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A. K. RHEUM, Proprietor.
Win. M. ,PORVER;I dltor. j
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Surveyor It. K
A ujitor tienoral—Tio , s. It. Coront: , ,r.
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Troastirer—llENßY 1). 31061111.
.1101400 of t.ho Supremo Court—A. Llostß, J. M. A EM
arF.O)/0, W. 11. Lownie 0. W. WOOOwARD..IOIIO M. HEAD
President J hod hones 11. 1;11i1:1111.
.Assriate Judges—lion, Mirhael Coe
"Divtriet Attorney—J. IV.
Ite,lvter—lC. A. Brady.
High Sheriff—Thompson 'Ripper: Deputy, -----
Cos s ty Trollsllrl,—.lolm lfutshell.
Coro. or—David Smith.
Cnl.nty Coln 111 INSi , 1111!1,—.1:1111hti 11. 11 7 :.4 nor, (ho,
)if lom.l K•,e,t,. Clerk to C o
Arm - trim C.
Itireetors o. the Poor—Wm. (;ilirev. John )tiller.
Wm. Corn Ina, Superiutendcllt or poor
theory S cyder.
Chief Ilurt , ,ess—.lobo
Assistant Bur4ess—Aohnn Sens...nun.
Town Council—.',iliatha-11.111, 1t W. 10, .1. IZ.
Ila...tan Carney, .101111 11311iort, .1. Fred.
(,rick Hiulclu, Samuel Ern.tninger.
Merit to 11. Nlasonln.imPr.
High nonstableS—Gro. Bent ly, .loseph Stuart. Ward
Constables—t,,.l, Bretz, AlldrOW ).1:n inn.
Justi..., of ilia 1. 1,. Simnslt.r, Pavid
Ml,ltaul 1101.mb, Atm, DOIIuIL
, rirst Presbyterian_ 13b0r.11, Ilortdlweat angle of Con
tro Square. Itev. 'Conway l'astor.—Services
"very Aunday Morning at 11 o'clock, A. 01., and 7 o'clock
Second Presbyterian Church, corner of South Hanover
and Pomfret ct,t. cats. Rev. Mr lid!,. Pastor. Settees
commence aL 11 o'..clock, A.. M.. and 7 o'clock It. 71.
tit. John's Chart:l,lP, ~t. t attLzle of
,ntro Square. Rev. Francis 1 Clef r, Rector. Set vices
at 11 o'clock I!, 71.
Lutltcratt Cllttrolt, llettlord het tveutt Main
l..mtlittr ,treo ts. Itev..l.tettl , Fry, ht...tor. t ertiees
t!At o'clock A. 0 1., and i 1 ,.; o'clot k p. N.
Gorman Reiltt toed Chttreh. het wypti ILlu i
OVer anti Vitt steeds. Philip , .
lees nt t l o'clock .1. M. a tot t,t I. 31
Methodist E. Church. Ord! e11at:,• . 1 ,, rn,r1 , 1 Main and
Pitt. Streets. Rev. Joseph A. Ross, Pabtot. tier ricesat
11 o'clt;ek A. 71. and tit.; o'clock P. 31
mot hodist 11. Ch ureic second charge.) Rev. Herniae M.
Not e. Set noes iii Fnuory 31. 11. Choi eh at 11
o'clock A . and 113,4 1 , 01.
P ttric Church, Pomfret near Mast st.
Ito r. James 11clley, l'astor. Services every other
klabb.tt Li at LII o'clock. A Capers at 3.
tlortnan Lutheran Church cornsr of Pomfret and
Bedford streets. Rev. 0. A. litn.ool l'astor. :-:ery lees t
It o'clock, A. M., and o'clock, P. 31.
Akir When changes In the above Jiro neces, , ary the
, roper persons are requested tc notify us.
Rev. TT. M. Johnson, D. D., President and Professor of
Di oral tiV10111:13.
James W. Marshall. A. M. -
William C. Wilson, A. M., Professor of Natural Sclenee
and Curator of the Museum.
Rue. thin. b. Boswell, A. M., Professor of Greek Lan
irtiav and Literature.
khrinuol D. Rittman., A. M., Professor of Matlininaties.
Joins K. Stayntan, A. M., Professor of Latin Lan
g nage and Literature.
A, F Mniliu, A. M., Pnnripal of the Grammar
BOARD OF SCHOOL DIRECTORS
Cornman, Prt,ident, 11. t'ox ton. P. Quidley,
Itutaurich, Soey..l. I lonidtn,
W. litty, 'll roasurcr, John : -. .1 , 1].tr, , LI
tho Ist Monday of oach )loot h at b u'clottlt. A. )1. at Ed
CIIII,IBLE DEPOdIT BANK.—President, MM. Ilendorson,
CimhieF, W. M. Ileotein ; Asst. Cosh ior, J. Mllasier ;
Toiler, .Jas. Ihiney,i Clerk, C. B Mahler; Messenger,
.1 oli it Underwood; Directors, B. M. Heinle' sou, John
Zug, Samuel Wherry, J. D. Gorges, Sklies Wimilburn,
11.. C. Woodward, Col. henry Logan, Ilugh Stuart, and
limas A whin:on.
ND VALLEY ItAn. 1100 e COMPANY.—President,
Frederick Watts . . Secretary cud Treasurer, Edward M.
Diddle; Superintendent, O. N. hull. Passenger trains
t slice a day. Eastward leaving Carlisle at 10.10 o'clock
A. 31,4 mi 2.44 o'clock P. M. Two trains every day
Westward, leaving Carlisle at 9.27 o'clock A, Al., and
3.30 P. M, - oilr
CAItLItILE GAB AND WATER COMPANYl—President, Lem
dm! Todd; 'Treasurer, A. U. Spousler; Superintendent,
George Wise; Directors, Ir. D'atta, \Ve. M. Beaten,
E. 31. Dlddlo, Henry Saxton, It. C. Woodward, John B.
Bretton, V. Gardner, and John Campbell.
CuitinattAnto VALLIIY ItAsig.—President, John S. Ster
rett; Cashier, 11. A. Sturgeon; Teller, Jos. C. Holier.—
Directors, John S. Sterridt, Wm. 11cr, MUMMA' . lirc:te
man, Ilichard Woods, John C. Dunlap, R0bt...0. Sterrett,
11. A. Sturgeon, and Captain John Dunlap.
Cuntborlm•'_ Star Lodge No. 197, A. Y. M, meets at
__2so44ol—liall—ort--tho--2135.-aus- 4 th-Tuestlnys — of Ovary
St. Johns La(lgo No 2130 A. Y. M. Meets 35 Thurs
day of each month, at Marion Mall.
Cavilslo Lodge No 01 I. 0. of 0. F. Meets Monday
e v °plug, at Trouts Inithllog.
Tho Union Fire Company wee organized In 1180.
Proslitea Commun., Vice President. Samuel
Wetzel; ocrotary, J. L, Hamden; Trolls l ncur, P. 11100
yer. Company meets the first Saturday in 11larch, June,
September, and December.
Tho Cumberland Fire Company wee institutedlebrm.
ary 18, 1803. Prokident, Thos. Thomeson ; Sccretaiy
Philip Qui;ley; Tletuturor, iI.D. Quigley Tho company
meets on the third Saturday of January n (ipril ; July,
'Ube hood Will them Company'Wes inititniod in March,
1855. President, A,Sturgeom. Vice Presldel4, C. P.
rich; Secretary, William D. halbert; Tree Surer,
Joseph W. Ogilby. The company inuots the *end
Thursday of January; April, July, and-October.
The - Ihnplre Hook and Ladder Company was Institut.
od In-1850. ...President, Wm.lll.Porter: Tice Preeldent,
John 0. Amos; Treasurer, Jolud Campbell; S e c r etar y,
John W. Paris. The company meets on ,the first Fri
tiny in January, 4.pril;July end October.
, Postage - on all lottorsof ono-half ounco weight or un
.der, 3 cones
_pre_ptdd,. oxcopt to Coliftwra orOregon,
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01. S AND SI-10ES:=—Just received
-n t IL B Chatty Cash 'Slum, nn outtro now
'stock of Igulles', NlANnie and MOrOCC0.1100tH:
sholts and °alters, of tho bust duality and luttsst pleas
Cannata, Oct. 25;1861.. • • - •
5 - dcrtviti alintill.
"I PEURII3US IJNUM."
The hart of the minstrel with melody rings
When the muses have taught him to touch nhd to
tune it :
hut though it may have a full octave of strings,
To both maker and minstrel the harp is a unit,
So the power that treater
Our Repu'Ellie of States
Into hirnony brings them at different pates 4
And. the thirteen or thirty, the Union once done,
Are ".E th.utuutia UNC3l"—of many mado ono.
The science that weighs in her balance the spheres, .
And vratilied them since first the Chaldean began It.
Nov and then, as she counts them and measures their
Brings Into our system and names a new planet
Yet the old and new stars—.
VIM no, Neptune, and Mars,
As they drive round the sun their invisible cars,
Whether faster or slower their raves they run,
Are "E Inuun:us 11Not",--of many weds one.
Of that systom of spheroc should but one fly the track,
Or with others conspire for a general dispersion,
fly the great central orb they would all be brought
Or held, gaeh in her place, by a Ivholcsrine coercion.
Should one danOlter olf light
Be Indulged in her flight,
They would all be engulfed by old Chaos and Night;
So in 11St none of our skters I.n stliTert•cl to roll,
For " F nines 12. , .1.31 , '—we all go Iloilo.
Let the demon of Discord our melody leer,
Or Tremion's red hand rend our Union assn rider,
Break 4.111, sti log from our harp, or extinguioh
The vie , li. systenis ablaze ith its 11,:htnIng and
Let the dlspord by hushed!
Let the trait ,, rs be crushed!
Though " legion" their name, and with victory
For aye must our motto stand, ft nntlng, the sun
"Id Pa 17711grs uNtm —, - - Trlliti:/1 M . lOO li'CitE'oN E.
It was a cottage. Don't tell -me that
I dtoilt know. haven't I been there to
gather roses and feast on strawberries?
Nu! it wasn't a cottage ornec—there
was nothing Frenchified about it. It
was purely American, and harmonized so
sweetly with the delightful scenery. No :
it hadn't a Hat roof, nor a portian; noth
ing at all of the kind. But then it had
rose vin , s running all over the windows,
and whole colonies of wrens that built
their nests and sang beneath its eaves
'ft) the right was a field of clover, red
w i t h blossoms; on the left, was an or
chard whence every wind scattered a
snowy shower of blossoms; in front was
a green lawn,' shaded with sonic massive
walnut trees; and in the rear opened a
long gra'sy lane through which the cows
walked every inorniw , ° to their pasture
beyond, and returnedl4_ , :the same W.ay:
knew well enough to Mom this 'cot
tage belonged. No, it wasn't to a school
teacher, or a preacher, or au author—no
such thingl It was built by the hand of
him who owned - it, and lived in it, and
had always admired his excellent taste in
blending the useful with the beautiful,
though I had never seen hint, my visits
having always been made to his wife, and
during his absence. I had heard of him
though; heard enough to make me in
tensely anxious to see hint ; for not a
female tongue in the neighborhood ap
proved of his wife's choice.
What is the matter 'with him ?"
asked ; "is he inunoral
Not that I know of," Was the rejoin
der; but to tell the truth, Dolly, he's
sufficiently ugly—his face is all scarred
and eie:d.nzed, 1 should think by fire,
and you know it always makes me ner
vous to look at anything of the kind.
four" man ! perhaps he got burned in
rescuing some child or feeble woman
from the flames ?" I said.
"Don't know; never heard ;, never
made inquiries; you know they only
came to live in this neighborhood last
SOllllllol', and I never dare ask what dis
figured hill], but 1 wish you would—oh,
1 should like to know!"
"I am considerable acquainted with
Mrs. Winslow," 1 replied ; "I thought
of calling upon her this morning; per
haps she will tell me without my asking."
"Do, that's a deco• good Doily
And I did.
The, whole atmoshere seemed redolent
ivith music and fragrance; I couldn't tell
why all the birds had taken it into their
heads to sing, warble, and build their
nests there; and I didn't know why it,
was that the mosses, buttercups, violets
and daisies should prefer that place to
any other ; but they seemed to, judging
from the profusion in which they grew.
The whole prospect was delghtfully
rural and picturesque, and over all lin
gered an influence of dreamy quietude
and repose. "-
A narrow footpath, croaked as footpaths
generally are, wound along through the
lawn, beneath the shadows of a giant,
walnut; and by this lapproached„enteted
the littleatc, and ascended the gravelled
walk, bordered by beds"of flowers, to the
door. It was open, and I went in. •
Alone—a serene and , beautiful huSh
The balmy wind nestle'd in the wreathes
of sridliy drapery hanging at the - .window
where great white and red roses bowed
their graceful heads, and the warm, rich
surlight cane in, and_ lay_ in bright bars
- of radiance upon the 'floor. -
-Not quite alone either—a cradle was
there; amtit required no conjuring to
tell that the cradle had an inmate—a self
dignWediboughtful, imperturbable little
baby, whose quiet calaitisss I could not
. understand. It was wide awake,
and' its great blue, eyes were staring with
infant • persistence at something. .1
couldn't tell what, then they turned upon
me,-and I returned the gaze. ••But it
_the baby: had . ' not a
foul or evil thought'
,to hide; it was not
conscious or , sin. in. word . or 'deed ; hence
there came , no blush to that delicately
roitnded . _Cheek; . no falling to. that Oahu
quiet eye, limpid asi n lake in aluxither,
serene as the heavena in Juno. .
There was` a ruSile. arid'a' flutter' Of
muslin,•the Pound of a light springy step
the gliiiipse of a fairy form, 'and Mrs.
A ..pAizg-2,:.•.' iom . 'ijiii . :::.i.llsia.i,*.::.:',ark,,64*_
„F_RI DAY, 2FEBRuivity_. 44. , „ 8 6 _
Winsl97 stood before me. She was not
very beautiful, -but—sparkling- and--viva---
Mous, with the glow of health in her
cheeks, and itslight in her eye.
The baby had roused up now, to be
sure; no more of its thoughtful serenity:
Its little form fairly fluttered with joy;
it laughed, clapping its dimpled hands.
"You've come to stay all clay with me,
haven't you? and baby had such good
company while mamma-Was gone, hadn't
it?" she said in a light, chirrupy way
that set off the little fellow with renewed
delight. Her invitation had only secon
ded my design, so removing my bonnet
and mantilla, while she sat down on the
rocker and took the baby, we prepared
to enjoy the day and each other:s society.
I can't tell what we talked about. No;
it wasn't of balls, nor operas, nor lions,
nor 'sights. No; the infirmities of the
clergyman were not, shown up. No; not
a morsel of private scandal was cut or
carved. But the time flew swiftly and
pleasantly after dinner, and when the
great round sun was sinking behind trees
that burned and glowed in the rich,
warm light, she came to where I was sit
ting, and without a word laid a portrait
on my lap. It was that of a noble-look,
ing, man, with expressive and faultless
":\ly4)and as he was," she answered
with a sigh. "You have never seen
"It is almost time for him to be here,"
she continued. "Yul will stay .with us
I replied that I should be happy to
form his acquaintance, and again looked
at his portrait.
cloCgit't Took" li - kn sb - e
answered, wiping away a tear. "Yet he
says," and a blush overspread her fea
tures, "he says. he shall ever have cause
to bless the tire by which he lost his
good looks, but which won him what lie
esteemed a thousand times more,valuable"
"Whnt was it ? I asked, with an unac
countable dullness of apprehension.
She pointed archly, and
.with a sweet
smile, to her wedding ring.
"Do tell me the story; I should be
delighted to hear it."
she sin led, Saying .
n l o : rf:now that you will consider
it very interesting ; however, several
reasons conspire to make me wish that
you should know all, and since you have
never heart], perhaps I may as well tell
Certainly, cell "
"You see when Mr. - Winslow first
began his attentions to me I wasn't sit all
pleased- He was handsome, I know, but I
had set my mind, very foolishly, I sup•
pose, on having a rich husband, and one
that could keep me above the necessity
of work.. So [ slighted and repulse il
him upon all occasions, making hint feel
not merely. indifference, but, actual loath
ing and scorn. Swill treatment one
might have supposed would have quickly
obliterated his passion ; on the contrary,
however, it seemed only to increase it.
"About this time I formed the ac•
quaintance of a city gentleman, whom
rumor reported immensely rich, and whose
intense selfishness was veiled benealh.
manner of the utmost suavity. Ilk at
tentions to me were marked, and not to
be mistaken - and though lie had not
spoken of love, lie acted and looked it,
and I believed him.
"At this time 1 lived with my mother
in our heautifnl cotta : re at North Bend ;
the place was very gly, awl social parties
large and frclinent ; I mingled in them all,
and Barton was my escort. Sometimes
I saw Winslow, but he seldom ap
proached me, thotiOi his deep sad eyes
seemed following me.
"It was in October, I think, the atmos
phere dry and 'cool, with night winds,
when as we were returning from a party,
late at night, I was surprised and shocked
by the appearance in the distance of a
deep red light that seemed to climb the
sky and quench the very stars. A wild
and awful presentment of approaching
evil at the same instant crossed my mind.
"If that should be our house," I ahnost
•'Nonsense—it is much farther off,"
'But I was not satisfied, and hurried
on eagerly dragging him with the
"We came Dearer, nearer. My fears
.were .all too true. It was' indeed our
home, wrapped in one broad sheet of
'smoke and flame. And forked tongues
were lapping the pillars, and shooting
front the windows, while up at one of the
sky-lights stood my mother in her night
" With one wild shrickl called theta
teiition of the crowd to her situation.—
Hundreds of people had by this time
collected, though chicily, as it 'seemed,
for the gratification of curiosity. Some
others shouting and giving orders, ,which
no one seemdinclined, to obey.
'"Aly mother, my mother,' I cried,
' will no ono go Jo the assistance of my
" Every moment the flames increased
_rapidity, surging, and
roaring like the sea in a storm. Still my
mother stood 'there, surveying the scene
with the resignation of a martyr. .
" 'Barton ! Barton l' I shrieked, 'for
God's sake help my mother.'
"He stood still. limplored and urged
hint. At lenges he turned toward me
.. ' -
with a frown,- saying :
"I cannot risk my own life 'to save
even your mother:"!., • • •
" Good Heavens! and . ' have loveclthe
man !" *The thought Tifs4rl seething
and' se;thing thrthigh nay.bram.
ft There was a shout, an 'el:alai:nation,
and utterance of brave, strong words.—,.
Some nervous' arm had placcd.a ladder,
and a man WaS rapidlyinounting—On=oti
through thel—denSe smoke wreaths—.
. ;by the
intense heat; on: he went.. It was a nio.:
.ment of iritensw...stispense_;_:.the -.crowd.
swayed' and rut rnured like *a wind-swept
wave. 110 appear - a again'; I saw myl
mother in: hisiwniS ;II kninv,thal she was
saved. Then - there was the::Crsh.r - of 4h - o
tion; and a great mist swain before - My
eyes; a noise not unlike that Of-the roar
ing flame 'Was in my ears, and 1 lost the
consciousness of surrounding objects..:
"Is it necessary to tell whe,it was that
thus rescued my mother? or emo
tions I experienced upon hearing how
deeply I was indebted to the man - I bad
despised ?-• - It 'is .- necessary; hOWOVer,'far
me to tell you that there and. then he,
forever lost the good looks which you ad-
Mire in that portrait. The clothes were
burned from his body, and the flesh of
his face and neck scarred and;scorched
till-the skin seemed of the consistency of
"'There, there, My dear," sah.l.4intinl . j
voice at the door• " you have told enough;
let me finish." "
I looked up; and a' man was , there, , on
whose countenance were deep- races of
the fiery element, but he didn't look ugly
to me at all. Each soar seemed rather.a
badge of honor, and the very soul of truth
and nobleness beaming radiantly in his
eyes. His wife presented him, and giV
ink; me his hand, he said :
" One whom my dear wife esteems so
much cannot be a stranger to me, and
now, since she has told you part—for
have been asad eavesdropper—let me tell
you the rest.!'
I joyfully assented.
" Then and there," he begani" - 111ird
the flames roaring. around me, and felt its
fiery breath scorching my cheeks, and
seemed to lap up the very springs of life,
but was conscious only of a great joy at
my heart, for the mother of - her I prized
was in my arms. I knew uflierLlA V eli,
ed the ground with my preeVous charge f
I heard the acclamations that rent the air,.
but could only think that I had made her
happy, and in the bliss of that-assurance,
forgot for a time my own sufferings, the
world, and everything.
"I lay ill through several weeks—
through days and nights that would have
been anguish indeed, hail I not known
whose care it was that had provided every
thbig essential to my comfort+ had not
such a pleasant face bent over me, such a
sweet Voice murmured in my ear, such a
st&t, hand ministered to my wants. Never
in the proudest days of my health bad I
experienced such exquisite felieity, as in
.110 w, when she.sat beside
me, when she brought me fruittand flow
ers, when she put her hand ininine,And
whispered something that would have re
paid suffering a thousand times bitterer
than mine "
" Oh, William l" she cried, blushing to
the very roots,or ,!ter ‘..(.lc;; ; gtelll s ow
silly and foolish l l was." -
" It was neitl - ier silliness nO .! folly," I
Ined, "but the reward of greitt vir
tue and heroism. Let hint go-on; lam
"I have -little more -- to
rued, " but when I grew strung and well
enough to walk about, I observed that all
the mirrors had been removed. Hither
to, in my deep happiness, I had thought
little of the sears, which I should have
known would do.facr my features, This
incident reminded me of it, and eAfdtcd
my - curiosity. When I requested one to
be bought she implored me to desist and
finally burst into tears. I knew it all,
now, but thank (101 l it didn't shock me
in the least. I took her in my arms, and
whispered that since her beautiful face
had become mine, I saw' no cause to re
gret the loss of my old one, and wouldn't
for the world change back again. You
have seen and love me now, I said, where
as, you didn't, before ; y o u know all iny
disfigurement, and with It your manner
has changed from scorn to kinduesS, so].
have nothing to mourn for.
" Every day of life since has convinced
Inc inure and wore that I spoke the truth."
ItEnEr, XANTIPPES.-If you want to
make an angel, soled a good WO man for
the material, anu if you Want to make a
real devil just pick out a bad one especi
ally if a secessionist. We notice that the
other;day a line cake was sent to Mrs.
lilreenhow„a rebel-lady confined in Wash
ington. Lieut. Sheldon stuck a penknife
into it in several places, and striking a
hard substance, opened it, and found
Treasury notes, fivei and tens, to a consid
erable amount; also a letter stating that
arrangements had been made to effect her
escape and conveyance to Richmond, and
naming the day and hour of delivcreucc.
When the lady found out the discove
ry that had been made from ber.cake, her
anger was uncontrollable. The Lieuten
ant bought her a nice new cake and sent
it to her, but she threw it dowwstairs.
A Baltimore widow, Mrs. Baxley, was
brought in to shcu'©' the prison of Mrs
Greenhow and Airs. Poole. She, was
three days from - Richmond with a valua
ble cargo. She had, among many, little
dm me nts—of --val u&-ttliout--pit rti- - -o Firer
clothes and person, thin papers hid in her
hair. One of the papers was ti• "Commis
sion in the rebel army for a yoniiityalti
naorean. She refused to siOcß.;:itillier
blanket marked "U. 5:" • 444 being
confined she sent to an officer 'Tor. differ
ent .ones. She soon received noti - ee to
sleep under them or go without;': '
I\l TII E —1) e 8 tl4 ;nether
when she is old. Age may wear and waste
a mother's beauty, strength, r;inbs. and c'S
tate ; but ber relation as a mother is its
the sun when it goes:forth it is gglit,fOr
'it is always in the maride:on,ankftnowetb
no evening. The person may helP'gray.
headed, but her metberly relatiiih is ever
in its flourish. It may he, aidtglinyea
winter—with a moman, but tiara, moth
„or it is alWays spring. ' •
Alas how little do we appreciato.a meth.
er' . stenderness while living ? How heed
less are we in youth bf - all .her anxieties
and kindness I I.34'when she is- dead
and gone ' • when the ' 'cares and coldness
of the world come withering titi•tbar hearts;
when ' 7, ive. oxperiened 'IOW hard it is'. to
find-true sYmpatby;-bowloWleve us for
ourselveSi•bow few - will befriend . , us in
misfortune—then, ,aye; -then' iS'iliitt"vie
think olkho mother We have lust. •
Tllo J.ohdon ThnOs on thO Reception of
Fl ie following is the articl.6 of the London
Times on the reception of Messrs. Slidell and
Allison, "comparing these two fellows" to ne
gross,' and . citherWise complimeni:ing their
" 'worthless - booty."' -
[From tho London Timts,JAnunry 11.]
I,_,A,,turn,of the _wheel, .which, the American
_caihinekhas managed to--make-ns u sedden.as
•posSible,,brings us a now question. The four
American gentlemen who have wit us into our
'late trouble, and cost pe probably a million a
piece, will - soon be in ono - of our ports. Any
day and bqur we may expect to hear of their
arrival at-Liverpool,.and their journey to the
metropolis. tilt° the rest of their countrymen,
they believe themselves to he of immense im
portance to their cause, whatever it may be.
Neither - side - con give - England.: theThinallest
credit for understanding, or wishing to under.
.stand, or having the capacity to understand,
the rights of their-case; and so nothing Will
'Serve them but there must be somebody al
ways dinning In our oars some dot^ its or plitti 7
tildes to which the speakers attach a special
'Value: Federalist after. Federalst, Confed- '
crate; after Confederate, has arrived in this
country in the full persuasion that if he were
l'OriCe 'permitted to occupy the, attention of
Lord Palmerston or Lord Russell night and
day for - a forntight, or page of the
Tomes every day for that period, England
would at last begin to have an inkling 4nf the
case, and Would rush to the aid of the Feacr
..a.Lor the Confederate cause, Those two Com
-missioners and ,their Secretaries are not un
likely to think even more of their importance
thanot her similar arrivals, having witnessed
in 'their own
_persons, the rapid anxiely_of the,
- or ffirr Northern countrymen not to let them I
be seen or heart:Lin this island. To the se
dale English mind this ridiculous rivalry for
the exclusive possession of the British ear is
only on older version of what is often witness
ed in our nurseries.
_A fearful uproar of
words, screams and blows reaches the mother,
Wketbasten - s-W.alla.y-the-. tumult: - -When -she
arrives she finds all Confusipn, and Master
Johttand Master Torn each with a tale of out-_
rages and provocations, each resolved to have
the word, and-afraid of nothing so much as
that the other should get a bearing. The pa
-1 rent seeaCuough to be sure that both were
I abundantly in the wrong, but that it is impos
sit•le to adjudicate between them. The gen
eral inn presriiou in this count ry is that hot h !ridee
in the States have acted as ill as could be, and
it-is not for England to decide which of them
hears .. the palm for insolence, outrage, (reach
try and folly. However, Messrs. Mason and
Slidell will not be easily persuaded but that
they can throw much new light on the cup
lure, and on its bearings upon our interests.
If we will only be so good as to shut both our
eyes and our oars to evoryhody and to every- -
thing else, and take in for gospel all that If ey
say, We-shall at least be in a condition to forty
an opinion on this quarrel, and the only opin
ion we can possibly come to is l hat we must im
mediately reougui7e the Southern n Stat-s. son*
a fleet to break up the blockade, sweep the
Northern commerce off the sect, and finally as
sist to inaugurate Mr. Jefferson Davis in what
ever city of the whole Union he would prefer
for that, purpose.
•. How, then,- aro we to receive these
ous visitors? f course, they will be stared
at. and followed, and photographed, and made
the subject 01 paragr,phs. 'lnert: is no help
fur that. Mr. Thomas Sayers cannot walk
the streets with a Ii cud, of ask the Mayor fop
pernii.,siou to put , up'a booth In a tuarket•
place, but the crowd immediately concludethe
rough, hard-vi-aged, ill-favored pair to be the
Confederate Commissioners. Messrs Mason
and Slidell, with their two Secretatics, thou:di
net so hands,one, and graceful as their cotta.
tryman Illondin, would certainly fill the
Ch cyst Palace if they proposed to address
the ti-itors there ou the merits of their mitise
Cut, lor the benefit of the dtscruninating,—
for the guidance of the minority that prefei
nt leAst n re , peetable idol, awl that duos not
wish to throw away its confidence and, ap
plause, we may as well observe that Mes-rs
Mason and. Slidell Ilre 10,)1 , 11' the Wllllll
- booty it would be pos , oble to extract from
the jaws of the American lion. They have
long been known us the blind and habitual
haters and revailers of this country. They
have done more than any other men to got up
the insane pi ejudice against En g land which
di-graces the morality 'Loll disorders rite pot
icy of the Union. The hatred of this country
has been their stock in trade Os this they
have earned their political livelihood and won
their position, just as theme are others who
pander to the lower passions of humanity.—
A diligent use of this bad capital has made
them what they are, and raised them to the
rank of Commissioners. It is through their
life-Jong hatred and abuse of England they
they some here in their present conspicuous
capacity. The nation Under Whose tang they
might a safe passage across the Atlantic—the
nation that has now rescued them with all
her might from the certainty of 1k dungeon and
the chanees'of retaliatory murder. is that
against which they have always done their
hest to exasperate their countrymen. Had
they perished in the cell or on the scaffold,
amid the triumphant yells of the multitude,
memory would hove suggested that their own
bitter tirades had raised a storm, and that
their death was only the natural and s lowical
conclusion of their own calumnies and sophis
So we do sincerely hope that our country
men will not give theso fellows au} thing in
the shape of an ovation The civility that is'
due to a foe in distress is all that they can -
Wo have returned them good for evil,
and, Booth to say, we should. be exceedingly
sorry that they should ever he in a situation
to choose what return, they,will make for the
good we have now done thorn. They are here
for their own interest, in order, if possible to
drag us into their own quarrel, and, but for
the unpleasant contingencies of a prison,
Nther disappointed, perhaps, that their deten
tion has not provoked a new war. When tiniy
-me pped-omboa rildbe-Tren t+hey t-tra
ble themselves with the thought of the lids
ohief they might be doing an uneffending neu
tral ; and if now, by any less perilous device,
they could entangle us in the war, no doubt
they would be only too happy. We trust
there is no chance of their doing this, for, im
partial as the British public is its the natter,
it certainly has no prejudice in favor of sla
very, which,, if anything, these gentlemen
What they and their Secretaries are to do
hero passes our conjecture. ,They'aro person
ally nothing to us. They must not snppose,
because we have gone to the very verge of a
great Warto rescue them, that therefore they
are precious - in our eyes. We. &Auld have
done just as much to rescue two of their own
negroes, and, had that been. the (Neat of the
rescue, the swarthy Pompey and Caisar would
have had just th 9 stains rights to triumphal
arches and municipal addresses as Messrs;
'elm and Slidell, - , British ,
let's haro mine of theso things. - Let; the Com-
Miasionere cone e p quietly to town, and have
their say with anybody who . may have time to
listen to them: 'll'orour :part, We cannot see
how anything they baVe - to tell can ttien the
scale-of DritishAtuty and deliberation. There
have been so many cases of people and nations
establishing an actual
,independence; and com
pelling the recognition of the; world, that
• we ba•ve to dogs-what, i
We have done 'beforg )
npito the very last year„: This s.: now a•sin ,
ple matter of precedent. Pur'stateanieW and.
lawyers ltnow cohost's inuelt on' the subject as
Messrs. 'Mason tuakStidell., ; 'end neohi no,nood.
. of their information: or advieb..
INSTRUCTIONS IN. PILV.PATUNG
CLAIMS FOR. SOLDIERS,'PAY,
For the information of many of our read•
era who have friendS in the army, we publish
the following information :
To enable those who may have claims
upon the United States, for money duo
deceased ofticers'and soldiers, on account of
military serviced' rendered; isthether in the
regular or: volunteer service, to obtain the
same, with. the least delay, it will be neces
sary to observe the'following rules.
ORDER - OF PArNIENT
Oi•der first—lf the diseased.was 'married
'payment will be Ma - de-Ist,' to the widow;
2d, if no widow, to his child, or children ;
if minors, to the guardian.
Order Second:-L-If lie died unmarried
-Ist, to his father; 2d' if the father is dead,
ho the mother; if both parents are dead,-to
the brothers and sisters, collectively; lastly,
to the heirs general—(to be diStrilmted in
accordance with the laws of the State in
which the diseased bad his domicils.)
APPLICATION, PROOF AND AUTHENTICATION
APPMCATION —The claimant Or claimants
must makea written application, under oath
and over his, her, 'or their signature, stating
his, her, or their name, age, residence,
connection to the *diseased, with the letter
or names of the captain of the company and
regiment to which'he belonged; time of his
death and nature of the pay Claimed—
Whether "arrears of pay," ; and the ,$l.OO
bounty," . under the act of July-22, 18G1.. '
Pttdor.=To satisfy the accounting officers
that the person or persons thus claiming is
or are entitled to the money he, she, or they
claim, the , deipsitions of two creditable
witnesses will be require 4. stating that they
are acquainted with the claimant or claim.
ants, the connection held to the deceased,
and that (the deponents),are disinterested.
Proof of marriage (record evidence, if
possible.) must always accompany the
applications of those claiming to be widows.
If the soldier dird - unmarricd; it. m ust he A - 15
stated by the applicant, and also by fly dis
AcrtlENTicAlrloSt—The application and
depositions, above required, to'be Subscribed
and sworn to before a judge, Commissioner,
notary public, or justice of, the peace, duly
authorized to administer oaths, accompanied
by the certificate and seal of a court. of
record as the act of the said judge, dc.,
being duly c•oinmissior•ed and acting in his
official capacity at the time of the execution
of the foregoing papers.
AnmtsisTnaTtos.—As the taking out of
"letters of administration" is attended with
eonsiderable expense - (often necessiry,) it is
suszgested that it be done wily when required
by the Auditor.
Discnallet , .l) Sot.mmts.-When a soldier'
volunteer) is discharged,he is or (should
tic) furnisln•d with a regular "Discharge"
and two (duplicate) "Pay certificates."
Upon these papers lie can be paid by n
paymaster of the army upon their presents.
hon. Should he fail to present them for
paytnent to a paymaster, or, having present.
ed them, and payment rotused ; _and - they are
sent to this office, the applicant must state
the reasons for• such refusal, accompanied by
pro Ala identity and authentication, as iii
the case of deceased soldiers. In no case
should the "oath of i !entity," on plop bar•!• of
lie "Discharge," be tilled up, as the "Dis
charge" is returned to the swdi'r after his
claim has been acted upon. Where 'Tay
Certificates" have been witheld, he must
send all other papers given to him at the
time of his discharge, together with the
affi lavit of his captain, that no ''Pay
Certificates" were given to hint, and the
reasons lot• withholding them.
llorNTr.—No disc/otry , ,/ volunteer can
receive the bounty provided by the act of
July 2d, unless 'he shall have served
lor a period et two years, or during the war,
it SOU W r ended i•' but "the wi,l w , if there
be one, and if not, the loyal heirs of such
as die, or may be killed in the service, in
addition to all arrears of pay and allowances
shall receive the sum of one hundred dol.
PENSI-NS.—A pWication for pensions, on
account of "d:sability" recciyed in the
service, should he made to the trmintnission-
Or of l'k:usionB.
Isloor or PArmENT,—PaymentS will he
made by an order from the accounting
officers on any paymaster or the army.
Such order will require the si:tqature of the
claimant on its face before it will be paid.
Mom.: of PausEsTisu CLA IMS.—A II claim
ants wilting to obtain information, or to
present claims, can communicate with this
office by mail, and will receive as spoerly a
reply as the bitSlllC.5 . B r J Mr! olliec will allow.
POSTA a E.—The Govern me at pays all
postages on suclimmunications, Whether
received or transmitted by this office.
A. compliance with the above rules will
insure a • prompt settlement of all claims,
without unnecessary delay.
Address, EZRA B. FRENCH',
Second ,Auditorof Treasury Department,
Washington City, D. C.
OLD TIME WINTERS
In 16.11 the cold was so intense that the
Thames was covered with ice sisty•one
inches thick. Almost all the birds perished.
In 1692 the cold was so excessive that the
famijed wolves entered Vienna and at.
tackeqieasts and- even inon. Marl people
in Germany were frozen to death in 1692,
and the winters of 1697 4 ,and 1699 were
nearly as bad.
In 1709 occurred the famOns winter called
by distinction the cold winter. All the
rivers and lakes were frozen, add even the
sea_fol seyera wile tiro rn the al tore.---Th
ground was frozen for nine feet deep, birds
and beasts were. struck dead in the fields,
and men perished in their own houses, by
thousands. In the south of France the wine
,were all most all dostroYcd, nor
have they yet recovered from that fatal
disaster. The Adriatic - sea was frozen, and
.the Mediterranean about Genoa, and
the citron and orange groves suffered ex
tremely itsi the finest parts of jtaly.
In 1716 the winter-was so intense that
people_travelled across the Straits from
Copenhagen to Hid province of Senia in
Sweden . ,
• -In 1726, in. Scotland, multitudes of cattle
and sheep-Were buried iii the snow. '
In 1710 the winter was Scarcely inferior
to-that of 1709. The snow lay ten feet deep
in .Spain and Portugal. Tip 3 'Auyder Zee
waS'Oen over, and thousands of people
went -over it. And the lakes •in .ngland
were frozen over.
• In 1141 the winter *m4 iviery Berme' and
cold. Snow fell in Portugai• to the depth of
23 feet on the 16'v'pl: .- •.•
1n1751 and 1755 tlie_ winters were ,very
severe and cold: In England the strongest'
ale, extnised to the air in nee* was covered
in fifteen minutes with ice one eight of an
inch thick. • •
• In 1711 Abe •: river'Elb was frozen to tho,
Iu 171:6 • the Danube borolce_five — febt.
deep hOIOW Vienna. VfOt munbets•ot Ihe
feathered •and fu.ny tribes Perished. • ' . •
The winters of 1771 and 1775 ‘itire
$.l. 50 per annum in advance
$2, 00 if not paid in advance.
uncommonly severe• the Little Belt was
From . lBoo to 1812 also, the winters viCie
remarkably cold, particularly the latter, in
Russia, which proved so disastrous to the
May the blossom of; hope never be
Days are lost in the Inmentations over
the loss of days. •
The religion of Christ reaches and chan
ges the heart, which no other religion
That of Ichich people are often the
proudest, is their pride.
The heart is a book which we, ought
not to tear in a hurry to get at its con
We are never beneath hope while above
hell, nor above hope while beneath Heav
Little sincerity is to be expected be ,
tween beligerents. Even those cannon
ball arguments are all irony.
Nothin g is nobler than the arist4ol,o l l f „,l;
instituted by God; few things arocieiktie:
than those set up by men.
In the hope of making mutton of our
brace tars, the Secesh Sec. of the Nary
has ordered fOur steam rams.
Most great inventions are gradually de
veloped through a series of years, Tho
age and not the man invents.
The laying of hands, one of the old
forms of healieg,sometimes proves dn . sgt
gravation incases of love-sickness.
Difference between the seizures of the
" Trent" and " Caroline." One was nab
bed—the other 111e'Nab'd:
. We are commanded to let our light
shine befoye-men ;
the man with a red
nose keeps his light shining before him
When Heaven sends storms upon men,
they must imitate the humble grass which
saves itself by lying meekly down.
The fixed purpose sways and bends all
circumstances to its uses, as the wind
bends the reeds and rushes beneath it.
That's It.—Why is a newspaper like
the blood of a healkhy man Because
very much depends upon the circulation,
Dandies aro made for the tailors.
'What would a tailor be without two or
three dandies to show of his workman
By. constantly doing good, you can put
the envious to-such tome. as you might
enjoy if you had the malice of a fiend.
The monument of the greatest should
be but a bust and a name. If the name
is ummtlicient to illustrate the bust, let
Wordsworth cautions a studious friend
against " growing double," but the girls
think it is the best thing a nice young
man can do.
What two birds will a person get, if itl
jumping after a boat he should miss—
and fall in the water ?—A duck and
Druggist's Inquiry to a Little Boy—
" Sonny, what did you come for
Little Boy.—''l conic Jr) camper!
The cup of patience is carved by angel
ic hands, set around with dimonds front
the mines of Eden, and filled at the eter
nal fount of goodness,
The passing, years drink a portion or
tl.re light from our eyes, and leave their'
traces on our eireeki, as birds that drink
at lakes leave their footprints on the Mar
" I have millions of money;" said a
dashing gent to a girl about -to run away
with him ; "but you might as well serape
up all the jewels and spare change you
If a man who has got to the top of a
bill by-honesty is ashamed to turn about
and look at the lowly road he travelled, ho
deserved to be taken by the neck and
hurried down again..
In the winter, the sun protnises his
coming by a long morning twilight, but,
when he comes he shines dimly and sets
soon. And so with men, the longer their
promises, the poorer their performances.
An exchange, recording the fall of a
person into the river, says
" It is a wonder ho escaped with his
Prentice says " Wouldn't, it have been
a still greater wonder if be had escaped
" What's ,the matter, Frank 2" said his
mother to our little, three year old, who
tivns &cabled with a pain the other day ;
" got the back ache 2'
"No r mo not . the back Iloilo ; me got
A despatCh from Salt Lake City says:.
that a territorial convention met•tbere on
the 22c1, and drew up a, State constitu
tion; to be stibMitted to Congress,
which Utah demands admission into the'
Union. Nothing is said about the'cluir-'
actor of the - constitution; ----- ,
At noon one day. about four weeks ago,
a man was seen running as fast as ho
could through one of tho prineipal,streets:
of Yaris, with nothing on but his Shirt
end shoes: When stopped by the . police .
he gavo,ns` an excase that he was subject
to attacks neuralgia, and 'had rushed out
of the' house while so sufferirig.
The Cotrunittee of the Philadelphia Ci
ty Councils oharged iv ith investigating the,
_effects of salt in the streets on 'health, as .
used!by the city •railivay companies to
clear their tracks, seep), to have,thds: fg
ascertained; by the testimony orsoientifil'
men e thnt tho people kayo been labOring
aindef a groat delusion on the
The - bilibions of PhYsielanS and 'otter coni ,
potent witnesses diSpel• the belief in" the,
current rumors about: the inereasea
alone° of colds;