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♦. E. SHEER, Propr ietor.
Wm. M. PORTER, Editor.
TERMS OF PUBLICATION.
The OA RUBLE thaw; in published weekly on a large
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sent to sueseribers living out of Cumberland county
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Aivertiseuteufa Inserted before Marriages and deaths
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noortpd without charge.
The Carlisle herald JOB PiLLNTINO OFFIdP, Is the
I or rest m oil complete estahliohmont In thecounty.
Four- cre•Vl Premoes. mad a general variety of, material
Suite I for plain and Fancy work of every kind. enables
no to d.,.F01s Printing at the shortest notice and os the
mast reamonoble terms. Persons in want of nulls,
Blanks or anything in the Jobbing tin.,, will Bud it to
ribs interest to give us a call.
general MO COCCILC Information.
11. S. GOVERNMENT
President."—Aßßa HAM LINCOLN.
Vies President— (l.4R RIVAL HARLIN.
Secretary of State—Wm.. 11. SeNTAno.
Sneretnry of Iniorior—Oatan
Sonrotary of Troasury—SALMON P. 011ANI.
Secretary of War—SIMON BARI/RON.
Bocretary. Of NAY) , WELLVS.
Post Master GeneraI—MONTGOMERY BLAIR.
Attorney (General—RDWAßO BATES.
Chief Justice of tho United States—lL U. TARRY
Governor—Ammo, G. CURTIN.
Secretary of State—Bid SUPRA.
Surveyor General—Wm. 11. Kam.
Auditor lheneral— rllO3. 13. Coduaaa
Treasurer—Di:TßY D Moca
JuAtt.os of the Supreme•Court—E. Lewis, J. M• ARM.
ItZONO, W. (11. LOWIllg G. W. WOODWAIID. JOHN M. RPM,
unction was a ong this ridge,' and
crosses Bull Run about three miles from
the former place. The Warrenton turn
pike, which runs nearly east and . west,
goes over this ridge, through the village,
and crosses Bull Run, about four miles
from is, Bull Run having a .course be
tween the crossing from northwest to
southeast The First division • (Tyler'S)
was,'stationed on the north side of the
Warrenton turnpike, and on the eastern
slope 'of the Centreville ridge, two bri
gadea on the same toad, and a mile and a
halt' in advance, to the westif the ridge,
and One brigtde en the road from'Centre-i
vtlle; to. Manassas where it crosses Ball
Rum- atAllackbuiVit Ford Where General
Tyler had the engagement Of the 18th
The Second Division (Hunter's.) was
ori the Warrenton turnpike, one Mile east
of Centreville. The Third Division
(Beintfelmares) WAS on 'a road known-es
First Presbyterian Choral" Nor thsrest • angle Of Con the Old Braddock road, which comesinto
;Ve square. itea...Con.way P. Wing Pastor.— services Centrevitie from the soothed:it, about a
erySunday Morning at ILo'clock,A.l M., and 7 o'clock J oi e 0 - A .: -
OD 3:half ..f_rore_the...,vl,llage.,___The.-
Second Presbyterian Church, wrter of Suu4)r;llahoveri Fifth Division. (Miles') wus On the same
and Pomfret streets. Rev. Mr lielid,..Padtur..'.l3 - ervicd s road With thei - Third , Divisi
tO on, and be=
taaltstlee 1.1 o'clock, A. M., and 7 o'clockP. AL, "'
St. Johu'a•ChUrah, (Prot. Episcopal) northeast angle dt tweeh it and Centreville. A map which
Centro Square. Rev. Francis J. Were, Rector. Serviced.- • •
at 11 o'clock A. 31 4 -and 3 o'clock, 31, ,IS . herewith, marked, A, will show these
English Lutheran- ektUro4, - .BIAIrOid
. botwebn :Alain Positions better than-Lean describe their.
at -2. ',out her Otroats.' Rev. Jacob Pry, Pastor.' Services' '
at 11 o'clock A. M., and 6% o'clock e. M. On Friday night a train-of subsistence
(iceman Reformed Church, Louther, between Ilan, •
Over cod Pitt streets. Rev. A. il. Kremer, Pastor.—; arrived, and on Saturday its contents were
Services at 1I o'clock A. hi, and 6 o'clock p.ll ordered to be issued to the command and
Methodist IL Church, (first charge) corner of ,
Pitt strew,. Rev. Joseph A. Ross; Pastor. kierpcesit • the men.required to have three days' ra
-11 o'clock A. M. and 8 o'clock P.
Methodist K. t urch(second chavge.).Ros. Rermati 31,,! tions in tlietr - luiv(rsacks. On Saturdah.
J0 i,„.,„ pastor. Services in Emory st; s•eliiirch at , ll I orders were issued for the available fora
o'clock A. M. and 6 P 31.
St. Patrick's Catholic Church, Pomfret-flier Mist to march As reported to you In my let-
Jainea Kelley, Paster- Servleee .every other''ter 19th
et Loemy personal pectin
sabb3th At: 10 o'ciock. Vespers at 3..
Gorman Lutheran Cburen ep r u , r- of Pomfret and noissarick of the roads to the south had.
Bedford streets; Rev. 61. A, Strunti berviceso ! •
- shown that it was not practicable to carry.
I o'alogk, A. 31., and 6 1 4 o'clock, P. 3.1.• -
oz-When changes in the above are neces/ary the out.-.the original plan of turning the en ,
proper persona are re q uested to,nohify us. .
einfs'position on their right- .The affair
.tife -11th .a t Blackburn s.Ford, showed
he was too strong at that , point, for. us to
force a passage there without great loss.;
-and if we did, that it would bring us in
front of his strong position at•Mahassas,
which was not desired. Our information
was o that the stone bridge, over which the
Warrenton road crossed Bull Run, to the,
west 'of Centreville, was defended by a
buttery'in position, arid the road on this
Side of the stream impeded by a heavy
abattis. The alternative was, therefore,
to turn. the extrothe left of his position.
Reliable information was obtained of an
undefended ford about three miles above
the bridge, there being- another ford be•
tween it and the bridge, which was de
fended. It was therefore determined to
take the .road to the 'upper ford, and, after
crossing, to get behind the forces giitird.
ing the lower ford and the bridgg, and,
after-occupying the Warrenton road east
of the bridge, to send a force to destroy
the railroad at or near Gainesville, and
thus break up the communieation between
the entin y's forces at Manassas and those
in the valley of Virginia, before Winches
ter, whieli had been held in check by
Major General Patterson.. •
Brigadier General Tyler was directed
Ito move with three of his brigades on the
Warredton road, and commence cannon
ading the enemy's •hotteries, while Bun
ter's division, moving after him, should,
after passing a little stream called Cub
run, turn'to the right and tiorthyarid-move
around to the uprierford,": : and there turn
south and get behind the' enemy.-
geintieltaan's ilivisionmas to, fallow . }lnk-.
teen aii far -as •this
r turhing oil place ; to the
lower ford, where' 'h# "Mile 'etties.'zitter
the enemy should •,haVe - been:driven out,'
by Hunter's division
,; the - Fifth '.Division
(Miles') to hegira reserve tlie•Cntre;
vile ridge.' •_• ,
rhed felt anxious about the road•from
Matiassaa by Sleek butt's Aril to•Cein ire
vile aking this ridge fearing that whilst
we 'should be - in'•force to • the front, and
endeavoringqo turn the entitiVs position,.
We ourselves should be turners by yllnr;by.
this road; for.if he should , once- ' obtain
all -the. country to ;the west to tbk feot of
the arplareof :we should
have, been' •irretrievably Cut of turd des
troyed. hid, .therlifore,' -directed. this
point_ to;be'bold ' in force ,
I gisider extemporize Some .6.eld Works : to
• - The Fourth ,. (Run'yon'e) . had
.n heek brought tiitlikfroiit furiliar. than
to - guard, oar -cemniuttications , way of
Vienna eiP4.'; , ,iVe Or'engei..etieV. - Alirzauririo
railread.:,. His advtiheed- regiment was
about Of , Centre
President Judgci—lion. James U. Graham.
Assiiciate Judges—lion. Micheer Cocklin, Paulin
District Attorney—it W. D. Ginelet.
itelpr.ta' f 114.1 ^loytt..
Itegistertt: A: 'Brady.
Iligh' Btteill—:ltobt. McCartney; Deputy, 8. Keepers
County Treaaurer-;-Alfrod L. eponster.
Coroner--John A. Dunlap.
comity Commissioners—Nathaniel fI. Eckelis. James
It. •Wagvner. Goo Miller. Clerk to Commissioners,
Directors of the Poor—Jno. Trimble, Abralumf Dos
lor,,•Jbhn Miller. Superintendent of Poor 'Joust—
Chief Dm..."am—John Noble,
Town 1,1 itiacil —John dutshell, Wm. W.. Dale, J. R.
Irvine. [Eaten Carney, John Halbert, J. D. Parkeri Fred
mirk inkleiSautuel Eneulthger.
Clerk to Couttcli.—.Jas. U. Manonheimer.
High eonatablea—geo. Beatty, Joseph Stuart:. Ward
Conatablee—Jacob Bretz, Andrew Nlartin.
Justices of the Peace—A. L. Sponger, David Smith
S.Dshael Holcomb, Abne. Debra. . .
R.,v. R, M. Johuson..D. D., President and pretessnr
James W . ;ii,ftutsor of.tattn Len;
guaglniCand Literature. - ,
her, Wm. L, Bunnell, A.M., Professor _ of Grieit Lan.
gunge and Literature. •
IVIIIItsca WllsOn, A. M:, Professor ofikintairarßeiiiiee .
and Curator of the Museum.
samnel P. Bllltuan, A. M., Professor of.Mathsmatiee..
A. F., Alußiti, A, 8., -Principal .of . the Brawnier -
John, . 8..9t0rm, Aesistent In the Grattlnntr SOLOOf
BOARD OF SCHOOL DIRECTORS
A.ndrow Blair, Prenlaont, H. Saxton, P. Quigley, E
001 . 1111alltk. 0. P. ilumerlek,J. Hamilton, Secreharydrison
W. gbh Treasurer, John Bphar, Messenger. Meet on
the Ist-Monday or each Month at 8 o'clock A. E. at kd•
okuusts Dtreerr lianc—Provident, IL H. Henderson,
Cashier. W. 5.1. fleet= ; Asst..Cashler ' J. Hasler;
Taller, Jas. honey; Clerk, C. II Prahler; Messenger,
John Underwood;, Directore, Henderson. John
Zug, Sam del Wherry J:1). Gorges, Sidles WoOdbUrn,
IL U. Woodward, ,COI. Henry Logan, Hugh Stuart, and
Connenta..4l),Farlei Hart Roan Cowrawr.—Prestdent,
Frederick Wntis ; Secretary and Treaeurer, Edward M.
Biddle Superintendent, C. N. Lull, Passenger trains
twice a day. Eutward bearing Carlisle at 10.10 o'clock
A. M. and_2.44,.o'clock: P. M. - Tip trains every' day
Westward, leaving Carlisle at 0.27 o'clock A; Di., and
8.20 P. H.
08111,111L1 .43 / 1 5. AND WATZRCOIIPANY,—President, Len'.
nol Todd; Treasurer, A. L. Sponaler; Superintendent,
George Wise^ Directors, F. Watts; re;
R. M. Diddle,Venry Saxton, R. 0. 'WoodWard, John'''.
Drattoui : F. Gardner, and Jahn Canipbell.
CLINOOL.AMD YLLILBT BANI,--VitildtlElt, John S. Sten.
nett; Ceihiiir, hi. A. Sturgeon; Toiler, Joe, C. llorter.—
Directors, John S. Sterrett, Win. Her, Ideleboir lirene-
Man, Richard Nfoode,lohn C. Dunlap, Itobt. 0. Sterrett,
ILA—Sturgeon, and Captain John Dunlap.
Comboile-f.' Btu. Lodge No. 1.97, A. Y. U. meets at
Marton ;Inajt t41 1 :01d anif ,Ith Tuesdays of every
Bt. Joltha.todke No 2.6 q A. Y. M Meetq !Id„Tbins
day of each .niontb,,it,Marion Mall.. ,
Liidgq N0191'.1. .0., of O.;Z ..Bleota.:Monday
livening, at, Tcpit..6
VIC4E",e O b I VANIE9:
, . .
The- Union:P . lra ,CoMpauy . tram organiaed,-In.. MO.
preakie.st, R. Cornman r Vice President. Samuel
womel; Secretary, J. D; Hampton; Treasurer, P. Mon
yer. Com - pairy Meats the first Saturday In March, Juno,
Baptumbor, Oa r ,
DoOmlfr. , .",, •.,
The Cumberland Piro Company was lostitlited febru.
cry 18, 1869. ':President; " Thos. Thom 'sod Pecretary
Philip Quigley; Treasurer, CD.% Quiglity•The company.
*este on the third
,f iAt urdoy ef,Janustry, 44:T11014y,,
and Octoller;"; . : • ,; •.•
The Good Will llosecomvipy As Instituted in /larch,.
1855. Proside'nt, Ii: A: Sturgeon; Vice' Preeidebt,C. P.i
Iluotriohrpecretiory, William. D. nalbort ; Trout/rim'
fooph Osilby. The 'company - mean -tho. second
--7huroday , of _JAnuary,, April, July, and October.
The . Empire Rook And LAdder-Company. Ana Institut.
el in 1959. President, Wm. 51: Porter: 'Vice Prorident,
John 0. 'Ammo .Treasurer, John Colophon:. • Perrethry,
John W. :eerier. ,:The company meato •on . the rot .Pri;
day in Janitor'', April, Jaly riAd.October. . • •
I. , ". • ;
Y.: M. C. A.
Itoom- 7 1.44nt0NT14p. ,
Regillarplkonthly manting—TlArd-Tuesday .14ronik4g..
Pr*yer,ps4atitiVrPßA44,9,'Affornpon At 4 e.41.54k,
_Reading Room andLLlOrirprrA44ll44l4A_lra4,
4'47 evexamr.(Bl l 44494 43,c41494) fron,Lll4
, • 0 19,t'clock.
etrangen4espedl4ll,T44l44444. . ;
RATtB 'OF "POS'IAot.• -
.• . .
rostagB on all .letterlocono-half ounce Trolght or un
der, 8 coot* . pro Bal4 - ; steep!, to pollforithi or Onion,
•irbiloh ;: ,
l'oxiago no' thei florold"--;irittilii the 0132, fro 0;
Within the Btaterlit oontl Tier 'Ou p
t .Tony , the.
United Stotoli 20 tiPto. , .! Pootigo'on train ontplipers
wider 3 ounces In s trOlght.4l.:tent.:pro-palct'or two cents
paldnu. , Ady e r9o43ll. llttr :0
s l " ckiarged olth 'et*
11,040101ns ; - • '
THE BULL RUN BATTLE.
GENERAL IllathWELL'S OFFICIAL REPORT OF
DEPT NORT,IIEASTERN VIRDINTA,
21i Aiigast 4.
Lieut. Col. E. D. TOWNSEND, A 55114111111
Adjutant General, Headquarters of tho
Army, Washington, D. C.:
C. Lamm: 1 have the honor to submit
the following report of the battle on the
21st of .J uly, near Manassas, Virginia.—
It has been delayed till this time from the
of the subordinate commanders
to get earlier a true account of the state
of their commands.
. In my communication to you of the
30,11 ult., 1 stated it as my intention to
move that afternoon, and drive the enemy
from the east side of Bull Run, So as to
enable the engineers to make a sufficiently
amurate recorsnoisance to justify our fu
ture movements. Later in the day they
had obtained enough information of the
passage across the stream to dispense with
this reconnoissance, and it was decided to
move without delay. It had been my in
tention to move the several columns out
' on the road a few miles on the evening
of the 20th, so that they would have a
shorter march in the morning; but I de
ferred to those who had the shortest dis- :
tante to go, and who had preferred Start
ing early in the morning, and making bur
On the evening of the 20th-ult , nay
command was mostly at or near Centre•
ville. The enemy was at or• near •Manas•
sas, distant from Centreville about seven'
mileS to the southwest. Centreville is a
village of a few houses, mostly on the west
side of a ridge running nearly north and
south. The road fr on] Centreville •to Ma.
0 `Nikk,PMIR, TOM TEM V& hElla GER blYn
The; • divisions were ordered to march lain , • The.battalion df. regular-infantry -alone anning•the casualities have absented them
et half past two o'clock, a most, as .to moved np . .the hp opposite to t . he one.with the se l ves s i nce 1,, I.
tue.. return and, havegone to
arrive on the ground early in the day, nnd i !i IT L o n " ' Co' tt a l dn g t e i t erit o . s m T r n t
o tai n n i r
(1 tV:,:7ltii: New York. Among theinissing reported
thus avoid• the heat' which is to be..ex- Warrenton-turnpike, 'On - We - Way - back to - the were many of our surgeo.ns who . remnined
pected at this season. There was delay position. we. occupied in the morning The in attendance Ou ; .our wounded, and were,
in the First Division getting out of its plain was covered with the retreating -troops, . against. the rules of modern warfare,.made
camp, on the road, and the other divisions and they seemed to infect those with whom prisoners. • -
were in consequence between two and they dame in contact. The retreat soon be- •
„ came a rout., and this soon degenerated stilt The issue of this hard fought battle, in
three hours behind the time of appoint- furthefintoa 'Julio. _. . .. „ which certainly our troops lost no credit
meat—a great misfortune, as events turned pit e n t , g thi s s t a l e of !attire was hey,ond the in their conflict on the field with an enemy
oat "The wood road leading front the efforts of all thoae who had .assisted so faith - well
.commanded, superior in numbers,
reinninn j d
n if the
fi w e ve b s t , it an n d )
duringfully inai tl t ie long
oh n . n ec d . ',li o ar o d u d r ay'e l work in - who had but a short distance to march;
Warrenton turnpike to the upper ford was
longer prevent, I
much longer thanwe counted upon, the l' and who acted on his own ground, on the
LIZ ' : ti l ' l othi tu ng
defensive, and allays under cover, whilst
general direction of the streart- being recognize what we could no
oblique to the road, and we having the gave the ,necessary orders to protect their our men were Of necessity out on the open
obtuse angle on our side. withdrawal begging the nice to form in line, fields, and should not prevent full credit
General Tyler commenced with his ar• and . o e ffer T t i h ie e appeara e nee, at,
t le e ast, of organ!.
t p u t r e n i : 610 7 .
ni f l crd o s rde to r; tilts being given to these officers and corps
tillcry at halt' past. 6, a ni., but the en- whose services merited success if they did
•z iV 3 r ° renton road, y
of regulars Once o y n I not attain it.
emy did not reply, and after some tittle it Colonel Porter'b force •
became a question whether he was in any the road, and the different corps coming to- I I To
parties, many without. officers, ' avoid repetition, I will only mention
force in our front; and if he did not in - 1 gethee in small here the names of those not embraced in
tend himself to wake an attack, and make I h !' e iell cu guliza - lreports of division and brigade commend-
beca lo tu s e t. intermingled, and
it by Blackburn's Ford.. After firing I Deters had '. been sent back to Miles' division , ers' I beg to refer to thir reports for
several times, and obtaining no response, . for a brigade to move forward and protest this the names of those serving under their
1 held one of Heintzelman s brigades in i retreat, iind Colonel Bienker's brigade was
reserve, immediate orders, desiring that on this
detached for this purpose, and was ordered to sU
reserve, in case we should have to send , hject they be considered as part of my
any troops back to reinforce Miles' divi-
It g o theo ns far
ght left forward the as the
where the road own. I claim credit for the officers of my
sion. The other brigades moved fbrward staff, and for those. acting as such during
By referring, to the general order it will the, day_ as directed in the general orders. Cin I They did everything in their
reaching the ford at Sudley's spring, I
,be seen that, while the operations were to i power, exposing themselves freely when
found part of the leading brigade of Hun-
i.go on in front, an attack was to be made required, and doing all that-men could do,
ter's division (I3urnside's) had crossed
at Blackburn's Ford by the brigade (Rich- I communicating ordets, guiding the col
but the men were slow in getting over. I ards° '' ' '')
stationed .there: •__A reference umns, exhorting the troops, rallying theta
stopping to drink. As at this, time the 'to his rep•trt, noel to that of Maj Hunt, when broken, and providing for them the
, commanding. ihMartillery, will show that best the circumstances admitted. 'They'
clouds of-dust. from the direction of Ma
llod effee . are as follows:
this part of the plan was well
misses' indicated the immediate approach • I
carrid out. It suceeeded in de- First Lieut ,11. W. Kingsbury, Fifth '
of a large force, and fearing it might come • tivel Y
ceiving, the s e nemy for a considerable time
down on the head of the column -beforetime, artillery, aid-decamp:
and in keeping in check part of his force. -
the division could all "-et over and sustain Maj Clarence S. Brown, New York
fire The of artillery at this point is Volunteers, it, orders were sent buck to the heads ofnteers,'d d
ai - e camp.
represente as particularly destructive.
regiments to break from the column and Maj. James-S. Wadsworth, New York
come forward separately as fast as possi- I At the time of our retreat, seeing great Militia Volunteers, aid-de-camp. The lat
activity in this direction, much firing and
ble Orders were sent by au officer toter, who doeS me the hoOor to be .on my
columns of dost„A begaine en&i.-0-1-1-tfor- i rsettal - traffrliathrhorse - araTrder him
LiTileC,fearing If it
tee. were turned, or i n L hottest of t
vision to come by a nearer road across the -11"14 h e fight.
forced the whole stream of our retreating o a
fields - , and an aid•de-camp was
sent' topt. James. B. -Fry, Assistant Adjn
mass would be captured or destroyed.—
Brigadier General Tyler to direct him to taut Gitneral.
After providing for the protection of - the
press forward his attack, as largo -it odieS . Capt. 0. 11. Tillinghast, Assistant Quer
. retreat by Porter's and 'honker's brigades,
of the enemy were passing in front of him - I .termaster, who discharged alone the' hu
repaired to Richar. ,
to attack the division which had crossed ,
whole forceordered te tre stationed for t.he•
over. ' The ground between the stream •
partinent with. the army, and who was
holding of, the road- ,from Manaseas
and that...tad leading front Sudley'e Springby mortally wounded while acting. with - the
Blackburn's ford to Centreville,
south, and over which Burnside's brigade : on the artillery, to which he formerly belonged,
• march under the„ orders h•otu the Division
marched, was for about a mile from. theand in Whichhe•was deeply interested•
ford thickly wooded, whilst on the .right I Cominender, for CentrevilleL I immedi. Capt. It P. Olark,•Chief ofSubsisterice
atelyhalte s t it, and ‘3,rtittred it to take..o
of the road for about, the - same distance ' ” - • ' .
P Department,. • • • ' •
he best-line. of defence across the
the country was divided between 'fields 1 • . • • • ridge '3lajor Meyea, Signal. Officer, and Ma
that their position,. admitted, of, and sub and woodA. About. a mile•froin the road jog. 'Malcolm .Me.Donhelli +who -acted as
sequently taking in person the command ,; ( 4 ,
~. •_ - : _--- , ~
,________.... - ... ~.,
the- country on both sides of the road is
i orthia - part - of tire urn y; tcatts - ed, snub, ills-. •
(pert,-anti-for -nearly - u - mi le - fifethiffliirge Surgeon W.S.. .zin g .an c lAssistsnt Sur.
i position of the forces which hndlbeen ail-- ,
rolling fields extend dowillo the•Warren-geon Magruder, - Medical Department.- -
tonded to by the 'First arid Second New .ter-
.11iaj, J.. ; G, Barnard, Engineer, and
turnpike.•which crosses what beerline• l
and the' De_Kath regiMP.lllig i .4rAered UP- senior of his department
the field„-of• battle through the valley - of •a I 'Y
Small water course, a 'tributary of Btill ' f "'"; ft ‘ .1 "7" .8 " e - 9 .37.9? jl ' '?fel*P-- gqillg.fllr" gave. most important aid.. •
.. . •
Run. , - . . . - would -beSt erve to-checkhe
ward, ‘-‘ 4 w .. ?1 .• t First Lieutenant Fred. S-Frime, Err
' h." ride •e* being' intl • • ' •' •
s T q•
,Held this Shortly after the leading regiment ofgtneer. . . ,
the firat brigade reached this oporr space,. w h ey, tit h e
„ re n tre . t! i tit culent•paard 09w . 1y t
. A , .. wr , hi pp i e.
and whilst:others and the second. hrigale. t r;1 i „,.. i .„ 1 , 1- I, c - d 5 „F 5 ...4,,„- I , lt4 i t 'i ".•-i i r r l•• T he "hle - • First Lieut. 11. L. A.biapt_ nod... Second
w-crossing -to -front-end--rightfAhrt- - - h 2 ='. - = - ..'....-v - •"• -1 - • , - a - - - • - far - 18-- - Lie - tit,„ - . 11 - .'S. *Putnam, topographical En
run; a:nu:owing to . .t road becoming,. g i rw e i s. -
enemy.opened his fire..beginning_ with at ,
ü blocked up al the - crossing- 2: Ausedtm tutich 1
tillery, and following itp with infantry
,May; W. p. Bairry, Fifth W•tillery, Chief
damage there, fbr the aril hery could not • •
The leading 'brigade (Burnside's) had to of ; Artillery I
pass, and•severi i
asocial pieces andcaissons had !
sustain this shock for a short time • with-Lient: - .Geinge C. Strong,' Ordnance I
out support, apd•did'it well. 'The band- to be abandoned. In the auk, the horses • P' Officer. .
hauling the Caissons and' aumiunition were
ion of regular infantry was sent to sustain from • •1 • . • i Maj. W. It Wood, First infantry, Act
cut t their.p aces bypereons . tmescatie
it, and Shiustly afterwards the other corps in. , Inspector General. - *
With, and in this way lunch confusion
-tone I ' 4
of Poker's brigade, and a regiment de-Second Lieut: Guy Henry, whit joined
caused,the panic aggravated, and t 4 totiti
tached front Reiritzeltnan•e division to the
~ me on. the- field,. and•was Of 'Service as en **
encumbered ' Not only were pieces or : aid
left, forced:the ens try back fae-eneugh to - .. , • . . d,e-caurp. ; • '
artiller lost - b l ”
.utmany ot the antbu- •
allow Sherman's ; and Keyes' brigadesy•of l The following. officers 'commanded di
ances carrying the4r . ounded.
Tyler's division,- to •cross front their posi- visions and brigades, arid in .the several
tion on-the Warrenton road. These drove By sundown most of our men had got- places their duty called- them did most ef
the right of the_cnerny, understood ta hate ten behind CentreVilleridge, and it became fective service and behaied in the mew,
been commanded by iteattregard, from the a questtbn whether we, should or should, gallant manner : • •
front of MC field, - and 'out of the o.loollod. riot ( mute a stand 'there. condition'•
'time i Brigadier' General Tyler, Connecticut
wee di, andl. down to the read, and aerossit of our artilleryand its. attimnnitio ad ' •
: d . . 1
.n, • a • Volunteers. . . . .
up tiro stdpes : an the co her side. Whilst this i,, '
t IL , want of too tot tle men, who had - Colonel David Hunter, 'Third cavalry,
was going on. Hein•zeiman's ,divisi. u was
moving delve the field to the stream end up generally abandotted,or • thrown away all I severely wounded at the head Of his• clivi•
the • road, beyond,2l'Beymnil -the Warrenton. thaphad been issued the day *before, and Fsion„.• • - • •
road, amt to the left of the remi t dewn which the utter-disorganization and consequent '
our croups had marched froraudley'sßpring, deitioridizatiim of the mass of tie • it v
is a hill with a farm house on it.'' Behind this I . "' I, '
seemed to all who were near enough to be
bill.the' enemy had, early' in the , duty, some of
his most' atmoying;batteries planted. Aoross consulted 7 —division and brigade Cont.,'
the road tram this hill was-another hill, or Wanders and scuff—'to admit of no alter,.
rather elevated ridge, or table A land. "The native hut* to fell buck.; tne•naore so-as the•
hottest part; of the contest was for the poseee-• • '
.1,4 hb • w
Tosttiou at.,. au . urn s fordi - i lli then in
sion,of..this. hill, with a , hutise on' it. • The ~
force,. engaged here woe Heintzelman'o. divi "lejlesitk" of .the enemy, and he (bas
sionoViicox a and froward's"brigades on the already
our left. On sending the
right, supported by part of Porter's brigade officers of the staff to the different camps,
and the cavalry tinder Palmer, and.,FratudirCe they fotind, as they reported to me, Om
brigade of I . leintzelreati's division. Sherman's our decision had been anticipated b
brigade . of Tyler's division in the centre nett
up the road, whilst Keyes' brigade of Tyler's troops, most of those Who had mints in
division was on the left, attacking the batter from the trent.being already -on the road
lee near the stone bridge. The I.thode Island . to the_rear,Alth panic •with which they
battery of Burnside's brigade'also participated ca m e i n still continuing and hurrying thew
in this attaok by its fire from the north of the along.
turnpike. The enemy wan understood to have
' I k
A—oc eg rho rear guard (Blenekey's
been commanded by J. E Johnston. Melt
on:a battery, which did such effective eervice, brigade,) .moved, Covering the retreat,
and played Se brilliant a part in this contest.. which Was effected during the night and
was, together "Hill Griffin's battery, 04 .the next morning The troops at Fairfax sta.
side of the hill, and became the object of the •tiun leaving by the curs took with, them
special attention of the enemy; who succeeded
the bulk ut . the supplies which had been
—our officers mistaking one of his regiments pp
for one of -our on;-attd .aliowing it to' np sent there. 'My aid de-camp, Maj. Wads
preach without firing upon it-in - disabling, worth, stayed at, Fairfax Court llouse till
the battery. and then attempted to take it.— late in the morning, to see' that the strag.
Three times was he repulsed by different oerps land '
g ere weary and worn out soldiers
iu succession and driven back, and the guns ..
were not left behind,
taken by hand, the horses being killed, and
pulled away. The third time it was supposed 1 transmit herewith the reports of the.
by us'all that the repulse was final,forhe was several division and brigadecounthinderti
driven entirely from the hill, and eo far be- to which' •
P or,io,conus refer f tl• '. d of `pat ' !
Yond it as nos to be in sight, and all wore
certain the-day was ours. lie - tie before We' ticillar regiments and corps, and a consoli
been drive u nearly a mild and a half, and was dated rein:lief • the killed, wOunded and
beyond the Warrenton road: which Was ea- missing- Front the hitter it will : he seen'
tirely in our possession, from the stone bridge that our •killed.anatunted•to nineteen ufft.
westward, and our engineers were just . com
,- cers_aad : f tt
plating the removal of the abattisucrois toe,
~.. - . c.. •
road, to allow our reitiibroerneiit . (Selitieek's .que]iin"inned . officers , and privates,- and '
brigade atidAyera . - battery) to-join-us, -- : uurwounded tO sixty,=four officers and nine
--The_enemy-were-evidentlY-dishourtened•and hundred.: And:•..--.:l•Ortyseven-Lnon-nontinie
broken. put we had been fightingeince half SiOlied 04RIUKOp.nd privates.. •,111apy.of the
'pact ten o'clock to the reornmg,.and it was wounded wptibou :,bit• able • tu'. join the
after three o'clock in the nfternoom-- :
',Milks, and,will leavo ourtota
l of killedand up since two o'clock intim mornin g, i34bed made whet'to ofoseenuted•to Such. d/aubod Irum further s rviee, - undor one
things. seemod-a long. march before :coining thousand-'• The 'return of the inissing'is
into notion, though the leogest distance gone. very inatettrate„ the Men ' suPpoSed to .be
over was-not mere than uh ' o and a half miler* missing having.talled into oth • • invents
er. leg i
and, though they IiMI three - days' 'pr,ovieione and „ boo . to -- y%', i• , - • ,-. „.„.,. ;
et, Litwon—emany_ (it .140, 1
- nerved our to them -tbeday-befortt,-niany--na , : 0 • .
doubt:either did not eat,theut," or threwthem -,Goutivec,•to New york., In , One - brigade
'away en The hiniebur duritig Ili& battle. and the number Originally reported tit slit hun-1
:were therefore. without tOod. '.They had demi' dred and •sixteetu,•`Vt.iii.yeAerdny, ,tent eed
much etiv,re fighting..., Some of the rtigintesta 't° One ,andhundred - eevent f Th '
y- our.- et 33
vihioli had been': drivett -from, Ate Intl n, the „. cid •, ' ' - . • -
' ftriit Vito tittetopfe of the Coe* to keep pea - -*" pitons are being rutile..daily. -111;1 !
suasion of if,- had htioetei• filiation; *er e 1 : 2 , 1 „: few daye a•••more . ..correet 'return ' eau, be
eteady. , unit had:teeny teen out_ of the ianice:. - •luittiti.• ,' • '•'' - - '•. ' • • - ik
was et - this-time that: theeuetity''3 reit• : -Of coifide•niutiiiig, acctiratt is known e s t.
foreeinents name to hitt aid:from the raili_oad the loss et ihe'en PHIV '
An o leer of t tem i
train, Understited.,to- have just arrived ; ; from _.,., • ~ . -,---- -.7 •,-
,ille - valley, --with the - residue- 01-4140001Cie forces , coustog•trolu••thent -with lit ,, fltuk• - •.of;'
army. • They thr'Svf themselves 'hi tAti ; Wookiti. trntie, admitted-eighteen hundred - killed' i.
on• our: ilglitotlfi ittivfards • the rear cif:,eur . tindweuntled v and other tu
inforatilin Shills' .
right, end, epened a, tire of musketry On our, •thitite be Much under the. true . mituber *
men, whielt, cathieiLtheinte_brialt: nEntiffill'n ' ;The - Whet: * . , - - --`.
dwelt t.hajtillehle. , .. hie )3tion 'degenerated ; lg . s: ; " & •"Thulltdillg 'awl Peventh
into disorder. for. hitch there - tine 'ii remedy:l '`ew'i orhrZoutives, tind Colv'lleintseltnani,•
-Every 'etiert. Wile made ta - tatilY their]; e4M=ba-,'lsitY that t lin. returnti,of that regi trient can- ,
iloett ttie, reach of the ettemrs• fife,'lttit lit':.lioChere4,,... 0 ,1
eniag•entny u$ those reported;'
. . . _
CARLISa, 'FRIDAY, ATI . GUST 16, 1861.
edks. tieintzelman, 'Seventeenth
infantry, wounded iirthe: arm while lead
ing his division into notion on the hill. -
Drigatlier General Sehenelt; Ohio Vol
unteers, Couainanding Second brigade,
Colonel E. D. Keys, Eleventh infan
try, commanding First brigade, First di
Col. VV. Friinklin, Twelfth Infantry,
First brigade,, Third Division, .
W..T. Sherman, Thirteenth in
fantry, commanding Third brigade, First
Colonel Andrew Porter, Sixteenth in.
fantry, commanding First brigade, Second
'Colonel A. E.'Burnside, Rhode Island
volunteers, commanding Second brigade,
Second diVision: • •
Colonel 0. B. Wilcox, Michigan vol
unteers, commanding ~eoond
Third division, who wad wounded and ta
ken prisoner while on the hill, in the hot
test of the fight.
Colonel 0..0. Howard, Maine volun
teers, commanding Third brigade, Third
. Colonel J. R. Richardson, Michigan,
volunteers, commanding Fourth brigade,
•First Division. ''
Colonel Blenker, Now York volunteers,
cotntnandingyFirst brigade, Fifth divi
Colonel, Davies, New York volunteers,
ooinmanding Second Brigade, Filth divi
AK my positing }pay warrant even tho' it does
not - call; 10r - some - explanation of the - amuses,
as far as they.',Can bo"seen, which led to the
results herein stated, 1 trust it may - nom ) out,
cot - pleee-ir 1- refer in a few worditto. the itnme
diate antecedents of the bottle. When 1 sub
mitten to the' General in -Chief,
With his verbal instructions, the on, of toper.
ethane end estimate of force required; the tint&
l•w.ts to proceed tonarry into effoct . was fixed
for theAhlr.)uly, Monday. , -Every facility pos
t siblo was giien - me - bY the - GeneraViwebief
Add !wads of tpe Adtitiuigirotivo popyimenia
in maiting.tho pepetsary preparations, . ; Gut
the regiments , owing; 1 wait told to want of
transportation, Caine. ever alonly:-'. Ahoy. , of
!them did not come across till eight..or , nine
days after. ho Inns fixed upon, and,went
ward miitheut my. tiven'neeing-t '
out- haying' b . eit.togeth6'y bekorelics bripde..
The senchtiereitiforcements to Gen. Patterson,.
by ,drawing: off the, wagons,• ivas' a further and
- unavoidable cause of delay. Notwithstanding,
the hercelean' ell'orta_of the Qttarterniaider
•Generalotiid hie sfavoring ..ttliery way;
the wagoni-fOr ammtinitien, dubeisteuce,- iket.;
and the homes for the trains and
not all atrivoler a, week „after 1 49 -time
pointed to move. 1 was not even prepared as lat o •
as the•letth tattoo, and the desire that I should
ntovebeestne griat,2and itwasitioluidd Shenk!'
not, if poseiblei . delay 'longer:then ,Tuesday,'
thel6th ultimo. When I did 'set out on the
16th, I was 50116eficientin wagons for, sub.
sister - ice. But.l vrentlerward trusting to their
being_procured in time to fallow me.' The
trains thus hurriedly gathered together, with
'horses, wagons, drivers, and wagon managers,
all new and unused to each other, moved with.
diltdulty andilisorder, and Was the souse ofa
day's delay in getting the provisiOns forward,
making it necessary to make on Sunday the
attack we should have made on Saturday.
I could not, with every exertion, get for
ward with the troops earlier than we did. I
wished to go to Centreville, the second day,
which would have taken us there on the 17th,
and enabled us, so fares they were concerned,
to go into action on the 19th instead of the
21st; but when I went forward from Fairfax
Court [louse, beyond , Germantown, to urge
them forward, I wee WO that it was impossi•
ble for the men to march filet*. They bad
only come front Vienna, abOut six miles, and
it was not more t han six and r. half miles far•
Cher to Centreville—in all a match of twelve
and a half miles; but the men mere foot weary,
DOC'S() ranch. I was told, by the distance
marched, as by the time they had been on foot,
caused by the obstructions in the`road and.the
slow peon we had to move to avoid ambus- 1
cedes. The men were, moreover, unacous•
tomed to marching their bodies not in condi
tion for that kind of work, and not used to
carrying even the load of light marching or
We crossed Bull Run with about 18.000 men
of all armJ, the Fifth division (Miles and Rich
ardson's brigade) on the left, at Blaokburn'a
ford to Centreville, and Schenck's brigade, and
Tyler's division, on the left. of the road, near
the stone bridge, not partioipating in the main
act ion.• The numbers opposed to us have been
variously estimated. I may safely say, and
avoid even the appearance of exaggeration,
that the enemy brs,ught up all he could which
war, not engaged elsewhere. lie had notice
of our coming on the 17th, and had from that
time until the 21st to bring up whatever he
had. It is known that in estimating the force
to go against. Manassas, I engaged not to have
to do with the enemy's forces under Jo neon,
„then kept in check in the valley by Major
_ ....GertetaLPAtterscus—orthase_kupt. -engaged-by-
Major General Butler. and I know every effort
was made by the Geheral-its•Chief that this
should be dune, and that even if Johnson
joined Beauregard. it would not be because he
could be followed by Gen. Patterson, but from
causes not necessary fur me to refer to, if I
knew them all. This was not done, and the
enemy were tree to assemble from every di
rection in numbers only limited by the amount
of his railroad' rolling stock, and his supply
of provisions.''" To thaorces, therefore, which
we. drotte in from Fairfax Court House, Fair
fax station, Germantown and Centreville; and
'those under lieaureßard at Manassas. must
be added, thOse,undlieJahnson at Winchester.
auCtlioito brought ..up by Davis from Rich-
Mond and other places at the South, to which
is to be added the levy en masse ordered by the
Richmond Ituttroeit - Ns, Whiclrwas ordered to
assemble at Manassas. What all this amount
ed"io, I cannot say—certainly much more than
we attacked them with.
I could not, as I have said, more early
pushed on faster, nor could I delay.. _ A
large, and the best part of my force ,were
three month volunteers, whose .term of
Service was about to-expire, but who wore
sent forward as having long_ enough to
serve for the purpose of the expedition.
On the dye of the battle the Fourth Fen n-
Fiylvania 'regiment of volunteers, --and the
battery of volunteer artillery of New York
Eighth militia whose tertn of service expi
red, insisted on their discharge. I wrote
to the regiment, expressing a request for
them to remain a short time, and the
Hon. Secretary of War, who was at the
time on the ground, tried to induce the
battery to remain at least five days. But
in vain. They insisted on the'r discharge
that night. It was granted, and the next
morning, when the army moved forward
into battle, these troops moved to the rear
to the sound of the enemy's cannon.
In the • next few days, day by day, I'
should have lost ten thousand of the best
armed, drilled, officered and disciplined,
troops in the army. In other words, every
day. which' added to the strength of the
enemy made its weaker
In conclusion, I desire to say, in re
ference to thoevents of the 21st ult., that
the ..general order for the battle to
which I ; referred was;. with slight modi
fication, literally, conformed to; that the
corps were brought over Bull Run in•
the manner proposed,. and put into action
as before arranged, and that up tolate in
the afternoon every
was c flying us successfully to'the object
- we had proposed before starting—that of
getting to the railroad leading from
Manassas to lhe valley of Virginia. and
going on it fur enough to break up and
destroytheircommunication and intervenes,
between the force under Beauregard and
those under Johnston. Add could we
have fought a day or a few hours sooner,
there is everything to show how we could
have continued successful, oven against
the odds with which we contended. -
I have the honor •to be, very respect
fully, your most obedient Servant,
IRWIN 31c0911r ELL,
Brigadier General Commanding.
SPE exit OP TFYE HON. - JOS. HOLT, OP
The bold and wanly stand taken by Mr.
Holt, when he succeeded the traitor Ployc,t
a Mr. Imbanan's Cabinet, had prepared
is to regard him as a firm .and decided
patriot, bat we had anticipated an ad-',
!ress of such extraordinary eloquence i and
ooh hig,h-tanekdevo - tion to thecountry-,
___s_that_which electrified an itrunrdse
!ienco Louisville, - .Ky. The address
rill go down-to posterity as one of the
toblest -utterances of the time: haie
lot room for the whole, but we will cull a
;- ,319 gems for'our readeia:
TILE INFAMY,OF.,TLI TRAITORS..
Let no MAR imagine. that because' this
ebellion his , been made by men renowned
a our civil, and military history, that it is,
:aerefore, the Jess guiltror . the less copy
eonsly to bo resisted: • It- is -precisely
hiS class of men vilio have subeerted, the
1 --iest-governments that have earer existed:
ha purest spirits that have. lived'in the
'ide of time, the noblest institutions-that
'aye arisen to bless flour race, brive` found
thong boo in whom they iiniq:moit. con
and whom they honori3d
9net'lgb; either.'searetlyto be,
't ray ; thole tunto.death, :or openly to seek
Theßepublie of England had its Monk;
of. France. had its Bottaparte;
be'Republio of Rome had its Casear• apd
!WI 50 per ;unman In advance
1 $2 00 if not pald in adrance
its Cateline, and the Saviour of the world
I had hiir,Tuda.s Iscariot.. It cannot be no
cessary.that I should declare to you, for
you know them well, who thepare whose
parricidal swordsare now unsheathed
against the Republic of - the United States.
Their names are inscrihed tipon.a roll of
infamy that can never perish. The'most
distinguished was educated by the charity
of-the Government =which they are now
making war. For long years they were
fed at its table, and clothed from its ward
robe, and had their brov,garlanded by
"its- honors. They are th&ungiateful sons
of a fond mother, who dandled them upon
her knee, who lavished upon them the
gushing love of her noble and devoted na
ture, and who nurtured them. from the
very bosom of her life; and now in, the
frenzied excess of a licentious-and baffled
ambition, they are stabbing at that bosom
with the ferocity with which the tiger
springs upon his prey. The President of
the United States is , heroiely struggling
to baffle the machinations of theSe wicked.
men. I have unbounded gratification - hi
knowing that he has the courage to look
traitors in the face, and that, in discharg
ing the duties of his great office, he takes
no counsel of his fears. He is entitled to
the zealous Support of the whole country,
and, may I not add without offence, that
he' will receive the support of all who just
ly appreciate the boundless 'blessings of
our free institutions r
But with the curled lip of scorn we are
told by the disunionists that in thus sup
porting a Republican administration in its
endeavors to uphold the Constitution and
the laws, we are " submissionists," and
when they have_pronounced this word.
' - tli - e:y7siiripoe — tliey have imputed to us the
sum of all human abasement. Well, let
it be confessed ye.are "submissionitits,"
and weak and spiritless as it may - be
deemed by some, we glory in the position
we occupy. For example : the law says
"-Thou shalt not steal;! we submit to this
law, and would not for the world's worth
rob our neighbor of his forts, his arsenals,
his arms, his munitions of war, his hos
pital stores, or anything that is his. In.:
deed, so impressed.are we with the obli
gations of this law, that we would no more
think of plundering froth our neighbor
half a million dollars because found in his
unprotected mints, than we would think
of filching a purse in a crowded thorough
fare. Write as down, therefore, " sub
missionists." Again : the law says "Thou
shalt not swear falsely;" we submit to this
law, and while in the civil or military ser
vice of the country, with an oath to sup
port the Constitution of the United States
resting upon our consciences, we would
not for any earthly consideratioa engage
in the formation or execution of a con-
spiracy to subvert that very Constitution
and with it the government to which it
has given birth. ,Write us down, there
fore, again, "snbmissionists." Yet again:
when a President has been elected in strict
accordance with the form and spirit of the
Constitution, and has been regularly in
stalled into office, and is honestly striving
to discharge his duty by snatching the
Republic from the jaws of a gigantic trea
son which threatens to crush it, we care
not what his name may or may not be, or
what the desigivition of his political party,
or what the platform on which he staid
during the Presidential canvass_;., we be:-
Hove we fulfill in the sight of earth and
heaven our highest obligations to our
country, in giving to him an earnest and
loyal support in the struggle in which he
GENUINE AND SPURIOUS COURAGE.
Nor are we at all disturbed by the flip
pant taunt that in thus submitting to the
authority of the government we are neces
sarily cowards. We know whence this
taunt coves, and we estimate it at its true
value. We hold that there is a 'higher
courage in the performance of duty than
in the commission of crime. The tigerof
the jungle and the cannibal of the SOuth•
Sea Islands have that courage in which'.
the revolutionists of the day make their ,
special boast; the angels of• God arid the
spirits of just mopped° perfect . have
and have that eonrage which' submitii to
the laws. Lucifer was a non-subtiiission-' p
ist, and the first secessionist, of whom his
has given us any account, and the
chains which he wears fitly express the,
fate due to all 'who openly defy the laws`
of their Creator and of their' country.--‘
Ho rebelled because the Almighty would •
not yield to him the throne Of.lhaveii.---.
The principle of the Southern rebellion is" - ,
the same. Indeed, in this -•
the' laws is found the chiefilistinetion be
tween good then and devils. A good math
obeys the laws of truth, of bounty,. of •
morality, and all thoselawii which -hare
been enaeted—breompotent authority; rot.'" ,
the government and protection of the
country, in which he lives; a:devitobeys.
only his own • ferocious and profligate • .
signs ; The principle T3llliich• this re--
hellion proceeds, that laws have in them
selves no sanctions, if9.binfliag force urien
the,conscience, and that every matt un
der the_promptings of-interest, or pasaioti,.;
ler caprice, may, .at tied honorably:l , 1 I
rfoo, strike at the. government wide!' shel- '
terkhini; is one of utter deMoralizatith4:
• and should - •be trodden out as' you tread: .,.;
'en a spark that hap fallen upen, the. roof r
of your, dwelling. • Its:unchecked peva- •
lance wou;d resolve society into chtiosond •
leave you without the slightest-guarantee •
for life, liberty, or property. '1: is time = r•
that, in their majesty;• the:MN .' of .'the.
United - States ,should icoown to the,
world 't hat, this . govertyment, its dignity .
Sad,Ow - er , is Sonietlioig more then a moot ,
Court, anit.toA the citizen who makes:war
upont it: traitor, not only- in='theory,-
'WI - in 'feet, end should. have meted-Cottle _
a traitor's doom. ,The ethintrY winti
.sacrifice, but it must and:Will.
have peado, cost whatA may:: ; •
Strictly' tied legally specking,,
tuoky' rouet "go 'Out-,et the o,eiotk before::
she 'can be„ oeutral.:„ . it, she
eecee'sarily, either, faithful , to the.. gereto4 -, l'
n381#1)1 the United> States, or 'ette" hi