Newspaper Page Text
11JG1f81 1 :2, 1861.
COMMON 801100 L RNPOUT.—We have
celved from Joe. Mifflin, Esq., County Super
intendent, his annual report of the condition
or the common Schools of this county, for the
pastyear, which we will lay before our rea
ders next week. ,
The members of the Republican Standing
Committee of Cumberland County, are re•
qulated to meet -at the public house of John
Hannon, in the Borough of. Carlisle, on
Saturday thOlOth day of August 1861, at 11
o'cloek, a.M. for the ° purpose of taking act ion
in relation to the approaching fall election.
hill attendance of the committee is solicit
Carliee, F.. W—Geo Zinn, Saml. Cald well
Car/isle TV W—Jacob Rheem. J. Hannon,
Dickinsari,—Jno. T. Green, Thos; Lee, Jr.
East Pennsboore,—Daniel May, Wm. Sad •
Frankfort—M. D. Lecky, Fred'k Mentzer.
Hampden.—Milten Stay man, Isaiah Stei
Hopewell—J. C. White, David E. Stevick,
Lower .Allen,—V. W. Wise. E. B. Brandt,
.Upper Allen—D. Steiner. Geo. Chapman,
,Mechanicsburg,—J. B. Kaufman, Geo.
K Beidler, J E Coble,
.ffiffin, —Nathaniel Brown, Geo Asper,
Monroe— H I Zinn, John Strock,
Newton—Elder Piper, John St rock,
.Newville, James Mc:Candlish J R David.
New Cumberland,—Owen James B F Lee,
North Middlaton,—Parker idenaerson, S
,Southeemton, —Benj. F. Hoch, James Beat
Silver Spring—J. C. Sample, Geo. V. Coo-
hippensburg Bor.—Rob's P. McClure,W.
b. E. Hays,
Shippehstrurg rivp.—W. Baughman, D.
West Pennsboro,—Jobe Trego, Jas. D
Var" Kane's Rifle Regiment" under the
command of CoI. Biddle, and the sth Reg.
invent under Col. Simmons, have returned
to Harrisburg, and will be forwarded to
the army under Gen. Banks, on the Mary
FATAL AFFRAY.—On Friday last, an
_in Harrisburg, between-
Borne young men, and a number of the
returned volunteers. During the excite
ment, a man named Geo. Starry, late a
member'of the State Capital Guards, dreif
a revolver and fired among the crowd,
shooting Geo. Rief, and James Ashburn
of the 4th Pennsylvania Regitne.nt both
of Norristown. Reif has since died from
the eTect of the., wound. Ashbunr who
is not dangerously hurt, has been taken
'home. Starry was arrested the same eve
ning and is now in prison.
AN INFUSION OF ROYALTY :—Prince
Napoleon and his bride, the Princes Cloth
ilde of Savoy, have arrived at New York
in the Imperial yacht, Jerome Napoleon,
They have a small escort and travel in
cog, under the title of the Count and
Countess de Hendon. Prince NapOleon
is the Seeorid son of the late Jerome Bo
naparte, and is now in the 38th year of
his age. The Princess is 19.
A reporter who was permitted to board
the yacht says;
"The princess is very young looking,
with .a full face, bright oye, dark hair,
end is of quite small stature, but is in
clined to embonpoint.
Her appearance and manners are quite
prepossessing. She was dressed in a light
Maid dress, looped up in the Elizabethan
rtyle, showing a richly worked velvet un
der skirt. She wore tight sleeves, and
the only ornaments were a fine mosaic pin
and sleeve buttons, and a beautiful watch.
She also wore a plain brown jockey hat
The Duchess D'Abrauntes wore a dark
eolored traveling drehs and jockey hat,
and veil whichehe wore over her face.
'no Duchess D'di brauntes her com•
pinion is mud' Smaller than the Princes,
sad'does not appear more than fifteen years
dotage. She is of very dark complexion,
acid exhibits her pearly white teeth very
0101. She was full of play, and con
•tindy jesting with the gentlemen in ,the
The gentlemen of the party were stroll
ing around the ship smoking their segars
and engaged in conversation with several
et their countrymen who had come on
pes.:The Pennsylvania delegation 'hav
ing.' been called upon to suggest names,
one for major general, and eight for brig:
t►dier generals, as generals from that State
sea, be wanted, are reported to have a
greed unanimously upon the following
For Major General—Gen. McCall, for
merly inspector general U. S. A., with the
rank of colonel of cavalry ; one of the nest
distinguished regular artily o ffi cers serv-
Insinlhe'lltlexican war. '
For Brigadier Generals—Col. Samuel
P. Ueintzleinan, U. S. A.; thirty-five
pan in service, toted for gallantry and
distinguished service in the Mexican war,
mic the commander eta column of 15,000
Men, in the recent battle.
AndrearTorter, U. S. A.; ,thir
ettilyears in the service; acting brigadier
Veintal in the ltdept battle; brevetted 'in;
CoL W:m..-13' Franklin, V. S. ; eigh
.4o4,Years int the service, and wing brig
'as general in "the recent battle.
01. Wm. R. Montgomery, a graduate
at West Point; now the colonel of a New
Jersey regiment in theserVice, „
Rush; late of - the I.T. S: - A.;
WA" the flint officers iii the service when
. X 4 Pie:44". • A,,Clessinlite of Gen. Me
Cleliaa at West. Point.
Col. John Reynolds, II S. Army;
mimmanding the cadets lir Werat Point ;
*deity years service, brevetted on the -
Adair* Mexico: -
, Miloir Samuel 'stUrgie, Army;;'
ANsh:yeara MA° service:new on , duty
**der General - ,Lyon, in IVlissouri ; pro-
Minted. to captaincy for distinguished
Orrltie in the Mexican war.
'Colonel Mo,4eail, 'of Brie.
is a native
Otitis (misty; a son" or, Jamcs E3•;urgig,.
Our readers will observe,in the Heraq ,
of to-day, a call for a meeting of the Re
publiCan Standing Committee on-the:if:Pat
ina!, ~ t o take action in regard to 'the tips_
preaching fall . election.. Similar notices '
have also appeared' in - the Tigunlger and_
Democrat; fora =actin "of . the Demo
cratic Standing Committee, on the 3d inst.
In view of these notices, the question
comes home to every man in the County,
"Is THIS A TIME pot PARTY STRIFE ?"
While Democrats and Republicans are,
marching side by side to sustain the Gov
ernment, and uphold the flag of our Union
against rebels and traitors, - will the people
of this County agree to place in nomina
tion a radical Republican ticket on one
side,. and a radical Demobratic ticket On
the other, on old party issues, and amid
all the concentrated bitterness of former,
contests, forget the " war for the Union,"
in the more immediate scramble for office?
We hope not, whatever may be the opin
ion of others on that subject; and in tak
ing this position we. offer no question as
to party loyalty. Demagogues may desire
to maintain piny organizations; they may
cherish party names and hug their preju
dicecs as closely as they please; but, the
struggle for National existence overrides
all party lines, and until that is ended, let
pAtical parties remain in ab - eyanee.
With open rebellion on the one side,
and an imperilled Union on the other, the
people must take a firm stand in defence
of our free institutions. And therefore,
we want to seen UNION TICKET formed,
without regard to party, composed of can
didates pledged to vote men and money to
sustain the Government, until Secession
ism, that plague-spot of the South, is re
moved from the body politic, and the
Stars and Stripes again acknowledged and
recognized in every State as the emblem
of the whole Union.
We have no desire to manufacture pub
lic opinion; nor do we expect others to
adopt our views without due consideration.
We merely throw out the suggestion that
it may elicit calm and friendly discussion.
We believe that some of our friends will
agree with us; we know, full well, that
others will dissent; but, in determining
the matter, let the extraordinary condition
'of - the country the claims - of which are
infinitely higher than those of any party
—be constantly kept in view.
PROGRESS OF THSC WAR.
Last week we published full details of
the disastrous result attending the ad
vance of the army under Gem McDowell,
towards Manassas Junction. We are hap
py to say that the loss is not as great as
was at first reported. Capt. Allen of the
11th Massachusetts regiment, and E. P.
Dougherty, of 71st New York regiment,
having made their escape from the rebel
lines, arrived in Washington with full and
reliable details. The gentlemen state
that there were 280 of our men in hospit
als the day after the battle-32 have since
died. Cal: Slocum, of the Second Rhode
Island, lived three days, and .was.thmonly
one decently buried. Col. Corcoran died
soon after the action, and was, with Col.
Cameron and many others of our dead,
buried upon the field, a large pit having
been dug for the purpose. Several of our
surgeons, said to have been captured re
mained voluntarily behind for the purpose
of looking after the wounded. The con
federates are so prejudiced against the Fire
Zouaves that the bodies of all their slain
are still unburied. Those of another re
giment, too, are left upon the field because
they were believed to belong to the Zott.
ayes. The rebels admit their own loss
to be 1500 killed, whilst it is believed by
all of our people there, who have had some
opportunities of judging, that the number
was not far short of 3000. The rebels
are said to have a force of 80,000 at.Ma
igtisa.s. Their force at the action of Sun
c:ay, was 32,000 until noon, when Jeff. Da
vis arrived wish a reinforcement of 10,000
The entrance of Gen. McClellan upon
his duties as commander of the Military
Department has inspired the troops in and
around Washington with renewed mill.
tary enthusiasm. lie has already visited
the various entrenchments on the Virginia
side, thoroughly examined into their con
dition and strength, and institutes the
strictest discipline among the soldiers and
in all departments of the service within
hisjutisdiction. Brigades, regimental and
line.offieers are.made to understand that
lounging and tippling around, the camps
are not to be permitted. The ,much . a-.
bused passport system has „been greatly
restricted, end the facilities heretofore en- •
joyed so freely of communication betiveen
Washington and the rebellious States have
been as far as practicable Ourtail4 The
effect of bis vigorous measures generally
isieverywhere felt, and the army has be.
gun Wrilize the presence of the military
p trfaY he 'Safely - trusted.
Gerw'Banks ,has evacuated Harpet . ,
Ferry, - and taken a position-on the
side of tti'e Potomac, with, his pick
ets extended to the heights commanding
the Ferry; , •
Gen. Banks hqs his headivarters at' a
'irm-house' about two' Miles 'below the
- ?erry. - lfis dispositien.eftroops and Maw
gement of the army so has given
•reat satisfaction to both officers and' men.
ndßaltimore, are coming in so raPily, that
.Jte three months regiments . Will scarcely
a missed. ' -
The 'following• is; in •intelligent war otr
,les, to•duy (July 30,-) beliei , ed to be the
regrininao of the rebel generals, Who are
loving .theirforees northeast and south
..They intend to make. a grand coup
o • maia, by surrounding' Washington by
2d. Striking Balticaoro noythward they
Capect lo:obtain control of the Chesepeake
341. Vh .
e eerttre will make a feigned at
tack Upon" Arlington or Alexamiria;- ' ,,
irhis'progmmme however, is n'otgO'n".
erally credited. •
,The simple fact that the'rebeldlitiVe - O - Ot
crossed over and made a descent on the
Federal capital'before this, in 'the•-appa
randy indefensible condition of that wing
of our line, is, considered-as proof positive
that they well understood that in so do
ing they 'would Place themselves at the
mercy of Lieuteriant General Scott, who
do - übtless would not bo displeased should
they try such an experiment.
'As to the confederates moving on Wash
ington by the way of our entrenehments
across the river, either at Arlington
Heights or Alexandria, the idea is now
considered preposterous, as they would,
in such a case, be more effectually routed
from our defences, than were our own
forces before their's at the battle of Bull
Run. No one believes that Beauregard,
Lee, or any other of the confederate com•
menders would commit so gross a blunder.
The present position of our lines across
the river in d I cates that aforward rather than
a retrograde movement is contemplated by
the commander of our army of the Foto-
All officers of volunteer regiments will,
according to a recent order, be subject to
examination by a military board to be ap
pointed by the War Department, With the
concurrence of Lieut. General Scott, as to
their fitness for the positions assigned to
them, the officers found incompetent to
Besides, the Government, it is under
stood, has assured Gen. McClellan of its
readiness to accord to him the very beat
material in men and munitions, and of its
cordial co operation in everything that
will render his forces efficient
Cul. Lander has been appointed a Brig
[eorretpondenee of the Herald.]
BALTIMORE, Jetty 2.9, 1861
Mr. Emma.: Nothing is talked of here at
present, except the great stampede of the
Federal force. , from Manassas. Numerous
speculations are -flouting as to the probable
cause of the unfortunate retreat. .n. great
deal is said about - the - ponic which seized the
troops, and moat poisons imagine that the
frightened teamsters and strangers occasioned
it. But I would ask, did General Scott send
troops to Manassas to follow the load of
teamsters, Congressmen, and silly women 7
What had they to do with such creatures that
c' uld be scared to death almost at the sight
of a bayonet or pistol. My own impression
is that the defeat was occasioned by the in
efficiency of the commanding officers. More
galtat.t fighting was never seen than that dis
played by the 69th and 79th of New reek.
and some other regiments. When the terrible
charge was made by the rebol cavalry, which
drove back our brave. but exhausted, men,
why did not. the force in reserve rush to the
aid of our yielding columns 1 In my judg.
went, here was the great .mistake of the day,
Whitt' lost to us the glorious victory which
was w t sic our grasp.
I haoe recently mingled freely with our
militart, men and members of Congress, and
.1 ant confident that General Scott thought he
had sent a sufficient force to drive the r4leels
from Mai:memo. 1 was in Washington 'he day
niter General McDowell commenced hie grand
march for, Richmond. and learned what 1 have
I am sorry to say that two thirds of the
officers whom I have conversed with, were
under fhe influence of liquor at the time of the
interview, and I am of opinion that much of
the disgraceful inefficiency at Manassas leay
be traced to this source. General intskey
has too much to do with the army. It is true
perhaps, that the Administration has yielded
too much to the clamors of politicians in the
distribution of military appointments; if this
be so, it has learned an important lesson,
which will contribute much to the future glory
of our arms.
Last week [ took a trip to Fortress Monroe,
at Old Point. When I entered General But
ler's presence, and announced that I had no
official business with him, but had simply
come from Baltimore to= pay my personal re ,
specie to him, and get a good look at his gen
eralship. he smiled, and gave an expression
of the utmost surprise. '• lam glad to see
you, sir, but I issued orders to the Provost
Marshal to allow no one to land from the boat
not having special, business with the fortress."
In reply to all this, the general was given to
understand that there were more ways than
oae to get through the worltl 'Tht rt were
four of us in company, "and flaw, general,"
said one of the party, "we will not trespass
upon your time longer, and the only favor we
ask is a pass, giving us permission to visit
Newport News." "Certainly, gentlemen,"
and iu a fee moMents the necessary document
was in our possession, and we bowed ours, lees
out of the-presence of the good-natured gen
eral. It may be proper to state that before
we entered the fortress, out loyalty was es
tablished by taking the oath of allegiance to
the United Slates.
The boat which runs bet ween Fortress Mon
roe and Newport News is for the accommoda•
lion bf the government officials; and it is
rare thing to ace a man aboard the 454 rent.
the name of the boat, without gilt buttons and
other martial fixtures. In mfr paosnge over,
we went within gun-shot of the rebel battery
at BoweWs Point. The secession flag was
flying defiantly. and by aid of a glass we en.
joy.ed a fine view of the extensive battery.—
Jubt - before returning, a gun was fired from
our steamer, with the hope of waking up the
!sty rebels. as we were anxious to, see a ball
front the battery Make a spMeh upon the
waters.' 'They did pot respond,.bo wever.—
Newport News is about eight miles from Sew.
all's Point. The ball from our gun did not
reach half way. Tho only effect it had was
to arenas our own troops, who rushed in.
stoutly upon the fortifications to see what was
the matter. There they stood, to the plumber
.ef,fiee thousand,; and, on findin g , no enemy
Weight [tearer than the battery'across the
waters, the poor fellows Seemed ditiappointed
L understood they were under the impression
that our vessel ,ha d fired • into a rebel ship
trying to : run. the hlockede, ; Three, hundred
rebels mime ; Vrithia' titre() miles Newport
News on the morning of 'our.visit.'aud our
ireope were very anxious to' hero st, brush
with.them,.but.prdera. - -were eat -given for-a
forward, movement., „I-waa "'pain! : to 813 P e
a..lit, somewhat, but had _so - leave _without,
1 . went through Fortress Monroe,:and made
a careful examination of all points of interest.
Everything was in prime order; 1 was greatly
interested in some secession prisoners of war
confitted aiiltis tile fort, as alsoin We large,
aumitente or , "contrahand"Wito initLffeirfront_
th e irlantes - atilleonies in the fori for protec
tion. Most of the m were cheerful , ' and work
itigAndustriously,l" One little follow, abudf
twolvt+•yoats of age, wasdresred in -the Zottove
-uniform. 1-have-neverwienessed;the - Zouseve
drill, but It would require - Oareftil training to
require to ' out up More 'singular
antics n this young disciple of the " obi -
- unbend!! party at, Forwent Monroe.
- Junt as
• wits, learltig, fieltimet myt rip
to Old Point,leareed, hat the, Pennsylvania
_regiment.' fkotn _Comp_ Waitio,;-etribreeing .this
-1 Carlisle otoinpanies and -ann company. from
MeobinicsOurg, bad reached theoity. • On my:
return- to. Baltimore,' I went °et to the en.%
oimpnieet. audieund thaPenuOlvanin First,
Colette' Roligris,"atioarikped in good poiition.
Derleg my vitsit,l iert.with"Captahla MeGirt
ney2ited Cr :p find Major Tedd. : Captain M -
1 _Cartney_liad his Mett itt after
-words et •sonyoreatme, be , 'iwi - tweed go
them, and gave them poimb.sion to leave the
ranks to speak to me.— few only-came for
ward:. The first one that made himself known
was named:Askow. I was pleased to see the
Soldiers. yet.l knew but few of them, notwith- -
standing d had spent some dine, in Carliste.—
limst t went lo!CtiPtain Crop's quarters, but
hie'rektwOre.all 'strolling round,ezdept one
er'two. !X.15.1r. ItfoFeely, spoke tome, a nd in
quirittr>alinti Ottrlisl Ca ptatrthicEaitney's
!. - Mett 100kedleariy.4inti well. - I Passed a few
words, with Major Todd, hit he did not seem
very conibunicotive, and I withdrew. I think
-he said he was - suffering . from siOtness. Cul.
- Roberts' icaitnent has orders` to repslir to.
Annnpolis. to guard the ancient capital of
Maryland and the railroad.as far,as the Junc
tion. I belieie Carliale: has four , coinpanirs
in the field, list I saw only tivo at this point:
The regiment containing the second coin
pany. from Mechanicsburg bad Passed on to
Washington This- I regretted,. as I knew,
personally,, many of the men. .
I could give a desoription,of Fortress Mon
roe, Niwport News, Sewall s Point. &e., ,but
'I judge your reader:4 are familiar with tkera,
from the descriptions already published.
' Correspondence 01 the Ramp
About Coisipony A. 7th Regiment.
WASHINGTON. JULY BQ. 1861.
On Wednesday. at midnight, the Pennsyl
vania 7th arrived. Seeing their arrival !men
tioned in the evening papers, we went to
head-quarters, to learn Where they were en
camped. The following afternoon we visited
their catop.. 7 .)it is situated at the border of a
woods on a gentle elope of a hill, directly
north of the city, and about a haltmile dis
tant. _ From the central avenue, by the way,
cal ed Pennsylvania Avenue, it is about one
and a half miles. The location is as healthy
as any to be fOund.and besidestbat,pmsesses
some • advantages over must camps. A little
Stream wind's along the border, and as the
we ter is clear, it affords a good bathing place.
It is not as wide or deep as the Letort, for in
Maniklaces a full.sized man can stand with
one foot on each shore, like the Colossus of
The white tents, arranged in streets, sur
rounded by rather pretty scenery, make the
landscape quite picturesque. With n two
hundred yards, is a large woods. called th•
Park, in which there are several Pennsylva
nia Regiments, I three companiei of esv II-
Ty. You could almost I,rget at time., Vint
you were not near Carlisle, for the oh'. la oil
ier calls of the Regulars, sound like the voices
We found the camp almost deserted, as the
Rsgitnent had marched to the Arsenal to ex
change their muskets for a better kind. Not
long before sundown their drums and fifes an
nounced their approach, and presently they
wheeled from the road into the wood in fine
style and marched up. Our Carlisle boys
formed the first company, and almost passed
w:thout our recognizing them as it was hard
to didtiuguisli them all d:essed alike. They
discovered me and one exclaimed "why there's
Carl," then followed "how are you Carl?"
which drew me right up to their, and made
me feel and say that I wished I had a hundred
hands that I Mght ,hake their's all at once.
There is a cordiality..in the welcome of the
tons of " Mother Com'ierland" which makes
you feel th it it comes from the heart, and
bin Is you to them. Old schoolmates, old
friends, and t oy•companions st'.nding before
me armed for the d fence of liberty, was a
Proud sight, and filled me with emotion.
In a m intent the o der to " break ranks !"
wits g van. and then we gathered around the
ittlf fires on which dinner and supper were
eockiug, as they had spent the day at
the fiseenal without anything to eat. They
were necessarily not well provided for as yet,
dor 311e7 had. - 4.0.9 two days beiSaim broker'
01.14 at West Chester, and what provisions
trey had were carried along with them from
that p'aoe; consequently the bread was stale,
and-nothing'remarkably-fresh: FOCI - if
ai a joke, and not one grumbled. The offi
cers fared not more sumptuously than thepri.
vales, all appeared to eater into the rough•
ness of a soldier's life in good earnest.
Capt. Henderson and Lieu's. Colwell and
Beatty look in robust liea:th • although a little
bronzed by the sun. The Captain occupies a
pleasant tent alone, white the Lieutenants
possess one id partnership about two steps
from it. The boys were. smacking- their lips
over their supper, and popping puns and wit.
ticisms, instead of bottles of champagne.—
God humor and contentment, if not plenty,
_r_eignell.___lke_nrui_Will Elliott, with eeveral
others, were taking their meal in real orien
tal style, having a blanket. spread upon the
grass as a mat, upon which they reclined as
they ate. The illiltALD is well represented in
the company; there being no less than five
from your office, including Marion Sips. Ed:
Rheem god Charley Halbert. Will Harkness,
who had his 'meerschaum hanging from his
mouth, and sending .up curling smoke, was
standing in the rear a few feet. having taken
his •' pork," and looked very happy. Will
Watts makes a fine looking_ soldier; and ap
pears, to enjoy soldier's life. Will and -Dick
Henderson were running Around, end the last
l'sawot the latter, be was on Lie way to the
spring for a bucket of water. -Joe and Will
Havers 1 it were seated at the door, of their
tent, and looking eon tented. Tiro( Neff
cried out' wirers after bigger game than
partridges now ;" I told him I knew ho wqs .
successful after the birds, and I hoped he
would be as lucky after the .• aeoesh." The
tallest man in the regiment -- belonga to our
company—)to is Bill Holmes. Bill Emu:Mager,
Wils Spottiwomi and Van Ehy, have become
right tat. I could tell you' something about
every one of them, but I. mast close, that I
may set this Off in . ..the mail, and in time for
your next issue ; suffice it to say that not one
of the company is.eink, or in the slightest de-•'
gree unwell, And•tliat they are not daunted Itc
diet lesat ar Mir repels° at Bull's run, tint
pear more than oier,determined to teach the
rebels a leason, and, to maintain untarnished
thb glory of 4 ' , ltiother Cumberland." I May
again give you'solue • more Den about our
boys, and notetioust:l:eave Ilion to lite pray
ers of good aiotheia and affeciionate Sliders:
. rimrs• 'CAUL.
ALEXANDRIA, July 29.—0 n Saturday
night, the buildin;sYnowtt as Riehe's
foUr milei on . , oti the,Loudon aid Hampshire ,
r.tilread Weie htinied: Ten Meraberd:Of the
29th New York'reiiment are under arrest,
charged with being the.inheedinries.,,
A debuting ,of the.2 3 dl_N.4w,Torl,t, re
girnent, on Saturd.fy, encountered fire isms
elAhtntilea_out -rm - ,the-r-ditfaic-=
road. A man sukniked to be the captain i .--
'NCO kiledj - .also -hts florae.. They
made good, their eicape with `his hotly:-'
A maml erof the 29th New ?rock' reiiment
Wa4, kdle,i yesterday,Aty one of his - own rear.
Inept Whileti-bhing'a potat:e 'patch" 'in ido-
'im* .- soldier3by tho si3ces:.
sionista re.ident; hers has:- become - s
within the ,
tseueci ao order diky, .for the itrt ,Of All
parties euspicteti: - 2 ..
pflrin order o raidu t ipoury to Oontribule
a lull shore of aupport' he "rebellion; ha
_the;cityof Mouiptibt tut vo'stioitedd.id'
their public school 4; • - - - • ,
■I+AVSItI IN TIMM OF WAIN.
BUTUR having put about sixty 'Vi.'"
ginia slaves to Work, who escaped from their
owners, and - took refuge in the Feder•lL At
my, a distreeming.howl is kept Op in SOUth.
era newspapers, and the cry of 'negro—steal—
ing is rained against the Federal troops;ithd
}heir Jrings tip ,
the principleitif iilternittiotial . la;v, and the
several precedents that Butler seems to be
following. A synopsis of the doctrine was
given by Om.N. Enausn P. Gives, at New
.Orleans, in 1,838. Gen.- Jessue had cap•
tured many slates and. Indians in Florida,
and had ordered them west of the Mississippi.
At New Orleans, the slaves were claimed by
the owners under legal process; but General
GAINES. commanding that Military District,
and-a man who was never tainted with Aboli
lionism. refused to deliver them 'to theaberiff,
and appeared in court. making his own de .
fence, the following synopsis of which was
given at the time in the newspapers. And
among other papers it appeared in the Knox
ville Register, and we leave the impartial
reader to say whether or no General GAINES
does .not support General BUTLER'S declare
lion that slaves are contraband of war:
Ile declared that these people (men, wo
men, and children) were captured in war, and
held as ''prisoners of war." That as coin
wander of that military department or din
trier, he held them subject only to the order
of the National Executive; that he could
recognize no other power in time of war, or
by the laws of war, as authorized to take
prisoners from his possession.
'• lie asserted that in time of war all slaves
wore belligerents, as much as 'their masters
The slave men said he, cultivate earth and
supply provisions. The women cook the food.
nurse the -wounded and sick, and contribute
to the maintenance of the war, often more
•`than the same number of males. The slave
children equally contribute 'stutterer they are
able to the support of the war.
" Nor could he, as a military officer, know
what the laws of Florida were while engaged
in maintaining the - f'ederal - 13 - oVMlbfetti by
force of arms. In such case he could only be
guided by the laws of war; and, whatever
may be the laws of any State. they most yield
to the safety of the Federal Government."
This defense of Gen. Gatass, both able and
conclusive, may be found in House Document
No. 225, of the 2d session of the 25th O 013.•
re is. He sent the slaves west, where they
b came free, and wee sustained by the then
Democratic Administration. Among the men
in Congress from Tennessee, who sustained
the course of General GAINES, were Hymn L.
WHITE and Faux Gstusov, of the Senate, and
JOHN BELL and JAMBS, K POLK, of the Houser
These men were not Aholitionisis, because
the reign of Secession had not set in ! Lin
coln was not then President, and his Masea
ehusetts General _had, not set a-gang of Vir
ginia negroes to work !- - ---- =
In 1838, Gen. TAYLOR captured a number of
nogroes. who turned out to be fugitive slaves.
Citizens of Florida, who declared themselves
to be the lawful uvrnere of the elates, rallied
to the General's camp, and made their de
mands. Gen. TAYLOR replied that he bad no
prisoners but prisoners of war." The al
leged owners desired to examine them, but the
veteran‘Generai told them that no man should
examine hie prisoners, for any such purpose,
and he ortlM-ed thein'to leave his camp.—
Complaint was made to the President, Vas
Beam and his Cabinet, and TAYLOR, was sus
tained, while the slaves were sent west.
In 1836. Gen JESSUP wanted men to act as
spies and guides, and he engaged some fugi
tive slaves. etipnlating-that - if they served the
Government faithfully, he would esoure their
'freedom. They fu.hlled their engegOment
they were sent West and liberated—and YAM
BUREN'S Democrdtic Cabinet approved the
contract. Not only so. but the same q_nestion
came before JOHN TYLea's Administration.
and General JESSUP'S contract was again en•
dursed. The excuse for these several endorse
mews of more ultra measures than General
BUTLER has resorted to in Virginia, is that
secession had not then commenced its winked
But here comes a knock down, argument
In December. 1814. General ANDREW JACKSON
seized upori a large number of slaves at and
near to New Orleans, actually in the posses
eon of their lawful owners, and kept them at
hard labor, erecting defenses, behind which
his troops won the victory of the Bth of Jan
uary, 1815. The owners remonstrated —de
80111100.1 JACKSON for a usurper and tyrant.
JACKSON disregarded their remonstrances.
paid no sort of attention, to their abuse, kept
the negroes at work, until many of them were
killed by the enemy's shots. The ease went
before %willow and hie able Cabinet, was ap-
proved by them and by Congress ; ancr when
the owners applied for pay for their slaves,
Congress refused pay, and that; too, by
Southern votes. These slave owners were the
friends of the Government,, and .were thus
treated, beeause done in the exercise of the
war power. And if Durum shall send back,
as he will, the slaves of men in rebellion
against the Government, he will prove to be
much more liberal and less of an Abolitionist
than our great Southern Generals have been.
We have called up these facts that our
readers may have both sides of this great
question of international law, and not because
we advocate any interference with Southern
slaves by the Federal army. Indeed we urge
the army to see that in every instance the
owners of these slaves. get them back, or a
just equivalent.—Knoxville Whip.
A New REGIMENT TO na ARMED WITH
SCYTHE3.—A large meeting of German citi
zees was held on Thursday evening', the
251 h inet at Stadelberger's Hall, No. 624
:Eighth avenue New York, for the purpose
of taking energetic steps to etipPort our
'Government. Mr. Adam' Roediger, bsing
called to the chair, explained briefly ob
fect . ofthe meeting. Re 'introduced`, Mr.
Fredrick Kapp, who ,aeliv e red an . elm:pent'
weech, atilt eXpressed 'the hope that thepeo ,
woulifieePond nobly to the, call for mare,
trooPe. •,Re spoke in,layor of
made by Mr. Roediger, to organize a
meat to'be armed With acithes, Such a re•
giment would riot cost mueb,and be of great;
service s if properly directed: They would be
a terror to the.enemy's Cavalry. Similar re
gimenta Were fighting in thePulish Tevo'ntion, ,
and ho'deubt there were plenty Of 'men who,
could 'handle a scYtbe.: , _A_ committee__ was
appointed, Consisting of :Messrs Roe liger,
Kocet and Stone,"to; ctinfer with . ihe other
The meeting then adjot.rne4, sub
jelit-te the call, of-the Phair.—
, . ,
VuETTY:Goon.--An illustrated paper
at telPsie, Germany, compares the North .
and South is this forcible era.*
the7south lanai- •' and the favor of
God. -What the SouthThas—Nigiers,
yellon . 'fever, and 'the alliance of. Satan.
What' the', North has—Money, Meti'
pght i cous, cause and ,the syuipathy of hu
manity— What-the North hteks---Piratis
Caton ant Counig Patters.
_ . ,
s. H , HruftNiiii HoluE.L-The SUMNER RI , :
t LEfi, under eoramand of.,Capt t d. k,uHN,
returned hope on 8 'muddy lain. after their
three un on the tour ofstuty:i_. This enrol
was , Among to=v,olutlte,er in!re:
spouse to the call of the Government, at
a time too, when the political horizon look
ed dark - and gloomy, and when citizen saltr
diets, hurrying to the defence of the Na
tional Capital, had been shot down in the
streets of Baltimore, by an armed mob of
Secessionists. Attached to the Ninth regi
,lDeflt, (COL LONONECKER,) a good portion
of their time has been spent in Maryland
and Virginia,under Gen. Patterson, and
although they were not afforded an oppor
tunity to meet the rebels in battle, the y,
have steadily obeyed orders, and were
ways up with the foremost, whenever the
word was given to advance.
We are pleased to state; that the of&
cers and privates generally, seem to be in
improved health ; camp life—harff as it
is-has evidently agreed with them.
On Thursday; the citizens of the town
gave them a public dinner at the Fair
Grounds. The company assembled at the
square at 12 o'clock, and marched to the
ground accompanied by the splendid band
from the Barracks; the men marched ad
mirably, each one feeling that 'be was
wiser, if not better, for his three month's
As the dinner seems to have been a
matter of special invitation, we had no
opportunity to note the proceedings; we
doubt not, however, that - the "Rifles"
cei ved a generous welcome, and were made
to feel that their gallantry was fully ap
Thii - b - rT
" HAnVEST HOME."-Our farmers
throughout the County, give flattering ac
counts of the crops they have just har
vested. The hay, although not heavy, is
of unusually good quality ; and the wheat
crop is rather over the average, and has
been harvested good in condition. The
corn and potatoes are somewhat backward,
but both Look well, and with favoringshow
ers, will produce abundantly. With - the
exception of fruit, the crops of Cumberland
C‘outity will compare -with any -other in
the State. What are the stocks and bonds
of the capitalist, or the goods of the mer
chant, to the crowded barns and granaries
of-the farmer? Or what is the contem
plation of such wealth worth, to the con
tentei feeling of well-rewarded labor ?
The farmer has labored through the sum
mer's heat; he has cast many an anxious
glance at the lowering clouds; but now,
as he stands on his barn-floor, with the
last rays of the evening sun gilding his
stack-yards, and sees undeniable
signs of svealtLou all sides, his heart min
'not fail to overflow with gratitude and
thanksgiving for God's goodness, and na
In connection with this, we may mention
that the ( . onaberland county Agricultural
CSocici; , will celebrate the Harvest Home,
- at the Fair Grounds, on Sattirday, the
RETURNING VOLUNTEERS.—On ac
e )unt of the number of regiments still
.waiting at Harrisburg to be paid off, and
mustered out of service, the Fourteenth
regiment, Col. Jounsort, and the Fif
teenth, Col. OAKFORD, have been en
camped here since Saturday last, on the
East side of the town, near the Gas Works.
The two regiments comprise about fifteen
hundred men, who are ier general, orderly,
and intelligent, though bronzed and soiled
by a three months experience of the real'-
; ties of camp life. The camp has been daily
visited by large numbers of our .citizens
who have vied with each , other in provid
ing bountifully for the soldiers, all the
comforts that the largest hospitality could
prompt. Many of them have kept, open
house, where all who came were received
With a generous welcome,
have thoughtfully supplied the camp with
many delicacies which find no place in a
soldier's rations. In this good work, the
ladies have been among the most active
contributors, and we doubt not their kind
ness and attention are fully-appreciated.
Both regiments during their stay here
have made street parades—the Fourteenth
under Col. Jottris9N, and the Fifteenth
under Maj. BRADFORD, and from the
movements they performed in the square,
showed theniselves to be profipient in re
gimental drill. Arrangettients have been
made to pay the men off-hire, is soon tie
the muster and pay-rolls can be made out.
The Chaplain of the Fourteenth, Itcy t Axx.„
IbloGurria, of the. Philadelphia Confer
ence, preachedin thiC First M. E. Church,
on Wednesday (ironing,. " '
A aunt rots HYDnoruotte.—Frout
the number of dogs running at large in
our town, without being Muzzled, it , may
,some df our 'citizens 'hive
aause to try the , fellOwiel remedy ~b efore
the 'doq clays!' are-over: -
Saxton forester; , named'Gastell. now
of the-venerable age of eighty.two, Unvtil
liug to take , loll° grave With him a tie;
oret of so meek inipertance, has made pub.
lie in the Leipsio Joarnal, the means
which he has usedLlor Tlfty _years, f end
wherewith he affirms he has rescued as
many'human "beings and,enttle fro n, • the
& f eel desth,Of bydruphobitt..; Take. im.
mediately.warin; vinegar .or: tepid water,
wash!the wound clean therettith, end then
dry it, thou poor upon the Wound a:. feW
oriil agided9stroy: thikpoison of. the ,salivA;
by whit* meaqs - thellatteris , neutralized
•Acip[DFNi:-Mr. Etrr . .Fuf, who.. ,h 144
for a long; tjitic! hbeenin the eMploy o the
Cumherland , Raiiroad >Co:, , neei•
Aontly'foll from the ; , Itailroltd. bridge
'Saturdwlttet, and frimiureit hie)!`fr'
)3dYB AND TonAm: A sensible wri
ler"aciu-linristers a. wholesome dose to boys
who itse,,,tobaeco.. Indulgence in the fll
thX,weed has'utterly ruined-thousands of
boys, inducingdangerous precocity, devel
oping,:doftentng_and—vreakening -of the
bodes 'nod ;greedy injuring the spinal mar
row, the brain,‘and the whole nervous
fluid. A boy who early and frequently
smokes, or in any way uses large quanti-
ties of tobacco, never is. known to make
a man of much energy of., character, and
generally lacks physical and muscular as
well as mentalCnergy We would partic
ularly warn boys who want to be anything
in the world to shun' tobacco as a most
baneful poison. It injures the teeth, pro
duces a► morbid condition of the throat
and intim, compromises'tho stomach, and
blasts the brain and nerves. Those twelve
year old spenimens of Young America who
strut about the streets at the hind end of
a long nine, ought to be regularly spanked
and put to bed by their mamma
to We congratulate our former fellow
citizen, W. LI; LAMBERTON, Esq., on his
safe arrival at home, having escaped the
hands of the Philistines, into which, for
a time, he had fallen. At the commence
ment of the Secession troubles, and the
investment of Fort Pickens, Mr. LAM
BERTON was Postmaster at Warrington,
Florida; and because he refused to violate
his oath of office, and forget the duty he
owed to his country by allowing the rebels
in authority there, to use the mail matter
for their own purposes, he was arrested,
and thrown into prison, where ho was
kept in irons. He has at length made his
escape, and arrived safe at home a few
days ago, with a loss however, of nearly
all the property he has accumulated.
noulicEs.—lf there is one fashion,
nroe'likelf-than all others, to keep its•
place foitlidanently in the beau monde, it is
certainly flounces. Again and again has
their fall been predicted ; and occasion
ally they have been shorn of their fair
proportions for a season, but they soon re
appear under some new form, to be as
universally adopted as ever; and no won-:
der, for no trimming is more elegant and
becoming; although there'may be some
objection on the score of extravagance, as
in making flounces according to the pres
ent style, a great deal of silk necessarily
goes to waist.
DINIVRTERS.—We intended to notice
the fact, that when Captain iIIcCARTNEy's
company arrived at Baltimore, about twen
ty of his men refused to be sworn into the
United States service, under the false plea
that they did not volunteer to go out of
the State, and have returned home. On
reflection however, we have concluded to
say nothing about it, as we do not want
people at a distance to know, that we
have any young men in this county, who,
after drawing rations, pay and clothing
from the State, would desert their flag, as
noon as they were ordered into active ser-
day evening, a large train of cars freighted
with army wagons, ambulances and horses,
passed through town for Chambersburg.
Immediately after, - followed.a train having
on board the Thirteenth Massachusetts
This regiment numbers about Ono
Thousand men, armed with Enfield rifles,
commanded by Col. LEONARD, of Boston.
They have 16,army wagons, 2 hospital
wagons, 9 ambulances, about 100 horses,
and complete camp equipage.
OUR TaooPs.—The First Regiment
Pennsylvania Reserve Corps, Col. ROB
ERTS, to which the companies of Cap
tains MoCaRTNET and CROPS are attach
ed, have been ordered to Annapolis, Md.,
the former post-of-the Sixth - New York
regiment. A letter from our friend 'CAttL,'
gives us the whereabouts of Captain HEN.
Palm , REA.BNEY, formerly stationed at
this Post, as a Lieutenant of the First
Dragoons, has been appointed a Brigadier
General. Gen. KEARNEY was well known
in the Mexican war, where he lost his left
arm in 'charging one of the gates at the
city of Mexico.
Goon WHEAT.—Tobiarn It Soils, of West
Pannsborongh township, pulsed a stock of
wheat in one of his•fielde, which produced 8
heads, measuring in the aggregate, 46 inches;
Ore of them measured 6 inches each.
M. We would call especial attention to
the abvertisement of Dr. - Ludwig Hechinger,.
in.another column: 'The Dr: is, an eminen t
optiti n, and comes recommended by some
of. the most prominent citi..ena of New York
city. He will be at Martin's Hotel for a lien•
i ed period, where he can be consulted upon
any,tbing•pertaining to the eye._
parrh. Albany t drhrus, a Democratic pa
per of Southern proolivities, refers to the late •
retreat ffotf,ititrtiritle in the following Army,
patrietio - spirit.. The eentimonts expressed
must etrike a '
chord in every loyal' heart :
- 5. 1 .110 people have offered to the Advolnier
(ration the 'unetineed treaseres of their blood
and tilde means. This calamity will not elope
their hearts, but will open .them atilt widor.
'Tile - Government eltould have drawn more.
largely trent the resources offered twit, Let
it not spare : then) now. In the hoer of na-
Ilonel calamity all men . should be patriots.;;--
This War; restint_whero woUld not
the Confederacy. with the Potonane far its_
boundary, 'but . the Northern Repuitlio would"
commence an . V 0414668 diebonored by the
stein of war)ike intionmeteisoy Crew ire very •
iue stitert 141e . double!onlanifty."'
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