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Tho Carll.lo Tterald JOB PRINTING OFFTOR in
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genera( anti COM( 3TlfOrMiltioll
U. S. GOVERNMENT
Prentdent—Ann• thl LINCOLN.
Vice PEoßldPot—llk NOW kL
Secretary of State—Wx. 11. SEWARD.
Secretary of I utOrtor—Caten
Secretary of Treasury—SALMON P. CRAM&
Secretary of War—Simon CAMERON.
Secretory of Navy.—IIIDEON WELLES.
Poet )taster Genoral—aloaraostenr Stun.
Attorney GOELOCAI-.-KOWERD BATCH.
OhlafJusticu of the United States—R. B. TANSY
Seeretary - of State—Kii Suitn.
Surveyor General—Wu. H. KAM.
Auditor ilunoral— rnos. IC. COMIRAN
Wen . -4nter---tlisturt-D,II(K-iter--
JettAes of the Supreme Court—s. LEWIN, J. M• Aim
moriO, W. B. LOWRIE 0. W. WoODWARD. JOON M. MAD
President Stidga—:-Ilon. James H. Graham.
Associato Judges—Elora. Michael Cocklin, Samuel
District Attorney—T. W. D. 0111eleh.
Prothonotary—Boni:tonal Univ. •
Roc 01541 , 1 L • 1070.
itegister—K. A. Brady.
mutt Sherlir—ltobt. McCartney; Deputy, 8. Keepers
County Treandrer—Alfred L. Sponsler.
Coroner—John A. Dunlap. I
County Commhisloners—Nathaniel 11. Echols, Janice
H. Waggonor, Geo Miller. Clark to Commlislonera,
Directors . of the Poor—Jno. Trlmblo, Abraham Dos
ler, John Miller. Superintendent of Poor Hone.—
Chief Durgessohn Noble
Assistant Burgess—Adam Senseman.
Tout el - Council—John Out Mall, Wm. W. Dale, J. 11:
Irvine. Ratan Carney, John halbert, J. B. Parker, Fred
erick Dlnkle, Samuel Finsusinger.
Clerk to Councll.—.llui. U. afasonhelmer.
high Conett4blos—Goo. Bontly, 4oilepli Stuart. Ward
Constablen—Jacob Bretz, Andrew. Martin
Justices of the Peace—A. L. Sponsler, David SMith,
Michael Holcomb, Abm. Behalf..
First Presbyterian Church,. Northwest angle of Cen
re B, l , iam Rev. Conway P. Wirig. Pastor..—Serw/ces
every Sunday Morning at 11 o'clock, A. M., and 7 o'clock'
Second Presbyterian Church, corner of South Hanover
and Pomfret streets. Rev. Mr Rolls, Pastor. Services
emumence pt II o'clock, A. M., and 7 o'clocki. M.
St. John's Church, (Prot. EpiscopairUortheast angle of
Centro Square. Rev... Francis J. illere, Rector: Services
at 11 o'clock A. M., and 3 o'clock, P. M.
English Lutheran Church, Redford between Main
aul '.out her streets. Rev. Jacob Fry, Pastor. Services
at U o'clock A. M., and 6% o'clock P. M.
Garman Reformed Church, Loather, between
over and Pitt streets. Rev. A. 11. Kremer. Pastor.—
Services at 1.1 o'clock A. M, and 6 o'clock P. M
Methodist E. Church, (first charge) coruer.ol;llain and
Pitt Streets. Rev. Joseph A. Roes, Pastor. Sorrlcessit.
11 o'clock A. M. and 8 o'clock P. M
Methodist H. Church(secoud charge.) Rev. Herman M.
Johnson Pastor. Services in Emory M. E. Church at 11
o'clock A. M. and 8 P M.
dt. Patrick's Catholic Church, Pomfret near East st.
Rev. Jamas Kelley, Pastor., flervititis eery 'eother
Sabbath at 10 o'clock. Vespers at 3.
dermas Lutheran Church corner of Pomfret and
Bedford streets. Rev. G. A. Strout s Pastor. Services at
I I o'clock, it. al.; and 6A o'clock,- Pr 31: •
ghlr-When changes In the above aro necessary the
proper persons are requested to untlfy. us.
Rev. H. M. Johnson, D. D., President and Professor otn.
Jll/1011 W Marshall. A. M., Professor of Latin Lan
guages and Literature.
RIM 1Y m. L. Boswell, A. M., Professor of Greek Lan
silage and Literature.
William C. Wilson, A. M., Professor of Natural Science
and Curator of the Museum.
Samuel D. Hillman, A. M., Professor of Mathsmaties.
A. Y. Mullin, A. 8., Principal of the Braemar
John, B. Storm, Assistant In the Grammar School
BOARD OF SCHOOL DIRECTORS
Andrew Blair, President, H. Saxton, P. Quigley, E
Corntuan. O. P. llumerich,J. Hamilton, Berretary,Jason
W. Eby, Troasurer, John Bphar, Messenger. Meet ou
the lst Monday of each Month at 8 o'clock A: M. at Ed
°Mums DEPOSIT Dam—President; A.M. Henderson;
Cashier, W. M. Beetem ; Aeet. Cashier, J. P. Hasler;
Teller, -Jas.-Itoney,; Clerk, U. B Flashier; .Messenger,
John Underwood; Directors, R. 111. llondersou..John
Zug, Samuel Wherry, J. D. Gorges, Skiles Woodburn,
It. C. Woodward, Col. Henry Logan, Hugh Stuart, and
CUMESELADD VALLEY RAIL ROAD Coireeitx.—President,
Frethirick Watts: Secretary and Treasurer, Edward M.
Biddle;, Superintendent, O. N. Lull. Pessonger brains
twice rolaY, • Bastward leaving Carlisle it_lo.luo'eleck
A. M. and' 2.44, o'clock - P. M. Two trains every day:
Westward, leaving Carlisle, at. 0.27 o'clock 'A, M., and .
Canasta GAb AND WATER tourAinr.—President, Lem
uel Todd; Treasurer, A., L. 'Spinster ;, Superintendent,
George Wise • Directors; , F. Watts_, , m. 01.1leotom.
E. Al, Eliddle,Venry Saxton, IL C. Woodward, John IL
Bretton, P. Gardner, and Jahn CaMpbell.
OUSIDERLAMD VALLEY BAITC—PIEDDDIT,John S. Ster.
rett ; Cashier, H. A. Sturgeon; Teller,.Jos. C. Hoffer.—
Directors, John 8. Sterrett,' WED. Ear,:lielehoir Drone.
man, Richard Woods', John C. Dunlap, Mont. C. Sterrett,
11. A. Sturgeon, and. Captain John Dunlap.
Cumberlarf. Star Lodge No. in A, Y. N. meetm at
Marion hall on he •2nd and ith Tuesdays of every
Bt. Johns Lodge No 260 A. Y. 81. Meets ad Thure,
day of' each month, at Marion nail.
Carlisle Lodge No 91 1. 0. of I/ B. MeOte,Monday
evening, at-Trouts building; • •
The 17nion Elio Company was r organised In 1169.
Prealaeat, IS. Clornman•, ' Vice Presideut." ,- Samuel
Wetzel: Badratary,4. D. lianipthe ; Treasurer, P. Mou.
Ser. Oompanyirmets the first liaturdey In March, June,
eptainber, and December .. • • ,
The Ouulberland Fire DompinY'rrailnatituted Febru
arj 15,1.509: President, Thos, Thebt ebb • Secretary '
(Philip .Quigley Tratisurer, Quigley - T h e company
'meets on the third .tlaturdayof January April July,
and October. _
The Good Will hose Company roils initltnied in March,
1555. President,Q.:4 - . Sturgeon;. Vice Preoldent,C. P.
Humrich ; Secretary,
William D. tialberti; Treararer,
Joseph , W. Ogilby. The company, meets the almond
Thurildity - of -January,' Ajaril;JulY, and October.
The Duiplre'lloolt.And Ladder Oomparirlires
ed in 1859. Presldent, -- Wmad.,'Dorterr, Nloo'Prmpldont;;
John 0. Amos; Treasurer, John C, t =Borretery,
'John W. Paris. The. company meeta, orr t. the- first , Frt.
Y. M.:G. A.,
. . .
B0,016.:.-.1.rAnION , '
Regular monthly meeting—Third Tuesday Evening,
' Prayer mooting—Siinday Afternoon at 4 o'clock.
'Reading Room 'And .I,ibrary—Admlsslon'free, open
every evening eicipted) from 8 010
• RATES Or 'POSTAGE. • '"
laoatagian all' lottertormattialf °nuts welgllt or wa
der, a tiatir pre 'paid.' cepy to California 'or pregon;
which 1610 same prolla10: -
postage anAtie‘ llorald"--4141tittn the County;
ta_tente.per. year.' 'To any, part of-the ' Vatted %ales 20 cants. - -Postage onalltninelent papery
undos& °Mcas lu Weight, l'etat prtisalid or two tank
paldna;q4o,lor . ll#64 latlarprito lay 'barged with the toffy
THE FACE AT TUE WINDOW
It was a woman's face I saw as I drew rein
at Cuthbert Hall—a pale, calm, almost proud
face; with large Creole eyes, end coat-black
hair looped away from the cheek in heavy and
I had seen many more beautiful faces during
my winters in New York and Washington-
my summers it Cape May. Newport, arid Na
lta? 'and besides, I was expecting to meet
at the-Hall a certain Southern •bellemnd heir
ess; a sister in•law of the friend wh'irhad in
vited me to hie house. So I gave only a pass
ing glance nt the pale stranger, and, dis
mounting. rang the bell. A slave answered
the summons. and, conducting me into the
library, went to call his mailer. In a few
moments the door opened, and the lady whom
I had seen at the window came in, wif h two
curly headed children clinging about her
She bade me good-morning in a voice sweet
as the thrill of n lute•gatring;and said, with
some embarrassment: •
" I am sorry that Mr. and Mrs. Puthbert
are both, out..riding
"Ah, and so am I," was tli answer; "but
I suppose they will not ho long, for, though
they did not expect me to day, I wrote them
that I should probably be_hero this week."
"Then you are Mr. Vincent ?"
Richard Vincent, nt your service ; and
now introduce yourself."
" [—l —am," she paused, wound one of the
little girl's ringlets around her finger. in her
confusion, and began again: "1 am"
more hesitated, and I resumed:
I have guessed it—you are the ,govern
She smiled, but the oolor mounted to her
—Nue and ;- "'tow
that blush becomes her!" .
At this moment we heard the tramp of hor
ses' feet, and saw Cuthbert and his beautiful
wife dashing up the broad avenue leading to
the mansion. The governess hastily left Inc,
and I shortly after saw her talking to my
friends in the verandah. Their brief confer
ence over, my host and hostess entered, and
gave me a cordial welcome, which is charaa
teristic of the South. When the greetings_had
been interchanged, I turned to Cuthbert and
•• Pray, where is Mies Dupont, the charm
ing sister-in law, of whom you spoke 7" lie
and his wife exchanged significant glances,
lila./ continued: "I nun all impatience to see
this paragon; don't keep me Jong in sus•
`:I will not: you will meet at dinner."
The next morning the dressing•bell rang,
and the host led the way to the guest-ehamber,
where he left me to make my toilet. In those
days I wan not indifferent to my-personal aft
p-earanee, and,_ with . the ._sid.._of_nn.. nlteutive
slave, I arrayed -myself in the most elegant
suit my wardrobe afforded.
4. I wonder if I shall suit the heiress ?" I
queried, mentally, as I took a last survey in
the mirror, and desoended to the dining hall.
There near the table, sat Cut hbert and his
wife t t face I had seen at the window, and,
not far from the governess, a young lady with
a fair complexion, a blooming cheek and the
sunniest of blue eyes, and a profusion of golden
heir. I was a connoisseur in ladies' dress at
that period, and took in at a glance her costly
India muslin robe, with its frills of Mechlin
lace, the Bpi - a - dor-of her bracelets, necklace,
and eardrops, and the exquisitely wrought
golden comb which looped up the rich tresses
Why was it that my face wandered frotn her
to the pale, calm governess, with her bands
of raven hair, and her great, eloquent eyes,
and a dress that fell about her like a "Durn
Blanche," said my host, " allow me to
present an old nod valued friend —Richard
The blonde beauty colored, simpered and
w.th an inclination she intended to' be like
that of a prini-donna to an applauding crowd,
acknowledged my bow.
' , bliss Hat guerite," resumed Cuthbert, "this
e the guest we have been expecting." She
.owed with the grace of a queen, and I as re
speotfully, as if she had been ono, as I said:
We ,have had the pleasure of meeting
before Gat h ben."
! As I told you," murmured the governess,
"I went down to tell him yoti were absent."
the ceremonies di dinner now began, and,
as inane had been arranged for me beside
,I3hinche, I tried to play the agreeable, but I
often found my thoughts wandering to the
pale, silent - girl opposite. — whin the meal was
over, andlhe ladies had loft the room, we
lingered sUour wine.
What do you think of.znyAister.?" asked
"She is very beautiful," I replied.
"Arid you have falls; id love with her at
first sight ?"
•" If I have, rlduill not tell you I" I ex
claimed,-and then we went on chatting in a
merry strain. When we adjourned to the
great, - ceol, luxurious parlor, I fouitd Mrs:
Cuthbert and her sister, but the governess
was walking to and fro ott the terrace. appa"
rently absorbed in thought.. The usual small
talk ensued,.end at last, at' my request, the
heirestiviat down at the piano and piayed'end
sting much-skill, and I had observed a
harp - lathe ben - doir adjiment, and begged her
to sweep its . strings fcir kip.
"I cannot," she said, ." but Margeerite_can ;
her.".. And moving to , the window,
she exclaimed, imperiously , : . T -- '
"Come. MargUerite, we wish you to play
some airs on theharp,"•;.,
The governess hesitated a moment, came in,,
and took seat et the att'a sat t' il a r e ,
Inotioed, for - the first. 'time, the *superb pro
ber figura, the griibeful fieg(if ,of
1 !04 head .tlie 'stately 'nook: but I forgot .
these When - isbe smote tbe:Pliotcis of tbe harp'
and begniite sing.' she.an,
.tripe? ' I thought aria mutql)e—'so 4111 of soul
music she pptire4-ItirtA and wheit
obi concluded, I :tithed Mrs. Cuthbert•whoee
0 . 11 !7 0 7 1." she : 1e, ..
replied;p apA ,, he never
kriows criiat t o
I tittered.' no fulseme worthiof jeorrituends
tfoti. to-Marguerite. but my eyee . asuet b i i va
spoken rolumee ] ef "ppravar: ~‘,,
PAPER. XPOIR, TIM INEMMIT GEROM,
That night when I retired 19„ . my rest, my'
dreams were not haunted by the heiress. but
.by the pale-face I had seen it:the, ividdoir;-+
the face of Marguerite, the governess.. ,
The next merning,l was awake at en earl*
hour, and, glanting out, saw Marguerite gli=
ding across the lawn. I hastened to join her:
her cheeks wore 'a rich glow. her dark, lustrous
eyes were full of light, her lips' tremulous
with emilee her *hue apron was 'full of
snowy blossoms, and Abe hid wreathed a spray
of Jessamine amid the blacktess'of bor hair.
flow we began - to talk, Laney:o,ly know:
hut I never was so entertained by any woman
as by her. I could touch upon no'eubject of
literature or art with which she was not
familiar, and Madame de Stael might have
coveted her conversational powers. Qa the
lawn we separated, but, when we met at
breakfast in the.pr mince of the Cuthberts and
tiro supercilious heiress, I saw that the old
governess link had comeback to her face, and
ehe was more ,reticent than ever. My friend
proposed a lioreehack ecurtilon . _to
I Pl4;4l l _t r kbPta94; - ..4 1 4 1 4
optitfed - ,'
with the keenest disappointment, that the gov
erness had been excluded. I rode at the
bridle rein of the fair Blanche, who looked
very pretty in the
,blue habit, and with her
velvet hat set coquettishly above her golden
tresses: but I found it imporsible to interest
myself in her commonplace chit chat. I felt
a sense of relief when' we dismounted at the
Ball, and as soon as I had led my. partner
in, bounded up the staircase On the way to
my chamber I passed an open door, and
through it caught a glimpse of Marguerite.—
The two children were busy at their tasks.
and she sat patiently correcting a sketch which
one of them had made. A portfolio lay beside
her, which. I doubted not, was OW vriirliFt;
drawings. She hoard my st'ep, and, loCkiug
up, saw me on the three hold.
tt What:" she exclaimed; ".hate you re
turned so soon? I did not expect you for an
hour or two. I hope you have enjoyed your.
"No, I have not. I was really disappoint
ed because you did not.
A faint smile pawned over her face.
"I— I," she muttered; "you can't under
attind etiquette, if you suppose a•governese is
to be made an equal."
I felt the blood rush. to my brow as I re
"There,nre many false notions in society;
I am sure Mrs. Cuthbert's governess is the
equal of any one, and as such I regard her."
Her face crimsoned; and for a time there
was silence. which a . broke by saying:
•' is this the solibol.room1"
" Yes "-
.. It looks very cool and pleasant; may I
••I suppose Mrs. Cuthbert would hare -no
"I hope not ;" and with these Words I moved
to the table at. which she was sitting.
"Does 'this portfolio belong to you?" I in
quired.laying my hand, on the article in ques
tion. She bowed assent, and I resumed:
"Slutll I have the pleasure of examining its
She was calm, grave, quiet; but when 1
drew forth the pictures, and 'began to expa
tiate upon them, her reticence vanished. Her
eyes lit, the pale cheek glowed. her lips—
those mobile lips—parted, and she talked with
the enthusiasm of girlhood The sketches
were indeed won lerful, and at last I said:..
It ie a shame for ydu. wnh your genius
for painting, to drudge as a governess !"
Again that peculiar mmi e flitted over her
features as she murmured:
•• The poor must do what they can—not
what they would."
Nt this moment we were interrupted by the
children, and I left her. In the afternoon,
as I was lounging 'on a luxurious sofa in the
library, the door opened, and Marguerite ap•
peared, but at eight of me precipitately re
"Stay! (way!" cried I, following her
No, no, I cannot; I did not dream you
were here; loras lonely, and came down for
" Come and get it."
With some reluctance she entered, and took
a splendidly bound copy of TRSBO from tho
shelf. I glanced at it, and said: --
What ! do you read Tasso
" A little."
Then take a seat beside roe, and we will
She hesitated an instant, md then assented.
The liqnid Tuscan language sounded very
beautiful sy nettled In her accents, and the
spell with which the governess had bound me
deepened with every passing moment.
A month wore on, and one night ` I sat in
my chamber, holding communion with my own
heart.' The face that I had seen at the wins
dove on my arrival—the face that had seemed
so pale, so calm and cold. had_ since assumed
every variety of expression. had - Pomo
,hither to wed Blenobo I I had fallen: in - love
with ,',.the,governessl Yes, i was 'in lave at
last—Marguerite, haunted my aloepingattd
walking dreams. I was musing - dine, When I ,
heard a tap at my door, and Cuthbert entered&
" Well, a penny for your thoughts,?: he I
'.I am thinking," . I " what, a tayp .
teriona thing love ie." ' -
" You nre in love, 41040 Chad
of it t Blanche Wilt be a happy:wOrnitaeihr "'
--'tia not Bl'anabo," I answered ;
not Blanch% my Item, Imo icliiiiiiiil44.lovirtdo
goverriPlis."", • - • • •
"The governess 1", said Cuthbert, ,"4ountle,
man; what. do you mean ,
"I have' o day howl, iteart, and ilk-.
tune at hor feet,,and' if alio' aimelito Mai shall
envy an body is thimide vtorid," ' •
• Cud:tier,: meditated, air hile ere' ,renunied :
• 46y914, .be ~ e itteere,r y incent, or .you'
would( not marry , Marguerite,"
44 sincere and .known I am!"
My lioet gaz d at; me, many
t!itit 7uu~ long" And 3od'itirough' the'
hall. -. • " •
doir fe11ow, 1 ! fie began. ‘k yob, Rio tt4i
; victim of a Hitt, !use,. :AO 8i I rile law,baa
had a mortalfear
,o! f9ll4ig.th! .prey ammo
fortune 'hunter , and trim you, on, year-tr.:
CALISLE~, SPA., FRIDAI J AIJVUST 9,
rival, mistoolCher for the *overuses, ehe could
net resist the temptation to (Miry out the de .
theverandoh. ehe begged., not to undeceive
yon, and we humored her whintm. She coaxed
the cousin - who - wing,With us toebt the
pert of the, heiress, and, as she taught the
children. during the, absence of thel'rench
govern esti,. they were not •likell to • betray her
seoiet; *ltlaifelie;lifir - glaeriti, Come hire and
" Dear, dear Richard, I knon , .l.- osln trust
'Blanche is now my wife, and.peeping Di et
my shoulder M the manuseript.afte ,b 108• me
tell the world that she has nem' repented the
stratagem that wou me
When Sir Walter Raleigh had Written the
second volume of the Shady Of the World,
during hie long imprisonment 41 the Tower of
Loudon. a brawl took place in the Court yard
just underneath his window. He watched its
',pregrelts,artd felt, sortie curiosity to tmertain
troW•iverose. Inquiring of the turnkeys, he
receiveddiffbrent aCcounta from them all—each
professing to have wit nessei.tho affair from its
commencement to its close. Moreover, each
acicoutadiffered from what he had himself seen.
He mist. his manuscript info the fire exclaim
ing Here am I, pretending accurately to de-
scribe what took place three thousaad years
ago, and I am unable to get at the precise
facie of a brawl which took plaeo under my
own. window, not fifteen minutes ago!"
Somewhat akin to this is the anecdote told
of Charles the Fifth, Emperor of Germany and
King of Spain and, the Indies, who abdicated
in favor of that Philip tho Second whose char
acter hne been so ablk and forcibly drawn by
FDrillifirtertn — bl, - 9 History
erlands. Byron,- in his "Ode to Napoleon
Bonaparte," one of the finest but least regard
ed of his pooms, has devoted the following
stanza to the Emperor Charles V:,
Th Spaniard, when the'lust of saw
Bad lost its quickening spell,
Cast crowns for rosaries away,
Au empire for a cell;
A strict accountant of his beads,
A subtle disputant on creeds,
Alp dotage trilled well
But better had ha neither known
A bigot's shrine nor despot's throne.
Charles partly amused his leisure by tend
o g upon e vast number of slacks, which he
vainly endeavored to bring into such happy
unison of action as that all should strike the
hour at the same moment/. After repeated
trials, which greatly exercisWhie patience,
he abandoned the experiment in despair, say•
ing at the same time, .. iiotfoolish has Ely
life been! )here, I am_ non! 're o to Make two
cloaks keep the some time.,i '..;:t - t"forsocith, I
parsed my whole life in and cring• ter make
conflioting nations have an — .deviating_nni.
fortuity of action under aorta ' rules of policy
and religion within which I. essayed to limit
The truth is, write it as .Rd , May, History
gives but a very one-sidid view' of events. It
may be asked, why it shoul4l,he thus defi e ie t u?
Tho reply is that no writeroan obtain aetnooth
faced view of great occurrences. Some wri
ters do not possess the utoessary grasp of
mind, or others have not the requisite skill in
narrative, or one set will be too tedious, or
another too slow. There ore examples on re
cord of historians being actually overpowered,
or rather outweighted, with valuable informa
3401taire's History of Cherles_KlT is proba
bly 'not a whit less euthensio or instructive,
because, when some 'important documents in
the State archives nt-litockholtte, for which
he had applied, were transmitted , after con
siderable delay. he sent thorn back unopened,
with a polite Message that they . art bred too
late, fir he had afready finished that part of
his history upon wbich they would have
When Thomas Moore was engaged upon the
last volume of the Himtory of Ireland (the only
heavy work, by the way. which he ever wrote.)
his publishers, armee of the imperfections of
the proceeding volumes, eebt bin o 'or to Dub•
lin to consult the archives there. At. once
the whole of these were placed. at his dispo4al.
But the magnitude of this anthentie informa
tion overpowered him, and, after few at.
tempts to pick a . fewticte qht of the• Vast his
torical collection' thus put AC his command. - the
.putt actually shrunk teem the nedessary,labor,
and hastily quitthig Doblin(ytheretFimps oft
friends" were ransacking private collectiens
of importnin manuscripts hi supt+Ty'hint with
authentic materials.) returned to his (lounge
in Wiltshire,. to finish his . -hook as best he
could, with the paintible'labor.
,So. too, seine years
,nga.. -when• Sheridan-,
Knowles, the.'dremaliat e tvrate,a - boolt, against
the Woman Co thelie faith, he Walked into ihe
rending room of the British Mnseu,n, where he
was well known.. .An old frientitteoesting him,
eald have not sehi you. here Knowles,
for several Aventine Knowles,:ai was natur
al: considering that • COrk was his birth place,
gave this Very Irish answo,s:. A+ True for you,
my boy:. I• have been very.; busy within` the
last six months - la writinga, boitisAgalttst the
was publishelftc7-44y. owl bow
that itlintf r ney lands,
leek into - genie of the:big Works' anal aacerlain
whether lam right tulthW;itiie tokich'
fian protein", , •
another.,and" Yst .ntere llibstrione
driburg isebecl iiioapotitus 'of the
names and Whielf
he „tielieved — Wtuniciet: by', selling 'good
hooks it low prices,' Itli'fiteintioniae 'the art
and : mit! terY ; et plibl !obi • yr!tii!,„te
-etillst•the . ..lie.st anthers la,,bite
, servioe, pity
them llberat Pt4obs"for . writing,•,ntiti bring put'
a three Shilling4,a ; halt nrewii- 7 -voititeb ; evsir.
-month; whiish wobid sell, Ito ibottght, ti orbs:
t'housands,,,er tens of theusanils, , blit :by bun-,
,dietle of thotniands - and millions' In is word,
to Use „itie,ewn,fangnage,.. ";twelve voluthes
each year ao good Millions most Wish to .
balie tbern,iiiittio cheap that every but.ohet+'s
onllant may : hitve them,, it ht . i Ono+, tti_lel.ill3_
ids li!akt! wligtn thtd
scheme was prepentitieW *under.
took to Wiite ri lifeof,s'4o6l,o,l36iimpfrirt in four
hi s s l4e intretitic;
4(01 to lbei'• l •*ales,of Ortistiderie, • "; Scott
antionttnif filiniptin of I:nit:44li tie bide:
trapherof Napoleon, and, indeed,. Lockhart
teilsus, immediately cornmeneed writing the
which was neoese.try to usher in his hero's ap •
pearanoe on die taiene of action.
The materials whiohpoured in upon Scott
accumulated so thickly that the writing-room.
or den, in his Edinburgh house, Boon looked
more like 'all auctioneer's, premises than an
Constable, founder of the Edinburgh Review.
and publisher of the Encyclopedia Britannica
and the Waverly Novels, was a tungoificent
purveyor of bulky materials ".The first
wagon," Liekhart soya, delivered itself of
about a hundred huge folios of the Moniteur "
and London: . Paris, .Amsterdam. and Brussels,
were laid under contribution for hooks, while
written docuMents were sought for by Scott
and his friends at home and abroad. In one
of Scott's notes to Lockhart, he put these
rhymes as postscript : . .
When with poetry dealing
Room enough on it shieling; ,
Neither robin nor hotel
Too email for a novel;
Tho Ugh my back I should rub
On Ologenes' tub,
How my fancy could prance
In a dance of rammer I
But my house imust IVlflO ,
With some Brobdignap chap,
Ere I grapplo,Ood bless met with Emperor
The work swelled under his hands, and
author as well as publisher saw that it would
far exceed the space allotted it, in four tiny
doudecimos. It was resolved to put it into
as many portly volumes in post 8 vo. size.—
It was suspended during Scott's visit to Ire
land, in the autumn of 1825, and resumed on
his return, in Septeinber. He worked dog
gedly at his vast store of materials, at the
same time varying, and be thought lighle — ifitie
his c labors by composing the chivalric story pf
The Talisman," in which he had theplessure
of again bringing Richard of the Lion Heart
before his readers
But cure times were at band. Scott's pub
limiters failed, involving him in their ruin
All the world knows - how he lost no time in
murmuring or grief, but girded up hill loins
to battle with adverse fortune. He worked
almost simultaneously, at IVoodslock and at
Arapoie ,n, and subsequently at the Chronicles
of the Canuongale also;
. the historical works,
printed as fast as it was Written, being liternlly
produced " from hand to mouth." .In the
autumn of 1826, Scott visited London and
Paris, to consult papers in the offices of both
'capitals, and picked up anecdotes about Na
poleon in private conversation. In London,
the Duke of Wellington presented him with
a collection of manuscript notes made by
:in his carriage, when traveling to
St 'Peiiisbtirg•; , -rali upik the achleyeinents
of - Isra — iniebir, and' espnially - on — the'conduct
of his Russian campaign. In Paris, the na•
tional archives were thrown open to him.—
Pozzodi forgo, Marshal Mae Donald, and
others, communicated a great deal of infor
mation-to him. Strange to say Scoti made
Scarcely any use of these new and valuable
•materials. He would not take the trouble
of introducing them into what he already
So much for writing history! Even in
matters so recent as Waterloo, writers are
at isaue as to facts
For example, the name of La Belle A Ili
ance, at present a farm, or the tnildle of the
position occupied by the F..ench at Waterloo,
the place Where Napoleon himself remained
daring the battle. The Purssian offi ial ac ,
count declares that, on that sprit, „by a happy
chance, Blucher and Wellington met in the
dark, and saluted each other as victors," and
that, to commemorate this Blucher desired
that the battle should bear the name of La
Belle Alli face —We have seen a letter from
Wellington, dated, "Paris, June 8, 1816," in
which the gallant writer declares the Lft Belle
Alliance to be an inverdion, as "it haPpens
That the meeting took place after ten at night
at the villege of Genappe," a place to out
knowledge, some five or six mikes from the
field of Waterloo.
So, ton, the aterentyped anee lute which
relates that when Welliligton wanted to make
the hot charge upon the French, at Waterloo,
he called ,'Tjp:,Duards and .at them!" The
Duke 1140'41M:tiered, overand over again, that
he treys p. srttti,Ttle, MM.
Sailijihey have got them into history, which
will preserve them, no doubt. Thus, it may
be safely assumed, th , .tinanyother apocryphal
ittyings and doings have been chroicled. Yet,
who shall say, in consequence, that because,
the Historic Muse sometimes is not reliable,
we must cease to depend upon historic rec
ords? They are correct, in the main,
, Tho average increase' of the; Free9lates for
.the last ten years has. bPen 271.91 per cent.;
of the 'Slave States, 113 92 per cent.
Massachtlietti. with ii mifitilatiOn of 1.'231,-
063. and an at ea of 7.800 4quare Mika, lias a
!valuation of t9815'237,433. Virginia has .a
pepnlation of" 1 - 3911',13L'and - in - area of 91,,
! 8.62 square miles, and a valuation of only
$793.219,681.- , --leas by $21.937,751 than that
of M.tesaohusetts. Vossessingnn area alinoat
nine times .:"as 'great as Massachdsetts, water'
•power , s-hundred fold greater, a soil of un'.
• eur'pasiiiiirfeilllfiy, rich mineraldnposlts, one
the beetharbors oo the continent; hundreds
of miles of navigableriier, with all thesefta,
vantages;-the 'elements pf afl empire within
herself—tho'real estito of the •Olti Dominion_
is valued-itt 1137,461.937 lesslltad , that 6Y the'
littlo Bay Ihr porsouni property_
r eran inniudingter 273.170 neve einvep: worth,
at less than An average vilastion. 4$100,000;.
400;..-is -estimated' nt'532,576,343 lose thin
that of Mileiooluicalti. •• :- • • ' !. • •
Maryland and %, Norl h Carolina 'together,
having a popuhttion 281.827, greater, than.
Massaohuotg to,.' and', a joint-` '
area ef 55;500 '
re _ have, A iraluation 7 :inotuding •
elriree valued at $229,'800,000- 2 -168s - bf 1879, 7,
'494,984 than niasaohaset,te.'•,The rette,baite
of Maseailivaailiii..,irith 'hnly t-soi) eqe , are '
Inl4B 01,sierilip l ieilikei valued at 414'75;41a, lq0;,"1
whickdif 'ol',B2l'B-15 nihra,thai t i hereleh' or
Ida, Florida, Texas. and Arkansas combined.
Phe real property of New York exceeds by
c nore tba4l3.l9.o9,oQlLthe _combited_.iml,p(Tt
(ion of the same kind of property in the States
of North Carolina. South Carolina, Georgia,
Florida. Alabarn,v, Louisiana, Texas, and Ar
The three States of New York, Ohio. and
Pennsylvania have a population of 9 133,611,
which is 1,438,865 more than the entire pop
ulation, Slave and Free. of the eleven rebel
Stares, while these same States have a value.
tion of $ll9 781,815 greater than all the so
called Confederate States.
In all these comparisons .the Rebel States
bare been allowed the advantage Of having
the servile members of their communities
reckoned both as property and as population.
But in a struggle such as is now going on,
they arc fully available neither as one nor the
other, and the' figures which represent them,
whether in the column of population or in that
of property, 'denote a purply-fictitious value.
Their value as property is predicated upon
race, upon domestic security, unrestricted
commercial intercourse, and the ready reali
zation of values, all of which conditions aro
now wanting. The very strife which gives
significance and importance to such a com
parisonof the resources of the sections, has
stricken from the valuation of the Rebel States
$1.735.810,425 - the estimated worth of their
human chattels, as they appear on the tax
lists of those States.
They will still retain a partial value as pop
ulation.. But, granting their entire loyalty to
their masters, their value can. be but a small
traction of the amount denoted by the figures
which represent them in the totals of popula
tion in the several States. All the influences
and characteristiog which, in a time of peace
nd_domestic security, ever depreciate from
their value as a producing
aggravated a hundred fold.—N. Y. Tribune.
Annual Report of the Superintendent
of Commiin School• of Cumberland
SIIIPPENBBURO, June 10, 1861
Dean Sin: Receiving my appointment as
Superintendent, of the Schools of Cumberland
county on the 15th day of August. IMO, and
being exceedingly adverse to eausim.t any
delay in the usual opening of the schools on
the let of September following, I immediately
made out, and published, my programme of
' ix trninatiOns of .teachers, holding . examine
lone in two districts per Sty, which necessa
rily required the examinations to he hastily
:on Noted, and I was fearful at. the time that
I might innocently give some just cause of
.Lirnplaint to those whose qualifications.
through that haste, 'night be under estimated;
In that particular, I am happy to say that the
result,of my•visitations during the session of
~ the,,sahoots has completely relieved my mind
ind confirmed the opinions at which I. had
previously - arrived Much dissatisfaction was
expressedto the autumn by young men whose
certificates ecarcelymaine up to the standard
of rlrose - whicirthey'had - received the previcurt
year; but when I explained to them that the
.:hinge was no charge of retrogression in
them, but simply a requirement on the part
of the schools - of an annually increased grade
of qu.ilifications on the part of the teachers ;
and when, by a corapqrison of certificates, they
Mond that they were it it, in , itvidual CasYs, the
dissati-faction passed away: No oojection,
of course, ate he ill. I to I his advance. except
by the few fossils who still, thro tgli the he•
muanity (?) of Directors. are permitted to
keep school - its a few of the districts.
N0R.51 U. 801100L8 —There has been at New
ville, in this county, until this year. a Nor;
mil school. for the improveintmt, of Teachers
iu the art of teaching; and there can be no
doubt of the fact that. during the few years of
its existence. tt was productive of much good;
in fact, wjtere a teacher hel spent a whole
.session ,at ihe.nortnal school, it was apparent
upon entering rite school room; and it was
with unfeigned regret that I learned net win
ter, that through some mismanagement. the
financial affairs of the institution lied become
hopelesely involved. Efforts. which I am
sorry to say. were unsuccessful, were imnze•
duately made to procure by private subscrip
tion the means of, liquidating the debt, fur
which too meals praise o , looot, be awarded to
the friends of Bluoation in Newville. It. is
weedier's to add that any well-direoted effort to
reestahlish the Normal School upon su c h a
basis as shall afford a reasonable hope that it
shall be Half sustaining, will receive my hearty
approval and co operation.
INSTITUT% —The Teachers' Institute, of this
county, held its sixth annual session last Jan
uary. in the fins hall at Newville and was tol
(nattily attended —there being about fifty tea
chers present during the greater part of the
session, during which the attendance of the
citizens was such ae to evidence no decline in
the interest, felt in the clause. Dep. Superin
tendent Blake was present during a part of
she session, and aided the touch by his expe•
rience in conducting the Institute."' lie also
delivered - an eloquent impromptu address;
wino!' made an excelle ' reeeion upon the
audience generally, dup a, the teaehera
particularly. • Mr. Sat uel Hughes, formerly
a teaoher,in the Normal Sc heel here, (now of
Dilleberg, York Co.. Pa also delivered 'an
eloquent lecture.. Many subjects were dis
cussed, and good feeling prevailed,univereally.•
( had called the Institute for, the .Ist of Jan,
oeing ignorant of •the•fact.thrit the sessions
had been invariably hold between Christmas
and New Year —by' which means. tv.• lost the
attendance of many tenalters, who had closed
their schools the previous week for the pur
pose of attending. Steps have been taken to
guard against the recurrence of ouch's thing.,
COAPAUATIVE . CONDITION OF TUE SOOOOLS.
-:r1)0!I -oiB topic 1 catinot speak with...ns
Much positiveness as upon some, °there ; this
being my first, year; but I tun decidedly of
the opinion' that the iefioote themselves are im
proving, froth the unquest ionable fact that, the
teachers theinsalves are iMProving. — Tliose
Who, had 'never taught; being .examined as
rigidly as the limited time permitted,,and, in
spite eft the fact that ,qidifications,,were, rd,
quited at least 'one :AO:re lf,igher theft . . hereto
tcra. obtained cart Mentes erns good an average
'is the "firit year ',teachers of„tormer ties
Aons;..of t Aliose.whe were eontinued,froM•for
leer terms,..the majority obtnintd aertifteatee
rather better than those psefitiusly held
Again, the concurrent teStitoony of intelligent
directors in nearli.every district of the ciounti
gees I o. prim? (Li hat,..wpitbi.il._iv_lpTinfully,:evi
lent that' seine 'ol'' our youngland Ohl, toe! '
fear) teat here hove madly' mistaken their:initi'
iIO,U upon eaith.•• in:a large, Firljool.y:Of
4rketOmpro . vcnient: ie perceptible.
' •Co.'OORILAT/ON 'Or °PARENTS rOBUit 'Of
•oy lotereoura,e with' tiie - ,pqopie-et.ibe,oonnty
;deo elearly - to,prove - trp - Ty tdiud that more.
41-1,11 rant of efrieleney in %nether!, tivJ propett
411porintetideni3e , on,the.prietioFitlirdotera ,
gain obstaelelothe,raitbitnymOvetnent, of, on!
tchoole'itint to Ilto nOmPlititi efliciletiety of our
I 3cBt4llll;iBi!ttie ltinnntatile'svatat'of , eti4ipera
dim du the: part of -thelinrente, , ,the .rnetilte py
,iyhteli eau be` eeeq;byat.glarnie at alinotit any
iP thMdletriet apertti;',Y
rlih:tjte •roicrV'e tatoildorlOO oi.popile, in Emote
imeeti,the int ter 'being little, if any, metre ,t hen
Illy - per t:lent: •Of the 'forrtiee, r tritiat'
"nta alleiled , to tooke.banorahle mention . of. the
atititioto ffiltil4tupto,u'ind l Upper Ands Jo •
I VI 50 per annum In •ftdonnite
$2 00 If not paid lit advance
both of which the attendance i's duch (peire
port) as could only be obtained by the heartiest
co operation of parent and 'teitcher;_and_con:-
tritsts admirably - With" these districts in Which':
the Pupils are kept at home on the moat friv
olous pretexts, to the injury, not alone of
thenmelvee, but of-their classmates I have
enlarged upon this topic because I deem it
of paramount importance and have made it
the - 6 , burden of mrsdtig" :during the'winter,
and, from the apparent effect of my conVerea
tions with parents on the subject:l am in
clined to hope better things in the fittiare.
HOUSES AND FIXTUESS —There are but feir
houses in the county that are -built strictly In
accordance with any_of_the_plana-laid-down'-
in_ the Pennsylvania &hoot Architecture; al
though many of them are convenient; Well
lighted, and tolerably ventilated. Upon the
latter point there seems to be a great divereity
o f opinion, and, consequently, of practice, and
in fact, I think, the whole subject is far from
exhanated, and loudly demands the attention
of scientific men, as a plan could certainly be
found for ventilating that could be economi
cally adapted to houses already erected, soine
plan under the complete and immediate con!:
trot of the teachers, The districts Of , Militia
and Frankford are fortunate in having been so,_
unfortunate as to be under the necessity or
building new houses a few yetra ago, While
the houses in many of the other districts were
in such repair as to admit of their use for
limited period. Now, those districts, whitth
are the poorest in resources of any. in.:the
county, and have had a heavy building debt,
are supplied with good new houses, while-the
richer districts, South Ididdleton, especially,
have in prospect the creation of the emelt,
heavy debt from which - Franitford and hllMia
have just emerged. We may,.thirefore,-en
tertain a reasonable hope that now thole) digs.
trims will feel able to offer rather more tails
sonable compensation to their teachers than '
heretofore, and that thereby the reputation of
t heir schools may be correspondingly advanced.
I have additional grounds for hope, in the fact
`that the agricultural improvements in thine
districts are such that the same rate of tax
will raise fully twenty-five per cent. more
revenue than it would have done three years
since, and this is 'going on in accelerating
sa lito , =eonie_heyst__fhen , _as__potteety--htia-here-, -
to fore been the plea in extenuation of eighteen
dollars per month for teachers,
AMOUNT OF OFFICIAL LAMM—Since the 25th
of August, 1860, I have examined one 'butt- •
tired and fifty teachers, granting seven tpro
fessional and one hundred and forty•three
l•provisional certificates. I did intend to fur
nish you with the number of professional and
provisional certifioates, respectively, that hive
been issued in this county since the creation
of the superintendency; but, not having yet
received -a reply to my •letter of inquiry on
the subject to my predecessor, I will leave
that. item for a future report I have visited
all the schoolsin'the county, except five, (and
also except the Carlisle schools,) once, twenty----
of them the second time, and twelve of theta
the third time. My visits have been of the
average duration of two and a half to three
hours, at which visits I have almost invaria.
bly addressed the children: and in cases where
the attendance of parents was such as to war
rent it, I have extended my remarks in such -
a way as to 'reach their case, especially in,..the
matter of dereliction of duty in the keeping
of their children from school, refusing full
supply of needed-hooks, facilities, Ste. I have
traveled shout 1:000 miles_ pritielpally in
eat e 'cone - Cy - anal, delivered twenty lectures,
generally to full and attentive audiences, in,
which the mortises formed an interesting and
promising feature as I have yet to know
case of failure where the women warmly es.
ponied the cause, as I have also yet to, knew
the else of the women espousine• a cause then
deserved to fail. I have written thirty or •
thirty five Alai il letters • and attended to two_
(only twol cases of difficulty in the schools,
both of which were settled in a manner sans
factory tot he teacher and t he community, and,
I think, without in the least eomproddsing the
interest of the cause. I may be allowed to
state, in explanation, that the emisaion•of the
3CIIOOIB mentioned' was owing principally to
my want of a minute knowledge of the loda
tions of the different houses, which required
an 'mount of traveling fully twenty five per_
cent. greater than I need perform next Sea.
Mon. This made me late in my visitation In
the east end of the county, and, while there,
I was so unfortunate as frequently to be under
the necessity of performing considerable dis
tances on foot, just at the time wheMthe roads
were in the worst condition; and when I was
in Silver Spring. dietriot, I watt overtaken by
a snow storm that rendered the roads almost
impassable to a pedestrian. I tried in Vain -
to hire or borrow a-horse, (in -floguestown,),._
could not procure the company of ct director, .
and had a positive appointment in Hampden
district for the day but one after, under Which
circumstances, at the suggestion of Esti - WM- -4
Clendennin, one of the board, I whined - the '
visitation of the three
side of the district. As I remarked above,
the knowledge obtained of the topography '-of
the county will save me twenty-tiva per centi,
more labor next winter. I also attended the
examinations of' six or eight of' the 'schools
the,,esiet end of the county, and ,cannotspeek
too highly of the manner in which theylvero ; 4.,
conducted, or of the proficiency. displayed
On the first subject, .viz: the Manner must
be allowed. to say that I attended the ' •firat nt.
the series with the expectation .of :seeing the
old fashiOned humbug of a parcel -of pupils..'
answering a given number of - pre•arrangede
questions, -which they had been negletiting •
their legitimate studies for a month to
iarize themselves with, and which they-wduld ,
juice been, none the-better-for,--evenirtlior7----
had understood them. Judge, then, of my
agreeable surprise to find the examination; -.
really whatit purported to be, and to find it •
conducted in such a manner as-to elicit the
pupil's real acquaintance with the subject;
for instance, a °lase in, arithmetic is.called to, :.•
the blackboard, aid, instead' of the- 'leading
4ttestioys and selected _SIM plea that , used
characterize such exhibitions, the teaoher imps
tt Ladies and gentlemen,' this -elase...has ads . ,
wince& as far na...cernponnd proportion,!!--(or. •:
the extraction of roots, or, partial pltymente,
as. the case may be.) , . 1 .1 . think 14see-sun*
ceeded.in: teaching them the principles -
volved„and I desire that you examine thent
therntighly.'_!. .The .hook isi-then:-linuded4o-;
some one-another teacher, probably—and,the ..., '
ekotnintil ion is therough 'and searching; and- - •
generally satisfactory; the commendable rivalry. -• .:
anintight the teachers.guardingagalnatfrandit; ,-•
In concluision, I would. remark, that'ln lily .e..L.
professional intercourse with- the , citizens *V :', ,
this county, I have, met with nothing, bit' the .
kindeet colfrtedy_frorn all ;classes and - oondl•• •..
,•,,kiti,im, from dived Uri; leachers, and .. 6 0ntrouri"
from which I am. driven. to the' pleasinfueen.:; '
- elusion' that. - the superintendency. is: Making -,
itself popular. from its beneficent effeetsvas ~, •
thy .modestrforbids tbat,".Litidtild Ornate to .. ~ ,
' m'.,aelf the, possession of any of' those quali
ties that should. entitle mete dm hearty; Wid,:,: •• .1
,come so universally extended to -me. apart
. frOm my otlioiai position:Jo which, as well as ,
in my r ,persontd,oopaCiff. I beg leave to tende . , : , •
.to Om yieoPie of the county my warin'apPrer
.ciat kin. of that licripit'ality,:so freely' lertended '...'.','
in the paitotnd'tio cheerfuliy . .protedand for. • • . -
ttte;future . . - - , • ,-, ,-, .
,7 ~ , :_
All which is respeolfulli sulstnittod.
Su4!c. Coninfon ,5 . 4a0g1a,0f A'critt
.frani3ha,autar worbl, la 4a,gen• •
..eitite "an , atmosphere, of *death:"