pos
session of. fielley's Ferry: and thrown a bridge
over on the succeeding day (Wednesday), -it
is possible we might have still remained was..
tors of the station, as by getting posneesion of
LoOkout Valley the Federate have a fortified
position, and it,ie almost, if not quito as strong
as Chattanooga. If attacked in the Valley
they (the Fedora's) can reinforce more rapid
ly and safely than we can't if attacked in
Chattanoogo they could reinforce sooner from
the Valley than we could send troops from
our loft to the centre. From Brown's Ferry
to the railroad is only one mile. If not mo
lested the Federals will, of course, construct
the railroad to the Ferry, re toeing the dis
tance of hauling 6upplies from sixty miles to
two. This new move on the military chess
board, by which the Federals got, possession
of Lookout Valley and the railroad to Bridge•
port, was a' tuaster.y stroke. The concep
tion was brilliant, executed admirably and
the combination faultless. Everything slip
ped from us-so easily, or was taken so adroit
ly, we hardly knew when it was done. This
operation has changed the whole aspeet.4—
There is no longer any doubt of the Federal
commander's ability to obtain supplies this
winter unless speedily overcome. To do this
we shall have to tight another battle, arid
overcome physical difficulties of a serious
character Why, then, should we remain
longer in the mud and water of Chattanooga
Valley ?
"Gen. Hardee has been assigned the corn
man] or Polk's corps. Howell Cobb is hero
President Davis was at Goldsboro, N. C., of
the 7( h."
LOUISVILLE, Nov. lith.—A telegram dated
yesterday, from the headqnarters of the Army
of Tennessee, states that Major General Sher
man was in General Thomas' headquarters
having made a junction of his entire corps
with Grant's right..
Our European Correspondence
SHEFFIELD, (ESG.) Oct. 29, 1863.
DEAR 1.1 ELLA LD:—The supposed alliance
between the United Slates and.ltussia, and
that Irish mare's nest, the `• Fenian Broth-
erhood," hauiit the waking dreams of our
friend John Bull. •lohn evidently feels un
comloriable. lie has made a bad precedent
in the Alabama aflair, and thinks that some
day it may rebou• d on his own head with
stunning force. The Secretary for Foreign
Affairs seems determined to stop the ship
building bus Mess, and has sent no less than
three inert of war, one of them nn iron clad,
to watch the rains at :‘lr. Laird's ship yard.
They (the men of war) are all lying in the
river with steam up, and cables ready to sl p
at a moment's warning. A guard of tna•
rives went on bum(' yesterday, and sent
the workmen and their finds on shore, thus
rioting an end to all work on the rums.—
Telegrams from France today say that the
French iiovernment has given notice to
persons building ships of war then•, that
they will he held responsible for any infringe
ment ()I the Neutrality Law. However, as
nobody is foolish enough to put any faith in
Louis 'Napoleon, we tali) it for what it is
Rev. I L Ward Beecher ha% create I
quite a sens.o.on, f 4011111 London and 'Man
chi-ster. In London, thousands were disap
poinled in getting into Exeter flail, and Mr.
leecher had to he earned in on the shoul
lers of the police. In Manchester, he also
:ad a very large aedienc e, Init. was inter
awed several times by the paid-rnissari
Utile Manchester Association for the Re
ognition of the Souther I Confoleraey."--
'he pedigree of this interesting fraternity,
fg.ether with that of the Sheffield branch, I
link I gave you in tny last. In Liverpool,
he inee . ing %vas very ills. nlerly, frequent
nterrti bins from S. miller!) s)
rho like. their brethren on i',e ot ier rti le of
the Atlantic, are not (-cry fond of free speech,
especially when their silo of the question
will !lot bear ventilation. Some of the s.iitie
party who immortalize(' themselves by his
sing the " Star Spangled Bituner," at Sear
huiuu} h, some inwitlis since, I presume.—
The American Isar is discussed everywhere
1 go, public inectingm,hotelii, public dinnera,
and even in church. At a ward meeting to
nominatu'a candidate for the Borough Coun
cil, the candidatj's gave their vieVs on the
. .
What it has to do with the Sheffield
II Giiutetl , i catilt ima(ritie. I presume
will all .et the mending of streets, awl the
cat( hiu ut stray pigs, in some way todcoown
to the unittiteated. The deleat Vallandtg
ham in Ohio has been a bider pill tor the
bei_synipat izturs __Ler (.I._ _They pu_cled
that he would he elected by a large majority,
notwithstanding all arguments to the con
tt ary. Ilia election was to have been follow
ed by the withdrawal of the Ohio troops,
which would he such a severe Won , to the
Government that they would abandon the
war and let the South gu. There was fur
tun ,tely a slight mistake in their ealcula-
We arc just now experiencing the delights
of what the Hnglish call " November weath
er." It rains about five - days out of each
week, and there is a thick tog almost ever
morning. The fog and smoke of the town
together make a fine panacea for any one
with weak lungs.
Strange as it may seem, with all its smoke
and dirt, Sheffield is an exceedingly healthy
town. The emigration of mechanics to the
United States still continues, much to the
discontent of Willi.' of the manufacturers,
who see their American trade fast slipping
through their fingers.
I ui, re,
Tho 49th Pa. Voluntoors.
Official le part J Lieut. Cal. T. ill. Ilu'ings,
commanding 49th Pa Vol.! Nov. 7th 186 I.
Nov Bth 1862
—ln obedience to orders I have
(he honor to report, that this regiment left
Re camp at sVarrentun Va on S iturday morn
lug Nov. 7th 110 o'clock and marched ou the
Fayetteville road in the direction of
pahannueii Station.
After arriving near the Cavalry outposts a•
bout 9} A. JI , Cu. C and part of Cu B under
command of Capt Hutchison were deploye
as' skirmishers, and Co D. and part of CO. B
under Capt. Quigley were deployed as flunk
ere, the balance of the Hew_ at; lug 118 a re
servo. The regiment proceeded in this order
until we eqlated r the Orange and Ales
andria Itaih.,il,l one mile front Raqiithannock
Station at 14 M. Hero we I,.rmed Line
of Battle ou, .eft resting on the Railroad ;
our Skirmishers and Piankers acting as Skir
mishers until three P. M. when hey were re
lieved by a detachment, of the 6111 Nlaine ‘Ve
remained in line of Battle at this point until
5 P. M. when we were ordered forward with
thil'reSt' r fhiS 'Bi•igudii"lo &or/dr/41i ii vii y`e
works. The charge was wade at 6f P NI Our
loss in the action wa., thre,• ktl od uud sixteen
K ILLUD. —Private., —Geo. W. Wilson Co A
Richard Meguilluu Cu 13. George liarleniat
Cu. D.
IVOUNDELL—Copt. A. B. Hutchison Fano
(slight;) AJjt. James T. Stuart, bide, (slight;)
Com Serg't. Jue. D. U. llendereon, leg and
foot, (severe;)
Co. A —J no. P. Pat:ersun, head, (Dan
gerously;) Robert Taylor, thigh. (slight;)
Win. Attig. head, Benj. Thomas, leg, (severe;)
Gee. W. Smith, foot (severe;) Juu. A. Kistler,
leg, (savers;) David Delaney, shoulder, (se
vere;) Wm. Farris, arm, (alight;) .100. Lopley,
leg, (alight,)
Co. B.—Corp. Jas. %V. arm,
(severe;) Joe Holliday, hand, (vevere;) Win
MeAlevy, hind, (Severe:)
Co C.—Corp. Griffith Lytle. thigh, (.light;)
Co. 1) —Gideon Wolf, breast, (severe;)
i t .„ Very respectfully your ob't.lierv't.
Lt. Col Counnaudiag
Capt. C : H. Hunt), A. A. Gent. . •
LADIE* ItlDllS(l.—Atss Dr. ljarriet N.
Ashley, of,Danville, New York, has come
out in favor of ladies riding astride. The'
present style of riding, she truly says, is un
aafc,nngracetul, unhealthy and unnatural
Dr. James C;Jackson, in his work on con
sumption, takes t,1 . ) same view. He days
that the present style in whiCh the ladies ride,
when long continued, is productive of numer
ous diseases, but thinks if women could have
dresses fitted for the purpose, and could ride
astride as men do, horseback riding might be
used not a means of occasional re
lief from the - monotony of life, but it might
be elevated into a national characteristic.
The only difficulty is, that if the ladies once
get the trowsers on they will not be content
with wearing them only when on horseback.
But in the march of improvement, this re
form in female equestrianism is sure to conic
about, we...may as well make up our minds
to it. A few dashing, determined fair ones,
braving the denunciation and ridicule which
old fogies of the sterner sex will heap upon
them, will introduce the custom, and in a few
years thousands of handsome Amazons,
mounted upon their steeds in the masculine
and sensible style of t h e Empress Catharine
of Russia, will be scouting along our high
ways in all directions. That will be the
ultimate out,oine of this one sided que.3tion.
Eaton an Cut Natters
CONCERT. - -The Handel Musical Soci
ety's first concert of the season, will take
Place at ltheem's Hall, Carlisle, on Thanks
giving Evening, (November 2G.) A rich
treat may be expected. The performance
will consist of a variety of Glees, Choruses,
Quartetts, &c., to lie accompanied by a splen
did Orchestra.
' trcr° The permanent company from
Carlisle Barracks left thk on Tuesday morn
ing last to attend the dedication of the Gettys
burg National Cemetery.
We call. the especial attention o
hese reptiles to Col. Ilubisus' report, and i
there is a drop of manly blood left in their
nendacious hearts, let it remind them of their
be divine service in the German Refor,iled
church of this place, on Thanksgiving Day,
at 11 o'clock, A. M. The Pastor will preach
an appropriate ser - non. Subject, The Slims
uPhe, Tunes. The public are respectfully
invited to attend,
tts,,..We again dirtet the attention of
our friends ; who may wish to purchase Iron
Railing of any description, or any kind of
I ruu ♦cork of a decorative cliuracter, for any
turpuse, to ilie advertisement of Messrs.
VOOD S. PEROT, Philadelphia,in another col
I N ESTM :%1 T. —Capitalists, desirous of ma
king a:prolitable investment i should not fail
to attend the sale of Mr. W. Chu 'lee Fran
ei,s.cus., at Papeltown, on Saturday next. Ile
()tiers to dispose of a valuable lot of ground
in the central part of that thriving and pros
perous village. This is a rare chance fur a
man of in, deride means to secure a delight
ful home.
AcciDENT —A young lad, named Ben•
jamin Senor, son et Mr. Alfred Seiler, of
this place, met with a serious occident on
day last. lie was on n gunning, expedi
tion in Perry county, and by some inadver
tency, the gun we d off, wounding him oe
verely in the neck and head. At first his
life was despoiled of, but we hear that the
physicians pronounce Min out of danger.
• IlintantLE AccutENT.—We' learn by
the Ilarrisburg Te/eyorph, that a man named
7 / 1 (;nots Shippensburg, in this
ci.Onm(t'', - ‘ , t i ta — hurntly — tuangleml, at the Leb
anon county Freight. Depot. in Harrisburg,
on Monday mourning last. One of his legs
was cut off about the knee, an arm nearly
off below the shoulder, and both hand: itt•
most severed from the wrists. Ile died on
Monday about noon, realizing his dreadful
condition. It is stated that when the acci
dent occurred, the unl'ortonate man was in
toxicated. This is another solemn waning
to those wh will " put an enemy into their
mouths to steal away their Urinal."
COItN 11USRINO.-oOr fartilerS the
Cumberland Valley have I,e m very brusy for
the past two or three weeks in getting in tbeir
corn. The weathe has seen very la.rocal,le,
and in many localities the corn is all husked.
The crop is generally very good, mid the
yield quite large.
It. M. S
Since it has been ascertained beyoiid ques •
(ion, that our brave soldiers, now in the rebel
prisons in Richmond are actually srifferimg
fur the necessaries of life ; and has also been
announce] by the rebel autherit es that food
as well as clothing he delivered to them if
forwarded from the 'rill, every effort is be
ing made to supply their pressing wants
Aid societies all over the loyal states are
malting up l,iroels of clothing and edibles
Let not our citizens neglect this important
matter Direct your contributions to the
christian commission in Philadelphia, and
they will be forwarded im nediately to Rich
CAPT. ITUTCHISON.—In another col
umn will be found the othoitil sooottat of the
49th P. V. in the late action on the nappa•
hannoolt. In that action Capt. Boyd Hutch.
icon, whose name is familiar to many or our
Clitiei;irtiqii‘o a prominent part, receiving a
wound in the face, which we are glad to. say.
is but slight.
When during the late political campaign,
Capt. IL believed it to be his duty to labor
for the sucouss of those principles of free gov.
ornment fur which for more than two years
previously he had been battling in the tield.
HOMO of our copperheads bore snerringly im
putted his motives, and referred to his ab
settee from his regiment (although in com
plianoe with orders from the war yepartmont)
as an evidence of his want of brailry.
VOTE or THANKS —At the meeting
of the Eastern Synod of the German Reform
ed church in this -place, the , following r... 50
utiori was adopted :
" Re.4olvy, That this Synod will long re
member the kind and Christian reception
and courtesy given them by the Pastor and
members of the German Reformed emigre•
gation and other-citizens of Carlisle, at its
annual sessiinis'amongst them, and pray that
the promises that are recoded in God's Word
to them, who are given-'to hospitality, they
he happily realized by them, and that the
Pastor he requested to read this, resolutior.
to his people, and also. to 'request its publi
cation in the papers of' the place,"
The Pastor and Coasistory of the German
Reformed church in this place,cordially unite
in the above exprertsion of grateful feeling
towards the citizens of Carlisle, for the lib
eral Christain hospitality with which they
aided them in affording entertainment for
the members of Synod ; and sha'l be pleased
to recipocra:e their kindness whenever op.
portunity affords it.
lature passed a law authorizing the Judges
of the Court of Common Pleas at Harris
burg, (Judge Pearson, President,) to appoint
three citizens as a Board of Appraisers to
investigate the claims (or damages in Ful
ton and Franklin comities, occasioned by
Stuart's raid. The Court has appointed A.
0. Iliester and James Worm'', Esqrs., of
Dauphin county, and Jacob Weidle, Esq.,
of Lebacon county, sail Board.
This is all right and proper; but we hope
those in authority will not " make flesh of
ono and fish of another." The people of
Cumberland and Adams counties suffered
severely by Ewell's and Fitzhugh Lee's dep
redations in June ar,d July last, and are
certainly entitled to compensation. Many
of our farmers lost valuable horses, cattle,
and other property ; our merchants were de
spoiled of nearly their entire stocks, and me
chanics and other citizens suffered in pro
portion. It the citizens of Franklin and
Fulton counties are entitled to indemnity,
so also are the people of Cumfierland and
Adams. We trust the nest Legislature will
take immediato action on this subject.
PROOF OF MARRIAOE.-It not unfre-
quently happens that clergymen, in marrying
a couple, omit to give a certificate of the
marriage, or to make any' registration of it.
Such evidence is rendered especially import
taut just now, as, in the case of the death of
a soldier, the widow must have a certificate
of marriage before she can receive a pension.
A Now Jersey paper, in speaking of this'
subject, as it respects that State, says : Upon
searching the records within the past year
for proof of marriage, nearly half of the un
fortunate widows have been turned away
with the remark : " The clergyman perform
the ceremony has neglected to 'comply
with the law."
Magistrates and clergymen should make a
note td thls, and act accordingly. Much loss
and trouble would be avoided if those per
forming the marriage ceremony would COM'
ply with the rovisions of the law.
--We would stazgest to our readers the pro
-priety -or gailri-.ring op their old rags and
paper and disposing of them to the paper
manufacturers. All kinds of paper has agaia
gone up to fearful prices. People should
everywhere save all their old papers and
rags and sell them. They are or. w worth
live or six cents per pound, while old tiecount
books or old writing paper of any kind is
worth Iron ten to twelve cents. The present
high price of paper is caused by the great
scarcity of rags. Therefore it is the duty as
well as the interest of every one, publisher
as well as reader, to San' his old rags and
paper, arid sell them to those who will glad
ly purchase them. This is a matter we are
all interestedin, for with the supply of rags
depends the price of paper, and comequently
the cost of books and newspapers.
Our streets and alleys ) even, contain an
abundance of geed clean rags and paper, and
woe Id some one gather them up and dispose ahem, he. co old—earn_ . .handsome
hood, as well as confer a favor upon society.
NEGRO Kt LLED.—The Passenger Train
on the Cumberland Valley Railroad, on Sat
urday evening last, ran over a reegro., who
was lying on the track r aboot three miles be
low Newville. The engineer saw him when
about two hundred yards otf, but found Lt.
impossible to atop' the train. 'The rre , ,, , ro was
literally cut to pieces. It is supposed he was
intoxicated and had fallen across the track,
as a broken bottle was bound by his side.—
We have not Eeamed his name- So saps the
Chan_ bersburg
am_Scorr's REviEws are more or
Its familiar to the reatAng public. They
furn;sh a mine of precious jewels to those.
who are accustomed to tax their kiteMedlbl
powers woh in3erasti•ng wools sk t Unit-
ing. this mine =ay he found solid iingott)
of gold, whilst treasures of less value win
reward the kber of those who are not fond
of solid metals. Every variety of topic is
presented to the mind of the reader. The
grave and the gay, the beautiful and the
sublime are happily blended. The reader,
according to his tastes, can wander through
the carernuns depths oft Dia:earth, and revel
among its mysterious revelations, or climb
to the stars, and, sweeping through the re
gions of space, behold in his flight the won
derful manifestations of the hand Divine.—
Ile may wander through magnificent gar
dens, bearing flowers of richest hoe, laden
with entrancing beauty; or, he may roam
along south silvery stream, winding its tortu
ous course through avenues of stately trees,
whose munificent shade invites him to the
most delightful contemplation.
EgTAIINSTKIt, fur October, presents the
following table of oontents ; 1, The French
Conquest of Mexico. 2, Wonola. 3. Mir.
tides. 4. Oervinus on Shakespeare.
The Treaty of Vienna: Poland. 0, Wit and
lletnor. 7. The Critical Character. 8. Vic.
for Hugo. 9. Macl.ny's Tilbingeu School,
10. Contemporary Literature,
" AND fluxtou" furnishes copious ape.
ehnens of the leading Wits and humorists
of England. Yet, after all that has been
said by Dr, Johnson, Sydney Smith, and
others, it is doubtful if we have a clear and
satisfactory definition of that singular blend
it g of words, whtch we call Wit and Humor,
which has rendered the soul of many a man
joyous and happy, as the uproarious laugh
rolled out upon the air.
tains some flue criticisms upon writers an,
Theology and Philosophy; Polities, Sooio,
logy and Travels; Science; History and Hi.
ography ; and Belles . .L i ettres. Strictures,
severe and scathing, fall upon the head it
many an unfortunate author. It is refreSh :
ing, eve'n il 'to refined humanity, to see gm
blood spurting from the gashes infljete4 by -
the keen blade of the critic upon tke gFoylh, .
less claSs that furnisli tba• iatoblrabig teach